Newspaper Page Text
THE MO NTANA POST.
B. W. TILTON, & CO., Editors & Proprietors. "y Colntry, Iay she Always be right, Bat Ky outry, ight or TWrol:ng." :4,0 l a, Ir oeld r ITarM Ad4a
VOL. 1. CITY OF VIRGINIA, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, APRIL 1,165. NO. 32.
' 1hY 00 B USI rESS CARDS, V uaa" ... 'aeN Te twit . Idamage 'abl be included therein. ti..th..I w. aa-- - - " --- - -
D. W. Tilton, & Co.,
D. W. T.To.N. BsN. R. Drrras.
FcBL'SNEaS AND PROPRIETORS.
Office at the City Book Store, Corner
of Wallace and Jackson Streets.
TERMS, IN GOLD:
(ne copy, one year, $7.50
One copy, six months, - - 4.00
Oue copy, three months, - - - 2.50
Hates of Advertising.
Buiness cards, (five lines or less,) one year $20 00
" " " " six months, 15 00
" " " " " " three months 10 00
One square one year, (ten lines or lees) 40 00
One square six months " " " 25 00
One !quare, three months i" " 15 00
Quarter column, one year, 60 00
s" ix months 45 00
" " three " 30 00
Half column, one year, 90 00
t " six months, 60 00
"' " three months 45 00
One column, one year, 150 00
" " six months' 100 00
" " three months, 75 00
Regular advertisers will be allowed to change
quarterly without additional charge.
All bussiness communications should be addressed
to D. W. TILTON & Co., Virgtnia City, M. T.
Job Printing of every description executed in a
Euperior manner and at reasonable rates.
Gor-taon, SIDNEY EDGERTON, Bannack City;
FECRETIýT, II. P. TORSEY;
Cmarr J STICE. 11. L. HOSMER,
AssOC'ATE JrsrcE, AMMI GIDDINGS,
L. B. WILLISTON,
Any. GENERAL, E. B. NEALLEY, Virginia;
MARSHAL. C. J. BUCK,
SrRVEYOR GENEtRAL, M. BOYD.
Art:iron. JOHN S. LOTT.
TREAScRER, JOHIIN J. HULL.
SCHOOL SUPERI.TENDENT, T. J. DIMSDALE,
Assesos:t, T. C. EVERTS.
COL'R INTERNAL REVENUE, N. P. LANOFORD.
County Officers of Madison County.
County Commissioners, JAwE.s FEnuUs,
J. F. MCCLcRO.
" FRD . K. RiooT.
P:obate Judge. Taos. C. JoNas.
Sheriff, NEIL IowIE.
Recorder, RoaERT N. HILL.
Asistant Assesor Ist District, JaRnr ooK.
Municipal Officers of Virginia Oitay.
Mnvor--P. S. Pro.Trs.
P: e :agli-tr:.t~--r. W. TA.LLAFERRO.
Clerk--'. J. D. CURTIS.
Attorne-"-JoAn C. TURK.
Treasur r--Jour S. ROCKFrLLOW.
A sse1SOI-T-oMAs PEARSON.
kttreer Cl mmissioner-H-. J. Joa.sou.
-- mmmm .. I un nme um
The regular communications of Virginia City
Lodge, A. F. & A. M., are held on the 2d
and 4th Saturdays in each month.
P. S. PFOUTS, W. M.
ALEX. DAVIS. Sect'!.
Preaching every Sabbath by Rev. A. M. ToRBT,
at 11 A. M. at the Union Church. Sabbath School
at 2 P. M. All are invited to attend.
Preaching every Sabbath, by Rev. A. M. IOUGH,
in the M. E. Church, at 101 o'clock, A. u., and 7
v'clock, P. x. Sabbath School at 2 o'clock, P. n.
W. F. Sanders. Jerry Cook.
SANDERS & COOK.
TTORNEYS at Law, Virginia City, Montana
W. L. MCMATH.] [W. T. LovaL..
McMATH & LOVELL,
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, M. T., will promp
Il attend to all professional business entrusted to
their care. 32-2m*
W. J. McCormick. W. Y. Pemberton. I. Burns.
McCormick, Pemberton & Burns.
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, Montana Territo
ry. Office in Content's Corner up-stairs. 1-6m
W. M. ETAFFORP, R. B. PARRorr. L. W. BoRrox.
Cal. Iowa. Col.
STAFFORD, PARROTT & BORTON,
Attorneys at Law, Office on Idaho street. opposite
the court house, Virginia City, Montana Territory.
Nevada City, Montana Territory.
LMIIS BELANGER, - - - - - PROPRIETOR.
This hotel is situated on Main street, and in the
beet part of the City. The table supplied with the
bact the market affords, and the saloon furnished
with the best liquors.
Rooms and beds can be had at reasonable prices.
Charges for board moderate. 2
1' uU.'rJ .
A CERTIFICATE OF TEN SHARES OF THE
consolidated Silver Star Company. The owner
by proving prolerty and paying for thisadvertise
meet can have the same at the City Book Store,
Virginia City. 4-tf
Hook and Ladder Company No. 1.
MEET regularly every Monday, at 7 o'elock, r.
M., at masonic nall. By order of
---tf Ton. BAuxs. Captain.
SECORD & FAUCETTE
SADDLERS & HARNESS MAKERS.
(IONSTANTLY on hand and manufacturing from
' the bet material, all styles of Saddles, Bridles,
Single and Double Harness, or anything else made in
a firt class, saddler shop. Im-14
Particular attention given to the sale of Live
Mtock and Real Estate, sales of Stocks of Goods
in Store. Office at the Elephant Corral, Virginia
'ity, M. T. 3m-18*
T HE Underaigned are now prepared to essy cor
rectly in small or large quantities the ores of
Mfontana. bilver, Gold, Copper, Lead, Antimony,
nr Bismuth. Office No. 2, of Content's Block
',rn.r of Wallace and Jackson Streets, Virginia.
1P-tf W. Y. LOVELL A CO.
Wallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. d. Castner
proprietor. The proprietor announces to his old
friends and the public generally, that he is now
prepared to accommodate boarders by the meal, day
or week at low rates. His table furnished with the
best the market affords. 26-tf
HAIR DRESSING ROOM.
Hair Dyeing and Cutting Done in
TOM. WHITE, Proprietor.
OFFICE ONE DOOR WEST OF POST OFFICE
Building. Patients visited at their residence
ROATH & CO.,
AMERICAN WATCHES JUST RECEIVED DI
. rectfrom the manufactories.
Every description ofJewelry manufactured from
the Native Gold. Call, Examine Specimens,
and then judge.
Sign of the MAMMOTH WATCH,
VIRGINIA CITY, Montana Territory.
Virginia City, Sept. 10, 1864.
J. T. HENDERSON,
PAINTER AND SIGN WRITER.
Office on Cover Street, Viginia City.
LIME AND BRICK.
Also Flue Building, and all kinds of brick work
one to order. 5--3m
A TTORNEY AT'LAW, VIRGINIA CITY, MON
t1 tana Territory. Office, in Post Office building,
on Wallace street. 4-tf
Shaving and Hair' Dressing Saloon.
MUSTACHE AND HAIR COLORING.
South Side of Wallace Street, Va. City
LYONS AWHITE, Proprietors.
JOHN S. ATCHISON,
REVENUE STAMPS AND BLANKS
FOR SALE AT
ALLEN & 1MILLARD'S BANK.
VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY.
MONTANA BILLIARD HALL,
Virginia City, Montana Territory. 8abolhkie
A Poznanski, Proprietors. 26-tf
F. C. Comuiau, M. D. S. L. F. WARD, M. D
Drs. CORNELL & WARD.
PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS.
Drs. BROOKE & GLICK.
Office on Jackson Street, below Wallace, Virginia
City, Montana Territory. ly--12
VirginIa City Council, No. 2, U. L. A.
•W JILL meet every Tuesday evening, at 7 o'clock.
V By order of A. i. TORBET, Pres't.
H. J. PAULISOB, Sec'y. IS-tf
ENCOURRAGE hOMIIE MANUFACTURE.
- OTTER, JOHIISON & TANNER, come:- of Co
1 ver and Broadway streets, Manufacturers,
Wholesale and Retail dealers. A miner's candle
suitable for drifting, of the best description. Par
ties buying will save the freight hither and have a
first rate article. 3m--26*
A SSISTANT Assessor of Internal Revenue, Ist
Division, District of Montana. Place of bus
iness at the office of Thompson & Co's Lumber
Yard, on Idaho Street, Virginia City.
Nov. 23d, 1864. 14*tf
JOHN S. Lawis, N. B HAl., D. M. GILL.TT.
LEWIS, HALE & CO.
E VERY description of Jewelry made to order from
L the Native Gold, and warranted. Particular
attention paid to repairing fine watches. Also En
graving done to order.
SIGN OF THI GOLD WATCH, Jackos St., Virginia City, I. T
r February 25, 1865. , 27-tf
NOTICE TO BUILDERS
I. ROCKENFIELD & C. WHITSON
ARE prepared to do all kinds of Plastering in a
A Workmanlike manner and at a low figure, they
both having served many years at the business. If
you want a Food job done, give them a call. For
further particulars enquire at Griffith & Thompson's
Store, Idaho Street.
Dodge $ Thextor,
General Blacksmiths and Plough Man
Coever Street, - . - VIagria City.
ILOUGHS of the best description, suitable for
Ranchmen in this country, made to order in
he best possible mapner. Horses, Mules and Cattle
e shod in the most approved manner. 29tf
RUNDY'S MILL, on 8tinkwater is prepared
now to saw bills of Lumber of any sise at short
Their lumberyard in Virginia City, is in the
Warsaw Corral, on Idaho street, where they con
stantly keep the best article of all kinds of lumber
at; reasonable rates. Also a good asortment of
sash and lath constantly ke.t on band.
]Irraees oe HltsemasL Territory.
So little is known by the inhabitant
generally, of the financial condition an,
liabilities of this Territory--in her extrem
infancy exercising the functions of self
government, and her finances being looke:
upon by the unadvised with distrust, a
though she might yet cancel them by bank
ruptcy or a plea of minority-I have though
it proper to publish a synopsis of the laws
concerning them, anld the d.ties of the vs
rious officers therewith connected, showina
the ample provision made for their liquids
tion, and the efficient machinery imnmedi
ately to be put in motion for its accom.
.lishment. The fact that the liabilities ol
some other Territories have been of little
worth, is no criterion by which to judge a1
ours. We are unlike such; neither is ther
a mark of consistency (even if disloyaltj
has riveted itself deep in our midst, and ac
customed itself to war against the genera:
Government, her laws and her tender), it
firing into our own windows. Tere ar
our laws. There our own liabilities. The
Legislative Assembly (with perhaps few
exceptions), have exercised the most rigid
economy. The total expenditures made by
them for the current year, will not exceed
forty thousand dollars, embracing the ad
ditional compensation to his excellency the
Governor, Secretary, Chief and Associate
Justices, the Legislature with its attendant
expenses, together with all the officers by
statutes provided, and a liberal compensa
tion to individuals for services rendered
to the people of the Terrtory of Montana,
before its organization, showing an example
of economy scarcely to be equalled in older
settled countries, where the difference be
tween the money required and the work to
be done, is greatly in their favor. I have
examined the tax and liceese law in connec
tion with a careful estimate of the sources
of revenue subject to them, and making due
allowance for defects of every kind, con
clude that the Treasury of the Territory
must needs be filled during the current year
to at least double the amount of the war
rantsissued against it. I have already pre
pared the necessary blank licences and poll
tax receipts which will be distributed to the
Treasurers of each county and their re
ceipts taken for the same as soon as their ap
pointments are made. The tax law provides
that 40 per cent. on each $100 ad valorem
shall be collected for territorial purposes,
on all property not by law exempt from tax
ation. It also authorizes the county com
missioners to collect a tax not to exceed
$1 on each $100 for county purposes, and.
for the support of of the poor, an amount
not to exceed one mill on $1. Said tax to
be a lien against the property for which it
is assessed to be attached on the first Mon
day af June, 1865.
The following property is exempt from
taxation: All grounds, buildings and fur
niture belonging to the United States, this
Territory, or any county thereof; build
ings belonging to fire or military companies,
public grounds in towns, public institutions
of learning, their grounds, buildings, and
furniture, Provided they be not for rent.
Hospitals, and churches, Masonic and Odd
Fellows halls, benevolent institutions, bury
ing grounds, property of widows and or
phans not exceeding $1,000, mining claims
and mining tools not exceeding $50, farm
ers' and mechanics' tools, crops on the
ground, libraries of professional men, pri
vate libraries not exceeding $100, house
hold furniture, not exceeding $100. All
persons of full age in this Territory are li
able for the tax of all property under their
control, but mortgaged or leased property
shall be taxed to mortgagor unless listed by
mortgagee. The Assessor, by June 1st,
1885 shall notify each person in his county
to list his property under oath on blanks
furnished them for that purpose, which he
shall gather in by June 20th, 1865.
snail gaLier in oy June hULD, 1000.
lst.-Description of Lands.
2d.-Amount of capital employed in mer
3d.-Amount of capital employed in man
Number and value of Horses.
" " " " Mules.
cc" " " "If Asses.
c" " " " Oxen.
" " " " Calves.
c" " " " Sheep.
c. c "c Swine.
ic c. " " Goats.
t" " " " Carriages of every
Amount of money and credit.
" clocks, watches, jewelry, and
gold and silver plate.
Number of musical instruments, and value.
Amount of taxable household furniture.
" " stock any company or corpora
" " all other property not enumer
Number of polls.
I -- do solemnly swear that I have
listed within, (as above) all the lands, per
sonal property, money, and credit, subject
to taxation, owned or held by me, and
which I am required by law to list for my
self, or as - according to the best of
my knowledge, &c.
Before July lt, the Assessor shall delivr
er to the county clerk the names of all
persons or bodies listing property with its
species and value, in tabular form and al
phabetical order. After the assessment
roll is corrected by the commissioners the
county clerk shall make an abstract of the
same, showing the total amount of every
* 14.-Every person doing business with.
out a proper license, fer which a license is
required by this act, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor, and on conviction thereof,
shall pay a fine of not less than ten nor
more than one hundred dollars. The col
lector shall commence a suit in the nanie of
the people of the United states In the Ter
ritory of Montana, by the aflidavit either of
himself or attorney, and a writ of attach
ment may issue without bonds from plain
tiff,and in ease of lecovery of judgment,
the sum of twenty dollars as iqdIiated
damages shall be included therein, together
with coate of suit, to be collected from de
its fendant, Five dollars of said damages
nd shall be paid to the collector, and fifteen
na dollars to be paid to the prosecuting attor
f nev prosecuting the suit.
ed 15.-Upon the trial of any criminal ao
as tion under this act, the defendant shall be
k- deemed guilty unless he produces his li
eht cense, or proof that he had obtained it, but
wI he may prove in bar of a criminal action, a
a- judgment obtained against him, and paid
eg in a ivil case, for the proper liaese money,
a- damages and costs. The money collected
l** for license proceeded for in this and the
n- preceding section shall be paid into the
of county treasury, sixty per cent. for theuse
Ie of the county and forty per cent. for the
of use of the Territory. All proper order
re drawn on the Territorial or County Trea
ty surer, shall be receivable for said license.
C- He shall appoint a deputy and be respon
al sible for his acts, shall give certified copies
in of papers and record, which shall be testi
re mony in courts of justice. His fees shall
1e be paid in advance. He shall hold his of
W fice for two years, and give bonds to the
id Treasurer in a sum not less than five thou
I sand dollars, with two sureties. County
d commissioners shall meet at the county seat
on the first Monday in May, August, No
e vember and February, and at other necessa
to ry times. They shall make disposition of
it county property, settle accounts, build and
)y repair county buildings, levy taxes, make
- and name townships, and appoint elections
d therein, license ferries, make and unmake
a, roads. The chairman shall administer
le oaths and sign all county orders, which
sr shall also be signed by the clerk, and speci
e- fy for what given. They shall furnish
to suitable blank lists and assessment rolls,
re proper books and stqtionery, and deposits
e- for the same, keep a'ist of orders issued
's and also cancelled.
The Auditor of the Territory shall fur
nish collectors with necessary blanks, li
censes and tax receipts, also notify the
county clerks before the second Monday in
July if any changes are made in the asses
ment and rates of Territorial tax.
The Treasurer shall proceed to collect all
taxes on the tax list and return to the Ter
ritorial Treasurer's office before October 1st.
Territorial or county warrants are receiva
ble or all taxes except school tax. Warrants
exceeding the amount due from any indi
vidual shall be received by the Treasurer,
and his certificate given for balance due.
All perso s are required to appear at the
Treasnrer1a office by the 12th day of August
and pay their ta.- If neglecte~ until sep
tember 15th, the Treasurer will collect by
distraint. Poll tax shall be three dollars,
one-third of which shall be appropriated
to territorial, and two-thirds to county pur
poses. The Treasurer shall receive all
monies belonging to the county, and other
money by law directed to be paid to him
pay all money belonging to the county on
the order of the county commissioners, ex
cept when special provision is otherwise
made by law; keep a record of all money,
subject to inspection by county and terri
torial officers; exhibit his books and ac
counts to commissioners for settlement, and
shall be collector of licenses and taxes.
The County Clerk shall be Clerk of the
County Commissioners, ex-officio county
auditor and recorder of deeds, &c., shall
keep full and perfect indexes and perfect
date of record and fees received, and shall
keep plate of towns and their description,
and also of the names of proprietors.
Collectors are authorized to receive gold
dust for licenses or taxes at current rates,
but the fast growing equality of gold dust
and treasury notes should be a caution to
collectors, as the dust only, can be depre
ciated in their hands.
The above compilation has been made
with some difficulty, because of the inac
cessibility of the laws, and probably is not I
minutely accurate, yet sufficiently so to
give a general idea of the duties of all I
parties in regard to a schedule of the rates
of licenses and taxes for which it is prin
cipally designed. JOHN S. LOTT,
Auditor of the Territory of Montana.
SOUTHERN MEN PRIVATELY TAKING THE
Oirn.-Southern men in this city are con
stantly making application for permission e
to take the oath of allegiance, and a con- ti
siderable proportion of them desire to per- a
form this act privately, and to have the r
secret kept, for the present. Their object p
is freely explained. Nearly all of them ii
have relatives in the South, and are the o
owners of property there, and they urge d
that although they are in favor of the Gov- tl
ernment, the safety of their families in the fa
rebel States depends, to some extent, on it
the understanding of the rebel authorities F
that the heads of those families are not fi
loyal to the Union. The Southern men in- tc
tend by the course they adopt not only to tl
relieve their relatives from persecution, but n
to preserve contingent interests in the pro- a
perty they have owned. The applications u
to the United States Marshal for the oath
under these and other similar circumstances at
began with the war, and have steadily con- ti
tinued so up this time. The Marshaltakes 4,
the applicants into his private office; he fi
meets them at his residence, at their own as
residences, or at any other designated place; to
he carries blank copies of the prescribed di
oath in his pocket; and when the papers are
completed, he keeps the originals and fur
nishes duplicates to those who subscribe to a
them. The originals are not seen except L
by the Marshal ; there are no other records;
and the Marshal declares to the Southern
men that he does not intend to go into the
rebel States to testify against mep who re
ceive the oath from him. It is asserted up- at
on the best authority that the number of c
Southerners in New York, who have, in va- a
rious ways, testified their loyalty to the is
Government, is much greater than the pub- tI
lie have had reason to suppose.-N. Y. Post. it
Tan total revenue of the National Gov
ernment, from the Internal Bevenue and all
other sources, amouatp te $25,000,000 per t
P restIemt l. l.meIs sement "Iam -g
Fzkuow-Cotyrsm-- 2-At this second ap
pearing to take the oath of the Presiden- t]
tial ofce, there is less occasion for an ex. a
tended address than there was at first. t
Then, a statentent somewhat in detail of a
the course proper to be pursued seemed ft- h
ting and proper. Now, at the expiration of w
four years, daring which the public deela. h
rations have been eonstantly called forth on
every point and phase of the great contest ii
which still absorbs the attention and en- fi
grosses the energies of the nation to settle, c
ittle that is new could be presented. t
The progress of our armies, on which all g
else chiefly depends, is as well known to the tI
pnblic as myself, and is, I trust, reasonably I
satisfactory and encouraging. Allis bri;ht it
with hope for the future, but no prediction a,
in regard to it is ventured on this occasion. f,
Corresponding to this, four years ago all sg
thoughts were anxiously directed to the w
impending civil war, all dreaded it, all
sought to avoid it. While the inaugural p]
address was being delivered from this e,
place, and devoted altogether to saving the p1
Union without war, insurgent agents were a
in the city seeking to destroy it without c;
war, seeking to dissolve the Union and di- sc
vide the effects by negotiation. Both par- a
ties deprecated war, but one of them would a,
make war rather than let the nation sur- w
vive, and the other would accept war rather bi
than let it perish. ti
Wareatnr. ()hrt-nisl,+º. ýfCtLsstrrt-_ _ .t,
War came. One-eighth of the whole pop
ulation were colored slaves, not distributed
generally over the Union, but localized in
the southern part of it. These slaves con
stituted a peccliar and powerful interest.
All knew that this interest was somehow
the cause of the war. To strengthen the
institution and extend its interest was the
object for which the insurgents would rend
the Union by war, while the Government
claimed no right to do more than restrict
the territorial enlargement of it. Neither
party expected for the war, the maguitude
or duration which it has already attained.
Neither anticipated that the cause of the
conflict might cease, and even before the
conflict itself should cease. Each looked
for an easier triumph, and a result less
fundamental and astounding. Both read
the same Bible and pray to the same God.
Each invokes his aid against the other. It
may seem strange that any man should dare
to take a just God's assistance in wringing
their bread from the sweat of other men's
faces, but let us judge not that we be not
judged. The prayers of both shocikd not
be answered; that of neither has been an
swered fully. The Almighty has his own
Woe to the world because of offences, for
it must needs be that offences come, but
woe to that man by whom the offence com
eth. If we shall suppose American slavery
one of the offences, the providence of GodI
must needs come, but which, having contin
ued through his appointed time, he now
wills to remove. He gives to both North
and South this terrible war, as a woe due
those by whom the offence came. Shall we
discern that there is any departure from
these divine attributes which believers in I
the living God always ascribe to him ?
Fondly as we hope for the event, do we pray
that this mighty scourge of war may speed
ily pass away, vet, if God will, that it con
tinue until all the wealth piled by the
bondsman's two hundred and fifty years of
unrequited toil shall be sunk; and until a
every drop of blood drawn with the lash
shall be paid by another drawn with the I
sword ? As it was said three throusand
years ago, so still it must be said, that the s
Judgments of the Lord are true and right- I
With malice towards none, with charity
to all, with firmness to the right, as God 1
gives us to see the right, let us strive in the I
finish of the work we are in, to bind up the
national wounds, care for him who shall
have borne the brunt of the battle, and for
the widow and the orphan, and do all which
may achieve and cherish a just and lasting
peace among ourselves and with all nations.
Tax OIL FEvEa.-The Petroleum Report
er, published at Titusville, Pa., says the
tide of travel to the oil regions is swelling
all the time. Every train on the Oil Creek
railroad is crowded beyond its seating ca
pacity, and frequently every foot of stand
ing room is packed. The hotel capacity
of Titusville has been largely increased
during the past season, and yet, with all
the packing, for which they have become
famous, they are utterly inadequate to hold,
much less accommodate, all that arrive.
From ten to seventy are turned nightly
from every house after it has been packed
to its utmost capacity. After making the
the rounds of all the houses, the unfortu
nates are fain to return to the original place
and take sleeping places in arm-chairs or
upon the floor.
Cherry Run continues to be the centre of
attraction for the oil pilgrims. The fact
that of all the wells completed to a proper
depth on the run, not one has proved a
failure, gives a feeling of security which
adds greatly to the value of Cherry Run
territory. About twenty wells are now pro
ducing in this location.
AK IXIORThL. Act or Cosoass.-W ithin
a very short time, says the Philadelphia
Ledger, it has been discovered that in an
appropriation bill passed by Congress on the
2d of July, 1864, there occurs the following
proviso to the third section: "Provided that
in the Courts of the United States there
shall be no exclusion of any witness on as
count of color, nor, in civil actions, be
cause he is a party to or interested in the
issue to be tried." This introduooes into
the United States Courts the praotice now
in force in England, where plaintaf and
defendant san be examined in their own
oases when on trial. The innovation itap
pears, has eseaped the notiee of nearly all
the members of the bar until a short time
ass.er t oreen NeaV .
Arran, Nevada, Feb. 22, 1865.
EZnrro Post :-By putting a goo Ire in
the stove, and seating myself close to it, I
am in hopes to get thawe out long enough
to send you a few lne, thogh my ink pa.
sists in keeping frozen, sittin on the stovre
hearth so you may imagine What the
weather is. For the lat tan days we have
had qgow; once n a while, the sun will
coame out and eerything looks level but
in fifteen minutes after,the snow wiil be
falling fast. We hare had another ery
cold month, for so far, and we begin
to think our State is rightly named.-.
Some of your readers may not be aware
that "Nevada," translated into Engliah, is
"snowy country," and everybody is cursing
it both loud and deep; for you must be
aware that most of our people here, are
from Calfornia or some other mild climate;
so this rather "gets" them. If ever people
were sick and disgusted with a country the
people of Reese River are. The general ex
pressions are, " It is the worst place that
ever a man put his foot in." " It is no
place for a poor man." " It wont catch me
again," &c. Everybody is apparently cal
culating to leave here for Montana or Ari
sona, as soon as spring opens. I am asked
a dozen times a day for the Mor.urN Posr
and it is read with great eagerness, to fian
what chances there are in your diggings;
but I fear if they were there, their condi
tion would not be much improved whilst
this cold weather lasts. God only knows
what will become of us if this cold weather
don't leave us soon. Miners can't work.
con't leave us soon. Miners can't work,
and mills can do but little. I see no pros
pect of those starting, which have been laid
up for the last month, and there is a poor
show for building of tnew ones, at present;
though I hear considerable talk about new
ones that will be be going up this summer.
There is no change, of late, in the mar
ket prices ; for sellers can't well come down,
and buyers would not be able to buy at all,
if prices were any higher. An old lady
said in market the other day, "money is
drefful scace," yet, for all that, there is
some scattered about still.
The fire boys are making great prepara
tions for a grand ball to-night, and I have
no doubt, from present appearances, that
they will have a gay time. they have
some of the right sort to hold uu the ropes
and help it along.
The Chapman family is here,. and for a
week past, have been trying to amuse our
gay citizens, but I think they find it q up
hill business. I have not been to see tlrie,
therefore I cannot say whether they are all
they profess to be, or not. Probably they
will work their way through to Vi'ginia, bye
and bye, and then yot may judge for your
selves. Give them a chance.
FI have no interesting news to rite. Ev
erything is as dull as a country church on a
week day, so we must wait, like Wilkins
MIicawber, for something to turn up. In
the mean time, if you see any oli my stray
friends about Virginia, just tell them to
write to the old BACHaLOa.
M.ar Rzaros.-The report of the opera
tions of the United States Mint at Phila
delphia and its branches has been published.
The Director states that the reports from
the gold and silver mining regions of the
country, indicate an abundant and in
creasing production. It appears that the
gold deposites for the fiscal year 1864,
amounted to $23,985,989, and td.e silver to
$933,818-a total of about $25,000,000 of
bullion. The coinage amounted to $21,
694,345 in gold, $548,214 in silver, and
$463,800 in cents-making in all nearly
forty-seven millions of coins of every de
nomination. The report says that the de
mand for the one and two cent pieces has
been unprecedented, and every effort has
been made to meet it, but the demand still
continues, as the coin is bought up by bro
kers and sold at a premium, greatly to the
inconvenience of the public.-Reese River
The NArrolsA Basm Nors.-We have
noticed, within the past few days, that a
cousiderable quantity of the National bank
paper is coming into this market. These
notes are very different in appearance and
origin to the familliar greenbacks. Every
denomination of these National bank-notes
has a different engraving on the back,
each illustrating some event in the National
history. The twenty-dollar note, for ia
stance, has a beautiful copperplate engrav
ing of the baptism of Pochahontas, printed
in black, but surrounded with a very hand
some green border. These notes are the
issue of the National banks established in
all the loyal States, East, by act of Con
gress. They form the great mass of the
currency in those States, being accepted by
the citiszens as legal tender in all cases, and
by the Government in all cases exaept in
payment of import duties.-8. F. Flag.
uy i6e 'overnment in all cases ezept in
payment of import duties.-&- F. Flag.
A RzI.Rz.BLZ Pasnznxox.-The fast
has been noticed and commented upon by
papers published east of Chicago that there
has been, since the close of navigation, a
very sudden and great fall ef water in all
the lakes situated near the seaboard. The
same fact was noticed in Chicago yesterday.
During the twenty-fours preeeeding yea
terday, the water in lake Michigan feD over
two feet, and there was a corresponding
fall on all the branches of the river, and
the water is now lower in all the rivers and
lakes at this point than it has ever been
known before. In the river, the water is
now between three and four feetlower tha
the average water line during the sammer
seasos-Chicago 'im7e,Deemabe 31W.
Goon CLaw Ur. -The Unioan Comany,
near Nevada, leaned up l ,tey, r a
week's run, and took oat 8,640 ia gold.-
This is a new lead, aceording to theT Trm
script, which has only been worked a few
months. Itis aid to hae an ineaimhstibo
upply of the ause hkd of roek es th