Newspaper Page Text
A Newspaper, Devoted to the Mineral, Agricultural and Co
VOL.4, NO. 18.
mmercial Interests of Montana Territory.
VIRGINIACITY, MONTANA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1867.
W TILTOX 1 CO.. - -
S.II- MILLS. - - EDITOR.
C0NTEXT80F THIS NUMBER.
A(^t1 ^r^,0T*d^ ^ E*t*b,ish,h* Principle; The^a*it L*,yi^'^tur* ' *a J^^f ^ce to YouneWet; Who.^^ itt Friends! The Place for it; Chkosre of^Venus, School of Miues.
FlGS2^Montana Legislature | Message of Gov-^inor Green C'lav Smith.
j Laws of the United States.
Taa __l'oetry; The InOiaa Question; Pen ^. Scia-^From feterling-r Virginia Letter List ; lJele-^^ Market Report; Laws of the I oiled
Page6^Foetry; Pen and Scissors; Mining Matters.
Page 7^From Salt Lake City; From Sterling;
pAGl5Virginia and Helena Locals; McClnre
vtGreeley; Oar Delegates : Montana Legisla-
Therecent act of Congrre*. decreeinr civ-^ll and political equalitv throughout the Ter^^ritories, practically cancels and repeals the
provisionsof our local statute^ defining the^qualifications of vot^r^ and jurors. It is not^my purpose at this time ta discuss the wisdom^or propriety of this neasure, since dim-],,,^would in no wise effect the result. Its opera^^tion has met wjth no opposition in the sever^^al municipal and county elections, where^prejudice and principle hnre been brought^face to face, the former being lost before the^mighty presence of the latter. The ordeal^though bitterlj sever^ to many, has been gen^^erally accepted cheerfully as one of the inev-^itable fiuits of a great political revolution.^As loyal ci tit ens, we should hasten to render^legal obedience to the nati .nal will by har^^monising car legislative acta with those of^the general government.
Themilitia laws as at present existing^are pronounced inefficient. T'ae ac^^counts for mil.tary expenses in 64-G5^have not yet been paid. rotate organi^^zation is recommended, and the popula^^tion claimed to be nearly equal that of^Nebraska. The following in regard to^mineral claims affects us equally with^Colorado.
Under the acts of Congress, approved July^26. lSritt, the mineral lands of the United^State^, purveyed and unsorveyed, are laid open^to pre-emption and occupation^pursuant to^certain prescribed regulations^by citiiens of^the United States and those who have declared^their intention to become such. Since the^passage of this act, a multitude of applica^^tions tor government titles to mines have^been filed in the land office ut Denver, but^the surveyor general having found no one un^^til a very recent date, who would accept the^contract to establish meridian lines within^the mining district*, owing to the inadequate^pay allowed by law lor such service, but one^final turvey ha* been made. This first loca^^tion, by the filing of an adverse claim uuder^the provisions of section six of the Congress^^ional act, which authorizes parties h:.ving ad^^verse claims to file them at any time prior to^the approval of the survey, h:t^ been duly pre^pared by the agents of the general Govern^^ment, and forwarded to the interior depart^^ment to be submitted as a test case, demand^^ing such adjudication as will establish a reli^^able precedent for the guidance of future de^^cisions. This proceeding will necessarily sug^^gest by its thorough investigation, beneficial^amendments to the law, which as it now^Matins is practically inoperative in such cases.^When there are no adverse claims, its opera^^tion is rapid and complete, but when compli^^cations exist, arising from inaccurate surveys,^multiplicity of local titles, or the causes be^^fore stated, the law does not clearly delegate^to any established tribunal the power to ad^^just them, or if it does, its meaning is so ob^^scure as to obstruct most effectually every^stf p taken to the permanent and definite es^^tablishment of the rights of parties litigant.^The rase now pending will doubtless develop^the hidden construction which ia to determine^future action.
Themessage is a highly creditable^and comprehensive document, and closes^by invoking ^ the blessings of the Al^^mighty Disposer of human event* and^former years, owing to the ravages of i ^ CRrthWto r^t upon and
grasshoppers,but sufficient to Supply | croWB theirgremt and ^ob^e mission.^^the home demand. The total number
FrankHall. Governor of Colorado, de^^livered his message to the seventh ses^^sion of the Legislature. Dec. 3, which we^find in the Iftins of the same date. He^regards it as the most important session^jince the Territorial organization, partly^in consideration of the fact that by the^accomplished location of the U. P. K.^R. to the north, and the proposed de^^flection el the Central road to the south^^ward through Santa Fe, Colorado will^be isolated ^ like an island in mid ocean^and we the commerce of nations sweep^bv while her shores are untouched.^ To^prevent this by the construction of^branch railways, he urges a memorial^to Congress for a subsidy of lands and^monev, and urges unanimity and earn^sjtaess of purpose. The message gives^the l^enefieent results of the representa^^tion of Colorado at the Paris Exposition^to be partially; the first gold medal^awarded for minerals: the appointment^of an Imperial Commission and the se^^lection of an Agent of the German Emi^^grant Aid Society who have visited Col^orado and reported favorably upon the^Territory, and the diffusion of intelli-^rence regarding the advantages of the^Territory throughout the laboring, fi-^aancial and scientific circles of Euroi^e.^The grain product is lens than during
ofacres taken up during the year is 57,-^416. Gov. Hail urges the organization^of a bureau of statistics, that informa^^tion and statistics regarding the Terri^^tory might b; collated, printed and dis^^tributed wherever they will reach the^immigration needed to take the place of^those drawn by various agencies from^Colorado to other localities, and to en^^large, mining and agricultural opera^^tions. Would it not be well, in view of^the frequent inquiries mr.de of officials^and private citizens in Montana, which^cannot be separately and satisfactorily
LSTABLISIITil K PiCISCIPLU.
Bythe pressure of public opinion, the^l\ S. Government is required to define^her position on the question of protect^^ing naturalized American citizens abroad^and add another doctrine to her nation^^al creed. It is true that since the con^^federation of States, Americans never^had any idea of permitting the estab^^lishment of encroaching despotisms on^this Continent, but not until President^Monroe, in view of the foreign combina^^tions to violate it, and accepting the sit
nation,gave it form, had we a fixed, offi-^replied to. that our Legislature should ! cially asserted principle and purpose on^consider the propriety of adopting the the question. That principle, swerving^wggsstion. Indian affairs are referred I from it in weakness as officials at times
to.and the reservations designated evi^^dently with but little confidence in the^arrangement, placing more reliance in
theprotection to the U. P. R. R-, and its^convenience a^ a base of supplies. The
have,was recognized by France as one^which the people would maintain to the^last extremity, and to it is attributable^the fact that Mexico ia not under the^shadow of the Imperial Tri-color to-^ttei are described as a tribe similar to I day. Again, when the question of^ourBannacks,and annuities, instruction j searching vessels was raised, and for^ttd induction into pastoral pursuits re- eign alliances were formed to enforce^commended for them. The same diffi- what they were pleased to term the^cnlty, delay and partial success in the right of search, another article of
Americanfaith was agreed upon and^successfully maintained. As circum^^stances have evolved necessities for de^^cided action, the Government, holding^aloof from the alliances of the Old^World, has built up a distinct American^policy, in harmony with republican in^^stitutions, and ever as a free agent, un-
*llection of taxes exist* in Colorado as^n*re, and an amendment ot the revenue^l*w urged. The Governor recommends^the passage of a strict Registry law to^P^ent the fraudulent votes frequently^et^t, thereby requiring the rejection of^the returns of entire districts, disfran^^chising legal as well as illegal voter^,^*^d imposing penalties on the many for^toe sins of the few. In regard to Sec. 4,^^f the Postal Imposition, he says as fol^^lows, which we commend to the atten^^tion of our Legislature.
The partial abridgement of mail facilities^^^question fall of interest to every inhabi-^y^ The law of Congress enacted in 1864,^^luch has to this day deprived us of a large^of periodical literature, was inflicted^aa through the influence of mail con-^^Jtora, to whom we are indebted for other^*^d serious deprivations. If at any time^V*^** existed for the non-interposition of^ry** U prevent abuses in the overland mail^5*f*^ tD*t cause ia now wholly removed and^D^rt can be no occasion for its further con-^anaance. Congress should be vigorously^^^^fnahted upon this subject and our dele-^instructed to use bis utmost endeavorj to^J*^**^'this people from the odious law that^* 90 lcng been a measure of oppression
Government,of persons who were natu- have the power. But they have gone even an agitation of this question pro-^ralized citizens of the United States- [ beyond this, did that which their posi- I duces, but if retained as an issue to be^The large Irish element among us, esti- tioa as legislators gives no more force to discussed by the press and de, i^!. d bv
thepeople, every man who has shown^devotion in preserving the life of the
matedto include, in pure and not much than as the act of private individuals;^diluted blood, fully one-third of the assumed certain things false in them-
populationof the country, is in hearty 1 selves, and upon those assumptions j nation is called upon by every instinct^sympnthy with their countrymen, passed a resolution of non-effect, except j of patriotism, to do valiant service in^whether they may or may not approve as at insult and a weakening ot author- protecting the national honor from the^of tne actions of the Fenian organiza- ity. Certain expressions, not fitting to | machinations of treacherous friends and^tion. Their sympathies harmonize with stand upon the records as the language j known enemies,^the unpleasant feelings of Americans ! ot a dignified assemblage of legislators;^to the most rigid examinations.insulted, expressions that they will blush here-^kept under constant espionage, and in 1 after to own they gave the sanction of
THKPLACE FOIt IX.
TheWashington Chronicle says the increasing^many instances most respectable gen- j official action, and an act that is taking importance of the great mineral regions west ^^i tt.e
. _ ^.^:.,_^i.. . .. ... ,I KiMTky Mountains, and the vast area of country
tiemennave been subjected to imprison advantage of position and political unan- i which it api^ar. from recent explorations remain.
mentwhile guiltless of the slightest i imity to breathe poisonous defamation ^Z^ff^ ^^1!^^^% ^^infractions of law. Upon this ]*^int Eng ' against the character of officials who nre ' proaching session as Congress. Prominent among
wi] ,-...m mm^ these will be a movement for the r$t^bli*lim^-nt of
landis inexorable, and refuses to per- to expound the laws of Montana and a ^reat National School of Mines on a r.beiui au.i^mit any interference bv our Government, trovern its courts because their political I comprehensive basis^an inetitution similar in Its
\\rt^*general soupe and org^nixation to t.-ie great
wmieconceding England the author-| status is displeasing. We refer to the | ^cb.^,u of Kur.^pe. ujh.h which^ity. even more, the rigiit.as a ruling gov- j resolution t^assed at the last of the reg-^ernment, to suppress in Ireland all se- I ular session, asking Judges Hosmer and^dition and rebellion, by mild measures ! Munson to resign, and giving the where-^if she can, by torce if necessary, still she i ases therefor. They brand with having
hasnow in the Red Sea an expedition 'brought disgrace upon his honorable I School of Mines is one of great impor-^fitted out and sailed under Napier, foe office, Hez. L. Hosmer, Chief JuRtice of tance to the great west. We western^the express purpose of compelling King j Montana, against whose character as ft er8 are inclined to ignore the usefulness^Theodore, of Abyssinia, to grant the re gentleman, and as a Judge of unspotted cf scientific men and pin our faith to the^lease of English captives held under no j integrity and honeety of purpose no man j skirts of the practical men, because rim^^less justifiable circumstances than are I can produce a particle of evidence; with j have been most successful. Yet to main-^many American citizens in English pris- ^incompetency,^ one who would cer-
pelledto rely for nearly all the scientific aid em^^ployed in the reduction and amalgamation of our^ores.
Wefind the above in an exchange.^The establishment ot a National
ons.Sharing heartily in the sympathy^of the American people for those of Ire^^land, we still believe these Fenian ris-
tainlynot have been competent to de^^scend to the use of such terms against^the author of that resolution, from his
ings,murders, gunpowder plots, and os- position on the bench, but who. not ini-
tentatiousfuneral ceremonies to be pro- I probably, could learn hi:n the very ru-
ductiveof evil only, and should not be i diments ot law. The Democratic party
countenanced. The fires of unsuccess^ ! cried out ^outrageous ^ against Repub
fulrebellion only weld their shackles : Means because they claimed that the
morefirmly, and Ireland has no possi ; President should be tried for misde.
lility of success at present. Yet for meanors, but the Democratic Legislature
thosewho have given allegiance to the ' of Montana would damn a man with
Starsand Stripes, this nation demands eternal infamy and disgrace without
theirrights as American citizens to be i even a hearing. Read this :
respected,and our Government should And furtli-r, that .-aid H. L. Hcmer ha
^^m -,^,^- denied the right to a change of venue, in vio-
takea firm position on the question of Ution u| the6laws of the ferritory.
And,whereas, tbesaid L. E. Munson and H.^L. Hornier are incompetent and not t lh-^| worthy as Judges of the Supreme Court of
protectingher citizens abroad, not as a^question with England alone, but with
theWorld. Resolutions to that eflftd Territory of Montana,^have been introduced in Congress and .'Therefore they are asked immedi^are meeting with favor It is right. We | to resi n^ Uiat competcnt and able
arestrong enough to maintain it if dis^^puted. Let it be done.
Theapportionment bill after drifting^atiout troni Hons*1 to Council lor weeks.
committed,amended, reported, re-com-
Judges,whom the people respect, may^be chosen to fill their places.^ The first
tainthat science is useless, is to write^ourselves asses. The fact has been that^scientific men generally have come here^fille 1 with fine spun theories that fade^in the presence of rugged nature, and^as soon as they lay those aside which^are false, and adapt their science to na^^ture, we enrol them at once practical^men. Science is si^^culative, but its^speculations are, or should be, based up^on established truths. It takes nctuali^ties as a basis and builds a fabric of ad^^vanced theory thereon. It follows that^starting upon a false basis, or none at^all, the theories are likely to be errone^^ous. A perfect structure must have a^sure foundation. Here is where the dif^^ficulty with scientific men begins. When^they come to examine the formations^and characteristics of the minerals in the^western belts of mountains on this con^^tinent, they find that they do not cor^^respond with the baseless, impractical
chargeis false and the second is founded 1 theories taught in the Atlantic or Eu-^on it, yet it is sent forth as an act of the | ropean schools and they either return,^Legislature to weaken their authority J to launch light literature against the^as Judges aud disgrace them as men. It j Almighty Architect lor the ineompre-
Bythis, it will be perceived that any^party, or the attorney of any party who^will make oaih that he cannot have a^fair and impartial trial by reason of the^bias or prejudice of the Judge, can have^his cause transferred to another county.^There is no limit to the application, and^nothing in the law, requiring the person^making it, to set forth his reasons for^believing that the Judge is prejudiced^or biased, or upon which, the Judge him^^self can exercise the least discretion, as^to the propriety ot the change. The^party or his attorney is thus enabled on^any pretense, which he may magnify^Into a prejudice or bias, to make the^^required oath, and the change is per^^emptory. It a Judge rules against a^party as to the law governing a cause,^the party who by disagreement of the^jury or otherwise obtains a new trial,^has only to swear that the Judge is^biased, and his case must be immediately^transferred. So if a party has no de-^tenbe, i- in default for dejiositions. and^has had his cause continued, until all^the rules for further delay are exhaus^^ted, the fact that the Judge rules that^he must proceed to trial, affords a con^^venient cause for an affidavit, that the^Judge is biased, aud the cause, of neces^^sity, is transferred. Nor is this all. An^unscrupulous party or attorney, as is^unfortunately, sometimes the ^ iis^-. even^in this country, may follow his cause^through all the districts, and if he is^willing to take the required oath, pre^^vent it lrom coming to an is^ue in any^ot them. There is nothing in the law to^prevent him from doing so^nothing to^punish him tor so doing, if so disposed,^for it would be impossible to prove that^he had committed a perjury. How many^people are there in Montana, who if they^had bad causes, would hesitate to take^this oath, on the smallest pretense, so^that delay or ultimate defeat c mid be^effected by it. The only reason that can^be given for this short-sighted act, is^that it originated in some cause quite as^ridiculous as the act itself Our Legis^^lators are now considering the Civil^Practice of California, with a view of^adopting it lor this Territory. We will^direct their attention to some decisions^under that act, by California Judges, on^the loregoing subject. In the case oi the
would be unpardonable cowardice on hensible manner in which He has ar- ! People vs. Williams, 24th California Re^^mitted, passed, returned, receded from'j lheir p^rt to tender their resignations ! arranged the foundations of the earth, j port, page 3^, the court decides that
andfinally adopted ^ found its way to the
undersuch imputations. It is a stub in
Governorand was approved on the last L^ ^ . . ^.u^.
11the back ot Justice, should they remain,
dayof the Regular Se-sion. It provides^that the Legislature shall convene an^^nually on the 1st Monday of December.^The representation i* increased to 13
cuttingdeep, deadlv blows at the body^of the laws now enacting. We are glad^to know that the resolution met with^earnest opposition in the Legislature,^and are assured that it is discountenanced
Council,and 24 House Members. We^give below the Districts, representation^ratio of voters to each member, and the^number of each house to be elected in^September 1868. In case of vacancies by^death. resignation or otherwise, sucessors | ~e (^will be elected in their districts. The |^'ouucil apportionment of Council repre^^sentatives is on a fair basis, and combines^n Council Districts those Counties hav^ng identical interests. The House va^ries considerably, but the apportionment
or,with commendable sense, accept the j ^ Bias or Prejudice on the part of the^situation, as Mohamed is said to have | Judge constitute no legal incapacity to^doue. and become our most useful and j sit on the trial ot a cause, nor is it a suf-^successful citizens. There is every ar- j ficient ground to authorize a change of^gument in favor of the establishment of the place of trial.^ Again ^The fact^of mining schools. We have the most ; alone, that the Judge on a previous tri-^extensive, varied and richest minerals; al ot the same cruse, made an erroneous
trammelledby any interest in main^taining the balance of power in Europe^and fully competent to attend to all af-^toward England, for her^osition toward^the United States during the rebellion,^and the sentiment demanding protection^to naturalized citizens abroad is sponta^^neous aud universal. This, added to^the obligation under which a Govern^ment rests, in point of principle to main^^tain and protect the rights of its citi^^zens wherever they may be, has brought^the issue fully before the country, in the^press, in public meetings, in Congress^and in the Presidents Message. Of^those arrested and tried in Ireland for
yennitesto construct a new Territo-^7 b7 dismembering Colorado, declares^^ aecomplisement would entail adver^^ty and permanent injury, and advises^nnesitating opposition to the move^^ment. Tne reference to those Territori^^es conflicting with the statutes of
complicityin the disturbances, were ex-^H* Averts to the proposition of the j officers of the United States army, i '
'were even denied trial by a mi^jury. It ia known also that every Amer^ican citizen visiting Ireland sin^e these^disturbances began, has been subjected^fairs on this Continent. The Fenian^disturbances in England and Ireland^have resulted in the implication, arrest^and summary execution by the English
mtedStates, we give for the bene-
bythe legal fraternity of this city, irre- of any of the nations. They are the J ruling, Is fto evidence of the ex i.^ . ace of^spectite ot partv. In all kindness, and backbone of the national resources.illim- ^ bias or prejudice in his mind.^ We^without any political feeling in the itable. and but scarce prospected. Edu- would recommend to our Solons a care-^matter, we urge the Legislature to blot cation is as necessary in this blanch as ful perusal of the opinion of Judge Saw-
\any other. The midnight Btudent bend-j yer in the above cause, believing that^f ing over crucible and retort has staked j a consideration of the effects of the Stat^WHO AKG ITS FRIENDS ^di^coveries that have yiebb-d mil lions of j ute cannot otherwise than iniluence its
'treasure from the earth to man- The nq^eal^location of a mining school is an impor-
Like begets like.^ Good may come
outof Nazareth, but so infrequentlv that
. ^_i ^ ^ ^ i r^tant point in securing its usefulness
theinstances nre historical. Fragrance1 b
'we look at it, it is just as sensible to lo
stHOOL ^I^ MINKS.
combinations that have^the present sesfeion.
Tobe elected in
11st Dist.Madis'nfl-Beaverh d 3
22nd ^ Deer L'd'ge^rMissoula 4^2 3rd ^ Edgerton^-Jefferson
14th ^ Choteau, MeAgher
21st Dist. Madison
SenateBill 1M, introduced Nov. 23 by^Stewart, of Nevada, covers the point we^urged in the last issue in regard to this^national institution. It provides that^the entire tax levied on bulliou shall be^set aside so long as such tax is collected,^for the endowment and support of a^School of Mines, to be located on the^Pacific Railroad, west of the Rocky^Mountains, and as nearly as possible the^center of the mining regions. Each^State and Territory to appoint one Di^^rector. Tuition free, all personal ex^^penses to be paid by the students. The^school shall be tree to native citizens^and foreigners having the necessary^qualifications. All assays, tests and ex^^periments on ores to be charged only^the actual cost of material used. The^fund to be set apart by the Secretary of^the Treasury, on and after July 1, 1808,^and the location to be made on receipt^of the report of the Board of Directors.^An examination and report of the min-^ng schools of Europe to be made and^paid for from the bullion tax heretofore^collected. The Reports on the mining^regions, now made by special commis^^sioners, shall hereafter be made annual^^ly by the laculty of the school. The^Instructors and classes to make annual^visits to the principal mining districts
bvthe facts of the case or becom- | who sustained them by moral and mate- It is in these words : *'W hen an affidavit for obgerving practical mining opera-^aW. ^diirnitv of men elected by the 1 rial support are en masse opposed to! is made by any party to said action or tiong and guch in8tructore .hail, for the^in^ ue g jpositions. 1 these measures which were hatched in proceeding, or by his or her attorney, diffusion of useful information, give free
oZr^^^*-V^*-\**P^lific ^ of disloyalty. The ; that the party making th^^^^\^^J^^ ZVS^
*;^hibitad in the non-confirma. press that sustained the Government op- and on whose behalt the affidavit is 1^fionTew ReTnbllcan nominated for poses them almost unanimously. Hon- made cannot have a fair and impartial^legal oi^7ther^ffices by the Governor ^ | esty opposes them. Fraud endoree. | trial in said action by reason of the hi..
ofMember, to the Wronger Counties ; randy rises from a carcass or ^ealthy^ ^semi ^ tlu. IVs
isequitable and the favors are thrown to j vapor, from a cesspool. Bad men sel- j^ or M icilltural college
weakerCounties. The increase of Mem- j ^*om propagate good doctrines. It is no ^ ^ rf^ esttLhUsh
herswill make quite an additional SX- more dlfficult to judge ft tree by its;hool in Nevr York^ Boston
penseto the Territory, but will prevent , fruits than to ,udge of fruits by the*5ntended tQ it8
na meaanre the easv and pernicious I tree. If we have a proposition before the, ~, ...
easy anu permi iuubit.... students in gold and silver mining, vir-
characterized country, its merits are determinable by .
J.., , f.i_ tually limited to the Rocky Mountains
twomethods; by the character of those7 *
, ,./, . f and the Western Slope, and upon the
whoadvance it and an analysis of the *^, ,
imjxjrtanceof which is based the propo- j
sition.By locating it in any of the great^mining States or Territories.its students^would be brought in actual contact with^facts ; their researches would be practU^cal and their theories builded on reali^^ties ; science would be advanced and art^assisted ; the endowment would return^many fold to the national coffers, and^America would take the first rank in in^^telligent and economical mining. We^hope to see this school established, and^established where it. results wonld^justify the expenditure and add to our^wealth and intelligence. The place is^west of the Missouri
2 3d ^ Kdsrerton,^t 4th ^ Beaverhead
5th ^ Missoula
6th '' Cboteau
8th ^ Jeffersoa
tHh ^ OallafnA-Big- Horn^* Giving- Meagher and GalUtin equal proportioas^of the ag-*-reg-ate vote cast in '67.
INJUSTICE XO YOURSKL. VKS.
propositionitself. There is a proposi^^tion now before the country. It is green^^back redemption of bonds, a specious^Big j fallacy, a snare, a whited sepulchre, the^painted corpse ot rebellion. Who are^its friends and originators ! Pendleton,^Seymour, Vallandigham, anti-war men,^all. That or wholesale repudiation is^advocated by every disloyal man in the^country. Ben. Butler favors it. He ia^unreliable, and no more belongs to our^party than Johnson does to Democracy.^He is ambitious and thinks it will be^^come popular. Thad. Stevens favors it.^He is consistent. He urged the issue of
The Legislature of Montana, con^^vened for the purpose of enacting laws I bonds redeemable in greenbacks when^necessary to the good government of the loan was authorized, claimed that on^Montana, and presenting to the general j a technicality he had carried his point,^Government the requirements of the J and although we opine it is the mosi
Oneof the most remarkable laws ever
Territoryhave in one instance, at least, seriou. mistake of his life, adheres to it passed by a Legislature, is the recent^lone beyond the pale of legitimate leg- with bull dog tenacity. The men who amendment made to our Civil Practice^fsUtioVto do that which is neither war- \ fought the rebellion down, and those Act, providing for the change of venue-
nordo we refer to the repeal of extra , them
compensationto Republican Judges and on the part of the Government,^the continuation of extia compensation , crease of greenback, to an amount that^to a Democratic Governor; nor, again, ^ will render them worthless, and eventu-^to the resolution giving an exceptional j ally bring disaster upon the country^to one of them, and ignor- j only second to that which would ha% e^of the others. Per-I succeeded successful rebellion. By
t'!!!i!!r. kftS good reasons t funding the national debt, Congress can^for doing those things, they certainly | obviate the pernicious effect/, which
Theyaim at a violation of faith t or prejudice of the Tudge before whom^the in- ; Mid action is then pending, such Judge^shall, and it is hereby made his duty to^immediately order said action to be^transferred to some other county in said^Territory, outside of hi. Judicial Dis^^trict, on payment of the costs that have^accrued in said cause in said Court np^to the time of making said application.
liontax shall be expended for the insti^^tution, the remaining halt to be a per^^manent fund, the interest on which af^^ter the tax .hall cease, to be used for^the expenses of the institution.
Congresson the 22d of February last,^appropriated $650,000 for enclosing the^various national cemeteries with proper^fencing, and for placing over each grave^a commemorative tablet. It has been^ascertained that 330,000 tablet, will be^required^a fearful account oi the des^^truction of human life in the late war.