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A LAI OF PLENTY.
SOMETHING AROUT THE RED RIVER
VALLEY AND ITS PRODUCTS.
A Soil of Surpassing Fertility—The Pro
duction of Wheat Last Year—Marshall
County and Its Villages— Timber Re
sources—The Chances for Finding a Good
Home and Good Business Opportunities.
Special Correspondence of the Globe.
Warren, Marshall County, Minn.,(In the
Red River Valley,) March 21.—Your stir
ring article in the issue of the ISth,
headed "Emigration," has been read with
much interest and has elicited very favor
able comments in this section. The State
Emigration bureau and the more enter
prising railroad companies who are en
deavoring to promote emigration to this
state or section could do much worse than
to republish your article in hundred
thousand lots and scatter broadcast
through the East.
It is the Globe's manifest interast on |
this subject which makes me bold to
write to a metropolitan paper,
and hope, through \ your columns,
to reach many thousands who are in doubt
as to what particular spot or district in the
great Northwest to choose their new homes.
I can speak from personal experience
when I say that it is a very difficult and all
important task, a movement on which de
pends one's future life, liberty and pursuit
of happiness, to choose the right locality,
at the right time, and engage in the right
line of business, or, if a farmer, to secure
the most advantageous locality, the
best and most lasting soil, and in a section
that will naturally improve and to which a
good class of people are coming. Any
one who can give reliable and trustworthy
information on these 6vbjects is a public
benefactor, and the greater the publicity
the greater the good accomplished.
I do not deem it necessary in this letter
to introduce the Red river valley to the
thousands of readers of the great Globe,
and will only write about our own immedi
ate locality, and Marshall county.
Our county was one of the newest in
the state and consequently only organized
about four years ago, hence its history is
necessarily brief, however very interesting.
Four years ago when the St. Paul, Minne
apolis & Manitoba railway was in course
of construction through the Red river val
ley, and when completed through to the
Canadian line at St. Vincent, Marshall
county was not known on the state map.
There was not at that time a single post
office in the limits now comprising Mar
shall county. It was only in the spring of
1879 that the pioneers began to
come, and formed the first set
tlement on the Snake river, at
a place where Warren, the county seat,
now stands. The first adventurous mer
chant who brought a stock of goods here
had barely got the goods from the car (in
fact he sold considerable out of the box
cars on the side track before unloading)
and into the store, utilizing the carpenters'
benches for counters, before he did a flour
ishing business, which continued during
the entire season.
From this nucleus has grown
the present village of Warren,
about a thousand inhabitants, and an
agricultural community that from the
second harvest has marketed from War
ren alone over 300,000 bushels of wheat,
leaving plenty for seed wheat and con
sumption and probably 25,000 to 50,000
more to sell.
From the present crop we hope to mar
ket half a million bushels, and from the
crop of 1885 an even million, and in 1890,
5,000,000 bushels, with about as much
from the other two stations together—
Argyle and Stephens—and we
have a surplus in Marshall
county in 1890 of just 10,000,000 bushels
of No. 1 hard wheat. Our local wheat
buyers pay about ten cents per bushel
more for No. 1 hard, than No. 1, and our
past season's crop graded 90 per cent. No.
1 hard, a record which it would be difficult
to match anywhere, even in the Red river
So far very little attention has been paid
to stock-raising, but that will no
doubt develop into being an important
and profitable branch of farming, as
grasses grow in such superabundance as to
enable farmers to put hay in stack at a
cost of $1 per ton.
The average yield per acre last season
throughout our county is placed by com
petent judges at eighteen bushels per acre,
. which is considered a low average for this
section, but which at a price of $1 a bushel
fays the farmer about $8 to $10 per acre
Taet profit. Of course many of
our farmers do not as yet
fully understand the peculiarities of the
rich black Red river soil, and hence* the
manner of farming here will necessarily
undergo many changes and improvements
before the best possible results are obtain
ed. This is proven in many cases where
two or more farmers have lands that join,
of exactly the same character of soil and
all conditions are precisely alike and yet
the net results from a season's work may
vary all the way from five to ten bushels
per acre in yield.
Marshall county has a superficial area of
over one million acres and a very large
percentage of this is tillable land, except
in the extreme eastern end of the county,
toward Red lake, where there are several
entire townships of heavy pine timber.
This timber will at no distant day be made
available and with the immense pine
forests about Red lake furnish building
material in abundance and at low prices.
I understand there is considerable gov
ernment land in the eastern and north
eastern part of the county, subject to
• homestead or pre-emption entry, and the
railway company has several hundred
thousand acres iu immediate proximity to
Warren and]other stations in the county. It
has proved a very satisfactory investment
to procure land in this section, as the first
crop generally pays for the land and cost
of farming, and should the lands subse
quently be sold they would bring twice
what was originally paid for them.
There are several streams, tributaries to
the Red river, running through Marshall
county, and on the banks and bottom lands
of these streams is timber in great abun
dance, and wood at the stations cost $5 to
$6 per cord. .
Shall I speak of the climate: Why not?
This winter has been abominably cold,
with no recess or intermission. Plenty of
snow, but not enough to in any manner
interfere with or interrupt regular railroad
traffic. Our last winter, on the contrary,
was a continuation of the Indian summer,
as we had no cold below zero,
till after the holidays, and then only an
occasional cold day. Building operations
» were continued during the entire winker.
Our summers and autumns are delightful,
warm days and cool nights, with generally
dry and clear atmosphere. Good many
people would like to know what the
"chances" are in a new country. Well,
that is hard to answer, as it depends great-'
ly on the individual. The first pioneers
had the chance to came into the valley on
foot, later on they come with ox carts,
and after awhile with "prairie schooners,"
while now there is a chance to come
wearing kid gloves and close-fitting cut
away garments, in a Pullman sleeper on
the Manitoba road, but the chances are
that in leaving the valley the order would
be reversed^ i. e., the pioneer in a Pullman
and the swell on foot. Yon would no
doubt have a chance to beoome a superin
tendentsuperintend a span of mules and
follow a plow, for which recre
ation you would get $25 per
month pocket money and found,
or in the breaking season ride around the
prairie on a fine sulky plow, at same pay,
or in harvest time act as a waiter on a self
binder simply clearing the —the ma
chine doing the —and you receiving
$2 to $3 per day. If a carpenter you can
help build stores, dwellings, shops, hotels,
banks, churches, etc., or per
haps you understand the black
smith, and wagon-making business,
or you may have tho necessary experi
ence and capital to go into some sort of
mercantile business or a bank.
Just look at yourself and see how much
muscle, brains and money you have, and
there will be no difficulty for you to make
a "chance" for yourself. Here are plenty
"chances" for every able-bodied, hard
working, willing, honest, earnest man, and
many are on the right
road to independence, who
chanced it, with less ready cash, than you
spend foolishly on a single livery in
town. It is the bone and sinew of the
country we need here. It is the Irish po
tato, cabbage, turnip and squash that is
more need of just now, than the exquisite,
fragrant flowers from the botanical gar
den. There is more demand for sound
mules and good, strong draft horses, than
for the rangy roadster.
All business in a new country implies hard
work, both mental and physical as
old accepted rules and usages, may De found
entirely impracticable, and you may have
to organize and conduct a business with
out the aid of specific rules, except such as
the business naturally suggests, and in the
exceedingly rapid changes and develop
ments in a new country and among pro
gressive people, one must be constantly on
the alert to keep abreast with the
advance. I think I have now
said enough 'to imply that
whoever comes to our new Northwest,
must be able and willing to work, deter
mined to succeed, and be prepared for in
conveniences and discomforts, but I wish
also to add that the Red river valley and
Marshall county especeially, offers as many
advantages as any other county or locality,
and will richly reward the laborer — all
branches of work and business —liberally.
To see these statements positively proved
go to the nearest coupon ticket office and
buy a "land hunter's ticket," (at reduced
rates) to Warren, county seat of Marshall
county, Minnesota, 328 miles northwest
from St. Paul, on the St. Paul, Minneap
olis & Manitoba railway, in the very
heart of the Red river valley.
The Canning of Sweet Corn.
It would seem that the citizens of Min
nesota might emulate the industry and
enterprise of the inhabitants of the state
of Maine in the production of sweet corn
for canning purposes, as well as the put
ting up of the same for the markets, and
thereby put many dollars into their
The Maine state correspondent of the
United States agricultural department,
writes an interesting report on the sweet
corn canning industry of that state which
is published in full in a special report of
that department in its February number,
of which the following is a brief synopsis:
The fifteen canning factories operated
by the Winslow Packing company put up
last year 3,000,000 cans of sweet corn,
grown on 1,694 acres of land. The num
ber of sweet corn canning factories in the
state is sixty-eight, which put up a total
of 10,881,400 cans last year, although the
drouth reduced the product of the state in
this particular about 2,000,000 cans.
The factories pay the farmers from two
to two and one-half cents a bushol for the
corn, and that at Fryeburg averages $40
per acre to the farmers engaged in its
raising in that locality. One field of five
acres yielded $80 per acre, and another of
three acres $105 per acre to the farmer,
and the highest price paid by the factory
is $126 per acre.
F. A. Danforth, of Norway, obtained
3,360 cans on a measured acre,
for which he received $109, and
the highest yield reported was 8,899 cans
as the product of three days.
The varieties of seed corn used are the
Early Crosby, the Early Triumph and the
The White Bear War.
A complaint and an application for an
injunction was filed by O'Brien & Wilson in
the district court yesterday, in behalf of
the plaintiffs in the case of Wm.W. Webber
and H. L. Hinckley against the village of
White Bear. The complaint alleges that
plaintiffs own and possess the property
known as the Lake shore addition to White
Bear village; that they have expended
large sums of money in grading and es
tablishing avenues and streets on the
same; that the lots arc very valuable and
that it is the design to sell them to parties
who will erect thereon dwelling houses
and reside there during the sammer;
that the most available and valuable part
of the property is within the limits of a
street known as Getty avenue, a strip 200
feet wide on the shore of the lake, and on
which several dwellings are erected. Fur
thermore that the defendants falsely claim
a right and easement tb the property, and
that they threaten to tear down the houses
and trees and carry away the soil. In con
clusion the judgment of the court is asked
decreeing the property to plaintiffs, and an
injunction is asked for restraining defend
ants from interfering with the same. Judge
Simons issued a writ of injunction return
Park Project Abandoned.
The project of a park to be made out of
the little triangular piece of ground near
the junction of Summit and Dayton ave
nues, has been abandoned. It will be re
membered that some time ago Mr. Bart.
Presley purchased it with the intention of
constructing thereon a dwelling house. The
people in the neighborhood became inter
ested in the matter and an effort was made
to buy it for the purpose of making a park
of it. Tho price was $20,000, and the citi
zens raised $10,000 and the city was
to pay the other ■ $10,000. Mr.
Presley required that the condition should
be placed in the deed that the property
should always be used as a park. The city
on the other hand required that the deed
should be a pure warranty deed to the city
without any condition whatever. This Mr.
Presley, through his agent declined to ac
ceed to yesterday and for this reason the
effort to make a park of this little piece of
ground has been abandoned.
What Constitutes a Majority ?
The charter of the town of Spring Valley
provides that license may be granted or
not granted as said town may elect, by
casting a majority of its votes, either for
or against. At the last annual election
this license vote stood 134: in favor, and of
j the remaining 134 votes cast, but 60 were
' deposited against license. Although this
web a clear majority of
seventy-four of the votes cast on the ques
tion at the meeting it was not a majority
of the real vote polled. Attorney Gen.
Hahn having been appealed to for his
opinion by private individuals or the town,
in order that they might proceed legally,
The canvassing board should count not
only those cast for or against, but all the I
THE ST. PAUL DA1LTIGLOBE, SATURDAY MORNING, MARCH 24,1883.
votes cast, to ascertain a majority. He
cited one decision in Minnesota and sever
al in Missouri as supporting him in this
decision . y -■
THE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
A Citizen Rises to Remark on the Under
handed Work Against Chief Strong.
To the Editor of the Globe:
St. Paul, March 23.—Thanks for
your comments upon the manner of
the appointment of a chief engi
neer of the fire department in
this morning's issue. You may well criti
cise tho action of the commission in the
matter of the appointment, but with equal
propriety you might extend your criticism
to the whole course of the fire underwriters,
its representative in the fire commission,
and one or two members of the council, to
disgrace and depose R.O.Strong,the present
chief. After scheming for months to get
hold of of some neglect of duty or error
of judgment upon which proceedings
could be based for his removal, these
schemers thought they saw an opportunity
in the Nicols <fc Dean fire,' and a howl was
got up in the chamber of commerce,
backed by threats of a further advance in
the rate of insurance unless the depart
ment was improved. The result was that
the chamber of commerce made an ex
haustive investigation of Mr.
Strong's management of that fire,
resulting not only in his com
plete exoneration, but in bringing out in
strong relief his fitness for the position.
In fact Mr. Dean of the firm, who has con
siderable experience in fire matters, end
who watched Mr. Strong's course, though
greatly outraged by the delay of the de
partment in getting to the fire, unquali
fiedly indorsed Mr. Strongs' management.
Having thus failed in their effort to
disgrace and remove Mr. Strong, the un
derwriters' agent commenced scheming
for the reorganization of the board, and
having got such reorganization partially
completed in their interest, they finished
up the dirty jobs, evidently not daring to
trust the full board.
I have not a word to say against Mr.
Shay. I understand he is a very compe
tent man. But it is the injustice done Mr.
Strong of which I complain. With
a half organized working force
and machinery notoriously both
in number and capacity insufficient to cope
with and master fires in our great blocks,
Mr. Strong has accomplished wonders.
Mr. Shay, when in St. Paul a few days ago,
after seeing the character of our business
blocks, declared that the least that the de
partment ought to be expected to get along
with was eight first class engines. Mr.
Strong now has one first class,
three second class and one third class en
gine, the four last old. The fact is, and
these schemers know it, the inefficiency of
the department is in the lack of machinery,
and in not having all full paid men, but to
be successful in their war upon Strong all
the shortcomings are charged to
him. To prove that the war
is a permanent one upon Strong
it is only necessary to say that Mr. Stay
is promised, if he accepts the position, a
full paid department, and that as fast as
possible he shall have the additional ma
chinery, and other additions, necessary to
make the machinery department first
class. Is anything more needed
to show the outrage contemplated. 1
trust you will continue agitating the mat
ter until it is fully understood by the peo
ple. When they do understand I believe
they will reach the conclusion that the
time has arrived for retiring the under
writers' agent from the management of
the fire department and devolving the re
sponsibility again upon those whom they
elected for that and other duties. W.
OLD FOLKS' CONCERT.
A Decidedly Successful Entertainment at
the Dayton Avenue Presbyterian
The Old Folks' concert, at the Dayton
avenue Presbyterian church, last night,
attracted another large audienoe, the spaci
ous and beautiful auditorium of the church
being filled with an enthusiastic audience.
The unique and varied programme was
excellently well rendered and encores were
demanded in almost every instance.
The entertainment opened with a con
certed selection, rendered by the full
strength of the programme, which em
braced some twenty-five or thirty male and
female votes. The selection was exceed
ingly well given. There followed a selec
tion for male voices, which proved one of
the most enjoyable features of the pro
gramme, and an encore was demanded and
Prof. Titcomb then performed by re
quest, a piano solo, "Sweet Bye and Bye,"
which was given with such power of ex
pression and graceful execution that he
was compelled to respond to an encore.
The chorus then sang a selection, the
"Night Song," which was given with great
beauty and received the most flattering
tokens of appreciation. •.
Mr. Williams, who possesses a bass voice
of great power and depth, then ren dered
a solo. This was given in a most enjoya
ble manner and for an encore the gentle
man sang '.'Hocked in the Cradle of the
Deep," which evoked great enthusiasm and
After a selection admirably rendered by
the chorus, a piano and organ duet was
i given by Miss Cornmanand Prof. Titcamp.
; The powers of both of these skilled and tal
ented performers were manifested in a most
pleasing manner, and the audience showed
its appreciation by rounds of applause.
The second part was equally meritorious
and enjoyable, the concerted selections
being well rendered, while the solo by Miss
Codding was given with sweetness and
beauty of expression and the appreciation
of the audience was unbounded.
The costumes were elegant and unique
and altogether the concerts have proven a
great artistic and pecuniary succcess.
Death of Dr. W. L. Mintzer.
On Thursday evening Dr. William L.
Mintzer died at St. Luke's hospital, of
pneumonia and heart disease, after an ill
ness of three or four weeks,being at the time
sixty-five years of age. The deceased was
born in Philadelphia. March 16,1818. He
received his education in his native city of
Philadelphia and Wilmington. In early
life he began the livery business, also
woodenware and merchandising. In 1853
he removed to Canada, where he dealt in
horses, and after spending some time
in Montreal, went to Ver
mont, and subsequently returned to
Philadelphia. In 1855 the deceased came
West and located at St. Paul. When he
arrived in this city it was on the first boat
of that season. Being satisfied with the
future prospects of St. Paul he embarked
in the real estate business and was quite
successful in it. In 1857 he established a
: sale stable on Robert street, on a lot 150x
50. During all his life from eighteen
years of age to the time of his death he
dealt in horses and up to the time of his
death he resided on his stock farm of near
ly 100 acres in the Sixth ward. In 1856
at Philadelphia he married Anna R.
Clinker, of Bucks county, Penn. The
deceased was descended from a very
respectable family in Philadelphia. He
has a brother who is a noted Episcopal
divine, and other members of his family
are professional men of ability. He died
quite wealthy, owning considerable prop-
erty in different parts of the city. Besides
what he made himself he has received
from time to time considerable sums of
money from some of his relations, who
have died since he has been in St. Paul.
His going to the hospital was a matter of
•hoice with him, as he thought he could
receive more suitable treatment there than
at home. He leaves a wife but no children.
The funeral will take place from St.
Paul's Episcopal church, at 10 a. m. to-day,
and the remains will be sent East by the
noon train for interment at Laurel Hill
The Defalcation of Cashier Ferte.
There were no especially new develop
ments yesterday with regard to the defal
cation of Mr. A. E. Ferte, late cashier of
the Second National bank. Now that the
surprise is over, the query is made, how
did ho dispose of the money? The net
amount of the shortage, as hitherto stated,
will not exceed $5,000, and as reported in
yesterday's issue of the Globe, Mr. Ferte
was not known to have speculated. The
report was circulated yesterday that he
had dealt in margins, but this
is denied by Mr. Ferte, who
evidently tells a truthful story.
Both Vice President Cowley and Cashier
Monfort were seen last evening and
stated that there was nothing new to com
municate, and that no action would be
taken prior to the return of Mr. Edgerton,
the president of the bank, who is expected
Mr. Architect Randall Explains.
To,the Editor of the Globe:
The report of the doings of your city
board of education in your issue of the 7th
inst., does me great injustice and injury,
and I desire to correct some of the mis
statements of one or two members of the
board that are calculated to mislead the
In the first place it is said that I have
greatly misled them in regard to the cost
of the building, In regard to
this I never made an estimate
after the drawings were made and I could
not make one before, but accepted their
say-so, in regard to cost and it should be
understood that they gave me the number
and sizes of the rooms and this alone de
termined the cost.
hen I had the drawings fully 'made I
sent them forward and wrote them in re
gard to cost, these words, "I expect it (the
building) will go a good way over $50,
000," etc., thus advising them of what they
might expect regarding the cost, and, had
it been an essential matter with them or
if they were still believing that they
were going to build it for what they ex
pected when they begun, over a year be
fore, they should have ordered an estimate,
but as neither architect nor builder could
have estimated until the plans and
specifications were made, and as they were
soon to obtain estimates from the build
ers whose estimates alone would or could
determine the cost of the building, they
very properly, as I think, had no estimate
made till they obtained them from the
The design as shown by the preliminary
sketches which were first adopted were
entirely remodeled and the drawings recon
structed, a finished basement story added
by their direction, and the whole re-sub
mitted and had their approval before go
ing on with the work. More than this, a
whole building season, the summer of 1881,
passed between the date of adopting the
preliminary sketches and the making of
the drawings, they having delayed giving
the final order to go on with the work on
account of some disagreement about
the site, so that the drawings were
not ready for the builders till
something over a year after the original
sketches were submitted and adopted, and
in all this time the cost of building was go
ing up from the low prices that prevailed
following the panic of 1873, to the nominal
cost of building of the present time or
last year, which, every one knows, was
It is difficult to see why I should be held
responsible for this change of affairs, or
why I should be defrauded of my proper
pay for my labor in consequence of it; or,
what is still worse, be held up to the
public gaze as a fraud and a cheat, or
why the public should be told by these of
ficials that I have misled and deceived
them in regard to the cost of this building.
They ascertained what it was going to cost
but still they contracted it. The assertion
of some of the members that "guaranteed"
that it should be built for $50,000 is the
merest nonsense and an unmitigated false
hood out of whole cloth. So also is the
assertion that my fees were to be comput
ed on the basis of a cost of $50,600.
They contracted with me for the plans
for which they were to pay me 7-10 of 4
por cent, on the cost of tho building.
This, as will be seen by the report of their
own committee, they admit, but notwith
standing this they propose to bully me
out some part of it though my bill is not
for a single dollar that is not legally and
honestly my due. Whether they will suc
ceed or not is a thing yet to be determined.
The course the board has pursued from
the beginning, shows plainly that they did
not expect to construct the building for
$50,000, nor did I ever tell them as some
of them claim, that they could do so, and
all they did or neglected to do indicates
either that they soon learned that they had
misjudged in regard to the cost, or else
that they were indifferent about it. The
unanimity and avidity with which they
voted to increase the cost of the building
would indicate the latter. G. P.Randall.
Chicago, March 20, 1883.
If you aro sick Hop Bitters will surely aids
Nature in making you well when all else fails.
If you are costive or dyspeptic, or are suffer
ing from any other of the numerous diseases of
the stomach or bowels, it is your own fault if
you remain ill, for Hop Bitters are a sovereign
remedy in all such complaints.
If you are wasting away with any form of
Kidney disease, stop tempting Death this mo
ment, and turn for a cure to Hop Bitter.
If you are sick with that terrible sickness
Nervousness, you will find a "Balm in Gilead"
in the use of Hop Bitters.
If you are a frequenter, or a resident of a
miasmatic district, barricade your system
against the scourge of all countriesmalarial,
epidemic, bilious, and intermittent fevers—by
the use of Hop Bitters.
If you have rough, pimply or sallow skin, bad
breath, pains and aches and feel miserable gen
erally, Hop Bitters will give you fair skin, rich.
blood, and sweetest breath, health and comfort.
In short they cure all Diseases of the stomach,
Bowels, Blood, Liver, Nerves, Kidneys, Blight's
Disease. $500 will be paid for a case they will
not euro or help.
That poor, bedridden, invalid wife, sister,
mother or daughter, caa be made the picture of
health, by a few bottles of Hop Bitters, costing
but a trifle. Will you let them suffer?
[Before Judge Burr.]
W. H. Armstrong and John Salmon,
drunkenness: fines of $5r paid.
L. Scott and F. Donnelly, same; dis
John Livili and S. Richardson, same;
sent out of the city.
It seems impossible that a remedy made of
such common, simple plants as Hops, Buchu,
Mandrake, Dandelion,&c., should make so many
and such great cures as Hop Bitters do; but
when old and young, rich and poor, pastor and
doctor, lawyer and editor; all testify to having
been cured by them, you must beUevo and try
them yourself, and doubt no longer.
Beecher is sorry the Bible has no praise
for dogs. This is indeed a serious omis
J. J. Hill, of the St. Paul & Manitoba
road, returned yesterday.
Col. Flournoy, of the lumber line, will
leave for Kansas City on Sunday.
General Passenger Agent D. K. Lord, of
the Baltimore & Ohio road, is expected in
St. Paul this afternoon.
Mr. Hiland, of the "Royal route", and
Mr. Boyden, of the Chicago, Milwaukee &
St. Paul road, left yesterday for Chicago.
H. Nelson, an old settler in Dane county
Wis., was in St. Paul yesterday and left for
Kittson county, where he goes to select
lands for himself and friends.
Quite a party of leading men from Ish
peming, Mich., Pullman, 111., Osage, Iowa,
and Minneapolis left on Friday for the
Red river valley to hunt up locations for
themselves and a large number of others
who will follow.
The Northern Pacific road has issued a
circular announcing the appointment of
J. M. Graham as superintendent of the
Dakota division, in place of G. T. Odell,
promoted to superintendent of transporta
tion, in place of Geo. W. Cross, resigned.
There has been some talk about putting
on the "Flying Dutchman," but it is not
likely to be put on till the weather will
warrant it. At any rate there is no cer
tainty about it. If the weather should be
come reasonably mild, it will be put on im
There seems to be quite an extensive
movement to Dakota over the Chicago,
Milwaukee & St. Paul road. Yesterday 168
cars of.emigrants passed over the Iowa
& Dakota and Hastings <fc Dakota division
of that road for Dakota, and will be fol
lowed by others, and by coaches with pas
The'St. Paul & Manitoba road is receiv
ing about 1,600 letters per day making
inquiries about where to locate on the line
of that road, and how to
take up land. In opening a pile of these
letters Mr. H. C. Davis, assistant passen
ger agent, yesterday found interrogations
of this description fired at him from Ida
ho, Washington Territory, Montana,South
ern Dakota, Massachusetts, Texas, Wyom
ing, Nebraska, Ontario, Canada, Kansas,
Kentucky and Maryland.
Sioux City Journal: When the break-up
of the Missouri came,theBlair bridge con
tractors had the two piers in the channel
completed, and the pier on the bar down
to bed rock and built up above high water
mark. The work on the fourth and last
pier will begin within a few days. This
last pier starts from a bank above high
water mark, and so will not be interrupted
by any stage of water. There is now every
indication that tho bridge will be complet
ed by November, as required in the con
Commissioner Fink announces that the
trunk lines have agreed to the following
changes in the classification of west-bound
freight, to take effect Saturday, March 24:
Oranges, in car-loads of 20,000 pounds or
over, D. R. freight charges guaranteed,
class 3; lemons, in car-loads of 20,000
pounds or over, O. R. freight charges guar
anteed, class 2. Commissioner Fink also
announces that by an agreement between
the trunk lines on and after March 21 the
basis of west-bound rates to points named
below will be as follows: Alliance, O., Be
loit, Dasmascus and Woodland same as
Red Wing Argus: The Midland railroad i
from Wabashaw to Zumbrota has been for
mally transferred to the Chicago, Milwau
kee & St. Paul company for a considera
tion of $1. The Wabashaw Herald says
the Midland will be changed from a narrow
to the standard gauge andjbe extended from
some point in the vicinity of Hammon d
to Rochester, and thence to Austin or some
other point on the Southern Minnesota di
vision. This extension will give the Mil
waukee & St. Paul company a direct line
from Eau Claire and Menomonie to the
broad prairies of Iowa, Nebraska and Da
kota, and the amount of business done
over it will be immense.
STILLWATER GLOBULES. •
Mr. Solomon, special agent of the North
German Insurance company, made the
city a business call yesterday.
At the last meeting of the commissioners
the Stillwater Gazette was declared the
official paper of this county.
One good act at least was performed by
the county commissioners at the late meet
ing by the allowance of $105 per month to
the city hospital.
Two families residing on the North hill
had their lines robbed of the most valuable
linen on Thursday night last. A3 yet there
is no clue to the thief.
The physician in charge of the insane
asylum at St. Peter entertains strong
hopes of the speedy recovery of James
McCullough, the colored barber, recently
conveyed to the institution.
The colored man who wa3 arraigned in
the police court yesterday morning was
both sorry and ashamed of what ho had
done. In view of this contrition and a
promise to right the wrong done, the sen
tense of .the court was suspended.
The dealers in agricultural implements
in this city are having their harvest. The
trade is rapidly becoming one of great
j importance to Stillwater, as the present
competition brings purchasers from a dis
tance who have not been in the habit of
A large number of men employed by the
Manufacturing & Car company have wise
ly concluded to avail themselves of the
easy terms on which lots can be procured
in Sabin's addition, to become the pur
chasers of ground enough on which to build
A bold and successful highway robbery
was committed Thursday night south of
the bridge on the Wisconsin side. On the
night referred to, as a couple of young
Swedes by the name of Charles and J. W.
Peterson, were walking to the city, at a
point near the east entrance to the bridge,
they were halted by two strangers, one of
whom asked the boys for a loan of $2. One
of the young men was in favor of com
plying with the request,but the other stout
ly refused to make any such forced loan.
In order to bring the business to a close,
one of the scamps grabbed Charles Peter
son by the coat collar at the same time or
dering the young man to hand over his
pocketbook, the demand being enforced by
a revolver in the hands of scamp No. 2.
Seeing no other way out of the dilemma, a
purse containing $60 was handed over to
the robbers, both of whom turned and
crossed over the. ice to this city. Yester
day morning both of the robbers were
found in a saloon, and were quickly identi
fied by the Petersons, although there were
twenty or thirty men in the room.
On being identified both men were ar
rested and taken to the jail, where they
gave their names as Jack Dulls and Bill
Heath. Thorough search for the missing
purse and money was made, which result
ed in finding $20 secreted about the cloth
ing of one of the prisoners. The sheriff
of St. Croix county, Wis., was . notified of
the arrest, At noon the officer arrived and
took the offenders to Hudson.
DR. E. STONE WIGGINS.
The Prophet's Riography.
Prof. Wiggins, of this city, whose name
has been within the past six months
spread far and wide, in connection with
his prophetic work, was born in the county
of Queens, N. B., in 1839, and is of
United Empire Loyalist descent. He is a
direct descendant of Capt. Thomas
Wiggins, who was sent in 1630 by Lords
Laye and Brooks as governor of the then
American plantations, and whose family
were among the first to urge upon the
home 5 governnment the right of the
colonists. We learn from Wm. Callen
Bryant's history of the United States that
Capt. Wiggins, son of Thomas, was one of
the first to protest against the tyrannical
authority of the colonial governors. In
the year 1865 Robert Mason, who was at
the head of the ministry of Lt. Gov. Cau
field, attempted to exact sixpence per
pound npon the settlers of New Hamp
shire of the preceding forty years, on the
ground that his father had had the title
of the territory. Mr. T. Wiggins, son of
Capt. T. Wiggins, was one of those who
loudly complained against the then injus
Prof. Wiggins was educated at the
Albert university, Ontario, and took the
degree B. A. in 1868, subsequently beoom
ins Doctor of Medicine, and is author of
several books on astronomy and other
subjects. His English grammar for Cana
dian high schools and his architecture of
the heavens being regarded as superior
works. He was superintendent of education
for one of the Ontario districts,. and in
1869 member of the board of examiners
for the examination of teachers for Ontario
in 1868. After standing at the head of
several educational institutions he was ap
pointed principal of the Ontario institu
tion for the education of the blind, Brant
ford, a position he held for years. To fit
him for the post, he was Bent by the
Ontario government, in 1871, to visit the
United States, and to employ skilled teach
ers for the new institution. In 1878 he
was chosen as ministerial candidate for the
house of commons in the general election
of that year and was defeated, but took
office under the government of Sir John
Macdonald, which he at present fills. He
at first came into notice in this country a3
an astronomer in 1874, when the alarm
was created that the earth, since the tran
sit 6f • Venus in 1764, and the transit of
that year, had gone 7,000,000 miles nearer
the sun. This Prof. Wiggins demonstrat
ed from the lunar and solar eclipses to
have been an impossibility. Again in 1881
he was competitor for the Warner prize
for the best essay on comets, and for which
125 American astronomers competed,
when he stood second, and some say first
on the list. His wife, who by the way, is
his cousinbrothers' children — recent
ly become famous as the author of a series
of letters, signed Gunhilda, which were
addressed to his lordship the Anglican
bishop of Ontario, who three years ago
undertook to defeat in the senate the bill
to legalize marriage with a deceased wife's
sifter. But though his lordship defended
the measure, Gunhilda's letters made way
for the passage of the bill the following
year. To carry the bill through Mrs. Wig
gins was obliged to enter the senate aad
personally canvass the senators, whioh she
did with success.
TOY-MAKERS OF TYROL.
Sketch 0/the Wsod-Carcersofthe Grodner
There is no lovelier yalley in the world
than the far-famed Grodner valley in
Tyrol. All the way visions of beauty burst
upon the traveler, each one lovelier than
the last. Hemmed in by steep mountains,
whioh in some places lean over, as if to
kiss each other, the road is so narrow that
a passage through it seems almost impos
sible. Through the gorges rush the waters,
dashing their spray upon the rooks, some
times lying in deep gloom, and then glit
tering beneath the sunlight. Suddenly a
little village comes into view, surrounded
by rocky heights, over which the goats are
clambering. Then a neat jj farm, with its
vine patches and barley fields, is seen, and
then the wooded hills appear; and thus the
scenes of this lovely panorama are chang
ed "from beauty to beauty more intense."
In this charming valley there lives a
peculiar people, a mixed race, descended
from the Romans and Northmen, who
poured themselves over the valley to be
driven back, only to return again. Their
very language, which they call the "Ladin,"
is peculiar, and although some German
and Italian words have crept in, the
fundamental character of the language has
not been changed.
While agriculture is by no means neg
lected in this lovely valley, the land being
very productive, the principal industry of
the people is toy-making. All along the
road wagons are met, containing cases of
toys. The farmer tills his land in the day
and in the evening carves his toys, thus
adding greatly to his income. These toys
find their way all over the world, and few
are the places« where they are not found.
Nearly the whole population are engaged
in the work, and even the children, on
coming home from school, devote them
selves to carving. For generations fami
lies have had their special line of work,
some carving cows, others cats, while some
again carve soldiers.
Most of the toy3 are carried to St.
Ulrich for sale. This is a pretty village,
having for a background the majestic
peak of the Lang Kofel. It is a thriving
place, has a fine church, some large hous
es, and an inn 4,000 feet above the sea.
From St. Ulrich can be seen the Lang Ko
fel mountains, the Meisules, the Rat
schotzberg, and 'the Pitschberg. The
principal toy-store is a large building
built of stone, five stories high, and every
space is crowded with toys.
At first, the wood-carving in the Grod
ner valley extended to frames only. The
carvers trudged over the mountains carry
ing their wares in baskets, and selling it
by the way. This was found too wearisome,
and stores were established at various
points in the valley, and customers came
to purchase. By degrees, the carving of
toys was added, and a wide industrial field
was thus opened. <
High up above on a mountain plateau, a
white house is seen, gleaming in the sun,
where lives one of the most celebrated
carvers of the valley. Here can be found
life-like figures from the scriptures, beauti
ful drinking cups, hunting peices, boxes
and frames, and toys . He has many as
sistants, and also painters and decorators.
He does not work for the merchants, but
never lacks customers, who toil over the
mountain steeps to purchase his carvings.
The people of the Grodner valley are
very industrious, and extremely fond of
their mountainous home. They are a
brave and intelligent people, and though
the women lead a toilsome life, they are
always well treated by their husbands.
Such a coward as a wife beater is unknown
among the peasantry of this lovely valley,
who thus set an example to countries prid
ing themselves on a higher degree of civil
ization than that of the peasants of the
A Batch of Divorces. ~
Louisville, Ky., March 23.Chancellor
Edwards granted five divorces this morn
ing, four of the petitioners being females
with one lone man asking release.
Chicago, March —Gen. Diaz "and
other members of the Mexican party left
for the East this morning and make their
first stop at Niagara Falls. «
The above cut is an accurate
representation of our CELE
BRATED CREEDMORE SUIT
for Boys from 4 to 11 years of
' age. Mothers who are at a loss
how to make their sons look
nice and neat for Sunday
school, or for day school, can
easily solve the difficulty by
purchasing one of these hand
We make a specialty of Boys'
Clothing, and our Children's
Department is a complete store
of itself. On Saturday morn
ing, March 24th, we shall offer
another lot of those Creedmore
(Five Dollars), which we had
such a run on last week. This
is probably the finest suit for
Five Dollars ever sold outside
of a wholesale house, and
mothers will do well to exam
ine this suit.
Don't forget we keep a large
line of Boys' Hats.
Comer Third ami Robert St., St. Paul.
FINANCE & COMMERCE.
The following are the quotations of sales from
by commission men yesterday and are subject
to daily fluctuations:
Butter, dairy, choice 15iff 20
Butter, store packed 6>yjl0
Butter, common to good , 10@14
Butter, roll and print, poor to fair.... S@10
Cheese, state factory, full cream.... 12@13
Eggs, per dozen, fresh receipts 17 fa} 18
Hides, green 6>* @7
Bides, green salt 73*j (a}8
Hides, green calf 10
Hides, green kip 7@7}£
Hides, dry flint 12}£
Hides, dry salt 10
Mutton, per pound 6@7
Pel te, wool, estimated per pound.... 20
Tallow, No. 1 per pound 6J£
Tallow, No. 2, per pound 5
Country lard 10@11
Veal calves, per pound ;. 8^@10
Apples, per barrel $S.firstname.lastname@example.org
Beans, hand picked navy, per bu.... 2.75
" " "medium " .... email@example.com
Field peas 50@$i.75
Retail. Market. 1
The following shows the prices for which the
articles named sold tho day before publication
Messina oranges retail at 50c@75c per doz
Lemons, 30c por doz. Bananas, scarce, 75c per
doz. New lettuce selling at 75c per doz. Apples
$firstname.lastname@example.org. Early Hose potatoes, 75c per bu;
others, 75c. Onions, 75c per bu. Cab
bage 15c per head. Oysters per can,
Standards, 4Qc; selects 6O0; Gems of the
Ocean 55c. Granulated sugar in 25 lb.
packages, 10c; powdered, lie; cut loaf, lie;
7c; Minnesota, lOr. Best O. G. Java coffee,
88>£c; best Mocha, 8S,Vc; best Rio, 22J^c. Best
teas, Eng. breakfast, $1 per lb; best Young
Hyson, $1 per lb; beet Gun Powder, $1.20 per
lb.; beet Japan, 80c; best Basket fired Japan,
85c. Sweet potatoes, 4 lbs. for 25c. Orange Blos
tom flour, $4.00 per cwt; Pillsbury's best, $4.00
per cwt.; Straight, $3.2.3. Eggs, par doz.;
Meats—Sirloin and porter house steak,.
I5@18c; rib roaste,15c, cuck roasts, 10@12>£c;
mutton chops, 15c; torn quarter, 12^c; round
Btoak,15c; shoulder, 12>£o: veal. 15@18c; pork
ohops, 12>£c; pork roasts, 12}£c; ham, 15; bacon
and dry bacon, 15c; shoulders, 12%c;
corn beef, 8@9c; sausage pork, 12>£c;
smoked sausage, 15c; lard in jars, 14c; per
single lb., 15c; in kegs, 12Kc; dried beef, 15c.
JOHN W. RUMSEY & CO..
Commission .Grain mi , Provisions
126 Washington St., Rooms 18 and 19,
CHICAGO - - - ILL.
Dry Goods Market.
' New York, March 23.At jobbing
hands there has been a very steady demand, with
a good volume of business. From agents' hands,
the request irregulor and of special character, as
by several branches the day has been observed
as a close holiday, which is not without effect
on other departments.
Chicago Live Stock.
Chicago, March 23.— Drovers' Journal re
ports: Hogs, receipts 12,000; shipments 5,000;
general demand very weak; packers and shippers
holding off for lower prices; market weak and
10c lower; closed very dull; mixed email@example.com;
heavy firstname.lastname@example.org; light email@example.com; skips 4.80
@6.70. Cattle, receipts 6,000; shipments 8,6C<*
weak; trado slow; sales a shade lower; one car
of fine steers 7.80; ordinary exports firstname.lastname@example.org;
good to choice shipping email@example.com; common
to fair firstname.lastname@example.org; closed dull; 10c lower all
round; mixed butchering fairly steady; 2.70@
4.90; stackers and feeders in large supply and
demand light except for choicest; 15@25c lower
than two or three days agp. Sheep, receipts
2,000; shipments 800; fairly active, on shipping
account; inferior to fair slow and steady; 3.50@
4.60; ' medium ' to good email@example.com; exports
. ', Uuchupalua."
Quick, complete euro, a'i*annoying* Kidney,
Bladder and Urinary Diseases. £1. Druggist*