Newspaper Page Text
D. W. TILTON & CO., ProprIetors.
VIRGINIA CITY, M. T.
Saturday, - - - - Dec 10th, 1884.
Opening of the District Court.
There has never yet been seen by man, a
i.lcc which has risen from a state of non
-utity, to the position of a flourishing c:m
Iercist c'.pu.rium, in the same thiue as
Virginia City: but proud as we feel of our
prosper'ity, still prouder are we of the
prog-Ess which is being d.,ilV and rapidly
made in the onw'rd nm.trch of civilization
•:anongs~ us. Una of the moet important
et::ps that a people can take is tho peaceful
in::;uuration of the reign of law and order.
Ii antb:);.:r colurn will be found a reportof
the opening of the District Court, on Mon
('dy last, and we have great reason to be
thankfui that the a'mInistration of justice
is entrusted to so able a man as Judge
lIonmer. Any one reading his charge to
the Grand Jury must be struck with admi
rstiun at the masterly manner in which the
de.l:cat.l suIject:, thereiti discussed arC
handled. We think that nune of the Vigi
lantes can feel hurt, or even otherwise than
gratified Lby the excellent rcmarks of thle
Chief Justice concernhing that iuvalu.ble
institulto;:. The peril to life and property
N, hich thoea heroic men cncountered, when
first they stemmed thl tide of 1lcless force
anld bad villainv to :halt or d;,, has cntitled
theIm to the lasting gratitude of the men of
Mo!,:itan:.. Many a snowy couch did thea
S:ao, many a weary jour ney did ths'v
ra.lle bIfor c-1Limhe, with pallid chek, fed
cow riul'at their very namn. Not,- were
ev,.r arm:d with such powers and udced them
a Jfairly; and if every action isinou equally
e.atitled to commendation, it is but honest
t: admlit that there is no man who could
hIop to succeed as well, had he the Fame
d a gerous aind bloody path to travel ere the
h:v.en of peace and security was reached.
For m::uiy mouths the streets of the sister
cities have been as safe to the unarmed
pedestrians as the best guarded thorough
fr:es of New York or Boston; al.this
without parade or ostentation. The con
viction that the stern arm of retribution
would rcach the criminal, wherever he
should hide, had become universal rnd
fl;ght itself was simall security, in a majori
tT of ea.ses. So far as the of.ences of miur
der and robbery are concerned, we very
much doubt whether the law itself will
arfJrd a more absolut. protection; but
there ars other infractions of right that
cannot be settled by the tree :and pord, and
for thcse, the visitations of authorized jus
t:ee are the unly- t:uu: rcm,'dn.
IWhilie, then, w'e feell lensefd with the
task of recording our thanks to tho.e her
aids Yf law, whose swift and inevitable
sentence and execution alnon rendr,.d pod -
sblo the advent of law aecompanied by
powL',r to enforce its decisions, vet we nmu t
rjoice that tihe day has arrived when the
services which we so thankfully acknowl
edge arc no longer necessary. 1't are our
quondam judges not deal but resting from
tfleir labors. Let not villany dare to resist
ti~ law. We presume that all good men
will feel elated at the prospect which opens
to the lungiag view of the r.dvoete:i of
pLubie decorum and respect for morality
and religion. Soon, our weary merchants,
oar toiling i:,boro.rs, anil our tired profes
sionu.ls will be able to han t:he dawn of a
day of rest, after the iabor eof the week.
Suun the quiet of the S;abbath shall pro
cl:.i the recognitio of those principles
and practices which the wisest and best of
oar race have ever declared to be essential
to the true prosperity of all co:amunities.
We fut a.ssured that the sagacity of our
people would lead themr to see the ttrue pol
icy to be pursued. We knew that, her',
to see, is to do : but that such results should
be attained with such small moans, in the
t eth of such unpropitious cirtcuantances,
and in so short a time, is wh:at neither we
nor any otters, expected or even hoped.
Our Legislature is to meet on Monday
next. We trust that much good will be
done and much evil avoided. It is a task
of immense magnitude and. importance to
frame a code that shall allow perfect free
dom, and, at the same time, reetrain in
cipient license. Nor is it easy to reconcile
warring interests, and yet be just to all.
In proportion to the wisdom and single
msndednoss of our legislators will be their
approach to a perfect system of legislation;
and as on the one hand it will beo an honor
of no small magnitude, to be counted
amnon tho worthy men who shall first give
to Montana an equitable, far-seeing, and
far-reaching polity; so, on the other hand,
no grave .wilt be deep enough to hide the
,hsame of him, who shall bartur hi3 reputa
tion and degrade his name. for any con
sideration, personal or political. May
Providenaoe smile on our efforts, and Wis
dom direct our councils.
Eadx,.-Ith.our report of Judge nLosmer's
Charge to the Grand Jury, we find that we
haveaccidt ntally omitted some words which
sittr very materially the meaning of
entepce. Accidents will happei in t
best regulated families, and a ll wepa t
is to give the error and the oorretion. T
whole sharge is weol worth the most atten
tie perusal. In the first line of the so~ond
pUararph, for "such society 'oriiinatiJg
ja eseesity, have been communities with
o1 Jaw;" Irad,--"sch societies, originat
Iag Ia peqg e ity, have been common of late
,nits , in equiPwnlties without lawi.", We
galas aegret that any negligence 6f:. ars
shQtA have marred the effect or such a
srnpoersant Meetting of the Miners
ot aummis. YVaey ]strta).
The miners o( Bumit Valley Ditsrict
have held a meeting and passed some very
stringut resolutibns as to their views on
the much caovassed question of quart
lodes. They feel strongly, and they speak
very strongly. This is not tobe wondered
at; for thero is no harder life than that of
the prospector and miner. In frost and
snow, without shelter, and often without
food, the hardy explorer pursues his call
ing; and it is not strange that he is unwil
ling to part with his dear earned and much
coveted prize, on account of some techni
cal irregularity in the form of asserting his
claim. It may seem to some that he pros
pector's life is easy. We have heard of
I men "having nothing to do but ride round
a1nd stick np a stake, and then pocket a
fortune." This sounds well; but is a to
tally incorrect view of the case. Let any
men try a little "riding round" in a
country where, for many a weary mile, no
cabin or trace of human habitation is to be
found. Let the additional luxury of 2)
deg. below zero, enforced by a cutting
wind, be added, and the fortunate discover
er has pretty well paid for his lode, ere he
gets it. This latter object, however, is by
no meatns certain of attainment. -It very
frequ.unt!v happens that food, horse and
man give out ere the eyes of the toil- worn
wanderer haie been gladdened by the sight
of the " color," even, of the long sought
gold. The ease is still stronger where a
man has spent much money and labor in
sinking a shaft, and then finds himself lia
ble to be cheated out of his reward by
some quick-eyed loafer who is ready to
play Lald eagle to hie fi.h hawk, and snatch
j the booty he has risked so mxuch to obtain.
We think that all that can be required is
th"at a stake or even a stone of sufficient
dimensions to bear a legible inscription re
cording the fact and date of the finding,
should be conspicuously and firmly driven
into the groau I. or elevated above the level,
so that it cannot fail to he seen and un
In fact, these matters can no longer be
u auered. to rem:tain in abeyance. A thorough,
simple an! pr.ctical mining code must be
drau-.hted at once, and passed without de
lav. Interests are so extensive and so com
complicated, that anything short of a well
i uncrstoo.l, just and practical law would
only lead to a reltpse into the club and re
Jumping clai'ms is a very ready way of
obtaining propert., but unless it be regula
ted so as to prevent its being allied to atat
utable robbery, much mischief must ensue.
There seems to be some difficulty in
making quartz lodes real estate, by an act
of the legislature, from the fact that the
title to the lands of Montans is in the
hands of Congress: but then this point
can be scttled, and a little judicious ne
gociation will effect the change of ploprie
tors. The usual way in which Congress
has acted, is the '"marterly inactivity"
process. that is to say, Con*ress permits
the Territorial govrranents to do as they
please, and the title they give is secure
a:gaiist all p rties except tie United States.
Mineral l:.nds aire speci::lly exempt from
survey and sale by the Land Comnmissioner.
Another affair is the Indian title, but we
apprehcuad it would b. hard to enforce this
unless the savages were armor plated.
Tlheir conduct has boen too blood-thirsty
ai nd predatory to admit of much rZru:tnunt
here about their rights : but it should be so:t
tied at Washington. Such steis are un
doubtedly a necessity. The very fact of the
hardships to which miners are exposed places
th n.ir aron; the energetic poor; and r.n at
telapt to insist upon the expenditu re of a sum
of money on a quartz lode, is not only rid
iculous as eil'c:in robbery. but smeacks of
feudal oppression and tyra;::y too mntch,
1to be relishe'd by rAmerican citizens. It is
virtually handinrg over the property of es ery
pI oor man to the grasp of the capitalists;
and of corporate bodies nothing generous
Scan be expected, as their physical organi
zation prevents them from being kicked,
and spirituaily coasiderud, they ha:ve no
soul to be saved.
A reasonu.)i t:n should b. allowcd,
during which the owner should hav6 the
opportunity of finding capital or disposing
of his intcerests, and then the lode should
b., sold by public auction. Jump:ng in
uch cases should be ignored-perhaps in
all cases : for it is a kind of mental, rather
than bodily, activity which is a cross be
I tween gambling and robb.ry-and tendeth
not to edification. It should be most par
ticularyi enacted that no man shall takt a
claim. wtthout a bona f.d- discovery having
beOn m:de and proved.
Th'ere is vet anotherverydificult subjectto
handle, and that is the law of watercourses.
As this is more important to miners than to
any others, cxcept millers, a thorough .ys
tent should be adopteG, cutting off the
stream of litigation, oth.erwis certain to
flow, from this never-failiug fountain of
Of courao it wil. bCe psessary to regulate
not only tha prese-t district jaws of miners,
but also the power to mnke them or change
them. This ilso is most important; for a
very sea of troublo may spring from the
contradictory and selfish enactmnrnts of'
isolatd parties having only th.ir own ends
to serve. It should be remembered that
fifty men may gnake the laws of a gulch
which may contain ten times the naunber
within a month-a large proportion of
whom may be anything but satisfied with
the legislation of the "oldest inhabitants."
We trust that when we are talkingabout
legislationswe shall at any rate ?eceive the
.bens, of diergy before execution at the
hondk of thie lawyers, if we submit to them
that it will beo well to repeal the entire
Idaho statutes and them substitute a new
code.. Epealing portions of acts and leav
ing oteY standing isK n6thing short of
opetn M.lv t *rough. whch uooer
tainty oti ull cotati.ual Wo.
eration andSut lies
before our legislators.
Puble ealth vs. Private lat .
Our attmtion has beet called t'i this
subject, b'. the sight of a documeat.-pgr
porting to be a petition to the Le'llaturk,
praying that no charter be granted to a
certain company, therein referred to, which
hanetgreat expense, brought a supply of
water into town, for domestic purposes.
,We confess that we are enemies to the
principle of monopoly: but there arecases,
and most especially mu~ch as the present,
where we should be sorry to see a elaim so
well founded, ignored. If there is one
thing, more than another, required in Vir
ginia City, it is pure water.
It may not be generally known that Judge
Lovell has analyzed an ounce of water ob
tained from one of the sources of supply
used in this place, and the result is the ap
pearance of a pretty strong dose of coppua.
Now if one ounce contains any considera
ble quantity of so poisonous a mineral,
what must be the condition, as to health,
of the thousands who drink some thirty to
fifty ounces of it in a day? We need
scarccly make the inquiry, for every one
knows that the bad water is the causo of
nearly all of the sicknesr,with which so
many have been visited.
The water brought from the spring about
a mile a half from town is so much purer
than the other, that medically speaking it
is comparative innocent. It is in fact very
clear and palatable water and but slightly
Our readers will ask, what is the meaning
of the petition ? and they will not be very
pleased to hear that the opponents of a
most righteous monopoly, highly beneficial
to. the public, are :setuated by a desire to
to run their own grindstone at the expense
of the health of the entire body of the
citizens. It nal.earsthat soma of the mill
era having claims on the Discovery Bar
have thought it likely that there might,
possibly, be a haul taken from the public
purse, iu the ahape of compensation for the'
alleged loss of the water; whlich instead of
evaporating during a run of nearly two
miles in a: open ditch, and supplying both
the men of the city and also much cattle. is I
carried down to them, clean, at nearly the
samn point of delivery on their claims as
formerly; we believe also in increased
quantity. Now we hold that provision for
the accurityv f individual property is a
paramcunt duty on the part of the Legis
lature ; but w.- are sure that it is no part
of a legistator's functions to decree the do
rtructioe of the public health, andthe re
production of mortality, for the sake of
any ma.n or set of men. It is utterly futile
for the interested few to aver that they
bought the stream; for it was subject to a
much greater waste before the comnpletion
of the tubing than now; and no man can
buy a stream above him, from a man hav
ing no claim to the head water. The supply
must be at least equal in quantity, and im
mn asurably more fit for washing, th:n be
fore: so that no damage can accrue to the
miners. There will probably be a c.nsid
crabie surplus, after deducting all the water
used for the accommodation of the poople,
and this can he turned into the old channel.
It is a settled prineiple of social law,
confirmed in thousands of instances, since
the introduction of railways, that the
claimas of iudividuals must give way to the
cxig-incies of the public service; and we
consider thin so evident a proposition, as to
requiro the aid of no argument to enforce
its adoption ai a legal axiom. We there
fore trust that oar legislators will showr
themselves worthy of the choice of the peo
ple, and we expect that they will protect and
?ewa.ad the promoters of an enterprise at
one so innocuous and so beneficial, as the
construction of the water-works now near
!y completed. If they grant no worse char
ters than the one sought, they will deserve
a monument a; th! hands of the electors,
recording the faei of their unparallelled
devotion to th interests of their consait
uents. We trust, however, that all care
will ib. taken to secure the permanence and
flcient action of the machinery for carry
mg out the avowed designs of our hydraufic
Circular of the Academy of the
Four Sisters of Charity, through a wish
to impart the blessings of education to the
young females of this Territory, have found
their way to our mountains, a.d are now
located at St. Ignatius Mission, in a bean
tiful valley about thirty-five miles north
west of I1ll Gate.
All parents, therefore, anxious to have
their female children brougi t up in sound
moral principles, to a proper training of
the mind, and to laborious habits, are here
by invited to intrust them to the motherly
care of these Sisters, who will open their
boarding school earl next spring, 1865.
They will teach reading, writing, gram
ma:tr, composition, arithmetic, history, ge
ogruhy, and the French language if
especially required, sewing, embroidery,
knitting, cooling, washing, ironing, in
abort, all that is understood under the ex
tensive word of housewifery.
The terms are as follows: Entrance fee,
53. Board per month, $25. Washing and
ironing, $3. Payment invariably six
months in advance.
Childreh must be provided with heo
clothing, lwo'dressee for week days, half a
dozen of handkerchief, three towels, comb
and a sm:all basin for washing, spoon, knife
and fork. They will buy here their school
The sisters will also receive male child
ren froin 5 to 12 yeary old.
For the sake of uniformity and good
order all the pupils will assist at-the re
ligious exercises of the Institutioe.
All letters either received or sent by pu
pils will be subject to Iheiatepeotloa of the
Parent aire required to 1eave a little
money with the Sisters for any wtseeat
want, for they will mSakeOno extra expenses
for the pipils.
For orphans, the eipe~est of tultion .o.,
will be oseiderably leutned if neeemarj.
Fo r er info teo Sti u to
Superintendent of St. Ignettis Mission.
_New $rk, N0. 19.
Thbjerald's liton Head letter giver a
list o nine Union officers who escaped from
the rbel prison at Cditnbia, and after 12
days'-bardahips reached our lset. They
state that privates at Columbia are infinite
ly: wer off than our ofofcers. Many have
nothing to cover.tbeir nakedness but grain
sacks, and dozens crawl outof their ptison
pen every night and are shot at by the
guards.' "T$any Ir. killed inu this manner.
Those who escape to the woods are hunted
by dogs, and torn and mangled. Captain
Parker, who escaped on the 5th of October,
was hunted by blood bounds, which tore
him so horribly that he died in a few days.
About 2,030 prisoners are in this pen, and
hundreds are on plantations without shoes.
.or days together all rations are withheld
from the prisoners. .The rebel officers of
fer food to those who will take the oath of
allegiance and join the southern army. In
this way, under the pangs of hunger, many
have taken the oath of allegiance to the
The Richmond Sentinel sayrs: In com
menting upon the probability of having
sealed up nearly every other seaport, the
Yankees are bent upon the destruction of
Wilmington, the Augusta Constitutionalist
congratulates its readers that this point bids
fair to put a period to the audacious luck
of Farragut. It is stated that no more tre
mendous earthworks exist on this continent
than those that bulwark Cape Fear. Na
ture, besides, has done much for its pro
tection. The bars are shallow, the channels
narrow and immediately under our guns.
By the most skillful navigation alone can
the breakers be avoided, the slightest va
riation precipitating vessels upon their
remorseless fangs. In addition, every pre
caution has been taken to coun:teract an
investment by land.
The Herald's Chattanooga correspondent
of the 15th says, all the arst:nals, foundries,
and rolling stock in Atlanta have been de
stroyed, as also the factories, mills and
foundries from Chattanooga to Atlanta.
For several miles, Buford destroyed the
railways, which were turn up and the iron
was put beyond use or brought to th rear.
Atlanlta is no longer of mnilitat importance.
The country for miles around is watecd and
beyond tha possibility of service to the
Rerbl papers state that an immense fleet
of transpvrts has arrived in Mlobile bay.
A mail bat from City Piint brings in
formation that on Thursday heavy fiting
occurred in Bu:ler's front at Dutch Gap,
occasioned by t.h3 rcbel, attempting to
force our picket lines. ''thy were com
It is rumored in Wa~hington that Iec
Clellan has consented to bead a commission
of Democrats to visit Richmond to confer
with the rih !l governmeut respecting peacL,
on the basis of Uniou.
Grant's army is not yet ge:ng into win
ter quarters. Milita: v m:n look foi stir
rinf news from there.
'the Enquirer has another special, which
says, on the 18th the reb.Als c.tptur&d pirt
of a picket line between the Jams and
Appottomax, numbering 60 men.
To a gentleman in this city, G-sn. Grant
said on Sunday, "' The Confederacy is a
mere shell, and I know it, a, 1 Sherman
will prove it." In answer to the jquestion
-whether in his opinion, 9J days would
bring the end ? he said with a grim smile,
"I am not a.90 days rman, but we shall soo
what shall happen in six montus."
The Tribune's special says : Stanton was
again at his ofic e yesterday, and has no
idea of leaving the Cabinet.
Gon. Rawlings, Grant's chief of staff,
telegraphs hero that there is a great pante
in Richmond concerning ShOueiman' move
A missionary, wao travelled sme forty
miles with Price, reports that the Gen. told
him that he had lost over 10,i). men in
killed, wounded and desertions,. and hie
expeditions had been most disastrous.
Tho Danish Lower house adopted the
treaty of peace by a large majority.
The Times says. advice- f:om Ntw York
in regard to the mode which the Washirg
toe: government received the news of the
capture of the Florida. was awaited with
the rceatest interest by the mercantile
wvorld. One reason for the importance at
tr;buted to these advices, consists in the
inference that if the afftir be permitted or
be endorsed by Lincoln's Government, it
will hencefortfh ent:rely extinguish any
power on the part of the United States to
assail by privateers, the commerce of any
nation that may b.i at war, & nce the preecc
dent will establish a claim to the right to
pursue and destroy every such vessel what
ever may be the port in which she may seek
shelter or supplies.
Quebec, Novr 28.
Owing to roliable information that south
ern rebel symnpathisers in certain towns in
Canada are manufacturing clandestinely,
and collecting at convenient points, shot,
shell and cannon, the Goverunment has is
sued a proclamation prohibiting the expor
tation, or carrying coastwise, or by inland
navigation, arms or ammunition.
A slight demonstration was made on
Wedneslav on Bu;ler's front by his troops,
but it w:asforced back w:thout accomplish
Th, Express reports the arrival of heavy
reinforcements to Urant within the past few
~n the affair of Thursday night they
claim to have captured our picket line for
b1seby has written a letter to Sheridan,
announcing the execution of seven Union
prisoners, in retaliation, and also announc
ing his intention to continue if any more of
his men are executed.
It is currently reported at Fortress Mon
roe on Monday, that General Butler had
blown the end out of his canal and let the
SForrest has a pontoon across the river at
Chickawa. Deserterq and scouts reported
to the gunboats that Hood's army is 35,000
strnrtg, with' 3 pieces of artillery. He in
tended to operate in Middle and Ea.tern
Tennessee and Kent.eky, and was march
'ag on Pulaaki,itennesee. He expects ul
timately to seise Cumberland (Up. flis
cii grsiatly need' 'lothing and. supplies,
w.hih they hope to obttan by, plundering
the towns through .wieh they pass.
-Brfg 'Gee. B, ry. . ahief of artiirey of
Shermanfs anserlved hvbae yesterday,
siroansly itll. tel SOemsaa on the
menmig of tke 11th, b at , i Ga. WuLe
says Sherman has every insrS , esva1r
sgat etilley etkldiws ie w te. The men
have received eightmontbOpaly. k Wh nut
ft has beean spellly adapted to a hard
an raipid winter ca"ppigMc- Tqý.w am orW
the troops are uneqtalled The p~niu of
iqjor Sherman will e.ar thk arm kPti..ph
"tly through the work t ha to oak
Ot Monday night last, Hood's entire
-orce, including Forrest's cavalry, were in
the immediate vicinity of Tuscumbia.
Florence, Alabann, is watched by a body
of troops under the command of 'homas,
and of such strength as will render the in
tasion of Tennessee impossible. Tho with
drawal of Hood for service elsewhere is an
operation of extreme delicacy.
Another account says that Sherman's
headquarters on Monday were at Kingston,
with the 14th corps. lie issued au order,
telling his troops they were about to pass
through a country heretofore uninterrupted
by either army and wore expected to sub
sist on the country, taking all the horses
and mules within reach.
The 14Ih corps, the rear guard of Sher
man's army, moved from Kingston on Mon
New York, 20.
The Times' Washington special says, i
is not contraband news to say that Sher
man will touch at Macon. His army num
bers 50,0)O, including 9,000 picked cavalry
unde. Kilpatrick. He has rations for thirty
day' for man and beast. After arriving at
Macon, he will probably go to Milledgeville
where he will divide his army, sending part
to Savannah and part to Augusta, which he
will fortify aptd receive supplies up the
Savannah river, so as to move on Colum
bia and Charleston. This programme will
destroy the railroad systom of Georgia;
also all manufactories of shell, fixed am
munition, etc. It is impossible for Bcaiurc
gard to interrupt Sherman.
It appears that such has been the atro
cious cruelty of the rebels in Mi.souri, that
the Union men have organized with the de
termination to exterminate the perpetra
tors of such outrages and their abetturs.
Grant is now impregnably fortified, and
leaving his defences amply guarded, he has
commenced a movement of his army. The
9th corps has started. All the mounted
cavalry in the department of the gulf are
concentrated under Lee to assist Sherman.
There is no sign of the evacuation of
New York, 20th.
Early is stated io be going into winter
quarters near Staunton.
A motion of Mr. Essard, to treat for
peace, introduced into the Legislature of
Georgia, w's unanimously voted down.
The Tennessee river is lined with rebel
pickets from Pine Bluffs to Johnsonville.
Col. Books with 2,500 rebels attacked
Fayetteville, Arkansas, but was repulaed.
Price, on te. retreat, came up and bom
barded the place with two guns, but Curtis
and Blunt coming up the reb'lsA sked.duLlt,-d
with the loss of nearly ut)1 killed and
The latest dispatches plaeo Sherman at
the outworks of MicMion. lHe is pr,!:btlIv at
his way to Savan.,ah where he wiid s;rikt
Richmond dispatches assert that Sh-r
man euannot t:ake .'acon. There is a d:f
ference of op:inion.
Froms Deer Lodge Co nutsy.
Pursuant to previous notice a con.ention
of the miners, claim holders, and citizeton
generally of Summit Valley District. in the
county of Deer Lodge, Montana Territory,
was held on the 3rd instant, at wh;ch the
following action was had :
Ot mn:ion, D. R. Back, Es l., was crill-d
to the chair, and Anson Ford was chosi ,
Secretary. The President, on taking the
chair, in a few pertinent remarks stated the
object of the convention, was to prsis a few
resolutions, and acts, having referenal to
the p ast as well as the future rcguation
of the Dist.itst if which the fo'lowrug i a
correct report, to-wit:
EScYros 1.-Believing that thlis Di'tzict aad nll
this mining re;on, th? miniu; interests ii, auid
shoull be the paramount one. upon the .ucce., of
which r!l others are dependent and to wich all
cthlre should. and to be .ucc.sful must be ubhser
se:rviit, and that prospectors aid miners ther-fore
must be sufficiently protected both by distric-t laws
and legislative enactmert : this convention urdains;
and enects that a claim shall in thrs district be re
g~ired aS lawful when i it marked by a stake ,:u-.
ciently large to write upon it a plain inbc~iption.
naming the lode. or gulch, or plaser upon which it
is placed, the owner's name. the number of the
claim from discovery, the numher of feet clanlmet.
the date when the claim is made, and recorded in
the books of the county Recorder within tel: d.tyv
SEc. 2.-It being a well known fact with rs ti:.t
mary of our lodes travere districts manry .s;i.;s
from timber, the conaequenca of which i. ti,.e e
treme difficulty of ptocurin;. stakes of any kind,
without great labor, to mark our claims thareun:
Therefore, while it may be true that some of the
stakes which have heretofore been d'riven for thst
purpose in this and other mining district of this
mining region, mry not, perhaps, come up to the
stupid requirements of an act pamied by the more
stupid Legtslature at Lewiston, before this Territo
ry was detatched from that of Idaho, still, wit re
gard them of enufici.Lat size for all unful and pras
tical purpoe..,--have, ant do respect them, and
resolved, That as we did not come out to t;s i
inhospitable rt ion, and upore oursslves to the in
cloramicies of the ieasons,euffeir from want of foodl,
clotling and other necasariea, among hostile t*ibes,
and the bttll more dangerous ' civilized ' mvagee of I
the country for the benefit of any of these. but for
ourselves, our families at home, we pill, therefjre.
ra.i.. to the" bitter end " all and any attempt,
coming from all or any parties to ewindle, cejcle or
quibble aua of us out of our hard-earned, just and
equitable rihts in this district.
Sac. 3.-In reard to any litigation which may
arise in this diitrtace-now that this mining region
hae become a regularly organized Territo Y of the
Unitdl States, we 'believe, that, pemding the
action of our own 'rritorial L'elatear, the
common law, and tat ruliong in the roper
courts, are eudicient for the proper adjudicaton of
such c .ses, and therefore adopt it as the " code " ui
this district for the adjustment in the proper courts
of any such litigations until the etatutes of our
Territory are in lorce.
Sac. 4.-We addieas the following memoria.l
The honorable, the Council and House of Repro
sentatives of Montana Territory :
We, your mesuarialists and petitioners, the min
ers, owners of quartz lodes, and catises, of Summit
Valley Di.strict, in Deer Lodge county, Montana
Territory, in convention amembled, ropectfuliy re
resent that we regard the statute ped at the last
session of the Legslature of Idaho, and which is
simtned bysoastao be in force now a s. Trnto
ry--a onorous, oppressive, and well calculated to
sn.prae the der.el ent and progres of the whole
country,and betien as we do, that the mining
interest Ir, and mist be the pamrabtnt one, a In
termst, pon theiuooss of whicb s. othas alo are
entires dependent, and to whichjf itbecom .u sne
es-sf.l, all other braceiles of bauimea will be ijC
dAbted for ir aOa1 a'.'e cpe
which ailotimshould besfbotitiir te li d'brr;
fore, or pr ttlietu e do pesM ypWg tslWl pay
your honorable bedtg =st-to r9pl s. Satiro
statute uloye hadrs, if, in your wieddmi, you o
eider at optse4veIs this Ts itaery am&pmar ser sb.
natr oe. bmari, oaltlag to 2 ri · wti la
todo n Wites, and bete a.~u tuDs utse to
lt~o stttesl, sad betty ci to graite 1d
in the direction of the devel
ft constry, leavin to yr wudo t
iraeýs a statute without suggestion. ofo
own other than to paw, at an early day in your
prl.Oc ng semion,hn act Iehamiin our Iormr
tion in this district, which action yYu will Sac
abadbwetdforth in the foregoingproceatir, rof thi
contention, and as in duty bound wa will ever
1i.olved, That. the secret.ry be instructd to
end a copy of these proceedings to the MOoixta
Poer and request the proprietors to publish thpm in
that paper, and also one to each branch of the L.
On motion, th, convention adjaurned
si ie. D. R. BECK, President.
ao.cs Fou., Seeretary-.
December 3, 1864.
WmFnUsA. By is act of Coarre. pproved 'y
26, 1864, entitled "An act to provide a tmpa
rat government for the Territory of M.itar,',
it u provided that the persvns elected to the 5rst
Legislative Asserbly, shall meet at such tlace and
on such day as the overnor shall appoint: :-w
therefore, I, SmrD.T Eoxrvox, Governor of ,zi
Teritory, by virtue of tho power thus vaest o
me, do appoint that on the second Monday cf Is.
cermber, 1864, at 12 o'clock, noon. said Lyimlatir.
Assembly shall meet at Bannack City, in sa:d Ter.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set re
hand, at Bannack City, in the year of our Lora
eighteen hundred ant sixty-four, and of the I:d
peadence of the United States the eighty-niatl.
12--td . overn r.
In Nevada city, on the 5th of I'ec ~m,~ hy thL
her. Judle Bi-l~l. Mr. Louis II. lhl.0kx. . to Mijs
ELIZx Aav MCNAba.
OCCIDENT&L BILLL&RD HALL.
ROCXFELLOW k IEY`KE'S rFrILDI'i; .
Jackson Utrect, Virgauii City.
The 8fn t tables in town. The Ltr ippei . w;i:jl
the b"-t of Liquors and Ciga -s
tL-la) JOHN H ~. MI- G.
1 T~EE p by the Subrcrtber. one rFld ox.
pl et r t eEnce-break e.t j.o other n tk . A
cimr3 est thue tierr t CorrPT. prove prop"rtv. ay
chorevgcs aF.r1 take the cus wr3". St-;6+i
A DET) WORMY() DIART for 1S6.6. csnt.,ii:
t.ir,: letters ard papre. The owr.rra by pFrin.
pro'n:"tr. and p, -inT for thin adrerti_-w nt. can
hear from it at tits office. tf--!t
10,000 lbs. OATS,
F,000 tbs. BIAPLET,
10,000 tbs. (QNION.,
l,000 lbs. DRIED APPLES.
100 Revp'u Wruppln¶; Pap-r.
J ! Okieg Rcleher'a Go ueua lcyrnp.
(P ( rallnms 4o^-purr. MýInas"*r.
9" C;rrcl fin- TIn aRd flour:n; W:!i~hr.
12 c'("ree Rubber ,Fots.
P.0:KFELL W & DESN:+;I ,
JacksoJrclrrn Straat, i ir~iLia r_ t_, '+!
GURNEY & CO'S.,
BOOT & SHOE
STILL ANOTI Ir, 3I1Rfl AL G. ° .
ýXTE II ATV JZ ;T RZ 'prYEAD TH3 I.; tR'.+'S
and best assortme.nt o! cvr c.a,: 7- "`:n
R-ota aa.i Shows, Cer- tragh I, Ltis p.rr.:
ccu:n;arrn; ou moll kuuwa
INGLISHI CA?' 2OOT3,
All danda of
LIGIIT and iJ!AVYT KIP BRCTA
NAILLUD anti UN NAIL D(CAVALLY BOuTf:?
NCOTC( Br!-T o(M 1(CTOi,
SEBED 3 PFI;;GZUD CA!'. ;'iCý".
bin~le antd Doi~bL' *.,.
OPRL O BOT3, CALF 7fHo;
of iany variceie1.
RIP "11013. and
GIETS FINE EIWKL CLOTH A CAL? CGITZY::.
Alo a large acsirtmert of
LADLES UNGLL Hl LASTING,
£11), CALF', sari
MLUNCH 1LOV GAtIRA.3
SHOES, mad BALMOItALS.
MISSES' BOTS' and l L';.DRmLVs
i3JJT i, ý.J lk4 and DLWi.:
Wa also ha,. a lams Stock of
1B (F F.I O VER&LOS.
And a full St: pply of
HAYWARD'S DOUBLE AND SIN
GLE SOLE RUBBER BOOTS.
Matin! the soot snd Shtos bhIeo al'bth in tL`"
M1anupcturc and Sal' oar mntire srd l. itiwat'
oweuticioe are codast f r.iul giving a'
Nt. B.-W. WARRANTI ,Jj our