Newspaper Page Text
J.IIO!** ^KOW^li\S REPORT.
AmericanMining Journal, Summary.)
,,, thi- Territory the most striking geo^.~,phic:il fentare \m th^^ great MM of the^m.fiiin^, extending 350 wile^ from
!,'.;^^athcn to its northern boundary, and in^^vi fth over mile-. This r;icg^ with its^. uapiw fully half the Territory. The^,.,,1:, caaia al mountain.* is s-plit np into a^Baaber al diuereut range--,the Ditt r Hoot,^.. the liij'.ie-t an.! the most westerly,^; V . Wind River, Big Horn, and^^All of there have a trend north-
:-.u\, and all contain mine-' of^. -.\\'T. Their height has not been^~.-,:t. n^^h but it u probably from 10,000 to^!. I we iiighot p+ak being coveted^vith iniptlaal *now. This great extent of^^: i i:.^e.- causes rite condensation of a^^; t of moistur^ from the atmo;-^i . \.\ ich fall, principally in the form of^liiadaaUj MatstsSJ during the warm^'t thoroughly nt urate, the earth, in-^^ fine growth of grass and timber^. i^ut tb^ nu ui.taiu regions. Tlie Ter-^h divided by these ranges into a r.utn-^:.-i:i-, and the:r *puis eubdivi ie each^^ i .: :. u'uli-r of valley.-, which Contain I^the towns and settlements, and the j^. | ii tot lis agricultural as well a* nearly |^: i. - ni I IWMHi ihe mountains are '^rrei llj ^ : raded by the agencies of rains, frwOJkl^. :. , rl tctad action, leaving them smooth nnd J^,. i l leas rocky and percipitons than theCas-^..^hi Otaejon, or the sierra Nevada in
rata. lae Uuter Uoot is the most rug-^i iwt.tinuous in its height. The other^;ir-' lull of low passes, with none of^. ilty peaks that are found farther south^,i ^ ^ |..ia K^. Ait th* mountain* appear to^.. a i .nT-\vuru, and almost at the^i i\ rumraits ^^i the high'jst ranges bxls of^:.t.uning placer gold hare beenlorm-^, ,| fraea the disintegration of the neighboring^iiius placer mines are found ou the^ia top, differing in this respect from^t:i ^ sierra Nevada*, whei e placer gold is almost^invariably tound in the foot-hills. In the^ra part of the Territory the mountain^- nave l^eea |^ro.-pested only sufficiently^I 'wi.-tence of goM. The hostility^- has prevented a thorough explor-^r ;:t.y permanent working of the min-
. I l-|.OSItS.
ciKlol n Xol'M.S in UfcEU LOI^UE VALLEY.
i.^ i' ^. r Lixl^e Mound, in the upper end of^the valiey, is compose.! of sllicious and fer-^rag n imm depositions, formed by a thermal^sag. ll is a truncated cone30 feet in height,^it'll leet in diameter at the base, and 3r^ at the^summit. Brightly colorea with white and^reildish-brown spots, it forms a notable land^^mark. In the winter, when the steam rises^!ik^ sasok. from a spring at the top, it bears^a .-trikuif resemblance to a large Indian lodge,^ih:.- -pung is three feet iu diameter, and of^u-ideiulde depth. The water, whicn does
theMontana post. Friday, july it.
andin one place to^There is no doubt of^nencv
d^prh of 320 feet. ; with steam machinery for removing the tail-^, 'jf,,, Pthf ana r^'na- ban from the flume, recommended for Alder^It vanes in thickness from three to | gulch, will be equally as efficacious here. The
eightfeel : dips to the northeast ; strike, 1
northwestand southeast ; the general dip and^strike of the veins in this locality. It carries^the oxidised ores to a great depth: contain^^ing free gold, easy of extraction. The Da^^kota was located under the old law. which^only allowed 100 feet to a claim. Nearly^every claim wa^ held separately, which ma^^terially interfered with the proper opening^and working of the mines One tunnel has^baea driven in S00 feet in a thorough nnd^W^ iktr.nnlike manner. Some of th^ shafts^cr... well constructed, but much of the work^U poorly done nnd on a bad system, rendered^^rj in part by the smr.ll size of the^claim^. Each company shonM own at least^1,000 f.*et, which would justify opening in a^proper Manner. The country rock enclosing
minesaround Helena are supplied with water^by a number of ditches, the actual cost of^none exceeding $100,000. Small ditches usu^^ally are profitable ; large ones seldom pay the^cost of construction.
WH1TLATIh uxios mike.
TheWhitlatch Union vein has been more^fully opened than any other in Montana. Iu^strike is ea;t-southea^t and west-northwest;^dip 40 deg. to the northward; thickness of^vein from a seam to fifteen feet: average four^feet; opened to the depth of 250 feet, and in a^number of points inclines have been sunk to^depths from 100 to 200 feet. It has been^traced tor a long distance on the surface, and^several different companies are at work on it.^The ore is worked
withthe greatest facility
thelodes is limestone, ot a late geographical I Its average yield has been about $40 dollars to
ei_.och.undrests uncomformably upon syenites. ; the ton. One lot of 1,000 tons yielded $60,^No veins have been found in the syeoite.-, ^^^^*'. or .-^o0 per ton. T
earthis colored a fine baonze. The first min^^ing distriet found on the gulch was Fair-^weather, called after one of the discoverers.^Above this were Highland, Pine Grove, and^Summit, and below, Nevada and Junction,^their locations extending from Fair weather^district in the order in which they are named.^Each had a code of laws almost identical^with that of Fairweather. These laws have^been subject to trifling changes, and generally^have been very satisfactory in their opera^^tions. In the lower districts claims only^come to the centre of the gulch, thru giving^double the number that were held above : the^same on the banks. Not far from 1,000 claims^are located iu this manner, and it is remark^^able that nearly every claim paid for working^when wages were from $10 to $14 per day in^gold. From many of the best claims $150,-^000, and from same as much as $200,000, have^been taken out. The u-ual method of work-
jotoverflow at present, is nearly at the boi1-^i i ...t, ^hik^ at the base of the moun 1^^ nti.c-' exist, the temperature of which^vane- from near the boiling point to icy cold-^^aa^. A aaank elevated a few feet above the^.urrounding plains is formed by the springs^at the basa of the mound. Very few such for^^mation-, causel by thermal springs, are found^in the I'licitic Territories, llence it must be^aatlataal boai tl'e ordinary methods of deposi^^tion. rrOSB the fad that the spring in the^centre of the cone does not overflow, it is^^ \idei.. that in former times it must hare^atCB irore active than at prevent, and that^be lore. - that once gave activity are tailing;
.tkal ^ ie-s there i^ a recurrence of its^anon :it eruptive power, the mound will never^v l.igher. Probably it is lower than^Facaaariy. Ordinaiy thermal springs throw^ji.t' ^ a volume of water, which, gradually^pooling, continues to deposit its seditnent for^iiii-m. s..h!e .ii-iance, det.o-iuons not being
1! v gi nat er at the mouth of th^ springs
i .-a iiiii or 200 yard*distant.
FCMatJhere is wcmleriully pictn-^_ue. Spurs and broken chains of moun^^tains, the lofty summits regularly dispersed,^rise above ^:nd beyond one another, giving aa^idea of interminable distance. The rarity of^the atmosphere consequent on the altitude^eaaaca the raja if light to be less strongly re-^I than when the atmosphere is denser,^a strange and unnatural reflection to^every^object. The light is peculiar in many
:ts.While it doe* not apparently^pair virion, it seems to blend in^^Ttiaa of Mack. Thus, us the fye^one mountain ptaU aitanother, the color^. .rker and darker, till the most dis^^tant art alaaaal ^ntirely black. In the upper^j art o! liie vall-y, near the hot springs the^^aaa saUi ^ lies^on the ground; and there is^.. i e of goo*l pa--turage the year^nail A enrious ami interesting fact con-^i,. e'. 1 ^it this locality is worthy of note.^Wn m the baai of this valley into Big Hole,^or the valley of Divide creek, a branch of^Big Hole, U the lowest paea through^lull Mmmtatm. In fact, it is simply^continuation of one valley into another.^Batta l itv water is brought from the head^Boaatat creek, whicli ia a tributary of th^^Mi.-M.un. laiaacb a low fmm ^^^;o Sahrea aW,^i .at.ili of L^ee. I-oJge cie.'k, thus taking tl.e
r.dprobably if they pass from the limestone^into the syenites they will be found to be im^^poverished.
a kn: v : ^,; t^A Mt LTiri.IClTY OP veins.
krgaaOamining ^listrict lies north from^Bannack, on the north bank of the Rattle^^snake creek. This district, although not^b.rge, contain.- a great number of veins. In^no part of Montana yet explored have so^many veins been found in so small a compass.^On the creek a few small spots have been^work ^ i for placer golu. The quarts vein.-^are in limestone, and generally resemble those^at ^ annack, only they contain more lead and^iron.
MOTl^l:sTKKT.^The quartz veins in this district were the^undoubted source of the gold in Alder gulch-^Several of them were di.-cavered and located^soon after the location of the placer mine* in^toe gulch below. The first mill here, like the^first at Bannack, was of Montana in*nui;-c-^ture. A wagon supplied the iron; the choice^lumher t'.r.d the natural products of the dis^^trict, with the labor of the builders 1 urni-he.I^all else. It was a financial success, but as the^ore was carefully selected, the yield was^higher than has been since. The mill was^propelled by water: its capacity was three^and one-half tons per week. Since then many^veins have be^n sold in the Eastern States,^and a number of stamp mill, erected, a few^of which have been moJerately successful.^^They only employ battery amalgamation, and^pa-# the pulp over copper plates, which will^not save as much gold as wheu iron pans or^arastras ar^ u^ed. One mill has a great col^^lection of costly mechanical curiosifi^^,^many novel and some obsolete. After a year's^experience the operators still indulge in the^anticipation of gratifying results. The meth^^od employed iu these mills will not extract^the gold from sulphuret ore. The mines^contain a large amount of oxidised ore, which^will eventually l^e exhausted and the sulpu-^rnt ore will nlone remain. Sulphuret- con^^stitute the main reliance foa the future; and^the working of any mill that cannot extract^the gold frun them will not be permanently^profitable. The mills in operation in this dis^^trict crush about a ton to the stamp in 21^hours. T'a^ cost of working in two mills^was $ ,00 to S7, per ton, respectively, while^in another, it was estimated at $3.25 per tou;^these were ttninp mills. In another the^cost wac $2.*^ per ton. The cost of the stamp^mills was from $20,000 to $30,000 eaca ac^^cording to their capacity, which varied from^10 to M tons per day. The cost of one ..ill^^;;^ .-j 120.tif^^, with ^a capacity ol about '.'2^to::s per day. Wood varies from $5 to s,;fi,o0^p..;- c ^rd : wages are from $6 to $0 per day.^About twenty mines have been located and^opened to some extent in the Summit district.^Among the most celebrated are the Ivearsurge^Oka Cache and Luc s.
itoiantaKM muenaet^lavish kxtkn-^UttUfUL
Alarge amount of money has been expan^^ded in opening mines and building mills in^this district. The mills cost from S:W^^n^ to^$200,000, as estimated by men who have had^good opportunities of obtaining correct in^^formation. The estimates may be too high,^but it is certain the expenditures have been^extravagant, compared with the capacity^of the mills. There are three mills in the^district, two of which are running, the other^is nearly completed. The largest of these has^forty stamp^, twenty of which nre running.^Its capacity is twenty tons per day. The ca^^pacity of the others is less. The mill cum^^in many instance^, do not wish their
asto sink a shaft fourteen or fifteen^XkTgtaaa yield^'far; \ fe^ *^ tu^ b^-;^^* anJ ^^^ct the rich gra-^has I. -en $250,000 as near as is known by the*5*2 wa* f^m one to three feet thick,
workingof the different mills.I bv ^JE In this way a considerable
amounto: ground was left as pillars to sup-
itmight effect the
AtButte resides Henry Comstock, famous^as the discoverer of theComstock lode, of Ne-^naan, the discovery of which inaugurated the^era of silver mining in the United States.^Although a man of the strictest temperance,^n-in^ no stimulant stronger than tea or coffee,^and not even tobacco, years and the hardships^and excitement incident to a frontier life are^telling painfully on his faculties. In a con^^versation with him he referred to his past ca^^reer^especially his connection with the lead^that bears his name. His intellect appears to^wander, although his hand still retains its^cunning. He is a skillful prospector, but his^fading .recollections carry cloudy images to^kisdarkened understanding. He imagines he^owns the whole Comstock lode, and the cities^of Gold Hill and Virginia; but us he has no^immediate use for them, he allows others to^live in his houses; the people are poor, and it^would be hard to turn them out, especially in^the winter. This feeling of benevolence in^the old man is really genuine, and one that he^habitually practices. He has a small claim^that pays little more than wages. If a poor^miner comes nlong without means, he gives^him nn opportunity to work in the claim un^^til the suffering stranger has the means to go^ou his journey. Becently an emigrant came^along who was sick and C3uld work but little.^Coin-tock and he worked together in the claim,^the old man -'oing the most laborious part^until the emigrant concluded to leave. Com^^stock then divided what was taken out, and^seeing that it was too small for a man to^travel on, said I 'Now, we will divide my half^again, you will need it.^ lie says that at^times he thinks if the government of the^United States knew how he is situated, it would^not l.'t him suffer.
Aldergulch rises in a spur of th^ Bocky^mountains, and runs north. It is from fifteen^to seventeen miles in length, and empties into^the Stinking Water, a branch of the Jefferson^fork of the Missouri river. It has many^side gulches or tributaries, but none of them^except Spring and Bowers gulches, which are^near it* head, have any gold, or at least not^sufficient to pay. The hills on each side are^rounded oh^ and covered with soil, p;-es^nting^the aaft outline of an agricultural country.^The iieuuding effect of time has doubtless^b en of long coutinuance. A careful exam^^ination of the gulch will convince any one^that the gold in it came from near the head,^at its junction with Bald mountain. The^gold at that point is coarse and rough, with^portions of quartz adheriug to it; further^down the stream it becomes finer and brighter,^showing unmistakable signs of having been^worn by the action of water. Near the^mouth it is excessively fine, and cannot be^collected in a satisfactory manner except by^the use of quicksilver. Tho gravel is very^coarse and heavy high up the gulch, contain^^ing many boulders of a large size ; further^down it becomes worn away to small parti^^cles, and :it the mouth only sand and very^fine gravel are found. The country rock nt^or near the head is gnei.-s, and the same rock^holds lor a considerable distance ; below it is^replaced by micaceous, slate. Near the head^the rocks rise on each side in a very precipit^^ous manner, forcing the gulch into a narrow^cut or C.-^ure, but below, at the distance of^three or four miles, it wideus out. The pay^^ing portions corresponds in width to the bed^of the stream, and are richest where the bed is^narrowest. This gulch ia a vast natural quartz^mill and mine, rrost nnd atmospheric action^loosen the quarti containing the gold, and
portthe ground above. The bed-rock can^^not be worked with the care neccessary to^extract all the gold. When gold is very^abundant the miners become careless and do^not word closely. This gulch was worked to^a great extent by hired men, who are not as^careful ai the owners of the mine. In some^of the deepest claims water retarded thewor-^ing or prevented it almost entirely. Ow^^ing to thve causes it is probable only about^half the gold has been take out that can be^obtained by careful and thorough working.^The object of each miner was to get as much^gold as possible in the shortest time and depart^for his hone, expending only sufficient to de^^fray his txpenses. The water in the gulch^nearly suBced the wants of the early miners^Up to thii time only two small and inexpen^sive ditches have been constructed. It is pro^^posed to bring water from the Madison or the^Stinkinp Water rivers. From the Madison^a large imount could be brought in at the^head of he gulch, but the cost would be great^From tie Stinking Water the cost would be^less, but the water could not reach the head^of the rulch by two or three miles, and the^supply vould be insufficient. Near the upper^part of tie gulch small flumes are in course of^construction. They are disconnected and^too sho t to be efficient. To work in the^most *conomical and thorough manner^possible will require a large flume from the^mouth ot the gulch up to tho head, with^a largt amount of water. The greatest^obstaco to placer mining in Montana is^the wtnt of full or dfscent. and this is^purticilarly the case in Alder gulch. To^overcune this difficulty and keep the^\vork8in running order, it will be nec^^essary to have the tlume double at cer^^tain pmitei, with a reservoir in each, so^that vhen one rvservoir is filled with^sand ind grav*d( the^ water can be turn^^d itto the other flume while the first^r. s. rviir is emptied This can be done^by a tteutu paddy or other machinery.^By v '.u.: places for the sand to settle^and r-movin], at two or three places^along the flume, it can be kept in run^^ning kiaVar. By such a rlume system^nnd tie an ot liydrauiicu tho gulch can^be thoroughly worked, and its future^productions made at least equal to the^past. 'Hns method of mining requires^capitil. The miners generally are em^^ployed by an individual or company and^the piofits divided amongst a few. The^last .vorking usually occupies about^twicatho length ot time occupied b}* the^first.
PHELPS,DODGE ^ PALMER,
Manufacturersand Jobbers of
French,Calf. Kip. drain and
Also,a larjre auortmen; ..f Ladies', Misses', ami^Children's Fine floods, at lowest cash prices.
SO,Lake Si root, faallWafj*
HART, AST EN 9c CO..
(LATEOF ST. MOV^IVIiwuiiUctxirerH or
Star,Solar Sjeim, Tallow Candles
Office-20 L-a Salle St.
Bajrsfor Grocers and Millers printed to or^^der. Seamless Grain, Wool, Burlap and Gun^^ny Bags.
183So. WKter S*. Chicago.
BOWEH,WHITMAN ^ IIISLOf
17 Raiidolp.i Street,^CHICAGO.
Wemake prices regular ami cheap on every^article sold, enabling customers to meet suc^^cessfully the strongest competition.
Railroadbarrow*. Axes. Picks. Shovels,^Road Scrapers, Oriudstones,
\\JE also keep a larire and well assorted stock^W of Waponiaakers^ Wood stock and Thimble^Skeins.
Tito,LMy ^ HitcScoGt
1H7South Water Street, Chicago.
GILBERT,HUBBARD ^ CO-
Wajroncovers. Tarpaulins and Flairs
Cottonand Flax Duck,
Cottonand Flax Twines,^Of every description, on hand and made to or. r^205 A *07 S. Water St., cor. XVvl
priceof stock. In some ca=c^, owing to the throw it down, when the attraction caused
Jhorttime during which they have been run^ning, no accurate estimates of the yield can^be made. Within a year or two greater expe^^rience in working will result in something like^a general average ot profit at each mill.^In tiie Cop* mill oru was worked from^eighteen different veins, in MDpamla^averaging from tlireo to fifty tons.^Tho aTOfajgo yield from all the voins^was $'20 doll are per ton. It ia claimed
Attlu.t the i'oney mine pays $100 per ton.^of I and Ban been, opened to a depth ot '^00
!vct.. Thcj ti.- )rg^' Atkins is opODOd 50^leet ii^ i, ^ ifciaaajeoa ol ran one to^. ; a rlke faurtkeaot aui uoiih-^^real. uip 4^)^ t ^ tho north .\v t :
rateruom the Atlantic and giving it^Bacific.w.-rksfrom forty to fifty dollars per ton.
thkimnnack qtartz district^the riRST The country' rock is granite. Bivin's^stamp sill.gulch, tiranito creek and Willtam*'
iOaal quartz veins worked in the Terri- creek empty into Alder gulch from the^torv were in Bannack. tlrasshopper creek gouthweat, and have some gold and ail-^heads at the foot of a large smooth moun- i^..-mn r ouartz veins. Thev pros^tain, which abounds in veins containing gold,Zjf^ betas no^v worked^, their
silverand copner. The creek then runs east, ^ SZ^
wanllyhrongh a basin, where its branches value will soon be known. Hiere are^^g^gy^JSrsa^a. . limestone! many gulches near Virginia as the^t .. h. ,,, ..i tin* canyon are Norwegian: which n* on the east side ot^quartz veins containing free gold. These j the range and empties into the Madison,^veins are the source from which the^ placer ^ ijj-e Meadow creek and Flat Springs^mines on the creek were supplied. Xo gold . cret^ . ti^j California, Brandon, Barn's^is found above the veins. The cropping n-^, ,rUlchet; and Mill cr^ek ; all con-^being prominent and con.-p.cuous were soon* , prospects well in gold
discovered,ami quartz claims located. In j ^l^3L_ .ij ^1^ *J
thewinter of 1S62-6;^., two men, named Allen^and Arnold, put up the first quartz mill. It^was entirely a home mnnuffcture : the iron*^were obtained from old wagons and fash^^ioned in a blacksmith's shop ; all the lumber^used, except pine, fir and cottonwood, came^from the same tource. The mill had six^stamps of 400 pounds each, nnd was driven by
atthe surface, and many of them in sil^^ver nnd copper. When opened no^donbt tOOM Of them will become val^^uable mining localities.
TheHelena mines were discovered in Ser
bythe current of water pulverizes and washes^the gangue, leaving the gold behind. I'his^action, though very slow, extending back^through countless ages, produces stupendous^results.
Thenuir.iter *l quartz veins found at the^head of Alder gulch, known to contain gold^in sufficient amounts to add materially to its^products, is not nu^re than twenty, of which^the averags width is about two feet, nnd the^average a-say value about $10 j^er ton, esti^mating nil the vein fctuff between the walls.^Alder ','u lch has produced more gold than all^tiie n'.ipr*. and probably more within the last^t ir-'f v asa than ever was taken in the same^time frwai any gulch of the same extent. It^is the T.inion of those best qualified to^judge, that within three years from the com^^mencement of mining operations on this^guich, $30,000,000 were taken from it. This^estimate may be exaggerated, but the amount^taken out was certainly beyond precedent in^Montana. The mines were discovered in the^spring of IMS| and iu eighteen months a popn^lation of 10,000 had gathered on the bank of the^stream, building up four considerable cities, to^wit : Nevada, Central, Virginia and Summit^City. Virginia was built first, and, occupying a^central poaitioi., always maintained its su^^premacy. It is pleasantly located on the^bank of Alder gulch, and contains a number^of fine stone buildiugs, consisting of bauks,^^tores, markets, dwellings, etc. It supports^two newspapers, and is one of the chief min^^ing and commercial centres in Montana.^Helena is its only rival. Although the first^excitement incident to ihe discovery of a^new and rich niiuing district has passed^away, and the mines most easily worked have^already been worked over once, still the an^^nual productiou is large. By proper wcking,
(jiolclsillier*' Drifting Picks,^^jinld Timers* l*oll picks^SamlcrMoiiN Drill Mt-t'l,^Rail Road Picks,^Sundcrftoii's TOOL Steel,^Trlmer*' Kiipfslic** fjcncrally.
HALL.K1MBARK ^ CO.
CHICAGO,Agents for the North West.
Whenyou are in want of goods, send to or
Isequal to aov in the country, and tli^^y have the^ability an^l determination t^^ baili: t.[^ a lar^e traile^in Montana Territory- TUey deal lar^-tly in I.i.i-^uors, Fancy Grocerius. Cordage, Wooden Ware,
Brushes,Bacon, etc., eta.
;As. s River St., Chicago.
No.82, Oor. Edward ^ Main Street I
(Successorto Deuclieneiii ^ Wilson)^Nearly opposiJe Taylor, Thompson i. C^.
WOULDrespectfully inform tho public^always keep on band
IZJTo-1 Sn,cIcllo Z]^ox-soaa
Whichwill he furaibhedon :he shortest notic*^au.l most reasonable terms.
Wa-ren Street, I!el^^na, Tlontana.
109,000Feet of .issorteil Ma^^sontti lumber on h;tn^l, ami FOR^SALK.
W.Y.SHaTOXfT^ ^^^^. Propafietor
I'Lf)atintMince to the citizemt of Monraua,^that he is prepared to furnish fir^t-ela^s
Lumberof all Kinds,
atMM most reasonable rates and^at short notice.
I.or experience, both \ere and in the States,^has (fven me a thorough kn.m ledge of everything^pertaning to
awipartioularly tbe building of Bii.^ineM and^Dwelling Houses.
Al. WORK WARRANTED!
Mutiufacturersof and Dealers in^LKA Til Eli,
Hubs,Spokes, Felloes, Springs and Axles,
45^k 47 LAKE STREET,
iled,and orders promptly attended
Ofthebest aaaMtT, alw.iyson hand.
jylSdlyW. Y. SIMONTOX.
water.The men who built it run it.^financial point of view it was a sncces^^ores were from the discovery claim of the Da^^kota, and No. 6 of the same lode. A number^of mines in this viciuiiy were sold to parties^in the Eastern States, who have expended^considerable sums of money and erected sev-
_found in Last Chance gulch, and as the^latter gulch contained water and proapected^rich, it became the centre of mining opera^^tions. After Alder Gulch, this is the richest^that has been worked in the Territory, ami is^yielding largely this season. Ihe depth of^these diggings ranges generally from ten to^twenty feet. In some claims it is over lorty
erall.ir^e and costly mills. In the fall of I jeet fr0m the surface to the bed-rock. Work^: , t-'.e first stamp mill* commenced work- ! },^ been almost exclusively confined to the^^ Uannack. They were only moderately j h*d of the gulch. On the western side of the^UC^ H tul in extracting the gold. The meu Prickly Pear valley, at and below the month
tember,18o4, nt Dry Gnlch. Soon after gold as will be explained hereafter, the future
productionmay be made eqnal to the past,^it is the opinion of the best judges, as alrendj-^stated, that $30,000,000 have been taken out of^the gulch by the miners. This cannot be con- j^sidered more than one-fonrth of the amount^that has come from the veins at the head of^the gulch. Probably one-tenth would be^nearer the nmouat, especially when we con^^sider the extremely divisable nature of that^metal and the facility with which minute par^^ticles are transported by water, a large por^^tion of them being so small that it is impos-
HIO XT ^3 IB
SheetLead, liar Pi^ Lead
Cor.Clinton ^ Fulton St^.
WESTSIDE, C HICAGO.
Andparticular attention paid ha ^li^ care^aient and boardintr horsen, also to
SellingHorses at Private Sale-^NO COMMISSION CHARGED
Plentyof Hay and Grain altvavs on hand.^jy!3-lyBILT.Y WILSON
AndWhr^!c^*^:lo I^ralci' in
38Randolph Street, GhieH$o.
Peacock^ Co., Pjiaap'W,
Weconduct a general Livery. Feed and^Stock business, and are prepared to accomn o-^date the pubi: ; with anything in our line
InFirat Claws Style.
Wekeep on hand an abundance of Grain and^Hay, and take particular pride in the care of stock^under our charge. Tbe best naddle horses in the^the country can be obtained at our stable
Calland See our Siock.
Horsesand Carriages always on hand. If 'you^wi^h to
Buy,Sell, Trade or Hire,
tvecan suit you every tune.
.ndkutmk rrtm'im:TOK8Hip or
perience,and thefnine process repeated. One not been %ery extensively worked. A supply^turnace was erected which only ran a shortju,t been brought in by moans of ditches
time.It is now being rebuilt. Ihe proba- ! fr^m Ten mile creek, and the prospect is now^biltl v l- it will continue in operation as long , more encouraging. Last Chance gulch is^aa the ore- are susceptible of reduction more formed by the junction of Grizzly and Oro^cheaplv by smelting than by roasting and j Fino gulches, about half a mile above the
uin..i-aaating. Ihe mines of Bannack have^produced a large amount of ore. Wilb proper^management they will continue to pay well^A captain, ignorant of bis businessj with a^crew of landsmen, can manage a ship as well^aa a superintendei.t, unacquainted with mi^^ning, can manage amine or mill or men un^^accustomed to either. Sulphuret ore* have^been reached in some of the mines, which the^mills will not be able to reduce with ad-
townof Helena. Grisaly conws in from the^south and Oro Fino from the north. Both^have been worked extensively and profiled;..^The country rock near Helena is limestone and^metamorrhic slate: further up in the moun^^tains granite prevails. A large number of gold-^uie found in it, from
oltl.e gulch. At$lUperton this would re^^quire 1^,000,000 tons of quarts to be reduced,^provided all the gold in tne rock Is extracted.^At thirteen feet to the ton a result of^1*011,000 cubic teet of qnarts must be reduced^to produce that amount of gold : equal to the^product of twenty veins two leet thick, each^a mile long and nearly 1,000 teet deep. The^general appearance of the country warrants^tbe belief that the denudation is fully equal^to 2,000 feet. Bald mountain, which stands^at the head of the gulch, rises to the hight^of between 2.00U and :t,00tf feet above the
whichit is e.ident tbe gulches below received I quarta vein at tbe bead ot mining operations^their cold. Nelson's gulch, which heads in | A great length of time must aave elapsed^theee granite mountain* and runs into Ten- ' nnce this denuding operation commenced,^nroner machinery. Th. Dakota , miU creek, baa been nearly as rich as Oro Fiao j and it u still in action and will continue until^waa the fim lodT discovered5 .ua haTbeen ^ urixzlv gulche,. South from these head. , either man forestall, nature in extracting the^worked most ext^vely, probably more I are a number of gulches running into Prickly , gold from the vein, or ome great upheaval^EJSl tlTlihS:\7^lJlh*Vdi*^cl It is j Pear, which have^pa^- well. Th.greatest oo- J-g^g f^J ^^^KStcSZT^a larie irre-ular vein distinctly traced on the stacle that the miners encounter is the want the formation oi a new set ol watercourse^rJrfS for^S aVnTlelnlength, aud o%ned , o7f.ll in th. bed- of the gulche.. They are i The country rocV; contains ^[^at Ax different poinU to a depth of 100 feet, j too flat; but the same mevhod of fluming mica. After a shower tae whole the
ThisMtablinLuient liaji been elegantly lilted up^Hid renovated with direct reference to the ;;ceom-^nodation of both
andin particular, to tbe convenience of
whonow have an entire and elegant suit of hinro
Batuingand Dressing Booms.
f,.rtheir especial aecoumodatiM.
Theprop-ietoT begs leave to assure tbe pnblic he j^has assumed personal supervision of affairs', aud^is confident of hia ability so to conduct the eatab^ligament that it will become, as it should, the
FaToriteResort of Our Citizens,
whodesire a heatttrwtl and pleasan' l athing plaea. ^^The well-knownlbeueticlal medicinal qualities of toe
needno farther r.commendation than tbe testimo^^ny of iu patrons.
Th Comfort of Our Guests
hallbe our first endeavor. Call on me.^jyH lyF. J. Waaam-etler.
lee:- Lod^o City. A I.'A^.
illfind this the best hotel in^Clcso feather beds nnd neatly fur^^nished carpeted rooms always ready.
Allmail and esnraascoaches stop at this house.^iyPwCtn*
Warren Street, Helena, flontniia.
HOUSEHOLDand Kitchen furniture, on hand^and made to order of auy desired style or^quality. Hake a speciality of
Sofas,Center Tables^and Parlor Furniture.
Alsogives particular atte-.ti.m to the inanufacttire
Theworkmanship of this House
cannotbe excellml in Moutana. as none hut ^iuh-^rlat Cabinet workmen are employed. Call aii.t
rOKOTTSi. LKVj takes pleasure in auaomicin^ to^M. the inhabitants of Ifelvr.a. that tli. y are pre^^pared to execute with ease ami dispatch all the^I'onsorial Manipulations connected with their busi^^ness and m.ist respectfully solicit a share of Public^patrnuafre.
Inconuecti hi with IhenT
TUeybare jnAttmA :* ff/Ieudld -uit ol
WhereLadiea and Uentlemen raa be aoeooaao-^dated with either
LadiesHair dressing. Cnrtiurr^done with dispatch.