Newspaper Page Text
The Montana Post
V.RIDAV .WONING,. JAN. 8S.
\Ve live- but in the instant ; the Eter_
ual touch.es us in the Present, as it
-wiftly swe-ep down from Futurity,
brings disappw intrent or fruition in its
ireath. and vanishe-s in the unrelenting
Past. But in the cyc!le of recurring
-eafons w.e have fitxed an initial point.
.nd called the interval "A Year." T'he
earth has journeyed through it% annual
i-.ur-se, once more. and fhlr paIu," nlt. i4b
2n q' lietly fonhdlei d .i . Thei Index on
lhe diai of T'fimnr l. tints. ti It :1 . .\a un
etteredl Ia.i,1 i pIrnedl to1 ea''n,., ti emil
hlaz n c ith . gi,,I ,le,.lnn. or soil with
vice and the crirytrnl vase in the hands
if tihe lutitnite is dripl,ping its moment
li-w, l. nl tl,.- e-arith ti. crown tihe just.
-,r I,.. bartn-r.-i hvi th;.- uinwis,- tior iotage.
Earch can re-al ti,-liay tlhe rec',r, of the
Past, and decide whether the New Year
aylln not i*mtiter chave s.tme new acc.oulnts
,netuedl. andn soni-e ll nlt i ntneS clo sted.
The Vt-ar dawns lr liv torT tile
l'erritr In . In h. , .':.rry there ihas
to,-el no it btlter pr -~ nt or brighter promn
tes-. t,ir tihe. tutor . Neither want or p-s
tile'.ne or attl.etion nlarken. this li o un,
taiu lannd le-ntv is iri every hn.e, the
garners oar- filled, the great mines are.
lIb-in 'olp.eld su+-rc,.asfully. mner'lnanu't
h...- litad fair conilp'nsatifn for their
(oodas. labor finds remnnune-rative em-rl
tloymvten. railw..y 'tt. n u nu n i-at i tn is
approaching; irnnigntatiton will ensue.
lmore ex tenL-ie ;and ge.neral ldevelop,
tUeliit of mines will tallnow- it is well
Tl'here is jev inn tie- land. W\"r no
longer daunts it- r'ed )antrners ove'r tihe
I.ep nl ic \We have had the intensity
and e'cxitelietlit ,of tlhel struggle . tihe
seaton of re-lanxtin and conmllercial de
lretsi, n ena-n an'. i; th n i i.,nei tihe ti.-rce
ne-s of Iou;ital -trite., with its angry
tutmults andl dlij.-orltant passions. Ial,
ptly. lhe whot, guidedil our armies to, vic
tory is ch'iiosen witeld tihe lpeaceful
powers ~t state. and. though marauding
-avages havet realJt tlie whirlwind, and
fiernlish clans yet reluire strong-haandeti
u!nt:ice to vsav their outlawry. it,) pat
riot fear- tfir the |Iaea. prospeirity or
lerpetnuiy .uf ti ir- euliuuic.
Amion; thl ii iitins, wars and rumnors
are" internrinnled with the sounds of
pea'ce' anlI indlustry. England is teni
perarily ii;,eralizeL. France plots. Spatin
revtluti.:nizes. Turkey thre'attnen. tireece
and t'rcte. have Ith.-r visors down. RuG
-ia keeeps auspicitous outlook on the
,auiet. C nina lrrttrliizes. ('uba retvolts
aoulth A.\ erit-a is in arms. and Mlt-ic,)
.a unconstititutionally at peace.
Andti tlUns ol.'n the year. Its lightsi
mutd t adows will tall in turn on all. to
'lieer or chill. but mIiay you. reader. feeel
the goltden glow of tnu'hl heart sun
-Inine. ani ,our heiarty wishes for " A
Ilal.py New Year" i.- giotal for all the
LE.;ISLATNL'. 1 DI ORC('EC.
It is not always that the greatest con.
%idetrations mollve hmen to a:ct in. They
are often -waved by nearer ncsidera
tion(l no, Imatter how mtuch smailer.
This is particularly true of public met
dticeting tbhir public action.
lltnc, aristes th- n" cessity of wri te-n
.'oustitutions pr.scribing certain liiuits
beyond which none shall travel. We
feel satisfied that it to-dav a cnstitu
tion for the- governmelnt of Montana were
-ubmitted to our people a clause pro
hibiting the granting of Legislative d11
vorces iwould command the unanimous
approval of all men of all parties.
Ilence our regret that such a provision
is not found in the Organic Act. As to'
the degree of liberality of the legislative
assembly in its enumeration of causes for
:ivoirce that is a question which may be
safely left to it and the people without
restriction, as there it deals with ab
'tract principles rather than particular
cases.but exlerienee has justitied the as
sortion that those applications for
livorce, which are taken to Legislatures
are- the meritles.t ones that cannot suc
ceed elsewhere. The very application
to such bodies for such relief is a con
fession of a want of equity in the appli
cant, and any assertion of merit in such
a case is no more than satire. It meri
torious, apply t, the courts. If the law
does not cover meritorious causes,
This is an important question. No
attack upon public norals is more dan
gerous than that which seeks to weak'
en the marriage tie. Between the in
dissoluble sacrament ot the Church of
Rome and the 'convien t arrangement'
of the Indiana legislature, we trust
there is a sate middle ground consonant
with high public. moral, and private
right which avoids "the falsehood of
extremes and which our Legislature
will follow. Nothing touches more
quickly the chivalric sentiments thant
the smallest injustice done to a wife or
mother. And it Is especially true when
Legislative Assembliles are to be bent
and used to work such Injustice. W&'t
are constrained to make these remarks,
assented to by all, because e hear that
the Legislative Assembly is to be im
portuned by one of its members to undo
its resolution early in the session not
"S V 6..,.A ý....ti..ýý .wý sus. AiW
This member. a Republican autil he
enme here and wanit-d a divorce. applied
last winter for similar action, but the
knowledge which the uw~mbet.r casually
and accidentally gaiuedht the demerir l
of his claim caumed the Assembly to
dismisW it with the other rubbish before
it. He thereupon ingratiated hi Re- I
publiran belt iutc the confidence of the
Madiaon county Democrat. senared
their noniuratliA and election to the
House of hlteresentaives, and trusts
now by trades or persona' appeals to re.
ceive votee enough to perpetrate
this outrage on an abetoL aod
Lelpless woman-his wife. Twee
before his arrival in Mostana has
he, while his wife was in laetland, eo
meaed ra action la the eoore In the
ftates for this divorce, making thea
charges tha that are gtvre a ezemoa
now. Ihe wife did noC as he bad oped,
allow the case to go by dCefal, but
filed bet sworn answer, deu~yl ovee
harge made. Thas eoatlrbtd and
eiled upo to pcove his afHeltea la a
eaotseed ras. he shirked sad ddddI I
in both instances by voluatarily dis
missing his case. These are facts : this
course is cowardly and mean. and worse
than all. cowardly and mean to a woman. e
This woman is now absent in Europe .
supporting a family, by manual labor. i
which it is his first and highest duty to t
Of course there will be plausible tales I
and x planations: p.>tent intluenc.es ;
poemibly tears; bat if he wants a di
'orce without a good cause (for which
he can get it in the courts), let him be
come a regular Job Trotter. Yet we
bese.ch the members. as they have
wives and love them, sisters and reslect t
thºrI. mothers and obey them. to main- r
lain their integr.tv in this matter. And b
a- a d, rli r resort-not necessary we i
trust-we pray (iov. Tutts to consider
wlhethIer this is not the place where that
tishionabhl, lape.r- veto-comes ii.
It he shall weakly vield, may the lux- t
ulry of a mother-in-law be to him an a
impolssibility torever more.
.,r. 'treely in anticipation of certain
,ntinZencies. having given the Post
iffice department rather close attention, I
a particularly severe upon Mr. Randalls
dmininistration of it. Instead of acqui
-scing in the ertimated deficit to four
aiillions for the ensuing year, and a ccn-i
ectured rapid increase to en tnillions.he l
would have it pay its own waI. The
7rib,,i,,e believes those who dance should
pay the fiddler, and that the people at
arge should not be taxed to pay postage
for certain limited classes. As a reform
hlie abolishment or restriction of t)he
Franking Privilege- is rec-cmtendedand
the proposition advanced that n'wsepa
,ar exchanges should be subject to pos
rage as well as other matter, and the
'r.'·luh, generously suggests its willing
s.-ss to pay postage on its two bushels
if exchanges per day. So ftar its views
re adniissalle. but we- dissent from thl i
t" lur country. we are told, ig growing
rapidly, and lne settlements constantly
springing up in 'remote wilds and moun
tain gorges. as yet devoid of decent
roads, and to which mails are conveyed
with great difficulty and at high cost.
Admit these. premises, and what fol
iows. That the man who wants letters
from his son in Ruby Valley or at either
ot the Virginia cities ought to have
thetm hlrougwht him for three cents each,
while the balance of the cost should be
imposed on all who pay taxes ' We do
not see it."
It Mr. tlreele% will 1h-k up the pub
lishied report of the Department for the
year ending June ;0, 184i7. (the latest
publi-shed) he will find there were only
eleven States and one Territory that
paid the government more than its ex,
uenditure for mail service. That Terri
tory was Montana, which yielded a rev
enue of $306.12 cents to the government
over all expenditures, while in twenty
six States there were deficits in each,
ranging in Minnesota as high as $474.
0(N). ana aggregating in all $3,.629,171
12. It the Trihuo,, makes its proposi
tion on the principle of each State and
Territory paying its way, it will not do
to urge an increase of postage to Mon
tana already paying a surplus over ex
penses, and no increase in Maryland
with its deficit of $106,320. Besides,
-Montana has paid the government more
revenue than has been expended by the
government in or for it. something no
other Territory ever did. Under these
circumstances we think it clear that
"the man who wants letters from his
son'" in our Territory for three cents
postage should have them, and Mr.
Greeley, or his clerk, had better look up
his statistics a little more closely.
THE Bill introduced by Mr. W\ilson,
and which passed both houses, changes
the name ot the county seat of Gallatin
county from Farmington to Boseman,
its original name, and by which it was
still universally known except in legal
papers. The Legislature, last winter,
in an act authorizing the people to
change the county seat of Gallatin, in
serted an arbitrary clause that in case
any other place than Gallatin City was
chosen, it should be thereafter be called
Farmington. The name of Boseman, it
is now demonstrated, is
" One of the few, the immortal names.
That were not born to die."
\%i L have been ebown a persuunai let
ter from C. C. Menaugh, Chief (lerk of
the Council. dated Dec. 29tl!, in which
i: is stated that the bill locating the
Ieat of government at Helena was in
the hands of the Acting Governor. It
was the beliet in Virginia City that he
would veto the bill. The three days
withij which he ha authority to " re
turn the bill with his objections ' i
pired on Saturday. wo believe, although
the New Year adjournment may have
covered that day, and the dis
patchbe make no mentien of any action
Spon it. \e incline to the opinion that
Acting Governor Tufts has permitted it
to beeome a law without his signature.
Ox the let of January. 180. the North
ern Overland Mail Company was, under
the teram of eontract. to commeee ar
rying the malls from Fort Aercrombie
to Helea. As nthing has been re
ently heard dof rviee oa thi route.
we may presume tat Mmea. Le.h,
Piper Co. have very disuoNly madO
amagrmee whereb servies ne ed #e
be bep emal la mer I tshe ssM . wh
air- 11M eltae asher hea susad
I the mspuhk
S'TUk3U . I
NoTras to Mmaas.-All miners will take
nonce tha there is a strike sew is proages
among the employees in the mines in Union- I
ville for an advance of wage. and also to
brleak p the combinaton wcih exists b t
tween the agents of the different companies *
for the suppresion of wage". No man will
be allowed to work until the terms are com- J
plied with-$60 per month.
By orde" of the
Miners will notice in another part of this
paper a notice warning all men from inter
fering with the strike now going forward in
the Unionvalle mines. The causes which led I
to this strike, and to the formation ot a Mi
ner's League, we will briefly explain. There
has exaited for some time a tacit understand
ing between Mr. Hodge, agent of the Union
No. 2, and Mr. Tatem, agent of No. 3. that I
by a close combination and playing into each
others hands they could control two or three
hundred men. and do with them as they I
pleased. On Christmas eve they promulgated
an order that any man not on hand saturday
would be diicharged, which many of them e
were. Workingmen have been for some time
past at those mines treated little better than
slaves, which treatment many had to submit I t
to in consequence of bting broke. A man
could not stop off one day without saking
leave of the agent, on pain of being die- t
charged. Men brooding on these thing, cul
minated on New Years day In a general holi- C
day without asking leave. The result of this a
i- that the agent cut short our already small
wages $10 per month fo- daring t.) think for
ourselves. We have now struck in our turn,
and have entered into a league to protect t
ozrselves fronm any further acts of tyranny,
worthy only the age of lanvery. and not to
be planted in this free Montana. We there
foie appeal to all liberty-loving people to t
assist us in dispelling this compact of capital t
against labor, and keep monopolies from 1
crushing poor men. t
THE MINER'S LEAGUE.
.No one interested in the welfare of I
Montana will read the above without
regret. It is the inauguration of strife
between capital and labor: an asserted
oppressive combination on one hand-a ;
de clared hostile one on the other. From
Ithe published notices and such Infornla
tion as we can obtain. there is fault on
both sides. There is still time for de
liberation and the avoidance of that
overt conflict between employer and em
ployee. which mus: be. Ik it e er has
been, injurious to each. The' re: usal of.
the companies, if such there was, to
give their laborers Christmas and New
Years a' holidays, is who:ly indefensi.
ble. They are recognized as legal holi
days. anti worthy custom has established 1
them as days of cessation front toil,
when the laborer may have rest and
recreation. To insist upon men laboring I
on those day... except in cases of actual
necessity or in their failing to do so asses
sing a fine of 10 on each i,.if not tyranny.
at least rigorous exaction and an impru
dent, unnatural exercise of power. ('us
torm, habit and law have educated men
to regard their observance as their priv
ilege and right, and to impose a penalty i
for celebrating thefn is an infliction cal.
culated to incite animosity and destroy
that community of feeling which should
exist between the employer and the em- I
ployee that their mutual interests may
be promoted. On the other hand. the
notice of the Miner's League that '"no
man will be allowed to work until the 1
terms are complied with-f-.6O per
month." is unlawful, criminal in letter
and in spint, and a sad misstep.
Labor is a commodity-it is the work- I
ing man's capital. Its price, as any
other commodity, is regulated by supply
and demand. The money of the mine
owner is his capital. and he. using it to
procure labor, at whatever rates he may.
the combination that assumes to forbid
them that right and place an arbitrary
restraint upon others, is beyond the I
bounds of law and order. Free labor
has ever reserved to it the right to limit
as to time, and in the absence of t
contract, to quit whenever desirable. I
It has too, an equal voice and nftalu
ence with capital in fixing wages, be
cause labor is as requisite to the purpoe
es of capital as capital is to labor. They
should be co-operative in sentiment and
sympathy as they are in physical effect,
if the highest interests of all would be
subserved. Combinations by either, on
general principles,tend to excite distrust
and alienate it from the other. Employ
eee may individually or collectively es~.
tablish a certain price for which they
will labor and no lees; but the employer
has assuredly the same right to decline i
pay ing those rates. Then, if coercion is
used to compel labor at the employers
rates, or to prevent others from accept%
ing them, it is an attempted exercise of '
despotic power, which neither our laws,
the spirit of our institutions, or the sen..
timeut of the people will sustain- It is
better then that temperate considera
tion bhould govern all parties, and if
mutual concession is necessary, grant it
rather than to waste time In idlenas,
while the mpill stand silent and the Jays
glide by that would bring dollars to the
miners. If debate. or obstinacy Is per
mitted to irritate vindictiveness.and nur a
ture the impulsive pasions that have e
tound expression, it will bring evil to
all. Eventually ther3 will be calmjudg
meat and conoeason. and it had better
be fira than last, before deeds to be re- t
gretted have been committed, or matters p
have gone so tar that to yield would be t
a mornifsaioan. As to the merits of this p
partnelar eme, farther than we have al- t
ready stated, we do not express oplunon, s
bat with wholly Impartial teelings t
toward the parties, eareestly ure or
their good, sad that of eommuaty, that
It a WempromI-- has mot yet be eff
ed, they now trve to bridge rather I
th wiade tha gSlf between them. Is
Is a men gaeleft ofUme whein Is am$s
be d"No ias "MS ieis % s bem trimeI I
,hat rill ever be had. Committees of
-.nference chosen by each party, select
wd ith reference to their good j udg
ent, discrimination, and friendliness b
o the interests of all concerned, might h
atisfartorily and happily settle the mat- a
er in a day, and set everything going tl
,leasant again on the Union lode. There s'
s certainly enough involved in the is-.
sue to render every ono solicitous that a
'uch a icoenulmnation be effected i
Postmaster Generals liLeport.
After giving an interesting exhibit ot t
he )postal system. Postmaster (General r
:andall concludes his report as follow.*: r
"' The increaset of the expenses of the w
-ental service, based as it is upon pub. i,
Ic necessity and public deumand, instead a
1 heing cau.-e of discouragement, is a I'
nUiject (,l c(,)ngratulation. The resto- 1~
*ation of so) large a part of the postal Il
tervice suspended during the war, and e
lie new service created by t'ongress ,
wince thseclose ut the war, equal to )one- t
hIird of the. amount of service in opera
ion at that time., have produced a less
eticiencv than existed in tiue of peace a
indt prosperity previous to t60O. The k
trootortion of deficiency to revenue isj h
ar less now thuan then, notwithstanding
he service is very much greater than f
wver before. In 1,'f)9 the sum of the de 0
iciency we, only $1,000,(MK less than n
he entire It-venue; in 18$44) the suns of t
lie detficiellcy was about *3.·O00.O00 lesst il
hman the, entire revenue; for the year
8.M6 the deficiency is $10O00)0,NK) less i
Shan the entire revenue. II
** a 'P ..-._.. Iow. ,t *I.. -'..,* . LM . *... t
" tlie Im aJoriTy 01 1mle :%oiTh irni iftaes
have never paid their own expenses for
postal service. They will not do so tfr 6
along time to come. With the excep- L
Lion of lowa and Missouri, none of the -
states or Territories west of the Missisj -
aippi river have ever paid a revenue
equal to, their postal expenses. 'T't i
rust of the transportation of mails iu j
all nw States and 'Tlernitories, and all t
sparsely po)pulated lportions of the coun- C
try, never has been paid by those States c
rr Territories out of theirown revenues.
It is only as population and business in- !
crease. and the country is developed. I
hat the iºstal service can he self-sus Th
aining. The idea that the I)Department '
ran be 'self-sustaining in the present C
ronditi'n of the country is absurd. It C
rannot be, and ought not to be. for fifty I
years to conime. The revenues will t
largely increase, and so will expendi- r
Lures. Ten years hence I estimate the
-xlwnses of the Postoffice Department
at $#43.000.000, and the revenues at $30,- !
L0N).0KO. This increase must goa on as I
long as the country continues to I
prosper, and mineral. agricultural I
and comnnercial business increases. The t
nines are not yet all developed. the v
lands are not all cultivated. tlhe rivers i
are not all navigated, the railroads are t
not all built, the ssa has not given us a
all we have a right to exlect. Our
dountrv is not finished. Until it is fin
shed he is not a wise nor a s-agacious
man who as utlnt'e that tlhe, postal ser- t
vice will pay for itself. r
The Postolice Departaiment can be ~
The lostofttce Departllme.nt can be
made self sustaining in one way, and
that is by cutting off the postal service
in the States and Terriotries where the
receipts for osatages are not equal to
the expenses. This would exclude all
but Iowa and Missouri west of the Mis
sissippi, and all the States overborne by
the rebellion. It could further econo
mise by withdrawing all aid from the
China. Brazil and Sandwich Islands
steamship lines. thus saving $275,(K00.
It could save $295,000 by abolishing the
letter carrying system for the cities. It
could also economise to the extent ot
over $700,000 by overturning the system
of postal care. It is true that, in the
public estimation, the letter carriers for
cities are thought to be almost indispen.
sable, but the system costs money and
brings small revenue. It is all disburse
ment and no receipt.
" hat if from twelve to twenty-four
hours are saved in the transmission of
mails between Washington and Cincin
nati, or St. Louis, or Chicago, and the
whole West and Nortbtwest, by these
traveling postotlices, which put off and
receive mails while traveling at thirty
miles an hour, and which receive mails,
make up mails and distribute mails as
they go hurrying along. It costs money,
and the government, like a miser, can
keep its money in its chest. It gives
no return, and helps nobody, but is
safely hoarded A halting, timid, illib'
eral policy like this will save one mil
lion and lose twenty. Every dollar put
out by the government in subsidies to
aid commerce. In liberal appropriations
to open lines in travel and develop ma
terial resources in a great nation like
this, is money put out at exorbitant
usury, and will bring returns in the de
velopment of material wealth, and in
making the nation great, and rich,
and strong, in everything of value and
lnaerest to a great people.
The advent of Joe Coburn among us.
says the San Francisco Chronicle of Dec.
15, has had the effect to stimulate new
life into the prize ring in California, and
numerous fistic encounters are talked of
among the fancy. It is generally stated
among the patrons of the "manly art"
that a fight between Tommy Chandler
and Billy Dwyer for $5,000 or *2,500 a
side. is to come off within 90 days.
Joe Cobarn has deposited $100 in behalf
of Chandler, as his backer, and Con
Mooney has pat up an equal sum. as thL
triend of Dwver. The proposed fight
is the universal topic of discussion
among the fancy, many of whom, bow..
ever, affect to disbeleve the sincerity of
the depositors and %Leir principals.
AN exchange says Senator Ramsay, of
Minnesota, will not be re-elected, owing
to his affilation with the Washburn.
party, and that Donnelly's friends con
trol the Legislatu-e. The Omaha Re
publican believes Ben. Loan's chances
the best ln Missouri. No opinion is
ventured on the saccessorhip to Tip
One hbdred sad nineteen car erossed
over the railruod bridge the night of its
eosapletoa. Nearly two hudrd were
brougt to this aide yesterday, ad all
tbos remalmag eo the other side, about
two hunmadd ad ftry In sumber were
bresg r let a.L PryITQaekt
work th"-a0c uA4& D k
(For the Montana Poet
The establishment of the Helena 1i
brary Association. and the volumet 1
have noticed upon the shelves of the in
stitution prompt me to say something
about books. A book should have some-;
thing human about it . a good book has
somrethinf that makes -ouI feel it is not
altogether a contriva&n . of rtes, ink.
and printerr-a trestle 'on which other
people extenl the lifeless children (t.
their brains. to le 1.okel1 at ai, the pub
lic; not merely a thmo iht rec,,rlt-r. -,.ut
a thought maker-drawing us ,urt to,
think too. not telling us all it kncws at
one interview not passed at the " third
reading;" that sotme how w.- caelll to
regard as a creature like oursel ves: then
a creature that we like, then a Cehllt'an
ion-a friend. such a book oence, tunif
and We have a ri'd'e ul c'i 'illi. It ,o % ih l t ;.
for lite-thlat can he trusteed inll ,our
1s)ckets +witiltout .icking tie.it, iti ourt
hearts withoilut lharmitin thetll. Iln cour
brains without addling t hent. There
re' tiel,'e LHxxks but they are few. in its
two told sense. "a precious few.
Among hooks as among milen. ther at' re
slight acquaintances, ixowing acqluaint
ance.z. speaking actquaintances-.a d sha
king hands acquaintances-and right
loving bosoom t iends.
Let a man count uIi his friends-
friends twenyv-five carats tine. which is
one part finer than tllU gold. and then
numiter the bookso o tnmatc'h thetn. and it
there is a volunie to, a trienIl. he1 pai
The "ct'avt.at'" is,,su.'!ttvthe-1 by ? e i 11,
mnan lo.ng ago. regarding thie pman of ,Otu
tlsik, derives its signiticance rtrom t!he
truth, juist hinted at. tine, h.uNi,i, n
,I/n [i litbria. A volutle read until un
derstonw, and read until admired: real
until learned by Ieart. and read until
one forgets ihe rrC r read it. and thinks it
out anew. and thinks for Iianselt., atnd
wakes up "some* nmorning famous:" thii
is the great process of which the great
journey'lmen in all time have sterv-ed
their apprenticeship to the thiinkitn
craft. 'Tie true secret of literary suce
cess consists in knowing how to lite i4
well. A man that is toa proud to how
his head upon his breast sonmetines. or
is to(o indolent to be earnestalway. , can
never hear the bent of his own ihart .
which is nothing less than the key iote
ct the otnly tune :hat will rtach thet heart
of all the world. Even amid the cease
less din and jar of earth's great ove-r
tures. one can catch this note, like tie
music and the light ot a dove's white
wing in a stormy heaven, it lie h.ls only
learned to listen, and it not,. titheu let
Idin go, away by hiimseltl, where bt c.n in
hear the pulses of nature's bousonm an I
his own, and when he writes theln down
"in score, ' and gives thenm to the world.
they wonder at tile magic of thie tnan
who thus fromt out the loneliness can
syllable their thoughts. Let hlin do
tihat and his fame is made torever-and
a-day-and yet he has only toll tlthei
what they knew before, but thought not
"worth telling i he has listened ell.
tlHow often lave we read the !Iprnlic
tion ot sot:ebody. and feit w hile we
read. that we could have written it all
ourselves, and wondered why we never
happened to think of it, felt too. that it
had been nearer his h.oso)it than theI
point of his l.en, somnehow as if lie hIel
taken the fair white sheet and jpressedl it
to his heart a itnonnent, and when Ihe
took it away, lo. a legible transcript, a
sort of stray leaf as it were, and that we
coutld do thie satme thing with the un
written side if we would, t why .titd'n.
we':) Such a writer sel-cts and uses his
words andl tborus, and corrects his sen
tences just as w,' slhould suppose any
'man tuight do, who would write iupon
the same subject, just s we think we
could ani should do unless we at tempti
to imitate him-and yet some from the I
fact that it *n ))ns to them that ,i; .'ut
cD'frt they could themselves have, writ
ten the same, are led to despise tile ft
ftorts of other.
\Ve might illustrate by quoting tromn
an old Christian xwet whose writings
have sometimes been sneer-ed at, but
withal he had evidently learned to listen
well. Read the following sonnet writ
ten by him:
Within a thick and spreading hawthorn bu-h,
That o'erbung a mole bill large and round.
I heard from morn to morn a merry thru.h,
Sing hymns of rapture, while I drank the
With joy; and oft. an unintending guest
I watched her secret toils from day to day.
How that she warped the moss to form her
And moddled it within with wood and clay,
And by and by like heath bells gilt with dew,
There lay her Shining eggs as bright as
Ink spotted over, shells of green and blue,
And there I witnessed in the sunny hours
A brood of nature's minstrels chip and fy,
Glad as the sunshine and the laughing sky.
Upon this passage Montgomery re
marks: "Here we have in miniature
the history and geography of a thrashee
nest so simply and naturally set forth,
that one might think such
"Nu more difficult,
Than for a blackbird 'tis to whistle."
But let him who despises them try
his own hand. either at a bird's nest or
a sonnet like this, and when he has suc
ceeded in making the one, he may have
some hope in being able to make the
Instinct urges many a person to turn
over the same favorite tale, while a host
of advisers cry out, "Waste of time. read
something else," and is he to obey curi
osity and inclination to this extent?
A book cannot continue to fix atten
Lion, unle-s it continue also either to im
part or elicit new idtas. What
more prmmiinlg sign is there than
an inclination to read the same
book again and again? If the satme
passage* continued to make the same
impression, the book would be lain
aside. It they make new inmpreoi',ns
thin proves that the reader is learning
to regard the same scenee from a differ
ent angle, or to shift the component
parts till they form, like the same plec.
in the kaleidescope, a variety of pleas
A distinguished literary man of the
present day was often tound, during his
childhood lying on his bed where none
were likely to seek him, reading Robin
son (ruaoo; "only reeding Robin, only
Robin," was the eostaant excse for all
idleoes or abseace, tll his friends
nangred that the tature man would be a
very diferst ebharner from one who
has done maes to prerrve the mut val
mabkl part 0 &-it literature. As a
child e was deves to on beok. He
warn a man of onebootk. Shlakrpeanrh
been his favorite author. the re-st of ti
reading has been determined by an "Oe
present desire to correct. illustrate. a
restore every trace of the inutork
bard. His course ot studiea brin dlc.
fated by his own curiosity and inclid a
tion. was I)eculiar: at the time- ti S;r
.Walter Scott's death Ie radl not r.ta
one of the ,Waverly Novel.i. teiintlhat
tley might divert thie current I hl, i
thought. and Ihough he had a,,t it -
narrow view"is i thle lllathetnati Ianl Ma.
laid down Militon. savint. "w:). i, . _
dines it prove"' he saw that n , Illtr
fiction could lead to th. crl, lujai,
wihicli he ever bore in uitrl "'!,. ,
stancy and fixednessl of pLr l"'t.l" ,un,,
he too rnucii admiirjeil. it we 1ir .. r
low tmany svren spells al ,I I.,i,.
lullingl traits there are to t.. ·; ,, .
faithful ti rit ' . rs trit i r r r,
hiut woul !he ut .,e atrai, ,.t ""a .
this d(eti'ient cy in ttte'. " 7 ' a,
titta n e'y 1 rece d e ntr to l i,; l l• i l ,,
.I. N11Int,.tnh halad not re.al !,ak.i,. .
b,,,ks A-l,-en torty e.rs 1 a-.or " \
force s.til he w ,toul 1 1,K-a , ,
ioetrvy unt:l he was tire-. I t Il tn r -i
lilt,,n. 1)r. .John.s ºn ha. n,, r.
"' thelr!o' %, iei l ,wrt, I rt
thne r.adli.n oft this twrit.r. ,-I..
it wa". a.nsiredrcI tlti pulr ." ! ~t :
by making him hnttpy in ii ..%i r-.
sources, at re.va, le to hi. tr:-i , -. a
itnettdil to , the puli '. But is tlier.-,
dtanger that trcn ,t onne i k, L,,.a ,t...
iho, o,ra. le',, w, i- hear th m t" ." ;:;
.-h.iul,: be ignorant of ,i every ,tir .
je,' 1 w lich does lnolt hear u1t. i t, I, .
w',ritne topiics 'l'h,,.se to lv rare i-, ,
ing tither of praise or l itart:,t .
are it n of ,ltne book, in t is .-I.
thel y urvue on,- sy."ýt ,t . r .~" . ,,;,
.lass iof authi rs ltIO-t sui Etab ile tiT.
nawn peculiar talents, and pretr t.,
sound. in +a liuite-,l plht-re, to ,,;11 N j
lirti'cial in on,. mKtore ex tinl I d nnL
ter-ling autlhor t: call "my 1,:,iik. '
tlotst ('con-picuous and I'ist at ha
re-ad and l," read, narkted and sad. ,olt G "
stand ing ahlon on tite l-ft.t it.
"i.l,,te in its glrv."' at least s.trri;£i .+:
SiIith pamn hltts., mianutcrilt+ ait ,, at
thlrs calculated to illustrtate it. w\.
teach ius to think asour tavtrite lUtii,
thought, to aspire' ti thie am ,ie St:.
-\ ; Irt". . o.. . puritv nit tast i. l ettit, .. ,
%eiin anl fervenc.y oi spirit. . i.
'phoic," of ottr authori1 lies. oiur tdan ,r
ltur iit.etuna and dilic:ulty is this. '1T ,
inly icaill convince us iil an err, .,u,,
ch,,iee, atii titln. trbiii0 ,it: t-rr.r ta
rectilied, yet mani's toln landll, dut i,'
r ty, ,ptersevere."" I I to lruit.e ., NI,
e.nable us t, tix on the mK-it ,-4te I
prerst,+vtrranlc. Imlav make upi ln. 'i.;l1
The BWar Rteport.
Th. r-pr: oft Secretary ý4,'i1,,;i;. 1
the ~\War departmlelat is tlh, o ,,r com".
pact and concis,.' of the tlf.icitl (I ,",' I ntI
pre-e.,t-,l. T''he cu':InD try asi r.i- in : .
be !lr'atelul that our watr r.pl ,:':-r a.
thle terrible imllportance thiy' lnpo,-.esla
few y.ars ago. The. art ill :.- r
d.uced to 4::.(I4n by til' It - of .Io 'i 'ýary
Tihe a'tual current ep\eil.º (It r:i', \\a:
dat-lllpirtluent dluring thi. pI.-,t '~,.tr twi.
been $f I.433,0114 1. ,behidu,. s 4hiil. 1k;
43. old war debts paid during tI.e .var
imaking the total expendtitur.. it th1
deplar.tuent $78,704.,51 14. The a;lpri
priations for thlie present tiscal ) .ar art
#3.'5400,".7 47. which will be, exc,..lr
by the expenditure. leaving a tlde.ici.-nc
oft 1.3.17.O,000. The ,tiicipline of thirl
liv is stated to be better than ever ae
fore since the clas.- of the war. Au
t hority is aiked to liliaKe a
large number oit sm.,. i L).b.r
and rifled guns ,of heaitvv cali er t, t.r
titications as soon as the exl,.rientt
have determin-ed the mui,.t suital,,
kinids. Subsistence supplies have b-n
furnishald to a daily average of D16AI
persons by the Freedmneas BUrra.
which is now running 1.:831 ciaw
with O104.327 pupils. "I'lTe Bureau bi,
expended on these schools during teh
year 1$942.523: 6ii, w hicl does not nllclud
the expenditures of benevolent -oci
ties, estimated at $700.000. and by Fred
men, estimated at $360.,000. Th'le Se
retary recommends that when Indians
violate their treaties they should no
longer be regarded as a nation to bL
punished by war, but as a dependn~ý
uncivilizad people, to be cared for, fed
when necessary, and governed. lie ap.
proves and urges (ten. Sheruman's recti
mendation that the excluslve care d
Indian affairs tw transferred to tlhte Wi
Department.-N. Y. Tribut.
HoN. 0. H. BttowNIN, Secretary
the Interior, in his annual report to ,fr
President, makes the following state
ment concerning the Northern Pacit
No portion of the Northern Pac.&
railroad l.as been constructed. Fbe
company report that surveys have not
been continued during the past year:for
want of a military escort to protect ar.
vey ing parties.
In 1867 two lines were run from Ikde
Superior. One commencing at the wed
end of the lake and the other at Rayfrld
The first, following a westerly count
crosses the Mississippi about twein
miles above Crow Wing, thence roe
south of, and near to Otter 'Fail lake
and pursuing the same general cotre
intersects the Red river at a point be
tween Fort Abercromble and the moUJ
of the Sioux Wood river. The 5eeCs
follows a southwesterly course for foue
teen miles to Pleasant Bay; thence n'
terly to within eighteen miles of Si'
rior; thence its course is dir.ect tot
Miamissippa, crossing that river at t
Cloud; thence northwesterly up t
bank valley to the Sioux Wood river.
little to the south of where it jio" tis
Otter Tall river. HBth of thens ej'i
have such a direction approaching th
ie-d and Sioux Wood. rivers, that i
continued westerly they will pa t,
anuth of and near the Cheyenn- riter
Dakotab. The distance ot the 6ir 1
233 miles, and its eslatiated Cast $7,.
000. bela am average per mile ot
857 48. The distance of the ie+eO*
817 miles, and Its estimated eat Ufl
816,000, being as average per mile
$87.28 06. The alignment i. tavl0
on both sidea The maximum l
amt will not exeeed thirty to forty
to the tile, and are of limited elt'L
Upon the Parlte aide the surveysr
eoafned to an examination of the l
ind ras, with a view to s+rts.U
reladve. elevasioo and prmcdtiCliqC
the pCis. Three were fonad:
Cowlss ar Packwood. fuo; tsh
gualie. 8080; d be,7 hdy'.,
above tshe leel o the ass.