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Quick Workjy Jury.
ONLY 30 MINOTES NEEDED
To Come to a Decision.
EXCITIi\« DAY IN THK COURT.
Violence of the Prisoner During Por
ter's Scathing Plea.
THE DEITY BACKET DON'T WIN.
And Now ScoTilie.Will Blather About
For a New Trial.
JUIIfiR COX'S INOInIVF. CHARGE.
Every Utterance of Which Was an
Extra Nail in the Assassin's
Bulletin No. 1.
Washington*, .Tan. 25.— The jury in the
Guiteau case brought in a verdict of
guilty of murder in the first degree.
They were out only 30 minutes.
Bit lie in JVo. •*.
Washington, Jan. 2").— At 5:35 court
was called to order and at f>: 3o the jury
came in and rendered a verdirt of
"guilty, 1 ' as indicted.
WiiUiNuioN, Jan. 25. — As usual Gniteau
opened the proceedings of the court by an
nouDciDgr "My sitter has been doing some
silly talk ia Chicago. She means well, but
ehe's up lawyer."'
Judge Portf-r immediately resinned his ar
gument. Admonished by the falling snow
and severity of the weather from which he had
suffered, he felt it necessary to vary somewhat
from his original intcutions and
trust to the intelligence and
honor of the jury ts supply his defects. He
would not therefore linger over the dry de
tails of the evidence fieling it imperatively
necessary this case should be brought to a
conclusion as soon as possible. He would
simply toneh upou a few salient points of the
evidence. "John W. Guiteau," said Judge
Porter, "I belitvo to be an honorable man.
He came here ready to contribute his means,
his evidence and his service to save [\va bro
ther's life, and an honored father's name, and
yet the truth comes from his lips that must
impress upon every one of you the conviction,
that on the 2nd of July this prisoner was as
sane as you or I, or the judge upon this
Reading from the evidence of J. W. Guiteau
and commenting upon it, Judge Porter said
of the prisoner: "He has two faces." •
Guiteau — "How many have you got?"
Judge Porter— "He has *wo faces, one
showing the sanctity of the pbari. c ee, and the
other the hideous grin of the fiend that pos
As he continued to read from J. W. Guit
eau's testimony relative to his last interview
with the prisoner. Gniteau continually inter
mpted with such comments as: "What I
say is always true, Judge Porter." "What you
say is generally false." ' T never said bo."
"That is absolutely false. "
Proceeding Judge Porter contrasted the
life, conduct, and deceitful practices of the
prisoner with the apostle Paul in the light of
the prisoner's assumption, that he like Paul
was honestly engaged iv doing the Lord's
work. "Paul never palmed of! brass watches
"Neither did I," spoke Guiteuu.
"Paul never swindled his creditors out of
their just due.'
"Oh, your a blood iiiiid," retaliated Guiteau.
"You belong to the Judas tribe."
The picture drawn by Judge Porter was
unything but a lovely oiie, and provoked the
prisoner to the mo3t abusive retorts: "You
are a liar and you know it, and I tell you so
to your face, Judge Porter," he called
"This man," said Judge Porter, "who says
he never deceived anyone" —
"That's a fact," piped the prisoner. "Put
that in frequently."
"This man, who says he never deceived any
one, says in one of his handbills, ' Lecture by
Hon. Charles Guiteau.' He never deceived
anyone! Where did he get this title of hon
"That's the way ray letters came addressed,
Judge Porter — "The Lord murdered Gar
Guiteau — "Yes, and he'll murder yon before
Judge Porter — "The Lord murdered Gar
field. The Lord defrauded printers and
boarding houses, and every night and morning
the Christian prisoner thanks the Lord for his
Continuing to read from the evidence, Judge
Porter was again and again interrupted by the
prisoner who called out: "Read the record.
That's bigger than my brother. He's
no brother to me, and never has been
till he came to this trial. It's contemptible
in you to speak about my brother in the way
•'Judge Porter in an apparently incidental
way spoke of the horror with which men of
..11 parties and all shades of opinion look upon
the prisoner, and the unanimity with which
they execrate this act."
"Your a liar, and you know it,' shouted the
prisoner with the energy of desperation. "The
American people are on my side, and so is the
As Judge Porter continued his arraignment
of the prisoner, Guiteau winced and nervously
twisted in his seat, and finally drowned the
voice of Judge Porter, who gave way to his
clamor. In savage tones he shouted: "A saint
from heaveu couldn't stand the abuse of that
man Porter, aad I won't stand it. I will re
lieve my mind. The idea of this man trying
to'make rae out a fighting man, a man of bad
character, acd all that. It's a lie, and he knows
it. He's a liar, and I will call him so. r>
Jndge Porter — "I am simply giving the
sworn statements of his own brother.''
Guiteau — "He's no brother of mine, and I
wouldn't have spoken to him at the Fifth ave
nue hotel last summer. I have noth
ing against him, but I don't like
his style. I did cot like my
fa' her's style either. My sister sympathizes
with me, and my brother sympathizes with
my father. I want that understood. It's con
temptible In that man Porter to undertake to
convince the jury that I'm an unprincipled,
Judge Porter read from the letter of the lat
ter, W. Guiteau, when the prisoner again
called out, "Scoville was very smart about
that letter, wasn't he. It shows what a block
head he is anyway."
The first interruption by counsel for the de
fense occurred when Judge Porter undertook
to quote the opinion of the English judiciary
upon this case. Reed interposed an objection,
but without heeding him Porter continued his
remarks. Reed insisted upon his objection.
Corkhill, springing to his feet, protested
against the interruption: "You have made
your objection— that's ths extent of your pre
rogative; you've no right to Interrupt the gen
Judge Cox— "What Judge Porter has said i 6
neither very relevant or very objectionable. I
don't see that you can object."
The prisoner added his comment: "Yonr
honor ought to put that man under arrest.
He is a perfect nuisance this morning."
After this outburst Judge Porter continued
to speak for some minutes without further
interruption. Alluding to the Incident of the
watch, Judge Porter arraigned both the
prisoner and counsel fo>* their contemptuous
manner in speaking of the witness Edwards
as a miserable Jew. "I have yet to know,"
said the speaker, "that any man lives who
could have cause to feel ashamed that he
sprang from the same race as the Savior of
Guiteau— "That's all very line, but you for
get that the Lord and the Jews had a falling
out at the destruction of Jerusalem. The
Jews are all right now, though a very good
sort of people.'
Judge Porter continued. As a matter of
fact, however, the insinuation of counsel i 3
not correct; jet not content with the attempt
to blacken the character of this witness coun
sel for the defense would eiivumsise him here
in the presence of this court.
The interruptions of the session in violence
and freqency continued till reinforced in an ob
jection of Scoville. The clamor and din for a
moment, resembled a small Babel.
Scoville finally made himself heard and de
sired exception notice to the statement of con
struction put on evidence by Judge Porter.
A sharp discussion ensued, during which
the prisoner made himself heard from the
dock, shouting: "It's an ostrage for that man
to be allowed to speak. He ought to be under
arrest for his insolence. It has been notning
but one stream of abuse from him all the
morning. It is enough to provoke a saint
from heaven. It's a disgrace upon a court of
justice." The bailiffs undertook to quiet the
prisoner, and succeeded in drawing his atten
tlon from the dispute of counsel and the at
tractiou of his abuse to themselves. It seemed
for a moment more than possible that his vi
cious demonstrations might provoke some
of the officers beyond the point of endurance
and perhaps to the point of assuming the
functions of the court in administering whole,
some and much needed discipline. Judge Cox
called for reading from stenographer's notes
of a passage which had oused dispute, and
promptly decided against Scoville's demnnd
that counsel be stopped; passing to the testi
mony of Dr. Spitzka. Judge Porter said: I won
der if Lucifer were on trial would Dr. Spitzka
pronouncu him a moral imbecile, a moral
monstrosity; wnen Satan foil from his high
estate there was a clnnge in sutan bat m this
man, according to Dr. Spitzka, there never
could have been a change. He was from start
a moral imbecile, a former of morbid
projects, says Dr. Spitzka. Why are most
of mankind poor? Because of morbid pro
jects yet do vrc pronounce tie majority of
mankind iusane. What doe 3 he say of this
prisoner's sanity on the 2d of July? "Proba
bly insane." Do you propose, gentlemen of
he jury, to bring in a verdict that he waa
'probably insane?' Was he sane or insane,
hat is the question. What does he say of the
prisoner? as a lawyer he calls him a third
jte shyster, in a criminal court I suppose.
Scoville can toll you what that means, I can
lot, said Judge Porter.
"Well, some of your clients can tell what it
s," retorted the prisoner.
Referring to the lefereuce by Reed to Char
lotte Corday, Judge Porter said it was left to
Rpcd to make the discovery and to announce
to this court and to the world that Charlotte
Corday was insane. Rehearsing the circum
stances of Charlotte Corday's life and death,
Judge Porter contrasted her act of patriotism
with Guiteau's foul murder in most eloquent
and stirring sentences. The prisoner was
roused almost to fury and bellowed like an in
furiated beast, at times completely drowning
• God Almighty will curse you, Porter, you
miserable whelp you. You can't make the
American people believe 1 am not a patriot to
day. I suffer in bonds as a patriot, and God
will curse you if a hair of my head is injured.
Pausing a moment, Judge Porter said:
•'Contrast the conduct of this vindictive,
cowardly wretch with Charlotte Corday, who
who walked peacefully to the scaffold with her
hands folded over the cross upon her breast,
and a serenesmile thnt denoted her willingness
to suffer death for her country, and the patri
otism which instigated h r act."
"I ain't afraid to die either," shouted the
prisoner. "You may put my body in the
ground if yon can, but I tell you this nation
will go down in blood if you harm a hair of
my head "
Next Judge Porter compared the prisoner to
Wilkes Booth, and showed the latter to be
almost a patriot compared with the cowardly
assassin now on trial, for Booth was
actuated by mistaken motives of patri
otism, and was a man of manhood
and manliness but this sneaking, cowardly,
wretch conceived the plan for his victims
death and hi 3 own safety at the same time.
He murdered this man for revenge and noto
Guitean— "l shot my man iv broad day
light and don't you forget it, Porter."
Pressing the assertion that Guiteau was
actuated by revenge and desire for notoriety.
Judge Porter compared him to a noted crimi
nal in Europe. I don't recall his name, said
Judge Porter. He siid lam the ugliest man
"Well, you wasn't there," interrupted
"You'll be the ugliest man in history
though," continued Porter
"I would rather be the ugliest man in Eu
rope and have notoriety than remain iv the
ranks of mediocrity for the Lext half hour, M
There was one continual- stream of inter
ruptions and abase from the prisoner. A
score of times lie denounced Porter as a liar,
varying the expressions as adjectives suggest
ed themselves. His vindictive disposition
showed itself as r:ever before and for once his
cunning was merged into his angry spite and
as Porter piled up Ossa of invectives upon
Pelion of denunciation, the prisoner unwit
tingly emphasised and corroborated the
diagnosis of depravity and wicked heartedsess
which counsel was with such telling effect
pronouncing upon him.
"You know that's all an absolute, desper
ate, wicked, devilish lie," finally shouted Guit
eau, stammering with rage. Recess.
After recess Guiteau announced he should
not interrupt unless it was warranted, but the
harangue he seemed about to start on was cut
short by Judge Cox, who commanded him to
keep silent. •
Judge Porter resumed: There is one man
between you and the grave of tbe slaughtered
president who knows whether his defeose is a
sham one or not.
Guiteau — It is a true defense and you
Porter — The truth will, however, burst
forth find reach the of every
one, if from other sources. It will make its
way from the murderer himself.
Judge Porter then read from tbe letter of the
prisoner to his father, in which he said, "For
•years I was haunted with the idea that I was
cut out for some great mission, but cow am
convinced it was a devilish delusion and de
nounce my vanity and egotism.
Guifeau-T-Wf-11 I've changed my mißd since
then. That was ten years since then.
Reading from Guiteau's criticism upon tbe
religious and moral growth of the past six
ST. PAUL, THURSDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, 1882.
thousand years. Judge Porter sa;d could
Judas Iscariot himself have pronounced a
more sinister judgment?
Guiteau — Judas Iscariot would have em
ployed you as his attorney, you big liar you.
His whole life, said Judge Porter, was in
accord, and all evidence substantiated the as
sumption that revenge and a morbid desire
for notoriety actuated the prisoner. Judge
Porter passed to the discussion of the direct
issue of the case, whether or not the prisoner
was insane on the 2d of July. The prisoner
himself, he said, does not claim to be insane.
Guiteau — I don't now, but I was on the 3d
of July, and for thirty days previous. Transi
tory mania, that's what I claim.
Replying to this claim judge Porter pointed
to the absurdity that like a stroke of lightning
all his iusanity should vanish in an instant;
that it should envelope him completely day af
ter day for the purpose of murder; that it still
clung to him after he saw his victim sinking
helpless to the ground and then instantly was
taken off and left him a perfectly sane man, —
Guiteau— Well the transitory mania was the
plea that Sickels got off on and you were on
the prosecution of the case and got beaten on
the very same doctrine. You were trying to
fool that jury on, —
In passing on to criticise Dr. Spitzka'a tes
timony, Porter said: M I wonder whether if
Lucifer had happened to be on trial, Dr. Spitz
ka would say of him ha was a moral Imbecile,
a moral monstrosity. When satan fell, if we
may believe the book of inspiration, he fell,
from where? From Empyrean heights and he
sank into depths from which come those
temptations that lead men to crime and lure
them to punishment here and hereafter.
Judge Vox's Charge.
Judge Cox, at 3-!5 p. m., proceeded to de
liver his charge to the jury. He commenced
by saying the constitution provides that in all
criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy
the right of a speedy and public trial by an im
partial jury in the state or district where the
crime shall have been committed. That he
shall be informed of the course and natare
of the accusation against him.
That he shall be confronted with
witnesses against him; that he shall have
compulsory process to obtain witnesses in his
favor, and that he shall have assistance of
counsel in his defense. These provisions are
intended for the protection of the innocent
from injustice and oppression and it was only
by their faithful observance guilt or inno
' ceDce could be fairly ascertained. Every ac
oused person was presumed to be In
nocent until the aecuasation was
pr.n-ed with what difficulty
and trouble it has been administered in the
present case the jurors have been daily wit
nesses. It was, however, consolation to think
that not one of those sacred guarantess of the
constitution had been violated in the person
of the accused. At last the long chapter of
proof was ended. The task of the advocate
was done, and it now rested with the jury to
determine the issue between public justice and
the prisoner at the bar.
No on* could feel more keenly than himsel f
the great responsibility of his duties and he
felt that he could only discharge them by
close adherence to law laid down by the high
est authorities. Before he proceeded further
he wished to notice an incident which had
taken plac« during the recent argument. The
prisoner had frequently taken occasion to pro
claim that public opinion was evidently, by
press and correspondence, in his favor. These
declarations could not be prevented, except
by process of gauging the prisoner. Any
suggestion that the jury could be influenced
by such lawless clattering of the prisoner,
would have seemed to him absurd, and he
should have felt he was insulting the intelli
gence of the jury if he had warned them not
to regard it. Counsel for the prosecution
had felt it necessary, however, in the
final argument to interpose a contradiction
to such statements and txecptiuns had been
taken on the part of the accused to the form
in which that effort was made. For the pur
pose of purging the record of any objectiona
ble matter, he should simply say, anythiDg
which had been said- on either side in refer
ence to public excitement or to newspaper
opinion was not to be regarded by the
The indictment charged defendant with
having murdered Jas. A. Gardeld, and it was
the duty of the court to explain the nature of
crime charged. Murder was committed where
a person of sound memory and discretion un
lawfully killed a reasonable being in the peace
of the United States, with maiice and fore
thought. It had to be proved first that death
Kas caused by the act of the accused and
further it was caused with malice
and forethought. That did not mean
however, that the government had to prove
any illwill or hatred on the part of the accused
toward the deceased. Whenever homicide
was committed without lawful authority and
with willful intent, it Avas sufficiently proved
to have been done with malice aforethought,
and malice was not disproved by showing the
accused had no personal illwill toward the de
ceased, and that he killed him from other mo
tives as for instance through mistaking him
for another or (as claimed in this case) to pro
duce a public benefit.
If it could be shown the killing occurred in
the heat of passion or under provocation,
then it would appear there was no premedi
tated attempt, and therefore no malice afore
thought, and that would reduce the crime to
manslaughter. It was hardly necessary, how
ever, to say there was nothing of that kind in
the present case. The jury would have to say
the defendant was guilty of murder or he was
In order to constitute the crime of murder
the assassin must have a reasonably sane
mind. In technical terms, he must be "Of
sound Jmind, memory and discretion." Any
irresponsible, insane man could not commit
murder. If he was laboring under a dieease
of mental faculties to such an extent that he
did not know what he was doing or know it
was wrong, then he was wanting in that
sound mind, memory and discretion that was
part of the definition of murder.
In the next place every defendant was pre
sumed innocent until tbe accusation against
him was established by proof. In the next
place, notwithstanding the presumption of in
nocence, it. was equally true that defendant
was presumed to be sace, and to have been so
at the time the crime was committed. That is
to say, the government was not bound to show
affirmatively as part of its proofs
that defendant was scne. As insanity was an
exception,and as a majority of men are sane.the
law presumed the latter condition in every man
until some reason was shown to believe to the
contrary. The burden was therefore on the
defendant who set up insanity as an excuse
for the crime. To produce proofs in first in
stance to show that the presumption was mis
taken uo far as it related to the prisoner's
crimes. Therefore it, involved three elements.
The killing, malice and responsible mind in the
murderer. After all the evidence was before
the jury, if the jury, while bearing in mind
both of those presumptions, that is that the
defendant, is innocent till he is proven guilty,
that he is sane till the contrary appears, still
entertained what is called unreasonable doubt
on any ground, or as to any of the esseutial
elements of crime, then defendant
was entitled to the bentflt of that doubt and
to acquittal. It was importaut to
explain to the jury herein the best way that
the court could determine what is a reasona
ble doubt. He could hardly venture to give
the exact definition of the term, for he did not
know of any such successful attempt to do
so. As to questions relating to human affairs,
knowledge of which is derived from testimo
ny, it was impossible to have a sace mind.
Certainly that Is created by sci
entific demonstration, only the jury could
have no moral certainty depending on the
confidence which the jury had in the integrity
of witnesses, and in their caDacity and oppor
ttfnity to knownjtue trntb. If, for example,
facts not improbable in themselves were nt
tested by numerous witnesses, credible, and
who had every opportunity to know the
truth, a reasonable or moral certainty would
be inspired by that testimony. In such case
doubt would be unressonable or imaginary or
sp^ulative. Ie ought not to Nj doubt
as to whether the party might not be inno
cent. In the face of strong proofs of his
guilt it must be a sincere doubt whether he
had been proved guilty, even where testimony
was contradictory and where much credit
should be given to one side than the other.
The same result might be produced. On the
other hand, opposing proofs might
be so balanced that the jury
might justify the doubt in
which side, under all the circumstances the
trnth lay, and in such case tbe accused party
was entitled to the benefit of the doubt. All
that the jury could be expected to do was to
be reasonably and morally certain of the facts
which they declared to be their verdict. In
illustration of this point, Judge Cox quoted
the charge of Chief Justice Shaw, of Massa
chusetts, in the case of the Commonwealth
With reference to the evidence in this case,
very little comment was required by court
except upon one question, others being hardly
matters of dispute. That defendant fired the
shot and shot the deceased president was
abundantly proved. That the wound
was fatal had been testified to by
surgeons who were competent to speak and
they were uncontradicted. That homicide
was committed with malice aforethought (if
defendant were capable of criminal intent or
malice) could hardly be gainsaid. It was not
necessary to prove that any special or express
hatred or malice was entertained by
the accused toward the deceasdd.
You will find little di n culty in reaching a con
clusion as to all elements that make up the
crime charged in the indictment except it
might be as to one of sound memory and dis
cretion; but that was only a technical ex
pression for a responsible and sane man. He
now approaches that difficult question. He
had already said the man who is insane in the
sense that makes him Irresponsible
and cannot commit crime. Defense
of insanity has been so abused
as to be brought Into groat discredit
It was the last resort in cases of unquestion
ed guilt. It had been the excuse for juries
bringing in verdicts of acquittal when therr;
was public sympathy for the acciw<l and es
pecially where there was provocation for the
homicide, according to public senti
ment but not according to law. For
that reason defense of insanity was difficult.
It was sufficient to prove that the act was
done by deliberate intent, as distinct from an
act done under certain Impulse in the heat of
blood and with malice aforethought.
This is the closing part of Judge Cox's
charge: Jury should bear in mind that the
man had not become irresponsible by the mere
fact of his being partially insane, as the law
assumed every on c at outset to be sane and
responsible. The question was what was
there in this case to enow the contrary as to
The jury was not warranted in mferrine the
man was insane from the mere fact of his
committiug the crime, or from the enormity
of the crime, because the law presumes there
is bad motive, and that the crime is prompted
by malice, if nothing else appears. He had
dwelt upon the question of infane delusion,
simply because the evidence relating to that
was evidence touching defendant's power, or
want of oower (from mental disease) to dis
tinguish between right or wrong. This was
the broad question for the jury to determine
and it was what was relied upon by the de
fense. The only safe rule was for the jury to
direct it« attention to one test of criminal re
sponsibility, namely, whether the prisoner
possessed ' mental capacity at the
time the act was committed, to know
that it was wrong or whether he was deprived
of that capacity by meatal disease. There was
one important distinction which the jury
must not lose sight of, and th<-y must decide
how far it was applicable to this case. That it
is not a distinction between mental and moral
obliquity, but, between mental incapacity to
distinguish between right and wrong and
The judge, in conclusion, said, and now gen
tlemen to sum up all, I have said to you if
you find from the whole evidence that at the
time of the commission of the homicide the
prisoner was laboring under such de
fects of his reason that he
was incapable of unuerstanding what he was
doing or of seeing it was the wrong thing to
do, as for example, if he were under the in
sane delusion that the Almighty had com
manded him to do the act, then he was not in
a responsible condition of mind, but
was an object. of compassion
and should 'be acquitted. If, un
the other hand, you find that he was
under no insane delusion, but had possession
of his faculties and had power to know his
act was wrong, and if of his own free will he
deliberate]-" conceived the idea and executed
the homicide then, whether his motives were
personal vindictivenees, political animosity,
desire to avenge supposed political
wrongs or morbid desire for no'oriety, or if
you are unable to discovtr any motive at all,
your verdict should be guilty.
RENDERING THE VERDICT.
After the jnrv had been out about twenty
minutes a recess was taken until 5:80. Many
of the audience, who had virtually been im
prisoned since 9:30 in the morning, availed
themselves of the opportunity to obtain fresh
air and lunch.
The prisoner at his request had been allowed,
soon after the jury left the conrt room, to re
tire to a little room he has occupied since the
trial began, as a waiting room. Dur
ing the reces?, before leaving the
couit room, he evinced considerable ner
vousness, but on getting away
to comparative seclusion his usual composure
and assurance soon returned to him. He sent
out for some apples, with which he treated
his attendants, meanwhile chatting familiarly
and good natu redly. He was asked
what he thought the jury would do, and re
plied, "I think they will acquit me or disa
gree, don't you?"
Within ten mmute3 after recess had been
taken the jury called to the bailiffs that they
were all ready with their verdict.
They were informed a recess had been taken
and Judge Cox had left the court room, so
they remained in their room until court reas
sembled. A rumor tfiat they had agreed was
quickly spread from one to another and the
excited crowd surged back into the court room
and anxiously awaited what all seemed to ex
pect, a verdict of guilty.
The room »aa devoid of gas, and a score or
more candles which had been placed upon
the desks of judge, counsel and reporters, im
parted a wierd and fancifully unnatural aspect
to the grim old place. Shadows thrown upon
the dark back ground of •tb< 1 wall
seemed like flittering spectres to usher in the
sombre procession of those who held in their
hands the destkiy of human life. First came
the prisoner with a quick nervous step >
and as he seated himself in the dock, per- i
haps for the last time, the light of
a solitary candle fell full upon his
face and disclosed its more than usual pallor.
Not a tremor of limbs or the movement of
the muscles of his face was observable as he
threw back hia head an:' fixed his gaze upon
the door through which the jury were to
The judge soon afterward took hia seat.
The crier called "Order!" and the jury at 5:35
filed solemnly into their seats. Every sound
was hushed save the voice of the clerk as he
propounded to the foreman tbe usuri inquiry.
Clear and distinct came the reply:
"What is your verdict, suilty or not guilty?"
With equal distincliveness came the reply:
"Guilty as indicted."
The pent-up feelings of the crowd found ex
pression in uproarious demonstrations of ap
plause and approval. "Order," "order,"
shouted the bailiffs. Seoville and coun
sel for the prosecution were si
multaneously upon their .feet. Seo
ville attenuated to address the court, but
the district attorney shouted, "Wait till we
have the verdict complete and in due form of
law. 1 ' Order was at length restored, and the
clerk again addressing the jury, said:
"Your foreman says guilty as indicted. 3o
say you all*- 1 "
"We do all," was responded.
Another demonstration of approval fol
lowed this announcement but not so pro
longed as at first. Scoville, Still utxra his
'feet, demanded the poll of the jury .which was
granted, and each juror was called by name
and each in a firm voice promptly responded,
As the last name was called the prisoner
shrieked: "My blood will be upon the heads
of that jury. Don't you forget it."
Scoville again addressed the court, saying:
"Your honor, Ido not desire to forfeit any
rights I have under the law and practice In
the District. If there is anything that I
ought now to do to save those rights, I
would be indebted to your honor to indicate
It to me."
Judge Cox in reply assured him he should
have every opportunity. That the charge
would be furnished him in print to-morrow,
and he would be accorded all the time accord
ed by law within which to file his exceptions,
and that he wonld also be entitled to four days
within which to move in arrest of judgment.
Guiteau, who from the moment Judge Cox
began delivering his charge, had dropped com
pletely his air of flippant arrogance, and sat
with rigid features and compressed lips, called
out in tones of desperation:
"God wilraveiige this outrage."
Judge Cox then turned to the jury and said:
"Gentlemen of the jury, I cannot express too
many thanks for the manner' in which you
have discharged your duty. You have richly
merited the thanks of your countrymen and I
feel assured you will take with you to your
homes the approval of your consciences. With
thanks, gentlemen of the jury, I dismiss
With this announcement, the court was
declared adjourned, and now the
famous trial which has absorbed
public interest and attention for
more than ten weeks was ended. The
crowd quickly left the conrt room, and the
prisoner, gesticulating wildly with his mana
cled hands, was led out.
.-'■ ■ What Scoville Says.
Scoville said to-night the next move in the
Guiteau case would be a motion I for a new
trial, which he expects to file Saturday. The
main points on which it will be based are that
the jury erred in rendering a verdict contrary
to law, and . they erred in
rendering a verdict ~ contrary . to
vidence. Judge Coz in his charge did not
ebase it upon all the evidence, and the jury
during trial read newspapers and had conver
sation with outside persons. Should motion
be denied, an appeal : will be
taken to the court in bane. In
referring to the verdict Scoville said after
hearing Judge Cox's charge, be was not sur
prised that the jury rendered a verdict of
guilty. He refrained, however, from passing
a criticism upon Judge Cox's charge, further
than to say he had not been accustomed to
hear judges addressing a jury as Judge Cox
did, but simply submitted written instruc
tions. This too, upon law, bearing upon the
case and not upon the evidence.
Judge Cox, Mr. Bcovill thought, did not
review the entire evidence given in the case,
but only a portion of it.
Guiteau is said by some to have appeared
the coolest person in the court room at the
time the verdict was announced, -but
Scoville believes when the excitement attend
ing the trial is over he will become a raving
Scoville does not talk to-night like a man
who thinks his labor in the matter is at an
end. : There are good grounds, he says, for a
new trial, ant! he proposes to show this from
the record of the trial. . '
How the yeiea Was Received. : ,' ; -^
Cincinnati, Jan. . £s.— The news of Gui
tean's conviction calls out the . liveliest ex
pressions of gratification wherever it has been
heard. "Thanks to the Deity," was the ex
pression of one business man, when he heard
the news. • One strong sentiment of satisfac
tion was found in the promptness of the jury,
and, as one man aptly said, this jury acquitted
Chicago, Jan. — About the streets, to- i
night, the only comment upon the result of
the Guiteau trial is an expression of gratifica
tion that the verdict was so sharp and prompt.
There was very little surprise, and no indica
tion of sympathy for the assassin. ,
. The morning papers, without exception,
take the ground that the liberal construction
of the rights of Guiteau in the court room and
the latitude allowed his counsel, have preclud
ed the possibility of granting a .new trial.
Editorials also agree in applauding the ver
dict as just and in accordance with the evi
dence. : ; •
New York, Jan. People here are en
tirely satisfied with the verdict of the jury •in
the case of Guiteau. "So say we all of us," is
the verdict returned by the people everywhere,
according to the telegraph. There is general
relief that the long trial is ended.
Pittsburgh Jan. 25. — The news of Guiteau's
conviction spread through the city like wild
fire, and was received on all sides with satis-,
ON 'CHANGE IN CHICAGO.
Wheat and Other Grains Steady— Fork and
- •; Lard Advancing:. ■.--v :.":
.Chicago, Jan. — The wheat market was
purely and simply a speculative one. : Prices
were unsettled and the feeling was nervous
and uncertain throughout. The board was
full of rumors of corners, and the presence of
one or two operators from abroad created un
usual remark. The demand was active, and
at each rally in prices there was a large offer
ing. Receipts fell below the usual small
quantity. The opening was >u'@/^e lower
than yesterday's prices, and declined ac, ral
lied xc, became weak under free offerings, de
clined I^, ruled strong, advancing *1% c and
receding Xc, with some tii fling fluctuations,
and closed almost at the close of yesterday's
figures. Sales, 1.3401.85 X February; I.3s)£<S
1.36>£ March and 1.38&® May. On
call sales were less than half the usual amount
and prices were a shade off. .; : ; ; - .
Corn was more active than usual and prices
took a considerable -■ boom, the shorts vied
with outside speculators in sending them up,
and the anxious purchasers more . than bal
anced the heavy offerings, and big receipts
seemed to cut no figure. The advance : was
about % @lc, and at the close @lc • above
yesterday. ■'■> Sales ranged at eo# @tsl# c Febru
ary and 06% <giS7 X c May. Call was active but
Oats steadily improved and closed firm with
light trading - and no ■ novel features. - Sale?,
43^048 a c February and 45%<2»462 May.
. The demand for mess pork was brisk and
sales unusually heavy. - Prices advanced 30 to
40c, and kept up .pretty well under large offer
ings. Foreign advices strengthened the tone.
Sties ranged ■at 18.27 a @18.40 '■ February and
firstname.lastname@example.org March. : On call; sales were very
| heavy again and prices dropped a trifle. '■, Lard
followed pork, and, under active demand, sold
up 10c@l5c, and .closed firm. - Sales U.3o@
11.40 February and 11.45@1L 55 March. .
[Chicago Tribune, 24th.] : .
' The board of trade was stirred up to an old
fashioned pitch of excitement yesterday— all
on what, turned out to be rumors. The flurry
was in the wheat market, which advanced 3
cents from the latest prices Saturday. The
market strengthened slowly early in the ses
sion, " but the sudden jump skywards
took place after 12 o'clock, when
a - report was circulated that a big
house in New York had failed, and as a prom
inent local firm was known to have done for
merly an extensive business with the Eastern
concern the crowd, or rather an individual in it
who appears to have possessed extraordinary
ability in the way of finding nut things, con
! eluded that the house here was also involved,
: and giving the crowd the idea they added to it
j a tinge of plausibility because the local parties
: were ;■ supposed \to be . buying ,in a big : line
of short sale?. ;: The whole story . proved
I to be a canard so far as the Chicago house is
! concerned, which has not been doing business
j with the Eastern concern named for sometime
i back, and the Eastern failure also lacked con
| firmation. 4 . :\. r . »;»;'
-"The boys ■ merely, thought," said a by
| stander,* ."that the New Yorker who had laid
! down was ! . Mr. Smith the ' big '■ speculator,
j while it was Mr. Smith the little speculator,
or it was not one of the Smiths at all."
AIX AROUND THE GLOBE.
A dispatch from Rome reports Gen. Gari
baldi suffering from bronchitis.
S. D. Miller & Sons knitting mill, N ebon,
ville, N. V., burned yesterday. Loss $J;0,000
The Carthage, Mo., woolen mill tamed
Tuesday night. Loss, $60,000; insurance,
Conductor Hanford, of the wrecked train
on the New York Central railroad, hai been
The public school at Hartford, Connecticut
burned yesterday morning. Lo;t>$l20,(0C : ; in
su ranee $70,0u0.
Twenty-six new cases of small pox wsre re
ported to the Pittsburg and Allegheny wards
of health yesterday.
Gov. Cornell has ordered an election on Feb
ruary 28, to fill the vacancy caused by the
death of Senator Wagner.
John Cayle, jr., is to be hanged Ma -ch 24
for the murder of Emily Meyers at f&yle's
Ferry, Pa., last summer.
The postmaster at Gretz, Pa., bavin y. small
pox, the sureties have been directed to move
the olfice and effects to a safe place.
Rose Retyhetka, employed iv the Cl< veland
Paper company's -mills, accidental y fell
into a vat of boiling water yesterday aad was
Four hundred testers at Rochester, N. V.,
struck yesterday for an advance of 25 per cent,
in wages. Two thousand men are thrown
out of employment.
An application for authority to comtience a
suit to annul the charter of the Manhattan
railway company has been refused by the at
torney general of New York.
The fire in Wentelmeyer's breweiy, St.
Louis, between 1 and 2 o'clock this n orning
was confined to the malt house, as piedicted
yesterday. Loss about $15,000; fully* insured.
The one-fourth interest of John W. I'ittock,
deceased, iv the Pittsburg Evening and Sunday
Leader was sold at public auction y« sterday
for $5,500. The surviving partners wer* pur
A cablegram from Sir Henry Half > -«l an
nounces tnat the British accept the A nerican
conditions for an international match it Wim
bledon, but the return match must remain an
The Republique Fruncaise, of Paris, says all
the cabinet asks of the chamber is not to bar
it from bringing the question of scruten de
liste before congress, which may thei finally
decide the matter.
Yesterday morning tire originating on the
roof of the jail and county building i t Rock
Island, burned part «f that structure Loss
by fire and water used in extinguishing fire,
$b\ooo to $9,000, uninsured.
Constable Alf. Gee shot Dr. Holler, dent
ist, twice, at the town of Washingtoi , Texas,
near Brenham. Muller died jesterday morn
ing. The parties had a difficulty two" months
ago. Gee was arrested at Dallas.
At Caldwell, Texas, Ben Hunt i'aot -ud
killed Jas. A. L-;ach, merchant. Hunt surren
dered. Leach was a man of fami'y. It is
charged he had seduced a relative of Hunt's,
who had given birth to n child.
At St. Joseph, Mo., last night, in a drunken
row at the World's hotel, James Lernox was
struck on the head with a bottle and poker by
Night Watchman Cohen, and received injuries
from which he died. Lennox was a brick
layer. Cohen has decamped.
The pattern room of the Rooney machine
shop, with it.3 contents, at At ha , Mass.,
burned last night. Also, the lnmoer shop
belonging to the Gold Medal sewing machine
company, containing 160,000 feet of lumber.
Loss, $100,000; partly insured.
The safe of Charles Hennebrigut, i wealthy
farmer ten miles south of Akron, Ohio, was
robbed of §120, Tuesday night, by four masked
men, who also stole his team ard wagon.
One thousand five hundred dollars iii another
part of the house was not found.
Lafayette Bland, convicted of the minder of
Dr. Cat hey, near Alma, Ark., December 18,
1880, and sentenced yesterday to hang at
Greenwood, January 27, had his sentence com
muted today by the governor to imp •isonment
for twenty-one years in the penitentiary.
Chaffee, trustee and assignee of ftbfl A. & W.
Sprague manufacturing company 1 , received
from William H.Hopkins and on' hundred
and fifty associates an offer of $2,6)0,000 for
the entire property in his hands. It has ac
cepted the offer, subject to the approval of the
James Mineck, an old man living ten miles
in the country from Detroit, jester lay killed
his hired man, named Jnmcs Carr. The par
ties were alone. Minock says he wi.s stealing
money from his room, and the latt< r attacked
him with a knife and he killed vim in self
United States District Judge H. ('. Caldwell
threw a little white powder into the grate at
his residence at Little Rock, Arkan.-as, yester
day, whereupon an explosion followed,
throwing the judge across the room, tearing
the flesh from his arms, wrecking the furni
ture, etc. The affair is mysterious
A man named Floyd Whitney, wis arrested
at Detroit, Mich., last night, charged with
murdering Warren Stafford, at; Chatham, Tio
ga county, Pennsylvania, July 25, 1880.
Whitney admits the killing but suys it was
done under great provocation, Staff jrd having,
so he heard, brutally beaten his ( Whitney's)
Dionycio Garcio, mail messenger in the
postofnee at Laredo, Texas, and Ferdinando
Garcio, connected with the Laiedo Times
office, both belonging to highly respected
families, were arrested night before last for
robbing the mail. The robbery has been
going on for six months, and some eight
hundred letters are said to have >een stolen
since the first of December.
GOT TO FIGHT FOR IT.
The Oinafaa Company Not So Sure of Its
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Madisox, Jan. 25.— A new syndicate backed
by the Northern Pacific and Grand Trunk
companies, has been formed to secure the land
grant of the Portage & Superior. A E. El
more, E. W. Keyrs, and Senator liurrows are
in the scheme, and the object is to build a
road from Sturgeon Bay to Superior City. It
is now conceded that the Omaha < ompany has
got to fight for the grant, if th it company
ever gets it.
Th« Irish Question.
The people of St. Paul should not for
get that on Saturday evening next Mr.
John F, Finerty, an experienced journal
ist of Chicago, and a very pier sant public
speaker, will speak at the opt ra house in
regard to the deplorable condition of civil
affairs in Ireland. It is not often that
the people of St. Paul have tin opportu
nity to hear a man talk upon this subject
so capable of treating it in an intelligent,
systematic, instructive a manner as is Mr.
Finerty. The general subject is one that
he has" studied with great care fulnes3, and
in a methodical manner, '."'he result is
that he speaks in regard to it in a style
that is instructive as well as interestingi
The Land League.
There was a good meeting >t the land
league last evening, Presiden c MacCarthy
in the chair. Treasurer 801 l reported
that he had remitted $200. The presi
dent read a communicatio a from the
Irish- American national executive com
mittee relative to the Grattar. centennial,
which occurs on the 22d of February
and on motion it was unanirccusly decid
ed to celebrate the day in St Paul. The
following committee of arrangements was
appointed: Wm. L. Kelly, John Bell,
J. J. Kennedy, R. J. Markoe and John F.
flanley. The land league proposes to
make the celebration thoroughly Irish
OVER THE OCEAN.
. LONDox, Jan. 24.— A dispatch from Dublin
reports that Dillon is very ill.
FlemtniDg, one of the directors of the Cii y
of Glasgow bank, who evaded arrest at tie
trial of . his colleagues, and who recently re
turned. to England from America, has been
arresied, . •' ""
Dr?BLix, Jan. 24.— Lord Lieutenant Coop</r
has refused to permit the presentation of the
freedom of the city to Parnell and Dillon,
now in Eilmaiuham jail.
LONDON, Jan. 2i. A Paris dispatch an
nounce^ that urgency has been voted for the
debate in the chamber of deputies on the re
port of the committee on bills for revision of
constitution. Special correspondents agree in
saying it is generally believed a fall of the
ministry is certain. The report of the com
mittee on a revision of the bill states that on
the scrutin de liste question the will of one
person seemed to be substituted for that of
Jules Orbib of Marseilles and Paris failed.
Liabilities are estimated, at 250,000 francs.
Transactions chiefly with the levant Bivarun.
• Paris, Jan. 24.— The government has re
solved to make the adoption of the revision
bill entirely a cabinet question. If the min
istry is defeated, it i 3 stated Gambetta will re
sume his seat as a deputy and defend a number
:of bills drafted by him since accession to
Sixteen persons have been killed by the ex
plosion of a dynamite factory at Port Vendres.
Berlin, Jan. 24.— the Reichstag during
debate on the Budget to-day a discussion arose
concerning the late imperial rescript. Bis
marck said he did not aim at a new constitu
tion. The maxim, "The King Reigns, but
does Not Govern," did not apply to Germany.
The expression, "ministerial responsibility"
was equally absurd. He declared the rescript
remained unshaken by attacks upon it. He
was fully aware of his responsibility in sign
ing it, and was aware also for all the acts of
the sovereign. It was to the sovereign, he
said, and not to the parliament of Germany,
he owes the position he enjoyed. Bismarck
asserted a doubt' whether am one could re
proach him with cowardice." There was a
great uproar on the Left, Bismarck Btepp3d
forward and repeated his inquiry, saying: "Is
there any one among yon who dares bring
such a charge?"
Bismarck's speech created great excitement. .
It was an emphatic reinsertion of the doc
trines of the imperial rescript a* to tile rela
tions between the Prussian king and the peo
ple a direct challenge to the reichstag and
very aggressive in tone. It caused atremen
duous upronr in the house, although other
wise it made a favorable impression.
SENTENCE OF CONSPIRATORS.
St. Petersburg, Jan. 25.— The assistant
commandant at St. Petersburg announces
that the sentence of twenty years hard labor
passed upon Melnikoff, the accomplice of
Sindowski in the attempt on the life of Gen.
Tchererein, has. been confirmed; but in con
sideration of the fact that Sackowski peti
tioned for mercy and has not been proved to
belong to any secret society, his sentence of
death has been commuted to hard labor in the
mines for an indefinite period.
London, Jan*. 25.— The Times, in its finan
cial article, says: In spite of government and
private aid to the Paris bourse, all advices con
cur in representing the difficulties as fur from
Paris, Jan. 25.— The Bank of France, con
sideration of . adequate security, has placed
important securities at the disposal of the
chief financial and commercial house of
London, Jan. Bullion to the amount of
■£L4,ouu was withdrawn from the Bank of
England to-day, which goes to Paris.
N»w T»r'K . Democrats Getting Sensible
. ALBASr, N. V., Jan. 25.— The Demo
crats of the assembly met in conference
this morning. All the representatives in
Albany were present and a committee of
three was appointed to hear the claims of
the Tammany delegation. A -solution of
the difficulty seems near.
". : . Obituary.
. Newport, N. H., Jan. 25.— Edmund Burke,
repiesentativt! in congress from 1839 to 1845,
commissioner of patents under President Polk,
and editor of the Washington Union, is dead,
aged 78. .
Off the Track.
Newark. Sew Jersey, Jan. 25 —A way train
on the Pennsylvania railroad was thrown from
the track : and stopped all other trains for a
time. No one was seriously injured.
R. L. Gorman left last night for Moorhead.
Col. Chirm went up to Fargo last evening.
D. Fieldman, of Brinkley, is at the Claren
Judson L. Jacob?, of Chicago, is stoppine
at the Clarendon. * b
E. A. Kenler, of Salt Lake City, has rooms
at the Clarendon:
G. N. Baxter, of Faribault, is stopping at
• Mr. J. F. Lincoln ha 9 just returned fro^ a
trip to Sioux City.
Mr- Irvine Jones left last night for Moor
head on a business trip.
J. A. Scott, M. M. Walters and J. D. Tay
lor, of Fargo, are at the Merchants.
R.C. Gray, of Fergus Falls, is a guest of
Col. C. T. McNamara at the Clarendon.
W. H. Lambert, of Pine City; T. Down, "of
St Peter, and M. C. Williams, of Sioux City,
are at the St. James. .
H. Hinds, of Shakopee;G. W. Watson, of
Red Wing; Phillip Best, of Milwaukee, and E.
Gilbert, of Maukato, are at the Windsor.
G. Kingston, of Canada; W. Kingston, of
Mars; T. C. Russell, of New York, and J.
L. Taylor, of Chicago, are at the Metropoli
•:« J. T. Cameron, of Dulutb; J. G. Emerson
of Bismarck; J. B. Knowles, -of • Milwaukee
and W. H. Mitchell, of Moorhead, are at the
Winnipeg was represented at the Merchants
yesterday by CM. Campbell, J. Chrisholm,
A. B. Elford, J. - Peterson, E. Roberts P
Sieurs, W. F. Thomas and J. Blackford.
" J. : Campbell, of Sank Rapids; G. M. Faro
ham, of Chicago; A. L. Gordon, of Duluth •
E. Locke, of Wilmar; C. L. McDonald. 8t
Cloud; C. S. Rice, of Le Sueur; B. E. Redmond '
of Fergus Falls, and L. H. Hall; of Bruincrd'
T. E. Elder, of Moorhead; .H. T.Eamss, of
R~d .Wiog, and J. A. Winter, of Fariosult, are
at the Sherman.
Remember the lecture at the Opera house
Saturday evening of John F. Ffnerty upon the
Irish question. He is an eloquent speaker.
WEATHER TO-DAT. •
. V- Washington, Jan. 25,1 a. m.- Indications
for Upper Mississippi and Missouri Valleys,
clearing and weather, northwest to south
west winds and rising barometer with station
ery or lowtr temperature.