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THE RBBION. .
Eomeof the Points of Interest In the Fa
mous Yellowstone National 1'ark -The
Geysers and Falls. . i
The famous Yellowstone national park
region contains many points of interest
to the tourist, a few of which, accompa
nied with excellent illustrations are pre
The whole course of the Gibbon river
from its source in the Shoshone geyser ]
basin, high up in the mighty Rockies to
its confluence with the Madison is one
continued picture [of bold and sublime
BCenery,and one of the marked spots in this
Exquisite panorama of mountain lovliness
is Gibbon Falls. The traveler will. find
it difficult to obtain a vantage spot to view
this picturesque scene as the
Bides of the canon , throughout
which the river flows is very
precipitous and the traveler has to be
wary in his descent, and if he wishes to
see the falls at their best he must descend
to the river channel, and tlr's is impossible
immediately at the falls, the walls tower
ing up almost perpendicularly, From be
low the falls have a most pleasing effect,
the water coming down from above iu a
series of irregular cascades over steps of
rocks broken and uneven, which hreaks u_,»
the water sheet and gives it as: infinity _f
coloring most grateful to the eye. The
river at this point tumbles, or more ac
curately speaking rolls down an uneven
and steep descent, of eighty feet. The
rocky walls are clothed with stately pines,
Which, with the light yellow Color of the
rocks and the foamy waters, make a pic
ture to be remembered iu after time by
the tourist. •
Our second illustration of the Geyser
TBgion is the Beehive, so ctiled from tie
shape of the crater, is three feet high,
thirteen feet in circumference at the base
and ten feet around the apex. The crater,
an orifice from which the water issues, is
eliptical in form, the greater axis being
36^ inches and the less 24 inches. It
Stands upon a mound of silicious clay, the
gently rising slopes of which are smooth
and unobstructed. Reaching the cone one is
surprised at the heat and sulphurous nature
of thevaporyjair which is constantly issuing
from it. The Beehive lies in a lin9 dir-ct
northwest from Old Faithful and imme
diately over the river which is crossed by
a foot bridge at this point. The remarka
ble feature of this geyser is its insignifi
cant appearance and the grandeur of -its
eruptions. Another remarkable circum
stance is the provision of a warning vent
which exists about three quarters of a rod
from the cane from which issues a vigor
ous spout of steam for twenty minutes
before the eruption takes place. A few
minutes after the steam warning ceases
the grand display is made. A hug. column
of water is thrown up into the air t > 'h9
height of two hundred and twenty feet
and the water is so intensely hot that a
cloud of steam rises from i: like au in-
! verted cone thousands of feet high, the •
: apex resting upon the feathery top of the j
| watery column and the base upon the,
| clouds. Nothing can exceed the beauty
I of this magnificent phenomenon when
; viewed from a point opposite to a bril- j
j liant sun. It is like a kaleidoscope formed j
] of a thousand rainbows broken into my- •_
riads of sparkling gems. Uolike Old I
; Faithful who is true to hie time the Beehive j
is very eratic and cannot be depended upon. .
Sometimes he rests for nearly twenty-four '
hours, while at others he wakes up into life
after slumbering but eight or ten hours,'
and sometimes, though rarely, he disap
points the expectant visitor by not erupt- j
ing at all after giving the accustomed sig- ,
nal and warning.
lies well up toward tho source of the Fire- I
bole river and is about 500 yards or a little
over a quarter of a mile south of the river
and 100 yards north of the Yellowstone :
lake trail. Old Faithful stands upon an j
immense mormd formed of the deposit of
calearious clay and decomposed rock !
thrown out with the water at every erup- ;
tion. This mound is built up of terraces I
beautifully -^Boped and ornamented with '
caulifli^ver-like excrescences. Thejtop of j
the mound in th v n, v.- a of the crater i
looks as tl.ou-his' had been enameled, or j
*c forw-d of fiue.t porcelain and this
lustrous c.uioiirU) gHsfvv-js in the sunlight i
with a subdued pearl-like beauty. The!
era. tions occur at irregular intervals,
vSjmg'from (iffy to s-ixty minutes, each I
eruption occupying a space of some five!
minutes. Th* first indication of an erup-j
tion is a sli^!;t issue of steam followed ira- J
mediately by a deep i ambling growl like >
distant artillery on the subdued echoes of !
heavy thunder. Then follows a dead silence |
which dwells only for a moment when a
column of boiling, seething, sputtering ;
water is oast up into the air like the ]
stream of a gigantic fountain, reach
ing the dizzy height of 200 feet.
For about four minutes this vigorous and j
stupendous fountain continues to belch
forth its weird colunjulike waters from
the inferno, with its sulphurous smell, and !
then gradually lessens in height till sud- i
denly it ceases altogether, and straight- I
way all is peace and quiet till the next |
eruption. Soma travelers becoming im- !
patient of the delay between the eruptions
hurl lar^e ston.s into its throat, which,
disagreeing with its stomach, provokes an I
artificial eruption, which, however, is less
powerful than the natural one.
TJie Rower Falls.
The Lower, or as they are sometimes
called the Great falls are on the Yellow
stone itself, immediately above the Grand
canon. No satisfactory view can be ob
tained of this wondrous work of nature,
but cautiously creeping down over rock
and crag, at the risk of life and limb, a
post may be obtained where, by lying flat
and creeping to the edge of the dizzy
brink, a momentary glimpse may be ob
tained of the falling, or rather plunging
waters, for the river in one grand leap
plunges off from tho platform above down
360 feet into the canon below. It is an
appalling leap, and the immense volume of
Tfli_ ST. PAUL. DAILY GLOBE. SATURDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 1.1883.
water (the river is 200 feet wide) sends up
a roar and groan like the despairing moan
of thousands of demoniac spirits. Even
lying fiat the head becomes too dizzy for
one to continue to gaze for more ' than a
second, and yet the fascination is so great
that the gaze is again and again repeated.
A view, however, can be obtained of this
awe inspiring scene from a point lower
down, called Lookout point. From this
vantage ground a full view of
the falls can be obtained, but
the distance is too great for
a full appreciation of the grandeur of the
scene. The great volume of water how
ever can be seen shooting.over the edge,
and breaking up from the immense
height into a vast cloud of spray from
which a mist rises which shuts out from
view the bottom of the falls The waters
again gather and two thousand feet below
the beholders thread their way along the
winding canon. As the traveler stands and
beholds and listens to the deep toned. mu
sic, he is reminded of Mrs. Sigcnrney's
lines beginning: .7 T-
Flow on forever in thy glorious robe
Of terror and of beauty. ■ Yea flow or,
Unfathomed and resistless. God has set
His rainbow on thy forehead and His cloud -
Mantles around thy ftetand He doth give
Thy voice of thunder power to speak of Him
Etenaily bidding the lips of men •To-ltf.
Keep silence, and upon thy rocky altar pour i
!_.. Inceense of awestruck praise.
The Hot Springs.
- Perhaps in the - whole National park
with its wondrous beauty and marvelous
and curious phenomena, there is nothing
more attractive in weird beauty and be
witching loveliness than the Hot Spring
region. It begins upon a high ridge of
6,522 feet altitude, about two miles and a
half from the Gardiner river, and extends
to the river's brink. There are three sets
of springs, differing somewhat in the min
erals held in solution in their waters, but
very much alike in their general features.
The springs too, in the same group, differ
in the intensity of their heat, some being
extremely hot, the thermometer plunged
into, their eddy ing, circling waters, stand
ing at 200 the Gardiner river, and extends '
e river's brink. Ther6 are three sets
rings, differing somewhat in the min
held in solution in their waters, but
much alike in their general features,
springs too, in the same group, differ
3 intensity of their heat, some being
mely hot, tha thermometer plunged
their eddying, circling waters, stand
it 200 degrees Far., while others are
as low as 100 degrees Far. The hole or
crater through which the waters well are
of circular form, three to eight feet in
diameter, and the water a clear crystal
and azure. The ravine in which the springs
are found is covered with burnt stones and
clay, looking as though the refuse of smelt
ing works had been scattered about. The
river at the first spring is 5,545 feet above
the sea level, and the ridge upon which the
highest spring is situated is 6,522 feet
giving an assent of 977 feet in two miles.
The ridges or terraces upon which are the
springs are formed by the deposit of lime
and silica of which the waters hold large
quantities in solution. These substances
are rapidly deposited by the water as it
rises from the bowels of the earth and in
many instances they have built about the
wells cone shaped craters several feet high
over which the boiling waters flow like a
fountain and the calcareous and selicicns— j
geyserite as it is —ridges form beau- j
tiful cascades. The deposite is mostly of I
a whitish or cream color bat it is often
| tinted with oxides. The Blue spring is
yery beautiful. The water is exceedingly
transparent notwithstanding tho great
quantity of mnierals held in solution
and the beholder can gaze down into its
mysterious depths for many feet the
water having a deep azure tint but
on account of the chalky nature of the
walls of the w.li at the sido the blue tent
is less apparent. Of course, the color is
owing entirely to the light and not to any
material in the water. ThAnargin of the
spring exhibits a splendid combination of
stalectite and stalagmite of gelatinous fila
ments and delicate scollops tinted in the
most delicate manner with red, brown,
yellow or of spotless white while a minute
plant ia places lends its rich green to still
add te the wondrous beauty. The tents are
produced by the iron sulphur and other
minerals. There are many
extinct water volcanoes if they may be so
I called, the conical craters being now noth
j ing more than mere caverns which have
become the habitation of bats and owls.
; and some of these extinct springs are cov
ered with a woodey growth which has taken
a century to form. The water of these
springs all find their way into the Gardi
ner river, and the tourist would be aston
ished to find that he can stand in the cold,
limped stream with his rod and if fortun
ate enough to hook a handsome speckeled
trout, he may, without changing his posi
tion, throw his captive into the middle of
the river and keep it there for a few min
utes and it will be thoroughly cooked. A
stream of boiling water issuing from a
spring in the bed of the river flows along
with cold water on each side.
Upper Guyser Basin.
Of all the spots in the Yellowstone coun
try there are none which inspire the tourist
with so much amazement and wonder and
awe, as the geyser regions, and of these
there is none more • attractive than the
Upper Geyser basin. It is situated along
the basin of the Firehole river aud con
tains Old Faithful, Beehive, Giantess,
Lion, Lioness, the Cubs, the Rustler, the
Grand, the Wash Tub, the Devil's Well, the
Castle, the Comet, the Giant, Catfish,
Riverside, Grotto, Fantail, Splendid,
Fairie's Well, Black Sand, Loda, etc. The
first named and the second are the sub
jects of our sketches.
Tower creek, a tributary of the Yellow
stone, runs through a broad plateau as
level and destitute of trees as the western
prairies. The ever constant flow of water
has cut down the earth and soil . to the
hard rock and worn the softer rocks till
it has dug out a meandering canon . of
considerable depth and just before joining
the noble river it dashes headlong into a
deep bowllike basin which forms the
upper part of a deeper and more impos
ing canon, with wall like sides of adaman
tine rock cut and worn into countless
pinnacles and minarets. The craggy sides
of the canon and its beetling brows are
decked with the rich foliage of pine and
birch and aspen. The name Tower Falls
was given to this lovely spot from the fact
that upon either side of the falls a
majestic tower springs up from
the canon below and towers up some
fifty feet above the brow of the falls.
These nature-constructed pillars are of
basaltic formation and taper gracefully
from base to apex. Scores upon scores of
smaller towers crowd up the sides of the
creek above the falls like an army stand
ing at the back of its gigantic leaders.
There are two falls the upper one being of
insignificant proportions compared to the
lower which makes one unbroken leap of
one hundred and sixty feet.
The tremendous roar of the falling river
is deafening and its deep, hollow voice,
intensified by being thrown back upon it
self by the enclosing walls of the canon,
can be heard for miles away.
Sherman on Whisky.
Cincinnati, Aug. 31.—Hon. John Sher
man was introduced on 'change and made
a brief address, speaking of the bounteous
crops, the basis of all wealth as an en
couragement to business. Referring to
railroad : failures he said over production
had checked the income-paying power of
of some, but in his opinion this will be
rectified in two or three years. Concluding
he referred to his action in the senate in
favor of relief to the holders of bonded
whisky. He said he favored no abatement
of taxes, but would not vote for a course
that amounted to confiscation. In this
matter he looked upon whisky as property
entitled to the same protection as any
THE CO CRTS.
The following causes of action have
commenced in the district court.
Caroline Allertshommer against the
city. An action for damages in $1,000 for
falling off of a sidewalk in the Sixth ward.
George W.H. Bell,, against the city.
An action to determin ewhich is the true
and proper survey of West St. Paul, or in
other words is or is not the Fish survey
so called correct. This case grows oat of
an attempt to extend, open or grade
Bertha street. ' • ■ '-
.Before Judge McGrorty. |
Insanity of Lena Bums; infoimation
filed. Examined and committed.
Estate of John Hall, deceased. Sale
bond. Oath and appraisal filed.
Estate of Louis E. Hauser, deceased.
Petition for maintenance filed; allowance
Guardianship of Virginia C. Zerkelbaeh.
Hearing adjourned to September 7, 10
Guardianship of Joseph C. Zerkelbaeh.
Same us above.
Estate of Emma S. Tracy, deceased. Pe
tition for decree filed. Hearing Septem
ber 26, 10 a. m.
Estate cf E. R. Hollinshead, deceased.
Objections to claims of 0. Dufanlt _nd
Margaret Fiynn filed. Hearing Sept
ber 6 at 10 -. ra.
Estate of Dirart Hewitt, deceased, Hear
ing adjourned to September 6, 10 a.m.
Estate of Henry A. Schliek, deceased.
Martin Brng„eman and August Bolzet ap
Estate of Mary E. Schliek, deceased.
Same as above.
[ Before Judge Burr. J
Chas. FaHro, drunkenness. Committed
for thirty days,
John Smith, same. Committed for five
John Seimers and John Hyde, disorderly
conduct. Fines of $10, paid.
George Morgan, attempted rape: Held
to the grand jury.
F. X. Joinette, hirceuy. Same.
Emma Brown, same. Continued until
WELL'S "ROUGH ON CORNS."
Ask for Well's "Rough on Corns." 15c.
Quick, complete, permanent cure. Come,
Boston, Aug. 31.The Journal says In
surance Commissioner, Tarbox, has re
voked the license to transact business in
this state of the United States Plate Glass
company, of Pennsylvania, because of al
leged false returns of assets, liabilities etc.
because the principal stockholders, officers
and borrowers were the same men.
__#~Fast, brilliant and fashionable are the | •
Diamond Dye colors. One package colors 1 to 4 j
lbs. of goads. 10 cents for any color. J
MAMMOTH HOT SPRINGS.
_*_ki*n_i-i_a_tt___fenM!_r mmW •
Gallatin, Mo., Aug. 31.— the Frank
James trial the defense concluded their
line of impeaching the witnesses. James
S. Dunaster, justice of the peace, was the
first witness. He testified that at the cor
oner's inquest on the body of Wood Hite
Mrs. Bolton testified ' she had not seen
Frank James for two jears, and then
at her father's house. Before the
next witness was called Colonel Phillips
arose and stated that General Shelby was
at the door and desired to make a state
ment to the court and when the general
came in, he saluted the court and said:
"If anything I may have said or done yes
terday offended the dignity of the court I
regret it exceedingly. As to other parties
I have no regrets." Judge Goodman
replied. "Gen. Shelby, your conduct yes
terday in appearing before
the court in unfit condition
and showing an insubordinate spirit was
reprehensible in the extreme, as it was not
only a of the dignity of the
court, but calculated to prejudice the in
terest of the defendant. You are a man of
national reputation and enjoy the respect
and confidence of a large number of peo
ple of Missouri. I can only say I was
much astonished at your very reprehensi
ble action yesterday. It is in testimony
you have drawn a pistol right in court,
which is in itself contempt of court.
Gen. [j Shelby, (interrupting,) -It ia
The court—''The marshal] of Lexington
testified to it under oath."
Gen. Shelby—"Then he lied."
The court is amply satisfied with your
apology to i:. but your attitude towards
the attorneys for the state yesterday in
answering in a threatening and offensive
manner and talk of calling them to a per
sonal account cannot be overlooked. The
court then fined him $10, which he paid and
then passed out of the court room.
I. O. Mason, A. Duval, W. D. Rice and
James Duval all impeached tho testimony
of the Fords, testifying they had heard
them say they had not seen Frank James
for years, and he had gone south and was
trying to lead a better life, and John
Samuels, half-brother of Frank James, and
an inmate of the Samuels' household, had
not seen Frank James before the Winston
robbery since 1867, and then at home. He
saw him after his surrender in
Independence jail. In May, 1881, saw
Jesse with Dick Liddell at his mother's
house and heard Jesse and Liddell both
say they had left Frank in Kentucky; that
he was in bad health and was talking
about going south and saw Jesse, Dick
Liddell, the Hites and Charlie Ford dur
ing the summer. There was a striking
family resemblance between Wood Hite
and Frank James; saw Cummings twice
during the summer of 1881, the first time
in company with Jesse and Dick Liddell.
Cross examined he admitted he knew they
were all outlaws and were armed at all
times, and heard in the papers they had
robbed banks and trains.
Want of Faith.
A. P. Wilkes, R. & E. Zimmerman and E
Sticrle, the druggists, have such faith in Dr
Bosanko's Cough and Lung Syrup as a remedy
for coughs, colds, consumption and lung affec
tions that they will give a Dottle free to all.