Newspaper Page Text
A Wewgpaper, Demoted to the Mineral, Agricult^l emd Commercial IntereBtB of Montepa Territory. I
VOL.4, NO. ^27,
VIRGINIACITY, MONTANA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1868.
0.*. TILTON * CO.. - - - - PUBLISHERS
contentsof this number.
Pa.e 1 ^ Practical Nationality | Self Prat^Hue ;^Proceeding* of Republican Central Committee j^Before you Start; The Salt Lake Tragedy; Ap^^peal for Arm* ; Editorial Note* ; Miscellaneous.
Page2.^The Sweetwater Mines; Frost Silver^Bow ; Telegrams | The United States supreme^Coart.
Page3.^Pea and Scissors; Churches aad Socie-^Ssa
Page4.^ Telegrams |
PaB 5.^About the Country ; Pen and Scissors:^If iscellaneoos..
Pack6.^FrasaGaHatin Valley; From Sterliag.^Pack 7.^Poetry^The Outside Dog; in the Fight;^The Josh Billings Papers : Virginia and Helena
MarketReports.^Pa'.e 8^Virginia and Helena Locals ; Virginia
TheNew York World of m recent date^contained a characteristic letter from^the erratic George Francis Train. The^statement that ^Durant took out $5,000,-^000 in gold to buy 20,000 tons ot iron to^complete the Rock Island Railroad to^Omaha,^ suggests a subject that should^be carefully considered. We do not^refer to the words, which inform the^reader that the relations existing be^^tween Montana and the States are to^become stronger and more intimate. We^wish every citizen of the United States^to remember that his country is not^independent in its material resources.^It is admitted that the mineral wealth^of the American Republic is incalculable^by human agency. To assert that iron^can be found within its boundaries in^quantities which appear to be inexhaust^^ible, is saying nothing not already known^by all. Vital questions immediately^flash through the mind that require^truthful answers. Is there any neces^^sity for purchasing in Europe the iron^that is used upon our railroads ^ Why^cannot the workingmen of the nation^compete with those of England or Swe-^^den^ If there is any groii^~ upoii^which Mr. Durant can justify his con^^duct above described, what is it ^ This^discussion is confined to one feature of^commerce, but the principles involved^may be applied to many daily transac^^tions. The invoices of the importers in^the cities that are washed by the west^era waves of the Atlantic, will con^^vince one that another declaration of^independence must be proclaimed and^successfully vindicated, before orators^can exult too fervently and eloquently in^the Senate or upon the rostrum. The^aid of the politician and soldier are not^needed in such a contest. The only^weapons that are sought by the partici^^pants therein are those of peace. Mil^^lions in gold are transported every^month to the Old World to reward for^^eign mechanics and develop the mines^of unfriendly nations. If it were possi^^ble for us to ascertain the fact, we have^no hesitation in expressing the opinion^that nine-tenths of the precious aurifer^^ous yield of Montana in 18634-5-6 are^now deposited in the safes and vaults^of European bankers. Our monitors can^destroy the fleets of those who desire to^wage open war against the land over^which floats the stars and stripes.^Armies of veterans, commanded by offi^^cers of experience and ability, can van^^quish all the hosts that can be brought^into action by its foes. Yet we do not^seek for the brillian* victories that would^surely crown our efforts upon the field of^battle. Without one emotion of unjust^pride or biased patriotism, we can pro^^claim that the United States is indepen^^dent, and no foreign potentate can ren^^der its nationality a nullity by appeal^^ing to the hand of might. The glories^of peace must adorn the pages upon^which the history of America will be^inscribed. The earth of Pennsylvania^and Missouri holds within its grasp iron,^so manifold in its uses ; skillful laborers^can be found in every hamlet; every^railroad in the country, in fact every^enterprise in which metals of various^descriptions are required, can be thor^^oughly finished without expending one^dollar in the manufactories of rivals of^a different birth place. There Is only^one obstacle to be overcome^the com^^pensation of workmen. This is indeed^a subject that must be handled with the^xitmost degree of caution. Disregarding^the temptation to play the part of a^demagogue and indulge in gasconade,^we must remark that, while the services^of a man command eight and ten timer^the pay in America that the same indus^^try and knowledge are rewarded with in^Europe, our natural advantages will be
oflittle profit. Such a vast difference in^the rates of compensation places us un^^der the control of foreign artisans and^manufacturers. Mr. Durant, like thou^^sands of our citizens, buys in the cheap^^est marts of trade. Is anybody to blame^^Who can remedy the gigantic national^evil^ The statesmen that can devise^any system of legislation based upon^sterling principles of poKtical enconomy,^which will enable the people to retain^the gold that Is extracted from our lodes^and gulches, and develop our hidden^wealth, that is now useless because it is^unsought, will be triumphantly placed^at the head of American benefactors.
Theannually recurring Indian depre^^dations and consequent excitements in^the border settlements have again com^^menced. Authentic accounts come by^every mail of barbarous atrocities in^neighboring territories, and the tele^^grams have a probably exaggerated^statement from the Fort Sanders Index^that two thousand of the tribes so gen^erously furnished, last fall, with arms^and ammunition by that misnomered^monstrosity, conceived by those who^make fortunes out of treaties and born^of the hereditarily diseased communities^whose ideas of Indians are moulded by^the fictions of Cooper and the suborned^evidence of agency employees or hangers^on, are laying waste the valleys to the^nonth and threatening the Sweetwater^mines. For a few days we have had^accounts of murder, thieving and threat^^ening on the road from Helena to Ben^^ton, perpetrated by Black feet, Bloods or^some other of tbe Indian tribes of that^vicinity- In some instances, the reports^have happily not been authenticated,^but when men are brought into Helena^dead, shot through the heart, in the^dead of night, by savages who had par^^taken of their hospitality and avowed^friendship a few hours before, the treach^^ery, murderous intent and fiendish pro^^clivities of the hundreds of Indians lurk^^ing on the borders cannot be doubted.^Like the tribes to the southward, these^northwester!* Indians are well armed,^some with stolen* arms, others with cap^^tured weapons, and still others with^navy revolvers presented to them by offi^^cers of the government at Fort Benton^two years ago. These attacks upon the^settlers have been wanton, barbarous^and unprovoked ; committed with wea^^pons which no hostile Indians should be^entrusted with, and which, having been^given them by authority of the govern^^ment by recommendation of the Com^^missioners, we assert that they are^morally and should be held criminally^responsible for any life sacrificed by fire^^arms in the possession ot savages. These^same Commissioners recommend that^Governors of Territories should be pro^^hibited from allowing citizens to defend^themselves, and no doubt their recom^^mendation will be adopted, although the^blind perversity and inhumanity of such^a course would seem incredible- These
frontier settlersranchman, miners,
trappersand prospectors^are the picket^lines of the government and the vedettes^of the rapidly developing west. How^insane and inhuman it would be to thrust^them into the teeth ot a watchful and^merciless foe, shackled and fettered, to^be sacrificed, they and their wives and^children and homes, to the bullet, knife^and torch, while those in authority turn^a deaf ear to their entreaties, and their^people refuse them assistance. We make^these remarks because blood has been^murderously shed, the blood of our peo^^ple, and with confidence they have aaked^for arms and ammunition from the Exec^^utive, and he has given them. In this^he has done right, and will be sustained^by the people. Conceding the best inten^^tions and efficiency to the regular sol^^diers stationed at the various poets in^our Territory, they cannot afford Imme^^diate protection to all the remote and^isolated settlements in case of. hostile^movements. The people are competent^and willing to protect themselves, and^the larger communities will respond^with alacrity to any appeal for support.^We have twenty-five hundred stand of^arms and a sufficient supply of ammuni^^tion, of which the Governor is custodian.^They were intended to be used for pro^^tection against Indians, and certainly it^is proper that those living in exposed^localities should be furnished with^means of protection, the Peace Commis^^sioners to the contrary notwithstanding.^There are along the northern and east^^ern limits of the populated portion of^Montana, little communities, liable to be^overcome by thieving or murdering^Indians, in which there are prudent,^responsible parties who should be fur^^nished with arms, which, if necessary,^could be used for the purpo*je contem^^plated when they were sent to the Ter^^ritory. This would impart a feeling of
security,prevent the necessity of a gen^^eral military organization other than^that of the regular army, and meet the^requirements of the case. Last year,^petitions came from Gallatin and Mis^^soula counties; from the former when^not a hundred guns could be had in^Virginia^this year from Edgerton. An^Executive would be severely reprehensi^^ble who would refuse his efforts to aid^the people in times ot danger, and we^are assured none will act' with more^earnest desire to assist them than our^present Governor. We do not anticipate^these depredations will he extensive in^Montana, but the life of a poor ranch^^man on the border is as precious to him^as that of the highest dignitary in the^land and he is entitled to as full protec^^tion. Our Territory may suffer from^having its approaching avenues cut off,^without power to prevent it; bat with^willing citizens and the means to pre^^vent it, no plundering invasion of our^settlements should be permitted. We^think the furnishing of arms to settle^^ments distant from Helena and Virginia^on the application of responsible parties,^will lead to the safety and welfare of the^people, and that they will voluntarily^and with alacrity lend mutual support,^and render any other action unnecessary^to prevent in Montana the barbarities^that from the history of the past we may^expect to recur throughout the country^the coming season.
Proceeding*or time Republican Cen^^tral Committee.
TheTerritorial Central Committee^met pursuant to call, at the banking^house of George M. Pinney, in Helena,^on the 12th inst.. at 12 o'clock M.
Mr.George M. Pinney occupied the^chair.
Thefollowing are the names of the^delegates in attendance, as reported by^the committee on credentials:
EdgertonCounty^George M. Pinney,^Henry Thompson, John Potter, T. C.^Jones.
MadisonCounty^James H. Mills, Jas.^Gibson, proxy for E. L. Pratt, and J. H.^Mills for N. J Davis.
DeerLodge County^John Potter,^proxy for E. a. Stackpols, H. Thompson,^proxy for J. D. Hun toon, and W. Chum-^asero, proxy for A. J. Simmons.
GallatinCounty^Alfred Metca!f, who^was also empowered to vote for the two^absent delegates.
JeffersonCounty^T. J. Merrill, with^the above powers.
ChoteauCounty^James B. Hubbell,^proxy, Chas. L. Hard ; Gee. Steel 1, proxy^John Potter.
BeaverheadCounty^T. C. Jones held^the proxies for this county.
Missoulacounty was unrepresented.
Mr.Merrill, of Jefferson county, offered^a resolution to the effect that a portion^of a resolution adopted at a meeting of^the Committee held August 4th. 1867,^be so amended as to allow persons hold^^ing proxies from absent members to cast^the vote of such members, which was^adopted.
Mr.Chumase.ro offered a resolution^that the Convention proceed to elect^three delegates and three alternates to^the National Convention. Carried.
Thenames of Messrs. Sanders, Trum^^bull. Claggett, Gibson. Pinney, Munson,^Smith, Wilson and Wright, were put in^nomination.
Afterthe first ballot for delegates the^Convention took a repass for fifteen min^^utes.
Onbeing called to order, a resolution^was put and carried that a majority of^all the votes cast be required to elect^candidates.
Onmotion of Judge Chumasero. it was^resolved that a committee of three be^appointed on resolutions. Messrs. Chum^^asero, Mills and Met calf weie appointed^such committee.
Aftersome further business of a pri^^vate character, the Committee adjourned^until 7 o'clock p. m.
Atthe evening session, the following^delegates were chosen to attend the Con^^vention :
Wm.H. Claggett, W. F. Sanders and^Geo. M. Pinney.
Butlittle other business was transac^^ted, and the Committee adjourned until^2 o'clock p. m. Thursday.
secondday. *l^The Committee on Resolutions report^ed the following:
Rtlwtd That the Republican party of the Ter^^ritory of Montana is earnest and cordial in the main-^tainanoe of the great principles advocated by their^political brethren throughout tha Union, and will^lend their heartiest efforts to secure their complete
Thatreposing implicit ooandenoe ia^the pswrioti*m, ability and integrity of General^Ulysses 8. Grant, and as^ured of his entire sympa^^thy with the party, we name him as the choice of^the Union men of Montana as candidate for Preni^dent of tbe United States, and hereby inst met ear^delegates to use their efTooR in securing his nomi^^nation upon the platform to oe adopted by the Na^^tional Republican Convention, to be assembled ia^Chicago, May 20tb. 1868.
Theresolutions were adopted unani^^mously.
Thefollowing resolutions were also^introduced and adopted:
Jtses/rrs*That the interests of oar people require^the passage of a law amendatory of the act of Con^^gress. *' Graattssg the right of war to ditch and^canal twain over tbe public lands and for other^purposes.^ approved July 26th. 1866. aad which^would prohibit the location and pre-emption, aad^the granting of any pa teats far mill sites under any^act of Congress upon any public land occupied or^located as a town site.
Rtaolred.That the Hon. Janus M. Ca vans ugh,^Delegate for Montana, be respechnlly requested to^org* upon Congress the passage of an act to the^effect embodied la the above resolution
TheConvention elected the following^gentlemen as alternate delegates to the^Chicago Convention:
Dr.James Gibson, of Virginia : Isaac^D. Hun toon, of Deer Lodge, and Gen. L.^S. Wilson, of Gallatin.
Arejpn going to Sweetwater ^ Prob^^ably a thousand or more Montanians^will answer directly or qualifiedly in the^affirmative. What for ^ There can be no^inducement except to make money. We^would like to know how many of those^who now are afflicted with the Sweetwa^^ter tever have any reliable Information^that convinces them they can better^their condition by going there. Is it not^rather restlessness, and a blind, reckless,^unchecked Impulse; tlirowlng them^^selves on the spring tide current of hu^^manity that each year pours its infatu^^ated tide toward one locality or another^at the instigation, and to fill the pockets^ot interested parties. Have you forgot^^ten the Sun river and Salmon river^stampedes ^ How many lit the torch of^wealth from the ignes tat lis that flashed^so brilliantly above those places, and^allured so many hundreds to suffering^and ruin. Old miners talk wisely about^the folly of stampedes, suggest the falla^^cy of rushing off to mines that pay best^when they are under several feet of^snow and have never been opened, but
somehow they are among the first
togo. The Salmon river minea were^claimed to be placers^three thousand^men rushed there^perhaps as many^hundred can make good wages. The^remainder have come away poorer than^they went, having lost a year's work.^The Sweetwater mines are not claimed^to have rich placers, quartz being the^principal attraction, What are you^moneyless placer miners going to do^with quartz ^ You can find fifteen thou^^sand leads recorded In Montana and^earn probably as good a one as you^would find at the Sweetwater, by a^month's labor. You hear of fine speci^^mens of quartz and nuggets In Salt Lake^City and Cheyenne. You can see speci^^mens in almost any cabin in Montana^that will assay thousands of dollars to^the ton, and a nugget exposed In a^banker's window does not bear evidence^ot where it came from. Cheyenne and^Salt Lake see money for their merchants^in a stampede to Sweetwater. It will^circulate and some of it event ually reach^the newspapers. Self interest, always^controlling, would prompt the most flat^^tering accounts ot the new mines. Their^columns are open to interested corres^^pondents. Do not place too Implicit faith^in newspaper accounts. This year will^probably be a much better one in Mon^^tana than either '66 or '67. Many new^gulches have been discovered and suffi^^ciently developed to establish the fact of^good wages being obtainable by all the^labor this winter unemployed In the^Territory. There will be more money^expended to labor for developing and^reducing quartz than ever before. The^Sweetwater mines, with the Indians on^the Bozeman route will attract a large^proportion of the eastern emigration,^and the advance of it is already at^Omaha. You who are doing well In^Montana have no cause to wander. Let^well enough alone. You who are not,^see the prospects brightening for a suc^^cessful mining season. Take two^thoughts before you go to Sweet'vater.
THESALT LAKE TRAGEDY.
Ourreaders will remember a dispatch^from Salt Lake City a short time ago,^mentioning the shooting of S. M. Camp^bell by Wm. Hughes, in the court room^in that place. The Telegraph and New*^have published their account of the^matter, putting Hughes under the rose^colored light of an injured and indignant^father whose innocent child had been^seduced by Campbell, whose monstrous^outrages upon society no good Mormon^or Gentile would palliate or excuse, and^fully justifying the deed. Before a tri^^bunal of Justice, under the protecting^guardianship of the Law, the life of a^person charged with crime however^monstrous, is held to be sacred, but^Campbell was shot, and the intending^murderer went forth triumphantly from^the Mormon court. The indignation^with which such a recital would ordina^^rily be received by law-abiding people^was turned to charitable silence by the^accompanying statement that Campbell^had been guilty of a crime, the punish^^ment of which in all civilized communi^^ties appeals to the better feelings for^approval, and the moreso here aj his^record was not of a reputable character.^The following communication from a^gentleman in Salt Lake City at the time,^and whose veracity is unquestionable,^puts the matter in quite a different light,^and makes the deed a cold blooded,^cowardly murder, without an ameliora^^ting feature, exoept that which its not to^the credit of Hughes, the little value of^Campbell's life:
SaltLake City, Feb. 4, 188a
Ed.Pott: I did not expect or desire^when I left Virginia to be called upon to^record for your readers any violent out
ragesor massacres before reaching the^States Something, however, happened^in this place to-day which is really hor^^rible. A man named Campbell (late^steward of the Planter's House in Vir^^ginia) has been keeping a restaurant or^beer saloon at this place. He has had^two girls employed as waiters in the^saloon. One of them is notorious under^the name of Fanny St. John ; the other^is her sister and was of no better repu^^tation. The relations existing between^Campbell and the latter were not of a^character desirable to detail. Last night^Campbell was dragged from his bed,^shamefully maltreated by the police,^and this morning brought before that^Mormon reprobate, Justice Clinton, on a^charge ot seduction (^^^) After a par^^tial hearing, the case was adjourned un^^til next day, when the girl's father^got up and deliberately and in cold blood^shot Campbell through the breast. The^papers here and the Mormons j ustlfy the^act, and the would-be assassin has qui^^etly gone home. It Is time the govern^^ment would assert its power here to pro^^tect Its citizens. Here, Gentiles may^think, but they dare not express their^thoughts if adverse to Mormonism with^^out danger of the aasassin's lead or^steel. How much worse was Campbell's^crime than that recognized as a part of^the creed and recommended by the Head^of the Mormon Church ^ We had a^pleasant ride down from Virginia. Wells,^Fargo ^ Co. keep their stations and stock^in excellent condition. The fare is well^served at the stations and travellers are^under many obligations to Mr. Taylor^and his Division Agents for the superior^condition of things on the line. Ia^haste,Yours, truly,
ToHi* Excellency, Green Clay Smith,
We,theundersigned.citizens of Trinity^gulch and Little Prickly Pear valley, on^account of the frequent raids and de^^predations committed by the Indians^of late In this vicinity, do most re^^spectfully petition that we be furnish^^ed with arms and ammunition whereby^we may be better enabled to protect our^Uvea and property.
FRalstonGeo Detwiler Chas Marley
HenryKlindt r Graham Cbas Green^H Letberage F H Thomas O Williams^J L Sturgeon J R RushM Keating
MK Walton r^ger O'Hara G W Raid^J r Carter a C Welch Jas MeOlees^J 8 Roberts C S SearsF L Graves
FConnorH C Graves ii (Jethard
WmKinsely M LaialeiuN Contancin
BZimmerman P Lyn~hLorenzo Mejia
PMoCannJ E Murphy James Fraiaey
Rat ChHdJ H MoCleary J H Pooley
JJ ArgslJ W Bishop O M Argui
RC Wo HiWm a Parker L Andrews
JohnHstnorn B F Joh usoo John Moss^M Hosebay H T Jacob S E Jeeob^8 Silversteiu H SUverstein e M Stanger^Chas L Cary John Means J Mullholld^S a HadeJ MargneF r Cooper
BF BellW BoblinJoseph Comasa
OR Lefllngwell W J Wilson B Hnrrlaoa^S D McCbeny 8 E JacobWm Russel
ChasFlorence E BarnesL p Hedlebrand
ThomasFlinn Patrick Flinn L H Herthern^a H HartE Hartp Candy
rFarrondJ W Gipley F Gulden
pGreenii BrookJ L Lkier
POweni SaucbyG Vient
TMc Forres l CastroF Outurree
JDevereux d H Freeraut J G Doutbett^Jos Chasea MeadP Henry
Oii Carpenter E Baldeston Thomas Hauley^E a Caride a E Haskell Tbos Honeywell^Ed Haskell Cbas Strob Wm Haskell^David Bush Peter Trucho Emery Larche^P Pierreault V Manchaiup Luke Viges^Joseph DaraleanE Le Baron J S Fellows^Fred Nutter.
Theabove petition having been pre^^sented to Col. Scribner, aid-de-camp, at^Helena, he telegraphed the Governor^the fact, with additional information of^the movements of the Indians. Governor^Smith at once sent the following
Col.Scribnkr. Helena : Investigate^personally. If necessary go to the^threatened locality, and furnish the citi^^zens of Little Prickly Pear Valley with^one hundred stand of arms and sufficient^ammunition.^(Signed.)
GreenClay Smith, Governor.
Itwill be seen by referring to the tel^^egrams that Wilson, of Iowa, has report^^ed the bill ptOTrding for the arrest and^return to the country from which they^escaped of all persons found guilty of^certain infamous crimes, and escaping^to America, and that the bill passed the^House. It is most earnestly to be de^^sired that a bill of that purport should^become a law. Although from its tenor^the inference would bo that it is merely^to make the officers of the United States^auxiUlary to those of other governments^in the return of convicted criminals, its^scope Is probably greater and its provis^^ions more comprehensive. It should^and probably does contemplate indepen^^dent action on the part of this govern^^ment in returning to the governments^from which they oftentimes escape by^the procured connivance and complicity^of the officials, criminals whose self-im^^posed banishment relieves those powers^from the expense and danger of their^presence and swells our calendar of^crime. Every land produces a suf^^ficiency of bad men, but in addition to^this, our society is the vortex into which^are drawn the adventurers, outlaws and^worse elements evolved from the espion-^aged^ vice teeming centres of Europe.^We have held the same position in their^eyes as did the Cities of Refuge to crimi^^nals in the olden day. A law that will^be a net to catch this rotten drift .sweep^^ing In on the current of emigration, and^send it back from whence it came, will^acccmplish inuc'.i good, and is essential^to peace and the public welfare.
Theintimation that Goldwint Smith^Professor of History at Oxford, England^and one of the firmest and most able^champions of the Institutions of our^country, designed a visit to America, is^confirmed by a letter written by himself^to the London correspondent of the Tri^^bune. It will be seen by the following^extract that he designs a protracted visit^and the preparation of an American^History, which, from the ability and^scholastic acquirements of the writer. It^would not be perilous to prophecy will^take the foremost rank in literature:
Iam going to devote myself to the^study, and if, after due study, I feel equal^to the task, to the composition of Amer^^ican history. With this view, I shall^probably take up my abode in the Uni^^ted States in the course of the summer.^At what place must depend partly on the^exigencies of my study. I must be^where there are books and records, and^where I can obtain permission to use^them.
Myundertaking necessarily implies a^prolonged residence in the country w.iere^it must be carried on. But I am not^going to seek naturalization in America,^or to cast off my allegiance to my own^sovereign and my native land. I shall^be a candidate for no citizenship in^America but that of the Republic of Let^^ters. In the present state ot English^affairs, I can imagine, though I do not^anticipate, the occurrence of a crisis^which will render it incumbent on the^honor of every Englishman to share,^though he might be unable to influence,^the destinies of his country.
TheNew York Journal of Commerce^publishes the following interesting table^showing the number of emigrants ar^^riving in the port of New York during^the year 1867, and their natirity; also^the emigration of each year since 1848 :
..117,50165,134^... 33,712^... 6,:U5^.. 4.843^- 3,9*55^... 3,5204^2.156^... 1,633^... 1,372^... 1,0.12^309
Itwill be perceived that, as in former^years, Ireland and Germany contribute^more toward increasing the population^ot the United States than the whole of^Europe, though England is inclined to^help us, liberally in this respect. The^arrivals from these countries for the last^two years compare as follows :
Total210 049 216,437
Exhibitedin the aggregate, the flow^of population toward the United States^tor the last two decades is as follows :
Thenumber of steamships and sailing^vessels and the proportion of passengers^tbey brought, also the mortality on ship^^board during the year, appears follow^^ing :
No.Deaths. No. Pass.
Itwill be seen from the telegrams^that a bill has been introduced for the^establishment of a Branch Mint in Mon^^tana, we presume at Helena. Mr.^Cavanaugh, in the House, Nov. 27. gave^notice for leave to introduce a bill o^that character, and the one above re^^ferred to is, we presume, the bill. It is^to be hoped it will pass. Colorado, with^her gold product of one and one half mil^Hons, has a Branch Mint. Why should^not Montana with her twelve and^eighteen millions bullion per annum
Received.We received per last^coach, the first number of the Rocky^Mountain Herald, published at Denver,^Colorado, O. J. ^ i old rid ., editor and pro^^prietor. It proposes an^^ independence^in politics and everything else,^ and is^devoted to the material interests of the^Rocky Mountains. Typographically it^is gotten up in good style and ^ regard^^less of expense.^ if we are to judge the^whole from the fine quality of book paper^on which the first issue is printed. It is,^a credit to Colorado, and we welcome it*^to our list of exchanges.
Commercialjournals state the total^number of business failures in the Uni^^ted States for January to be 373, twenty-^five of which were in New York. City.^The total liabilities foot up f8.0wft.000,^with about 25 per cen'.. assets.
Itis safe to assume that the total yield^of Colorado up to the end of 2^67 was^thirty millions of dollars. It Is a*^Inter^^esting fact that -*f (he whole ajuount of^gold contribiri.jjfi ^t tbe present day by^civilized natuatyr, the United States coa -^tribute nearly one half. The present^annual supply of the American continent.^Europe, Russia. Australia, aad New Zea^^land may be com poled as follows:^America, $74,700,000r Eprope, $2,000-^000; Russia, $15,000,000: Australia and^New Zealand, $47 0QQ,QO0. Total* $138-^700.000.