Newspaper Page Text
Till. MONTANA POST, FRIDAY, APRIL i^.
l-KinW 'iokmm,. APRIL ^th.
TheSt. l-oui^* Ihm /rnit has an arti-^He on ^Mrant's Cabinet ainen-ded '^JlkMM'l Cabinet however, is ^hii'l-^'##/^^ H.
I.obertMartin iJouglns, son ^^I Ste-^pin n A. Douglas, is appointed assistant^private Secretary to Preshh nt Wrant.
ThkChicago FMaa ^ay^ Hon L N.^Morris, of ljuincy. 111., declined m prof^^fered seat in the ^ ahitiet hMH tin-^salary wmilil net cover the HfBMM ^!^residence in Washington
TnNew York Ifaofi make-. I rrible^charges against the V. P. H. It. if the\^ire sustaiued tlie (tnverai)icnt would he^perfectly justifiable in seizing the road^to prev^ nt the outrsgeotts fraud content*^plat* d against the country.
r'x-Preeid.*ntJohnson stop-nd with^Mr. John I^. C^^\ U-, oi Washington, alter^his departure from the White House.^I'rohably that is how his death came to^be announced. Instead of ^shuttlingoff^his mortal coil^' he shutlled eff from a^mortal Coyle.
Wk are indebted to Hon. W C. Smith^tor the Report of the majority of the^Senate committee on Pacific rail^^roads, on ^the j^olicy ot ex^^tending government aid to additional^Pacific railroads.'^ also to Philip Hit/.,^I.sq.. for Congressional document*, al]^^it which are valuable and appreciated.
Howwould you appear standing l^e-^Tore vour Maker in a ^tate of intoxica^^tion''^ til /^'^r^i'!-
I'runk.of nuifi* ; and il the old^I'resbyterian do. trim; is true, it would^l^e preceded by the usual theological^condemnatory adject:v. .
TIB-l//o #:^-'/^ AmmI of Mining, in^republishing the article on the Whits^latch I'uioq Mines, from the Post.^prints ^Hutton's igneous injection,^^^'llutton's ingenious injection.^ Cer-^tatnly ^ingenious^ but considerable ot a^blunder tor a Mining journal as ablv^and carefully edited as the one referred^to.
1,14*1OK SKIM REH.
Occasional' writing from 1
tonto the BermU, assumes tln-i; Um^cent lionor -eisures between thai ,v^^and Helena, ^bother^ the bueic^..- ^i
.''.\the amendment to th^^ Tenure of^Office Law. two purpose* of the repeal^.^arty are accomplished, viz. Ibt. The^President may suspend Cabinet or other^t ih-nton. and that the order- I . ^ ^. . tlicers. except Judges, at will, without
TllH.Tenure of IMfice Law struggle is^euded. The feeling on each side was^hard out brittle. There is nothing now^to prevent the nominations which have^l^een withheld until a conclusion had^l^een reached on this question, and the^next tew day- will determine who are^the ^ins^ and who the ^outs.^ The^lateness af the receipt of telegrams and^their completeness of detail, prevents^further notice.
Tupmuttfrings of the earthquake in the^west; the ndvent of myriads of locusts^throughout grent extents of fertile country :^the plague of miia 11 pox now devastating^man; regions^may all portend the wrath of^^^^^^! and the punbhmrat of a corrupt, un^^grateful and wicked people, incapable of ap^^preciating the blessings of a free government,^and unequal to the ta^k ot a'lmistenng free^MiiJ ^-.|ual laws.^(Jazclte, tth.
lisa history^if muled from n^e* down : ^ nurse- tal^^^Which children open-^yed and mouth'd de^^vour
A*garrnlou- icnoranc* relate*.
Tin. Chicago 'I'r'dmne l^elieves the^woman prize fight in Massachusetts,^not the abstract brutal exhibition which^some have seen lit to characterize it,^but a grand demonstration in advocacy^of woman's right to suffrage. liovern-^mentsowe their perpetuity to physical^force, and those assuming to direct^them must contribute that force to^them or be superceded. The lack of^the muscular power has heretofore^stum*^ed even Anna Dickenson. bur^with the Amazons of Paraguay in the^field and the muscled maidens of Som-^erville in the ring, man's superiority in^this respect is challenged and the suf^^fragists are exultant. So much for^Buckingham.
THESt. doe Union nays the editress^of the thicagoian is trying to convince^the world that the marriage institution^is a failure This is the burden of her^song. In a recent issue ot that paper,^we find the following upon that subject:
Marriajro.under it- present law and usage^baa become only legalited prostitution, and^its ignorant victim need not turn up it* dain^^ty no*e qnite so hicrh at more honest form^^of its own flesh and blood. The poor, roiled^raga of womanhood, thnt move by chance^the full depths of pity or detestation iu every^manly heart, are every whit as good as the^vtedded wanton, who, with a lie in her heart^and a vain formula on her lip-. sell* henelf^at wholesale once and for all at the marriage^altar, and insults heaven by calling it to wit-^nee* her prostitution.
TheDemocratic members of the Ohio^legislature ditJt-r in their opinions of
Johnson,as well as the democrats ot the^the mountains. O'Meara ot the Idaho^W'nrM. recently lit on ills Kx-1 :*.celeu^^cy with unterrified severity^and ^little^Jimmy ^has the blood of all the democrat^ic saints in him In the Ohio legislature,^tklell introduced a resolution asking^^ lohnson to pay the Ohio legislature a^Pastoral rieit- It was advocated by^Hughes of Butler county, who endorsed^A. J. as a simon pure democrat and^said tieorge Washington was is guilty^a treason as John C. Breckenridge. This^roused the ire of Hill of Defiance, who^said ^he didn't believe Andy Johnson^had an honest bone in his hide, and he^never wanted to takehiin by the hand.^^The Resolution was indefinitely posi^^tioned 84 to :!1 Alas ! Andy. The lowest^ot the Andes are you when such as these^decline to do you reverence. You have^no mere Post offices in your gift, nor^vetoes in your power. Your glory has^departed * ! ^^!'.- b bubbling around^your lips^a lew wild, struggling efforts,^and down ^ou ^o like a Tv-nny in a pud^^dle
la-enmade public, under wbic*^ i^done. lie further states it is ah m .^by some that the orders tor th^ e ^^^'.^^urea emannted from Acting (;**^ver^ior^Tufts, and by others that they MH twpn^cured through the influence of ^!.^. X^W. Fur ^ o. and suggests, if the C. i - r. ^^is the author ^it is hard to fo.^^^ -i.^chants to pay a government tu ^ TwJ -^torial iicensti tor selling an BfUeN ^^is certain to be seised in case It i.^in transit ^ This latter is a fuc*.^jmble and apparent to the otflcv;^ 1 ^^the merchants, yet so long as thu i ^^! mj^;iile to these landti is not extj^i^ i s t ^^and so long as the ^Indian In* I -u^ a^^laws^' remain unchanged. ****** ^ u*- ^:^ness^ cannot well be avoided 1 * t^severity arikin^; from the occir-^ntr-^Indian lands by superior MUitbv.fl 0^^whites, an exceptional case l^ ^ ^^no provision is made in the h v M . r-^iliauts in the Indian country v. ' . t ^*^teem it atill ^hurder** il theyi r
fuseillicenses,ar,d receiving the ... u^or should know the law. thi. y-.oi^r^y ears on the statute books, r . ^ i ^. ^ ^^their trade Druggists are ev^^licensed, yet we believe their .j ^^poisons in some places is ver^ ).^ Il*i^regulated: Merchants are licins-.v. v^-^they are restricted in shloment-^jxiwder, uitro-glycerine, etc. il .. 5 -^verity to a tew to secure saf.-t^^tunny. No one will question fat ^^priety of prohibiting t he sale Ot N bisk^to Indians The sole purport ^^.^^^law and its enforcement is to^the Indians from procuring lr, r.^ '^only way to secure relief troio bh sa^noyance to which traders are ^^ ^ a i. .^jected is by the evtinguishtccf^Indian title on all the settled jm^the Territory. This the go^'i i.i'j ^^^has assumed the responsibility :^ . ..^^in selling mineral and agricult'f-v. (en ^^but it has not yet done it. tha1 vte^aware ot in any part of NHkl a* ^^braceil in Jrtferson. Lewis and t laVfe ^ 1^Choteau counties. Thi^ much I^liability of traders at Benton. j^ I lite^authority for the seisu/es. weau'.^;tit the^following from the act ot Coe.t~^. -. 5^proved June .10, 1S*J4. 'An Act m ti^late trade and intercours^ wi'b (adlai^trilM-s and preserve ]^eace onto e^tiers:
Sko.-0. And beat lurlher enact* . 'i I^any per^oii .diall tell, exc^ter, or dispose of any ^p^wine to nn liidi.ui (in the Indian^-in ii person ^hall forfeit and pay tb* -u. ) ol^s.iOO: and if any person shall intr.^attempt to introduce, any spirituc1^or wine into the Indian country, txcyf.* nu^Jiippliea a-^ shall be necessary for tb^ r.rje-*^^of the United States and troops r. the M^vice, under the direction of the Wa^ ' ^. ^.-^ment, .^iuh person shall forfeit and pn i .^not exceeding .s;!'Ut; and if any r .: ^ ^ r-n-.^ent oi Indian affair*. Indian agen' ^ ^ ^^.-^agent, or commanding officer oi fc ^iUttrj^post, har reason
givingany reasons therefor. 2d, The^^k^wer of the fcenate. whereby a aus-^: ^ -mitd officer might be reinstated^.brough ita independent action, is with^urawn. The Tenure Law as it did^^Xist, provided that all officers appoint^^ed and continued should hold those ot-^^icers until a succ4-ss^ir was in like man-^Ter qualified, and if suspended it must
be upon Specified charges, which if dis-^M . tpprov^*d by the S-uate. either directly
jrpassively. he whs reinstated Now.^its suspensionnot natMt ^^ r(i^-^iitry
fsct, but is virtual removal, as it re^^-.tiire- a renominatiou by the President^' and ^^onfirrnation by the Sen:^t^! to make^him again an officer, but the appointee^j .n bis plac^* is only an ad //^f^ rim officer,^intil he is confirmed by the Senate.^I'he petal retained by the Senate is.^*hat dtirin^; a recess of the Senate the^' .^*re*idcnt cannot make vacancies, and^^ util confirmed by tlu m the officers are.^inly tetijjKirury appointees- This is^More important tbun might seem at^' 'irst glance. Tie- i .institution provides^. ' the President shall have power to fill^Jp ell vacancies th it m-iy hoj,p^ ii during^IWCeei of tlu^ Senate, by granting com-^.iiissions wlncn shall expire at th* rnd^-.t :he next session'^^but the President^^v this cannol make vacuueies and is^cquiretl to send in his nominations of^Ml ititt rim or olh-T officers within thir-^' .y days after the meeting of the Seiiute,^^vlien. i! they are rejected they cease to
^e officers, and he musi nominate peti
-ens to such other offices as he desires^1 Slled during the session or the offices re-^1 -^ia'n vacant. This devolves the en tiro
r sponsibility ot keetung bad ni^-n in^office upon the President by giwug him^^ o eon trolled pOWsjf of suspension (lu^^ring vacation. Ane\il dispose^i Presi-^ient might possibly e\ad^- this section^^y refu-ing to nominato and then reap-^uting the satin* pet-on during reees^,^i iui the Senate holds a countercheck by^- pee er to remain in session iudefinite-^y. It may be the golden mean, the^; tv^st desirable -olution of the vexed QMI^.ion. but it seems to us a forced sacrifice^J if a great principle. By the terms of^1 lis cointuisfion. an officer is made and^l ppolated such tor a certain length ot^tlaTM II is the concurrent work of the^. ^. '.'residHnt and Senate, bn* by this the
bangs,or give. bat. ' President can cut his official throat, at^pirit^a.i - ^iwn sweet will, and the Senate has
Mlvoice in the matter. It thev together^create, they together only should de*^^itroy.
Besidesan officer is appointed for a^certain term ot months or years, subject^is tru * to refisel. be] t upon the im^^plied agreement that unless removed^xor ^ood cause, he shall hold his office^^luring the term. I nder a system that^^lag grown up in our government a po*
mUn-ott-^ro :. .jcal change in the administration is
^^u.-nect, or v' ., . ^ .. ... . ,
thatanvub.teperson o. Indian-| equivalent to e change in officials. Fven
introduceor hat introduced atn^ we admit this as proper, there re-
lhpjorsor Mine into the Indiuu conni\, . *nain^^ between each such change at^violation of the provisions el thie seti^ il 'dast four years, dnnng which the re-^sliall be lawful tor .-ucli Superint ^ ^ h ^. ^ jioval ot an officer without IMM shown,^dian agent, or sub-agent, or milir^ y -. . , ,in(j unose term is unexpired, seems to^:*reear^iy to mich regulation s;- r , - Ma mora| violation of the tacit agree-
tabhshed bv the President of tbfl ^_:*''. . .....
States, to cause the boats, Store. ^nt l*tWeJ^ t,,f^ }WO ^OD,riCl'n- r,^r-
andplaces of depo.-it of -uch pervoa ^ ' ,ln,l calculated to impair the effic-^searched, and if any .-uch spirituoita )j ency ot the service. It makes the re-
winei- found, the goods, bo*i'.'-* a | ^ i laattM ot office a q uestjou of political or^and peltries of such peMMMM ^ball * 1 M i^- ^ ; peisonal influence in the departments,^and delivered to the proper office . -... ^ ;* rather than the faithful performance of^lie proceeded against by libel in the prepC ! r^uty^court, and forfeited, one half to th ws^ ^* ^ ^) (^the inform*^r, an^l th^- other half te Mat Its* 11^tlie United States; and if such pM rt I^trader his license shall be revokeJ ^^bond put in suit. And it .-hall rrv ^ ^ ^^lawful for any person in the aervi.-^- ^ toe^I nitevl States, or for any Indian, |e M . ai 4 ^ precedents in our own militarv and naval^destroy any ardent spirits or wi i^ ' r ;rvice. aud inthecivil servic'-e of other
'-''^' ' governments.
thepresent system will eventually^Qt-ceesitate and lead to the adoption in^'his country ot a civil service system,^Approximating to that projected by^Jenckes, and which has its successful
theIndian country, excepting mi'it:^plies as mentior.^*d ia this section.
Thisis certainly intel ligiblc. ...e be^ing been enforced for tl^ffjsaloau yee**-*,^should be well undi.-rstoo^l by tUs tlau^At times, the reluctance of ofii^^^^^^^rigidly enforce it has le^l to \ i^/ '^unpunished The attention ci th^partment having been railc I^fact, the following telegraphic o;^'^ -^placed in the hands of Actiup H^ I *.^Tufts. Feb. It, 18fM^:
7' lion. .Innu* Tuft^, A OwVM ^*t ti^t .rnjF' io Bn/^ I ii't' uih nt Ifl4^-- , -
Via*.i.maCii . M. f.^The Secretary of Interior directs rat i^. i ;^ -^patch you to instruct special Agent Po|^all Indian Agents to execute tha tat arc v.r. ^^laws to atop the whisky traffic with T. 1 ~. .^and tolae all whisky and liquors, an ' rill : q^erty bought of Indians with wbtsLjr, v t c^by licensed traders or others, and ^i ^ I^^ury. call upon the military for asfijt
N.q. Taylok, Compt-o! ^^^Washington. D. C. Feb. IS, 18d^'.
Thisbl ^where the orders cam faf**j^The sj^ecific pur[K^se of it is ^to .;^whisky traffic with the Indlai i ^...^the intercourse laws. It is CO: lK^30l-^ble. nor was it requisite to thi: f urr/ ^^to stop the sale of or sei/.e Mqf M ;:r.-^It must Is- taken while in trans- ^ ^ - ^ ^^1 ml inn camps, or goods seised for Moh^it has l^een exchanged. Capt. P^.. M ^ ^.^.^his officers have merely obeyce^ini|^erative orders, emunating ffit* ( ^^Secretary ot the Interior. To hi
Deatltof tienrral Tferedlifi.
dispatch from Cambridge. Indiana,^'. snnounces the death of tieneral Sol.^| Meredith, the same individual who as^^saulted and batteredCongressman J ulian^| of Indiana, a couple ot years ago. tor^-ommenting on his leniency to the rel^^^els ot Kentucky while commanding the^Paducah District during some |^eriod of^'.he rebellion. He was a native of North^^'arolina. Iu politics he was originally^s. Whig: then lie became a Conservative^Republican, and finally became ^John-^sonized^^and that was the end of hit^political influence in Indiana.^GWMMJ*f^Tribxnt, March IfMfk
Wecan scarcely give credenc- the^announcement of (Jeneral Meredith's^death, although he waa in very poor^health at. the latest advices received^beta from his eon, Henry Meredith. The^-tlficial position ho held ami the nuiner-^^ ^us personal friends here would all in-^^ ^:icato telegraphic intormation previ^^ously, or letter advice cotemporaneous^with, the newspaper publication. All^the Chicago papers make up their notice^*-(^tn the one dispatch, but a telegram^to the N Y. Ib rald of the 17th, from^'Tuclnntti. gives the same lerteiiifFeeMSe.
I'lJKSt. Ijouis l^iti'/crat states Mr.
'^ ^ I fiahbar k. of Indianapolis, was appointed
pabilsceuthe order before ui*.., ^ - Px*''
Mi/ure- would have ln;en to f- .^ . t-^rfmaster of that city, not withstand
Promtieneral Order No. IT. dated^March which woubl occupy two or
threecolumns If givoa entir.-. ere mer^^ly tabnlarire ti: ^ -..^-i ;i.ment ^^f otli.*er^^and regiment-
1 i:C llartmunP Luipshes!
-W i ^H^f.-raTC Ku'iih
.i^; \v o^^ttj/J R n .
ir r riinTj n r ^
sn a Mi*e*-*^ ^ W^s^a
iW ^ llal.-iiU Huston
7J GihbouCC t i lv :
-J V aV mlordJ k Mia
J II KintrI. I' KSsUry
]l)II r OMsaA McV Me^SSfc A ^ l-.oi.lam
11a\COIBaaa^:i'Baell I. Hi^*.-!l
13O R U xO W Wn'.ums. 11 R Misner^19 T K .leTrobriand M A :.'orr.,^ R i^ UMsltf
14C S l^ivellO A ^V.K^dwHnl M M Hlunt^l.i ^^ I. .Stieph^r^lA V Kaut/ .1 S Maisiri^lli II rennvpuctoir 11 S (^ranj^-r tV 1^ futtin
17TI. GMtaeasBsas R Uaysaaa R E A CvcsfS
MD Has* ^^1* T S^ avi^^^R I IMm^W'm Mc ^ I ^^
11II Pletalas*^Jim P K -^Win II Isse at^.( It WUelasj^^ F Town^e:id
andthe New York and Erie railroads^have not. lessened the business of the^Erie canal. That has grown, while the^traffic of the two roads has been created^by them, did not exist before them, and^was impossible without theui.
Parliamentaryreturns ot the railway^trafic ot England from 1So4 to 1SI^.*^ fur^^nish evidence that the transportation of^passengers anil goods by rail has been^six times greater than il was before the^introduction of railways, aud that th
ways an.t mat theht. mo^| ,-,
savingeffected by the railways in cheap- I J^ ^ bef oWB eBn^ening fares and freights in a single year, jlv- ir()% BrBmeDt.
Mjil5( Iu 1867 its value per head wt.,^$:i;*0. Tim result is astounding.
THK( oi'NTRY TO 11K HKVr:i.oppt,^It Is the locomotive and the iron rail^^Jbesre her garden soil which have gi\^j^j Illinois one-fifteenth of the popufatioti^J of the I'nited States: which give (, _
thepower to bear one-fifteenth uf ^|^t burdens ot the general govcrnim-ru^i which enable her to pay annually *sjj^^ OOO.faJO of national taxes, beehlsj ^u*.
eralmanner tl,.^htened aud
ISGo.was *f:JbO,0()0,(KMJ I^ a ^.//.^^ kirytr\^than thi i ^dire taxation of On L nitxt,^Kingdom. This result, very imperfect
becauseUdoeenotjinclude the raltte ofltM bargM portion of whicl
timesaved to ^i~,ObO,(*00 of passengers'
Thereare between Lake Sup.-rior amj^Paget sound and the mouth ot the C,^lumbia river SMjOtQ square miles a| t.
IST 11 itiif-r
l:^ C II ^ro^.Oi^^^0 Ci^h^ Syk^^-JI (t NtniM'inaii^M I' S sunlev^STTt .leff 0 Da-r'i*^'*4'K S MeKenzie^19 j a Mower
KI'ptuu^K R A \ re*^L 0 M-'iot^K Wh ato i^US ( : ^^Geo Crook^t' Hp.ver^i: II UiDks
.1Van Vi^H*t^II A HaaitiriK'it^^! A William*^J M QssaawaM^.1 .\ (i Whistler^A .1 I 1 ^^II C Merriam^Z It liUss
contrabandtraders and enable t . ^ *^ ^ mg (Lionel Htdloway had the support^secrete the liquors, thereby dett* .^^^- 3f both Senators. Mr. Fishback was a^the objeet sought to Ih- attaicc^.' ^^ C.e ... t,
(.ioverntnent. It was uponelIow ^Ammn of Orant manv yeara
consideration^d this point, sx'i i . n ' ^fT0^wolearuesl their trades
suaneeof what they believe f . ^ . ogether. and the personal friendship^that the tbo-e was withheld frj. . ^ a- i ^ Wu cordlallv maintained erer^hcation by the Oovernor and ^i- % u.: | .. ^, ,
afterit was in our hand* tor ;^ lie. wncrt The appointee is a brother of J^tion. on its receipt, and only e t ^ Oreo. W. Fiahbeck.of the St. Ijouis Ihm-^allusion made to the existenee c ^ c^--,it
order. In the above we have co* v - 'a ,'
pointsraised by ^Occasional,^ s..c. ReJO i It this (tha fiftaenth) amendment b accept -^assnn him we believe there k Mo .is- ' od by tha States aa part of onr Constitution,^position whatever on the pert M ^u^ I Chinamen, Tartars, Mongolian*, Negroes, Ka-^I utt-. Marshal Howie. Cant. Pc ^ aackeaod UsttentoU nxay, with perfect in-^other officers in Montana, toexe c e ^i^- I ^2^!^' 7^mL.t0^7J0tt\- ^\ th,^lLnion:
i.. - 'i _.i i r .. . I sett 1^ arvl enjoy all th* political aod social
lawor or. er m a harsh and op], .of AmVic*n citiaena, and. in fact, con-
manner, but that the Indian ^ r -r ^ ^ ^ politisal destinies of this country in^traffic will be broken up If poesibfV.all faturs time.^[Oaiette, 4th.
EH. 1 reenian.* formerly cbiei er itc^ j Re!ld UP: **** UP- You *re ******^and chief engineer of the Frontier In- t your ignorance wofnlly. You let down^d.x on wheels, L ^n route to the Eae% Bilk freely while you ere freeb, but it's^to tommm on the Btfdaf MoaBte!^ If \ a r qualitT, Tery ^ A11 tbe ,ack.^be is not rood tinned for *4moTiUxiflf^' 7 1 . 4 . ' J* .... ,.^t ,o much, erits~;sm will here Icel ror*h ; l*g doTee of Democracy will be puling^of its rirtr-.-.^ if they here to feed on it.
Theregiments are otder to depart^^ments as follows :--lst. Lake*: 2d, Atlun-^ta. tie.; ti, Miaaouii; 4tb, Platte; Ma,^Missouri: fith, Eeawnworth. Ks : Tth,^Platte; sth. South 9th, Platte; 10th,^Texas: litis, Texas: 12th. California:^loth. Oakota: 11th. South, loth. Mis^^souri; ltith. Mis^isci| pi: 17th, Virginia;^IStb. South: 19th. I^ouisiana 20th. St.^Paul, Minn.; 21st, CoM.ornia: 22d. Dako^^ta; IM Columbia. Oiegon; 24th, Texns:^Sftth, Louisiana.
Thkfollowing veiy neat enigma was^submitted recently to the Brooklyn^I'ttti-t otrrir. Will some of our fair^readers try a solution. Will you answer^us. No
Withfpectral wio-^-1 and blasted BVassMs,^My touch is like the touch of dentli;^With crooked bead ard double tail.^My coming makes th . w^rld turn |iale!^In vain an army, ^wo-a in band,^Would seek to drire r-.^ frcm the land;^Cut off my double tail, and then.^Like Richard, I'm ^rr ^self again .^^Decapitate me like a pheasant,^And now you've made me omnipresent.^And if both head and tail you sever,^I'm then more obstinate than ever,^Though high and spotless in my birth.^I'm basely tramplfd to the earth.
Evennow the ag^m-i of holy wrath may be^gathering which are to administer a terrible^judgment upon those who have betrayed the^liberties of a great people, robhea th^m of^their rights, and insult'd Jehovah by setting^up a claim to the attributes of destiny !^[Ua-^aette, 4th.
Attribute*of demtiny .'^ ^Jehovah in-^sulte^l.^ Has this anything to do with^Walker, ^the gray-eye 1 man ot destiny,^^or old Ethan Allen V ^Attributes of^destiny.^' Good phrase. Very high^toned, and ^ambiguous^ as Mark Train's^Nye letters. Couldn't explain, could^you f
Thkappointment and confirmation ot^^^-^ueral Longatreet to be Surveyor of^the |^ort of New Orleans, is the first in^^stance of a rebel officer being appointed^to position. It is generally esteemed by^the Republican press as highly corns^mendable. He served the rebellion^faithfully, but submitted to the arbitra^^tion ot the sword, and has since laliored^earnestly to restore fraternal relations^between the North and South. He is^well qualified to d':^charge the duties^and is poor.
Thel*ollcy of Extending 4-ov-^er ii hi ent Aid to Additionul^Railroads to the Paeltle.
I.v i ruet^ trom tbe Heport of Sena^^tors Stewart, limke, Coanes-,^If a*. Mine y. Abbott and Klee.
MAMTHE MEA61HKS OF CI VII.IZATION.
Thehighways of nations nre the mea^^sure of their civilization. Without roads^there cannot be society, government,^commerce. jT intelligence. In exact^proportion to the abundance and excel^^lence ot highways are the exchange ot^services between men, tbe communica^^tion ot thought, the economy ot labor,^the augmentation ot wealth, the growth^of comfort, the develepment and consols^idstion of the civilized state.
Nohigher proof of the grandeur and^wisdom of the Roman rule ot tbe world^need be sought, than the wonderful sys^^tem of arched roads, ditched on both^sides, and raised above the surrounding^level, paved with stone upon beds ot rubs^ble or coucrete, with elevated walks for^foot passengers, running always in^straight lines and on uniform grades,^tunnelling mountains and spanning riv^^ers with cut-stone arches, which radi^^ated from Rome and traversed Italy,^Gaul, Britain, Oermany, Macedonia,^Asia Minor, the principal islands of the^Mediterranean, and all of northern Afri^^ca. These highways, built and main^^tained at the government's expense,^tied the provinces to the capital, and^ttound Asia. Africa and Europe to Rome.^They made smooth and swift the move^^ment ot infantry and cavalry. They^cheapened to Italy the spices, silks, and^cloths ot Asia, the wheat and linen ot^Egypt, the tin and copper of Britain,^the irou, wool, and oil of Spain, and the^furs, leather and timber of ^Germany.^Without these roads the conquests made^by the Romans could not have been^maintained. The care of them was a^civil office which conferred high honor^and power, and was sought by ambi^^tious men ot the nobbet and wealthiest^families.
Britishcivilization, and the develops^ment ot British industry and commerce,^and the wonderful accumulation ot^wealth in (Jreat Britain, have kept pace,^first, with the building of turnpikes;^second, with the construction of canals^and slackwater navigation as better^highways then earth roads: and third,^with the founding of the marvelous sys^^tem of railways which now covers Eng^^land as with a net work. Before the^^Rocket^ locomotive was perfected Eng^^land hau built 2,600 miles of water com^munication, at an outlay of $250,000,000.^Tbe 12,000 miles ol railway which were^crealsd by Stephenson s engine did not^supplant the use of these artificial riv^^ers. On the contrary, the traffic grew.^In like manner th^^ New York Central
whotraveled by rail that year, is dins* |^aiaTMEi Accepted and applied as a meas-^mm of tie- worth ot a system ot steam ]^highways that shall cover the Lnited !^States, it must be r-een at a tlash that ,^within the scope of federal action there j^is no use of tbe public money or prop- j^erty so profitable and so economical j^and so benilicent as that which aids the :^construction ot railroads^national by^their length and cost; national by their^passage through the public domain; j^national as avenues to distant States^and Territories; national iu their bene^fits: national as a part ot the military^defence of the I'nited States, and more^than national in their relation '^^ tin-^commerce of a third of the world.
Thevalue of n wagon load of wheat^is consumed by the cost ot hauling it i^on common earth roads dOO miles.^Indian corn will bear profitable trans^^portation on the ground only 100 ^dies^*#-*^^*
In1WI, when the Erie railroad was,^opened, aud the restrictions in favor of^the Erie canal on the carriage of freight !^by the New York Central railroad were j^removed, the tonnage of western pro^^ducts on the canal rose to MaVIM tons.^In 1807 the united 'through^ tonnage^of the live great highways between the^east and the west, the Erie canal, the^New York Central, the Erie, the Penn- i^sylvania and the Baltimore and Ohio j^railroads, amounted to fJ.000,000 tons, I^whose value was 11,200,000,000. The^Pennsylvania ruilroad, built upon the^line over which fifty years ago the com^^merce of the State crawled in wagons, j^moved in the year ISoT, of Ideal freight j^alone. 801,396 tons, and l,lli.:214 tons |^in 1881, and 2,908,205 tons in 1806. !
Whenthe Erie road was opetted, aid | ^*^^ [^^f *^ ^^Wm^Wmi^the New York Central was authorized^to carry caual freight, there were 10.-^000 miles of railway in operation in the^I'nited States. The total of merchan^^dise moved over them could not have^exceeded 5.000,000 tons, of tbe value of^$150 the ton, and of the aggregate^value of *T50,0O0,000. In January,^1H68, the mileage of American railroads^had increased to 00,000 miles. The^weight of the merchandise^over thern was 50,000,000 ton^estimated value otjf7,500,000
theI'nited States government can^press the prosperity, wealth and powef^of Illinois. 11 is the winter is heal r-.^gion - f this continent. It is a re_ri ,ri,,;^alternate prairies and pine loffeBMl^is a region th*^ salubrity of whos.-^mate has mude it the sani; iri urn^consumptives from the Atlantic cI.m,,.^It is a region whose Rocky iiiounta'u.^section, broken down in its formation^a- to be passable by loaded pom, ^^bleeeed with a temperature so mild that^countless herds ol cattle range and fat,^ten through the winter upon the eeti^Mai grass within ten miles of the sum^nut. It is a region in all who-e valleyi^peaches, apples, pears, plums, cherries^^Trapes, ant! s.veet potatoes have rain,,^growth and complete maturity It m *^region so rich in gn-.ss and so bleeesd^climate, that i; has ever been th. bota^iu winter us well as summer, ot the ^^!',,^the buffalo, and the anti-iope It baa^timber, water-power, and stom- It^a population of 1,419.000 people lllia*^ois jMi-sesseil no such endowment. H,.:^inheritance so amazingly developed t^\^railroads was a gar-leu Salt, deep',/ *-s^^aerlaid witli a thin seam ol coal and .^deposit of triable sat.-istone. She h*,;^nothing else. Hut every element at^wealth, every condition of social growtl,^and prosperity, exist in superabunduue.^ami beyond exhaustion in Use territory^between Lake Superior and^sound- For this immense region, en^^bracing Minnesota. Dakota, Montana.^Idaho. Oregon, Washington, and a par;^ot Wisconsin, railroads can do nior^-^than they have done tor Illinois. It u^desirable, therefore, to add to th^- na^^tional population, the national industry^and the national wealth^it it is dkaii
thecountry, to add to its revenues, an^to lessen the burden ot the public mkn^by extending it financially over S3 de^^grees ot longitude in addition to tea^area it now covers^if it is desiraMe t,.^provide cheap bread in perpetuity ir.r^the nation from winter wheat to st^grown with unfailing regularity, anj^in crops of from '50 to M bushels to tin-^acre, between the 40th and the 50th^transported i Parallels of latitude, the government ^f^ons of the l**e niU'd States will surely aid tbe^1000 In the construction of the North Pacific rails^short span of seventeen vears the mile- j ^ -\nd ,,^ for j'1'; n 'f}^'!^*Wm^age of American railroads grew nearly | Lake S^l^lor nnd th^ 1 a(^^1 ~
400per cent., and their tonnage 1,000^j^er cent., w ith a corresponding increase^in the value of the property carried.^The population of the country, in the^meantime, grew trom 24,000,000 to 3b\-^000,000, or at the rate of 50 per cent.^iSo that the abounding fart is ttolred that^railrottd* hate increased the commerce^^^f thi country 2,000 jold WttTt than thi^increase of its population.' In 1851 the
andthe Pacifsc^what the people of Illinois have don^^for the State of Illinois. It was not nec^^essary for the government to do th^^work performed by the people of Illin^^ois, otherwise than to aid them with^grants ot public lands^neither was i:^lawful. The- people of Illinois owm I^most of the soil ot their State, and tbr^improvement of their property was a^personal obligation to which they faji^But the I'nited
freightmoved upon all ot our railroads*nd we#r. eilu:tl ,
equalled417-minds per head ol popu-' M^te* OWD8 lhe counlr-v botww^n tL
lation,and was worth #ol per bead.^In 1808 the tonnage equalled 2.777^pounds per head, and had a value of^^210 per bead. In 1S51 the cost of the^10,000 miles ot railway in operation in^the United States was e^OO.CiOO.OOO. In^18G8 the cost of the :J9.000 miles in^operation was equal to $1,600,000.000.^consequently the investment since 1881,^of $1,400,000,000. has been the means ot^annually creating a commerce five times
Pacificand Lake Superior. The work^of developing it is for the government^to do. The population of the countn^is too thin and too poor to even under^^take it. The work, moreover. ^ al^such magnitude as to he wholly be^^yond the compass of private capita! 1^is of absolute necessity that the **ee^ernment shall undertake and help i^^through^and this it can do Tithou;^the expenditure ot a dollar in aeeesj^or an increase of the public debt.
greater,amounting to $6,750,000,000
Beerydollar invested in American rail- I TBAMI ontinkntal BAlXJtOAliS WW^r^ad'n creatm lire dollars yearly.BTTat i s increase OK poiM ! \TM
, _ _IBT immigration.
Canthere be a doubt about the policy , ... _ . .
otaiding with a loan of the OoVern- , II ^,an 8now^ .b^' ^SH^TSl^ments credit and grants of the public! /tha'lue ^t^'t^rn ,\^,vl81on, F.ft.0ltic^land, the construction ot these wealth- i ^otthe L nion Pacihc, and tb
creatinghighways through regions rich
CentralPacific, have been instrument*
asoil and richer in minerals, though j ,n ad,dlDK hundreds of thousands to tL^poor in the absence of a population able population of the S'ates of^Kaaaas, W^in numbers and accumulated means to I ^rado- lowfa.- Nebraska, t aliformst*^provide itself with the machinery of! N^vada. Minnesota owes to the nW
transportationand development.' To^legislators who approach this subject^free trom the prejudices of traditional
ityand cheapness of transportation q^rail, her best population of over 100.-^000 Germans, Norwegians and Swede*
systemor habits of thought, certainly ^ery !orel^n 1*bo^!r landiDg ^ v.. j^it will appear to be the highest duty of f *ores \8 economically valued at. * 1^government to construct such works at! He r*rel^' ^^mes empty hand ed.^its own cost; and it will appear equal- I superintendent of the Castle^ly manifest that the claim of such en- Immigrant Depot has stated that^terprises, as being of the highest M^ carflul in,iuiry extending over ajgj^portance and moet beneficent character i ^f 1' months gave an average ^F^should take precedence over anv and !entirely in coin, as the moo-.
allother objects of legislative endow-' P5^,Pf*rt^' ot, e,ach man-^ment. But in the cases of the rati-!'^roads seeking extension to the Pacific,^endowment in money is not aaked of^the governmect. What is asked is^simply a loan of the public credit for a^limited period, with sure and unques^^tionable gusrantees that the interest i *
andprincipal of the loans will be paid ! d^Jon lo lt8 population was ft^.
18o0,the commencement of our rsil**.1^building, to 1860, the number atmwf^immigrants was 4,787,924. At that J^tio of coin wealth possessed by est*^the total addition to the stock of tnow:^in the United States made by llj;8..*
Manymembers of this Congress saw^the infancy ot the grain trade ot Chi^^cago when there was not. a railroad in^Illinois, and when the wheat sold in^her lake port was hauled in wagons by^ox-teams over tbe prairies which were^traveled by comoasses, and on which^the teamsters cat-iped w ith their cuttle^at night^a wasteful transportation^which consumed from one to two weeks^of time to get to market, and in which^corn in tbe ear was burned as fuel to^cook and warm by. Illinois now, de^^veloped by the magic power of steam, is^a splendid and unanswerable argument^in behalf of the policy of national rail^^way-building. That State in 1851 had^only 250 miles of railroad, which coat^$7,500,000, and the freight over which^did not exceed 100,000 tons, which was^not worth over ^15,000.000. At the end^of the year 1867, Illinois had 3,250^milee of railroads, whose traffic was 5,-^000,000 tons, the value of which was^$750,000,000. It coat $130,000,000 to^build these roads. The worth of the^property transported over them in one^year equalled very nearly six timee^their cost. In 1851 the products trans-^ported by theee roads was at the rate of^200 pounds *^er head of the population.^In 1867 the tonnage transported exceeds^4,000 pounds per head, The value of^the tonnage per head in 1851 was only
The( nion Pacific Railway,^division. lias organized imuiigrati'^n^its lands. It has agents in Kuropf^te!I of the resources ot Kansas, and ^^due^ people to seek a home there,^ing them if necessary to cross M*^lantic, and to roach 'that State by ra^and selling them the lands ^^n^credit. This liberal and wise e\aOr^will be followed. Let the Northern r^cific and Southern Pacific railrostfJJJJ^the homestead law go toretbef^the continent, and in less than t*^ . j^we will see upon the I'm^roads and their outltts at- ...
millionsof the best population
bring,$100 each person; theu ,^$4,800,000,000 added to the *^*^^,.^the country, our gorernnient * ^^find authority and courage^tee the interest of the botnN^assist in building the road*
Themajority of the eommittes^ing thoughtfully considered ^^ T^d^tion of the United States in T**~ZJ^its finances, and its trade and c^^I^^t^present and prospective, decisu^belief that two additional lines _ r^^way to the Pacific ocean are n
Wa. ,. no
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iiaa^it Md^. tiex I^j^I
numsji ernii^ol N^.'^ ii - ; il^f
cu~bbI i I^frioi
iContinued on Fourth p^i