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The oentana Post
FRIDAY WORONING, MAEg H Il th.
JAM. H. MILLS. - EDITOR
GEO. M. PIN-NEY.
Associate Editor and Manager
(iENE.fAI. Baaks is a candidate for
Speaker, and has already developed
TnE Nebraska Legislature by enact
ment has removed the Capitol from lin
coln an imaginary city,to Omaha. wl:hre
it properly belongs.
THR St. Louis De.wo t it has au article
on "Political Lunatics." ,e have not
read it, but if it has scope according to
the theme its writing was a gigantic
THE Deoeret Aews announces it has
just received "a new Ruling Machine."
We had thought the Mormon Church
was the only "Ruling Machine" that
would give satisfaction in Utah.
THE President has nominated Colonel
Townsend for Adjutant General in place
of Thomas ad interim but now adouter.
in. His inspection of southern grave..
yards by order of the President, was an
~KNATOR TRUMBULL, Chairman of
the Judiciary Committee, has reported
adversely on Mr. Ashley's "purity o
election bill." In the concise and ext
pressive language of a distinguished
-ontanian-"Thank you senator."
THE New York T'irn has a mud-ball
to throw at ('ol. Mc('lure. It will not
trouble him much He remembers well,
and th,. iThmes is on the record for its
adulation of Johnson at the Philadel
A Convention conslnting of 176 Dele
gates from Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee,
Alabama. Virginia an( Pennsylvania,
met in ('hattanooga on the 24th. to de'
vise means for securing appropriations
sufficient to perfect the project for the
improvement of the Tennessee river.
Governor Bullock was chairman.
TiHE House has passed a bill legali%
zing d&ssection for anatomical purposes.
Should the potent. grave and reverend
seianors of the Senate approve the idea,
citizens endowed with any unusual dis
ease or physical deformity. can have a
pleasant ante-mortem glimpse of their
anatomies on the dissecting table
through this legislative lorgnette.
ilereafter, to all such, the scalpel in
stead of Macbeth's air drawn dagger
will be the
Pensible to feeling as to touch.
WE are indebted to a number of
friends, at WVashinrton for copies of the
Montana State Bill, published in this
esue. It has gone to its death in the
Senate Committee on Territories, corn
posed of Yates, (('hairman,)Nye. ('ragin,
Fowler, McDonald, Ferry,Mc(reerv, Ia
vis and Norton. It is a very good bill.
If anything of the kind was wanted, it
would answer the purpose. but, under
the circumstances, Montana begs to be
CoNCRE.ss has declined to make the
$5,000 appropriation for gov. rnmtnt
surveysin Utah. That is good. "Zions
co-operative Union." "the independent
State of Deseret,""non intercourse."and
"the School of the Profits" are being ex
perimented with by the Saints and it
would be a pity to interfere with their
little games. So soon as the land titles
would pass from the government into
the hands of the Mormons, Brigham
would snap his fingers at all "outsiders."
Under the local laws they have posses
sory title to their lands and that will
answer all good purposes until allegiance
is acknowledged and United States
laws enforced within that Territory.
THeistE is little doubt now that G(en"
eral George W. Cass. of Pittsburgh, will
be the Democratic nominee for (overn
or of Pennsylvania. He is a man of
great business ability, as has been dem%
onstrated in his management of that
immense corpo.ration, the Pennsylvania
Central, and has as fair a character as
is available for use in the Democratic
party. The Republican majority in 188
for Hartrauft. Auditor General, was on
ly 9.677 in a poll of 653,155, although
Urant's was 28,tL . As it has always
been found an utter impossibility to poll
two fall Republican voteu in sueeesive
years in Pennsylvania. the nomination
of Cass, with. the powerful railroad in
terest to back him, will require the best
man the Republicsan have, asueeenful
national administration, and nntiring
efbrt on the part of the Republicans, to
keep the sneemssion Is the party of Cur
tin and .eary.
TH. New York 7hbern says of Mir.
Alexander W. Randall, Asslstant See
retary under Mr. Lincoln, Governorof a
loyal State, and present Postmaster
General, that "be has showns his dv
io tsohis msesr. Mr. Johaso, by pub
ishiag two atehes of Poe~od adver -
tisemenas in the only journal in the
esuntry that takes plemass ti de4.os -
ta the late P t L -ant and eTp iuia
hi. mmst." This probaby
Biat Pom7'es Derssrrt. Mr. Res
da hen asn scime his "deveto" to
New York clty. The adv.etsaet wr
proposals t T ir . U. . malls, Is be.
0. Ibyp m by tShe Ibi. 1'L. Sse
.psmat aundpcm--de, while ie
-me beem se to e.lher she or
Poe. As Mr. .L heb made his bed
dors he IS.
A disqato freo Virqgl to a SIes
moete pape sys, "a Ior*e f a hLe
drea infantry are at Fort Churchill, sad
it is remoMd that the coamead will be
ordeed to Whit Plae to pierme . p
peace mad rotect pIlel eeMw" Tweer
ray e lively tra m acu the bye b*O
ore 14m, hfm tese ladiqreltlm.
is Ii AR&rVEIAULu
The Cheyenne Argue has a irrw hand
at the bellows. He is a lawyer, Demo
crat, and withal a logical thinker and
able writer. He has started off on the
proposetion that the Territories should
have practical representation in Con
gre.s; that it is a right and should not
be withheld. Several Territorial papers
approved his views, some, and among
others the PoeT. having urged the mat
ter before. But this cordial unanimity
of sentiment has had a bad effect. The
Arguea man becomes feverish with de
sire and seeks to inoculate the Territor
ies with a virulent disease, for which
ten full grown States were recently bad
ly punished. lle would imitate the
monkey in mimicing his master's shav
ing, and thereby adding to the history
of the monkey tribe, the sad story of one
with a badly severed throat. He says:
Since then they have no vote in the matter,
since a:so they have vast hardships to con
tend with in overcoming the obstacles of na
ture, and need every dollar they cam coamand
to build themelves up as oommanties, it
would be but a suerple act of justice, which
the people at large would approve, to dee
vote all the net taxes colieted in the
Territories, to the making of roads, the erec
tion of public buildings, and the performanee
of other matters, so far as the funds would
go, to assist their people in the work of civil
The premise upon which the above
"act of justice" is argued, is that the
Territories ray more taxes to the gov~
ernment than they receive in return.
This is an error. Wyoming having on
ly been organized July 25, 1868, and not
having even a Delegate in Congrees,yet,
is too young to rebel and also to young
to furnish any statistics of revenue or
expense to the government, but we are
very well satisfied trom the following
appropriations that Dakotah, then in
cluding Wyoming, did not pay one-half
into the government Treasury that was
appropriated for its expenses and ex
penditures within that Territory. The
following is made up from the varions
appropriation bills of 1868.
DAKOTA (INCLUDING WYOMING).
For Territorial Government........ $25,'00
For Surveying Lands.............. 20,000
For Indian Expenses............... 15000
For Surveyor General's Office....... 7,500
For Roads ......................... 6,500
For Postal Expenses................ 7,387
Total for the year .............. $82,087
This may be partly offset by taxes
paid. but. whether the Territory pays a
dollar or not, the government makes
these appropriations. No Territory in
the United States can show a record of
Taxes and government appropriations
that would be more favorable to the
Territory than Montana, yet the fol
lowing exhibit of part of our appropria
tions would not warrant Montana in
casting off from the national anchor.
U. 8. I:EVENUES I'AID.
Year end'g June 30, '68..$110,720 54
Lee. expenses of collection 18,000 00
C. S. AII'rOPRTIa ONs FlO '6e
For expenase U. S. Courts...$22,000
For Legislative ezpeoes... 20,000
For Land Surveys ......... 20,000
For Indian expenses........ 15,000
For Salary of Federal Omfers 12,j00
For Surveyor Gen's Office.. 7.000
For Mail carnage......... 13,300
Government loss............. .$26,639 46
Besides this we have an appropriation
of $40.000 for a Penitentiary; the Sur
veyor General sends in an estimate for
next year of $119,600: There is a defi
ciency for disbursements in 1864-.5-6, of
probably $15,000; the Legislature ask
$1,100,000 tor the expenses of the Indian
war, and appropriations for geological
surveys, roads, bridges, etc., innumera
ble. True,the postal department wcithin
the Territory is shown by the Post Mba
ter General's Report to be self.4ustain
ing; the Indian annuities go to the In.
diane, or are supposed to, and the land
surveys are contemplatively remunera
tive, but these are outlays that are made
without consideration of return, do not
depend upon the taxes paid, and would
not be required were not the Territorial
government an existense. We believe
in representation by the Territories as a
principle, not as a matter of dollars and
cents.. The protection and benefits of
our government are not measured by
such a trivial standard. V e have our
duty to pedjorm under the laws as they
exist, and pes.rming that duty should
strive to Improve and perfect them. The
MAms is wide of the line of duty in sag
gesting any other corse, but even were
it as aiminaMble argument, would it,
under the above showing, be advisable.
"The Bush whacker" Salt Lake corres
peedent of the Gazt sayja: some Dem
omatic journals are now accausd of ose
posiag the ease of MormuolDm,'" and
th.t "Lse Badisals advoseo the roetuag
eot eL the s"eei d evil stamp apd asem."
ma" og toe tohrow what he hapes
rap be lced es aa insulS at the Boa
gaJeua siand people. "Bpaswhacker"
will Bs sahelaties asttak cam. ame tshe
hseiesi D measts on on YJin.sd
oLthe mslwsns of wha thA m0 (Sh
s seh .er,) ashssel am "sqpe
acd blai-Md +.1e.ta e.,m asm
*LMia ." ..ea use uld inn
esme 16 as lie-o
Notwithstanding his resolution to
withhold the names of his /sieetiens tre
Cabinet positions until sent to the Bea%
ate, Gen. Grat's preferences seem to
be developing themselves, and, unless
he is making feints, the flank move
ment on the 4th of March, will have
been pretty well saticipated. It is dosa
damtily assered that JoInP . PDfetes is
to be Postmaster (senesaL and we have
Grant's own avowal that civilians will
be given preference, although Schofield
will probably be tendered a continuance
in the War Department. The conver
sation reported between Grant and Col.
McClure we deem authentic. It will
startle Pennsylvania somewhat. Ex.
Governor Curtin is unquestionably the
most popular man in Pennsylvania. His
administration of that State began un
der the most untoward circumstances.
In the spring of 1861, having offended
the shoddy contractors, he was assailed
with torrents of vituperation, denounced
as a swindler, charged in the courts with
infamous crimes, and met a crisis in his
own administration cotemporaneous
with and as fearful as that of the gene
ral government, yet come through un
scathed and untainted, and to recognised
as the War Governor of the North.
whom, not alone Pennsy!vania would
be gratified in having receive, and as
sured of faithful administration in,a gov.
ment Department. Relying confident
ly on Pennsylvaala having a member of
the Cabinet, desiring that honor cone
ferred on him, and, believing it would
be. his name was withheld from the
senatorial contest, and the eaoloe there'
by tfll on Mr. Scott. (eneral lrant has
unquestionably the abstract right to se
lect whom he pleases for his 5abinet,
and we must blind ourselves to the ex
perience of the past. it we would doubt
his chooelng honest, loyal, and efficient
ofieers, 1 et Governor Curtin pre
eminently merits recognition of past
services. has abilities that war
rant efficiency, a record that assures
honesty and loyalty, lie has the confi
dence, esteem and grateful support of
the oeople with whom he was promin.
ently identified as a co-laborer in direct
ing the mighty energies of the Keystone
tate, to preserve the Federal Union
an Executive that rested not from his
labors, never faltered in the good
work-whose kindly words and good
deeds were familiar in the crowded hos
pitals and invoked blessings unnumber
ed from those who had sanctified their
loyalty with generous blood-whose ad.
ministration was a marvel of economy,
promptitude and energy. This is one of
the men Pennsylvania would have been
pleased to have seen,and confidently re
lied upon as being,a member in the new
Republican Cabinet. We mentioned
yesterday the probabilities of a close
gubernatorial contest in Pennsylvania
next autumn, and it Is unquestionable
that the Cabinet selection from that
State will materially effect the result.
Mr. Stuart is not a man of political
prominence, but if chosen may prove
good as the best. He Is one of Philadel
phia's noblest sons. possessor of an im
mense fortune, and unblemished charac
ter; a merchant of fine abilities, and
thorough ulture, devotedly loyal and
earnest. He gave with generous liberali
ty from his princely treasures to aid the
government, and as President of the
Christian Commission devoted his servi
ces for years to directing that great
charitable institution. In the prefer.
ence of Curtin for the Cabinet, it is not
that Stuart is esteemed lees, but Curtin
more, from his identtfieation with the
practical means for suppressing the re
bellion, his political prominence in the
State, his personal popularity, and the
belief long formed that he would be
chosen. Mr. Stuart, if Grant should se
lect him, will probably have the keys
of the Treasury and will not disappoint
IT is stated that in 1867, tax was paid
on one gallon of whisky in every four
in 1868 only on one gallon in every ten.
In 1867 the revenue derived from this
source was $28,298,000; in 1868,$13,492,
000. So, although the manufacture in.
creased, the revenue decreased. The
tax was then $8 per gallon; now it is
50 cents. It is required to raise $70,
000,000 from whisky and tobacco. To
bacco paid in 186, $18.007.000; in 1868,
17,86~3782. This will require over
.0,000,000 to be rareed from whisky,
ouless the revenue fom tobacoo IA in
creased. The prodct for this year is
estimated at 790,00, . gaUopa1 Spec.aI
charges increase the east4e whsky tax
to 68 cent., so that iti a were colected,
it would4give less than $4.0i0,000. I
this is the cse, a snbseuent Co.gress
will be necessitated to agal impose
many of the taxes repealed by the pros,
Swmin gently, f ye sweasmaell,wheas
Mhends, trsomre, lettess, newspapers and
expres gp.du are. on the Uaion PctiSc.
Sixteen days in the snow; another week
to be added. Pesthrs.
We used these Tonaaees to sempwr
our souls: Iidt tie' snbe, "drawn
mild" thog$ aie th. .m; are teaae.
It will send ith umtopalis "huntiag
their holes," and. make ms mosre --ýs
for the Nlrter P . .
PRICm ir MntrmoTA.-The New
York B.eief Pet has a eorrlmpondent
at St. Clouad, MiAuson who gives a
schedule of prlem rullaig I that loeaU
t. Wheat btU frm ervemty to elgh
ty cestt per bu Gel Good beef is 12 et.
per pound. Veaton 10 et. Veatloo
ha-,- smold, 10 etm per poasd. Fresh
butter reails at 85 ote. per p d.
at 85 e. per dome. P altr 13 ces.
r pouad. The wer Sives the bltatow
smuecot of the pattlae of that to.
it "We hawm t.i wees of
passt r watr, td the iow t I bt
a feet d4p, m tbtMa fesmiealet,
bnsitma pwafet wa gtat ULt
ag-, whob e d41s ifi ait bi
oi- B 9 .*
Tli STAt'I OF -j'OZ".t '.
hl.e Senate of the United Sta8.s.
January 80. 1860, Mr. Morton asked and
by unanimous consent obtained, leave
to bring in the following hill, which was
read twkee, et.red to the O(bamittee on
Territories and ordered to be printed.
A BILL to enable the people of Montana to
torm a Coastatition and Msate Government,
and for the adeoen of eid State into the
Union on an equal fotiodg with the origi
Be ft enmattl by tAe Senate and House
of Repreaewntatieea of the United State.
vof A merica in Coiress asembled. That
the iahabitants of that portion ot Mon
tana included in the boundaries herein"
after designated be, and they are hereby
authorized to form for themselves out of
said Territory, a StateGovernment with
the naume afsoenid, which State, when
formed. shall be admitted into the Un
ion upon an equal footing with the orig
inal States in all respects wha:soever.
(Sec. 2. establishes the boundaries as
they now exist, with the exception of an
error extending the southern boundary
out to the vicinity of Mt. Hood, in Ore
Bac. 8. AMd be it further enacted,
That all persons qualified by law to vote
for representatives to the general assem
bly of said Territory at the date ot the
passage of this act shall be qualified to
he elected ; and they are hereby author
ized to vote for and choose representa
tives to form a convention under such
rules and regulations as the Governor
of said Territory may prescribe: and
also to vote upon the acceptance or re
jection of such constitution as may be
formed by said convention, under such
rules and regulations as said convention
may prescribe; and the aforesaid rep
resentatives to form the aforesaid con
vention shall be apportioned among the
several counties in said Territory in pro
portion to the population, as near as
may be; and said apportionment shall
be made for said Territory by the Gov
ernor, United States district attorney
and Chief Justice thereof, or any two of
them; and the (overnor of said Terri.
tory shall by proclamation. on or before
the first Monday of May next, order an
election of the reprebentatives aforesaid
to be held on the first Monday in June
thereafter throughout the Territory;
and such election shall be conducted in
the aame manner as is prescribed by the
laws of said Territory regulating elec
tions therein for members of the house
of representatives; and the number of
memoers to said convention shall be the
same as now constitute both branches
of the legislature of the aforesaid Ter
HZ'. 4. And he s JfurtAer tnact#4,
That the members of the co.nvention
thus elected shall meet at the capital of
said Territory on the first Monday of
July next, and after organization, shall
declare on behalf of the people of said
Territory that they adopt the Constitu
tion of the United States ; whertupon
the said convention shall be, and is here
by, authorized to form a constitution
and State government for said Terri
tory: Provided, That the constitution
shall be republican in form and make
no distinction in civil or political rights
on account of race or color, and not
be repugnant to the Constitution of the
United States and the principles of the
Declaration of Independence: And pro
rided fo rther, That said convention
shall provide by an ordinance, irrevo
cable without the consent of the Uni
ted States and the people of said State:
First. That there shall be neither
slavery nor involuntnry servitude- in
the said State, otherwise than in the
punishment of crimes, whereof the
party shall have been duly convicted.
Second. That perfect toleration of
religious sentiment shall be secured,
and no inhabitant of said State shall
ever be molested in person or property
on account of his or her mode of re
Third. That the people inhabiting
said Territory do agree and declare that
they forever disclaim all right and title
to the unappropriated public lands ly.
ing within said Territory, and that the
same shall be and remain at the sole
and entire disposition of the United
States; and that the lands belong
ing to citizens of the United States
residing without the said State
shall never be taxed higher than the
land belonging to residents thereof;
and that no taxes shall be imposed by
the State on lands or property therein
belonging to, or which may hereafter
be purchased by, the United States.
SBEc. 5. And be it further enacted,
That in case a constitution and State
government shall be formed by the peo
ple of said Territory of Montana, in com
planceo with the provisions of this act;
that msaid convention forming the same
shall provide by ordinance for submit
tnsg said constitution to the people of
said State for their ratification or rejec
tion, at an election to be held on the
Lrst Tuesday of September, one thous
and eight hundred and sixtymnine, at
such places and under such regulations
as may be prescribed therein, at which
eietioen the lawful vnters of maid new
State shall vote directly for or against
the proposed co4stitntion ; and the re
turns of said e~letions shall be made to
the acting (overtor of the Territory,
who, with the United States district
attorisy and chief iastis of said Ter.
risory. or any two of them, shall can,
vaes the same; and if a majority of legal
votes shall be east 'or said constitution
in said proposed State, the said acting
(overnor shall certify the same to the
President of the United States, together
with a copy of maid constitution and
ordinances to that effect; whereupon it
shall be the duty of the Presideat of the
United States to issue his proclamation,
declarng the State admitted into the
Union on an equal footing with the
etginal States, without any further
setin whatever on the part of Congrem
Sec. 6. And be it frther enacted,
That until the next general censu shall
be takes add State of Montana shall be
esatted to one represeatative in the
Boem of epresetatlves of the United
Staes, whIch r aepeasttive, together
wla the goveraer aad at.e ad ther
iere prorlbd for in s.d eonmsathio
*- be elected a dy f w h beaet to
0k of the ofastkftI sad to
th se-> eoattaial conavm
asd maal eased sene oerMs are
,est d. A 1aB , uadse the probla
eo-s o mseend*" ft, =orm al
* s- u e 9bbeh pateb
datl. et their rnpsctiv oasi.
SEC. 7. And be it fgpa *enattod, Ta
suctions numbered sixteun and thirty
six la every township, id where saab
sections have been sold or otherwise
disposed of by any act of Congress,
other lands equivalent thereto in legal
subdivisions of not less than one quar
ter section, and as contigious as may be,
are hereby granted to said State for the
support of common schools.
BEC. 8. And be it further enacted,
That provided the State of Montana
shall be admitted into the Union, in
accordance with the foregoing provtl
ions ot this act, that tweanty entire sec.
tions of the unappropriated public
lands within said State to be selected
and located by direction of the legisla
ture thereof on or before the first day
of January, anno Domini eighteen bun-.
dred and seventy-three shall be, and
are hereby. granted in legal subdivi
sions, otf not lesM than one hundred and
sixty acres, to said State, for the pur
pose of erecting public buildings at the
capital of State for legislative and judi
cial purposes, in such manner as the
legislature shall prescribe.
SIc.. . Addb e it further etuwtcd, That
fifty other entire sections of land, as
aforesaid, to be selected and located as
aforesaid, in legal subdivisions as afore.
said, shall be, and they are hereby,
granted to said State for the purpose of
erecting a suitable building for a peni
tentiary or State prison, in the manner
BtS. 10. And be st furoUer enare4a,
That seventy.two other sections of
land shall be set apart and reserved
for the use and support of a State
university, to be selected in manner as
aforesaid, and to be appropriated and
applied as the Legislature of said State
may prescribe for the purpose named,
and for no other purpose.
SEc. 11. And be it furteur enacted,
That all salt springs within said State,
not exceeding twelve in number, with
six sections of land adjoining, or as con
tiguous as may be to each, shall
be granted to said State tor its nee,
the said land to be selected by the
(iovernor thereof within one year after
the admission of the State; and when
so selected, to be used or disposed of on
such terms, conditions and regulations
as the Legislature shall direct: Pro,
rided, that no salt spring or lands, the
right whereof is now .ested in any in
dividual or individuals, or which here.
after shall be confirmed or adjudged to
any individual or individuals, shall by
this act be granted said State.
SEC 12" And be it furt/her ecact.d,
That five per centum of the proceeds of
the sales of public lands lying within
said State which shall be sold by the
United States subsequent to the ad
mission of said State into the Union,
after deducting all the expenses inci
dent to the same, shall be paid to the
said State for the purpose of making
and improving puidlic roads. conatruct
ing ditches or canals, to effect a general
systetm of irrigation of the agricultural
lands in the State, as the Legislature
SEC. 1;. And be it further encattd,
That from and after the admission of
the said State of Montana into the
Union in pursuance of this act, the laws
of the United States'not locally ina, li
cable shall have the same force and ef
fect within the said State as elsewhere
within the United Stateso and said
State shall constitute one judicial dis
trict and be called the district of Mon
REPORTED ADVERSELIL .
The Postal Telegraph project is dead
for this session, the (Chairiman of the
House Postal Committee having report
ed against it. This has been foreshad
owed for some weeks, it being a subject
that would involve extended debate in
both FHouses, and all the available time
of the present session being less than is
requisite for deliberate consideration of
appropriation bills and other important
matters. This was the expression on
the reference of the measure to the Com
mittee. Another feature against it was
that while making a vast reduction on
private dispatches, it would many times
increase the cost on news dispatches,
and, as we understand the bill, have
largely diminished the amount of dis
patches which even a Metropolitan pas
per could afford. This we think a seri
ous error in the plan,and to it is undoubt
edly owing in a great measure the heavy
current of opposition that set in recent
ly from the principal papers of the coun
try. The Western Union thereby allied
with them an influence which few Con
gressmen care to contend against. The
main features of the bill are worthy and
uovernment Postal Telegraphy will yet
be an unqualified success in this coun
try. The bill was the crude idea, con
taining some things objectionable, but it
the press instead of making an on%
slaught on the entire measure, and con
cealing the motive had pointed out and
opposed these minor defects, the result
would have been better. Having taken
form and its agitation shown popular
approval, its present postponement can.
not prevent its early reappearance on
the scene in the Forty-First Congress.
FLNANCIAL ABlUsEs.-It is reported
by Secretary McCulloch that the gov
ernment has. since 1860, realized $298,
782,320 of currency, by the secret sales
of gold; $117,814,747 by the secret sale
of 7-30 bonds; $454,724,096 by similar
sales of 5-20; $163. 940,800 from 10-40s;
making a total of $,035,261,982, as the
groes secret operations of the govern
ment, besides $958,342,900, part of which
were secret and part open transactions.
This shows the extent to which the Sec
retary has been mauipulatingthe mark
et. On these immense snms the com%
missions to brokers have been litterally
thrown away, since they might have
been saved by properly advertUsng and
selling directly from the Treasury.
Of all the $,002.450,878 negotiated
during the pat few yvars, only 1,000,
000,000 have been done as a busness
man would have managed, to wit, by
inviting the best propols for taking
loans. Beside, the pa that has been
puarsed has opened a wide door for of
icial speclation and offial enrichment.
How much has been made in theme oeo
lal trsranastioM t is i4mpoeMle to know,
Mtll the great books that we reed ot
hall be opeLd. Mr. loaklia's bil Is
delg~ed to prevet tble abuoe.
Put Haut, a welln kaw lvery stable
oel d l dt Sa Pftsaulo,
A W tia e sp X reset1.
JIIFTEENTH AYI[END:Rlt T.
Sac. I. Theright of citizens of the Unitei
States to vote shall not be denied or abridgtd
by the United States or by any State on ac
count of race, color, or previous condition Jf
Sac. 2. Congress shall have power to en
force this article by appropriate legaslation
Such is the Joint Resolution, which
after innumerable amendnments, report'.
and oscillations from one House to tib
other, has been adopted, and will b,
submitsd to the legislatures. WVe ar
of the opinion it will be ratitied y,v the
requaiete number of States- three.
fourths. Slavery is dead: This uL.rie
its old clothes. The shackles haa fall
en: This wipes away the rust that r-.
mained. It brings us back to fi.st prin.
ciples and is eminently demueratic i;
recognizes and adopts tile sacrd atlir
mation that "'lod Lath Iraldlt. -1 (,n.
blood all nations or Ien artd, ratife.
.Jefferson's great truism "that ail 1urn
are created eqlual. endowed by th-ir, r,.
ator with certain inalienable rights." i"
is a government edict of implrtiality
towards its citizens, of whatever previ.
DU U5 I.VL ~IU ) . · 6 jY CU L "r 1 rIj. r
man, the German, the Italian and th,.
negro citizen alike, providing that their
race and color shall not be an admiss..
ble evidence to deprive them of voting
It does not arbitrarily invest them withi
suffrage. Under this amendment. Stat, t
niay make such educational. mr lrp;,,;.:
ty, or other qualifications necessary a.
they deem essential to their welfare
when not in conflict with other parts of
the Constitution,and enforce them alike
on all citizens. It does not in terms
guarantee the right to hold othee, that
having been stricken out. There are
but eighteen States that now exc' ui
citizens from the polls on account ,;
race or color all the other States ant
Territories being now in the same con
dition proposed in this amendment. I"
is certainly as fair for the tNorth as tlh
Reconstruction acts were for the, Southl
and 310,000 majority of the voters ,,u
the Union ratified those acts in Noove-,.
ber. It is claimed by some I)e-mc,crati,
cotemperaries that the submission ):
this amendment to the Leygi.isature
previously elected is unfair, ane: th..
would undoubtedly cry out "unceuns:i.
tutional" against the entire routine an,
demand its postponement by sublmit
ting it at the polls, were it not express.
ly stipulated in the original C'on.
stitution that it shall be sub i
mitted to the Legislatur-es or ('on.
VIentioDs, at the option ,,f ',ongre-.
'T[here have already been fourteean
amendments to the Constitution rHi
fled, and in every instance it has beetr
by Legislatures. Why should the fif
teenth be submitted to convention., en
tailing needless expense ? It is claimed:
again that the Legislatures have no:
been instructed on this measure. Nei
ther have they been, or are they ever
instructed on one in a hundredot the laws
they enact, and it was asserteld by er..
ator Ferry, in (Congr.ss. without contra.
diction, that a majority of thie amend.
ments have been ratified by Legisla.
tures elected, as In this instance. be
fore the amendment was proposed is
Congress. Believing firmly aunl stea.
fastly in impartial suffrage; that n'
man's race, nor nationality, nor religious
beliefs, nor previous condition of lii
should prevent the full rights and ben
efits to which citizens of the Unitec
States are inalienably entitled under the
letter and intent of our institutionD
believing that we are in these year
trampling down a rank and poisonoUr
up-growth of talse prejudices that bee
ter befit barbarians than an enlightenL
Government; believing, as w« have frare
the first, that an enactment proper te:
the Territories was proper for the State
whose Representatives enacted it. be
lieving taxation without representation
is tyranny and that ten million colored'
people have their rights as thirty mil'
lion white people have theirs, we bsi
trust hopefully this amendment will e':
come a part of the American ('onstit"
A company of men have been forme'
in this city, says the San Francisco HJe
aid, who propose to emigrate with thei:
families to White Pine in the Spring,iD
which the principle of the co -opertit.
has been carried to the Fourier limit
The company consists of 12 men, their
wives and little ones. They are havira
their houses framed on the Trucke
ready to be freighted piece-meal tc
Treasure City in March. A "cornerY
cery store" will occupy one angle in Lb.
building; the company number willJ.
reside in the house, and have rooms IC
spare for strangers; they will keeP'
hotel as well as a grocery, and the W.W
and mining specu ation investmen tsa.
profits will be in community.: A 'i4
of the main building is to be devoted t(
the brewery business, and the ereCtio
of a small floring and feed mill i
monog the list of enterprises contOer
pla by tbis company.
The Omaha Herald contains a terrib!r
picture of immorality in Brownell il
a yoag lady's seminary, in that
The Principal of the institution 5* ,t
most gullby party, and a lad'yt
the victim. The school is closed up.t
The Grss Valley fational say: 'I
Ugested that the opprobrlous od P'
r e vworo "white" be droppd f
mis Puaie, i wsd' that the dý
a eibillnes o u ur citizens of A
sad Ailasti desosat may no lor '
T 'ae good--w ese it.