Newspaper Page Text
HOUSE, FAEM, GARDEN.
It takes the price of 20 bushels of
wheat to pay tor the transportation of
one car-load over the Union Pacific rail
way bridge Omaha.
Xn Kentucky when a mule gets so lazy
that he won't work for more than nine or
ten hours a day, they trim his ears down
and sell him to a Chicago man for a car
Two years ago a corn speculator at
Clarinda, Iowa, refused sixty cents a
bushel for 30,000 bushels of corn he had
bought foi thn ty cents. He is now vain
ly trying to get ten cents a bushel tor it.
Robert Bonner goes in for fast horses,
and between his stables in New York
city and his faini, he keeps nineteen trot
ters thirteen ol them have trotted in 2:20
or better and one 2 111-2.
The St ite Board of Agriculture, which
met at Columbus, Ohio, the 26th ult, de
cided to accept the bonds ot $4,000 ten
dered by the citizens, and located the
State Fanatthp* place for the ensuing
The well known trotting stallion Path
finder, owned by Mr. Josoph Snyder at
Lockport N. Y., died suddenly onThurs
day night, the 20th ult., at a stable of his
owner. Mr. bnyder had just refused
$1,800 for him.
As regards it3 fodder value, Proitsor
Storer says that from analysis, buckwheat
straw, when mixed in small proportion
with licher kinds of food, might, like
other stiaws, be usefully employed for
feeding animals in many cases, especial
ly if it y\ ere previously softened by steam
ing or soaking.
It is stated that a Minnesota miller has
invented an entirely new process of
grinding whea% which does away with
the millstones now in use, and substi
tutes therefor a vertically running granite
disc in diiect combination with a circle
segment of French burr. This new pro
cess produces 80 per cent, of middlings.
A correspondent, writing from Guil
ford, Conn., protests against classification
of the oiiole among mischievous birds.
He says that he has frequently seen them
tear open the nest3 of apple worms and
devour them, and thinks' that buds with
pluck enough to destroy such disagreea
ble pests ought to be fostered rather than
Thoroughbred breeding studs are main
tained by the Emperor of Austria, who
ha& a large establishment, with an Eng
lish trainer at its head. In his kingdom
of Hungary the nobility and landed
gentry laigely cultivate the blood hor3e
for racing and riaing pui poses, while for
driving they auhere rather to Arab
crosses ot native breeds.
A homestead bill has been introduced
into the Lower House of the Missouri
Legislature exemp'ing from execution
160 acres of land, not exceeding $1,500
in value in cities ot a population of 40,-
000 or upwaid, eighteen square rods of
giound, not exceeding the value of $3,-
000, and in cities or towns of less than
40,000 population, thirty square rods of
ground, not worth over $1,500.
The farmers along the Illinois and
Michigan canal continue to manifest a
strong interest in its preservation as a oer
petual shield against extortion by the rail
way companies, whose present policy is to
reduce rates below the point where the
receipts iiom tolls will render the canal
self-sustaining, the design being to force
its ultimate abandonment by the State
and its removal from the field of compe
An important movement is on foot
among the Hebrews of the United States
looking to the formation of a Jewish col
ony or colonies in the South or West.
The subject was first mooted at the an
nual convention of the Union of Hebrew
Congregations, which was held in Cin
cinnati last July, when it was referred to
a committee on agiicultural pursuits for
consideration, who have just reported in
favor of such a moment.
Norway cultivates less than 2 1-2 percent,
of her area, forests cover about 25 per
cent., while the rest consist of naked, un
inhabitable mountain land. Agriculture,
although pursued with increased vigor ot
late, is unable to furnish sufficient pro
duce lor home consumption hence it nas
been necessary to import considerable
quantities of grain, meat and butter. The
fisheries give employment to a large
part of the population throughout the
A gentleman in San Bernardino, Cal.,
has been veiy successful, it is said, in
poisoning gopheia, which rodents aie, as
a general thing, veiy hard to kill by
poison. He takes raisins, opens the skin
sufficiently to admit ol a giain of strych
nine, and then diops one or two in each
hole. The gophers are said to be very
fond of them. If green apples are used,
it will also be found that the gopheis
will not lefuse them.
Arrangements are in progress looking
to aGiaud Inter-state Fair, to be held at
Chicago, Illinois, next fall, the design be
ing to concentrate theexhibitions of Ohio,
Kentucky, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois,
Wisconsiu,Mmncsota, and Kansas, into a
mammoth exhibition at Chicago, and tc
offer suc'i inducements in the way of
prizes and pi emiums, as will induce a
public patronage greater than has ever
been accorded to public expositions of,
The cultivation of cinchona, the bark
from which quinine is extracted, has met
with complete success in the English and
Dutch East India possessions. "Holland
has at present 2,000,000, and England
2,500,000 Jrees in good condition.
France is also engaged in experiments in
the Island of Reunion. Some trees in the
English .possessions have yielded sixty
one instead ot thirty-seven per cent, ot
the product in South America on the
latter continent the forests of cinchona
were rapidly being destroyed.
The Messrs. Stockhouse at Crystal
Springs, Mississippi, are extensively en
gaged in peach culture. The first ex
periment was on Hale's Early, but it did
not L,ay. The greatest success has been
with the Alexander, Amsden, Beatrice,
May Beauty, Crawford.and Susquehanna,
which ripen in the order named. More
young trees will be set in this spring than
ever before, as the road has made special
preparations for the trade, and the people
are now deeply interested in it. Last
year the first peaches were gathered on
the 20th of May, and the last the 20th of
Octoberonly eight days short of five
months continuous psach harvest.
The cattle plague still continues its
ravages in the northeastern portions of
the German empire, it having appeared
in at least thirty-seven different localities,
the most vigorous precautionary measures
for counteracting the spread of the ter
rible disease have been adopted by the
German Government. Detachments of
soldiers have been despatched to the in
fected districts in order to strictly watch
and superintend the execution of the
laws and regulations adopted for this
purpose and also to completely isolate
all the cattle of the districts in which
any outbreak ef this malady has been
discovered. Arrests have been made of
persons supposed to have introduced
these infected cattle from Russia.
Keep the Cows Healtby
It is now generally conceded that milk
unduly retained in the udder of the cow
is absorbed. The flow is decreased, and
the animal gradually goes dry. Once
this process begins, it is next to impossi
ble to bring the cow back to her full flow.
This is not so bad, however, as to allow
the bac to become inflameci, and thus
poison the milk. This being the case
the milk should never be used. The milk
may not show signs of taint to the eye
it may ev^n taste well, or so nearly right
as not to cause alarm and yet it will
taint the entire Miess, and in the end the
whole will become little better than poi
son when made into cheese, since then
the putrefactive process still goes on If
the cow shows any tenderness or redness
about the udder, or if it be hard or swol
len, discard the milk until the animal is
again all light. Through this care cer
tain dairymen are able to get extra and
uniform prices for their butter and cheese
and especially for the milk sold for fam
ily u,sc. In the end they make the most
money, for consumeis and reputable deal
ers are apt to be shy of those who have
from time to time sold them such milk,
or its butter and cheese.
The addition of a few drops of lenon
juice, or cf any other vegetable ac:d, ren
ders tea more exciting and this custom
prevails among poor Chinese and many
Russians. The addition of an alkali, on
the contrary, makes tea less stimulating,
and in some measure narcotical. In the
East some drugs are put into tea to give
it aphrodisiacal qualities. Tea excites
the movements of the heart less than
coffee, is less hostile to sleep, and is less
fit to sustain intellectual labor but more
than coffee it increases the eliminative ac
tivity of the skin and respiratiou. In
many persons tea produces an astringent
effect on the intestines and a trouble
some constipation. The addition of a
few drops of generous wine can prevent
the wakefulaess which tea causes. More
than everything, experience availeth to
indicate to any one whether, from the
state ot his nerves, his brain, or his di
gestion, he ought to prefer tea or coffee.
In every fashion it seems to be proved
that, after dinner, the Chinese leaf ought
to be preferred to the Abyssinian berry.
In, very cold countries, and on very cold
days and consequently with supreme rea
son in the Arctic zonetea is the best of
all drinks, as all travelers have demon
strated. Dr. Kane did not hesitate to
call tea the "great panacea of Arctic
travel.''' The excessive use of tea, espec
ially of green tea, produces obstinate
wakefulness, nervous tremblings, convul
sions, cramps of the stomach, palpitations
of the heart, and so on.
BY ELAINE GOODALE.
Why does the bud that is near to its breaking
Wake sweete- smiles than the fully-blown
Why does the dream on the verge of awaking
Stir deeper truths than a deeper repose?
Why does the love that is broken with parting
Lift itself higher by the fulness of pain?
Why is the incomplete rapture of starting
Close on completion we never attain?
Why? For a boundless unsatisfied longing
Lies deepest down in the waim human
Ever with this are the sympathies thronging,
Ever by this do the heaven-flowers start.
Grow with our Spring: we can follow you
Only as far as its instincts are sent
Summer's a fact that is hidden and holy,
We have not seen itwe are not content.
The Home in Spring-Time.
With the return of Spring and warmer
weather, it is not too early in common
use. It should be remembered that the
first action of the Summer in our temper
ate climate is not to be considered at all
in proportion to the actual heat de
veloped. There is a peculiar chemial
action in the sun rays, which, most
especially in the Spring, appears to
engender rapid decomposition. No mat
ter how thoroughly a house is construct
ed, indifferent as to the skill ot the
plumber, necessary precaution should be
exercised. Automatic traps, no matter
how ingeniously contrived, will lose their
sell-regulating powers, and as they are
concealed, no one can ever tell at what
moment they may really be doing
more harm than good in the house.
Just as soon as cold weather is over, a
careful housekeeper should examine the
condition of the cellar. It there be leaks
or admission oi moisture in the cellar, it
is more likely to be visible now that the
furnace is no longer in operation than
during the Winter. It is all well to look
careiully at the exact places where the
drain pipes from the closets enter the
cellar. In some cases these may be built
mto the wall and are not vissible. Good
architects, with sound sanitary views,
hold in horror any contrivances having
to do with the health of the inmates
where there is no chanee of seeing or
knowing wnether deleterious gase are
being filtered through the house" or not.
Many a sad accident occurs in a house
where the fault is sought below the
giound, when it actually txists mid way.
All typhoid fever does not exist in
badly drained neighborhoods. Its spora
dic character may often be traced in good
neighborhoods, in carefully constructed
houses, from the careless indifference ot
housekeepers, who will not keep their
eyes about them. Cellars should be well
cleaned by the end of this month. An
accumulation of ashes may hide or keep
in abeyance a mass of corruption, caused
by servants, which becomes a source ot
malaria when warmer weather sets in
One great source ot health in a house is
the free use ot water, wherever it is
found. Flushing a room wherever there
is a wash basin, even it it be an untenant
ed chamber, should never be neglected,
it all the rest of the stationary wash
basins or sinks in the house are in use,
this is all the more reason why the one
not use should be *he most dangerous
one in the whole house. It is perlectlv
easy to understand that exastly the me
phitic gases will be formed and escape,
because there is no water to absorb them
Plumbers will tell you, and widely, that
a current ot hot water, from time to time,
should be sent, even in warm weather,
through all the basins in a house. The
reason is simple. Quite solid deposits,
made of soap or animal greases, coat the
pipes, which are only dispersed by hot
wati-r. A kitchen sink, though mm
hot water be passed through it, because
it receives much grease and vegetable
matter, always wants, both in Winter atd
Summer, some disinfectants.
The affectionate pair, which have been
kept under glass during the winter, may
now be -set out with impunity during
moonlit evenings. They do well trel
lised on the front gate a few weeks later.
THE ELDERS SERMON.
"I really wish, deacon, that you would tell
me what your candid opinion of our minister
Deacon Brown looked meditatively at the
speaker, a small, wiry-looking man, whose
features were almost as sharp as the sharp
black eyes fixed so intently upon him.
"I don't know, Brother Quimby, as my
candid opinion of our minister would do him
'Idaie say not," responded Mr. Quimby
darkly "but theu it would do me a great deal
of good to hear it
"I don't know as to that either."
"There is no one in the church whose opin
ion I thinu more of," continued Mr. Quimby.
"Not that I approve of giving it toe^eryoue.
But you needn't be afraid of saying just what
you think to me, deacon, for it won't go any
further, and it mi^ht serve to clear up some
doubts that trouble me."
"Wellabout various things, But you
haven't told me what your opinion is, dea
"I have only One opinion of Elder Wake
man, and that he is a man that tries to do his
duty in all the relations of life."
This was evidently something that Mr.
Quimby neither expected nor desired to hear,
and he stared blankly at the speaker. But
quickly recovering himself, he said:
"Ha! I think I understand you, deacon.
What you say is veiy well putvery well put
indeed. 1 have thought that he might be a
leetle more willing to take advice but there
is no question in my mind but what he tries
to do his duty, as you say. But is he sound?"
"Perhaps not. Some ministers aie all
The merry twinkle in the good deacon's
eyes found no reflection in the solemn visage
"Its no laughing matter, deacon," respond
ed Mr. Quimby, with a rebuking shake of the
head. "I am surprised that you should speak
on so seiious a subject with such unseemly
levity. 1 referred to being sound in doctrine. I
have been a good deal excited in my mind in
regard to this ever since I heard this sermon
on 'Justification,' which is no justification at
all, as I understand it, and as good old Dr.
Seaver used to lay it down. Dear old man! I
wonder what he would say, if he come back
and hear the new fangled ideas that are
taught from the pulpit where he preached
such good, old-fashioned doctrines nigh on to
"If he's where I think he is, he don't want
to come back. I only hope that some things
he used to preach about are clearer to him
now than be ever succeeded in making them
"There's no merit in beiieving where every
thing is made clear. There are mysteries of
faith, deacon, that nobody has any business
trying to understand. Now.Elder Wakeman is
forever preaching about what we ought to do,
as though such poor, weak creatures as we are
can do anything toward effecting our salva
tion. As for me, I'm free to own that I don't
consider anything I have done, or am doing,
of the least account whatever.
"A man ought to know better than anyone
else the quality of his own works, Brother
Quimby, so I won't dispute you on that score.
So far as I am concerned I feel that the Lord
will have quite enough to do in effecting the
work ou allude to, if I help Him all I can."
"Well, deacon, I wish I tould have my mind
cleared up in regard to Elder Wakeman.
What did you think of his sermon last Sab
"There is one thing I might say about it, if
I thought it a prudent thing to do. We can't
be too careful in speaking, especially if it's
anything that's likely to effect the character
and usefulness of a man like Elder Wakeman."
"Very true, Deacora. But you needn't be
afraid of my telhng I'm not ne of the leaky
sort I knew, as well as I wanted to, that a
man of your sense couldn't approve of such
doctrine as that."
"Oh, I've nothing to say against the sermon
it was a very good discour-eyou won't often
find a better. But the fact is, every word it
containedI really don't know that I ougnt
to mention it, though, if it should get about,
it might make trouble."
"I'll never lisp a syllable of it to any living
soul," was the eager response.
"Well"here the deacon lowered his vo ce
to an impressive whisper"I have a book at
home which has every word of it in,"
Here the train for which Deacon Brown
was waiting eame rushing up to the depot.
"Is it possible?" ejaculated Mr. Quimby,
with uplifted eyes and hands. "But you
haven't told me
Deacon Brown was already up the steps,
smiling aud waving his adieux fron the plat
form of the rear car, which rapidly disap
peared around a curve in the road.
He was absent nearly a week. When he
returned, he found not only the church but
the whole village in a state of exciiement aud
He had not been home more than an hour
when Elder Wakeman called on him, and
in the course of the day he was waited upon
by two deacons and several church members,
to say nothing of being interviewed by va
rious of his acquaintances and neighbois, all
ot whom were anxious to ascertain if there
was any truth in the rumor of the graye
charge he had brought against his pastor.
Deacon Brown, though evidently some
what staitled at first by a result so little an
ticipated, took all this with his usual calm
ness and serenity. He was very reticent on
the subject, asserting that he had 6aid noth
ing that he was not both able and willing to
prove when the proper time came to do so.
His interview with Elder Wakeman was a
private one, but it was noticeable at its close
that the countenance of the latter hacf a
serene, almost smiling aspect. But as the
elder took no measures to prevent the meet
ing of investigation that had been called, no
particular importance was attached to this.
He did not seem disposed to talk mucn about
it, merely saying "that he thought the deacon
ought to have an opportunity to prove or ex
plain what he had eveiy reason to believe he
had said about him
The meeting in question was held at the
vestry, which was filled to its utmost capacity
befoic the two chiefly inteiested. Elder Wake
man aud Deacon Brown, entered, and who
appeared to be the least excited ones present
Mr. Quimby was there, lull of importance,
and with an exultation of look and manner
ouly thinly veiled by the gravity that over
spread his countenance. He was standing by
the stove, the center of an interested and
curious circle, when the two entered, but he
avoided meeting the eye of either.
At the motion of Elder Wakeman, one of
the deacons cal'ed the meeting to ordcr.biiefly
explained its object, the scious nature of the
imputation under which their pator -ested,
and appealing to-deacon Brown to put a stop
to the talk it had occasioned by either deny
ing or proving his asserttou.
RisiDg to his feet, Deacon Brown looked
around upon the excited and curious faces that
were directed toward him.
"Behold brethren, how much mischief the
tongue can do! I said a few woids to one of
you, under a pledge of secrecy. I think it
was under a pledge of Btcrecy, Brother
"I considered it to be my duty to tell what
you told me," said the individual addressed,
turing very red.
"You are to be commended for having per
formed your duty so thoroughly," continued
the deacon "a ery painful dutj, as it is easy
to see! I understand you have said that I
told you Elder Wakeman stole his sermon
from a book in my posse sion, are you sure
that I used the word 'stole,' Biother Quimby?"
"You baid that jou had a book that bad
every word of it m! Where's the difference,
I'd like to know?" waa Mr. Quimby"s prompt
aud triumphant rejoiudei.
"There might be none at all, and. again,
there might be a good deal"' responded the
"I did use the the language ascribed to me
by Mr. Quimby," continued Deacon Biown,ad
Uressiug the rest of the assemblage "moved
thereto by his evident desire that I should
?ay something to our pa-tor's discredit, and
without thought that it would lead to all
this trouble and excitement. I declare,
furthermore, that I have se a book contain
ing every word of his sermon in Elder Wake
man's own library I have taken the liberty
of sending for it, and w.ll oilei it as evidence
as to the truth of my statement."
Taking a pouderoiis volume trom the hands
of his son, who had just entered, Deacon
Brown laid it on the table fore the preoid
ing officer who, carefully adjusting his spec
ticles, opened it.
Giviogone glance at its outspread paees
he raised his eyes to the serene and kindly
"Why, this is aa dictionary!"
'^Very true," r spouded Deacon Brown.
"But you'll find every word of Elder Wake
man's sermon in itif you look long enougn."
"1 mu6t confess, however," added the Sea
con, as soon as the general laughter and
astonishment hi?d subsided a little, glancing
smilingly across the table at Elder Wakeman,
"that there are not many that can string
them together so as to form such an interest
ing and instructive discourse."
Here the elder and deacon shook hands,
which was the signal for a general hand
shaking, congratulations and good feeling.
No one was dissatisfied, with the exception
of Mr. Quimby, who, mortified and con
founded at the unexpected turn affairs had
taken, had slunk from the room.
The Portsmouth Tt. Times thus apos
A warbler's thrill
Awakens the hill,
For spring, a rosy lass,
Hath come, and biings
On vernal wings
Rare blooms and garden sass.
Latest Fashion Novelties,
A very beautiful dress imported as a
pattern for a fashionable establishment
is of fine black cashmere. The skirt
shows a deep embroideryfully a quarter
of a yardof forget-me-nots, in their
true color and crowded close together
the same design runs up another quarter
of a yard on the deep polonaise. The
tablier front consists entirely of this ex
quisite embroidery, as do also the cuffs
and the vest. A heavy iringe, blue and
black, finishes the drapery.
The most approved mantles in Paris
are tightly drawn cripon de ITnde
trimmed with fringe, and this fringe is
mixed with grelots and passementerie or
with crystal-headed "motifs" or lace, em
broidered by hand.- This fouillis orna
mentation likewise admits of colored
bows here and there, but more frequently
one rich black bow is placed somewhat
in the rear of the left hip. Cascades of
lace trim scarf-mantles with square ends
The Angot bonnet has a limp crown of
old gold faille, and a scarf of pale blue
satin is twisted around the bonnet, form
ing a bow on the right side, from which
escape two feathers, one blue and the
other old gold. Strings of old gold and
blue satin ribbon.
The most fashionable combination of
the season is that effected by the union
of moire antique with fine camel's hair.
The material composes the body part of
the dress or costumethe moire, the vest
and other trimming, such as cuffs, collar,
facing, reveres and bows.
Paniers in Paris are made wing-shaped,
they are more or less inflated, but exist
on full-dress in buouilloned tulle, cover
ing masses of flowers, which are seen
through, or in broche, quite according to
the old style.
When the corsages of evening aresses
are made with long points front and
back they are made to fit like a glove
over the hips, but are quite short at that
point, allowing the panier draperies to
Tangled masses of crimson roses and
chrysinthe mums are the most admired
floral combination for evening recep
tions but dark artemisias are also
Bugs, alligators, beetles, toads, and all
sorts of quaint, queer, and curious things
are found among the carved ornaments of
The new white lawn and organdy mus
lin dresses for house wear have panier
basques and Pompadour polonaises.
Bamboo, tonkin, Japanese birch, sweet
briar, rose, thorne, and ebony handles of
fine parasols are finely carved.
A great deal of style in the present
state of Paris fashions consist in ruffles,
pelerines, and light accessories.
The neck feathers of the Impevan
pheasant make the most effective tipping
for ostrich or matahout plumes.
New parasols have quaint but finely
cut and carved handles of weichsel wood
emitting a delicate perfume.
Some of the black tulle gold-thread
dotted veils have gold-thread embroidery
in light patterns.
White wood polished and carved with
thread traceries imitates ivory to perfe
tion in parasol handles.
Long sharp points back and front are
a marked feature in the spring evening
The marked features in the spring
openings is the revival of Marie Anto
niette and Watteau styles.
The small carriage parasol or sunshade,
turning over the handle when raised, is
The passion flower appears among oth
er large floral decorations for evening
There is a return to the lashion of lac
ing up the back of the corsage of evening
The newest evening dresses have trim
med skirts with separate corsages and
White wood parasol handles are pre
ferred for plain pungee or twilled.soft^silk
The fashionable Easter flowers are yel
low, red and white roses and passion
Passion flowers form part of the trim
mings of many fashionable evening bon
nets. Interesting fashion notea for the X,aUes
Paniers, says The New York Times, do
not become any larger, but they are now
considered necessary with all suits. Not
only dresses have paniers, but also con
fections. Visites are made with paniers,
the side pieces under the arm being fas
tened to the b-ck in plaits. The draper
ies of dresses all form paniers, and are
arranged in many different ways. One
of the most successful methods is the
Louis XIII. drapery, which is shirred
from the waist down to the middle of the
skirt, where it is covered with a cascaue
of satiu loops. This is a great change
from the tight-fitting toilets. As no lady
will think of appearing with a dress
without a panier, and as many have tight
fitting polonaises, the following descrip
tion of a dress altered by one of the fash
ionable Parisian dress makers may be
serviceable The suit is of black faillf,
trimmed with fringe and a broad band
of passementerie. It is buttoned down
the front to the middle of the skirt, and
is tight-fi'ting over the hips and slightlv
puffed in the back. To alter this suit the
dress maker has taken a breadth of goods
th:rt\-two inches wide and about a ysrd
and a qusrter long, and made tour plaits
fastened one over the other on either side
of this piece of goods. Then the goods
is Gut in a slight bias on the ends, and
form the panier. This same panier is
made for either side of tbe tunique over
the hips The paniers come between tbe
second gore in front -nd the seam of tbe
small side-piece in wbich they are fast
ened. Down the front of the waist, start
ing from the collar, are bands of passe
menterie, which are taken down, serving
to cover the starting-point of the panier
The panier is bordered with fringe. The
tssementerie can be replaced by bias
bands ct the same goods, or of satin or
faille. The fringe can also be replaced
by a plaiting ot the goo is or blonde.
STRAWS FOB BONNETS
are now as varied as the materials of
dresses, and straw bonnets are made
to match suits as well as felt bonnets are.
They are old-gold-colored straws, gray,
bronze, chestnut, beige and seal colors.
Then there are numberless fancy straws.
A round English straw bell-shaped hat
is trimmed around the crown with a deep
scarlet velvet and gauze pekin drapery,
which forms on the side a puff. In this
puff are placed two red-breasts. A small
directoire-shaped hat is of dove colored
straw. A broad bias band of faille in the
same shade, bordered with a piping, and
forming an Alastian bow, oversc a part of
the crown, and forms the strings, which
are tied under the chin. In the back is
a cache-peigne of many-colored roses
without leaves. Among the fancy straws
the following combination is very effect
ive The straw is braided in three colors
navy blue, garnet and corn. The shape
is a large directowe, lined with navy-blue
satin, and trimmed with ribbon in fine
stripes of blue, garnet and corn. The
ribbon is handsomely twisted, and forms
loops in front. Another style is of gar
net colored straw, tinted with gold-color
ed satin. The garnet colored velvet
strings are lined with satin. They are
taken across the crown. On the left side
of the bonnet^aced one above the other,
are two small boquets composed of roses
and grass. Eed is still in great favor in
such shades as claret and garnet. Cherry
color is also very favorable.
A Short Sketch of a Noted Actor.
The next great event was the engage
ment of Edmund Kean, who opened
Monday, December 5, as "Richard III."
This marvelous actor was now about forty
years old, and already past his best estate,
but still possessed of powers that were sim
ply wonderful. Who was his father, when
he was born, and where that event took
place are still questions uponwhich there
is dispute. He was never certain even who
his mother was but she was one of two
actresses. Abandoned in infancy, he was
at three years of age a Cupid in the ballet
at the London opera-Louse, and at five
an imp in the witch's scene in Macbeth.
He was weak and sickly, and his legs
were only saved from deformity by the
use of irons. He led a most wretched
life. He grew up n the stage was a
harlequin, a contortionist, a tight-rope
dancer and played anything and every
thing. He was always of diminutive
stature. Once when he was playing
Alexander the Great he was taunted
by officers in a stage box, who
called him "Alexander the Little."
"Yes," was his noted reply, given with a
look that fairly appalled them, "but with
a g^eat soul!" At last, after a most pitiful
life as a strolling player, on the 26th of
he appeared at Drury
Lane as Shvlock, and with one bound
leaped to the highest pinnacle of success.
At the second performance the theatre
overflowed for the first time in months.
He became the lion of the day. Poets,
statesmen and nobles crowded his dress
ing-room and invited him to be their guest.
Lord Byron sent him presents and in
vited him to dinners. For several years
he reigned the undisputed monarch of
the English stage, the fire of genius and
the seemingly unstudied impulses
of nature lending a charm to his
acting that swept the formal attitudes
and stilted declamations of the Kimble
school into oblivion. Yet it is a mistake
to suDpose that these efforts were not the
result of preparation. It is related of
him that when studying Maturin's "Ber
tram" he shut himself up for two days to.
study the one line.
"Betram has kissed thy child."
But Kean could not bear prosperity.
Habits of dissipation, early contracted,
wrought out their inevitable ruin. He
seemed to prefer low society and would
quit the company of Lord Byron to con
sort with pugilists I
He first visited America in 1820, play
ing in New York and Boston with im
mense success. In the latter city, in
particular, the Kean fever raged violent
ly. When he returned, however, in the
summer of 1821 to play a second en
gagement, the excitement had died away,
and the weather being warm, his first
house was small and the third appearing
likely to be much smaller, he refused to
appear and left the theater. This was
construed as a flagrant insult, and exas
perated the Bostoniants, to a high pitch
of indignation. Shortly after the return
to England, taking with him the toe
bone of George Frederick Cooke, whose
remains he disinterred, and marked the
place of their later deposit witli a mem
orial stone still to be seen in St. Paul's
churchyard in New York. This toe-bone
he made all his visitors kiss, as a relic ot
ot the greatest actor that ever lived, till
Mrs. Kean, disgusted, threw it away,
whereupon her husband wept and be
moaned as if he had lost a fortune.
Soon after occurred his most shameful
and disgraceful liaism with the wife ot
Alderman Cox, followed by the suit of the
injured husband, who recovered a verdict
of 800 damages. The publicity of the
trial and its mass of public correspond
ence ruined Kean as a man and an actor.
He dared, however, to brave public cen
sure by" attempting to play, but was igno
miniously driven from the stage. In a
measure he reinstated himself, but soon
after made his second visit to America,
and three weeks previous to nis appear
ance in Albany played Kichard (Novem
ber 14) at the Park theatre in New York.
The insult to the Boston audience four
vears previous was taken up by a party
from that city and a disgraceful riot en
sued. The play went forward only in
dumb show. Obscene missiles were
thrown upon the stage. Kean was tu
multuously hissed all the time and the
wildest discords prevailed, and yet it is
said of the 2,000 persons in the house
three fourths were in favor of the actor.
His second night there was less opposi
tion, and the remainder of his engage
ment was but a repetition of his earlier
triumphs. At Boston, however, where
he tried to plav December 21, going there
diiect from this city, he was driven
from the stage and the theater, a mob
filled the building and although the riot
act was read twice, the theater was
damaged to the extent of about $800.
Kean never dared show his bead there
again. He wrote several most abject
apoiogies, but he was a Droken-down
man Before describing his Albany en
gagement (which must De deterred till
our next articlejit may be said briefly
that he appeared for the last time in
America December 5, 1826, at the Park,
in New Yoik. On returning to England
he found his popularity had vanished.
In 1833, after a lengthened retirement,
he appeared in Othello, with his son
Charles as Iago. There had been a
quarrel between them, and this was the
reconciliation. There was great excite-1
ment the house was crammed. Kean
went through his part "dying as he went"
until he came to the "Farewell" and the
strangely appropriate words "Othello's
occupation's gone" when he gasped for
breath and fell into his son's arms moan-
me I" The curtain went down, he was
carried home and in a few wpfiks was a
corpse, at the age of forty-six. "His
memory" says Ireland, "stands like a
blasted monument, to warn the unwary
of the path in which he fell."
A MUSICAL COURTSHIP.
From the Albany Daily Press.
His name was Tim Pannihe played on the
And he loved Clari Net"as he did sugar plum.
She owned him her bow, and many a scrape
On the catgut he got for acting the ape.
Tim always keDt time, and Time he kept him
For beating of time was the business of Tim,
"Oh, boo to be kind," to Miss Clari he sighed
"Play a heart, and I'll trump it." "You flat!"
the maid cried.
"Fifer shame!" then said Tim "the cymbal
Screws me up to high pitch I'll not stand
Viola's a trump to guitar I'll try
So good-bye Clari Net, yiolin-grate! Illy!"
He flew to Viola, tuba-again with her
He found the maid sharp-set, and quite dulci
Her dress was all fluted, and alto her waist
Was covered with bugles, she showed her
Her hair, castinet, was folded quite neatly
She smiledand he sighedhe was conquer
"Oh, Viola, dear! my overture's played
My basson I'll change,my beautiful maid!"
"That chimes in exactly with ideas of mine
To love you I'll tryoh, Tim, I will be thine!"
She blushed, as she spojtea blush that well
That she harped on a string not covered with
This prelude, piano to forte 60on rose
For forty she wasrather more we suppose,
Oph-he-clydes, Tim Panni, to picc-a-lo place,
At the feet of his angel, and gaze in her face.
Said he, "Sweet Viola, I hate Olari Net
Of we three, a triangle, you're the best one,
'Twas fixed, and to duet a priest was brought
He made them a unisonTim put down the
Lady Dolly's Fan.
Spread out against the opposite wall
ia an old fashioned fan very big, very
heavy, and curiously panited with scenes
of love courtship. It belonged to an
ancestress of ours, who was a lady-in
waiting to Queen Charlotte, and daugh
ter of the Ranger of Exmoor. Lady
Dollythat was her nameappears to
have been something more than a hoy
den, if the tale told of her in connection
with the fan be true.
She was very pretty (her portrait may
still be seen in the "Book of England's
Beauty," published about 1770). and pos
sessed the most unbounded animal spir
its, fostered no doubt by the fine open air
she breathed, and the freedom and ease
which characterized the courts of the
old Devonian squires. At 17 years of
age she was reputed the prettiest girl
in the country famed for pretty girls
yet so far from having her head turned
by knowledge of her own beauty and
flattery, she had been known, on the eve
of a grand entertainment, to throw off
her festal robes and jewels, disappear,
and be discovered dancing and jesting
with the village lasses.
No one could control her, but no one
could be angry with her. "Lady Dolly"
was a synonym to the rude cottagers lor
miles around for all that was gracious,
kindly and pleasing and although the
young squires were a little afraid of her
(she was as handy with her fists as with her
tongue, and had wound up more than one
sharp retort with a box on the ears),
there was not one but was head over
heels in love with her, or who would not
have given his life for her. In fact she
was the idol of the country, and it was a
sad day when,to gratify her mother's am
bition, she was carried off to do lady-in
waiting's duties in London.
Amongst her many admirers was a
young Devonshire 'squire named Blake.
He was a fine, dashing young fellow, of
good family and good" means, but the
friends and adviserswof
ing: "I am dyingspeak to them for tained by Lord and Lady Napier at
Lady Dolly looked
upon him as an impudent adventurer for
daring to aspire so high. But she really
loved him, and noboby had yet thwarted
her successfully. When she was in town
with the court they corresponded when
she returned to Devonshire for a short
respite from her duties, they met and
One night she was missing from the
paternal hall. Mr. Blake was missing
from Bideford also. There was no doubt
about itthey had eloped.
Every measure was taken to stop the
fugitives no post-chaise could leave the
country without being examined, and
Blake's rivals were foremost in the hunt.
Some of the pursurers arrived at a re
mote inn on the borders of Cornwall late
one wild winter night. Beds were not
to be had, for a lady and gentleman had
just bespoken every room. Outside the
door was a valise with the name "Francis
Blake, Bideford," upon it this betrayed
the fugitive lovers. The seekers ham
mered at the door. Young Blake opened
it in person. One of the young squires,
intoxicated with the success of having
traced the ranaway couple, called him a
The proud Devon blood rushed to his
face, and he dealt the youth a blow with
his fist which sent him reeling down
stairs but he paid dearly tor his temer
ity. Ere he could recover himself he
was thrown to the ground by the other
assailants, and in falling, his own sword
pierced his heart. Aroused by the clam
or, Lady Dolly rushed out, and, seeing
Blake lying on the ground bathed in
blood, hurled the fan she held in her
hand at the heads of the stupefied'squires,
disappeared, and was never seen again.
What Women are Doing* and Think
Gall Hamilton, while considering the
selfish devotion of Carolina Herschel to
her brother, thus briefly summarizes her
opinion of the sex: "Oh! why do the
heathen rage and the people imagine a
vain thing? As if any learning, or fame,
or principality, or power, or things pres
ent, or things to come could make out of
a woman anything but a woman."
Lucretia Mott, who has just passed her
86th birthday, is said to ascribe her
longevity, with excellent bodily and
mental health, to her dimple mode of liv
ing, her continual self-restraint, and her
constant intellectual activity.
The empress of Japan takes great in
terest in the silk grinning and other in
dustries of the country, and it has been
stated in the native papers that the tea
shrubs growing in the garden of the impe
rial palace at Auasaka were picked in the
presence of her majesty, the empress,
dow&ger by 100 girls, all of whom were
for the occassion dressed alike in holiday
clothes, and were further regaled with
cakes and tea at the conclusion of their
Miss Lee, the eldest daughter of the
late Gen. Lee, is said to be an energetic
traveler. She was not long ago enter-
Gibraltar, and during the late war wag
within the Russian lines in Turkej.
Ancient Anne Lofton's Flfty-erulnea
From the London Telegraph, March 8.
Material for a highly exciting three
volume novelas, three-volume novels
gomight be found in the case of Orme
against Shipton, which was recently
heard on appeal before the lords-justices.
The defendant, in January, 1878, pur
chased at the sale by auction of the goods
and chatties of an old lady named Annie
Midlam, then recently deceased, an old
oaken box. The article was knocked
down to him for the trifling sum of 4
shillings but, on examining his pur
chase, found a secret drawer ebottom, and
in this drawer there were, 40 "spade"
guineas, bearing a date anterior to the
year 1792. Together with the money
were two memoranda, one relating to the
repair of a watch belonging to a certain
Jonn Bennett, and the other crouched in
the following terms: "When my
uncle ^Brown gave me 50 guineas
at Christmas as a present for
waiting on hioi during his illness.
Anne Lofton, Broomieshall, 1798." The
discoverer of the 40 spade guineas in. the
drawer made no secret of his good luck
whereupon the executors of Mrs. Midlam
claimed the money, and on the defendant
declining to restore it, an action was
brought against him. The case was tried
at Derby, by Lord Justice Bramwell,
without a jury. For the defendant it was
shown that there had been a person
named Anne Lofton, living at Broomie
shall in 1798 that she died at the age of
83, at Smethwick that she had relatives
by the name of Bennett, and that down
to the time of her death she was in the
possession of a box closely resembling
that in which the spade guineas were
found. At her death her neice's hus
band took possession of her property,
and sold it in 1872. The plaintiffs, on
the other hand, called two servants of the
diseased, Mrs. Anne Midlam, who swore
that she had had the oaken box in dis
pute for at least four-and-twenty years,
and that she was accustomed to keep her
valuables in it, but they never heard her
allude to the secret drawer, or to the
guineas. Anne Lofton, it was proved,
was neither related to nor acquainted
with Anne Midlam. Lord-Justice Bram
well held that the plaintiffs had not
made out their case, and gave judgement
for the defendant, whereupon the appli
cation was made for a new trial.
The contention of counsel for the
plaintiffs was that, although the box and
the spade guineas may originally be
longed to Anne Lofton, she might have
disposed of them in many different ways
during a period of more than 70 years
but Lord-Justice Brett pointed out that,
assuming that the guineas had once be
longed to Anne Lofton, and had somehow
passed into the possession of Anne Mid
lam, such possession, ifj.t were an uncon
scious one, would enter no title upon
the latter. The guineas were in a secret
drawer, and Mrs. Midlam made no men
tion of them either in her will or on her
death-bed. His lordship arrived at the
conc.usion that the two servants had
been mistaken in saying that their mis
tress had had it in her keeping for four
and twenty years, and that she had in
reality bought it in 1872 at the sale of
Anne Lofton's effects. Judgment, there
fore, went for the plaintiffs, who will
consequently keep their spade guineas,
or such remnant thereof as will not be
melted away by a neat little bill of costs
as between lawyer and client. Substi
tute a will, a parcel of bank-notes, or a
diamond necklace for the 40 guineas,
and the romantic elements presented by
the case of "Orme against Shipton" will
be at once apparent.
A Horror in Stockings.
The last outre fashiou in Vienna is the
so-called "Boccachio" stockings i. e., a
white sik stocking on the left leg and a
pink one on the right. The idea was
taken from the charming costume which
Miss Linkwhose marriage I announced
a fortnight agowore in tbe last act of
Suppe's new opera. Whether the demi
monde took the notion from the grand
monde, or vice versa, it is hard to say
they always copy one another. Certain
it is that both the couches of society have
adopted the Boccachio hose, as the very
short dresses and low-cut shoes now worn
give one ample opportunity of ascertain
ing. A misogynist would say that, as
many of these ladies can hardly tell their
right from their left, the fashion of "pink
and white" will be of practical uselike
the "hay-band" and "straw-band" for the
Spring Poetry in the Sanctum,
'This is the editor, eh said a weak and
timid man, as he entered the sanctum, re
moved his hat and leaned his dyspeptic um
brella against a table.
"It is, sir," affably responded the person
"I have brought round a little trifle that I
dashed off last night," said the visitor "the
topic is seasonable, and I thought you would
like to publish it," and he produced some
neatly written manuscript.
"Of course, it was an "Ode to Spring."
The editor took it gently, and, having gazed
upon it for an instant, said sternly, as he
handed the manascript back to the author:
"I think, sir, you have mistaken the char
acter of our paper. We can admit nothing
profane in our columns, and I am surprised
that you should enter the field of literature
without having learned how to spell,"
"Profanity! How to spell!" gasped the
"Yes, sir," continued the editor, pointing to
a passage which had caught his eag^ eye, or
rather which his eagle eye had caught here
'How bweet in meadows green to view the
Innocent creatures, frisking with their dams.'
Damns is spelled with an 'n,' sir, and usually
written with along dash. I cannot under
take to sully the pag of my paper with
aught that will bring ablush to the cheek of
the youngest newsboy. Good morning, sir.
When you have mastered the rudiments of
orthography and learned common decency I
shall be pleased to consider anything you
Devon Cows its Milkers.
A New York State farner makes public
through the Conntry Gentleman the milk
products from his herd of Devon cows last
year as follows: "From 25 Devon cows, some
of them grades and some thoroughbreds, we
have made 5,840 pounds of butter and raised
17 calves. Therewas no time tince the first
of May when we had less than 15 Berkshires,
and most ofthetime 20, through the season.
We feed nograin to the cowsaf ter the |10th of
May. Through September and part of Oct. we
fed fodder corn and millet oncf a day. Since
Oct. 20 they have had nothing but cornstalks
and hay, except what they picked from the
ground. Eight of the 25 cows were two and
three year-olds, which were milked last season
for the first time. Through May, June and
July, we made on the average 32 pounds per
day. We used what milk and cream we
wanted for a family of eigut persons."
Man masktd (to his wife, who has rec
ognized him)"Sweet lady, I salute
Wife"Begone 1 thou dost remind me
of mine husband, and for the hour I
would forget I e'er were wedded."
Husband's mask comes right off.