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SECRETARY SCHURZ BEFORE THE
His Reasons at Length for Retaining the
Present System of Indian Management
Army Advocates Confounded by Some
Exceedingly Damaging Becoird Evidence
Produced of the Times When the War
Department Was in 'Control-Miscellane
ous Washington Ivews.
Indian Bureau Transfer.
VIEW8 OF BKCBETABY SCHTJBZ.
"WASHINGTON, Dec. 6.The joint commission
considering the transfer of the Indian bureau
to the war department, heard Secretary Schurz
to-day. He disclaimed any personal desire to
retain the control of the Indiarf service under
the interior department. No branch of the de
partment's business is so troublesome and
'thankless. He thought the Iudians entitled to
humane treatment, and that could only be ten
dered through processes of civilization, educa
tion and kind treatment. This the military
were not fatted to promote. The secretary
quoted from the report of the Sioux commis
sion, signed by Generals Sherman, Terry, Augur
and otheis, setting forth in effect that if peace
with the Indians was required, the management
of their affairs should be placed under a civil
department of the government. Now I agree
with these gentlemen on this point. There
are a great many officers of the army
who have excellent ideas about Indian affairs,
but it is another thing to bring it into practi
cal effect. The military men of the govern
ment he did not consider gifted with the pa
tient labor required to
PLACE THE HOE IN AS INDIAN'S HAND
and teach him to use it. He denied very em
phatically that the red tape system of report
ing Indian outbreaks, which had been asserted
was required under the present administration
of Indian affairs. Whenever a case arises where
prompt action is necessary ho in person com
municates with the secretary of the war or gen
eral of the army, as the case may be, thereby
causing but veiy few hours delay in perfecting
the necessary anangements to meet the emer
gency, rather than months, as is intimated by
Gen. Sherman. He claimed that the demand
for the transfer of the bureau from the civil to
the military department was based upon as
sumptions rather than upon facts. History
will prove that the Indian bureau is cred
ited with Indian wars which in reality occurred
previous to its organization under civil man
agement. The cause of the majority of wars,
in his opinion, is the breaking of treaties to
THE ENCROACHMENT 01" OKEEDY WHITES
upon settlements allotted the would-be peace
ful Indian. Ho did not believe that such
military officers as Generals Sherman, Sheridan
and others dcsned war, but subordinates who
had reputations to make were not so keen for
peace, especially with the Indian race. Army
officers, the secretary said, in reply to a ques
tion by Gen. Hooker, who have been charge
of Indian agencies have been very faithful and
efficient. Then dnties were, however, in con
nection with an unsettled state of affairs, and
not v. lth a view to civilizing the Indians. The
secretarj advised placing troublesome Indians
on a reservation under martial law and of in
oieasing the number of the Indian police force
from 450 to 1,000 or 1,200. This force was
veiy reliable and had rendered good service.
WAIt DEPARrMENT MANAGEMENT IN OLDEN TIMES.
He said he had lead in the papers a state
ment by Gen. Marcy that when in the war de
partment the bureau was worked smoothly,
that there was no mismanagement, and in fact,
no suspicion of any. It was in fact as he had
said, as if angels had descended upon the earth,
doing gentle ministrations among the savages,
to lead them to a higher state of well being. It
was easy proved this was far from being the
case. A report of a committee to the House of
Representatives made in 1842, when
the war department had charge
of Indian affairs, charged clerks
with unpardonable negligence that accounts
showed an almost total want of method that
accounts of expenditure were so carelessly kept
as to furnish scaicely any traces of expenditure
of very large sums. For several years entries
weie made in so slovenly a manner that the
very clerks themselves could not explain them.
Theie was not a single entry referring to In
dian land, and all the lecords left by Indian
officers of the war department were scraps of
memoianda pencil notes, etc. To bear out his
statement with lespect
he quoted from the report of Lieut. Gen.
Hitchcock and sustained the action of the de
partment in reference to the xemoval of the
Cherokees. The contract was made at $10 per
head and 20,000 Cherokees were removed, but
1G.000 in excess of actual number were charged
and paid for, making the actual payment $204,-
27G in excess or $103 per capita. He also read
a repoit dated 1834, which showed the exorbi
tant prices which Indians were charged for va
rious articles, and concluded that from all this
it would seem that the record of the war de
partment's management of Indian affairs was
by no means so clear as Gen. Marcy tried to
make out. He was not going to pretend that
the civil administration was pure. No such
thing. But he would say they had
NO SCANDAL QUITE SO BAD
as the Cheiokee affair. He alluded to the diffi
culties of supervision of different agencies,
but said many abuses that had formerly existed
ere being swept away. With the exception of
the treasury department's prosecution of the
whisky ring, he did not think that any depart
ment had been more active in prosecuting its
contractois when they were once detected.
They had, perhaps, some fifteen or twenty un
der prosecution now, and only a few weeks ago
one of theso
CONTRACTORS WAS CONVICTED.
Now he should be very slow to assert that
army offic rs, as such, had dishonest tenden
cies. He thought the army deserved, as a
whole, its leputation tor honesty, that is to
say, for hone3t intentions. Yet it would be
absurd to Bay that such a class.ot men were in
accessible to the bad impulses of human na
ture. Gen. Marcy had stated that while the
administration of the war department cost
$1,800,000, the Indian department cost $5,000,-
000, a difference of $3,200,000. Such a oom-
paiiBon was absurd. The Indian business in
1840 was nothing to what it had now be
come. He lead a statement of the
amount paid per 100 pounds of [beef by
the two departments for the Indian bureau and
militaiy, which showed a saving of $644,000 in
favor of the former. Gen. Miles had stated
that the tiansportation of the army cost $4,-
000,000, while the transportation of wood,
clothing, etc., for Indians only cos't $225,000.
A glance would Bhow that the department of the
interior got its transportation at cheaper rates.
He did not attribute any of these things
TO DISHONESTY OF THE ARMY,
but rather to their cavalier way of looking at
and dealing with things. Soldiers never
thought of the cost of a thing if it was thought
to be necessary. As an instance he mentioned
that at the close of the Sioux war there were
about 2,000 horses, ponies, and mules taken
from the Indians for which cows were to be
given them, and it turned out that these ponies
and mules cost $19,400 beaides the cows, and
that to sell them cost $5,683 additional. This
was an instance of the cavalier way which waB
not found in the interior department.
G. 0. WATKINS,
inspector of the Indian department, followed
Sceretaiy Schurz and opposed the transfer. He
explained the mode of inspection of Indian
supplies. Friend Miles also gave his reasons
why control of the Indians should not pass to
the war department.
Miscellaneous. FOUR PER OENTS.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 6.Subscriptions to 4 per
cent, loan, $1,452,459.
Poetmastmaster General Key to-day difeeted
a letter to be prepared for transmission to the
speaker of the House of Representatives, fore
shadowing discontinuance of the postal car
service in all parts of the country on the 1st of
January next, unless Congress shall in the
meantime make appropriation to continue it.
CHICAGO HOG CARVERS.
The Strike Continued, Resulting in a Tem
porary Suspension of Shipments.
CHICAGO, Dec. 6.The strike at the stock
yard continues and this morning Armour &
Co., learning that their men proposed to quit
work, immediately discharged them and hired
others. There are 75,000 hogs on sale at the
yards and the stock yards transit company have
notified all railroads to take no more hogs at
places of consignment until futher notice,
there being no accommodation for them at
present. At the unprecedently low prices for
provisions, packers do not care to engage more
heavily in business than necessary, and there is
no probability of the strikers getting terms
from them. It is reported that the men are
only waiting for some advances from the em
ployers to go back at the old terms.
CHICAGO, Dec. 6.The strikers at the stock
yards seemed more reasonable this afternoon,
and it is expected they will go to work in the
morning at the old rates. The paeking com
pany has arranged to send its hogs to its house
in East St. Louis, if the strike continues.
STATE PRISON INVESTIGATION.
The Warden and Deputy Warden of the
Ohio Penitentiary Fall Out and Charge
Each Other with Gross Irregularities.
COLUMBUS, O., Dec. 6.The directors of the
State penitentiary are in session here investi
gating charges made by Chief Warden Mc
Wharter against Deputy Warden Quinn. The
charges embrace drunkenness while on duty,
the appropriation of State property and gen
eral unfitness for his position. They will also
consider the charges of drunkenness, use of
State property for personal and family pur
poses, and the liberation of a female convict
before her term of service expired, presented
by Deputy Warden Quinn against Warden
McWharter. This trouble has been brewing for
some time, and has taken this form owing to
the bitterness of the guards and attaches ot the
prison, who are divided in their allegiance be
tween the two chief officers.
Decisions by the National Association The
Board of Review to Meet in Chicago.
NEW YORK, Dec. 6.The board of review of
the National Trotting association will meet in
Chicago the second Monday in May. A com
mittee has been appointed to consider any
cases submitted and report the facts to the
board at the next meeting. There are now 153
parties in the association. I the case of C. L.
Railey, of Midway, Ky., against the Kentucky
Trotting Horse Breeders' association, an ap
plication for third money, the board held that
the rules must be strictly adhered to. Aldine
shall have the first and third money under the
ruling, as he distanced the field in one heat.
A. D. Hank against W. S. Longvein and B. M.
Pattee, of Detroit. This is an old case where
man and horse were suspended and the board
confirms the suspension until the entrance fee
in dispute be paid.
E UUC'S LATEST BOON.
The Improved IrisJi Potato from the Slopes
of the Andes.
[Correspondence of the Cincinnati Commer
Some months ago Gen. Wm. G. Le Due, the
commissioner of agriculture, was told by a
gentleman who had resided for some time in
Peru that a very superior variety of the Irish
potato was produced in the mountainous
regions lying immediately back of Lima, some
seventy or eighty miles from the coast. He de
scribed these potatoes as being of medium
size, round, of a bright golden color when
cooked, and of a delicious flavor, very different
from that of any variety of potato known in
this country. He said he was of the opinion
that they might be cultivated to advantage
this country, because, although produced in
the tropics, the great elevation at which they
were grown, seventy-five hundred to ten thouj
sand feet above the level of the sea, made the
climate equal to that of the temperate zones.
The gentleman spoke so highly of these pota
toes, and expatiated upon their appearance and
flavor in such glowing terms that Gen. Le Due
became convinced that they were of a kind
hitherto unknown to Ameiican agriculturists,
and if they could be introduced into this coun
try they would be a great and valuable acquisi
tion. The knowledge also that the potato is
indigenous to Peru and Chili, and that the rest
of the world had been originally supplied from
these countries, was a further inducement to
him to believe that an experiment in this di
rection would be successful. Ho accordingly
took steps to secure a Bupply, and with that
object addressed a communication to the
United States consul at Callao. requesting that
functionary to procure a sufficient quantity
and forward them to him at Washington by ex
press. The consul promptly complied with
his request, and a few days ago Gen. Le Dae
had the satisfaction of receiving two crates of
the potatoes in tolerably fair condition, and
obtained from them about two and a half
bushels of sound seed potatoes, fairly bristling
with eyes, and enough to furnish seed for full
and fair experiments to be made. He has al
ready given out a few for planting in Califor
nia. The remainder will be carefully pre
served until next spring, when they will be dis
tributed among careful and competent farmers
in different States.
If it should be found that this variety of the
potato can be successfully grown in this coun
try Gen. Le Due will have accomplished a great
and important thing, as the potatoes we have
now, although some of them are very large, are
all more or less effected by some disease or other,
and are very liable to rot.
In order to be sure that the potatoes received
were the same which the gentleman had spoken
of, Gen. Le Due invited him to go to the de
partment and inspect them. He did so, and
after selecting three of the best, had them
boiled in the laboratory. When broken open
they were found to be of the kind he described.
They were of a deep yellow color and delicious
flavor, entirely different from that of any po
tato ever seen by any of the gentlemen present,
and all agreed that if they could be grown in
this country it would undoubtedly be a great
The reason why it was necessary to make a
selection in order to make a trial was that,
owing to the route over which the potatoes had
been brought here, they were exposed to great
heat, and were consequently somewhat with
ered. They were carried from the place where
they were grown in the mountains of Peru, to
Lima, on pack mules, and sent from that city
to Callao by rail. There they were shipped to
Panama by steamer, and thence to Aspinwall
by rail. Then they were again put on board a
Bteamship for transportation to New York, and
from there, again by railroad, they were sent
to this city. I is not at all surprising, there
fore, that after passing through so many
changes of temperature, and through fifty
three degrees of latitude, and shut up for days
at a time in the holds of vessels in the torrid
zone, that the potatoes should become deter
iorated. For planting, however, they are in
capital order, and there is every reason to be
lieve that the attempt to introduce them into
this country will be successful.
Subsidy Resolutions Tabled.
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 6.The constitutiona
convention to-day tabled a resolution request
ing the California Senators and Representatives
to support Cengressman Stephens' bill granting
Bubsidy to the Texas Pacific.
PHILADELPHIA, Dec. 6.O'Leary had made
337 miles to-night, when he retired for his mid
night rest, leaving sixty-three miles to aceom
jplish before 11 o'clock to-morrow
THE AFGHAN DIFFICULTY IN PAR-
Liberal Notice of Opposition to the Gov
ernment's PolicyThe Resolution to be
Offered Monday as an Amendment to
That of the Under SecretaryBeneficial
Effects of Gen. Roberts' VictoryMiscel
laneous Old World Netvs.
BESOLUTION OF CENSURE.
LONDON, Dec. 6.In the House of Commons
this afternoon, Mr. Whitbread, liberal, gave
notice that he would offer a resolution disap
proving of the Afghan war and asked for the
appointment of a day for its discussion. The
chancellor of the exchequer said he could not
postpone discussion of the government resolu
tion fixed for Monday next upon this announce
Lord Hartington appealed to the government
to give place to Whitbread's resolution.
Mr. Gladstone supported Lord Hartington's
appeal, but Sir Stafford Northcote, stating that
the government's motion was not necessarily
meaning to charge all the costs of the war to
India, said he could not consent to adjourn the
Chamberlain, radical, gave notice of an ad
dition to Whitbread's motion, attacking the
alleged unconstitutionality of the government's
proceedings relative to Afghanistan.
Northcote ultimately yielded and agreed to
postpone the report on the address until Mon
day, when it will be the first subject to be dis
cussed and Whitebread's resolution will be
moved as an amendment thereto.
Lord Hartington gave notice of the intention
of himself and his followers to support White
Sir Stafford Northcote said in reference to
the dispatch of Loid Lytton as to the possibil
ity of a direct understanding between England
and Russia for wiping out Afghan, could only
be regarded as the personal opinion of the vice
roy as to the probable result of the ameer's
policy. There was no ground for supposing
that it referred to any direct or formal pro
IRELAND CARED FOB.
LONDON, Dec. G.Before the passage of the
address in the house of commons McCarthy
Downing complained of the absence in the
royal speech of any promise to redress Irish
grievances. Power and Sullivan, Irish mem
beis, protested against the Afghan war. The
home secretary promised that when the list of
measures for the session was produced, it
would be found Iieland had not been for
THE GOVERNMENT RESOLUTION.
LONDON, Dec. 6.The secretary of state for
India, in the house of lords, and the under sec
retary, in the house of commons, will Monday
move the following resolution:
"Resolved, That her majesty having directed
a military expedition of her forces, charged
upon the Indian revenues, to be dispatched
against the ameer of Afghanistan, this house
consents that the revenues of India shall be ap
plied to defray the expenses of military oper
ations which may be carried on beyond the ex
ternal frontiers of her majesty's Indian posses
LONDON, Dec. 6.A Lahore correspondent
says General Roberts will probably winter on
the heights east of Peiwar Pass. His victory
detaches 3,000 no-i-orthodox Mussulmen from
the ameer's authority. According to private
information these Mussulmen are^dready send
ing levies into the British camp. I is report
ed that the Khoord Cabul tribes are only kept
from deserting the ameer by the presence of
troops. Two Europeans were seen among the
defenders of Peiwar. One Afghan general has
presented himself at Peiwar.
WANTED TO SUBMIT.
LONDON, Dec. 6.Sir Charles Dilke will ask
the government, Monday, to state the contents
of the letter which Lord Lytton, on the 2d of
December, announced Major Cavagnari had re
ceived from the Ameer of Afghanistan. I is
rumored that the Ameer therein expressed a
wish to make his submission.
A ROTHSCHILD MARRIED.
PARIS, Dec. 6.Duke De Guiche was to-day
married to Madamoiselle De Rothschild.
A LEADER DEAD.
LONDON, Dec. 6.A dispatch from Madrid
says Senor Rivers, chief of the Progressists and
Democrats, is dead.
AUSTRIA AND TURKEY.
LOND )N, Dec. 6.A Constantinople dispatch
says Austria has consented to make the conven
tion relative to Novi Bazar applicable to
Bosina. The Porte, however, declines the Aus
trian demand to make eventual evacuation de
pendent on Turkey's paying the cost of occu
Layard, British ambassador, has received in
formation contradicting the reports of a mas
sacre in the Melnik district.
EDINBURGH, Dec. 6.The Scotsman's London
correspondent says: '"In influential quarters
it is believed an arrangement with Russia for
settlement of the central Asia question is on
the tapis, and it is likely to assume the form
of a partition of Afghanistan."
A SENSIBLE MINISTER.
ROME, Dec. 6.In the chamber of deputies
yesterday the minister of the interior combat
ted the accusations against the government.
He refused to fetter the press, and showed the
uselessness of suppressing the clubs.
VIENNA, Dec. 6. The ministerial crisis at
Constantinople has produced a very unfavor
able impression here. Eheireddin Pasha, the
new grand vizier, is one of Austria's bitterest
adversaries. He urged the sultan to forcibly
resist Austrian occupation of Turkish territory.
He is regarded as an unscrupulous schemer, ca
pable of hastening Turkey to her ruin. The
change of ministry is believed to be mainly at
tributable to Russian intrigues.
ENGLISH BANK FAILURE.
MONTREAL, Dec. 6.A bank here to-day re
ceived a cable dispatch announcing the suspen
sion of the West of England bank, headquar
ters at Bristol. Capital stock 1,000,000, and
it has forty-nine agencies. Trouble caused by
losses in the iron trade.
LONDON, Dec. 6.The Derby cotton mill, at
Bolton, Eng., is burned. Loss 25,000.
Allowed to Keviso the Returns.
Special Telegram to the Globe.J
MADISON, Wis., Dec. 6.The board of can
vassers were in session to-day, but adjourned
in order to give time for the receipt of supple
mental returns from Richland county. It ap
pears that there was a mistake made by the
county canvassers in footing up the Congress
ional vote, the difference being ten in favor of
King. The State board determined to allow
Richland to file supplemental returns, although
the request to do so was not handed in until
past the time fixed by law.
A Compromise Candidate,
In the event that Congress shall order a
new election in this districtby no means
improbablethe Mirror presents the name
of Eugene M. Wilson as a compromise can
didate. His Democracy no one questions,
while the fact that he is a resident of Min
neapolis will, of course, satisfy the Repub
Emery Would Laugh at a Funeral.
This is not quite original, but it will do:
"Why is Donnelly like the GLOBE in St Paul?
ST. PAUL, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 7, 1878.
The Authors of the Cipher Telegrams Ar
ranging Their Plan of Defense.
(New York Tribune.]
Several of the men prominent as leaders
in the cipher conspiracy are now in this city.
They have been holding secret consultations,
it is said, with a view of arranging a defense
with which to appear before the Potter com
mittee". C. "W. Woolley, of Cincinnati, has
been in the city for several days. Col. Pel
ton arrived from Montreal on Friday, and
Senator Barnum, of Connecticut, came to
the city on the same day. Smith M. Weed,
of Plattsburgh, arrived yesterday morning.
Manton Marble and Samuel J. Tilden are
also in the city.
They all decline to talk on the subject, or
discuss the nature of their proposed defense,
but an intimate friend and business associate
of one of them said last night: "Mr. Tilden
will ask to come before the Potter commit
tee, and he will declare his ignorance of any
thing regarding the so-called conspiracy.
The other persons implicated will aL relieve
Mr. Tilden of any blame in order to allow
him to be the next Presidential candidate on
the Democratic ticket. They will deny that
the translations made by the Tribune are
correct, and will produce a key that has been
ingeniously contrived to give a different
meaning from that furnished by the Tribune.
In this way they hope to relieve Mr. Tilden,
and escape themselves."
A consultation was reported to have been
held last night by the "coparceners" at a pri
vate residence up town.
That Col. William T. Pelton, the nephew
of his uncle, has returned to this city from
his Canadian retreat is substantiated by the
evidence of the eyes of one of the highest
officials of the general government, who was
on the Friday morning train that brought
Mr. Pelton home. Several Democrats, in
the Manhattan club and out of it, say they
believe he came back on Friday, but disclaim
all knowledge of his present residence. If
he is stopping at the Gilsey house, the clerks
have been instructed to keep the fact a
At Mr. Tilden's law office in Wall street,
on Saturday, no information could be ob
tained which amounted to a clew. Mr. Til
den's servant said that Col. Pelton was "not
stopping at Gramercy park."
"I can't tell you anything about Mr. Pel
ton's return," said a former officer of the
Democratic national committee. "The last
I heard from him he was at the Windsor
hotel, in Montreal. His daughter and a lady
relative were with him. They had been
passing two or three weeks making a tour of
"Do you know whether Smith M. Weed
visited Col. Pelton in Montreal?"
"I don't know that he did. When I heard
that Col. Pelton had gone to Canada, like
others, perhaps, I wondered if he had left
the country to place himself beyond the
reach of any committee. He could not afford
to do that. It woHld be construed as a con
fession of guilt."
At Manton Marble's residence, No. 532
Fifth avenue, inquiries for Mr. Pelton were
unavailing. It is a theory, however, that
Col. Pelton has taken refuge in Mr. Marble's
"ark," and that the hatchways have been
closed and battened down. It is thought to
be the plan of the members of the cipher
plot to keep away from Mr. Tilden's person,
while arranging for their defense, as it is
said to be a popular fallacy among them that
such a course would place Mr. Tilden a little
higher above suspicion than his letter left
A Scheme to Give Employment to a Hun
dred Thousand Men for Five Years.
An address has been prepared by the En
listment Labor association of this city, show
ing how the employment of 100,000 men for
five years may be provided by way of the
enlistment plan. Members of Congress are
provided with copies, the purpose being to
have legislation on the subject this session.
The plan is to authorize the President to
issue a proclamation calling for the enlist
ment of 100,000 men, this number to be
divided into detachments of five or ten thou
sand each, and distributed throughout the
Western Territories, on lands of the public
domain, each detachment to be fur
nished with agricultural and other im
plements of industry wherewith to cultivate
the soil and develop the mineral resources
of the country, the annual yield of products
from every source to go to the benefit of the
government aB a part of the recompense for
the outlay involved in putting the plan into
practical operation. The men are to receive
the same pay in clothing and rations as sol
diers of the regular army, and to be under
the same discipline as volunteer soldiers, and
to receive, at the expiration of their term
of service, 160 acres of land as additional
bounty, while the enterprise is to be under
competent officers appointed from civil
life. This plan will require the ex
penditure of $75,000,000. It is
claimed that this amount will cover
the entire expense necessary, as the plan
would be nominally self-supporting after the
first year. It is claimed by the association
that this scheme is equal in importance to
the regular army, the cost of which, com
bined with that of maintaining the Indians,
and the claims for Indian depredations
amount for five years to $249,381,000. It
is urged that if the plan is adopted it will
gradually reduce the expense incurred from
paying the large claims arising from depre
dations by Indians. This magnificent
scheme will be urged upon Congress early in
It is Demagoguery to Oppose the Purchase
of Congressional Seats.
[Martin County Sentinel.]
We can agree with some of our contem
poraries that socially, Hall, of the St. Paul
GLOBE, is a most excellent gentleman, but
that should not blunt the edge of fair criti
cism or rebuke, when he manifestly plays the
demagogue or by his course stains with dis
honor the fair escutcheon of Minnesota
journalism. Leaving out of the question
his fight before election, his course since,
judged impartially, has been that of the
arrant demagogue and political wrecker.
Such as it was, he made a hard fight, and
was beaten honestly, and yet he would de
fraud the people of their choice if the re
quisite votes can be obtained in Congress to
accomplish it. Such unprincipled tactics
are unworthy of such an educator and leader
of the people as a journalist is, and, politics
aside, no men of wisdom ox fairness can re
spect or trust him. Newspaper demagogues
are few, but they are the worst of the lot.
Bounce Hint from the Profession.
[Lake City Sentinel.]
The editor of the Farmington Press offers
to bet a barrel of apples that he- is the only
editor in Dakota county whs has read every
word in the Bible, and that he can repeat
more from that book than any other man in
the county. An editor who is possessed of
such superiority over his "fellows ought to be
exempt from poll tax, and be entitled to a
life"membership in the society for the pre
tention of cruelty to animals.
TRAFFIC AND TRAYEL
MATTERS CONSIDERED BY THE NEW
Importance of New Markets for On Sur
plus Manufactures and ProductsMexico
and the South and the Central American
States Thought to be Good Sections to
CultivateCongress Invited to Encourage
Such Cultivation by Liberal Legislation
in the Wa of Subsidies, Etc.Commer
cial Treaty with France Heartily En
dorsed, Together with a Reduction of
Po rt Charges.
NEW ORLEANS, Dec. 6.At the commercial
convention to-day Hon. Wm. Burwell, chairman
of the committee on foreign and domestic
commerce, submitted the following, which was
The committee on foreign commerce have had
the Beveral subjects to them referred under
consideration, and beg leave respectfully to re
FirstOur commerce with the West India Is
lands, Mexico and South America. In regard
to this subject, your committee recommend for
adoption the following resolutions
WHEREAS, The unprecedented development
of American industry has created a surplus of
food material and manufacturers, far in excess
of domestic consumption, or of foreign de
mand, while the cheapness of European labor
has, with the cost of transportation between
the American interior and market of Europe,
rendered the prospect of an enlarged and ade
quate demand for the prospective production of
our country in those markets, very unfavorable
WHEREAS, The advantages of a commerce
with the States and colonies of this continent,
thougk legitimately due us, have been greatly
obstructed by the rigorous revenue laws and
restricted commercial relations established be
tween the United States and those States and
colonies respectively, as also by the absence of
adequate facilities of transportation and cor
respondence between these countries theiefore,
Resolved, That the President and Senate of
the United States are respectfully requested to
review our treaties and conventions of com
merce with all foreign powers, and to make
such negotiations with such of these powers as
may be deemed expedient, and will secure to
the contracting powers, respectively, such a
purity and equality of duties upon all articles,
the growth or product of each of such countries,
as may be imported for use or sale within the
dominion or jurisdiction of any of them.
Resolved, That the House of Representatives
is respectfully requested, upon the negotiation
of any such treaty or convention, to so modify
the revenue laws of the United States as may
be necessary to give effect thereto.
Resolved, That to give further effect to this
policy Congress is respectfully requested to de
clare and establish, according to the provisions
of the federal constitution, the following post
routes to be carried on vessels entirely owned,
built and registered in the United States:
First, between the poits of New York and New
Orleans respectively, and the ports of Rio Jan
eiro in Brazil and Buenos Ayres in the Argen
tine Republic, respectively. Second, between
the port of New Orleans and the port of Aspin
wall in Central America. Providing for such
mail service by way of each of the routes re
spectively, according to such terms of pay and
schedule as may be deemed proper by Congress
with adequate appropriations therefor, it be
ing understood that the governments of Brazil
and the Argentine Republic propose to aid in
the proposed service to Rio Janeiro.
Resolved, That this convention earnestly
recommend to capital and enterprise interested
in our foreign commerce, and especially to the
railroad and river transportation interests con
necting eveiy port and every trade center of the
interior with foreign countries, that they con
tribute the means and influence necessary to
secure the performance of the postal service
herein indicated, as well as an adequate com
mercial transportation to all foreign countries
whenever such organized postal service and
commercial transportation is specially urged as
being in all cases absolutely necessary to insure
that regular and continuous transportation and
delivery of passengers, merchandise and cor
re*pondence between production and consump
tion as ib indispensable to market control and
financial transactions of modern commerce.
SecondThe project of a treaty between the
United States and France. The committee
having examined the proposed form of treaty
between the United States and France, offer
the following resolutions in regard thereto:
Resolved, In the opinion of this convention,
that the project of a treaty between the United
States and France, together with the important
commercial exhibits accompanying the same,
as signed and submitted to the treaty making
powers of the two countries respectively, de
serve attentive consideration, and that in the
opinion of this convention, an agreement of re
ciprocal trade would greatly promote commer
cial interests, as it would confirm the ancient
amities of the two contracting powers.
Resolved, That a reduction of port charges
being an essential step toward the encourage
ment of foreign commerce, this convention
strongly recommend the merchants of every
shipping port to use their utmost endeavors to
secure their reduction, so far as may be con
sistent with the general interest of trade.
Resolved, That in view of the great obstacle
presented t foreign commerce by bars at the
mouth of the Mississippi, and of the success
which has attended the present efforts for their
removal, this convention urges upon the gov
ernment the paramount importance and neces
sity of prosecuting the work already begun
until the greatest possible improvement is
fully and permanently assured.
Resolved, That we recognize in the great
Southern Pacific railway, forming with its con
nections an all-rail route from all sections of
onr country to within ninety miles of Havana,
reducing the distance from New York to Cuba
from about 133 hours to about 60, and affording
an outlet for the surplus products of the great
State of Ohio 982 miles shorter to Cuba than by
way of New York, a line calculated to bring us
in closer mail communication with the West
Indies, Central and South America, and we
urge upon the company that its completion is
calculated to greatly promote our trade with
After adopting the above and appointing a
committee to memorialize Congress on the va
rious measures recommended, the convention
adjourned sine die.
The committee on memorializing Congress
met and appointed Hon. Phillip Pendleton, of
West Virginia, chairman, and B. E. Liveham,
of Iowa, as secretary. The full committee will
meet in Washington January 2d.
The Bockford Mining: District
DEADWOOD, D. T., Dec. 6.Professor Jenny,
who visited the Rockford mining district, dis
tant from Deadwood twenty-five miles, ex
presses the opinion that the town of Rockford
is in the center of the quartz district of the
Hills. He says the ore is low grade, but its
great abundance will assure the permanency of
the new camp. The district covers an area of
about seventy miles. The professor, since his
late investigations, has become satisfied that
the Black Hills are destined to be the greatest
gold producing country in the world.
Rifle and Dog,
NASHVILLE, Tenn., Dec. 6.Geo. Wells and
Saunders divided the second money in the
shooting matches of the Tennessee Sportsman
association. Dow won the first money to-dav,
Hutchinson and Barney dividing second, and
Dr. Saunders third. The third contest for the
Tennessee medal was opened and will be fin
ished to-morrow. In the puppy stake, G. W.
Campbell's "Tom" won Wheatley's "Prairie
WASHINGTON, Dec. 7, 1 A. M.Indications for
the upper lake region, partly cloudy weather,
areas of light snow, colder northerly winds
shifting to warmer southerly,f ollowed.hy falling
barometer. For upper Mississippi and lower
Missouri valleys, clear or partly cloudy weath
er, colder northerly winds, generally shifting
to warmer southerly, lower pressure.
The German Lutheran church of Red
Wing was dedicated on Sunday, Dec. 1. A
large and highly interested assemblage of
people were present to witness the impres
The town of Pine Island, in Goodhue
county, is petitioning to be set off into Olm
sted county. Itochester, the county seat of
that county, being much more easy of access
from Pine Island than Red Wing.
A farmer near Atwater, Kandiyohi county,
while threshing for a neighbor had his ma
chine destroyed by fire, caused by a hot
journal. Also twenty-five sacks of wheat
were destroyed. His loss was about $500.
A young man about 17 years old, a son of
Barney McLonghlin, of Manannah, Meeker
county, had his right hand mangled in a
threshing machine, last week. Dr. Kennedy
was called, and found it necessary to ampu
tate one finger.
In Le Sueur a runaway team plunged into
the wagon of Cornelius Beardon, throwing
both him and his wife to the ground. He
had his right ankle badly broken, and re
ceived other severe injuries. Mrs. Beardon
was badly bruised, but no bones were broken.
Godfrey Zockah, aged 20, of Wiscoy,
Fillmore county, on a late Sunday loaded his
gtin to go on a hunting excursion, but be
fore starting by an act of carelessness con
trived to discharge the contents of the gun
into one of his knees, making amputation
The .county treasurer of Winona county
has paid a bounty on precisely 50,000 gopher
heads. Ten cents per head has been paid
on about half of the above number, and eight
cents on the remainder. One little boy,,
bringing in 370 scalps, received at one time
Samuel Adams of New London, Kandiyo
hi county, had one of his feet injure some
two years ago by a log rolling on it. It has
troubled him ever since, and lately gangrene
was developed, making amputation neces
sary. His leg was taken off below the knee.
His recovery is doubtful. Mr. Adams is an
old settler, a prominent citizen and is be
lieved to be the wealthiest man in the county.
Moses McCarty, of Darwin, about five
miles from Litchfield, while driving at a
reckless, break-neck speed, was thrown fif
teen feet on to the railroad track, suffering a
violent concussion of the brain and other in
juries. He was taken up and cared for, but
lay in an unconscious condition for several
hours. He is slowly recovering, and it is
thought if no internal injuries are developed
he will get well.
A section hand on the S. M. railway nam
ed Ben Olson, living at Lanesboro, was paid
$10 more than he was entitled to. He was
asked by the paymaster if he received $10
too mnch. He gave a negative answer,
afterward discovered $10 more in his pocket
than belonged to him, and having denied it
wa9 scared out of his senses, and walked a
short distance from his home, cut his throat
with a razor, jras picked up, brought back
and has since died.
St. Peter Tribune: Maurice Campbell, of
Lake Washington, turned his cattle into his
corn field where he had finished husking,
and soon after five of them died, and on
Sunday another one died. They undoubted
ly died from the effects of smut which they
swallowed in eating the husks. The cattle
had been fattened and were nearly ready for
market. Farmers should not allow their cat
tle to run in their fields, as there is an un
usual amount of smut on the corn this year.
St. Charles Union: A little girl, who
gave her name as Katie L. Lyon, was found
at the South Shore depot in Winona on Sun
day afternoon, crying bitterly and stating
that she bad been beaten by her step-mother,
who lived on Mark street. Her father was
away from home. The child, who is but 10
years old, wishes to return to her grand
parents, who lives at Donnelly station,
Stevens county, where she is assured of good
treatment. Mr. B. H. Langley and others in
terested themselves in the girl's behalf, and
she will probably be sent to her grand
parents. Her back was black and blue from
the blows she had received.
John Evendorf, the man who was arrested
for the murder of the missing man, Ponce
let, was examined before Justice Keeler, at
Hokah. James O'Brien, county attorney^
being unwell and unable to attend, the ex
amination was conducted very ably by Hon.
Ed Thompson, of Hokah. ^fttiing was
elicited from the ten or twelve witnesses to
connect Evendorf with the affair in any
manner whatever. He seems to be a half
demented tramp, without any visible means
of support ox any laudable object in view.
He was sent by County Commissioner
Thompson to Dubuque, where he claims to
have a family and friends.
of Diphtheria is prevailing in the town
Ice four inches thick has afforded fine
skating at Mantorville.
The house of Navus Bumll, of Nicollet,
was consumed by fire a few days since.
Gates, of Red Wing, had his house
burglarized and a pocket-book containing
Dog poisoning is quite prevalent in Wor
thington. Valuable dogs are ruthelesslv de
In Goodhue county, during the month of
November, thirty-four marriage licenses
Maj. Kennedy, of Hastings, slipped on the
icy walk, turning his foot under and frac
turing his leg.
A brakeman on the Hastings Dakota
railroad| had a thigh broken while oouplmg
cars at Shakopee.
About 160 persons have signed the tem
perance pledge or put on the blue ribbon at
Monticello during the temperance revival.
A 12-year-old son of Mr. Swanson, of
Kingston, Meeker county, had a fall from a
house, last week, which resulted in a bfoken
The weather is favorable to building and
a gnumber of barns are being built in
Worthington, the better to protect stock
during the winter.
The grain house at Delano is to be closed,
owing to lack of patronage occasioned by dis
satisfaction with the style of grading prac
ticed by the agent.
N. Westby, of Fremont, Fillmore
county, had his house and its contents de
stroyed by fire, from a defective flue. Loss.
$-1,500 insured for $950.
The East St. Clond depot has been closed,
and persons wishing to take the cars at that
point are obliged to stand out in the cold and
await the arrival of the train.
There are over a thousand driven wells in
La Crosse, the owners of which are watching
with interest the resistance to the payment
of the claimed royalty in Minnesota.
A lady aged GO years, walking on the pub
lic road in the town of Vasa, Goodhue coun
ty, was almost instantly killed by being
knocked down by a runaway ho^se.
Mrs. C. L. Low, of Glencoe, died last week
from the effects of a bullet wound inflicted
by her own hand. She leaves three children,
the youngest a babe but a few weeks old.
Noah Unger, residing two'' miles from
Kasson, Dodge county, on the 15th Novem
ber, picked ripe wild strawberries. They
grew in the open air, though a protected
CRIMES AND CASUALTIES.
Wholesale Indictment of Dishonest Govern
ment Officials by the Yankton Grand
JuryShipwreck on the Maine Coast
Captain and Crew LostMiscellaneous.
TEBBEFIC FOBNACE EXPLOSION.
CLEVELAND O., Dec. 6.The Leader's special
from Yonngstown, Ohio, says: At 1 o'clock
this afternoon a terrible explosion occurred at
the upper Brierhill furnace. The furnace men
were in the act of turning on a blast when the
explosion occurred, throwing the hot blast in
every direction and covering the men. Robert
Lowe, of Newcastle, thigh broken and other
wise seriously injured recovery doubtful.
Geoige Anderson, legs and head badly cut.
Patrick Saunders, head and body badly cut.
The boss had a leg broken and was otherwise
seriously injured. Cause of the explosion not
CHIN YOW SWUNG, OFT.
SAN FHANCISCO, Dec. 6.A Bodie diapatcht
Chin Yow, a Chinaman, was hanged at Bridge
port to-day for the murder of Ah Pow in Ben
ton, Cal., last May.
MACHIAS, Me., Dec. 6.The schooner Caledo
nia went ashore on Libby Island Tuesday
morning. The captain and crew of five men
were all lost.
BANK PBESIDENT INDICTED.
TBOY, N. Y., Dec. 6.President Vail, of the
defunct Merchants and Mechanics bank, has
been indicted also Deputy Sheriff Murphy.
A FATAL ALTEBCATION.
CINCINNATI, Dec. 6.At a party at the house
of Mr. Tilly, of Notch Lick, Carroll county,
an altercation occurred between two sons of
Aaron Neal and a young man named Stiffin,
during which one of the Neals received a stab
in the neck, severing an artery and causing
death in a few moments. Steffien escaped.
SWINDLING OFFICIALS INDICTED.
CHICAGO, Dec. 6.A Yankton dispatch says
the grand jury, discharged to-day, found forty
four indictments against Livingstone and other
Indian agents, government employes, and tim
ber thieves. Livingstone, LeClaire, Richard
son and Russell were arraigned to-day on one
joint indictment and will plead on the 23d.
AN OHIO SHOOTING.
DAYTON, O Dec. 6.Geo. Schaffer, an old
resident of Germantown, near Dayton, was shot
last night in his own house in that town by
Geo. Leigbty. Schaffer was intemperate in his
habits, and had become incensed over a family
difficulty. Leighty was engaged to Schaffer's
daughter, and was attacked by the other in his
rage, and claims that he fired the shot in self
defense. The parties are in good standing in
NOTHING TO SAY.
Nephew Pelton's Reply to the Accusations
Against Him, in Connection with the Ci
fNew York Tribune.J
The Tribune reporter interviewed Col.
Pelton at the Gilsey house to-day. The fol
lowing conversation occurred:
"The Tribune desired me, Mr. Pelton, to
offer you the use of its columns for any ex
planation you may desire to give in regard
to the cipher diapatches."
"I have nothing to say," was the reply, ut
tered slowly, and in a hesitating manner.
"It was thought, perhaps, you might say
whether any of the dispatches were inoor
rectly translated by the Tribune?"
"I have nothing to say, sir."
"Is it true that you and other gentlemen
named in connection with that matter are
preparing a defense?"
"I have nothing to say, sir."
"Nothing to say about meeting Mr. Weed
in Baltimore?" asked the reporter incredu
"I am sorry, because I was in hopes you
might clear up this great mystery."
"Thank yon," said Pelton with a genial
smile. "I am very much obliged to the
Tribune for its kindness, but, really, I am
so busy that I will have to go. Good
THE PARDONING POWER.
How I Ha Been Exercised by Governor
Pillsbury the Past Year.
Below we give a list of convicts pardoned
out of the Minnesota penitentiary for the
year ending with Dec. 30:
Clark, Jonas, convicted in Stearns connty
June 22, 1S77. Term, two years and six months.
Crime, larceny. Pardoned Dec. 15,1877, by the
Woodward, Llewellyn, Steele county, June
11.1877 one year and six months. Larceny.
Pardoned Dec. 22, 1877 Governor.
Hale, George B., Hennepin county, Oct. 20,
1875 three years and six months. Larceny.
Pardoned Jan. 21. 1878 Governor.
Barton, D. E., Winona county, April 29,1874
ten years. Rape. Pardoned Feb. 13, 1878
Peirson, Frank A., Ramsey county, June 24,
1876, three years. Larceny. Pardoned Feb. 16,
Quackenbush, John, Rice county, May 28,
1875. Larceny. Pardoned March 12, 1878
Dorthodt, Frank, Hennepin county, June 9,
1877, ten months. Larceny. Pardoned March
26, 1878 Governor.
Morrison, Annie, Ramsey county, May 4,
1878, one year,three months. Assault. Pardoned
March 26, 1878 Governor.
Lewis, George H., United States district
court, October 3, 1877, two years, Bobbing
United States mails. Pardoned April 4 R. B.
Jansen, Charles, Dakota connty, July 20,
1877, nine months. Larceny. Pardoned April
Smith, Thomas. United States army. Oct.
28, 1874, five years. Conduct prejudicial to
good order and military dicipline. Pardoned
May 1. Military order,
Hackenpaler, B. Carver county. April 14,
1877, two years. Seduction. Pardoned May
Johnson, Thoma3 B. Hennepin county.
Dec. 1, 1877, eight months. Larceny. Par
doned June 10 Governor.
Hayes, Albert. Crow Wing county. Oct 24,
1877, one year. Receiving stolen money. Par
doned June 18 Governor.
Knack, Sarah. Blue Earth county. Dec. 19,
1877, two years. Conveying contraband arti
cles to prisoners in jail. Pardoned July 15
Morton, Geo. Ramsey county. Oct. 18,
1877, one year and nine months. Assanlt. Par
doned Aug. 21 Governor.
Mongy, Hugh. St. Louis connty. May 29,
1877, five years. Assault with intent to rape.
Pardoned Oct. 8 Governor.
Bates, Ory. Hennepin county. "Feb. 23,
1878, eight months. Larceny. Pardoned Oct.
DAILY WEATHER BULLETIN.
OFFICE OF OBSBBVATION. SIGNAL COBPS, U. 8. A.
IKGKBSOLL BLOCK, THTBD STBBET,
ST. PAUL, MISS.
Observations taken at the same moment of
time at all stations.
Meteorological Record. Dec. 6, 1878, 9:56 v. M.
St. Paul 30.22
Cloudy. Clear.s| Clear. Fair.
DULY LOCAL MEANS.
Bar. Ther. Bel. Hum. Wind. Weather.
30.210 22.0 77.0 NW. Fair.
Amonnt of rainfall or melted snow, .00 max*
imum thermometer, 37 minimum thermom
Ur, 17. 1 i%Stf
Sergeant, Signal Corps, U. 8. A.