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Daily globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1878-1884, August 31, 1883, Image 7

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THE GBM JOCIET.
THE FBASK JAMES TRIAL.
Gallatin, Mo. Aug. 30.— The line of the
defense in the Frank James trial was
agreed upon at a consultation of attorneys
last night, and briefly stated is au alibi and
mistaken identity. At the convening of
the court this morning ilr. Rush made the
opening argument for the defense. He
dwelt at length upon Frank James' efforts
to get away from the band, denied that
Frank had ever left Kentucky, claimed a
conspiracy between Dick Liddell and ths
Fords and Boltons-
S. T. Brosions, of Gallatin, who was on
the train at Winston, was the first witness
examined for the defense. Witness told
of the entry of two men into the smoking
car with drawn revolvers. The larger of
the two devoted himself to the conductor,
the smaller to the pa??ei!gers. There was
a cry of hands up. The larger man shot
the conductor. Witness held his hands up
and looked steadily into the eyes of the
smaller man, who was shooting through
the car. Witness did not recognize pris
oner as one of the two men. He said: "He
is not the man."
John Dean, a farmer, testified to having
been at the blacksmith shop of Jas. Potts
Nov. 20, 1881, when two men came up in a
wagon to have samething done to a vehicle.
When they went away Potts, who seemed
very much excited, said: "Those are two
meu for whom I shod horses before the
Winston robbery." Witness had a good
look at the men and defeadant was posi
tively not one of them. Jonas Potts visit
ed Independence when Frank James was
in jail. On his return witness asked: ''Did
you see Frank James?" "Yes," was the
arswer. "For the first time.
Marion Duncan, a farmer, testified that
Potts had said to him that he recognized
the picture of Jesse James after he was
killed as that of a man whose horse he had
shod. G. A. Chapman also testified with a
view to impeach Dick Liddell's testimony.
The defense offered in evidence the record
of Liddell's horse stealing in Yernon
county. Recess.
The presence of Dave Poole, the old
guerilla, now a wealthy stockman of Texas,
Allen Palmer, of Texas, Frank James'
brother-in-law, and several other ranch
men gave rise to the belief that an attempt
would be made to prove an aiibi in that
state.
MINING STEIKE AND A BIOX FEAEED.
Floeence, Wiß., Aug. 30. — One hundred
and fifty miners have struck at the Great
Western mine at Crystal Falls, Michigan,
and the sheriff of Marquette county |rms
been telegraphed to bring on a posse to
protect property and prevent a riot. The
life of the new superintendent, J. H. Tay
lor is thought to be in danger, as the
strikers have threatened him, and are
wildly intoxicated. The cause of the strike
was the discharge of the old superinten
dent. The president of the company, S.
C. Hall, has been sent for.
MT7BDEB AND SUICIDE.
Elgin, Aug. at. — A sensational tragedy
was enacted here at 3 o'clock this morning
at the Notting house. Edwin F. Joslyn, a
widower, shot and killed Etta Bucking
ham, a young woman. Joslyn has been
paying attention to Miss Buckingham of a
nature which created some comment, and
has lately displayed 6videLCe3 of fierce
jealousy. He attempted to enter her room
this morning and being denied admission
forced his way into her apartment. There
was a scuffle, two revolver shots, and the
young woman fell dead. Joslyn immedi
ately committed suicide with the same
weapon.
PUT HIM OFF THE TBAIN.
Scbanton, Pa., Aug. 30. — The conductor
of an excursion traid from Scranton to
Mountain park to-day pat John Kerri
gan, aged eighteen — "no ticket" — off while
the train was going thirty miles an hour .
He fell under the wheels and was killed
instantly.
LATE MINNEAPOLIS NEWS.
The state bicycle club last night resolved
to enter the league.
Three pickpockets were arrested at the |
fair grounds by the police.
A small boy was run over near the fair
grounds and his arm was fractured.
The two men arrested at Heall's tent on
the fair grounds were released last night.
A little boy fell from the lowing at the
fair grounds yesterday and fractured his
arm.
The balloon came down on Rowe's farm,
six miles from the place of starting on
the East side.
The wheelmen were enthusiastic in their
demonstrations at the conclusion of each
bicycle race yesterday.
A. collection of specimens from the ruins
of the Rochester cyclone was added to the
side show attractions yesterday.
Mayor Ames is invited to meet the ciiy
council committee on the reception of
the Villard party at 9 o'clock this morntng
in the council chamber.
At 11 o'clock the Minnesota wheelmen
will meet at the Clark house, from whence
they wili take a ride to Snyder's block on
Tenth street, where they will be photo
graphed.
TheHi'e Underwriters.
Chicago, Aug. 30. — The second day's,
session of the fire underwriters began this
morning. The constitution was amended
so as to have its annnn.l meetiugs occur in
September on a date to b<= fixed by the ex
committee instead of the third week in
August. The committee to which the
subject of state boards was referred en
dorsed the idea of a paid commission, and
teeDmmended that the old system of
commissions bo abandoned. The reports
of state boards showed a marked increase
:n the number of local boards during the
ja^tyear. Prof. A. E. Doiber, of Tuft's
college. Boston, read a paper on electri
city r.ad in answer to queries propounded
by members as to the danger from electri
cal lighting, lie said the danger was very
great unless proper precautions were
taken, but the regulation? aiready enforced
by insurance companies made lighting by
electricity altogether safer than by
kerosene.
J. C. Griffiths, of Madison. Wis., read a
paper on recommendations for the future,
and argued that Lie adoption of the con
tract system in connection with state
boards would result in positive remedies
for many existing evils.
Mr. K. Drew, of Evansville, Ind., argued
that a great improvement might take place
in the settlement of losses by the general
management of companies, but contended
that local agents were necessary, and the
speaker defended them against some criti
cisms passed on them as a class.
The following officers were elected:
President, C. K. Drew, of Evansville, Ind.;
vice president, T. K. Zollers, Ottumwa.la.;
secretary and treasurer, J. C. Griffiths,
Madison, Wiß., and an executive commit
tee cf one from each state represented.
Adjourned to meet in Chicago on the 3d
Wednesday in September.
Fergus Falls Votes Bonds.
[Special Telegram to the Globe.]
Febgub Falls, Minn., Ang. 10.— The
proposition to bond the city of Fergus
Falls in tha sum of $45,000 to aid in the
construction of the Grant <fe Dakota rail
road was voted to-day. The election was
very qniet; co excitement at all, but some
gentle work on both side?. Less than one
third of a vote was polled. Total vote?
cast was 39a; for bonds, 307; against
bonds, 89. An alderman for the Second
ward was also elected, W. H. Cowing re
ceiving 100 votes with 10 scattering against
him.
ALL AROV>'l> THE GLOBE.
Geo. M. Ballou & Co.'s liabilities are
$3,000,000.
Watson's paper mill at Fairview, Pa.,
was burned yesterday.
The Republican state convention in New
Jersey is called for Sept. 18.
The president and party started for the
Lower Yellowstone falls yesterday.
St. George's Union of North America
hold their next convention at Chicago.
A heavy gale at Halifax on Wednesday
night did much damage to shipping.
The peasants in Austro Hungary are
continuing their persecution of the Jews.
The "State of Nevada," from Gloryon,
arrived at the port of New York yesterday.
The Slade-Mitchell prize fighters have
got ever a misunderstanding they have
had.
The Gen. Zachary Taylor statue is to be
unveilel Sept. 20 and his monument dedi
cated.
A strong shock of earthquake was felt at
Guayaquil on Tuesday, which lasted fifteen
beconds.
A. Martin's lumber mill in New Orleans
has eu«pended, with $50,000 liabilities and
s 10,000 assets.
The Lowville, N. V., chair factory was
burned yesterday. Loss $55,000, and in
sured for $15,000.
Hon. John Rice, a prominent Republican
politician, died suddenly of heart disease
at Buffalo yesterday.
Secretary Chandler and family sailed
from Bangor, Me., in the Tallapoosa for
New York yesterday.
The testimony commences to-day at An
napolis in the court martial trial of seven
teen cadets for hazing.
A gravel train conductor on the Texas
Pacific road yesterday kicked a workman
which blow killed him .
An ice house was burned at Vincenne?,
Ind., yesterday morning. Loss $40,000
and insured for $33,000. .
The attendance yesterday upon the
greenback state convention in Williams
port, Pa., was very small.
His stepmother shot and killed Samuel
Rose at Houston, Tex., yesterday, in a
family row while he was drunk.
New York holders cf Evansville city
bonds are having a discussion with its
mayor at the former city in relation to
them.
The directors of the Ohio Central rail
road will not pay the interest on their
river division bonds, falling due Septem
ber 1.
There is a war of passenger rates be
tween St. Louis and Louisville, and the
fare is now $3.50 and $6.50 to Chatta
nooga. •
The gubernatorial nominees of lowa
had another joint discussion at Post
ville yesterday, before a large crowd of
people.
The trial of Jenkins lor the murder of
Rev. J. Laneborden at Mansfield, La., has
been postponed until January. The plea
is insanity.
The captain and officers of the United
States frigate Yandalia were entertained
last evening at a ball and supper in Mon
treal by the yacht club. ■
Edward C. Meacham, a New York brok
er has been arrested for stealing $8,500
worth of railroad bonds from the office of
Wm. E. Tower, a lawyer.
Edward Mulvaney, identified with Cath
olic education and literature 1 , died sudden
ly at his desk in the office of Calvary cem
etery, Brooklyn, yesterday .
D. J. McKnight, aged eighty years, an
old steamboat captain on the western
rivers, suicided by shooting himself I
through the head at Lsbanon, 111., yester- '
day.
Prof. Stewart Phelpp, of Northampton,
Mass., when putting his gun into a canoe
at Lake Chamberlain, Me., was accidentally
shot in the head and killed on Wednes
day.
The Evangelical Lutheran Synod of
Ohio are in session at Ohio. Arrangements
have been made by them to celebrate the
400 th anniversary of Martin Luther's birth
next Friday.
Hon. John Sherman read an address on
the life and work of N. I. Downing, the
noted horticulturist and writer on rural ar
chitecture at a home festival at Green
township, Ohio, yesterday.
John F. French, of New York, has pre
sented the convention of deaf mutes, in
convention in that city, with a portrait in
oil of Abbe De Leppe, the originator of the
deaf and dumb alphabet.
Representatives from all the leading
cities meet at Pittsburg Oct. 12, to form
an independent base ball organization.
They are tired of what they call the eleven
men rule of the league and American as
sociation.
At the close of the Ocean Grove, N. J.,
camp meeting yesterday, G,OOO people
were present and 100 ministars adminis
tered communion to 2,000 persons. The
services concluded with "Marching
Around Jerusalem."
Sylvester F. Fuller and H. L. St. John,
cashier and assistant cashier, who robbed
the JeSetson, Ohio, Second National bank
Of $30,000, last December, were arrested in
Cleveland yesterday. They had been hid
ing away in uanada.
The grand jury in New Orleans recom
mend the establishment of a crema
tory under the direction of
the officers of the charity hospital, for the
purpose of burning th<? bodies of those
who die of contagious diseases.
M. Jules Ferry, the French prime minis
ter, says that in an election thirty royal
ists could not be chosen. He says if Count
Paris should issue a manifesto he would
not be permitted to retnrn to France, and
j if he did he would be expelled.
Peutii, Aug, 30.— Issen, president cf the ■
Hungarian council has notified the.bank of 1
Crotia. that the Hungarian arms which
wer6 removed from official buildings in
Agram by the Crotiin malcontents must
be replaced. The Ban hesitates to obey
the order and threatens to resign rather
than carry it out. The bishops of Agram
remonstrated with the ban in regard to
his proposed action.
A Deaf Mutes' Memorial.
New Yobk, Aug. 30. — The deaf mutes'
convention decided to raise funds for a
memorial to Rev. Thcs. H. Gallaudet,
founder of the first deaf mute school in
America. Prof. Weeks, of Hartford,
Conn., was appointed treasurer. It was
decided to hold the next convention in
Washington in August, 1884.
The Star Route Jury to be Investigated.
Washington, Ang. 30.— The Star says it
is rumored that an investigation will be
made shortly in the interest of the govern
ment, and there will be some startling and
sensational developments as to how the
. ,verdict in the 6tar route trial was secured.
The grain is all out in Nicollet and
other counties, and stacking is well under
way.
Dot?'t you think the bride is foolish
that she never marries the best man ?
THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBfi. FEIOAf MORNING, AUGCST 31, 1883.
THIRSTY PEOPLE.
Novel Methods Adopted by People to Get a
lirinl:
[From an Unknown Exchange.]
People who suffer from thirst are of
ten in great agony. There appears to
be no limit to their efforts to quench
thirst while thus suffering. Others
have an appetite for drink, and to sat
isfy the appetite resort to all manner of
means. Soldiers on the march, under
a broiling sun and over a dusty road,
suffer more, probably, than any other
class. In our own city, on gala days
during the heated term, how refreshing
is a glass of lemonade to the sweltering
soldier or ordinary pedestrian ? On the
march, in active service, we have seen
the soldier stop by the roadside and
moisten his parched lips and throat
from a slimy pool of water which was
almost unfit for beasts. We have seen
gallant lives sacrificed during the late
war in efforts to quench the thirst of
pickets. The springs were in range of
the rifles of the rebel sharpshooters,
and the soldier who escaped with his
well-filled canteen was most fortunate.
Not long since a novel cane was in
use among attendants at places of pub
lic amusement, from the side of which
the holder could secure a drink for him
self or friends at any time during the
performance.
On one occasion we remember of a
party who was hemmed in in the gal
lery of the theater, and could not get out
for a drink. He saw a friend in the or
chestra whom he begged to relieve his
thirst. The friend was willing, but was
at a loss to know how to get it up.
The man in the gallery was not at a loss
for means under such trying circum
stances, and promptly met the emer
gency. He asked the crowd if any one
had a string in their pocket. A youth,
who had been out fishing during the
day, produced his line. The man in
the orchestra was notified, and soon
thereafter a bottle was seen whirling
around as it gracefully passed upward
in front of those in the family circle.
The man in the gallery had a racket all
to himself during the balance of the
night.
But there are other methods even
more ingenious than this to gratify the
aypetite and guard against thirst. The
most novel device we have yet seen is
the opera-glass whisky flask. In its
use no one would believe it else than an
opera-glass, yet it holds a good half,
pint of whisky. For use in a crowded
audience it is a very handy thing to
have, as the holders are not obliged to
go outside for a drink between the acts.
It can be used as an opera-glass with or
without taking a drink. If you want
to take a drink there is a spring that
you touch with the finger, when a sil
ver tube drops into the mouth and
the whisky flows easily. It works
best when the glass is pointed up at
the gallery.
THE DEVELOPMENT OF HEARING.
With regard to the sense of hearing,
it h first remarked that all children, for
some time after birth, are completely
deaf, and it was not until the middle of
the fourth day that Prof. Preyer ob
tained any evidence of hearing in his
child. This child first turned his head
in the direction of a sound in the
eleventh week, and his movement in
the sixteenth week had become as rapid
and certain as a reflex. At eight months
or a year before its first attempts at
speaking, the infant distinguished
between a tone and a noise, as shown
by its pleasure on hearing the sounds
of a piano. After the first year the
child found satisfaction in itself strik
ing the piano. In the twenty-first
month it danced to music, and in the
twenty-fourth month it imitated songs ;
but it is stated, on the authority of
other observers, that some children
have been able to sing pitch correctly,
and even a melody, as early as nine
months. One such a child used to sing
in its sleep, and at nineteen months
could beat time correctly with its hand
while singing an eir. — London Xalure.
SAFING GOLD.
In the manufacture of jewelry the
tiniest bits of the precious metals are
gathered with the greatest care. After
particles of gold have become im
perceptible to the naked eye, means are
adopted by which they are accnmula ed,
reraelted and worked over again. In
some of the large factories, where god
is handled in large quantities, special
floors are made. The flooring is double
and made of the best material, and has
laid between the upper and lower Ba -
tions asphalt paper covered with tar.
Minute particles of gold find their way
between the seams of the upper s
and immediately adhere to the sticiy
tar. It is calculated that when the
floor of a jeweler's shop is removed the
gold accumulated in the crevices and
such places will more than pay the ex
pense of a new one. Every possible
particle of filing, scraping, grinding,
polishing dust or engraving chips is
preserved for the assayer with as much
scrupulous care as the shipping of the
goods from which they had been de
tached. The wheels upon which gold
and silver have been polished, when
worn out, are burned and the fire re
veals particles of the precious ' metals
which were hidden to all but the chem
ist. Sweepings are quite valuable, and
would be a material loss to the manu
facturer if not saved, even after the
workman has picked up every bit of
metal that has fallen on the floor. This
dirt from the floor will sell for $70 a
barrel. A Jersey City firm deals in this
peculiar dirt almost exclusively. The
caps of the workmen are often bnma/1
as are the aprons, after they have been
washed regularly every week. It has
happened that $23 worth of gold was
obtained by the burning of an apron.
Even the water in which the workmen
wash, in the majority of places, is saved
and run into tanks, where it is allowed !
to stand for a time, a sediment forming
at the bottom. The water is run off and
the muddy mixture handed over to the
assayer. The men often find little
chips of gold and silver in their hair or
beard, but these do not amount to any
thing if not accumulated. It is told of
a Swiss watch-case maker how he had a
way of incessantly stroking his beard
while polishing the cases, and parties
interested discovered that when he got
home at night he as carefully and inces
santly brushed out his beard, but saved
the brushings. — Brooklyn Eagle.
A FRESHMAN WHO CLEANED IHEM
OUT.
Four bold, bad Sophomore 3in a cer
tain Eastern college went into the room
of a Freshman whom they judged to be
verdant. After the Sophomores had
got into the room the Freshman asked
what they wished.
"Oh, we've come to put you through,"
was the reply.
The Freshman told them they had
better not attempt anything, but they
scornfully refused to liiten to advice
from a member of a lower class, and
made a rush for the youth whom they
took to be green. Wiih a blow he laid
one of the bold Sophs upon his back.
In the melee that followed the light
was overturned and extinguished, when
the Freshman grasped a chair and the
Sophomores were compelled to beat a
hasty and disastrous retreat.
The next morning the Freshman was
called before the President of the col
lege, who inquired the cause of the dis
turbance in his room the previous even
ing. The Freshman narrated the cir
cumstances of the case very minutely,
and the President listened with the
greatest attention. When the Fresh
man had finished, the President made
inquiry :
"And you cleaned them out:"
"Yes," was the answer.
"I congratulate you on your success,"
said the President, as he took the boy's
hand and gave it a hearty shake.
WOMAN'S SIGHTS IN SWITZERLAND.
"Look there," said one of the tour
ists, pointing out of the car window as
we neared the village of Vernayaz,
Switzerland.
A woman was leading a little milch
cow, pulling her along and encourag
ing her. The little cow was drawing a
loaded cart. A man sat upon the load
ed cart. He was a most healthy look
ing man. He held the reins of the ma
chine in his hands, and drove the cow
and the woman in the way they should
go-
That is one Swiss woman 's-rights in
cident. Here is another : At Vernayaz,
one afternoon, two of the lady tourists
ascended a mountain path. It was' a
long climb, so steep and trying that
less than half a dozen of the party cared
to try it. Up and up the ladies went,
taking their time. Now they paused
awhile to take breath, and sometimes
they used both feet and their hands,
and made canes of their umbrellas, to
give themselves a lift. They thought
they had accomplished a feat worth
while when, at last, they paused at the
top, and looked about them upon one of
the most glorious views they had seen
on the whole trip. At length, after
resting awhile, they started down, feel
ing slightly set up over what they had
done. But they felt very small a few
minutes later. They came suddenly to
one of the steepest turns in the path.
There they came face to face with a
chuffy little Swiss woman who was go
ing up the mountain way. On her arm
&he carried a good-sized basketful of
something. Upon her head was an
enormous bundle. It was balanced so
as to keep its place. In her two hands
she held a long stocking, and was knit
ting away for dear life. The woman
was actually carrying a load heavy
enough for a horse upon her head, the
basket mentioned upon | her arm, and
was knitting, while she made an ascent
which two healthy American women
had been rather proud of accomplishing
without carrying anything, and with the
assistance of their hands and canes.
This was an illustration of woman in
the industries. — Cor. Cincinnati, Com
mercial,
NITRO-GLYCERINE AS A XEDIVINE.
A foreign medical journal mentions
the case of a lady suffering from cramps
in the stomach, and to whom something
less than a drop of 1-per-cent. alcoholic
solution of nitro-glycerine was given.
In two minutes the pulse fell from 140
to fifty, a clammy sweat covered the
patient's features, and she became
senseless. Stimulants to the nose, and
brandy, "were quickly administered, and
in about three minutes more she began
to recover— the pain was completely
gone, and did not return all that night
or the folio whig day. While under the
effect of the singular substance in ques
tion, the patient felt, as she subsequent
ly stated, like two persons, and so
strong was this impression that, though
entirely rational in her conversation
and composed as usual in her manner,
she could not dispossess herself of tha
illusion.
Naturalists are coming to the con
clusion that there is only one, instead
of several species of ourang-outang.
A STUDENT'S DRESS.
A student's dress should be such 5i3
will allow the body freedom of motion,
and secure it comfort, and thus leave
the mind free to devote itself to study.
The New York Tribune utters sundry
wise words as to what should and
should not* be worn by scholars. "So
far as possible the student should put
on in the morning the clothes he is to
wear till he goes to bed again at night,
and not have occasion between time? to
give them a thought other than U be
stowed by all careful and tidy people in
keeping their apparel neat and spot
less.
"This is as desirable for girls as for
boys, for young women as for young
men, and as possible. Two suits of
clothes, one for every day and one for
holidays, are ample for a boy.
"For a girl, two suits for every day
and one for holidays is desirable.
We have known students of both sexes
who had but one suit for all occasions
and always seemed well-dressed.
"It is well for boys and young men to
have a study-gown to wear in their
rooms and when taking recreation, and
girls should have large aprons to wear
when they are putting their rooms in
order.
"For girls, dark "woolen goods of
fine quality make the most serviceable
suits. Black shows dust and spots too
easily to be pleasant for every-day wear>
though it has the advantage of compel
ling perfect tidiness if one would seem
clean.
"It is economy, if two suits are pro
vided, to wear that of the best quality
every day, and that of inferior quality
only occasionally, then both will last
better and longer than by the reverse
method.
"If well-to-do parents will remember
the poorer students with whom their
children will be associated and avoid
ostentatious clothing, they will confer
equal benefit on both.
"The consciousness of being excep
tional in appearance is no advantage to
the student, and is often a disadvant
age. Both extremes — too well-dressed,
too ill-dressed — should be avoided.
"Waterproofs, shawls, •wraps, rub
bers, umbrellas, should not be omitted
in the outfit. When hard study brings
the bloo<l to the brain, the body is in
poor condition to resist changes of tem
perature and moisture.
"With due attention to diet, dress,
exercise and sleep, there is no reason
why the healthful student should not
retain his health during the usual course
of study marked out for college gradu
ates and enter upon mature life actually
stronger, physically as "well as mentally,
for the course he has gone through."
JOHN BUN TAN ON KISSING.
John Buriyan was opposed to the kiss
ing of women. "I abhor it," he said;
"it is odious to me in whomsoever I see
it. "When I have seen good men salute
those women that they have visited, or
that have visited them, I have made my
objec lions against it, and when they
have answered that it was but a piece
of civility, I have told them it was not
a comely sight. Some, indeed, have ar
gued the holy kiss; but then I have
asked them why they made balks?
Why they did salute the most hand
some and lat the ill-favored go f And
that last is a conundrum they never yet
answered. The true answer is : "There
i? not so much fun in it." — Detroit
Free Press.
THE MINNESOTA Pit OC ESS.
Minnesota millers no longer grind
wheat into flour, but "crack it," and
burr millstones are things of the past,
Hungarian steel rollers having taken
their place. It takes five sets of steel
rollers to finish the flour, and each set
runs closer together than the preced
ing. This is a portion of the "new pro
cess," and enables the miller to separate
the germ of the wheat from the other
parts, the germ being objectionable on
account of the dark color it imparts to
flour.
COMBTB.
Far be it from us to express groat
distrust in the science of astronomy,
for it is one of the man-els of hxtmsn
learning; but we must note the fact
that it has attached to it a departing '
of conjecture where the thought of the
man with a telescope is of no more
Value than the thought of the mau
with a gun or an ax or an <■•;■
glass. Comets come to remit: <1 us h.o-.
little is really known of the sun and • ;
all that comes out of it or falls into
When the anmilar eclipse occurred i
few years ago, observers 6aw gr<
lows of flame shoot up from the s ; i -
the height of 30,000 miles. That orb
which to us seems so peaceful thus
showed that it is an awfully excited ball
of lire, and, instead of drawing in c:u
ets and aerolites, it may be throwing
them out at times into surrounding
space. A more common theory is that
the sun was once a million times larger
in bulk than it now is, and that it has
gradually contracted as it has gradually
cooled. At some far-off time it will
cease to throw off heat enough to warm
or light a planet so remote as earth,
and that earth will then cease to be the
abode of man or any form of life. II
the sun was once as vast as the space
filled by our system, then the earth Mas
a hot mass projected away from the
main body, and such was Venus, such
Jupiter. What we call comets may
also be the fragments of that oldest
and earliest conglomeration which now
gives us day and heat in a uniform
manner. The rings around Saturn are
proof that there was much doincr once
m tne gaseous department, and that
solids are a secondary step in the work
of world-making.- Comets may be re
mains of early burning substances left
over from the making of the sun and
the planets. — Rev. David Swing, in
Chicago Weekly Magazine.
THE TROUBLE WITH THE STEW Alt D.
"Where is the old steward? 1 ' inquired
a traveler as he stepped aboard an out
going steamer, just previous to his de
parture.
"Oh, he was discharged some time
ago," replied the Captain.
"Why, he seemed to be a first-class
fellow," rejoined the first speaker;
"why was he kicked out?"
"Well, to tell you the truth, he got
too big for his breeches, and we bounced
him," emphatically ejaculated the Cap
tain.
This conversation occurred within
hearing of a bright-eyed, intelligent lit
tle girl, the daughter of one of the tour
ists on that steamer. Subsequently an
other passenger arrived, and, after be
stowing a casual glance around, said :
"I don't see the old steward; what has
become of him ?"
"I think he was discharged," volun
teered a bystander.
"Do you know what for?"
"No, sir."
"I do," piped a small voice from the
cabin door.
Looking around, the inquirer i*aw the
smiling face of a little girl peeping out
at him.
"Well, my dear," said he, "why was
the steward discharged ?"
"Oh, I don't like to tell," she bash
fully replied.
"But I want to know," he persisted.
"Come, tell me, that's a good girl.
What did they discharge him for?'
'"Cause," she slowly answered,
"'cause his pants were too short! —
Drake's Magazine.
A GAY LOTHARIO.
"Look here, Billy," said a stern ilus
tin parent, to his 11-year-old sen, "I
overheard you telling the neighbor's
little girl that you were going to marry
her. I've a great notion to tan your
bide for you."
"Don't be scared, pa. I'm not going
to marry her. That's what I tell all
the young ladies that' are mashed on
me." .
As early as the time .01 Alexander
H. of Scotland a man who let weeds go
to seed on a farm was declared to be
the King's enemy. In Denmark farm
ers were compelled to destroy all weeds
on their premises. In France a man
may prosecute his neighbor for dam
ages who permits weeds to go to seed
which may endanger the neighboring
land.
EVENING SESSIONS
Commence Monday,
Sep. 17th.
DAY SESSIONS
Sep. 3d.
Addres3 for circular*,
Ladies
Do yon -want a pure, bloom
ing Complexion I If so, a
few applications of Hagan's
MAGNOLIA BALM will grat
ify yon to your heart's con
tent. It does away with Sal
lowness, Redness, Pimples,
Blotches, and all diseases and
imperfections of the skin. It
overcomes the flushed appear
ance of heat, fatigue and ex
citement. It makes a lady of
THIRTY appear but TWEN
TY ; and so natural, gradual,
and perfect are its effects,
that it is impossible to detect
•its application.
1 KIDNEY- WdrT
cITOR^PE^ASENTCUaniFW
I CONSTIPATION. |
— • No other disease is so prevalent in this cova.- SQ
r try as Constipation, and no remedy has ever —
• equalled tho celebrated Kidney-Wort as a c
E euro. Whatever the cause, however obstinate (3
5 the case, tins remedy •will overcome it. ».
a l Dll P?Q THIS distressing com- g
9> — r iulsOi plaint is very apt to be —
'£ complicated with, constipation. Kidney-Wort "^
IJ strengthens the ■weakened parts and quickly <c
iS cures all kinds of Piles even when physicians J 1
-• and medicines have before failed. c{
$5 *3- tr^rli'rou have either of these troubles ■51
< PRICE USE Druggists Sell
Hkidney-wqrti
DISSOLUTION' \
DISSOLVED!
The firm of Ereis & Mitsch having been dissolved
P. J. DREIS ri
Has established himself in business
fONEB Nil "9 &SF.PETIB streets
Where will be found the finest and best of
Drugs, Perfumery, Toilet Articles, Patent Medi
cines, etc. Also, all kinds of Garden and Flower
Seeds.
PBESCRIPTIONS A SPECIALTY
A WORDJTO.IHE WISK.3
DOX'T BE SKEPTICAL. KEASOX TEACHES
AND EXPERIENCE COXFIBM3 THAT TAB- '
RANT'S SELTZER APERIENT IS AX IN
VALUBLE RE3IEDY FOR ANY AND ALL DISOR
DERS OF THE STOMACH, LIVER AND BOWELS.
A TEASPOONFUL IX A GLASS OF WATER
EVERY MORNING, BEFORE EATING, IS NOT
ONLY EXTREMELY BENEFICIAL, BUT A PRO- .
TECTION AGAINST DISEASE WHICH NO ONE
CAN AFFORD TO DISREGARD. FOR SALE BY
ALL DRUGGISTS.
TAILORING. __
ELY.OfCHICAGO.
TO GENTLEMEN
Who appreciate and value chaste, befitting ap
parel, made from thoroughly HONEST
FABRICS, I desire to say that I
will be pleased to meet
all such at
The Merchants !
OX'WEDXESDAY AXD FRIDAY EXT,
To receive their orders from our extensive and
complete stock of
CROWE WOOLENS,
FROM THE BEST LOOMS OF THE WORLD. .
I shall also be pleased to receive measures to
place on file for future reference, from such as
may not desire to order now. Leaving your
measure does not in anyway imply ever giving
an order unless you shall find it for your inter
est so to do.
It will be to the mutual advantage of nil con
cerned that they who call, do so as early in the
day as their business duties will permit.
EDWARD ELY,
Of Etord Ely & Co., Tailors.
CHICAGO, - --- ILLINOIS,
FUEL DEALERS.
Full Weight and Measure Guaranteed by
Griui&Hßhr,
uiiipalljiiioij
41 East Third street. Established in 1864.
IM&WiI
At bottom prices. Grate and egg $9.25, stove
$9.50; Nut $9.50, Briar Hill, $8.50. All grades
of fresh mined bituminous coal at equally low
prices. Maple, $7; Birch and Oak, $6.
CONTRACT WOEK.
Sewer on Robert Street.
Office of the Boabd of Public Works, )
City of St. Path., Minn., Aug. 24 ,1883. J
Sealed bids will be received by the Board of
Public Works in and for the corporation of the
City of St. Paul, Minn., at their office in
said city until 12 m., «n the 4th day of Septem
ber, A. D. 1883, for the construction of a sewer
on Robert street, from Thirteenth (13th)
street to University avenue, in said
city, together with the necessary catch-basins and
manholes, according to plans and specifications
on file in the office of said Board.
A bond with at least two (2) sureties, in a sum
of at least twenty (20) per cent, of the gross
amount bid, must accompany each bid.
The said Board reserves tha right to reject any
or all bide.
JOHN C. TERRY, Presidentpro tern.
Official: R. L.Goeman,
Clerk Board of Public Works. 237-47
CUKTBACT WORK,
Slier en CeJar anl Bluff Streets.
Office of tee Board of Poblic Works, )
City of St. Paul. Minn., August 22, 1883. J
Sealed bide will be received by the Board of
Public works in and for the corporation of the
City of St. Paul, Minnesota, at their office in
said city, until 12 m. on the 3d day of September,
A. D. 1883, for the construction of a sewer on
Cedar street, from Thirteenth (13th) street to
Bluff Btreet, thence on Bluff street to
Grant street, in said city, together with
the necessary catch basins and manholes,
according to plans and specifications on file
in the office of 6aid Board.
A bond with at least two (2) sureties, in a
sum of at least twenty (20) per cent, of the
gross amount bid must accompany each bid.
The said Board reserves the right to reject any
or all bids.
JOHN F. HOYT, President pro tern.
Official: R. L. Gorman,
Clerk Board of Public Works. 235-245
CONTRACT WORIL
Grain Bedford anl Decator Streets.
Office of the Board of Puelic Works, )
City of St. Paul, Minn., August 22, 1883. )
Sealed bids will be received by the Board of
Public Works in and for the corporation of the
city of St. Paul, Minnesota, at their office in
eaid city, until 12 m. on the 3d day of Septem
ber, A. D. 1833, for the grading of Bedford
etreet from Minnehaha street to North street,
and Decatur street from Bedford
street to Preble et:eet, in said city,
using the surplus material from Bedford street
to fill Decatur stivot, according to plans and
specifications on file in the office of said Board:
A bond with at least two (2) sureties, in a sum
of at least twenty (20) per cent, of th-j gross
amount bid must accompany each bid.
The said Board reserves tha right to reject any
or all bids.
JOHN F. HOYT, President pro torn.
Official: R. L. Gorman,
Clerk Board of Public Works. 225-245
CONTRACT WORK.
Sewer-on St. Clalr Street.
Office of the Board of Public Works, >
City of St. Paul, Minn., Aug. 22, 1883. $
Sealed bids will be received by the Board of
Public Works in and for the corporation of the
city of St. Paul, Minnesota, at tLeir office in
said city until 12 m . ,on the 3d day of September,
A. D., 1883, for the construction of a sewer on
St. Clair street, from Seventh (7th) street, (for
merly Fort street) to Toronto avenue, in 6aid city,
together with the necessary catch basins and
manholes, according to plans and specifications
on file in the office of said Board.
A bond with at least two (2) sureties, in a
sum of at least twenty (20) per cent, of the
gross araount bid must accompany each bid.
The said Board reserves the right to reject
any or all bids.
JOHN F. HOYT, President pro tern.
Official: R. L. Gorman,
Clerk Board of Public Wnrkr . 235-245
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