Newspaper Page Text
"General Washburn not only happens to be
engaged SOMEWHAT in the milling busi
ness, but is also a candidate for Congress."
Dill King, t?i Pioneer Press, October 5.
Eloquent Speech of Our Next Con
gressman to a St. Paul
ASSAULTS ON HIM REPELLED
And the Newspaper Whiffets, with
Their Slanders Lasted
HE WHEAT RING SWINDLE.
Washburn*3 Complicity in the Sob
bevy of the People.
E MADE HALF MILLION
By Holding Office of Surveyor Gen
eral on a Small Salary.
APPLYING THE REMEDIES.
Raise the Currency to What it Was
Instead of Contract it.
NO "PIAT MONEY PROPOSED,
But Greenbacks Redeemable
Gold and Silver.
READ SPEECH CAREFULLY
And Down With Washburn and
the Swindling Brass Kettles.
The announcement that Hon. Ignatius Don
nelly would address the Donnelly club last
evening cieatcd great intercut in political cir
cles, and it early became cv.dcnt ha tho hall
of the club would be insufficient to contain tho
crowd that would thron/j hear him. Aswould
early as 7 o'clock people lefjan to arrive, and
in less than half an hour the hall was densely
packed BO that entrance or egress was only ef
fected with difficulty. Mpny hundreds of peo
ple who desired (o hear Mr. Dcnnelly, tut
camo too late, vscie obliged to go away xe'uc
tantly, without being gratified. The Opera
IIoue, fiom Oct. Ibtto election day, did rot
hare a vacant nit ht, and Music hall was otfur
wise occupied la"t night, henco it was imros
Biblc to secure a larger hall, eligibly located.
As Mr. Donnelly's other engagements pievent
cd his giving another night to St. Paul, there
was no alternative Lut to hold the meeting last
night in such quartets as could bo secured.
This explanation is duo the hundreds of per
sons who weie unable to gain admission to the
hall last ni^ht.
The audience nniabeicJ about S3), and, in
cluding those who remained a short time at the
door ai'd on the steps and sidewalk outside, but
gave up their places to others, there must have
been fully 1,600 people ho visited the club
rooms, dining the evening. Thy were all in
telligent, industiious and well-behaved citi
zens who came to inform themselves of the po
litical issues of the day. Throughout they
listened with great interest, and were not at all
chary with their applause at every tellingpomt
made by tho speaker. lughter and applause
greeted him aU through his icmaiks, and it is
raro that an address such length meets with
no close attention and as heaity a reception as
did that of Mr. Donnelly.
At 7:30 o'clock, Mr. Joseph Oppcnhcim, pres
ident of the Donnelly club, and candidate for
the Assembly in the district composing the
First and Second wards, iutroduceel Mr. Don
uellj in a fev well chosen remarks, assuring
menders that none of the honois hereto
fore conferred upon him was moie highly ap
preciated than the pre out one of introducing
to the assemblage the Hon. Ignatius Donnelly,
tho nest member of Congress from the Third
Mr." Donnelly was lecehcd with loud ap
plause. Ho be^an by expiessing thanks for
tho large attendance present, and the hearty
giceting he b/'d leceived. He had passed over
the largest pait of ihe district during the past
fiix weeks, and if the signs do not wofully de
ceive us, he wat convinced that victory would
peich upon our banner in November next.
(J^pluuse.) Thcie is a revolution in progress
a great involution. The people are
thoroagly aroured against the great rings that
are now infesting the State. Ho had never be
fore, in all his political expeiience, witnessed
such enthusiasm. At no meeting which he had
addressed for the past month were there not
a huge number of men who had traveled ten or
fifteen miles to hear him speak, and that they
were convinced in what he had to say wa3 evi
denced by the profound interest they mani
fested in his remarks.
He had tried to conduct this canvass in a
manly, honorable way. He had spoken no an
kind word about his opponent, Mr. Washburn,
in all tho many speeches he had maae. His
public &c'aLis acts as a public manhad
been criticised, but the newspapers that had
predicted that his nomination would be the
signal for ihe opening of the sluice-gates of
personal abuse against the Washburn family
bad been disappointed. Had he done so they
would have had some warrant for conducting
the canvass against him on the same principle.
But nowhere had he said aught that could be
construed iato a personal attack upon Mi"
Washburn or any of tho^e who had supported
him. Failing in finding an escuso in his acts
for personal abuee, the newspapers of this city
^had turned upon him with the
most fiendlike ferocity, and were
waging an unrelenting, unjust personal warfare
against him. I this (yesterday) morning's
Pioneer PICM Lc had found a column and a
half or two columns of abuse of himmali
cious, false and despicable. He proposed to
devote a little attention to these charges.
was chasged with constantly changing his
political viewsthat before he came to this
State ho had been a Democrata Buchanan
Democratand had changed to the Republican
paity just for the Rake of getting office. Tho
i'act was that he had never cast a vote previous
to coming to thus State. Shortly after he had
arrived in Dakota countya county that was
hopelessly Democraticho had, without solici
tation on his pait, and because tho people
heard he was an anti-slavery man, been nomi
nated for the State Senate by the Republican
party. He made the canvass
that he would be beaten, and
he was handsomely, two to one.
But he bad |made a canvass of the county, a
thing never befoiedone, and that was some
thing accomplished. Two years afterwards he
was again nominated for the same office, again
made a thorough canvass, and was again beaten
by twelve votes. This close tun attracted some
attention to him. Republican party managers
began to talk of him, and the newspapers be
gan to think there was something in a man
who could so sensibly reduce a large Democratic
majority. The next year, the Republicans still
being in a minorty in the State, he was nomin
ated tor lieutenant governor, and was elected,
and was re-elected -n 1S61. I 1862 he was
elected to Congress from this district, was
again re-elected in 1864, and again in 1&66.
was beaten for a renomination in 1868 by the
corrupt use of the money of the Washburn
family, because he had, in debate in the House,
resented an indecent assault made upon him
in debate by one of the brotheisElihu. Bv
the most shameless use of money the Wash
burns Went into a convention, two-thirds of
whose members were pledged to vote for him,
and defeated him, nominating in his stead O.
C. Andrews, who now has the honor to
reside in St. Paul. Bu tit cost 860,000
of the money of the ring to do it. He had sat
down nndur this abuse, and did not leave the
Republican party. Finally, the next year,
when the party was distracted by dissensions,
the Press, which had opposed him theretofore,
publicly advocated, in order to harmonize the
party, that he should be the Republican nomi
nee for Governor of the State. The Winona
Eepubhcan took it up, and other newspapers
took it up, and ere long he appealed fo be the
unanimous choice of the party of the State.
The Press officially asked him if he would be
came a candidate. He made a wiitten reply
which that paper published, in which he said
that wliile he did not seek the office, he would
accept it if nominated. Then one of Windom's
friendB came to him and asked if he was elect
ed would he use his influence in favor of Mr.
Windom's Senatorial aspirations. He replied
that if nominated and elected he would dis
charge the duties of the office faithfully, but
would make no contracts or bargains. (Ap-
plause. Then the Washburns and Windom
put their heads together and at the eleventh
hour went into a convention of delegates al
most unanimously in his favor, and by
most nefarious and corrupt bargains succeeded
in defeating him and nominating Hon. Hor
ace Austin. His Democratic competitor,
George Otis, came within 1,200 votes of
beating him at the polls. Still he remained in
the party, an uncomplaining membei.
HIS CANDIDACX IN 1870.
He was charged with having changed upon
the tariff question. In the platform adopted
by the Republican party in 1861) there was a
free trade plank. He believed in and indorsed
it. But the next year the Republican conven
tion adopted a protective plank, and nominat
ed a man for Congress engaged in tho manu
facture of a protected article. Against this he
protested. After the nomination was made in
1870 he was applied to to allow the use of his
name as an independent candidate. The pe
tition bore the name3 of several thousand good
citizens who thought as he did on the tariff
question. He replied that he would run if the
Democrats made no nomination. The Demo
crats met in convention and decided that they
make no nomination, and further
adopted resolutions declaring that they
preferred Donnelly to Aveiill. Ho made the
canvass and was defeated by about 1,200 ma
ItEPTJBLICANS ADOPT HIS PLATFOB5I.
In 1871, the party was still distracted, and
Dr. Thomas Foster wanted to harmonize it.
He visited him at his farm in Nininger and
asked him to come into the convention and to
wiite his own platform, giving him an assur
ance that if he would come ho could write his
own platform and the convention would adopt
it without so much as dotting an i or ciossing
a t. He went into the convention, wrote his
own platform, and it va adopted entire, just
as it was written, free tiade and all. Thib was
the way he came back into the Republican
partynot as a craven asking for foigivencss,
but as a conquerora dictator. (Applause.)
But the chief cause- of his dissatisfaction
with the Republican party arose in 1872, when
the national convention at Philadelphia adopt
ed a protective tariff platform. He didn't
want to be shifted about here and there at the
caprice of conventions, as variable as the wind.
He didn't like this platform and he didn't like
Grant, the nominee of the convention, and he
conld not take a seat in Congress as the repre
sentative of a party that advocated these views.
So, the morning of the convention he wrote a
letter in which he took his stand in favor of
suppoiting for President Mr. Horace Greeley.
In this stand he was with Schurz and other
good Republicans who protested against the
tendencies of the Republican party. He went
into the national Liberal Republican Demo
cratic party with such men as your fellow
townsman Albeit Scheffer, whom ou all know.
In the next State Liber.il Republican con
vention he offered a seiies of resolutions on
the currency question and tho national banks.
They were voted down by a large majority.
What was he to do? Simply to adhere to prin
ciple, which he did. When the question of
finance came up, and the Greenback party was
organized, he joined that party, because it more
nearly came up to his views on the currency
questions than any other then in existence.
One by one the intelligent men of the Demo
cratic party began to think of the cuirency
question, and one by one they began to see
through the subterfuges that had been dinged
into their cars until the whole party has now
come to the position occupied by him in 1871.
So, instead of his being whiffed around, he has
stood firmly like a column of adamant, and the
parties have whirled around him. Mr. Donnelly
here illustrated his point by a happy anecdote.
The whole charge of changeableness desolves
itself into ihis: Donnelly has changed his po
sition twiceonce on the tariff and once on
the hard money question. He acknowledged
this, but are men never to learn anything? He
thought it to his honor that he had been able
to study and think on these questions and
found that he had been in error, had had the
manliness to come ont and avow it. The
faculty of learning is all in which we differ
fronthe brute creation. The ass which went
into the ark with Noah possessed all the intelli
gence and as high an order of instinct as the
jackass of to-day. Do yon wish a man to be
as incapable of learning as a jackass? (Laugh-
THE CHEIE OF.roVESTY.
But Joe Wheeiock chaiged him with having
lived by politics for the past ten yearswith
having drawn all his rations from the publio
crib. The only office he had held for ten years
was as a State Senator for five years. The only
compensation of that office, and all he had
drawn from the State was a per diem of $5.
This had amounted to a total of 1,500an
average for ten yeais of $150 a year. No man
could look at him and honestly say that he had
lived on that diet. (Laughter.) Probably if
he looked as spare as Joe Wheeiock he might
have lived on sawdust and buttered thunder
bolts at an annual cost of $50. (Great
Again, Wheeiock had repro?ched him for his
poverty. Surely poverty is no disgrace, but at
times it i3 very inconvenient. Some one had
beautifully said that Christ was born in a sta
ble so that foi ever more it should be esteemed
no reproach to be poor. I is rather unkind,
however, for Wheeiock to reproach anybody
for being poor. He has been as poor as Laza
rus himself, and you know the dogs licked his
Eores. (Laughter.) It i3 an honor to him that
Le has risen from his former povertyhas
emerqerged by his own'eSiorebence to his pres
ent noble position among us. I
would hardly have been deemed possible
for him to do it if ho had been
seen after he had closed his exhibition of
Indian squaws on Boston common, and reached
La Crosse with only money enough to pay for a
deck passage on a rivei steamer, a^ to buy a
loaf of bread, on which l.e lived the entire
journey to St. Paul. Ob, if he hadn't had
enongh to bay that loif, what a heap of trouble
we would have been saved. Ho spoke this not
unkindly of Wheeiock. If he wanted to make
it strong, he coald make it very strong. (Ap-
A CASTLE IS THE AUt.
But now this slimy little concern across the
way, the Dispatch, charged him with being
worth $60,000, so that he was puzzled some
times between the two to know whether he was
rich or poor. The dirty little paper hadjio
circulation outside of St. Paul, and, therefore,
as he had been away for a month, he did not
know until this morning, (yesterday,) that it
bad been vilifying him with a series of the most
damnable lies, at the instigation of Washburn,
and through his committee. didn't know
but it was because of some crime committed
by the people of St. Paul that it was permitted
to be published here. Whatever of truth the
charges fulminated against him by that paper
had was carefully suppressed, or only made to
aid in making the lies appear the truth. If he
was the dead beat he is represented to be, why
had these facts not come out before? He had
been in public life for twenty years. Why had
these accusations never been before the public
in all that time? I Dakota county, where he
had lived for twenty years, his daily walk and
conversation had been known of all men, and
ho had never gone out of the county without a
good round majority. In the village of Ninin
ger, where his every action was known, he had.
always received a majority. Could this be if
ho wa3 a notorious dead beat and plunderer as
represented? These charges come from the
rings whom he had been fighting ali his life.
They hated him with all the hatred of which
they are capable.
Mr. Donnelly then proceeded to read two
blackmailing letters he had received as samples
of many othersone from Michael Marsh and
one from Thomas Bower, of this city, and ex
plained the transactions he had had with these
men. He also referred specificallv to several
other transactions in which he has been
charged with acting dishonorably, and fully
and satisfactorily explained them. He pro
nounced all others dastardly lies, without
foundation in fact, and declared that all the
small debts he owed in the world was 8100 to a
St. Paul bank. Castle, the fellow who made
these accusations at the instance of Washburn
and his ringhis hearers all knew him.
was a miserable failure in everything he had
He had fizzled out. He had tried
to run a little paper at Anoka and had fizzled
out. He was now trying to run the Dispatch
into the ground as fast as possible, and was
likely to make a success of it, for the first
time in his life. He was a known vilifier. He
had heaped abuse upon a worthy citizen of this
place, Barney Armstrong, for weeks, and being
unconscious of having done a dirty act he had,
on meeting the gentleman, extended his hand
for a friendly greeting. Barney kicked him in
the bread-basket, and to-day the only decent
part of Castle'B anatomy is wheieBarney's loot
left its mark. He docs Washburn's bidding
like a servile dog. A pretty pair, trulyCastle
and Washburn. The Republican party is like
unto a noble structurea grand hotel. On the
first floorin the parlorwe find such upright
gentlemen as Gov. Cuthman K. Davis and
Alexander Ramsey doing the honors
of the establishment. Overhead, in
the guest chambers, we find
many worthy occupantsDr. Day. for instance,
in the post-officea choice roomwith Fred.
Driscoll and Joe Wheeiock glowering at him
over the blinds, cltill further up are many very
worthy guests of the party. But away to the
rear is a little bit of a building(laughter) a
little building with a very bad breath. (Great
laughter.) This little building is Henry A.
Castle's exclusive domain. I is his business to
crumple up the paper and attend to the valves.
(More laughter.) Eveiy little while Washburn
goes down to this little building holding his
nose, and hands Castle his pay on the end of a
stick. (Laughter and applause.)
HOW WASHBUBN KADE HIS MONEY.
Some good people find fault because reference
has been made to Washburn's failure. He did
not consider it dishonorable settlement. Bu
ho did blame a man for failing and compelling
his creditors to receive forty to sixty cents on
the dollar while he had $300,000 left, with
which to take his family to Europe the same
year. Mr. Donnelly then referred to the man
ner in which Washburn made his fortunehow
he procured his appointment as surveyor
geneial by stealth, through the influence of
his two brothers, and how he used it to gobble
up all the best pine lands in the State.
characterized in fitting terms the assaults of
his paid organ and mouthpiece, the Minne
apolis Lumberman, upon Secretary Schurz for
his attempt to punish the pine land thieves,
and illustrated his points by appropriate and
THE WHEAT QUESTION.
Coming to the wheat question, Mr. Donnelly
declared that every man, whether he lived in
town or country, is interested in it. I 1857,
when the crisis came, wc did not raise enough
wheat to feed our own people, and were com
pelled to see steamboat after steamboat coming
up the liver loaded with flour. But when it
wa3 discovered that our soil was adapted to
wheat raising our industry received an impe
tus. Wheat has built our railroads, our manu
factures, and our towns. We are now raising
fiom 30,000,000 to 35,000,000 bushels of wheat
annually. Surely our prosperity ought to be
great. Bu task your merchant or yo
banker and he will tell jo
that businesa is dull and collcctiens
slow. What is ihe reason? The wheat is not
moving. The farmers have discovered that
there is a gigantic conspiracy to rob ti em of
the fruits of their industrya ring of millers,
who by their swindling brass kettles aie de
termined to reduce tho quality and the price of
their wheat. The result is the farmers will not
market, and as a consequence times are hard,
money scarce, people idle. The only men who
are prospeiing aie the millers, and they aie
coining fortunesimmense fortunes wrung
from the haid earnings of the toiling farmers.
When he was in the State Senate he proposed a
sjstem of wheat inspection which would be
free fiom all objections to the present
system. proposed to measure it by
a standard half bushel which could not
err, and to have inspectors appointed for each
town by the county commissioners of the sev
eral counties, and responsible to th^ra. If
that bill had passedit did get through the
Senate oncewe would have abetter condition'
of affairs than at present. How do you inproblem
spect wheat now? These little brass buckets
are very tender little things. They are so sus
ceptible that if you pour the wheat into them
straight you can make a difference of one
pound on a bushel on the same wheat if poured
into it on its side. If you tapped the tester
ever so slightly and fill it up again, you could
make a difference of two pounds, and if you
unscrewed the lever a little you conld make a
a still greater difference. He then proceeded
to give instances in which the same wheat
had varied in weight by the
same and by different testers.
THE SWINDLING BKASS KETTLE.
Mr. Goodsell, formerly a miller of North
field, had charge of the elevator. He told me
that he was glad to get out of the infernal
thing. He found that the ring would not buy
on an honest basis and so he stepped out of it.
He told me that the beam of the tester has a
square block which can be unscrewed and taken
off and the plates of lead removed, and in this
way made to weigh whatever yon please. Lan
guage can not paint the horror and cruelty of
such a systema Bystem whoso rapacity is
worse than the grasshoppers. The millers'
ring give 35c, 40c and 50c for a bushel of wheat.
The millers made a statement that nearly all
tho wheat was paid for as No. 2. I don't be
lieyc it, and I refer to an article in
the Pionuir Press, quoted fiom the Minneapolis
Tribune, which states that the bulk of the
wheat received is No. S, and the millers were
paid for No. 2, perpetrating a swindle on the
people. The next day the millers issued a
statement that the great bulk of the wheat re
ceived was No. 2.
A farmers' meeting at Minneapolis tried the
tester with the sealed half bushel, and in every
case the result was that the tester weighed less
than the half bushel. Three or four days
elapsed and the ring in agony got a part of the
committee together and made, a second trial.
Five tests were made in two the tester was be
low and in the other three equal to the half
bushel. The wonder is that they did not make
them weigh more than the half bushel. The
wheat is graded down by this infamous
swindle. Th people of St.
Paul tihoald listen to my words.
The heartless buyers have farmed ont parts of
the State, ajlice.of it here and a slice of it
DOWN WITH.WABHBTJEN'AND 1HE SMNDLDTG BR^SS KETTLES
PAUL, THUESDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1878.
there, and go where you will you will find no
competition exists. They have divided UD the
State as a farmer might divide np a turkey to
one is given the breast, to another the side
bone, and it would seem that the St. Paul &
Pacific got that part of the bird which gets
over the fence last. The millers' pool nr
nishes one man who buys and bandies all the
wheat and divides out the wheat on a scale of
so much to each stone. The only exception to
this is the line of the Northern Pacific, where
buyers for the New York and Ohio mills com
pete to supply their mills, bid
ding against each other. The consequence
is that prices have ranged from 10 cents
to 20 per bushel higher. I is a well known
fact that at St. Cloud wheat was Belling 10c and
20c less than at the far off frontier town of
Fargo. This has been demonstrated by the
Pioneer Pressand you all know that candid,
honest paper cannot lie. A few years ago it
took a smart, close business man to make
milling pay and to make money at it, but now
any fool can be a miller and make money
then a George Brackett failed: now a W.
Washburn can grow rich. I tell you, gentle
men, tbey are not grinding flour but grinding
the people. The people have, by this com
bined ring of parasites, become so impover
ished that they are almost on the verge of inThe
surrection. I Wright county -almost
one-third of the wheat hauled was taken
back again. I Stearns county a farmer
was offered by the ring agent ,35c per bushel.
He was advised to take it homo again, for the
sheriff could get more than that out of it. The
result of it all is that the wheat is not sold,
debts are not paid, trade is paralyzed, and the
State is on the verge of collapse.
WHO IS BESPONBIBLE.
I charge not this on the people of Minneap
olis, but on the ring and W. D. Washburn.
(Applause.) The money with which he hired
the miserable little Castle over the way was
taken ont of the farmer's pockets. (Laughter
and applause.) He replies that he is not one of
the ring, and he is not a miller, but he was and
is a member of a milling firm,
and takes his share of the steal
ings. (Gieat applause.) I tell you,
gentlemen, it is a worse calamity than the
grasshoppers they are said to come but once
in ten yeais, but this wheat ring i9 permanent.
The grasshopper reaches one or two counties
only, but this greater evil infests and overruns
the whole State like a pestilence, and is an in
cubus upon the industries of the people. Look
at the tumble-down fences, the paintless, glass
less houses there is no energy, no thiift the
men have no heart to plow, no hope to sow, for
the wheat will not pay the cost of
raising it. There is no induce
ment to break new lands, for man
does not want to work for glory alone while
the wheat ring reaps the fruit of his labor.
(Applause.) The farmer to-day is worse off
than a slave, for he had at least two suits of
clothes and food enough to eat, while the farm
er is happy if he can get one suit.
I call on you, citizens of St. Paul, to stand
by the people in this emergency. I suffer and
you suffer your trade is crippled for the want
of money which the farmers havs not, because
they cannot sell their wheat. I send
my wheat to Hastings and am of
fered 40 cents per bushel, and if I
cannot pay my petty debts I am twitted by
these wheat Shy locks.
CAUSE OF THE DEPBESSIOX.
If there is a people on earth who should be
interested in reforms, it is the people of St.
Paul. You can remember a3 well as I can
when labor was valuable. I the closing years
of the war and the years immediately follow
ing, there was in circulation $36 for every man,
woman and child in the country, and now there
iB but $0 per capita. Nominally there is $13,cashiers,
but after the deposits of banks are deducted
there is but $D in circulation. When
there was a currency of $86 per head
the country was the most prosperous on the
globe, and now with $9 per head, it is probably
the most impoverished. There is no country
in crowded Europe where there are so many
persons ont of employment as in America to
day. France, with a circulation of $36 per
capita, is now the mo3t prosperous and flour
ishing country in the world. (Applause.) I
tell yon, gentlemen, we are on the brink of a
volcano. Remember the terrible outbreak of
a year ago, when railroads were seized
by a lawless mob, cities were taken
possession of by desperate men, life was de
stroyed and capital wasted, and we trembled
for the Bafety of our institutions. What has
become of that mass of discontented, ground
down men? They have not gone back to hon
est labor. They are patiently waiting for the
relief which the ballot-box give them. (Great
applause.) I met a friend from Delano who
had attended large mass meetings in Chicago.
He heard there, he said, doctrines and senti
ments promulgated which made him shudder.
The financial policy of the government has
giound the working man down so lowrobbed
him of his home and hope till communism is
ready to raise its red flag and flaunt its lurid
torch. Hunger has driven them to it, andbaby
what is the remedy? Not in standing armies
and the strong heel of the government. (Ap-
plause.) I is in prosperity and restored in
dustry. (Immenseapplause.) We cannot hold
the laboiing man down with the bayonetthey
are dangerous weapons to handle and
are not always sure to keep
at tho right end. (Laughter.)
And what has done this? The Republicans in
the EastI do not say that all the Republicans
are responsible, but such men Jay Gould and
John Sherman and R. B. Hayesthey have led
us on to this quagmire. They have done it to
make money Gcarce, and scarce money is dear
money, and dear money depreciates all forms
of property so that one dollar is
equivalent for more labor, more wheat
moie pork, more land. Thus have we the poor
growing more destitute and the rich growing
rich. My doctrine is that this country is made
for the people, and not for the money lenders.
(Applause.) Give us a prosperous people, a
happy people, a progressive people, and the
financial questions will take care of themselves.
(Great applause.) Give us an oppressed peo
ple, a tax-bnrdened people, a shiftless people,
an idle people, and the financial
becomes the momentous
question of the hour. England
went through the same experience, and when
the oideal commenced there were 160,000 per
sons owning real estate, and, at the completion
of the process the number was reduced to 30,-asked
000! Men were drawn off the land into alms
houses, and to America, and to suicide. When
I visited Pope county, I thought here, at least,
is free soil, with the land free from debt, but
I was assured, by the register of deeds, that
there are $300,000 in mortgages on the land
most of the mortgages being tho hands of
Corbin & Co., of New York. The lands are pas
sing away ram the people to swell the wealth
of money lenders and banking companies.
It is suggested that the remedy is in a change
of ownership of the soil. That a few shall be
come great landed proprietors and the people
become their tenants. There you have it.
This is what this country is coming to. Some
of you came from over there where the few
own the soil, and you fled across the sea in
loathing and diBgust to seek a land where
you could own the soil, and
now you are told you are to give
up your lands. Now what do they intend to
do with their mechanics and artisans? Listen
to this (here the speaker read an extract from
the New York Tunes.) Now think of that, my
friends. The farmer is to go back to the Eng
lish standard the machinist is to go back to
the English standard why not the government
go back to the English standard and complete
the metamorphoses. (Applause.) The Times
says the farmer and the mechanic must go
back to these positions, because GOD has assign
ed them to those positions. The GOD they mean
is John Sherman.
That eminent divinemore eminent than di
vine^Henry Ward Beechermade a speech in
Plymouth church pulpithe is paid 820,000 a
year, and lives in all the luxury of Solomon
himself. (Laughter and applause.) He said a
laboring man ought to be satisfied to ask a dol
lar a day, because he cBn live on bread and
water. The man can vary itand Henry likes
variety. (Applause and laughter.) He can
have for breakfast bread and water for dinner,
water and bread, and for supper, water with
out the bread. This is a good deal
like the old lady who kept her
boarders on dried apples,
pi'-v^W l^j-w.^"^ ^-ag^:^^^ /^4I|S^%J
them dried apples for breakfast,
i.-- lM i
for dinner and let them swell up for supper.
I once heard of a young fellow who had been
keeping company with a young lady for a long
time, when she gently hinted to him the pro
priety of getting married. She could live on
bread and water with him, she said. All right,
said he, you provide the bread and I will
scratch round and get the water. (Roars of
laughter.) Love might live on that diet while
the honeymoon lasted, but it was a diet which
was likely to drown love itself.
I tell you it won't work. The American peo
ple are not a peasantry. They have been
drilled and accustomed to arms, and are the
most courageous people on God's earth, and
they will not be trampled on and driven back
What is the remedy for this depression and
bad order of society? Good times. What
makes good times? A rising market for the
produce of the land, and the work of the hand.
What will make this market? A falling mar
ket of money. Dear money makes a dear mar
ket, and plenty of money brings with it a cor
responding prosperity. The effect of the gold
discoveries in South America was felt in the
old world, in the days of Cortez and Pizarro.
discovery of boundless treasures
in California brought a great pros
perity to this country. Property
rose, and all over the breadth and length of the
land there was more money. The speaker then
pointed to the issue of greenbacks, and said
the same natural result followed, more money
and increased prosperity. The theory of the
Greenbackers was to give the country a stan
dard and good currency worth its face in gold.
The absurd idea that every town was to have
its printing shop to exude out any amount
wanted, was ridiculed as the foolish outburst
of a maddened opponent to plenty of good
money. The Greenbackers proposed a money as
abundant as in any other civilized country.
By it and with it, good times would come.
Fears of the commune would disappear, and
threats of civil war would bo as the merest
Tho speaker then took two notes from the
table and said, I have here two bills, represen
tatives of the currency of the country, the
the same in size, in color, made of the same
paper, printed in the same place in Washing
ton, born from the same womb. They are
Esau and Jacob. Tho national bank note is
the Jacob who wants Esau to sell his birth
right for, as Mrs. Partington says, a mess of
Of the note, said the speaker, there are $340,-
000,000. They are a part of the national debt
if destroyed, they are replaced by bonds
if lost, the people lose them. Nobody
ever made a cent out of the greenbacks there
is no steal of 13.000,000 batween them and
the government. They are backed by 50,000,000
people, and the wealth and resources of our
nation. They are the pledge of the nation
they need no bonds to secure them. The
speaker then recalled to the remembrances of
the old soldiers how tho gold and silver
as it does in all emergencies, gave out, and for
nine long months they waited for their pay.
and then were given it in the first issue of
greenbacks. (Applause.) I saved the life of
the nation then. (Applause.) Yes, like Moses,
when he struck the rock and the outpouring of
waters followed, so when Salmon Chase
struck this financial rock prosperity poured out
upon the land and made it bloom and
blossom like the rose. (Cheers.) Such
prosperity as was unparalleled in the history of
this or any other country.
Taking the national bill, the speaker
said, behind it, around and about it are 1,800
national banks with their army of presidents,
tellers anddebtors. They were a
powerful organization, supported and sustained
by millions of capital. How powerful, he
illustrated with this story of Presi
dent Hayes: The President took up
a greenback note at Madison, Iowa, a
$1 note, and holding it aloft, said, this
piece of paper cost one half cent to make it,
print it, etc. Its intrinsic value is therefore
only one-half cent, yet it is marked $1 Whyaccident.
not make it 5100 or 1,009, it would be just as
well. Now, if somebody in that crowd had
held up a S1.000 bond and said, this paper is
worth only one-fourth of a cent, and
therefore its value is that of only a qnaiter of
a cent, somebody in that crowd would surely
have cried out, "Sit down you fool," and right
ly soo too. (Laughter.) But they couldn't
say that to the President. (Laughter.)
The fallacy and sophistry of all such speeches
about the greenback was exposed, when it was
remembered there was no steal behind. An
auction of greenbacks at the President's valua
tion would be greedily grabbed at. I would
take*h. part myself, sufficient, at leaBt, to pay
off the debts about which the Dispatch is
troubled. (Laughtei.) Taking up the Na
tional billthis bill has wealth behind it, a
steal of $13,000,000. Why didn't the President
mock it, and not tho United Stated
money, this poor, flimsy rag
offspring of the nation
delivered in the throes of dissolution almost.
(Applause and cheers.) There's no steal about
it, between the people and the government. A
steal is always respectable, if big enough.
(Laughter.) If a person steals a little, he is
sent to jail if 810,000, it is called embezzle
ment if $100,000 it was termed a defalca
tion. (Laughter.) And if .fl.000,000, the af
fair is spoken of as a speculation. (Long con
tinued laughter.) And there is speculation in
the national bank currency. Thirteen millions
of a speculation. (Applause.)
A LITILE STORV.
The speaker then further illustiatcd
his argument by relating Mark Twain's
Btory of Maginnis, the school teacher. Magin
nis asked for a raise of salary and was hooted
at. He robbed a bonk of igoOO.flCO and com
promised for one-half. The speaker related the
haughtiness and scorn of the treatment heaped
upon the school teacher, and the suavity and
unction with which he was met and treated
when he could compromise in his little specu
lation. (Mark Twain never wiote the story
better than it was told.) This, said the speaker,
gives a vivid picture of the difference between
honest poverty and wealthy rascality. The
national bank bill had wealth to sustain it
it was highly respectable.
He then alluded to the resumption act, and
his hearers if they knew tho full import
of the act, what it contemplated doing, and
what it had done. I was a scheme, said he, to
burn up every greenback in the country. The
speaker defied any Republican to deny it, and
he had at hand the act itself to produce and
read it to their utter confusion. Already, said
he, 22,000,000 of greenbacks have been de
stroyed by this act. What are these greenbacks
replaced by? By nationsl notes 25,000,000
oithem have been issued instead of the
$22,000,00 of greenbacks. Yet these
national notes are redeemed in greenbacks.
This poor, miserable rag-baby, money. If the
greenback is the shadow of a shade, valued at
one half a cent, what in God's name is the
national note worth? (Laughter.) I must be
diluted beyond the resemblance of color.
It reminds me of homeopathic soup. Homeo
pathic soup is thus described: Take a skeleton
of a chicken, which died of starvation, hang it
up in the sunlight, let the shadow fall upon a
pot of water, and .boil for two hours.
(Laughter.) Then give the patient
a teaspoonful every four hours. (Laughter.)
And be sure you don't let it go to the patient's
head. (Laughter and cheers.) Yet for these
national notes the people pay out $13,000,000
annually, besides the interest charged you on
the same money loaned over the counters of
the national banks. The consequence is that
bank stock is worth $1.80, when all other in
dustries are suffering a paralysis and coUapse.
He occupies a high vantage ground, the banker
does nothing. His position was likened unto
a man who was penniless on the
banks of the Missouri river. He
was contemplating the wisdom of throwing
himself the water or going to work, either a
dreadful alternative to him. Just then he ob
served that a lot of drift wood was floating
down the river, and at the same time he dis
covered] several darkies basking in the Bum
mer's sun. He lounged up to them and asked
if they wanted a job. "Yes," they readily re
plied. "On shares," said he. "Yes," again.
Well the J, you fellows just get out in that
river, catch up that drift wood, bring it
ashore and pile it np a cord ^wood, and I
I I I
will give you half the proceeds,
of the sale. (Laughter.) Manifestly that man
was a national banker. The banker occupies a
position between the people and thegovern
ment receiving from both and giving to neith
er. The man-got half of the proceeds, and the
negroes did all tho work. (Laughter.)
HOW THE BANKS BEING THEM TO T-Tanrarnr,
The power of the national banks and their
influence was further shown by the sacrifice of
Gorham, the secretary of the Republican Con
gressional committee. He, after tho Maine
election, advised the overthrow of the
banks, the 1,800 banks overthrew him,
Not to be personal, but othera had dealt the
dose ont to him plentifully, the Pioneer Press'
owed $40,000 to a national bank, and they
were carrying it along, and if the screw was
turned like the garote used in Cuba, out would
go life. Hence those long-winded financial
articles, word after word and column after
column, so diluted that they reminded one of
chicken soup. (Laughter.)
Some people urged that Congress ought not
to legislate on the currency question.
I should be left to the banks,
Congress ought not. That Congress
which has the power of life and death. I de
clares war, and can draft every man in this au
dience to serve and fight its battles it regu
lates commerce. Its powers are unlimited, yet
it ought not to legislate on currency that
should be left to the big brained, generous
hearted banker. The speaker then described a
typical banker to be one who.if his brother asked
for $10,000 and threatened to commit suicide,
would ask, where's you coUateral. (Laughter.)
To leave the people to the mercy of such an
iron-bound system was preposterous!
The speaker now paid his respects to Judge
Beuben Rtynolds. Ho said the gentleman
was a profound thinker and was doing some
speaking just now throughout the country.
He holds up a silver dollar, and says, "we are
the hard money party." He forgets that if
the Republican party had obtained their way,
silver would not be money any longer. Silver
which had been moaey since Abraham's day.
He is forgetful of the fact that the Republican
party demonetized silver, and in a secret, cov
ertly way, that for two years the people were
not aware that it was not receivable for more
than $5. And only become aware of it by the
depreciation of the market quota
tions of bullion. Then when it
was discovered to be hid away in a voluminous
act of Congress, they, like Pontius Pilate,
washed their hands of it When they were
compelled to lepeal it, the President vetoed tho
will of tho people, and a two-thirds vote was
necessary to pass it over his head. The gather
ing storm of popular demand compelled it, yet
the Republieans, having power in the Senate,
made it only a partial remonetization, because
they limited its coinage to $4,000,000 per
month. Dming all this silver waB decried
it was declared a nuisance, a cumbersome
money. The Pioneer Press and the national
bank pipers declared we should have only a
mouo-metalic basis, and not a bi-metalic.
Whenever there's a big fraud to be perpetrated
it is concealed by a big word, and a Latin one
answers all the better.
NO DANGER OP TOO SirjCH HARD MONEY.
The people conceded that some people might
fear the issue of too much paper, but who ever
heard of too much hard money. Yet the Re
publican party had restricted it to $4,000,000
per month, and drove from the
doors of the government mint,
the country's bullion to other shores.
Ho said there couldn't be enough of it, and
draw a very laughable picture of a procession
going to La Crosse to get tho cumbersome and
weighty money, if John Sherman were to ad
vertibe on such a day that a grand distribution
of the bulky money was to take place. I is
not distributed to Buit and meet the demands
of the people, $55,000,000 of silver were locked
up in the United States treasury. John Sher
man had avertised that it would be exchanged
for greenbacks on Sept. 8th.
But before the day arrived, the
order was rescinded. What was the
purpose? All this did not occur by
Jt was a well-devised and consum
mated scheme to make the rich man richer and
the poor man poorer.
The speaker then made an apt and beautiful
illustration. He stood at a great railway centre'
in New York, and with his thumb covered the
diverging point of tho railroad tracks, one
leading to the fields of ice-covered
the other to the luxur
ious wealth of the eternal summer
of Mexico. Thus was it with nations. Their
divergence eith to ruin or prosperity started
from a small antt insignificant point. Our na
tion had arrived at this point of departure.
We had before us the road to communism and
ruin. To avoid this, there were those who
urged a strong government, and saw in Grant
the symbol of stability and strength of govern
ment. When the labor riots occurred a year
ago, Jay Gould, the owner of the Republican
Tribune, a capitalist, said he would give thou
sands were Grant in tho white house
for forty-eight hours. And where is
Grant now? Wandering about Europe
in more style and state than even Barnum'B
menagerie. (Laughter.) What is he doing? Is
he studying the workings of the monarchial
governments, forming alliances? Many may
shrug their shoulders and cry out bosh!
at any such inference, but recall to memory
that these same doubts were expressed when
civil war was threatened by the South. Presi
dent Lincoln was thought to have overesti
mated the duration of the war when ho called
out 75,000 men, and Sherman was almost in
carcerated in an insane asylum as a lunatic
when he said 300,000 men wouid
be required to open out the Mississippi river.
A MENACE TO THBNOES.
He then called to mind the action of France
and England during the civil war in regard to
Mexico reminded his hearers that the aris
tocracy of England armed and equipped the
Alabama to prey upon our commerce. Their
motive was plain. So long as a republic en
dured in America as a monument of man's
capacity to govern himself, so long is the na
tion a standing menace to every throne
in the old world. Lord Byron
wrote the history of nations in his soliloquy
on the coliseum of Rome. His was the moral
of all nations. We have secured liberty, ob
tained glory, acquired wealth, adopted corrup
tion and vice. I was left to the American
people if in the end they would fall into des
Mr. Donnelly asked if he had ever been
known to be false to a pledge he had ever given
during election? Was he ever known to*have
stolen anything while in Congress? Then
the speaker related that Parson Brownlow.when
he first came to Washington, felt
very queer, thought he was sick, and retired to
his room. There he found he had en seizpd
with an almost uncontrollable desire to steal.
(Laughter.) The atmosphere of Washington
had so affected him He pointed to his career
in Washington and defied his most malignant
enemy to bring such a charge against him. The
only charge is that I was offered $200,000 in
stock of the Southern Pacific road and the
promise of $50,000 in money, and I declined
them. A woful charge to bring. But then,
though they charge me with declining both, will
not give me credit, but say I declined them
because they were worthless. (Laughter.)
A heinous offense, surely to decline a worth
less thing. (Laughter.) I nad been stated
that four days before the expiration of hisand
term of service in Congress, he was asked to
help the road, and was made the above offer.
No lcgislatrbn had occurred previously, so it
could not have been for past services. But I
Mr. Donnelly concluded by saying his pros
pects for election were never brighter and
surer at any time in the history of thecount
country. (Applause.) If elected, he
would serve on a broad gauge principle
for the interest of all the peoplehis constit
uency would be the State and the nation.
(Applause.) His aim would be to lift the bur
dens from industry and improve the condition
of the workingman. No one conld ever, or
would ever reproach him for voting contrary to
the wishes of the people and their best inter
ests. (Applause.) He had been asked how he
would vote on the payment of rebel claims.
He had jbut one answer. to
make. No^iNorthern man could so
sat i- Mil itgi'gi'iilum i ifwwiimiu^^iiiim.
fall in love with the South that he
would forswear himself by voting for them.
The whole thing was the merest bugbear. The
constitution would have to be amended before
such a proposition could be
entertained. The speaker disposed
of the question by saying the Dispatch says I
don't pay my debts, I surely will not vote to
pay somebody else's. then closed
by returning thanks to bis good friends of
St. Paul and his good friends of the Donnelly
club. (Long coatinued applause and cheers.)
Mr. Joseph Oppenheim proposed three cheers
for Donnelly, which were given with force, and
the meeting adjourned.
The Deadly Epidemic Rapidly Disap
pearing from the Infected DistrictsOnly
Four Deaths at Memphis, and But Fevr
New CasesSimilar Favorable KcporU
from Other Localities.
NEW ORLEANS, Oct. 23.Weather clear, cool
and windy. Deaths, 10 cases reported, 173.
Total deaths, 3,795 total cases, 12,599.
Rev. John H. Eidewich, of the Redemtorut
order, is very low with fever and not expected
J. J. McDermott, telegraph operator, died to
night, age 26.
The Peabody association to-day issued over
fifty thousand rations. Applications for re
lief to the Young Men's Christian association
37 Howards 5i.
Of 173 cases reported to the board of health
to-day, only twenty-six weie classed as new
Dr. Choppen, president of the board of
health, says due notice will be given by the
board when absentees may safely return.
CAIBO. Oct. 23.The following explains it
self: Cairo, 111., Oct. 23.Tho citizens' relief
committee is composed ot some of the best
men of our city, and wo reiterate their state
ment through the Associated Press a few days
since, that there is no destitution here but
what can readily be relieved by our citizens.
The crisis is passed and absentees are returning.
(8igned) Haliiday Bros., M. Phillips, E. W.
Halliday, President Roswell Miller, Jas. 8.
Reardon Barclay Bros., Wm. Lonergan, Tho*.
Wilson, Wm. McJIale, Korsmeyer, C. W.
Howe & Bro.
CAIRO, Oct. 23.Heaw frost and thin ico
this morning. The official report for tho
twenty-four hours ending at noon to-day shown
no deaths and no new cases. Tho quarantine
against the South will be raised.
MEMPHIS, Oct. 23.The board of health
officially reported four deaths from yellow fever
during the past twenty-fonr hours, ending at
6 o'clock to-night. Eleven additional inter
ments are reported by undertakers of persons
who died in the suburbs. Eighteen physi.-ianB
of the Howard Medical corps report twenty
nine new cases, eight in tho city ard
twenty-one in the country. New
cases reported in tho city are of
returning refugees who had not taken the pre
caution of having their houses ventilated be
fore occupying them. Among those who have
died since last night are Miss Mamie Keefe, T.
Lehman. Moaes Marks, John Kutch, Mrs.
One new case of fever developed to-day at
Tuscombia and three at Decatur, Ala.
The government relief steamer Jas. M. Cham
bers, left port to-day.
BATON ROUGE, Oct. 23.New cases thirteen,
CLINTON, Oct. 23.Five deaths yesterday in
this vicinityHichaid Dreher, Willie Reilly,
Mrs. LibbieNesom, and two chiidien. Dr.
Cobert is not expected to recover. Frost
OSYKA, Oct. 23.Twodtaths no new cases.
Several very low.
BAY ST. LOUIS, Oct. 23.Three new cases:
PASS CHRISTIAN, Oct. 23.One new caso two
deaths. Mercury 44. Some frost.
LOUISVILLE, Ky., Oct. 23.Another heavy
frost fell this mornipji, and again the temper
ature fell low enough to allow ice an eighth of
an inch thick to form.
VICXSBURG, Oct. 23.Clear and warmer mer
cury 76. Frost this morning. One death in
tho city, five in the country among them E. B.
Willis, a prominent planter.
YAZOO CITY, Oct. 23.Rev. Father Martin
died last night.
CHATTANOOGA, Oct. 23.Deaths fiom yellow
fever during the past twenty-four hours. 8
new cases, 3 among them Major Carlisle.
There is great destitution among the colored
people. Tho relief committee have only three
days' supplies on hand. Weather clear and
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.
ROCHESTER, Minn., Oct. 23.Xi Oronoco, thw
county, Sunday afternoon, two children of A.
Nichols were drowned in the Zumbro river.
Their bodies were recovered and the funeral
TTAIN ROBBER KILLED.
ST. LOUIS, Oct. 23.Dan Demond, one of tho
young train robbers who escaped when Mike
Rourko was captured a day or two ago, was
overtaken last night by Detective Light, of tho
Kansas Pacific road, fifteen miles from Ells
worth, Kansas, and in the struggle which en
sued Light shot and killed the robber.
A PROCURESS FOILED.
NEW YORK, Oct. 23.Passengers on the boat
from Boston this morning discovered two pret
ty young girls who had been inveigled from
home by a procuress, who promised them
employment down South. The police were no
tified and the procuress fled.
DISASTROUS PRAIRIE FIRES.
Sr. Louis, Oct. 23.Decatur and Edwards
counties.in Sappa valley, Kansas, recently raid
ed by the Chevenne Indians, have been devas
tated by prairie fires, and nearly everything not
destroyed by the Indians consumed. Several
persons are said to have perished in the flames.
BOSTON, Oct. 23.George Specrs, a homoeo
pathic physician of Charleston, has been ar
rested as an accomplice of Miss Mabel Whit
man, aged 16, whoso mother died last week
from arsenic poisoning. The daughter will be
arrested on her return from the funeral of her
mother. The death was planned to secure con
trol of property.
CLEVELAND, O., Oat. 23.The schooner
Algerine, from Ogdensburg to Cleveland,
loaded with iron ore, ran ashore during the
storm this afternoon, at Springfield Pa., twenty
miles west of Erie. The crew reached shore
safely. Vessel now jjoing to pieces.
Precautionary Measures In Ne Orleans*
N EW ORLEANS, Oct. 23.In accordance with
orders of tho Governor, tho arms of the first
second infantry, Crescent City battalion
and Orleans artillery, were removed to Me
chanics' Institute, where they will be guarded
at least by forty men until after the election.
Miscellaneous Foreign News.
BERLIN, Oct. 23.Schouvaloff will succeed
Gortschakoff as Russian prime minister on ac
of the latter's precarious health.
BOMBAY, Oct. 23.The Gazette states that the
advance on Cabnl is postponed until next year
to more effectually coerce he Ameer than by a
PARIS, Oct. 23.At Largentiere, Monday
night, the river Sigue rose twenty meters an
hour, flooding a great part of the town. Much,
property was destroyed, and no loss of life is
HLONDON, Oct. 23.Matthew, Buchanan & Co.,.
merchants of Glasgow, failed. Liabilities
125,000. The Drumpellier Coal company also
failed. Assets 80,000.
.^r- I' II KfT.-Z^j.
"I give the Farmer the Lowest Grade hla
sack contains, and submit that it is just what
he is entitled to.*'Lecnara Kinscll, inspector
for Waafiburn Minruapolu Mills, in a card intXt
Pioneer Press, Oct. 13,**'