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Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, November 16, 1878, Image 2

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BY H. P. HAII.
NO. 17 WABASHAW STREET, ST. PAUL.
Official Paper of the City of St. Fatal
Ter ms of Subscription for the Daily Globe.
By carrier (7 papers per week) 70 cents per month.
By mail (without Sunday edition) 6 papers per week,
60 cents per month.
By mail (with Sunday edition) 7 papers per week,
70 cents per month.
THE SUNDAY GLOBE.
By mail the SUNDAY GLOBE will be one dollar per
year.
THE WEEKLY LOBE.
The WEEKLY GLOBE is a mammoth sheet, oxactly
double the size of the Daily. It is just the paper
for the nreside,containing JX addition to all the current
news, choice miscellany, agricultural matter, market
reports, &c. It is furnished to single subscribers at
$1.00 per year.
Postage prepaid by the publisher on all editions.
All mail subscriptions payable invariably in advance.
ST. PAUL. SATURDAY. NOVEMBER 16. 1878
THE National party of Pennsylvania
polled nearly sixty-two thousand votes at
the recent election. It does not appear that
the Ohio idea is wholly dead, even in Penn
sylvania.
THE architects' institute has resolved to
expel any member who agrees to do work
for a less commission than is fixed by the
order. The public only need to know the
members of the institute to induce them to
seek for architects outside of it.
WHEV Sam Bowles was alive he was wont
to denounce Bill King in good solid English.
Since his death the Springfield Republican
has become degenerate and it now draws its
inspiration relative to Minnesota affairs from
Bill Kings paper. Hence it is invariably
wrong in reference to matters in this State.
TIIK reply of the Marquis of Salisbury to
Secretary Evaits' note in relation to the
Halifax award, is a temperate and states
manlike document. He does not believe
that the award is excessive, but presuming
that it is he does not think the difference
will be great enough to offset the excessive
damages awarded to this country by the
Geneva commission. "When we begin to
institute comparisons it is very evident that
our government will get the worst of it.
Now thai the Mormon question has got
into the supreme court there is a chance that
it will ba determined whether under our
laws a crime can be made a religious rite
which must be protected. The Mormons
lay claim to protection for their polygamous
practices on the ground that polygamy is a
part of their religion. As well might any
other heathen claim protection for their
barbarous rites, including that of human
sacrifice. The decision in the case cannot be
promulgated too soon.
AN error in punctuation in a telegram
from Chicago to the GLOBK, made it appear
that there was sharp opposition in the Chi
cago Convention to the extension of the
Northern Pacific grant. This is a mistake.
The opposition was to the Texas Pacific sub
sidy. The convention seemed to be in the
interest of the Texas Pacific solely, but the
Northern Pacific was lugged in to take the
curse off. As the Northern Pacific is a legit
imate and meritorious enterprise, it would
have been better if the subsidy gang had
opposed it.
DID our senior Senator have his friend
Washburn in his mind's eye when ho re
marked to a reporter of the Chicago Times:
Of the candidates! for Congress, three were
Gieenbackeis, and they were defeated. All the
newly-elected members are hard-money men.
Out of them, belave, himle .some promises to
some of the leading Grcenbackers in his dis
trictdid it to make votesand I don't know
just how far his pledges may go but at heaitl
believe he is a hard-money man.
The only man who ran for Congress in
this State that we can call to mind who
made promises to any great extent was Bill
Washburn, and as he and Windom -were
cheek by jowl daring the campaign, we con
clude that he is the person our Senator
meant.
It is sad to think that now we shall hear no
moie from the St. Paul GLOBE of the "swin
dling brass kettle" till the next election.lied
~\S'me) Hopnbltuni.
Don't lay that flattering unction to your
soul. The war against "the swindling brass
kettles'' is going right along, and when the
Legislature meets it will be renewed and
continued until it is driven from the
State. Those who imagine that the
GLOIIE used "the swindling brass kettle"
as an electioneering dodge -will change their
minds before we are done with it. We urged
the farmers to vote against a member of the
ring which was robbing them, and they have,
to a great extent, done so. If they failed of
success it was because the ring at Minneap
olis, by means most despicable, forced and
bought an immense vote in cities and towns.
No better evidence of the fact that Wash
burn represents the swindling brass kettles
could be furnished than the claim put forth
by his adnerents that the Washburn vote
endorses the kettles. The GLOBE has always
claimed that a vote for Washbuin was a vote
for the kettle, and for those farmers who
voted for the Republican candidate we have
no sympathy. They voted to be swindled,
and ought not to be disappointed.
TllE SOLID 80VTH.
Thfl Republican politicians as well as the
Republican press manifest a disposition to
re-inaugurate the old sectional war between
the North and the South. The fact that the
South, in the recent Congressional elections
obeyed the first law of natureself-protec
tionby returning a solid delegation of
Democratic representatives to look after
their interests, is seized upon as an evidence
that the South is hostile to the North. They
never seem to think that if the South is
solidly Democratic, the course of the Repub
lican leaders of the North has made it so.
The Southern people are firmly of belief
that the Democratic party is the only party
that is unsectional, and is the only party in
whose hands the interests of the people of
the whole country can be safely
entrusted. They have a right
to that belief, and have a
right to express it at the polls. New Eng
land is as deserving of censure on the ground
of sectionalism in returning a solid Republi
can delegation to Congress, yet no one
thinks of censuring New England on such a
score. There is no sense in provoking a
quarrel on sectional grounds, and the at
tempt of the Republican press to do so now
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is not only injudicious but unpatriotic. It is
also senseless. To deny the right of the
South, or the West, or the East to select
whomsoever they shall choose as representa
tives in Congress is to deny the right of
franchise guaranteed by the constitution.
These champions of sectional hate proceed
on the theory that the government was cre
ated for the especial benefit of the Republi
can party, and whosoever seeks to subvert
the Republican party seeks to subvert the
government. Such a theory is nonsensical,
besides being unrepublican. No matter
how long our government exists sec
tional differences will arise. The
South may be arrayed against the North,
or the West may be arrayed against the
East, but neither fact need argue a
menace to the national integrity. On ques
tions of only local interest we can never
hope for a full agreement between the sec
tions. Instead, therefore, of stirring up
disputes, true patriotism and true interest
would seem to dictate that there should be
mutual concessions. At the present time
the South is willing to make whatever con
cessions to the North may be necessary to
promote good feeling. The North ought
not to be less generous, and we do not be
lieve that the temper of the people indicates
any such disposition.
DEPARTMENTAL EXTRAVAGANCE.
The GLOBE had a hope that, after all the
professions of the Republican party in favor
of economy, and the avowed intention of
the heads of bureaux and departments to
cut down their estimates to the lowest
possible point, the old quarrel that raged so
fiercely in the last session of Congress would
not be revived. We placed too much con
fidence, it seems, in professions, and did not
wait for the fulfillment of those professions
before giving the Republican party credit
for good intentions. We grieve to say that
our confidence has been misplaced. The
chief of the postoffice department declared
a month ago that his estimates for the en
suing year would be so low that the most
economical member of Congress would find
no place in which to cut them down. The
reports of his subordinates thus far
made public show that the
department will require at least three
millions more than last year. The attorney
general claimed, a short time since, that he
would bring the expenses of the department
of justice below last year's appropriations.
He now asserts that the necessity of prose
cuting bulldozers at the South will necessi
tate an increased expenditure amounting to
a million or more. The secietary of state
professes to be anxious to reduce the expens
es of his department, but the complications
with England over the Halifax award seems
to call for an ex'ra appropriation. The
treasury department has been called upon of
late to care for a lot of people who have ren
dered the party services in the pastthe
Jenkses, Anderson, Marks, Cazanave, ei id
genus omneand will require a few hundred
thousand more, while the interior and
war departments declare that they have
never had enough for current expenses, and
must have more than ever before.
So it has been from the beginning to the
end. Making professions of a desire to econ
omize, the departments have, one and
all, on one pretext or another, demanded
extra appropriations. Taken entire, fully
eighteen millions more than last year's ap
propriations are asked, and specious reason
are presented why the extra sums should be
granted. It is very evident, therefore, that
the Democratic House will find enough to
do [at the coming session. They will have to
cut down the appropriations from the depart
ment estimates, contest every point with
the Republican Senate, and finally either re
fuse to make any appropriations at all or
consent to an increase all around. We trust,
however, that the House will keep a stiff
backbone. If the Senate shall insist upon
exorbitant appropriation?, the House should
refuse to pass the bills in any form, even
though an extra session of Congress shall be
rendered necessary in consequence. The
wheels of the government cannot be seri
ously blocked by a refusal to appropriate
exorbitant amounts. At most a month will
elapse between the close of the present Con
gress and the beginning of an extra session
of the next Congress. It should therefore
be the policy of all Democrats to obstruct
appropriations that are deemed to be exces
sive, no matter what the consequences may
be. It is time that the Republican party,
in its career of extravagance, was brought to
terms with a round turn.
THAT ELECTION DAT TELEGRAM.
THE Jackson Republic should not rely too
much upon the statements of the Washburn
organs. If there was ever anything villain
ous in political controversy it was in the
course they pursued, and while teeming with
falsehoods themselves, they denounced all
opponents as liars. That so-called election
telegram was not a bogus affair but was duly
received by telegraph, and properly signed
by a citizen of Minneapolis. The original
copy of the telegram has been carefully pre
served and can be inspected at the GLOBE
office. The copy of the telegram was issued
in the utmost good faith, without any com
ment, simply to show the temper which ani
mated the Minneapolis people. There is no
doubt that it correctly represented the senti
ment, for men stood at the polls all day in
veighing against St. Paul and asking and
obtaining votes on that score. Neither is
there any doubt that such a banner, as re
cited in the telegram was in use early
in ihe morning, for at least three resi
dents of Minneapolis, other than our cor
respondent, have admitted the fact, or rather
voluntarily testified to its correctness. One
Minneapolis man informed a real estate deal
er in St. Paul of the banner, giving its word
ing, before the telegram appeared in St. Paul.
There were a hundred or more Washburn
carriages and wagons running in
Minneapolis on election day, bear
ing various inscriptions, and probably no
one man, not even Washburn him
self, knows the banners which all carried.
It is now admitted that the banner, "Min
neapolis forevervote for Washburn and
Minneapolis," was used on carriages all day.
And yet Mayor Rand and others declared
that no banner or device appealing to local
prejudice was used. This shows how much
their statements are worth. This banner
which is now admitted, was simplj a modifi
cation of the suppressed morn
ing emblem and meant the same
thing. There is no disputing either
the sentiment or conduct of the people.
The ballot box returns are unanswerable on
that point.
The GLOBE alludes to this matter again
that papers like (the Jackson Republic and
all others may be set right, once for all.
'"4***
The Republics condemnation of election
roerbacks meets with the GLOBE'S hearty ap
proval. It is a policy at once indecent and
outrageous, and one which no reputable pa
per or person will indulge in. It wins neith
er favors or votes, and never has been and
never will be resorted to by the GLOBE. The
whole trouble lies in the fact that the GLOBE
told a greafcjdeal of wholesome truth in the
campaign. Mr. Washburn has been held up
as a very high toned personage. The GLOBE
stripped the mask off and called a spade
a spade, without mincing matters, and it
hurt. Hence all the curs of high and low
degree joined in denouncing the GLOBE,
which was the highest compliment we could
desire here at home. But for the purpose
of setting right our cotemporary and others
at a distance, we should not have made even
this allusion to the matter, though self de
fense would justify, under the circum
stances, a great deal more.
THE FUTURE OF ST. PAUL.
The future of St. Paul will be simply what
our business men choose to make it. No
one questions that in all mercantile lines
this city leads the entire Northwest. Our
jobbing trade is large and constantly increas
ing. In the manufacture of clothing, boots
and shoes, and in many other lines, we oc
cupy a commanding position, second to no
competitor. But there are many things
necessary to be done to fully establish our
city as a centre of commerce and manufac
tures, and these things can only be accom
plished by earnest effort and united action
on the part of our business men. It will not
do for this or that man to say that he is not
interested in building up St. Paul as a man
ufacturing city, for every man engaged in
business here is interested vitally in the mat
ter. He may not be directly concerned in
the profits of an enterprise, but he benefits
indirectly through an increase of business
brought about by successful manufactures or
loses by the prostration of business conse
quent upon the failure of such enterprises.
It has been demonstrated over and over
again, that lumber and flour can be manu
factured cheaper by the use of steam than by
water power. While those who use water
are compelled to stop operations a part of
the year on account of low water or obstruc
tion of their machinery by ice, those who
use steam are able to keep their mills con
tinually at work. The experience of the Mil
waukee millers amply demonstrates this
fact. Although they have a water power of
unusual excellence, few of them avail them
selves of its privileges, but have placed steam
in their mills as the only reliable motive
power. At other places the same state of
facts exists. Steam is reliable water is not.
Hence the superior advantage of steam over
water power.
"While manufacturing cities have been
built up with a water power
as a nucleus, more and larger
cities have been built up as manufacturing
centers by the use of steam power. This
fact ought to have a bearing upon the future
enterprise of St. Paul. The project for a
boom belows the falls of St. Anthony may
be considered an assured success, and by its
means logs will be brought directly to the
city. Here they must be manufactured into
lumber, and to do so we must have mills. We
have no doubt these mills will be built, and
that from the start they will be profitable.
But our business men and property holders
must encourage their establishment, not re
pel them. We must also make an effort
looking towards the establishment of more
flouring mills here. St. Paul, by her natural
position, will inevitably become a great wheat
market. Part of the product, of course, will
pass through the city to Milwaukee and
Chicago. Bat if the facilities for milling
are here, we can retain much of it until after
it has been manufactured into flour, and
thus derive an additional profit ftom hand
ling it.
With the establishment of these two in
dustries here, other manufactures will be
encouraged to locate in our midst, and thus
add largely to our business and population.
But in all matters relating to them we must
pursue a liberal policy. We cannot afford to
drivel them away by exorbitant exactions
for ground privileges or other rights neces
sary to their existence. It will not be neces
sary to subsidize them, either, although our
business men could well afford to do this.
But we must frown upon all extortionate ex
actions that may be contemplated, and do all
in our power to encourage the establishment
of mills and manufactures here. The motto
of the city in this matter should be "Live
and let live." By following this principle
the supremacy of St. Paul as a manufactur
ing, as well as a commercial city, can not
only be maintained as at present but it can
be incalculably increased.
Legal Laconics.
NEW YOEK, NOV. 15.A suit instituted by
Peter Marie, Frank A. Otis, Geo. Fearing, N.
W. Condray and Robert L. Cutting, Jr., and
Jacob Cromwell against Cornelius K. Garri.
son, for $3,600,000 damages for an alleged
violation of an agreement by Garrison for
the reorganization of the Pacific railroad of
Missouri was argued in the superior court
yesterday. The judge took the papers.
The public is likely to learn soon the true
story of "Black Friday," Sept. 24, 1869,
through the medium of the United States
district court in proceedings in the bank
ruptcy of Albert Speyers, broker for the
Fisk and Gould combination of gold bullion.
The sale of gold, involving a difference be
tween 60 per cent, and of 1 per cent, pre
mium is a question which must come before
the court in the proceedings growing out of
the case.
Lome and Louise.
HALIFAX, Nov. 15.Everybody is com
mencing work in earnest to make the re
ception of the new governor general and his
royal lady one worthy of their land and a
credit to the city. Many private individuals
are making elaborate preparations for
decorating the streets in their vicinity.
Capt. Dorcy Irvine, of her majesty's ship
Bellerosphon, will erect a handsome arch
across Halles street, from his residence near
Morris street. Three arches to be erected
by the military authorities will be com
menced at once. The naval authorities have
begun an arch in the dock yard, and the
wharf which is to be the landing place for
the vice regal party is being decorated beau
tifully. The barges in which the party will
land have been completed, and are very
handsome.
The Messiah.
CINOINCATI, O., Nov. 15.At the request of
a uumber of prominent citizens, the college
of music will reproduce the oratorio of the
"Messiah" during Christmas week. The
oratorio, it will be remembered, was one of
the distinguishing features of the festival
last spring. It is stated the chorus will
number five hundred. .Mr, Whitney has al
ready been engaged,
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, SATURDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 16, ^1878.
THE SWINDLING BRASS KETTLES.
An Exceedingly Conscientious Person Who
Demonstrates that the Brass Kettles Can
Be Used to Swindle, But Don't Want to
Call Any Names.
To the Editor of the Globe.
I noticed that you have copied from the
Windom Reporter a portion of my letter
giving the facts of my own experience in
disposing of a little wheat. The figures, as
the Reporter gave them, and as they were
copied into the GLOBE, make rather a bad
commentary on my arithmetic. Where I
wrote that, in exchanging my wheat for
flour the miller took 164 pounds out of 444
pounds, in lieu of screening and toll, I am
made by the types to Fay that 164 is "7 per
cent" of 444. I wrote 37 per cent. Again
I am made to say that 80 cents per bushel,
realized in flour at $2.50 per 100 pounds,
was a gain for me of "116% per cent." over
the 30 cents per bushel offered at the Y/in
dom warehouses. I wrote 166% per cent.''
The figures "551-12" signify 55 1-12
pounds per bushel. Aside from these figures
the letter was printed substantially as I
wrote it. These errors, however, I do not call
attention to as reflecting upon the Reporter's
typo, but simply for the sake of the correc
tion itself.
It is not strange that, in the smoke of
election, with his head, heart and hands full
of figures, upon which "the destiny of the
country" was turning, the fingers of that
young type setter slipped a little, and, 1
doubt not, if you will lay aside your editorial
robes and undertake the job of "setting up"
these corrections of mine with your own
fingers yon will sympathize with the Re
porter's compositor.
As to the use you make of my letter and
the hard names you apply to those engaged
in this uneven wheat business, I wish to say
that I have no sympathy with either side in
the political scrimmage going on over the
brass kettle, and I have no faith in "throw
ing mud" as a means of grace.
My aim writing the letter which you
copied is to arouse farmers to an intelligent
consideration of their equitable rights, and
so be better fitted to render the merchant,
the miller, the wheat buyer, "or any other
man," justice in judging of the character of
their dealings with him.
I deprecate the custom of calling other
men liars, thieves, .knaves and cutthroats
because they will not pay ai much for wheat,
butter, corn, cattle or any commodity a farmer
may offer as he may deem it worth. But if
I can show my fellow farmer that his wheat
will bring him more by flouring it than by
selling it .for exportation, or in any way fur
nish him with facts from my own experi
ence or observation, that will enable him to
become a more successful farmer, and there
by a more .valuable citizen, or enable him
intelligently to judge whether he is really be
ing imposed upon, I consider it my duty
so to let whatever light I may have shine.
As not only the farmer but the miller and
the merchant and the wheat buyer have a
right to know what farmers think, I con
sider it simple justice to make public such
facts as they have been arrayed before my
eyes and then if I have misjudged or mis
stated aught the way is open for the correc
tion of my "facts."
Some of the gentlemen who are handling
wheat at Windom, buying on commission
for others, express some dissatisfaction with
the figures and statements made in the arti
cle which you copied. They claim that it is
unjust to represent that a bushel of low
grade wheat for which they offer only 30
cents will produce 80 cents worth of flour,
because if all our farmers should flour their
wheat flour would not sell for $2.50 pes 100
pounds.
If it is unjust, all I ask is that some miller
or wheat buyer will be kind enough to show
wherein such representation is at fault. I
am a novice in this matter, and am unac
quainted with their system of business, and
would like to learn why it is unfair for me to
figure upon current prices of floor in esti
mating the value of wheat, and at the same
time just for millers and wheat buyers to an
ticipate the decline in the price of flour that
will justify their own work upon the wheat
market.
Please rise and explaindon't be bashful.
Honest, straightforward words and figures
will satisfy the honest farmer, and honest
men ought to be ready to show the justice of
their modes of dealing with their fellows.
I am told that in my letter to the Windom
Reporter, I misstated the price of No. 3
wheat. I said it was worth only 30 cents
per bushel, and Mr. White, who is in the
employ of D. Patten & Co., and who tested
my wheat, says ttiat No. 3 wheat has never
been less than 42 cents per bushel. My
mistake was as to grade of the wheat. I
stated that my wheat only weighed accord
ing to the tester, 53 pounds and called it No.
3, whereas it was No. 4. I was correct as to
the price offered. I am glad to make cor
rections, but am sorry that the correction is
no account is dispelling the darkness of
my facts.
Now a word as to the tester. I am assured
that it is correct and that it is intended to be
"filled light" and is not to be shaken or
jarred. This I get from wheat buyers, and
to my "untutored mind" indicates that it is
not intended to give the "scripture measure"
spoken of in Luke 6: 38, but that kind
mentioned in the prophecy of
Micah, chap. 6, verse 10, which scripture
it would not be amiss for the advocates of
"the brass kettle" to carefully peruse, read
ing the context both preceding and follow
ing. It may be right to fill the tester as
carefully as possible. I confess my igno
rance of the intentions of its author but as
compared with human custom of filling grain
measures from the earliest recollection of
"the oldest man," it lacks precedent about
as badly as the child of whom we find record
in the New York Tribune for October 30th,
who was born in a balloon. There have been
high born persons in the world, but none
quite so high born as this young man. Just
so there have been correct measures in the
world for ages, and it has been considered
allowable to breathe within a gun-shot of the
standard measure while it was being filled
until the present reign' of "the little brass
kettle."
Allow me space enough for a single example
on this point. Thos. S. Brown, an intelligent
farmer in the town of Springfield, Cotton
wood county, gave me this item last evening:
He was selling a load of wheat which tested 55
pounds per bushel. The manipulator general
of the tester stepped out of the warehouse,
and another man took the tester, filled it,
gave it a very slight tap with his hand, passed
the rule over the top in the usual manner,
and the same wheat weighed 57 pounds. I
would like to ask which is nearest the uni
form mode of measuring, to shake the meas
ure or to handle it carefully, as does the
wheat buyer? and will it not be a discourag
ing task to educate the masses up to this
new standard? The majority of the human
race are born on terra finna, and desirable
as is being high born, it is very doubtful
whether a project to elevate the race
as indicated by that Paris example
mentioned in the New York Tribune
would prove a success. Would it not be
better to plod on in the good old way, and
not try to inflate our System of solid deal
ing?
I am not, Mr. Editor, a granger or a Green
backer. I never was an admirer of Mr. Don
nelly, and am not now. Had he been a can
didate for Congress from our district he
would not.have had my vote. He may have,
and I hope he has, many admirable traits of
character, but for reasons that I am not
called upon to state here, ten years' observa
iion of Mr. D.'s political career has failed to
make me a believer in his qualifications for
such a position. So you may understand
that I do not write these letters from any po
litical impnlse or prejudice, but simply in
the interests of justice to a class of our pop
ulation whose branch of industry lies at the
foundation of our prosperity, and yet whose
interests aie bus very ceagrely
represented in our legislative bodies, or even
IpiiggiriliiiBi
by the press. If what I have written will
in any measure serve to arouse farmers to
an intelligent care for their own interests
and to make their calling honorable and
profitable, my end is attained. All that I
have said or written is open to criticism and
correction. That honest men hold different
opinions, I am well aware: and I shall be
glad to see any candid, courteous statements
on the other side.
Calling of hard names, and that rhetorical
exercisewell termed ''throwing mud"is
degrading to any who engage in it and I
hope that in this matter, time and force will
not be wasted in that way. Yours respect
fully,
EDWAED SAVAGE.
Windom, Nov. 13,1878.
FSED DOUGLASS.
His Views on the President's New Depart
ure
Fred Douglass, in an interview, said:
"The attitude of President Hayes to the
Southern policy, implied in his present effort
to protect all citizens in the right of suffrage
in South Carolina, Louisiana and elsewhere,
does not surprise me. It is what I have ex
pected since the experiment of con
ciliation has failed through wrong
headedness and irreconciliableness of
the South itself. I have known from
the beginning that what has been called the
pacific policy was not unchangea
ble, but that it would be abandoned or modi
fied as public weal might render it necessary.
Two weeks before President Hayes came to
Washington to be inaugurated it was my good
fortune to meet him at Columbus, and to have
a conversation on the Southern policy. For
an hour I argued against it, showing, by a re
view of the conflict between freedom and
slavery, that every concession which had been
made to the South had bsen
TOLLOWED BY INCREASED EXACTIONS AND AB-
EOGANCE
that there had always been a class of men in
that section who esteemed themselves and
were esteemed as above the law, or a law
unto themselves, who were not impressed
with any just sense of the sacredness of
human life, and thought that negroes es
pecially might be killed with impunity. I
insisted that concessions would be treated
as cowardice that what the South needed
was to be taught that there is a God in
Israel that the laws of the land will be en
forced in South Carolina as in Massachu
setts and Ohio. Gov. Hayes assured me that
ha intended to
GIVE THE SOUTH A FAIR CHANCE
to right itself, and to remove all cause of
complaint, if possible. 'But,' said he, 'if
what I propose shall fail of the good results
at which I aim, I shall certainly adopt some
other course. In no event do I intend to
abandon your race or to fail in extending to
them the protection of the rights guaranteed
to them by the constitution.'
"I left Gov. Hayes impressed with the idea
that ho is an honest and courageous man,
wedded to no policy to the extent of pursu
ing it without regard to consequences, and
controlled by a patriotism as firm and in
flexible as that which controlled the action
ot the wise and good Abraham Lincoln him-
self."
"What do you think will be the result of
the new departure, if there is a new depar
ture, of the administration in dealing with
the South?"
"Most salutary," was the reply. "I think
the South itself will see its errors and cor
rect them. It will, I believe, find out that a
'solid South' is dangerous even to itself when
secured by disfranchising freemen. It will,
after learning the lesson, be ready to grant
equal rights to all."
MINNESOTA NEWS.
The Delano Ecuile says many farmers in
that region are still busy plowing.
Sauk Rapids Sentinel: Workmen are
now engaged in constructing the trestle
work for the last long span for the new
bridge.
Somewhere in the vicinity of thirty thou
sand bushels of wheat have been shipped
from Rice's Station, Benton county, this
season.
A wolf was shot at Walcott, Rice county,
the other day. He had previously been
caught in a trap, which he had dragged some
two miles. He was pursued and shot.
The "Old North House,'' so called, once
occupied by Hon. J. W. Noi tb, in Northfield,
Rice county, was destroyed by fiie a few
nights since, with nearly ail its contents.
Faiibault Republican: Probate Judge
H. A. Scandrett received a telegram an
nouncing the death of his father, which had
occurred from a gun shot wound received
while hunting. Mr. Scandrett took the first
train for Pittsburg, Pa., where his father re
sided.
Faribault Democrat: While the evening
train was on its way down from Saint Paul
a day or two since, and within a few miles
of Faribault, a boy threw a snowball with
such vigor as to shatter one of the windows
near which was sitting Conductor Bryant,
and a piece of the glass flew into one of his
eyes, giving him intense pain. Arriving at
Faribault, Doctor Nichols was sent for and
the piece of glass removed without serious
injury to the eye, but it was a narrow escape.
A farmer in Monticello, Wright county,
riding in a buggy, seeing cattle in his field,
hastily removed his pipe from his mouth
and placed it in his coat pocket, and leaving
his coat in the buggy, went for the cattle.
On his return, he found the pipe had set fire
to his coat and partially charred his pocket
book. A twenty dollar greenback was
cremated beyond redemptionbills of small
er denomination could be patched up and
saved, and a quantity of coin went through
the fire unharmed.
Elk River Star: There is not another
county in the State, of the same size, that is
so well fixed, financially, as Sherburne coun
ty. A good court house has been built dur
ing the year, which is all paid for without
any bonds of extra tax. There is not a dol
lar of debt of any kind, and there is the nice
little sum of about two thousand dollars in
the county treasury. The county revenue
tax this year is only three mills on the dol
lar, and lower than it has been before for
several years. These are facts that speak
for themselves and which suit the intelligent
people of this county.
Rushford Star: A few days since young
Elba, living nine miles north of the city, in
company with a friend shouldered his gun
and started out for a coon hunt. They
tramped about in the woeds for several
hours, and becoming tired crawled under a
shelving rock, built a fire, and laid down for
a nap. Briskly the fire burned, and con
tinued for some time, the soil overhead fall
ing as the heat increased, alarming the
young men who started to move out. Hard
ly had they gained their feet before that im
mense rock fell, crushing Ellis and killing
him instantly. Mr. Gaffney, upon whose
farm the terrible death occurred, brought the
news to the city yesterday.
New Ulm Review: Last Friday a man
named John Buckley, who had been em
ployed for some time in working on the
round house at Sleepy Eye, was thrown from
the platform of the rear end of one of the
cars, falling in such a position that the
wheels passed over an arm and leg, cutting
them so that they merely hung by a few
shreds. Dr, Berry of this city was im
mediately sent for, but the unfortunate man
expired before the doctor reached him. The
deceased was from Wisconsin, was about 27
years of age, and during the time of the ac
cident was just ready to start back to his
native State. A short time before the ac
cident he had received his wages, after which
he had been imbibing rather freely, and by
the time he had got on the car was in such
a state that a slight jerk of the train sent
him off,^ ZS*
*&
GRANT.
WJiat His Brother-in-Law Corbin Knoirs
About His Political IntentionsOrvllle
Grant's Insanity.
[New York Herald.]
Just before the recent elections a Herald
reporter enjoyed a brief but interesting con
versation with" Gen. Grant's Jersey brother
in-law, Mr. Abel R. Corbin. Mr. Corbin is
a man verging upon seventy years of age.
His form is bent with the weight and cares
of his long and active life, but his gray eyes
aTe still bright and expressive, while his in
tellect continues as clear and keen as when,
nearly forty years ago, it guided with ability
a Democratic newspaper in St. Louis. Mr.
Corbin now resides at Elizabeth, N. J. With
him lives Gen. Grant's mother, the venera
ble wife of the late Jesse Grant and the
mother of Mrs. Corbin. Mr. Corbin was
on his way home from the metropolis
when the Herald reporter overtook him.
The interview began on the Jersey City
ferry-boat, the first topic discussed being the
condition of Orville Grant, the general's
brother, who is still confined in the asylum
for the insano at Morris Plains, N. J. From
what Mr. Corbin said there are but faint
hopes of Orville's recovery of his full men
tal vigor. At times, on some subjects he is
perfectly sane, but at others, on other sub
jects, especially those relating to business
speculations, investments, and money mat
ters generally, he is "as mad as a march
hare." As is always the case with persons
similarly afflicted, he considers everybody
mad but himself, and bitterly attacks his
family and friends for needlessly causing
his detention at the asylum when, as he
says, he is "as clear-headed as any of them."
He frequently urges the immediate members
of his family to visit him, and suggests that
the best thing some of them could do would
be to purchase a farm near the asyluma
suggestion that will be applauded to the echo
as the highest evidence of sanity and wisdom
by those Morris county farmers who have
lands to sell. The cause of Orville's malady
is overworktoo much stiain on the mental
organism.
Speaking of Mr. Orville Grant and his
business tiansactions led to remarks gener
ally about the Grant family and their occu
pations. "There is one thing," jsaid Mr.
Corbin, "that the public have been greatly
misinformed about. Gen. Grant never was
a tanner, never worked at the tanner's trade.
Strictly speaking, neither did his brothers.
Their father, however, carried on a tannery
at Galena, 111., and made a great deal of
money. He set up in business the general's
two brothers, putting in about 100,000. The
business was that of leather dealing, shoe
findings, etc. In the meantime the future
captain of the union armies in the great bat
tle between the sections was pursuing his
studies as a cadet at West Point. The
story about his having been br-ught up a
tanner is, therefore, like many other stories
in the public prints about him, a pure piece
of fiction."
"When do you expect the general back
from Europe?"
"None of us can say positively, but we
think he will be home some time in May."
"At a political meeting the other night, in
Newark, I heard a Democratic speaker de
clare that Gen. Grant was sent over to
Europe in the interest of the money power
of America that he was coming back with
old woild notions of government, and that if
nominatsd and elected President he would
put a yoke upon the necks of the American
people, and rule them like a despot. Of
course, no one with common sense believes
anything of the sort, Jjut what
'Oh, stuff!" interrupted Mr. Corbin.
"That's too silly for serious consideration.
Surely nobody is gulled by such nonsense!
The idea of forty odd millions of people,
free Americans at thathanging their des
tiny upon the movements of one manpre
posterous! ridiculous! I have no authority
to speak for Gen. Grant, but I am sure he
thinks, as others think, that he has had his
full share of official honors. Whether he
will take any part in the next presidential
canvass or not I cannot say, though I think
it certain that whoever it is that gets
the nomination of his party will have
the general's hearty support. If such a
state of things should ariseif such a con
tingency should present itself, which, let me
say right here, I do not consider even re
motely probable, but on the contrary most
improbableas that the great Republican
party should, after duo and ample delibera
tion, deem it best to pass by all its other
worthy and deserving leaders and nominate
Gen. Grant, I feel certain that the general
would, for the sake of his party and the
country, yield to the desires expressed by the
highest party councils. But [here the speak
er hurried away from the 'contingency' ref
erence, as if he had paid it too much atten
tion] it is idle to suppose for one moment
that any party should be dependent for suc
cess upon one man. The great Republican
party has a score of men whom it can wisely
nominate, and, as I believe, win with. The
great Democratic party is not bound up in
any man's fortunes. It may nominate any
one of dozens of its leadeis and may win
with him. Great parties, each made up of
3,000,000 voters or more, are not tails to any
one man's Presidential kite."
WISCONSIN NEWS.
Diphtheria is prevailing at Eau Claire.
The Polanders are building a new church
edifice in Milwaukee.
A Milwaukee lumber firm has 20,000,000
feet of hard-wood lumber on hand.
William Harris, of Caledonia, was kicked
in the head by a horse and badly injured.
The other day 500 hogs were received at
the St. Paul railway stock yards in Mil
waukee.
During the cheese making season, the
factory at Mondovie turned out 3,500 pounds
of cheese.
Two women in male attire, accompanied by
their husbands, recently visited the slums
and vile places of Milwaukee.
A three-year old boy in Racine attempted
to climb up in the loft of a barn. He fell,
badly fracturing his skull.
A watchman in Milwaukee discovered a
burglar in the act of breaking into a cloth
ing store. The rascal fled, and made good
his escape in the darkness.
Some fears are entertained for the safety
of the scow Johnson, cf Racine. She has
been long overdue. Tha crew constituted of
four men, aH beloging to Racins.
In Mount Calvary, a political quarrel be
tween two old neighbors, resulted in the
stabbing of one of them by tho other, and
the death of the injured man in half an
hour.
In Brotherfcown, at a dance, the night be
fore election, an Indian killed a rival for the
favor of a dusky belle, by mashing in his
headwithastickof cord wood. No arrests
so far.
The farm house of John Cavanaugh, on
the old Orton place, Blooming Grove, has
been destroyed by fire. All the clothin"
and furniture in the chambers were
stroyed.
It is said wild rabbits are numerous in
the southern towns of Milwaukee county. A
jolly huntsman bagged twenty-five during a
recent stroll of a day in the fields south of
Hale's Corners.
A beautiful but fast girl of Milwaukee,
aged 14, the daughter of a widow, eloped to
Chicago with "Harry." The distressed
mother went in pursuit, but at last accounts
had not been successful in finding the run
away.
A young man in Milwaukee was thrown
from his buggy by a frightened runaway
horse, and dragged considerable distance,
receiving numerous bruises. The horse fell
and sustained a fracture of afore leg
GLOBELETS.
Nearly 3,000 actors in England are said to bs
oat of employment.
Oar cranberry crop is prolific enough to fur
nish tarts for the world.
Hundreds of New York sportsmen are killing
deer in the Michigan woods.
Nine-mile strolls have become the favorite
pastime at Shelifayville, Ind.
Modjeska designs her own dresses, and Mary
Walker designs her own pants.
The Marchioness deMontholon, formerly well
known in Washington society circles, has jnst
died at Rouen.
Sweet cider, even if just from the press, ia
condemned by the Massachusetts Total Absti
nence society.
"The American Velvet Plant" delights the
horticulturists of England. Here it is known
as the mullein.
Daniel McGonigle, of Jeffersonvilie, Ind.,
aged 78, challenges any man in the county to
wrestle with him.
A negro boy in Walton county, Ga., ate at
one sitting, recently, twelve pounds of oysters
and three of crackers.
Mr. Hepworth Dixon ia recovering rapidly
from his accident, and has started on a vovage
round Cyprus an iron-clad.
Swearing 1R not considered ladylike at Vassar
college, but the girls manage to whisper "buy
gum," at exasperating moments.
Nebraska has 2,600 school districts, against
2.4Q6 last year. There are 105,737 school
children in the State, against 92,161 in 1877.
A magnificent portrait of Cromwell, by
Cuyp, presented by the protector to Queen
Christine of Sweden, has been discovered at
Paris.
A wealth} German of New York has jRt pur
chased a $15,000 clock. He wants to see it it
will have ruu ninety years "when the old man
died."
The Washington Star says Emma Abbott "is
not a cold-blooded musical Drodigy, but warm
blooded, impulsive, and full of childish aban-
don."
Marble busts of the late Senator Crittenden,
of Kentucky, and of Chief Justice Taney have
been placed in the Corcoran gallery at Wash
ington.
She asked him if her new dress wasn't a*
sweet as a spring rose, and the brute *aid it
was, even to the minoi attraction of ha\ mg a
little due on it.
Of the 907 students at Eton, one is a marquis,
one an earl, one a viscount, two are counts
(foreign), thirteen are lords, thirty-eight are
honoiables and three baronets.
Mr. U. S. Grant, Jr., has contracted for the
erection of a cottage on a lot recently bought
by him at Asbury, N. J. The structure is to be
finished for occupation next summer.
Capt. McKenzie, the distinguished chess
player, will soon visit Sjracuse Auburn, Roch
ester, Buffalo, Cleveland and Detroit, and per
haps Chicago, Cincinnati and St. Louis.
It pu/zles a man beyond all expression to
bend over a tiade dollar and gas into the dis
sembling face, and wonder and wonder and
wonder where that missing ten cents got out
and where it has gone.
We are told that a party is foimmg for pro
curing the taxation of drinkers according to
their capacity, and it is said that Mr. Edison
is inventing a barometer, or gauge, in con
formity with the idea.
It is said that the object of the Crown 1'rince
of Sweden, who is now "touring" in Europe, is
to secure the hand in marriage of th^joung
Princess of Baden, who ih a grand-daughter of
the Emperor of Germany.
A number of fatal accidents from the uhe of
fire-arms have recently occuned in Rhode Isl
and. The men and boys of that State should
know enough to step over into Massachusetts
or Connecticut when they wish to fire a gun or
pistol.
The politest man of the time lives in New
Orleans. He went into a tobacconist's store,
bought two cigars and said courteously to the
proprietor, "If you do not object to the smell
of tobacco, I will smoke one of these cigais
here."
A very careful Bridgeport m.-.n always car
ries a bottle of whihky in his pocket as an an
tidote for rattlesnake bites. He is now over 5'i
years old, and has neiei once died of a rattle
sn.ike bite and he attributes his escape to the
antidote.
A French paper reports a murder tual in
which a witness testified that he heard two
pistol shots on the staircase and sent his wife
to see what was the matter, "lou did not go
up stairs yourself?" "No, sir 1 was afiaid of
the revolver."
Leon Melher. a Pans coachman, has been
publicly commended for returning to the
owner a pocket-book containing sixtj-hvc
francs and secuiities representing a million
and a half which had been left in his coach by
the careless owner.
A Welsh coroner's jury has found the signal
man who caused the Pontypridd disaster and
killed twelve men, guilty of manslaughter the
jurors further express "a good deal of sympa
thy" tor the unfortunate man and a hope that
he will be retained the service of the rail
way company.
By his will Bishop Dupanloup leaves 40,000
francs to his godson. He also orders that his
heart shall be given to the parish of San Felix,
where he was born, and his body to the Cathe
dral of Orleans. He expresses a formal desire
in his will that no funeral oration shall be pro
nounced over him.
A Mohometan named Herman Jacobson, as
recently sworn in a Toronto court. He took
the Koran in his right hand, and holding it
from him, with his left hand on his heart, bent
down until his forehead touched the book, re
mained in this position for a moment, and
then uttered one word, "Sworn."
The judge at the central criminal court of
London recently remarked that he disagreed iu
Mo from the verdict a jury had just handed
in. The foreman brought in a document, in
which the jurors protested strongly against the
reflection thus cast upon "twelve^presumably
honest men of probably average intelligence,"
but the judge declined to receive it.
No Stilton cheese is now made at Stilton,
which, as every body does not know, is in Hunt
ingdonshire. The vicar, till lately, was the
Rev. EdwardBiadley, Cuthbeit Bebe," who
wrote the favorite skit on Oxford life, "Ver
dant Green." In the old coaching dajs Stil
ton was enlivened by seveial good coaches
stopping there daily, but at resent life in the
little village is very dull.
Ten years ago there was only one Democratic
clergyman in New Hampshire, and he was al
ways deaf and dumb about election time, and
voted a folded ballot for fear of being detected
and burned at the stake. To-day there aie
several ministers up there who preach both the
gospel according to St. John and that accord
ing to Jefferson and Jackson, and vote accord
ing to the teachings of the latter, which is like
unto the former.
Probably Both Speak the Truth.
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 15.United States
Surveyor General Wagner makes a general
denial of the charges preferred against him
by ex-State Surveyor General Gardner, and
stigmatizes the latter as a land shark and
agent for land grabbers, who was angry be-
4
in
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H-mi.Kf'

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