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The Grare Claims the Late President
For Its Own.
LAKE VIEW, AT CLEVELAND, O.
Becomes a Sacred Spot Where Rests
the Illustrious Dead.
A REMARKABLE PAGEANT
Throughout the Entire Land of
ST. PAUL JOINS THE THRONG.
25,000 People Gather to Honor the
Memory of Garfield.
THE POPULACE CEASE LABOR.
Processions, Flowers, Orations, Pray
ers, and Hymns.
THE WORLD STAND 3 UNCOVERED
At the Tomb of the Lamented
Hush, the Dead March wails in the people's
The dark crowd moves, and there are sobs and
The black earth yawns: the mortal disappears;
Ashes to Ashes, Dust to Dust;
He is gone who scem'd so great-
Gone; but nothing can bereave him
Of the force he made his own
Being here, and we believe him
Something far advanced in state,
And that he wears a truer crown
Than any wreath that man can weave him.
Speak no more of his renown,
Lay your earthly fancies down,
And in the vast cathedral leave him.
God accept him, Christ receive him.
Throughout the civilized world yesterday
voices and emblems of mourning, funeral mu
sic, the tolling of bells', the firing of cannons
and eulogistic addresses testified to the uni
versal respect for the late president of the
United States and to the great sympathy
aroused by his long suffering and sad death.
If we may judge by outward signs and public
observances, as well as by private expression,
the fate of President Garfleld can nowhere have
been more commonly or sincerely mourned
than in this capital of the Northwest. St.
Paul has been clad in mourning since the
morning when his death was published and
the obsequies of yesterday seem to have been
participated in by all our citizens. The long
procession, the immense gathering, the im
pressive ceremonials and the elo
quent addreps by Gov. Davis, each
and all were worthy of the city and
indeed in honor of the illustrious dead.
The streets early in the morning gave evi
dence of a general suspension of business.
Addresses were delivered in each of the public
schools as directed by the board of education,
and the children were then dismissed to wit
ness the pageantry. As the forenoon wore
on the throngs in the streets increased. Busi
ness was absolutely abandoned. Banks, stores,
offices and shops closed their doors, and the
necessities of life could not be purchased yes
terday. For once, at least, all thought of
gain was banished and the unanimity in ex
pressing the pnblic sorrow was marked in the
The scene, when it may be said the wMble city
was assembled in and about Bridge square,
was one to be remembered for a life time. The
vast assembly, packing the square, and the
streets and bridge, was framed in with funeral
colors, pendent from all the buildings about,
while rising up from the silent mass of hu
manity, the grand arch erected by theMa3onic
fraternities, black and imposing, was most
fittingly emblematic of the depth and measure
of the public grief.
The procession of military and civic organ
izations was formed soon after 1 o'clock on
East Seventh street, its right at Robert street,
and was marched from thence by Robert and
East Third streets to Bridge Square in the fol
Police in two Platoons— Chief Weber and Ser
geants Walsh and Brown.
Seventh Infantry Band, Fort Snelling.
St. Paul Guards— Capt* W. B. Bend aud Lieu
tenants Oxley and Cochran.
Allen Light Guard 6 and Drum Corps— Capt.
Ed. 8. Bean.
Metropolitan Band, Minneapolis.
Minneapolis Zouaves and Drum Corps— Oapt.
A. A. Ames and Lieuta. Sea
ton and Marsh.
Emmet Light Artillery and Drum Corps— Capt.
C. M. McCarthy.
Great Union Band, St. Paul.
Acker Post, G. A. R., and Ex-Soldiers of the
Gov. Pillsbury and Staff and other Btate
The President and Orator of the Day.
The Mayor anil City Officers.
City Council and Board of Public Works.
Bt. Paul Fire Department— Chief Strong and
The St. Paul Maennerchor.
Members U. A. O. D.
St. Paul and Excelsor Lodges, I. O. O. F.
Washington and Herman Lodges, Hermann'b
Soehue— Carl Hohn, Marshal,
St. Paul Turnverein.
Liederkranz Singing Society.
Arion Singme Society.
German Agricultural and Horticultural Socie
ty of Ramsey County.
L'Union Franeaise— F. A. Cariveau, Marshal.
Bricklayers' Union-J Marvin and Wm. Brown,
Normana Literary Society.
Mr. John Ilealey, with four horse team, car
rying a spread Eigle in Mourning.
Citizens in carriages.
The militia companies made a fine appear
ance. The St. Paul Guards turned out forty
guns, the Allen Light Guards sixty, and the
Minneapolis Zouaves forty-eight. The Em
met Light Artillery, besides having twenty
tight men in ranks in the procession, had a
detail of *welve men on Wabashaw streot hill,
which fired a gun every half hour from sun
rise to aunset and fired minute guns during
the formation and movement of the proces
sion. The Rice Guards of St. Paul turned out
only a few men and joined the assembly ot
he square without appearing in the pro
The Seventh Infantry band, from Fort Snell
ng, turned out eighteen pieces; the Metro
politan band, from Minneapolis, fifteen, and
the Great Union band, thirteen.
The four German singing societies turned
out about one hundred and twenty men; the
Bohemian society ninety; l'Union Franeaise
one hundred and six; and the Normana society
The procession, formed by Gen. Sanborn
and assistants as marshals, moved out from a
dense crowd on Seventh street and the walks
on either side along Robert and Third streets,
were packed with people gathered to witness
its march. The militia marched with re
versed arms. All the organizations had their
colors draped in mourning and some of the
orders wore mourning regalia. The march
was to funeral music by the several bands
and was characterized by the silence and so
lemiity which prevailed throughout the
ranks and among the spectators.
AT BRIDGE SQUARE.
It were difficult to convey in the cold re
quirements of diction the deep and tender
emotion that throbbed and thrilled in thi
hearts of the multitude of people who lent
their homage to the grand but solemn pro
ceedings in this city on yesterday.
It was a magnificent and solemnly imposing
demonstration, the most august assemblage
of people perhaps, that has ever been wit
nessed in St. Paul. In looking at the vast
multitude, decorous and silent as could be ex
pected from such a spontaneous commingling
of people, the spectator could but not think
that a more perfect tribute to the memory of
the illustrious Garfield could not have been
The demonstration was grand in all the
elements that go to make an occasion worthy
or great. It was grand in proportion and im
mensity of numbers, in the manifestation of
grief, tenderness, and loving sympathy, ol
which the heart is capable of laying at the
urn or shrine of departed greatness.
It was announced on several occasions pre
vious to yesterday, that the memorial cere
monies would commence at Bridge Square at
2 o'clock. Fully an hour before this time tht
tide of humanity 6et in for the rendezvous
Every street and avenue leading to Bridge
Square was thronged with people dressed in
their Sunday attire.
The crowd came singly, in pairs and
groups; there were crowds of young men,
bevies of girls, school children in troops, and
the man of family leading his progeny while
materfamilias with infant in arms walked be
hind or trundled a baby perambulator.
On all faces there was a look of solemn
gravity, and while the good people who came
•ingly and by pairs anl by scores, all wore
their best clothing, it c juld be 6een by the ex
preeiion on all faces that it
was " not a gala occasion.
The streets and stores wore a Bunday appear
ance, and it is safe to say that never was a
Sabbath day more generally observed than was
yesterday. At 2 o'clock the crowd was
immense. On Wabashaw and Third street*;
the assemblage amounted toajam. Fortunate
ly the precaution had been taken to stretch
ropes across the streets adjacent to Bridge
square, and these were guarded by a cordon
VVitb. a few minor exceptions the crowd was
orderly, reserved and quietly attentive to the
proceedings. Occasionally some -rude person
would elbow his way through the crowd to
the discomfiture and disgust of women, who
had chosen between the alternative of staying
at home or bringing their infant with them,
and who had accepted the latter. But such
instances of rudiness were rare, and the cere
monies were conducted with all proper reserve
and propriety. It is estimated by competent
judges that fully 25,000 people were in attend
ance. That is, as many as the above, while
not at Bridge square at any one time, were
drawn to that locality during the ceremonies.
From the speakers' 6tand a most imposing
spectacle was offered. Spread out in either
direction, as far as the eye could reach, was a
seemitgly interminable vista of human kind,
the sombre and black outline of the males
being relieved by the colors worn by the
Every conceivable perch that afforded an
outlook had been pre-empted by the spectator.
The windows of the buildings adjacent to
. Bridge square were ornamented by ladies aud
children and their male escorts. The tops
of the houses were black with humanity,
while veaturesome boys clanbered up tele
graph poles and garnished sundry lamp posts
with their persons, one dariug youth in par
ticular having perched himself on the top of
a very high chimney,where he fully commanded
The Masonic arch, grand, gloomy and
beautiful, in its unique aad immense cou
struction, was, of course, the attraction of all
Ap previously and fully described in yester
day's Globe, it appeared sombre and magni
ficent in the extreme. An additional and beau
tiful feature yesterday was the lavish display
Lovely exotics, rich in color and perfume,
wers strewn in lavish abundance at the base
of the arch, the pedestals presenting the ap
pearance of perfect banks of roses. Under the
arch and for some distance around the ground
was strewn with evergreens. Ooe feature of
the floral display is woithy of more than pass
ing notice. It consisted of an immense cross
of roses placed on Third street, directly be
neath the arch. The standard was fully ten
feet in length, and the effect was most charm
About 2 o'clock those to whom invitations
bad been extended took'seat s upon the rostrum .
These included Gen, H. H. Sioley, presideut of
the day; Gov. Pillsbury, Generals A. H. Terry
and John Gibbon, Adjutant General Samuel
Breck, Quartermaster General M. R. Morgan,
Col. E. W. Smith and a number of other of
ficers from Department of Dakota headquart
ers at Fort Snelling, J. Walters, Esq., and
Finley Dun, of the London Times,
Hon. Joseph Cauchon, Lieut. Gov. of Mam
toba, Geo. W. Hunt, architect of the Royal
society, London, U. S. Judge R. R. Nebon,
State Chief Justice James Gilnllan and Asso
ciate Justice Greenleaf Clark, Judges of. the
District Court, Mayor Edmund Rice, city
officers, city council, board of education,
county officials, Hon. J. W. Taylor, consul
to Winnipeg and a large number of promi
nent citizens. After the party were seated
Damascus commandery, Sir D. A. Mon
fort commanding, appeared in full uniform.
The Sir Knights took position at the north
side of the stand, forming in the shape of a
Bayard Commandery, of Stillwater then ap
peared and took position on a live west of the
St. Paul lodge. The members of the Blue
lodge, No. 5, Bt. Paul, took positions on the
last line of the triangle.
Following this the Bt. Paul guards, headed
by a platoon of police, marched up Third
street and were assigned positions in the
square. These were followed by the Allen
guards, the Emmett Light artillery, the Mia
neapolis zouaves, Acker post, G. A. R ,
city and county official*, flre department, the
German singing societies and its several
brauches, the Bricklayers' union, Odd Fel
lows, Druids, members of the A. O. 13. W.,
Sons of Hermann, the Turnverein, the
Liederkranz, German Agricultural society,
L'Union Francaige, the Bohemian soci«ty,
and Normana Literary society, all being as
bigned proper positions.
THE THRONE OF GRACE.
At twenty minutes past 2 o'clock the Rev.
Samuel G. Smith arose, and amid profound
silence delivered a beautiful and touching
prayer. He acknowledged the divine provi
dence that had seen fit to visit the nation with
so heavy «n affliction, and invoked the divine
blessing" upon those who mourned . He prayed
that the same n. finite power would be very nea#
to the orphans, the widow, the mother, and a
bereaved nation. In the presence of a great
sorrow all passion and party faction were
hushed; in the death of the illustrious presi
dent of the United States, a nation might be
taught the lesson of a nobler faith, a larger
liberality, greater belief in all things good and
pure. The invocation closed with au appeal
for all to place their trust in God, and to
struggle for the right, the just and holy.
"god is love."
A quartette, consioting of Messrs. Leib,
Wood, Buckelew and Munger then sang with
fine feeling and effect the beautiful hymn,
"God is Love."
Ritual for the Dead.
Eminent Commander Monfort then gave
selections from the Knight Templars' burial
service. The tones came cleir and distinct,
the beautiful selection commencing, "Sir
Knights, in the observance of our solemn and
mysterious order, you have often been taught
what it is to die." * * * Immortality is
to be sought where death comes; the tad and
mournful knell betokens another spirit gone;
a pilgrim warrior has been summoned; a taper
light in the commandery has been extin
guished; and none save the high and Holy One
can relight it.
This was followed with the recital of the
Knight's ritual, Mr. Geo. W. Lamson offici
ating as prelate, and the knights responding.
NEARER, MT GOD, TO THEE.
The singing of the beautiful and familiar
hymn, "Nearer, My God, to Thee," by the
choir and vast concourse of people, proved
one of the most interesMng and charming fea
tures of the demonstration. The effect of so
many voices gave a rich harmony to the elo
quent words that is heard but once in an
The singing was led by Prof. Leib, accom
panied by the Great Western and Fort Snelling
Selections from the blue lodge burial ser
vice were then given under the superintendence
of Mr. 0. G. Miller, W. M., Ancient Landmark
lodge No. 5. The selections and ceremonies
accompanying this were heard aad witnessed
with profound attention.
The Great Western band played "Pleyel's
Hymn," the effect of the grand old air being
Qen. Sibley's Tribute.
Gen. Sibley, the president of the day, then
arose and delivered the following eloquent
tribute to the memoiy of President Ga. field:
Fellow Citizens: We have met together
this dHy to perform our part of a sad and sol
emn duty. In common with millions of our
countrymen, at this hour, when the iife l e i 8
Oody of the late president of the republic is
bring entombed in the city of Cleveland, we
assemble to mourn his untimely death, and
to evince our profound respect for his mem
ory. It seems but a little time since hie in-u
--guration, when his clarion voice gave utter
ance to patriotic sentiments which thrilled the
public heart, and inspired the conviction that
he would rise above all sectional and party
trammels, and administer tue with
a single eye to the general welfare. Lts* than
lour mouths had elapsed when the horror ano
consternation, not only of our citizens.|!>ut of
foreign nations, and in a time of peace an*l
general prosperity the bullet ot
a base and cowardly a6sa«sin
found a lodgment m the vitals of the
president and closed his earthly existence, at
ter a gallant struggle for life of nearly time
months of fearful s-uffering. During this in
terval, the solicitude of our people for his re
covery was universal, and alternate hope and
fear agitated them with emotion as tender and
touching as though manifested by
a loving mother at the bedside
of her sick child. But the fiat
of the most high had gone forth, and the
prayers of united Christendom were unavail
ing to save the life of the illustrious sufferer.
It does not become us to seek to penetrate
the mysteries of the infinite, or to be wise
abovo what is written. With resignation to
his will who holds in his hands the destinies
of nations, we are permitted to extract some
consolation from the event we so much de
plore. It has had the effect to bring together
in the close bonds of a common grief, the
North, the Bouth, the East and the West, to
soften aud diminish sectional and party ani
mosities; to quicken the national conscience;
to waft us back to the faith of our fathers,
and to make us realize more vividly that "the
Lord God omnipotent reigneth."
While, therefore, we join in lamenting the loss
the country has sustained, deeply sympathizing
with the aged mother, the devoted widow and
the bereaved children in their affliction, let us
take comfort it the reflection that the nation
moves on to accomplish its general mission,
unchecked and unimpeded even by the death
of its best. God save the republic!
Oration of Hon. C. K. Davis.
Ex-Gov. Davis, the orator of the occasion,
was then introduced, and proceeded to deliver
one of the most eloquent and masterly ad
dresses of any kind ever given in Minnesota.
The address, which is given in full, speaks for
A nation mourns to-day. A people goes
with slow and measured steps through streets
made sombre with the trappings of woe, un
der funeral arches, to the measures of discon
solate music wailing its farewell lamentations
to bury and to praise —
" the ruins of the roblest man
That over lived is the tide of times."
The world is darkened to us. The designs
of Providence move to their appointed end^
through so vast an orbit that we cannot see
through our tears the season of fruitage from
such a desolation as that which this eclipse
has caused. We somehow feel as if our
very institutions are tainted by complicity
with this monstrous crime, and are accessa
ries to it, and that the whole responsibility
cannot be bounded by the nature of the vul
gar murderer whose hand has drawn a pall
over the land. It is as if some ancient
fate, working to its ends throuugh
the agencies of innocence and guilt alike, had
fulfilled a remorseless destiny and smitten
down the dynasty of free government, while,
like the chorus of some classic tragedy, a peo
ple chants the words of comfortless mourn
ing. All are here. The laborer, the scholar,
to whom no like catastrophe is told by his
tory, th'j statesmen, saddening over the fact
that within twenty years two presidents have
been murdered the business man, the woman
and the little child, wide-ejed with wonder
and with grief — all are here to mourn.
The sermon, the eulogy, the dirge, th
threnody will end, and the dead president will
pass into ln>tory, with all his human fau ts
atoned for by hissaciflce. History often falsely
sees the character of a man through the adit
ot mu-.li a death, for there is no prospective co
distorting. It is probable that Garfield will
always btand in this illusory and scenic light,
and it is well, peahaps, for the force
of example, that this should be
60. Death teaches no finer pre
cepts than are taught by the lives and death
of men who, good and pure, and dedicated
apparently to the consummation of a great
career, are thus brought down untimely. It
was so with him. He had finished no career.
He had not fallen the 1< ader of any disastrous
political measure. He bad been conspicuous,
though not pre-eminent, in the press of politi
cal leadership. That he was capable to do all
that men more felf-assertive aspired to do
every one knew. Still it was felt for jears that
be had at no time put forth all his strength.
Upon all questions of statesmanship he stood
in the van of the most advanced thought.
Upon the fleeting questions of the hour, those
mere expediences of the moment, he was sel
dom heard to speak. He seemed to be a man
in preparation and ripening slowly for the per
formance of some great, ultimate duty, which
should surpass the daily tasks of other men,
however well performed, and thus round
out that crescent life to an orb of
never fading light. But this was not to
>be. He has been stayed in his course. All
hope of success or dread [of failure is at an
end, and we are free to consider the example
of what this man might have become. From
earliest life he was an assiduous student, and
thus became, next perhaps to the. younger
Adams, the most variously instructed man of
all our presidents. It is exemplary to know
ST. PAUL, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 27, 1881.
J the wide range of his studies. The classics
j had modeled his mind to antique simplicity
j and beauty of proportion. No speaker of
English on either side of the ocean was his
superior in the command of its resources,
Whatever was to be known of. the operation
of those political forces of conservative or de
struction which in all ages work upon all gov
ernments he knew. He was a student both
diverge and minute. He was graced, with
the adornments of literature as well us
armored in its panoply, it wa6 pecu-i
liar to this man that all he knew he
know to use, He played many parts and re
ceived a plaudite in all. He had been a laborer
with his hands; a college president; a theologi
an; a soldier, and a statesman Each voca
tion was but a process in constructing the,
perfi cud man, and now that all externals have
been taken away and the work has ended we
can see an edifice of such manhood, so widely
spread, 60 spacious' and so high that there
are few such in the realm of history. The;
natural elements of the man were plainly dis
cernible through the pellucid simplicity of his
character. His perception of duty was clear,
and his tendency to its performance was a
moral gravitation. He doubtless had great
ambition, but it was to noble ends;
it was the ambition which honors seek and
which runs not after honors. Ready to
serve but not self-serving, would be an ap
propriate motto for the man. He was not
that padded statesman, too well known in our
diy, made up of newspaper commendations.
Nor can any taint be found in his career of
that dastardly self-promotion which wins its
infamous way over the destruction of other
men— that caitiff envy which spends its malig
nant force in the despoilment of larger and
better natures. His logical processes seldom
consisted in scholastic ability of deduction,
but instinctive sense and exposition of the
true relation of facts and situations to princi
pals. They were constructive, selective and
analogical, and the result was that his con
clusions and the ways by which he reached
them, argued for themselves, as a perfect
piece of architecture does.
This cursory estimate of this scholar, soldi
er and statesman would be imperfect if it fail
ed to recognize an endowment which he had,
and which is rarely possessed by men of affairs,
He was endowed with the imaginative faculty
to an extent unequalled by an American states
man. It was subtle, far seeing and brought
into correlative relations things most remote
and diverse. The tributary forces of hit*
scholarship were therefore always at hU com
mand, and the result was a wealth of illustra
tive power in which he resembled Edmund
Burke. Who will ever forget the sentence
which fell from his lips upon the tumultuary
convention at Chicago; "But I remember it is
not the billows but the calm level of the sea
from which all heights and depths are
measured." And that convention,
measuring its duty from that
standard, chose the man who doubtless repre
sented best the calm level of popular thought.
With his accession to the presidency an ex
ceeding peace spread over the nation. Pros
perity opened all her^garners. It seemed as if
our years of trial were past and gone, and that
under the rule of this large-natured generous
man the Saturn ian days had come again.
But in a moment all was changed. The
president, who by constitution and action, was
■showing hhiiM'H to be an antagonist to every
corroding political evil of the times, who
combined the virtues of our best statesoieu
with the endowments of the ripe learning by
which States are made great *nd governed well,
wus shot down by a disappointed office-seeker
in the capital of the nation. It was a brutal
murder, like those assassinations which vi h k
the annals of every corrupt state when office
aud plunder become the controling forces ot
It becomes us at this moment, when sorrow
makes every mind capable to instruction to
learn the lesson of the hour. For sometimes
nations can be taught, only by calamity, aud
this ine-tructor cites us before her now. We
must raise our processes of popular govern
ment to a higher plane, through reforms deep
and permanent, or we are but at ih- beginning
of calamities like thi«. It is the instruction of
all time that when a government becomes per
sonal, when It becomes merely the instrument
of personal aggrandizement tkrough few or
many offices, corruption and violence strike
hands together for its destruction . Since the
foundation of this government three political
murders have been committed, and the victim
in every instance has been the personal expo
nent of what was best in public sentiment,
Killed by one of whom what was worse had
taken full possession. Hamilton, Lincoln and
Garfield, each in their time, lepresented the
elements of thought which tended best to
wards our national greatness and perpetuity.
Do not misunderstand me as alluding here to
any of those temporary and incidental distinc
tions in the workings of American thought
which have the name of party. The occasion
and the fact prohibit this. I mean to say that
these were men whose abounding love of coun
try had wedded them to principles which rose
above the fleeting party distinctions of the
hour, and whose duty and love it was to place
our institutions on a more lasting basis than
mere party sentiment ever can. Each of these
great men was a victim to the personal poli
tics which preceded and disgraced their times.
These evils have debauched the public con
science for many years. The strife to get
office, to retain office, or to dispossess from
office, is the master passion of our politics.
Our statesmen have become too often mere
leaders of a personal following who fight in
the hope of reward. Our politics consist in
mean advantages, in disreputable practices, in
the use of men, in the assassination of charac
ter, and the enjoyment of office. For many
years not one distinctive political issue has
stirred the stagnant, r otting level of our
political life. This lust and self-seeking for
office has become the pyaemia of our system,
and, predict recovery as we may, the patient is
dying of political assassination.
The shot which has laid our hopes so low
could never have been fired in the better t mes
of the Republic. We have our duty to gather
to our hearts the bloody instructions of our
loss. Death has left us this to do. It grasped
Garfield's noble heart and it is stilled forever,
never more to beat highsin triumphant antici
pation of a country made greater and better by
his powers. It trod the chambers of that
massive brain and thought, and the soul left
their earthly palace to live eternal in the heav
ens in a house not made with hands. It
smote with its "petrific mace" that manly
form, and it ceased to be the tabernacle ot life.
It is a sight to call up prophets to walk the
land crying wo ! wo 1 to all who live therein,
for the evangelist of murder has come.
Who could believe that here where
schools abound, here where all
men are free, here where religion teaches
from more than ten thousand pulpits the les
sons of heaven to earth, here where the awful
sword and the righteous scales of justice are
suspended high and untarnished over all,
where thought and speech are free, that the
fountain of official life could be changed to a
pool of blood?
The genius of free government mourns over
her slaughtered son. She calls up from the
hells of history the assassin.* of past times
for an excuse and paralell, but she finds none.
They say, cite us not— we struck at evils
when we struck at men, aud she says as she
gathers the wshes of Lincoln and of Garfield,
and lays tuem reverently in the everlasting
urn of history, "O, my children, it is Jon
who have made possible these acte! The
lessons which I taught you, you have
forgotten! You are depraved with
pride, lust for power, wicked am
bitious, hatred, malice and all
uncharitableness, and here is the bloody end.
Unto your care, O people. I committed my
choicest son from the sweet security of do
mestic life and set him to rule over you. He
was gifted with the learning of ages; what
ever was taught by the records of the ancient
republic, or of later times, he knew for you.
The love of country burned in that stainless
heart like an altar flame, in him the North for
got its raucor and the South its defeat. Chari
ty ministered at his side with her sweetest
works; prosperity was spreading over you
like summer over a »terile land; all was well
except your own ran morons hearts, and it is
thus ye give him back! Listen while I re
peat the lesson which you must learn to
live. States sink beneath the tide of time,
not alone under the foreign invader, nor un
der the usurping ruler; nor under the de
bauched church, nor under providential an
nihilation. They are lost by their own abdi
cation of that public spirit which works to
noble ends. Show me that nation whose
heart has become corrupt, who has made its
liberties a procuress to its personal lusts for
money or for place, where fraud rules in the
mart, hypocrjsy pollutes the temple, and cor
ruption putrifies in the councils, and I will
show you a people whose feet have taken hold
on the paths which lead into the Gehenna of
the nations— "and so surely as I live ye have
become such a people."
Well will it be for us to heed these warning
words. Let us here at this chastening hour
absolve ourselves from our rancor, our self
love, our party hate, our malignant greed for
office, and come to know that we have that to
save and perpetuate which is greater and more
precious than our transitory personal inter
ests — the state, our earthly all in all.
The demonstration closed with scriptural
readings by Rev. D. B. Breed, and an eloqnent
prayer by Rev. M. N. Gilbert, and the bene
diction, when the throng sang the 'doxology
and slowly dispersed.
The Minneapolis Zouaves, when the Bridge
Square assembly was dispersing, was escorted;
to the depot by the Allen Light Guards and,
the St. Paul Guards.
After the exercises were ended Bayard com
mandery, of Stillwater, was escorted to the
Union depot, in Itlie dining room of which
refreshments ware served to the two com
Members of Damascus Commandery express
themselves as under great obligation to W. A.
Van 81yke, Esq , for suggesting theereetien
of the memorial arch, aud for the untiring zeal
he has displayed in assisting at tho work of
erecting and decorating it. 1 hey also credit
Mr. A. D. Hinsdale with having worked night
and day iv preparing and placing the emblems
and decorations, j
In all the public schools of the city, yester
day morning, brief addresses were made to
the children, generally by their teachers, on
the life and services of the late President, and
the schools were then dismissed for the day.
At the high school Rabbi Wechsler of Mt.
Zion Hebrew Congregation, delivered an ap
propriate address, dwelling upon the examples
of Mr. Garfield's life. Superintendent Wright,
also spoke briefly and read the address which
Mr. Gurfleld made at Hiram College soon
after he was nominated for the presidency.
The Masonic Memorial Arch.
This beautiful and emblematic structure,
erected across East Third street at the entrance
to Bridge Square, a worthy tribute of the Ma
sonic bodies of St. Paul to the late president,
(who was a Knight Templar,) was an object of
great interest yesterday to all the thousands
who were gathered in the vicinity, and ' many
expressed regret that they could not then give
it particular examination. These : will be
gratified to learn that it has been decided to
leave the arch in its present coadition for
thirty days. !As it is likely to be famous with
the ■ best of works of 'the kind and time
throughout the United States, and will doubt
less be visited by Masons a< d others of all
parts of the Northwest, an abstract of the de
tailed descriptions heretofore given in the
Globe, is here appended to our accounts of
the obsequies. ; -. =
The arch was designed by A. M. Radcliff,
architect, constructed by Thomas Fitzpatrick
and decorated by A. . D. Hmsdale. The col
umns are six feet square. The entrance to
the arch is twenty eight feet wide and twenty
eight feet high, and the extreme height of the
structure to top of the flag staff is forty-five
feet. The whole, excepting some of the em
blematic work, is heavily draped and covered
in black. The first open sections of the col
umns, each approached by the emblematic
steps, represents the Blue Lodge, with the
altar in one column, the broken
column in the other, and other proper de
vices Illustrative of Masonic teach
1 ie;s— the square, compass and letter G. The
lodge represented on the altar side is Ancient
Landmark, and the lodge represented on the
otiter side is St. Paul lodge. Above these bec
tious, in white letters, are inscribed the names
of the lodges. The top of the arch represents
Minnesota R. A. Chapter No. 1, with the em
blematic keystone at the center, and on the
sides the ark and altar. The name of the
ctiHpter appears in white, and on the keystone
in the usual circle aTe the familiar letters
which teach a lesson of Royal Arch
Masonry. The Commandery (Damascus
No. 1) is represented in the entabta
ture. In the frieze of the entablature, on the
extern face, is inscribed '"James A. Garfield,"
and underneath, "He was a true and courteous
Knight." On the western -face is also the
Dame and the inscription, "He has fallen in
life's struggle, full knightly, with his armor
on, prepared for knightly deeds." In the pedi
ment of the entablature on j each side is the
commandery coat of arms and above it a rep
resentation of a dying knight with a back
ground of Jtrannerets.' The cross and crown
appear in the center. From the center
of the pediment drops the' commandery
flag. On top* of the entablature, above the
columns, are four lions recumbent on the
American flag. A funeral wreath extends
from the four lions at the corners of the en
tablature to the top of the staff. From the
main structure over the walks are flying but
tresses composed of wheels of bannerets. The
approaches to the Blue lodge wore yesterday
strewn with flowers. There were also floral
decorations af wreaths, crosses, etc., and the
street in the vicinity was covered with ever
greens. these, midway under the [ arch,
was laid a large cross composed of roses.
The Street Decorations.
■ The streets presented a decidedly mournful
aspect. . There was not a store or public build
ing or resort in the city where emblems of
mourning were not displayed. . In many of
the windows portraits of the murdered presi
dent were displayed, heavily draped in mourn
ing. In the window of Mannheimer Bros.'
dry goods store was a tasteful . display of
mourning good?, and on a black background
was the word Garfield, wrought in delicate
point lace. Others of the leading merchants
displayed equally tasteful designs. The out
ward manifestations of grief were universal
in every part of the city, and the decorations
were in excellent taste.
Memorial Kervices at Christ Church.
The memorial services at Christ church yes
terday at 11 o'clock a. m. were largely attend
ed not only by the members of the church,
but by a great nnmber of outsiders. The church
was most tastefully decorated with mourning
emblems. On the altar was a cross of crape
in beautiful and brilliant relicf,pendant. la the
background a crown of white flowers on th*
pulpit with white flowers in the chancel and
crape in the background. The service opened
with an appropriate anthem, afier which the
burial service of the church was read by the
Rev. W. O. Pope. Hymn 189 was sung by
the choir, afier which a brief, eloquent and
feeling address was delivered by Mr. Pope.
The apostle's creed was read and intoned, aud
the anthem, "I Heard a Voice from Heaven,"
was sung with great feeling. Ihe prayer for
the burial of the dead was recited, after which
the benediction was pronounced, and as the
congregation departed, "De Profundis" was
sung by the choir. Among those who par
ticipated in the services were the Rev. Messrs.
Pope, Kittson, Chapin, Gilbert and St. Law
rence. The services concluded shortly after
An audUnce which filled the spacious audi
torium of the First Baptist church to reple
tion, assembled last evening to attend the
memorial services at that church. The two
porchea of the church fronting on Ninth
street, were taotily draped in mourning, as
was a'so the pulpit and the balcony of the
organ loft. The exercises consisted of the
usual religious services, and an address by
Col. J. H. Davidson, which was an eloquent
review of Gen. Garfleld's career as a man, a
soldier and a statesman. A large portion of
the. address was devoted to Gen. Garfleld's
record as a soldier, with which Col. David
son was personally familiar. It was an elo
quent and touching tribute to an old friend
aud fellow soldier.
Chamber of Commerce.
The chamber of commerce was called to
order at 9 a.m. yesterday by President San
born, and the roll call and reading of the
minutes were dispensed with. Gen. Bibley,
from the committee on resolutions, then pre
sented the following report:
Wherbas, the president of the United
States, James A. Girfield, has met his dent h
at the hands of an assassin, which sad event
has plunged the people of the United Btate3
into mourning, the chamber of commerce of
the city of St.. Paul, participating keenly in
the general sorrow, does resolve,
Fj rß t. — The elevation of James A. Garfield
to the first position of dignity in the world,
by the suffrages of the American people, was
a magnificent tribute to his personal worth as
a citizen, and to his abilities as a statesman.
A brilliant career as a general officer during
the war of the rebellion, followed by many
consecutive years of active service in con
gress, had gamed for him a national repu
tation as one of the foremost and most
promising public men of the country, and his
election to the United States senate furnishing
additional evidence of the high estimation. in
which he was held by those who were most
familiar with his antecedents. The American
people regarded.his splendid talents, his long
experience in public affairs, and his broad and
comprehensive views, as a guarantee that his
administration would prove to be one of 4fae
most beneficent and useful in our national an
nals. His untimely death, after months of
lingering agony, is to be lamented as a gread
Second — The warm expressions of condoj
lence received from all the leading powers of
the world are peculiarly gratifying, as they
evince the respect and esteem in winch the
late president was everywhere, held, as an
American of the noblest type, and testify to
the fact that the brotherhood of man is no
longtr limited by national boundary line*..
Third— The St. Paul chamber of commerce,
while conscious of the inadequacy of human
consolation in an hour like this, nevertheless
feels impelled to add its tribute of admiration
for the self sacriciog devotion of Mis. Garfield
to her late husband, while he was confined to a
bed of suffering, and to express to her and to
the other members of the family, its respect
ful and profound sympathy with them in the
bereavement which has deprived their house
hold of a loving husband and tender and in
dulgent father, and the nation of a revered and
illustrious chief magistrate.
Resolved, That the secretary Is hereby in
structed to drape the room of this body in
mourning; that these resolutions be entered at
length upon the record and published in the
newspapers of the city, and that a copy there
of, attested by the officers of this chamber, be
forwarded t» the widow of the late president.
Resolved, As a fuitber mark of respect to
:he memory of the deceased president, the
chamber will now adjourn.
H. H. Sibley, Chairman.
Gen. Sibley said that before moving the
id opt ion of the resolution he would await re
narks, if any one wished to present any. As
.he resolutions contained, not only, his own,
>ut the sentiments of the committee, he did
tot deem it necessary to add anything himself.
HON. B. T. DRAKE BKCO2JDB THEM.
Mr. Drake arose to second the resolutions.
He said he could not trust himself to make
extemporaneous remarks upon this occasion,
and he accordingly read the following ad
I rise, Mr. President, to express my hearty
concurrence with the resolutions under con
sideration. The late president was my per
sonal friend. In politics we bad been for
years in full accord. We were native citizens
of toe same state, which we both served and
loved. It was my fortune to meet the la
mented dead at the Chicago convention. We
were placed on the same committee, and were
much together in most confidential relations
during the eventful week of that convention.
I can bear testimony from its secret history
how earnestly he sought to harmonize con
flicting elements, and how much he contrib
uted to the result. His nomination to the
presidency was to him unexpected and
unsought. Alas! that a career so aus
piciously begun should end so sadly.
James A. Garfleld was an extraordinary
man. Impartial history will place him as
the foremost man of his time. He rose,
aided almost entirely by his own
indomitable exertions, from a humble and se
cluded boyhood to the highest pinnacle of hu
man greatness. In every position in life he
was a leader. As a student he excelled; as a
teacher he took high rank; as a soldier he
won rank by skill and bravery; as a legislator
he had no superior. He was a literary man;
he devoured books, was a master of lan
guages, and ranged widely over the field of
science; in short, be was a man of broad and
deep attainments, and in knowledge of the
principles of government had no living su
In his domestic relations he was a model
husband and son. The touching scene at his
inauguration will not be forgotten, when as
the first act after he became the ruler of a
great nation, before the assembled representa
tives of kings and princes he gave to his aged
motber a loving and dutiful kiss. That was
no act for effect, but the outgiving of his son
James A. Garfisld was a Christian from prin
cipal, and not because it was fashionable to be
one. He attached himself to a branch of
Christian professors but little known, a lowly
but sincere people calling themselves "Chris
tians,", having no ordained preachers nor
titled dignataries in their organization.
It has been said that Mr Garfield was him
self a preacher. In the sense generally under
stood he was not a preacher. A teacher be
was, and from the pulpit he exhorted hit
frtilowmen, with persuasive eloquence, to love
God and man.
Our stubborn hearts are not easily recon
ciled to, nor can we clearly see the wisdom
which took from us so untimely one who bid
so fair to live, and live in history side by side,
not only with the wise and great, but with
the good of earth. God In his providence
spake, and our friend is gone.
"X o that unfathomed bonndleu sea,
The client grave !
There all are equal, side by aide.
The poor man aud the ion of pride,
Lie calm and still "
To-day— throughout our nation— in all civ
ilized lands is heard the tolling bell, and is
seen the emblems of mourning. It is well,
perhaps, that we should sometimes be arrest
ed in our mad march for worldly ends, to con
template the uncertainty of life and the cer
tainty of d>>ath. The lesson which the end of
man should teach us, is powerless. "When
lime swings wide his outward gate, to weary
age." But when one we have known and lov
ed, one in full manhood and ripe with honors
is taken, it speaks to each of us with an im
It has been truly said, that "God has made
no one necessary man." The head of our gov
ernment was taken from us, but the "Govern
ment at Washington still lives." Ten thous
and voices will to-day express the sorrow of
the people. The kindly pen of the "ready
writer" will perpetuate in words of praise the
deeds of him we mourn. His life and death
and their incidents will be pictured on canvass,
and portrayed in enduring marble. Ten
thousand poets of all degree will sing his
•'Why should his praise in verse be sung,
The name that dwells oc every tongue
No minstrel needs."
The resolutions were then adopted by a
rising vote and the chamber quietly dispersed.
Obsequies Over the Burial of President
The observance of the funeral cere
moaies in this city yesterday
was general. In the afternoon business
was suspeeded. The public offices were
all closed. At the appointed hour, amid the
tolling of church bells, the people, as with
one accord, wended their respective ways to
the various houses of worship, there to pay
the last sad tribute of tender regard for the be
loved and lamented president, whose remains
were then being laid away in Cleveland, Ohio,
and sympathize with the bereaved and stricken
family. The throng wore badges of mourn*
ing. The streets were draped and the churches
were hung with mourning and deco
rated with a profusion of fresh flow
ers and garlands gathered by loving hands,
ar.d arranged in appropriate forms upon the
altars and the pulpits. Everyone was sad.
The feeling was general and profound.
was filled to overflowing. The services were
opened with an appropriate chant by a male
quartette, especially engaged for the purpose.
Prayer was offered up to the ruler of the uni
verse by the Rev. J. R. Tuttle, pastor of the
Church of the Redeemer. The quartette then
rendered another musical selection.
KEY. SB. CAMPBELL
delivered the opening; address. He began by
stating that the lessons taught by the sad and
lamentable calamity which had occasioned
the present solemn gathering, was that
of Christianity; that as bttween man
and man, it teaches us to subdue
our supercilliousness. It is, indeed, not a
small thing for a man born in a humble posi
tion, as was Garfield, to finally toil and woik
bis way through obstacles well calculated to
discourage the stoutest heart, to the highest
place in the gift of his fellow men. He who
started in life in that lowely place, was placeti
at the bead of us all.
Patient, persistent, and conscientious study
is what accomplished the glorious end.
He spoke in detail of the very many qualities
of President Garfield. Gen. Garfield had n. >t v
military education, and he might have mov
nobly served his country by remaining in his
eeat in congress.
But when the first shot was fired up*n Fort
Suuipter, there was that in his heart which
cried out "My country needs me in the battle
field, and he gave himself a practical military
education, and he lead the country a brilliant
The speaker spoke at length of the manly
bravery of Gen. Garfield, after being inaugur
ated as president of the United States, in
boldly facing the political despots who would
ruthlessly grasp from his controlling hand
his constitutional power in appointing such
officers in the civil service as he in his con
scientious judgment thought best and proper.
He replied to these people, commonly known
as the stalwart faction, that he was the presi
dent of the United States, in fact as well as in
name. With him it was no empty office. He
was placed there by the people as the leader
and he would lead.
Dr. Campbell dwell with much feeling up
on the fact that President Garfield was a
Christian— a true, honest, . noble hearted
He was a man. In every sense of the word
he was a man. Manly In the physical sense,
manly in the moral sense. Preminently man
ly when the «ational trumpißi sounded,
throughout our land to all loyal hearts, to
arms! Manly, when occasion required him:
to confess that he was a Christian.
Dr. Campbell was followed by
REV. THOB. M'CLABT,
who prefaced his address by reviewing Gen.
Garfield's military career, and the fact that
while serving the country as a soldier, a major
general, he was elected to congress. It was *
question as to whether he should resiga his
office in the union army and accept the
seat tendered him in congress But after
conferring with his friends it was concluded
that the war could not last much longer, and
that he could best serve his country in con
gress. . This decided the question.
In congress he was the youngest member,
but he made his extraordinary powers felt,
and upon the retirement of Jas. Blame he was
.thenceforth the acknowledged leader of his
In March he was inaugurated. It was bright,
the sky was cloudless. Not. long did the hap
py aspect remain, however. Soon the s. mber
storm clouds began to cross the heavens. Dis
sensions arose among his associates. Thosu
who should follow attempted to lead.
As characterisric of the late president Rev.
McClary related the following episode which
occurred just after the memorable battle of
Shiloh. An order came to him from a supe
rior officer to hunt down and return all fugi
tive slaves. He read the general order, and
then his manhood, true and conscientious, as
serted itself. He refused to obey, saying,
that for this purpose the army of the union
was not massed in the South. The matter was
referred to the war, department at Washing
ton, and there his brave decision was Sus
He assumed a position independent and
somewhat unpopular. In the congressional
convention his name was proposed For nomi
nation. He thought there was no hope for
him. He was called upon to explaiu his pos
ition. He took the platform, and set forth
his views in a clear, concise and logical form.
He stated that he would goto congress, if
they wished to send him as an
independent man,uninstructed, but not other
wise. He then left the hall tbinkiner there
was not the ghost of an opportunity ]*ft him.
As he left the hall a gentleman arose and iv
a clear voice called out. "There is a man, he
has the courage to face this great political
body and assert his independence. He :s
worthy of our unqualified confidence. I
move you that he be nominated by acclama
tion." And he was then unanimously nomi
nated by acclamation as president, he went
into power not to accede to the whims of the
people, but stood up for what he thought was
right and just. I believe God chose President
Garfield as the chieftain, as he chose Moses to
lead the children of Israel out of bondage.
God chose Abraham Lincoln. If I believe in
God at all, I believe this. God's ways are not
like our ways. God said that he could accom
plish for us that which no other man could
do. The speaker here drew a graphical pic
ture of the life of President Garfield, stating
that his life is the dark background which sets
off the beautiful picture — a picture which the
nation will never tire to look upon with pride.
BKV. 1. F. HAT,
pastor of the Church of Disciples,
of which sect President Garfleld was
an ardent member, followed. H.
reviewed the religions pha*>e of President
Garfield's life. In March, 1850, he had been
baptized into the Disciples' church. He was
a positive and outspoken Christian. For many
years he had. taught in a Sunday school at
Washington. He had, although never or
dained a minister of the gospel, preached dur
ing his early life. While president of Hiram
college he occupied pulpits almost weekly
He advocated the abolition of sects and creel*
of churches. He was in favor of a union
of all Christian churches. He spoke feelingly
of the incident, when in the tumultuous streets
in New York, Gen. Garfleld had quelled the
mob by saying like a noble Christian, "God
reigns and the government at Washington
still lives." He was a praying Christian. He
believed as Abraham of old, that what God
promised he would fulfill. He was a manly
Christian, a happy Christian, a cheerful Christ
Garfield was not a partisan. It was the whole
nation he served, not a party.
President Garfield was asked by a friend
what he would do with the assassin, Guiteau.
He replied, with feeling, and the magnanimity
of his soul: "If he truly repents, I would for
give him. Christ would 'forgive him, and why
not I." This is a fair illustration of his char
acter. He closed with an appeal to the young
men to improve the noble example set by Gen.
RKV. E. D. NEIL.
closed the addresses. He spoke of th« national
calamity in the death of our belored president
of the obsequies at the . tomb in Cleveland, of
the miles of mourners following the casket
containing the mortal remains of him, to com
memorate whose memory we are gathered
here to-day. w,. r-r- -"."vv;"."- ; :
He mentioned . the ' fact that not until the
death of James A. Gar field did the people fully
realize and appreciate his rtal worth, his great
loses. He spoke of the mourning of the whole
civilized world. '■'•. * ; ;'• '■ ::"-:.
Dr. Neil payed a beautiful tribute to the
dead, and to the bereaved mother, wife and
children of the president. .^^^^aat^^^M
ST. MARK'S OHUBCH.
At 3 o'clock the two commandarias of
Knights Templar of this city, assembled at
Dion commandary asylumn, and, headed by
Danz brass band which discoursed a funeral
dirge on the way, marched with reversed
swords up Nicollet avenue to Sixth street and
thence to St. Mark's church, where they were
assigned seats near the altar.
The church was tastefully draped. On the
altar was a United States flag draped in
mourning, a white dove was suspecded
near the top. The pulpit fas
profusely decorated with flowers. The fol
lowing is the programme of the ceremonies:
Anthem, lesson from burial 'service; addreet;
hymn; Appostles creed, repeated by congre
gation standing; Lord's prayer; responsive
reading: prayer; hymn.
ST. PAUL'S CHURCH.
At St. Paul's church Rev. F. W. Toaipkina
conducted the obsequies before a crowded
congregation. The church was modestly and
tastily draped in mourning.
A largely attended, and very interesting and
sincere memorial ceremony was conducted by
the Turners at their fine new hall on Wash
ington avenue north, which was heavily draped
At the Bennet seminar? memorial services
were observed yesterday morning at 8:30
o'clock. The structure was draped.
The High school building was handsomely
draped. The attendance was large. Prof.
Knerr, principal, delivered an eloquent a&d
A memorial meeting was held at Christ
church, before a full house, yesterday morn
At the Pilgrim church, services were held at
3 o'clock. The church was draped through
out. Addresses were made by Rev. J. R. Ber
ry, Byron Sutherland, Esq., and James G.
Obgf rvance at Mankato.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Mankato, Sept. 26. —Mankato to-day
paid a fitting tribute to our martyred president.
Commencing at 1 o'clock to-day the bells toll
ed for several hours. At 2 o'clock the people
gathered to the number of 1,500 in the large
opera h ouse, where appropriate services were
held. The stage was draped, the large curtain
being covered with black cloth. In the centre
was a fine protrate of President Garfield sup
ported on each side by the national colors,
draped. There was also a very fine display of
ft>wers and plants upon the stage, and the walls
and gallery were draped with festoons of black,
cloth. Addresses were delivered by. Rev. Mr.
Freeman, Judge Severance and Rev. Mr. Rog
ers. Mr. Severance paid a most elegant trib
ute to Garfleld's patriotism as a soldier and
statesman. Mr. Rogers, a classmate of Gar
fleld's, gave a brief history of his early- life
and his remarks were particularly interesting,
interspersed with personal incidents. The
singing was excellent. Judge Dickinson,
president, and a number of leading citizens
accepted seats on the stage.
Closing the Casket in Washington.
The following are said to be the facts as to
the closing of the casket at Washington: At i
o'clock Mrs. Blame, accompanied by Mrs.
Windom, entered the rotunda to look at the
remains. Both ladies turned away, very much
shocked. The guards had noticed during the
day that the face was changing. Black spots
appeared, indicating that decay was begin
■ing under the skin; The. embalming had
been done badly, and it was evident that the
body was fast decaying. Mrs. Blame turned to
one of the guards and said: "Thecofan
mustlbe closed." The guard leaponded that
it could not be done. "But," was the quick
response, -"I am Mro. Blafne'." "I can't help
that. The coffin will not he closed unless by
order of the cabinet." The ladipg retired and
the procession went on. At 6:25 Bergeant-at
Arms Bright received an order from Secretary
Blame to close the coffin. At once this
was done. Those who bad reached the
foot of the coffin were m tim* only to see
the lid closed. Then the wreath sent by Queen
Victoria was placed over the head, and the
crowd continued to file past to only look at a
closed casket. There was, of course, great
surprise and some indignation, which, how
ever, was not loudly expressed. The members
of the Army of the Cumberland who were
around the coffin said that the remains were
not fit to be seen, as the face had turned com
pletely black. Many expressed the opinion
that the coffin ought never to have been ex
posed open to the public.
The Bad News at Garfleld's Home.
[Cor. Philadelphia Times.]
A reporter visited Mentor early to-day. The
morning sun arose in golden splendor, light
ing up like diamonds the dew laden leaves of
the orchard and shade trees and illuminating
the dark lines of forest and hill to the south,
forming a picture of pastoral beauty rarely ex
celled. A stillness like death re' gned over the
scene, but there was nothing to betray that
the honored owner of the Mentor
home, who at death's door had
longed to see it once again, was gone forever.
Stockew, the stable man, had ju3t arisen and
when the reporter informed him of the death
of the president he looked aghast, his lips
quivered and tears came trickling down his
cheeks as he said: "Can it be possible— can
it be possible that James is dead?"
Father Rudolph, (father of Mrs. Garfleld,)
was met by the reporter as he was coming out
of the rear entrance to the house. "This is
sad n»-w6 you have to hear, Mr. Rudolph."
"Yes, very," said the venerable gentleman,
"but we have feared it for a week past. It
has not come unexpectedly."
"Have the boys been informed of their
"No, not as yet. The little fellows were
told yet-terday that their papa was worse, and
they cried bitterly. We hated to tell them.
It will be very Bard for the boys to Vir."
"Have you received any news from 1
Branch — any dispatches?"
"Nothing since James was taken tl
suppose Lucretia knew the worst, anc 1 .
to communicate it to us. I wrote he* d le^r
only yesterday. It will be terrible f»r her to
bear, but I thank God that she has a home
left for her and her children."
The old eentleman was joined by Joseph
Rudolph. They epoke of the dreads and fore
bodings that Lucretia and James expressed
before leaving home. "James told me,"' 6aid
father Rudolph, "that he had rather a thousand
times go into the senate than take the cares
and burdens of the presidency. Only two
weeks before he was inaugurated he talked to
the school children at Hiram, and when he
left the school house he said: 'Father, this
seems more like a funeral than anything else.' "
The Aged Mother.
[Cleveland Correspondence Philadelphia Press.]
Today the correspondent of The Press visi
ted the aged motber of the dead president at
her humble home near Solon. It is an unpre
'enuouis little home, provided by the kindness
of the dead president, for it is no sin to re
mind the American people, who raourn tie
loss of this great-hearted and great-brained
ruler, that all bis kindred are poor. Not one
is above daily toil, and, except for the promo
tions of the past few years, it is doubtful
whether even he would have been. It
oes not seem to be any part of the Garfleld
family training or inclination to be money
getters. The little house is built on the
ground, being only a story and a half high.
Two lines of great apple trees guard the walk
from the gate through tlie hedge up to the
parlor-door. To-day the little room sccired
hung in mourning by the looks of all who
were about it. A few cut flowers which grew
in the garden near by were in a glass di6h
upon the table, and to the right upon another
little table, setting against the wall, large and
excellent photographs of Garfield and Arthur
sat side by side. On the opposite wall hung
an engraving of GarfleM as a boy, soldier and
president. In this room sat Gen. Garfield's
aged mother and Mrs. Larrabee, her daughter,
as well as Mrs. Larrabee's youngest daughter.
The aged mother seemed much depressed with
her great sorrow, but bore up bravely,
"I am starting upon my 81st year to-day,"
said she, "and it may be my last. This is a
terrible sorrow, a fearful affliction for me to
bear, but doubtless God knew best when to
take him. He was the best son a mother ever
had — so good, kind, generous and brave If he
had to die, why didn't God take him without
all the terrible suffering he endured? I sup
pose I ought to think that is for the best,
and yet I cannot He had, I know, fulfilled
the full measure of his ambition.
He had reached the highest po
sition in the regard of his countrymen.
"Did you ever see such an uprising?" she
•aid, eagerly. "That otfght to break the fall
for me, but it doesn't seem to. I want my
boy. It seems so hard, 100, that we could not
have been with him in his djine hours. Ta?rc
are his sisters, who played with him in his
childhood, and who loved him as I did. It
seems so hard that he should die away from
us." As if gathering hope for the future,
the courageous and loving mother, long past
the allotted time of man or woman in years,
added: "I can not last long, and the other
world will be brighter for his presence."
Referring to the place of his burial she
naid: "It is proper that be should be buried in
Cleveland; it is the capital of the county in
which he was born and of the section where
be grew into prominence. Mentor had been
bis h >me but a short time, although he had
intended it should be the rest of his life. Most
of his years -have been spent at Solon and
Orange, and it seems best that his final resting
place should be near the olaces that he loved
The brave old lady often trembled with emo
tion while talking thus patheti -Ily
distinguished son. He seemed to f
whole heart, and she never tired, .
even in her affliction, of seem? x-c
knew him and would talk to her i
"It is wonderful," said she, "how . ■■••
thoughts of him. I ride a little ev~rv >- -.> t
get the fresh air and look at tfc« flt-ld* ana
places he lovfd so well. I aai so glad you
have been over to the olu homestead. He
loved every foot of it. He and his brother
built the frame house for nic ne;>r the well
where the pole has been erected. It was rude
carpentering, indeed, but they both took their
first lessons in H. It was burned after we
left it. .' .
The most touching Incident since the great
tragedy occurred this morning As Grandma
Garfield was packing her lUtle bag j»reviousto
her departure, the clasp refused to yield to her
trembling touch. Involuntarily she exclaimed:
"Jame«, I can't unfasten my satchel." Then
the awful truth dawned upon her afresh, made
more true] by the involuntary lexclaination,
"What did I say?" 'She gasped, looking
quickly about to see if bet utterance had been
■overheard. Mi*. Larrabee turned her head
the other wsy, »s if she had suddenly been
pierced by an arrow. Mr*. Gartfeld stood
trembling with uncontrollable agitation.
"Mr. Palmer," she said ut length, "you are
,the only James I have now. Will y<iu un
Many have been the expressions of sympa
thy from all parts of the country. "Oh, we
ar« so grateful," said Mrs. Larrabee to-day,
and some of these expressions have been so
precious to us."
Act t on ♦/ the Governor*.
Cleveland, Bept. 26.— A meeting of the
governors of states was held thre morniug pre
vious to the exercises at the park, at which
were present Governors Cornell, of New York;
Bigelow, of Connecticut; Ludlow, of New
Jersey; Jackson, of West Virginia; Hawkins,
Of Tennessee; Petkin, of California; McCul
lom, or Illinois; Blackburn, of Kentucky;
Smith:, of Wisconsin, and others. Gov. Black
burn, of Kentucky, was chosen chairman,
aad, on motion of Gov. Cornell, Bigelow, of
Connecticut, and Hawkins, of Tennessee,
were appointed • a committee on
resolutions, and after brief consultation re
ported the following, which were unanimous
ly adopted :
We, the governors of the several states, as
sembled to assist in the funeral ceremonies of
our dead president,
Resolved, That by his murder our nation
has lost a gallant soldier, an unselfish patriot,
oae of the purest and ablest statesmen of the
age, a chief magistrate, whose brief but bril-
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