Newspaper Page Text
A TILTON, ^ CO., Editors ^ Proprietors. ^ .
* MyCo_ntry, May she Always be right, But My Country, Eight or Wrong. - TE*MS:-$7,50 In Gold Per Tear in Advance
V^L' L CITY OF VIRGINIA, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1865. NO. 31
-^-*^-^ mv_ . I ??????????????????????????????^?M,'?Mt^?^^^^ll^^^M^^^^^^'^II*l^l^tl^*1?
Tj. W. Tilton, ^ Co.,
p. tf. Tiltox. Bex. R. Dittes. f
PUBLISHERS AND PROPRIETORS. ^
Office at tne City Book Store, Corner I of ^Wallace and Jackson Streets.
TERMS, IN GOLD:
QM copy, one year .... - $750 One copy, six months, .... 4.00 ' 0^e copy, three months, .... o.50
Hales of Advertising*
Business cards, (five lines or leas,) one year $20 00 m ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ six months, 15 00 a ^ n ^ ^ ^ three months 10 00 . One square one year, (ten lines or less) 40 00
0_s square six months ^ ^ ^ '^ 25 00
One square, three months ^ - ^ 15 00
Quarter column, one year, 60 00
u ^ six months 45 00 .
^ ^ three ^ 30 00 \
Half column, one year, 90 00 v
^^ fix months, CO 00
ii ^ three mouths 45 00 -
One column, one year, 150 00
^ six months' 100 CO
a ^ three month*, 75 00
Regular advertisers will be allowed te change - quarterly without additional charge.
All buskin^'* communications should be addressed ^to D. W. TILTON 4 Co., Virgtnia City, M. T.
Job Inn ting of every description executed in a 1 Superior manner and at reasonable rates.
^ s??^ ^ ?^ ^ ^ ^ *^ *^ ^ i gFFICIAL DIRECTORY.
flbvaasoa, SIDNEY EDGERTON, Bannack City ;
fiECBETABT. II. P. TORSE Y I
CHitr JtsTiCE, II. L. HOSMER. Associate Jlstice, AMMI GIDDINGS, L. B. WILLISTON, Am. General. E. B. NEALLEY, Virginia ; Marshal, C. J. BUCK, Ecavxvoa Gkxeral, M. BOYD. Auditor, JOHN S. LOTT. Treasurer, JOHN J. HULL. Pcuool Superintendent, T. J. DIMSDALE, Assessor, T. C. EVERTS. Co/a Internal Revenue, N. P. LANG FORD.
Comity Officers of Tladison County.
County Commissioners, James Fergus, ^ ^ J. E. McCluro.
^ ^ Fan . K. Root.
Probate Judge, Tnos. C. Joscs.
Sheriff, Neil Howik.
Recorder, Ro.ert N. Hill.
Assistant Assessor 1st District, Jebrt 03K .
.TJuniclpal Officers of Virginia City.
I***** .J^^.c..J.->^ 'i. ?^. 1 ALxiArsr.no. Marshal ^ Wm. Dkascey. Clerk^ C. J. D. Curtis. Attorney^ John C. Turk. Treasurer ^ John S. Rockfellow. Aesessor ^ Thomas Pearson. Street Commissioner ^ HU J. Johnson.
The regular communications of Virginia City Lodge, A. F. A A. M., are held on the 2d sad 4th Saturdev, in each month.
P. S. PFOUTS, W. M.
Alxx. Davis, Sect'?.
Preaching every Sabbath by Rev. A. M. Toret, st 11 A. M. at the Union Church. Sabbath School st 2 P. M. All are invited to attend.
W.F.Sanders. Jerry Cook.
SANDEES * COOK.
VTTORNEYS at Law, Virginia City, Montana Territory.
W. L. McMath.] [W. Y. Lovell.
JIcVIATII A LOVELL,
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, M. T., will promp^ tly attend to all professional business entrusted to their care. l-3na
W. J. McCormick. W. Y. Pemberton. 11. Bums
McCormick, Pemberton ^ Burns.
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, Montana Territo- ry. Ofiics in Content's Cornerup-stairs. l-6m
W. M. STAFTonn, R. B. Parrott, L. W. Borton, Cal. Iowa. Col.
STAFFORD, PARROTT Ac BORTON,
Attorneys at Law, Office on Idaho street, opposite the court house, Virginia City, Montana Tenitoiy. 2-3 m
J B. JUDGE,
Boot A Shoe maker, Virginia City. Montana Ter^ ritory. The best of custom work always on hand. Cive me a trial. l-6m
French Baker, Nevada City, Montana Territory, *ouid say to bis numerous customers that he is u* wsyi on hand to stuff the mouths of the hungry.^ I Oive him a cfili. l-6m
j pALlTORNIA HOTEL,
Nevada City, Montana Territory. kOl'IS BELANGER, Proprietor.
This hotol is situatsd on Main street, and in the toft part of the City. The table supplied with the toft the market affords, and the saloon furnished with the best liquor*.
Rooms and beds can be bad at reasonable prices. ?barges for board moderate. 2
\ A CERTIFICATE OF TEN SHARES OF THE *V consolidated Silver Star Company. The owner '7 provmg property and paying for this advertise- ^*ut can have the same at the City Book Store, ?ginia City. 4^ tf
Hook and 1. adder Company No. 1.
MEET regularly every Monday, at 7 o'clock, p. at Jiaconic nail. By order of t^ tf Tom. Badmk. Captain.
^ECORD Ac FACCETTE
SADDLERS 6 HARNESS MAKERS.
( 'onstaxtl Y on band ac.l manufacturing from y Ibe bast material, all ttylas of Saddles, Lridi*, Ki* and Double Harness, or anything else inadeiD ?mclsa* saddler shop. Im^ 14
PirUcuiar attention given ts) the tale of Live a 1 ^>i>**^> M^^^ ox* Stocks of Goods
r\*v 1 81 *^ EJephast Corral, Virginia
7' * T- 3m^ li**
L BUSINESS CARDS.
j jDTnoTioriL? ~ ~~~
j Wallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. M. Castner J proprietor. The proprietor announces to his old ti^ t. friends and the public generally, that he is now l li' prepared to accommodate boarders by the meal, day rv or week at low rates. His table furnished with the Lf r best the market affords. 26-tf I _ id.
3 HAIR DRESSING ROOM. e.
= Hair Dyeing and Cutting Done in m GOOD STYLE. d
TOM. WHITE, Proprietor.
0 5=2? I
Wm. DECKER. m
0 Snr ffton Dentist, m
* /~\FFICE ONE DOOR WEST OF POST OFFICE ^ ? V ' Building. Patients visitad at their residence tl
^ whende-ired. ? |^ tf^ 30 w
I ROATH ^ CO., 3
10 A MERICAN WATCHES JUST RECEIVED DI m -s is- rectfrom the manufactories.
Every description of Jewelry manufactured from jt ,j the Native Gold. Call, Examine Specimens, and then judge.
a Sign ef the MAMMOTH WATCH, J
VIRGINIA CITY, Montana Territory. ^
- Virginia City, Sept. 10, 1364. f? 3m^ 31 y
J. T. HENDERSON, f
r, PAINTER AND SIGN WRITER.
Office on Cover Street, Viginia City.
L I M E AND BRICK.
HENRY B AI ER- ^^
Also Flue Building, and all kinds of brick work c ; one to older. 5^ 3m ^
Wm. CHUMASEEO. !
r' A TTORNEY AT LAW, VIRGINIA CITY, MON ' 1\. tana Territory. Office, coiner of Wallace and Jackson streets, at J. A. Miug'o Store.
4^ ir I
Shaving and Hair D resting Salocn ^
MUSTACHE AND HAIR COLORING. :
South Side of Wallace Street, Va. City *^ t
TVAVC CTIMTTTT7 t^ ^ ^
JOHN S. ATCHISON, |
NOTARY PUBLIC. \
- REVENUE STAMPS AND BLANKS : ity FOR SALE AT :
2d ALLEN ^ MILLARD'S BANK.
VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY. 1 _ 3C^ tf l
!Tj VJONTANA BILLIARD HALL, 1
Virginia City, Montana Territory. Sabolskie | an A Posnanski, Proprietors. 26-tf
_ F. C. Cornell, M. D. S. L. F. Ward, M. D 1 ?7 Drs. COBNELL Ac. WAltD.
' PHYSICIANS ^ SURGEONS. !
?e. (Successors to) i
Drs. BROOKE A GL1CK.
ll. Office on Jackson Street, below Wallace, Virginia City, Montana Territory. ly^ 12
iPp Virginia City Council, No. 2, U. L. A.
WILL meet every Tue.-dny evening, at 7 o'clock. By older of A. M. TORBEf, Pre?'t. us H. J. Paulison, Sec'y. 18 ^ tf
to PLANTER'S HOUSE!
5 Corner of Idaho and Jackson Sts-, Vir-
oi. ginia City, Montana Territory. j
5 Wm. ^ JOHN A. SHOOT!
j1**^ (Formerly of the Planter's House, Hannibal Mo.) PROPRIETORS.
^ rpiJE ABOVE NAMED HOUSE, FORMERLY j A conducted by Wm. Sloan, Ectj., having been
'er- enlarged and re-fitted is now open with every facil- 1 ai. ity for the accommodation of Guest) and Boarders. I Comfortable rooms and beds are provided and the [
^ atble is carefully furnished with the best the mar- j 1 ket and seasons afford.
Passengers for the early Stage Coaches can obtain ^Ti good lodgings here and be wakened at the proper I al^ hour. Tue patronage of the public il resp3ctfull> j ^^ solicited. Wat, AJxo. A. SuOOI,
19^ tf Proprietors.
ENCUURUAUE liV).ME MANUFACTURE. SOAP! CANDLES!!
OR ^POTTER, JOHNSON A TANNER, corner of Co- 1 A ver and Broadway streets, Manufacturers, j , Wholesale and Retail dealers. A miner's candle :?e suitable for drifting, of tbe best description. Pur- ? ties buying will save the freight hither and have a | Jed first rate article. 3m-26^ j
:es- JERRY COOK,
^ A SSISTANT Assessor of latsrsal Revenue, 1st i A. Divudon, District of Montana. Place of bns-
rrr; iness ot the ofEca of Thompson A Go's Lumber ^ ^. r Yard, on Idaho Street, Virginia City. jj Nov. 23d, 1 804 . H-tf
Joa~S. Lewis, N. B Hale, D. M. Gillett. ~ LEWIS, II ALE ^ CO.
* Jewelry Manufacturers.!
}^ T7' VERY description of Jewelry madato orderfrom _' Hi tho Native Gold, and warranted. Particular j attention paid to repairing fine watches. Also En^ graving done to older.
:S- SIM OP THS UOLD WATCH Jacksoa St. Virginia Citr. M. T j om February 25, 1365. 27^ tf
156, ' ^ ^
9jD NOTICE TO BUILDERS
_ 7. ROCKENFIELD ^ C. WHITS ON \
\ HE prepared to do all kinds of Plastering in s
a| /x Woikmaulike manner and ut a low figure, they , * ! both having served many years at the business. If J iiv^ j you want a good job done, give them a call. For j ads ftirthsr particulars enquire at Griffith A Thompson's ai* Store, Liabc Street.
From Grizzly Gulch. m
March 15, 1865. l\ Editor Post: ^ It appears that this sec- ri tion of country is fast becoming a theme of I lively interest io the people of the Territo- tr I ry nnd whether it merits the consideration ri I that is now b.-ing bestowed On it, of course m [ depends Upon the intrinsic value of its ai iinine8; for whatever may be said to the oi J contrary, this last named consideration, (t. 81 e. the mines) is the only one sufficient to ti induce an intelligent people, who have been h accustomed to the comforts of life, to en^ dure the privations of mountain life. p
No better index of the interest with which this section is regarded by the peo^ ple of the mountains can be had^, than the n numerous communications which appear in jour paper from week to week, containing w as many and as various opinions as there R ; are correspondents. It is certainly unfor- > tun.tte not only for this seetion, but for the whole Territory, that, tbis is the case, and were it within the province and power of an ? editor to discriminate between the real and ! the visionary, bis discriminative powers . [ wyuld be of incalculable benefit to nil.
It is not my intention to enter into a , 1 lengthy controversy with any of your cor- . ' respondents, but, miner as I am, and not a II
citia_-n of any town, speculator in any town ^ site, or even a holds of any town property I . whatever, I cannot forego noticing a para^ graph that appeared in a correspondence in . your paper, dated at the town (llelena) sit-
- anted at the mouth of this gulch. It is as follows :
^ The city will be sickly during the coming sum- j me.-, on acoount of the scircity of watsr, thire be- ' ing but about a slsics bead in the gulch, and when ? uuuing commences in earnest, it will be unfit lor t ^ use, and if u.ed, the result will be sickness.^
Now your correspondent takes it for I granted, that as soon as ^ mining com- I mencea in earnest,^ the people will not k only be compelled to drink and eat dirt, but t so ^far as water privileges are concerned, ^
- they will have acce;-s to nothing but a cess- * pool. All this is to b.^ practiced, nnd, as an I inevitable consequence, the people muot j endure the infliction of which your cor- 1 respondent speaks, notwithstanding the fact 1 that there is one spring certainly (and I am f
- informed that there are several) within half 1 n a mile of the centre of town. Of course
the people will not follow the example Of ^
your city and resort to the hauling of water '
until a system of water-works is introduced. 1
y 1 believe no one has directly assailed
this region as to its gulch mines, notwith- (
i-.-r V *K^ ;'-?;n^i iLions. tlio beliefs and Oisbeiieta as to richness anu --.4MU 0f
mines. I shall state what I know to oe
facts. In this gulch, nine miles in length,
the greater part of which has been worked,
dining tho past winter, I do not know,
neither have I heard of a single claim that
g yielded less than throe dollars to the tub of
pay dirt. So far, ail the mining has been
Jono by drifting, but from the summit down,
for three miles, it is surface diggings, which
as yet, have not been worked. It is by no
means an uncommon occurrence for claims
to yie'd an average from eight to ten dollars
- to ^the tub of pay dirt. Much more has been obtained. There is, and will be, dur^ ing th.) summer, at least one sluioe head of
l* water from the summit to within two miles of the mouth of thc gulcb, at which point jj the water sinks. It will be attempted, and no one doubts tho success of the under^ taking, to conduct the water in a wooden 3* channel, from thence to the mouth of the gulch.
1 will not intrude upon your space by giving a lengthy description of any of the ia oth or numerous gulches in this region, but will b'g your attention while I casually ~ notice a few of them. The first is Nelson's k* gulch, which, tojudge of. the attention that u is now attracting, is of no mean impor^ tance. Mining in Nelson's gulch, is very _ similar to that of this gulch. It nearly all n i will have to be drifted, and has a perfectly ? 1 drv bed rock, but there is an abundance of water. It is said to prospect nearly as well r^ Grizzly, and the best evidence of its rich^ ness that 1 know of is, that a number of P miner* from Alder gulch have paid good , 1 1 round sums for claims, and h ive gone to work to open them. Its length is five miles. Y It heads near the summit of Grizzly and 'en runs nearly at right angles to it.
There are also two dry gulches between ^ j Helena and Montana cities, one of which he I is unquestionably very rich. Enough is ir- 1 known of the other to convince all that It I will pay, but how extensively, further de- velopment is necessary to show. They are Jf j both about nine miles in length, head in the j same summit, and run almost parallel. Of the numerous other gulches compris-
- j ing this mining region, I know nothing save ^* i report ; but should they prove as rich as the
sauguiue would have us believe that they , aie, this district will be second, in extent ^* and richness, to no gulch mining region in He I the world.
ir- ! In reference to qunrti, upon which the a future of the country depends, verv little is I known, save that thero are numerous lodes, ~ j the development of which, although in its ! infancy, ha* proved some of them to be l8t j valuable. Much attention will be paid, Hi \ during the coming summer, to the develop^ ment of a number of lodes, as well as to the prosp 'Cling for others. Extensive com-
- binations are being entered into, and ns rt' soon as the snow has sufficiently disappear^ ed, prospecting parties will be scattered in every direction through the mountains. 1
'' will just mentiou one prospect which I ,m kuow to have been taken from one lode, at M^ depth of twentv feet. A single pan of n' quartz was pulverized and washed, which -I yielded ten dollars. I have beard numer- ous other reports which would seem fabu^ lous, but as they are only hearsay, I will I not repeat them, but leave it to the futuro j to reveal the untold wealth with which our far-off mountain boms abounds. , a 1 To the beauties of tbo surrounding accn- cy ! erv, rnv pen is inadequate to do justice.^ ^ ! The gulch opens into tbe famous Missouri '^,r ! vallev, which is about fifteen miles ia B * widtfi, dotted hero and there with numerous llftftf lines of wlilcw ard iS>*H timber, |
marking thc meandering courses of as many ^ streams, ns they wind tbeir way to the great receptacle of all tbis region ^ ^the Missouri I river.
As for grazing and farming purposes, ci this valley ia unsurpassed. Tbe soil is that er rich alluvial which characterizes the fa- It mous farming land of the Western States, N and its numerous streams render it so easy ta of irrigation as to obviate, in a great mea- ci Mire, the great expense incident to the cul- ic tivation of the valleys iu tbis mountainous at region. MINER. w th
Farmers' Ac Ranchemen's meeting1, ut
Thc following are the proceedings of a st meeting of the Farmers and Rancbemen of Upper Deer Lodge Valley, held at Jones' tj Ranche, February 11, 1865 : m PREAMBLE. ** WnEREAS, By an act of the Legislature C( of Montana Territory, recognizing the cus- P
I toms and regulations previously existing as ' the law governing land claims or ranches, ^ in a valley or neighborhood, we, the set- ? tiers of Upper Deer Lodge Valley have this,
( the 11th day of February 1865, assembled ? in pursuance of public notice nt Jones' Ranc'ae to reduce to writing, reaffirm and , give publicity to said customs nnd regula- j( tions ; therefore, be it
Resolved, That stake and foundation hold thirty days. ,
Resolved, That staking consists of one or more stakes stuck nt oue or more corners J of his claim; which stake must bear the - date of tbe pre-emption and a description j of lines designating metes and bounds of J r his claim.
Resolved, That a foundation consists of r four logs notched and saddled ready for A . building thereon.
t Resolved, That at the expiration of thirty t days, work must be resumed by the claim-
ant and not more than ten (10) days must r . elapse at any one time, without represen- ? j tation by work, until a cabin or bouse, or t the amount of one hundred and fifty dol- 8 . lars ($150) worth of work has been com- ^ t pleted ; when this has been done, it holds . u good the claimant, without representation, f for the period of six months after vacation. ; e Resolved, Tbat the stakes are no longer f essential after a house or cabin is completed j s r or the amount of one hundred and fifty I. dollars ($1,50) worth of work has been done. j Resolved, That claims may be represent- ! ,. ed either in person or by proxy. j Resolved, That any person may use the 1 ,f water of nny branch or creek, for fanning ' e i]^^^post?. but must return it to ^*^* -* l J 1, the branch rir creeK.frw^. ?h;Ui it is taken, 1, at the lower end of his claim if required to ' ,-, do 80.
it Resolved, That the right to carry water 1 if through another claim in a ditch shall not i n be denied any one. Said ditches must be ,f run so as to be least injurious to those ! h through which it passes, and said ditches
0 shall not be allowed to overflow. If any m damage accrue, the owner or owners of the ' ^s ditches be held responsible. 1 u Resolved, That after the customs of stak- 1 p. ing and foundation are complied with, men 1 ,f working in co-partnership can represent >H one or more claims by work on one claim. ' it Resolved, That no person or persons shall ; ,1 stake or claim lands for persons not actual r. settlers of the valley.
n Resolved, That the 20th day of March of ie the present year, 1863, is designated, to burn the grass off, and is limited to the 31st lV of .same month and year. Any parties !*e putting out fire in those davs, for thc pur-
11 pose of burning grass, if any damage ac- y crues, the burners shall not be held liable, ^s but if the burning be done thereafter, ten tl days notice shall be given in three public r. places.
v Resolved, That nothing herein shall be so jl construed as to conflict with any act or law Iv of the Territorial Legislature. ,*f Resolved, That we do severally and col^ li lectivelv pledge ourselves to support and 3. carry out the foregoing resolutions, nnd see jf that every man has his rights under them. ^J Resolved, That the secretury of th^ meet- to meeting send, with request to publish, to 8. tho editor of the Montana Post, tho fore- (j going resolutions.
A true copv of thc original. (n JOSEPH ALLEN, President.
^b Alfred Graves, Secretary.
It A Wonderful Lake. ^ Now that oil on e- the brain is becoming somewhat prevalent re in Nevada, we hear some wonderful nnd ie exceedingly greasy stones. The latest big thing, in oil, is a lake, situated six miles S- cast of Ragtown. The lake is about one re mile square and is surrounded on all (oil) ie sides by almost perpendicular walls of slate tj rock some 200 feet high, and is covered nt with a greasy scum from an inch and a half in to two inches thick. This scum is sup^ posed to be crude rock oil. The water of 10 the lake is a strong solution of salt and is borax. Such is its density that a person s, leaping into the lake from a boat finds it i ts impossible to sink lower than the armpits. Je This lake, or the land about it, was located ' d, and surveyed by parties in this city, who ex- p- pected to make fortunes out of ^the borax j to which is found in it. Now, ho\vcver,^inee tbe a- whole American world has gone wild on oil as they think they have something better thah r- borax ^ ile! On almost every side of the in bike are springs, and Out of these numer- 1 ous springs flows * ile ^ ^ or at lenst the
I stuff which forms tbe scum on the lake, and at which looks '; wery like ile.^ On the edges of j of thc lake are found large quantities of ;h crystals of pure borax, r.nd the locators j r- think a reef of borax exists in some parts | u- of the lake. ^They intend to collect and IU test the scum found on the lake, nnd if it! ro should prove to be ^ ile ^ will further pros- U pect by boring. We have heard much of j
this lake before ^ or one in the same local- j ri- ity ^ and though we haTe heard of a big 1 ^ snaik and things being found in it, never 1 iri before beard of tbe oil. Perhaps tbo big in anaik bas ^ defuncted,^ and tbe scum on us tbe lake comes from the grease rising from it, ihiebt.'ge carcass' ^ Territorial Enterprise.
From the Sacr^'uento Union.
The French Imperial organ in San Fran- or cisco is disposed to treat the story of Gwin's aa enterprise as a balloon, or sensation device,, sp It also professes to discredit the idea that jet Napoleon contemplates tbe permanent es- C\ tabliehment of a French colony on tbe Pa- tic cific coast, but desires to know why Amer- sa ienn journals should express alarm or anger N^ at the prospect of having Frenchmen for fo neighbors. Unfortunately for the organ, wl the history of Napoleon's diplomacy ^ to use the mildest term ^ in connection with the pr invasion of Mexico will prevent the entire ju success of our imperial cotemporary's de- pr sign to lull the suspicions of our people. ^ of Gwin may be nothing more than a specula- ve ting adventurer ; he may not have a com- fo mission from cither Napoleon or Mnximil- by lian in his pocket. Marshal Bnzaine's ah concentration of force at Mazatlan nnd the sh projected occupation of Sonora may mean lot nothing more than a further attempt to cs- ar tablish the authority of Maximillian in the St States bordering on the Gulf of California, ofl But arc we not warned by the fact of tbe ta invasion against putting our trust in the gc i truth of imperial declarations of purpose tii or policy? Did not Napoleon enter into a cc [ solemn engagement to refrain from inter- ro fering with the form of government existing cc I ing in Mexico at the time of the ^ inter- Li ventionV^ And in the teeth of bis pledges, in . did he not, instead of seeking a redress of la grievances, overthrow thc republic, set up P _ un imperial puppet, and without even get- ai ' ting the formal sanction of an election, S^ r proclaim that thc Mexican nation accepted 111 the empire f The treaty of the three Pow- ai P ers which formed the basis of the inter- ei r vention, thc recorded declaration of Druyn tv I de Lhuys to Minister Dayton, the procla- ra Diations of Marshal Forey, the history of M the civil war which is still raging and which D prevents the so-called Emperor from visit- t\ ing more than half a dozen of the Mexican n States without an army to protect bis per- si son, constitute a chapter of perfidy unpar- O ailed in this country. Wc should* think no ti honorable, higb-spiiited, truth-loving A Frenchman could review his record without $ ' condemning the ruler who had thus stained tl
* the glory of a great nation. We under- n stand V Echo du Pacifique to endorse nnd li
J applnud the whole transaction. What value a ; then, should be given to the present denial 2 ,* that Gwin has authority from Napoleon or p Maximiilian to govern Northern Mexico, or e I the affected disbelief of the same party in ii J tho reality of the e.oU^>me set forth by Gwin's t ^ agents ? ^lf misrepresentation^ again we n ? employ the softest possible term in place c J of the simpler Saxon ^ was right and proper i and praiseworthy when tbe throne ot Max- n >r imillian was still nn unrevealed vision at a )t Paris, why may it not be equally admira- a m ble, in the estimation of imperialists, 0 while Gwin's duchy is vet to be estub- i J lished? F _ Why do Americans regard with npprehen- p J sion an attempt to establish a French colo- d ny in Sonora ? Certainly not because of any objection to the neighborhood of na- n tives of France. Thousands of Frenchmen c u live in the United States, nnd before the t outbreak of the rebellion the sons of the soil > 11 ]j and the sons of France could meet under t tj the stars and stripes, and drink to the mem^ ory of Washington and Lafayette. They r 5r may ^ they will ^ so meet again, but it will t
0 be when the infamies of the Second Empire 1 jt and the abuse of our Government and peo- t ,g pie by French Secessionists shall havo been I
1 repudiated and atoned for by the great na- f tion which can still boast of a Cochin, a c
B Laboulaye, and a de Gasparin. It is the s n custom of the London Times, in replying ^ jc to American attacks upon thc British aris- | toe racy, to speak of them as ^ charges \ .0 against the British people.^ V Echo du, 1 w Pacifique adroitly chooses to treat Ameri- j can hostility to the anti-republican projects t j. of Napoleon as repugnance to neighborly t l0^ intercourse with Frenchmen, a feeling t ,e which has no existence in this country. ^ ^ n^ What does excite apprehension is the sua- 1 t. pieion that French imperialists who entered i tt) Mexico to overthrow a republic at the bid- ' j. ding of their master; who are known to be I hostile to American institutions : who have i been trained to accept the detestable maxim 1 that ** tho *nd justifies the means,^ and ' who, therefore, have no more hesitation in 1 breaking their plighted word than Napoloen 1 had in breaking bis oath to support tbe ' ,rJ French Republic, are about to effect a lodg- I . ment on the adjacent coast, in connection 1 with men like Gwin who also hate the I '
* American Union and have plotled its over- ' L'h throw. Wc object to the kind of Americans 1 j. who are invited there under the uuspices
* of the traitor Gwin, because we know they 1 ''j are capable of making Guyamas a nest of 1
pirates and a base of operations against California. But another clais of French, as Pj. well as another class of Americans, might 1 . occupy both Sonora and Sinaloa without '
exciting among our people any harsher . feeling than a desire to promote their prog- j perity and cultivate familiar intercourse *j J with them. As the case stands, there is 3 I ample reason for distru-t, and we hope the K* j time is approaching when tbe ^ boys in 1 11 blue^ will get permission to cross the bor- ? der and show Bazaine and Gwin that they ^ can't bold Sonora for Napoleon, Maximil- , ( lian, Jeff Davis, or any other enemy of u democracy.
k^j The Mariposa Estate. ^ The celebrated 'd Mariposa estate of Fremont is valued at e* $10,000,000. It is divided into 100,000 ^' shares, of $100 *ach. These shars. which 'r8 yield considerable dividends, are held by ts ] the following parties : 12.500 by Selover, 1(1 12,500 bv Park, ^24,000 bv Ketcbum, 2,000 by ^ Field, 2,1)00 bv Stevens, 25,000 by Ketcbum, ,8' j Opdyke and lloey, and 8,500 by Fremont. ^Jf I Tha^25,0O0 credited toKetchum are bold in V^ j trust for Fremont, probablv with a healthy ! incumbrance on them. The company is
er managed in New York.
on Eastexn capital ia now being invested in >m oil enterprises (petroleum) at tie rate of
se. $1,500,000 ^ da v.
Prize Money. ^ Some inquiry being made as to whether prize money is awarded to the victors when tbe enemy's ship is sunk
^ or destroyed, as in the case of thc Kear*
* sarge and Alabama, We take, by way of re*
^ sponse, the following upon the whole sub* t ject of prize money from the New American
- Cyclopedia. We believe a liberal subscrip*
- tion ftrr the officers and crew of the Kear-
- sarge was made up by the merchants of r New York, tbe prize money allowed bv law r for their gallant exploit being considered , wholly inadequate :
i ThedistributiDn of prize money, or of the e proceeds of the sale of ships or ^goods ad- e judged by Courts of Admirality to be good
^ prize, is carefoUy regulated by tbe statute!
- of the United States. Tbe provisions are
- very minute; but substatially they are as
- follows : 1. When the captures are made
- by public armed ships, if the captured s ship be of equal or greater force than ths e ship making the capture, the proceeds bo^ ra long wholly to the captors; otherwise they
- arc equally divided between the United e States nnd the captors. The commanding 1. officers of fleets, squndrons, or single ships e take three-twentieths, the whole of which e goes to the commander of a single sbipac* e ting independently ; but if he is under the a command of an officer of a fleet or squad-
- ron, that officer has one-twentieth, and th* g commander of the ship the other two. Sea
- Lieutenants, Captains of Marines, and Sail* 1, ing Masters take two-twentieths ; Chap- f lains, Lieutenants of Marines, Surgeons, p Pursers, Boatswains, Gunners, Carpenters, t- and Master's Mates, Captain's Clerks, 1, Schonlmasters, Boatswain's Mates, Gun* d ner's Matpe, Carpenter's Mates, Ship Stew- r- ards, Sailmakers, Mnsters-at- Arms, Armor* ^- ers, Coxswains and Coopers three and a half n twentieths : Gunner's, Yocmen, Quarter- 1- masters, Quarter Gunners, Sailmaket's )f Mates, Sergeants and Corporals of marines, h Drummers, Fifers and extra petty officers, t- two and a half twentieths ; seamen, ordi* n nary seamen, marines, and all other per* r- son doing duty on board, seven-twentieths. r- One or more public ships in si?htof a cap- 10 ture share equally in tbe prize or prises. ^ ig A bounty is paid by the United States of nt $20 for each person on board of any ship of ?d the enemy at the beginning of an engage- r- ment, which is sunk cr destroyed by a pub- id lie armed vessel of equal or inferior force ; ie and this bounty is divided ns prize moneys al 2. If tbe ships or goods are captured by or private armed ships commissioned by Gov- or eminent, the priie property, within sixty in days after condemnation, shall be sold by i's the Marshal of the District nnd in the man- *e ner and on tbe terms designated by tba ce owners of thc privateer, nr_d the proceeds er divided between the owners, the officers x- nnd crew, according to their articles of at agreement; and if there are no articles of a- agreement, one-half goes to the owners nnd ts, one-half to the officers and crew. Usually b- if not always, the shipping nriicles of a
privateer or letter of mai que determine the n- proportion in which the proceeds are to ba 0- divided.
a- Interesting to Minkrs. ^ A correspondent en of the Nevada Transcript, writing f 1 om Lit ^ he tic York, January 26th, gives the following ail account of an experiment which has lately er been made in wheels : n- I will give you the result of an experi- ey ment which has just been satisfactorily ill tested, at least by the proprietors of tbe re mill, Curran k Bucklan, who have, during 0- the past fall, built a fine mill at Empire en Hill in Little York township, Nevada county a- for crushing what is known here as blue a cement. Their mill has at present eight he stamps, of seven hundred and forty pounds ng each, or thereabouts, and will, when corn- is- pleted, have sixteen stamps >>f the above ;es weight. The first power applied to ihe du mill was the Foucbery Turbine Wheel. Tho ri- proprietors, after giving this wheel what :ts they considered a pretty fair test, came to rly the conclusion that it could never be mr.do ng to do the work required at their mill when
^ completed, and at once commenced a wheel is- which T. Patterson, who suggested tbe plan ed of tbe wheels, calls the u ilurdy Gurdy.^ id- The wheel is built of wood, with tbe execp- be tion of the shaft, bolts, etc. It is ten feet ive in diameter and not more than seven inches im breast. It is of the simplest construction. nd There are no buckets to catch the water, in but the water is forced by hydraulic pres- ien sure through an inch and a fourth nozzle, be which is so pointed as to strike tbe arms of Ig- the wheel about one and a half or two in- on ches from tbe end. The pressure of the .lu- I water is tbe same at that applied to the er* Turbine wheel, and by using, as near as ins could be measured, twenty-eight inches of ijes water, tbe eight stamps an forced to jog ley along at tbe rate of fifty-four drops per
of minute, apparently witb all case, and it is nst tbe opinion of all who hare seen the as wheel at work, that It would drive sixteen ;ht stamps witb tbe same amount of water. ^ Mi' The expense of building this wheel is said jcr not to exceed two hundred dollars all told. og- Parties interested can see tbe m Uurdy rse Gurdy^ in operation, almost any time of is day or night, nt little York.
jn Ballooning;- Tbe Philadelphia Inquirer or- says :
iey Tbe greatest literary novelty of anv agt^ transpired the other day. Elmer Brian 0f Coates made a balloon ascension, with Pro^ fessor Low, in the Quaker City. Whilo in ths sky, he wrote a po;m of one bnndred ted lines, entitled a ** Balloon Poem.^ This is at something heretofore unattempted by 1 ny 500 literary gentleman.
by A hesuer of Gen. Meade's staff recently rer, 'aw a ragged boy with an uncommon large I by muffler about his neck. Us asked him what ini, was the matter with him, and tbe boy re- mt. plied that be bad got the itch. Tbe officer j in investigated, and found important dis* tby pt'ebes to Gen. Lee.
19 Seven thousand aores of land have been looated bv petroleum borers In Southern ll>
I in k00i^^ ^
of At the Cbioago wharves 362 vessoli ar* laid up for tbe winter.