Newspaper Page Text
THRE MO.NTANA POST:
D. W. TILTON, & CO., Editors & Proprietors, it y (letitry, May ske Alway bey right, Bit Ify Country, lighte W.1roig."
VTOL. 1. CITY OF VIRGINIA, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1865.NO27
I std 0U ^ as
D. W. Tilton, & Co.,
D. S. T~ILTON. D3E-t. R. Dimrts.
PT~BL1ButRS AND PROPRIETORS.
off ice at the City Bloot Store, Corner
of Wallace and Jackason Streets.
T EI~M, IN GOLD:
':, ; 3y one year, - $7.50
Oh,; copy, sit oionth~a. - 4.00
j P copy, three months,--- --- --- ----2.50
Kates of Advertising.
Ijt~~iey cards, (rie line! or l"-, one year $20 00
`' ' '' ' "'eiix uionthA, 15 00
" (' " three months 10 00
(ILS Fqnar.rcoae year. (ten lin.'e or ie e) 40 00
t"ne sqeare six mnonths 2 ý""05 00
0r5 Fqmvre, three-months " 15 00
t~t. rter column, oneO year, ji0 00
a Ax months 45 00
"4 three 30 00
}I l: column, one year, 90 00
cis mnontku, 60 00
three mouths 45 00
ssi, column, one year, 150 00
.ix months' 100 00
" three months, 75 00
R.e;ular advertisersm will be allowed to change
,;ctrterly without additional charge.
All t ,mjneeea comnmunuications should be arldressed
to . W. TIILrUN I Co.. Virgtnia City, M. T.
Soh Printing of ev-rv description executed in a
Spri manner and at reasonable rates.
OFFIECIA L DIRECTORY.
t;O!-flN)uR, SIDNEY EIXERTO , Bannack City;
r-E('tu:TA~fl. It. P'. TOliSEY ;
ASSIWAIE:r J USTWF., AMMJI (;IDIINGS,
" L. 13. WILLISTON.
ATTY. (iEER.EflL. E. B. NEA1LLEY, Virginia ;
Arionin. JoHIN S. LO'rr.
f~eAL Ii1:R. JOHN J. HULL.
l'Iu.St rrftI-i1e.NDE\T, J. D). DIMSDALE,
As"F:s'oH, T. C. EVERITS.
(1 Q INTERAIttAI. 1E<h+-t"1, N. I'. LAN (FORD.
:'ousxty Officers of Madison County.
t.Xut}' Cornrni." oners'. .JA3IE F :inks,
.1. E. M e'uzi,;.
ýI'riI'. NtII ii ow tr.
P'.,ordier, RouBriTr N. LuLl.
rIunicipaI Officers of V~irgpinia City.
M'"a~oi-I. S. PFuI'TS.
Attorniey-J, it t'. T'. It-.
'1 i5ur'r--JI~lt S. Ikv~.CK':LI .OW
St tt C',ininir ioiaC-Hi. J. *JOZIS~uN.
'lie h Sul ir commnuiuicat ions of V'irginia City
SF. A. I., tyre hell on the ca
aLi 4th :tturdavs in eaich mouth.
P. S.PF(4UTT, W. M.
ALk[. 1)ATIS, ctVt'.
11 A1. Mi. tt thu Unuion (liurch. Saubbath School
2p. M. A4ll lire iii itel to att nd.
IIUSI LESS CARDS.
'. F. 1.- Jrrrs Cook.
SANDERS & COOK.
4 Tllt\EVS at Law, Vir .i Cit. '! ut I.
' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ [« I. uMu . Y. j~uVELL..
Mc')IATII & I,(ULL
A uw.ynr at latw. Yirginiau Cit M. 'C. will proml.
titI i r to1r al 1orof-asiouutl liui k'tintuited to
1'. J.Mc',rn ck.W.X .lmtoet. if t urnj
McCormiick, Pemberton & Burns.
,torn'uve at Law. Y'irrixia City Montana Territo
Offic in Content's Cuoner up-xt'iri 14-gm
Vi. . t1FI-)PI, H. L3. P'vtitOrTT L. IV. JORTW.
--ý 1 .-I- Col.
t~.M. t1Ai~tiil It Ii Pn~oiT, L. Wv. IjnTtiN.
Cal. Iowa. Caul.
STAILFORD, PAflR OTT & KIOIITON,.
At t~ntcV" at Law. Offlr^ on Idaho street. ojinoeite
Liqco't eo ltoune, Virgiinia City. M1ontina Territory.
ilnot .t Rhce maeker. Virginia City. Montana T"r
vt,,iv. The host of ca torn work aiwajys on hand.
Ii, trial. 1-6rn
mooch lbtker, Net ada City, Montana Territory,
i 'a *,i ato Iii. nntnirouS ruatun~er' that lie is .11
" 1i hand to etufT the mouths of the h~ungry.
DI.ahits a call. 1-fiat
11. N. cdrI:PIN,
lhvicia n anti surgeofl. forinerlv assi-ttrot in the
11-140 l duini-mii in Paris, and attached to the New
('irk hlonlpitai. Nw Yt Iork-reecntity from D)iiuquent
,-'i. Office in Virginia City. opporits the hay
1main street. 1-6t1i*
Ira t irl Witehml l~er anoi Je' nrer. Particlar
stt i:ti~fl paid to repairing,~ all classes of watcher'.
AJy at otfl any wtch CanO le made new at this e=
II i1 netut andt war~ran~ttd to give caticfactiol.
.'"11 arid ex unmiui specituneu of Jewelry mnade froms
thu native cold. 1-lv
C ALIIt'VPNyIA Jji'j1:1,
2%etadIa City, 3lfoatcnd Terrritory.
1/il 1-ý BIELAXGER, -----Puorns tTits.
Ti j! hotel is situnated on Mlain street, and in the
l l, Drt of the City. Tfhe table enppdirel with the
L "t the miarket afford~', and the saloon furnished
ItinOIIr and berla can be bad fit reasonabile prices~.
Qtlien for board mnoderate. 2
4('1 RTIFICATE OF TEN SHlARES OF THE
A imrsolidasted Silver Star C~oinpny-. The owner
4: pr''u p1~roperty nnrk paying for this adiertise
Ilkeit can1 hiave the . amre at the City Book Store;
hook andi LOadder Comw aJ-'Y 1%o. 1.
Fl'} r.";ritarlv every- KolUIy. at 7 o'clock, r.
)*:; a~rO1ti milt. 13Y order of
IVM. I :at.(t' Captairn.
flhSIi ES. CARDS.
l1Wallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. M. Castner
proprietor. The proprietor announces to his old
iends and the, public generally, that he is now
prepared to accommodate boarder, by themeal, day
or week at low rates. Hisi table furnished with the
best the market affords. I-l0
Manufacturers of Jewelry, Jackson street, Vir
ginia City. M. T. Strict attention given to re
pairing all dlases of watches, and warranted to
give satisfaction. Keep constantly on hand a large
amortment of Jewefry. Every thing in our line
made to order at low rates. 1-3m
C OL ORJD 0
HAIR DRESSING ROOM.
Hair Dyeing and Cutting Done in
TOM. WHITE, Proplietor.
Seers on Dentist.
O FFICE ONE DOOR WEST OF POST OFFICE
Bui lding. Patients visited at their residence
ROATH & Co.,
4A MEBICAN WATCh1ES JUST RECEIVED DI
ltrectfromn the muanufactories.
Every deeciiption ofJeweir manufactured from
the Native Golad. Cali, Examine S pecimens,
and then judge.
Sign of the MAMMOTH WATCH,
V'I IICINIA. CI'1'Y, Montana T'erritory.
Virginia City, s~ept. 10, 1864.
J. T. HENDERSON,
PA INTER AND SIGN WIRITER.
Office on Cover Street, Viginia City.
LIMIE A11 tJ $ICK.
Al-o Fine Building, and alii kinds of brick wo rk
one to order. 5--Sin
\A TfOR\EX AT LAW. VIRGtINIA CITY, M1ON
1i tena ITerritory. Office, cornor of WVallace and
Jackeo, atirecta, at J. A. Mini; aStore.
SShiaving and Hair Dressing Saloon
MUS1 TACIIF AND hLAIR COLORING.
Soutit Side of Wallace Street, Va. City
LYONS &WHITrE, Proprietors.
JOHN S. ATCHISON,
REVENUE S'I'AMI~S ANI) BLANKS~
FOR SALE AT
ALLEN & ~1ILLABD'S DANK.
ViR4i~INIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY.
-teet. Vjr~i~iia (itv. M. T. James Gen
nt I fr(Iriitor. het~p~ conetamitly on hand all
Inn, of die hett lnnih9r, ~ hich will be sold at low
'1 ~ U' B ~KERY AND SALOON,
~ Ii City. M. T. Patrick Ryan. proprietor.
All 1,or~ins wiAiing good bread are rft1ueete(l to
-- c:: Il. Pikes low. AL'o, beer furnished with the
of (lrLnk.~. ifere is the place to get an honest
loaf. ac:ik~ or pie, aud *~omnethirig to wm~lm it
0 ~w ii. i-tim
~ F. C. C~e"i~I in.. ~. ii ~. L. 1. W ~nn, M D
Drs. CORNELL & WARD.
PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS.1
Drs. UJDOOKE & GLICK.
(tfflc" on Jac'.~on Street, belo~i ~V. liace, Virginia
i~ 'Toni iiid Vrrmtor~. - 1~-12
r Idaho street, OppositO fl~ce~der~S
~ ill n e Boa~d and Lodgin; at $1400 per week.
An~ on iho wants wants, comferteble and clelnh
ten. in ~il'~ 1111(1 Ii1uore, let them ~i11 anti see
12-it' oniNo ,~LA
Virini CiI oLiqN. ,I.L .T1L meet every TuedI'y evening, t7ocok
V Yorder of A. M. TORBET,Prst
If. J."Iý~~ý __ec' ___________
,PLANT ER'S HOUSE'I
Corner of Idaho and Jackson Sts., Vi
ginia- City, Montana Territory.
y4Tai. & JOHN A. SHOOT
(Forilfrly of the Plnnttor's House, Hannibal MNo.)
mrp E ABOVE NAMED HOUSE, FORMERLY
Ii codE t by Win. Sloan, Esq., having been
eniar~red and re-fitted is now open with every facil
ity for the accomunodatioli of tiests and Boarwlers.
ICuen&ortable rooms and beds are provided ._id the
IAtbie is carefully furniished with the hest the mar
ket and seasons afford.
P'as ei~gere for the early Stage C~oaches can obtain
good lodgings here and be wakened at the proper
hoiar. Thie 1,ntronaga of the public is respectfly1
5oltdited. Wm & Jao. A. SNOOT,
P'articuilar nttoitiOfl given to the sale of Live
Stock awl Real Estate, tales of Stocks of Goods
in Store. Office at the Elephant Corral, Vrii
City, M. T. 3al
giRCOIL1 £ FALCETTE
S:AWDLIERS & HARNESS MAKERS.
( NS'EA)TLYý ol handt and manvia4hfinggfro~~
the heet Teater}SIT, all. Sty leg of~ $eddl0e, Hre~
Sin~le andl.)ofble Ilarne-=; cr e~tlythin ele miade in
ý r'ý-t týlaa canldl.'r dh' . I to--Il
Tide New Locall sng --."s queu. Up.
em tie UraluC'9
Air-" The Fine Old Ilzglish Gentleman."
A sturdy character I note, -
That daily strikes our view,
Hie loves to rove in paths remote
Prom foW'a aimless crw;
THe prying sight scans everyhueight,
And pierces every plain;
For, as the mining penlanc, goes,
"'He has Quarts upon the brain."
In California, Anrt, he found
Hie heart's congenial deld,
Learnt how to trace the tracts of ground
Hie labored to obtain,
Until the sapient crowd exclaimed,
-IHe haa Quartz upon the brain."
Then, rich in pelf, he traveled back
To see his folks at home.
Get settled in the married track,
Nor seek again to roam.
But his fair maid his trust betrayed
She chose another swain,
And sorely made him rue the day
When Quarts forsook his brain.
Then came the Pike's Peak fever on,
And, in his shattered state,
It took a hold, his mind upon,
As resolute as fate ;
And urged his tramp to that famed camp,
Where, gaily once again,
Hle gave occasion for remark,
"HIe has Quartz upon the brain."
But Pike's Peak wasn't quite the thing
To realize his hope,
His spirit's renovated wing
Required a wider scope.
hence straight he dew to diggings new,
And bore the old refrain,
On Salmon River's shining banks,
" He has Quartz upon the brain."
What Salmon River was, we know
Its bright but transient glare,
Which soon reyersed the tide, whose flow
-l~ad swept so many there.
Biy this he caught the lucky thought,
Montana's clime to gain,
Where Fortune waits to bless the man,
Who has Quartz upon the brain.
Now as he treads our mountain ways,
And brings to happy light
The mineral wealth with which they blaze,
When scrutinized Eight ;
lie hastes the hour when Plenty's pow'r
O'er all the land shall reign,
In praise of him of whom we say,
Slie has Qunrtz upon the brain."
The generous plaudits you bestow
Which thanks but ill requite
Denote that you perceive, I chow
This theme in its true light,
And can espy, with like glad eye,
Our grandeur's tide advance
Through channels new--but booming already
with the rush of " honest miners," and
their admiring friends, to Deer Lodgie,
YQlsar* Prictkly Pear, Boulder. Sil
l. r Row, and other places too nmsvnross
Until you reach "Last Chance:"
It takes the bold Montana boys
To make the best of time.
Aiid where's the region you can name,
By Nature's smiles caressed,
lBnt that might well be proud to claim
Our LAST chance as its nEsT?
Then raise the note, end let it float
The wond'ring world around,
Our stake is on the richest claim (for mining
and every sort of practical purposes)
In all creation's bound ;
And all we ask, to prove the fact,
Is just a little time.
is JunL a unie tl. l U.
A Trip Through the New Mines..
LETTER N'o. 11.
'MONTANA, M..4., Feb. 7, 186-5.
a.IIOSMER.-DEAR Sia :-To continue
the subject-I left Silver Ilow, January
16th, just before the setting in of the cold
spell, and reached Cold Spring ranchei
only two days, meeting hundreds onth
wa, bound for Silver Bow. What all the
people are to do there, or what with all
the goods, is more than 1 can tell. Among
other articles of freight on the road, was a
billiard table, which sonmc sanguine individ
ual was taking over. I venture thc asscr
tion that not one person in four, when I I
left, had money enough to pay for one I
game. Poor show for a billiard table at
these rates. Large lots of flour were also
going there, though when I left, it was
worth but $'-8 per sack, and selling in lots
of twenty pounds, and less, owing to the
scarcity of money.
IAs I said, I reached Cold Spring ranche
saVaruiL .l .
As I said',Ireached Cold Spring ranche !
in only two days, which convinces me thatt;
the estimate of distance thence from Vir- t
ginia is nearly correct. Waiting at Cold
Spring two days, I finally found a team
coming this way. A good idea of the
number going to gilve~r Bow, compared with 1
those coming here, may be gained, when 1 1
tell you that during those two days, proba
bly twenty teams passed, bound for Silver
Bow, and not one for Prickly Pear. Bad
luck scerned to attend from starting. The
very day I left, was the commenemient of
the " cold spell " the wind blowing a per
feet gale, and " cold 'as blazes," yet I
4Itraveled thirty miles, to the crossing of the
Jefferson river, walking nearly all the way,
for it was too cold to ride-reaching the
crossing about eight o'clock in the evening.
1 The next day was too cold even for a miner t
to travel, and the next, ditto, and the next,
but by Tuesday, it had so moderated that
iwe ventured out, and though desperately
,ncold, reached the crossing of the Boulder
on the evening cf the second day. On the
Stinking water, after crossing Mill creek.,
is there was but little snow, which decreased
.r- as we came down the rivet, and soon after
incrossing Wiseonisia gulch, it disappeared
inaltogether, and we did not meet it again till
jycrossing the divide between Whitetail Peer
creek and South Boulder. Nearly all the
stock, however, had been removed further
down the river, the feed being short aind
fear of snow. Of the thousands of cattle
L.grazing in Stinking water valley two months
ago, scarcely any remain. One or two
1,yhrd tl remain on the Boulder near the
nia' mouith. The Stinkingwater valley is un
suitable as a winter grazing range..
-Great p reps tionls are being made for
farming, and early crery. hundred and
,S. sixty acres has a claini staked i4 on it.
The couiing year will see vegetables suffi
°i Eieflt raise( in the Territory. t suppily all
'Ithe inhabitants, and grain will be prifiieol
in large gqnantitics. There is at large
ausount of hay in the stack, but principally
belonging to parties in Virginia and NIeva
da, who have paid from twenty to thirty
dollars per ton, on the ground. It would
be difficult to figure how much they can
make .by the operation, when they have
paid twenty dollars per ton for hauling, and
hay now selling for twenty-five dollars in
On reaching Boulder creek, I learned of
a new discovery on a tributary of Boulder,
called Elk Horn gulch. This delayed me
two days, but I consider mqyself well paid
for my trip to the new gulch. It is some
ten miles long and strongly resembles
Ahler creek. One shallow pit has been
sunk and seven cents to the pan the result.
If it does not turn out a rich gulch, I will
The third cidrtuina after reaching Boul
der, I was again oAf for Last Chance, the
centre of Prickly Pear diggings. On the
divide I found the snow two feet deep and
badly drifted. Soon after crossing the
sumtdescending on the North side, one
meets the famous timbcr for which the
whole Prickly Pear country is celebrated.
It is not the half spruce, half hemlock va
riety of Alder Creek and Colorado, but the
" Simon pure " variety of Wisconsin,
Maine and Canada. it is straight, and
grows sixty feet without a limb, and from
one to two and a half feet in diameter.
No greater speculation can be gone into
in this section than to bring from the States
a portable saw mill, not one of which I be
lieve,. is in the Territory. It would pay the
coming season better than any mining
claim. There is no difficulty in getting logs
for building purposes forty feet Ion;,
and as straight as a string Doubtless this
is the best timbered section in the Territo
ry. After crossing the range, the first
town you reach is Beavertown, the centre
of the early discoveries-n small cluster of
cabins which app ears to have entirely stop
ped growing. sear this town is the ccle
brated Courtright lode, which as yet ap
pears to be the richest lode yet discovered,
perhaps because a deeper shaft has been
sunk, which is now down fifty feet. Many
other lodes are considered by the owners
Four miles below Beaver we come to e1
Jeffcrson city, a town started with the ex
pectation of its being the county seat of a
Jefferson, but by some means or other, the r
recorder opened his books at Montana.- d
Now, if I mistake not, the counts seat of b
this county was established at Gal latin, and tl
able lawyers tell me, (I do not know with b
what truth), that all the records made
with the reoorder located at Montana
tojde ut it seems to me that if a
county seat is established, it seems to
me that the records should be made and
kept there. Jefferson city, like its sister,
Beaver city, seems to be deserted. Plenty c
Iof vacant cabins are to be found in either A
place. It consists of some twenty-five
cabins, mostly well built. Above and below I
this, are bar claims on Prickly Pear creek,
worked more or less since 1862. On
this gulch wvere the first-discovered mines
in the pi~sent Territory of Montana-en
before the mines at Bannack
Twelve miles below Jefferson, we come to
the present county seat of .Jefferson county,
Montana, about the size of Jefferf on, pre
senting the same appearance of ha'lf-finish
ed and empty cabins. It is in a more lively
plac3, as it naturally would be, with the
Recorder's office. I found the Recorder
absent, ns I am told he is most of the time
-the duties being performed by Mr. Aker
man, a deputy, and very much of a gen le
man when once you get acquainted with
him, though quite distant on first acquain
tance. Mr. Merrill, the Recorder, was ab
sent at Baiinack, looking after his chair
which he fears may slide from under him.:
From half a mile below Montana to Beaver
I Town, on Prickly P'ear are several bars
t which have paid as high as twenty-five dol
lars per day to the hand, and doubtless the
main gulch is rich, but no effort has been
yet made to open it. It is claimed from
head to foot, but very few of the claim
holders ever expect to work them, but to
Fell them some time during the summer to
parties with more energy arid money. It
t !will cost some $1,000 to open a claim on
this gulch, but when once opened, will, I
LLJSosno two miles west of here, is a dry k
gulch? which prospects extrenmely wvell, and i
the dirt pays $2i5 to the load, and not on the e
bedrock . This-the dry gulch-I eonseider u
the richest in the vicinity, as the dirt has Ih
has to be hauled only two miles.
Last Chance gulch-the town is called
liclena-is about six miles due west from
here, though it is some eight miles by the e
road. This is the centre of the present
Prickly Pear excitement, and consists, in
reality, of four gulches, three of which
mergeq in one-Last Chance. About half a
mile from this is a separate and distinct
gulch-a dry one-quite rich, though the
dirt must be hauled about a mile to water. i
Grizzly gulch, a tributary to Last Chance,
Lt is considered the richest, and it is on this
r that claims arc selling at such exhorbitant 1
rI pie syou hear in Virginia. Reports 0.cm It-a ht$1,0 a fee o
two claims on that gulch yesterday and re- I
Ifused-a p air ofjbools I pronounce them.
r 1 ione of the gulches will, I think, prove as
d'rich as Alder creek. Notwithstanding all
11 this, the mines are so extensive that large;
;ramounts of gold will bc taken out during
e the present seasonm, and if claims could be
:r I bugh aeasonab* mles figures, would prove
fe Twenty-five mlsnorth of Last Chance,
is w e come to Pasgan or Pilgrim gulch, which
'o is attracting considerable attention. Near
1131 this is also ýSilver creek, pronounced " fair'
A.diggings" by those who have visited i.
Taken all together, this section must form!
or, the richest mining section of the whole
idTerritory.., Helena, in Last Chance gulch,
- `will doub tless be a business centre of no
IC- mewl impotittnee. It already has some 75
sl osscmppleted, and as many more com
odmnc "II ad they plen~ty of water, there
ge is no rjameetidn but it would be very proluc
tire, but not one of the gulches has over
half a sluice-head of waters and in the
spring, with the meltinS of the snow, will
not have over a good fair sluice-head, and
two 1f the gulches-the richest-are comn
pletel1 dry. I spent two days at Helena
an oneverything full of hope and
promise. , very claim holder considers
himself rich, but whether from working the
claims or prospective sale, I cannot tell.
A perfect monopoly exists among the early
claimant.. I -was credibly informed that
sgveral, though they had already sold eight
or ten claims of two hundred feet each,
had on their hands, by pre-emption, from
fifteen hundred to two thousand feet. Some
twenty or twenty-five persons fleet pie
em pted Last Chance gulch, and when they
had exhausted the names, they went above
or below and formed a new district, and
thus they continued, carrying their exclps
iveness into other gulches in the vicinity,
as they were discovered; and to enable
them th us to hold this number of claims,
they passed laws to suit themselves, post
poning representation to muit their conve
nience, A few weeks or even days of such
emigration as is now pouring in, will
furnish pilgrims sufficient to modify these
laws, so that mag be nearly everybody can
get a claim. .Theore are certainly claims
enough hereabouts for twice.. the number
already here, and new discoveries will be
made on the opening of spring.
FIBR9UABY 9.-Saturday I went on a
"stampede" to a gulch distant only four
miles from this p lace. The gulch takes its
rise in the North side of a bald mountain,
about twenty miles from here. On the
south side of the same, the newly discov
ered Elkhorn gulch takes its rise, which
flows into South Boulder. The gulch I first
speak of is some twenty miles long, and the
prospects obtained at the lower end war
rants the belief that it will be excellent
further up. There was some hundred peo
ple there yesterday, who staked for eight
or ten miles, and, as is the practice in this
section, for everybody they could think of.
A miner's meeting held in the afternoon
made the claims two hundred feet in length
and in width from summit to summit. I
question the policy of such extravagant
claims, yet it universally obtains here, but
we succeeded in incorporating into the laws
an article requiring every claim holder to
represent 1 is claim in person, next Satur
day. Many grumbled at such a provision,
but it carried, Also, since commencing
this letter, a dry gnlch has been discovered
but two miles from here which prospects
well, but the dirt, as is the ease with the
other d~rv Gulches. must to hauled some
Of quarts lodes, 1 think this bection far
ahead of Silver Bow or any other; not per
haps in richness, but in number-though ~
many of the them are doubtless rich. They
consist of a continuous belt extending from
above Beaver Town to below this place, a
distance of at least twenty miles. At the
head of Last Chance and Grizzly gulches,I
Ibut little lode prospecting has been done, C
but I believe it will prove rich ; yet this
cannot be determined till the snow melts,
which will probably be early in April.
The country below here is an excellent
farming section, capable of contributing
largely to the inner wants of the inhabi-1
tants of Montana. The objection. which
lies concerning the altitude Qf the Silver
'Bow country, cannot apply to'this, as it is
but little above the Missouri valley.
Near here are camped several hundred
native American's of the Flat-head "rper
suasion," driven from their winter hunting
Igrounds below, it is said, by some other
tribe. They are peaceable, but beggars, as
usual. I notice a very sensible article in
last MONTANA Posy concerning the " Poor
Indian," whist it would do well to excis
sorize and send to some of the Heads of
Department at Washington, and members
of Congress. Very erroneous ideas obtain
at the east concerning Indians among east
ern people. A few trips across the plains,
running the gauntlet of the "red-skins"
for five or six hundred mils, would give
them more correct ideas of the red men.
'jOf the timber I have heretofore written.
The same features extend all over this see
Stion. A better timbered country I have
ne~ver seen. Thus you have the results of
my observations in this, as well as the Sil
lver Bow mining section. It is disjointed, I
know, for it has been written amid frequent
'interruptions, such as one would naturally
eexpect in a solitary store in a mining camp.
r Under different circumstances I could per
SIhaps have done better. Probably there are
dseveral repetitions. These you must erase.
nA visit, at your leisure, to these regions
awould amply repay you for loss of time and
elexpense. Tours truly, C. 11. S.
Froim the Siiv-er now ligies. t
SILVER Bow CIrY, M. T., Feb. 13, 1865. a
The express leaving this morning, again v
gives me an opportunity of giving you an I
item from our vicinity, which may perhaps
prove acceptable. Since my last commu- I
nication, a consiocerable excitement has
been caused by the discovery of rich dig
gings in what is known as German guich
emptying into Deer Lodge, about ten miles I
west of this point. It has bean known to
a good many, that a party of Germans have
been working there since last July, but
with wha~t results, could not, until recently,
1be ascertained; for on being interrogated
Sconcerning their labor, they would give no
ºsatisfaction, merely saying they were mak
ing "grub." A few days since, however,
it transpired that they had found-some very
,rich pay, equalling the fur famed Summit
Idistrict of Aldei Gutlch. The dirt, so far
r 1as prospected, yields from sixty cents to
r one dollar per pan. The irulch- is a very
~line looking one) with nearly six feet fall,
or}and is very extensive, being about fiteen
e ,miles in length. Some consider the ground
yIworthless, as a general thing, alleging that
0, it must be very spotted, en atccount Of the
5great fall4 Ever! one has left here for
k, ~(Germany"'and our place looks quite de
sernted just- uow. A town site has been laid
(Ututin abeautiful j~ar anld t~imber er the
finest quality is abundant within a hundred
yards of the buildin~ gr1un
Mastcrs ib Silver Fo# move anglively.
Building is progressing" very rapidly, and
we are only waiting ala improvement in the
weather to commence the drainag, of the
gulch. Quite an incentive to building was
given by the news that lilter Bow htdbeen
chosen as the county seat.
Considetable sport was oceaaiiozed this
morning, by a notice signed "-G. B. C."'
advising every one in Deer Lodge eounty
to loox well to their fire-arms, as "otile
Indians were lurking in the vicinity, in
proof of which the author asserts that a
man who had "bin" ei~ht- years among
hostil~e Indiana, had seen m~gnal lights burn
ing on a high peak to the South-west of
this place on the night of the 11th inst.,
and warning, all to be on their guard," as
we are liable to be attadt at any moment,"
There is about as much ground to ranse ala
exqitement of this order,-as there was for
a Certain brainless individual of this town
to go to Virginia, soliciting aid from the
Vigilance Committee to put down the ruf.
fians and sustain order-loving and peace=
able citizens in their efforts to maintain law
and order here. I mistake not, if this doew
not emanate from the same soerce, as it
appears about as sensible-and frank as his
statements to the Committee, when a pply
ing for the capt aincyj of the Vigila~ntes lerc.
Quite an addition to the town has been
made by tihe removal of the county record
er's office from Butte City to this place ; and
I need hardly aidd that Judge Lewis is held
in the highest esteem by one and all, and
will hardly fail to give thesm nvra
satisfaction as Justice of the Peace as he
has, and still does, as County Recorder.
Notwithstanding the deep snow covering
the mountains, a very lively business in
quartz finding is kept up, and the Record-.
er's office is crowded from morning till
night by the indefatigable men who are
hard at work devcloving the vast mineral
resoures of this p art of our Territory.
Not a day passes, but from ten to to fifty
leads are found, some assaying well up
among the hundreds.
In speaking, in my last, of parties build
here, I gave the name of Dr. Crepin. It
should have been, Mr. Ferris. But I must
close, promising you more anon.
Frenm Last Chance Gutch.
HELENA, Feb. 15, 1805,
EDIOR Purr :-Ilaving' never noticed in
your paper any communication from thin
place or vicinity, I will volantecr the .or
- stn .4e my-pen to give yourself and pat
rons a few items of news. This new place,
which you mentioned in a recent ed',
itorial as " already as large as Central
City " is growing up at such a rate that it
has already outstripped the comnp arisen
you made and has a good psospect the corn'
in g season, of rivalling even the metropolis.
It is located on Last Chance gulch, a short
distance below the narrows. where thec hills
on -either side are of moderate elevation
and suitable for pleasant residences. Be'
low the town the gulch disaspears in a~wide
bottom, formed by its junction with that of
ITen Mile Creek and extending to the larger
bottom of Prickly Pear; forming together
one of the largest, handsomest, and most
fertile valleys in the Territory, spacious
enough for thousands of farms, and equal
to the support of the lsave population now
rushing into this gulch. Our mountains
and hills are covered with yellow pine, form
ing the best of building material, Azdd
reaching the outskirts of the town. Be,
sides, our hills are not barrcn or rugged,
but covered with an abundance of bunch
grass, upon which stock fatten, even in
But the principal foundation of our pci
eat prosperity rests upon the extensive and
rich gulch diggings which have been open
ed, prospected, and to some extent worked.
The discovery was first made in the gulch,
a little below the town, and grad ually traced
up the main gulch and its forks, till there
are about forty miles of gulch centering
around this place, that are known to pay
well. Some are very rich indeed. If oni'
Slsjading claims are not as rich as are the best
f claims on Alder crcek, we believe we can
-equal its average and exceed its gross yield.
Our greatest drawback is scarcity of water,
*~though every gulch has some water, and
y. might be made, with care, to yield a mode
rate sluice-head. To meet the deficiency in
this respect, there is a company whose works
.eare completed for several miler, bringing in.
water from 'Ten Mile creek, where there is
'Though we have a Last thbance, urizsIy,
Oro Fino, Day and Nelson Gulch already,
we do not consider this the limit. All of
these were discoverced late last fall or this
winter; ire expect prospectors to open other.
as soon as th~e weather permits. All those
who come here are soon con'vineed that our
hopes are not visionary ; hence the Unprc~
cendented growth and activity of this placc:
I will hnrzraid my reputation as a prophet,
that there will not be a livelier rlaee wirthils
the Territory than Helena.
Many of your old neighbors art already
located here. Major Ilutehinson Is finish
in g a large hotel; Constants & Jurgen have
a large store and business ; Mr1. Peek has a
flourishing saloon, and is building a large
two story house adjoining, for a billiard
roomc ; bliter & Co's., and Egnell's ex
prses have haeoffices here, and are doing a
urrge business; Chancey Cannon, late of
Grniffith & Thompson, is building a large
store, to which will be attached a first class
bakery. I could name many more of your
old neighbors, now with us, but I fear in
truding on. your space.
We ate included in the new county of
egfon, and have some officials awntotg us.
0;l J. Word is Sheriff; 0. Miles, Justice of
Ithe Peace and ppme others whose names
and titles Ido not remembher.. There Ias .$
firm ot law yen amiou st the other dc1.asrt
meats of businea-taickland & hIedgea
-known .to many of our citi sxas. If
l agreersble 1 will ºend you thautc jm.
B Yours truly, 'l pro.