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NO. 17, WABASHAW 8TBEET, ST. PAUL.
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KT. PAUL. FRIDAY. OCT. 25 1878.
State AuditorMahlon Black.
Clerk of the Supreme CourtDillon O'Brien.
First DistrictWm. Meighen.
Second DistrictHenry Poehler.
Third DistrictIgnatius Donnelly.
District JudgeWestcott Wilkin.
AuditorS. Lee Davis.
Probate JudgeHenry O'Gorman.
County Commissioners (city)John Wagner.
J. F. Hoyt.
County Commissioner (country)Edward
Superintendent of SchoolsEugene Hen
Senator, 28d DistrictJ. H. Reaney.
Senator, 24th DistrictC. D. O'Brien.
Representative. 1st and 2d wardsJoseph
Representative, 3d wardJacob Mainzer.
4th wardL. B. Hodges.
5th wardJames Smith, Jr.
HON. IGNATIUS DONNELLY
will address his fellow citizens as follows:
Wadena, Friday, Oct. 25.
Glyndon, Saturday, Oct. 26.
HON. WM. L. BANNING
will address his fellow citizens in advocacy of
Hon. Ignatius Donnelly, as follows:
Glyndon, Friday, Oct. 25.
Anoka, Saturday, Oct. 26.
WM. LOUIS KELLY
will speak as follows:
DeGraff, Friday, Oct. 25, at 7 -.30 P. M.
Clontarf, Saturday, Oct. 26, at 7:30 p. M.
These meetings will be held in the evening
peaking to commence about 7:30 o'clock.
Fi lends of the cause are requested to give the
necessary notice and arrange as to halls.
SMITH WEED now denies that he sent such
telegrams from South Carolina as were at
tributed to him by the New York Tribune.
But for all that the deluge of slander will
not be stayed.
THE negroes of Liberia have learned
something by their sojourn in America.
They forbid white men from owning real es
tate and exclude them from citizenship.
They propose to let the white man know
how it is himself.
O course, .Russia must have her finger in
every pie. She has given notice that al
though England may settle her grievances
with Afghanistan in her own way, she
must not dispose of the Ameer's territory
without consultation with the czar. We
suppose the Muscovite must be accommo
THE Democrats of Iowa, having taken
counsel of tfcre best legil authorities in the
country, have decided to hold elections for
Congressmen in that State in November, as
it seems to be the general opinion that the
election on the 9 th of the present month was
ille^nl. The stupidity of a set of public
officers who will make suoh a blunder as to
invalidate the elections ot an entire set of
Congressmen requires no comment.
THE New York World has taken hold of
the labor question in a practical manner, and
proposes to solve it to the satisfaction of all
concerned. I has opened a free employ
ment bureau, at which all people in want of
work are informed where vacanoiea in their
line of business exist. The fiisfc day's ap
plications numbered ninety-four, of whom
a la-ge number were accommodated with
SOME senseless fellows are waging war
upon the Democratic candidate for Congress
in the Hudson, New York, district, because
he is a Freemason. The fact that he is or
is not a member of that order will make no
difference whatever as to his efficiency as a
member of Congress. As long as he is right
on the main questions at issue, such a ques
tion as his Masonic or anti-Masonic relations
ought not to enter into the canvass.
N OT one of "the crowd of loafers" who
listened to Mr. Donnelly for three hours on
Wednesday, would suffer by comparison with
the editor of the Pioneer Press, who thus
characterizes them. Joe is evidently smart
ing under the exoonation he received from
the speaker. He ought, however, to be thank
ful for his forbearance. touched his
career very lightly, only remarking that if he
wanted to put it strong, he could make it
very strong. The editor escaped easily this
time if he persists in his abuse, Mr. Don
nelly may be driven to the use of italics.
GOBTSOHAKOFF, the aged premier ot Russia,
has been forced to retire from office, and
give place to Count Schouvaloff, a younger,
a more liberal, and quite as shrewd a diple
mat. Whether this ohange forecasts a change
of policy on the part of Kussia, the future
alone can tell. I gives hope, at least, for
the inauguration of a better feeling between
the nations, as it was by the count's efforts
at London that the threatened war between
England and Russia was averted. Th new
premier is an adept at statecraft, and far
more accord with the liberal and pacific
spirit of Europe than his predecessor.
SUCCESS SECURELOOK OUT FOR
We have such information from the vari-
ous portions of the District that we feel war-
ranted in saying to our friends that Mr.
Washburn's defeat is secured beyond ques-
tion. B.e knows that he is defeated, and
now places his sole reliance upon being able,
by the use of money, to return a large vote
from some of the sparsely-settled frontier
counties. W ask our friends
to watch this game closely.
They cannot perpetrate these frauds
witnout ultimate detection. Mr. Washburn
has ruled with a high hand long enough, and
now he must be regulated. The next House
will be overwhelmingly Democratic, and a
committee and means to investigate the pro-
ceedings in this district can readily be se-
cured. Mr. Washburn will engage in these
frauds at his peril. need not think he
can escape the responsibility and have the
Let his opponents be on the alert and note
all the evidences of fraud that may come un
der their observation. not trust to your
memory but write down all the details at
once, while the matter is fresh in your
minds. Obtain names of witnesses and be
prepared to prove its scoundrelism. A Dem-
ocratic Congress will furnish the means to
conduct the inquiry, and will compel the at-
tendance and testimony of witnesses.
Mr. Washburn may have been enabled to
successfully swindle his creditors out of
three hundred thousand dollars, but he will
not be allowed to swindle the people of the
Third district out of their choice for Con-
gressman. Th majority of the legal votes
of the district will be cast for Ignatius Don-
nelly, and if the Washburn programme of
fraud is attempted the villains will be proper-
ly punished. Th people will not tamely
submit to the cheat, and with the Congress
of the United States at their back they will
be able to receive redress if the contem-
plated scoundrelism is attempted.
A MONEYED ARISTOCRACY.
In his speech at St. Paul on Wednesday
evening Mr. Donnelly incidentally alluded to
the danger of permitting large accumula
tions of capital to be concentrated at any one
point or in any one industry or series of en
terpriseshow it might lead to the forma
tion of an aristocratic class in this country
whose interests, being inimical to Republican
institutions, would lead them to an attempt
to monarchize the nation. Mr. Donnelly did
not enlarge upon the theme, and it is pos
sible that some of his auditors regarded his
remark as the note of an alarmist, made for
present political effect. Bu those who have
closely watched the progress of events and
have had access to sources of information
not within reach of the mass of the people,
know full well that the note of warning ut
tered was spoken none too soon that such
a class already exists here and already exerts
a powerful influence in moulding the policy
of the nation. I is not only a wealthy but
a numerous class, and if it is not yet fully
organized and systematically at work sub
veiting the government, its members are in
dividually exerting whatever influence they
possess in that direction.
Those who have carefully scanned the col
umns of the New York and Boston newspa
pers for the past few years cannot have
failed to note with what a supercilious air of
superiority they speak of the farmers of the
West and of the mechanics and laborers of
the whole country. If they do not roundly
abuse them', they refer to them as arrogant
usurpers of the province of their betters if
they undertake to exercise their right to a
share in deciding the policy of the govern
ment. They are spoken of as lacking in in
telligencethe poor fools of every blatant
demagogue who may arise, ready to follow
his beck to even the most dangerous ex
tremes. They rarely accord to a man who is
not a capitalist, a sage or a philosopher, the
credit for a much higher order of intelli
gence than the brute creation, and arrogate
to themselves and to the capitalists who sur
round and support them all the intelligence
and political sagacity of the nation. A poor
manan advocate of the peoplebe his
views of government ever so wise .and tem
perate, is to them but a demagogue a rich
man, though he be a fool, rises in their esti
mation to the dignity of a statesman.
The newspapers but echo the sentiments
of those who surround them. Their views
are matured and expressed by the atmos
phere in which they live. Back of them is
the real source of the aristocratic impulse,
the spring where their expressed contempt
for the middle and lower classes originate
and whence it flows. There is a gigantic
money power at the East, which ramifies in
every direction throughout the country. The
aristocrats feel that with wealth come dig
nity, intelligence, refinement, and that a
man's capacity to govern depends upon and
should be measured by his abLity to accumu
late money. This class has grown up with
in the past fifteen years. Successful govern
ment contractors, stock speculators, railroad
wreckers, brokers and national bankers com
pose the bulk of its members. The associa
tion of these elements for the control of the
policy of the government has already
brought to the country many evils. They
first threw discredit upon the national
credit by refusing to receive the government
money in payment of the bonds they held,
and Congress changed the law under which
the loans were made, requiring all bonds to
be payable in gold. They opened
a secret warfare upon silver coin
age, and succeeded in having the
silver dollar demonetized. They succeeded
in gaining the privilege of supplying the
people with half of their paper currency,
and would have succeeded in getting an en
tire monoply but for the indignant clamors
of the common people. They succeeded in
inducing Congress to pass the resumption
act, and set about contracting the currency
until the groans and protests of suffering
manufacturers, tradesmen and mechanics
called a halt. They succeeded in getting a
pliant tool of their own in the office of sec
retary of the treasury who has manipulated
the Snances at their bidding. I has been
their policy to break down the middle class
of tradesmen and manufacturers and to turn*
their business over to the gigantio monopo
lies that everywhere exist. How far they
have succeeded the long array of names on
the records of the bankrupt courts attest.
Not only is there danger that an aristoc
racy of wealth will spring up but there is
danger that that aristocracy, which already
exists, will obtain complete control of the
government of the republic. I is their be
lief that laboring men were created for their
especial benefit and that they must be taught
their proper placethat of serfs and bond
men, Their%yery effort, aided by the dom
inant political party, has been to make the
rich richer and the poor poorer.
They hav succeeded only -too well.
Although the head center of this aristoc
racy is located at the East, the West is not
without its representatives. Here in Minne
sota we have some, and one of these aspires
to a seat in Congress from this district
where he may further the interests of his
class. is a true disciple of his Eastern
teachers. recognizes the rights of none
but his especial coterie, and to attain his
ends he is employing means the most ne
farious. Having robbed his creditors, stolen
the choicest pine lands of the State and de
frauded the farmers on the prices and grades
of their wheat, he is using his ill-gotten
gains to purchase votes openly and brazenly
and in utter defiance of law. is a fit
sample of the money aristocracy, but is not
a representative of the people, and thus will
the people decide on the 5th of November
THE WISCONSIN 8ENATORSHIP.
The legislature chosen in Wisconsin next
month will be called upon to choose a Sen
ator of the United States in place of Timo
thy O. Howe, who for twelve years past has
filled a seat at the national capital. Th
Democrats of the State have an excellent
chance of sending a thorough-going Demo
crat to that body if they put their
shoulders to the wheel and work unitedly
for that purpose. Th majority against
them in the legislature is very small, and
the change of half a dozen districts will give
them full control of both houses. This
much they can surely accomplish, as in sev
en of the districts at the last election the
Republican majorities were lessthan a hun
dred votes. Th Republicans are by no
means united or formidable. They have
too many candidates for the seat whose in
terests oonflict. There is Carpenter, who
leads the liberal element of the party Wash
burn, who is the representative ofhis fam^
ily Howe, the barnacle, one of the species
of office holders who seldom die and never
resign Keyes, the candidate of the Madison
regency Smith, the representative
of the kid glove element in
the party Sawyer, the lumberman's
candidate Allen, the advocate of hard
money ideas Rusk, the Norwegian stage
driver, and a score of others who are filled
with an ambition to serve their country in
the Senate. Between all these a bitter
rivalry exists which will, to a greater or less
extent, impair the strength of the party at
the polls. Seeing this weakness of the
enemy, the Democrats ought to take prompt
advantage of it.
Although the Democrats can so readily
grasp victory by energetic work, there ap
peal's to be a lack of organization and
earnestness. They are not divided on the
subject of a Senatorial candidate, although
the party does not lack good mateiial. There
are Palmer, Mallory, Jenkins, Paul, and two
or three others in Milwaukee Doolittle in
Racine, a man who has been tried and ac
quitted himself with honor Smith, the
present mayor of Madison, and a score of
others who could fill the office more ac
ceptably than it bas ever been filled before.
But the claims of either of these need not
clash until the control of the legislature shall
be secured, which can, and ought to be done.
It is not too late for the people to awake
to the importance of making a determined
fight for representation in the Senate by a
man in accord with tho political views of the
majority. I is not yet the season of the
year for badgers, especially Democratic bad
gers, to go into their holes.
EXPOSE TILE TRAITORS.
Washburn is sowing the District with
money. has grown wildly desperate over
the certainty of defeat which stares him in
the face. Having made a fortune in the
pine land ring, having swindled his creditors
out of three hundred thousand dollars, being
engaged in robbing the farmers of the
product of their toil, he has the money to
make an immense corruption fund is
buying men wherever they can be found for
sale. is not content with practicing this
infamous debauchery in his own party, but
seeks to find purchasable Democrats. I
should be borne in mind that if a Democrat
works for Washburn, it is prima facie evi
dence he has been bought. Such men should
be exposed, and the GLO BE will thank
friends throughout the District for the names
of such traitors as may be developed by
Washburn's money. Th free exercise of
the ballot is to be encouraged. Th corrupt
use of the ballot must be prevented at all
hazards, even if in so doing Bill Washburn
is consigned to eternal infamy.
THE Brainerd Tribune says: "W are in
formed upon good authority that Dr. Stew
art is supporting Donnelly, and has written
letters to Brainerd parties strongly advo
cating his election." W do not know as to
the correctness of this, but we see no reason
why it should not be true. What allegiance
does Dr. Stewart owe to Washburn? Dr. S.
was entitled, by all party custom, to a re
nomination, but Washburn took the money
which he had made by swindling his credi
tors and bought his nomination. More than
that, he called the nominating convention two
months earlier than usual, and took advantage
of Dr. Stewart's absence at Washington to
pack the convention with his purchased
material. Such a procedure relieves not only
Dr. Stewart but every Republican from party
obligation. Washburn's nomination was not
the expression of the Republican party, but
merely the exponent of his money. Self
respect ought to cause the Republicans to
repudiate the corruptionist in a body.
GE N. HOOKEB'S criticisms of the generals
who took part in the war, published in yes
terday's GLOBE, is "more kindly than Gen.
Grant's, except as to Sherman. That his
opinion of the latter officer is in the main a
correct one is proved by many of his acts.
His blustering, undignified, and often un
manly conduct in retaliation for real or
fancied injuries received at the hands of his
critics, stamps him as a man without that
mental balance which is the first requisite of
a commander of armies. Hi ma ny acts of
petty tyranny, too, show that he lacks a
quality that all successful and truly great
generals have possessedthe faculty of win
ning the esteem of those who fight under
The burning out of a chimney in the
Nicollet house, St. Peter, caused an alarm
of fire, and a rally of the fire department.
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER%5, 1878.
OUB PEIZE PUMPKIN/
Kakes Another Pilgrimage to an Ag
ricultural FairAnd Kegales His Audi
tors With Hi Usual DrivelSecretary
Sherman Supplements Hi Remarks by
a Few Statistics.
CUMBERLAND, Md., Oct. 24.The President
and Mrs. Hayes, Secretary Sherman and others
arrived here at 1 o'clock this morning, and were
met at the depot by Hon. Lloyd Laundes, Jr.,
president of the agricultural fair association,
and escorted to the Queen City hotel. At 10
o'clock the Presidential party left the hotel in
carriages for the fair grounds, escorted by the
president of the agricultural association, Gov.
Carroll and other prominent gentlemen, and by
the First Virginia cavalry, and the firemen of
Cumberland. In the procession was a car con
taining a number of girls tastefully dressed
representing the States composing the union.
There was a display of flags, especially on
Baltimore street, with other signs of welcome.
The party was repeatedly cheered on the way,
and by a large concourse of people on the
grounds. Here three cheers were given the
President as he was escorted to the stand.
Mr. Laundes, president, introduced to the
audience Gov. Carroll, who was received with
applause, and made a brief speech of welcome,
concluding by introducing the President of the
United States, who was received, with cheers.
The President spoke as follows:
Ladies and gentlemen and fellow citizens:
This society, whose annual meeting has gather
ed this large assemblage of people, has for its
object the promotion of the interest of agri
culture in this part of the United States. I am
not unfamiliar with this" county of Allegheny,
this city of Cumberland and this region of our
country. I know that while many of the
citizens are engaged in agriculture, the largest
interest in this Hection is in eoal, and therefore
I suppose that to laborers in the field of agri
culture and those in the mines, I am glad to be
able to say to you that the main burden of the
remarks to be made on this occasion will de
volve on the man who has charge of the treas
ury, and hence I may be excused for not enter
ing upon an elaborate speech, including in its
scope the financial condition of the country.
I, however, congratulate you on a
change in the weather. You remember
how yesterday we looked at weeping skies, and
listened to the sweeping winds and found that
they would be unpromtious. But the storm
has passed away, beginning at Florida and
sweeping from the Atlantic to the southwest
boundary of the Southern States, causing
much suffering and destruction of property on
sea and land. Now the sky is bright and the
air is balmy, and we hope that* the pure* and
clear atmosphere will carry health to the fever
stricken communities in the South, thus re
lieving them from the pestilence which has so
long affected them. As in the material world
we have storms which occasion so much dis
turbance and commotion, so with human af
fairs. When I first saw this picturesque
scenery, we were in the midst of a terrible con
flict upon which all men looked with the
greatest apprehension, but fortunately peace
came with its resulting blessings. We can at
this time congratulate our efforts for the benefit
of the nation of free men (applause), and if,
unhappily, there should be here or there
some remnant of former bitterness, we should
remember that the ways of Providence are
6low but sure in progress, and that, as a na
tion, ve are better off than we were five years
ago, and that it is the wish expressed every
where that the Union and constitution may be
loved, and the laws, passed in puisuance of the
constitution, may be observed by all inhabi
tants of the country. (Applause.) If any
where they are obstructed, the great sentiment
of the country IB wisely, moderately but firmly
expressed that they should be enforced, and
communities who fail io obey the constitution
and laws passed in pursuance of that instru
ment, will surely regret the consequences oi
their act, for persons will not emigrate to sec
tions where disturbances exist. We are, how
ever, rapidly marching forward to a period
when all sections are to have
equal rights the States equal
rights under the constitution, and all
citizens to equal rights, whether wise or ignor
ant, poor or richall, of whatever condition
under the constitution and laws. (Api lause.)
The storm is passing away. Five years ago
there was a financial panic by depression of
business, and that, too, is passing away. The
lesson it taught is not without benefit to the
country. Although times are temporarily bad,
they are not without a compensating blessing
to the American people. Great changes have
occurred during these years of financial de
pression. The agricultural interests always
suffer less by such depression, for in good and
flush times the farmer is usually the last to
run into debt and go beyond his means. He
certainly is caught with less debt than the
manufacturer or commercial man. Then when
prosperity comes back the farmer leads off with
good crops, and this makes business for
railroads, steamboats and canals. I quickens
and increases the products of the factory and
shop. But coal is at the bottom of all indus
tries. On sea it moves our ships, and on land
supplies the manufacturer with power. In ev
ery field of labor we begin to see that they are
all caught by the favorable tide setting in, but
if the farmers are becoming bettei offand
Gov. Carroll assures us they areprosperity
will extend to manufacturers and merchants.
If agriculture is prosperous, then eveiy other
interest and industry will be prosperous also.
The last five or six years have made many
changes. As compensation for our losses the
haid times have brought to us a knowledge of
the exports, or what we send abroad, to be
paid back to the people in the same way. If
these exceed the imports, we receive the differ
ence in cash. What have we sent abroad?
Take the article of corn. Six years
ago we exported 34,000,000 bushels
now 85,000,000 bushels. Wheat, 26,000,000
bushels now 72,000.000 bushels. Flour,
2,500,000barrels now 4.000,000 barrels. Cotton,
953,000,000 pounds now 1,607,000,000 pounds.
Bacon, -246.000,000 pounds now 592,000,000
pounds. Fresh beef, 26,000,000 pounds now
92,000,000 pounds. Pork, 57,000.000 pounds
now 71,000,000 pounds. The total increase
six year* is about $140,000,000. The price of
labor has not been diminished purposely in or
der that we may increase our exports, though
hard times have produced that result. Our
facilities have been largely increased by ma
chinery, and therefore we are now able to un
dersell European countries' in many things
they ha^e heretofore furnished to us. An in
telligent gentleman of Philadelphia, Lorin
Blodgett, has furnished me with a list of what
Philadelphia manufacturers are sending
abroad, and I learned some facts in this con
nection while in Pittsburghamong them that
the iron, of which jackets for locomotives are
made, was formerly procured from Russia.
Now we are sending such iron to Russia, instead
of importing it from that country, and this
fact shows that we not only have a home mar
ket, but are supplying foreign countries with
Mr. Blodgett's list of Philadelphia industries
shows that manufacturers export three-fourths
oE their steel forks, hoes and rakes to England
and Central Europe, and from Sheffield they
are supplied with English wares also edge and
other tools are sent thither shovels, spades and
coal hods to South America and Australia
table cutlery, saws, files and levels, rails ana
spikes to South America and the West Indies
bolts, nuts and rivets to the countries of Eu
rope, including England and also South Amer
ica wire to South America and Austra
lia car wheels to England and other
countries locomotives, 100 in a year, to
Russia, Brazil, etc. Besides these are exported
iron bridges, sheet roofing, and architectural
iron, cables, chains, and gas and waterpipe.
The increase of our exports enables us to get
back our bonds, so as to pay interest on them
at home instead of abroad. I do not mean our
United States bonds alone, but your Maryland
aud other State bonds. The conclusion from
all this is that the nation is becoming better
off than it was. Unless something should be
done to check this incoming prosperity, our
country will march on to good times again. I
would be of advantage to follow in the path
marked out by the framers of the constitu
tion, and not undertake new ways
of paying old debts, thus checking
a return of general prosperity. A member of
Congress, Mr. Potter, in a letter to the public,
says it would be better for the business inter
ests to abolish Congress. This gentleman has
been in^Congress six years. I do not agree
with himT The true thing safely depends on
honest labor. Therefore, the best thing to do
is to keep our credit and our currencv sound
The President was cheered as he retired from
was then introduced, and spoke of the financial
condition of the country, stating facts taken
mainly from the treasury department, tending
to show that the business of the country is im
proving that the can sea of depression are pas
sing away, and signs hopeful and cheering. In
proof of this he instanced our excess of exports
over imports, the great increase in domestic
productions and the advancing credit of the
country. In conclusion he said: "The best,
brightest promise of the future is that our
people, inhabiting the fairest portion of the
continent, fresh for profitable labor,
are becoming day *by day one
people, united in hope, confidence and frater
nity that the jealousies, dissensions and sec
tional contest of the past are disappearing.
Accursed be the man who would reopen these
dissensions or would deny to any man the free
and equal and peaceable enjoyment of anv
right given to him by the constitution and
laws of our land. I is only on this platform
we can build our hopes for the future. If we
can all stand on this there is no hope or aspira
tion for our country, we may not indulge in
peace, plenty, and prosperity, liberty, equality
and fraternity. The law is our master and
snide." Secretary Sherman was frequently in
terrupted by applause, and especial apnroval
was manifested at his closing remarks.
The Presidential party left the fair grounds
at 5 clock and dined with the officers of the
Agricultural society at the hotel. The Presi
dent and party subsequently held a reception,
and a large party of the ladies and gentlemen of
the city and surrounding country called to pay
their respects to them and the Governor of
the State. At 11 o'clock the party left Cum
berland for Washington. Their reception was
cordial |in all directions, and nothing "was
omitted on the part of citizens to make their
Jo hn Harrison, a Milwaukee butcher, has
been arrested for selling tainted meat.
A project has been started in Milwaukee
to establish extensive cotton mills there, to
run 600 looms, the capital stock to be $300,-
000. Three leading dry goods houses have
each subscribed $10,000.
A ferocious and powerful dog belonging
to a butcher rushed upon Mr. G. Powers
as he was walking on the sidewalk and badly
mangled one of his legs. Th dog had
neither collar nor license, and bis owner will
Reckless driving has got to be so vicious
a practice in Racine, that it has become
hazardous for man, woman or child to cross
the streets. One day last week a gentleman
named George was passing along State street
when a team of horses, driven by a couple of
fellows, came tearing down the street at a
reckless rate, and before he could get out of
the way he was run over and very badly in
jured, and the perpetrators of the deed drove
on as if nothing had happened. Another
case happened Sunday afternoon by which a
little girl 8 years old, residing on the school
section, was run over and very badly hurt
about the head. Th last case happened
Monday night about 8 o'clock, on St. Clair
street. An old man named Hessler was
crossing the street, when a couple of fellows
drove down the street at a fearful rate, the
horse on a full gallop, and without the least
warning whatever, drove directly over the
old gentleman, and never stopped to see
whether he was killed or not, but kept right
on at the same pace. The old gentleman
was picked up soon after and conveyed to
his home, when an examination of his
wounds was made. I was found that a large
gash had been cut on the left side of his face
and one of his arms badly injured.
Householders everywhere, out of, as well
as in Wisconsin, should have a most vigilant
care aa to the character of the kerosene oil
used by them. The following is the current
experience of Racine: Th fact has just
come to fight that the citizens of Racine
have been using very dangerous and ex
plosive kerosene oil. Out of fifteen samples
that have been tested only three proved to be
near the standard fixed by law. Some of
the samples examined were found to be so
low as to render them as dangerous as gun
powder. The tests were made by Prof. Hin
ley, of Racin3 college, who made a lengthy
report on the subject to the city council
Monday evening, and the mayor recom
mended that the gentleman be appointed
inspector, wMch was acted upon by the coun
cil. Many dealers in the city are doubtless
ignorant of the dangerous article they are
selling. No person can tell from the appear
ance of kerosene whether it is safe to use,
and for that reason the appointing of an in
spector, whose duty it shall be to test all
kerosene oil, is heartily appreciated. I is a
miracle that no expLsions have taken place,
as the oil used lately has been unusually dan
A iiew Point.
To the Editor of the Globe:
Without stopping to criticise the course
taken by Col. James and others in connec
tion with the drive well matter. 1 want to
n\ake a few suggestions.
The claim of the patentee is simply for
the process of driving or forcing a tube into
and. through tho ground until it leaches wa
ter, without raising the dirt upward, and that
is all. Now, before there can be an infringe
ment upon the patent, there must be a driv
ing or forcing of the tube through the ground
until water is reached, and when this is done
the infringement is complete, and all the
responsibility incurred that it is possible to
incur. The inevitable conclusion then is,
that the party who drives the well, and the
paity procuring it to be driven, are jointly
responsible for the infringement. An no
clana is made the application for a patent
tor the use of the vre'A, the point, the strain
er, or any part of the pump, then renters,
or persons purchasing the property, after the
well driven, can in no way be sponsible.
This is common sense if not good law, and
the point does not seem to have been raised
at the trial of the case against George
Minneapolis, Oct. 23, 1878.
Extension of Trade.
CHICAGO, Oct. 24.In pursuance of a meeting
of manufacturers, merchants and citizens held
here on the the 16th inst., looking toward the
extension of trade and commerce across the
continent and with foreign countries, the com
mittee propose to hold a convention in Chicago
on the 12th of November, to which the Presi
dent, Governors of States, members of Con
gress and ministers from the South American
States, Mexico, China and Japan have been in
vited. Governors of States, chambers of com
merce, mayors of cities and manufacturers' as
sociations favoring the objects of the conven
tion are requested to send delegates and notify
the committee of an intention to attend, ad
dressing Geo. S. Bowen, 4 Ogden building, Chi
A British Columbian Sensation.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 24.A Victoria, British
Columbia, dispatch says the Standard! caused
a sensation yesterday by assertine that Sir Jno.
A. McDonald, the new Canadian "premier, who
was elected on Monday to represent this district
in parliament, is pledged to commence railway
construction before the 1st of May next, aud
advocate the separation of the province from
the Dominion. The Colonist denies this asser
tion, and says that Sir John went in unpledgad
on his national reputation, and that he will
never consent to. the withdrawal of British
Columbia from the Dominion. Dewdrey has
been elected to the Ottawa parliament by ac
clamation. He is a supporter of the present
NASHVILLE, Oct. 24.The grand lodge of Odd
Fellows elected the following offieers to-night:
E. G. Budd, Murfreesboro, grand master J. A.
Greer, Marysville, deputy grand master: B.
Dudley Frazier, Memphis, grand warden J. R.
Harwell, Nashville, grand secretary A.
Barry, Nashville, grand treasurer Geo. B.
Bayles, Fayetteville, grand representaeive ^o
the grand lodge of the United States.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 24.The Australian
eleven began a game against the California
twenty-two to-day at Recreation grounds. The
Australians went to bat first, and when the
game was calleFa 5 o'clock had 197, with six
wickets down. C. Bannermann made seventy
eight, including three sixes. Spofforth made
forty-five. The Cahfornians made a poor show
as nelders. The Australians had matters their
BALTIMOBE, Oct. 24.The Democrats elected
members of the city council in all the wards
yesterday. The Democratic majority is 18.700,
The Indiana Senator's Views on Finance,
The November Elections, and Toorheea.
[Indianapolis Correspondence of Cincinnati
Senator McDonald is at home again from
the East, where he has been looking after
the affairs oc the National Democratic com
mittee. I met him at the Bates house at
dinner to-day, and called his attention to
the paragraph in the Enquirer asking
"whether he or Mr. Hendricks represented
the Indiana Democracy," and intimating
that he was gorging the Eastern Democracy
with hard-money utterances and national
"If your paper can find any utterances of
mine ever made in favor of national banks I
will pay them well for it. I have never said
one word in favor of national banks or their
I understand the Senator to demand a
national currency convertible into coin," in
terposed Senator Voorhees.
"You mean a treasury note, do you not?"
remarked Mr. Hendricks, who was present.
I mean," said Mr. McDonald, "that if we
are to have a paper currency, that it be a
treasury note, but that convertible."
"One of the queries in the paragraph is
whether you or Mr. Hendricks represents the
Democracy this State."
"We both represent the party. If it is not
exactly with me, I am with, for Voorhees
and the measures of the party."
Just at this moment Gov. Hendricks was
called out, so the party had no exprtssion
"Did you see the printed statement that
the President has said that the next House
will be Republican by a small majority?" I
"Yes, and it shows how little he knows of
American politics. The Democrats will have
a majority of not less than thirty in the next
House too much of a majority, in fact. I
met Eugene Hale New Yor'i and told him
that the Enquirer said he was trying to
keep the Democrats from having a two
thirds majority in the next House, and that
I was sorry Murch was not on our side.
replied that Mr. Murch was a straight out
Democrat and a man of decided original
ability. I fact, Hale speaks very kindly of
"What do you think of the prospects in
the November electionsThat is, what in
formation has the national committee?"
"The representation in New York, Penn
sylvania and Illinois will not be changed. A
few losses will occur in both parties in those
States, but one will about offset the other.
The Democratic prospects are better in Con
necticut and New Hampshire than any of
the Eastern States. W will gain two Con
gressmen in Michigan, one Wisconsin and
two in Missouri."
"Will the Democrats hold a November
election in Iowa?"
"No, they don't intend doing anything of
"How will the Southern delegation stand?"
"The representation will be very much as
it is now. We will gain two in South Caro
lina, one in Florida, and lose one in Louisi
ana. Turner, the Republican candidate in
the Mt. Sterling (Kentucky) district, will be
"Wh at are the rerort from the Pacific
"The California delegation will be equally
divided, but we will get the member from
Nevada. There will be no change in Kansas
"It is reported that the Independents or
Nationals are strong in some of the Southern
Statesthat is, in particular districts."
"Th at is true, and they will elect a few
members in the South but as they are all of
Democratic antecedents, they will vote with
the Democracy on all party questions."
"What do you think of Butler's chances in
I am not managing the canvass in that
State, and I don't think I can give an
is in fine spirits, and well he may be, as the
State central committee has assurances from
enough members of the legislature to secure
his election to the Senate beyond a doubt.
He has a certainty of about eighty votes, and
LOVE, MURDEK AND SUICIDE.
A Strange Development in Good Society in
a Quiet Neto Yorh Town.
The quiet town of New Utrecbt, south of
Brooklyn, is agitated over a reported case of
love, murder and suicide. The leading par
ties in the case were William Cooper, his
wife and a Mrs. Mary Smith, of Brooklyn.
Mr. Cooper, a nephew of the author, Feni
more Cooper, was connected with the Metro
politan Steamship company, and highly es
teemed. His wife died June 19, under sud
den and suspicious circumstances. Two days
before she wont to the Atlantic beer garden,
Coney island, with Mrs. Smith, who was in
timate in the Cooper family, and two other
lady acquaintances. After a second glass ot
beer Mrs. Cooper was seized with retching
and severe pains in the stomach. She was
scarcely able to reach home, and
died after two days of intense suffering,
No investigation was made, an internal rup
tuie being assigned as the cause of her death.
Before .her death she said to her son
"Something must have been in that beer."
After her death Mr. Cooper began to act
strangely. attempted several times to
kill himself, and succeeded Thursday last by
taking morphine. I his pocket was dis
covered a paper confessing criminal infatua
tion for a woman, and charging that his wife
was poisoned by Mrs. Mary Smith, with two
other women as accessories. Letters were
also found apparently establishing criminal
intimacy between Cooper and one of the
women named. Mr. Cooper's funeral oc
curred yesterday. Arrests have not yet been
made, but warrants are out for the women
le Due's lynch.
I New York World.)
The news comes from Washington that
Commissioner Due may be among the in
vestigated this winter. A petition has been
pLepared asking for Congressional examina
tion and action. The petitioners urge that
the classification of clerkships and*he com
pensation provided by act of Congress have
been disregarded that the messengers and
upper clerks were dismissed to save their
salaries, and that one-half of the appropria
tion of $70,000 for the distribution of seeds
ahd plants was diverted, with the salaries so
saved, to pay scores of clerks wholly unau
thorized by law, whom Commissioner
Due appointed in order to curry favor with
Congressmen and have himself made a mem
ber of the cabinet. We kn6w of no official
at Washington whose investigation and re
moval would meet with more general ap
Chartty vs. Robbery.
[Lac qui Parle Press.]
It is said that the Minneapolis Millers' as
sociation has shipped 100 barrels of flour to
be distributed among the sufferers by the re
cent prairie fires in Big Stone county. JU
action, whatever its motive, will do Si
but after all it will hardly prevent the -i
cry against an association that robs a
hundred farmers where it relieves t! "a-
tress of one.
Republicans Who Oppose Washburn Are
I Lac qui Parle PressRep.]
W. Washburn received his nomination
dishonestly, and if elected will be the tool of
a dishonest ring, hence no Republican should
feel bound to support him because he is on
their ticket. who opposes him is the
most consistent Republican, for the definition
of correct Republican principles means
honesty in all things.
The Butler bunting factory has orders ahead
for a whole week.
J. B. Lippincott, the publisher, has started
on a European trip.
A little girl of Pulaski, 111., lost her voice by
a fever taken in August.
There's a charcoal famine in Constantinople,
and the poor are distressed.
The king of Siam is indignant because the
papers said he was bald-headed.
About twenty per cent, of the students at
the Indiana State University are ladies.
Rutland county, Vt., averages about thirty
divorces a year, in a population of 40,000.
Since its foundation in 1795 the present Paris
mint has coined 1,700,000,000 gold pieces.
The Germans grind their finest flour with
glass mill-stones and eat it with paper teeth.
The Cremation society of London is about to
erect a crematorium after the model of that in
use at Milan.
A toadstool fifty-four inches round and
weighing thirty pounds, has been found at
A female temperance lecturer from Det roit,
carries a miniature still with her, and in the
presence of the audience distils alcohol from
In the Congregational association of Chicago,
a leport was made that 'a number of minis
ters' families are in distress bordering on
Henry C. Work deserves a firBt-class funeral
after he is dead. He wrote "Grandfather's
Clock." He ought to have about sixty days in
a workhouse now.
A thunderbolt killed the six horses of a
threshing machine which Mr. N. R. Smith, of
Meridian, Nebraska, was driving on his farm
one day last week.
According to the Dramatic Xews, it cost An
na Dickinson $30,000 to find out that she had
taken her talent to the wrong market, when
she went on the stage.
Postmaster General Key says if it's all right
he will stay another week. He left Denver for
St. Louis yesterday, and will start eastward
from St. Louis Friday.
The Spanish government having sanctioned
the practice of homoeopathy, a school is to be
opened at Madrid next month and diplomas
awarded at the end of May, 1879.
It was rumored on 'Change at Berlin, that
Fraulem Maggy Rothschild, a ounger daughter
of Baron Carl Rothschild, is betrothed to the
Duke de Guise, son of the Duked'Aumale.
Up in Vermont a gentleman by the name of
Smith came home from Europe after several
months' absence, and the whole population,
brass bands and all, turned out to meet him.
Mr. George W. Childs has been down at
Washington to sit for his portrait in the picture
of the electoral commission, which, with its
200 faces, is now being painted by a lady
General Ord stops coursing on the Texas
shore of the Rio Grande long enough to tell tho
Galveston News that he is gratified with the
condition of the army, and thinks the Mexicans
will suppresb the Indian raids.
Although the London 'luiux is stated to be
in decadence, its advertisement columns show
no signs of this, and in-
tho dullest months of
the year average daily fifty columns of close
printed type, for which very high rates are
Christopher Columbus has not altogether
been given the go-by. San Francisco, San Jose
and other Pacific cities on Sunday week cele
brated good style the three hundred and
eighty-sixth anniversary of the discovery of
Pious joung ladies in England now distribute
tracts in healed and scouted envelopes, through
the mails or in person and the delight of the
^Voung men receiving them and opening them
with much secrecy and fluttering of the heart
Joseph Malton, a miner, of Sedgley, England,
ottered his wife sixpence wherewith to support
herself and two children for a week, and when
she said that was not enough knocked her
down, jumped upon herof course she was
pregnantand left her to die.
Mrs. Mary Oliver (known as "the Widow
Oliver" has dismissed her attorney, Judge
Peters, because his candidacy for Congress in
the Sixth Maryland district is taking up his
time, and is said to be looking around for an
other able counselor who sh.ill prosecute her
suit against Simon Cameron.
Jamaica is coming to the front as a producer
of tobacco. She finds her most considerable
customer in Germany. At Hamburg, probably
tGe largest tobacco market the
world, Jamaica tobacco is ranked second only
to that of Cuba and though buyers at first
hand may probably not be deceived, yet retail
ers no doubt buy and sell it as genuine
A Texas railroad has b^en exhibiting speci
mens of the products of the country through
which its line passes, the collection including
100 varieties oi peaches, some weighing Irom
ten to fourteen ounces seventy-five varieties
of apples ripening all the way from the middle
ot May to Christmas time clusters of grapeB
fourteen inches long, and ovrr 100 different
kinds of valuable wojd.
Two sculptors lately had a quarrel in the
forum of Trojan, in Rome, and agreed to fight
a duel in the locality known as the Macao.
They blazed away at each other with revolvers,
and both tumbled to the earth with wounds in
the legs. Having no seconds or witnesses, they
lay there until some one passed from whom
they could a^k assistance, and were then car
ried home in the same carriage.
The Democrats of Milwaukee have a queer
way of defeating schemes for packing the
county convention. Each ward und town se
lects twelve delegates and the chairman of the
convention draws the names of six of the
twelve by lot these six are the delegates. To
be sure of a ward or town, therefore, a candi
date must have all twelve votes, and it is so
troublesome and expensive to get these that
'packing" is practically a lost art.
COLUMBUS, Oct. 24.The suoreme court to
day announced the following decision as re
gards the constitutionality of the law of last
session revising the judicial system of Ohio
In the matter of the assignment of judges to
hold district court under the act of May 10th,
1878, entitled "an act to change the common
pleas districts of Ohio," the judges of the su
preme court decline to make the assignment of
judges therein required of them, on the ground
First, that said act of May 13th, 1878, amenda
atory thereof, in so far as they undertake to
to reconstruct the judicial districts of the
State the mode therein provided, are un
constitutional. Second, that the district courts
cannot consistently with the constitution be
constituted in the districts out to be created bv
said acts therein provided. The conclusion at
which the judges have arrived is announced
now, order that the judges of the c-ourt of
common pleas may not be embarrassed fixing,
as heretofore, the terms of court in their re
spective districts. The grounds of the conclu
sion will be more specifically stated in witine
BOSTON, Oct. 24.The Greenback State ticket,
left incomplete by the Worcester convention,
has been filled by the following nominations:
For lieutenant-governor, John F. Arnold sec
retary of State, Weston Howland treasurer
and receiver, Gen. Horace Pinney Sargent au
ditor, Davis J. King. The regular Greenback
convention yesterday refused to make a nom
ination, but at a subsequent meeting Wendell
Phillips was nominated.