Newspaper Page Text
(-ounstlna the Kletorsl Vote.
SWFierce War or Words.
utitler Explode another
u1nr 1 Ice-President.
i .,.'rton, Feb. 10.-Ramsey called up
rt r- .lution amendatory of the act to
:r . ocean line of mail eteamjer be
SNw 'tork and Europe.
I the matter was too important to
:- i bi i thin a Senate.
i. l a- - the object appeared to be to
..-r.:tnt tunds before tle compa
,. :t ", build a "ingle er .*l.
i .,llow~ng Deputy Coilectore and
l ttrnal Hevenue the pay of Col
. \-.-r, when they perform the
S:.ar I o'clock when a mesaae from
SIi u-s ,r., oun'ed the members were
t i. R.i .'enat, for the purpome of
t:. ' -iectoral vote. At 1-35 the
r-" r- i to t, the chamber and the sec
S .., i tre , Ijection raised to counting
L. .:L-tapa, on the ground that no
.. tr. for Plreeient and Vice Presi
S: rr, hol in -aid state.
lr:.d.I r a re.olution that in the
. : t:. --nate the vote of Lutaltana
. - r- o:Tr,,l amendments chang
...- -.... . :, ,t the resolution, which
., . ted down
t.: 1e i Iin Iqueetions of order,
a, .j-- .ii-ctuteion finally adopted
Sff.re. by Edwards, 31 to 26,
i .!,lt rule of the two luuvae
t ,.uniting the vote of Geor
i-r. Every body eemn.,.I to
- .. tdition in an which this left
er. l lnew propositlona were
:. _ " ...:- received from the louse
_ t.-y .1 I voted not to count the
- _: . . -c-n. of con).-I erable
S -r--u a ra-r iution nico rne
\. ' - i,..Iel. The del-cion of the
a.. -.- a. l the :ecretary di
:a thiie Hou-e of the action of
1,.Ir, v t 4 10 o'clock the ten
t.. t-i t h, th, all, and at 4.45
t " xber.
.l1 a r- olutr n appoilatin onie
i tw. Reprv..ntatlvea. to wait on
., I :'.chuvler ('olfax and inform
.-:- lection. Senator Morgan war
r, r, t at committee, on the Iart of
- :;,ch tih-a adjourned.
: --,..'a \a - great pre.sure to obtain
I .-rlaeei . Long before noon ev
p n, to t te public was occupied.
-,.- .and corridort were thronged. Many
u- ,'l- placce In the gentlemen's gal
It,l> Lalf a dozen peraons were in the
::t alleries, and but few colored
- " . It 12.111 mor ed the senate be in
. -- -. l louse was ready to receive them.
1:.. New V- rk and W .-hangton Railroad
., a amne rup as the firet business in order
t':,. , .,, to lay it on the table. Lo-t,
S I '.. f urIer jroceedings were itater
': I y the arrraival of the Senate. The
-.-:,t, : "th, -enate took the Speaker's
.' I a -be.1 aker Colfax took a seat beside
anr. Senator Conklin and Reprreentativee
\ r!-r.. Iowa., and Pruyn, fN. Y..) acted as
-a,-r-. Ihe note- ot States were read and
. un.ed. couruencing with New HaUIp
i-. \ h-i I.uuti.rrzana was reached, Repre
-r,,..\, . Mullimnc objected to counting the
St-- fran. the grate of Loui.itan, and some
,-, ---r, ar,:i .-, .- to what should be done In
,-w u i t ax ca.-e. >teral membcr attempted
i:,, 1,e .!ulln to withdraw his objection,
t the r.-fu--l. The Slpeaker required ht- oh
t-,t a t, lrapre. tedt in writing, which wais
,rns. i he -enate thereupon retired to the
!haml.wr an I after a briet dirc'asaonr tihe
I.-r.j l,'-- tla d-. I to c,rU lt the aote of LouL-i
r.. .1 :,, l.:;; laVS, ti6.. During the taking
St.,kiz, thi a.ate Lawrence, of Ohio, en
.,,: 1 t.a ratae a ,pint of order that no
t,. : Ia.,11 "e mn:ae or entertained to
urt.tin te- electoral vote oaf any State ex
,t t:,.rre a- t. .-ucth State entitled to vote,
r t,.t it. - certiflcate tranamlttlng the vote a
Sr. it tIe, -peaker declined to enter
.:: t:.- ,,iat of orlrder. Scbenck desired to
rr .t r.-olut,,n that the Hou-e, In admit
in tt.r ate of Louli.ana. neither affirms or
i r.i- ti.':n in reard to the manner in
-t.,a tn- el-l:tlon it Louisiana was con
tuartd. trilt-ectln was made. and several
t:.-r r:.-":.ia,.r- detIred to offer reaolution. or
A' :: 11 t lllllIot pas.t 2 a Nmeseeiger from
- n.:1- ntttie~t the Hiouse they bhad re
l - tIt,.e .lictoal %ote ot Louisiana ehould
::. .di iwluedliately thereatter the
-.t, :- r turl.ie to the hall and took their
, ,-- , ret-,ing officer announced the
the deliberations of both Houses,
'L ri ujonr the vote of Louisiana was counted
:r ýe moor and Blair. In the call of
-at -, when Georgia was reached, Butler ob
-t,. t.' "i u.t ting the vote on the ground
h. . I. ctr bhad . et on the second Wednee
rf.day of Dec. Instead of the flrat,as required
t. Co, un-tiltution: -.cond, because at the
- f el. ctiuo of n-aid electors the State of
,or.: . ':i, n.,t represented in Congress.
".ral uttL.r olointL were Included.
Chicago. Feb. 11.-The Republican's spe
,1 .-ay. it wila he remembered that a few
IJs b-tore the second electoral vote for Lin
;I. %.ts counted, both Houses adopted a
it rule, providing that it in counting .he
.-ct..r:l vote any question shall arise about
', t o any State, the Senate shall retire
,: e~tch l oue Oecde the queetion at issue,
'th,.ut debate. Lart Monday each branch
1 p~.ed a new joint rule, having special .ref
;.'C a t, Georgia, which declared the vote
hcuid be included in the ulamwary, but the
r-zsiing otficer, in announcing the vote
-o.uld declare what the result would be with
re vote of Georgia counted and what with
jut. The eanate had voted under this rule
!Eat the objection to counting the vote of
'r·ta was not in order; the House had
.tat not to count the vote of Georgia.
11 hen the Senate returned to the hall,Wade
:.: u.ncec the joint resolution had been eas
".in-I. Butler snapped back angrily at the
'-r. t- sni its Presideot, insasting on his ob
W3a.- bald the vote could be co.atad.
l'uti r, at the top of his voice cried out "I
rj'.ea from your decision."
\1id---"There as no appeal.".
L.e excitement now became intense, and
-'re wa3 the wildest confusion, the Presi
b~-it having no control over the thoroughly
liutl.'r agati at the top of his voice ap
°,aiel from the decision, but without avail.
'.iau!burv and Doolittle sprang to their feet
':. hurle, inrectives at Butler. Butler
1rll thorn back. 10alf the members and
t'lctator, were on their feet, swinging their
r::u and yelling for order. Sharp words ech
"1 through the hall from everw quarter,
-ixd with cries of "order," caP huand
4 laughter. Butler was wM sage.
Sad was cool and obstinate bit imepaiMe of
,er tng order. "Let as have peace," came
n m the emocratic side.
sutler, wlth sleeves rolled up shrieked, "the
"Late ought to have leave to go hoe- that
t" House could take care of itsell," san in
belting that the Senate tad its Preside.t
-'r, Interlopers. The ectsrmnt at this
o~.Ot cannot be desribed. It est ed
"r,,ugh the entire Ball anto the plerim.
Cottax sprang to has feet, and I a voice
.t could be heard above the te&shle swr,
lirected the Sergest-~g C. m-I w
t'-bsr of the Houe who refdi to o
the order of the Te deg a T t
arms spranto as the shieke.sit she hay
-' Jest im tase to pre a -n -
'- n betowe nlagsoil oad 1aereth.
There was little abateent of the easine
for some time, but Wade torsd op ortait
to declare the reeit, and amea th U
S. Grast, of Illinois, had been elected Pr·i
dent of the United States, sad Schbyler Col
fax, of Indiana, Vice Presldemt of the Uaited
States. He then ordered the Feeate to re
tire, and the Speaker resumed the Chair and
called House to order, when Batler, smarting
over his defeat, said he arose to a question of
privilege, and submitted a resolution declar
ing the action of the Senate and its Preident
arbitrary and tyranical. Upon this resolu
tion be took the foor and spoke for half an
hour only as Butler can speak under severest
mental excitement. While confining himself
to Parliamentary langaage,he yet fond words
of the most cutting and abusive character.
lle denounced the Senate and denounced
Wade. He instanced suppreseed cases from
which he inferred the most dishonorable mo
tavee. On Colfax his words boiled oat seetb
ing and hissing with rage, which he did not
attempt to conceal. Colfax. whose feelings
could only be judged from his blanched face
and trembling hands, asked permission to re
ply, having previusly vacated the Chair to
Dawes, and taken his seat among the mem
Butler declined to give him the foor and
continued to pour out his impasmioned elo
quence. At la.t, from sheer exhaustion, he
resumed his seat, and the floor was given to
Colfax. No trace of anger was viible in his
voice or manner. Very calmly and smoothly
he began, and for the first time during the
day there was silence in the chamber. There
was no invective, no denunciation is his
speech. It was dignified, calm and impres
irve, but eery per.od cut to the quick,
although not a single harsh word was used.
The House, without coming to a vote on
Butler's resolution, finally adjourned, not,
however, before it became necessary to light
The vote announce d was Grant and Colfax,
214 votes; Seymour and Blair, 80 votes, couat%
tug Georgia; 71 without 4eorgia.
W.ashington, Feb. 11.-The House commit
tee's resolution decided the Louisiana contest
ed case ;eat belongs neither to Menard nor
Col. Ilunt: Col. Mann, deceased, having been
Senate, Feb. 11.-Wilson reported favora
bly the bill to amend the law establishing
rules and regulations for the government of
I.Dvl offered a re-olution declaring the
no.sy di.turbance and conduct of Benj. F.
Butler and other members of the House of
Repr..entatires yesterday was disgraceful,
and an insult to the people of the United
States. The res-olution went over under the
lihe r, -olutioni providing for the publica
tion of miedical and surgical history. were re
cotunmitted after some c >neuderation.
A bill pas.ed to regulate elections in Wash
ington and Idaho Territories.
Corbett introduced a bill for the construe
tion of the Oregon branch of the Pacific rail
The Senate, after spending a short time in
executiva session, took a recess.
Iloase.-The Speaker said the fist business
in order was the question of privilege pend
ing at :he adjournment yesterday. Having
expressed his opinion he asked Dawes to oc
cuapy the Chair during the di-cunion.
i hellabarger made a speech in opposition
to Butler's iesolution, protesting against
counting the vote of Georgia.
Wilson and Pruyn were appointed a com
mittee to inform the President and Vice Pres
ilent of their election.
Shellabarber, in his speech, defended the
action of Vice-President Wade. and said the
concurrent resolution had settled all difliculty
in advance. lie said this was copied from a
ilumlar concurrent resolution adopted at the
time of the election of Monroe.
Thomas said thirty-three years ago he was
teller to count the electoral votes when Van
Boren was elected. Then a diaculty existed
relative to the State of Michigan, which
Clay with great foresight avoided by prepar
ing concurrent resolutions similar to that an
der which the joint convention had acted yes
The d.Lbat* was continued by Woodward,
Eldridge and Bingham. all defending the ac
tion of Mr. Wade.
Bingham denounced Butler's resolution as
being revolutionary and unwarranted as any
act of secession, and called upon the House
to compel him to take it bock.
Washnngton, Jan. ll.-The Government has
agre.d to issue bonds on forty miles more of
the road of the Union Pacific Company, re
servinn a large amount for its complete con
Washington. De.e II .-Additional House
Schenck replied to the legal arguments of his
co.league. Bingham. He denied the conven
tiun w.tr bound by the concurrent resolution.
He denied, in course of his remarks the pow
er of the Speaker in joint convention to or
der the arrest of members, as he did yesterday.
lie yielded to Colfax. who defended himself
against the imputation of exceedinj his
rights, claiming he performed only his simple
Schenck dicl.aimed any intention to impugi
the motives of the Speaker, only it was
qunetion of law with him.
Colfax continued to speak at length.
G(artield addressed the House, adverting
strongly upon the conduct of members of thi
House yesterday. and moved the previous
questaon on the motion to table the resole
tion, but afterwards withdrew it.
Legan obtaned the floor, and yielded his
half hour to Butler, who replied. He attack
ed Bingham: disclaimed the idea that Wade
was responsible for the rulings yestereay;
saying be was a mouth piece of some one
parliamentary courtesy forbade saying who.
He modified his resolution to read-"Thu
House protests against the manner of pro
ceeding and orders of the President of the
Senate, in presetce of the two houses, is
counting the vote of Georgia in obedience t
an order of the Senate; also for adjourning
the joint convention at his own will as as in
rasion of the rights and privileges of the
Honse," and referring the resolution to a joins
committee of fie with leave to report at anr
time by bill or otherwin.
Pending which, the House took a reces st
meet again in the evening.
Time WImaiem-Ml eee Murder.
Ottawa. Feb 10.-Whalen made a state
nent last night that he was present whe.
McGee was murdered, but did not Are th
shot. The hour of execution is ixed at
o'clock, on the 11th. Mrs. McGee has writ
ten a letter to Whalen, saying she freely for
Washington, Feb. 10.-Gov. Bolden, of f.
Carolina, in behalf of the loyalists, has tele
graphed the Senators of that State to oppose
any reduction of the army, which may resell
in a reduction of the federal garrisoes in tha.
Paymasteric.·Jusr Thos. J. Leslie ha been retire
Ifrom active service.
Nashville. January 11.-A Ir. today des
troyed the bamimas port la of the town of
Franklia. Lam, $ trm.
Indiaaapolis, eb. i1.-The Rqinuss
ComfremomaI Convuntion of the Diahict
Snominated Jas. M. Tyler to 1 the --a-c
caed by the electic.. of D. P. Pratt to the
U. S. esate.
Chicago, Feb. 11.-A was wand Robis.
son wsO arrted on .mgmmom of th me s
of Murray Mr l eU at Ja as ub tfs.
maotive wa uppos- to be tumhsv
MaCeaell a heg. sum of nug?.
is ai to h ,ve inly wi..
eat d un.a arr. t t e..
rido's of the Whit. Soreasai Neig wm~
a doie herresis1 eI we oemmmhiifb
puson. besid ti an u rMbi
Aew ·-J #m
5 mm Feb. 1.W Jr..
MaZdri, UR.--A _rhI' ,s!
tea i favsabl to tho isttiset' ~r
-- Dkt oft R Thelere cbdte Im
be President of the Corte.
Wasbio a Feb. ]2.-A branch of the Sol
diers' and Bureau will be establshed
in CalifornIa without new lepulntan. Hal
leck roeommeseds Lecten Curtis who will
probably succeed Frank Boul.. 3. (. Waite,
reoummdded by Srgemat. will probably get
the naval oDe, though Col. Ooyes claim me
urged. The State Central Committee reom
mended BeckLbe, of Pluaes county, but
their tdnuenO Is destroyed by the forme re
commendation of Connae for the Cabinet.
B. C. Whiting wants to be Mint Superuitead
New York, Feb. 12. -rlambergr, who shot
Miss Bond and then himself, yesterday, ied
late last night. The girl still lives.
The trial of George W. Shaw, late Reve
nue Collector of New Jersey, charged with
Internal Revene frauds, commesced in the
United States Dutnct Court at Trentoa,
A Montreal dispatch says the Governmeset
refused to give up Whalen's body to his
friends. The Fenians threaten a large demon
stration unles the body is surrendered. The
Fenians of Quebec held a large meeting and
petitoned the Lieutenant Governor to respite
Chicago, Feb. 12.-Washington specials
say the Senate Military Committee has agred
to report a bill abolishing brevets except in
time of war for meritorious conduct to the
face of the enemy.
London, Feb. 12.-Mayor Dugin will pre
sers a petition for Fenian ,mnesty at the
first levee of Queen Victoria.
Mlarked or the utie.
Richmond, Feb. 12.-In the United state
District Court, to-d.ly, the District Attorney,
in accordance with instructions from the
Attorney General, entered a nolle proe.qui,
both for the indictments against Jeff Davis
for treason and those againt Lee, lHampton,
Breckenridge, Loagstreet, Wise, Pryor, sad
don, Malone, Early and thirty others. On
moUton of I. Ould, the Court released the
secarities on Davis' bail bond.
W rhington, Jan. 11.-The pardam of Dr.
Mudd was signed by ,be President to-day, and
sent to the State Department to receive the
signature of the Secretary and the U. 8. seal,
and to be transmitted to the commanding of
ficer at the Dry Tortugas.
The committee appointed to notify Grant
and Colfax of their election will discharge
the duty on Saturday. They will visit Grant
at his headquarters and Colfax at his residence.
The committee on the inauguration ball
has completed its arrangements. It will be
given in the North wing of the Treasury De
partment. Grant and Colfax with their fami
lies will be present.
The Amnesty Suspended.
Havana, Feb. 13.-Captain General Dulce
h.s withdrawn the proclamation of amnesty
to the insurgents. Ihe liberty of the press
is suspended and the censorship re-established.
All printing and distribution of newspapers
without permiasenn of the government as
Madrid, Feb. 13.-The future government
is engrossing the attention of the people
and Cortes. The proposition for a Directory
for a number of years has been abandoned,
an. a Regency and Council has been suggest
Dublin, Feb. 13.-There are over 100,000
signatures to the Mayor's petition for Fe
Omaha, Feb. 13.-A locomotive boiler ex
ploded at Rock Creek, U. P. R. R., yesterday,
killing the engineer, fireman and condurtor.
The Nebraska House passed Stewart's bill
granting 10,000 acres of land to any corpo
ration buidling twenty miles of railroad
within the State.
Cuashluing' llsslon Successful.
New York, Feb. 13.-The lenry Chauncey,
from Aspinwall the 5th, has arrived.
The American Consul at Panama, has pro
tested against the collection of the commer
cial taxes levied on Americans.
Caleb Cushing has returned from Bogota
and has been successful. He bears a treaty
for the approval of the Government when
work on the proposed canal shall be com
IC.rrge Francis, (th') Train, has lre
st.nted to the Fenian Brotherhood his
claim against the British Government
for one hundred thousand pounds ster
ling' The following is a copy of his
deed of gift :
I hereby transfer, make over, and as
sign all lay right, title and interest in
said claim of one hundred thousand
pounds to John Savage, President, or
any of his successors, for the sole use
of the Fenian Brotherhood ; to be de
voted exclusively to the independence
of Ireland and establishing of an Irish
GEOR;E FItA.NxIS TRAIN.
Witness : Trios. F. MA (C'ARTInrE.
The F. B. has in times past demon
strated high ability for collecting, but
we think the above will call out facul.
ties that would be invaluable in the
The Denver 7Trb,ne gives the fol
lowing statement of the gold business
of Denver for 1868, compiled from fig
ures furnished by Gen. Lane, Superin
tendent of the Branch Mint, and by the
Cashiers of the three banks. The busi
ness of the Mint has been as follows :
No. Cold brs assayed ........ . 949
No. silver do do ......... 83
Total .... .. ...... .... 1,032
Value of gold bars assayed .... $23,647 60
Value of silver bar assayed.... 31,10 23
Total ...................... $66,4~ 7 83
Bought by beaks .............. 745,90 95
Total ........ . ........... $1,301,36 78
This, says the Register, is three times as
much business as was done the prece
ding year, and predicts that Denver
will do a business in gold of trom three
to five millions during the current year.
A NAVAL VaorIPRDn.--A naval .e.
locipede has been invented in France by
Capt. DI)u Buisson, commander ot the
yacht Jerome Napoleon, which belongs
to Primes Napoleon. It is compnped of
two parallel tubes of cast Iros, cigar
shaped, eomaneced by iron ces pieces.
In the center is a propelling wheel, cov'
seed by a bou.: or drum, on the top of
whieh the person mDing the vessel .ls
comfortably in a sort of addle, wish
stirsrps. By means of these stirrups
and a hand'crank upon each side, h
Rives the wheel its motiem, preelsely as
it is rive to a veloelpde en sore. The
novalcraA to ewasly at tAe rate
of si miles as bour. NfasQape ,
who is really a man of seles, s
dedleated his Snea yahets blfhAher to
he prpses of pln. To use of
steam ansehes, now so ral, mss
itiated -n emse of his yats, ader his
drsteem, ea the impiymeat eft ea
eleus Mghs, at sea, wm l.se eaUSeed.
.N' ,uotL l set as b.
**bes Mi is "mar sw1
"Nas the d.ets ialmfr " s feot.
Or, thea Critical Pervoe of 8 gie Cony
Sittuiosnal 15gtp-B1 R Rever
end Biatop Dansdi . Iils--DeliCi
ered under the a spices of the lilenn
Libsary Aaeciatisn, in the MA.
Church, Feb. 11, 1809.
The life of Charles L, Ki·g of Eng
land, was a drama, quick moving, of un
rest, distrust, desertion, despair, and
death upon the scaffold ; yet the reign,
embroiled and gloomy to its close, was
I thl era of the birth of constitutional
liberty-the liberty England and Amer
ica enjoys today. In 1625 Charles I.
came to the throne, and grasped alike
the sceptre of the realm and a
troubled life As gallant and noble,
more virtnoun and dignified than Henry
V. why was the reign of one glory, of
the other disaster? It was in the revo
lution of sentiment in two centnries.
Commerce had new impetus from the
voyage of Vasco di tiama around the
('ape of Good Hope, the resultant trade
of the Indies, the discovery of America,
the flow of wealth to the merchants'
coffers, and a new born ambition to
maintain and defend their rights. Print
ing was discovered, knowledge diffused;
the Reformation had placed the Bi''le in
the layman's hands ; the iron yoke was
broken, the reason of things was sought
out, and the justice of their rulers' acts
discussed. The subjects of Henry V.
were content with feudal customs-the
subjects of Charles I. were readers.
thinkers, reasoners; the capitalists jeal
ons of moneyed rights, the learned clams
orous for liberty of conscience and re
ligion Believing in "the divine right
oKings" he had no ear for the clamors
of his subjects or fGr their rights. He
had fallen on, to him, evil times, with
the spint of the age against him, and
untrained to discerning the signs of the
times, evaded not but breasted the
storm, to fall before its resistless power.
Educated to the ideas of his lather,
James I., a good natured pedant of the
absolute kind, he attempted to advance
the prerogatives of the King, when the
temper of the people was to restrict
them, to demand all the rights
of Magna Charts, and long
ing for liberties before unknown.
lie inherited from his father two other
evils-a favorite--Buckingham, hand
some, witty, talented, yet scheming, un
principled and prodigal-and a war with
Spain. Before, the feudal Barons had
borne the burdens of war, now, the sin
ews must be gathered by taxation; but
Charles, instead of bracing against the
coming storm among his subjects, by
coming storm among 11 sutject, Dy
making a decently honorable peace,
assemtbled Parliament to provide for its
continuance. But his Parliament was
full of discontents against Buckingham,
against taxation, from disreliuh of
Charles' clemency to Roman Catholics,
and among them such as Coke and San
dys,and Selden and Pyne,who,alarmed at
the encroachments of the King, deemed
this the op!ortunity to secure privileges
to the Commons. They limited his sup
plies and provoked Charles until he dis
solved the Parliament and by forced
_oans deepened the discontent. until.
with the failure of his attack on Cadiz.
he summoned another Parliament a year
after. This was no better than the
flist and it was speedily dissolved, while
'harles, to add to his troubles, permit
ted the spite of Bnuckingham toward
Richelieu to embroil him with France.
Every arbitrary power was exercised to
provide means for prosecuting these
wars-from the compounding of offences
to an excessive forced taxation or alters I
native imprisonment, until the people
were aroused alm(,st to revolt. and the
third Parliament was summoned int
16'2--a Parliament that, by ability,
coolness and courage. secured the great
charter of English liberty-"'The Peti
tion of Right-that gave joy through
out all the realm. During an adjourn -
went Buckingham was killed and a,
great obstacle removed. The Reverend
lecturer here gave an analysis of the -
religious elements or parties existing at
the time, and their conflicting claims
that were loudly advocated in Parlia
meet. So violent was the feeling, that
when Charles sent a messenger to dis.
solve it, the Speaker was forcibly held
in the chair until he put to vote a re
monstrance against any toleration of
Papists or Arminianc.
Tired of Parliaments he resolved to
govern without-made peace with
France and Spain, retrenched expenses,
and took Mir Thomas Wentworth, a
leading Puritan, for counsellor ; but un
fortunate for all, Wentworth became an
apostate to his former views : still, with
Straford in the State and Laird at the
head of the Church, Charles reigned
eleven years without a Parliament. By
means of the Star Chamber and High
Commission he enforced all exactions
arbitrarily,till John Hampden,to test the
power of the King, refused to pay a few
shillings ship money and appealed to
the Courts. Though Hampden lost the
caer, the people were made aware of the
Kilg's drift to tyranny, and it was an ill
day that the Privy Council forbade the
ship to sail, on which Hampden and his
costi, OlMver Cromwell, had embarked
for America. In 1680, three years after,
the esottish Covenanters rebelled and
the war crmpelled Charles, after eleven
years' vacation, to call the Fourth Par
liament, which, full of the old religious
grievances but still full of his friends,
neglected to furnish necessary supplies,
aired their eomplaints tinesesatly, aad
the King, In ill timed, hasty anger, dis
solved them in twenty days and resorted
to borrowing and beg to support his
armies, until noeesity compelled the
calling of another--he famous Long
Parlilmat of Eaglish history. Meeting
in 1640, it sa for twelve years, outliving
Charles, sad dissolved as no other Par
liament ever did- the BHose of Peers
being virtually abolished by the Com
mna in 168S, sad the Cmmoams them
selves, e dqege tng to t he infamous
m," wre tarned oat and the doors
t Oapon them by Crc well's sol.e
deris l 16. They abolishled the Star
Chamber and High Commtesioe, provie
Ad So regular sstes. e .sed many
sfss bat eeested Standbd, sad
arl. s sig~m the wara A coan
ssrv+ve settimet psavailsd in tarn,
the ulag - ed iendls, the Puitans
whi (he fm hne artses ie. d
wasr Ihe queeb nDwy assusa BSh
eI trr~a "44W dw eh
Mf" .trt l~~)Ykr b
ye aýd h.esulting in victory to Crom.
S's g dheads. Charles' flight tc
eetanlad, his delivery to Parliament,
and his fearful expiation with his life on
= the scafold In 1648-a deed that was a
horror and a shame. So died Charles I.,
in prosperity perhaps hasty, injudieious,
fickle, arbitrary, untrue, but in his evil
days, dignified, constant, cheerful, pa
tient and forgiving-brave without van!
ty. wise without weakness. Cromwell
was, at first an honest fanatic; at last a
sagacious hypocrite; at all times a wise
ruler and a great man.
The speaker had called this reign the
critical period of English constitutional
history, because it was the transition
period. In the feudal system that had
prevailed, the King was only first
among his peers ; the barons held the
land and owed him fealty, and service
in war, only by their own sense of honor
and chivalric duty, resulting often in
wars with his own barons. The wills of
the chiefs was the law, rank governed,
noble blood was precious, the common,
valueless as water. There was but one
democratic institution in the middle
ages-the Roman Catholic Church
whose priests, though sons of the serf,
were the peers of princes. The com
mon people were as naught. The King
governed but his nobles, and it was the
barons that extorted the Magna ('harta
from King John, The Kings grew rest
less under the checks and oppositions
and longed to humble their turbulent
nobles. The time came under the in
fluences enumerated in the first of the
Lecture; the common people questioned
the right of rank and caste, and the
Kings even nurtured the discontent of
those they did not tear, to break down
the power of those they did. Feudal
ism broke down before the people's sys
tem of government had time to develop.
to organize and manifest itself, and
monarchy in the days of Henry VII.,
Henry VIII. and Elizabeth was an
almost absolutism. In Continental Eu
rope the absolutism of monarchy was
enabled to establish. intrench and per.
petuate itself before the people could
organize their inherent power for resist
ance, and exists in France and Spain
to the present. In England the people
gained the victory during the reign of
Charles I., and English constitutional
law, alike applicable to the subject and
the Sovereign, shaped itself into consist.
ent system. It was a critical period.
Had Charles I. gathered the upgrowth
of popular power, wise counsellors and
a standing army about him, liberty had
been choked, and the story untold of
Magna Charta, the Petition of Right.
trial by jury, habeas corpus. the limited
monarchy and svereign constitution.
the tree parliament and free press of
Good came fromu evil-the foolishness
of a King, the fanatacism of enthu,
siasts, the cruelty of civil war
gave enlargement of popular power,
reverence for laws. security for liberty,
protection for rights of person and
property. To the English foretath
:.rs. who fought for them under Charles
I. and perfected them under William
II. and Gteorge I. we owe many institu
tions in the priceless heritage of our
favored land. The lecturer concluded :
Then. Americans, brothers of mine in
affction and loyalty to our own tree,
kind, loved country, disdain not one
more look backward to that age and
say with me-"Oh, foolish King. Oh
strange and stern and sour fanatics. Not
a stone would we cast at either of you.
We are grateful for your lives-we bid
peace to your ashes, for in your lives
and from your ashes came forth the
beneficent genius of that constitutional
liberty which we have happily received
from our fathers, are happily enjoying
now, and hopefully expecting to hand
down to our children when we shall
have come to join you in the land be,
vond the vail."
Au eastern paper contains the follow
ing advertisement: "Wants a situa
tion, a practical printer, who is compe
tent to take charge of any department
of a printing and publishing house.
Would accept a professorship in any of
the academies. Has no objection to
teaching ornamental painting and pen
manship, geometry, trigonometry, and
many other sciences. Is particularly
suited to act as pastor to a small evan
gelical charch or as a local preacher. lie
would have no objections to form a
small but select class of young ladies, to
instruct them in the highest branches.
To a dentist or a chiropodist he would
be invaluable, as he can do almost any
thing. Would cheerfully accept a po
sition as a bass or tenor singer in a choir
Would cheerfully board with a family
decidedly pious. For further particulars,
inquire at Brown's saloon."
We are in receipt of the San Fran
cisco Herald, resuscitated under its old
editor, and promising well to attain a
high position in the journalistic field.
It is typographically beautiful, editori
ally able, avowedly independent, and
certainly both daily and weekly are des
tined to attain a wide circulation and
exert a powerful influence on the Pacific
j:oast- There is a freshness, self-poise
and vigor about it that makes it a desi
rable visitor in the sanctum, and we
trust it will be patronized to the extent
of its merits.
The Lincoln (Neb.) Commnonwealth
publishes the following marriage no
At the residence of Judge Saunders,
in Ashland, on December 24th, John
Lodor, of Lancaster county, to Miss
Emma Tiger, of the place.
John has embarked his ship of life,
And Emma is aboard her,
May she select with care her freight,
And he ae'er overload her.
eay he e'r raln with steady had,
t sevus r"a* with vigor,
And ever prove a moral man,
And aer "lght the tiger."
We had the pleasure to.day of a call
from Col. Wi. F. Moeller. general agest
of the "United Cashmere Company of
Tenessee," of Gallastn In that 8tate,
and Mr. John Riehie, of Omaha, Neb.
They ae upon business for the compay
named, and will eooaer with our stock
mn and farmers .slaive to the tatrow
ductieo of the Cashmere goat. Colonel
Moller mys it 1s the bees country in
the world for them. H.e has sam..sof
the wod and its manu`heesae; t lab
tr made ai the United atstea- seer
Peaasyti s ins to amelienate its pd.
Denver has three dailies-.
(olde City, Col., h,
The Pacific coast rears the best silk
worms in the world.
Philip Ritz is a C. O. V. for the Port
The New Pacific House has been
opened in Denver with grand eblt.
The Chinese in Trinity, California.
have a Lodge of Masons.
Utah has .500 miles of telegraph wire
of Mormon proclivities.
The Sacramento R~eporter is to be en
James Morbow, of Yolo, and William
Smith, of Yuba county, Cal., are insane.
There are 101 clergymen in San Fran
A revival of religion is in progress at
Philomath College, Benton county, Or
Marshall S. Chase; a leading Califor
nia lawyer, died at Martinez, January
23, aged 47 years.
Andrew Z. Lee was killed at Kelsoe
Canyon, Tulare county. Cal., January
13., by the caving of a bank.
The largest landholder in the United
States is one Hayward of Illinois, a
young fellow of twenty-four.
J. Sullivan and Charles Thompson
have been sent to the State Prisen from
Sacramento for robbery, for two and five
A bill was before the Nevada Legisla
ture, Jan. 26, to appropriate $150,000 in
gold coin to erect a Capitol building in
Corvallies, Oregon, has enacted an or
dinance requiring everybody to vacci
nate. The penalty for neglect is fifty
Long Kee, a Chinese, has gone into
bankruptcy in California. lie did too
much business with his relative, Whis
John Hlailey has purchased the Boise
City and Salt Lake stage line. He now
owns the entire line from I'matilla to
Salt Lake, some 700 miles.
In consequence or the saw-dust run
from the mills above into the Truckee
river, the trout are dying off by mil
lions. So says the Reno ('rew-jt.
The Cheyenne Arg'ij, has informa
tion that three men have been hanged
at Wasatch for the various murders
thereabout. Two more were on trial
with a similar result before them
The Grass Valley (Cal) tni',iL says a
miner entered a bank the other day
with 34.5 ounces of gold in an iron
bucket, the result of one week's work
in the Idaho mine at that place.
The Empire mine at Grass Valley,
Cal., has been opened up so that there
is ore enough in sight to keep the mill
busy for three years.
Col. WVm. F. Shaffer, whilom City
.Marshal and Street Superintendent of
the Denver chain gang in '600, is now a
big man at all the grand ler# e in Wash
ington City.-Colorado lHerald.
Senator Nye's house, in Washington,
was entered by thieves on the night of
January 9th, and robbed of $2,000 and a
quantity of valuables.--Gold tldl News.
Fifteen thousand cherry trees, intend%
ed to be planted on the Woolfskill ranch
by Briggs. the celebrated California
fruit-.grower, arrived at San Francisco
recently. lie will plant 100 acres in
grapes and make an orchard of tbe en
tire 800 acres, forming the ranch at or
'-'--- -----"----- ri.._..._.-,." -c 1- - .1.1
The Monterey ar'uonr',t of the 22nd
says: "Henry Fisher, owner ot a ranch
in Peach Tree Valley, Monterey. Ore..
gon, was murdered on the 9th of Janu.
ary, after which the murderers, who are
supposed to be Mexicans, drove off a
lot of stock and made their escape.
An Albany dispatch states that Lewis
Churchill, an old resident of Linn coun
ty, Oregon, met with a singular and fa.
tal accident some twelve miles south of
Albany. He was going home from
church in a great hurry, when his foot
struck a stump, and he fell with great
force, inflicting: internal nljuries which
The Grand Army of the Republic,
Pacific department, elected officers Jan.
26, as follows: Grand Commander, Jas.
('oey; Senior Vice Grani Commander,
J. N. Olney; Junior Vice Grand Com
mander. W. L. Campbell: Asst. Quark
termaster, John Hanna, Jr.; Asst. In
spector, General Frank Miller; Asst.
Surgeon General, S. F. Elliott; Grand
Chaplain, Rev. A. L. Stone.
W. R. Thomas, of the Denver N'Ees,
reports that the Boulder valley, last
summer, produced 45,000 bushels of
wheat, 40,415 bushels of oats, 500 bush
els of barley, and 204 bushels of rye.
The average crop of wheat over the
whole Territory last season was 28 bush
els per acre. He estimates that twice
the grain has been raised within the
Territory that will be consumes by the
people, leaving the other halt tor mill
tary posts and export.
A very serious, though laughable joke,
was perpetrated in St. Joseph, Mo., on
a young couple who desired to be mar
ried. A gentleman, having no author
ity, kindly offered to marry them, and
went through the forms, telling them to
call on another officer for the certificate.
To his surprise they failed to discover
the joke, or call for the necessary docu
ment for nearly a week. The lady is
very indignant, and blushes, but anoth,
er ceremony has now been performed,
and the certificate dated back.
The Sonoma, (,al.) Democrat, off Jan.
22d, says that John B. Fitch, formerly
of the Healdsborg Bandard, some time
since shot J. P. W. Davis, who had been
connected with the same paper, through
the head with a derringer, infliting a
frightful wound. To the surprise of all
Davis recovered and soon after left the
co.ntry. Fitch was indicted by the
Grand Jury for assault with a deadly
weapon with intent to kill, and was laed
by Judge Langdon, when the asme came
up for trial, five dollars. Cheap amuse.
"Ip, will you ge~ me - now pair of
skates if Ill prove to ou that a dog has
ten tails" Yeas my so. "Well, to be.
e, dog as one more sil than no
habsn' be?" Yes. "Weln, no dog
also talls; and if one dog has one
more tail than mo dog, thea ae dog
ma have tem tails." The father gave
the boy as s tes..