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-ATUIJD-AY MOINING. _I C It.
NONODY's CMCI D.
Alone in the dreary, pitilem sweet,
With my torn old dress sand bare, cold feet,
AU1 day I've wandered to and fro,
Hungry and shivering, and no where to go
The night's coming o indarknes sand dd ;
And the chill sleet beating upon my ear
Oh ! why does the wind blow upon me so wild ?
Is it became I'm nobody's child ?
Just over the way there's a flood of light,
And warmth and beauty and all things bright;
Beautiful children in robes so fair,
Are caroling songs in rapture there.
I wonder if they, in their blisful glee,
Would pity a poor little beggar like me,
Wandering alone in t:e merciless street,
eaked and shivering, and nothing to eat?
Oh ! what shall I do when the night comes
In its terrible blackness over the town ?
Shall I lay me down 'neath the angry sky.
On the cold, hard, pavement stone to die?
When the beautiful children their prayes
And their mamma's have tacked them -p
snugly in bed.
No dear mother ever upon me smiled :
Why is it, I wonder? I'm nobody's child !
No father, no mother, no sister-not one
In all the world loves me; e'e the little dege
When I wander too near them; 'tis wondrem
Howeverything shrinks from a beggar like
Perhaps 'tis a dream; but, sometimes when
Gasing far up in the dark blue sky,
Watching for hours,some large, bright star,
I fancy the beautiful gates are ajar,
And a bost of white robed, nameless things
Come fluttering o'er me in gilded wings ;
A hand that is strangely soft and fair,
Caresses fatly my tangled hair;
And a voice like the carol of some wild bird
The sweetest voice that ever was heard
Calls me many a dear pet name,
Till my heart and spirit are all aflame.
And tells me of such unbounded lore,
And bids me come up to their home above ;
They look at me with their sweet blue eyes,
And it seems to me, out of the dreary night,
I am going up to that world of light,
And away from the hunger and storms so
I am sure I shall then be somebody's child.
P~EN AND SCISW)OS.
The Virginia (Nev.) Enterprise of the
30th, says: We yesterday had the pleas
nre of meeting Major P. A. Gallaher, for
merly of Connor's California Volunteers,
and who has been for several years in
the Indian country, commanding at va
rious stations, fighting the redskins
wherever he could get a fight out of
them, and almost constantly traversing
the country with scouting parties. He
was in the famous Bear River fight
(where he received a severe wound) and
in several other lively skirmishes. He
now hails from the Sweetwater mines,
in the Wind River mountains. Dakota
where he has valuable claims. Through
the Major and Mr. J. M. Owen we learn
the following particulars in regard to
the new mines : The mines are situated
240 miles east or northeast of Salt Lake
City, in a rolling and well watered and
well timbered region and consist of both
quartz and placer mines. The mines
were struck by a party that left Helena,
Montana, last June. in search of them.
This party originally consisted of ten
men, but only five reached the mines,
the others beiog killedby hostile Indians.
As soon as the report of the survivors was
received miners began flocking in from
Montana and Utah. About 800 men will
winter in the mines. A town has been
laid out, to which has been given the
name of bouth Pass City; also a county
named Carter, which embraces the min
ing region, so far as is known, has been
organized and Major Gallaher unani
mously chosen Judge. About 40 miles
below the mines is the celebrated Wind
River Valley, one of the largest and
finest in the whole northern country.
This Valley has always been the winter
Ing place for a branch of the Sioux Indi
ans, and they declare that the whites
must kill the last man among them be
forethey will give it up. In the hard
est winters snow seldom falls to agreat
er depth than six inches and the springs
are very early. Major Egan, who spent
four winters in the valley, says that the
has seen the grass six inches high in
February. Mr. Owea, who left the mines
the 8d of October. is of the opinion that
there will be a thousand men in the
camp before spring. He met many going
in from Salt Lake. The only difcalty
from snow liable to be encountered by
parties going to the diggings, will be in
the South Pass, where at timesthere are
several feet of snow. When Mr. Owen
left, the miners were preparing to build
a fortflieation as a protection against
the nladians. as they anticipate trouble
with them before spring. Theprincipal
leads of the district, are the Careso.
Miner's Delight and the Atlantio-all
gold bearing. Major Gailaher has with
him many rich specimens-one, on exhi
bition yesterday at Wells, Fargo & Co.'s
weighs about forty-five pounds, and is
estimated to contain near PD00 in gold.
This large specimen is from the Miner's
Delight, in which claim the Major is a
large owner. He is here for the purpose
of negotiating for a mill ; he wants one
of about tea or twenty stamps. Mr.
Owen left here a day or two since for
an Francisso, with the intention of
purchasing a mill of about the same ca
pacity for his claim-the Careso. An
immense rush to this new mining region
is anticipated next spring.
The WalUa Wala fsteainn says, the
workmen at the Walls Wafla FPoandry
are now engaged in making a pump
which may be fairly characterised as of
giant proportions The main cylinder is
fie feet long, the chamber 16 inehes in
diameter, and the whole pump of a ca
pacity to raise 1800 gallons a minute, or
'3,000 gallons an hour. Its capacity will
be better understood when we state that
it would readily raise water tq supply a
city of 200,000 inhabitants. This pump
is being manufactured for a mining com
pany, and is Intended to enable them to
work some rich bars on tGohmtdsb
River, which have heretofore been allow
ed to remaia idu od account of the
difficulty in obti.inng water. Thispump
will-give them a the water they r
elevation of 00 feet. These mines are
ca the Columbia, above Priest Rapids.
The Army and Nav .4usJ odi
the following hb to the name the
gar.msoadjim t eg 7esi 3s. The letter
I fryomm Bri. f Alvord to a sister of
the late General Russell:
MY Dua MaNDAMr: "I enclose
herewith a copy of a order isuard nam
ing a new military post " Fort D. A.
Russell," In memoriam of your gallant
and lamented brother, whose memory is
cherished by many in the army. Gem.
C. C. Augur, who Issues this order, wR,
like myself, In the Fourth U. S. Infant
ty, with David A. Russell, serving to
gether in the Mexican war and in Ore
gon. Cut odf In the prime of life, it was
a great loss to the service as well as to
"is family. I could not resist the oppor
tunity of mending you this recognition
of his services, which has gratified me,
and will doubtless gratify many milita
ry friends of General Augur. Fort D.
A. Rsseall is five hundred miles west of
this, on the Union Pacific Railroad, near
the new City of Cheyenne. It Is at the
foot of the Black Hills, and the railroad
-ill be built up to that point this fall,
by about October lst. It will be garri.
oned with fourteen companies, eventu
ally take the place of Fort Laramie, and
be the most important post in the De
partment of the Platte.
Governor Lowe of California, has par
doned Ah On, convicted of murder in
the second degree, and sentenced to the
State Prison for .10 years; Isaac Morris,
assault to murder, d1 years ; N. R. Ellis,
grand larceny, 9 years; Richard Kneale,
manslaughter, 2 years; F. McCann,
manslaughter, 10 years; Peter D. Hed
lev, embezzlement, 8 years; Johd H.
Mills, grand larceny, 7 year ; M Rod
riguer, murder, for life; Jeremiah Mc
Carthy, manslaughter. 10 years; Peter
Lombard, murder in the second degree,
10 years; Refougo Floes, grand larceny,
5 years; Alexander (1 Flowers, murder
in the second degree. 12 years ; Miguel
Marquez, murder in the second degree,
for life; Charles B. Ryan, robbery, 12
years; Wmi. Miller, murder in the :ec
and degree, 21 years; William Jocelyn,
grand larceny, 6 years ; Moses Tate,
murder in the'eecond degree, for lite;
J R. Welborn, grand larceny, 5 years;
Henry Wappner, murder in the second
degree, for life.
The Nevada (Cal.) Transcript says
that Wm. C. Styles, of Nevada, has
gone to Washington for the purpose of
securing a patent for a new mechanical
power, or a new application of motion
and power.which is destined to revolu
tionize the motion now used in machine
ry. By it a weight is made to act as the
power to lift itself. Styles has been
engaged on this machine for four or five
years, and has managed it so secretly
that even his most intimate friends
could learn nothing of its nature. A
short time before leaving, we are in
formed that the model was worked in
the presence of one or more of our citi
zens, and one of them now offers to bet
ten thousand dollars that Styles will
accomplish what he has undertaken,
and that the cost of running quartz
mills and other machinery, when this
invention is introduced, will be less than
one half what it is now.
The Cheyenne Artg has thefollow
ing items Nov. 28th: (old dust to the
amount of 200 o'tnces was yesterday
sent from this city to the Philadelphia
mint, through Kounts Bros., by J. P.
Butler. late of Montana.
Our friend Daniel McLaughlin is en
titled to the honor of bringing the fist
case before the Superior Court of Chey
Mr. Kleser, late champion of Montana,
has been matched with Mr. L. S. Kann,
of Baltimore to play a carom game of
1,000 points for $300 a side. Both gen
tlemen are in good play, and a lively
game may be expected.
Rev D. W. BSott has withdrawn from
his editorial comnection with the Chey
Speaking of the proposed removal of
the capital to Denver, the Golden City
Trancript says : Up to Saturday night
last, about $5,000 in cash had been
pledged, besides any numbsr of town
lots. The Hon. U. S. Senator elect, from
Denver, has put in an entire lot. We
also congratulate the members elect to
the General Assembly upon the nice
lay-out they have got this winter, but
warn them that they will have to watch
the corners mighty close to see that the
division is made equally and fairly.
The Oregon Herald says: We learn
by letter from New York to Gen. Tilton,
of the Pacific Division, that Gen. Spauld
ing. Chief Engineer of the Eastern Di
vision of the North Pacific Railroad, has
run a line from Lake Superior westerly
to the Red River of the North--80
miles. He found the ground very favor
able for the construction of a railway,
the divide between the tributaries o the
Mississippi and those of the Red River
being but 288 feet high, and the distance
to make this rise in 80 miles.
The Virginia Enterprise says: The
total shipment of bullion from this city
and Gold Hill, for the past week, was..
7,175 pounds, worth $2..648 54, while
the total amount of crude bullion re
ceived for melting and assay amounted
to 111,922 ounees. The shipments of
bullion from the office of Wells, Fargo
& Co., Gold Hill, for the month of No
vember, sum up to $289,221 08.
The Vancouver Register gives an ac
count of the death of Colonel M. F. Sim
mons, who is said to have been the first
American settler north of the Columbia
River. He was identifled with all the
enterprises eonect with the early
settlement of that region, and for many
years bore a cospplos part in the af
fairs of the Territory.
The Oregon Memtainers. aysJohnny
Bull, a profeesor of the fstic art, is re
ported to have been buogby a Vigilance
committee. The hanging took place at
Watren's Dlggtng.Jo&nny's ofepce was
Felipe Moreno, recently convicted at
Martinss, Cal., of murder in the second
degree, for kil Dr. Marsh in 1868,
beenm -s to ilmprisoment for
Darting the month of November Well,
Fargo & Co., shipped fom Austin Neva
a., 7 bashe of beuslle, deq 19,
7'9 pounds and vala~d at iiq 11.
Large quantitls et ptatees are being
sent from California to Chinasad Japan.
Anotrt VrgirniaaCy has Sear lai
Gt. It is at the new mines om the oa
maraon, in New Mexico. The name is
becoming as eommoee to corporatons as
Jones, Jenkins or Smith is to indivtdn
The Dearnver Naes says: Professor
Goldrick returned from his extended
Southern tour this morning, looking as
handsome and happy as in days of yore.
He is very busy, and we sappose will I
a very few days talk to the people far
and near, through the medium of the
The telegraph announces, say the Alta
the death of Isaac Humphrey, at Victo.
ria, on the 1st inst. He was generally
known as " Major," and was an impor
tant character in the history of Califor
The Denver Tr7iune says : James
W. Davis, of Alton, Illinois, has con
tracted with the Union Pacific Railroad
Company, to deliver one million railroad
ties in the Black Hill country and be
yond. The contract amounts to a mil
lion and a quarter of dollars.
Father Henneberg, of Nevada, recently
gave notice that he would deliver a lec
ture " to persons who have children
especially to parents."
The Colorado Regi ter says the Fenian
headquarters in that city were draped
in mourning for the Fenians executed at
Mrs. Laura De Force Gordan is leetrm
ing in Virginia Nevada.
The new dry dock at Oakland, Cal.,
point will cost $140,000.
THE TUNNELING SYSTEM FOR THE
VEINS OF MONTANA.
WM. Y. LOVELL.
As we are now having an Extra Ses
sion of the Legislature, it may not be
amiss to call the attention of the Legis
lative power of the Territory, to the im
portance of amending the Territorial
law of 1865. or of repealing and enacting
one that shall be more extended in its
scope and certain in its provisions. The
act concerning the location of tunnels
approved Jan. 31st, 1805, provides "that
any person or persons may locate a tun
ne claim for the purpos' of discovery
and mining" upon the following condi
tions: First, "They shall record the
same, specify the place of commence
ment. and the course thereof with the
names of the parties interested therein."
The language of the section is at least
vague and uncertain. Where shall the
locator record ? How shall the pros
pector know if this ground has been
pre empted or not ? No stake is requir
ed nor any local notice given of a prior
occupation and he cannot know by the
record, for the statute is silent as to
where it may be found. Second. the
second section says that " he may have
300 feet on each side from the centre of
said tunnel on any or all lodes he may
discover in the course of said tunnel,
provided, they were not recorded pre
vious to the pre-emption of the tunnel,
under the act relating to the discovery
of gold and silver quartz leads, and the
manner of their location." This is all
well enough, but how, and where is the
fact of its being a prior location to be
determined t The locator of the tunnel
in its course cuts some vein of anrifer
ous quarts, he ascends to the surface
and in the vicinity of the line of the
tunnel finds a stake. no shaft is nearer
than 1,000 feet and this but the prospect
shaft of a few feet in depth, while the
tunnel has cut a vein say at from one to
five hundred feet in depth. The first
preemptor declares that he is certain it
is the same lode, and says to the tunnel
company, according to See, 8, of the tun
nel law, you can cut through the vein,
but you must deposit at the mouth of
the tunnel the ore for my use. Why ?
Becease I am eertain it is the lode I
staked in 1865. How can this be de
cided? Ctertainly not by any test from
the surface. The work has up to now,
been so superficial that neither course,
dip or strike of vein can be given, still
owing to this provision the locator of
the tunnel must await the pleasure or
leisure of the pre-emptor until the fact
is established or demonstrated that it is
the same lode that was pre-empted in
1865. The vein cut is rich. the tunnel
drains the mine, the level enables the
owner of the tunnel to dump the ore in
the ore yard of the mill, the enterprise
is a success, but lo I the ore inthe eye of
the law is the pre-emptors, and if work
ed by the tunnel company it is at their
peril, and in so doing they will only
prove the fact that it is mine, because in
September 1865, I dug a hole 2x4 and
planted stakes at eaqh end of discovery
and said that I and my friends claimed
1,100 feet, each way, sometimes easterly
sometimes westerly, others northerly,
and yet others southerly. This is wrong.
The pre-emptor should be protected,
but the great interest of the Territory
should not be fettered by Legislative
enactment. Capital ever timid should
not be frightened away by a desire to
have the pre-emptor lay still uutil cap
tal not his own, comes to his relief.
Some pledge, some a ssurance shbould
be given those who locate their
tunnel that if mines are out in its couree
that they shall at least have an Interest
commensurate with the outlay, in devel
oping and draining a mine that may or
may not be one " located accoidlng to
an act relating to the discovery of gold
and silver quartz leads, lodes or ledges,.
and the manner of their location."
8d. There is still another objection to
our ptesent tunnel law. In Sec. 4, we
lad the only limitations that the Legis
lature has imposed to make a tunnel
claim an setase of inheritance or of fee,
is the requirement "that in one year
trom the date of the pre-emsption, they
shall run the distance or depth of one
hundred feet on said tunnel." This pro
vision we regard as one that certaanly
should be amended, for the reason that
it acts directly as an injury and preven
tative of development of the
mines of the Terr.tory by tuoonels.
The proper location of tunnels must be
be with reference to the cutting or etri
king of the mine at a great depth and
at such a grade as to insure the drain
age of the mine. To permit me to oece
tamd emJoy this by only going on the
nghth of the tannel 80' feet, or by
snking 100 fset, and then rmemalsa dit
ferest, n the way.of ay mIar eatsepri
sng neighbour, is wrong. You should
at least compel me to do something each
year, or let me, by neglect, suffer a for
feiture of the right conferred-compel
me to do something to advance the ob
ject for which the rights and privileges
are conferred or give place to those who
will. Under this provision the obser
vant miner may secure every available
point in his district for tunneling, and
when he has expended a few hundred
dollars, say to others, " yon are shut out.
I have caged the bird, and unless you
pay me my price you shall not even
drain your mine, save with hoisting ap
paratus." We can hardly realize any
enactment so injurious to the true in
terest of the Territory as this, and trust
that the Legislature will at once amend
so that hereafter tunnel companies may
be required to progress each year with
their tunnel at least 200 or 300 feet, or
forfeit their pre emption.
4th. Sec. 5 gives to the pre-emptor
300 feet on each side of the
tunnel, for an ore yard. This is as it
should be, if the pre-emptor is required
to work; but is wrong if the statute re
mains as it is. By this provision he has
600 teet, (the width is not given) for
this reason, that no other tunnel could
in this distance be pre-empted, and ob
tain the 600 feet. It is very often, and
especially when the entrance of the
tunnel is that of a precipitous mountain
or hill, that only 600 teet can be had
along the face of the hill or mountain,
or at right angles with the line of the
tunnel, and in this way (no matter how
desirable) preventing the location of
another tunnel in that locality.
Having stated the defects of the pres
ent law, and believing that the true sys
tem of development of the mines is by
tunnels, we ask of the Legislature to
take this question under consideration.
We would not have a right of the miner
touched or disturbed ; but if our Terri
tory is to be properly mined and devel
oped--if our hidden wealth is in our day
and generation to be brought to light
if Montana is to hold and increase her
gold and silver production-in short, if
mining is to be a success, we must cher
ish, encourage and safely protect capital
by a wise and prudent legislation. as
well as to guard the rights and interests
ofour toil and care worn prospectors.
Established in 1864!
G. 1. CLARK.
(4 doors above the Post Olffce.)
WlOULD respectfully inform the citizens of
VM ontana Territory, that they have now
on hand the largest and most complete stock of
Ocle and Household
Furniture in the country. Having the neces
ery machinery for manufacturing, we fee
sunnrd that we can sell
Cheaper than any other House
in the Territory. Our Stock consists of
Bedsteads, Sofa, Chairs, Bureaus,
Wardrobes, Washstands, Cester Tables, Dtning
and Breakfast Tables, Once Desks, Etc., Etc.
In fact, we can manufacture
Anything You Want !
in our line of business. We are prepared to
Sash, Doors, and Blinds
Twenty-fve per cent. chesper than the can
be bought elsewhere. A large s eck
constantly on haad.1LA
Coflins made on short Notice.
Billiard Balls Nicely Turned
Give us a Call.
G. H. CLARK.
41-1M Wallace Street, Virginia City.
Ai a on i e.u..... u4 Apws hp.uy
EZRA MILLARD, Prodrwa.
J. H. [ILIAR D, C,.Ai..
Omaha National Bank,
CataI $100,000. Authbrlid Capital $500,000.
THII8 BANK deals in Foreig ad Domestl E
Schsage, Goveramet Bonds, Gold Coio, and
makes the pk ehame o
oll Dutd a Bldlion a Speciality !
J. H Millard, formerly of Alle. & Millard, Bank
m at +Iruinia sad Heleas Cities, Montana. Is now
Cebaser of this Bank, sad wll be pleased to see
his Momtan freeds. 147-Bm
W. F. BARTLIT,
8torale nda Commiion Ierchant
con. WALCAs nD VAUPWURE STS.,
(Olmd Jeit.r Rýoue.)
K X2 e..em ty em head a large and genieal
MINERS' TO OLS
W__in adIne made em Celmimemb.
Partemlar m tlam given o
Salt Lake Consignments I
A lmel eeet m te lp n pae mage riee.
.. l TILTON 4 00
Gor. Wallace and Jackson St.
Virginia City, 1M, T.
Stationery and Blank Books,
oe vr7 silo ad kind.
Pooketad emorada Book
Arnold' Writing fluid,
Pens Pencils, Inkstands,
Mining and Law Blanks,
rslhing Tackle I
or BunT M.AUflAraU.
R. o. B.AILEy
Wholesale and Retail
Nevada City, M. T.
(The old Miners' Btoe.)
DEALER IN FLOUR,
Cote*, Sugar, Bacon, Tea,, Syrup,
Liquors, Tobacco, Cigar, '
Etc., Etc., Etc.
A Large tand Well A.norted Stock of y
Constantly on hand, and sold at lowet mask,
The "' Minerm' Store,," et
Remember the Place !
Corner of Idaho and Jadrk&o .Stree.,
VIRGINIA CITY, M. T.,
J. B. CHAPIN, - - - Proprietor.
T. IS well-known Hotel has been thIrob gh
repaired and renovated in all its departma.e '
A FIIRST-CLASS TATI.I;
will be maintained. regatrdles o'f exzPnse and w'
he furnished with the ehicie.t vianlt the .al:t
afIords The uomnfl.rt and c.uu iiwn.e aof bard I.
and visitors will be earetuilv att udtled :.. ar.
and trustworthy waiters ii* ciontant a:tenlutr,, . ,
Forman 's Express!
(Successor to T. J. Cowan.)
WILL LEAVE VIRGINIA CITY EVFERY
MONDAY MORNING, FOR
Sterling, Willow Creek, Gallatin City,
Morse's Store, Parsons' Ranch, Middle
Creek, Boseman City, and Elk Grove.
Will, after June Ist, carry pI Pe=or .nar!I bag
gage, kc., and after July Ist. th U.. S. MaIl.
By close attention to busine-s, tbe proprie
tor hopes to merit the confidence and patron
age of the public.
Oflice at J. M. Knight's. Wallac. t.
JAMES F. FORMAN, Pro'r
May 8, 1867. 142tf
JNO. S. SLATER,
COUNSELLOR AT LAW,
and NOTARY PUBLIC.
Will attend prormptly to all buin.ess of a legal
nature, take depositions. adliniuter ,~ths, etc., etc.
g"lmcediate attention given to thle ollection
of all claims against the Uni:ted tates, eepe.ially
such as may arise under the recent act of Cotngress
equalizing bounties. Office over the s:tore of Ge),.
L. Shoup. corner Wallace and Jackonr. treets,
Virginia city, M. T. !34"
LEA. F. MARsTON,
WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER
Cor. of Jackson If llace s.. Virgiiae City, M. T.
C ONSTANTLY keeps on hand, and makes t or
der, from Native Gold, all the latest sty es of
-tIParticular attention paid to relairing Watches.
A. .CHEFFLER., P'rop'r.
IN returning my thanks for past patronage, I
would respectfully inform the public that keep
constantly on hand the best quality ox
for sale as heretofore in quantities to suit enstomern
I have also refitted and refurnished my
NEVADA SALOON AND BAKEBY,
Whbere me alwa vs b bad the best quality of Bee
assert-"LiAqno, Cigars, Bread, Pies, (a e. Me.
w1J0-164 A. SCHEFI'LER.
JOHN B. FULLER,
47 DEY STREET, New York City,
Manufacturers and Dealers in.
PORTABLE & STATIONARY
STill I1IlS AllD OIUISS.
From 2 co 250 Horde Power.
Most approved Circular and Upright Saw Mills,
Grist Mills. Sugar Mills, and all kinds of MiSi3
and Plantation maehinery on hand and built to
SSBhaftiKg. Pullies, Leather and Rubber
Belting. and all kinds of Irom and Wood-workisl
y Mabchiery and Railway supplies in store,
sad shipped at the lowest rates.
J. H. MIN'G,
Carter oelJackson and Wallae* St
Wholesale ant. Retail Grocer.
Aud deale.r i
TOBACCO, CIGARs AND STATIONER.I
ALSO, A FINE SELECTION
OP FLCT 8OODS AND TOTS.
Suitable for Holiday preeetsa'
DeerL 6dge City, M. T.
BILLY WIISOI. - - - - Proprietor,
A Ie.aloes is attacbhed to the Baker., aed a
Club-Room, both of wbic are fitted up with
all the mnodern luprovemeuts. The pt.reet liqutrh
sad the best brands of egat are served out to c1s
to s. I a always glad to see my old Mfriod
who live apes the other side of the mountales
well as these upo this side. 61