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THE MONTANA POST.
. W TILTON, & CO., Editors & Proprietors. "My Country, lay she Always be right, But If Country, Right or Wro.g." TBlS:-.4,80 In S ot Por Ter in ~dvaae
VOL. 1. CITY OF VIRGINIA, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, APRIL 29, 1865. NO. 36.
I II IIII l I iI Il I N •III I
D. W. Tilton, & Co.,
D W. T:I.roY. BaE. R. Drrrzs.
FIrLISHIRII Aen PROPRIBTORS.
gffice at the City Book Store, Corner
of Wallace and Jackson Streets.
TERMS, IN GOLD:
one copy, one year, - - - $7.50
one copy, six months, - - - - 4.00
One copy, three months, - 2.50
Uates of Advertising.
tinems cards, (five lines or less,) one year $20 00
,, , ,, " " six months, 15 00
S,, , " " three months 10 00
o0. ouare one sear. (ten lines or less) 40 00
pipe uare six months " " " " 25 00
One .yquare, three months " " " 15 00
Quarter column, one year, 60 00
six months 45 00
,. three " 30 00
asM column, one year, 90 00
, six mouths, 60 00
three moutlh 45 00
One column, one year, 150 00
six months' 100 00'
three months, 75 00
~e:ular sdvertisers will be allowed to change
qua-tely without additional charge.
All hus ino, communications should be addressed
at s W. TILTON & Co., Virgtnia City, M. T.
j,b Prlnt:ng of every description executed in
Btperior manner and at reasonable rates.
OFFICIA L DIRECTORY.
(G,r-:r, SIDNEY EDIERTON, Bannack City;
Ercr*tary. 11. P. TORSEY;
C~hf Justice, U. L. HOSMER.
Associate Justice, AMMI GIDDINGS,
L. B. WILLISTON.
Attoney Genernl. E. B. NEALLEY, Virginia;
Marehal, C. J. BUCK,
.r;:.yor ,pneral. M. BOYD.
A~.dit-.r, JOHN S. LOr'F.
Tr-a.urer. JOHN J. HULL.
FChool Superintendr-nt, T. J. DIMSDALE,
.'eisor, 'f. C. EVERTS.
Coll-ctor Internal Revenue N. P. LANGFORD.
A. M. TORBET, Clerk of the U. S. District Court.
County Officers of 91adlson County.
ccunty Commissioner, James Fergus,
J. E. McClurg,
Fred. K. Root.
Pr~bate Judge, 0. F. Strickland.
SortiL. Neil Hovie.
J,ame Williams, Nevada, Dpunty Sheriff.
Tr earurer, -
RecorJer. Robert N. Hill.
Aseistant Assessor 1st District, Jerry Cook.
municipal Officers of Virginia City.
Mayor-P. S. Pfouts.
Pclic'c Magistrat--T. W. Talliaferro.
Maarsha:--W u. Deascey.
Clerk-C. J. D. Curtis.
Attorney-Ju.hn C. Turk.
Treasurer-John S. Rockfellow.
Street Commissioner-Il. J. Johnson.
W. F. Sanders. Jerry Cook.
SANDERS & COOK.
.4 TORNEYS at Law, Virginia City, Montana
W. M. 6rerroRD, R. B. PARROTT, L. W. BORTOrN,
Cal. Iowa. Col.
STAFFORD, PARROTT & BORTON,
Attorneys at Law, Office on Idaho street, opposite
the court house, Virginia City, Montana Territory.
YOUNG AMERICA EATING HOUSE.
N.xt door east of the Montana Billiard Hall.
MEALS AT ALL HOURS.
TIIE Tables supplied with the best the market
affords. The choicest Wines, Liquors and
(ir:s always to be found at the Bar.
3-4dw F. W. BECKER.
FRANCIS R. BILL,
VIRGINIA CITY, M. T.
EBTS Collected; Deeds, Leases, and Powers of
Attorney drawn; Abstracts of Title made o
verified; Acknowledgments and Depositions taken
according to law. Revenue Stamps for sale.
Offcs at the store of Erfort, Busch Co., Idaho
Rrneunrcas:-Erfort, Busch & Co., Pfouts &
Russell, Dance & Stuart, H. Poznanski & Bro.,
Virginia City, M. T. 33-tf
Nevada City, Montana Territory.
LOUIS BELANGER, - - - - - PuorpzaTon.
This hotel is situated on Main street, and in the
beat part of the City. The table supplied with the
b t the market affords, and the saloon furnished
with the best liquors.
Rooms and beds can be had at reasonable prices.
f-,rPP fnr hoarl moderate. t41*
Three doors above the Stonewall, Wallace street
Virginia City M. T.
T IE bast assortment of cloths, cassimeres and
vest patterns, constantly kept on hand and
made up after the latest fashion. 3m-24*
OCCIDENTAL BILLIARD EALL.
ROCKFELLOW t DENNEE'S BUILDING.
Jackson Street, Virginia City.
The finest tables in town. The barsupplied with
the bet of Liquors and Cigars.
16---41* JOHN H. MING.
BECUtRD & FAUCETTE
.ADDLERS & HARNESS MAKERS.
CONSTANTLY on hand and manufacturing from
-J the best material, all styles of Saddles, Bridles,
E~ngle and Double Harness, or anything else made in
a r"t class saddler shop. Im-14
Dodge J Thexton,
General Blacksmiths and Plough Man
Ce*er treest, . . . Virgii CIty.
PLOUGHS of the best description, suitable for
Stanchmen in this country, made to order in
b. bt possible manner. Hores, Mulas sad Cattle
shil in thp most approved meaner. 29tf
W. L. McMATH.] [W. Y. Lovzu..
1cI[MATH & JIOVELL,
Attorneys at Law, Virginia City, M. T., will prom
tly attend to all professional business entrusted
their care. 32-2m*
OFFICE ONE DOOR *EST OF POST 0FFIC
Building. Patients visited at their residenc
ROATH & CO.,
AMERICAN WATCHES JUST RECEIVED D
rectfrom the manufactories.
Every description ofJewelry manufactured from
the Native Gold. Call, Examine Specimens,
and then judge.
ign of the MAMMOTH WATCH,
VIRGINIA CITY,. Montana Territory.
Virginia City, Sept. 10, 1864.
J. T. HENDERSON,
PAINTER AND SIGN WRITER.
Office on Cover street, Viglnam City.
LIME AND BRICK.
Also Flue Building, and all kinds of brick work
one to order. 5-e3m
TTORNEY AT LAW, VIRGINIA CITY, MON
tana Territory. Office, in Post Ofice building,
on Wallace street. 4-tf
Shaving and Hair Dressing Saloon.
SMUSTACHE AND HAIR COLORING.
South Side of Wallace Street, Va. City
LYONS AWHIITE, Proprietors.
SWallace street, Virginia City, M. T. J. M. Castne
proprietor. The proprietor announces to his old
friends and the public generally, that he is now
prepared to accommodate boarders by the meal, day
or week at low rates. His table furnished with the
best the market adords. 26-ti
JOHN S. ATCHISON,
REVENUE STAMPS AND BLANKS
FOR SALE AT
ALLEN & MIILLARD'S BANK.
VIRGINIA CITY, MONTANA TERRITORY.
M ONTANA BILLIARD HALL,
Virginia City, Montana Territory. Sabolskie
Pozananki, Proprietors. 26-tf
F. C. CORNELL, M. D. S. L. F. WARD, M. D
Drs. CORNELL & WARD.
PHYSICIANS & SURGEONS.
Drs. BROOKE & GLICK.
Office on Jackson Street, below Wallace, Virginia
ity, Montana Territory. ly-12
ENCOURRAGE HiOME MANUFACTURE.
POTTER, JOHNISON t TANNER, corner of Co
ver and Broadway streets, Manufacturers
Wholesale and Retail dealers. A miner's candle
uitable for drifting, of the best description. Par
ties buying will save the freight hither and have
first rate article. 3m-26*
oaN S. Lewis, N. B lAL-, D. M. Gzuz.ET.
LEWIS, HALE & CO.
EVERY description of Jewelry made to order from
the Native Gold, and warranted. Particular
attention paid to repairing fine watches. Also En
graving done to order.
SIGN OF THE GOLD WATCH, Jackso St., Virginia City, 1. T
February 25, 1S65. 27-tf
NOTICE TO BUILDERS
I. ROCKENFIELD & C. WHITSON
StE prepared to do all kinds of Plast*ing in
A Workmanlike manner and at a low figure, the
oth having served many years at the business.
on want a good job done, give them a call. Fo
urther particulars enquire at Griffith & Thompson'
Store, Idaho Street.
.lohegan's Restaurant !
JACKSON ST., - - VIRGINIA,
In John Hugh's Building.
T HIS House will keep open day and night for th
accommodation of guests. Meals served up at
11 hours. The table will always be supplied with
game, fish or any other luxury the season affords.
A Bar, with the choicest articles of Wines, Liq
uors and Cigars, is connected with the house.
L UJI BER.
RUNDY'S MILL, on Stinkwater is prepar
now to saw bills of Lumber of any size at sho
Their lumber yard in Virginia City, is in th
Warsaw Corral, on Idaho street, where they con
tantly keep the best article of all kinds of lumbe
t reasonable rates. Also a good assortment o
sh and lath constantly kept on hand.
JOHN Ab NELSON.
AS ON HAND A CHOICE LOT OF OLD R
Whiskey which makes up splendidly in Ho
Drinks. He respectfully requests the public t
ve him a call and examine his stock on W
treet, opposite California Exchange
Particular attention given to the sale of Liv
Lock and Real Estate, sale of Stocks of Go
n Store. Ocee at the Uls Oant Comal Vi
ity, M. T,
THE sON OF THE 3ECRETARY
Intelligence the most painful has flashe
long the telegraphic wires to us this morn
ing-news that is so fraught with horro
that we can scarcely persuade ourselves
but that we are the victims of some hideou
ream. President Lincoln and Secretary
Seward have been assassinated, and th
on of the Secretary is supposed to be mor
tally wounded. The details, which we pro
sent to our readers in this extra, constitute
a chapter of horrors that neither history
nor fiction can parallel. The murder of
usar by Brutus, the assassination o
Henry the Fourth by Ravaignac sink into
insignificance when compared with the ter
rible daring and fearful coolness which
haracterizes the perpetration of thes
At the very moment when the chalice o
victory was being placed to his lips, a crue
and has dashed it away. At the very
time when he was apparently about to en
eoy the full fruition of those hopes fo
which he had so desperately and deter
minedly labored during the last four years,
the murderer's weapon has snapped hi
thread of life.
All feeling of party dissension, all senti
ments of political difference, must be swal
owed up and lost in the consternation an
rief that this news will produce through
out the civilized world.
Never before was a deed of death to dar
ingly and deliberately perpetrated. Never
before was such a deed done at so critical
a crisis of a nation's history, and never be
fore, we sadly fear, was a political assassi
nation attended by such disastrous results
as we dread will follow upon this. In what
ever way these deeds may be regarded, they
must, we think, be considered among the
greatest calamities that could possibly
Washington, April 14, 12 o'clock.
To Dix: This evening about 9 p. m.,
at Ford's Theatre, the President, while sit
ding in his private box, with Mrs. Lincoln,
Mrs. Harris, and Major Rathburne, was
shot by an assassin, who suddenly entered
the box and approached behind the Presi
dent. The assassin then leaped upon the
stage, brandishing a large dagger and made
his escape in the rear of the Theatre. A
pistol ball entered the back of the Presi
dent's head, and penetrated nearly through
the head. The wound is mortal. The
President has been insensible ever since it
was inflicted and is now about dying.
About the same hour, an assassin, wheth
er the same or not, entered Mr. Seward's
apartments, and under pretence of havin
a prescription, was shown to the Secretary's
ick chamber. The assassin immediately
rushed to the bed and inflicted two or three
stabs on the throat and face. It is hoped
that the wounds may not be mortal. My
apprehension is that they will prove fatal.
The nurse alarmed Mr. Fred. Seward
who was in an adjoining room. He has
tened to the door of his father's room,
where he met the assassin who inflicted up
on him one or more dangerous wounds.
His recovery is doubtful.
It is not pprobable that the President will
live through the night.
Gen. Grant and wife were advertised to
be at the theatre this evening, but he started
to Burlington at 6 o'clock.
This evening, at a Cabinet meeting, at
which Grant was present, the subject of the
state of the country and the prospect of a
speedy peace was discussed. The Presi
dent was very cheerful and hopeful, and
poke very kindly of Gen. Lee and others
f the Confederacy, and of the establish
ment of a government in Virginia.
All the members of the Cabinet, except
Seward, are now in attendance upon the
President. I have seen Mr. Seward, bu
he and Frederick were both unconscious.
President Lincoln died at 8:30 a. m.
Secretary Seward died a little after 9 a
Washington, April 14.
The President and wife, with other
friends, this evening visited Ford's Thea
tre, for the purpose of witnessing the per
formance of "Our American Cousin." It
was announced in the papers that General
Grant would also be present, but that gen
tleman took a late train of cars for New
ersev. The Theatre was densely crowded
nd everybody seemed delighted with the
ceno before them. During the third act
nd while there was a temporary pause for
one of the actors to enter, a sharp report o
pistol was heard, which merely attracted
ttention, but suggested nothing serious
until a man rusbhed to the front of the Pres
ident's box, waving a long dagger in hi
ght hand, exclaiming, Sic semper tyrannis.
He immediately leaped from the box which
was in the second tier, to the stage beneath
ran across to the opposite side of the stage
making his escape, amid the bewildermen
of the audience, from the rear of the thean
tre, and mounticg a horse, fled.
The sereams of Mrs. Lincoln €rat dis
losed the fact to the audience, that th
President had been shot, when all present
ose to tL eit feet, rushing towards the stage
any exclaiming "hang him!" The ei
itement was of the wildest possible de
cription. Of course there was an ahrap
ntermission of the theatre performance.
here was a rush toward the President'
ox, when cries were heard, "stand back!
've him air! has any one stimulants?"
0O a buhasty examination it wa found that
*eat had bee. shot through the heed above
of the teopeoal boas sa that some of
was oess out. He wae smsind to a pri
e hoase, opposite the theatre, and the 8urgeo
eera of the army and other surgeons were sent
or to attend to his condition.
On examination of the private bor, blood was
overed on the back of the cushioned rocking
hair, on which the President had bean sitting, also
n the partition and on the Soor. A eommbn sin
le barreled pocket pistol was found on the thrpet.
A military guard was placed in front of the pri
te residence t, which the Predant had been con
eyed. An immense crowd was in front of it. all
eeply anxious to learn the aondi;Ion of the Presi
ent. Ithad been previously announced that the
ound was mortal, but all hoped otherwise. The
ock to the community was terrible.
At midnight the Cabanet, Messrs. Befoy, Farns
orth, Judge Bates, Got. Oglesby, Gen. Meigs, Col.
Hay, sda nfew personal friends, with Surgeon Gen
1 Barnes, and his immediate assistants, wen
oad the bedside of the President, who wee in a
tae of syncope, totally insensible, and breathin.
lowly; The blood oosed from a wound at the bea
f his head. The Surgeon General exhausted everj
ossible effort of medical skill, but all hope was
The parting of his family with the dying Presi
ent was too sad for description.
The President and Mrs Lincoln did not start for
he Theatre until 15 minutes after eight o'clock.
peaker Colfax was at the White House at the time
he President stated to him that he was going
lthough Mrs. Lincoln had not been well, because
the papers had announced that Gen. Grant was to
be present, and as Grant had gone North, he did not
wish the audience to be disappointed. He went
with apparent reluctance and urged Colfax to g,
ith him, but that gentleman had made other en
Iagements and, with Mr. Ashan of Massachusetts
bid him good bye.
When the excitement at the theatre was at it
wildest height reports were circulated that Secretar
eward had also been assassinated. On reaching thu
, gentleman's residence, a crowd and a military guan
s were its door. On entering, it was ascertained tha
the reports were based on truth. Everybody ther
as so excited that scarcely an intelligible won
o Aul ha rathered.
The facts are substantially as follows:
About ten o'clock, a man rang the bell and th
call having been answered by a colored servant, he
id be had come from Dr. Viede, Secretary Sew
's family physician, with a prescription, at th
ame time holding in his hand a small piece o
folded paper, and saying, in answer to a refusal, tha
he must see the Secretary, as he was entrusted with
particular instructions concerning the medicine.
He insisted on going up, although repeatedly in
ormed that no one could enter the chamber. lie
pushed the servant to the inside and walked heavily
towards the Secretary's room. He was met there
by Mr. Fred. Seward, of whom he demanded to se
the Secretary, making the same representation which
hdid to the servant.
What further passed in the way of colloquy is
not known; but the man struck him on the hea
with a billy, severely injuring his skull and fellin
him almost senseless.
The assassin then rushed into the chamber and
ttacked Mr. Seward, the paymaster of the U. S.
Army, and Mr. Russell, a messenger of the Stat
- Department, and two male nurses, disabling them.
He then rushed upon the Secretary, who was lyin
in bed in the same room and inflicted three stabs in
his neck, but not severing it, it is thought and hoped
the artery, though he bled profusely. The assassin
rushed down stairs, mounted his horse, and rode o
before an alarm could be sounded, and in the same
manner he after the assassination of the President.
It is believed that the injuries of the Secretary
re not fatal, nor those of the others, although both
the Secretary and assistant Secretary are very seri
Secretaries Stanton and Welles and other promi
ent officers of the Government called at Seward'
house, to enquire into his condition and there heard
of the assassination of the President. They
then proceeded to the house where he was lying.
An immense crowd was gathered in front of the
President's house and a strong guard was also a
tioned there, many persons evidently supposing tha
he would be brought to his home. The city pre
Sents a scene of the wildest excitement, accompani
ed by violent expressions of indignation and th
profoundest sorrow. Many shed tears. The mili
tary authorities have dispatched mounted patrols in
every direction, in order if possible to arrest th
sassin. The whole police are likewise vigilant fo
the same purpose.
The attacks, both at the theatre and Seward'
ouse, took place about the same hour, 10 o'clock
thus showing a preconcerted plan to assassinat
those gentlemen. Some evidence of the guilty
party who attacked the President are in possession
of the board of police.
Vice President Johnson s in the city. Hishead
quarters are guarded by troops.
t No sooner was the melancholy intelligence re
e ceived than the Mayor ordered all business to
suspended ; but this order was little needed, for no
ooner were the tidings generally circulated than
flags were hoisted half-mast high everywhere, and
d pod in crape.
pad in crape.
CLOSED THIS EVENING.
The Management, regarding the melancholy new
of the assassination of the PasSIP.DNT of THE
UIrTED STATES and the SECRETARY or STATE as a
preat national calamity, and sincerely participat
mg in the sadnees and deep gloom now pervading
the community, beg to announce that there will be
no performance at the theatre this evening.
The performance announced for this evening will
be riven on Monday.
Tickets purchased for to-night will be received on
War Department, Washington, 15.
Abraham Lincoln died this morning at
22 minutes after 7 o'clock.
(Signed) E. M. STANTON,
Secretary of War.
Washington, 4:10 a. m., April 15.
The President continues insensible and
is sinking. Secretary Seward remain
without change. Frederick Seward's skull
is fractured in two places, besides a sever
cut on the head. His attendant is still
live, but hopeless. Maj. Seward's wounds
re not dangerous. It is now ascertained
with reaeonable certainty that two assassin
were engaged in the horrible crime. Wilkes
Booth being the one that shot the Presi
ent and the other is a companion of his
hose name is unknown, but whose de
cription is so clear that he can hardly es
it appears from a letter found in Booth's
trunk that the murder was planned before
he 4th of March, but fell through then, be
ause his accomplice backed out until Rich
ond could be heard from. Booth and ac
omplice were at the livery stable at 6
clock last evening, and left there with
orses about 10 o'clock or shortly before
It would seem that they had been seek
ing their chance, but, for some unknown
eason, it was not carried into efect until
One of them has evidently made his way
Baltimore and the other has not yetbee.
(Signed) Enwsr M. St.roir.
wr.a Lest Chnm.e.
HBJe~A, April 22d, 1865.
Earrono Pos:--While standing in on
treets a few days ago I heard some one re
-ark, "there goes some of the vampires o
he Government," and looking up, beheld
or friend W. F. Sanders, Judge Jones an
obt. Hagaman. I thought to myself: i
hese are its vampires, God preserve it from
its friends. The idea of calling Robt. Ha
aman a "vampire" touched my "dander,'
ad I was just about rolling up my sleeve
or a regular pitch in, when I discovered
hat the speaker was a regular secesh who
ad probably just heard of the fall of Rich
ond and felt bad, so, poor fellow ! 1 took
ity on him and let him go.
Now about the mines here. I have ex
mined them thoroughly and find that
herever there is a rough, loose, shell bed
rock, they are very rich, in all the gulches
round this locality; when the bed-rock is
lay, they do not pay so well. Taking
hem all together, however, they pay well,
probably as well as Alder Gulch ever did,
d they would do better if they had more
good miners; but the gulches in this vicin
ity were mostly taken up by the "tender
ooted" pilgrims that come out last season
with "Tom Holmes," and they know more
bout raising wheat on the prairies, dig
ing ginseng in the "Big Woods," gather"
ing cranberries in the Minnesota swamps;
or logs in the pineries, than using the pick
ad shovel; but they say that digging gold
pays far better. They were probably the
leukiest set of pilgrims that ever came intc
a gold country. They know it and feel it
ou can tell them wherever you see them,
here is a smile on their faces and they
seem pleased all over. But if you were
nly to see them at work, there would he nc
fear of mistaking them then; just watcl
them handle a pick. A good miner has :
pick drawn to a fine, sharp point; heworki
Sunderneath the pay dirt on the bed-rock
you know, Mr. Editor. when you knocl
.away a man's under-pinning he is easil,
y brought down; and so it is with gravel.
' Oct under it with a good long, sharp pick
and it is easily brought down. It canno
stand on nothing; but a greenhorn has I
hort, thick, stubbed pick; he stands oi
the top, like a chicken on a grain pile
gets out one rock, and finds he has anothe
d below it requiring the same labor. Thu
;he works hard and accomplishes little.
The snow is melting fast and miners ar
commencing to work in many of the ne,
gulches. We expect soon to hear some fa
j vorable reports from them. We feel sur
n that this county will be thoroughly pros
pected during the coming summer. Mor
again. Yours, truly,
V 1AT Vt.
From Hot Springs.
HOT SPRINGs, April 20th, 1865.
ED. POST :-You told me you should be
glad to hear something of our operations
ind prospects out here. and therefore 1
send you these notes of my work and explo
rations. The most remarkable ledge out
here that I have seen is the Plutus Silver
Lead, which is fully 200 feet broad at the
discovery, and gradually narrows to 20 feet
where an extension has been made. It as
says on the top about eighty dollars per
ton, which is very high when the process i
eenuine-(the big assays all know to be
moonshine, that is, as a guide to the aver
age yield)--picked rock will assay almos
anything. The lode can be traced about
ile. Over one hundred lodes have been
found down here, such as the Edgerton
ommerce, Robert Hill, and Conness, (sil
ver) the Magnet, (silver and gold), the Bos
ton and Baltic, both very rich in gold, es
ecially the latter; almost every specimen
f quartz in it is gold studded. The silver
district is in the low hills,thirty miles north
of your city. The valley extends from the
Madison to the Jefferson, the silver lodes
running parallel to it, and the gold lode
rossing it. The R. Hill and the Edgerton
lodes are close to a warm water power th
hot Spring. There is grass in the valley
for thousands of cattle, and there has been
little snow here all winter. Scattered tim
ber is to be found in the valley, and fou
miles off any quantity of good pine is ob
tainable. Within seven miles is the Mead
ow Creek Saw Mill. A flne road runs righ
through the valley. As the sun is shinin
[ must throw down my pen and take m
pick and shovel: so, adieu.
The Colorado liver Sese.
SALT LAK CITY, U. T., April 15, 18G5.
EDTrro Post:-I write to inform you that
the steamer Esmeralda, of the new Union
Line, arrived several weeks since at a
int on the Colorado river, within four
hundred miles of this city. She had on
board one hundred tons of freight. The
road from the landing is excellent. Wa
r and grass are also plentiful. The river
is navigable at all seasons, and vessels are
eaving San Francisco and other points for
its mouth, with freight for this Territory.
Goods are sent from New York by ships to
the Gulf of California at $15 per ton. As
the Colorado river and the wagon road can
e used all the year round, much of youu
reight will be brought by this route. In
the presses of this city you can see the
facts connected with the river, etc., more
fully set forth.
A movement is now being commenced
hat will bring you into communication
with the Pacific Ocean, and closer to oui
erritory. Thinking yourself and the
ublic would feel an interest in an enter.
rise having for its end the benefit of the1
ioneers of your rich country, I have takes
e liberty of writing. I am,
General Connor has assumed command
f the "District of the Plains," embracinl
tah, Colorado sad Nebraska; IRqas
as Dearer.-Dever Nunew, Ri0.
a.reos am she Re. .t eof Prs.
elo-Hmethodas awa *Ii la r o.4t
* * * Whatever machine is used, it
evident that roasting is essential to suo
as. Nature has so instructed us in show
ng that the decomposed or oxidated ore,
sear the surface, presents no difficulty to
he ordinary processes for saving the gold.
large proportion of the gold in this ore
s easily saved, and it is simply an ore
ted by long exposure to oxidating in
nlonces, as air and moisture, until all the
ulphur of the pyrites is oxidated, and then,
ing soluble in water, is carried away.
Ordinary roasting or calcination of ores,
s a process of like nature, only more rapid
hrough employment of all the more favor
ble circumstances, and the energetic agen
y of fire.
Dry crashing being necessary, it is ob
ions that some of the effective and eco
oomical machines, known and long need
or this purpose, is to be preferred. The
old rollers, or Cornish Crusher, or perhaps,
lso, Blake's, as a preparatory machine,
ill effectually prepare all that could be
esired by any moderate mill. Then, hay
ing by roasting desulphurized the ore, we
ay use stamps, or, preferably, the ancient
rastra, geared in a modern fashion, and
rind the powder between two stone sur
aces. The arastra is essentially a hard,
ven grained stone floor, arms so made as
to revolve horizontally over this floor, and
earnng applied at the ends upon a rim for
oving them, and stones fastened to them
t intervals, by chains, so as to be dragged
round after the revolving arms. Mercury
is placed upon the floor, and as pulverisa
tion proceeds, the liberated gold is amal
amated and absorbed by the body of the
Experience shows that this machine, of
heap and rude material, is capable of a
larger duty, and of saving at least an equal
proportion of the gold with less expense.
it is therefore a more profitable machine,
ince the greatest return of gold at a given
expenditure, is what we must look for first.
We may afterwards consider if this propor
tion can be increased. No one can doubt
that all the gold can be extracted, but will
not the last moiety cost more than cent
per cent ?
In all similar metallurgical processes it is
found practically necessary and economic
al to consent to a certain loss of metal, and
o we shall find in this. By adopting such
rachinery we secure economy of construc
tion and operation, as repairs are seldom
needed, rapidity of action, working there
fore a large amount each day, and as good
proportion of the contents of the ore saved
t a cost smaller than by any other method
r mill now known.
With such means and good management
there can be no doubt in the minds of any
one who knows, even a little, of the im
mense mineral wealth of Colorado, that it
Sould require only a little time to show
ad attest, by solid and heavy returns of
'retort" gold, that her mines are such as
ave never yet been known in any other
ountry, in all the history of gold.-Phil
adelphia Railroad and Mining Journal.
The Girdle Roumi the EarSh.
As the Atlantic telegraphic cable will be
aid during the early part of the coming
e uwmer, the arrangements now making for
ontinuing the line from San Francisco to
St. Petersburg, by way of Bebring's Straits,
re regarded with much interest. It is pro=
n osed to join the lines from San Francisco
.o Portland, thence to Victoria, thence to
-the straits through Russian America,thence
.by submarine cable to Asia, thence through
--Siberia and over the Ural Mountains to St.
mPetersburg. The U. S. steam cutter Shu
rmbrick left San Francisco a few weeks since,
h for the northern coast, having on board the
eSuperintendent of the Russian-American
e!egraph Company and an agent for the
ompletion of the line from Portland to
in Victoria. The line will be carried through
a country almost unknown, and in its con
struction much new and important geo
raphical information will doubtless be ob
A NEW DLscovExY.--A new metal called
Magnesium has lately been discovered or
invented in London, which appears to be
making quite a sensation among scientific
nd commercial circles. It gives, when
ignited, the brightest light yet known;
oes not alter colors in the slightest de
ree, emits no smell, and is not liable to
xplosion. It is considered invaluable for
ighthouses and such purposes, and photo
raphs can be taken admirably by it. Mr.
iazzi Smith is about to take some views
of the interior of the great Egyptian pyrae
mid by its aid. When first made it cost
£ per ounce, then came down to £4, and
ow may be procured for £ 10s. A geno
leman has just received in this city by last
ail a small piece of the metal in fne wire,
ad has afforded us a personal opportunity
f judging of its peculiar properties. It is
eadily ignited by a common match, and
emits a pure white light of the most intense
rilliancy even in broad daylight, far ex
ceding the famed Calcium light in bright
ess. A small piece of the metal may be
een at our office.-Britis Colonist.
The funeral of the late Col. Leavitt L.
owen was very largely attended yester
ay afternoon. The Masonic order turned
ut in very imposing strength, and the Six
Knights, particularly, dressed in theirrich,
lack regalia, on horseback, added an air of
ore solemnity and magnificence than we
are previously seen here. The Third Re.
iment boys on horseback followed the fa.
oral procession of their late Lieutenant.
Colonel. At the chbach a brief oration wai
ronouneed by Ilon. U. W. Purkins, which
as been pronounced by all as a gem oi
auty, brdliancy and oratory, appropri.
a to the occasion. This was followed by
other from Col. Chivimgton. The Gen
ral is now numbered with the mllion
sd. Reuiseat ir pc *-E g MXom
a nee, March29tA .