Newspaper Page Text
V .^N wsi^aper, Devoted tn ^ iw^ ^v-r; ,
T^e Mineral, A.ffi*ieiiltiAi~al and Commercial Interests of Montana Territory.
VOI-V, NO. 8.
jaj-.ii. mills. - KDITOR^Associate Editor and Manager
Tb*Republican Territorial Convention of^Montana i^ ii^^hy d*simatsd t* be held in^ik^ Court I'ou*e. at Helena, enlivening on^M r.dxv. June 2Ut, 1S^9, at 12 m., for the^r ' ii ' f nominating a Delegate to Con-^Lri. ^ni toe transaction of *uch other btn-U^^^ m nity come before it.
Tbeapportionment of Delegates for the^pr,j c^^ui^tie^ will be a* follows, the ratio^b*iof ibr** Delegate* for each member of^tb^ House of Repreeenutiree, Territorial A^-^leoblT i
Uail* CUrk ^
gMTerbead ^ ....
CountyCommittees will call primary meet^^ings and County Conventions for the nomina^^tion of County officer* and the election of^the above Delegate*. The I entral Commit^^tee asX** prompt attention, an equitable ap^^pointment in the teveral precincts, a full at-^[*fi^j^nce ^^f Republicans at all the subordi^^nate meeting's and the selection of earnest^and lealous Delegates to the Territorial Con^^vention.
Chainnrn,or acting Chairmen of the seve^^ral County Committees will pl^are communi^^cate at once with the ^Republican Ex'cu-^tn^^ ^ nuiiittee, Helena,^ statine the action^taken, tli it there may be a thorough orgutii^tatiou and a vi^orou- campaign.
HENRYTHOMPSON,^Treasurer and Acting Chairman
Rep.Territorial Committee.^Helena, M. T-, May 10, IStiJ.
.^ ^^. ^ ^^. 6
.6 ^^. 3 -^. 3
ii ii IN \NI^ CLAKK roi XTi^itl.lM BLICAN ^ I. ^TK.% L^OMMIttlk
Themembers of the Lewis and Clark Coun^^ty Central Committee are reque-tetl to meet^at the Law office of the undersigned, in the^huii in^ occupied by the U. S Matshal, nt^the fuot ol Broadway, on Saturday next, the^IMfc tn^t.,at three o'clock, p in., for the^transaction of important ba^ii|esa.
J.J.W ILLIAMS.^Cl.nrm.in Republican County Committee.
Thelatest advices from Alaska do not^corroborate the reported disgraceful con^duct of our Army officer* there.
FoitTDakota is ordered abandoned.^The stores and material art being ship^^ped to Forts up the river.
Simin proposes to peaceably rega^n^flibralter. if possible, after the nation is^financially reorganized and strongly con
TheCabinet on Tuesday decided to^submit the test oath, and the Irancbiee-^ment clause ol the Virginia Constitu^^tion separately.
JosepuSmith, the Anti-Young head^of the Mormon Church, recognized by^that non polygamous branch known as^^Josephites^ died a: Piano. Illinois, on^the 25th of March. The statement is^made in the Chicago Journal of April^21st.
SlcketakyFish stated a few day*^since that the Spanish government had^made no official representations of filli-^Im*m% etc. The Spanish Minister^terns to have acted on the hint. The^telegrams are nearly monopolized with^Lis representations, and Cuban affairs^generally.
Theletter from Mr. Theodore Shed,^at White Pine, to his father, Col. E. K.^Shed, will be found highly interesting,^and is well written. It i^ doubtless an^'inside view,^ of White Pine as it is.^and corroborates other and reliable in^^formation. The White Pine fever is^enaed.
TheIllinois Lecislsture passed a law^to take effect Aprii 1. 1869. requiring all^persons who own or run threshing ma^^chines, or machim s propelled by horse^power and connected by shafting or^tumbling rode, to box each section of^the same securely. save the one next^the horse power. All the joints, knuck^les and jacks, must also lie boxed. The^ol j.ct i* to prevent accidents that crip^^ple or kill so many persona every year^in the agricultural regions.
Yesterday.May 10th. at high noon,^the last rail was laid and spiked, con^^tacting the Cnion and Central Pacific^rsilroada. It was the completing of an^euterprise fraught with more interest^than the tunnelling of Mount Cenis or^connecting the Red and Mediteranean^^eas by the Suez Canal. Exchanges^and telegrams inform us that on the^Pacific and Atlantic coasts it was to be^Celebrated with becoming ceremonies^ard popular demonstrations, while Irom^down in the deserts of Utah, we have^rumors of gold spikes, and silver spikes^dianviaadeye*, ruby lips, alabaster necks,^sj arkling vintages, wit, sentiment and^what not. that graced the occasion and^fast-ned the rail.
Successto the great enterprise and a^volunteer toast from Mon'ana.
Maythe tie$ between E ost and West^ne\^r belesseued. the Dai Mm be Pacific,^the Central approach the Eaat. and this^modern Col owe ^ ol Roads be but the^pioneer ol a no(r)thtsr.
HELENA. MONTANA, FRIDAY, MAY U, 18(59.
THE(XAJUPAMM OV '69.
Bythe call published in another col^^umn, the Political Campaign ^^! 18G9. in^in Montana, is oj^ened!^ Let there be a^prompt response by all county commit^^tees, and a full representation in the^Territorial Convention. The democra^^cy has the prestige of success, in past^campaigns, and in their over can6dence^have intimated they had the bit in their^teeth and would travel their own gait^over the course The wish was father^to the thought, but they can bury the^dead they have brought forth. There^will be organization, activity and vig^^ilance in the Republican ranks The^strength of the respective parties in^this Territory has changed in two^years. Those who have noticed the out^^going and incoming population of the^last two years, and especially of the last^six months, know that two Republicans^to one Democrat, have come to Monta^^na and two Democrats to one Republi^^can have left. Tue Republican party^never lacked energy and valor when^the foe was strong aud defiant, and they^will not now when we have gained |^strength in numbers here, and en-'^couragement by the success of Re-1^publicanism over all the land, while I^Democracy is weakened and shriveled
THEROAD THAT Is BUILT.
Nowthat the east and west has been
Aye,Gazette ! Doughty champion of^placed in communication by rail, by the I the untetrified. \^ hen Time^ is called^completion of the U. P. and C. P. Rail- !y^n will find your foe on the scratch,^roads, a brief account ot the inception (or in your corner You shied your cap^and construction of the herculean won- j into the ring long since, in your over-^der is appropoa. The general facts and weening anxiety to finger the stakes,^figure* here ^iven. we take from a very | but bluff is not victory, or cheek an^complete article on ^The Iron Road^ in j equivalent for muscle. Your heart had^the Mav Overland. As early as 1836. | beat high as the hour approached and^the project of a railroad across the Con* ^ our corner was vacant, had it ! Did^tinent was suggested by Carver. Clarke, you chuckle with delight when you felt^Benton, Wilkea. Whitney, and John the fevered blood iu vonr veins throb-^Plumb, an engineer of Dubuoue Iowa ' - -- -^^, .^the latter making it a specially! and la-' I ^DfaU/ UP \^ 7^^ temples and
boringearnestly though ineffectually to^bring it to the favorable consideration^ot Congress, until hia death atter the^California gold discovery. In 1846-7.^Asa Whitney suggested a land subsidy,^and in 1853 and 1854 appropriations ot^f340.000 were made tor explorations^and surveys and nine expeditions organ^^ized under Stevens, McClellan, Saxton,^(Junnison, Beckwith, Whipple, Wil^^liamson, Parke and Pope, who surveyed
believedno dexter hand would be there^to sprinkle it on the turf that is soon^to cover yon ^ Had you cause for such^hope from retrospection^ We trow not.^It would be well for you, if, when intes^^tine disorders are troubling you, when^the light brigade has deserted, when re^^cruits come not and Donegal is averse^to Pike, as oil is to water, there * as no
ten routes, including, and we believe enemy in the field and no tri-color to^recommending most high'y, the North^ern Pacific route.
intoyour old places in the ranks,^publicans; nominate your worthiest and
In1862 Congress passed tha first Pa^^cific Railroad bill, which w^a approved^into demoralization in these mountains, i..i^ i^. w^ ^ ' . . j
j i, , .1x1; Juiy 1st. making appropriations ot and
andis accounted a thimr of the oast1 .v ^ 5f-r r _,. . ... T
, ^,,.... . ^. p*1** I Mini money subsidies. The Cm fo fin a
elsewhere. \\ e need hut a united on- ' ~^ ^ .,
, . . .. .. company organized in 1861, under the
setand a determination to succeed, ml1 ., _.,^i r^ ,,% ^ j
,, , j. i ., e^ ,, name ot the! entral Jracinc and made
conquerit here in the ^last ditch. Pall - - ^ ,,
.. p preimtinarv survevs in the s* me year.
'Jinthe autumn ot 1862. the working^i surveys were made filiv miles.extending^strongest men tor Delegates and officers. ; ^ ^, Satriiniento aml in jMIlUHrv 18(^^an^1 you can win s^ victory at the polls:^in August. That there may be a untied |^snd prompt organization nnd no failure ;^in any ot the remote counties through:^the disorganization ot County Commit-^sssjC in the interim between campaigns,'^the Chairman has requested that he^should lie at once communicated with!^by Blemhera of those Committees, or i^leading Republicans, it no Committee:
gradingwnk Ingun. The enmymmf^worked against v^-ry discouraging cir^^cumstances, and it whs not until mid^^summer id 1867. that the rails were laid^to the sumit of the Sierras. 7,042 feet .^nl^ove the aea, and KB miles east wtj
thestake. We will accommodate you^in another way, you country husky,^with butternut skin, bilge water blood,^and Lynn brogans.
Andin the name of all that is bellig^^erent, what are you going to make this^fight ou^ What is your party^ Its^Slavery head is lopped off; its Repudia-^| tion tail cut shorter than fly length; its^! Secession entrails drawn out; its scaly^i hide tanned and used by Seymour to^1 wrap up speeches on ^cheese;^ its John^^sonian body dissolved in contraband^nd its Conservative nones
Srtcrainento.having tunneled in fi teen , stuck on a bar with the rest of the An-
places,aggrega' ing 6 262 teet. and crawl^e^l up i he Sierras nearly 100 feet grade to^the mile. The first pa^senjjer train
existsthat the calls may he published | relied the summit No
ortemporary Committees be ap|siinted^by the Central Committee. The neces^^sity of litis will be reeogniz-d. and it !^should receive attention iu all the coun- j^ties. The war horses and bronchos of j^the opjioeition have Leen long on the^irack. They are leg weary already..^There is plenty of lime yet to work;^none to waste. Organize.
THEKLEVA1 ED RAILWAY.
v30. 1867. The^company employed Irom 10 000 im 12,^^^000 men and 1 300 teams in grading and^construction, and has in MM instance^laid seven miles ot t rack in a single day.^Although the U. P. whs chartered to^build to the California line, theactwas^amended to permit the Central to con^^tinue east until the Union was met. and^by extraordinary energy th* Central has^been pushed forward to Promontory^Point. 800 miles east of San Francisco.
Inthe summer of 1865, eighteen^months after the commencetneut of the
The Broadway Surface Bill hav^^ing been killed by Gov. lloffman.it is! Central work w-as lietruu by the U^probable that the ^elevated railway ^ j Omaha, and up to June 1st. 1866. had
willyet be adopted as a means ot Iran- l^^^**^^. '^ 2,IU'^ ft^ ,^1 ^^'m^**~,i ^J November it had reached the North
sit. Europe has its subterranean rail . plant, :Joy u,i|es. It reached Cheyenne
waysand Pneumatic tubes, but this^second story railroading is a plan^wholly American. The project was Im-^gan last summer and a halt mile com^^plete don titeenwich street, but through^some opposition was not run after the
experimentaltest, wh'fh was a success. ! January. 1869. it was in Echo Canyon,^The defeat of the Surface Bill has given j nearly 1.000 miles west of Omaha, and^a new impetus to the work, and it is ou the 10th ot May united with the On*^lieiieved the entire line Irom the Bat^ j trHl at Promontory Point. The distance^tery to Thirtieth street, along Green-j bet ween Chicago and Omaha is 497
atthe base ot the mountains, in the fall^of 1867^ 516 milea fr^^m Omaha^and in^April 18^8 reached Evans' Pass (Sher^^man.) 548 miles from Omaha, at an^altitude ol 8.242 feet, the highest point^between the two oceans. By th^ 1st of j p^|^|e0
Youbel'eve in the popular will:^That popular will has declared the so^called, Democratic party, worships false^gods, is full o! wounds and sores, and^an intolerable nuisance on the earth.^Do you suppose you can longer stuff^your columns with putrid hash and com^mend it to the griddles ot Montana^Democracy as savory sausage^ Or do^yeu think the practical men of your^party, with intelligence superior to^smoking corn cob pipes, can longer bo^led up by their noses to the polls, to^elect officers who can do nothing for^theia in Congress but defeat appropri^^ation, and will do nothing tor them iu^Montana but impose taxes^ It so, you^insult ^heir intelligence, by the thought.^We tell you the days of your hum-^buggery is ended, and in August, we will^send up the victor shout. ^Babylon is^You don't believe it, perhaps
be only a light^Well!^ he was
wichstreet and Ninth Avenue, will be^completed by August 1st. Tne track is^laid at the height ot the second story
miletrOmaha and Sacramento 1.727;^Sacramento add San Francisco 124 miles^^;otal 2 348 miles. The road between
floors,being supported by iron columns | San Francisco and Sacramento will be^resting on stone foundations. The no* completed in July 1869 The govern-^tive power is from stationery engines in tuent land grants to the roads was 12.-^vaults. placed at long distances span. gOO per mile^nearly 16,000.000 acres in^beneath the pavements. These engines sJL At the government estimate of^work an endless chain arrangement ex value^$2 50 per acre^this would be^tending along the track, and connected $32,000 per mile, aggregating about^with the cars by g -arings. A trial car j $40 0*X),000. The bond subsidy^is now run on SnturdaVB to satisfy the aggregates $52 976.000^a government^curious and accustom the residen ts to j *ubei^iy ot $92,976,000 from Omaha to^the innovation. It is said to meet the 1 Sacramento, and $3,376 000 more from^most sanguine expectations, and satisfy ! Sacramento to San Francisco^s total^the residents along the route. If the J of $96 352.000. From 20 000. to 25,000^cars do not get into an n^ly habit or men, and from 5.000 to 6.000 teams have^tumbling off in the gutter and making i been engaged tor the last year, nearly^business tor surgeons and undertakers, | all ot whom found their occupation sud^there seems n-^ reason why this plan ; demy gone on last Monday, when the^should not be adopted on all crowded i golden spike was driveo. Soon this ar^city thorough tares. It will possess the j mj 0f lala^rers will have gone; the de-^advantages of being out ot the mud and brit will be gathered up; the ^inner^out ot the way ot detentions from ve- ^ rings^ will have pocketed thirty or !orty^hides and processions. It may insti- j millions profits, on each road, (when^tute second story shops and second sto- t|^y fulfill the contracts); the towns^ry promenades, and work a linl^ revo- will settle down to legitimate existence,^lution in the customs of the day, or pursuits, prosperity or decline; trade^alas! it may share the fate of :he much j will begin to flow through the new^hoped of. little used, and now demol | channel, and the beneficent influences
ished^ Broadway Bridge.
OFF THE TRACK.
ofthe great enterprise be radiated from^Occident to Orient; mind in the mastery^ot matter reap the sweet fruits ot the^brilliant victory, and all the world learn^. . ... ^iIM trreat lesson of the Nineteenth Cen*^If Cuba comes into the Union she w,ll j ^'^tWlsllsJ is impossible to the
pressibleYankee with steam, green^grit and lightning subject to his^command.
haveto pav a dutv of twenty -five cents, ^ury,^a pound on such ^copper as the sugar ,rr,'pr^and c ffee plauters may want to use in oacss
orderthat the oop|a-r stocks of Lake^Sujterior may stand well on Wall street.^And if Canada comes in she will have to^l^ay such a duty on her cottons and^clothing as will double the present cost^to her citizens, in order that the raanu
DestructiveFire tn Klontana.
Chicago,April 28-^A Helena, Montana, ruecial *aj*^morning Cbsysnoe, in
rho-e to spend their money in^ ^^a- \\e und the above in the Virginia, r^ev..^ittteUth.Enterprise ol April 30th. The Assoc!
Wewould not for a moment think ot; ftUj^j p,^, agents cannot belong to the
for the Diffusion ot Useful
controvertingthe Gazette, but merely^to request it to reconcile the above su^^preme nonsense, with the following,^from ^the supreme law of the land.
Nopreference shall be given by any^regulation ot commerce or revenue, to^i he ports ot one State over tluaae ot ano^^ther, nor shall vessels bound io. or from
Knowledge.By the time that item^gets around a little further, it will be in
ConstructiveFair on Monday.
Cbicakagua,April 28.^A Health* Mountaiu special aays. this^aftern.Kin. Helen Jnmont and a Sioux
onestate, he obliged to f^./j^l ^'j chief were married in the old Saphire
payduties in another.^Conttitutiun of
Forthe convenience and information^of our cotem|s^rary we will state that^that the Constitution above referred to^is regarded as a standard woik. in this^country, and can be obtained at any^well regulated reconstructed Bookstore.
Kana* owe* a million dollars^the
Cathedralin tirisxlv Oulrh. New South^Wales About 98.000 houses were il^^luminated, and $40 000 000 presented to^the bride. Her Lata is our gain.
GenPatrick U Jones, who succeeded^^ Miles O Rei1y^ ss Register in New^York City, has been appointed Post^Master ot that city. Kelly not having^been confirmed.
Whitemen Killed on tne Bis. Horn.
Wefind the following in a letter to^the Dakotian, dated Fort Sully, April^19. If it is true it will be confirmed by^the Crows, now assembled on the Yel^^lowstone. We doubt, however, the^story of five white men on the Big Horn.^It is improbable l
AnIndian came into the Cheyenne^Reservation six days ago, from what is^known as the big. hostile camp, on YeN^lowstone. He says a war party of a^hundred Sioux had just returned from^a foray on the Crows. The latter stole^the horses of the war party, and coming^back they came across five white men^on the Big Horn river. They drove off^the horses of the whites, but in doing^so the white men fired on them and^killed two Indians. The whole party^of Sioux then set on the whites snd^killed them all. There seems no doubt^of the truth of ihis story as the rela^^tives of the Indians killed live at the^Cheyenne, and have kept up a terrible^howling since. The white meu we sup^^pose were exploring for gold.
Thedifficulty in which Mr. J. Russell^Young of the New York Tribune is in^^volved originated in his attempting to^build up and run ttie Philadelphia Kve-^ntng Post. The charges are that he^subordinated the news and interests ot^the Triburu to that paper while mana^^ging editor of the former He bled Cam^^eron, Chase, Grow and others freely,^and tried to harpoon Curtin. but was^unsuccessful. His letters to his chums^are published in the Sun and other pa^^pers, and we tbink like tsreely, did when^they were placed before him, that ^it^is mighty interesting reading.^ The^propriety of publishing confidential let^^ters snd telegrams may be questioned.^Young evidently thought so, having^tapped Dana, with a $10,000 libel suit.^The sentiment of the press is decidedly^averse to Young.
Aconsiderable ado having been made^about the ^tick^ of the clock passing^over several thousand miles on the tele^^graphic circuit, in the recent Coast Surs^vey experiments and observations, the^New York Herald put in this l
'That'snothing wonderful. The su^^percargo ot a Boston ship once went^round the world on tick and brought up^at Long Wharf with a cargo ot cassia,^Manilla hemp and We.-t India molasses.
Thetelegraph ^tick^ ot last Monday^discounted that again. It furnished,^with dispatch, oil (all) of spike for a^great car-go, and put it on 'Change, free^of du'y. The big (Promontory) Point^was ^in lots to suit purchasers.
FKOn WHITE PIN E.
Alook aiioi xd the district.^Deak Fatiieu: Since writing last I^have visited the two towns. Treasure^and Shermantown. The former is situ^^ated about three miles distaut on a^lofty peak, right among the mines and^the celebrated Chloride Flat. The loca^^tions on the hill are similar to many^in California in former days, when^twenty or forty teet square was^allotted to a man. Here you see many^shafts sunk within ten and fifteen feet^ol each other and each claiming a sepe-^rate lead. There is not in the country,^a defined lead. They are all mere^mineral deposits and are just as liable^to be found by sinking in one place as^another, and are in all shapes and po^^sitions, are not extensive, and. in my^opinion, not one out of twenty will pav^to work On this subject I have spoken^to old residents, who concur in the^opinion, but are playing to sell out while^the thing is at the highest pitch ot ex^^citement. I took the celebrated Etvr-^hardt lead in my tour. It's all true about^the fabulous richness, but these rich^deposits are rarely found, and the rock^is piled up in the building and shown^to visitors, who make up their mind^that it is all alike.
SUEDv8 la.sori8iik on EBEKHARDT,
Imet Mr. Langrisbe. who intends^opening here in a few weeks, or perhaps^months. I was talking to some old^residents on the streets, when he came^along, and in the course of conversation,^mentioned that he had got a permit^and visited the Eberhardt mine, (which^by the way, is closed to visitors) He^said that the accounts of it could not be^exaggerated. In going into the tunnel^he stuck his knife in several places in^pure silver. This is probably so; but the^question arises, why do they not em^^ploy more than eight men'' They have^stopped running the tunnel at one ot^these rich deposits and are probably^afraid to no farther, tor tear that it may^give out.
ALLon THE SELL.
Theyare all on the sell. You can't^go two steps without, having your at^^tention called to a large notice in which^you see some extra inducement offered^by some wood, titular or stock ranch,^or somt) elegant lead, or some mill site,^or town lot ^r something else, all tor^sale. What a terrible shame, to sacri^^fice such valuable property.
Clothingsells cheap at auction- -pants,^$2,50; good new revolvers at $5. Horses^high^saddle animals bring from $60 to^$100, coin. Wages for miners, $4 to^per day; water, 10 els. per gallon; wood,^in Hamilton, $8 per load and dull sale;^do. in Treasure, $12 and dull; lumber,^in Hamilton, $350 per M. in Treasure.^$400. The latter place is largest and^has the best buildings, but the lite and^activity is here. There are two mills^going up, not yet completed, but the^town derives it main support from^freighting, it being the terminus ot all^the roads.
Thetown of Shermantown is situated^about four miles from here, and two^from Treasure city, and is by far the^pleasantest place to live in, but very dull^now, notwithstanding they have the^only two mills running in the country,^one an eight and the other a ten stamp,^kept busy all the time crushing ore from^the Eberhardt. There are expected to^be fourteen mills running here this sum^mer. How long they will run, time will^decide.
Itis a difficult matter to decide what^to do here. If you are a miner, by hard^work you may find employment. There^are more idle men here by thousands^than there are employed. If a wood-^chooper perhaps you can get work, but^pay is doubtful, as the employers are^poor men, who got in early, located wood^ranches, and can't at present find sale^for their wood. There are a few saw^^mills in operation but they employ but^few hands, at $100 per month and board;^and last, but not least, if you have an^eye to business, saunter up Main street,^see a well situated and vacant lot. ascer^^tain name ot owner, visit him and in^^quire price; answer : ^I'll take $10,000^tor that lot^^that let's you out. How^^ever, don't get discouraged; find a good^building (there are few here in the coun^try to compare with the ^Kiyus.^) ask^the rent; $400 or $500 per month in ad-^nance^let out again. Now what on^earth is the useot trying to do anything^here at present. These fellows are^crazy. Some of them can see distant^fortunes slowly advancing toward th^m.^but I conversed with others who are^in some business, and I have met a tew^candid men who say 'take care. This^thing is not satisfactory yet.^ The fu^^ture has got to determine it. We can^^not any of us determine it yet. Cer^^tainly, if fifteen mills can find employ^ment here steady, it is bound to bettood.^but it not, this may prove a Reese River^No. 2. I shall wait a while to aee it out.^In the meantime, my advice is to new^comers, to stay away. A year hence^will witness whether the thing is good^or not. It good, property can be bought^cheaper than to-day, and if not, give^yourself credit for a proposed invest^^ment.
Thecharges here are very high for^crushing, over $50 per ton. and a per^centage. how much 1 know not. Harry^Williams got employment inn quart/^lode to day at $5. from Col. Head, who^used to be in Diamond.
Therates charged for hauling ore is^from $8 to $9 per ton. The Eberhardt^are packing theirs on mules hacks a^distance ot two miles.
MsnyMontanians are here: Wes. and^Jot. Travia, John Feathers'ur, Clay^Thompson. Col. Head, Huntington, Jas.
Davis,of Diamond. al*o Tom Wi^ods,^t has. Manly. J. fi. and Al. Haukins,^Nat. Th^iiijw-on. tieo Amadou. Ben^Smith. Jim Painter, Caut. Cox. Lew^iiemish. Blumenthal. Ilt-nry Williams.^Alex. I^othian und many others.
stickto montana.^All tho old Montanians now admit^that Montana is not so bad atter all.^You will see some of them back ere^long. Many ^^t them have been here^from two to four months without em^^ployment. Stick to old Helena for the^present. Wow, the climate and everys^tiling else is against White Pine. A more^unhealthy climate is hard to find.^Nearly a'.l are suffering from colds,^phneumonia, etc. A pest house is also^erected here, of which I have an ^ele^^gant^ view from the doorof our tent. It^ia now blowing a delightful and steady^gale^immense clouds of dust sweep in^every moment, and cold enough for an^overcoat.
Col.Young and Frank Drake have^not arrived yet. They will probably be^here in a few days.
1begin to think that Helena is a good^place to invest in. but I shall remain^here a while longer.
E.K. Shed. Es^^.
Hamilton,White I'ine. M^y 2, 1S69.
THENew York Po*t ^^l April 25th^has a special stating that it was re*^ported on good authority that Secretary^Fit.h Wt uld soon resign. The New York^Tribune of the 26ih says such reports^had been current for soiue days, and^suggested that, if erroneous, they should^be authoritatively corrected as they^tend to weaken the Administration. One^of the reasons rej^orted for his resinna*^tion was, that ^most of the foreign ap^^pointments were now made.^ The PM^also stated that lorty-eight of the best^Missions and Consulates were put on^the appointive slate by Mr. Washburne^while he briefly held the pencil of^State. Thereupon the Tribune con^^demns Mr. W. tor his alleged action, but^it is very apparent, in connection with^the reason assigned tor Secretary Fish's^r-tiral. that the lash was intended for^other shoulders. It does feeein that the^mechanic who does the work should^make choice ot the tools
OliverDyer, who trade John Allen^famous, or rather, notorious, as ^the^wickedest man iu New York.^ and who is^writing to better purpose now, does not^appear to have the most exalted ideaa^of the social, moral, and religious con^^dition of American society. He aays in^Packard's Monthly for May, that selfish^laziness is tho prevailing sin of society^^that in fact, the land is full of ^loaf*^ers,^ and that too with the most despic^able of all, the ^genteel loafers '' He^says:
Notthat the kitchen folk are blame^^less : they are bad enough ; but the par-^^lor folk are too bad. And the plain^truth ot the matter is. that the general^domestic muddle is mainly owing to the^fact that the land is filled with loalers^of both sexes and all conditions. The^maid servants loaf in the kitchens, and^the mistresses loat in the parlors ; the^men-servants loat in the stables, and^the masters loat in the huunts of selfish^indulgence.
Avulgar loafer is bad enough, in all^conscience; but the genteel loaler. with^cigar in mouth and cane in hand, is a^tar more dispicablo being; and when^we descend still lower, even until we^finally reach the fashionable female^loafer in the parlor, we have a creature^that smells offensively to heaven.
Andhere M a pleasant picture ol what^shall befall these loafers who don't pay^their way through the world by produc^^ing as much as they consume :
Thewater of bis hope shall be turned^to the blood ot disappointment; the^fregs ot discontent shall croak in all his^chambers; the lice ot secret evils shall^infest his whole being; the flies ot cen-^soriousness shall sting him; the mur^^rain of indulgence shall consume bim;^the boils ot shameless wickedness shall^cover him; the hail ot perverted bless^^ings shall amite him: the locusts of ma^^levolence shall devour him; the thick^darkness of prostituted faculties shall^envelop him; and over all shall be heard^his wail tor the death ot his first born^^ot that in which he had most trusted^for happiness, on which he had most^cherishingly set his heart ot hearts.
Inall of which, though highly col^^ored, can be followed the deep graven^lines of truth^truth that is becoming^plainer every day, as American fashion^^able society drifts toward the vortex of^lazy luxury and extravagance, where^have been destroyed empires and^peoples and left but a wreck along the^shores of centuries And here Oliver^toggles the argument with a pretty tru^^ism :
Itis the embrowned hand of liberal^iudustry, and not the lily hand of sel^^fish idleness, which in the end grasps^true happiness.
Thankfortune, the ^embrowned^hand^ proudly surmounts the helmet of^the West, and the calamities, which this^Oliver dire predicts, have not a cause^where honest toil is honored, and^healthy muscle is a staiidard of valua.
Dutiesfulfilled are always pleasures