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Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, April 16, 1882, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83025287/1882-04-16/ed-1/seq-2/

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OUR JUVENILES.
Phil's Secret.
I know a little girl, '
But 1 won't tell who !
Hex hair is ofcthe geld,
And her eyes are of the .blue, ;.£;.<'£
Her milo is of the sweet,
And her heart is cf the trno;
Such a pretty little girl J—
. But I won't tell Mho.
I see her every day,
But I won't tell where;
It may be in the lane,
By tho thorn-tree there ;
It may be in the garden,
By tho rosebuds fair;
Such a pretty little girl!—
But I wont tell where.
, 11l marry her some day.
But I wont tell wh^p ;
The very smallest bojß
Mike the very biggest men.
When I'm as tall as father, '
You may ask sbout it then ;
Bach a. pretty little girl !—
«■;;.' But I wont tell when. -
— Laura S. Mclutrds.'
Cinderella.
Do you know that the story of Cinderella
is one of the oldest stories in the world?
It has bocatold to* delighted youngsters
for thousands of years, and by almost
all races of people. There are, of course,
some little differences in the story, as
told by different peoples ; the French,
for instance, have a cow for the good
fairy, and when the animal was about to
be killed sho told Cinderella (or rather
Gedrensette, which is her French name)
to collect her bones into her hide, and
to wish over them for anything she
wanted. As the Scotch tell it, a dying
Queen gave her daughter "a' little red
ealfy," which was killed by the cruel
step-mother, and over its bones the child,
Rashincoat as she is called, wished for
her three dresses. — New Jerusalem Mes
senger.
Xlw Saint Bernard Dog.
The great Saint Bernard mountain is
one of the high mountains in Switzer
land. On the highest point of the pass
over it is a large stono convent, which is
used as a placo of refuge for travelers.
It is 8,000 feet above the sea, and is the
abode of a number of pious men, called
monks. They hr.ye a breed of large,
noble dogs that scent out people lost in
the snow. They scratch away the drift,
and bark loudly all the while, so as to
let the monks know what has happened.
One of these dogs saved forty persons,
and among them waa a little boy that
the dog managed to restore from a frozen
state, and carried on his back to the
convent. These dogs are tall, with large
limbs and broad chests. With a case
containing food or cordials slung about
their necks, they go out to seek for
travelers. Sometimes the monks go with
them. Being able on their four feet to
cross great sheets of snow where men
oould not venture, the dogs trace out
any one who may be lost in the drifts.
They supply him with food, and some
times take him home on their backs.
In winter there are what are called
avalanches. A great mass of enow
gathers on a high placo till it gets so
heavy that it falls at once down the
mountain. In doing so it makes a noise
like the discharge of a cannon. Some
times the snow-drifts surrouud the walls
of the convent to the height of forty
feet. The deep little lake before it does
not melt till July, and freezes again in
September, and the snow falls almost
«-reij Uuy in the year. Not a tree is to
be seen, but only patches of moss, grass
and bright, hardy little flowers. The
kind monks are cheered in their lonely
life by the thought of doing good. —
Nursery. %
Hans and the Pepper-Pot.
Little Hana was a very naughty boy
one day.
What do you think lie did ?
Well, he did almost everything that
wsa mischievous ; at least, everything
he could think of.
I suppose he got out of bed the wrong
way, or opened his left eye first instead
of his right, or forgot to say "Popocata
petl" before he began his breakfast, or
some such dreadful thing ; and, if ho
did, of course that was enough to make
him naughty, wasn't it ?
First, he wouln't eat his breakfast.
There was not enough sugar on his por
ridge. Mamma put on some more, and
then there was too much. (This shows
that something was very wrong with
him, for who ever heard of a child having
too much sugar?) And he wouldn't
eat it. " Wah ! wah J boo !" no, he
wouldn't
So ho didn't. And nobody was a bit
the worse for it but himself.
After breakfast he felt hungry, and
went back into the kitchen, but mamma
had put everything away except the
pepper-pot:
"When Hans saw the pepper-pot, lie
forgot that he -was hungry. Now he
would have some fun.
So ho called the cat, who was asleep
by the Btove, and began to pat and
Btroke her.
Pussy purred, and felt very happy,
when suddenly — puff ! Hans shook the
pepper-pot over her nose.
Poor pussy ! Htr eyes and nose were
full of pepper. She sieved piteously,
and ran round and round, sneezing and
spitting. That was fun for Hans.
Still holding the popper-pot, ho looked
about for some new sport, and saw on a
shelf a beautiful blue platter, larga and
round, which he had not often seen, as
it was usually kept locked up in the
cupboard.
How finely that would spin on tho
smooth kitchen floor.
Up he climbed, down he clibmed, and
soon the platter was spinning beauti
fully.
""Whir-r-r-r, whir-r, whir-r — craeli !"
this was what the platter said. And it
never said anything else, for it was
broken in fifty pieces.
Hans was very still for a moment.
Then he said to fcwrtifalf^ "If imunma
finds ace crying bard, perhaps she may
not punish me."
So he opened his mouth very wide,
and put both fists ia his eyes, and be
gan, " 800-hoo ! boo-hoo ! oh ! oh !
o-o-oh ! "
But the next moment came a change
in his tone, and his screams were those
of real terror and pain.
Poor Hans ! He had forgotten the
pepper-pot, which was still tightly
clasped in one hand ; and now his eyes
and nose were as full of pepper as poor
pussy's had been, and like her he ran
round and round the room, shrieking
and screaming.
What a sight met his mother's eyes
when she opened the door. Hans with
his mouth wide open, and his face
streaming with tears and pepper, and
her beautiful dish on the floor, broken
in fifty pieces! — Youth's Companion.
DOMESTIC ANIMALS.
Some Curious Household Pets.
Whatever of original instinct remains
with domestic animals is generally
shown in full force in the case of their
young, and, so strong is the maternal
affection, that instances have occurred
of their voluntarily adopting others than
their own. I have known a cat to r.dopt
a squirrel among her kittens. A re
markable story is told of a terrier which
took charge of a brood of young ducks,
having lost her own young. She was
greatly alarmed, however, when they
went into the water, and when they
came to land she took them up, one by
one, and carried them to her kennel.
Singularly enough, the next year she
adopted two cock chickens; but when
they began to crow she was as much
alarmed as she had been by the way
wardcess of the ducklings, and always
suppressed, by some manner of discip
line, every such attempt !
If we consider the injury we should
suffer if the vermin on which the cut
preys were allowed to increase without
that check, her domestication will ap
pear of no slight importance. The esti
mation in which Whittington's famous
cat was held by the foreign King is quite
credible. The service which this sly,
prowling character renders is an inter
esting illußtration of the inherent virtue,
in the great plan of nature, of elements
which appear from some points of view
unraitigatedly evil.
The taming of solitary specimens of
different species is not uncommon.
Though the taming itself is easy, the
lack of hereditary familiarity and sub
jection gives the creature's manners
much eccentricity; and his moral con
duct as a member of civilized society is
rather exceptionable. He is continually
relapsing into the old paganism and his
instincts break out in a very amusing
manner.
The beaver is easily made a household
pet; but he will set himself at work, with
many a wise look, in the proper season,
at building a dam — perhaps across a
corner of the parlor, with toys, books,
newspapers, and whatever elso he can
lay paws upon. The crow ia very pro
ficient under training; but his hereditary
propensities do not forsake him, and he
becomes an adroit " snapper up of un
considered trifles." A tame woodchuck
I knew of was wont to bury himself on
the hearth, leaving only the tip of hi 3
nose visible out of the ashes.
We have been told of an old negro
who had built his house in a wild and
mountainous place at a distance from
other dwellings. He was a singular,
lonely man ; but he enticed numerous
wild creatures out of the woods for com
panionship. Hares, gray squirrels, fly
ing squirrels, birds of various kinds,
foxes, raccoons, etc., were his household
pets. But such of his rude neighbors
as occasionally came to Jhis house began
to shrug their shoulders at the appear
ance of a formidable-looking rattlesnake
in the midst of his happy family. Tho
old man had been overheard talking
familiarly to it, and seen sometimes by
them — with cold chills creeping down
their backs — tending it in his lap, and
stroking it as he did his tame rabbits !
Withocc doubt there was some diabolic
art about all this, and some unceasing
intercourse with a familiar spirit ! But
the strange fellow did not seem to pre
sume on any such state of affairs; for he
had extracted the poisonous fangs. The
rattlesnake was, of course, h armless
while they were out. They would soou
grow again, however ; but he took
the simple precaution of pulling them
again as soon as they appeared. But,
with his neighbors, the success of tho
experiment was sufficient proof of the
exercise of unlawfal powers; and they
watched an opportunity, and secretly'
killed the singular pet. Who can tell
but that this superstitious act was a
serious lose? This negro genius had,
perhaps, taken the first step toward do
mesticating the species; and we do not
knoF what hidden use may have lain
dormant in its vile nature. Perhaps a
breed mierht have been at lenarth estab
lished without fangs, and with an affec
tionate disposition. Prejudices equally
stubborn on our part might have given
way, until we should have come to seri
ously study their capabilities for im
portant service of some kind. As a slight
and incidental use, they might have
served as fine playthings to drop into
little stockings hung in the chimney
Christmas, eve ! A bantam bleed only
a few inches long, but with rattles of
extraordinary tone, would be suitable for
infants in the cradle. Bat, unfortunate
ly, it is impossible to allay the puerile
prejudices of society even for the trial of
an experiment for its own good !
Tes number of women employed in
the railway offices of America is now
over 3,000. They get paid from $15 to
$30 a month. Nearly all of them are
either the widows, wives or daughters of
defunct or active male employes on th«
different roads.
THE SAINT PAUL SUNDAY GLOBE. SUNDAY. APRIL 16. 1882
OCR YOUNG FOLKS.
mamma!* Baddtsh Boy.
Gutting steamships on the chair,
Cutting off the dolly's hair,
Cutting paper on the stair, \ • rV'i
Cutting capers everywhere,^ *" ■ ,i.
That's Willie,
' Making " doggies " on the wall,
Making mud-plea in the ball," • "j*». .
" Making " horse lines "of my shawl, JT;
Making trouble for us aIL ■ ,'
• That's Willie. .
Hammering upon the floor.
Shouting till his throat is sore,
Making all youth's batteries roar.
All of this and even more,
That's Willie.
Soiling all his finest clothes,
Blubbing out his " French-kid " too*, •
- Dirty cheeks and dirty note,
■ ' •'*;;' Caring little how he goes, o
That's Willie.
Ah 1 my heart is sore and so- .
Thinking of\ny naughty lad;
Other mammas never had, '
- Never had a boy so bad
As Willie.
Bat when cuddled down to sleep,
And his arms around me creep, .. . ,
Asking God his soul to keep, j? '
'["hen in tender love I weep. .'-,; -. A . . -,"'
Then 1 know I hold too cheap, ' 5* -
; ' My precious Willie. j
An Ancient Traveler. : .;.» •'
The oldest book of travels hi Asia that
has been preserved was written by Mar-,
co Polo, an Italian, who was born near
ly 250 years before his famous country
man, Christopher Cohunbus, discovered
America. ■'*~i*s? "M -'■---' -•<"'-■-''-..
. The father and mother of Marco, who
were merchants in Venice, had already
been to China, then 'called Cathay, and
spent some years at the \ court of the
Emperor Khubla Khan, who became
their warm friend. On their return to
Venice they had many wonderful stories
to tell, of the mysterious country they
had explored, and , the strange sights
and adventures they, had met with ; and
two years afterward they started again
on their travels, with letters and pres
ents for the Chinese monarch from Pope
Gregory X. Marco, then a young man
of 20, went with them on this journey.
They traveled over land and water and
desert, and had. many hardships and
dangers to encounter. ; but finally they
reached the city of Cambalu (which was
discovered in the seventeenth century
to be Pekin), after a journey of m four
years! When the Khan heard" that
they were coming he sent " people'
to meet them a month and a half be
fore they arrived, and directed that they
should be received with every possible
honor. • ; ?
At last they reached the royal city
and were conducted at once to the
Khan, before whom they prostrated
themselves, after the fashion of the
country ; then they were invited to a
magnificent banquet. The throne, which
stood on a platform at the head of . the
long table, sparkled and glittered with
precious gems ; and on this was seated
the monarch of Cathay, sparkling and
glittering likewise in his festal robes,
with his four wives around him, and a
lone string of attendants for each of
the ladies.
Everybody who was considered to be
in good society in Cambalu was present
at this feast of welcome to the returned
travelers; and jewels and plumes and
gold and precious stones and brilliant
colors and beautiful faces were mingled
together in bewildering confusion. After
the company had left the table juggleru
1 and acrobats and musicians were brought
in to entertain them and very likely the
tired strangers were very glad when it
•was all over, and they could retire in
peace to the splendid palace that had
been arranged with every imaginable
; luxury, and hosts of servants to wait
upon them and do their bidding.
The nest day they presented thejgen
i erous monarch with the Pope's letter
and a small bottle filled with the oil
used for the silver lamps in the chapel
of the Holy Sepulcher at Jerusalem.
: Tho "Khan eoscr, from iliA revprpnt man-.
ner of the traveler, that this oil must
possess rare virtues, and received it with
much gratitude. He was an intelligent
man, and he asked them many questions
about their journey and about matters
and things in Europe, the Polos having
become well acquainted with the Mon
gol language during their former stay,
so that they could talk without an inter
preter. His Royal Highness was partic
ularly pleased with Marco, and said that
he would give him an important position
at once in his household.
The young man immediately began to
study the language, laws and customs of
this strange country, that he might be
able to perform the duties of his office,
and the Khan soon had such confidence
in him that he sent him on affairs of im
portance all over the empire.
It was in this way that Marco Polo
learned so much about Cathay, and the
book of travels which he wrote was read
for a long time with the greatest inter
; est. Now it is looked upon as an an
l cient relic, and the pictures are particu
larly funny. In one of them is a repre
sentation of the Khan in a portable
I room carried on the backs of four ele
i phants, which are shaped very muci
like pigs, and have gorgeous rosettes on
their backs, supposed to be intended for
saddles. A crowd of people gaze with
awe upon their sovereign as he is borne
triumphantly along in this very novel
manner, the front side of y the room be-
s ing open, bo that all can see him. *CJ* \
Another picture, which is intended for
an elephant hunt, represents the ele
phants shorter than the horses on which
the hunters ride and shoot at them with
bows and arrows — though elephants
would mind that! while the trees seem
to be growing on the elephants' backs.
fKhubla Khan was -at war - with the
sovereigns of 'the provinces south of his
kingdom, and his friends the Polos
were of great use to him by showing
him how to make and use the European
machines, called catapults, for hurling
immense stones against the "walls' and
tower's of besieged cities.' ' These were
highly thought of before the invention
of artillery.
The monarch was very much delight
ed, and as soon as the • machines were
ready he sent tho learned Venetians to
head a fresh attack upon the important
city of Sa-yan-f The banner of : Khu-
( bla Khan was soon waving above the
crushed walls, and tho Polos were liber
ally rewarded with wealth- and honors.
Marco, who was the Khan's especial fa-
Torite, was made a noble of . the empire,
with a more . magnificent palace and a
larger retinue than ever.
After spending seventeen years of this
exciting „ the Polos .longed to see
their native city again ; bntthemonarch,
who was now an f old man, would not \
1 consent ' to part with them. Fortunate
ly, however, for the homesick visitors,
the Khan's granddaughter was to marry
the King of Persia, and ; started on her \
journey to that country ; but after trav
eling for eight months the Princess and
her attendants found that many of the
provinces . through which they had to
pass were at war, and they turned back
to Cambalu. . : ■
The Polos, seizing this opportunity of
escape, promised to convey the bridal
party safely by sea ; and the Khan agreed
to let them go, on condition of their re
turning to him again after a short visit
home. Among the monarch's parting
gilts were caskets of magnificent rubies
and other precious gems.
It was eighteen months before they
reached Ormuz, and during that time
two or three of the envoys and 600 of
the Princess' attendants had died. The
Persian bridegroom was dead also, and
so was the monarch of Cathay, Khubla
Khan.
The Polos now were freed from their
promise to return ; and after staving
nino months in Persia. — for they liked
to explore every place at Fhich they
Btopped — they started on their long
journey to Venice. They arrived there
in safety, after an absence of twenty
four years ; and at first no one would
believe that these outlandish-looking
travelers were the real Polos. But they
soon proved their identity, and became
known far and wide as the moat wonder
ful travelers of the time.
Marco waa a prisoner in Genoa for
four years, after a battle with the Gen
oese, and he amused himself during
this dreary period v by writing an s ac
count of his travels and his life at - the
court of the Khan. — Harper's Young
■People. ■ I ■;;.-*'• ,.'.; ,'■;...; a " : : ' ; \/^
i • s'■5 '■ jv; Public Parks. - : : .O'\i '
.. New York city plumes«erself on the
syace of ground she has devoted to pub
lic parks, but it seems "small when com
pared with the pa^ks in London, which
cover the following areas : . « % '). . 1 2
—.:■ ,:,'.. ~v«^ '■■■■■-'.<■• '.:. ■ -■■'■ ■■ Acres
Richmond Park 2,253
Windsor Park » 3,800
Hampton Court and Euehy Parks 1,842
Kew Park and Garden 5.'. ....... .■.'■..'.."- f-S*
Victoria Park.:.... .:..„;. .:.....;..... SCO
Wimbledon Common .*.:. 628
Hyde Park 400
Green, St. James' and Regent's Parks 450
Hempgtead Heath.... .:... 210
Kensington Gardens .' 290 j
. Alexandra Park. ............ ....A ' 192
Greenwich Park .Vr...^...:." .....'.... 174,
Finsbury Park ............... .;.".:....V<l"ls
"* L :;. Total '^f.t. !*Tf f I .': t. j?. 1 ?. \~. . . ''.11,363
There are, beside the parks proper
which are included in this list, a large
number of so-called "dovns," "com
mons" and fields, some of which have an
area of between fifty and 100 acres, that
run the aggregate up to at least 15,000
acres. The following are fhe areas of
the New York parks:
Central Park..... . 864
RivensidoPark. 89
MorningsidePark ......CTT..V..... ...*:. 3A3»
Mount Morris Park ".'.. '.' 2i) -
High bridge '. -.-.* 23
The Battery.... ... •• 21
TomrHns .. 10&
City Hall.. 8&
Washington .V.. ...... 8
Union ■ '•'•'• 3 X
Madison 6 34
Heßervoir 4 5£
Stuyvesant - •• ii
But Paris eclipses London as much as
London does New York. The Paris
parks are thus described :
In the extent, picturesque beauty
and artistic embellishment of her mag
nificent pleasure grounds Paris is with-,
out an equal. All that art in its varied
resources could contribute, all that the
most generous expenditure of money
could accomplish, all that human inge
nuity could devise, have united to ren
der the parks of Paris superior to those
of all tho other capitals of Europe com
bined. Within the limits of the city
proper there are, it is true, with the ex
ception of the park of Monceaux, which
is the perfection of landscape gardening
—and a few other highly-ornamented
spaces, only public squares and places,
but beyond the boundaries there are, at
distances from less than a mile to ten,
fifteen and twenty miles, grand parks
like the Bois de Boulogne, the Bois de
Vincennes, St. Cloud, St. Germain, the
Champs Elysees, the Buttes Chau
mont, and many others. The [ Bois de
Boulogne and the Bois de Vincennes
have each 2,500 acres, while in the park
of St. Cloud there are 1,000 acres. It is
almost needless to say • that they add
largely not only to tho beauty Jbut to the
pecuniary benefit of the city, and at
trect tens «*f thousands of "the pleas
seekers from the Old and New Worlds
to the brilliant capital of the French re
public. Within a little more than an
hour by rail the great Forest of Fon
tainebleau, extending over an area of
42,000 acres, and which, in addition to
its natural beauties of grove and mead
ow, has several beautifully-cultivated
tracts of land blooming with the choicest
plants and flowers. Of so-called parks
in Paris and its immediate vicinity there
arc about 8,000 acres, but of public
grounds, including the Forest of Fon
tainebleau, there are over 170,000 acres.
A Weak Heart "Nefer Tins Nodinpr."
" Herman, do .you still go around mit
Rachel Goslineky ?" said Hoffenstein.
"Yes, sir," replied the clerk, "I
dakes her oud sometimes yen I don't got
nodin to do."
" Veil, you must keep on daking her
oud, because she vaa velty, you know,
und you don't find dem often dese days.
Yen I vas making love mit my vife. Leah
Heidenheiraer, I haf a great deal of
drouble, but I nefer veakens. Old man
Moses Heidenheimer's blaco was in de
gountry aboud yon mile fromVickebnrg,
und I used to go oud dere to see Leah.
Yon day vile I vas baying a visit to
Leah, her leedle broder, Levi, come
running in de house to his fader and
says : ' Pa,dde old prindle cow has poked
de fence attklown iind vas in the field
mit de corn,' I dinks it vill make a
good umbression on old man Heiden
heimer, und I says : ' Misder Heiden
heimer, you sday in de house und I vil
drive de cow avay.' Leah, she says :
1 Misder Hoffenstein, you petter hadkeep
away from de cow ; she vill chase you
all around.' 'Nefer mind, Miss Leah,'
I says, 'I nefer get sgcared in anyding,'
und yen I sdarted out to de field old
Moses Heidenheimer dells me to bust
de cow vide oben mit a sdick, und I says
I vill. Leetle Levi Heidenheimer comes
aloog mit me, und yen I got vere de cow
vas I dinks of vat a man dells me vonce,
und dot vas to look at a vild beast in de
eye und frown und it viil run avay. Her
man, venever a man tells you dot, you
dell him He vas a liar. I looked at de
cow, and I frowns, bnt she .don't do nod
ings. I gets a leetie closer, and I frowns
some more, und vat you dink ? De next
minute de cow runs at me. Shust as I
turn around myself to get oud of de way
de cow hits me mid her head. My gr-r
--acious, Herman, it vas derrible, und for
a vile I dinks dot my head vas in New
Jersey und my legs yas in de Rocky
mountains. De cow, hits me a gouple of
dimes more mit her head, and I gets up
and runs dwice faster den I efer did, und
de cow comes righd afder me. At last I
gets to a bersimmon sapling vot vas no
larger den my arm, und I vent up de
sapling. Veil, Herman, it was an hour
before I got down from vere I vas, und
Leah und all uf dem laughed aboud it,
but I shust keeps on making love mid
her _undil ye vas married. Recollect,
Herman, vile you vas gourting Rachel
Goslinsky don't get desgouraged. A
veak heart nefer vms noding. "
An ant town in the Allegheny mount
ains qpnsists of 1,600 or 1,700 nests,
which rise in cones to a height of from
two to five feet. The ground below is
riddled in every direction with subterra
nean passages.
DIPHTHERIA.
Itules for tnc Restriction and in
vention of the Dineane.
[rrom a Circular issued by the Michigan State Board
of Health.]
Diphtheria is a contagious disease,
hence tie strict observance of the fol
lowing precautions is of very great im
portance:
When a child or a young person has a
sore throat, bad odor to its breath, and
especially if it has fever, it should im
mediately be kept separated from all
other persons, except necessary attend
ants, until it be ascertained whether or
not it has diphtheria or some other com
municable disease.
Every person known to be sick with
diphtheria should be promptly and ef
fectually isolated from the public; no
more persons than are actually necessary
should have charge of or visit the pa
tient, and they should be restricted in
tlieir intercourse with other persons.
Plain and distinct notices should be
placed upon the premises or house in
which there is a person sick with diph
theria, and no child should be allowed
to enter.
The room into which one sick with
diphtheria is placed should previously
be cleared of all needless clothing, car
pets, drapery, and other materials
likely to harbor the poison of the dis
ease. This room should constantly re
ceive a liberal supply of fresh air, with
out currents or draughts directly upon
the patient. It will be well also to have
the nun chine directly into the room.
The discharges from the throat, nose,
and mouth are extremely liable to com
municate tne disease, and should be re
ceived in vessels containing a strong so
lution of copperas (sulphate of iron) or
on soft raga or pieces of cloth, which
should immediately be burned.
The discharges from the kidneys and
bowels are also dangerous, and should
be passed into vessels containing a
strong solution of sulphate of iron
(copperas), and then be buried at least
100 feet distant from any well ; or when
this is impracticable they should be
passed on old cloths, which im
mediately be burned.
The clothing, towels, bed linen, etc.,
on removal from the patient should at
once be removed from the room, be
placed in a pail or tub cf boiling-hot
zinc-solution, made in proportions as
follows : Water, one gallon ; sulphate
of zinc, four ounces ; common salt, two
ounces.
Nurses and attendants should be re
quired to keep themselves and their
patient as clean as possible ; their own
hands should frequently be washed and
disinfected by chlorinated soda.
All persons recovering from diphtheria
should be considered dangerous ; there
fore such a person should not be per
mitted to associate with others, or to at
tend school, church or ai<y public assem
bly until the throat and any sores which
may have been on the lips or nose are
healed, nor nntil all his clothing has
been thoroughly disinfected, and this
without regard to the time which has
elapsed since recovery, if the time is
less than one year.
No public funeral should be held at a
house in which there is a case of diph
theria, nor in which a death from diph
theria has recently occurred. Except
under extraordinary precautions there
should be no public funeral of a person
who has died from diphtheria.
After a death or recovery from diph
theria the room in which there has been
a case of diphtheria, whether fatal or not,
should, with all its contents, be thor
oughly disinfected by exposure for sev
eral hours to strong tumes of bnrning
sulphur, and then, if possible, it should
for several hours or days be exposed to
currents of fresh air.
Because of tho innumerable ways in
which the contagion may be scattered
about the house and premises where
there has been for some little time a case
of diphtheria, the entire house and out
buildings, including cellar, garret, wood
shed and privy, will usually need to be
disinfected.
Rooms to be disinfected must be va
cated. Heavy clothing, blankets, bed
ding and other articles which cannot be
treated with the zinc solution should be
spread out so is to be thoroughly ex
posed during fumigation, which should
take place in the room where tho cloth
ing, etc. , has been used in connection
with the patient. For a room about ten
feet square at least two pounds of sul
phur should be used ; for larger rooms,
proportionately increased quantities, at
the rate of two pounds for each 1,000
cubic feet of air-space.
Close the rooms as tight as possible,
place the sulphur in iron pans supported
upon bricks, set it on fire by hot coals
or with the aid of a spoonful of alcohol
lighted by a match, be careful not to
breathe the fumes of the burning sul
phur, and when certain the sulphur is
burning well, leave the room, close the
dcor, and allow the room to be closed
for twenty -four hours.
Care should be taken to secure the
complete burning of as much sulphur
as possible. For this purpose the iron
pan or pot in which the sulphur is
placed may previously be heated, and
may be placed in the room over hot
coals in a pan of ashes set up on bricks.
Cellars yards, stables, gutters, privies,
cesspools, water-closets, drains, sewers,
etc., should be frequently and liberally
treated with copperas solution.
It is best to burn all articles which
have been in contact with persons sick
with contagious or infectious diseases.
Articles too valuable to be destroyed
should be exposed for one'hour to a dry
heat of from 240 deg. Fah. to 250'deg.
Fah.
Do not let a child go near a case of
diphtheria. Do not permit any person
or thing, or a dog, cat or other animal
to come direct from a case of diphtheria
to a child. Unless your services are
needed, keep away from the disease your
self. If you do visit a case, bathe your
self and change and disinfect your cloth
in^>efore you go where there is a child.
«& influences which causa sore throats
probably tend to promote the taking
and spreading of this disease. Among
the conditions external to the body lia
ble to spread diphtheria, perhaps the
most common are : infected air, infected
water, and contact with infected sub-
stances or persons. Because of this,
and as a means of lessening the danger
of contracting other diseases, the follow
ing precautions should always be taken,
but more particularly during the preva
lance of any Bnch disease as diphtheria.
Avoid exposure to wind and to breath
ing cold, dry air; also the use of strong
vinegar or any other article of food
which tends to make the throat raw or
tender.
Do not wear or handle clothing worn
by a person during sickness' or con
valescence from diphtheria.
Beware of any person who has a sore
throat. Do not kiss or take the breath
of sttoh a person. Do not drink from
the same cup, blow the same whistle or
put his pencil or pen in your mouth.
Do not drink water which has a bad
taste or odor, or which comes from a
source which renders it liable to be im
pure, especially if there is_reason to be
new it may contain something derived
from a person sick with diphtheria.
MjBHSONS IN OJtTHOEPr.
A hoodlum, who came from Hawaii,
Remarked to a Chinaman : M Boy I
John, git ont of here !"
And over the ear
Wav he -shacked by this iU-nianDered baii.
For the tourist how every one f eelu,
When they hear him observe " L« Argelee
Has an elegant climate. 1 '
Bnt, ac for a rhyme, it
Will haunt a poor scribe till he squeals.
The Spaniards all call it "Lob An-ghelos,"
But to say it like that wonld sure strangle vb;
Their j is a gutteral,
But soft g we utter all,
And thus in a maae we entangle vi.
A Boston man said : "AtVallejo— "
But a native said : " I disagree, Joe ;
' If thua you pronounce it,
You'll surely be bounced,
And back to the East have to flee, Joe."
t ' Well, then," said the touritrt, " At Vallejo— >;
" You are wrong," said the rriend, " radically, Joe,
You must rhyme it with heigh-ho,
And call it Valla-h.o,
Though to you it may sound comically, Joe."'
II EH MY D. THOItEA V.
A. Graphic Stery of His Hermit Life.
The following lively sketch of
Thoreau's hermit life was read before
the Concord (Mass.) School of Philoso
phy by A. Bronson Alsott : " There was
once a man in this very town, and you
all know him so well that I may as well
name him — Henry D. Thoreau— who
believed that he ought not to eat pota
toes which were raised by the oppression
of the laborer. He believed that he
should supply all his own wants, get as
nearly as possible to a state of nature,
and not be dependent upon men for any
thing. So he set out to raise his own
potatoes. But lie had no land and he
had no means of getting it. So he
seemed likely to fail at the start. But a
very excellent man, toward whom lam
now pointing (stretching his hand
toward the bust of Ralph Waldo Emer
son), said to him : ' Henry — we all call
Trim Henry here — I have some lands on
the shore of blue-eyed Walden. It is
pretty sandy and is covered with brush,
and it is not very good lor potatoes.
But, if you want to go there and try li\j
ing alone, you are welcome to the use of
the land. I will not charge you any
rent.' So Henry found his land, but he
could do nothing without an ax. ' Well,'
eaid he, ' I must compromise here with
society. I must borrow an ax. ' So he
borrowed the ax and this was the very
house where he got it (the Orchard
House, where Mr. Alcatt lived then).
He went back into the woods and cut
trees to make him — a shanty, shall I call
it? No — a hermitage. But he could
not get it up alone, and so he had to ask
some of us, his friends, to come over
and help liini. Well, we went and
helped him. Of course he did not pay
us. That would have been contrary to
his principles, but he had to compro
mise there .igain with society, and we
were glad to help him. Neither did he
have anything strong to offer us. We
behaved like gentlemen, and the raising
was conducted on temperance princi
ples. But ho would take no furthei
help from us after he got his frame up.
Next ho wanted some boards. It so
happened that an Irishman near him
had built a new house and had no fur
ther use for his old one. So Henry
went to him and made, si bargain for
some of the old boards. But he was
able to get them without help, for the
Irishman wanted some surveying done,
and Henry was a good surveyor. So he
did tho surveying for tho boards, for he
believed that barter of that sort was
right. So he made his hut. He went
to tho shore of the lake and brought up
stones for a chimney, and he made the
mortar and laid the stones with his own
hands. He dug a potato-hole in the
floor of his hut and covered it with a
trap-door, that his precious crop might
be protected and very near him. Thus
he was provided with food and shelter
(Mr. Alcott forgot to state where Thor
eau got his seed potatoes), 'but,' said
he, ' I mu3t have clothes. I can't make
them myself. It is against my princi
ples to get them where any wrong is in
volved in making them; but there is my
aunt; she is a good woman; I will get
her to make them, but they shall be all
home-spun.' Well," continued Mr. Al
cott, laughing to himself as the picture
of Thoreau in that home-spun suit came
up in his memory, "she made the
clothes, and they were pretty much like
the nature of the man — pretty largo all
around.
" Thoreau lived in that place for eigh
teen months. He withdrew almost
wholly from human companionship. He
said: ' I was born among men,' of course.
I could not help myself. I had no
choice about that. I like my friends,
but I cannot be a part of society where
so much wrong is done. Here is our
Government stealing Texas and trying
to steal half of Mexico. Here is African
slavery. I will not live in the society
which tolerates such things. I will live
with the am'Tnniw and birds. They shall
be my companions. They are chaste
and affectionate and do no moral wrong.
But shall I take my fowling-piece and
bring down the bird that sits on the
bough ? No, that is not a bird that lies
on the ground at my feet. It is a mere
body. That is the bird which is all pal
pitating with life.' So Henry studied
the birds as he saw them around him ;
he learned their habits and wrote their
biographies. They came to know him
and would fly to him at his call. The
squirrels would come and sit on his
hand, and he would study their dentist
ry while they were cracking nuts. So
he lived among his pets, and sometimes
distinguished visitors went to see him.
"At last, however, one day there came
a man who said : • E^nry, I want you
should pay me a tax of $1.50 on your
head.' ' Why should I pay a tax on my
head ? ' said Henry. * I have nothing to
do with society. To be sure, I was born
in Concord, but I could not help tliat
I stay here because it ifl pleasant hero,
and I like to be wita my friends. Bnt I
have nothing to do with the town of
Concord.' 'Well,' said the man, 'you
live in the town and you must pay your
poll-tax.' 'But I haven't any $1.50,'
saidHeary; ' I haven't any money, and
I vouian't pay you if I had.' 'V<ry
well,' eaid the man, 'do you know what
we shall do with you if you don'fc pay ?'
' Why, there are some stone walls over
there, and I presume you will put me
inside them.' That was exactly what
they did. They slyit him up in prison
because he would not pay hits poll-tax.
' Well,' he said, 'it seems I can not do
as I wish but society steps in. I was
born here without any choice of nay own,
and now society shuts me up in jail and
takes away my liberty. It shuts me np
because I refuse to do wrong, and here I
am among a lot of men it has shut up
beeauso they hswe done wrong. This
looks like good missionary ground, and
I will take and work among these men !'
So he became intimate with the prison
ers, and talked among them a great deal.
One day a very distinguished visitor
(Ralph Waldo Emerson) came to see
him, and asked : ' Henry, why are you
here ? ' ' Waldo, why are you not here ? '
vjas the retort. After Thoreau had been
in prison some weeks the jailer came
and said that he could go, that a friend
of his (Emerson) had paid his tax. ' But
I didn't ask him to pay my tax,' said
Thoreau ; ' I didn't give him any author
ity to pay it. Beside, I don't want to
go out. lam doing a good work among
these prisoners and would rather stay.
You took away my liberty by putting
me in here against my will, and now you
take away niy liberty by sendirjp me out
against my will.' "
BBIQHT NEWSBOYS.
The boys who sell the Chronic!' on
the streets, when not engaged in puff
ing out their intellectual force through
the insidious cigarette or cigar stump,
i are keen and bright, as their irj.i-.mesß
I comm imings show :
"Wot yer goin' to holler ,fco-day,
Jamesy? " said one of the leaders oi the
squad to his partner the other after
noon.
"I'm a goin' ter sing out : ' 'Ere's yer
| Central Persifik train robbers. They
make a fyasko and skip.' "
" Wot's a fyasko, Jimmy ? "
"I dunno, adzactly, Patsy, but it's a
heap of money, you caD betcher life on
that."
" WeH, I'm goin' to holler, ' Desprit
fight on D street. Crosby's gallant de
fense.' "
"Wot's a gallant defense ? "
" Hit tin' a woman wid a club." — Vir
ginia City Chronicle.
THE II HAH MIS.
The Brahmin, says Dr. Scudder, has,
intellectually, no superior. No man can
mingle much with them and not have
his wits sharpened. They are tho
learned men of the country. The San
scrit, •' Queen of languages," is their
native tongue, and its vast literature has
been their grand field of mental train
ing. The Brahmin is almost white,
wonderfully neat, begins every day in
the water-tank, eats no animal food, be
lieving that if he does he shall pass
through as many transmigrations after
death as there are hairs on the animal
of which he eats. Physically these peo
ple are of splendid form, majestic headgj
and carry themselves grandly.
Shock.
It will l>e remembered that when
President Garfield was shot, he imme
diately sank to tho ground ; his tem
perature descended below the normal
standard, and the pallor of death tattled
on his features.
Had this condition gone a littlu huth
er, the heart would have ceased its
beating.
Xhis was what they call shock.
It was not caused by fright, uor by
any effect on the feelings. It was pure
ly physical. It is often among the most
dangerous effects of accident. Indeed,
many a person has died of an accidental
physical injury who would have fully
recovered, could the body have
from the shock.
Precisely wherein the shock consists
it is difficult to say. It ceems to be
somewhat analogous to the effect of a
blow on tho head, which instantly, and
for a time, arrests consciousness and tho
power of motion.
Light depends on a certain wave-like
movement in the molecules of ether ;
and sound on a similar movement in the
molecules of air. Now, to tonch a vi
brating bell, or musical string, at once
arrests the sound.
So it is thought that all nervous action
depends on a like undulation in tho mo
lecules of the nerve substance, and a
Sowerful disturbing cause, acting sud
enly, somehow arrests, partially or
wholly, these mofements back even to
the nerve centers.
Every case of shock involves danger
— the danger that the vital organs, cut
off from the force that works them, may
cease to act. What is needed in such
cases is to stimulate the heart. — Youth's
Companion.
What Makes the Male < *>.
A gaunt and wicked-looking mute,
belonging to a countyman, balked in
River street, and the usual crowd gath
ered to offer advice and suggest plans
for moving the animal. Various exper
iments were tried, suo|| as twisting his
tail and putting dirt into his eyes, ears
and mouth ; but he retained his com
posure and refused to notice the treat
ment of the operator even with a kick.
They were about to build a fire under
him when a saloon keeper in the neigh
borhood offered to bet $5 that he could
make him "git," and, there being no
takers, concluded to do it just for tho
sake of showing his knowledge of mules.
He took from his pocket a flask of River
street " tangle-foot," and poured a little
into the mule's massive mouth. In a
Becond afterward there was blank aston
ishment in every feature of that mule's
countenance, and the next instant ho
humped himself and shot down the
street as if with the intent of eclipsing
St. Julien's record. The owner watched
him for a moment, and then, turning to
the bottle holder, said : " Mister, if that
stuff ain't too pizen strong I'll take a
drop oi it in my month, for I've gtA to
catch that mole."— Nashua Gazette.

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