Newspaper Page Text
___ MONTANA POST.
D. W. TILTON, a Co., Waitors & Proprietors.
"y Coatry, Ky he Always be right, Bat 4y Country, Right or Wron'. Tpm h
VOI,. 1. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 17,1864. NO. 4
1.1t - 7 ,"_ Y 2t A 30 1vl t AD.. . -, -- N- O-4
D. W. Tilton, & Co.,
1). W. TILT.O. Brx. R. Drrrs.
.f t'BLs.Ea S A.Dn PROrlpUPyOR,.
Office at the City Boek Stor,, Corner
of Wallace ani Jackson streets.
tn copy, one year, - .
t c"J , ..ix tmonfths, . 4)J.4)
ine c-py. three months, - 2.50
Rates of Advertising.
luiness cards, (five lines or 1e,) one J.er $20 00"
S 4, "' ' " six months, 15 0(r
"" ," " " " three 'months I a00
nar 1wlare one yesr, (ten lines or lie.) 40 90
One square six months " . e "." 5-00
omne 9qtuare, three months U "d 'd 15' 00
ua:rter column. one year. Ai 00
nix months 45 00
" " three " - - 30 00
half column. one year, 90 00
" " six month., 60 00
" " three months 45 00
One column, one year, 150 00
six months' 100 00
" " three months, 75 00
fl:nu!ar ydvertisers will be allowed to change
a1nnrtrrly without additional charge.
All bussinee conmunications should be addreessed
t., I, W. TILToN A Cu., Virglaia City, M. T.
Job Printing of every des.riptio.n executed in a
-mlperi,r nanner and at r'asonable rate.
,, r.nrrO, . .TDNEY EIKIEltTON,B Innack City;
•r cKuTAR. xr . P. FtORSEY:
(i'e.r J.is er. II. 1.. liosl1RR,
L. I. WI I ,LTrTo',
4rrr. Ge..antRA. E. 11. NKAIY, Virginia City;
t ,sHn.s.. C. J. BIU'K,
'revui. G!. aN.!A., M. 801o,¥ .
County Officers of Msadison County.
i'Conty Commriionorm, JA'rs Fem.;rs.
" ° S'IUFr. W. ýTAIJyT,
" " }UrEn. K. RKor.
Prnhnat, Jolgo. Tnoo. ('. Jolrs.
Sh itT. Ita,,t 1r C. KKvx.
Trole-urer. N. J. Hatyie.
lRcordr, It . i. AGAWSN.
Municipal Officers of Virglina City.
Police J.ude nnan Ex-Officio Mayor, G. . t. sli.r..
l brnhnb cf Cl,uncil, E. K. Wionll'ur,
, "' $eAM. ,`9wAis,
N" N. F,,n.
l.ar-.hal,J Jana NoLAN.
BI SINESS CARDS.
W. L. McMiAn.) W. V. Loyv..]
IMcMATH & LOVELL,
A ttorn.y at law, Virginia City, M. T., will pronmp
tlv attend to all profe~ioaal business entrusted to
their care. 1-3m
W. J. McCoiMrtc.] [lHARRY BIRNSs
McCORMICK & BURNS,
A tto nvys at Law, Virginia City, Montana Territo
Sv. Office at Dance t Stunrt's. 1-6m
W. M. SrTrrA.O, R. B. PARROTT. S. W. BORTYON
Cal. Iowa. Col.
STAFFORD, PARROTT & BORTON,
Attorneys at Law, Office on Idaho street, opposite
the court house, Virginia City, Montana Territory.
Raeturant. Virginia City. Montana Territory.
Meals eurved at all hours. Also the bet of liquors.
j4 IPWIA liD DAW$ON,
El>-hionanhl Tailor. Virginia City, Montana Ter
ritorv. All work executed with nentne-s and at
vhea lrates. --6rm
o It. JUDGE,
Boot A Sboa maker, Virginia City, Montals Ter
ritory. The bhet of cu-tom work always on hand.
Gi;, m a: trial. I-6m
French Baker, Nevada City, Montana Territory,
would say to his ni ns'ous customers that he is al
ways on hand to -tuff the months of the hungry.
(]ire him acall. 1-6m
D . I1. t. CREI'IN,
I'hy<iian and Surgeon. formerly aAistant in the
11lopit.l du midi in Paris, and attached to the New
York !lotpitsl, New York--recemtly from Dulmque.
lowa. 4)ffics in Virginia City, opposite the hay
scales, main street. 1-4m
Practical Watchmaker and Jeweler. Particular
attt'ntion paid to repairing all clbesu of watches.
Any part of any watch can be made new at this eo
tntblishment, and warrant~l to give satisfaction.
:I'el and eoanine epecimens of Jewelry made from
she native gold. 1-ly
Nevada City, Mortana Tertriory.
L~Uf'IS BELANGER, - - - - - Par.-lrPmtao.
Tlis hotel is situated on Main street, and in the
4-&t patrt of the City. The table supplied with the
..,t the market affordnls, and the saloon famished
with the best liquors.
Rooms and beds can be had at reasownahe prices.
('hnares for board moderate. 2
JJ()I it.; A TiIEXTO ,
Illackemiths, Virginia City, M. T. All kinds of
work done in our line on short notice and low rates.
We keep none but the bet workmen and are bound
T, give satisfaction. I-3m
Cuver etreet. Virginia city, M. t. alhasas A
ailiall, proprietor!. Keep on hand all kiTnds of
lr'iad, c.kas nnd piea, which aro going off like"hot
fe'ke," at cheap rotes. 1-6m
STAR BIAKERT AND SALOON,
Nevada City. M. T. Peter Ryan, proprietor.
All perrona wishing good bread are reqyueted to
-ll. Prices low. Also, beer fuminbhel with the
IhEt of drinks. IHere is the place to get an honest
lnf. a cake or pie, and "something to wash it
JI UMBRIt YARD.
Idaho street, Virginia Qity, M. T. James Xkn
~lIl. propriator. Keelw ceastartly mt hmd all
kires of the best lmber, which will be eio at low
rat e. I-ty
DR. D. F. ADGER.
Office in Ragle'1 . Stotr, Virginia City. 1-ly
SJ. ROL a Co,,
Wallace street, Virginia City, Whole-ale and
Retail deales in urocerici, Dry Goods, Clothing,
-,ardware, Stores, &c. St. Louns winter wheat,
flour, and corn meal for sale by the hundred, or in
quantities to suit. 1-3m
Wallace street, Virgiia City; M. T. J. M. CaMtnir
proprietor. The proiet~eor announces to hit old
frionds and the public generally, that he .. now
pIepared to accommodatn boanrers by the meal, day.
or week at low raths. Iiia table furniehed with the.
bit the market atorda. l-ly
Manufacturers of I y, Jakhor p ie t, Vir
ginia City. M. T. Strict attenution gmten to re
airing all clame of watches, sd warrantedal t
givsaetisf.ction. Keep constantly on hand a large
aasortmeutof Jewelry. Ery "thing in -our line
made to onler at low rato'. 4-3m
HAIR DRESSING QO OM.
Hair Dyeing and Catting Done in
TOM. WHITE, Proplietor.
W. F. SANDER S,
A TTORNEY AND COUISELLnAR AT LAW
Virginia Ciiy, Montana Territory.
Drs. BROOKE & GLICK,
Jackmon 9treet. below TWallaee Vi,
gilaia City Montana Territory.
,S rgeo DB.e t.tist,;
O FFICE IN POST OFFICE BUILDINU. PA
tient- visited at their raidence when de irld.
fONTANA BILLIARtD HALL,
Virginia City. Montana Territory. Schwab A
Snbolakie. Proprietrs. l-Aru
Be~r. TIl.I.ADA, F W. L. IIAi.ar,
New York. U] G. S. L. City.
HOLLADAY &d HALSEY .
At the oi.e of the Overlad Stag. Line, Vlrgi
nia City, Montana Territory, will pay the highest
GOLD DUST AND COIN,
Drasr bHrcuGT rugn Coin oa (CCRREaCY.
CASK PAID FPR IOVERNMENT VOUCHI'R.R.
lDArra PiArsA It Oi.' ow Cvnaau.r Uwoul oN
8.0 FRAnerTSo. Cal..
Viueni Crr . Montana, -
DvanVr O.rr, COLORADO,
Pownraae, O.zaooe mabd
VICTORIA, Barrisnr Cor:LaSA.
Pottage Curresrv and Revenue Stampn for sale.
ROATH & CO.,
4 MERICAN WATCHIrB JUST RECEIVED DI
1 L rect from the manufactories.
Every de-cription of .Jewelry manufactured from
the. Nntiwe E06M. Call, Examine Specimen:,
anu then juidle.
Sign of the MAMMOTH WATCH.
NEVAD. CITY, Montana 'Territory.
Virgiuia City, Sept. 10, 1864.
KRAAL & PETCHNER'S
CONFECTIONERY and BAKERY.
A Large and Fresh Stock of
CANNED FR UITS, and
of all KINDS.
FINE CIGARIL, WINDS, and LIQUOR.,
kept constantly on hand.
BALL SUPPERS and
Gotten up on l hort Notice.
Wallace St, eOe deer above tie Gema.
Virginia City; M.T., Sept. 10, 1844.
SP1ENCER HIARRIS0N & Co.,
COOVRER, McADOW & CO.,
LUMBER= - YARD.
C nm*' ef J[ahe & vaMulse, t..
A Lii KINDS O1 sLJ4 c ; 0* BUILDING LUM
A )ir. Lunber bil feled on ebt notice.
September 5th, 1864.
EDIToh Pos :-In looking over the first
number of your paper, I was somewhat
surprised as well as amused at the. account
of ap Indian fight on Powder river, on the
Bozeman cut-off. I observe the name of
Dr. Crepin somewhat conspicuous, and I
believe his is the only name mentioned in
the whole affair. Now, I being one of the
individual members of the train alluded to
ia the above mentioned fight, (said train
consisting of three hundred and sixty-nine
men, thirty-aix women, and fifty-six child
ren, and known as Capt. Townsend's train,)
I consider it my duty to correct some of the
many errors made 6y your cosrespondent
"E. W.," who, I conclude, must have taken
the story from some person who knows bit
little of the matter, or else he must have
little regard for the truth.
On the morning of the 7th of July last,
just as our train was beginning to roll out,
a party of Indians were discovered a short
distance from our camp. Upon learning
this fact, Capt. Townsend called out the
men, who, with four exceptions, responded
nobly to the call. lle then ordered the
wagon-master, Mr. Berryhill, to corral the
train, but for some reason best known to
himself, the wagon-master refused to obey
the order, when the captain very promptly
commenced corralling the train himself.
Of course there was much noise and confu
sion in camp, and very little order, but
while the train was corraling, our old guide,
Bayer, went out to meet the Indians, and,
if possible, to ascertain what they wanted.
HIe soon returned, saving they only wanted
food, and did not wish to fight, as they were
on their way to the Snake country in pur
isuit of horses stolen from them by the
Snakes. Very few of us, however, believed
this story, and when our captain and others
Scame around soliciting food for them, many
refused to give them anything but powder
and lead, as most of us were convinced
that they were bent on mischeif. Our
guide said they were a band of Cheyennes,
led on bv a chief called " Spotted Cow,"
and well known for his hostility to whites,
he being the same one who drove back a
train of eighty wagons last season, thatat
tempted to go through on that road.
While our men were vet in the act of
carrying them provisions, suck as bread,
sugar, coffee, &c., a party of our men went
out to search for a man that was back look
ing for his cow, and they were no sooner
out of sight of our camp, than the Indians
surrounded them and commenned firing on
them, and tried to cut them off, but our
men fought their way through without a
scratch, exctpting one man, (Mr. Archer,)
who was hit in the back with an arrow. lle
was at brave fellow and acted nobly, and
came into camp with the arrow sticking in
his beck. Dr. Crepin not being able to ex
tract the arrow, another Dr., an English
man whose name I did not learn was called
in and finally succeeded in getting it out.
When we heard the firing and learned the
cause of it, there was a number of men
started to the rescue--myself among the
rest, and I, being well mounted, got in ad
vance of the rest, most of whom were on
foot. When I got nearly to where the men
were that were fighting, I met Dr. Crepin
coming back, urging his horse to his ut
most speed, and shouting with all his might
to us to go back-that the men were all cut
to pieces, and that the Indians were flank
ing u~, and would soon be in the rear of the
corral. On hearing this, we all want back
to eamp, but soon found out that there was
no truth whatever in any part of th, above
statement. And, as to the doctor's pulling
an Indian by the hair, that is all "shenan
igan." An Indian would have had to have
been mounted on a fleet horse indeed, to
have got that close to Dr. Crepin on that
day. The Dr. said, on coming into camp,
that he had killed two Indiant, but I could
never find any other person that ever saw
him shoot at one, even at long range.
The Indians showed more than their us
ual bravery on that day, as might have
been expected, after our feeding them, and
showing them that we were afraid of them.
We lost four men killed, as stated by your
correspondent, but instead of our killing
thirty Indians, we probably killed about
seven, as the Indians acknowledged a loss
of that many, we were told afterwards by
friendly Indians. That is more than we
supposed we had killed, as they managed
to get all the dead off the field.
Now, Messrs. Editors, I hope you will
give :his letter a place in your paper, in
justice to the few brave meu who took part
in this affair. 1, for one, feel like claiming
very little glory in the whole matter. 1
think the whole fight showed a good. deal of
cowardice on our part, and we let the In
dians go without punishing them as they
ought to have been, and might have been.
As there wa.'over four hundred persons
witnessed the whole affair, if I have not
given a correct statement let some one cor
rect me. Zu.RH FRENCu.
MurnnE AT KOOTENAT.-The Dallles loun
taineer of Thursday, August 18th, says
that Theodore Burmnster, formally of the
Dalles, shot and killed a man in the mines;.
the miners were about opening a Court to
tyv and would probably hang him. He is
thought to have a family living in Grand
Ronde valley. The same paper says :
The Overland mail arrived at Walla
Walla at two o'clock on the morning of the
16th instant. The trip was made through
from Salt Lake inside of eight days. The
OverIand mail via the Dalles and Walla
TValla, is now a fixed fact. Under the
present arrarigenent, Thomas & Co.'s
stages carry the mail from Walla Walla to
Boise City in two and a half days; thence
Ben Ilolladav thkes the mail by way of Fort
Hall and Salt Lake to Atchison, on the Mis
souri river, making the Whole distance in
0' There are said to ye ; h1*, South
ern women in the boarding houses in New
Gallatim Valley Cerrerpeademce.
Enrron Post :-Being something of a pi
oneer and explorer, I gladly avail myself
of. your columns for the purpose of direct
ing the attention of some among the many
enterprising men of this newly developed
country into an excellent channel for its
remunerative exercise, some facts that have
fallen under the writer's observation, which
will, I trust, he of service to enquirers.
The gold mania has induced the great
throng of emigrants to sacrifice their homes,
happiness, fortunes and families; to en
danger their own comfort, health, and even
to risk their lives, to get to the land of
Ophir. Some set out for the purpose of
mining, some for trade, and others, less
honest, with the desipi of gambling and
swindling. But few, however, have turned
their attention to agriculture, many proba
bly from ignorance of a desirable locality,
but such men will find it to their advantage
to settle in the great Gallatin valley. This
is the only valley of any great extent that
possesses all the qualities and facilities for
agricultural operations, within the entire
range of the Rocky Mountains. Its length
is from forty to forty-five miles and its ave
crage width from fifteen to thirty. The
Gallatin river runs through the centre, the
Madison is on the western side, and the
Little, or East Gallatin on the eastern,
Middle, or Six Mile creek, and other
streams intervening, with springs and
spring brooks, cold and pure, flowing from
thle surrounding menntains, affording water
for stock, doinostic use and irrigation.
These creeks are to be found, generally
speaking, placed at intervals of about half
a mile. The grass is luxuriant; the soil
rich and productive, and the climate sala
lubrious. No stagnant water is to be found,
and the health of the settler is insured.
The farmers who have resided in Gallatin
valley for one or two years, say the winters
are as mild as those of the Middle States
that the land is more productive for all
small grains, yielding sixty bushels of
wheat to the acre, and the growing season
is sufficienily long to mature the earlier
kinds of corn. Vegetables, such as pota
toes, turnips, pumpkins, squashes, melons,
onions, beans, pea. and other garden pro
duce, are equal to those grown in the States,
The valley :is being fast settled up by
farmers, many of whom came to the moun
tains as the better class of miners, and after
a while, quitting their original pursuits se
lect their hundred and sixty acres of land,
on which they stick a stake, giving the date,
the name and the claim. They then build
their cabin and go to work in true farmer
fashion, convinced that the best deposites
of gold are in the soil of the valley, but
that it must be excavated with the plough
and cultivator; sluiced in the threshing
mill and separator; crushed in the flouring
mill, and panned in the baking-dish.
The village of Montana is newly laid off
and located on a handsome and level piece
of land, in what is called the upper valley,
where the Bozeman cut-off or route to the
Eastern States crosses the little Gallatin.
The proprietors offer liberal donations in
town lots to builders in the village, and
there are several new structures now going
up. One of these is for a store-house, and
is owned by a gentleman from Chicago. A
saw mill and grist mill are to be built next
summer, within a mile of the village, and,
as demand may require, other mills and
machinery will be erected, the valley
abounding in water-falls suitable for the
supply of motive power.
In point of fact, Gallatin valley is the
oasis of the mountains. The scenery can
not be excellad, the surrounding peaks
are seariated only by their intervening
gulches or canons traversed by beautiful
rivulets, crowned with the ever green fol
iage of the lofty pice. To the close exam
iner the " color " is to be found all along
the base of the mountains. Wild fruits
of all kinds are in abundance. Game is
plentiful, such as buffalo, elk, bear, deer,
antelope and mountain sheep, while the
streams abound with beaver, otter, mink,
geese, ducks and fish.
hoping that these remarks may be of ser
vice, I remain, dear sir, yours respectfully,
I. M3. BozEMA..
September 10th, 1864.
From the Gallatin.
JONES' RAscH, September 9, 1864.
EDrrTO Posy:--You have no doubt heard
many alarming reports of Indian troubles
in our valley. Many of these were un
founded. A groat prejudice existed here
for a few days against some men from Vir
ginia city. The Indians have all gone off
to the Yellowstone. They had no bad feel
ings against the settlers, but were angry
with men who shot their warriors and took
their ponies. None of the inhabitants
have either fortified or left their ranches.
Everything is quiet and the Indians say
they never stole any horses from the
Stinkingwater or the Jefferson, but about
seventy head followed them, and that some
men came after them, and the Chief told
them that if they were with the band he
would have them sent hack ; which he did.
The horses were not with them at the time
his warriors were shot. Mr. Lockhart shot
one and took his ponies-selling them at
Virginia City. Two other young men kill
ed another warrior and sold his pony for
$20 in gold. If we justify the whites it
should be for finding their horses with the
Indians and then shooting those who com
mitted the theft, and not otherwise.
I find there are various rumors afloat,
magnified, no doubt, but this is the simple
The Indians are all gone, and every thing
io settlers are murdered and no stock
No fortifeations ereeted, but many cabins
being built and haystacks made.
All the inhabitants are following their
usual employments. Yours, respectfully,
OLD, R.soaa Joxss.
Tax Posrriro or rus Waxs.-A correspon
dent of the Boston Journal presents the
following view of our military situatiom s
The census of 1850, with emigration and
the annual increase of births, gives us a
population of 37,000,000 in the Summer of
Of this population 4,000,000 of whites
and 3,000,000 of slaves exist in the rebel
districts, and 30,000,000 of free men are
to be found in the loyal districts. The con
test is now between forces standing in the
ratio of 4 to 30, with three ready to aid the
In comparing more closely the relative
strength of the two districts, we flud that
one half the whites are males, one half of
the males are under 16, and one half of the
residue, from old age, youth, physical in
firmity or sickness, unfit for service in the
field. In this State we have never been
able to bring more than 10 per cent. for the
capacity of the rebel districts, it is a liber
al allowance. In the Southern districts
which are said to be loyal or have been
subdued, such as Missouri, Kentuckvy, Ten
nessee, Maryland and a portion of other
States, there is a white population of 4,00
0,000, and it is a fair presumption that four
per cent, of the population, or one-third of
the fighting men of these regions, have
joined the rebel armies. We cannot allow
more, as the rebel conscription has opper
ated but a little if any on those districts.
The war has been in progress for three
years, and an allowance of 30,000 a year
for the excess of young men growing up
over men becoming superanuated or dying
by ordinary disease, is a very liberal al
lowance. Further, by the best information
in our possession, the rebels have lost in
the last three years, down to the 6th of
May last, by deaths in the field, camps and
hospitals, by wounds and captnres-and
most of this is conceded-120,000 a year,
or 36(0,000 men.
During the present campaign, since May
1st, Lee it is understood to have lost 70,
(000 men; and Johnson, Magruder, Forrest
and others, at least 30,000 more. The fol
lowing gives the result : Rebel force at
the outset, twelve per cent. of 4,000,000
whites, 480,000; four per ceut. of 4,000,000
whites in the Southern districts loyat, 160,
000; young men growing up in three years
in excess of deaths, 90,000. Whole num
ber of men able to fight from the start, 730,
000. Rebel losses in three years to May
1st, loss in the field and by sickness, at 120,
000 a year, or 360,000; rebel losses, East
and W1est, in the present campaign, 100,
000; owners of plantations, artificers, dri
vers, refugees and men who will not or can
not fight, at least, 75,000; balance in the
field or hospital, 195,000. Total, 730,000.
We thus have remaining as the whole reb
el force, either in the field or fit for service,
and to be relied upon, 195,000; from these
we may deduct at least five pec cent. or
10,000 for the sick in hospital. And we
have fighting men 18.5,000. Of these there
are west of the Mississippi, at least 25,000;
with Johnson, 45,000; with Forrebt and
others, 10,000; at Mobile and in the Caro
linas, 20,000; with Lee and on raids into
To crush these we have at least 500,000
men, and if we deduct for furloughs and
hospitals ten per cent., we have 450,0(0
men in the field, and of these we have in
front of both Lee and Johnson at least
twice the forces opposed to them, at laast
300,000, the residue holding the Missis
sippi, the coast of Carolina, and the com
munications and depots in the rear of our
If our Government will but keep these
armies up to their present strength, and
keep down, as they can (below 200), the
price of gold, the result is certain. For the
last two months we have disposed of our
foes at the rate of nearly 50,000 per month.
Should we continue to move with the same
degree of dispatch, the present campaign
of 1864, at its close, would leave few foes
in arms or able to renew the contest.
PROFrSSOR SILLIXAN.-We observe that
this gentleman has reached Los Angeles,
on his return from the Arizona mines. IIe
left this city in June, for a tour ofobserva
tion in the bouthern counties of California,
extending his journey to a point about one
hundred miles east of Fort Mohave, on the
Colorado. During his absence he has vis
ited the quicksilver region near Santa Bar
bara (having previously visited the New
Almaden region) and the petroleum springs
of San Buenaventura and Los Angeles; has
made an examination and geological map
of Catalina Island; has visited the tin dis
trict of Temescal, and the coal of Santa
Ann, in Los Angeles and San Bernardino
besides the Arizona region, already named.
Before returning it is understood he will
also visit the copper district at Solidad.
Professor Silliman was accompanied by his
secretary and professional assistant-Sem
pie-and during a part of the time by Clay
ton, of this city. We understand he will
return to his old home, at the Occidental
IIotel, about the last of this month or early
in September, and that it is his intention
to make his observations on this coast still
more complete by a trip to Reese River and
Hlumbolt. Having already devoted con
siderable time to the gold districts of the
Sieras and the silver deposits of Nevada
Territory-where his observations began in
April last-he will, if the season is open,
cross the continent by Salt Lake and the
silver and gold region of Colorado Territo
ry.-S. F. Alta.
The gentleman, to complete his tour of
inspection and research should visit Mon
tana. There is a wide field here for the
Professor to look over, and one which,
in its gold and silver leads will compare
favorably with either Colarado, California
---Now, and for only a few days more
is the time to roll that game of ten pine at
the City Bowling Saloon for $2. in coin, of
fered as a prize by the gentlemanly ropri
eters. Go in, boys, and - win.
Procrastination has been agprapiately
named the "thief of time," and a bold
thief it is, and what is worse, goes en
whipped of justice. It is often the parent
of confusion-sometimes of poverty.
Some persons seem to have been born half
an hour too late, and chase that half an hoar
through life, and are finally distaneed la
the race; for by procrastinating, they ae
always behindhand in everything, unless it
shall be in the pursuit of vice, which is apt
to produce a little too much punctuality.
An old Saxon adage reads thus ; " Nrver
put off till to-morrow what may be dosw
to-day." The Spaniards have one that
reads as follows: " Never do to-day what
can be put off till to-morrow."
The present condition of our nation is a
striking commentary on the text; the nat
ural result of each proverb. Another adage
may be cited, worthy of note: " Punctual
ity is the life of business." Some me
chanics, excellent workmen and kind heart
ed men, lose all their custom for want of
punctuality. Some farmern make doalr
work for themselves, and perhaps smtain
essential damage, by not doing work in
time. Some let their accounts ran until
they are drawn into the awful vortex of the
law. Some lose debts by procrastinatiog
them into the statue of limitations, which
was made as a check on this wide-spread
evil. Borrowers are great procrastinators.
Most men postpone making their will un
til on a sick bed, and often then, until too
weak to make them clearly, and the lawyers
take more of the estate than the heirs.
Some persons from peawriouiess, others
from dread of mediianc, postpone sending
for a physician quite teo long-others send
on a trivial occasion. The latter practico
is the most safe, although soumetimes a
theme of ridicule. Some delay vaccina
tion; the small pox comes-it is thea too
late-the victim dies. Some ministers da
lay preparing their sermons until Saturday,
others do not prepare them at all. Withot
unusually strong natural powers,.a tloroueh
knowledge of the Bible, and a moot scrreat
zeal and piety, they re not prepucad
feed their flock. Othes ar sadly preme t
keep the congregatiem waiting, arrinia
half an hour too late. Tb impatiene st
the hearers has soured their minds, and
they are measureably unprepared to-re*siv
the Word in the love of it. Punctuality is
religion is of vast importance.
The most fatal procrastination is exhibit
ed by those who delay a prreparatii for
death. They know not how soon it may
come, and if unprepared when it arriveS
their dismal fate is irrevocably Aied.
Reader, lay this to heart-prepanr to mee
StaIt Sovranoanr IV D=m .--. w /A
lowing, from the Richmond Eraumiuer, is a
pungent ezhibi.ion of the absurdity and
futility of the dogma of State swoereigty :
If North Carolina cease to be a part of
the Confederacy and become a part of the
Federal Union, which is at war with us, she
thereby declares war against the Confeder
acy. T'hat a State did, in the middle of
the war, abandon her allies, deny her act,
eat her words and join her enemies agaimss
hor friends, might be a brilliant historic
record in the future, but it would not be
peace ; it would only be the beginning of
war. It is not to be supposed that Virginia
and South Carolina would submit to be
cut asunder by the intervening country, if
that ceuntry should declare itself an eney
instead of a friend. They, of cousre, woul
treat it as an enemy ; would make it uncer
emonious use of its railroads and short
work of its towns. We do not see that the
Old North State would gain much by re
consiling herself to Rhode Island and
Massachusetts, and declaring war against
South Carolina and Virginia. It is nseless,
and is intended to decieve, when the "peace
men" say vaguely, as we observe they do
say and impudently repeat: "Better let
each State set up temprarily for itself
than continue the war.' Certainly, North
Carolina can and may seeeed at any mo
ment from the Confederacy ; this is not a
matter susoeeptable of argument; by con
stitutional right she may first secede, and
then either join oar enemies or "set up for
herself," precisely as to her shall seem,
good, if the deserting interest, the des
erting principle and deserting vote be ia
deed so strong and prevailing; but at least
let her understand the consequences. In
the first place, if she set up for herself and
pretended to "neutrality," and if the Fed
eral Government admited that pretention,
then she would be bound to all the duties of
neutrals between the two belligerents; she
would be bound to refuse passage to Fed
eral troops through her territory and to re
quire their evaeuation of all the plaees
which they hold within the State; because
to permit the Federals to use North Caroli
na as a depot of troops or arms, or a base
of operations, would be an set of war
against us; and she would also be bound
to refuse passage to Confederate troops and
stores, because to grant it would be an set
of war against Federals. But neither of tihe
belligerents would submit to be thus or
dered of; therefore, North Carolina would
be obliged to go to war with them both to
enforce their neutrality and indepeadeace.
She would have gaised by her semessias
the honor of being for a time the principle
battle ground of the war. One as almost
ashamed to argue so simple a matter. We
only do so in order to show that this
aspcious pretens of a Confederate Stat.
"ett ing up for itstlf," "negotiating fr a
separate peace" and the like, siaplyimaSu,
peacewiih Oar enemies and war speam .