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'6 VXL *EZW? -. - . ,. r -. -
THE MONTANA 0 S
D. W. TILTON, .& CO., Editors & Proprietors.ight or Wrong.
39-------tr-, - - - she Always be riht, Bt Wy Country, Wight or Wron.t
VOL. 1. VIR INI CITY
0OL. 1. VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, JANUARY 28, 1865. -O. 23
mmý ."' . ...ri n 16 4,4-, -
D. W. Tilton, & Co.,
D. W. TiLrox. Bar. R. Dnrzs.
IPCLISazRS AND PROPIEZTORS.
fftlice at the City Book Store, Cesrer
eof Wallace atd Jackson Streete.
tse copy, one year, - 7.
Ciopy, six months, - -. 4.00
One copy, three months, - 2.50
Sates of Advertisinag
Business cards, (five lines or less,) one year $20 00
' " " " " " six months, 15 00
" " " " " " three mweths 1000
One square one year, (ten lines or less) 40 00
One square six months " " ' " 25 00
One square, three months " " 15 00
Quarter column, one year, 60 00
" " six months 45 00
" " three " 30 00
Half column, one year, 90 00
" six months, 60 00
three months 45 00
One column, one year, 150 00
S " six months' 100 00
" " three months, 75 00
Regular advertisers will be allowed ts change
.oarterly without additional charge.
All bussiness communications should be addressed
to D. W. TILTON & Co., Virgtnia City, M. T.
Job Printing of every description executed in a
Superior manner and at reasonable rates.
G(OERNOR, SIDNEY EDGERTON, BaMnack City;
FECRETARY, H. P. FORSEY:
Cater JUSTICE, 11. L. HOSMER,
ASsOCIATs JUSTICE, AMMI GIDDINGS,
" L. B. WILLISTON,
Arry. GENERAL, E. B. NEALY, Virginia City;
MARSBAL, C. J. BUCK,
St'RVETO GENERAL, M. BOYD.
AUDITOR. JOHN S. LOTT.
TREASURER, JOHN J. HULL.
NOTARY PUBLC, JOHN S. ATCHISON.
AssessoR, T. C. EVERTS.
County Officers of Madison County.
County Commissioners, JAMES FEr.ors,
SAMUEL W. STAxLrY,
" iu" FRaD. K. Roor.
Probate Judge. Tnos. C. JoS.s.
Sheriff, NEIL IIOWIE.
Trea.-urer, ROBERT N. HILL.
Recorder, R. M. [IIAGAAN.
Assistant Assessor 1st District, JERRY CooL.
Municipal Officers of Virginia City.
Police Judge and Ex-Officio Mayor, G. G. BISSELL.
Members of Council, E. K. WOODDURY,
" S . ScHWAB,
" JAMES GIBSON,
" " . FORD.
-Marshal. Janna NoLAx.
The regular communications of Virginia City 1
Lodge, U. D., A. F. & A. M., are held on the 2d
and 4th Saturdays in each month.
P. S. PFOUTS, W. M.
Aujx. DrvIs. Sect'y.
Preaching every Sabbath by Rev. A. M. TORBET.
at 11 A. M. at the Court' House. Sabbath School
at 2 P. M. All are invited to attend.
YW. F. Sanders. Jerry Cook.
SANDERS k COOK.
A TTORNEYS at Law, Virginia City, Montana
W. L. McicATr.) [W. T. LovaLL.
M.[cMATH & LOVELL,
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, M. T., will promp
tly attend to all professional businese entrusted to
their care. 1-3m
W. J. McCormick. W. T. Pemberton. II. Burns.
McCormick, Pemberton & Burns.
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, Montana Territo
ry. Office in Content's Corner up-stairs. 1-6m
W. M. SAFFronD, R. B. PAnRorr, L. W. BoaroN,
Cal. Iowa. Col.
STAFFORD, PARROTT & BORTON,
Attorneys at Law, Offce on Idaho street, opposite
the court house, Virginia City, Montana Territory.
J. B. JUDGE,
Boot A Shoe maker, Virginia City, Montana Ter
ritory. The best of custom work always on hand.
QGive me a trial. 1-6m
French Baker, Nevada City, Montana Territory,
would say to his numerous customers that he is al
ways on hand to stuff the mouths of the hungry.
Give him acall. 1-6m
DR. II. N. CREPIN,
Physician and Surgeon, formerly assistant in the
Hospital du midi in Paris, and attached to the New
York Hospital, New York-recently from hebque,
Iowa. Ofice in Virginia City, opposite the hay
s.ales, main street. 1-6m
, T. BUTLER,
Practical Watchmaker and Jeweler. Particular
attention paid to repairing all classes of watches.
Any part of any watch' can be made new at this es
tablishment, and warranted to give satisfaction.
Cell and examine specimens of Jewelry made from
the native cold. ]-lv
Nerada City, Montana Territory.
LOUIS BELANGER, - - - - - PaoraISTOR.
This hotel is situated on Main street, and in the
beet part of the City. The table sepplied with the
beet the market affords, and the saloon fu.ishled
with the best liquors.
Rooms and beds can be had at reasonable prices.
Charges for board moderate. 2
A CERTIFICATE OF TEN SHARES OF THE
consolidated Silver Star Company. The owner
by provinig property and paying for this advertise
ment can have the same at the City. Bdol St.,
Virginia City. 4--ti
Assay Oce. .
THE Undersigned are now prepared to awy coyr
L raatly in small or large quantitie :the ores of
Montanae birer, Gold, Copper Lead, A.ti aeBy,
or BRimath. OCie No. 2 of Contest's Bl..,
'omer of Wallnaes Jacksd n rtro e fl
1.-t? W.T. LYTIt & O0.
I DAHO HOTEL,
Wallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. M. Castner
proprietor. The proprietor announces to his old
friends and the public generally, that he is now
prepared to accommodate boarders by the meal day
or week at low rates. His table fmrnished with the
best the market affords. 1-Iv
L EWIS MAL,
Manufacturers of Jewelry, Jackson street, Vir
ginia City, M. T. Strict attention given to re
pairing all classes of watches, and warranted to
give satisfaction. Keep constantly on hand a large
assortment of Jewelry. Every thing in our line
made to order at low rates. 1-3m
COL OR. DO
HAIR DRESSING ROOM.
Hair Dyeing and Cutting Done in
TOM. WHITE, Proplietor.
Surf eon Dentist.
OFFICE IN POST OFFICE BUILDING. PA
tients visited at their residence when defired.
ROATH & CO.,
AMERICAN WATCHES JUST RECEIVED DI
rectfrom the maanfactories.
Every description ofJewelry manufactured from
the 'Native Gold. Call, Examine Specimens,
and then judge.
Sign of the MAXXOTH WATCH
VIRGINIA CITY, Montana Territory.
Virginia City, Sept. 10, 1864.
Real Estate and Mining Agency.
All bu.inees promptly attended to. Office in
Posf Office Building
J. T. HENDERSON,
PAINTER AND SIGN WRITER.
Office on Cover Street, Virginia City.
LIME AND BRICK.
Also Flue Building, and all kinds of brick work
one to order. 5--m
ATTORNEY AT LAW, VUUI..i A 1In 1x, Ei-t
_. tana Territory. Office, corner of Wallace and
Jackson streets, at J. A. Ming's Store.
Shaving and Hair Dressing Saloon.
MUSTACIIE AND HAIR COLORING.
Soeth Side of Wallace Street, Va. City
LYONS &WHITE, Proprietors.
JOHN S. ATCHISON,
NOTARY PU BILC
REVENUE STAMPS AND BLANKSI
FOR SALE AT
ALLEN tk MILLARD'S BANK.
VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY.
Idaho street, Virginia City, M. T. James Gen
nall, proprietor. Keeps constantly on hand all
kinds of the best lumber, which will be sold at low
STAR BAKERY AND SALOON,
Nevada City, M. T. Patrick Ryan, proprietor.
All persons wishing good bread are requested to
call. Prices low. Also, beer furnished with the
best of drinks. Here is the place to get an honest
loaf, a cake or pie, and "something to wash it
F. C. CORNELL, M. D. S. L. F. WARD, M. D
Drs. CORNELL & WARD.
PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS.
Dr.. BROOKE & GLI@K.
Omce on Jackson Street, below Wallace, Virginia
City, Montana Territory. ly-12
WI C OV S I. ' O U SE.
Idaho Street, Opposite Becorder's
Will give Board and Lodging at $14 00 per week.
Any one who wants warm, comfortable and clean
beds, meals and liquors, let them call and see
Virginia City Cuancil, rNo. 2, U. L. A.
W ILL meet every Tuesday evening, at 7 o'clock.
V By order of G. G. BISSELL, Pres't.
T. H. KzgiswsvTwr, Rec. Sec'y. 18-tf
Corner of Idaho and Jackson Sts., Vir
ginia City, Montana Territory.
W &. & JOHN A. SHOOT
(Formerly of the Planter's House, Hannibal Mo.)
THE ABOVE NAMED HOUSE, FORMERLY
conducted by Wm. Sloan, Esq., having been
enlarged and re-Itted is now open with ery facil
ity for the accommodation of tiuests and Boarders.
Comfortable rooms and beds are provided and the
atble is carefully furnished with the best the mar
ket and seasons afford.
Passenger for the early Stage Cohc hcan obtain
good lodgigs here and be wa erned at the proper
hour. The patronasg of the public is respectfuly
solicited. -Wn. d J'o. A. SOOT,
JUsITU.I VOeel .
G RNREAL. Al-CTIONEEB
Particular attmstin given to te - of Live
C= , ' ietteate
, C c at G o.
AtTstm, Nevada, Jan. 1, 1865.
Earroa Pour :-The year of our Lord
1864 has gone and left us with all our sins i
upon our heads. Many will no doubt ex
claim : " Oh, God I would that I could re
call it, how different should be my record
when the end came again." But that can- 4
not be. The old year is past, nothing can
.be recalled; but we hate a new ymu..in
which to " shape our ends," and we may,
by good resolutions improve our future.
We have here in our city some four or five
ministers, who are trying their best to help
us on our way; but each directs us in a
different path to the same destination, and
it confuses us so that we don't know what
to do, so we try to stand still, but we can't.
On we have to go, and first we know, we
are lost in darkness.
Politicians are rather quiet now, except
those who are about the Legislature at Car
son, where the assembled wisdom of the
State is endeavoring to pass some laws to
govern rogues, (good men need no govern- I
ing), but I think they succeed but Doorly,
for shooting and cutting still continues.
We had a sample of it here on Christmas
Eve. One Joseph Randall, a private watch
man, while enjoying himself at a high-toned
ball in a house of ill-fame, got shot in the
leg below the knee, fracturing the bone
badly. His recovery is very doubtful.
Another man, who kept a low whisky shop
of the " copperhead" ilk, got stabbed in
the breast three times, and his recovery is
also uncertain. But still the "unterrified"
kept it up boldly all night and next day,
and by evening, our city boarding house
was well filled. I believe the Legislature
has passed the "Specific Contract Law,"
and that will help to make men do as they
Marriages, parties and balls are still the
rage. Nearly every evening there are two
or three balls, though the weather has be
cume moderate, and the snow melted so as
make the roads wet and sloppy, the devotees
of pleasure don't mind that, but splash on
through mud and mire, and consequently
many of them are complaining of sore
throats, bad colds, etc. Never mild-let
Farming will soon begin to take the toil
ers' attention. Ranchmen are procuring
seed and preparing their ground, and ex
pect to raise large crops of barley, oats
and vegetables this year. "So mote it be,"
but I hope the miners will raise heavier
crops from their croppings, from which the
mills will be able to pound out a good sup
$!j of,; kalne fefd ~a",ln L t"&u@ofi
everybody is anticipating a brisk spring
time, with a large increase of people and
capital. Let them come. The sooner our
valleys are settled, the sooner the red-skin
ned devils will be taught their place and be
made to work for their living, as well as
the rest of us. They have become some
what troublesome in the southern part of
our country, stealing horses, cattle, &c.,
for which they received a small obhastise
ment, at the hands of the ranchmen.
There were three killed and several wound
ed. The stock was recovered, excepting
what had been killed. Since that they
have kept a little more civil, and I think
they had better remain so. If they don't,
there will be several Shoshone widows
made for an old BACHELOR.
CoNcoRD, Mich., Dec. p., 1864.
EDrroR Post :-I have just received two
copies of your excellent paper, which re
minds me of my promise to send you oc
casional items from the States. Poor
health must be my excuse for not writing
before. My last was written from Denver.
city, where I had the pleasure of meeting
many of your old Colorado friends. Messrs.
Reese, Kratzer and myself left there for
the Missouri, October 1st, with a pair of
mules and a light wagon. It was danger
ous travelling to Fort Kearney, a distance
of four hundred miles, as the Indians in
hostile bands were infesting the road most
of the way. We went through to Omaha
in twenty days with but little trouble. On
the evening of the 12th of October, we
were camped nine miles above Plum creek,
when a band of Indians attacked the stage
coach going west, within sight e.nd hearing
of us. One of the leading horses was killed,
which stopped the coach, and one of the
guards was severely wounded in the head,
and a passenger, Mr. Jacobs, of Central
City, Colorado, slightly wounded in the
ankle. The passengers made a breast
work of the coach and gallantly returne''
work of the coach and gallantly returner,.
the fire of the Indians, and after firing a
few rounds, killing, as supposed, two of
the red skins. The balance of them ran
for the bluffs, where their ponies were, and
made their escape. The Indians were at
the time supposed to be Cheyennes, but the
arrows-of which I picked up four the next
morning-were Sioux, as the Pawnee In
dians told me at Columbus. The Sioux,
Cheyennes and Arapahoos have been very
troublesome since about the first of August
last, and if not thoroughly whipped and
wiped out during the winter, will be far
more so next summer. Col. Chivington
with a force of Colorado troops, had a se
vere fight with them a few weeks since,
killing about 500 of them and taking a
large number of ponies and other trophies,
and if this success is followed up with it is
to be hoped they will be successfully put
down so that by the time the next summer's
emigration commences it will be cowpara
tively safe crossing the plains. From pres
ent appearances the emngratio., to Montana
and the other Territories w:l be small the
coming year, owing mos"'y to the unfavor
able reports, of the tl.ouands of siek pil
rims who have returned this #a. From
Missouri ther, will-, o doubt, be a large
eaigration owia.g to 'hesuettled state of
society there, it betag almost in a state of
The wa is eg q"a4ae" with more
'iiorsaf w fos tao jy pm nist, wei
fondly hope that it is drawigt to a osh.-
Sherman, after a march of hundreds of
miles through the richest part of Georgia is
now on the sea coast near Savannah, with
11,000 prisoners. Thomas has just had a
severe battle with Hood at Nashville, and
whipped him severely. Sheridan is active
in tej Shenandoah valleys and successful.
Grant is also quite active, and has lately
cut one of Lee a important railroad com
munieations, so you see, that it thunders
M all 4nd the horison of e..eldom, More
an Yours truly. H. C. N.
O11 Clothes and What Beoemes of
The London Times has a curious article
showing what becomes of tP e4 clothes
picked up in London :
Those that are intended to remain in
this coutry have to be tutored and trans
formed. The "clobberer," the "reviver,"
and the "translator" lay hands upon them.
The duty of the "clobberer" is to patch,
to sew up and to restore, as far as possible,
the garments to their pristine appearance:
black cloth garments pass into the hands of
the " revivers," who rejuvenate seedy black
coats, and, for the moment, make them
look as good as new. The "translator's"
duty is of a higher order; his office is to
transform one garment into another-the
skirts of a cast off coat, being the least
worn part make capital waistcoats and
tunics for children, &c. Hats are revived
in a still more wonderful manner. They
are cut down to take out the grease marks,
re-lined, and appear like new ones. The
streets surrounding the old clothes' market
are full of shops where these "clobbered"
and "revived" are exposed for sale, and
really a stranger to the trade would not
know but they were new goods. There is
a department of the market also dedicated
to old clothes, male and female, " clobber
ed" and "revived."
It is a touching sight to see the class of
persons who frequent the men's market and
turn over the seedy black garments that are
doing their best to rut on a good appear
ance-the toil worn clerks, who for some
social reason are expected to apparel them
selves in black, and the equally careworn
members of the clerical profession, chiefly
curates whose meagre stipends do not per
mit of the extravagance of new suits of
clothes. The ladies' market is a vast ward
robe of silk dresses ; but, if we are to be
lieve the saleswoman, the matrons of Eng
land are more thrifty than we gave them
credit for. "Servants come to purchase,
sir! No, indeed, sir; ladies worth hun
our Inquiries as o Te cass of purchasers.
Black cloth clothes that are too far gone to
be "clobbered" and" revived " are always
sent abroad to be cut upto make caps.
France takes the best of these old clothes for
this purpose. The linings are stripped out,
and in this condition they are admitted
duty free as old rags.
Russia and Poland, where caps seem to
be universally worn by the working popu
lation, are content with still more thread
bare garments to be cut up for this purpose.
The great bulk of our cast-off clothes of all
kinds, however, find their way to two mar
kets-Ireland and Holland. The old clothes
bags of the collectors may, in fact, be said
to be emptied out in the land of Erin, as far
as the ordinary order of clothes go, while
to Holland only special articles of apparel
are exported. Singularly enough, the des
tination of the red tunics of the whole
British infantry is the chests of the sturdy
Dutchmen. The sleeves are cut off, and
they are made to button in a double-breast
ed fashion ; thus remodeled, they are worn
next to the skin like a flannel waistcoat by
all careful Dutchmen among the laboring
classes. The Irish chiefly favor corduroys,
and we suspect the worn-out legs of Brit
ish pantaloons of this material are cut off
and made into breeches for Pat. Ourread
ers will perhaps have noticed the special
avidity the dealers in old clothes evince for
all kinds of regimentals, full dress liveries,
volunteers' uniforms, beadles' coats, &e.
One of the largest dealers in London ir. t
these showy dresses once said to us, ser.ng
a guardsman going along the strr.et, " A
thousand to one that coat eomes into my
hands." A Lord Mayor's footman's full
dress livery is viewed by t ese gentry with
wolfish eyes. These are the great prizes of
the profession--.nd tleir barbaric splendors a
are destined for a special market-the
South Coast of Africa. We ourselves saw 1
an assortmer.s of well preserved liveries of I
the heir to the proudest throne in the
wog:ld, just packed for exportation to the
grand destination of all fine liveries we
have just mentioned. It should be some
solace to the parish beadle that his clothes,
instead of descending in the social scale
like those of ordinary civillians, are des
tined to flame upon the back of some auto
crat who holds the lives of thousands of
men at his disposal, instead of only being
the emblems of terror to poor parish boys.
The vast majority of the scarlet coats of
our officers that are a little worn find their
way to the great annual fair at Leipsic.
There is a belief in the trade that the des
tination of this bright scarlet cloth is the
cuffs and facings of the civil officials in the
Russian government. However this may
be, the fact of second-hand regimentals
finding their way to the great German fair
is undoubted. The pepper-and-salt great
coats of our infantry go to our agricultural
districts and to the Cape, but the heavier
and more valuable artillery cloaks find their
way to Holland; and that country and Ire
land absorb between them the cast-off
clothes of the police. There is one odd
item of old clothhs that has a singular his
I tory. There are still a certain class in the
community addicted to the use of silk vel
vet waisteoats~ After adorning the re
speetable corporation of some provinelal
grooer until he is thoroughly tired of it,
f what does the reader think is sth ultimate
f destination-the pate of some street Ger
man or Potis· h Jew.
I. lo bediesee i. Rabignieal 'hw it. is not
I ebasidieNd bIgTby boib athe"oe d rei -o
- scientious He brew to go uneoveret, gad
thoee second hand waistcoats are boughtup
to make skullcaps for their use. But old
clothes, after they have served the purposes
of two or three classes of society, are yet
far from closing their career; when they
have seen their worst they take altogether a
new lease of existence. When old clothes
are too bad for anything else they are still
food enough for shoddy and mungo. Bat
ey, Dewsbury and Leeds have seen de
seribed as the grand centresof woollen rage
-the tatterdemalion capitals, into which
are drawn all the greasy, frowsy, cast-off
clothes of Europe, and whence issue the
pilot-cloths, the petershams, the beavers,
the talmas, the chesterfields and the mo
hairs in which our modern dandies disport
themselves. The old rage after being re
duced to the condition of wool by enor
mous tootb-wheels,are mixed with a varving
amount of fresh wool, and the whole is ihen
workedup into the fabrics we have men
tioned, which now have the run of fashion.
It is estimated that shoddy and mungo
supply the materials for a third of the wool
len manufactures of this country. Here is
a grand transformation. No man can say
that the materials of the coat he is wearing
has not been already on the back of some
greasy beggar. In one corner of the "ani
mal products department" in the South
Kensington Museum, the visitor can see
hundreds of specimens of this shoddy and
mungo-a perfect resurrection of the old
clothes from every country in Europe. The
cast-off wardrobes of civilized man, by a
law of commerce are sucked into this
country, and mainly into this metropolis,
and in return we distribute it in perfect
labrics, destined to go onee more the round
of civilization. Hops, we are told, of a
certain quality, cannot be grown without
the manure of land rage. Thus, the final
destination of old clothes, after all, is the
human frame, and we only finally lose sight
of them when, instead of clothing this vile
corpus, they are transmitted into the body
itself, as we quaff the foaming tankard, or
the more genteel bottled bitter of Bass or
LAESaT BY TELEGMA PH.
New York, Jan. 8.
The New Governor, McGrath, of South
Carolina, has issued a proclamation calling
on all free white men between the ages of
16 and 60 to come to the defense of Charles
ton, willingly if they will, but forcibly if
The Rlichmond Enquirer suggests the
hanging of certain merchants in *ilming
ton, who refised to takef nfa'. deref
The Times' special says it is rumored
that Sherman has communicated to the
President that the Georgia State authori
ties have applied to come back into the
Union, and that Secretary Stanton's visit
to Savannah is doubtless in connection
with this subject.
The Times says, Gen. Thomas has been
made a Major General in the regular army,
vice Fremont, resigned, dating from his
victory over Hood. Similar nominations
for Meade and Sheridan have been sent to
At Franklin, Tennessee, a brigade which
went into the fight 688 strong, had 109
killed, 242 wounded and 96 captured.
Reports of Sherman's having crossed the
river are confirmed. He is believed to be
moving on Grahamsville.
Considerable opposition is manifested in
some of the British Provinces, to the pro
posed colonial confederation, in Prince
Edward's Island, it has caused a minister
ial resignation and it is claimed that nine
tenths of the inhabitants here are opposed
to the scheme. In Nova Scotia, numer
ously attended and enthusiastic meetings
of infiential citizens 'nave been held tdpro
test against it.
The T:ibune's London letter says, the
procee..s of the Liverpool fair will be given
to the rebels abroad, who are greatly in
need of it. At the principal hotels in
P:ris, over 4,000 trunks have been pawned
iy Southern gentlemen as security for
I their hilla.
New York, Jan. 9, .
The Wilmington Journal says, Bragg has S
written a letter breathing the spirit of
christian hope. lie says there is no cause Ib
of alarm. There is no enemy between [
Wilmington and Fort Fisher; that with his b
present force he will be able to resist any
further attempt on Wilmington and closes
by asking the prayers of Christians forl
himself and his army. n
The Richmond Sentinel of the 6th says, I
Sherman is doubtless moving on Branch
The Examiner says, dispatches from
lIardee report the enemy before Hardee
ville, but there is no indication of imme
The Augusta Constitutional declares t-at
there were only seventeen present at the
citizens' meeting in Savannah.
Late rebel papers show that Davis has
now on his hands quarrels with the Gov
ernors of Mississippi, Georgia and Ala
The Richmond Whig thinks that the re
cent alleged peace mission of the two
Blairs has entitled the United States to be
considered the most impudent nation.that
ever had existence.
The Charleston Courier says Hood butch
ered his troops as recklessly, as according
to the Richmond Sentinel, ever Grant did.
The Richmond Whig prints testimony
from a Savannah clergyman and from Gen
erals Wayne and Beauregard, that the re
ported atrocities charged upon Shernan's
army at Milledgeville are wholly unfound
ed. Ladies of Milledgeville alsowrite at
no such violence was ever attempte%.
The Times correspondnt aars, the inves
tigation of the fasco ih the mine explosion
in front of Petersbur is oloased and the
verdict 'will show a d rided responsibill.,
fal.iog upon Bursld4.M ed, aai t he
General who; led the assault. Nor does
Gen. Oran s4 bhiself uaftiteli bla .
Sfi~aor R b, a'...ttb.
Enrroa Poor :-1 congratulase you upon
the gradual improvement of Ye9 paper,
particularl7 in its editorials. Your article
on the. agrcultural resQurces fo Mmtana
an your last issue is valuable to those in.
tending to make their home amongst Us.
Your hints as to. seed are e.soqltas and
worth more than the yeary pries of the
to any fasner in Montans whewih be
guided by t~em.a
Your remarks on education are ale. es
cellent, and worth the consideratjio of ev
ery parent in our land. We generally en
peot too much from eur teachers and do
too little ourselves. We hope our Solosa
will authorize a tax for the support of pub
lic schools and the purchase of a publio
library, that all, rich and poor, may enjoy"
the blessings of a good common school ed
ucation, and ready access to good books.
Your article on the discovery and settle
ment of Alder gulch is worth preserving,
both as an item of history and for the moral
conclusions drawn from it, and that some
we know of might profit by. There is an
error, however, in it, in relation to the
time the " Grasshopper Diggings " at Ban
nack were discovered. It is near two and
a half years in place of two.
If our citizens generally would do their
duty as well as you, Mr. Editor, and send
in reliable statements of facts in regard to
the agricultural, mineral and other re
sources of their localities, we would have a
paper that would be a credit to our Torri
torT, be more profitable to the owners, more
useful to ourselves, and contain much ask
ed-for information for our friends abroad.
We need no puffing or gassing about paper
towns or uncertain mineral resources, for
Montana has within her borders plenty that
is valuable : a healthy climate, pure moun
tain water, fertile valleys, almost boundless
pastures, and when to these are added our
immense mineral wealth, we have enough.
1 see by the letter of your Bannack cor
respondent, " Franklin," that our Legisla.
tors are dealing largely in special legisla
tion -the greatest legislative curse of our
Western States. The writer has lived some
thirty years in the Western States and Ter
ritories, Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, Minaso
ta, and Colorado, and has seen all of them
more or (less cursed by private acts for
ferries, bridges, roads, and incorpora
tions &c., where a general incorporation,
road, bridge, os ferry law would save much
time in "leg rolling" and "wire pulling,"
much legislative labor, lessen the bulk of
and simplify the statutes. and ivte all an
mignt get fewer town lots, oyster suppers
and drinks, but then they would serve their
constituents better. MIxza.
The Overlamd Iall LiM e.
From the annual report of the Postmaster
General we learn that contracts have been
entered into with the contractors for carry
ing the Overland Mail between Atchison,
Kansas, and Folsom, California, from Oct.
1st, 1864, to Sept. 30th, 1868. Ben. Holla
day is the contractor from Atchison to Sal;
Lake at $365,000, and Wmn. Dinsmore car
ries it from Salt Lake to Folsom, for $385,
000; making a total cost of $750,000 per
annum. The contracts are for carrying
through letter mails, mails prepaid at letter
rates and way mailJ. Thus it will be seen
the letting is based upon the law of March
5th, 1864. Most people in this country
have been in great doubt as to the actual
situation of the Overland mail contract.
This settles it.
As pertinent to this subject we notice by
the Congressional Globe that Hon. John F.
Kinney, Delegate in Congress from the Ter
ritory of Utah, introduced in the House of
Representatives on the first day of the
present session of Congress, the following
resolution, which was read, considered and
agreed to :
Resolved, That the committee on the Poet Oice
and Post Roads be instructed to inquire into the xu
pediency of introducing a bill, at an early day of
the present session of Congres, repealing the fol
lowing fourth section of an act entitled " An act
to provide for carrying the mails of the United
States to foreign ports and for other purposes."
"SKc. 4.-And be it further enacted, That all
mailable matter which may be conveyed westward
beyond the western boundary of Kansas, and seat
ward from the eastern boundary of Califorvia,sba!l
be subject to prepaid letter postage: Provided,
That this section shall not be held to eatead to the
transmission by mail of newspapers from a known
offce of publication to bona fde subscribers, not ex
ceeding one copy to each subscriber, nor to franked
matter to and from the intermediate points between
the boundaries above named, at the usual rates:
'Provided, further, That seach franked matter shall
be subject to such regulations as to its traa~miaion
and delivery as the Postmaster General shall pre
The fact that the resolution was so
promptly adopted augurs well for the pas
sage of the law it contemplates. If Mr.
Kinney can effect it, it will place him high
in the affections of the people of the west
ern Territories. All that Congress will
then have to do will be to authorize the
payment of extra compensation for carry
ing the increased mail over the present
contraFt. The Overland mail has heretoq
fore been estimated to cost one million 0
dollars per year, but the actual coimaect
is one fourth less. That amount 3allP a
the cost of carrying all of it, an)db qft
people of half a dozen territoaiesa q an
equal footing with the balant e,4 the citi
zens of the United State~ as thbey shond
Vomw~sa Low of Rugboad Atape4.
Ax Ace adopti4 the Coamosi Law ot
2441s a.miet.4 Ia& Legasvftr. hmsbisLf
the Tarvietf Mj ntuume·
Si~c~io 1.-!hi t the CoUou Law at
with the * fgair the 1 is a
iin 01wo tesrot.noe and afuit mae%?:l
" in tarce faaromad sftet M p ý" r.b~t·