Newspaper Page Text
The Ientana Pert
FRIAY 1WORNzING, APRIL 9th.
The Policy of Extending Gov
ernment Aid to Additional
Railroads to time Pacific.
Extracts trom the Report of Senla
torsa tewart. Drake, Conness,
Ramsey, Abbott and Riee.
'Continned from Second Page.
ONE LINE IN.U.'FT'(IF:N'T.
1. They are neces.sarv ,ec(ause one
!ine is not sutiicies't. 1Y,.,r citn nittee
,believe that with the. p)rew..nt population
and business ~at ( alitornia. UItal. ('ilora
do, -Nebraska. t)re.,on. Nivada andl I)a
kota. the single track railroad triom Ola
ha to San Francisco will be wholly in
capable of pI.rtirnuing. the service that
will be required of it. 'The increase ot
population and indu..trv and tratlic that
will be tte;cted in those States and Ter
ritories by the oplration of the road will
be enormous. The local trallic upon the
road will immediately be large. The
through domestic tratlic mill be iml
xilense. \When to both ot these is added
the trade from China, Jap,.mn, and India.
no; only by existing steamship lines, but
Ibv others certain to be put on the route
by the English. it is clear to us that a
single track railroad cannot possibly do
the business that will be crowded upon
it. 'The road will clog. What service
will be performed will be done under
such disadvantages as to damage the
character of the new route from India
to Europe. to injure property, discontent
s.hippers. and nake wide-spread trouble.
The calculations of the adequacy of a
single line to the Pacific have been based
on the overland trade and the business
on the overla.ud trade and the business
,,t the Panama route. The Union Pa
cific railroad will not only take the larg
,.r part of tlihe traffic of both these routes,
:ut it will create a wholly new business
which did not exiSt If-lore, and whose
-rowth will parallel that of the Pennsyl.
vania road and the New York Central.
The single track of tile Pennsylvania
trunk lide. between the Ohio valley and
the Atlantic. had to be doubled. There
are tour powerfrul rivals to the road-the
Erie canal. the New York Central, the
Erie and the Baltimore and Ohio. Not
withstanding the division of the trade
,of the Ohio valley between these five
competing lines, the volume of that
trade is s~o enormous that the Pennsyl
vania road is unable to carry its share
upon its two tracks, perfectly built and
pertectlyv equipped. and is now building
a third track ever the Alleghany moun
tains. The majority of the committee
feel sure that the most experienced rail
road operat ,'rs in the United States will
agree with thern in saying that within a
year after the Union Pacific is opened it
will be unequal to the trafic that will b.'
crowded upon it.
In addition to this the gradients and
curves of the line at its passage of the
Sierra Nevada present difficulties of the
most serious character. Somllle of these
gradients are 11 feet to the mile, and
many of the curves are 3n) to ;0)i feet
radius. Six locomotives will be required
at these points to do the work of one
elsewhere. A double track cannot be
built except at a duplication of the cost
of the road. These engineering obstruc
tions, as they may be termed, will of
themselves and alone necessitate other
railway connection with the Paciftlc. No
single-track road that crosses the Sierra
Nevada will be able to doi the duty re
qluired of a transcontinental railway. It
is a suggestive tact, and one that should
quired of a transcontineutal railway. It
is a suggestive fact, and one that slhould
be admonitory to us. that while on the
whole length of the -Northern Pacific
railroad, 1,725 miles, not over 250 miles
will have an elevation exceeding :;,0I0
teet above the sea. 1.100 miles out ot the
total length of the Union Pacific's line
(1,6,57 miles) are more than 4.00(0 feet
above the sea, and more than 500 miles
of it have an elevation of 7,500 feet above
A SINGLE LINE WILL BE A MONOPOLJ.Y.
2. Two additional lines are necessary
to avoid the danger of a monopoly cer"
tain to be established by one and the
only line. This evil might be cured by
another evi!, the intervention of the gov
ernment in the business of the road, and
its prescription of fares, freights, and
time-tables: but it had better be cured
by avoidance. With three lines across
the continent, there would be compe
tition that would keep down charges to
living rates and fair profits; there would
be an effort to make fast time and punc%
tual running: attention would be given
to the comfort and safety of passengers.
care would be taken of freight, and an
unrelaxing struggle would exist to win
the favorand patronage of travelers and
T'ilE .ORTIt IS ENTITLED TO A I\('ITFIC'
4. There is no argument that had
weight to determine the construction ot
the Union Pacific road from Omaha west,
that will not support the claim of the
extreme northern States and Territories
to have a connection with the Pacitic at
Puget sound and the mouth of the ('o.
lumbia river, and a share of the trade
that is to be diverted from the ('ape of
iood Hlope across the United States.
Washington and ()regon object with
reason togo go 1 miles south to get 1.700
miles east, and the people of Georgih:
Alabama and Mississippi justly will in'
miles east, and the people of (eorgia,
Alabama and Mississippi justly will in
sist on starting at their own homes for
the Pacific, instead of going up to Ne-.
braska to commence the journey. No
answer can be found to the argument,
uret to be urged by the inhabitants of
the northern tier of states and Territo
ries and the southern tier of sugar and
cotton States and Territories, that they
have a right to be exempted from the
lo8s of time. loss ot increased expense,
damage to freight and enhanced risks.
inseparable frm a commerce which
sends them and their property long dies
tances up and down lines of longitude.
in order to get on a latitlde of travel.
The feeling north that the north is en
titled to a Pacific road is equally sincere
and strong. In both cases the feeling
is founded on a conviction of the local
oecessity and national importance of the
two roads. This feeling, it combatted
and thwarted, will inevitably run into
sectional passion, and into politics. That
result, the majority of the ctmmltme
think, had better be avoided.
ADDITrINAL L!W i. NUCEISAUY TO HAVI
:.. It is an undetermined problem it
the Union Pacific railroad between
Omaha and Sacramento can be operated.
throughout the year. Of the elements
to solve this question there are: 1st, the
known effects of drifting snow upon the
railway lines of central Illinois, and of
the L:illy districts of New England and
Pennsylvania; 2d, the known depths to
which snow fails and packs in portions
of the Rocky Mountain region: 3d, the
extraordinary height of the grades, and
sharpness of the curves, in the passage
,t the Sierra Nevadae. Trains in Illin%
ois have often been snowed under, and
travel and traffic in and out of ('hicago
have been completely embargoed. Rail- 1
road communication in Massachusetts,
New York and Pennsylvania. is often
suspended in winter. These vicissitudes
take place in States where labor is abun
dant, where the stations on the lines are
very near together, where fuel and food,
draught animals and tools, are plentiful
and accessible. But the line between
Omaha and Sacramento is at present al
most a continuance of wilderness-por
tions of it never will be settled. Popu
lation is scarce-help in trouble cannot
be had outside of the train-she stock
of accessible fuel may be limited to the
supply on the cars. In the deep cuttings
and in some of the canons ot Dakota,'
-Utah. Nevada and California. snow is
well known to drift chock full to the
top and to pack hard. The depth of
snow in places traveled by the overland
stage-sleighs has been credibly report%
ed at from :S0 to 50 feet, and it was not
melted till June. Granting the etlicacy
of roofing. granting the adequacy of ma
chinery to accomplish as touch on the
Union Pacific's line as on the 'Chicago
and Northwestern, or the Albany and
Hoston, there remains a risk, which
must be constant with the recurrence
of winter. that the operations of this Pa
cific road may experience long and se
rious interruption, accompanied occa
sionally with shocking mtisortunes. If
such interruptions slhould take placce,
sionally with lshocking matsortunes. If
such interruptions should take place,,
the etlect upon the new trade from Asia 4
to Europe, across the UInited States,4
would be very damaging They would 1
characterize the route as one not to be ]
relied on by international colmmerce. 1
But there is no doubt that a railroad on
the :;.tth parallel of latitude could be op0.
erated to San Francisco ;'i;5 (lays in the 1
year. Nor is ther- any doubt that a
line between Puget's Scund and Lake ]
Superior could be operated without se
rious obstruction by snow. Its grades
through the mountains are all compa- 1
ratively low. and its line is within the 4
isothermal line of mInan annual temper- '
ature of .0 degrees.
TWO MotM; I).OAlº A MII.ITARY NEI E.SITY
«We have shown that two additional
lines of railway to the Pacific are neces
sary to the internal and external com
merce of the country. We believe that,
they are necessary to the government a
as a part of its military system. They
are necessary to move troops and sup
plies at the minimum cost and greatest
speed into the Indian country. War
with the Indians will endure for years 1
and years. It is not in Indian nature to
I meekly accept the loss of hunting
grounds and a forcible change of their
traditional life. It is not in the nature
of the Auieri:an to abstain from new and
unoccupied soils; he will have them.
The causes of war will continue while
the large game lasts, uniess sooner the
Indians learn their infe-riority and sub
slit to its destinies. Indian cavalry.
perlect in horsemanship, unattached to
iixed abodes, and free from the ties of
accumulated or fixed property, deadly
with the arrow, and armed with the
best bre-ech-loaders, are slow to learn
that they cannot with impunity scalp
and rob white borderers and travelers
to the gold regions. Indeed, till (iene
ral Sheridan came, their teaching had
all been the other way. This I'arthian
cavalry roam, hunt. pillage, and murder,
from the British possessions to the boun
dary of Mexico. They attack trains.
camps and ranches, with a suddenness
that is generally a fatal surpnse. They
come unseen. They are out of sight
and beyond pursuit in a moment. UOr
warfare upon them is a tardy pursuit of I
vanishing trails. To fight them with,
infantry and cavalry in the season of
gruass is to fight shadows.
I',.t FiC 1tAII.lOAD.S VWII... "EiTI.E THE
INDIAN (. W ESTION.
They can only be permanently con
quered by railroads. The locomotive is
the sole solution of the Indian question,
unless the government changes its sye
tem of warfare and fights the savages
the winter through as well as in sum
mer. The railroads will settle the coun
try as they progress. The water sta
tions and freight stations built on the;
lines immediately become the germs of
towns and the centres of military opera
tions. Farms follow the roads, and a
column-front of self-sustaining settle
ments moves slowly but surely towards
the Rocky Mountains. As last as the
roads go by military posts and forts.
these become useless and are abandoned.
The roads push the border farther west
every day. As the thorough and final
solution of the Indian question, by tak.,
ing the buffalo range out from under
the savage, and putting a vast stock and
grain farm in its place, the railroads to
the Pacific surely are a military neces
sity. As avenues of sudden approach to
indians on the war-path, and of cheap
and quick movenient of supplies to.
troops, they are equally a military ne
And what is the cost of our Indian
wars as compared with the cost of the
Pacific railways. which willspeedily end
the Indian wars? A compilation from
the official records of the government
show that these wars for the last 37
} years have cost the nation 20.000 lives
and more than $7*0,000,000. in the
years 1864, 186i., the quartermasters'
department spent $28,374.228 for milita
ry services against the Indians infesting
the country upon the lines of the pro.
posed northern and southern roads to
the Pacific. money scent in hauling sup'
plies. The chairman of the House Coru
mittee on Indian Affairs estimated re%.
ceostly that the present currenot expenses
of oar warfare with the Iadians was $1,
000,000 a week-144,000 a day. Nnme
weeks of it consume the laterest of the
sum that would build the additional
railways to the Pacefi peovided Ib this
bill; cosume is without leaving oany
thing whatever behnd, save as Ieswse
of the p"maes UIst.
Tea SAlwo TO Tra T assc . WAT?
TWO roNs IaOI.A Wm m.UrLr.
The amnual asviag to the g msmsen
that would be e>tted by these two ad
ditional trunk lines of railway to the
Pacific would far exceed the entire sum
guaranteed to aid their construction.
There are 60 different posts in Kansas,
southern CdJorado, New Mexico. Arizo
na and southern California, at which
there are permanently kept 103 compa
nies of infantry and cavalry. The an
nual cost of an infantry regiment in
those distant regions is over $1.00.000
-a cavalry regiment about $2.000,000.
Rations, forage and general supplies for
these troops and posts have to be trans
ported immense distances by wagons
and at the very highest known rates of
freight. At the last session of Congress
the point was made before a comerittee
of the Senate that it the Kansas Pacific
road, commonly called the Eastern Di
vision, was complete to Albuquerque,
the larrer part of the cost of this milita
rv service and maintenance could be
saved to the government. General Slher
man came before the committee and tee.
tified that it that road was in operation
to the point named, one-halt of the
troops could be dispensed with, and $3,
500,000 a year be saved to the country.
The total annual saving to the Treass
ury of the United States by the use of a
section of the Kansas Pacific railroad,
only 466 miles long. from the end of its
subsidy in western Kansas southwest.
ward to Albuquerque, would amount to
the immense sum of $1,082.872.
By a pr..vision of Pacific railroad acts
50 per cent. of the compensation for ser
vice to the government is retained by
the Secretary of the Treasury to be ap
plied to the payment of the interest and
the principal of the bonds advanced in
aid of the roads. In addition to the facts
above set forth the llouse Military Com
mittee found that the annual saving of
$1.063,872 would not only keep down the
interest of the bonds then asked for to
build the Kansas Pacific road from Fort
WV allace to Albuquerque, but would pro
vide an annual sinking lund, which. in
connection with the retention of 50i per
cent. of the government transportation
dues, would wipe out the whole loan.
plincipal and interest, in six yeaers
twenty-tour years before it would fall
A similar necessity for a railroad
to avoid the enormous expense of a
wa, on transportation of military sup
plies exists in the region between Lake
Superior and Puget sound. Within it
are- 100.000 Indians. Of United States
mnilitary posts there are 2M. There are
of cavalry, artillery, and Infantry 7U
companies permanently stationed. The
stores required to supply them amount
to 22.993 tons per annum. The cost of
transporting these stores, estimated on
the basis of contracts reported by the
Secretary ot War in 1K67. and the dis
tances declared by the Quartermaster
ieneral in 1846, is the enormous sum of
There will be an immense con:lict to
letermine the queston, which no philan
thropy and no policy can avoid, whether
the northern region of the United States
between the lakes and the ocean, shall
be kept as an antelope park and buffalo
range for the use of the Indian hunters,
or whether it shall be cut up and occu
pied in farms by white men. And when
that conflict comes the cost of military
transportation, above officially stated at
over $6,000,000 a year, will be trebled
and quadrupled. unless the North Pacific
railroad is built.
IHOW ADDITIONAL. LINES WVII.. OTIVEIR
WISE PIAY TIHE NATION.
H1OW ADDITIONAI. LINE$ WII.!. ThLIIF It,
WISE I'AY TIIE NATION.
These additional lines of Railroad to
the Pacific. besides reducing the annual
expenditure, will pay the nation:
1. By bringing into market hundreds
of millions of acres of good land which
are now dead property to the United
States-by adding millions of popula
tion to the present number of its pro
ducers and tax-payers of the country
by doubling, trebling, quadrupling, and
indeed, indefinitely increasing the an
nual yield of the precious metals in the
United hetates-by a vast increase of our
customs revenue to be derived from im
portations from Asia, into the harbors
of Puget Sound. San Francisco. and San
Diego-by the general stimulus of pro
duction, manufactures and trade in all
the States east of the Mi-sissippi, to
upply the wants of the settlers in the
new regions to be traversed by the
roads-by all that diversified good, in
pursuit of which, England. France, Bel%
gium, Holland and Austria have spent
such enormous sums of money, pledged
without stint their public credit, and
found their reward in doing so, to the
first named nation. in the control of the
trade and commerce of the world, and
to the others not only an astonishing in
crease of wealth, commerce and revo
aue, but the sure means of paying their
several national debts out of sinking
funds for that purpose made a part of
their railway systems respectively. Our
reward for the construct.on of these two
additional lines to the Pacific will, upon
the English system we have unfortu
nately been copyists of, be in any event
TITESE IRAILWAYS CAN PAY THE NATION
Iut it we should engratt upon our
Paci.c railway systert the teature, that
so wisely characterizes those of France.
Holland, Belgium, Austria. Spain, Por
tugal and Italy, to make every person
who travels or traffics by rail contribute,
without knowing it, a tractional sum
towards the discharge of the public
debt, and to make the railways the
agents of collecting and funding this
tax, infinitesslmally small in amount.
and unaccompanied by any show of rev
enue machinery, and of handing it over
to the SLtate as a sinking fund to pay off
the national obligations, we would con
fer one of the greatest boons within the
scope of legislation upon ourselves and
our posterity. Among its blessings
would be a settlement of most of the
financial and currency questions which
vez our politics and unsettle our trade.
By means of this railway sinking fund,
Frances will. In less than 90 years, be re
lieved of the entire burden of her na
tional debt of $9,00,000,00. By means
of it. Beliumn will pay od. Inn 184, the
$-0,0000,O she borrowed to construct
her asm= miles of railway. and she
will them have a net annual revemue
fromn her entire eysem of roads of 4,.
.00,OSO, adetiat to pay the iterest
en her amienal debt of $1s0,Os0,000.
By ans of this railway d temd
age at er homet Idaa. A*
of.a. Or Memul b rses o usi.
W, Om the m dnst of EurePa it
is now an accepted m.aim among finan
ciers and statesmen that the tallway is
the true sinking fund for the payment
of national indebtedness.
TIE RiORTII PACIFIC ROAD WILL ACQUIRE
FOR US TIER BRITISH PO88EasIONS.
II. The line of the North Pacific road
runs for 1,300 miles near the British
possessions, and, when built, will drain
the agricultural products of the rich
Saskatchewan and Red river districts
east of the mountains, and the gold
country on the Frazier, Thompson, and
Kootenay rivers west of the mountains.
It we do not build this railroad the Eng
lish surely will build one through their
territory so soon as the proprietary
rights of the Hludson's Bay Company
have been determined and disposed ot.
To save to the Crown the province west
and inorth ot Lake Superior. the home
government will undoubtedly construct
the line, unless it shall be made un
profitable by being forestalled by the
North Pacific. From Canton to Liver
pool, on the 49th parallel of latitude,
it is 1.:,00 miles nearer than by the way
of San Francisco and New York. This
advantage in securing the overland
trade from Asia will not bb thrown
away by the- English unless It is taken
away by our first building the North
Pacific road. establishing mercantile
agencies at Paget Sound. fixing mercan
tile capital there. and getting posseeion
on land and on the ocean of all the ma.
chinery of the new comm.Rerce between
Asia and Furope. The opening by us of
a North Pacific railroad seals the desti
ny of the British possessions west of the
91st meridian. T'hey will become so
Americanized in interests and feeling
that they will be, in effect, severed from
the new dominion, and the question of
their annexation will be but a qu-estion
(iarroters prevail in Omaha.
Ca'nlifornia's plopulatlon is thre-foutlrths
Simm Walters. was found guilty of
the murder ot Mr. Bacon, in the District
Court at Idaho City, a few days since.
At White Pine, recently, there was a
$10.000 game of "poker," lasting three
Col. K. IKnox. late commandant of
Fort Dakota, at Sioux Falls. has resigned
his commission in the army.
Extensive, slhops for repairing of cars
have been established at Echo City. .70
miles west of Omaha.
The Sweetwater tclks have an excite
ment over 325 cent diggings discovered
on Willow Creek.
The Arizonia Indian. are preparing
for a vigorous campaign against the
whites. Satford will make it warm for
It. 0. Mitchell has retired from the
St. Joe ~,ion,,. That paper will in fu
ture be conducted by Messrs. Eugene
Ayers & WV. S. Everett.
G(ov. Hunt writes us that he may suc
ceed in getting a battalion of cavalry
stationed at Denver. for temporary ser
vice against hbotile Indians.- Ir..yitrf,.
But three men have been killed du
ring this month in charge of the Mor
mon authorities' This is a nice state
of affairs.-Relpirt, r.
The incendiary who applied the torch
to the church in Santa Clara. Californias.
writes that he is one of the Land of 6i,
000 in California who are with him in
Dr. Wake Brierly. an eminent lhysi
cian and surgeon of California and Ne
vada, died recently in Baltimore, Mary
Th'e Tidtl lltar, (Silver ('ity. Idaho,
oft the 2:;d ult. says: (crass in the toot
hills, on Stink and Rabbit Creeks is six
inches high, in fact all along the base of
WVar Eagle Range flowers are blooming
and the pasturage is excellent.
and the pasturage is excellent.
Acting Governor Carter, of Arizona,
has commuted the death sentence of a
woman named Dolores Moore, convicted
for the murder of her husband, to im'
-risonment. The Arizonia.n says the
people are much displeased with the
Acting G(overnor's clemency.
B. W. Johnson, FIs., of Marshallton,
Iowa, wishes to obtain the address of
John Burns, who is represented as being
able to give the particulars of the mur
der:of 0. Logan by Indians last fall.
A party of steamboatmen passed
through town lately bc:und for the
steamboats in the lee of the upper river,
which they will make an effort to save
when the river breaks up.--Dkotil.n.
Pomeroy's last attempt is a bili to
subsidize a company with 13',000 acres
of the p.@lic domain as a bonus for
throwing a'dam across the Kansas river
at Lawrence. Old Sudsidy can't rest
easy without he is pushing through
some dam scheme or other.--('hir.go
The Denver Vew#s, in acknowledging
a call from Mr. Methua, says : "He is an
exceedingly pleasant gentleman and of
distinguisrhef literary tastes." Is not
that a rather careless use of English.
Mr. N; it? Madame Scheller is play
ing with Langrishe at present.
N',w York uses nine million eggs a
Woodstock. Vt., has this winter laid
under nine teet of sncow.
Reverdy Johnson is now termed 'An
article of exported blubber."
There are said to be 10,176 "Sue Mur
phy Ciaims" on fileat Washington.
Over ninety "Lives of Christ" have
been written during the past thirty
The St. Paul PrexM calls the Chicago
Sorosis Convention the "Grand Tourna -
meat of the Knights of the Garter."
The financial reporter of the London
Vanity Fair, heads his weekly state
meat "Other People's Money."
Erie Opera Fisk is trying to secure a
eontrolling interest in the New York
Secretary McCullock it is said, intends
to try his hand at Bnamstering on Wall
A white female pauper was recently
sold at blic aueton at Wirt court
house, . V.
A New York per mmentions a railway
emMseste who eps two wives, one
throa sad eme Ia iest.,
v ..th ~ee , y fe sixty days, for
sesiag orvum sats of ooro.
HIGGINS & HAGADRON
I-AIN ST.,? t IIELE%A,
Wholesale and Retail
The fullest assortment ,t
STAPLE and F\''Y
R e., r-te., .*r..~a , hat .
PERFECT FIRE PROOF
--'ers a secure I'ac.. f.r
SAll gi.iods deliyered in t!:e city and tnme
FREE OF CHARGE.
T lIE subscribers now take pleasure in offering
to the public a most beautiful variety of
Brought to this market by Mr, Astereto,.
PEACHIES. PLUMS, PEARS, GRAPES
10,000 lbs. OF APPLES!:
Of the following varieties, viz: Twenty ounce,
Tabiono, Baldwin, Spitzenburg, Rambeau. Wine
Sap. Smith's Cider, Bell Flower, Golde. Pippin.
American Pippin. Genatin and Russett, all of'
which will besold at
Wholesale & Retail.
Also a large assortment of
N UTS, CANDIES,
Staple and Fancy Groceries
Our establishment will constantly be supplied by
Express with such
lelicacies of the Season
As can be oltained at no other Sture in the Terri
All Rates Reasonable I
~ fl Remember the place. 43 Main Street.
Under the Telegraph Oece, Helena. M. T. .
STEIN & LILIENTIIAL.
NEW MEAT MARKET.
CON KOHas & CO..
(Of the old Firm of Con & Peel.)
H AVE purnhased the entire outfit of Han'ock
in the Butchering business, and can be found
HANCOCK'S MEAT MARKET,
Corner Bridge and West Main Street.
They have made arrangements whereby they can
furnish . constant supply, in any quanities, of
Fresh Beef, Mutton, VeaL Pork, (ame, Fish and
Fowl. The high reputation of the old frm is a
suffmicient garantee that all articles will be of the
Oal7-dtf CON KOHRS & CO.
FOR LINCOLN CULCH.
By Negus & Whitehead's 8tage Line.
Shortest ed best Route t
W E aks tLhe t strip In sine boors, sand
es.atn m se saddle horse. Leave
Sess, c..da, r. l and Fa em o b a.
wesh, cn "12; freight eta Pbeka ea let
anda axpress ufter eaned ad deol.red with
iameIms, sad an Ieesla..e.* pussa,
lver City, Tdnty, Pleg. sad Gaegsoreow.
oea at MYe*4 , Co'& . W. O. PR UITT
Tootle, Leach & C0
H IIAVING r lp &rg t a. >"it.I i.
Fancy & Staple
DRY ( OODS:
Are p.r.. rM .i t.. i' 11 at '..o r flI
tbrr II ..iir ii n ie 'T trirt·t?
Hemp amd Rag Carpcls.
I' . 'Z"1, h a:' (. -
Our tuc k ii el.,.t i r r ,r , .- .
we invite the trade gen-rali?., VW| I I.EI' AI . a
RETAIL. to an examiui tiou 4,f laH;ty tf .:
and Prices. BoutA. Shb,.s. Ifat-, Ilarsr.tr.
Qllteens ware, Statiunery. (hlothi, . ] i+K.
Wo,,len (;.u.d,. Piece G(; ..d. , Furs -c. *iur Luic.l
is, Never t." Miss a Sa'.- " (.-.H I n \,r. i . ,t
we!! t, give as a ca:'.
IHELENA, M. T.
TOOTLE i.I.:%C( & (4)
W . S. TRAVIS,. (. M. T"'. ;i-.
TRAVIS & BRO.
Succesm.rs to IligginS . Trayvs & :r,.
No. 10 Main St., Hlelna, MI. T.
(Foot of Woot l str,. r
%.Igls of the Iron Ilorte.
Sa le St:t-1 le'.
,1 A'CTION S.I I:
Promptly attended to. Ao .:ar .. •
paid to Private 'aR ca in our !tlo- .. ' ,
sold or for hire.
Saddle% and Bridtlc,
always on hand and for sal.. \V .- . ':.
in the Territory, ready for clntomers 1t .. '
notice. We keep on hand at all tiin. I"''JyA
Grain and hay for Itoc'k.
and have an abnndance of corr.. r -. "
guaranteed in every in~rtane.
TRAVI% & lLtO.
C. C. HUNTLEY
DAILY & TRI-WEEKLY
Stage and Express Line.
And carrier of the U. S. Ma:! .:,z
Helena to Hellgate rit
Blacfoot Deer Lome and Beartl
Leve I,-'mea altereste dare at 6 a- m. for
ILACKPOi.." AND ALL WEiTE.N C a1C
OFVICE--o. 40 MaiY Street, Hele!c
septlidtf 5. s. Bi'UN'TLEgi" .i