Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, July 08, 1879, Image 2',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
Da% 0 (Elnb
Official Paper of the City Sc County
Printed and Published Every Say in the Tear,
BY H. P. HALL.
NO. 17 WABASHAW STREET, ST. PAUL.
Term* of Subscription for the Dally Globe.
By carrier (7 papers per week) 70 cent* per month.
By mail (without 8unday edition) 6 papers per week,
SO oents per month
By mall (with Sunday edition) 7 papers per week,
70 oents per month.
THIS SUNDAY GLOBE.
By mill the STODAY GLOBB will be one dollar per
TH WEEKLY GLOBS.
The yfwMxvz QLOBH is a mammoth sheet, exactly
double the alee of the Dally. It is Just the paper
for the nreaide.contalnmg In addition to all the current
aews, eheloe mlsoellany, agricultural matter, market
reports, &o. It Is famished to single subscribers at
1.00 per year.
Dally Globe Advertising Rates.
Fourth Page oents per line every insertion.
Third Page 6 oents per line for the first weak. All
absequent insertions 3 oents per line.
Display Advertising (on Fourth Page only) double
tove rates. All Advertising is computed as Non
pareil, 10 lines to an inch.
Reading Matter Notices, First, Second and Fourth
Pages, 38 oents per line.
"St*cial Locals," Second Page, IS cents per Use.
Blading Matter Notices, Third Page, 30 oents per
8T. PAUL. TUESDAY. JULY 8, 1879.
THE GLItBE FOR THE HUMMER
Parties going out of the city for the summer
can have the GLOBE mailed to them, postpaid,
at twenty cents per week or seventy cents per
The Cincinnati Enquirer calls Ohio "the
political orbit," which is equivalent to say
ing that the other States are revolvers. They
are all cocked and primed, however, to shoot
into the Republican ranks.
THE last Louisiana legislature repealed
the law licensing lotteries, and the constitu
tional convention now in session has re
adopted it. There is evidently a disagree
ment among the doctors down that way.
THB Washington Republican says that
civil service order No. 1 may be reckoned as
one of the lost arts. Not so for in order
to be or have been an art it must have been
practiced some time. The famous No. 1
never rose to the dignity of an art.
OWING to the nihilistic agitation in Bassia
the industrial exhibition that was to have
taken place at Moscow next year has been
indefinitely postponed. The czar evidently
doesn't want to let the outside world know
how great a scare he is having with his dis
Tax total indebtedness of the cities, towns
and counties of Minnesota amounts to $
272,230. As the total assessed valuation of
property in the State is $220,930,629, it will
be seen that the debt is not very onerous,
but could be paid up entire by the imposi
tion of a tax of less than three per cent.
SOME of the Missomi people are raising a
row because some of the employes of the legis
lature of that Stale draw pay without render
ing any services. They ought to have gone
a-fishing, for then they would have been able
to claim that they rendered the same service
of Wiliam A. Wheeler, vice President of the
NEBRASKA claims to be entitled1
members of Congress under the next ap
portionment. We doubt if she will get that
number, bat if she does, Minnesota ought
to have at least eight. The census will
show around million of inhabitants, if not a
million and a quarter, in the North Star
A WASHINGTON paper hits the nail on the
bead when it declares that the Republicans
"forgave the South long ago for going out of
the uuion. But for coming back and de
daring that they will stay the ex-confeder
ates need not hope for full pardon in this
life." Their treason was forgiven their
repentance will never be forgiven as long as
the Republican party exists.
THB Ponoa Indians, recently released from
imprisonment by the decision of Judge
Dundy at Omaha, are reported to be working
industriously on their farms and raising good
crops, besides making every effort to im
prove themselves in the arts of civilization.
It is iust possible that the adoption of a like
policy with other tribes may result in like
ZAOK CHANDLBB toik occasion, at the olose
of the extra session of Congress, to arraign
the Democratic party for what he declared
to be its orimes. The party, as far as we
have been able to learn, has not pleaded to
the indictment. It is barely possible that
the Democracy do not recognize Zaok's
right to arraign them at the bar of publio
opinion, or any other bar, for that matter.
It is evident that Zaok flashed in the pan.
THE retirement of Gen. A. A. Humphreys,
ohief of engineers of the army, closes an ex
emplary publio career. Gen. Humphreys
entered the army forty eight years ago, and
by dint of merit rose from the graduating
rank of second lieutenant to that of briga
dier general. During his entire army life
he has been noted for his courteous and
gentlemanly demeanor and his strict atten
tion to duty. At the age of 68 he retires to
private life on a pension sufficient to main
tain him in comfort for the remainder of his
life, a privilege whioh he has well deserved.
MB. GLADSTONE, wno is a temperate if not
a temperance man, regrets exceedingly the
practice of closing the ale houses early in
the evening, as he has observed that the prac
tice has given a great impetus to laudanum
drinking and opium eating, a far more per
nicious habit than drinking ale or beer. His
experience corroborated by Dr. Moffatt
and Rev. Stephen Gladstone, the son of the
ex-premier, who find great suffering in their
respective parishes owing to the spread of
the new appetite.
GBN. RIOB, the Democratic candidate for
lieutenant governor of Ohio, framed and
championed the arrears of pensions law in
the last Congress. Sherman, who is going
to Ohio to advise the soldiers to vote against
Gen. Rice, is doing all in his power to delay
the payment of the pensions allowed, on the
plea that he needs the enormous balance in
the treasury to provide for a possible emer
gencya raid for gold under the resump
tion act. Rice was a soldier and a brave one
and did all in his power to grant his com
rades in arms their just deserts Sherman
was not a soldier and therefore seeks to de
fraud them, for he has no conception of the
sacrifices they endured.
A PEW QUERIES FOR SHERMAN.
Mr. John Sherman, secretary of the treas
ury, is going to Maine and Ohio for the pur
pose of speaking on behalf of the Republi
can candidates in those States, and paving
the way for his own nomination for the
Presidency. He is a fluent speaker, and
knows well how to make the worse appear
the better cause. There are a few things,
however, with which he ought to be familiar,
that the people of the country at large would
like to have explained, and he mny seize the
opportunity afforded him by these speeches
to give us a little light upon what are now
regarded as exceedingly dark subjects.
In the first place, no one has ever fully un
derstood his resumption policy. Why did
he deem it necessary to so far contraot the
currency as to seriously obstruct business
and ultimately plunge thomsands of business
men into bankruptcy and ruin While
professing to believe that gold woald not be
wantedand the i vault proved that
he was correcthe hoarded an immense sum
in the treasury as a reserve, and at the same
time withdrew all the greenbacks he conid
lay his hands upon from circulation. How
does he reconcile this course with the law
forbidding him from contracting the cur
rency, and how can he hope to secure the
support of men who have been rained by this
How can Mr. Sherman excuse his course
relative to the funding of the public debt?
It is notorious that he sought to make a ma
jority of the capitalists of the country be
lieve that there were four per cent, bonds
enough for all emergencies, while he knew
that a few of his pets ojmposing the syndi
cate were making arrangements to gobble
up the whole lot and compel the national
banks, that are required by law to have the
bonds as security for their circulation, to pay
a large premium. Not only that, but
he allowed the syndicate the largest
commission permitted by law, besides giv
ing them an additional percentage in the
shape of accrued interest. He knew the
national banks needed the bonds, but in
stead of giving them warning in time, he
played into the hands of his pets and al
lowed them to exhaust the whole supply,
amounting to one hundred and fifty millions,
in a single day, and reap a profit of fifteen
Another matter that the public would like
to have explained is why Mr. Sherman allows
the funds of the government to remain in
the hands of a few favorite bankers in
amounts in excess of any probable or pos
sible needs of the government in the cities
where such depositaries exist. Not only
are the bankers permitted to use the funds
of the government for their private busi
ness speculations, but they have even used
them to purchase the bonds of the govern
ment, and thus draw a double rate of in
Will Mr. Sherman also tell us why he has
outraged publio decency so often in the ap
pointment of men to office under him, wbo
were notorious for their perjuries daring the
electoral contest* in 1876
And finally, while he is in the explanatory
mood, will Mr. Sherman say why he persists
in keeping a balance of money on hand in
the treasury which is wholly unnecessary,
and might be used in the purohase of inter
est-bearing bonds His coarse seems to
have been dictated by a desire to increase,
rather than diminish, the public burdens.
He has afflicted the poor that he might favor
the rich, and sacrificed the interests of the
government that his favorites might reap a
profit. He must make these among other
explanations before the people, even of his
own party, will consent to vote for him for
the highest office in the gift of the nation.
MUNCHAUSENISM IN THE TRMPER-
While to the unthinking the exaggeration
of the evil effects of the liquor traffic may
produce a momentary horror and lead to a
spasmodio effort to curb it, we doubt if some
of the statements of temperance orators are
calculated to do their cause any permanent
good. The GLOBE has long appreciated the
great injury done by indulgence in strong
drink, and surrenders to none in zeal for the
re'ormation of those who have fallen
throught he use of alcoholic drink
in any of its varied forms, though it
exercises the right to differ from many as to
the proper means to remedy the evil. It
specially deprecates the extremes to which
some temperance advocates run, and would
enjoin upon them the necessity for exercising
a little care in their statements as to the ex
tent of the vice, for they are very liable to
bring both themselves and their cause into
disrepute. An instance in point may be
mentioned and illustrated here. A lady
preached on the subject of temperance at the
Baptist church on Sunday evening, and in
the course of her remarks declared that
in this country the amount spent for liquor
in one year would build seven railroads
across the continent, and build a railroad
around the world, after the full equipment
of whioh there woald be two hun
dred and eighty millions left.
We presume that a majority of Mrs. Wit
tenmeyer's hearers accepted her statement
as literally correct, never thinking to exam
ine for themselves to ascertain the truth or
falsity of the assertion. We have made a
computation which may be of interest as
showing into what grave errors even the
most honest people are liable to fall, and
how easy it is to bring ridicule even upxj
the best cause. Computing the cost of the
seven transcontinental railroads at the rate
per mile that it has cost to *build those
already constructed, they would require in
the aggregate $1,055,000,000. The rail
road around the world, on the
same basis, would cost $1,125,000,000,
and the small balance of $280,-
000,000 remaining over would make
a grand total of $2,460,000,000. Reckoning
the liquor to be worth an average of five
dollars a gallon, this would make the total
amount consumed in thiscountry 492,000,000
gallons. As not more than one in ten of the
entire population are habitual drinkers,
and estimating the population of the coun
try at a little short of fifty millions, we find
that each drinker would consume something
like a hundred gallons of liquor a year, equal
to two and a half barrels containing over six
thousand drinks,as saloon-keepers reckon, or
seventeen or eighteen drinks a day. We are
not prepared to believe that nearly five mil
lions of American citizens are able to drink
as much stimulating fluid as is inchoated by
theBe figures, and to keep it up year after
year, and our incredulity is confirmed by the
statistics of the internal revenue department.
We find on examination that in the year
1878 but 51,000,000 gallons of liquor were
manufactured and solda difference be
tween the estimate of Mrs. Wittenmeyer
and the returns of the government officials
of something like 441,000,000 gallons. It
should be remembered, too, that a consider
able quantity of this liquor is used for chem
ical, manufacturing and medicinal purposes,
so that the lecturer's estimate of the con
sumption of liquor as a beverage is only
about nine hundred per cent, too high. Of
course such slight inaccuracies ought to be
passed by as unworthy of notice, yet we call
attention to them in order that we may in
duce moral reformers to try to inform them
selves a little better as to the facts before
making wild assertions.
We do not wiuh
to say a s'ngle word de-
preciating the cause of temperance. We
nppreoiate the evils of intemperance fully.
Nor do we wish to impugn the sincerity of
either the lecturer in question or any of her
associates. We are afraid, nevertheless,
that they have some exceedingly
erroneous ideas as to the cause,
extent and remedy of the evil. It is not always
an evidence of a depraved heart and low
tastes to find a man addicted to drink.
Indeed, the majority of those who occasion
ally or habitually drink to excess are men of
warm, generous impulses, and are drawn
into the practice through their love of good
company and social cheer. Few mean,
niggardly men are drinkers. Then, all
men who drink are not drunkards. Thou
sands in this community and all like it drink
moderately when they think they require
the stimulus of liquor or for sociability's
sake, and are never seen uuder its influence.
There are few church members, even, who
do not occasionally drink. The drunkards
and the total abstainers are largely in the
minority, the great middle class between
these two extremes being occasional drink
ers. The remedy for intemperance is not
easy to discover. From the days of Noah to
the present time men have drank wine and
alcoholic drinks, and all efforts to stop the
practice have failed. In our own times the
power of, legislation has been tried, but the
result[has been an increase rather than a dim
inution of intemperance. The place to
begin the temperance reform is at the fire
side. Let the youth be taught to abhor
alcoholic poisons, and when they are grown
to manhood's estate they will seldom
acquire a taste for it.
A COMMERCIAL LEAGUE.
The initiatory steps were taken yesterday
to establish a commercial league representing
the busines interests of the entire state. The
movement is an important one and has been
already too long delayed. In the insane ef
forts to cut each others throats by local
rivalry, the fact has been overlooked that a
common enemy might sever the jugular vein
of the State. The danger of such a result
has become sufficiently alarming to secure a
union of forces that did not heretofore exist,
and the action yesterday was significant. It
was a formal declaration that the people of
this section propose to foiin a league, offen
sive and defensive to protect themselves. It
has become not a matter of choice, but one
of necessity. We are glad that our people are
at last waking up to the importance of ac
Boy Drowned a Newport
On Sunday afternoon, about 3 o'clock,
twj boys named Willie Strand and Elias
Scofield, residing at Newport, went to a
slough tributary to the river to enjoy a bath.
Scofield entered a boat, while Strand dis
robed and jumped into the water. After
swimming about for a time Willie seized
hold of the chain attached to the boat, but
was drawn under by the suction created by
its motion and drowned. The body was re
covered soon after but life was extinct. Wil
lie was the ?n of a widow, was fourteen
years old, and an industrious, dutiful son.
He was almost the only support of his moth
er. He was generally liked throughout the
Plowing by Electricity.
At a recent meeting of the park academy
of sciences,M. Tresca gave an account of some
experiments in plowing by electricity whioh
he witnessed at Sermaise, in the Marne. A
Gramme machine, making 1,200 revolutions
per minute, and driven by a steam-engine,
was connected to a second Gramme at
a distance of 440 yards, and caused the
latter to revolve at the rate of 1,140
revolutions to the minute, the electricity pro
duced by the first machine being thus con
verted into work. The second machine was
connected to a third at a distance of 219
yards, and these two worked cables attached
to a double Brabant plow. According to M.
Tresca, the experiment was very successful,
the work accomplished representing the
equivalent of three horse power, while one
half of the motive power obtained from
the steam-engine was really transferred to
a distance of more than 1,000 yards from
U. S. Circuit Court.
[Before Ju^ge Nelson.]
Charles C, Paige vs. Vernon M. Smith ar
gued and submitted.
The Massachusetts Mutual Life Insuranc
Co. vs. Reuben C. Benton on trial.
[Before Judge Flint.J
The city vs. Barney McArdle, disorderly
conduct case dismissed.
The city vs. Barney McArdle. assault and bat
tery, committed for fourteen daj s.
The city vs. George Stentus John Gorman,
Michael Byan, disorderly conduct- committed
for seven days each.
The city vs. Dennis McCarthy, disorderly
conduct committed for four days.
The city vs. John C'Brien, assault and bat
tery continued until the 11th inst. at 10 A. M.
The city vs. Frank Kahaut, assault and bat
tery fine oi $14.20 paid and prisoner dis
The city vs. Patrick Stanlon, disorderly con
duct fine of $6.15 paid and defendant dis
The city vs. Jacob Bitman, assault and bat
tery fine of $14.20 paid and defendant dis
The city vs B. Levanson, assault and bat
tery. Acquitted and discharged.
The city vs. Frank Dufone, violating bridge
ordinance. Continued until the 14th inst., at
9 A. M.
The city vs. Knnth Johnson, assault and
battery. Acquitted and discharged.
The city vs. August Rohe, assault and bat
The City vs. Phillip McManus larceny.
Continued until the 10th inst. at 9 A. M.
The City vs. John Thompson disorderly
conduct. Fine of $5 paid and prisoner dis
The City vs. James McDonough assault and
battery. Continued until July 11th at 9 A. M.
The State vs. Ida Pitman larceny. Dis
The experiment recently tritd by the Bap
tists and Presbyterians, at Saratoga, of having
the delegates to religious assemblies pay their
board at regular establishments, instead of
seeking entertain mant at the houses of co-re
ligionista, is understood to have been, eminent-'
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE. TUESDAY MORNING, JULY 8,1879.
What Mr. Pendleton Thinks of the Late
Setinion and the Campaign in Ohio.
[Special Dispatch to the Cincinnati Enquirer.]
NEW YOBK, July 3.Senator Pendleton,
who is at the New York hotel, was asked
how Democratic members viow the work of
the session. He answered:
"The Democratic Congressmen have ac
complished very much which they desired,
but not everything. They would have been
glad to do away with the novel system of
federal supervision and the influence of
federal marshals at elections for members of
Congress and this veto power of the Presi
dent, acting in a semi-legislative way, as
added to the minority-of Congress, has pre
vented, beoause the Democrats had not a
two thirds majority in both houses. We
have, however, accomplished enough to
make sharp the issues between the two par
ties. On the part of the Democrats the issue
forced is that Americans shall oontinue to
have free elections and a ballot-box not in
terfered with by electioneerers who are
bribed, as it were, out of the federal treas
ury, and shall hav6 restored an impartial and
Reporter: How stands the issue in Ohio?
Mr. Pendleton: In Ohio we have the
strongest hopes of carrying the S ate. All
that industry, effort and determination can
do will be done, and I think it will be suc
cessful. The Democratic party is thorough
ly united in all sections of the State. Our
candidates will command the votes ofa
very large majority, and probably of three
quarters of the Greenback party. The
prospect is very favorable but we will poll
more than 600,000 votes, and the margin
between the panies is small. I think we
shall succeed. The questions made prom
ment by the extra session, that we have
already talked about, make Ohio the chief
battle ground in the campaign of 1880.
Reporter: The Republicans are raising
large sums of money in this city. Now.
how and where can they make use of these
Mr. Pendleton: I do not know that the
Republicans are using or are about to use
large sums of money but is a very possible
for them to raise and to spend such sums.
Secretary Sherman is the chief friend and
particular backer of Foster. Mr. Sherman,
by reason of his financial position, can com
mand and influence the largest possible
amount of electioneering money, and he is a
politician too shrewd to lose so important a
factor elections as the bank power has
always been to his party. The
national banks generallyand nota
bly one national bank, which I see by the
newspapers has had $120,000,000 on deposit
can contribute liberally to advance the
wishes of such a depositor es the backer of
Foster for Governor. On the other hand,
the Democrats in Ohio have always carried
on their canvasses with very little money.
In fact, with so little that the real disburse
ments for printing, conveyances and the
like would make the managers here in New
York and the other States smile. We shall
spend no money, except as it is raised in and
for localities at this time, and must rely upon
the earnest convictions of our people to take
them to the polls and stick to popular
Reporter Will you take a personal part
in the campaign
Mr. Pendleton I shall go to Ohio in a
few days. After a brief rest and attention to
my own private affairs I will unite with all
the Democrats of Ohio in making as strong
a campaign as we can on behalf of the
Democratic party. My voice and my
strength were never really more freely at the
service of my constituents. There never
has been a time when the free voters of
Ohio could better utter a protest against the
unwontedly oppressive doctrines of a Presi
dent who has so boldly proclaimed his in
difference to the old constitutional land
Bow the President Makes Promises to
Break ThemExperiences of a Missouri
Delegation at the Wliite House, Etc.
[Washington Special to St. Louis Republican.*]
The naughty habit of the President of tell
ing fibs that are sure to be disclosed, has
many times been published. This habit has
been most noticeable in the matter of ap
pointments when he makes promises he
never expects to fulfil. Lately he was guilty of
a most glaring outrage of this kind. The
Missouri delegation called upon him to urge
the name of ex-Mayor Joe Brown for a place
on the Mississippi River commission. The
President received the delegation very cor
dially and for fifteen minutes taked the sub
ject over with them, all the time allowing it
to be understood that he thought very fa
vorably of the proposition to make Mr.
Brown one of the commissioners. He made
notes (which is part of his duplicity) on the
conversation, and the Missouri men left
thinking there was hope for Brown. The
latter felt encouraged, and some telegraphing
was done to secure influence. But when the
delegation reached the capitoi they learned
that the President had not only decided
upon the commission, but had, in fact, sent
the names to the Senate before the delega
tion called upon him. He is evidently one
of those weak men who deceive because they
are not manly enough to speak the truth.
Several weeks ago two Missouri members
called upon the President about some ap
pointment. One of the gentlemen had been
several times to the White House. Being
ushered into the presence of the executive
they discovered that they were not recog
nized, and as members do not have to send
in their cards, one introduced himself and
then presented his colleagna. The affable ex
ecutive said he was glad to to see them, and
as they took comfortable seats, inquired in a
cordial manner, "When did you leave Mis
souri?" This was too much. Not known
by face and no better known by their names.
The young member replied: "We have been
here several months voting to repeal
some laws, and will remain in
Washington as long as Congress is in ses-
sion." The President attempted to show
that he had all along known who they were,
but it was a sickly attempt. Tl.e interview
closed shortly after, the President making
several jocular remarks about the contest in
Congress, in his vain effort to smooth over
How a Democratic Editor was Served for
Leaving hi 9 Paper to the Mercy of a Re
publican Friend. i
[In order to more fully appreciate the fol
lowing article the reader will bear in mind
that the Union is an old fashioned Demo
cratic weekly, and that every editorial and
political paragraph in the last issue, from
which the article in question is taken, are
[Tayette County (Iowa) Union, June 25th.J
TO THE PUBLIC.
We are requested by the editor of the
Union to take charge of the paper daring
his absence on the editorial excursion to
Manitoba, and to condnct its columns in a
proper manner and as "we thought best."
We have conscientiously endeavored to do so.
Feeling that a change of heart" as well
as politics would purify it, even if it were
only for a week, we have striven to make a
good Republican sheet out of it. We ap
preciate the wrath tocome, as well as the ter
ror that the black cane that ye editor always
carries will inspire, to say nothing of his No.
9 boot. Still, we feel secure, for a time at
least for, like the war-horse of General Mo
Clellan, we will snuff the smoke of battle
afar off. We are quite positive that about
the time McClintock comes back we will
have business in the eastern states that will
detain ns for some weeks. We know what
became of John Phoenix, of California, who
transferred a Whig to a Democratic sheet,
bat, unlike him, we have no extra ears or
noses to lose. We have simply done our
duty from a literal intepretation of the
editor's parting injunction to "conduct the
paper as we thought best." We further
wish to say that we are not reponsible for
the previous political complexion or utter
ances of this paper, and, it is un
necessary to add, for its future po
sition. We also think it superfluous to say
that the editor is not responsible for its polit
ical sayings this week. It may be a case of
"misplaced confidence," yet we emphatically
believe in the old saying, with a single addi
tion, that all is fair in love, war and politics.
We would like to place at the head of these
columns the Republican State ticket and
platform, but Mr. McClintock, who never
does things by halves, has electrotyped his
own platform and ticket, nailed, soldered
will have to take the will for the deed. If
there is anything in this issue but what is
good Republican otrine the reader must
know that there is "something wrong in Den-
mark," and that the "devil" has surreptious
ly inserted it, or that the editor has returned
and we are knocked into "pi."
__^_____ PEO TEM.
EXCHANGING SUBSIDIARY COIN.
and weighted it to the form, BO the readers from this city has made it very inconvenient
Busy Work in the Sub-Treasury in Con
sequence of a New Law.
[New York Paper.]
The act of Congress authorizing the ex
change of fractional silver coins for lawful
money, at the treasury and at the several
sub-treasuries of the United States, has heen
in operation since the 20th inst. The re
sult has been that the attaches of the coin
department of the sub-treasury have been
kept very busy. The fact has also been
elicited that many business concerns that re
ceive large amounts of fractional silver every
day have been unable to dispose of
the same, owing to the legal restrictions
that a creditor is not obliged to accept
more than $10 of such currency at any one
time. Large receivers were thus compelled
to keep considerable quantities of the silver
they received on hand. The rush at the sub
treasury was so great when the act first went
into effect that the coin receiving teller was
obliged to establish a system and require all
holders of sums larger than $1,000 to regis
ter their names and the amounts ttwy pro
posed to have exchanged. This was render
ed necessary by the fact that all the silver re
ceived has to be recounted. There are only
five men to do this duty, and they can count
from $45,000 to $50,000 per day, according
to the denomination of the coin. The larg
er coins, halves and quarters, are of coarse
handled more quickly than the dimes, the
vexatious half dimes, or the still
more aggravating., three-cent pieces.
Fortunately, the" larger part
of the coin received is in halves and quar
ters. All small amounts up to $1,000 are
received upon presentation. Notices are
sent to the holders of large amounts in the
order of their application as fast as the de
partment is able to handle the same. The
amounts on the application book at one
time have aggregated over $1,000,000, and,
while the majority were for sums of from
$5,000 to $10,000, a few were as high
as $50,000 and upward, and one wa
for $100 000. The silver is brought forward
by banks and brokers, and very largely by
express and horse railroad companies and
concerns that do a large retail business.
The fractional silver weighs about fifty-six
pounds to the $1,000, so the five
operators have to handle a ton and a quarter
each day. The bags containing the silver
are ticketed with the name of the persons
desiring to make the exchange and tho
amount. All spurious, badly worn and mu
tilated coins are thrown out and deducted.
As lawful money includes the silver dollar,
and the treasury has the option of paying in
gold, silver or notes, the person exchanging
is liable to get silver dollars in return for
his fractional coins. Many, in that event,
return the silver and take silver certificates.
The silver is packed in heavy canvas bags
and in kegs, and is stored in the new silver
vaults of the sub-treasury.
THE YOUNG X.ADY GRADUATE.
What She Said in Public, and What
Her Private thoughts.
What the Valedictory SaidKind teachers,
ever shall we look back to the happy days,
when, under your patient and loving pilotage,
we climbed the hill of knowledge ever shall
we hold the recollection of your self-sacrific
ing devotion among our holiest remem
brances.^ And classmates, though the links
are at last broken that have so long united
us in their tender chain, yet we are still per
mitted in memory's forge to re-weld the
scattered fragments, and live once again in
tancy the happy existence that has been oars
and which we prize more then ever now that
it can be lived in reality no more.
What the Veledictotian ThoughtThank
the Lord, I shall soon see the last of old
Smith! He never was fit for a teacher, any
way, the cross old bear! And then he shows
partiality so! I never conid see what he finds
in Sal Stebbings so attractive. No matter
what she does, he's good as pie to her. I
guess I'd have to take it if I should come to
school with lessons no better then hers.
And Miss Jones! 'Hem! the old maid! She's
just hateful. And Miss Brown, too! Whdt a
dowdy she is! No wonder nobody'll have her.
Tcank Heaven! I'm free of them all now! I
don't behve I'd speak to one of them it
I should meet them on the street. Let's
seeI must cut that Periwinkle girl right
away. I don't want to be dogged 'round by
her any longer, and, what's more, I won't.
I shall have to keep on good terms with
Steve Stowers' sister, though I do bate her so
for Steve's got a jolly team, and he always'
dresses nobby, and all the girls envy me and
Steve when we go riding. And I'm going
to give Sal Stebbings a bit of my mind, ana
then good by to her, the minx! Well, I'm
glad it's all over I never want to think of
school again or see a school-book. What a
life I have led, to be sure! But I shall go
into society now, thank fortune, where I
Revolt of a Portiou of the Army and Navy
at Vera Cruz.
CITY or MEXICO, June 30.On the 20th
part of the crew of the Mexican war steamer
Liberia, at Vera Cruz, mutinied and seized
the steamer while the commander was on
shore. Simultaneously some officers of the
Vera Cruz garrison attempted a revolt.
Nine of the rebels were killed. The steamer
Liberia went to sea and other steamers went
in pursuit. While the government has ap
parently mastered the situation since the re
volt of the garrison a reign of terror has
prevailed. All merchants are hostile to the
government in consequence of the passage
of the law against contraband trade, and
they have ever since been in a state of quasi
revolt. It is generally believed the revolters
kill-d were assassinated in the gnard house
on the pretext that they attempted an escape.'
The resignation of Seamacona, Mexican
minister to the United States, was officially
Brutal New York Policemen.
NEW YOBK, July 7.Bishop Seymour says
the treatment he, and his sister particularly,
received at the hands of the police after the
body of his brother-in-law had been discov
ered in the seminary grounds, was such as
could only be shown to savages. The offi
cers, notwithstanding my protestations that
we lived on the place,insisted that we should
be removed to the poiice station forthwith.
They even refused to allow my sister to en
ter the house after her garments.
A wealthy silk manufacture in Staffordshire,
England, has been sent to prison for refusing
to maintain his wife and children.
Another Professional Exposed-A San
Francisco Reporter Tries Him On and
Takes Hi In.
Divorce mills were once in operation in
Indiana, Chicago and Salt Lake City until
the names of those places became synony
mous with all that is illegal, unfair and
loose. There a would-be divorcee has been
speedily granted freedom upon the slightest
and most frivolous pretexts, and very often
without proofs of any kind being asked for
or desir ed. Now, the extreme remoteness
of the places where such things are done
for the dissatisfied here, and their inconsola
ble grief at that fact has induced numbers of
the worst of San Francisco's pettifogging
lawyers to establioh "divorce bureaus," and
to insert newspaper cards calling attention
to the fact that they will procure divorces
without publicity and with the utmost des
patch. With these unscrupulouf shysters at
hand, there seems to be no further need of
emigrating to Utah to "sever connubial ties.
In order that his unfortunately married
brethren might be instructed how to procure
a divorce a Post reporter undertook to find
out wheie and how these "bureaus" did
business. Picking up a capy of a certain
journal his eye fell upon a personal which
read as follows:
BY UNITED 8TATES
DIVORO BUREAU.Legal everywhere quick
time no publicity confidential, advice tree decree
guaranteed. P. O. Box 1,821.
The reporter notnl this carefully and writ
ing a note to the address given, in which he
stated that he wanted to procure a divorce
in as quiet a manner as possible and without
delay, awaited a reply. The answer was di
rected to be sent to James G. Browne, No.
433 Montgomery avenue. The name was an
assumed one, but at the number mentioned
two friends of the reporter are engaged in
business. Upon the same day a tall, angu
lar-looking individual, clad in a rusty suit of
black and wearing a scrubby looking stove
pipe, stepped into the placed named and in
quired for Mr. Browne. He was told that
he was not in, but a note left there would
reach him. Accordingly the slab-sided in
dividual left a note, which read as follows
James G. Brown,Esq,Dear Sir: Should
this note reach your hand this P. M. call and
see me from 7 to 9 o'clock to-night, or at 12
to 1 A. M. to-morrow, and oblige, etc., etc.,English
respectfully yours, John J. Wendell, 720
Market street, rooms 4, 5 and 6.
At about 8 o'clock on the same evening
the reporter sought out the place. Here the
spider was at home awaiting thefly,who had
just reached his threshold. A knock at the
door and it was opened, and the reporter
stood in the presence of John J. Wendell.
There was nothing unusual or strange in the
appearance of the office, unless it was in the
utter lack of a library, a volume or two only
being observable upon the ink-stained table.
The chief instrument in the separation of
discontented hearts smiled in a sickly man
ner as the reporter introduced himself, and
with affected cordiality and a peculiar dry
washing of the hands asked him to "be
"I suppose you know why I have called,"
said the reporter. "I am in search of a
divorce, to be procured in the easiest, most
quiet andexpeditious manner."
"How long have you been married?
"About four years."
"What is the trouble? Have
cause of complaint?"
"Well, no," answered the reporter in a
hesitating sort of a way, "to tell the truth,
"Oh, your wife does not suit you is that
"Well, yes, partially but to tell the truth
of the matter"and here the reporter
ooughed as he thought of the lie he was
about to utter"I have got a good wife and
a good home, but I do not love her and I do
love another woman. That's why I want a
divorce. Do you understand
The other villain thought that he did
"It would be a difficult case to get through,
but have you nothing to complain of?'
"No, I have not. We have always lived
happily, never had across word and there
lies the trouble. If we had ever quarreled
why there might be some chance to get an
"Has she never called you any names or
hurt your feelings in any manner?"
"No, she has not."
"But has she never called you anything
in even a joking manner?"
"Well, yes. On one or two occasions she
has said: Oh, you rascal.'
"Ah, ah! Called you a rascal. That's
good. Has she ever been cold or indifferent
to yon? Now, you must think of some time
when she has."
"Well, there may Lave been times when
she was too engrossed in something else to
"That's the talk. Now you are getting at
"Yes, but my wife will come into court and
swear that there has never been any difioulty
between us, and besides we are living togeth
"That's so. You will have to leave her
and refuse to live with her, or you can send
her out of town and then we can apply for
the bill and publish the summons in some
obscure weekly that she will never see, and
in that case you can take judgment by de
"What paper do you generally advertise
your snmmous in?"
"In the Golden Era. See, here is a notice
(showing the paper) that I will wager any
thing will never be seen by the defendant."
"But the modus operandi of procuring
these divorcesare not the courts verv
"Some of them are, but you know that
the case is never tried in court. The evi
dence is taken before a commissioner ap
pointed for that purpose by the judge. Ho
submits it and his opinion of the case to the
court, who reviews the evidence and de
cides the case. Now, I have a particular
friend who is generally appointed at my re
quest by the District Courtthat is the
one I practice inand he will be very leni
ent in the matter. He will do anything to
"Very well. Now, I have an idea. Can
not the summons be served at my house
"Certainlv but then your wife will know
all about it."
"Yes but can I not see to it that she is
absent and that the summons is served on
another who will personate her
"That's a capital idea the sheriff or his
deputy will then make an affidavit that the
summons has been served, and the case will
go by default."
"Yes but when she discovers the fraud?"
"Well, that would not be for some time,
and then it would not do her a particle of
good. We could prove that the summons
had been served by the sheriff, who would
be our best witness. He would be unable,
through a lapse of time, to tell whether she
was a woman or not and he woald naturally
swear that she was the party who had re
ceived the summons. As soon as you get
your divorce you can marry whom you like
and then leave your present wife."
The interview, which had been lengthy,
finally ended by the "agent" stating that he
would heve the complaint ready the next
day. The terms for procuring the divorce
would be $75, $40 down and the balance
when the decree was granted. Out of this
he would pay court expenses, fee the com
missioner and also fee the clerk of the court
who would see that "the cussed newspaper
men" did not get wind of the matter and
publish the tact that the divorce had been
As the reporter was not the fortunate poss
essor of a wife, and therefore needed no di
vorce, he. djd tp\ take advantage of the bu
The Garrison memorial fund now amounts to
An Ohio editor has been fined one cent for
calling a man a "scalawag."
A horse in the town of Prescott, Mass., has a
long mustache of black hair on its upper lip.
The Order of the Barbary Apes, founded by
Lady Florence Dixie, is patronized by the
Prince of Wales.
The New York Herald thinks there would be
a good deal more fishing -if they would only
bring the ponds into town.
There are 6,000 men on the Paris police force,
and under one head. Their wages are about
$300 a year and a $20 overcoat.
A Wilcox county (Ga.) girl, a Miss Owens,
sheared thirty sheep in 39 minutes and 55
seconds by the watch, the other day.
There have been fewer marriages throughout
the Southern States in the six months just
past than in any corresponding time since the
A school house recently erected in southwest
Georgia is in three counties. It is placed cen
trally over the corner of Marion, Schley and
A bandsome.sweetly-dressed, refined, and al
together captivating young man, who has been
dancing with half the belles of New Orleans,
turns out to be a cook.
On one occasion there happened to be three
cleigymen in a Connecticut pulpit whose names
were Ketchem, Gorham and Killem, and yet
they were a harmless set.
In a spiritual-st meeting at Willimantic,
Conn., a man sat between two of his wives, and
a third was just behind him. There seemed to
be no enmity in the party.
James Gordon Bennett has received over 500
applications from females who are anxious to
join his polar expedition as cooks, chamber
maids, walking ladies, old womeu, etc.
The Dodge family will meet at Salem, Mass.,
July 10th, it being the 250ti anniversary of
the arrival of the farst Dodge in America.
Robert Dodge, Esq., of New York city, will de
liver the address.
At New Windsor, below Newburg, resides the
family of Smith Cromwell, an aged pensioner
of the war of 1812, now ia his 83d year, who
can trace their genealogy direotly from the
M-. Larkin J. Mead has received from Cin
cinnati and San Francisco orders for large
plaster casts of his design, The Surrender of
Cornwallis," intended ior the Lincoln monu
ment at Springfield, 111.
Senator Sharon is making great preparations
tor a reception which he will give to Gen.
Grant (probably at Belmont, the old Ralston
seat). The reception is expected to be a grand
social affair. The rabble will not be admitted.
The importation of crockery has decreased
by about one-half in the last ten years. English
manufactures have concluded that the Ameri
can market is closing to them, and En lish
capital is being emplojed in the establishment
of new factories in this country.
Mr. Kuhraisa clever and scholarly Japanese
gentleman, who is about to come to this coun
try for the purpose of post-graduate study at
Johns Hopkin's University. He is a graduate
or the Imperial University at Tofcio, and ha3
translated many English works into Japanese.
The Golden Gate is the name of a boat eight
een feet long, in which two venturesome mar
iners will leave South Boston for Melbourne
on the 8 inst. The craft is five feet four
inches wide and two aud a half feet deep, and
is the smallest that has ever attempted an
Roxbury, Litchfield county, Conn., has an
eccentric tramp, who lives in a cave during the
winter and spends the summer in making
begging excursions to neignboring towns. He
never says a word, and his dress consists en
tirely of old bootlegs fastened together with
Preparations for the celebration of Gen.
Sullivan's expedition through Western New
York are- progressing very favorably in the
localities on the line of his march. These
celebrations will revive interesting historical
events which connect this part of the State
with the revolutionaiy Btrugg'e.
An eccentric g?nt!eman in Bath, England,
styles himself Father Chnstus weais no hat,
is dressed in a Cossack and alb, declares him
self to be Jesus Christ and announces his mis
sion as the imperial one of turning the world
upside down. He baspl.nti of money appar
ently, and carries with him a certain number
of reserved tickets for the "Happy land."
Ivan Touigeneff, the Russian novelist, is a
man of imposing figure. His tali foira. is
slightly bent, hit, hnr is .-nvery, his manners
are delightful. It ia sMt that he has been
obliged to naturalize lumsclt a Frenchman to
escape the vindiotiveriess of his own Govern
ment, which objects to hi=s l.iphic novels.
Recent statistics show that there are now ten
thousand eight hundied aud eighty-two wells
producing oil in the State of Po nsylvania,
and they'pour out altogether about fifty thou
sand barrels of oil daily. The product this
spring has been 55 per cent, greater than last
year, and about three times as great as the
yield three years ago.
Bismarck is said to have told Prince Alexan
der at Berlin that the division of Bulgaria was
a "Kunstilches werk" of Beaconsfield and An
drassyan artificial makeshift. "Bulgaria
and East Roumeha," he declared, "are united by
nature, and sooner or later they are as certainly
fated to come together as were Berlin and
Strasburg, or Rome and Florence."
An observing New York correspondent of a
Western paper notices the increase of vulgar
ity among the wealthy women of that city. On
the last grand fashionable day in Central park
before those who spend the entire reason away
from home had left the city, he counted 213
dogs and puppies that were driving with ladies
r\ch carriage costumes, and but 83 little
During the six months ending June 30, 366
failures were repotted in Nev, York city with
total liabilities of 811.6M C5o,
d total' assets
of $6,990,346. I the corresponding six
months of 1878 iheie re 514 failures, with
liabilities of $39,03 1,795 and assets of $11,012,-
663. The failures thi year have been mainly
confined to the small traders, bnt several large
and old firms were forced to suspend.
New Orleans Tunes: In some of the South
ern States the crime of murder was regarded
with less horror than the crime of horse-steal
ing, and it was noKtto impossible to secure the
conviction of a murdeier. The newspapers
have brought about a revolution public
sentiment, and the practice of carry in-con
cealed weapona is being abandoned. Murder
era do not find it so easy now to evade the law
The Kemmlcr tragedy at Holyoke, Mass re
calls a similar occurrence at Wethersfield dur
ing the revolution, hen a man named Beadle
killed his wife and three children and then
committed suicide. The murderei's body was
fastened to a cart and dragged through the
town by the infuriated people, and then buried
in an unknown grave, while his victims found
a resting place in the old cemetery back of the
Fifty-one tons of American meat were con
demned and destroyed by the London inspec
tors the second week in June, entailing to the
American exportcis a loss of $50,000. It is
said to have been kept teudaisatNew Yolk
before shipment, and is the first large loss re
suiting from the fresh meat traffic About 1
!l!5^a- rces_ S ent to
Smithfiel? market is condemned, and a
large proportion of the fish.