Newspaper Page Text
THE MONTANA POST, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21., 1867.
SATlRDA Y MOHNIXi.
Alonein the dreary, pitiless street,^With my torn old dress and bare, cold feet,^All day I've wandered to and fro,^Hungry and t-bivering, and no where to go;^The night's coming on in darkness and dread^And the chill sleet beating upon my bare^bead;
Oh! why does the wind blow upon me so wild ^^Is it because I'm nobody's child
Justorer the way there's a flood of light,^And warmth and beauty and all thiags bright;^Beautiful children in robe- so fair,^Are caroling songs in rapture there.^I wonder if they, in their blissfol glee,^Would pity a poor little beggar like me,^Wandering alone in ti e merciless street,^Naked and shivering, and nothing to eat
Oh!what shall I do when the night comes^down
Inits terrible blackness orer the town ^^Shall I lay me down 'neath the angry sky.^On the cold, bard, pavement stone to die^^When the beautiful children their prayers^have aaid,
And their mamma's hare tucked them up
snuglyin bed.^No dear mother ever upon me smiled :^Why is it, I wonder^ I'm nobody's child !
Nofather, no mother, no sister^not one^In all the world loves me; a'en the little dags^ran
WhenI wander too near them ; 'tis wondrous^to see
Howeverythingshrinks from a beggar like
Perhaps'tis a dream; but, sometimes when
Oaxingfar up in the dark blue sky.^Watching for houra,some large, bright star,^I fancy the beautiful gates are ajar,
Anda host of white robed, nameless things
Comefluttering o'er me in gilded wings ;
Ahand that is strangely soft and fair,
Caressesgently my tangled hair;
Anda voice like the carol of some wild bird
Thesweetest voice that ever was heard
Callsme many a dear pet aame,
Tillmy heart and spirit are all aflame.
Andtells me of such unbounded lore,^And bids me come up to their home above ;^They look at me with their sweet blue eyes,^And it seems to me, out of the dreary night,^I am going up to that world of light,^And awav from the hunger and storms so^will;
Iam cure I shall then be somebody's child.
1*1^ and SCISSORS.
TheVirginia (Nev.) Enterprise of the^30th, says : We yesterday had the pleas^ure of meeting Major P. A. Gallaher, for^merly of Connor's California Volunteers,^and who has been for several years in^the Indian country, commanding at va^^rious stations, fighting the redskins^wherever he could get a fight out of^them, and almost constantly traversing^the country with scouting parties. He^was in the famous Bear River fight^(where he received a severe wound) and^in aeveral other lively skirmishes. He^now hails from the Sweetwater mines,^in the Wind River mountains. Dakota^where he has valuable claims. Through^the Major and Mr. J. M. Owen we learn^the following particulars in regard to^the new mines : The mines are situated^240 miles east or northeast ot Salt Lake^City, in a rolling and well watered and^well timbered region and consist of both^quartz and placer mines. The mines^were struck by a party that left Helena.^Montana, last June, in search of them.^This party orieinallj consisted of ten^men, but only five readied the mines,^the others beiugkilledby hostile Indiana.^As soon as the report of the survivors waa^received miners began flocking in from^Montana and Utah. About 300 men will^winter in the mines. A town has been^laid oat, to which has been given the^name of South Pass City; also a county^named Carter, which embraces the min^^ing region, so far as is known, has been^organized and Maior Gallaher unani^^mously chosen Judge. About 40 miles^below the mines is the celebrated Wind^River Valley, one of the largest and^finest in the whole northern country.^This Valley has always been the winter^ing place for a branch of the Sioux Indi^^ans, and thsy declare that the whites^most kill the last man among them be-^forejthey will give it up. In the hard^^est winters snow seldom falls to a great^^er depth than six inches and the springs^are very early. Major Egan, who spent^four winters in the valley, says that the^has seen the grass six inches high in^February. Mr. Owen, who left the mines^the 3d ot October, is of the opinion thst^there will be a thousand men in the^camp before spring. He met many going^in from Salt Lake. The only difficulty^from snow liable to be encountered by^parties going to the diggings, will be in^the South Pass, where at times there are^several feet of snow. When Mr. Owen^left, the miners were preparing to build^a fortification as a protection againat^the Indians, as they anticipate trouble^with them before spring. The principal^leads of the district, are the Careso.^Miner's Delight and the Atlantic^all
foldbearing. Major Gallaher has with^im many rich specimens^one, on exhi^^bition yesterday at Wells, Fargo ^ Co.'s^weighs about forty five pounds, and is^estimated to contain near $300 in gold.^This large specimen is from the Miner's^Delight, in which claim the Major is a^large owner. He is here for the purpose^of negotiating for a mill ; he wants one^of about ten or twenty stamps. Mr.^Owen left here a day or two since for^San Francisco, with the intention of^purchasing a mill of about the same ca^^pacity for his claim^the Careso. An^immense rush to this new mining region^is anticipated next spring.
TheWalla Walla Statexman says, the^workmen at the Walla Walla Foundry^are now engaged in making a pump^which may be tairly characterized as of
fiantproportions The main cylinder is^ve feet long, the chamber 16 inches in^diameter, and the whole pump of a ca^^pacity to raise 1200 gallons a minute, or^72,000 gallons an hour. Its capacity will^be better understood when we state that^it would readily raise water to supply a^city of 200,000 inhabitants. This pump^is being manufactured for a mining com^^pany, and is intended to enable them to^work some rich bars on the Columbia^River, which have heretofore been allow-^ed to remain idle on account of the^difficulty in obtaining water. This pump^will gxre them all the water they re^^quire, and if necessary will force it to an^elevation of 500 feet. These mines are^on the Columbia, above Priest Rapids.
TheArmy and Navy Journal gives^the following history of the name of the^garrison adjoining Cheyenne. The letter^if from Brig. Gen. Alvord to a sister of^the late General Russell:
MyDear Madame: ^I enclose^herewith a copy of ma order issued nam^^ing a new military post ^ Fort D. A.^Russell,^ in memoriam of jour gallant^and lamented brother, whose memory is^cherished by many in the army. (it-n.^C. C. Augur, who issues this order, was,^like myself, in the Fourth U. S. Infant-^ty, with David A. Russell, serving to^^gether ia the Mexican war and in Ore^^gon. Cut off in the prime ot life, it was^a great loss to the service as well as to^his family. I could not resist the oppor^^tunity ot sending you this recognition^of his services, which has gratifii'd me,^snd will doubtless gratify many milita^^ry friends of General Augur. Fort D.^A. Russell is five hundred miles west of^this, on the Union Pacific Railroad, near^the new City ol Cheyenne. It is at the^foot of the Black Hills, and the railroad^will be built up to that point this fall,^by about October 1st. It will be garris*^oned with fourteen companies, eventu^^ally take the place of Fort Laramie, and^be the most important post in the De^^partment of the Platte.
GovernorLowe of California, has par^^doned Ah On, convicted of murder in^the second degree, and sentenced to the^State Prison tor 10 years ; Isaac Morris,^assault to murder, 14 years ; N. R. Ellis,^grand larceny, 9 years; Richard Kneale,^manslaughter, 2 years , F. Mct'ann,^manslaughter, 10 years ; Peter D. Hed-^ley, embezzlement, 3 years; John H.^Mills, grand larceny, 7 years ; M Rod^-^riguer, murder, for life ; Jeremiah Mc^^Carthy, manslaughter. 10 years; Peter^Lombard, murder in the second degree,^10 years; Refugio Floret*, grand larceny,^H years ; Alexander G Flowers, murder^in the second degree, 12 years ; Miguel^Marquez, murder in the second degree,^for life ; Charles D. Ryan, robbery, 12^years; Win. Miller, murder in the ;ec^ond degree, 21 years; William Jocelyn,^grand larceny, 6 years; Moses Tate,^murder in the'second degree, for lite ;^J R. Wei born, grand larceny, 5 years;^Henry Wappner, murder in the second^degree, for life.
TheNevada (Cal.) Transcript says^that Wm. C. Styles, of Nevada, has^gone to Washington for the purpose of^securing a patent for a new mechanical^power, or a new application of motion^and power.which is destined to revolu^^tionize the motion now used in machine^^ry. By it a weight is made to act as the^power to lift itself. Styles has been^engaged on this machine for four or five^years, and has managed it so secretly^that even his most intimate friends^could learn nothing of its nature. A^sh^^rt time before leaving, we are in^^formed that the model was worked in^the presence of one or more of our citi^^zens, and one of them now offers to bet^ten thousand dollars that Styles will^accomplish what he has undertaken,^and that the cost of running quartz^mills and other machinery, when this^invention is introduced, will be less than^one half what it is now.
TheCheyenne Argus has tl*efollow^^ing items Nov. 28th : (Jold dust to the^amount of 280 ounces was vesterday^sent from this city to the Philadelphia^mint, through Kountz Bros., by J. P.^Butler, late of Montana.
Ourlriftnd Daniel McLaughlin is en^^titled to the honor of bringing the first^case before the Superior Court of Chey^^enne.
Mr.Kleser, late champion of Montana,^has been matched with Mr. L. S. Kann,^of Baltimore to play a carom game ot^1,000 points for $300 a side. Both gen^^tlemen are in good play, and a lively^game may be expected.
RevD. W. Scott has withdrawn from^his editorial connection with the Chey^^enne Leader.
Speakingot the proposed removal of^the capital to Denver, the Golden City^Transeript says : Up to Saturday night^last, about $5,000 in cash had been^pledged, besides any number of town^lots. The Hon. U.S. Senator elect, from^Denver, has put in an entire lot. We^also congratulate the members elect to^the General Assembly upon the nice^lay-out they have got this winter, but^warn them that they will have to watch^the corners mighty close to see that the^division is made equally and fairly.
TheOregon Herald says : We learn^by letter from New York to Gen. Tilton,^of the Pacific Division, that Gen. Spauld-^ing. Chief Engineer of the Eastern Di^^vision of the North Pacific Railroad, has^run a line from Lake Superior westerly^to the Red River of the North^280^miles. He found the ground very favor^able tor the construction of a railway,^the divide between the tributaries ol the^Mississippi and those of the Red River^being but 283 feet high, and the distance^to make this rise in 30 miles.
TheVirginia Enterprise says : The^total shipment of bullion from this city^and Gold Hill, for the past week, was^7,175 pounds, worth $203,643 54, while^the total amount ot crude bullion re^^ceived for melting and assay amounted
AnotherVirginia City has been lai l^out. It is at the new mines on the Ci^^marron, in New Mexico. The name is^becoming as common to corporations as^Jones, Jenkins or Smith is to individu^^als.
TheDenver Neves says: Professor^Goldrick returned from his extended^Southern tour this morning, looking as^handsome and happy as in days of yore.
Heis very busy, and we suppose will in, dol]ar8 My tQ (^en .. yon are shutout
avery few days talk to the people far^and near, through the medium of the^Herald.
Thetelegraph announces, say the Alia^the death of Isaac Humphrey, at Victor^ria, on the 1st inst. He was generally^known as - Major,^ and was an impor^^tant character in the history of Califor^^nia.
TheDenver Tribune says : James^W. Davis, of Alton, Illinois, has con^^tracted with the Union Pacific Railroad^Company, to deliver one million railroad^ties in the Black Hill country and be^^yond. The contract amounts to a mil^^lion and a quarter of dollars.
FatherHenneberg, of Nevada, recently^gave notice that ha would deliver a lec^^ture ^ to persons who have children^^especially to parents.
TheColorado Register says the Fenian^headquarters in that city were draped^in mourning for the Fenians executed at^Manchester.
Mrs.Laura De Force Gordan is lectur^^ing in Virginia Nevada.
Thenew dry dock at Oakland, Cal.,^point will cost $140,000.
MIMNC. M \ I I I ICS.
TUNNELING system for^veins of montana.
singneighbour, is wrong. You should^at least compel me to do something each^year, or let me, by neglect, suffer a for^^feiture of the right conferred^compel^me to do something to advance the ob^^ject for which the rights and privileges^are conferred or give place to those who^will. Under this provision the obser^^vant miner may secure every available^point in his district for tunneling, and^when he has expended a few hundred
Aswe are now having an Extra Ses^^sion of the legislature, it may not be^amiss to call the attention of the legis^^lative power of the Territory, to the im^^portance of amending the Territorial^law of 1805. or of repealing and enacting^one thut shull be more extended in its '^scope and certain in its provisions. The^act concerning the location of tunnels^approved Jan. 31st, 1805, provides ^that^any person or persons may locate a tun^^nel claim for the purpos** of discovery^and mining^ upon the following condi^^tions: First, ^They shall record the^same, sj^ecify the place of commence^^ment, and the course thereof with the^names of the parties interested therein.^^The language of the section is at least^vague and uncertain. Where shall the^locator record J How shall the pros^^pector know if this ground has been^pre eni|^t^*d or not ^ No stake is requir^^ed nor any local notice given of a prior^occupation and he cannot kuow by the^record, for the statute is silent as to^where it may be found. Second, the^second section says that ^ he may have^..^Hi feet on each side from the centre ot^said tunnel on any or all lodes he may^discover in the course of said tunnel,^provided, they were not recorded pre^^vious to the pre-emption of the tunnel,^under the act relating to the discovery^o! gold and silver quartz leads, and the^mauuer of their location.^ This is all^well enough, but how, and where is the^fact of its being a prior location to be^determined^ The locator of the tunnel^in its course cuts some vein of aurifer^^ous quartz, he ascends to the surface^and in the vicinity of the line of the^tunnel finds a stake, no shaft is nearer^than 1,000 feet and this but the prospect^shaft of a few feet in depth, while the^tunnel has cut a vein say at from one to^five hundred feet in depth. The first^pre emptor declares that he ia certain it
Ihave caged the biid, and unless you^pay me my price you shall not even^drain your mine, save with hoisting ap^^paratus.^ We can hardly realize any^enactment so injurious to the true in*^terest of the Territory as this, and trust^that the Legislature will at once amend^so that hereafter tunnel companies may^be required to progress each year with^their tunnel at least 200 or 300 feet, or^forfeit their pre emption.
4th.Sec. 5 gives to the pre-emptor^300 feet on each side of the^tunnel, for an ore yard. This is as it^should be, if the pre-emptor is required^to work ; but is wrong it' the statute re^^mains as it is. By this provision he has^600 teet, (the width is not given) for^this reason, that no other tunnel could^in this distance be pre-empted, and ob^^tain the 600 feet. It is very often, and^especially when the entrance of the^tunnel is that of a precipitous mountain^or hill, that only 600 teet can be had^along the face of the hill or mountain,^or at right angles with the line of the^tunnel, and in this way (no matter how^desirable) preventing the location of^another tunnel in that locality.
Havingstated the defects of the pres^^ent law, and believing that the true sys^^tem of development ot the mines is by^tunnels, we ask of the Legislature to^take this question under consideration.^We would not have a right of the miner^touched or disturbed ; but if our Terri^^tory is to be properly mined and devel^oped--if our hidden wealth is in our day^and generation to be brought to light^^if Montana is to hold and increase her^gold and silver production^in short, if^mining is to be a success, we must cher^^ish, encourage and safely protect capital^by a wise and prudent legislation, as^well as to guard th^^ rights and interests^of our toil and care worn prosectors.
Establishedin 1864 !
(4doors above the Post Office.)
D.nr. Tilton,Ben Dittea.
WOULDrespectfully inform the citizens of^Montana Territory, that they have now^on hand the largest and most complete stock of
Office and Household
Furniturein the country. Having the neces^sary machinery for manufacturing, we fas^assured that we can sell
Cheaperthan any other House
inthe Territory. Our Stock consists of
Bedsteads,Sofas, Chairs, Bureaus,
Wardrobes,Ws^h^^tandj, Center Table*, Dining^snd Breakfast Tables, Office Desks, Etc., Etc.^In fact, we can manufacture
inour line of business. We are prepared to^manufacture
Sash,Doors, and Blinds
Coffinsmade on short Notice.
BilliardBalls Nicely Turned^Give us a Call
141-1M Wallace Street, Virginia City.
FiaaftfialIfcH ef tks CsTrnscat ui iptmes! Pepsnterr^FOR DISBURSING OFFICERS.
to111,922 ounces. The shipments of if^ J****\P should
bullionfrom the office of Wells, Fargo '
Twenty-fiveper cent, cheaper than they can^be bought elsewhere. fkmT^ A large ^ eck
isthe same lode, and says to the tunnel | constantly on baud.*%^^company, according to Sec, 3, of the tun-'^nel law, you can cut through the Tein,^but you must deposit at the mouth of^the tunnel the ore tor my use. Why^^Because I am certain it is the lode I^staked in 1865. How can this be de^cided^ Certainly not by any test from^the surface. The work has up to now,^been so superficial that neither course,^dip or atrike of vein can be given, still^owing to this provision the locator ot^the tunnel must await the pleasure or^leisure of the pre-emptor until the fact^is established or demonstrated that it is^the same lode that was pre-empted in^1865. The vein cut is rich, the tunnel^drains the mine, the level enables the^owner of the tunnel to dump the ore in^the ore yard of the mill, the enterprise^is a success, but lo! the ore inthe eye of^the law is the pre-emptors, and if work^^ed by the tunnel company,, it is at their^peril, and in so doing they will only^prove the fact that it is mine, because in^September 1865, I dug a hole 2x4 and^planted stakes at eaeh end of discovery^and said that I and my friends claimed^1,100 feet, each way, sometimes easterly^sometimes westerly, others northerly,^and yet others southerly. This is wrong.^The pre-emptor should be protected,^but the great interest of the Territory^should not be fettered by Legislative^enactment. Capital ever timid should^not be frightened away by a desire to^have the pre-emptor lay still until cap^^ital not his own, comes to his relief.
EZRAMILLARD, Prudent^J. H. MILLARD, Cashier.
Capital$100,000. Authorired Capital $500,000.
Co., Gold Hill, for the month of No^^vember, sum up to $289,221 08.
TheVancouver Register gives an ac^^count of the death of Colonel M. F. Sim^^mons, who is said to have been the first^American settler north of the Columbia^River. He was identified with all the^enterprises connected with the early^settlement of that region, and for many^years bore a conspicous part in the af^^fairs of the Territory.
TheOregon Mountaineer says,Johnny^Bull, a professor of the fistic srt, is re^^ported to have been hung by a Vigilance^committee. The hanging took place at^Warren's Diggings.Johnnys offence was^horse stealing.
FelipeMoreno, recently convicted at^Martinez, Cal., of murder in the second^degree, tor killing Dr. Marsh in 1856,^has been sentenced to imprisonment for^life.
Duringthe month of November Welle, j^Fargo Jt Co., shipped from Austin Neva-^bars of bullion,
da,277 tars of bullion, weighing 19,^672 pounds and valued at $298,702 11
Largequantities of potatoes are being ! sinking 100 feet, and then remain indif^sent from California to China and Japan, i terent, in the way_of any more enterpri-
begiven those who locate their^tunnel that if mines are cut in its course^that they shall at least have an interest^commensurate with the outlay, in devel^^oping and draining a mine that may or^may not be one ^ located according to^an act relating to the discovery of gold^and silver quartz leads, lodes or ledges,^and the manner of their location.
3d.There is still another objection to^our present tunnel law. In Sec. 4, we^find the only limitations that the Legis^^lature has imposed to mske a tunnel^claim an estate of inheritance or of fee,^is the requirement ^ that in one year^trom the date of the pre-emption, they^shall run the distance or depth of one^hundred feet on said tunnel.^ This pro^^vision we regard as one that certainly^should be amended, for the reason that^it acts directly as an injury and preven^^tative of development ot the^mines of the Territory by timnels.^The proper location of tunnel's must be^be with reference to the cutting or stri^^king of the mine at a great depth and^at such a grade as to insure the drain^^age of the mine. To permit me to occu^^py snd enjoy this by only going on the^lenghth of the tunnel 100J teet, or by
THISBANK deals in Foreign and Domestic Ex^^change, Government Bouds, Gold Coin, and^snakes the purchase of
6014Dust and Bnllion a Sjeciality!
J.II, Millard, formerly of Allen 4c Millard, Bank^^ers at Virginia and Helena Cities, Montana, is now^Cashier of this Bank, aud will b^ pleased to see^his Montana friends.147 tim
W.F. BART LIT,
okhKit a i.
StorageZand Commission Merchant
COR.WALLACE AND VANEBUREN STS.,
KEEPSconstantly on hand a large and general^assortment ef the finest
fcdsfLiberal advances made on Consignment*. ^.J
Particularattention given to
aliberal share of the public patronage respect -^rally solicited.je!3 twt
Cor.Wallace and Jackson Sta.
Stationeryand Blank Books,
siever j size sad kind.
Pens Pencils, Inkstands,
Miningand Law Blanks,
R- O. BATLEYj
NevadaCity, M. T.
(Theold Miners' Stare.)
DEALER IN FLOUR,
Coffee,Sugar, Bacon, Tea^, Syrups.^Liquors, Tobacco, Cigars^Etc., Etc., Etc.
ALarge land Well Assorted Stock of Wm. h^and ^^^J
Constantlyon band, and gold at lowest mi i^rates. ^^r-4rrxall Profits
The ^Miners' Store,^ Vet
Rememberthe Plact I
Cornerof Idaho and Jackson Street*
VIRGINIACITY, M. T.,^J. D. CUAPIN, - - - Proprleter.
THISwell-known Uotel bas been tboro^ithm^repaired and renovated in all its departeieuu^a FIRST -CLASS TABLE^will be maintained, regardless of expense, and aSJ^be furnished with the choicest viands the market^afforils The comfort ami convenience of l*^nl^n^and visitors will be carefully attended to.. Careful^i snd trustworthy waiters iu constant attendance^the sru^at^.txt -
(Successorto T. J. Cowan,)
WILLLEAVE VIRGINIA CITY EVERY^MONDAY MORNING, FOR
Sterling,Willow Creek, Gallatin City,^Morse's Store, Parsons' Ranch, Middle^Creek, Bozeman City, and Elk Grove.
Will,after Jane 1st, carry passengers and bae.^gage, tc, and after July 1st. the U. 8. Mail.
Byclose attention to business, the proprie^^tor hopes to merit the confidence and patron^^age of the public.
HsT-Officeat J M. Knight's, Wallace Ft^JAMES F. FORMAN, Pro'r
May8, 1867. U2tf
COUN1ELLOB AT LAW,
Willattend promptly to all business of a legal^nature, take detxultiomi, adtiiiuister ontha. etc., etc.
KgT-Immediate attention jfiven to Hit collection^^f all claims s*;uinst the 1 UiTed state*, sesssstaOy^such as may arise under the recent act of (Jong-rea*^equalizing- bounties. Offic* over the store of Geo.^L, Shoup. corner Wallace and Jackson streets.^Virginia city. M. T. 13S*
.LEA.F. IHARSTOV,^WATCHMAKER AND JEWELER
Cor.of Jackson A- Wallmce St:. Virginia Citf, M. T.
CONSTANTLYkeeps on hand, and makeste or^der, Itoia Native Gold, all the latest styles ef^Jewelry.
t-w*Particular attention paid to repairing Wstchet.
INreturning my thanks for past patrsassrs, i^would respectfully inform the public that I keep^constantly on band the best quality ot
forsale as heretofore in quantities to suit customers.
Ihare also refitted and refurnished say
NEVADASALOON AND bakery,
Wherecan alwa vs be had the best quality of Bee
assortedLiquors. Cigars, Bread, Pies.Oave. ete.^W152-164A. SC'HKKI I.KK.
JOHNB. FULLER,^47 DEF STREET, New f erk City,
Manufacturersand Dealers ia.
From2 to 250 Horse Power.
Mostapproved Circular and ITpriyht Ssw Mills,^Grist Mills. Sugar Mills, and all kinds of Min.sf^and Plantation machinery oa hand and built ts^order.
iyShaftine;. Pullies, Leather and Rubber^Belting-, and all kinds of Iron and Wood-workiaf^Machinery.
iyMaehiaery and Railway supplies ia store,^and shipped at the lowest rates.^eepl4 160-176
Cornerol . Jackson and Wallace St
Wholesaleani Retail Grocer.
aad dealer ia
Tobacco,Cioars and Stationery^also. a fixe selection
OSFAJTCY ^OOD8 A3TD T0T8.^Suitable for Holiday presents'
DeerL6dge City, M.T-^BILLY WILS0W.Proprietor,
ASuesaloon is attached to the Bakery, asd a^Club-Room, both of which are fitted up ^,u^all the modern improvements. The pi.rest liuuJ^^and the best brands of clears are served out 10J^^^turners. I am always (clad to see my old iKsae*^^who live upon the other side of the mountains,^well as those upon this side.* *