Uailp; HI CEtlnbE
Official JP»i»«r «* the City County
Frist* ad fnttlin«d BY«y Day In th« Y**i
BY H. P. HALI.
»g it WAAABHAW BTRTKT, ST. PACT.
Terms •fS«b»criplloß for the i»«tllj «lobo
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THS TVEESLT GLOBE.
The Wuiii Gum is » mammoth sheet, exaotlj
doable th. size of the Dally. It i. Ju*t the paper foi
Km flreilde, oontalnlr.« in addition to an the onrrec;
eholo. mleoenany, agricultural matter, mark*
nports, to. It li furnished to iingU ■n*«ertb«ni ai
i .00 per year.
iBTE SUKDAY GILO ton.
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Hryr. .^ . , -
Bally Glob* Adrerßalßg JC»te*.
Font* Pag*. • ee«U per Une 6T»ry Insertion.
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labseaoeat taaertkma S «m per Hue.
Dtoptey adT««lalng (on f oorth page only) doable
boT»r*tM. AH «dT«rtIMDC to mmv** m *»•
9*1*1,10 tew to an bMh.
ST. padlTthuksuay. JANUAKY 1. itso.
TBE GLOBE TRADE RKfIEtV.
The review of the trade of St. Paul for
1879, published in yesterday's Globk, met
with great popular favor. Orders for extia
copies poured in by the thousand, and our
presses are taxed to supply the demand. It
is important for those desiring copie3 to
order at once, as we shall not print an extra
edition beyond our orders. Any orders re
oeived to-day or to-morrow wiil have prompt
Rem-mU-r tb.il it is tho only eiolusive St.
Paul review you can obtain. Oar citizens
can circulate this issue of the Globe and
advertise no city hut their own.
It is because we have the kiudiieat fetlin
for Ireland that we trust our correspondent
will bo more brief iv their disputations.
Mb. Babncm has taken the precaution to
take the oath of office as Lieut. Governor.
This gives him the vantage ground in his
contest with Mr. Gilman for tha seat. There
is a very general desire on the part of both
Republicans and Democrats to have this
eligibility question settled, aud Mr. Barnnm
is performing a public service in making this
Gov. Gabcblon has informed the iiiiiitia
officers of Mniiio tbat aa iang bb he holds
office he proposes to be obeyed ua coiuninnd
er-in-chief of tbe State forces. Tbe officers
have signified their willingness to obey his
orders, and it therefore looks as if the Ko
publicans, if they intend to make war, will
have to call out old Hanibal Haudiiu with his
pitchfork brigade, or el£e do[ end on Ulaiiie-':!
three hundred dollar substitute.
Toe refusal of Gov. Garcoion to nubmit
tbe matters in dispute conceruiiig tha iliiao
election to the supremo judicial court has
raised another howl from the BepabHoans.
We are glad of it. The Democrats havo been
doing all the howling for the past twenty
years, and it is time tho tune was chunged.
Tho Democrats, however, have been crying
out against the violation cf the laws: the
Republicans are now weeping over their
The fu»a that the Democrats are making over
their candidates for President slid Vice Presi
dent in l&SO would be more consistent and ex
cusable if there were a strong probability of
electing them. As long an there is nothing so
successful as success, and as thy Uepublicans
bold both bowers and this ace in the I'residen
tial game, the strugßle of ambition* politicians
for the nomination only proven "'what shadows
men are and what shadows they pursue."—
If the Republicans hold both bowers and
the ace, they no doubt have them up their
sleeve as in 187 C, and it will not be a square
deal. In that event the Democrats will be
justified in following the example of Bill
Nye, and go for '"that heathen Chinee."
At Washington the other day Gen. Bab
cock was one of the first to come forward
and extend a hearty welcome to Gen. Grant.
Babcock, it will be remembered, was the
head of the Wcshmgton branch of the
whisky ring. Afterwards Gen. Be'knap had
a long private interview with Grant. Bel
knap, it is not forgotteD, was obliged to re
sign the secretaryship of war for selling poet
traderships. Goo. M. Kobeson occupied
the post of honor at the banquet given to
Grant in Philadelphia. Kobescn has the
distinction of having squandered over thirty
millions of dollars on the navy and managed
to accumulate a fortune of millions on a sal
ary of eight thousand a year. Those facts
are their own commentary. The ring still
has Grant in its toils.
Tbb fsllowiug figures exhibit tho value of
the shipments of lumber from Canada to Great
Britain and the United Stale* since 1873:
Great Uritaiu. United States.
IS7B 813,749,000 *12,(M!S,000
1874 14,928.000 9,654,000
1575 16,S!)1,000 6,835,000
1876 14.031,000 4,978.000
1877 17 080,000 4.7b9.<KK)
1878 11,536,000 4,73'.»,0Ju
It will be seen that while our purchasing
powar fell off two-thirds, that of Great Britain
steadily incrttased until 1573, wheu the depres
sion in that country comnolled her to cut short
her increased receipts. — Chicago .V>>rs.
The conclusion of the Ifaei is altogether
too far-fetched. Tlio figures do not show a
falling off in tho pntabawng power of the
United States, but rather v fulling off in our
needs. The lumber product ol the United
Stales has been steadily increasing of late
years, and is now almost sufficient to nupplj
all the wants of the country. If we can pro
duoe enough of any article at home, it
would be manifestly foolish to send abroad
for it, especially if we can produce the article
better and cheaper than it can be procured
Thb Chicago Tribune damns Congressman
Pound because he has been "so persistent
and successful in securing appropprathms
for the improvement of the Chippewa. St.
Croix, and other rivers: for the survey at
government expense of almost every creek in
northern Wisconsin— including the imprac
tioable scheme of building reservoirs to feed
the Mississippi river in time of low water
and in looking out for all the little harbors
on the upper end of Lake Michigan." How
does the Tribune know tbat the money ex
pended for the improvement of the St. Croix
and Chippewa rivers Las been foohshly ap
propriated, or that the plau of buiidim,' re er
voirstofeed the Mississippi is impracticable?
Any lumberman on the two rivers nsmed
can tell It that tbe improvements made have
added millions to the wealth of the region,
and tbo beat engineers In the country have
given assurances that the reservoir plan ia
wholly practicable, comparatively inexpen
sive, and woald result in incalculable benefit.
Bnt perhaps the Tribune is better qualified
to judge of these things than those who know
more üb out them. The Tribune, by reason
of Mr. Pound's success, seeks to enlist his
services on behalf of the chimerioal idea of
building a ship canal from Chicago to the
Mississippi river. Several millions hare
already teen expended in the work, which
has boon in progress for more than twenty
years, and the net result is a ditoh over
which an agile man may leap with ease, with
only water sufficient to float a light-draught
mud scow. It sorvet, however, as a drain for
the tilth of Chicago. Only this and nothing
THE XE »' TEAR.
What are the reflections, whit the plans
for the future of those who to-day greet the
incoming of the New Tear? Has the year
that has now passed into eternity been well
or ill spent? To those who have improved
their opportunities the gladsome greetings of
the day will come like benedictions, but to
those who have frittered eway the precious
time without accomplishing anything to
which they can revert with pleasure, they
will appear as a hollow mockery a taunt
rather than a blessing.
A year misspent can never be recalled.
It has gone into the past with all its load of
idleness, of folly and of sin. It will stand
forever as a gaunt spectre in the path of
memory, bringing back to recollection that
saddest of all thought", What might hate
been. If en this day, when men expect to
garner into the store-house of their histories
the harvest of the year, they find that it has
produced nothing but leaves, they can see
but little that is joyous in the opening of a
new decade unless they shall resolvo with
the new year to begin a new life.
There are few of as that can recall the
acts of the past without some regrets. We
have all erred in some degree. If we lightly
dismiss the remembrance of oar errors with
the thought that to err is human, and make
no effort to profit by them — discover how
we can avoid them in the future — we will
have gained nothing by our past experience
and will be ready to repeat the mistakes into
which we have fallen and to pass them over
a3 lightly as before. But even the wrong
that we have done can be turned into good if
we rightly estimate it, and use it as a warn
ing against oces more falling by the wayside.
If wit have squandered our time in profitless
pursuits: ii wo have indulged in useless or
pernicious practice?; if we have even set our
foot within the ever-circling mwlatrom of
sin, we can yet look back to the past, though
not without regret, at least without despair,
provided tbe faults and the sins committed
have taught r.s tbe danger in which we stood
and shown oa bow we can shun the rocks
apou which we have so nearly been wrecked.
Ev«n the bs.st of us have caase for deep,
sober redaction on this, the opening day of
the New Year. We can see wherein we have
made th« most of oar opportunities and
wherein -we have negleokd them. We can
sea whether wo hsva added to or substraotcd
from the lip.ppino-is of tho=se around ns, and
in what respects we can correct the faults wo
have committed. It is but little satisfaction
to s&y that wii might have done worse. A
far wiser reflection would be that we might
have done better, and the remembrance of
oar lapses from the true coarse of life should
stimulate as to renewed endeavors to avoid
the ways that lead to nnhappiness, sin and
disgrace, and choose the paths that lead to
peace, prosperity and joy. Let up lay aside
all personal contentions, forsake all habits
that are either useless or pernicious, and live
the New Year in such a manner as to enable
us. when tha year rolls round, to look back
with far more satisfaction to the past than
we can to-day.
THE \B\T CBXSU9.
The preparations for taking the eleventh
census of the United States are rapidly ap
proaching completion, and it is probable
thit before the Ist of June, the date at
which the enumeration will commence.
everything will be in apple-pie order. There
is every indication that the statistics then
gleaned wiil be of more than ordinary value,
for their ecopa has been greatly enlarged
since the last decenninal census, while the
method of collecting the facts has been
much improved. Heretofore the duty has
devolved upon the United States marshals,
who were not always as careful as they might
have been in arriving at the facts. Under
tha law passed at the last session of Con
gress, this duty was committed to special
commissioners or supervisors charged with
the duty of supervising all matters and
cho«en for their special fitness. Particular
attention will be paid to the collection of so
cial, vital aud individual statistics. The
fisheries, both inland and at sea, will receive
the attsntion of a special supervisor: min
erology has been committed to a well-known
scientific gentleman; a distinguished civil
engineer wilt report as to the power and ma
chinery used in productive industry; a
special enumeration of the deaf, dumb,
blind, insane, idiotic, criminals and paupers
will be made: agricultural affairs will receive
due attention, while each branch of industry
will be placed tinder the control of a special
commissioner, and everything done to make
each department a correct statement oi the
condition of the country in its every fea
Within seven or eight months the public
will be able to form a very correot idea of
the population of this country and its several
divisions. For years past many of the cities
that aspire to metropolitan honors, have
been claiming n population, based on direc
tory statistics, school cansufies, and other like
inventions of mediocre towns, which
the official enumeration will sadly diminish.
Especially in the West is this the case. St.
Louis, Kansas City, Denver, Minneapolis
Burlington and a few other growing towns
have been especially extravagant in their esti
mates of their own population, and will in
all probability have to acknowledge a reduc
tion of from twenty to thirty per cent, on
those estimat3B. There are only a few con
servative cities, centers of the growing trade.
that will find themselves vindicated in tbeir
claims. Among these there is no doubt but
St. Paul will be conspicuous. This city baa
been conspicuous for its conservatism. It
has been content to permit its neighbors to
brag to their hearts, content, while it has kept
on in the even tenor of its way, drawing to
itself the trade of a vast and growing em
pire, accumulating wealth and population
with a rapidity seldom paralleled in the his
tory of the country. The enumeration of
THE ST. PAUL i AILY GLOBE, THURSDAY, JANUARY 1, 18 0.
the present year will, without doubt, fully
sustain all the claims that have been made
on bet.alf of this city, and prove St. Paul to
bo by large odis the superior of all rivals
both as to population, wealth, oeinmeroe and
THK LEVKE AND THE RAILROADS^
It is now about a year since the so-called
Union Depot and Transfer company enter
prise was considered a fixed fact and an as
sured snccoas, but still we see no absolute
consummation of the soheme, no break
ing ground for the foundation
of the building,- etc Inquiry de
velops the faot that the railroads
are, and have boon for months ready to pro
ceed at once as soon as they obtained certain
rights and privileges from the city to pro
tect them in the use and control of their
property. The latest stnmbling block is the
theoretioal idea that the city requires a levee
extending from Carver's cave to Fountain
cave. As a matter of fact the Union Depot
and Transfer company will not curtail
the levee capacity at all. The city
has and will retain more levee than
it ever possessed when our sole reliance was
on the river and we had three daily iines of
It is right and proper to protect our river
interests. They will always be subordinate
to railroads, but should nevertheless be
guarded. In a desire to aid river traffic, we
should not damage the greater frame, which
is the very basis of onr oity. Though the
river tonnage largely increased last year,
it was sraroely equal all told,
to the tonnage handled in one
or two days by the railroade.
We want to preserve the trade of both, but
thus far tbe talk about "several miles" of
levee being needed is doing incalculable
damage in suspending railroad development.
Kailroad improvements involving an expen
diture of over a million dollars
within a space of fonr or five blocks
weald now be well under way but
for this delay, Tho business of the city is
suffering for laok of transfer facilities, and it
should suffer no longer. The city authorities
should settle this matter without delay. They
can do it at once, and protect every possible
public interest. Delays are dangerous. We
can secure or we can lose important
advantages. Tbe present policy im
perils important matters. If the
railroads were asking the city to surrender
any facilities which we now possess, it would
be different. Nothing of the kind is de
sired. It is simply that they shall be pro
tected from hostile aotion in the improve
ment of their property.
Sot the Least of Which is the IHseitxslon
Haying in the Columns oj the "Globe."
To the Editor of the Globe.
St. Patjl, Dec. 29. — Mr. True-friend-of
Ireland is ont again. He pays a profound
compliment to my name, birth and ancestry,
the advantageH of which he qgys "alas I can
not claim." Poor fellow! A man without
birth, raco or ancestry is a deserving object
of commiseration. But, says he, "having
been reared on the 'ould sod,' drank skim
milk, etc., I surely may claim some right to
designate myself a true friend of Ireland."
Well, I suppose so, on the same principle
that Cromwell's statesman called himself
"Praise-God-Barebones," and if a hog is
raised on the 'ould sod' he must be called a
true friend of Ireland because ke is the land
lords' best friend — he pays the rent. True
friend affects tbe military, and being fcira
self distinguished in war (blue berry) he ex
alts over the defeat of King James by the
English rebels, at Skibbereen, in the country
of tbe MacCarthys' (Reagh). His ignorance
of history is as profound as his knowledge of
military tactics. The affair at Skibbereen
took place months after the defeat
of James' army, after he himself
had left the country, and at a time when
Clan Carthy's regiment were prisoners of
war at Cork, when Oen. Justin MacOarthy
was in France at the head of the Irish brig
ade. When Gen. Owen MacCarthy (Reaghj
was at Rosa with only COO men, the English
rebels to their king went into the unpro
tected hamlet of Skibbereen and slaughtered
men, women and children in cold blood, and
at this day the Orangemen who exults in
such a military achievement has the cbeak to
call himself a true friend of Ireland. The
MacCarthy'a haven't forgotten Skibbereen,
and are not likely to. Later, in 1798, one
of them, at the head of a few pikes, took
tbe starch out of two English regiments that
were marauding through the same country,
and if he and his sons were afterwards
force! to light out, his grandson, born in
Canada, is none the less Irish, and. having
taken the oath of allegiance to the Republic,
he would not be, as Dr. Breed justly says,
an American unless he sympathised with
the Irish people. As he reveres his Irish
born father and mother, so has he been
taught to love Ireland, and so docs he be
lieve it necessarily consistent with his duty
as an American citizen to hope and labor for
the extension of the same benificeat laws to
Ireland that he enjoys in this shelter-land of
Mr. "True Friend," who has been fostered
•n the '*ould sod," may be a citizen of the
United States, he may bold a commission in
the Minnesota militia without a command,
and he may be her majesty's consul, but he
is not a true friend of Ireland when he ad
vises the Irish people to bow down and liok
the hand that smites them, to give all their
substance to the land robbers and then die in
the ditch like dogs or suffer tbe government
to paok them in fever ships, paupers, U a
foreign land. He thinks that if a peasant
proprietary were established, thrre would be
real "Irish rows.'' I fling back his insulting
insinuation with the prediction that unless
England establishes a peasant proprietary in
Ireland, such as has given prosperity to the
countries of Europe and America, there will
be such aa "Irish row"' that Mr. True-friend
will be glad he left the "ould sod before it
began. He serves np another dish of figures
showing the number of holdings and their
value, and benanse 174,898 families have
been so impoverished by bad laws that their
homes are only valued at $17.36 each, be
advises them to emigrate. These families,
numbering over one-quarter of a million
people, each live, sleep and eat in a one
room mud cabin, because it takes every
cent of their scanty earnings to pay the
ground rent, and if they improved their
komes.fit would only add to their burthens,
for the landlord would at once raise the
rent, and if after the expenses of improve
ment they could not pay tha rack rent, out
they go without compensation. Would
$17.36, the value of ah they possess, bring
one member of their families to New York,
where he would be in a worse position, body
and soul? Emigration to the lands of
America by such a people is the veriest
twaddle. True-Fiiend, like the ''soapers" of
other days, quotes scripture, end thinks the
present distress is a visitation of God. in
order that the pa pie be driven to this land
of promise. The good Bishop Grace, who
is more apt to study the designs of Provi
dence, in his letter to the mass meeting,
thinks it intended to bring into prominence
the bad land laws of Ireland, the root of all
the ills and deep discontent of the people,
and to show to tbe world the nec*>63ity for '
their radical change or repeal. True-Friend's j
figure 3 6very one prove the falsity of hia |
defense of the landlord system, bat I will
here give him and the poblio a few more
that will make it self-evident. From a re
i jnt report of Mr. Barrows, United States
consul at Dublin, to Secretary Evarts, 1 find
that in one year the small holdings, spoken
of, have decreased hud the large ones in
creased. There has been nine per cent,
deorease in horses, 1 in cows and 4 per cent.
in all other animals. In the past year '.tO.OOO
acres have gone out of cultivation, and there
are now over 5,000,000 acres waste, 2,000,000
of whioh government surveyors say can bo
reclaimed. One thousand nine hundred ami
forty-three men own two-thirds of Ireland,
300 persons own 0,000,000, while twelve
persons own 1,2!>7,888 acres, and live million
people do not own an acre. In 1800, when
Ireland . had her own parliament and over
eight million population, the rental was
£4,000,000; in 1879, witk only a population
of five and a quarter millions, the rent roll
is £14,000,000. In 1800 the alien landlords
were residents, and spent their money in the
country; now they are non-residents, and
five- sixths of the rents are sent out of the
country without any return whatever.
The annual wheat revenue of Minnesota is
$30,000,000: and now let us imagine its con
dition if the farmers were forced to send
$25,000,000 of it to a few men in New York,
who sent back nothing in return. At True-
Friend's figures as to the number of acres
productive, and the government valuation of
thirteen shillings per acre, the tenant
farmers pay for the land in rent every
seven years. Parnell proposes to estab
lish a peasant proprietary on a rental
purchase from ten to thirty years, and
yet True-friend declares it an impossibility.
But here are more figures: Darin? the last
week of November past, 60,000 animals, 18,
000,000 pounds of moat were shipped from
Ireland to England. Millions of pounds of
meat and breadstuffs are being shipped to
feed England, and the money received for it
to pay the rents, in turn leaves the country.
When short crops occur in France, Austria,
Germany or Russia the government prohibit?
exportation, the preservation of its people
being its first duty, but England has not pity
for the Irish people. She must have all the
fat bullocks, hogs and sheep, wheat, pota
toes, butter and cheese they can raise, and if
famine Blares them in the face let them emi
grate or appeal to their friends in America
for food. Eminent political economists say
that the land of Ireland is capable of sup
porting a population of 15,000,000, yet with
one -third that number thousands are starv
ing, and I charge it ta the bad laws and bad
landlords, propped up by the strong arm of
England. He says that excessive rents are
due entirely to the greed of the people for
the land, in outbidding one another, and
even going so far as to bribe the whole
household of the landlord in order to secure
the holdings for rent. If this
were true it only proves the base injustice of
the system that keeps the door wide open
for vice, greed, avarice and dishonesty.
Having thus slandered the whole people of
Ireland he next pays his attention to the old
Celtic families for whom he has a particular
dislike. He say:
"It in somewhat strange that the greatest dis
tress always existed in that part of Ireland to
which it is said Oliver Cromwell gave the
Celtic chiefs the choice of going — , or to
hell, viz: West Cork, Kerry and Connaught,
and where the majority of the land is still
owned by gentlemen who rejoice in such Celtic
names as O'Day, Barry, Un id crick, Barrett,
O'Byrne. O'Drisco'l, Callaghan, Cummings,
McCarty, O' Do wds, Leahy, Flaherty, Mo-
Sweeny, O'Briens, O'Oallaghan, O' Donovan,
O'Farrell, Qninn, O'Mnlley, Mi Shane, O'Grady,
O'Leary, O'Leahy, Power, Lynch, Hurley,
O'Bul!ivan, Mc.Qillicm'.y, O'Couneil, Fitzger
ald, fllollaU ', Burke, 15 ake, Bodkin, McGuin
ness, O'Alahony, etc., etc., while from the
provinces of L»inster, and Ulster, which are
owned by the descendants of the early English
settlers, comes no report of dire distress."
I pronutuice this statement a compound
lie and villainous slander. The Celts took
Cromwell's advice and went to Conuaught,
and he went to the other place, but while
they fled to the mountains of West Cork,
and Kerry, and the wilds of Conneinara, the
English took care to vtat the ownership of
these mountain conntries in a few favored
"scum of the English nation." The queen
has dubbed her son Duke of Connaught, in
the vain hope that he won't prove a prince
of the other place. A few months ago
he visited his dukedom and
pronounced it a splendid country
to hunt in, and right away the flunkies
started a shilling a head testimonial for him
in order that the starving people might have
an opportunity to propitiate royalty. Ten of
the above list of Celtic names are not Celts
at all, but Anglo-Norman, and the majority
of the lands in the west of Ireland are not
owned by Celtic gentlemen. As an insHnce
one of the largest land-owners in Gal way is
the Earl Clanoarty, who is not a MacCjrthy
at all, but is French, whose grandfather, Mr.
Dick French, married into the family of tb3
out-throat Castlereagbs, got a seat in parlia
ment, voted for the Union, sold the liberties
of the country, and like the ass in the lion's
skin, was permitted to clothe himself with
the honored title borne by those he had
helped to despoil. So also is the prose nt
possessor of Shane's castle, and the broad
acres of Tyrone, nat an O'Neill, but a Chi
chester, who in 1808 Her Majesty granted
the right to bear the ancient nam e end title,
Lord O'Neill. They are only two of the
very many cases of the same kind, but God
forbid that the old Celtio race of Ireland
should be held responsible for the acts of
such land and title robbers.
I have before me the report of the local'
government board, wherein I find that on
the 4th October, 1879, there was relieved in
the workhouses as follows: Ulster, 10,201,
Monster, 17,900, Leinster, 14,975, and Con
naught 5,480, and the increase over last year
has been 2 per cent, greater in Ulster than
the other provinces, and in the whole coun
try there is 7,515 more inmates of the work
house than this time last year. The report
states that "there is a general failure of the
crops except in parts of Donegal and Lon
donderry in Ulster, parts of Cork and Lim
erick in Munster, and parts of Wicklow in
Leinster," so that Connaught, where Crom
well sent the Celts, with its general failure
of crops, has only 5,480 in the workhouses,
while Leinster and Ulster, "owned by the
descendants of the early English settlers, "
has 26,236. How do you like those figures,
Mr. True Friend? But this official report
further says : "la regard to the prospects of
the poorer clashes during the coming winter
and spring, it will bu seen that in Lister
considerable distress and destitution, 29 well
as increased demands for relief, may be ex
pected. Iniluustor much suffering and want
is anticipated. In Lainster a large increase
in the demands for relief is anticipated,
the farmers not being in a position to pay
laborers, an* employment is consequently
scarce. In Connsoght bUo a serious amount
of distress and increased demand for relief
is expected dr.nug the coming winter."
From this it will bo seen that tiie whole of
Ireland is suffering, the Protestant north
and east jost as much anil more than the
Catholic south and west, and be exiiioiiu a
mean, narrow spirit who would <■ ingle out for
charity one place more than another, or
charge one class of the people with a greater
degree of dishonesty or want of thrift.
Parnell and the land league is for the whole
country, therefore let us assist the poor
through him and it, and assert the principle
I that the Irish people must be permitted to
live on the soil they cultivate. the principle
that the Irish people must be permitted to
live on the soil they cultivate. I have done
with this hidden slanderer.
■Yours respecfally, C. M. MacCaiuhy.
Ij.niUi Exposes a Secret.
Sa* Fkantik o, Dec. 31.— A poison known
for the^-pa't twen»y-five years as Charles
Parkhurst, who has led the life of a stage
driver and farmer during that time in Cali
fornia, died last Sunday near Wntscuaville,
when it became known for the first time
that deceased w.is a woman.
Wallace Bl.icii.miD, formerly of the ludian
apoiU Semtlmtt, died -.: New Ha veil, Ct., yester
day, aged 41.
Conclusion of it Very SuccPMKful Mn-linj; —
Election of oitii:*!-.. for tint Kuhuluk
Tbe teacbord assembled at 'J o'clock, and
tho first paper road was by Miss A. C.
Glover, of lted Wing. Subject: "Co-
This was followed by two others entitled
"Language Lessons: tbe Study of Language,"
by Miss E. C. Shauloy, of St. Panl, and by
Prof. D. C. JobD, of the Slate Normal
school of Mankato. No particular discus
sion wa '. entered iuto on tbe sentiments of
"The Educational Outlook" was described
by Mr. Burt, and said his work was la
borious, but it was out in the rural districts
where the taxation for schools is greater
than in tho city. Tho teachers in rural dis
tricts need encouragement, and ho enjoined
upon city teachers the necessity there was
for them to go out to the country district'!
and lecture the people and encourage the
Mr. Bryant said the State superintendent
had, for one of his years, clone a great work,
and he should receive the hearty support of
the 5,000 school teachers throughout this
Mr. Hoe said there were many districts in
the Slate of a large population, but tb6y
have parochial schools and care nothing for
the publio schools, consequently tho people
will not or do not vote- special lix, and the
schools are of an inferior quality.
Prof. John said no good results would come
from this discussion unless we hud some ex
pression of opinion as to the things that
would remedy the defects in the school law,
so apparent to nt all, He said that he war,
appalled to know tbat GOO districts in this
State had refused to levy a special tax. and
in addition, that so many were so poorly at
tended. He advocated that a o mmittee be
appointed, whose duty it should bo to give
this subject most csroful research and pre
sent a report, with ibo endorsement of the
Teachers' association, for the consideration
of the next legislature.
County Superintendent O. M. Lord, of
Minnesota City, read a paper: "Qualifica
tions and Examinations of Teaohere."
Supt. Smith, of Minneapolis, said many
of tbe teachers here knew bat little of coun
try school work, and he was afraid they
would go away with the impression that the
rural teacher did not "amount to suncks,"
bnt his experience was that the country
teachers would measure up fairly with the
The following telegram was read:
Bloomingtoh, 111., Dec. 31, IH79.— "We
double your numbers and you can't beat our
enthusiasm." B. Harvey, Prest Assn.
Prof. Moore, of Lake City, said on the
paper that was road, that we newl a uniform
system for examinations more than anything
else. If a teacher is qualified to teach in
one district, he certainly should ba con
sidered qualified to teach in anoiher.
Following this, the secretary renrl the fol
lowing greeting from the lowa State associa
Ixdepexdkmck, lowa, Jan. SO, IS7'J.
President State Teachers' Associan, St. l'au!.
The teachers of lowa Bend you cordial grcftt
iDg and good wishes for the success of our
common cause. W. J. Suaup,
At 2 o'clock the convention was called to
order, the attendanca being fairly large.
The first business taken up waa the report
of tbe committee oa papers and resolutions.
The report was submitted by Prof. D. L.
Kieble, of tho St. Cloud Normal school, pro
vidiDg first for two meetings each jear, iv
August at such place as the executive com
mittee might designate, and one in Decotn
ber to meet alternately in St. Paul and Min
neapolis, the 1880 meeting to be held in St.
Some opposition to this was evinced by
Profs. Burt, Kiehle and President Folwell.
The latter finally offered an amendment which
was paussed, for one meetina each year, tho
meeting daring the year tho lcgislaturo con
venes to be held in St. Panl, and tbe other
meeting in August at such place as may bo
designated by the executive committee.
Following which the association adopted
the committee's report in full, as follows:
Recommendations — 1. That a committee of
three, of wbioh tbe slate superintendent shall
be chairman, be appointed to consider the
practical operation of the pre-cnt laws con
cerning ( 1) tho election and pay of county su
perintendent?, (2) the method of disbursing
the county school tax, and that this committee
report with recommendations at the meeting
of tho association next preceding the next
regular session of the State lefji^laturc.
2. That a delegate to the educational con
gress to be held bo appointed at. this session.
Betohtd, That section 0 of the constitution
be amended by substituting for the name tbe
following words and figurcu, to-wit : Section
<i. The Msociation shall bold meetings an
nually. In the winter in which there Khali be
a bicunial session of the legislature tbe meet
ing hball be held at the capitoi in Bt. Paul,
upon a date to be fixed by tbe executive com
mittee; in the summers of the alternate years
the meeting shall be held upon such dayr, in
August and in such places in th<* Htatc as the
said executive commitee shall dctirmine.
RaotMd-, That tlm ass<;cia'ion appreciate tlie
importance of a completed system of tduca
tion including all interests uf our yontb. We
therefore express to the people and their repre
sentatives in thp legislature our hi^'h app:ecia
tion of their cordial and substantial support to
That we are gratified at the prosperity of tbe
State univerfiity and fully endorse the efforts
of its officers for its improvement, and to
bring it into harmonious relations with all in
stitutions of Fame grade in the nation.
That we endorse the work of our normal
nchools and commend them with confidence to
the people of the tjtato.
That we approve of the plan inaugurated
for the improvement of our hiith schools, and
for articulating them with the university
That wo bespesk for tbese departments a
continued liberal sapport, both moral and pe
cuniary, and hope for continued prosperity and
Ji<xol:"l, That we deem a large and general
attendance of all educators of the State to bo
of prime importance to our association. We
therefore recommend to the executive commit
tee that they use whatever f ruid» can be spared
from the treasury, to secure the attendance of
prominent educators of other States at our
next meeticg; and that they also consider the
advi«ibility uf slightly increasing our fees that
v,e may have more to spend in this way. and
report thereon at the next meeting.
BUtthed fourth That it i» the mind of this
bod}', it i% due those teachers who b.ivc proved
their efficiency by long and successful service,
that some provision be made for tbe proper ex
amination of tbeir fiualification and a recogni
tion of their ability given in a Stare certificate.
Rrtdbetd fifth, That our thanks are duo the
good people of iSt. Paul and its tpachers for the
hospitubl* entertainment afforded our mem
THE HIGH SCHOOLS.
Prof. Irwin Sheppard ofFered the follow
ing re solution :
Resolved, Tbat it i* the sentiment of this
convention that the law enacted by the tegnla
t«re in 1!S78 and amended in 1879, for the en
cnurajjemeut of higher education, deserves the
hearty co-operation of the educators of the
Slate, and in consider.it ion of the important
interest* connected with a wise and judicious
execution of this law, we recommend that a
committee of five be appointed by the chair to
consider and report at oar next meeting any
modification either in the law or its proper ex
ecution deemed necessary.
Prof. G. Campbell, of the State univer
sity, heartily supported the resolution. He
commended the law establishing the Btaffl
High school b-jard. and though its mean-)
were limited, the appropriation being small,
it had proved of incalculable benefit to the
luntiouul system, and needed the heartiest
jcouragument of educators. | Applause. |
The resolution was then udopte'J uiiaui
Next in order Supt. Gorrie, of Stillwattr,
addressed the convention upon tho subject :
"Is our educational system a practical one?"
Tho speaker declared at the outset, that
owing to the brief time allowed for a con
tinuance of the convention, ho would give
the merest synopsis of what he bad intend
ed to present.
As to the practicability of the system, it
involved the question, whs education given
economically. In other words, was that im
parted commensurate with what it cost.
With certain modifications in the method of
introducing studies or the arrangement of
class, he thought the answer would be made
that tho system was economically admin
istered with mateiial benefit to the pupil.
In this connection the essayist named many
existing evils, both in imparting knowledge
nnd exercising authority: he followed by
pointing out the remedy. This wis largely
given to the family or instruction at home
as trio basis. Ho believed the State wan in
error to enlarge npon the idea that to
the State belonged the duty of educating the
young, when in fact it should be assumed
only when homo influences did not avail.
Homo wes tho starting point, and schools
were only coadjutors to parental control.
Tho speaker concluded with a reference lo
lack of harmouy or unity in the system as
administered in the city and country schools,
and also that true friends of education
should investigate and try to harmonize this
difference for tho best interests of all.
Prof. Tousley opened the (•.iscussion on
this paper. His rem;srks can be summarized
into the dtclaialkm tbat educators were
vacillating more than progressing. In fact,
the science of education was not progressing
or even becoming established, as the science
of me iicino, eta. Moreover, the speaker
took the system to task for "waste of time,"
and this he exemplified by the time devoted
to reading, or the futile attempt to teach
elocution, when in fact nine-tenths of our
reading was in silence. Another fault found
was that of inaccuracy in obtaining results;
this arose from laziness on the part of pupil
and teacher. Tho teacher would say the
theory you know, but you haven't got the re
sult, and do nothing tj help in obtaining
the result. An intelligent inaccurate man
was declared to be worse than ail ignorant
man, and largely the system was turning
out just such intelligent and inaccurate men
The speaker objected to too much oral
teaching, and thought that books would im
press tbe subject better, than some modified
idea by a teachsr.
Prof. Tousley'H romarks were given at
length and were decidedly instructive, and
received the closest attention of the audi
The discussion was continued by Pro.
Williamson, of St. Peter, and in this con
nection Prof. S. ii. Taylor, of St. Paul, fol
lowed with a paper on the subject: "Rational
Methods of Teaching."
Tho address was exhaustive and obtained
the strictest attention. The germ of
the matter was expressed in the be
lief if teachers would give themselves up to
"teaching" more and "educating" less, it
would be decidedly more rational, find bene
ficial to pupils.
KbBCXIDH OF 01-FICEBB.
Superintendent Burt, from tbe oommittee
i make nomiuatioiis for officers, stated that
the committee declined raining a president,
as it was thought the members of tho con
vention wonld prefer expressing their indi
vidual preference for that office.
Aa to the other officers, Prof. Slack de
clining to Berve aa secretary again, the fol
lowing nominations were submitted:
For Vice President— Levi Wright, of
Secretary — A. J. Cheer, of Lake City.
Treasurer— J. C. iiryaut, ot'Owatonna.
The meeting then proceeded to the elec
tion of a president for tbe ensuing year.
Superintendent Tonsley, of Minneapolis,
Superintendent B. F. Wright, of St. Paul,
was ['laced in nomination.
Superintendent C. W. Smith, of Henncpin
coucty, was uumed as a candidate.
Prof. Tonaley decliued in favor of Super
A member granted it understood that a
declination before an election was hardly in
or3er. | Laughter.]
Prof. Tousley — "I just wanted to avoid a
lightning stroke." [Tjanghter.]
Prof. Pock, of tho university, interrupted
to say that if twelve would seek admission, a
summer session of tbe university would be
held next season, to give educational advan
tages to teachers deprived of them during
tho winter or school year. He asked such us
wore desirous of availing themselves of the
opportunity to notify him before next
The association then proceeded to eleot a
president; the ballot being informal, rcanlt
ed us follows:
Messrs. Wright and Tonsle.y declined in
favor of Supt. Smith.
President Whitman said 60 would he.
Prof. Thompson moved that the secretary
be instructed to cast the vote of the conven
tion for C. W. Smith, of Hcnnepin county,
and accordingly he was duly elected presi
Following this the olli'-ers nominated by
the committee on nominations above were
duly elected to the resp2ctivo offices named.
THE SCHOOL MABM RECOGNIZED.
Prof. Tous!"y thought the ladies ought to
he represented among the officers, and ho
nominated iliss A. D. Glover, of Red Wing.
Hbe was accordingly elected over Levi
Wing, aad the rest of the ollicerß were elect
ed as reported.
Prof. Black followed with an able and cz
lmnstive paper upon tho subject of '"Natural
History Taught in Primary Classes.''
The committee on resolutions, by Prof.
Kith!, made the following- additional report
to that given above:
Jlesolved, Seventh, That wo commend the
penmanship on exhibition in thin room fr /in
the &chi>o'» of this city and NorthSeld; tnat
we endorse the excellent iy*tem of training
wcich produced them; that we recommend this
plan of exhibition of school room work at the
future meeting:? of the association.
JiCXfilved, Eighth, That !i ill manna! of
bygircie for the u»e of schools is much needed,
ami that the State board of health be aiked t"
eornidtr and provide for this necessity.
Tbe seventh resolution %rrs hid on tbu
table, and the eighth was adopted. Follow
ing which, Prof. Applegate thanked the con
vention for the support and encouragement
extended his educational journal.
The last paper was on tho subject of ".Re
sultants,' and was* read by Prof. E. G. Paine
of the Wesleyan Seminary, Wasioja. The
subject treated of the application of science
to every day affairs and people, und how
closely they were allied, science with per
sonal movement?, Ecti'.-n3, etc.
Prof. Thompson offered a resolution
authorizing tfcecbair to appoint a perma
nent hiatus. committee of three.
President Whitman then announced com
[mitteea M follow*:
Committee on High — Sapt. Bart,
! Thompson, Shepard, Hawley, Keyser.
Committee on Bait rim o fSuperinlendeuts
— Supt. 15urt, 0. W. Smith, A. I. Grecr.
itepreuoutativc to Educational Congress- -
D. L. Kieble.
Permanent Ili-t jii'.-,.l Committee- -Hupt
JJurt. E. J. Thumpsou.
A New York correspondent of tbo liarlfmd
F.n uinij Pott cays that Jay Gould in 65 yearn
Mr. Augustus Bohell, who has. been ill re
cently, is much better, mid i.-, niAna to Florida
in a few day*.
At'ionabhii:, a prominent Grecian, died lately
at Athens in his 130 th year. lie enjoyed good
health until lately.
"During the year now closing," says the
Mint ft Journal, "American mines have pro
duced $80,000 : 000."
The duke of Edinburgh is a homo body. 110
is never jolly in a boisterous way, but he in al
ways pleasant and cheerful.
Appleton & Co., who announce their retire
ment from the retail but>ine6s, have spent 45,
000,000 on the American Encyclopedia.
Most of the Pittsburgh factories on account
of the press of ordem, concluded not to ahut
down for more than *ne day daring the holi
The price of iron ore has recently advanced
about thirty pel cent., and another advance in
predicted before the contracts for next ye»r are
On Xmas Hubert Mitchell a wealthy Cinoin
nati furniture man, had a family reunion, at
which he divided equally ?300,000 m Xraatt
In rui &1 Germany very small men are in
special request as servants, because their mili
tary services would not be demanded in kpecial
Mr. Oliver Ames gave a one-tbousaud-doMar
railroad bond to each of the employes in the
Boatou office <>£ the Union i'acific Hailroad
company on Christmas.
Mile. Bom liouheur has just bought for ?1,
000 a magnificent lion f r.>m the Zoological gar
den at Marseilles, and she intend* to paint its
portrait for next year's salon.
Geu. Cliaa. C. Ewing. the Republican
brother of Democratic Gen. Evrinif, an Ohio
man, by tha way, has been selected by Presi
dent Hayes t« be Governor of Utah.
Bis geneials served vi pftU-beaxcrc at the
funeral of Gen. Charles P. Kingobury, in
Brooklyn, on datuiday. They were Genii.
HttncoL-k. Sikcum, Gmcjt, Newton, Mitchell and
Contrary to general expectation, the French
cable will not be open for public use on the Ist ■
of January. Ml. W. H. Bates, the manager,
says the opening probably will not take place
for some time yet.
The French assembly has vnitd 59,000,000
— 2,Ut)0,0u0 more than asked— for educa
tion, against 2o,UUO,O<KJ in 1670, and IG,Oi&,UIHJ
in 1851. The grant includes f 10,000 traveling
expenses for explorers.
A linn in Westphalia, Connecticut, a tbort
time ago brought to perfection a new needle
making machine, by means of which one hun
dred thousand needles can be suinptd and
bored in - day of ten hours.
Gen. Josiah Newbali died at Lynn field,
Mass., on Friday, aged «5 years. He served in
the American army duiiug tho war ot 181*!,
and Binco then has been prominent a3 a mili
tary man and holder of civil oftices.
The Prince yon Reiiss, who recently married
a circaa-rider, MM& Clotildo Loissei, has con-
Mated to drop nib title and content himself
with the simple *>tyle of_a baron in cotisidci
atiou of a liberal ullowanc-; from his family.
Kinglake, the hialoriau, id a lawyer us well
as the heir to a large property. He bus all til -
life long studied pians of battles in war, end
he rode besida Hag lan in the Crimea. He is
very Blow, conscientious ... v patient in bis
An emigration of farm laborers* from Alsace-
Lonainoto the United States bun sot in during
the past f&w week*, cud tUu paoplu of that
German imperial province are very much ex
eiu-d ever the proportions it v. ill probably a.*
The Gothard tunnel is now within lets than
five hundred metres of completion; but the
difficulties encountered duriai: the past fevf
weeks, owing to a fault in the strata &nd an
influx of water, will retard by a month tho
junction of l:.» two galleries.
The prince of Wales' income will probably
bo diminished some $100,000 a year by the
hard times, while they make no difference to
his mother, whoso $ 5,0J0 a day comeH in quar
terly in hard cash. This dots not inciudo
large revenue* from other aouroca.
Prof. Nordeuhjoid thinks that a voyage
along the northern coast of biLeiw, from the
Atlantic to tho Pacific, mi^ht, often be mart*
by a steamer specially tilted out, and manned
by an experienced crew, end :hat MoSl a Toy
ate would occupy only i. le.v weeks.
Nothing bo clearly indicate* the great revival
in trade as the increased work at tool factories
and establishments where macbiuery for iron
and wool mills is made. A liriu ut Lubmi, N.
H., have uned 1,000 cords of white birch tlii
your in the manufacture of bobbins and spools.
Geu. Roger A. Prjor, now a Mew York lawyer,
has received from a Virginia friend a oorioui
relic of the war. It cousi.sts of two bullois
that evidently met in the air over some battle
field, and, happening to strike each other on
their conical poiut*, were iirmly welded to
a. Arniand Bucket h*H discovered and will
shortly publish a mannaoript of Cardi'ml
Richelieu, said to oe of tbe greatest
interest and the earliest of bis writings
known. It dates from 16^9, und is enti
tled '-Maxims that I Hare Adopted For My
(JoDduct at Court."
An lirio postal clerk, the otber day, found a
letter in his hands addressed to '-\Ve<t «f
Masques, Pn." There is no postomco in I'eiin
sylvania of that name, but by reading the Ci
reotiOa itiond he knew iimtantly that it wmh
meant ior "West Damascus," which in a post
oHice opposito Cocbeclon.
In Bavaria 13.42 out of every hundred births
»re illegitimate, children: in Anmria, 12.03; in
D«nmark, i 0.:59; in Scotland, S.t>7; in Gei
mauy, 8.75; in Fiance. 7.21; in Italy, 7.U7; in
England, 5.11; in lloumania, 3.43; in Inland,
2.3G: in Greece, 1.43. Tha cicm! in B*vuii&
and Austria i« due to laws prohibiting mar-
riage to those with a certain i)-.como.
A shocking spectacle was witoe ted at an ir.
termcr.t at Kirkcaidy, in Scotland, a few days
ago. Nearly all the mourners had become so
intoxicated tbat 'me <>£ them, when lowering
the coffin into the j;rave, staggered forward
and fell into the tomb. He became jammed
bolwecu the descending corpse and the Hide of
the grave, and was extricated with difficulty.
Tha American Manufacturer say a that this
country is now making more than one-thiid of
all the paper in the world. The product li
about 1,830 tons daily, amounting to about
610,500 toD« per year. There are now 'JJ7 milli,
raprefcntiris a capital of %100,000,000. These
I uiilla employ 22,000 persons, who draw about
I i'J.550,000 in iialatien per year.
New prosecutions of the Jews are to i.c ap
; prchcuded in ttu.isiu. Itusbian official o it
[ respondent* are openly inciting them by in
linu*iiog that the Jews ate mediators between
int«n.i:ionaliHt« abroad and the nihilists in
J Ku»*ia, un well as being concerned in circulat
! ing forged Ruasian bunk notes, made in L-n
i don by internationalists expre»»ly for riiliilt-t
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