Newspaper Page Text
More Daylight Let In On the State
Prison at Stillwater.
ANOTHER EX-CONVICT'S STORY.
He Testifies to Hall's Brutal Treat-
ment of the Prisoner Coffey.
AND TELLS JIIS OWN SUFFERINGS.
Broken in Health and Strength He Sees
No Chance or Hope of Leading
a Reformed Life.
SETTLING UP WITH CONVICTS,
A Getting a Handsome "Knock-
Down" From the "Good Time"
Money Allowed Them,
LETTER FR03IA PROMINENT MAN
Which Ventilates the Ring and Affirms
Deputy Warden Hall's
COMMENTS OF THE NEWSPAPERS.
Both Sides Quoted, But a General
Demand Fo an Investi-
When some three weeks ago t^fe GLOBE
published the story of a leler^e^ conv
There was a similar outcry when the In
sane asylum was first exposed, but the inves
tigation developed murder and criminal
carelessness in the care of patients, and ab
solute dishonesty the financial manage
ment. There are difficulties in the way of
doveloping the inner workings of an insane
asylum or a State prison, as in the foimer
sase the inmates are absolutely incapacitated
from testifying, and in the latter they are
discredited because they aie convicts. A
former guard in the penitentiary has inti
mated that he could make some developments
before a proper tiibunal, and the ring papers
immediately declare that he is insane. This
is pretty good evidence that he will be a
strong witness to prove the prison cruelty
We do not know what an investigation
such as will probably be oidered will develop,
but we have no doubt relative to what a thor
ough and honest inquiry will demonstrate.
The charges will, in such an event, be more
fully established than in the case of the In
sane Asylum. Investigations during the past
year have developed most horrid brutality in
Illinois, Ohio and Now York prisons. There is
a general tendency to brutality in prisons
because the power is so absolute and the
testimony of the victim 13 discredited, because
he is a convict. We shall be glad if it can
be demonstrated that the Minnesota State
piison is an exception to the general rule.
One of the communications from an ex
convict published in the GLOBE was signed
by the nom de plume "Tubal Cain," the leal
name of the author being furnished to the
editor, according to the invariable rule. Mr.
Bill King's papar and the Stillwater Ga-
'."Itc announce that they have searched
the prison records and find no snch
prisoner as "Tubal Cain." They gravely an
nounce, therefore, that the letter was bogus.
If they had "searched the scriptures" instead
of the prison records, perhaps they might
have heard of "Tubal Cam." We presume
if a letter should appear in the GLOBE from
an ex convict signed "Joshua," "Moses,"
"Solomon," etc., these learned critics would
declare that no such man had ever been in
tho Minnesota penitentiary.
We give this morning another letter from
an ex-convict, (his leal name being given)
as well as a letter from a citizen who is in a
position to know what he is saying. The
comments of the papers are also given
with impartiality, both praise and
censure being included. It will be noticed,
however, that there is a general demand for
an investigation, a demand which cannot be
The Story of Another Convict.
To the Editor of the Globe.
MINNEAPOLIS, NOV. 28, 1878.While War
den Reed and his deputy, Hall, are being ex
posed for cruelty and barbarism, I thought I
would come forward and add my story. I
spent two years in the Stillwater prison as a
convict. I was punished four days and four
nights in the dungeon with only two slices of
bread a day for moving my lips. I was ham
ming a tune to myself when George Dodd,
the guard, saw me moving my lips and
thought I was talking. He told me to go
into the dungeon. I went to the warden
and told him how it was, but he said the
guard sent me in and that was all he wanted,
as a convict's word was not taken in prison.
When I came out to work again Dodd came
to me and said if I saw anything going on
and would tell him, I could have a job in
any shop I wanted but I told him if I was a
convict I would not tell on my fellow pris-
from the Minnesota State prison at Still
water it expected to receive
a share of
abuso and censure. In tbjg expectation we
are happy to say we W not been disap
pointed. First came, the notoriously cor
mpt ring organ in. this city with its vials of
wraih and abuse. Sciatch the back of a
rascal and you are sure to penetrate
i&e er^dermis of Bill King's newspa
per. Then the two penitentiary organs
.at Stillwater vent their rage with epithets
.and bad grammar. A fellow feeling made
the especial champions of the Insane Asy
lum feel wondrous kind, ''and not a few
thought they were in duty bound to defend
prison brutality and rascality on political
grounds or because they hated the GLOBE.
The prison officials talked libel suits, and al
together the GLOBE has had abundant rea
son to feel satisfied that it was on the right
every chance he could putting me
five times while I was there. The
only honorable guard in the prison is Chas.
Bodwell. He simply asks you to do your
own work faithfully and treats you well.
CBUELTY TO PRISONERS.
In regard to Coffey's statement, I know
he was shamefully abused. I saw Hall
knock him down and kick him and call him
Coffey, although a strong man,
would not dare to raise a hand in self-de
fense for fear he would be shot, Hall know
ing the law was on his side.
One Monday morning, when the convicts
were emptying their night buckets, one of
them did not happen to set the bucket down
in the right place, and Hall made a run at
him and kicked all the skin off his knuckles
while he WF* in the act of setting down the
TrfOW THEY SETTLE WITH CONVICTS.
"Warden Heed has a slick way of settling
with convicts when their time is up. They
are taken into the office in a great hurry, and
you do not more than get in until you are
handed a pen to sign the receipt for the
money yon have due you. A piece
of blotting paper lies over the re
ceipt which you sign, and your money
is counted out and lying before you.
When I came out he had a blotting paper
over the receipt, but I pushed it off before I
signed it, and asked him if that was my
money lyirjg on the desk. He said that was
all I had. coming to me. He had thirty dollars
lying on the desk, while the receipt I was to
sign called for forty-three dollars, which
"Would make a "knock-down" of thirteen
dollars. I -was punished five times, which
wag twelve dollars off from the fifty-five
dollars and twenty cents, which left me
forty-three dollars. I asked him what it meant
that there was but thirty dollars for me. He
looked at me and seeing that I did not mean
to be cheated, even if I was in a prison,
went to the books and tossed them about
without looking at them, and said there was
a slight mistake in them. Then he paid me
in full and let me go. I can name twelve or
fifteen men that I have seen since I came
out of the "Minnesota Hell." John Keys,
W. Heed, T. Smith, Seaman and Hayes, all
say they were beaten out of from five to ten
The law reads that a convict in for one
year shall receive $32.40 provided he makes
his good time, but the warden pays them off
at the rate of from $15 to $23.
WAS STACK MURDERED?
Patrick Stack was murdered in the prison
and they know it, especially Clark, the hos
pital steward, who gave him the laudanum
or morphine. Stack's remains ought to be
taken up and dissected and ths real facts
found out. Stack had no friends or rela
tions in the United States, and they were
therefore not afraid to put him out of the
There is Coney, who has been in there for
seven years, and who has had some most
shameful poundings from all of them
is not afraid to make a statement,
though they have authority over
Usually a convict is afraid to make a
mont for fear of punishment.
THE TBEATMENT Or THE WBITEB.
It is a shame to have such brutal men in
charge of a prison. Let a committee go
over there and investigate the whole matter
and bring them to justice for the sake of hu
manity. I could sit here all day and write
of the treatment that is used in that prison.
I was a strong youth when I went in there
and weighed 158 pounds. When I came out
I was only a shadow of my former self,
weighing but 130 pounds. I could do work
with any man before I went to Stillwater,
but now I can do nothing as I am wholly
used np by starvation and confinement
in the dungeon. I intended to lead a differ
ent life and earn an honest living, but now I
cannot. I am too proud to beg, and work
I cannot stand. I am used up with rheuma
tism from confinement the dungeon, and
what is left for me? The friends who are
dear to me I have disgraced, and I will not
show my face in their presence. If I was
strong I would work, but all that is left for
me now is a dishonest life.
Yours respectfully, W. WATERMAN.
tine Home Shots From a Citizen Not a
To the Editor of the Globe.
STILLWATER, NOV. 30.NOW that the man
agement of the prison is being stirred up, I
feel compelled to put in my oar to a slight
It is an open secret hero among those
who are posted that the great manufacturing
corporation of Seymour, Sabin & Co. con
trols the prison management from top to
bottom. No man can hold a position in
that institution who does not do their bid
ding. The warden, his deputy, the inspec
tors, (and Chief E. G. Butts) the guards,
and, in fact, every man about the institu
tion, must be the sworn friend of this corpo
ration in order to hold his place. Ask ex
Inspector Cleveland, of St. Paul, why he re
signed his inspectorship he can throw some
light on the management of affairs at the
prison for the benefit of Seymour, Sabin &
Co., if he will. And, by the way, Mr. Editor,
suppose you try your hand at securing a list
of the stockholders in that corpo
ration. If you can get it, and
will publish it, you will as
tonish the good people of this State. It
comprises leading men in all the principal
cities of Minnesota politicians, mainly,
who are on hand at every session of the leg
islature to push through steals for their bene
fit, like that outrageous one perpetrated last
Warden Heed is not a bad sort of a man,
but he is owned and controlled entirely by
this corporation, and dare not do otherwise
than obey their orders. Deputy Warden
Hall is a man wholly unfit to handle con
victs. Socially, he is a "good fellow," and
is popular, but he looks upon a convict as be
ing no better than a dog. He has a terrible
temper when angered, and this leads him
into doing things of which he should be
ashamed. That he maltreats and abuses
convicts is susceptible of proof, if investi
gated by an impartial committee.
At another time I will call public attention
to some more matters in this connection.
COMMENTS OF THE PAPERS.
Striking in the Right Direction.
When the St. Paul GLOBE unearthed the
rottenness of the State insane asylum the
little newspapers set up a terrible howl
against that fearless paper, claiming that its
course was unwarranted, malicious, etc., but
how awkward the shriekers felt when the
investigating committee found a majority of
the oharges to be correct. Now that the.
S2?j? I -w-*
at the State prison the friends of that insti
tution are yelling themselves hoarse again,
which only proves that the GLOBE is striking
out in the right direction.
The Good Work to Go On.
The St. Paul GLOBE having fought a good
fight in showing np the mismanagement at
the St. Peter Asylum, is now after the mis
managers of the State's Prison at Stllwater.
It is unearthing cruelties which show that
the "dark ages" still linger around to some
extent. We hope the GLOBE will continue
its work, regardless of threats or party
The "Globe" Commended.
I Little Falls Transcript.]
The St. Paul GLOBE is worthy of com
mendation for giving publicity to the com
plaints that have been made about the man
agement of the Minnesota State prison at
Stillwater, and the asylum for insane at St.
Peter. The man who becomes a convict in
the State prison usually loses his friends,
and is at once stamped as an outcast. No
confidence is placed in his word, no appeal
of his can reach a sympathetic heart, and
the abuses and cruelties which may be
heaped upon him must be endured, with no
friendly hand to administer consolation or
give relief. And when his term of service
expires and he is again a free man, eveD
then he finds it impossible to get a hearing,
for he is only a "State prison
bird," and nobody believes him.
The newspapers reject his statement
because they ould lose money by incurring
the enmity of the persons exposed. This is
one of the difficulties that the poor and ob
scure will always find in their way when thev
seek redress for the wrongs perpetrated by
rings and corporations. Money, controls _
The St. Paul GLOBE publishes letters from
an ex-guard and another ex-convict intended
to sustain the charges of cruelty against War
den Reed and his assistant. Here where
Capt. Reed is best known, no credence is
given these charges. He is a kind-hearted,
generous man, and it is hardly possible .that
he could be guilty of what is charged. This
thing is certain, that the penitentiary has
never before been so well managedso or
deilv, systematically and economicallyand
less cause of complaint has been heard during
his control of the prison than ever before. In
an institution comprising three or four hun
dred criminalspossibly the worst class of
persons in the Statethe most rigid disci
pline is required, and to this extent we im
agine the authority of the warden has been
exercised. That there has been deliberate
and intentional cruelty even the evidence so
far producedthe unsworn statements of
confessed criminalsdo not sustain, though
that is the impression sought to be conveyed.
In justice to the warden as well a3 the par
ties making the charges, a full and impartial
inquiry 3hould be made, and until this is
reached a hitherto honorable and worthy
man, as Capt. Reed always has proved him
self to be, should not be condemned.
Another Investigation Demanded.
The St. Paul GLOBE is strong on the scent
of irregularities. It smelled St. Peter afar,
and now smells Stillwater with a keenness
that indicates corruption among the thieves.
Somehow the GLOBE'S nose points towards
corruption and is happy when it finds it.
Recently it contained an interview with an
ex-convict who detailed the most brutal and
horrid tieatment of the prisoners, such as
nearly starving them to death, giving physi
cally impossible work for them to do, and
abasing them in a brutal and fiendish man
ner. The GLOBE'S report has a sort of can
dor about it that makes one believe the con
vict is telling some truth. When the asylum
investigation was first talked of an attempt
was made to laugh it down. It has proven
a "bonanza" in the way of unearthing
frauds. Frauds were recently discovered in
the Iowa penitentiary, and why may they
not exist in the Minnesota? Thisex-convict
says they do. Some of the ring "peached"
at St. Peter and gave a my the institution.
An ex-convict "tells tales" out of prison,
and shows good ground for legislative inves
The Wail of the Boss Bing Organ.
The liberty of the press, controlled by
level headed men, is a grand thing, but the ^ouTis half taueTit reveals
liberty of the press under such management state of affairs,
as controls the GLOBE is an unmitigated
curse, relieved neither by restraint of de
cency or common sense
this organ, is able to give his imagined
wrongs such prominence that Warden Reed
rkJf- & 3&* ^'W *V"
once. His righ to a hearing is measured by
his capacity to pay for it. Last winter, when
several persons who had been employed in
the asylum for insane at St. Peter formally
alleged that abuses existed, the testimony of
these persons was discredited. It was
said that they were only seeking revenge for
having been discharged from employment at
the asylnm. But the GLOBE insisted on
having a thorough investigation, notwith
standing the threats made by some of the
interested parties to begin a libel suit against
A Senate committee was appointed, i
careful investigation was had, and last week
the committee made their report to Gov.
Pillsbury. It appears from their report
that every one of the alleged abuses did
actually exist. As stated above,
we desire to commend the GLOBE for espous
ing the cause of the unfortunate men and
women in the asylum and the State prison.
everything and the poor wretch who seeks tained a very extraordinary statement con-
to expose an influential ring is dismissed at cerning alleged cruelties practiced at Stillwa-
OnCft. HlHnnrhtt. tn a hoar nn ia rnaaany^A K
self vindication, calls for an investigation. pi^^D =.i
The GLOBE while compelled by the absurdity shall be summarily punished
of the story it had printed, to retract much
of it, still holds to the shadowy suspicion of
evil, and demands an investigation. There
is a possibility that the story of this most
degraded of convicts, and the folly of a
reckless paper, may cost the State hundreds
and perhaps thousands of dollars, to investi
gate charges which every one else knows to
be false before the investigation begins, and
which the GLOBE will not have the manliness
to confess are false after the investigation
An Infamous Slander.
There is scarcely but one opinion among
the right thinking people of this city in
reference to the sensational article in Mon
day's GLOBE, charging Warden Reed and
Deputy Hall with cruelty to prisoners under
their charge. People of all classes, irrespec
tive of politics, denounce the article as in
famous to the last degree.
The charge that Warden Reed has ever
been, or is capable of being, gailty of such
conduct as is attributed to him, is absurd
and unworthy of credence. His denial is
The authority for all this sensational
stuff is simply the unsustained statement
of an ex-convict, whose record is the very
^That a newspaper should deliberately
ST. PAUL, MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 9, 1878.
give place in its columns to such atrocious
charges, with no other authority than ap
pears in this case, is disgraceful to journal
The St. Paul GLOBE publishes a statement
of Patrick Coffey, 8 convict in the State
prison at Stillwater, which if half true re
veals a revolting and horrible condition of
affairs in that institution. Barbarism is too
mild a term to apply to the treatment this
man says he received. It is about time
some investigation was had into the manage
ment, financial and otherwise, of all our in
stitutions. The prison especially needs ven
tilating. It is run in the interest of a ring,
at least everybody says so. It has been a
fruitful source of injury to our working
people by putting the labor of convicts in
competition with them. Let it be investi
Tubal Cain Never In Stillwater.
rstillwater GazetteBing Organ.
The GLOBE has received a couple of letters
signed Chas. J. Helbig and Tubal Cain, to
substantiate the story of Patrick Coffey.
Upon looking over the records of the prison,
no names appear, and it is fair to presume
that no such men were ever confined inside
the prison walls and also, that the letters
are base forgeries, gotten up in the interest
of the GLOBE, Coffey, and a few of the ene
mies of Warden Reed and Deputy Hall.
An ex-guard named Wm. Hannegan, dis
charged for being insane, also claims to
know all about the ''baroarities" practiced
at the piison, and is awaiting an opportunity
to unbosom himself.
The St. Paul GLOBE of Monday last con-
ter. It wasbased on th* storyuf a convic
who has just been released from confine
ment, and is about as reliable as Hall's ca
nards during the recent political campaign.
The GLOBE folks call this enterprise. It
may be, but there is a mixture of hellish
meanness in it that is calculated to perpetu
ate the GLOBE'S character for prevarication.
It is a wf11 known fact that the State prison
was never better managed than at present.
Hall seems to be eminently fitted for that
field in journalism.
Ought to Have an Opportunity to Vindi
[Stevens Connty Tribune.
The latest GLOBE sensation is a long state
ment from a recently released convict named
Patrick Coffey, charging the State prison
officials with brutal and inhuman treatment
of prisoners. Coffey's own admissions stamp
him as a hard ticket, and his statements, or
charges, should be cautiously received.
Warden Reed and Deputy Hall are men who
are very highly spoken of, and if the matter
is made a subject of official investigation,
they will have an opportunity to vindicate
themselves, which they can doubtless read
Cruel Treatment of Convicts.
The St. Paul GLOBE is at present attack
ing the State prison management with relent
less severity. It charges cruel treatment of
convicts by the deputy warden and his sub
ordidates. We do not sympathize with Cole
Younger and that class of men as we do
with the unfortunate victims at St. Peter,
but a thorough investigation of the prison
to ascertain and correct any unwarranted
abuse that exists, and further to see that the
financial interests of the institution are
properly handled, would certainly do no
Reformation by Torture Not Approved.
The St. Paul GLOBE of Monday published
a story of a convict's experience in Still
water penitentiary, which, if only half true,
proves that institution as much in need of a
thorough investigation as the St. Peter in
sane asylum. If prisoners are tortured aad
starved while in a dying condition an in
vestigation is sadly needed. While we have
no doutt a convict's story is generally ex
aggerated, still the charges are eerious ones
and should be inquired into. Reformation
by torture is not approved of in the nine
LTaylors Falls Journal.]
The St. Paul GLOBE has captured a dis
charged convict from the State prison, and
proceeds to dish up his story for the edifica
tion of its readers. It attributes nearly all
the crimes in .the calendar to the Messrs.
Eeed and Hall, the warden and deputy, and
all on the reports of this convict, who, ac
cording to his own story, was one of the
worst men in the institution, and who prob
ably would be there yet if he had got his
just deserts. The GLOBE mistakes its call
ing when it makes such an unjustifiable
thade upon two such humane and compe
tent officers as Reed and Hall.
Charges of a serious -nature are made in
regard to the treatment of the inmates of
onr State prison, and if the story of Patrick
Coffey who passe six yearsin tha institu
a most horrible
7,d*u xovottia muBi,tnomDie-
ment of prisoners there have from time to
^w, w* w- time come to light from various sources, until
Coffey, controlling the public mind revolts at the possibility of
u,- i .-_.j such a state of things, and it is hoped the
matter will be thoroughly investigated, and
that the perpetratorus^of suc.h fiendish cruelty
Disgrace to Any Country.
All of this very attractive advertisement for
folks not to make any engagements for the
place above mentioned is based upon the
statement of an ex-prisoner of that institu
tion, just let out, by the name of Patrick
Coffey, who tells a long story of the dark
ways of the keepers of the prison, but, cu
rious enough, all of the cruelties of which
he complains were bestowed upon himself,
and according to his own confession were
provoked by his own misconduct, but which,
if true, are certainly a disgrace to any
country we know of this side of Turkey.
The State Prison Claims Attention.
I Wabashaw Bulletin.]
Now that the insane asylnm affairs have
been thoroughly investigated, the State pris
on should claim attention from the Stat*
legislators. If reports can be believed, the
latter institution is badly in need of a thor
Afraid to Have It Investigated.
[St. Peter TribuneInsane Asylnm Organ.]
The GLOBE has discovered a "Minnesota
Hell" in the State prison at Stillwater, and
dishes np several columns of outrages as de
tailed by a convict. We her* know how
little tock to take in the GLOBE sensations.
We hope the legislature won't be induced to
squander any money on an investigation
without better proof than the yarns of a
A Good Heal of a Mare's Nest.
[Lake City Leader.]
The St. Paul GLOBH has struck another
"Minnesota Hell," as it terms it, consisting
of awful cruelty in our State prison at Still
Water. A man who has just served out his
term of six years is the GLOBE'S informant,
and he tells a tale of woe to the detriment of
the present prison authorities, that is "awful
if true." But we rather think this hurrah
of the GLOBE will turn out something after
the fashion of its St. Peter Insane asylum
"fright"a good deal of a "mare's nest."
Investigation of the "Minnesota Hell."
Inhuman treatment of prisoners at the
State prison is the latest sensation of the
GLOBE. Last week the St. Paul GLOBE pub
lished a statement of Patrick Coffey, a re
leased convict, that the prisoners at Still
water are treated with inhuman cruelty, and
that be himself had croton oil poured down
his back. Since then other ex-convicts
have come out in the GLOBE verifying Cof
fey's statement. The GLOBE loudly calls
for a legislative investigation of this "Min
nesota Hell," as it terms it.
Investigation Wouldn't be a Bad Idea.
[Sherburne County Star.J
The St. Paul GLOBE of Monday morning
publishes a harrowing tele of cruelty, as
practiced by the prison authorities at Still
water, by an ex-convict named Coffey, who
has just been released after serving a term
of six years. We don't place much credence
in the statement of the convict, but in the
light of the Insane asylum affair, perhaps it
wouldn't be a bad idea to have a thorough
investigation of the institution.
A Hard Citizen, but the State Prison Needs
[Little Falls Transcript.]
We knew Mr. Coffey before he was sen-
do not consider him reliable, but there may
be some truth in what he says. Abuses do
quite generally exist in asylums and State
prisons, and such institutions always need
Humanitarians Should be Thankful.
1 Stillwater Messenger.]
If one-fourth of the charges of misman
agement at the prison contained in Patrick
Coffey"s statement published in the St. Paul
GLOBE are true Coffey and Hall, the pub
lisher of the GLOBE, deserve the thanks of
every honest humanitarian in the State. But
if there is no truth in the assertions the ac
cusers should be severely punished.
Possibly Unnecessary Harshness.
The officers allege that the statement is en
tirely unworthy of credence. It is possible
there may be unnecessary harshness in the
prison discipline, but it is not to be forgotten
that convicts are not likely to bear impartial
testimony in the matter, and their statements
are usually to be received with great caution.
Tliinks It Will Be Cleared Up.
[Howard Lake Advocate.]
Warden Reed and Deputy Hell, of the
State penitentiary, are charged by the GLOBE
as having mistreated convicts in an inhuman
manner. If such is the case let them be
kicked overboard at once but we think
upon investigation the matter will be satis
factorily cleared up.
Need for an Investigation.
The St. Paul GLOBE of Monday last is
headed with an article "Minnesota's Hell.'
It is a story of a convict who passed six
years in the State prison at Stillwater. If
what the convict states is true there is need
for an investigation.
let There Be Light.
[Scott County Advocate.
The St. Paul GLOBE is after the State
prison officials, and tells a blood curdling
tale of scenes of cruelty and fiendishness
practiced upon those of the convicts who
happen to incur the dislike of those in au
thority. Let there be light!
The Insane Asylum likes Compang.
I St. Peter Times.]
It is alleged that the most brutal treat
ment ever exercised by mortal man has been
going on for several years at Stillwater.
Hurrah for another investigation. Whose
ox is gored now?
tenced to the State prison, and he was then substituted similar to the European system
about as hard a citizen as we ever met. We
Call for an Investigation.
[Novelty Press. 1
The St. Paul GLOBE calls vigorously for an
investigation of the State prison affairs, al
leging mismanagement and cruelty to pris
oners. Successful Opera Engagement Kellogg to
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 8.Max Strakosch's opera
troupe closed a very successful two
here last left
komsville thit morning.night,eand Th marked
Rumors of the brutal treat feature of the engagement was the debut of
Anna Salone Hill, and the appearance of
Litta, both of whom meta warm and cor
dial greeting and established themselves
here as favorites. Miss Kellogg anthoritive
ly announces that immediately after closing
this season she will depart for Europe,
where she expects to remain two or three
ST. LOUIS, Dec. 8.It is announced here
that the negotiations for the consolidation
of the Chicago & Alton and St. Louis, Kan
sas City & Chicago railroads is in progress and
have advanced so far that a consummation
of the project may be predicted with safety.
The completion of the road, which will give
the latter line a connection with Omaha, it
is said, is about all that delays the carrying
out of the plan. The consolidation will
bring 1,500 miles of railroad under one
Snow and Sleet at St. Iiouis and West.
ST. Louis, Dec. 8.A snow and sleet
storm set in here last eveningthe first of
the seasonand turned to heavy rain during
the night. Snow fell, yesterday, all along
the railroads from here West, extending to
Abilene, Kansas, the centre of the storm, ap
parently, being at and in the vicinity of Kan
sas City, where it was ten inches deep last
Heavy Clothing Failure.
BUFFALO, Deo. 8.Tierret & Stafford, hat
ters and furriers, have made an assignment
to Horace Stillman. Liabilities, $172,000
assets not known.
WHAT SUNDAY BROUGHT FORTH IN
THE WAY OF NEWS.
Work of the Commission on Army Re
organization-Bill to be Presented To
Day-The Staff to be Abolished as a Dig.
tinct Organization, Regiments Reduced
to Twenty, and Other Proposed Changes
Authoritatire Statement that Grant Will
Continue Abroad by the StalwartsMis
cellaneous Capital News.
RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE COMMISSION.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
WASHINGTON, Dec. 8.The joint Congres
sional commission for the reorganization of
the army had its final meeting yesterday, and
will present its report to both Houses of
Congress in the form of a bill Monday. The
greateffc secrecy has been enjoined with re
spect to the proceedings of the commission,
and it has been determined to reveal none
of the plans until the bill has been reported
to Congress. There is good authority to
state that the main features of the new plan
of reorganization are in substance these:
The number of regiments to be cut down
to twenty, while the number of enlisted men
is to be cut down to 20,000 men, without
counting the signal corps.
The artillery system of the organization is
changed from regimental to batteries and
companies, while the entire artillery branch
is consolidated with the ordnance depart
The staff corps, as a distinctive branch of
the service, is abolished.
There is no change made in the engineer
or medical corps.
The adjutant generals, quartermaster gen
erals, inspeotor generals and paymaster gen
'erals' staffs are done away with and a system
of interchangeability of line and staff officers
of organization. The object is to give all
officers of the army an opportunity of per
fecting themselves in practical knowledge
of the several branches of service in the
In order to reduce the number of officers it
is provided that there shall be no more pro
motions or appointments until the number
of general and line officers is reduced to that
Tho offices of general and lieutenant gen
eral will cease with the decrease of the pres
ent incumbents. The number of major
generals and brigadier generals is to be re
duced to the lowest point. No
change is made in the West Point academy,
and the general provisions of the bill look
to the elimination, eventually, of all officers
of the army who have not received a thor
ough military education. The work of sur
veys and triangulations is to be exclusively
under the control of the army. The army
regulations, which have not been revised
since 1863, are to be thoroughly examined
and a new series adopted, to become part of
the eventual work of reorganization. What
will prove the most surprising and provoke
bitter opposition to the new bill, is its blow
at the staff, thereby incurring the disfavor of
the most influential branch of the military
service. The educational features of the
bill providing for the better military educa
cation of officers and the placing of the
training of cavalry officers upon a level with
other branches of service, will commend lt
solf to the real friends of the army. Quar
termaster General Meigs and Adjutant Gen
eral Townsend will be retired under the
bill. The report of the committee will
possess nnusual interest from the fact stated
by Senator Burnside, that it will be passed
by the unanimous vole of the commission.
The Southern Question.
Special Telegram to the Globe.]
WASHINGTON, Dec. 8.A few Southern
Republicans have called upon the President
since tho delivery of his message. In this
respect the appearance of the White House
is very different from what it was this time
twelve months ago. A Southern Congress
man, who has been there, states that the
President intimated that he entertains kind
ly feelings for the South, and has a lively
interest in its prosperity. He considers that
the language he used in his message as ap
plied to Southern politics was mild undjr
the circumstances, and that he was fulfilling
his constitutional duty in calling the atten
tion of Congress to what he can only look
upon as violations of the constitution and
laws. Some of the Southern members have
intimated to the President that it would be
proper for him to furnish a detailed state
ment of the information on which he bases
his case, and the probability is that a reso
lution will be introduced into one or both
Houses asking him to do so.
Tlie Indian Transfer.
VIEWS OF GENEBAL MEAOHAM AND COMMIS-
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
WASHINGTON, Deo. 8.General Meacham,
of the army, who testified before the Indian
bureau transfer commission yesterday, gave
as his opinion that the savages must be
civilized. And this cannot be done by the
army. He is of the opinion that if the
transfer was made. Indians would regard it
as the abandonment of the peace policy.
And the reason why he believed the transfer
would be injurious to the Indian service
was that military men, as a rule, are not
practical. It is necessary, he thought, in
order that the Indians might be properly
trained for civilized life, that they should be
under the instruction and guidance of prac
tical men. No one man from West Point
was able to teach an Indian to build a log
Commissioner Hayt next testified, bring
ing a handful of documents. His state
ments were somewhat in the line of the tes
timony of Schurz. The Indians were better
off under civil than military authority. He
was closely questioned as to the corruption
that had been discovered in the civil agencies
and was asked why certain Indian agents had
been dismissed. He replied that out of
seventy-four agents, about thirty-five within
the last two years had been dismissed, but
all of them for cause, ten of them for in
competency and the rest for dishonesty in
the way of disbursing money. As a general
thing he objected to ministers of the gospel
as agents. He also endeavored to show that
most of the difficulty had with the Indians
was owing to the interference of troops and
their bad example.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
WASHINGTON, Dec. 8.Senator Edmunds
will press his bill to regulate Presi
dential elections to a passage as early
as possible. He is confident he can
pass it through the Senate, but is more
doubtful as to its chances in the House.
Senator Thurman will oppose the bill to the
Crane, the Republican contestant from the
Fifth Maryland district, has prepared a
grave series of charges against his competit
or, Dr. Henkle, Democrat, who has the cer
tificate of election to the Forty-sixth Con
THE DIPLOMATIC AND CONSULAB SEBVIOE.
Assistant Secretary of State Seward has
sent a communication to the House appro
priation committee, urging the necessity of
more appropriations for the diplomatic and
consular service. The diplomatic bill as re
ported makes all the reductions which were
made by the committee last year, over which
there was such a bitter fight. The commit
tee continues to abolish the mission to
Greece, as well as the mission to Belgium,
and has added to the list of consulates to be
abolished those at several points where com
merce is rapidly increasing.
The sentiment in favor of an early ad
journment and long holiday recess is increas
ing. A proposition of that sort will doubt
less secura the approval of both houses.
Senators and members who own their own
residences here are about the only ones who
are earnest in opposition to it.
General Raum, commissioner of internal
revenue, says that the statements in some
Illinois papers that he is a candidate for the
United States Senate is without foundation,
and that no one knows it any better than the
rural candidates for that position, Generals
Oglesby and Logan.
There is a report, apparently authenti
cated, that George Z. Smith, collector of the
port of New Orleans, is to be removed.
OOBBIN AND BUTLEB.
The chances of the admission of Corbin to
the seat now occupied by Butler, of South
Carolina, in the Senate, are not good, in view
of the fact that Senators Conover and Pat
terson, Republicans, are understood to be
decided to vote as they did last winter, in
favor of Butler.
1 Western Associated Press.
Debate in the Senate on Senator Blaine's
resolution in regard to the recent elections
in the South will begin Wednesday. It will
be opened by Blaine. He will be followed
by Thurman and Gordon.
THE SHANGHAI CONSULATE.
The deposition of Dr. D. Bethune Mc
Carter, relative to the affairs of the Shanghai
consulate, which the committee on expendi
tures in the State department will make pub
lic Monday, is mainly in corroborotion of
Weils' testimony before the committee last
spring concerning the conduct of Bradford
There is official authority for the state
ment that ex-President Grant will not take
passage in the Ticonderoga and become a
guest of Commodore Shufeld in his roving
diplomatic mission, nor take passage in that
vessel for any purpose. The Richmond,
which is being fitted out to be the flag-ship
of Rear Admiral Patterson, command
ing the Asiatic station, will soon
sail from this country, and the
expectation is that Gen. Grant will join her
at Ville Franche and proceed therein to Hong
Kong via Suez canal. An invitation has been
extended to Gen. Grant to make this trip,
and his reply was a thankful acknowledg
ment thereof, with an expression of a proba
bility of acceptance. His visit to Asia will
have no diplomatic significance.
The "WeatherCautionary Signals.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 9.Indications: For
upper lake region cloudy weather, with fre
qent rains variable winds shifting to colder
northwesterly, followed by rising barometer.
Reports from upper lake region and north
west generally, missing. Cautionary signals
continue at Duluth, Marquette, Escanaba,
Milwaukee, section one, Chicago, Grand
Haven, section three, Mackinaw City, Alpe
na, Port Huron, Detroit, section four, Tole
do, Sandusky, Cleveland, section five, Erie,
Buffalo, Rochester, Oswego and section six.
Louisiana's January Interest.
NEW OBLEANS, Dec. 8.It is stated that
at the consultations of the members of the
funding board at the State house to-day it
was decided to hold a meeting of the board
to-morrow to endeavor to make such final
arrangements as will enable the State to pay
the January interest on consuls. It is be
lieved at least -1200,000 in addition to the
interest fund then on hand will be required.
Professional Ignorance of Yellow Fever.
[New Orleans Times.]
After the eloquent and conclusive evidence
furnished by the Richmond yellow fever
congress, we trust the country will abandon
all hope of reaching practical results through
the medium of the doctors. The tame and
insignificant and useless record of that body
ought to be enough to satisfy its most san
guine admirers that we must look to some
other source for an available solution of the
difficulties confronting us, and for a practi
cable plan of meeting them. It seems quite
out of the question that the doctors will ever
afford us the smallest relief. Dr. Choppin
said, in his remarks to the board of health
last summer, that the profession didn't know?
much about yellow fever, and the Richmond
health congress has formally and solemnly
confirmed the statement. Now that this
point is settled, we needn't worry with the
doctors any longer.
Lake City Leader: The steam ferry Clip
per discontinued her trips between this city
and Stockholm on Monday last, and went to
Wabashaw to be put on the ways for "im-'
provement" during the winter. The direc
tors concluded, from appearances, that the.
lake was about to shut np, and it was desira
ble to get her down to the ways ere she gofc
caught in the ice. At this writing, however1
Thursday, the 5ththe lake is still open,
and no telling when it will close. The long
spell between boat and ice is very annoying
to onr Wisconsin friends, as well as to our