Newspaper Page Text
The Montana Post;
WUDA Y MORMENING, JANb Wt.
Tunz aulois Paris paper. say the dis
patches. asserts that Russia wants the
United States to take part in the Tur.
key-tlreece ditficulty." We hveo no
doubt the I'niteil States will do so du
siag the holidays. -
Tae Itiermal Mses... Ciommismisee.
1r's report shows that the retail sails of
itqnor amounted to $1.400.000.0(1) in
moe year. The retail sales of "obacco
was $47,400.339; cigars, $36,147,M14; to
tal, $103,548,377. The liquor sale.s
maount to nearly three fifties of the aa
tiesal debt. and the tobacco would pay
hve.eixths of the interest. Are we1
THE Saint Louis D)emorrat in noting
he assertion that Mr. Seward is respon
Bibe for Mr %Washburn's Paraguayan
troubles, ge.s a good deal farther; de
ales him any ability as a statesman and
Iays "'*very matter of which this wordy
edd man has had charge he has made
ealinited bother and muddle ' Tie!
Ineforural will scarcely find wmay sub.
slfibers to that.
AT the recent Parliamentary e!ections
seven .Jews were elected. and two de
fasted. The seven, as follows, are all
liberals " Baron Mfe-yr Rlothsehild, for
Hiythel Mr. Natlhauiel [lothschild, for
Aylesbury; f r. A'dlrnman ,Slemons, for
Greenwich: Sir Francis (ioldsntith, for
Heading; MIr. V. .Jehsel. Q. C., for Dover;
Mr. Se-rjesnt Simon, for Dearsbury; Mr.
Julian (iold-.nmith. for Mid Surrey.
laron Roths.chil 1. for the city of ln-.
don. and Mr. Weorms. for Sandwich,
the t,,al nutliber ,,t veteels borne upon
the navy list to be 206. carrying 1.743
gm-s-a reduction of :32 wvesels, carry
lag 12; gngs, during the year. There
are laid up 41; iron clads, carrying 10'
guns. There, are, of first-rate ves.seis,
8.400 ton-i and upwards. :15 carrying tr62
gane; -econd-rate vessels,. 1,200 tons to
9.400 tns.:. :. ecrrying 4M3 gun.; third
rate. , G;O0 to 1.2(N) tons. lei. carrving 414
guns; fourth-rates. under 600 tons. :$,
carrying 1l1 guns. ''lhere are 32 iron
dcads. 93 screw s:teamers, 28 paddle
wheels. and 31 Failing vessels.
Tui IN TErstL.\. 1 f -:f.tu I: li.roi'uT.
Co~ miiiss,,ner Ihllins' --ep,rt for the
Sael year ending June :30. 1t4C, shows
Uhat the total expense of assessing the
revenue for the year was $6,142.931.
The total expense of collection for the
name period was 2,.406,4;!,. inclusive of
42.er expenses. The total assessments
d internal revenue were #270.089,891,
and the total collections were $234.4019,
$14 In the State of New York the
collections were over $4.000.00 less
Lhan the a&.sstnmecnts. ('.llumniwsioner
Rollins paid the revenue and special
aCents of the bureau during the year,
ia salaries,. *92.912, and exi,* u.nes. b0.
il01-in all. $131.413. The salaries of
iacrnal revenue inspectors for the year
were $238 4:$. and their expenses $.1,
911. making #371.349.
THAT worthy apologist of .ecessin.
known as the Gazette, with tihe windy
Ivancomnie of a hair brained Fourth of
Jaly Orator and the hpattering garruli
y of dotage, brings its columns to the
resnue of Mr. Bagg for his insult to the
United States (iovernment, on the
griend that it was a fatr requital for
reeretary Tuft's very gentlemuanly al
lueton to the election et the country's
Umble hero to the Presidency. It would
. just be as reasonable to bandy words
with a green parrot as our gray cotem..
porary of Main street; its defense is
equivalent to approving attempted mat
r ide by a spoiled urchin because he
had been reproved for misbeh.avior. If
the report is anything like the abetraet
by telegraph. we will have ample ven
gseace in its mtire pubhication for
which the G(az tte proffera itself as tree
y as swine plunge into the mire. Pub
MLh it by all meaes.
THE assertion in Pollard's Lite of
tenewall Jackson that he proposed a
"might attack by his corps, etr;pped ma
had and armed with bowie kaives,'
bhving been contradicted, "A Virginuian"
writes the Savannah News a letter ex
phaialag and detaling the plan. It was
bs have taken place-, he Says, at Freder
SIabsborg. on the might of the memorable
kath of December, 1$. when 60.000of
or boys were crowded in that little
city, .ad every h.oue was a hospital for
the thousands wounded is that terrilc
days 6ghting. Jackson proposed to
mass the artillery of their corps on the
hills over the towa. and ater a fierce
amuoniade. his corps. strtpped to the
wait, to distinguish them from the Fed,
rauls, were to charge tato the town,
while Longatreet ,a corps was to pesv rot
their escape by the posties. HIJ.o
-sest reds plassibly, bet as Jalsun'
es.p was on the extrsme right of t.h
ebel army, several miles below F41ed
i . and oppee to Frasmtias
ýe DInst. wi ow d gebs m Os*m t1b
worst of the day' sghabg, ausmlg sil
easrly Ilght, it d.es mo have tsl air od
psmhebility that is a.ssim to msti
T teli4 sts that; General
Grast and a humbo of Co men
have unequivocally disaend to any
more appropritatona at preset n aid of
the Pacific rai!roads. We see with pleas
are. a seedencv to nrgtd' eatemy at d'
determination to retrench a'i unnees
sarv expenditures-those wherein the
general welfare would not be prejudiced
by the action. But this "'economwy'
1which is Is propos adopt as a waeb.
-word, is liabLi to abase, and a system
adopted whereby in certain ins:ances
material detriment to the country may
result. There is an economy, so called,
"penny wise and pound foolish" and the
golden mean lies ever between the two
extremes. This "economy and retrench
mer.t" to be inscribed upon our banners,
is a glorious legend, but it should not
be misinterpreted into short.,ighted
parsimony and lopping off of members
useful and necessary to the body. It is
true our finances are deranged some
what and :he public indebtedness is
heavy. but we are neither impoverished
or bankrupt. Thediebt. per capita, all
told. is less than $80, only one-eighth
of the assets of the country. England's
deb is $13.5 per head; Holland's $100
per head. Neither of these countries
are deemed financially swamped, and
vet neither hlav'e a tithe of the resour
Ices and undeveloped wealth of the Uni.
ted States. Our population is increas
ing thirty-three per cent every ten
rears. In 18190 we will have doubtle the
polpulation we had when the war began,
and in ten years thereafter, nearly three
times as many. By conso'idating and
fnding the debt in 30 year bonds at
about one hall the present rate. ot inter%
est, which can readily bt done, we will
har- a largely reduced taxation and at
their maturity, the debt instead of *4)
each will be lesst than $80 each. In
consideration of this, and the evident
determination of ('ongresa to adopt the
plan. at the pre.sent session, there is no
tinancial crisis or impovershment immi
nent to the country, and the economy
that should govern legislation and al
ministration should be a broad. compre
hiensive policy, stopping .ll unnecessa
ry dlrainag, for present local or individu
al aggrandizement. but foster:ug all
great energies and lmeans tributary to
the (iovernnient against the maturity
of the debt, that in their concentration
it may be extinguished.
The sugges:ion is now: lop off appro
priatious for Pacific railroads. It is es
timated the Northern road'will cost the
governmneut $~.000.000 for ten success
ive years. And what is the compensa
tion'' A military road along the entire
British American line, of continuous
utility in the transNprtation of troops
and supplies for frontier service, and in
case of hIostilities with tireLt Britain,
maiking the United Stateb master ,,f the
I situatin with tarilities for rapid and
successL al coneut ration at any point for
o feulsive ord,-fensive movements. Re-.
ur.ewllwring that when the rebellion was
costing us #:3,000.000 per day for years.
the Cast and west railroad lines it they
hadl been solely controlled by either ar
my would have decided the contest in
their favor. this fact alone should deter
mine legislation in favor of the construc
tion of the Northern road- Again we
are looking to the acquisition of terri
tory. In it not well to develop that we
lav.e? The gold fields of this country,
where twenty years ago never a dollar
had been prod-iced, now yield $100,000,.
000 per annum, enough to paythe na
tional debt in twenty-five years? And
yet the population is wholly inadequate
to its development. Montana has 143,
776 square miles of territory. Estimating
the population at 35,000 we have four
square miles of land to every man, wo
man and child n it. New Hampehire
has thirty-five people to every square
mile. Montana with one-flfth that num
ber would have 1.006,482 people, and we
believe it greatly superior in climate and
fertilhty of soil, while in minerals it sur
peases is immeasurably. There are in
Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Oregon and
Was.Lngton, which the Northern Pa
cifc railroad would develop and people
over 650,000 square miles of territory,
as large as the estire eleven 8Louther
8tatesr and fully as valuable. We a.
is debt twenty..ve hundred mlilinos of
dollars to suppress rebellion I. these
States. Let the government build this
Nortnhe roeed tor thirty millions sad
fund it debt for thirty yeafs, ad the
Northwest States at the end or that time
will have a populithon of ten millions,
and will have lereased the assets of the
goveramert more tiean its total iadeb
ednaee. Now we are isolated; access
more di5ealt sad more expa.sive than
to Asausuli : Then we would be withis
easy reae of eaet and wet, on a maio
artery of rade, in a populous couetry,
pvi.g rieL wibters to the natinaul cof
fers. I this we are ot discssinga the
relsetw. masits of the several inter--coa
tinesatl roods, or the i as assemption
that is I. a draft s the Treary for
$ O,0O0,0tbsts ea r idmetag the posidic
aken as saIed by aore Pkwiden e,
mhmseeb of (.ms.s.. e 1 m mand
she mou. who wUll ju tek1y In the
cry of" a sebw 6s" We o easidt it as
appi'd to she loesrte P e, a sh ee
eig d aed msww * wy. ees U
Lmtf a*s,,d - f1Lm he wmml __._a
fecdg devel f our cenotry.
and th regatlo means Ut liqul
date aelt in h we are lavolved.
It be 4 and A.e ce..r t coanS
deatl,. that that acLi iolved will hart
full recital at the present session ot Con
.gre . a r I 9~ torratak. ,q broader
and more comprehensive view of the
Northern Pacific Railroad project.
El3as DAY WX "ILKEinBAT3.
For fourteen hundred years the :2tth
day "of(eernber'"ha heent recogs!teat as
the anniversary of tihe birth of Christ.
The name of the day came of the celte
bration of High Mass by the Papal
Church, with more than usual ceremo
nies. The 180,000,000 of Catholics
in the wormd k#gard it as the most m,.ared
day of the year, and it is celebrated in
one form and another by the three hun I
dred and forty million ('hristians
throughout the world, rendering it the
most universal festival known to Chris
tian governments. In contemplation of
the fact that it was instituted as a relig
ious ceremonial in recognition of the
Founder of the church, it may be a mat
ter of surprise that the day of ('rucifix
tion was not selected in its stead as l,v
that sacrifice man's redemption was ob
tained, and the attendant circumatan
ces would be calculated to Inspire- d.-eep-.
er emotions of gratitude than the event
selected. It is posiibly owing to this
fact as well as the latitude allowed the
populace in the earlier festivals of the
Romish Church that Christmas is re
garded as a day of festivity and revelry,
asc well as of religious ceremonials, and
it is too often, as with other holidays,
merely a day of wild revelry and bach
analian orgies. Withal it is a day of
good graces in many r-spects. The yule
In that nlnwa in thIe fire tIen hourns
log that glowes in the fire place burns
nout more brightly than aff-c'i,n in thl.
hearts of those who gather roundl, the
genrous juices of the grape are not
richer than the blood they-v exhilirate,
and especially to our toiling, s:riving,
ever tense American pe-ople it is ,ner ot
the few holidavy of relle- to whic'l they
hook as longingly aa tih.ese of old did to,
the three cities of Raetuge on either .itl
of Jordan. A homily on the progress of
('hristianity and its influence, on the
world, or an encveloledal histo,y of tlhe
customs and usages of this day is not,
we deem it, requisite to the tuill enjoy
ment of all good things pertraiing to
the day, by otir reader'. and trusting
each may eat or that whii-h shall
strengthen the marrow of their bones
and drink from a goblet of bliss to their
souls, we, convey to all the wishes of the
PosT for "'amerry Christmas, and many
TlgE IAINKBIIIiIT NOTICE'S.
One Henry N. Blake. of Virginia, pub
lishes a letter in last evenings IkHerd
concerning the cost of publication of
Bankrupt notices, in which he states :
" The law which eetablishes the fees for
performing thes e.rices is stated in .ectious
16 and 17, page 277 of Brightley's Digest.
Under its provtsious the proprietoror of the
POST are smtitled to receive $2.40 for print
ing all these notices."
There is no law establishing the fees
in these cases. The notices are required
to be published, and it is an individual
matter between the applicant and the
newspaper publishing them The aver
'age number of ems is one thousand in
each of the three notices published, and
the cost of composition alone is $3 00)
for which Blake asserts the law only
allows $2.40 for three insertions each,
making nine insertions in all. The
rates established by the Fee bill of Mon
tans for similar legal notices is $21.00.
The bill of the first publication in the
PosT; since the change in proprietorship,
being sent to Mr. Muffly, Register in
Bankruptcy, made out at the Montana
fee bill rates, he replied under date of
September 1, 1868:
a " * a * * *
" As I mid in a former letter to you, the
Post. Gaette and Herald never hv. chlrMet
more than $15 for publ-hbing Bankrupt No
tic"-, until in thib instance by the PosT. 'ITh
Io-ocerat did charge $15 in gold in a few
caso laIt water, bet it ha. coam down to $15
in currency. This ancludes prouuf of pulica
tion. I am willing that you rhall charge
$16 ina crecy fur publie~tiun and proof
thereof. * * * * * *
The decisions of all courts are, that
unless a specific contract is made, no
newspaper shall be compelled to accept
Iws than iat regular advertising rates
for legal notices. The Bankrupt notices
occi-py over one eixth of a column each,
and are Inserted three times each. The
adveritiog rates of the Por, publiehed
in its columns, would make the fee for
these notices $17.50 each. but in accord
ance with the usage and rates of all pa
per in the Territory, and the arrange
inunt made with Mr. MuftBy,
these notices have been inserted
for $15 each. $25r0 less than our
regular advertising rates. This tihe
Herald, which greedily heads
Blake's letter. "How Pinney Swindles
Bankrupts," charged for all notices it
published, and the case ie submitted
without further worde.
Now. about this Blake. No other at
torney la Montana, and no applicant,
has demurred or expressed dissatisfac
tioo. B.t this snarling sore-bead de
liamer, who mou.ed around until he
procaued two rheap oasn. taking thbnm
am a& agroment to pet them through
for a speaGe sam. ts atn able to pocket
as big a fo as hi. mnecoslties and ava
Xas i memea damamd.s i a u ndav-.
ors Oo swindle the newsqapere,and was
Sonljr'tild by rdhsing him p,rJt of pub
licajonn unti 1be settled his bills, which
he dki to gee his foes. Re ne.t drated
a swindliug bill. which he tried to get
through they Legislature, reducing the
rates of publication ot T'rritorial no
tices to less than actual cdet. This
bill was defeated by Mr. Kerley's expla
na;:i,n to the House. uad has been prop
erly d.nonoed by the press. Blake is a
defaming,. cowardly pettifogger, and ev
ery t.reath he draws Is a libel on all de
cent men. Hill n,toriously intamous at
tack upon (heneral Meagher, the coward
ly declination to make the lamendr e hoe.
urautl or accept a challenge sent him by
that gentleman, and his subsequent per
tinacious endeavo:s to ha've $tcretarv
Meagher indicted for sendiung it, ar.,
among the little offences of the despica
ble, malicious creature who lives like a
maggot off the putreecent offal of tLe
living, or the helpleps remains ot the
dead, and excite.s only the ,ontempt and
derl.ion of zuaiiklud.
IDAlIo.-The miessage of Hon. u. W,.
Ballard, (iovernor, to the Legislature of
Idaho, is phlishld in the S.tatesti,,n of
December l. lie says the placer mines
of Idaho will not aoate their yield for
many years, and that nue-half the Ter
ritory is adapted to agriculture, espe
cially the country from Salmon river to
Lake Pen D'Oreille, a belt of 150 miles,
which has a deep alluvial soil, good
grasses, plenty of timber and water,
and is free fromr sage brulh. Cultivated
portions produce -ixty bushels of wheat
per acre. and apples, pears. Imaches and
plunms can Is' grown ua well na in the
Middle States. The appropriation for
surveys is stated to be wholly inade
quate to the purpose. Mail facilities
::r. also i':.d.eq uate, the camp at War
r. ni digpin"gs, %wh~er, tlihere are t%%..
quartz mills atl tont' thlmu.sanl people,
having no post otlice within torrvNtive
miles. Leesburgh, Salmon City, LIemhi,
Yuba, Dead wo d, Kam.ls Prairie. Silver
wodl. Newsomlne 'reek, Clearwater Sta
ti,ºn and Flk City. have no mail route.
and L",wiston but one mnail per week.
lle recommends that the mail route
from 1i-lena to Walla Walla should go
through I.ewistno. 'Thers ar,' from
5,'000 to N ()O Indians, all of whom are
at peace,but a militia law is recomrmend
ed. The Territorial prison nas entailed
a debt of $22,000, beside. eating up :13
per c,,nt. of the Territorial revenuue sat
apart for that purpost.. His remmarks
upon the Northern l'ac tic Road are vig
orous and earnest. Tlh.' message con
cludes by discountenancing local politi
cal strife, and the fjinle is. "Let us
lhave Peace." It is practical. but in
diction decidedlyl interior to that of
Acting Governor Tutts.
Great Enterprise -Steam on the JFr
dans-A Perfect Success.
It has t&-en known for some time that
(ieneral (',n:,oo had determined to try
the availability of the "'sacred river" and
"Dead Sea of America' for steaui navi
gation, but our enterprising (?) citizens
have paid little, attention to the work.
Yesterday the first steamtsmat ever
launched on the Jordan was finished.
and in company with Lieutenants hFuik
and Hlarmon. we accompanie.d (eneral
(onnor on the trial trip. The day was
the reverse of fine, for any such enter
prise, but taking a seat behind the cele
brated "plugs" we reached her anclhor
age, eight miles below the city about
noon. She was built a little below Jor
dan bridge, but the rapid approach of
winter and the treezing of Ht Spring
Lake made it prudent to take her down
near Salt Lake. The boat is fifty feet
long, with eighteen feet main breadth
and guards of four feet. The build con
sists of one "flush deck" in the centre
of which is left a space ten by six feet,
neatly covered and rising four feet above
deck, for the engine roou,througha which
ases the main shaft to the side wheels,
leaving considerable space in trout
and rear for freight. She is
of sixty tons measurement, anl was
built by Mr. Gammon Haywood, of this
city. The boier is from the Union
Foundry. San Francisc',. the machinery
from Chic,;o; both arranged with great
skill by Mr. Win. J. 8.ilv-r, engineer, of
this city. Both the gentlem-en deserve
great credit for the aile manner ib
which they have pushed forward this
aid to "civilisation" in Utah. All tbeing
ready, the free were ligLted at 83.0, p.
m., .nd in just twenty-five umuutes she
was in motion. Slowly at first, but
gaining speed, she moved off at two and
a-half miles per hour against the cur
rent. Not a detect was perceived io
the motion of the machinery, but a
slight leak in the boiler prevented her
obtaining the test attainable speed.
After moving a mile up tne river, varil
ous experiments were made in backi g
and turning, all satisfactory in the high
es degree, atver which we made a rap
Id run down stream to the place of start
ing. Taken all in all. the experiment
was a perfeses mees, and the pioneer
steamer of Halt Lake-the "Kate C.'n
oor"--s an estabilshed fact. From
present data, it appears she ran easily
ranch eight or nine miles an hout on the
Lake, but her ordinary rate will be
about tven. For the present, her work
till coasist in carrying ties and lum+ r
to the Promuesory. but with she comr
log summer sad further mprove.met,
plem-ure parties on Halt Lake will no
doubt be In vi gs with visitors, who
ean eume from tlhe mew towns at tl.e
nlemtar , speed seve· al host here and
rmtar. all within two days. This marks
an Imporsans era. Steam nrauiatiom on
hm" dalt Lake M e a evel us, oas shis
is bst a nwre uaner ot greater things. ls
ýsrm u pm p srpesn so ke.p up wish
tin age It mas-. 8. 1y sem. Lat slmk
Hier. le. II.
The pasal Padio Matr.ud wa em
- Us VIRGI. IA LEIfTEi*
Tb.e Blacmsaena oesw t pr r
lag Law c:ofjeetls on e Ep
anl mall-'it he-* 54.To V roU o
W evlved--,Masbase Sllee.*c- k
('Cris1 with 'arkey.
VIPOINIA CITY, Dec. 21. 1$S6.
EDITOre Pear : The failure to repeal
tle i.lacer mrining law caused t hes metui
~wrs from l)-Dr Lodge and Missi ula v,o
unite on a bill for its abro,,atmi, in their
-counties. This wasdiscuared this morn
ing. The discussion was animated, and
participated in by Me.ar+ . Dance, Bagg
and Rand in favor of the bill. and
M.essrs. English. Cullen. Davis. Orr anC
W'atcom opposed. Davis and Orr, how
ever. opposed to the principle of divis
ional legislation, voted for the bill. I
was particularly pleased with the man
ner in which Bagg and Dance treated
the subject, but no amount of experitence
can '" convince a nman againat his will."
Why the subject of placer mining,
which has hitherto been carried on lihar
moniously in this and all other Territo.
ries, by the miners themselves, ashouli
now be thrown into courts, to decide
petty questions, is inconpmrelhenmsible.
Miners, who generally understand their
own business best, are unanimous in
their opposition to it. Mr. Orr thinks
this no reason for changing the legisla
tion. It all the miners in the Territory
were opposed to it, it would uake, no
ditft-renco with hni. It is no part of a
miner's business to instruct a .L.gir-l
ture, how great soever he may he in
jured by legislation If the Democrats
do not get sick of their action utwmn this
subject before another session of the
Leg.slature, put ime down tfor no pro.ph
et. Dance and Bagg spoke verey plainly.
and declared that it would be impossi.
ble to work the placer in their counties
under the law-that the people were in
dignaant and excited at its mpa-s:g.', allnd
IWere constantly writing theln on tile
sublject. Tl'he same feeling exists here.
The instance of Itaushorn gulch. a few
weeks ago,. nay be cited t,, sinew how
the law was regarded, and the difficul
ties it entailed upon claim owners.
T'le bill exempted Deer Lfuil, and
Misoula from the operation of tlhe law
ise ,1 the ('oCuncil. and was taken uk , in
tlhe llu-, this afternoon ir. . l,.
ltet at *Once mii vet.d that He-,;ive.rhl-ld bi"
included. le is an old gulch tiner, and
has formed opinions on the siubjec't. that
ought to be of some value 'T' bill
pa*-e'd with this amendmenr. anod will
go back for the concurrence of the ' ,iIn
cil, where it will probably encounter the
oppositiun otf Major atson. li so.,, it is
more than probable it will Ie killedI ,
A bill lpassed the Council to~-day, pro
viding for the submissiou of the . apital
• uesticnl', as betweenl D.+r .L ,.ig. an.l
Virginiat'ity to the people.. It will preu
ably meet with oppo-iti,n in tlh' :Ioe,,e
and tit- name of Helena be sut,-tituted'
for I)eer Iodge. 'There will be sale
thinig of a fight over it before it reaches
thie ivernor, and it is reported that Iie
will veto. it. 'I'itese are tthe only ueas
ure., of imnportances that have Ibeenl at i
tated since my last. Bothl Houses are
lay.nu out business to occupy the fifty
days. Meantime the town is gaining
unenviable notoriety for occasion.s. A.ut
ther 54th birth day has been celel,rat.-d.
and in this latter case,. it is tlhtt of .\ir.
lsagg. This came oflSat urday, and was
participated in by a number ot hits tel
lIw niemtbers and otlher )ltfial.u of the
A.\ usual all the active coiigiatulae
tions wound up with thoe r,.f'reshllltents
known only to the "Ancient di-l-penra
tion of corn dlink." Seriou-, refti-ctiens
took the place, cr merriment, in the mind
of the central figure, as the dayv drew
near its close. The last we saw of tlieu
he- was evidently looking forward t , the
short span left, and endeavoring to
ce.mptehend its untathomed abilitise.
Prayer was in his heart, but the dis
turbances of the day's indulg,-nces had
produced perturbations in hisi brain.
which culminated in thl very satisfac
tory quotation. "My mind to me a king
'lIl ... .. Al ................ 1...A1 I, | l : .l ... .... ..... .
The efftrvercence Ilad all diaippeared,
like beads from champagne,. this morn
ing. and we have seldom heard the ven
erable mem-uber from Deer Lodg acqhuit
hinself bet. r than in discussing the
placer mining law. 8leighing is a'I the
rage. Our handsome young friend,
George o,,ckfellow, fitted up an elegant
"turn out" this afternoon, tour spanking
horses, sleigh bells and robes ad libitum,
and three or four of the prettiest young
ladies in the mountains. Tue girls were
happy, and George glorious. Wallace
street was in a e-usation' Masonic
elections are on the rapis. On aaturday
evening Montana Lodge elected nofRcers.
H. L. Hosner. W. M., J. M. Knight. S.
W. and W. Baily, J. W., Who were in
stalled by U. M., W. F. Sanders. Tor
night the It. A. Chapter, to morrow
night the R. A. Council, Thmurwlay eve
ning the Commandery of Kuiglit Trnm
plars, and Saturday evening Virginia
Laodge el-ct otloers. Turkeye are ibeing
expressed here rather liberally from
8alt Lake for the Christmas holidays.
So you see we keep up the good old
observances, and enjoy ourselves as best
we may. No mire at prevsnt.
a Oncs MosR
01 Thursday eveaing, says the Sea
Franhdcl Builleti of December 5th, tho
lalrget casting .ver made its the t.aet
was rea at the Mimer a Foundry on Pirst
street. The c.sstir is ouet of the mon
pstr Sated Dorue columos for the State
tCapitol baildin ast Jacranento. The'
dtimenaions are 80 feet i lengtll and 844
feet in diameter at the base, and it is the,
first one of a series of thirty. The
weight i. 24.000 pomnds-nearly double
the- siz- oz atny previous casting- aud
ne-arly 80.000 imands ot iron were wnelt.
elI daringJlhe day. The finished col
umn. oeiuldinr the base and cap, will
weigh nearly 46.000 pounds. Tihe pre.
Ipratioo ansd care reqsired for the mould
lma and casuing of a perfect piece as
large as this. is very great. eig!ht days
bking required for the moulding alone.
The easting was rae In a few minutes,
withoat faw and perfect in all its
Th'e machinerv na the 8pringl.ld
(Mae.) Watch Facuwry cest .00,000.
and is a nican and intricate that the
fluest skill and two years' time were r..
qadred foh its enmewsctieo. There are
a.. less tba 80 mieelain., of 70 dltar
eat kinds, all adapted to their wurk.
Th.Lr. l. in a wate 170 of
100 kilds, remq.uir ho 000 ap
Oems is swait t.e.
OUR VIRGINIA LETTER.
l-eusasion on Extra ('ompensatlon.
The Capital Bill.
The Mllanlng Law Repeal.
The debate of yesterday mornng,. in
the Council on amtendini the (',onin.
sation Bill. deserves to I.-cmIeI ltl".',.r
Fa-b . ''here were trwo rep..t-. tr,,,t t,,.
(Omtuliltee. to wihm the bill w:is r '..r.
red. T'he majority r.cotunende.d ,
reduction fronm twelve dollars to
in the pay of members; the min,,rit
that it remaini at twelve. The tli",cle
Mion arose upon ti., adoption ,of th,. uia,
jority report. Deer Lodge imemtbers
lei off Iv the invincible UBagg. wn.er,- ot
posed to r-eduction. Mr. Ba.tg gIl,,ri,.d
in the fact that lie had been instrutn.,
tal in the passage of the origial niill, in
;he Bannack Legislature. lie cenr,+
,ed it wl.s just, anid, to prv., t. it. .
constituen;s were satisfie-,l with it. s".I
that when he toll them abou: it, t!,. .
not only ex[ressedl entire sati-t.l.'i
but asked hint to take a drink. P.o1l.,
now-a-d..ys. he thought, could n..t iuv.
on bread and water as they (lid in th
ti ,. at Dr. Franklin. At I-a-'. I, .."t 1
not. and I!,te eff*c-r of reducing ii.s c , .i,
pe-nsation. woultl Ie to till thie le,.ila
ture with incomipwatent Irn wo, Co) Il
find nothing to do at horun that wutt]ild
pay better. l'his, considering Sai,.
points in the legislative career ,t tl,,.
speaker., .'oundedl ironical, buit I :;i iii
clined to believe he intended it ;n oi,,r
,'dr. Orr siareadl himsflf41 443 tlii ni4't'..
situ fur reductitin, was willing and ,1
sireud the entire Terrjtorial s.tlarv h ,u' !
I ' st rickeni o'it. lie. c')ul lire d tlen
four dollars 1u:ºid by governmient) wiih
out getting in debt. and n ih. nl,;z ia
woiuldI be much bett er for the 'I'.rritnr'
andi nation it people «VotiI e':unt'rrlt,
attstt'ttiiii~nl'Ii!' anil triti'at Iv oft 1) .'t
F'ranktin, not drink so iun twi it lkk v
and eat breIad and drink water. two et'
mqlntit whiiKi would proloing lilt: Iuu)lt
thoui anyi poiler lou~d.
lie iutwiti? a gestro)flolhiC i r;tivii'n t in
favor ,3 re'iliictjcii into, which hi 1 ir
psirated quiite a couitpreI~en).i - idea of
tv~ul t- wont-, ,r ia aetir and ir· tl· i t', "I
1 ."rt t r, dlr. i t ,n l i tI~ t 1,I. f tuft ', ).:: `
tilt sian.'" ;trrtiti t s M r. (),;. an I ;,if f 1' !
that ins alil U' I as tlie L).-tuicrai ti) p irl,
il ass re'h.ln!4ihill t'r the c 'O liii ,it-,
Itlt- nit)a-ti re in its Itrre pno t! 'ri.
lisle-vi ht' ret!u, U'll thlie hll iflrit,
wotu') 1 suil.r for it durnng',, i. tix ,r . I
cerd- .4 tit-- 'I'err&t1'''' is t
Iliaig' the it olitic tiC, ti 1 -- -. ' tti ,r
tU,)ti (itit.-tClla~tionf wa' redto-,"i
party WHglt lint to vx pt-i. I an t i i .
Ile al tii leiii' debt ot tilte Ti :"i' -,ic,"-" %,rtit h~":~ '~
since hii' fast tie-s -ki, hr.] it \Vai into.l:,11
iria to tlithe- extra enl-xI4nIditiirs Mr *1
Waitsolnfl5 speechi wigs in 4.'i-ct a r'p- "
Littoni oi t ilt- spec(he us 4)t (rr an i 116 irt~i
55s wait, also thi- itpe~ccli of Mr. I~fl'i ii
lie, 4.','ilnitii for a while s'howt':I a -lt"i,
S~ion to, 114 ipt t he r"- purn, l,:!i it ~t o n- j
of filihusteri'it ald diver; ]ilalt'!r im
tiols. wils final ly Io.t in .-Iie 4lriitili tte
pro'bably sitandl, uinlesis w~iie coiun
aehlsa pre'vailI before- thle- adil sr irtt"n-i
'l'hie deiate wits both alnusi n;; an' lit)
at rtctive. I hiope evt'r*V ni''ln oar ., 41)4
1)eiocratic party will have 'ipprtoi'tN hik
to) k 'jow i I1 al,ou t it. bet mrs'. II.. nu-x /
tat e txion. ixteeu n dol!ara a dl t y fl r ea ch -
legislator is eflougt* to batikni t e A
richer es in rv th.n.! Mon' aa. 'I'! l i
a great profession 4)1 economi n'n thu L
part of the IllileHib r,. but as vet H thu
has bIe' i dlone tIo redluce' Territorial . x
jwnse8. Justice denmnds, hiowever, thatt
I should spetak kindlv of thet- elf 'rts pot
M.-ssrs. Eng1z.hi. O)rr, hlar' and \% atsn IL
They (tit.i~ no~t he.Watis to declnounu.·, in
unnieasuired terms the presenlt Ctii'4frl~ -
Timtt t'apitdl Bill was taken un in +h,.
Hlouse this morning, and, atter c(',n-idl.
rabtle discussion, Deer lodxire was -trick
en out, and the natue of lichtna in.ert
ed. It will now go back to the (',' .acil
tor their concurrenc*., whichi!. I ut, rr
stand, wi;l probably he otltai:.e,.
'The IHouse, through iit-at.. . a I
jtjurned at noon t.-day, ius;ea:t 1i tiak
ing a r,*cess.
Both Houses wi'i I robahlly alj urn
over Christrm as.
Dec. 23.-The amendments tr, the
corporacion law, striking out a!l sec
tions authorizing the incorpora'!in of
toli-roads and bridges, lasse'l the tc',un
cil. The license law was arrested Iby
the vote of the opponents ,of the cltaus
taxing bawdy houses. It canu,t bes
passed until that is stricken out.
Petitions of Washington Smmith for a
right to fish for trout in thle Deer i, Nle
river, with books. steines or spears, and
that every halt-blood child. b.,rn ot an
ndtlian woman, iuay be legir'imated,
were laid indetinitely on tih. tabl,-.
After a ..o.i ldel ot f tilllu.erinrz o~
the part of the Hslse, the re-peal to the
placer mining law, as to Deer L -de,
I \li.somulat, B3e-a'erhead antl .Ma laton
coaunti-r, passed, and went backt ,to the
Council for its concurrence.
Our butchers are tilling their markets
tor Christmas with the -at b'-et that
we have ever seen. ONCh Mmlc,1t.
Virginia Cit), Dec. 28, 1.6S.
The Roise Drmocra, of thej 21 it~tott
While Messrs. M..oy anod - who
havv e la,) of tLack down 'au 7: )k k.IV
er, wer, lwiking afttr sotue str.iy catlI
.)n MondaHy Iast, tl~tir att--nti))n was st"
Srar'.td by a gatbering .t in of i··' "J
other birds. on a sand bar. near thieN''
esr a edre. On r'xauioati'D. tIi."y Ihouud
it was the body of a ujan, part I, dra"K0
fronm ti).' Wd.**-r which 1ir..d to ute
body of J'sg4gli Bateon wltho, ij
I peed wliS niunrl. rtMd Pome w.,-kh' air",
Sim Walters. T'hey h.r- d and Ilac we
greatly dishi6,uruxd. and r Iit de'
LF 'oyed. A glatss E'ye was fountdl I·r the
bead. wLich lb known as Bacon P.
The "$now Problew' is occup' in:, the
alttrLieOn of the el,.aNrs down tha. rail1
road. It is urtatd th dnrift it ;' Fst' in
shallow than in deep cuua. and tb6'
where walls a few feat high hat") b'
eructed they gRetaally Sab eT the Pu "
pose. The snow on the track si C'lros
ecne was two feet deep and tbe P'""'O
oft rains uttemly imuujiuaslb. 'IeIm Pe
.eag- or one' ot the trains were.tMD
1. Rosa dlmý from a srMlioD and aa1
farted severe47 gn ri lack of tond and fo$
"Throv day's rations in the ifa- L
might beasa e~vebnihce to our M`ns'"
Im wbeo vestied on Ua trip to Auwi5