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Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, September 21, 1881, Image 1

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VOL. IV.
NATIONAL
iiDiiiidi
An Afflicted Country Bows Its Head
in Grief.
SCENE AT THE DEATH BED.
Unconsciously Gasping His Great Life
Away.
AN AUTOPsY ON THE REMAINS.
Which Locates the Ball Near the
Heart:
DEATH MUST HAVE ENSUED.
In Spite of all Medical or Surgical
Skill.
PKOGRAMME FOR THE FUNERAL.
Burial to Take Place at Cleveland, 0.,
Monday Next.
OEFICIAL DEPARTMENT ORDERS.
Recognizing C. A. Arthur as Presi
dent.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Ei.beron, Sept. 20, 7 a. in.— Ere this hour
to the civilized world has been announced the
news of President Garfield's death, which oc
curred last night at 10:35' by our time.
Though not unexpected, his demise was
rather sudden, for the physicians had given
correspondents and others not about the bed-
Bide to understand that the suffeier might
linger a day or two longer. From perfect
quiet and comparative confidence, the night
being a quiet and uneventful one, the transi
tion to a scene of heart-throbbing excitement
came without a word of warning.
Ladie3 and gentlemen were chatting about
the hotels in the usual listless way. Col.
Rockwell had just been over and said every
thing was all right and that he believed the
President would pull through yet. The first
word of warning came when a messenger
came flying across the lawn. He said that he
was after some mustard aud that the President
was sinking very rapidly. Then the guards
iiljuut the cottage were doubled and for ten
minutes there was a harrowing anxiety,
broken by the intelligence that came a moment
later that the Presideut was dead.
A messenger went flying for the members
of the cabinet, and a few minutes after gal
loping horses brought them to the porch of
the Elberon, where General MacVeagh met
them. James, Kirkwood, Windom and Hunt
broke through the crowd of correspondents
assembled on the porch, and walked slowly
througk the darkness across the lawn to the
Francklyu cottage. A mounted orderly cried
out:
"Who goes there!"
And almost as soon as he spoke the officer
in command of the guard cried out, "give
way for the members of the cabinet." They
returned separately later, except Gen. Mac-
Veagh, who made an official state
ment of the occurrence. They
had bat little to say. The shock of the
sudden death appeared to have stunned them.
Mrs. Garfield at last had broken and was weep
ing bitterly and Mrs. Rockwell was with her
while little Lulu Rockwell was with Mollie
Garfleld.
At the time the President was announced
dead the following persons were in the death
chamber: Drs. Bliss, Agnew and Hamilton,
Mrs. Garfield, Mollie Garfield, Col. Rockwell,
Mrs. Rockwell, Gen. Swaim, Dr. Boynton,
Lulu Rockwell, J. Stanley Brown, and attend
ants N. L. Atchison, John Richard Lancaster
aud Daniel Spriggs, the President's body ser
vant.
At the evening bulletin his condition was
thought a trifle more comfortable. There
waß a feeling of congratulation on all sides
that he had escaped another rigor which had
been anxiously feared since the chill of the
morning. Dr. Hamilton during the early
evening talked even a little hopefully, and the
people about the hotels prepared to retire at
the usual hour, having almost no fears of ill
news before morning. A few of the more
vigilant newspaper correspondents and re
porters were seated in the waiting room of the
Elberon, interviewing Dr. Boynton, a little
before 10 o'clock. He was very conservative,
and expressed but little hope. He said that
anything might be expected. As he was
talking fl" messenger came and jogged his
arm. He was called away, and returning
after a moment, said the President was
sinking very fast. A moment later he dis
appeared. About five minutes later, Warren
Young, one of the executive clerks of the
White House, came out, running, saying:
" All is over ! The President is dead !"
This news scattered the crowd of corres
pondents, who dashed away to the telegraph
offices .
THE MESSAGE TO ARTHUR.
At seven minutes after midnight General
McVeagh came into the Elberon and said to
the group there assembled: "Gentlemen, I
have here a dispatch which I will read to
you."
He then read the dispatch of the cabinet
summoning Vice President Arthur to come
here to-morrow upon the earliest train for the
purpose of taking the oath of office.
SCENE AT THE DEATH BED.
A privileged visitor who was at the Franck
lyn cottage, gives a very affecting picture of
the scene that occurred in the death chamber.
He says that Mrs. Garfield was seated by the
side of her husband.where she has been nearly
all the time since his death, and that
she refused to leave him a moment.
She holds her husbands hands, and rubs them
as if she hoped to put some life in them.
Mollie Garfleld is leaning upon her father's
shoulder, while Col. Rockwell and Gen.
Swaim remain with them, begging them not
to give way to too much grief.
Another eye-witness, who was present dur
ing the close of the struggle in the bed
chamber, says there was no scene. Mrs. Gar
field letained her wonderful composure to
the last. She sat .gazing at her husband a
great tears poured fast down her cheeks, but
she said nothing. Every now and then a con
vulsive tremor would indicate that she was
in danger of giving way, but she controlled
herself by an effort until she left the room in
company with Mrs. Rockwell.
Mrs. J. Stanley Browu gives the following
description of the death bed scene: When
Mrs. Brown entered the room Mrs. Rockwell
and Miss Lulu, who had just come in with
Mrs. Garfleld and Mollie, left the room and
stoodinthe hall outside room. Dr. Bliss
stood at the head of the bed feeling the pulse
as he came in taking his place among the
people already mentioned in a previous dis
patch. Drs. Agnew and Hamiltou were try
ing to revive the President with hypodermic
injections of brandy. Col. Rockwell then
went out a moment and returned
with Mollie Garfield. As the Presi
dent passed into a sinking condition
and begau to breathe iv slow gasps. Col.
Rockwell went quietly to the windows and
quickly closed them. Mr. Brown walked to
Mrs. Garfield, and she leaned upon his arm
as the President slowly breathed his last. Mrs.
Garfleld was calm 6ave for the convulsive
shudder that at limes overmastered her.
Mollie came up to her a moment after, and
the mother put her arm around her, aa the
little grl sobbed bitterly. Her weeping and
the President's gasping breath were the only
sounds in the room. Then Gen.
Swaim came to Miss Mollie, fearing
her grief would be too much
for her mother and led her out of the room.
There was a period of gasping and then the
president ceased to breathe. Mrs. Rockwell
placed her arm around Mrs. Garfield and led
her away. As Mrs. Garfield left the room she
turned and said to Mr. Brown as she wrung
her hands, "I shall depend upon you."
Another Account.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Long Branch, Sept. 20, — Previous to his
death the only words spoken by the President
were that he had a severe pain iv his heart. It
is supposed by the surgeons that death was
occasioned by a clot of blood forming iv the
heart. Dr. Bliss was the first one notified of
the President's expression of pain, and upon
entering the room he at once saw the end was
near. The members of the family were imme
diately summoned to the bedside. All arrived
and perfect quiet prevailed. Mrs. Garfield
bore the trying ordeal with great foititude
and exhibited unprecedented courage. After
death became evident she quietly withdrew to
her own room. There she sat, a heart
stricken widow, full of "grief, but with too
much courage to exhibit 'it to those about
her. She was laboring under a terrible strain,
and despite her efforts tears flowed from her
eyes and her lips became drawn by her noble
attempt to bear the burden with which she
had been afflicted.
Miss Mollie was affected and bursts of tears
flowed from the child's eyes, notwithstanding
her noble effort to follow the example of her
mother.
The death scene was never to be forgotten.
Perfect quiet prevailed, and there was not a
murmur heard while the President was sink
ing. After death had been pronounced the
body was properly arranged by Dr. S. A.
Boyntou.
Stnick with Death:
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Long Branch, Sept. 20. — As the surgeons
were engaged yesterday morning in dressing
the wound the president suddenly said:
"I am cold."
Like a flash he turned his head and vomited
the two teaspoonfulls of porridge, that had
been given him. Then ensued a terrible rigor
that continued filteen minutes. The attack
was so spasmodic as to border on convulsion.
The rigidity of the president's muscles during
the chill was absolutely frightful. It seemed as
if they must part from the. intensity of the
strain . Then came the relaxation and sink
ing. The rally from the sinking was very
slow. It took vigorous efforts, aided by stim
ulants to bring the President" through the
sinking. A rally came, but it was not so clear
and marked as yesterday. The president was
weaker, one step nearer death. The pulse
then was the indicator of his growing feeble
ness. His face indicated but little of that.
The rigor of the morning was something of
a surprise. The night had passed fairly well.
Attorney General McVeagh who visited the
Francklyn Cottage about eight o'clock
said that the doctors promised him a com
paratively favorable report. This good hews
was bulletined at the Long Branch hotels,
only to be succeeded by the intelligence of the
chill. After that no one pretended that
there was any longer any hope. Attorney
General McVeagh's dispatch to Lowell would
have more accurately foreshadowed the situa
tion had it not been for the remonstrances of
Mrs. Garfield and the immediate personal at
tendants of the president. They
have all along objected to the tone
of Mr. Blame's dispatches, and have
insisted that no bad news should be sent out.
The dispatch sent to Lowell was modified
from its original expressions, and was sent
under protest of those who have hung onto
the President to the very last, hoping against
hope.
Telegrams were sent to the President's
mother in Ohio and the sons, Harry and
James, who are now at the Williams college,
as also to Vice President Arthur and other
prominent public men.
Wm. Mori is, the undertaker of the village,
will be in charge of the remains.
Eugene Biettau, coroner of Monmouth
county, will hold an inquest over the body of
the late President. lie has as yet made no
arrangement for the inquest, and as far as
can be ascertained he has not been notified of
President's death.
lhe Terrible Monday Night.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Long Branch, Sopt. 20.— Mendav night
was one of hurry, excitement, anxiety and
work, such as Long Branch has never seen and
will not see again. There was neither sleep
nor quiet except at Francklyn Cottage be
tweea the hours of four when the last of the
newspaper men left*ud six o'clock, when
they began to arrive from West End. The
news ca.me with a terrible suddenness despite
the fact that every body was waiting and
watching for the end, and the anxiety to se
cure accurate facts which at first promised to
be difficult, prevented any attempt of
a narration of details. Half the newspaper
men long on duty at Washington and here
were tired out and had gone to bed. The
horses had been stabled and only a relay of
men were on telegraph duty and in another
half an hour all the hotels and cottage resi
dents would have been asleep . The announce
ment that the president was sinking rapidly
changed all this. The livery men at the West
End had all the men within call and the first
coach reached Elberon within eight minutes
from receipt of the first dispatch at West End,
three Eiiles away, over a bad road and on a
dark night.
THE FIRST ALARM.
At the first alarm sleepy porters and half
awakened operators came down the stair
way half dressed and rubbing their
tired eyes, while on the outer
porch, shoes were hastily buttoned, and the
coaches started on after the other, overloaded
with whoever could scramble in. The ocean
drive for the two miles was for six constant
hours a running parade of overdriven horses
and excited men, accompanied by glittering
carriage lights. Coaches and carriages min
gled indiscriminately with messenger boys on
horseback and occasional pedestrians.
SUCH A SCENE
would be impossible, even on a race night at
the height of the season, when the whole
town und hotels were overwhelmed with visi
tors.
Greatly as the apprehended fact had been
Daily
discussed over several weeks, the announce
ment caused a severe shock.
MRS. UARFIELD
aud Miss Mollie Garfield were to such an ex
tent the object of sympathy that their loss
seemed to form the running comment and con
versation, almost of more importance thau
that of the national loss. This feeling was
intensified at Elberon, and among the sur
rounding cottages, from the incidents of the
afternoon, which would probably have never
been alluded to or thought of again. About
5:30 o'clock Mrs. Garfield sat for a time on the
front porch, distant from but within full
view of the road. She seemed un
usually cheerful, and relumed the greet
ings of friends whom she recognized
with smiles of recognition. An hour later
M iss Mollie Garfield ran about the lawn with
a young lady friend, and was in such bright
spirits as to attract the attention of the people
about the hotel, who gathered in groups to
watch her. Neither one seemed to have
expected tlie worst, and certainly not so soon.
Mrs. Garfleld, it is said, has received every
warning that the plrysicians could give her,
but her husband had so often won the fight
that she had gained a habit of hopefulness in
the presence of danger. Miss Mollie, it is re
ported, says that she had been deceived by
friends, and did not even guess at the coming
truth. It was communicated as a cruel kind
ness by those who claimed to know it to be
true. It is now said and believed by those
who know her that Mrs. Garfleld's life is in
danger and that she will
NOT LONG SURVIVE HER HUSBAND.
Courageous as she seemed, she has her feel
ings under control at an enormous strain, and
the reaction cannot fail to come. The tension
was begun when she was already ill and only
beginning to recover from what had been
feared would be a fatal illness. The terrible
summer in Washington, with its uninterrupt
ed worry, trouble and excitement, leaves her
in no condition to withstand a nervous reac
tion. She wept, however, long, silently and
freely, as she sat on the bed beside the body of
her dead husband, after midnight, which was
the best immediate relief.
Guiteau, the Assassin.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Washington, Sept. 20.— At the jail every
thing is exceedingly quiet and orderly. No
one has been seen in that vicinity except anxi
ous journalists, who, hearing the numerous
threats, have kept close watch of the build
ing. Various rumors of lynching have been
in circulation since Gen. Garfield was shot,
but they have amounted to nothing. It was
thought that Guiteau would be taken to Long
Branch immediately after the death of his vic
tim, for appearance before the coroner's in
quest, but this is not necessary. Col. Cork
hill says the laws of the district are ample and
cover the case. Guiteau has been informed of
the death of Gen. Garfield and the knowledge
has only added to his fears. He begg«d the
warden to protect him, which the latter prom
ised to do.
THE WHITE HOUSE.
Steward Crump was found at the White
house early this morning. He was awaiting
information from Long Branch as to the fu
neral arrangements. He said the house can
be put in complete order for reception of the
president in a couple of hours. Should the
remains be brought here the cast room is to
be got in complete order, and only a 7>ortion
of the rooms down stairs have been
cleared out. Mr. Crump was much
distressed at the sad news and said he had all
the time the strongest faith that Gen. Garfield
would get well. He continued he was always
so cheerful and had so much nerve. Why, he
used to astonish me at his jokes even while
suffering horribly. Suffer, I should say, he
did. . The first weei or ten days it was his
feet. He kept saying : "Oh, ray God, my
feet feel as though millions of needles were
being run through them. " I used to squeeze
his feet and toes and both hands as hard as I
possibly could, and that seemed the only relief
he could get
DR. BLISS.
The day he was shot and the following Sun
day morning, just after the big crowd of doc
tors had cleared out, I was alone with the
general and Dr. Bliss. The doctor sat on one
side of the bed and lon the other. Gen. Gar
fleld had hold of Dr. Bliss' hand, and turned
his head and asked me if I knew when he first
saw Bliss. I told him I did not, and he said
he would tell me. He said that when he was,
a youngster, he started for the col-*
lege at Hiram. He had just $15, a
ten dollar bill in an old black leather pocket
book which was in the breast pocket of his
coat, and the other five dollars in his trousers
pocket. He said he was footing it up the
road, and as the day was hot he took off his
coat and carried it on his arm, taking good
care to feel every moment or two for the
pocket-book, for the hard earned fifteen dol
lars was to pay his entrance fee at the college.
After a while he got to thinking
over what college life would be like
and forgot the pocket-book for
some time and when he looked again he»found
it, was gone. He weut back mournfully
through the road, hunting on both sides for
it. After a while he came to a house, where a
young man was leaning over a gate, and who
asked as he came up what he was
hunting for. Garfield explained his loss and
described the property, when the young man
handed it over. The president by this time
was laughing and concluded, "That young
man was Bliss, wasn't it, doctor?" The
doctor laughed and said "Yes," and
when Gen. Garfield said, "He saved
me for college," answered "Yes,
and maybe if I hadn't found your $15 you
wouldn't have been president of the United
States." The president laughed at that and
said if he got well and made any mistakes in
his administration Bliss would have to take
the blame.
Ycsterdaii at Elberon.
New York, Sept. 20.— The Evening Post's
Long Branch special: — The flag on the cottage
where the President's body lies is tied up with
crape and large portraits of the President in
Elberon are wreathed with black. The flag over
the military camp back of here waves gloom
ily at half mast. The night passed slowly.
The guards moved about the cottage
and within the' president lay on the bed where
he has suffered so bravely and died at last.
Warren Young and Stanley Brown watched
over it through the night. Mrs. Garfleld
went to her room in an adjoining cottage,, but
paced the floor for hours together. Dr. Bliss
appeared early this morning quiet broken
down in appearance. He had not undressed
at all. "He was the greatest man as a pa
tient," he said, "whom I have
ever seen. Never a murmur from
him, certainly, if it is necessary, was his
invariable answer, when asked to endure
any unpleasant or painful treatment. Ah, but
he is changed now in appearance. He is so
thin and the light of his eye, which was al
ways a fine one, is gone out. His face has
lost its natural expression. He has a thin
and cadaverous look that is so painful .
BEARING UP BRAVELY.
Attorney General MacVeagh thinks the body
will be taken directly to Washington by spec
ial train to-morrow morning. He says Mrs.
Garfield is bearing up bravely, and doing well.
Private Secretary Brown watched with the
body. He says Mrs. Garfield exhibited great
calmness and fortitude.
PRESIDENT ARTHUR TO TnE CABINET.
Attorney General MacVeagh has just read
this reply to a dispatch sent by the cabinet to
Gen. ArUuir last evening. It is addressed to
all the members of the cabinet and says: I have
your message announcing the death of
President Garfield. Permit me to renew
through you, the expressions of sorrow and
sympathy which I have already telegraphed
to Attorney General MacVeagh. In accord
ance with your suggestion I have taken the
oath of office as president of the United
states, before the Honorable John R. Brady,
justice of the supreme court of the state of
New York. I will advise you further in re
gard to the other suggestions in your tele
gram.
(Signed) C. A. Arthur.
The other suggestions referred to was that
President Arthur come to Long Branch this
morning.
THE REMAINS.
Secretary Windom says the body will un
doubtedly be taken to Washington to-mor
ST. PAUL, WEDNESDAY MOBMM, SEPTEMBER 21, 1881.
row. That ia the result of thei r canference.
Mrs. Garfield at first wanted to go direct to
Mentor but has^bocn^convinced that it ia due to
the nation that he should be taken to the cap
itol. The cabinet members here cannot speak
of the death without the greatest emotion.
SPASM OF THE HEART.
Dr. Agnew says that prior to the autopsy hr
speaks with reservation as to the immediate
cause of death, but in his opinion it is due to
a spasm of the heart induced by a blood clot.
The Death Bed.
New York, Sept. 20.— The Times' Long
Branch special says: The following persons
were present when the president breathed his
last: Drs. Bliss and Agnew, Mrs. Garfleld
and her daughter Mollie, Col. Rockwell, O. C.
Rockwell, Gen. Swaim, Dr. Boynton, Private
Secretary C. Stanley Brown, Mrs. and Miss
Rockwell, Executive Secretary Warren Young,
H. L. Atchison, Jno. Ricker, S. Lancaster
and Daniel Spriggs, attendants, the last named
colored. Mrs, Garfield sat in a chair shaking
convulsively, and with tears pouring down
her cheeks, and uttering no sound. After a
while she arose and taking hold of he dead
husband's arm smooched it up and down.
Poor little Mollie threw herself upon her
father's shoulder, on the other side of the bed,
and .sobbed as if her heart would break. Ev
erybody else was weeping slightly. At mid
night Mrs. Garfield was asked if she would
like to have anything done, and whether she
desirad to have the body taken to Washington.
She replied that she could not decide until she
became more composed. Attorney General
MacVeagh was the first member of the cabinet
to get the news. He ran bare-headed through
the darkness across the lawn from his cottage
to Francklyn cottage, followed by his wife.
The first dispatch of sympathy received came
from Gen. Arthur.
Peculiarly Sad and Impressive.
New York, Sept. 20.— The Herald* s post
script has the following: -The death-bed
scene of the president was a peculiarly sad
and impressive one. As soon as the doctor
felt there was no longer hope the members of
the family were assembled. Dr. Bliss stood at j
the head of the bed with his hand on the pulse I
of the patient and consulted in low whispers !
with Dr. Agnew. The private secretary stood
on the opposite side with Mrs. Garfield at the
bedside, she at times leaning on his arm.
Mrs. Rockwell and Miss Mollia Garfield came
into the room at fche time of the president's
last consciousness. Afterward they went into
the hall, the door of which remained open,
and waited there. What conversation
was had was conducted in whispers, j
Those about the bed occasionally went into '
the corners of the room and spoke to each
other. The solemnity of the occasion fully
impressed itself upon them. There was no
sound heard except the gasping for breath of
the sufferer, whose changing^ color gave mdi- j
cations of the approach of th"c end. After he ]
had repeated "It hurte" he passed into un- ]
consciousness, breathing heavily at times, and
then giving a slight indication that breath j
was still in his body. The only treatment
that was given was hyperdemic injections of
brandy by Dr. Agnaw assisted by Dr. Boyn
ton. Occasionally they spoke with Dr. Bliss
in quiet whispers. The president suffered no
pain after the time he placed his hand upon his
heart. He passed away most quietly. The time
between life and death was marked by no phy
sical exhibition nor any word. There was ab
solutely no scene. The intervals between the
gaspings became longer, and presently there
was no sound. Every one present knew that
death had come quickly without pain. When
it became known he was dead, Mrs. Rockwell
placed her arm around Mrs. Garfield and took
her quickly from the room. She uttered no
word. One by one the spectators left the
scene, the doctors only remaining in the room ,
and the windows were closed.
Statement of Dr. Bliss.
Long Branch, Sept. 20, 3:45 a. m.— Dr.
Bliss has just come from the president's cot
tage, and in referring to the president's death
said the last time he made an examination,
which was shortly after his interview Witt
members »^" the press, he found,,
his pulse to be 100 and respiration 21.
This was after 9 o'clock, and the prestdent was
as quiet and in as good condition as he had
been at any time during the day. The doctor,
after making this examination, went into his
own room and commenced writing a record of
the day. The records will show, first, the re
markable extent of the wound and its tortuous
course, and the impure condition of the blood,
together with the several complications which
were occasioned by it, and a detailed history
of the case from hour to hour since the pati
ent was wounded.
Dr. Bliss says the moment he entered the
sick room he saw the president was dying,
and immediately sent for Drs. Agnew and
Hamilton. The former arrived sopn, but the
latter could not be found, and was
not present when the president
died. The doctor attributed the death to
neuralgia, which caused the formation
of blood clots, thereby preventing a proper
circulation of blood.
The president's remarks to Col. Swaim,
who was with him whea he awoke from his
sleep even: "Oh, Swaim, what a pain," and
placed his hand on his heart. "Can't you do
something for me? Oh, Swaim."
At this time Mrs. Garfleld had been out of
the room about fifteen minutes, and had re
tired for the night. Previous to going to his
own room Dr. Bliss says he conferred with
Mrs. Garfield on the general condition of
the president and that she expressed the
opinion her husband was not weary,
aud that he had awakened feeling comfortable
and experienced little or no pain. It was
about ten minutes past 10 o'clock, said Dr.
Bliss, that the president awakened and com
plained of severe pain in his breast.
The doctor referred to the fact that the
former attending surgeons in the case had
been called here to attend the autopsy, and
that Dr. Curtiss, of Washington, had been
selected to do the cutting. Dr. Bliss said the
Formation of the blood clot in the vicinity of
the heart was the sequel of the original
trouble. .
The Aged Mother.
HOW SHE LEARNED THE SAD NEWS.
Cleveland, 0., Sept. 20.— The mother of
President Garfield is now at Solon with her
daughter, Mrs. Larabee. A report from Solon
says until three days ago the full particulars
of the situation were telegraphed with the
greatest regularity to friends at Solon. Since
that date only meager dispatches were sent
and the suspense of the household can only
be imagined. Saturday and Sunday night
Mrs. Larabee and the president's mother
slept together and the former affirms Mrs.
Garfield did not sleep at all. Her anxiety
rendered sleep out of the question. During the
last week or two her general health has been
remarkably good. Monday evening the only
dispatch which reached the Solon office, at
6:30 o'clock, and was immediately deliv
ered, was:
"Elberon, Sept. 19.— Mrs. Miza, Garfleld:
After the noon bulletin of the president's con
dition there has been no aggrava
tion in the symptoms. Since the
noon bulletin he slept most
of the time, coughing but little with more
ease. The sputa cantinues unchanged. A
sufficient amount of nourishment has be,en
taken and retained. Temperature 95.4, pulse
102, respiration 18. Signed, Bliss, Hamilton
andAgnew."
HOPEFUL.
During all these days since July 2, the
mother of the president remained hopeful.
She had faith her noble son would be spared
to serve his country and comfort her
declining years. Mrs. Larabee, who
is his sister, on the contrary
has had a feeling of discouragement and fear
from the first. Even on the day when he left
Mentor, she says her mind was filled with
vague forebodings she could not drive away.
As Garfisld went about his farm giving this,
a farewell look, sjie felt a presentiment it was
a long good-bye. The fact of this telegram
was reassuring, however, and Mrs. Garfleld,
with a feeling of quiet cheerfulness during
the day, had been constantly busying
herself about the house Mrs. Lar-
Larabee besought h«r not to do any work.
"Mother," she said, "you will only worry
yourself."
"Oh, no," replied the old lady, "if 1 a/n
active I shall be able to sleep better."
Her exhaustion occasioned by the lack of
rest two nights previous induced a sleep which
members of the family say exceeded in
length any previous sleep of the old lady.
At 5 o'clock Tuesday morning the village bell
tolled. At 6 o'clock came this telegram:
Elberon, N. J., Sept. 19.— T0 Mrs. Eliza
Garfield: James died this evening at 10:50.
Calmly he breathed his life away. Swaim.
Mrs. Larabee's first thought was as to her
mother. The latter was sleeping calmly and
did not awake her— not until 8 o'clock did the
old lady awake, having slept since 11 p. m.
At that hour Mrs. Larabee visited her with a
( heavy heart and found her up and dressed,
leading the bible. It was thought
brtt not to break the news until
Mrs. Garfleld had eaten breakfast.
Oddly enough, the old lady did not Insist on
hearing the news until she had finished eat
ing. Then taking the telegram from the shelf
siie was about to read it, but Miss Ellen took
it from her trembling hands.
•'Grandma," said she, "would you be sur
prised to get bad news this morning?"
"Why, I don't know," said Mrs. Garfleld.
"Well, I shouldn't," said Mrs. Larabee. "I
have been fearing and expecting it all the
morning."
"Grandma," said Ellen, "there is bad news."
•'ls he dead?" asked the old lady tremen
ously.
"He is."
The quick tears started in the sensitive eyes.
There was a violent paroxysm of grief, but no
expression of frenzy told of the anguish
within.
"Is it true," she asked with quivering lips.
"Then the Lord help me, for if he is dead
what shall I do."
She was rendered weak and a little nervous
by the announcement and was obliged once
or twice to repair to her room, where in soli
tude she might begin to comprehend the
awful truth, but she was not contented to re
main there, and soon returned to the sitting
room. Hbout9:3o Mrs. Garfleld was found
sitting in a rocking chair, waiting for the
morning paper, which she read with eager
ness. "It cannot be true that James is dead,"
she murmured. "I cannot understand it. I
have no further wish to live. I cannot live if
it is true."
Although her general health is good at
present many fear her words are prophetic.
Mrs. Larabee dares not hope otherwise her
self, but feeling keenly, as she does, her great
affliction, never once has she hinted at a lack
of faith in the supreme one, that all is not in
tended for the best. "It is providential. I
cm firmly believe that God knows best, and I
niiist not murmur."
Mrs. Mehitable Trowbridge, the remaining
sister of General Garfleld, was also notified of
his death this morning. Having been sick
9-yeral weeks it was feared that this blow
js-ight prostrate her. She bears up better
j ilian might be expected. Both of the sisters
I appear more unnerved than the aged mother
I 1 vself. The fortitude of the latter can
M better appreciated when it is reinem
t> "ed that Wednesday of this week
i her 80th birthday. For about a month she
uas visiting Mrs. Phoebe Clapp and Mrs. A.
Tteynton, in Hiram. About a week ago she
plumed to Solon, where she expects to re
ftaln with Mr. and Mrs. Larabee until she is
'Ctified to make some change. It will be re
membered the only brother of the president is
£.*ing near Grand Rapids, Mich.
( p Since the 14th of November last there have
i '-.'curred five deaths in the family, as follows :
Jrs. Hattie L. Palmer, 4th of November; her
V,n Rudolph, on the 10th of February; Thos.
i ufleld, on the 18th of June; Miss C. Ar
nold, on the 24th of July.
| Just ten months ago Monday, Thos. Gar
-Uld and the late president celebrated their
Jwrthdays at a joint festivity in Randall. Their
inrthdnys came on the same day, the general
being 49 years aud Thomas Garfleld 79.
Programme for the Funeral.
Long Branch, Sept. 20.— The following
arrangements for the funeral have been or
dered by the cabinet, and are given for the
nformation of the public:
The remains of the late president of the
United States will be removed to Washington
oy special train Wednesday, September 21,
Wving Elberon at 10 a. in., reaching Wash
ington at 4 p.m. A detachment from the
iJnited States army and from the marines will
be in attendance on arrival at Washington
to perform escort duty. The remains
will lie in state in the rotunda of
v.'ie capital Thursday and Friday, being guard
ed by a deputation from the executive depart
ments and by officers of the senate and house
of representatives. Religious ceremonies
,vill be observed in the rotunda at 3 o'clock
Friday afternoon. At 5 o'clock the remains
■vill be transferred to the funeral car and be
vmoved to Cleveland, 0., via the Pennsyl
vania railway, arriving there Saturday at 2
p. m. In Clevelaud the remains
will be iv state till Monday
at 2 p. m., and be intered in Lake View ceme
tery.
No ceremonies are expected in the cities and
towns along the ronte of the funeral-train,
beyond the tolling of bells. Detailed ar
rangements for the final sepulchure are com
mitted to the jnunicipul authorities of Cleve
land, under direction of the executive of the
state of Ohio. *
(Signed,) J. G. Blame, Secretary of State.
OTHER DETAILS.
The officials of several cities, including Phil
adelphia and Pittsburgh, requested the body
might lay in state in their cities; but ia ac
cordance with Mrs. Garfield's wfsh, there -will
be no delay in taking the remains to the place
of burial as quickly as possible.
The governor of New Jersey and staff are
now here, and will escort the remains from
Francklyn cottage to Elberon. President
Arthur, Gen. and Mrs. Grant and Chief Justice
and Mrs. White will accompany the remains
as far as Washington. Ex-President Hayes
aud wife have.been invited to be present on the
special train and it is understood, they will
meet it on the way after leaving Washington.
Mrs. Garfield is said to be bearing her loss
with great fortitude. But few callers were
received by her to-day. Among those who
saw her were President Arthur and General
Grant.
REQUIEM SERVICE
will be held at Ocean Grove to-morrow. All
business will be suspended and buildings
draped ia mourning.
Supervisor Coates, a wealthy and influential
citizen of Cranston, N. J., dropped dead this
morning on reading the head lines of a morn
iing paper announcing the death of the piesi
dent.
It is now stated as a fact that Gen. Grant
accompanied President Arthur to New York.
They will both return in the morning in time
to start with the train conveying the remains
of the president.
TJie funeral Train.
Long Branch, Sept. 20.— Attorney General
MacVeagh, who has charge of the arrange
ments for removing the remains from Long
Branch to Washington, says the Pennsylvania
road will send four coaches from here to be
used on the occasion. The funeral train may
be made up as follows :
First car — Baggage.
Second car— Remains of the president and
escort.
Third— Mrs. Garfield and family. x
Fourth — Members of the cabinet and attend
ing surgeons.
The train will take the same route as that
taken when the president was removed from
Washington. No stops will be made except
at watering stations, and newspaper men will
be permitted on the train. It is the desire of
those managing the arrangements for the re
moval no train shall be run either in advance
or after the special train for observations or
other purposes. The special train will be
run slowly, and all through trains will be
laid over for it to pass. The present inten
tion is that the train shall leave here at 10 a.
m. to-morrow aud arrive at Washington be
tween 4 and sp. m. After lying in state in
the rotunda of the capitol Thursday and Fri
day, the remains will again be taken in charge
of the Pennsylvahia railroad and conveyed di
rectly to Pittsburgh, th«n to Cleveland.
At the Capitol.
Washington, Sept. 20.— At the Executive
mansion this morning Assistant Private Sec
retary Pruden was found arranging in con
venient shape, all the private papers of the
deceased president. A dispatch from Private
Secretary Brown, stated the party composing
the president's household, wouid leave Long
Branch for Washington to-morrow. The
news of President Garfteld's death reached
this city about 11 o'clock last night, through
the simple announcement, by the Associated
Press, the "president is dead." In an incredi
ble short time the sad tidings were born from
one extreme of the city to the other, and
citizens of every station and walk in life,
moved by the same common impulse,
hurrried to the nearest points where
the [news could be obtained. By
midnight the avenue was thronged, while
thousands gathered about the newspaper and
telegraph offices. Soon after the announce
ment was received the fire bells were tolled
and the several church bells sent out their sad
requiems upon the still midnight air. * The
bells All Soul's church, the oldest bell in the
city, and which has tolled for every president
since Madison, was the first to announce the
sad tidings of a nations bereavement. All
night long dense crowds surged up and down
the avenue with a sombre air and the meas
ured pace of a funeral procession
(Elnbe.
to-day an unwonted stillness prevails in the
city, and a grief that cannot find expression
in words seems pictured upon every face. All
public buildings along the entire length of
the avenue are draped in black, and thousands
of stores, offices and private dwellings
throughout the city and Georgetown are be
ing similarly arrayed. All the departments
are closed and public offices are decorated.
Upon reaching the treasury department this
morning, Judge French, who is acting as sec
retary of the treasury in the absence of Secre
tary Windom, issued the following order:
It is ordered, as a mark of reepect to the
memory of President Garfield, that the treas
ury department be closed during the day.
NO WILL.
It is stated that President Garfleld left no
will, and that during his sickness he said he
did not wish to make one; that he was willing
to trust to the courts of the country to make
an equitable division of his property among
the members of his family. The value of his
property is about $25,000, including his house
in this city, which is mortgaged.
Order of Qen. Sherman.
Washington, Sept. 20.— The following or
der was to-day issued by Gen. Sherman:
Headquarters Adjutant General's office,
Washington, D. C, Sept. 20.— General order
No. 71:
The following order of the secretary of war
announces to the army the death of James A .
Garfleld, president of the United States:
War department, Sept. 20, 1881 — With pro
found sorrow the secretary of war announces
to the army that James A. Garfleld, president
of the United States, died at Elberon
at twenty-five minutes before 11 o'clock on
the evening of September 19, 1881. The great
grief which is felt by the nation at the un
timely death of the president, will be especial
ly felt by the army, in whose service he bore
so conspicuous a part during the war of the
rebellion. In him the army has lost a beloved
comnander-in-chif, a friend and comrade.
Proper honors will be paid to the memory of
the late chief magistrate of the nation at the
headquarters of « each military department,
division and military station. The general of
the army will give the necessary instructions
for conveying this into effect. (Signed)
Robert Lincoln, Secretary of War.
On the day of the- receipt of this order at
the headquarters of military commands in the
field and at each military station, and at the
military academy at West Point, the troops
and cadets will be paraded at 10 p. in. and the
order read to them, after which all labor for
the day will cease. At dawn of the
day thirteen guns will be fired
at each ' military station, arid afterwards
at intervals of thirty minutes between the ris
ing and setting of the sun, single, and at the
close of the day a national salute of thirty
eight guns. The national flag will be dis
played at half staff at the headquarters of the
several military divisions and departments,
and all military stations, until the remains of
the chief magistrate are consigned
to their final resting place at
Cleveland, O. Officers of the army of the
United States will wear the badge of mourn
ing on the left arm and swords, and the colors
of the regiments will be put in mourning for
a period of six months.
The following officers of the army will,
with a like number of officers of the navy se
lected for the purpose, compose the guard of
honor, and accompany the remains of their
late commander-in-chief from the na
tional capital to Cleveland, and
continue with them until they are
consigned to their last resting place. The
general of the army and Major General W.
S. Hancock, Quartermaster General M. C.
Meigs, Adjutant General R. C. Dunn, Inspect
or General D. B. Sackett.
By command of Gen. Sherman.
R. C. Dunn, Adjutant General.
PRESIDENT ARTHUR.
The following additional order wa3 also
issued this evening:
Headquarters of the Army, Adjutant Gen
eral's Office, Washington, Sept. 20.
General Order No. 72— The following order
has been received from the war department:
The secretary of war announces to the army
that on the death of James A. Garfield, Pres
ident of the United States, C. A. Arthur,
Vice President of the United States, on the 20th
day of September, ISSI. at his residence
in the city of New York took the office as
president of the United States, to which office
he sneceeded by virtue of the constitution.
President Arthur has entered on the discharge
of his official duties. (Signed.)
Robt. Lincoln, Secretary of War.
By command of Gen. Sherman.
R. C. Drum, Adjutant General.
Official Orders to the Navy.
Navy Dkpartment, Lokg Bbanch, Sept. 20.— T0
Admiral Nichols, Kbbet bouse, Washington, D. C. —
The officers and men of the navy and of the marine
corps, U. S., are hereby notified ' Proaident Garfield
died at this place the 19th inst. at 10 :40 a. m. Un
der the constitution and laws of the government C
A. Arthur, then vice president, duly took the oath as
president of the United States, and lira entered
on the duties of that office as president and com
mander-ln- chief of the navy of the United States.
He will be obeyed and respected by aU persons con
nected his department
It ia becoming that at this time, when the heart of
the nation is heavy with grief, a proper expression
should be given to the respect and affection so sin
cerely and universally entertained for the wise, pa
triotic and noble chief magistrate who
departed this life under circumstances so distress
ing. To this end officers of the navy will see to it
that aU the honors and ceremonies befitting the oc
casion be observed by the respective commands in
accordance with the regulations of the service. The
offices of the department will remain closed for all
business during the time tho remains of the presi
dent shall lie in state at tho capitol.
(Signed) Wm. H. Hxtnt,
Secretary of the Navy.
Official Announcement to Foreign Govern
ments.
LONO Bbanob, Sept . 20.— T0 Lowell, minister :
James A. Garfield, president of the United States.
died at Elberon, New Jersey, at 10.60 o'clock last
night. For nearly eighty days he suffered great
pain, and during tbe entire period exhibited extra
ordinary patience, fortitude and Christian resigna
tion. The sorrow throughout the country is deep
and universal. Fifty million people^ stand as
mourners at his I bier to-day. At his residence
In the city of New York Ohesier A. Arthvr,
vice president took the oath of office as president, to
which he succeeds by virtue of the constitution.
President Arthur has entered on the discharge of his
duties. You will formally communicate these facts
to the British government and transmit this dis
patch to the American ministers on the continent lor
like communication to tbe government to which they
are respectively accredited.
(Signed) Blaise, Secy.
Jhe White House.
Washington, Sept. 20.— The employes at
the White House are busily engaged today
making arrangements to receive the members
of the late President Garfield's family, and in
preparing the east room for the remains, if it
should be decided they lie in state at the Ex
ecutive mansion. The main chandelier in the
east room has been removed to allow the
catafalque to be raised. The carpets, taken
up after the president was removed
to Long Branch, have been put
down, and the north front room is
completely shrouded in mourning habili
ments. The approaches to the east room
were also heavily draped.
A telegram from Private Secret#y Brown
was received at the White House this after
noon, directing all the private property,
papers and effects of the , late president and
family'be packed for transportation to Ohio.
This work was begun at once on receint of
the telegram and will be ready for shipment
to-morrow morning.
THE SENATE.
Senators Anthony and Bayard will arrive
here this evening to appoint a committee of
the senate to attend the president's funeral
and make such other arrangements as is
proper for the senate to enter into. As there
is no presiding officer of the senate Sergeant
at-Arms Thompson of the house of represen
tatives telegraphed Senators Anthony and
Bayard, they being the senators in service
of their respective political parties,
asking them to take charge of the senate ar
rangements. He also gave instructions for
the erection of the catafalque in the rotunda
of the capitol and for appropriate mourning
decorations. The necessary preparations had
all been made when the official notice was re
ceived from Long Branch this evening that
the remains would lie in state at the capitcj.
ACTION OF DISTRICT COMMISSIONERS.
The district commissioners held a meeting
to-day and promulgated the following : It
becomes the sorrowful duty of the commis
sioners to announce to the people of the dis
trict of Columbia the death of the president
of the United States, who expired at Long
Branch, at 10:35 p. m., the llth inst. Illus
trious in arms, in the forum, in the halls of
legislation, and as chief magistrate of the
Union, the nation mourns his sad and un
timely death and bows in sorrow to the dis
pensation of the Great Ruler of
the universe. As a slight ex
pression of the universal feeling of national
bereavement the commissioners direct the
public offices and business of the district,
including the public schools, be closed aud
suspended until further orders, and that all
public buildings strictly be apporpriately
diaped in mourning, and they earnestly re
commend to their fellow citizens the
observance of quiet and order
during the progress of the obsequies
The rotunda of the capitol has been draped in
mourning and a catofalque is being con
structed. As it is not known precisely what
will be done, the White house is also being
prepared for the reception of the jemains.
GUARD OP HONOR."
The guard of honor will consist of nine
general officers of the army, nine officers of
the navy, nine below the rank of chapel and
twenty-nine picked men of the army.
From the porch of the White house a can
opy of black will be erected, extending to the
east room.
PRESIDENT ARTHUR.
There has not been any information 6ent
here to public officials as to when Presi
dent Arthur will arrive, but private dispatches
state he will come here to-night. There are
various rumors afloat of the purposes of the
incoming administration. Officials who are
close frianda of President Arthur say there
will be no change of the cabinet before the
meeting of congress; that the present cabi
net will retain their positions until congress
meets, anyhow. In regard to an extra ses
sion of congress, it is not believed any will be
called. Many think that the senate will not
be convened in extra session as the time for the
regular meeting is near at hand. There is an
opinion, however, that the senate will be con
vened at an early day, that under the circum
stances President Arthur feels disposed to as
semble the senate to assist in starting the ad
ministration. As yot these matters are mere
speculations, as it is not likely that even
President Arthur has given any thought to
them. A leading New York Republican, who
has been on intimate terms with Gen. Arthur
for years, says from his knowledge of the
man, he thinks he will convene the senate that
he may have the advice of party leaders.
DEPARTMENTS TO BE CLOSED.
Chief Clerk Crosby, of the war department,
this evening received the following dispatch:
Long Branch, Sept. 20, sp. m.— lt has been
agreed here by all heads of departments, that
the departments shall be closed from this
time until the conclusion of President Gar
field's funcrnl ceremonies in Washington, and
it is understood you will notify the acting
heads of all departments of this arrangemr-nt.
The departments will be draped.
[Signed] Robert T. Lincoln,
Secretary of War.
Ou receipt of this telegram Mr. Crosby at
once sent a copy to the acting heads of the
several departments.
MOURNING PAPER.
The departments are having mourning paper
printed for use in official business. Such
papers will be used for six months after the
president's death. The paper now being pre
pared is after the same patern as that used
ifter Lincoln's assassination.
Arthur's protectors.
The following proclamation printed on
black and white paper, with heavy black bord
er, was circulated through the city to-day:
Washington, Sept. 20, 1881, midnight. -
Fellow-citizens: In the name of the new
headless trunk of the republic, you are
called to join at this minutes
notice the holy alliance of vigilants in order
to shield and guard until congress provides a
successor to the one and only life that stands
at this hour under the constitution between
order and anarchy. Let us see to it that peace
to the ashes of him now canonized in the
hearts of his countrymen, and that his sa«red
dust shall not be scattered to the four winds
by factions or revolution. God reigns and
the government at Washington still lives.
Address Key, of the National Vigilants of
America, 206>£ Thirteenth street, Washington.
War Department Orders.
Washington, Sept. 20.— The war depart
ment will to-morrow issue an order that every
military post, station, fort and arsenal shall
go into mourning for thirty days, and thatall
the expenses of the usual mourning observ
ance will be paid by the government; that
Gen. Sherman will have charge of the general
conduct of the president's funeral and all mat
ters relative thereto; that a schedule be pre
pared and published giving the date of the
funeral, when the remains and escortage will
leave Washington; the time of arrival at each
station en route to Cleveland, aud the precise
moment that each stop will be made
en route; thai all flags shall be
put at half mast lor thirty days, that a
salute of thirteen guns shall be iiied at sun
down, each day, for thirty days, and after
wards during the day at intervals of half an
hour, one gun from the rise to the setting of
the sun, and at close of every day a national
salute of thirty-eight guns. Army officers
shall all wear mourning six months.
Another order will be issued from the war
department to-morrow announcing to the
army the death of the president, and that
Vice President Arthur has been sworn in ac
cording to law, as the new presideut and
commander in chief of the army.
The Question of an Inquest.
Long Branch, Sept. 20.— Members of the
cabinet, with the exception of Blame and Lin
coln, arrived at Elberon at 10:45 this morning
and went immediately to Attorney General
MacVeagh's cottage. In response to inqui
ries Secretary Windom said nothing had yet
been definitely determined upon regirding the
inquest upon the remains. He believed the
authoaities were now looking up the law ou
the subject. It is maintained by persons who
are acquainted with the laws of the state that
an inquest cannot be prevented if insisted
upon and that in the event of a conclusion
that the president's death was caused by a gun
shot wound, the criminal's presence can be de
mandediin the state. This question is creat
ing considerable excitement an annoyance, in
asmuch as n the law is enforced in accord
ance with this idea the remains will be neces
sarily delayed here until Guiteau's arrival.
Newark, N. J., Sept. 20.— United States
District Attorney Keasbey has been summoned
to Long Branch by Attorney General Mac-
Veagh and asked to bring with him a copy of
the revised statutes of New Jersey, it is sup
posed in reference to the inquest, and also
probably as to the trial of Guiteau.
guiteau's ppnishment.
Attorney General MacVeagh telegraphs
Solicitor General Phillips to consult with the
district attorney for the District of Coiuinbia
as to whether it would be necessary an in
quest should be held on the body of Presideut
Garfield in order to enable the grand jury of
the District of Columbia to bring an indict
ment against Guiteau. A consultation was
immediately held by the solicitor general and
District Attorney CorkhilJ, and
as a result a telegram was
sent the attorney general that though it was
not necessary such an inquest should be held,
it may be well to have it done. It is the opin
ion of the.district attorney and his assistant
that under the laws of the District, Guiteau
cannot be tried for murder, but the greatest
punishment that can be made is such "punish
ment as is incidental to a simple caee of as
sault and battery. In case such conclusions
shall be definitely arrived at, it may become a
puzzling question as to how the state of
New Jersey can obtajn jurisdiction of
the assassin. In the opinion of some lawyers
he can only be brought within the jurisdic
tion of that state by means of the extradition
law 6, and as they simply refer to fugitives
from justice, unless some legal technicality
can construe Guiteau to come under that cat
egory, it is difficult to see in what manner
New Jersey can obtain jurisdiction.
The "Thunderer's" Tribute.
London, Sept. 20.— The Times says: The
death of President Garfleld is regarded as hard
ly less than a national calamity in all ranks,
from the queen to the peasant. There is most
heartfelt sympathy for lhe bereaved widow
and injured mother. The career of President
Garfleld is of a kind which appeals to the best
feeling and most cherished traditions of our
people. Hia early poverty, his wonderful in
dependence, his hard won attainments,
his integrity of character had all caused
hia carter to be watched or that of
a man with exceptional powers, and he was
regarded as standing out very distinctly from
among the majority of politicians. Even
among the Russia* Nihilists Gniteau's crime
will excite nothing but loathing ami execra
tion. There is, perhaps, less reason to fear
the disastrous political consequences from the
sudden transfer of power to the vice president
in the present instance than on any former
occasion. It is clear that Vice President
Arthur.who now assumes supreme authority,
will be restrained by the obligations which
public opinion will not allow him, if he de
NO. 264.
sired it, to ignore Gsneral Garfield's high
and admirable qualities aro lost to his coun
try, and the United States, it may be, will not
soon be gratified by the sight of a typical
American at the White house. His short ad
ministration, however, will not be barren of
important political consequence- if it has put
an end to the invasion of executive power by
the senate, and if it should lead, as seems
probable, to a serious reconsideration of the
existing constitutional system, so far as the
relations of the vice presidency to the presi
dency are concerned.
President Arthur.
GOOD WORDS.
Chicago, Sept. 20.— The Times says: Presi
dent Arthur will begin his administration with
the eyes of a multitude of cold or unfriendly
critics fixed oa him, and with the affectionate
interest of a comparatively 6mall personal
following, confined for the most part to a
small section of the country. His judges are
the people of the United States,, and justice de
mands that the judges divest themselves of all
prejudice, and prepare their minds to judge
not only fairly but generously. It is to be
borne in mind that Gen. Arthur has been a na
tional character but a few months. He is
comparatively unknown. In the state of New
York, where his life has been spent, where
his political career is well known, he is hi&h
ly esteemed by Republicans and Democrat*,
those who differ from him in politics admin
him as a man. To the country at large he
has become known only through the medium
of a presidential campaign, the very worot
medium for conveying a correct impression of
a man.
The "Times" anticipates he will be ju
dicious enough to pursue
moderate policy, one that will al
lay an animosity that the country is anxious
to bury; that he will recognize that the peo
ple chose General Garfield to be president,
approved his policy so far as he had an op
portunity to carry itout,and desire no changes
in the personnel of the government. Then,
circumstances may make imperative. His ad
ministration begins with the shadows of
death overhanging it and with a considerable
amount of distrust in the minds of the people.
The "Times" hopes and believes that it will
close under brighter skies and with the sun
shine of national approval resting on it.
BACK TO NEW YORK.
Elberon, Sept. 20, 4:25 p.m..— President
Arthur left for New York on a special train.
Gen. Grant accompanied Gen. Arthur aim
in arm to the carriage which conveyed him to
the Elberon depot, and as the carriage re
turned empty, it is presumed he -.vent tD New
York* with the president. Before leaving
President Arthur called on Mrs. Garfield uw
tendered his sincere sorrow and sympathy.
BLAINE AND LINCOLN CALL.
New York, Sept. 20.— Messrs. .Blame ami
Lincoln arrived from the east this forenoon
and without waiting for breakfast proceded
at once to Geu. Arthur's residence on Lexing
ton avenue. Nothing of note transpired dur
ing the interview. Gen. Arthur's face betray
ed the deep grief from which he is suffering,
as did also the features of Blajne and Lincoln.
EVENING CALLS.
President Arthur arrived at his residence- in
this city at 0 this evening unaccompanied.
He stated he would not go to Washington
yet, and being tired he would not receive any
callersbnt would retire for the night. Short
ly after Ccl. George Bliss arrived and cntere.l
the house. At y o'clock Senator John A.
Logan and Police Commissioner French called
and remained for some time. At 11 o'clock a
coupe drove up and General Grant alighted
and entered the house. Senator Con'kling has
not yet visited President Arthur. General
Grant left shortly after 11 and it was
authoritively stated the president would not
leave for Washington to-night When Presi
dent Arthur went to Long Branch to-day, four
headquarters detectives were on the* same
train. They were dressed in citizens' clothes,
and it is doubtful if the president knew th< y
were officers if lie noticed them at all.
The president will leave for Elberon to
morrow at 8 o'clock, to accompany the re
mains of the late president to Washington.
The specialcar on which he will go to F.lberon
will.be attached to the funeral train.
BAD TASTE.
The Tribune's Long •ranch special Rajs:
On the arrival of President's Arthur a very
few so far forgot the proprieties of the oc
casion as to throw their hats in the air and
wave him a salute. After the session of the
cabinet President Arthur paid his condolence
to Mrs. Garfield. The meeting is described as
very affecting. The president was overcome
with emotion with the appearance of the
president after death.
The Dead President.
Long Branch, Sept. 20.— Benedict, the un
dertaker, describing the dead president's ap
pearance, said his face has a lifelike appear
ence. There is no look of pain on it. lie
looked as if he had fallen quietly asleep. If
he suffered extreme pain his sufferinge must
have been short. His form is greatly wasted,
but it is not a skeleton by any means. The
president would be dressed in the same suit of
clothes he wore on delivery of his inaugura
tion address,with the exception of a pair of silk
stockings knit for him by his mother and
lately received. The coffin is six feet three
inches rong, covered with black cloth with
velvet mouldings. The handles and thumb
screws are solid silver. The inside is up
holstered with white satin. The coffin plate
is of silver and this inscription written by
Attorney General MacVeagh, is as follows:
"James Abraham Garfield, born Nov. 19,
1831, died president of the United States Sent.
19, 18S1."
The Autopsy.
Long Branch, Sept. 20.— The autopsy of
the president's body commenced at 5 o'clock
and was not concluded till nearly S o'clock.
A large crowd assembled at Elberon to hear
the result. Dr. Bliss stated the autopsy had
been a very tedious one and that the time
occupied in searching for the ball alone was
nearly three-quarters of an hour. The doctor
said Mrs. Garfield was feeling much relieved
since the autopsy, inasmuch as it resulted in
establishing the fact the patient's death
was inevitable. The doctor stated
the point of the ball was in a somewhat blunt
or battered condition, caused by the force
with which it 6truck, while in other respects
its original shape was not altered. Dr. Bliss
tooTc charge of the bullet and Mated it for
preservation until the courts should require
its production. One of the. fir?t discoveries
made was a large clot of blood in the heart
which corroborated the opinion of the attend
ing surgeons regarding the immediate erase
of death. The ball itself was found in the re
gion of the heart.
A Beautiful City of tin- Dead.
Cleveland, 0., Sept. 20.— Lake View cem
etery, where Presideut Gartield's remains will
be laid to rest, embraces 300 acres on the south
side of Euclid avenue, just beyond the limits
of Cleveland, five miles from the business
center of the city. On the other side of the
avenue is Wade park, and in close proximity
is the site where the new Western Reserre
university buildings are being erected. Na
ture seems to have designed this spot for
the purpose to which it has been devoted,
and all which art and mouey could do to eu
hance the natural beauties has been done. Tho
grounds are owned by an incorporated as*o
ciation of Cleveland, gentlemen of wealth ami
refinement, incerporated under a law which
requires all gams and profits from the sale of
lots and otherwise to be appropriated to the
ADORNMENT AND RBrAIR
of the cemetery. The land was purchased teu
years ago and laid out by landscape designers
and engineers elected for eminence in their
profession . The wooded hills, grassy valleys,
secluded nooks, winding drives, sinuous
walks and running brooks, and are the con
spicuous landmarks. The association adopt
ed a plan different from any other cemetery,
as expressed tersely in the original prospect
us, ia the following language: "A feeling
is growing in the public mind that burial
should be made where the quiet repose of
the dead may be assured forever. The hu
man heart clings to the grave of its departed
hopes, and seek 9 consolation in rear
ing monuments and emblems of beauty over
the remains of the departed loved ones. This
cannot be fully done in the turn ultuous din of
cities, but in the quiet verdure, under the
broad and cheerful light of heaven, where th«
harmonious and ever changing face of nature
reminds us by its resuscitating influence that
TO DIE IS TO LIVE AGAIN.
With this sentiment promting the plans the
cemetery has become, in^ beauty and tasteful
Continued on Fourth Pngt.

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