Newspaper Page Text
THE MONTANA POST.
L Ne t-Spapler, Devoted to the Mlineral, :Agricrltural and Commercial Interests ot' Montann Territory.
\( )L. \. N(). Is. IIEILENA. MONTANA, FRIDAY, JANUARY 8, 1869. WHOLE NO. 227
jjThe i lotla;iiia Post.
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• '1. I'NNIK1.
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..: ( : _r'.--- hair: , ti-'ldl tlf-i
* : . , 1'i '.t tf July -:'h.and
*- at v r+ 1.4 citizens
P;, i±w I' the V.estern
r:, `' I -i.,i ay, was '.tetore
: ,1"" ] a t , Itic , .s dl7tA1 -
i- . ant lal,,ore, d thri)ugh
. ,-it-t \ai.hbmurnes
" .tiil ntl' itl- . llto)n lhei
- . \.. ,. T. Ci has
• : .r. n, . r , , t t* * t.. . raph
Sn a. .urn- ~.will
... -- . thre- -,ul tlv.
. :1, ." i j I t rl e raDi t .
n", : " i t t('k.'l and three
- I , . " onr -.nt ,,iC',t
* , t .. v nt ' i' r."
. ,\ .i , \.. l. - .nv
S , t - . 1I ill FlI::- c-tl Int i 1v.
S \ \ nk-.-. '. h v 's-. uti
r in i t in nti-'ne-ti in
. , N . utili. 1r 1" wa,.- in
* " [ .artt:,'- nt -,i ',C . 'r
*,I,." ý i , li * IT . f 1t 1 1):lrI
' - :(r ei' at*-r Black C. -'
.. . :., it, I ti .-:,,,. . clharg-
* - ! - - '-a :ni o'';lit.r t-jicet
,- r :,.. !: i . anti thl- m ai.-'sarr.
* : fal -,i-i,, i. ll, 1 .,i ti. -
.ti1i b l1 .is '-tr
"r .. iIit tin pa r
Li 'V :Ire n" iticri: ri -
f "ur"- 'm 2.- -rI
'-it 4m il
.r ~ ~ IN 1't.!lu a ! till
t -", . 'r 1 l " t. li
!\ 1" i~~irr 1 t' rl ill
t i a- I 1 l" rr\ "r t."dj~
* It flkiit 'al
dia. .I Iut t~ir a
I t "."rTnIr. toi) a~!ie
. .' : it "Iri ink.z lthe ýýt
ri I. I~tth "1e.22
. r :i' tn t'tilar n g ld i was
al a llaet year -Ea'A',.yt
i : ',tt and F-,,x that. La.
- :: at;.il i tIn rath..r freely and
S 'arb:an."nt together, Pitt re
: .',: : : wa.- txcetlinglya range
- u: .! n.t -... any Speaker in the
. \ x,-i wa:t ,tqually tsurprased
tw, "w, Siak,.r' in the chair."
r., 1 i- ,urna'istic otliviousntss with
_ , nI . a .1 onte lime called
. ,, tr,: lt. tlt. lis stet.l uttlent that
St'11ntn aHreT penniltrsi in Montana."
r.,.r it is eqlualy obligatory to
i.". txtravaiant assertions as
": . I bait that anmount of gold
. . rtui · .,c t within the twelve
::': dune w\ ell. In the early
: -,: ..' , htavy iloods delayed
" rywli.hre, andt damaged the
' r:,. tlll.l s pa.rmxane"ntly for the
l1"lit, . gh: sn,ws failed to turn
:: .- l and r·ttuisite supply of
S" :anv camps. awl the- product
I tar l.., than it would else
' Miut.rs have however av
S, I,;. anl thtre are ftewter "broke'"
S i-n than anvy we have known.
a- : i;r v ,wvin,_ to th- unusuallv
":tt;. iniit tt qugartz leads, andi
:. ,-ii.-, warrants the lhe
. t.,.t, tL. la,,r wi!l be en
it I..t.l- .,."xt ýre.ta.o . The tnowS
: , ea v tallen on the divides
""" a[il,,-g amount of water the
': . --,, n ,for navigation, mining
":: :: "l T'ht placer and quartz
: ..':li b - wot lkt-d next segson,
. " ::..1iarv laltorxequiret d, war
*n i.i. rannn of ten thousand
- ." ::. I ti., anticipation of a yield
i" "i'Iroxiniated in Mon.ana.
rr. 'trv *:i,! not produce *34.000,
" -tittcr, tut the year is hoA far
l' : l it w ill.
\',"t*n.,u Ward's estate is now esti
,'. at ;.o.0O A part of his fortune
• ' \tt.,! in real estate at Yoakers o0
liat.on TI'he idea of a monamemt
"" b,~: -"-m to have been given up.
i'IiE INDIAN RIREIRti .
i'i2,- O.,7,. ,,l i.,,th/,l!/ r-.tentIy en
l. :iVvr--cI Ti detlniiin tratt" that t ir t earti
i. iunert. iilni what ar.t irine-. -i" ca-illd
earth ptlaki-s aret in res i'r airijuakes.thi
ret"u!t it a fe.artulyv iivlte-rio.s intfli
i-n t- tervadiakr th-- an l-.i rt, and g--n
crating destrucimve-ness. in 4alttornia.
proitli(-ial!y. .-1'thou,.h tihat particular
ti.irvy \wat a it leustitied kiwdi ,f transcen
deniaisin that Imight pass toran erudite
jiike-, t here d(1's halwar to exist in 1%% a.h
intiton sonm.i subtle intiuen'e. analalgous
in tmany r.sp.'ec'ts, that siiakes up events
anti turn- l.egislative. circumtstances
tipsy-turvv as renimoiselessly as the sitt.
jIect,-d utile lined atmoslpheric agency
tilees rea-l estate- on the Pacaiticcoast. '1o
illustratte: (On Iec. 9. a bill was passed
in ti:- House to transfer the Indian Bu.
reat t the WVar D)epartmenc t alter tlhe
first tt Januarv 1.ti69. So tavorable was
the Ilonus., to the transfer that the bill
pasrsed. under a call it the previous
question by a vote. of 116 to :3j. Tht
st-enate was tbeli-eved to be not j-les ta
vo)rale to to hle prj.ct thahr the Hlous.e,
but on its Ipresentittion to that bI)dy, it
was incomprehensibly reterred to the
coulllitt"e oni Indian atfi.irs. known to
be hostile to the, transfer- It was place
ing a lamb to, nurse with a wolf, and :lhe
wlf has prorjectt-d its bead trots the.
crnmmitt.ee room with thee guilty Ilood
marks -'it its ch Ip- that are sunieckedwith
%%ell satisfied delighit over the dainty
ti.ast. 1The 1., rrt will be adverse. and
the Chairman it the 'olunnlitte. Mr. He.n
ider-e n. was dlire-ctedct ti, prel'are' a hill as
a -ttl-.tit utl. ere-cting thet lBureau into a
.sep-rate civil -ureai. Time was witt-ni
the- nianipulat:ion of these- Indian bills
was mvstt-riull s andl past finding out.but
th!.. c'.rru|pti,,n which has so long char
acrte-riv-ed thei admlllinictration ot Indian
iia irs. is anl Inidctx l.inting directly to
utiiet i intiuencCes in the control of ail
iincilalti, cttertl-cting that <elpartment. It
wast tIe ret.rlll the adlministration of its
atIfi -s, to se-cure pi.-aCe on the borders
atI., t-cnimi,,ii' to tIhe, gove.rnmient, that
Iihe traneottr was preojected and the sig
nitic'ant majoritv in thte Hlouse was but
a re-tl.-x cit the opinion of the Ciºtintry.
i'lace.c in thee hands of the military. ,ec-.
ii :i n and robbelrv tn the one. hand,
rurdc-r. rapine, and tliaire otl the othler
tlliicll: tIei s:yie-d. S.Ich. are the. vie-ws
ente.r',iinei ,bv -Vtnfl tihe press and pel,
lile who h-ave heretotre Iee-n
violently tavorabtle to that castly hum
i,U- ti'te plera:nt lulltiug Pe-ace- ('nlnrnis
-in lEven a minajorityv it it.,own iltilenl
1,'-rs lbecamne .atsiie-d ofit the disaistrous
' i.-.-'til rce 's it was entailing in lite
\V,- . and at the hi('ago mueeting in
t totr,-. rec.rnumendedi the transfer.
'Tle- S--natc- c'tn!lraltittet" IIhowi, ve-r see tit
toi whtllv y ignore' tlltit rei-cotlllrendation. t
tduet.d lbytv " t. *. i puru i i-. o t her
terrmer i:isiakes, iand thle subsititute bill
i- toiui tild on ait retnirt imatide- the previ
tlus sulllllliir ll,trre i-s cons:riutiv'e 'vi
i.,nc-,e it thatt pI-rilteantin adii dtlanet-r
.us iiti e-tce'-. the dic ,very tof an at
tit.'iheric -counterpart ti, wi-lch hai
ls.-ti r aimltitl in the (Jr. ,*".;r l [,.,,,t/i,,
wi'h ti,,e ditctfi-r-ice. tihat, w hil,' onen is
.ulndterci¼a): t he' subs'tance o the- other
h:lot a tI;,ce vaI ie andil can Is checi'kedt
dtt.' in iatik. It is ti ie b hoiied the
, na , will net allow itself teo be de
trat.li.ci of a \.,te" on tlihe transfe-r, and
that S.Leidani and Cusitar's recently.
aiptr,-,d nt..ltd ot te-ahin. with the
_ nrliuac li" .-eicl,.ers will inot lhet ruthle sely
abtl,!li-id and tiheyv be oiitliciallyv dtecaip
itat d. ius tnil\v braveT and useitul ,tlticers
litive bi-een who p!,r-cedel tllem, as et1i
ci-ntI n hu n m e p.-ace imake-rs on tthe
'i i.e apipr,.val by Acting ,\overnor
Tubtls ,t tie bill locating thie seat of gov
emrntent in Helena, may be accepted as
a final displ)oition of that much vexed
tli. stion. That "a majority oi the legal
votes cast," on that issue at the next
general election, will approve of the
legisiative lkcation, is a foregone conclu
,ion. Under the act of Congress pro
viding hereftter for biennial sessions of
the Legislatures and the present election
law that approval will make Helena the
Capitol from Aug. 3. 1.69 to Aug. 3d,
I~71. It is surely presumable that the
selection of Helena was in contempla
tion of its populaton, its permanency of
pursuits, its superior advantages of ac
cess to a majority of the people, and its
being the commercial emporium to
which business calls them more fre%
quently than to any other. These being
paramount copsiderations in a Territory
where tacilities for travel are limited,
and necessarily must be for years. we
may assume they will remain so until
the summer of 1871. The question
is, what point will then
present the same advantages. The
cheap water transportation to Benton is
an advantage that even t"ilroads will
not supercede. and this is tbe best depot
for distribution to Montana. It is equi
distant from the rich valleys of Missoula
in the north-west and the Gallatin val
ley in the south.east, reached by good
natural roads. The county is indented
int," tle heart of Deer Dodge. and Helen
na is. in reality, as near and acceasable
rom all points of that county as would
be many locations w;hlin its own boun
daries. Its location on the edge of the
fertile Missouri valley, immediately con
tiunous to the beet devett.t I mu.nes of
the Territory, and centr.l ti those of
Muscleshell, Meagher. J,.ffersou. anId
Deer Iodge. with good roads radiating
in all dir c;t,,ua are rdrantages not pod
- . ' ,. tiers, and pr. nlw-ctively per
u..,rrnt. All c.ruustantCre theretore
indicate that thb. tautan es which lo.
cated the Capital ht re will remain po
tent for many Tears. It rite .Lgislature
takes this view ot the case, it tJow.
that provision should be maun or. the
locatlon of a sie,. tbe (Ith'ver
ment memorlalged' to apprvpdate a
tullficitetJt sut f.f tu one.y to provide
t-,aitl, built u dings t! r th!. Executive
,tfilees and for the et-tsions of the As
etlmbiv. Any local prospects of even
tualll stucce-.ding to the lociution should
not irevent an .flort to provide re,
$iectablt,, and contvetnitent ('apitlo build
ings here-, in pila:c, of the dingy halls
an i primitive contractions, by courtesy
caliet ffttices. in which compulsory cir'
cl-mnitances have heretofore located the
Federal anwd Te.rritorial oticers. It is
not probable a Ineumorial to this effect,
it moderat, in its amount, would be
rejected it the- sublject was properly
presented to Congress. and it shonld
certainly commend itselt to the favor
ot the Legislaturenid Ie acted upon
THE UNcION 5TRIKE.
We puhblishi to-day a communication
fros Messtrs. Whitlatch, lHodge and Ta
tem elicited by onr remarks on the
Union mine strike. It is temperate in
expression. conciliatory in spirit, an
olive branch, which. we trust, may not
only e at symbo! but a harbinger of
leace. lThe reason given for desiring
work continued in the mines without
interrutisn. is one that will be appreci
ated by miners and milncen, but it is to
be regretted that the reduction of w a
_.rs was made by Mr. Ilodge. It was his
priv.lee. but we deem it to have been
inconsiderate. lIv consultation with
both owners and emlnoyees, we are led
tl) the ccnclusion that matters may be
satisfactorily adjusted, and that there is
no vlndictiveuess existing ne n either side
to, prrevent reconciliation, certainly not
on the part of the owners. The latter
informs us that the product will not.
under pre.sent circunmstances, justify the
incre.aste of wages $i0 Is'r month, and
their duty to the ce.nipanies they repre
sent coiupeis themi to decline paying the
deinande.l incr,.ase: nor do they wish to
excite he, tile feelings bye .r:plying oth
er hands. "'heir alternative is to sus
p-nd operations. They are willing to
pro,(ceed at the trnmer wages. $.30 per
month. Withou:t discussing the ab
sttact squetiotn, whether tt- wages are
-utficient conmp.r. sation for the. labor
performed, w.e again advise the miners
to ctnsult temnperately. reconsider the
whle ase., and selecting those for a
conltklittee in whote judgment they
have greatest confidence, to cotmnlltti
cate with the mnillmtn.that tlhe ditfficulty
mayI be slj.ehily termninatc-d. It is to the
interest of all,and we think easily attain
atle. So.mewviat c.nversant with move
mIents of t is characterwe searcely know
an instance where, at this stage of pro.
ceeding+, indicittions were more .' , .
I.e I ,r a ha1-ly adljlittn-Dt (of dmfiI-j.
tie's. It would ie, a grr.tifi"ation to
mIand thI entire community, if we nmi.e
)publi.ili tomluorrbow tlhat work would be
-e -...... .1 tl... 11tt Li. la..I.t. I'...,...
('OLO ADO RAI LROADS.
Denver for yearn confidently antici
pated theI location of the 1'. P. R'. IH.
through that ciy. After it had dlflect.
edl to the north.t her.' were still hot, ( of
t.e East.ern I)ivisicn road being con
st ruct..d, as it had been located, through
the nlwtrolpolis of (',loralo. l)isapi)point
ed in I,.thi thlese enterlriset i and realiz
in: the neces.ity of railroad communi
cation, the l)enver lkoatd of Tradle grap
pled with Fate, and organized a home
cormpany. IDec 14. 167, known as the
Denver Pacific lRailway & Telegraph
Company. At the first annual meeting
held recently, the follwing officers were
elected frr the carrent ear: President,
John Evans; Vice President, John
Pierce; Secretary and Auditor, H. H. Me
SCormick: Treasurer, D. H. Moffat, Jr.;
Chief Engineer, F. M. Case; Consulting
Engineer, John Pierce. The Chairman
appointed Messrs Clayton. Solomon and
Bates Financial Committee. Directors
-John Evans, W. M. Clayton. J. W.
Smith, F. W. ('ram, D. II. Moffat, Jr.,
John Pierce, J. E. Bates, A. B. Daniels,
F. Z. Solomon.
Tl'he road commences at Denver, flol
lows down the South Platte 47 miles
and crosses, thence crosses the Cache a
la-Poudre six miles above its mouth.aad
runs N. 16" W, for 38 miles, and crosses
the White Bluffs at an altitude of 6.425
feet reaching Cheyenne, with an average
grade of 80 feet to the mile, Cheyenne
being 865 feet above Denver. The total
length of the road is 106 miles. It is as
timated the entire cost of construc'lie
and equipment will be $4,000,000, o1
which $651,319 80, have been paid In.
'rhe grading of the first 44 miles of
road was completed in August 18g6,
when the Indian depredations inter
rupted work for a time, but it was m.
sumed and the road to the Platte cr.e
ing, including the bridge, was expec_
to be completed in December. The e
cers reports state the Denverites furnLai
the "material and" as fast as required,
and the early completion of the road Is
confidently anticipated. Beside this
road there have also Leen projected the
Denver aod Santa Fe road, with its ter..
mini at the places named, and passlag
through Colorado City, Pueblo and Tris.
Idad ; the Denver, South Park and Rio
Grande road passing through Soth~
Park to the Rio OGrande; the Denver
Central and Georgetown road to the
counties of Gilpin and Clear Creek, .
the coal read fourtes miles lesg,
(wooden track) connecting with tbe
Cheyenne road twenty -two miles lf
Denver. This is a large amou
railroad fever for one Territory, bes
Colorsdo assumes to have the matedal
"to demand snd comutreut tetm. On
Coal Creek there have beed opened
is.t'er df) C..'s. Chase, WagtIM,
aser, U$ler sod .
asslth ýet e
aid"wo is L s0.99piO p
while coal from the I.r.rraie plains is
worth but #21.00.
Thie lumber ui,11.mnts from Colorado
to t'heyenne last year was 1,$500.000 teet,
and thelt agricultural products ot the
Territory for 1Ai~6 were, wheat, 24,S8,
690 pounds: corn. 1*4,158,80; oats. 12,
402,480. of which, including produce.
S.0,376,'C. pol'nds it is estimated, will
be surplus for sale and transpolrtatiou.
During the year. 13.Ai00 head of cattle
have been exlprted. and the grazing
area is estimated at 40,000,000 acres.
The shipments of Ihides and wool in
three months were 114,000 pounds. and
the average passenger travel to and
from Denver per day is estimated at 10.
persons. The report of John Pierce,
Consulting Surveyor, concludes as fol
The incoming business of tihe Terri.
tory is estimated at 9.000 tons per year,
or 30 tons per day. This Is a low esti
mate, and does not include any except
what now passes through or to Denver,
from the two Union Pacific railroads.
From the above data, I would esti
mate the busines of your road ias fol
lows, the figures being from actual busi
ness now done, except the usual allow
ance on passengers and the items of coal
and ore :
Passengery, 200 p? r day............ $441,000
Produce, surplus, 50,376,685 pounds, 5!,882
Cattle, 1,500 head .................. 24,000
Merchandise to Denver, 18,0041,000t lb 175,000
Lumber, 1,879,000 feet............ 16.911
Coal, 50 car loads per day.... ..... 225,0011
Ore, 10 car loads per day............ 45,000
Hides and wool, 641,000 lbs...... .... ,76
Express matter ................... 20,2b0
Dieductang gxps. 5 per cent. $501,90b
Net earnings .......... 501,05
Or 14 8 10 per cent. on the capital stock
of the ('ompany, of $4,000,(MfO.
\'e congratilate our ('oloraio ne-igh
bors on their nerve and ,prosperity, and
although the er,,, ,ºr ,re runs ae y derive
soime of its soft-.st tints fromi in;agina
tions' ftrrvid glow, t lht have undertaken,
in an energetic manner. .i at which will
give themn, if they have not now. pla,
tical realization. T'the railroad era is
begun w-est of tlh .Missouri : .every rail
that is spiked to thle ties is :a lpeceful
victory for the le.,uhlic. May Mon tana
sornn feel the cnnne'rine hero' tr.real
CO on leel the conI1lwering hero r)' ftia
e TIE IYIPORT'ANT IWSeL
S 'rTe distinctive feature of tbhi. essioCr
of Congress will be tl.e tii-ht on Finan'
ces. It was once said a prevailing weak
bess with all men was the unlimited
confidence, of each in his pre-emnicent
ability :o ride a horse and row a boat in
a manner wholly uneIxcSptiona')le and
unapproachable. From the multitudin
ous and diverse plans propolsed and per
sistently urged f.r the only pro.lr and
safe disposition of the publ~ic indebted.
,t ness, it appears that RIarey andi Kelley
each in their own ephere of super-excel.
1 lence. have dispelled the former fancy
and th e revailing idiocrasy, in and out
of('ongres,-, is the conviction of a divint
mission reposed in each to release tlht
government from its six per cent bonds
Out and out repudiation, ' P: lBrick
Pomeroy. " 'alf and alf"' int*'gr;:. and
I fraud, interest payment and I rincipal
repudiation ,i ta Andrew Johnson
Greenback redemption as propo~sed by
Pendleton. anti-bond Democrats, and
SMr. Stevens. the latter of whom had asn
e- signed him by Mr. Sumner in his grand
eulogium the other day the statement
g that his financial views was a failure
d gold payments at maturity by another
a consolidation and funding all together
7. appreciating greenbacks to an equiva
lent for gold in the meantime, and ai
various and many others as there ar
1, pictures in a kaleidascope. each have
w their advocates and foes. Then there i"
' the "Immediate resumption of specit
a payments," which has taken the place
6 of "On to Richmond" in the columns o
e the Tribune; gradual resumption a.
1 proposed by Mr. Morton - and gradua
Sresumption by starting at a given rate
a redeeming legal tenders at one per cent
st less in gold each month until they an
a. of equal value; and then there is Bet
Butler believing greenbacks are a gook
enough basis, and no resumption is nec
h essary. Out of all this chaotic contra
riety of opinion there must evolve a
well defined system of finances, and a
l policy be established that will harmon,
I, se all discords, satisfy the government
5 creditors of good falth and the capital.
Ists of the country that business wil:
r.. hereafter be on a legitimate and secunr
g Ibasis. It will be no easy matter, the
b more so if the Legal Tender Act is de
Sclared unconstitutional, and Indleationi
or point that way.
1 Is bletter frowm aon. E. . Spaulding
Sof New York, hes author of the Legs
s Tender Act, to Seeretary 3inCulloauh
he asserts with remarkable oomplacem
I y bis beliet that the aec is, Ina tpe s a
Speace, auncostitutional, an4 it was id.
.,q ed bx him it4 op sof e e -
fma!r ss 5s
is vieWS, as he now 11ol0(s lie dlid, it wa
certainly a direliction of high duty ,ol
, his part that a section was not incorlpo
t. rated in the act providing. for its terrui
e nation on its ceasing to be a ('ons:itu
- tlonal measure. ('ertainly the nation i
- in a perplexed tinancial iabarynth, ani
our guides do not inspire unlimited con
II tidence in their famniliarity with the bees
i. avenue of exit. During the next tw\i
e- months the Halls of ('on;gress will ecli
g the mighty chorus ot numierls, with :
+. profane parody retrain on those chrims
n tiatn terms, "conversion' and "redem!p
d tion," such as was never heard bIefort
id The country awaits the solution ,of th
6 prize problem.
.INING COIMlM iSONER'R IHE
We find in the Montana Postr a cal
from Mr. W. S. Keyes, Mining Engi
' neer, upon all interested in the minera
and other resources of Montana, to fur
t nish him with statistics, etc., for Mi
r Tavlor's forthcoming report to ('on
gress. We trust that this appeal wil
not Im passed by unheeded, and that of
torts will be made at onec to supply thl
required information. Tho time allot
ted for the accomplishment of the tail
is very short, and a report worthy o
that thriving and growing Territory
and Mr. Keyes is fully competent as ta
as his duties lead-is a thing of grea
0 importance to those whose interests I1
I within its boIrders. It may be well t,
Sstate here that Mr. Raymond will repre
0 sent Montana in his report thr-ougl
8 Prof. Eaton, whose services lie has se
a cured for that Ipurl.se. We therefor'
- solicit for him also the co-operation o
Montanians in his work, confident tha
tihe combination of etlforts that are nov
on foot it adequately assisted will b,
fruitful in their reeults.-., J,,,,ur" n
, Mini.qg, Dir. t).
i'The above is evidently frorn te pet
of Mr. Raymond, U. S. Mineral C'om.
e mi siaioner and editor of the Jouruli
- l'The Report of Prof. Keyes has beer
I forwarded some time. and is doubtlesi
in print before this. The report of Prof
Keyes to J. Ross Browne, last year, wai
regarded by prominent gentlemen in
1 terested in the Bureau as the most val_
nlable and ably preparetd portion of tht
work, and the Professor's subsequent
investigations have not only added
much valuable statistical information
Sto his store, but given him increased
faith in t!,e minerals of Montana. ,V
may t~ere'fore anticipate -a highly com
mendable that portion of the ensuing
rrnn.rt wV'rittni 1.." 1.:...
The intimation of the ttelgraph thl
General Thomas A. Scott will be tli
choice of tlh- Republican caucus f(
Senator, to succeld Buckalew, is unex
pected, but will commend itself as
wise eelection which, it made, will Ila<
in the Senate one of the best practici
financiers and businse men of the Stat
lie was Assistant Secretary or \War ur
tier Mr. Lincoln, and in that responsibi
otfice demonstrated his Executive abii
ities were not limited to the Vice Pres
dency ard motive management of a lii
tie corporation like the Pennsylvani
Central road, now controlling a railros
interest of two hundred and eighty mi
lions ,t dollars. If General Scott
elected. under certain anticipated an
desirable contingencies very likely 1
resolve themselves into absolute tact
the Northern Pacific Railroad will fe
the favorable pressure of the herculea
energies he represents as Keystone Set
ator and railroad autocrat. It havin
been understood that Andrew Ui. Carti
was an aspirant for the enamtorship, an
having first preference with the san
political influence that secures it 1
General Scott, the inference is that Go
Curtin's prospects for a position in ti
Cabinet are regarded as favorable. ,:
hot no m
We find the following in the Neu
York Tribune of Dec. 18:
WASHIrNTON, Dec. 17.-The follow,
ing nomination were made by the Pres
ident to-day : Joseph E. Smith, for col
collector of customs at Wiscassett, Me.
Daniel R. Stanton, for saeesor of inter
I al revenue in the Sevententh district
of New York ; Hiram KetcLum, for col
lector of customs at Alaska ; Moor N
Falls, for solicitor of internal revenue
for the Third district of Maryland ; Thos
B. Wade, of Montana Territory, to be
agent for the Blackteet and other neigh
boring tribes of Indians.
The Weston, (Kansas) Border Time.
gives an interesting reminiscence of HI
Rives Pollard, who was recently assas
sinated in Richmond. The Times says
that when a pro-slavery mob deter
mined to make Phillips, of Leaven.
worth, a victim of its vengeance, and
conveyed him to that side of the Mis.
souri river, and in some obscure place
below Weston. adorned him with a coat
of tar sand feathers, and thus regaled,
brought him to Weston, and sold him
in front of the St. George Hotel, through
San mprovised negro auctioneer, to the
lowest bldler, H. Rivee Pollard figured
eomspleoeslv among those who had
mm tted, this atrocious deed. The
editor says .he well remewhere
e iKIg Po lard, tremulous with eleite.
It, bat'syg t to leaded dbw.i wit'rwo
SýmmtrNe e7 sttyrwtlbrm .diseieslthe
t4 Adeps ýhe had Pi4Mpe
imeiaey in charge.
OUR IRGIIA. IL'TTI;R.
A (Correection-Progress of Bnulneae
--They read rlie Post--War of the
1oses- - The Bemit Legilaitnre -
"Our"' Representativex-A Capital
'T'he Corresl'ondendt ot the )I'T de-ires
to, correct a statemelnt made by a late
corresponden: of th-i (;az'tt,'. to the etf
feet that ,our correspondent had "swin
dlhd the Territory out of several thou
sand dollars bv, accepting the extra
cotlmpensattin alUowed by the legisla
tures, that he in his otficial capacity de%
clared( a 'bogus' institution." It was a
legal legislattire which allowed your
cctrespondent the "several thousand'
dollars, and the "bogus legislaxture that
tried to deprive Lhimi of it. The swin
die, so tar as he was concerned, was on
the side Of :I": law, but the attempt to
swindle himn, s.I! a good many other
citizens, ' a- ,n the ";'ogus" .side of the
qluestion.. Th''. t'iTrev.t -, orthv of
note. 'l"T te zorrec , i t lte i (I
zttc', however "ast ,s Sa I, iý'ator
now, evidently is not p,; ce,, *" .,'a) in
past history. Wonder if ., -.d ol
the 1,(KX) extra compensation' .h'
people will rememtber it of him un era
he makes his position wore ap! -ea'
than he has done in his letter.
Business in both llouses progres.
slowly. Or sixty or seventy bills in:ro.
duced. only seventeen have as yet been
approved by the Governor, and there are
but thirteen days of th- session Ieft. It
will not surlprise you. I holjs, to learn
that nearly every subject to which you
called the attention ot the Legislature,
just lsfore its session, has been made
the sulbject of legislative amendment
Th'lie dearextra comtensation law failed.
and the memibers will have their sixter,
dollars per day. The corporation law
placer mining, the' act relating to fires.
the homestead law, the law for the pay
ulent of jurors. witnesses, &c.. the act
concerning jurors, the collection of the
revenue--all these, and several otherj
hlave been changed in accordance with
the recommendations whichl from time
to time appeared in the columns ot the
Posr, thus affording a ca.n-
plete democratic vindication ot
the course which tuat
paper pursued, and which was so often
and so violently assailed by the Gazette
and Democryat. You need not fear to
contest the champions right for the
PosT, as between your recommendations
and legislative action. The extra coin.
p tnsation of uiuetbers, however, which
,ou thought should be reduced, the leg
islators ignored. That was a trial be.
tween the conscience and the pocket.
and the pocket triumphant; and so in
the gentlemanly language of the
(;,zette correspondent, the legislators
will continue the same sort of a "swin
le'r apsn tbO T.rritory. that the Judges
did under the Bannack law, the legisla
tive correspondent himself lerhias*
The House and the Council do not jog
along very liarnniously. A House
bill, however pertect, is sure to be re
turned from the Council with amend
nments. and so rice re rxn with Council
bills in the House. Then comes the
Chief Clerk with a polite request to re
cede, then thie brdy referred to refuses.
then a committe of conference, and the
bill is either compromised or killed out
rig t. You should hear the discussions
which theirj .rrings introduced. There
are a few members in both houses al
ways ready for a speech, and if need be
for halt a dozen speeches, over a subject
matter of inc,nsideratle importance.
There are among the iegislaturs, many.
more who are disgusted with these pro
tracted discussions, men who are really
anxious to serve the Territory. get
through with business and adjourn, but
they are men who make few speeches,
and always to the purpose. In "hel
House there are no better working mem
bers than Stapleton, Mayhew, and Al.
exander. They make few speeches, their
reports are brief and pertinent, and
their good sense enables them to dis
criminate between a good and a bad
law. In the Council they are all talkers
to a considerable extent, and every sub
ject that is discussed, affords
every one an opportunity to
speak. As a whole, the
Legislature is the best one we have had
in the Territory. There are a few
among the younger members who lose
no opportunity to display their zeal for
party. This is apparent in the reports
as well as the speeches. One can hardly
see the propriety of this coarse in a
body which has everything its own
way. Our members, Messrs. Wilson and
Wentworth are treated with the utmost
courtesy and politeness, and from noth
ing in their votes, or, indeed, in the
transaction of business, are they dis::n
guishable as politicians from the other
members of the House, with this differ
ence perhaps, that they are quiet, atten
tive to business, make no speeches, aid
fully appreciate that their situation is
inot a favorable one.ror the promulga
tion of Republican sentiments. If all
the members would imitate them, we
would have had all the laws passed
that we need, and the Lgislature would
have adjourned a fortnight ago.
You have a summary of all the laws
passed, iu your daily telegrarrs. The
Governor signed the Capital bill on Fri
day, and returned it to the Council to.
day. It produced no great sensation.
Our people understand fully that Capi"
tals never make large cities, and are
generally very stupid places. except du
ring a legislative session. See, fur ex
ample, Albany, Harrisburg, etc.. etc.
The holidays are over. They have
gone very hard with some of us. New
Years was a gala day. Callers were out
en ma+se, and all merry and jubilant.
The sleighing continues, and is Imne.
proved by all. The Governor has an
other reception on Thuraday evening,
*hlicl will be numerously attended.
We are bound to have good times while
the Capital lingers with us, and if in
the futare it should be decreed to estab
Ish it at Helena, you will not forget the
good old times at Virginia.