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THE MONTANA POST
D. W. TILTON, & CO., Editors & Proprietors. "Oy Country, M ay she Always be right; But My Country, Aight or Wrong." TI8:4er
VOL. 1. CITY OF VIRGINIA, MONTANA rERRITORY SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1865. NO. 3
rhe W entana ost
D. W. Tilton, & Co.,
D. W. TnL.ro. Bs. R. Drras.
rrBLISUERS AND PROPRIETORS.
office at the City Book Store, Corner
of Wallace and Jackson Streets.
TERMS, IN GOLD:
0ne copy, one year, - - - $7.50
One copy, Eix months, - - - 4.00
One copy, three months, - - - 2.50
states of Advertising.
u~oines cards, (five lines or less,) one year $20 00
,, " " " " six months, 15 00
a,, " I" " three months 1000
One ~uare one year, (ten lines or less) 40 00
One squar8e ix months " " " " 25 00
One square, three months " " " 15 00
Qu.rter column, one year, 60 00
s i months 45 00
S " three " 30 00
lilf cclumn, one year, 90 00
six months, 60 00
, " three mouths 45 00
One column, one year, 150 00
.ix months' 100 00
, " three months, 75 00
Regular adverticers will be allowed to change
quarterly without additional charge.
All bussin^s communications should be addressed
,to D. W. TILTON & Co., Virgtnia City, M. T.
Job :intmin of every description executed in a
Superior manner and at reasonable rate.
40Y.oVNou. SIDNEY EDGERTON, Bannack City;
SECRETARY. 1I. P. TORSEY :
CHIEF JUSTICE, II. L. HOSMER.
AssocI.ATE JCSTICE, AMMI GIDDINGS,
" L. B. WILLISTON,
ArTY. GENERAL. E. B. NEALLEY, Virginia;
MAI I~IAL, C. J. BUCK,
&URVEYRn (IgNEnIAL, M. BOYD.
AUr:lTon, JOHN S. LOTT.
TREASURER, JOHIN J. HULL.
SCU'OL SUEPERINTENDENT, T. J. DIMSDALE,
A.,ssaoR. T. C. EVERTS.
CJL's INTERNAL REVEi UE, N. P. LANGFORD.
County Officers of Madison County.
County Commissioners, JAMES FERGCS,
J.. E. MCCLuRO.
" "' FRD. K. RooT.
Prchnte Judge, Tios. C. Josrs.
sheriff, NEIL 1Iwi:..
Tre surer, -
Recorder, Roartr N. IILL.
Assistant Assessor 1st District, Jr-aRT ol .
Municipal Officers of Virginia City.
]. ..c..·-nx-. w "AzL Agrsao.
Clerk-C. J. D. CURTIS.
Attorney-JOHN. C. TLURK.
Trea.urer-Jon.v S. ROCKZFLLOW.
Street Commiesioner--II J. Jonxso..
The regular commnnications of Virginia City
Lodge, A. F. & A. 3M., are held on the 2d
and 4th Saturday, in each month.
P. S. PFOUTS, W. M.
AmIx. DAVIS, Sect'v.
Prrsching very Sal,bath by Rev. A. M. Tonnr,
at 11 A. M. at the Union Church. Sabbath School
at 2 P. M. All are invited to attend.
W. F. San, ?rs. Jerry Cook.
SANDERS & COOK.
ATTORNEYS at Law, Virginia City, Montana
W. L. MC3IATru.] [W. Y. LOVELL.
McMATRI & LoOVELL.,
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, ,M. T., will promp
tly attend to all professional bnusiness entrusted to
their care. 1-3m
W. J. McCormick. W. Y. Pemberton. II. Burns
McCormick, Pemberton & Burns.
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, Montana Territo
ry. Ofic in Contsnt'e Corner up-stairs. l-6m
W. 3J. STAFFron. R. B. PARROTT, L. W. Botarox,
Cal. Iowa. Col.
STAFFORD, PARROTT & BORTON,
Attorneys at Law, Office on Idaho street, opposite
the court house, Virginia City, Montana Territory.
J B. JUDGE,
Boot & Shoe maker, Virginia City. Montana Ter
ritcry. The best of custom work always on hand.
Cireo m a trial. 1-6m
French Baker, Nevada City, Montana Territory,
Wouhl say to hi, laumerous customers that he is al
*y,;' on hand to :tuff the mouths of the hungry.
Gi;e h:m : cli. 1-6m
CA LIIORNIA HOTEL,
Nevada City, Montana Territorjy.
LOIS BELANGER, - - - - - PROPRIETon.
This hotel is sitaated on Main street, and in the
b.t part of the City. The table supplied with the
tt the market affords, and the saloon furnished
with the bast liquors.
Rooms and beds can be, had at reasonable prices.
tharges for board moderate. 2
A CERTIFICATE OF TEN SHARES OF THE
1 consolidated Silver Star Company. The owner
by proving property and paying for this advertise
meat can have the same at the City Book Store,
Virgina City. 4-tf
*aok and Laddcr Company No. to
i EET regularly every Monday, at 7 o'clock, p.
S., at Mxaonic nail. By order of
C-tf Tom. BAUMx. Captain.
SECOID & FALUCETTE
SADDLERS & HARNESS MAKERS.
cZONSTANTLY on hand and manufacturing from
. the beut material, all styloe of Saddle,, Bridles,
" le and Double 1arne., or anything aele madein
atla saddler shop. Im-14
OERERAL AUCTIOK Z ..
.art ol4tl.nh i vieum to the ale of Live
ad PW SLeas, W1,e of Stocks of Goods
e,,. . l at th. Elephant Cor, v ai
Wallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. M. Castner
proprietor. The proprietor announces to his old
friends and the public generally, that he is now
prepared to accommodate boarders bythe meal, day
or week at low rates. Iis table furnished with the
best the market affords. 26-tt
HAIR DRESSING ROOM.
Hair Dyeing and Cutting Done in
TOM. WHITE, Proprietor.
OFFICE ONE DOOR WEST OF POST OFFICE
Building. Patients visited at their residence
ROATH & CO.,
AMERICAN WATCHES JUST RECEIVED DI
rectfrom the manufactories.
Every description ofJewelry manufactured from
the Native Gold. Call, Examine Specimens,
and then judge.
Sign of the MAMMOTH WAT'CH,
VIRGINIA CITY, Montana Territory.
Virginia City, Sept. 10, 1864.
J. T. HENDERSON,
PAINTER AND SIGN WRITER.
Office on Cover Street, VIginsa City.
LIME AND BRIC K.
Also Flue Building, and all kinds of brick work
one to order. .-3m
ATTORNEY AT LAW, VIRGINIA CITY, MON
tLana Territory. O(Jice, corner of Wallace and
Jackson etreeta, at J. A. Miu~'. Store.
Shaving and Hair D ressing Saloon
3IUSTACIHE AND HAIR COLORING.
South Side of Wallace Street, Va. City
T AY' LW TTTTt· A-D ae -;,
JOHN S. ATCHISON,
REVENUE STAMPS AND BLANKS
FOR SALE AT
ALLEN & MIILLARD'S BANK.
VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY.
V, ONTANA BILLIARD HALL,
Virginia City, Montana Territory. Sabolskie
& Pozuan.ki, Proprietors. 26-tf
F. C. CORNELL, M. D. S. L. F. WARo, M. D
Drs. CORNELL & WARD.
PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS.
Drs. BROOKE & GLICK.
Office on Jackson Street, below Wallace, Virginia
City, Montana Territory. ly-12
Virginia City Council, No. 2, I. L. A.
W ILL meet every Tuesday evening, at 7 o'clock.
By oider of A. M. TORBET, Prea't.
Ii. J. I'AULISUN, Sec'y. 1--tf
Corner of Idaho and Jackson Sts., Vir
ginia City, Montana Territory.
WM. & JOHN A. SHOOT
(Formerly of the Planter's House, Hannibal Mo.)
THE ABOVE NAMED HOUSE, FORMERLY
conducted by Wmin. Sloan, ELaq., having been
enlarged and re-fitted is now open with every facil
ity for the accommodation of Guest, and Boarders.
Comfortable rooms and beds are provided and the
atble is carefully furnished with the best the mar
ket and sea.ous afford.
Pas:.engers for the early Stage Coaches can obtain
good lodgings here and be wakened at the proper
hour. The patronage of the public is respectfully
solictted. W. & Jso. A. S;00f,
ENCUURrIIAUE 1i.1IE NMANUFACTURE.
P OTTER, JOHI)SON & TANNER, corner of Co
ver and Broadway streets, Manufacturers,
Whole-ale and Retail dealers. A miner's candle
suitable for drifting, of the best descLiption. Par
ties buying will save the freight hither and have a
first rate article. 3m--26*
ASSISTANT Assessor of Internal Revenue, 1st
Division, District of Montana. Place of bus
iness at the office of Thompson k Co's Lumber
Yard, on Idaho Street, Virginia City.
Nov. 23d. 1864. 14-tf
Jon. S. LEWIS, N. B UeI.z, D. M. Gzu.Lr.
LE V IS, IALE & CO.
E VERY description of Jewelry made to order from
the Native Gold, and warranted. Particular
attention paid to repairing fine watches. Also En
graving done to order.
SIGN OF THE sOLD WITCH, Jae St., Virgi.i City. I. T
February 25, 1365. 27-tf
NOTICE TO BUILDERS
1. ROCKENFIELD & C. WI7tTSON
ARil prepared to do all kinds of PlaEterin in a
I Workmanlike manner and at a low Apre, the
both having :erved many year at the bu a. If
ou rant a good Job don, give tem a call. For
tharhert cula rmqu at GnEth 4 Thopson'a-2
&tare, a Street
Froma Grizzly Gulch.
MARCH 15, 1865.
EDITOR PosT:-It appears that this sec
tion of country is fast becoming a theme of
lively interest to the people of the Territo
ry and whether it merits the consideration
that is now bing bestowed on it, of course
depends Upon the intrinsic value of its
mines; for whatever may be said to the
contrary, this last named consideration, (i.
e. the mines) is the only one sufficient to
induce an intelligeht people, who have been
accustomed to the comforts of life, to en
dure the privations of mountain life.
No better index of the interest with
which this section is regarded by the peo
ple of the mountains can be had, than the
numerous communications which appear in
your paper from week to week, containing
as many and as various opinions as there
are correspondents. It is certainly unfor
tunate not only for this section, but for the
whole Territory, that, this is the case, and
were it within the province and power of an
editor to discriminate between the real and
the visionary, his discriminative powers
wyuld be of incalculable benefit to all.
It is not my intention to enter into a
lengthy controversy with any of your cor
respondents, but, miner as I am, and not a
citize'n of any town, speculator in any town
site, or even a holds of any town property
whatever, I cannot forego noticing a para
graph that appeared in a correspondence in
your paper, dated as the town (Helena) sit
\lated at the mouth of this gulch. It is as
" The city will be sickly during the coming sum
men, on acoountt of the c ircity of watt, there be
ing but about a -luice head in the gulch, and when
miuiog commince- in earne-t, it will be unfit for
uer, and if ued, the r-.-ult will be iickne-s."
Now vour correspondent takes it for
granted, that as soon as '"mining com
me-nc.- in earnest," the people will not
onlv be compeiled to drink and eat dirt, but
o) Iair mi wiater privileges are concerned,
thiov will have acce-s to noLhing but a cess
pool. .ll this is to b) practiced, and, as an
!nvitabl'! conseiquenc', thll people must
:ndiure the inl!ic;ion of which your cor
responde.nt speaks, notwithstanding the fact
thtt thi r! is onr spring certainly (and I ain
iiformI'd rlti:t t;here ;iaruc Sveral) within half
Sh:ii il of the centre of town. Of course
tlhi p:'opl- will not follow the example of
your city and re.,it to thi hauling of water
!atitl s istcm of water-works is introduced.
I belivs:e ino one h;as directly assailed
this region as to its gulch mines, notwitl
dis. ie,"as. ' ft n tin t liefr ~ and
mines. I shall state what I know'ti t c
facts. In this gulch, nine miles in length,
the greater part of which has been worked,
duiing the past winter, I do not know,
neither have I heard of a single claim that
viel.led less than three dollars to the tub of
pay dirt. So far, all the mining has been
Joni by drifting, but from the summit down,
for throe miles, it is surface diggings, which
:s vet, have not beenI1 worked. It is by no
lnmans an ulnconlnll occurrence for claims
to yield an average from eight to ten dollars
to the tub of pay dirt. Much more has
be1n obtained. There is, and will be, dur
inz tho summer, at least one sluice head of
water from the summit to within two miles
of the miouth of the gulch, at which point
the water sinks. It will be attempted, and
no on., doubts tho success of the under
takking, to conduct the water in a wooden
channel, front thence to the mouth of the
I will not intrude upon your space by
giving a lengthy desuription of any of the
oth :r numen ous gulches in this region, but
will b g your attention while I casually
notice a few of thtmo. The first is Nclson's
gulch, which, to judge of. the attention that
:t is now attracting, is of no mean impor
tanc. Mining in Nelson's gulch, is very
s:milar to that of this gulch. It nearly all
will have to be drifted, and hats a perfectly
dry bed rock, but there is an abundance of
water. It is said to prospect neIarly as well
Grizzly, and the best evidence of its rich
ness that I know of is, that a number of
miners from Alder gulch have paid good
round stums for claims, and have gone to
work to open them. Its length is five miles.
It heads near the summit of Grizzly and
runs nearly at right angles to it.
There are also two dry gulches between
Helena and Montana cities, one of which
is unquestionably very rich. Enough is
known of the other to convince all that It
will pay, but how extensively, further de
velopment is necessary to show. They are
both about nine miles in length, bead in the
same summit, and run almost parallel.
Of the numerous other gulches coinpris
ing this mining region, I know nothing save
report; but should they prove as rich as the
sanguiue would have us believe that they
aie, this district will be second, in extent
and richnces, to no gulch mining region in
In reference to quartz, upon which the
future of the country depends, very little is
known, save that there are numerous lodes,
the development of which, although in its
infancy, has proved some of them to be
valuabic. Much attention will be paid,
during the coming summer, to the develop
ment of a number of lodes, as well as to
the prospecting for others. Extensive com
binations are being entered into, and as
soon as the snow has sufficiently disappear
ed, prospecting parties will he scattered in
every direction through the mountains. I
will just mention one prospect which I
know to have been taken from one lode, at
a depth of twenty feet, A single pan of
quartz was pulverised and washed, which
yielded ten dollars. I have heard numer
ons other reports which would seem fabu
ions, but as they are only hearsay, I will
not repeat them, but leave it to the future
to reveal the untold wealth with which our
far-off mountain home abounds.
To the beauties of the surrounding cen
ery, my pen is inadequate to do justice.
The gulch opens into the famous Missouri
valley, which is about ifteen miles in
width, dotted here and there with numerous
long Iines of w!llow ard small timber,
marking the meandering courses of as many
streams, as they wind their way to the great
receptacle of all this region-the Missouri
As for grazing and farming purposes,
this valley is unsurpassed. The soil is that
rich alluvial which eharacterises the fa
meesrfarmiusg land of tbhe"Westerna taes,
and its numerous streams render it so easy
of irrigation as to obviate, in a great mea
sure, the great expense incident to the cul
tivation of the valleys in this mountainous
Farmers' & tL uncemaelne l Moet lUtg
The following are the proceedings of a
meeting of the Farmers and Ranchemen of
Upper Deer Lodge Valley, held at Jones'
Ranche, February 11, 1865 :
WHEREAs, By an act of the Legislature
of Montana Territory, recognizing the cus
toms and regulations previously existing as
the law governing land claims or ranches,
in a valley or neighborhood, we, the set
tliers of Upper Deer Lodge Valley have this,
the 11th day of February 1865, assembled
in pursuance of public notice at Jones;
Ranche to reduce to writing, reaffirm and
give publicity to said customs and regula
tions; therefore, be it
Resolved, That stake and foundation hold
Resolved, That staking consists of one or
more stakes stuck at one or more corners
of his claim; which stake must bear the
date of the pre-emption and a description
of lines designating metes and bounds of
Resolved, That a foundation consists of
four logs notched and saddled ready for
Resolved, That at the expiration of thirty
days, work must be resuieed by the claim
ant and not more than ten (10) days mhust
elapse at any one time, without represen
tation by work, until a cabin or house, or
the amount of one hundred and fifty dol
l:rs ($150) worth of work has been com
pleted; when this has been done, it holds
good the .alimant, without representation,
for the period of six months after vacation.
Resolved, That the stakes are no longer
essential after a house or cabin is completed1
or the amount of one hundred and fifty
dollars ($140) worth of work has been done.
Resolved, That claims may be represent
ed either in person or by proxy.
jesolved, That any person may use the
water of any branch or creek, for farming
;,rpost.. but must return it to ,.. L.a -s
tec branch or creek.tro,... wh;h it is taken.
:tt the lower end of his claim if required to
Resolved, That the right to carry water
through another claim in a ditch shall not
hr denied any one. Said ditches must be
run so as to be least injurious to those
through which it passes, and said ditches
shill not be allowed to overflow. If any
damage accrue, the owner or owners of the
ditches be held responsible.
Resolved, That after the customs of stak
ing and foundation are complied with, men
working in co-partnership can represent
one or more claims by work on one clauln.
Resolved, That no person or persons shall
stake or claim linds for persons not actual
settlers of the valley.
Resolved. That the 20th day of March of
the present year, 1I865, is designated, to
burn the grass off, and is limited to the 31st
of .same month and year. Any parties
putting out fire in those days, for the pur
pose of burning grass, if any damage ac
crues, the burners shall not be held liable,
but if the burning be done thereafter, ten
days notice shall be given in three public
Resolved, That nothing herein shall be so
construed as to conflict with any act or law
of the Territorial Legislature.
Resolved, That we do severally and col
lectively pledge ourselves to support and
carry out the foregoing resolutions, and see
that every man has his rights under them.
Resolved, That the secretury of the meet
meeting send, with request to publish, to
the editor of the MloNTAA Posr, the fore
A true copy of the origina!.
.JSEI'II ALLEN, President.
ALFRED GRAVES, Secretary.
A WONDERFUL LAKE.-Now that oil on
the brain is becoming somewhat prevalent
in Nevada, we hear some wonderful and
exceedingly greasy stories. The latest big
thing. in oil, is a lake, situated six miles
cast of Ragtown. The lake is about one
mile square and is surrounded on all (oil)
sides by almost perpendicular walls of slate
rock some 200 feet high, and Is covered
with a greasy scum from an inch and a half
to two inches thick. This scum is sup
posed to be crude rock oil. The water of
the lake is a strong solution of salt and
borax. Such is its density that a person
leaping into the lake from a boat finds it
impossible to sink lower than the armpits.
This lake, or the land about it, was located
and survw.yed by parties in this city, who ex
pected to make fortunes out of the borax
which is found in it. Now, however,since the
whole American world has gone wild on oil
they think they have something better thant
borax-ile! On almost every side of the
hike are springs, and dut of these numer
ous springs flows " ile "-or at least the
stuff which forts the scum on the lake, and
which looks "wery like ile." On the edges
of the lake are found large quantities of
crystals of pure borax, and the locators
think a reef of borax exists in some parts
of the lake. !They intend to collect and
test the scum found on the lake, and if it
should prove to be " ile " will further pros
peet by boring. We have heard much of
this lake before-or one in the same local
it---and though we have heard of a big
snaik and things being found in it, never
before heard of the oil. Perhap, the big
snaik bass"defnoeted," and the seam on
the lake comes froa the prese rising from
bis bur earcass !--TerItorof Enterprise.
From the Sacrarento Union.
The French Imperial organ in San Fran
cisco is disposed to treat the story of Gwin's
enterprise as a balloon, or sensation device.
It also professes to discredit the idea that
Napoleon ontemplate. the permanent es
tablishment of a French colony on the Pa
cific coast, but desires to know why Amer
ican journals should express alarm or anger
at the prospect of having Frenchmen for
neighbors. Unfortunately for the organ,
the history of Napoleon's diplomacy-to
use the mildest term-in connection with the
invasion of Mexico will prevent the entire
success of our imperial cotemporary's de
sign to lull the suspicions of our people.
Gwin may be nothing more than a specula
ting adventurer; he may not have a com
mission from either Napoleon or Maximil
lian in his pocket. Marshal Bazaine's
concentration of force at Matatlan and the
projected occupation of Sonora may mean
nothing more than a farther attempt to es
tablish the authority of Maximillian in the
States bordering on the Gulf of California.
But are we not warned by the fact of the
invasion against putting our trust in the
truth of imperial declarations of purpose
or policy? Did not Napoleon enter into a
solemn engagement to refrain from inter
fering with the form of government existing
ing in Mexico at the time of the "inter
vention?" And in the teeth of his pledges,
did he not, instead of seeking a redress of
grievances, overthrow the republic, set up
an imperial puppet, and without even get
ting the formal sanction of an election,
proclaim that the Mexican nation accepted
the empire ? The treaty of the three Pow
ers which formed the basis of the inter
vention, the recorded declaration of Druyn
de Lhuys to Minister Dayton, the procla
mations of Marshal Forey, the history of
the civil war which is still raging and which
prevents the so-called Emperor from visit
ing Inure than half a dozen of the Mexican
States without an army to protect his per
son, constitute achapter of perfidy unpar
alled in this country. We should think no
honorable, high-spirited, truth-loving
Frenchman could review iuis record without
condemning the ruler who had thus stained
the glory of a great nation. We under
stand l'Echo du Pacifique to endorse and
applaud the whole transaction. What value
then, should be given to the present denial
that Gwin has authority from Napoleon or
Maximniiliann to govern Northern Mexico, or
the affected disbelief of the same party in
the roality ofthoe oL*ome set forth by Gwin's
agents ? If misrepresentation-again we
employ the softest possible term in place
of the simpler Saxon-was right and proper
and praiseworthy when the throne of Max
imillian was still an unrevealed vision at
Paris, why may it not be equally admira
ble, in the estimation of imperialists,
while Gwin's duchy is yet to be estab
Why do Americans regard with apprehen
sion an attempt to establish a French colo
rny in Sonora ? Certainly not because of
any objection to the neighborhood of na
tives of France. Thousands of Frenchmen
live in the United States, and before the
outbreak of the rebellion the sons of the soil
and the sons of France could meet under
the stars and stripes, and drink to the mem
ory of Washington and Lafayette. They
may-they will-so meet again, but it will
be when the infamies of the Second Empire
and the abuse of our Government and peo
ple by French Secessionists shall have been
repudiated and atoned for by the great na
tion which can still boast of a Cochin, a
Laboulaye, and a de Gasparin. It is the
custom of the London Times, in replying
to American attacks upon the British ari.
tocracy, to speak of them as " charges
against the British people." L'Echo du
Pacfique adroitly chooses to treat Ameri=
can hostility to the anti-republican projects
of Napoleon us repugnance to neighborly
intercourse with Frenchmtn, a feeling
which has no existence in this country.
What does excite apprehension is the sus
picion that French imperialists who entered
Mexico to overthrow t republic at the bid
ding of their master; who are known to be
hostile to American institutions: who have
been trained to accept the detestable maxim
that" the end justifies the means," and
who, therefore, have no more hesitation in
breaking their plighted word than Napoloen
had in breaking his oath to support the
French Republic, are about to effect a lodg
ment on the adjacent coast, in connection
with men like Gwin who also hate the
American Union and have plotted its over
throw. We object to the kind of Americans
who are invited there under the auspices
of the traitor Gwin, because we know they
are cnpable of making Guyamas a nest of
pirates and a base of operations against
California. But another class of French, as
well as another class of Americans, might
occupy both Sonor:a and Sinaloa without
exciting among our people any harsher
feeling than a desire to promote their pros
perity and cultivate familiar intercourse
with them. As the case stands, there is
ample reason for distrust, and we hope the
time is approaching when the "boys in
blue" will get permission to cross the bor-,
der and show Basiine and Gwin that they
can't hold Sonora for Napoleon, Maximil
lian, Jeff Davis, or any other enemy of
Ta n MAsalosA ESTAra.-The celebrated
Mariposa estate of Fremont is valued at
$10,000,000. It is divided into 100,000
shares, of $100 each. These shar. which
yield considerable dividends, are held by
the following parties: 12.500 by Selover,
12,500 by Park, 24,000 by Ketcham, 2,000 by
Field, 2,000 by Sterens, 25,000 by Ketchum,
Opdyke and Iloey, and 8,500 by Fremont.
The 25,000 credited to Ketohum are held in
trust for Fremont, probably with a healthy
incumltranoe on them. The company is
managed in New York.
Lusmna capital is now being fivested is
oil enterp'ises (petroloam) at the rate at
$,5oo0,lo a day.
Pmas Moxrr.--Sole inquiry being made
as to whether prise money is awarded to
the victors when the enemy's ship is sttnk
or destroyed, as in the eause of the Kear
sarge and Alabama, *e take, by way of e.
sponese, the following upon the whole sub
ject of prise money from the New Ameris
y-.etpdcan.. Wed'Btere atberal subserip.
tion for the oficers and crew of the Kear
urge was made up by the merchaute of
New York, the prise money allowed by law
for their gallant exploit being considered
The distribution of prise money, or of the
proceeds of the sale of ships or goods ad
Judged by Courts of Admirality to be good
prise, is earefolly regulated by the statutes
of the United States. The provisions are
very minute; bdt substatially they are as
follows: 1. When the captures are made
by public armed ships, if the captured
ship be of equal or greater force than the
ship making the capture, the proceeds be
long wholly to the captors; otherwise they
are equally divided between the United
States and the captors. The commanding
officers of fleets, squadrons, or single ships
take three-twentieths, the whole of which
goes to the commander of a single ship ac
ting independently ; but if he is under the
command of an officer of a fleet or squad
ron, that officer has one-twentieth, and the
commander of the ship the other two. Sea
Lieutenants, Captains of Marines, and Sail'
ing bM.sters take two-twentieths; Chap
lains, Lieutenants of Marines, Surgeons,
Pursers, Boatswains, Gunners, Carpenters,
and Master's Mates, Captain's Clerks,
Schotolmasters, Boatswain s Mates, Gun
ner's Mates, Carpenter's Mates, Ship Stew
ards, Sailmakers, Masters-at-Arms, Armor
era, Coxswains and Coopers three and a half
twentieths; Gunner's, Yoemen, Quarter.
masters, Quarter Gunners, Sailmaker's
Mates, Sergeants and Corporals of-marines,
Drummers, Fifers and extra petty offi-ers,
two and a half twentieths i; seamen, ordi
nary seamen, marines, and all other per
son doing duty on board, seven-twentieths.
One or more public ships in sight of a cap
ture share equally in the prise or prises.
A bounty is paid by the United States of
$'20 for each person on board of any ship of
the enemy at the beginning of an engage
ment, which is sunk cr destroyed by a pub
lic armed vesselof equal or inferior force;
and this bounty is divided as prize money.
2. If the ships or goods are captured by
private armed ships commissioned by Gov
ernment, the prize property, within sixty
days after condemnation, shall be sold by
the Marshal of the District and in the man
ner and on the terms designated by the
owners of the privateer, and the proceeds
divided between the owners, the officers
and crew, according to their articles of
agreement; and if there are no articles of
agreement, one-half goes to the owners and
one-half to the offieers and crew. Usually
if not always, the shipping articles of a
privateer or letter of maique determine the
proportion in which the proceeds are to be
INTERESTING TO MIlNns.-A correspondent
of the Nevada Transcript, writing from Lit.
tie York, January 26th, gives the following
account of an experiment which has lately
been made in wheels:
I will give you the result of an experi
ment which has just been satisfactorily
tested, at least by the proprietors of the
mill, Curran & Bueklan, who have, during
the past fall, built a fine mill at Empire
Ilill in Little York township, Nevada county
for crushing what is known here as blue
cement. Their mill has at present eight
stamps, of seven hundred and forty pounds
each, or thereabouts, and will, when com
pleted, have sixteen stamps ,f the above
weight. The first power applied to the
mill was the Fouchery Turbine Wheel. The
proprietors, after giving this wheel what
they considered a pretty fair test, came to
the conclusion that it could never be made
to do the work required at their mill when
completed, and at once commenced a wheel
which T. Patterson, who suggested the plan
of the wheels, calls the "'ilurdy Gurdy."
The wheel is built of wood, with the excep
tion of the shaft, bolts, etc. It is ten feet
in diameter and not more than seven inches
breast. It is of the simplest construction.
There are no buckets to catch the water,
but the water is forced by hydraulic pres
sure through an inch and a fourth nozzle,
which is so pointed as to strike the arms of
the wheel about one and a half or two In
ches from the end. The. pressure of the
water is the same as that applied to the
Turbine wheel, and by using, as near as
could be measured, twenty-eight inches of
water, the eight stamps are forced to jog
along at the rate of fifty-four drop. per
minute, apparently with all ease, and it is
the opinion of all who have seen the
wheel at work, that it would drive sixteen
stamps with the same amount of water.
The expense of building this wheel is said
not to exceed two hundred dollars all told.
Parties interested can see the " Hardy
Gurdy" in operation, almost any time o't
day or night, at little York.
BAuLLOOsN-Sc- The Philadelphia Inquirer
-The grentest literary novelty of say am
transpired the other day. Eladr BraS
Coates made a balloon ascension, with Pro.
fessur Low, in the Quaker City. While i
the sky, he wrote a poem of one bhudred
lines, entitled a "Balloon Poem." This is
something heretofore unattempted by any
A MasNen of Gen. Meade's staff re.ntly
saw a ragged boy with an uncommon large
muffler about his neck. He askedhimwhat
was the matter with him, and the boy re
plied that he had got the iteb. The eieer
investigated, and found important die'
patches to Gen. Lee.
SXrTv thousand aores of lead have bee
looated by petroleum bores lo Southern EL
ATthb Chicago wharves 362 tessels r
laid up for the winter.