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THE WEEKLY GLOBE.
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ST. PAUL. TUESDAY, SEPT. 17, 1878.
HON. IGNATIUS DONNELLY
will address his fellow citizens as follows:
Northfield, Tuesday, Sept 17.
Litchfield, Tuesday, Sept 24.
Stillwater, Thursday, Sept. 26
Taylor's Falls, Friday, Sept. 27.
White Bear Lake, Saturday, Sept. 28.
Rush City, Monday, Sept. 30.
Duluth, Tuesday, Oct. 1.
Thompson, Wednesday, Oct. 2.
Pine City, Thursday, Oct. 3.
Long Lake, Friday, Oct. 4.
Wayzata, Saturday, Oct. 5.
These meetingB will be held in the evening
speaking to commence about 7:30 o'clock.
Friends of the cause are requested to give the
necessary notice and arrange as to halls.
Mr Donnelly will also speak at the Anoka fair
Sept. 25th, at 2 F. M.
Third District Committee.
To the Editor of the Globe.
In accordance with the resolution of the late
Democratic Third District Convention, I have
appointed the following committee for this
district. W. M. CAMPBELL,
Chairman Third Dist. Convention.
LITCHFIELD, Sept. 16, 1878.
Robert A. Smith, Chairman,
Eugene M. Wilson,
Joel B. Bansett,
Harlan P. Hall,
W. W. McNair,
William L. Banning,
Dr. A. A. AmeB,
J. A. Bowman,
Frank J. Mead.
T. G. Mealey.
C. F. Maodonald,
Gov. VANCE is now leckoned as certain to
secure the election to the Senate from North
Carolina in place of Mernrnon. Vance is
the representative of the progressive anti
national bank Democracy, while Merrimon
represents the rock-r.oted element. I shows
that even in the peanut State the car of
progress is on the move.
IT looks like a criminal act for the author
ities to permit the fever ship John Porter,
which took the fever to Galhpohs and
infected all the surrounding country, to
continue her journey to Pittsburgh. Th
vessel ought to have been burned to the
water's edge long ago, instead of being
allowed to proceed with her death producing
cargo to cities as yet untouched by the
O NE of the humors of the yellow fever
plagueif the subject is not too ghastly for
humoris the order just issued from the
Italian cabinet ordering a stiict quarantine
of all Italian poits against vessels hailing
from any American port. They might as well
quarantine against English vessels n ac
count of the cholera in India. The igno
rance of Italian statesmen of American
geography is omething marvellous.
BE EB has never been proposed as a reme
dy for yellow fever, but it may alleviate the
distress caused by the plague if administered
as it was in Brooklyn on Sunday. At two
concerts given in that city two hundred and
twenty-two kegs of the foaming lager, donat
ed by the brewers, were drank to the better
health of the South, and the proceeds, over
thirteen hundred dollars, applied to purchas
ing necessaries for the afflicted. Beer-drink
ing under such conditions becomes almost a
I is about time for Hannibal Hamlin to
make another flop. I will be remembered
that when the Republicans first carried
Maine twenty-two years ago Hannibal, who
was then the Democratic United States Sen
ator, resigned his seat and joined the Repub
licans amid a storm of applause from his
new associates. I is now in order for him
to transfer his allegiance to the Greenback
ers, although he is pretty old and his joints
may be a little too stiff for turning summer
I is not probable that the threatened
disturbance of the Cheyennes in Wyoming
will culminate in serious damage to the set
tlers. The Indians are usually careful to
avoid exciting the animosities of the whites
on the verge of winter. They cannot con
duct a war without grass for their horses,
and besides, the time is approaching when
they receive their annuities, and they will
not run the risk of losing their winter's sup
ply of food and clothing. "We think the set
tlers are unnecessarily alarmed over the pres
ent movement of the redskins.
AN unintentional injustice was done Indian
agent Ruffee, of White Earth, in yesterday's
GLO BE by the allegation that the advertise
ment for the mill, and mill-dam at that
place had made its first appear race on Sun
day, while bids were opened on Monday.
It appears that the Commissioner of Indian
Affairs ordered the advertisement inserted
in the Pioneer Press, but that paper has
been so much in the habit of playing into the
hands of the contractors that it concealed the
notice as much as possible by locating it in
an obscure corner. Mr. Ruffee sent in the
advertisement ten days ago, and on coming
to the city on Saturday he found it so con
cealed that he ordered a more conspicuous
publication for the remaining period. This
led to the misapprehension upon which the
GLOBE comment was based. Mr. Ruffee did
his entire duty in the matter.
UNITE AND WIN.
The Democrats and Nationals, or Green
hackers, stand substantially on the same
financial platform. The Nationals may be a
little more extreme than the Democrats, but
as they cannot hope to carry their extreme
views, and never expect to, they should
unite with the Democrats and secure the
main things desired. They certainly have
no hope for anything from the Republican
party. That organization is the bound slave
of Wall street, and where neither
Democrats or Nationals are, single
handed, able to overthrow their
common enemy, there is every incentive to
make a common cause. United effort will
secure two Congressmen from Minnesota.
To accomplish this all elements of oppo-
mf^minrtiiniEfwii..irt ^wwm yt i
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sition to the Republican party must combine
and not fritter away" their strength by
divisions. A union which secures such a
victory will be a victory for all concerned.
ANOTHER OF SHERMAN'S TRICKS.
Another of Pirate Sherman's tricks to ben
efit the money-speculating sharks of Wall
street has just been played. O the 8th of
the present month he announced that he
would issue standard silver dollars in ex
change for greenbacks in sums of
1,000 or any multiple thereof. Th re paid
sponses that came from the West and South
were a complete refutation of his oft-repeat
ed allegation that the people did not want
the silver dollar. I five days the orders
amounted to nearly the whole amount now in
the treasury vaults. This didn't suit Sher
man. I exposed his dishonestyconvicted
him of deliberate lying. So the order was
changed and he asserted that he would sell
only to certain designated depositories.
But even with this limitation
the responses were too numerous to suit
him, and he has now found another excuse
for going back on his agreement. finds
that the resumption act of 1875 gives him
no authority to exchange coin for green
backs before the first of January next, and
he has withdrawn his last offer, but an
nounces that he will pay out silver to claim
ants for pensions and in payment of other
obligations of the government.
Sherman's scheme is too transparent. Hi
purpose in his first announcement was to
glut the Eastern market with silver and cre
ate instability and depreciation of itshazard,
value. But the orders coming from the West
and South, where such money is needed, giv_
ing promise that the silver would be
equably distributed and absorbed the legit
imate channels of trade, he has changed his
mind. Hi present plan promises to bewas
more successful in glutting the market in
one especial section, and perhaps awakening
a dislike to it. Then his variableness has
aroused distrust, and has given a stimulus
to speculation. This is what his purpose has
been. From beginning to end of his finan
cial career it has been his policy to promote
speculation in the money of the government,
and to effect this he has studiously employed
his office to cast discredit upon one or an
other issue of money or bondsto build up
one at the expense of another. As a tool of
the bondholders and money speculators he
has been a brilliant success as the friend of
the people and the defender of the national
credit he has been a conspicuous failure.
Had Mr. Sherman so desired he could have
placed every dollar of the silver coinage in
circulation ere this date on the conditions
prescribed by law. Bu this did not suit
either him or his Wall street partners, and by
prevarication and evasion of the law, amount
ing almost to downright violation of it, he
has succeeded in piling up a hoard of silver
which, if suddenly thrown upon the market
would inevitably cause inconvenience and
perhaps depreciation. Just when he will
liberate the sixteen millions of silver dollars
he now holds it is impossible to tell.
will not give warning, nor have
we any reason to believe from his
past course that he will exercise
that judgment that is necessary in placing it
where it is most needed, and where it will
cause the least disturbance of the money
market. We have rather cause to fear that
whenever and wherever it will create the
most inconvenience or instability in values,
it will be forced upon the people. Th
people have reason ''to sigh for a financial
secretary possessing both wisdom and hon
estyqualities that the Pirate Sherman con
WHAT IS REDEMPTION
Much is said and many words wasted
through the Republican press abont the
folly of substituting greenback legal tenders
for national bank notes. I is argued that
the issue of additional greenbacks would
have the effect of depreciating their value
of making them irredeemable and compara
tively worthless. The St. Paul organ grinder
for the national bank monopoly declares
that the greenback is not as good as the
national bank note, and endeavors to prove
its astounding proposition thu s:
What is a greenback? I is simply an evi
dence of debt. It represents no actual capital.
There is nothing behind it but the credit of
the government that is to say, its value de
pends first on the ability, and second, on the
willingness of the government to pay its debts.
If it issue more of these promises to pay than
it can redeemabove all, if it ISSUCB them with
the understanding that they are not to be paid
at all or not for an indefinite period, they sink
to the character of repudiated obligations they
have not only no capital behind them, but no
credit. If their issue is confined, as now,nelly,
within the ability of the government to redeem
and with that declared purpose, they are in the
sense of exchange value as good as national
bank notes. But if issued, as proposed, be
yond the limit of intended or probable redemp
tion, they are good for nothing.
This is a fair sample of the fallacies pro
mulgated by the national bank champions.
It is true there is nothing behind the green
back but the credit of the government but
what more is behind the national bank note?
That is the obligation of private individuals
practically worthless, as experience with
State banks has demonstratedbacked by
bonds of the government which rest up
on the credit of the government, the value
of which "depends upon the ability and
willingness of the government to pay its
But if issued as proposed, would
the greenbacks be redeemable or as
sume the character of repudiated
obligations? That depends upon what is
called redemption. An obligation of an in
dividual is redeemed when it is exchanged
for something of value to the holder a
greenback will be redeemed by the govern
ment when it is received by it in payment of
the obligations of the holder. An individual
who owes the government a thousand dol
lars can pay that debt in greenbacks, and by
receiving those greenbacks as an equivalent
for the debt the government redeems them
just as fully as if it paid their face value in
another form of currencygold or silver.
Redemption as understood and taught by the
Republican press is the veriest hrmbug on
the face of the earth. Every time a green
back is received by the government in pay
ment of the obligations of its citizens, it is
redeemed absolutely. I is to give the green
back this valuefacility of redemp
tion at the will of the holderthat the
Democrats are now striving.
The plea that the security of the green
backthe credit of the governmentis in
sufficient, is absurd. The credit of the gov
ernment is esteemed ample security for the
payment of the bonds issued under authority
of law. I is so highly esteemed by capital
ists that every issue of bonds commands
a premium in the money markets of both
this country and Europe. say that the
credit of the government is not good enough
to maintain an issue of $322,000,000 green
backs at par is to coness that the govern
ment is on the verge of bankruptcy
or is willfully dishonest. This confes
sion we are unwilling to make. We prefer
to believe that the credit of the government
is good for all emergencies that may arise,
and we do believe it most sincerely.
The Democrats, or "fiat money lunatics,"
as the Republican press delight to call them,
do not wish the issue of greenbacks "with
the understanding that they are not to be
at all, or not for an indefinite period."
On the contrary they wish them issued un
der such conditions as shall make them in
stantly redeemable. give them a legal
tender character would make them invari
able in value, convenient, and every way de
sirable. National bank notes can never,
under the law creating them, become legal
tenders, and hence they are not as good a
circulating medium, and never can be made
as good as the greenbacks. Why we should
be obliged to pay sixteen millions of dollars
a year to maintain an inferior currency we
cannot understand. The people in general
also fail to find any good reason why this
burden, which could be easily avoided,
should be placed upon their shoulders, and
have issued the dictum, "The national banks
must go." A CAMPAIGN FOR SUCCESS.
There should be no mistake made con
cerning the campaign in this Congressional
district. There should be no idea that it is
to be a burlesque, a jocose tilt, a mild, hap
hopeless affair. On the contrary it is
to be a campaign in earnest, conducted
with energy and determination to win.case.
There is too much want and suffering per
meating this district and the entire land to
afford a field for a comic campaign, if such
desired. Th gaunt spectre of despair
stalks through the household and on the
streets, and the struggle for life is too desper
ate to admit of anything but the most se-'
The times are ripe for political revolution
The dominant party has brought nothing but
ruin and disgrace upon the land and the peo
ple desire a change. Th issue is made up
and is presented very simply. O the one
hand we have Washburn, purse-proud, aris
trocratic, despising the^common people (save
at election time) and neither the will or abili
ty to aid them. A man who is allied with
all the corruption of the last twelve or four
teen years and who if in public life would
seek to perpetuate the public plundering
which has done so much to impoverish the
land. A man who represents all that is
evil and nothing which is
good in public or political life.
On the other hand we liave Donnelly,
who all his life has been actively laboring
for the people, and who possesses both the
will and ability to aid them. A man who
was in public life during the period when
some of the greatest robberies were perpe
trated by Mr. Washburn's party, but upon
whoso record no taint of corruption rests.
A man with brains and breadth enough to
labor for the interests of the whole district
and State, and whom no local bailiwick can
claim as its exclusive representative and
There is every reason, political, personal
and busines3wise why Mr. Donnelly is pref
erable to Mr. Washburn. Th latter is not
only the repiesentative of rings, but the
very head center of the most formidable ring
which is robbing this State. The formei
ha given the best years of his life in battling
against these gigantic, plundering combina
tions, and in the pending battle appeals to
the people for support, as against the rings
which combine to defeat him, because his
election will disturb their plundering.
Mr. Donnelly has both the ability and the
experience to serve the State. will be in
political accord and sympathy with the po
litical party controlling both branches of the
next Congress, and consequently able to ac
complish more for his constituency than his
competitor. Our material interests demand
his election even more than the political. I
is time that some one with a modicum of
brains went to one branch of Congress from
This campaign can be made a success, and
it is going to be. W say this in no spirit
of bombast. We know that we have to con
tend with the cash-box of the Washburn
family, and while that may be potent, it will
not be sufficiently far-ieaching to save the
titman from defeat. There are men enough
who, from various reasons, are opposed to
Mr. Washburn to defeat him Some
of them may not love Mr Don
but they dislike Washburn more,
and we say to Democrats, Green
backers, anti-Washburn Republicans, and all
that there is every reason to anticipate a
glorious victory. This victory, however, can
not be secured by an idle campaign. Th
people must be appealed to, to avert the in
fliction of the Washburn family upon the
State, a calamity more to be dreaded than an
Indian massacre or a grasshopper plague.
We can assure our friends that not one mo
ment will be lost by the Democratic
organization, and we urge all ele
ments of opposition to Washburn to
unite in making a campaign so active and
earnest that every vote in behalf of financial
relief for the country, and in opposition to
ring rule shall be in the ballot box.
Mr. Donnelly can be triumphantly elected.
He must be.
THE rumor is revived of an English pro
tectorate over Egypt with the consent of
Prance. I is but a question of time when
this shall be brought about. The Porte is
absolutely incapable of properly governing
Egypt with wisdom. The country ia heavily
involved in debt, the obligations being
mostly held in England and France. I will
doubtless become necessary for those gov
ernments in self-protection to assume joint
charge of the affairs of the country. But in
the present unsettled condition of Europe
the consummation of the scheme will be
hazardous, for it will be likely to awaken
the jealousy of Russia, Germany and Aus
tria to such" an extent as to ally them against
the Gaul and the Anglo-Saxon. When the
protectorate is assumed there must be an
assured and established peace in Europe.
Wants to Ret.
Donnelly nominated for Congress by the
Democrats of the Third district:
'Possum on a gum stump,
Cooney in the holler
Monkey in that band-box
Bet you naif a dollar!"
LOWELL, Mass., Sept. 16.The Republican
committee of the Seventh Congressional dis
trict to-day, voted to call a convention October
20th, to nominate a buccessor to Gen Butlr.
i. I|MI'II 11
ST. PATTL DAILY GLOBEf^TUESDAY MOBNING, SEPTEMBBB 17, 187a
The Farragut Prize CaseDark Facta Still
UnexplainedAnother Chance to Show
Up Under a "Blazing Microscope."
Bye Beach Correspondence Cincinnati Ga
Gen. Butler has furnished the country
with what he terms an explanation of howwas
he came to take some scores of thousands of
dollars from the officeis, sailors, and seamen
who captured New Orleans. This Butlerian
explanation does not tell how mnch he re
ceived of the $142,000 taken, but does de
clare that he would have taken twice as much
if he could have got it. This part of his
statement his worst enemy would not be
reckless enough to deny.
Two items are known in Washington as to
the proportion of the $142,000 that two law
yers received who did very much, if not the
most, of the hard work of the case, which
items afford a basis from which to estimate
the size of Butler's grab. One of these gen
tlemen received $300, the other $1,500.
But there are other things than the ques
tion of dividing the spoils of the treasury,
and the money of sailors connected with this
case, which Gen. Butler, fresh from his great
hunt for fraud, does not allude to by so much
as a hint.
As is well known, the fleet of Admiral
Porter co-operated with that of Admiral
Farragut in the capture of New Orleans.
Gen. Butler, who from his first appearance
in Congress, exhibited great skill in causing
his service for his constituents to subserve
his personal interests as a lawyer, and his
personal hatreds as a man, undertook the
Farragut prize case both as a Representative
and as a lawyer. I the first capacity he in
troduced a bill, which was referred to the
House committee on the judiciary, providing
for the adjudication of the New Orlaans
Every man of honor would suppose
that a Representative, professing to besucceeded
wholly devoted to the interests
of all who served the Union the war of
the rebellion, as Butler did profess with the
voice and publicity of a Pharisee, would have
been extremely careful to so frame his bill as
to include in its benefits all the brave men
who risked their lives in the expedition.
Yet this is exactly what he was exceedingly
careful not to do, and with that devilish in
genuity for evil which marks his works, he
so drew his bill as to shut out Porter's ontoe
fleet. The bill had a harmless look. I
gave prize and head money to all in the
Union fleet which passed cetram forts the
capture of New Orleans on the day of the at
tack. Simply because Butler introduced it,
members of the judiciary committee sus
pected some trick, and sent it t the navy
department for report. A note came back
with the information that it excluded Porter
and all under him, since his fleet remained
below the forts named, and there carried on
Thus, as was believed by all knowing to
the case at this stage, Butler, for the pur
pose of gratifying his old grudge against
Admiral Porter, dating back to the days of
Fort Fisher and the powder-boat, deliberate
ly worded his bill so as to exclude thousands
of brave men who fought under Porter from
all participation in the rewards of their gal
lantry. Such is Butler's practical love for
"our noble tars." Hi trick was detected,
and his project was finally beaten after he
had tried it again before the courts.
There are other facts of which his so
called explanation gives no intimation. Two
of the ships, on account of which he helped
to take money out of the treasury, had pre
viously been decided prizes of war in other
courts, and the settlement made therefor at
the treasury. Fo three of them Admiral
Farragut had in writing released all claim
for prize, and ih ships had been
returned to their owners. On ship
had been purchased by the
government for $40,000, and for one which
was lost the government had paid about
$30,000. beveral ships accounted under
Butler's care as present at New Orleans at
the time of the capture were never there
until some months after the occupation of
the city by the Union troops. These facts
appear in detail the Government History
of the War in the department of justice.
The attorney general had collected evidence
upon the above and similar points, by which
he expected, had it been introduced, to save
the government $600,000. But, by an
genious drafting of the terms of aibitrament,
quite as skillful as the form by which it was
hoped to shut Porter's fleet out, much of the
evidence was rejected, and Butler marched
on undisturbed to his technically legal spoils.
It scarcely lequires "the blaze of a micro
scope" to reveal the real character of such
transactions as these.
SOLD HIS WIFE'S CORPSE.
He Married, Her for Her Money, Kept Her
in Want Until She Died in Despair, and
Then Sold Her Body for Whisky and
A narrative illustrating the depth of de
pravity to which man may descend was
recently related to a Times reporter. Th
story opens in an interior county of Illinois,
where resides a farmer whose broad acres of
fertile prairie and sleek herds place him and
his family above the knowledge of want.
Five years ago this family circle was adorned
by a daughter, fair beyond comparison with
her young associates, and rarely accomplish
ed for one whose life had been spent upon a
farm. To this family appeared, about the
time indicated, a young man of pleasing
manners and fashionable attire, claiming to
be in good circumstances Chicago. Hi
account of himself was not entirely satisfac
tory to the farmer, who noticed with alarm
a growing fondness in the glances his daugh
ter cast upon the smooth-spoken stranger.
Parental opposition in this case, as in so
many similar instances, only added fuel to
the flame of kindled love, and the young
couple found means of carrying on clandes
tine meetings, until one day the rash girl
When the arrangements were all complete
the daughter wrote a letter to her parents
telling them she could not live apart from
the man she loved, and had, much as she
was pained to give them sorrow, determined
to cast her lot with his. This note she left
her chamber, and departed with the young
man at night. Th father was a man of
stubborn mold, and the "bless you, my chil-
dren," on which the young folks had cal
culated, came not when a paper containing
a notice of their marriage was sent -to him.
The old man's suspicions had been too well
founded. Hi daughter's husband was of
dissolute habits and without means, and his
motive for marrying was the expectation that
the old man would "give down" liberally to
keep his daughter from want. This hope
proved futile, as the father refused to hold
any communication with his wayward child
and her worthless husband. The latter was
soon driven to extremities for the money
necessary to keep him in liquor and cigars,
and it was not long before he more than
hinted to his wife that it would be necessary
for her to do sewing or what other work
could be got to help out with the family ex
penses. Th poor woman did what she
could, meekly enduring the ill-usage of her
brutal spouse, sewing often the greater part
of the night, while he pocketed her earnings
and left her to suffer hunger and cold.
TWO CHILBBEN WEBE BOEN
to them in the poor apartments they oc
cupied in the northwestern part of this city.
Each of these but added to the woes instead
of increasing the joys of the mother, and
when a few weeks ago she became aware that
a third little one was in prospect, her cour
age completely failed her, and she deter
mined upon a most hazardous course. Sh
took a powerful emenagogue, which failed
of its purpose. A few days later she re
^i V& "^fc-^-w*^""
peated the dose, and brought on a miscar
riage, accompanied by extremely dangerous
symptoms. I the intervals of her pain she
dictated to a kind neighbor a letter to her
mother, stating her wrongs and the act
which she had committed, and imploring her
to take care of the two children soon to be
left mother and already worse than father
less. Through some oversight this letter
not mailed until after the death of the
victim of a too confiding nature. A physician
had been called in, who, for charity, did
what he could to relieve her suffering, but
COULD NOT SAVE HEB LTFB.
The husband showed some indications of
grief, bat consoled himself with drink as
best he could. The corpse lay in the house
for a day and a night, kindly guarded by
the neighboring women. Toward the second
night they inquired of the widower what dis
position he intended to make of the remains,
and were told that evening that an express
man would come for the corpse for burial,
as he was unable to pay for a hearse. After
nightfall the expressman came and carted
away the remains. The next day the farther
of the dead woman arrived, having learned
of her sad fate, and asked where his daugh
ter was buried, that he might have the body
removed to the country cemetery, near her
old home. His inquiries were answered
evasively for a time by the wretched creature
whose bad treatment had driven his wife
to an act which brought about her death,
but being pressed and threatened with ar
rest if he refused to tell, he acknowledged
that he had
DISPOSED OF THE COBPSE
to the physician who attended her in her
last illness in consideration of the petty sum
of $5. The farmer's grief and rage knew
no bounds, and it was with difficulty he
could be prevented from wreaking vengeance
upon the scoundrel before him. Finally he
set about recovering the corpse, in which he
and had it conveyed home and
Condition of the Public Debt from. 18GO
to the Present Time.
Secretary Sherman has just issued a table
of more than passing interest, giving an an
alysis of the public debt of the United States
from July 1,1860, to July 1,1878. By it it
is shown that in 1860, one year before the
war, the total interest-bearing debt was
$64,640,818.11, made up of a little more
than $43,000,000 of 5 per cent, bonds, and
over $21,000,000 of 6 per cents., and which
required an annual interest payment of near
ly $3,500,000. For the first year of the war
there was but little increase, the total inter
est bearing debt aggregating over $90,000,-
000. I 1862 this swelled to $365,000,000,
and for 1863 aggregated $707,000,000. I
1864 the interest bearing debt was over
$1,300,000,000 in 1865, over $2,200,000,000.
In 1865, on the 31st of August, the debt
reached its highest figures and aggregated
$2,381,530,254.76, made up of $68,127.98 of
4 per cent, bonds $269,175,727.5 of fives
$1,281,470,439.33 of sixes, and $830,000,000
of 7 3-10 per cents, and upon which the an
nual interest payments aggregated $150,-
977,697.87. From 1865 to 1870 the debt
was decreased about $200,000,000, and was
steadily decreased until 1878. I 1877 the
table shows that the total interest bearing
debt was but $1,711,888,500, whereas in
1878, up to August 1st, it reached $1,794,-
735,650, showing an increase of over $83,-
000,000 since Secretary Sherman took charge
of the tieasury department. The table also
shows the debt upon which interest has
ceased, the outstanding principal, and the
debt per caoita and the interest per capita.
For 1878 the debt on which interest has
ceased is placed at $5,594,560.26 that our
total debt is $1,999,382,280.45, of which
there is $455,885,682.26 which bears no in Thursday
terest. The debt per capita, according to
the figures in 1860, was $1.91, computed up
on the basis of a population of 31,700,000
and upward, while in 1878 the debt per
capita is $11.69 upon a population
of upward of 47,000,000, and
which is $1.97 interest per capita. Th
highest debt per capita is charged to the
year 1865, when it was $78.25, and with an
interest per capita of $4.29. Since that
time it has decreased to the figures before
given for 1878. The table also shows that
lowest amount of cash in the Treasury
from 1860 to 1878 was July 1, 1861, just
after the war commenced, when it contained
only $2,862,212.92. With increased taxation
and our internal revenue system that was in
creased by July 1, 1862, to $18,863,C59.96.
Then under i ur heavy war expenses 1863,
the amount was reduced to $8,421,401.22.
Another turn of the screw was given, and in
1864 the cash in the Treasury amounted to
$106,332,023.53. I 1865 it dropped again
to $5,832,012.92. Since then it has steadily
accumulated, and in no year since was it less
than $106,000,000. Sherman reports cash
in the Treasury for 1878 at $256,823,612.08.
When he too hold in 1877 there was in the
Treasury $186,025,960.73, showing that he
has added to his cash fund one year over
$70,000,000. This, of course, with an eye
single to resumption.
[New York World, Dem.]
Who is it that is hurt And when the
craze is over and there is a rearrangement
of lines, which party will form the most
compactly and readily Th Democratic
party has been through several crises and
has had its "cataclysims", but it has always
survived to bury its antagonist. W invite
our esteemed Republican contemporaries
to remark that this National movement is
going to .cost their party several States and
not a few congressmen, and in view of this
circumstance may we not invite them, in the
words of Mr. Dickens's reduced gentlewo
man to her would-be benefactor, to "dissem
inate their goose in their own sphere"?
Just His Luek to be Elected.
Mr. Ignatius Donnelly, once of Philadel
phia, but now of Minnesota, is always ready
to turn up in the most promising new party
that comes along, and he always lights some
where pretty well up toward the front.
is now the National candidate for Congress
in the Third district, and has been accepted
by the Democrats. I would be just his luck
to be elected in the multitude of political ec
centricities of 1878.
Why So Much Water?
Wh at in the world does Pittsburgh do
with all the water she daily draws from the
reservoir? One hundred and fifty-seven
gallons a day for each inhabitant, and yet
meet on the street there a person whom you
think that you ought to know and you are
compelled to scrape the coal dust, soot and
smoke from his face with a splinter or corn
cob before you can tell who he is.
A Bad Start.
In the elections so far this yearOregon,
Vermont and Mainethe Republicans have
lost three Congressmen and gained not one.
A bad start in the race to capture the next
Hit the Nail on the Head.
A Radical waking up is expected in Min
nesota. Th political Old Proo. says the
Maine storm is shifting in that direction.
'Gene Gone to See Zach.
[New York Sun.|
Put away the little speeches
i That our darling was to spout,
Now Eugene will never need 'em,
Greenback votes have snuffed him out.
Gone to see bis father-in-law.
How Chas. P. Stickney Used His Son in Ills
Dishonest OperationsThe Responsibility
For the Hathaway and Chace Defalca
tions Placed Upon His Shoulders.
[Fall River Special to New York Times. I
Each day some new report concerning
Stickney's defalcations is on the street,
and the uneasiness among business men is
widespread. I is believed that the whole
truth is not yet known, and that more troub
le is to come. Some of yesterday's alarming
reports, however, are corrected to-day. I
is now authoritatively stated that the firm of
J. A. Bowen & Co., of which Charles
Stickney, a son of Charles P., is a member,
is solvent, notw thstandmg that it has be
come involved in the elder Stickae^ *s opera
tions. Bowen, the senior partner, has been
ill for several years, and when consulted
young Stickney concerning business ven
tures, very frequently advised the latter to
ask his father's advice so the elder
Stickney had opportunity to take
advantage of the young man's
inexperience and did so. Among other
transactions, he sold the firm coal at whole
sale by the cargo in the name of Castner,
Stickney & Wellington, as he did to other
parties in the city, and immediately received
at the time of the bale, and before the ar
rival of the cargo, a "coal note." which he
promptly got discounted. I now appears
that it was too often the old man's custom to
sell a single cargo before it anived to several
parties, promptly raising cash on the "coal
notes" thus obtained. Bowen & Co. seveial
times found, on the arrival of the cargoes
purchased by them, that they were claimed
by some mill by purchase. Thus much con
fusion was occasioned, but no suspicion of
fraud seems to have been entertained, busi
ness having been so long conducted in this
city by the big operators in a free and easy
reckless sty le.
Though yonug Stickney was used by his
father, it does not appear that he indulged in
irregularities himself, and a repoit to-day
current on the street that he had loaned his
firm's indorsement to his father is exnphati
cally denied. As regaids the use of
Castner, Stickney cfc Wellington's
name by Stickney, the extraoi
dinary explanation is made thut though the
firm disolved partnership by mutual consent.
each to carry on the business his own city
Mr. Castner in New Yoik, Mr. Wellington
in Boston, and Mr. Stickney in Tall Ri\ er
an agreement was entered into that each
could use the firm name in the tiaiibaction of
business, and, moreover, for any business of
his own individually, and each ga\e bonds to
secure the contract, although no smeties were
attached thereto. I is further stated that
Stickney is the only one who has used this
privilege, and that he has abused it. Bymin
those who should be infturned it is abserted
that Stickney is largely responsible for the
Hathaway and Chace defalcations, and a
strong piessure is being brought upon Hatha
way to induce him to make a full statement
of all the transactions, without legard to the
SILVER MOUNTAIN GAMBLERS
Just An Idea of How the Game Goes OH
At Virginia Lit)/.
[Virginia (Nev.) Chronicle.!
Since the recent healthy rise in stocks the
spirit of gambling seems to have taken an
unusually strong hold on the community.
For months past the metaphoncal tiger lu
been lying his lair in a sort of half dor
mant state, as if troubled with a toipid lnci.
During the past two weeks, howevei, the
gamblesome gently who hunt for big game
have invaded his retieat, and he is now on
all fours, gnashing his teeth and thrashing
the jungle brush savagely with Install. O
afternoon there was a btiff game
over the International saloon. Th fiist
man who attracted any attention was an old
San Francisco sport,who, after a few piolim
mary moves, began to prod the "tiger" up
with bets stacked to the limit all over the
"That's Old Moses from 'Frisco," said a
looker on, "and when he gets started you'll
see the fur fly."
The man was right, for in a few minutes
Old Moses closed with his antagonist dead
earnest by inquiring of the dealer if ho could
be allowed to raise the limit to 'ylOO. Th
dealer graciously allowed the privilege, and
Moses lost several hundred dollars a few
turns, at which he asked if he could raise the
limit again, and, obtaining the kind peimis
sion of the dealer, was soon playing up to
$200 a bet, being sometimes $1,000 oi so
ahead and sometimes bo much behind.
Several other parties soon slid into the game,
betting up to the limit and creating consid
erable excitement, until there 'was such a
crowd about the table that those on the
outer edge of the spectators could only now
and then get a sight of the dealei's bald
head. One player drew out $1,000 when he
left. Yesterday afternoon a stianger came
in, made a few four-bit bets and then sur
prised the dealer by stacking a pile of $_'0
pieces in front of him and playing up to the
$100 limit. won heavily all the after
noon and, coming back flushed with victory
in the evening, lost his luck and was badly
mangled by the tiger, lo-day the game is
doing a heavy business, and men who play
there are expected to do so on a gold basis.
Red and blue chips are the rule, all of which
is considered good, indicating that business
is picking up and moi ey is gottmg con
sideiably easier than it has been for many
Tlie Fairs and Politic*.
[Red Wing Republican.
But now, thanks to Hen. Wm S. King's
opposition show to the fair of the btato
agricultural society, a feeling of bitterness
has been aroused between Minneapolis and
St. Paul and the adherents of each that will
give Donnelly hundreds of votes. Th
Minneapolis peoplo backed up Mr. King,
and the St. Paul folks were forced into the
support of the State society. The contest open
ed in bitterness and has increased in inten
sity of ill feeling up to this time, and the
Minneapolis 'Tribune, since the fans are
over, attempts to make the local hate to St.
Paul more all-embracing by condemmg the
St. Paul and Sioux city railroad manage
ment for discriminating against Mmneapo
lis by the pursuit of a policy which had
been agreed upon by the managers of that
road and of the Minneapolis St. Louis
railroad jointly. Mr. Washburn is president
of the Minneapolis & St. Louis road, and if
the St. Paul road was managed adverely to
Minneapolis, Mr. Washburn's road was man
aged adversely to St. Paul. If St. Paul had
the Democratic candidate he would get
scarcely any votes Hennepin county and
a defection of Republican votes in St. Paul
would thus be balanced. Bu Donnelly is
an outsider. Th Minneapolis Democrats
vote as willingly as the St. Paul Democrats,
and every Republican vote cast for Donnelly
in Ramsey county will find no offset any
Washburn DoomedHurrah for Donnelly.
[St. Charles TimesDem.]
The Democrats in the Third Congressional
district of Minnesota have nominated Ignatius
Donnelly for Congress, and he will be elected
if the opposition unite in his support as we
have good reason to believe they will. Wash
burn, the head of the pine land ring, is doomed.
Donnelly and victory should be the watchword
of every one in the Third district opposed to
ring politics. Read the platform of the State
Democracy in another column, which is also
the platform of the Third district. I speaks
for itself. Hurrah for Donnelly.
How It Works.
[Howard Lake Advocate.]
The senseless opposition and vulgar flings
of the GLOBE will make many honest Demo
crats, who saw the Presidential party, and
heard the President's address, warm sup
porters of President Hayes.
I II iffi fcl.#^i ,mri l-i i
The city of Paris gets $20,000 a year for the
rent of its flower-stalls.
Head, of New hampshire, insists on having
his name spellad "Natt," not "Gnat."
The San Francisco Bulletin says $25,COO,000
of gold coin are in circulation in California.
There were two deaths Tallahassee, Fla.,
last month, and those were of negro babies that
died in teething.
Forty-two Old Defender?, who made the 12th
of September a memorable day for Baltimore,
are still living.
Di. Redheld, of the Cincinnati Commercial,
has purchased a house in Washington to be
near his political patients.
Beverly Douglas accepts defeat like a philos
opher, and is stumping his district for the man
nominated to succeed him.
Verdi the eminent composei, has completed
his new five-act opera, entitled '.Montezuma,"
which is to be first produced in Milan.
Theodore Thomas made a good thing out of
his benefit testimonial on Wednesday night.
The clear profns amounted to $4,476,4.$.
Canon Bagot, rector of Athy, a well known
English agriculturalist, is doing his harvesting
this ear by the aid of the electric light.
William Shakespeare is running for constable
in a Michigan village. Yet this is the man who
said "Fling away ambition, by that sin fell
Lnghsh steel pens are almost entirely made
by women. iSow please don't anybody say
they are probably handmaid.Boston Pott.
Or that the girls are pensive.
People whoe dresses are not of the freshest
are by no means loud praise ot the practice
now coming into vogue in trance of lighting
balirooms with electric light.
A girl says that when she dies she desires to
have tobacco planted over her grave, that the
weed nourished by her dust may be chewed by
her bereaved lover. There is poetry in the
Daniel J. Morrell was in Amsteidam on the
-21th of last month, ami fiomthat city wrote to
Altoona that he will inspect the iron industries
of Holland, Belgium and England before his
The managers of a London place of amuse
ment announce that they "reserve the light of
impelling or excluding any one the} think
proper." Only people ot approved impropriety
The captain of a Lonnon excursion steamer,
the Rhine, was recently brought up tor carry
nig 02'j passengeis on Saturday, August J, when
the boat was only licensed loi JOJ. bu Benja
Phillips fined him 6i02.
Several negroes at Raleigh, N. arc declared
to be gradually losing then black coloi, and
tins curious phenomenon is attributed to the
pecuhdiities of the drinking-water in a well in
the yard ot Air. Pranic
Lieutenant Gov ci nor Knight und Senator
Dawc, ot Mas-,aehu=t tt-,, have been writing
letteis to the liollaud club at Sunderland,
"commending the ehib loi then woik of 'de-
corous tnbute' to Dr. Holland."
It cost the English government $235,000 last
ye~i for the coolies who pull punkahs in the
Indian *pitals and birracks. 'lwoolhceis
have devised a lehine loi doing this work at
an immense =avin of expense byiompicssed
The Turkish council of state has referred
all the Asiatic lailway projects back to the
Giaud Vizier as not worthy of consideration.
The Duke ot Sutherland's Euphrates Valley
plan is still undei examination, but has not
Licutenant-Goveinoi Caucnon, of Manitoba,
chaiged his coachman with stealing a oat ar
lf sted hun, bundled him into the coach, and
himself mounting the box diovo the prisoner
to the police station. Ih pasoner was, how
ever, ucijuitti d.
The Mikado having decreed that all his sub
jects holding official situations shall dress a
I LuinjJtfHi, the Japanese milliners have sent a
laige portion ot then stock ot diesscs to Paris,
wheie they have been converted into verv pretty
In London recently a girl of thirteen and a
boy of eight weie brought up by the school
authorities. Theu parents would not send
them to school because by bending them round
to "IOOK mournful and sing sympathetic songs'
they were making 1 to ^1.23 a day.
A London police magistrate has 6cnt a pro
fessional dog thief up tor three months at hard
laboi, and iccit the ease of a lady of his ac
quaintance whose valuable tlo^ was so often
stokn that, between rewards and advertise
ments, the cost of the animal was nearly 3430.
The first weeping willow in Lngland is said
to have been planted by Me^andci Pope. Ho
received a present of figs from Turkey, and,
observing a twig in the basket ready to bud,
planted it. Iruia his stock all the millions
Lnglard and America are believed to have
Of Longfellow's five children, Onslow, the
oldest, is married and business in Boston,
Ernest is arising young painter, studying in
Euiope Alice, the eldest daughter, is a piels
mg writer, Lditn is no Mrs. Hichard If Dana
the third, and Anna is decidedly literary in her
The IW. Pierre Paris Irving, tho nephew
and biographer of Washington Irving, died
at New Unghton, btaten Island, on Tuesday,
in his 72d year For tv cnty-six yarn prior to
1873, when he resigned on account of increas
ing inurmitieB he was rector of Chutit Church,
General Butler was walking down Som-
erset stieet, Boston, the other day, a horney
handed son of toil slaped him resoundingly on
the shoulder and cried. How're ye, guvner?"
but the General is said to have resented tha
familiarity by hitt'v.g the man a lick with his
The Lomboidia states that the want of money
which exists at the Vatican fills the Pope and
cardinals with anxiety, and that it is proposed
to address a circular to all the bishops ot the
church in order to obtain assistance. Some re
lief is hoped also from the expected pilgrim
ages from Spain and Germany.
Boston Post Queen Victoria has appeared
by counsel in a United States circuit court
New \ork as plaintiff in a suit against a Wall
street broker on account of some of the latter's
Canada tranpactions. We trust Her Majesty
will not feel at all excited. Her interests are
sure to be as carefully looked after as though
she attended to the mattei personally.
Hurrah For Donnelly.
[Little Falls TranscriptDem.J
The nomination of Ignatius Donnelly for
member of Congress by the Democratic
convention in this district was certainly a
very wise move on the part of the Demo
crats. I is true that Mr. Donnelly's politi
cal viewb have been such that he could hard
ly claim membership at all times in any
party, but ho is unquestionably a very able
man, a man of profound thought and
Gf original ideas, free from any sus
picion ot being a ringster any
sense, and is a known advocate of the prin
ciples set forth in the platform adopted by
the convention that nominated him. Demo
crats in general will support him. Green
backers will vote for him almost unanimous
ly, laboring men in general prefer him to
Washbuin, and many Republicans who are
not in favor of electing a speculator in pine
lands will cast their votes for Donnelly. Th
Republicans this district have a majority
of about 6,000, but it appears to us that
Donnelly stands a very good chance of being
"toil ...y, in