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THE MONTANA POST.
SN.-.paipe"r., I)evoted to the Mineral, Agricultural and Commercial Interests of Montana 'Territory.
( )I.. \. NO). . IHELENA. MONTANA, FRIDAY, MAY 28, 1869. WHOLE NO. 238
'lie H!ontana Iost.
l . 1!. \I 1 .I. - E I1TOI T(tý
t;a: ,b, , *'1NEB', .ilSNAGER.
ln r(at ios,
SO1NT,.NA POST PUB. CO."
( .... ; ", I i ci.' "c lI r Puhlication.
EDITOR MONTANA POST."
i4- l I mfl. tl TERRITORIAL
S r' Territorial Convention of
" .eiitrnated to be held In
at Helena, convening on
1 -? ' 4t-., 9 at 12 m., fur the
;.:ratcin a Delegate to Con
S trnt-ction of such other buist.
- :,:,s !., efore it.
.,.rn'nt of Delegates for the
S. . be as follows, the ratio
lP:tgat~e for each member of
. i I f re-entatives, Territorial As
urty. ......... 15 Delegates.
.. k .,:. '" ........... 15 "
'As - "' ..........12 "
. 6 ".
, ... " . ......... 6 "
N .. , , ....... ... 3
n.tree- wi 1 call primary meet
S ve',vert:.,na for the nomina
--ei rs and the elrction of
-,.t-. The tentral Commit
: .t ttrntton, an equitable ap
-.· -er.il lrec-ncts, a full at
S1 .l}ctranrs at all the subordi
:-. a, 1 the selection of earnest
• .- .- ,.',..,tr. t., the Territorial Con
r rg Chairren of the seve
..: tree. s will ,lea-e communi
. : . : the "'epubhlican Execu
- -.. 1 .,." rt.ttinc the action
. ..' I n.. y t a thorough urgani
..........,r - c. nh,,;l;.tin.
itiEN11 I Lt,1 PSON,
Sr . ri Actin, t'hairmarn
1., l. T"rrltori,tl Committee.
IM . I . M.rv I , IS;'J.
. :. mm m I
,, ,tLINS 'iF DEEfl Lu.qxWiE
S -- riv r quo-t-,l to hld primary
- . , 5re'. rl precincts on Satur
..1 DAY OF MAY, 1869.
S- : -.. f electing delegntes to at
• 1r Irt~ puhlican County Convention to
;. " I at Der Lodge City, M. T., on Tues
lIr DAY OF JUNE, 1869,
Ir th I ur'Foe of nominating County offi
r.r. anl electing Delegates to the Republi
-v. Terrtorial Convention, to be held In
Helena, June 21st, 1869.
The apportionment will be as follows:
,'Pr Lodge......... 4 Georgetown ........1
iitar Gulch.........3 Lincoln............ 4
Sllackfoot.......... 4 McClellan....... .2
Et::imetteburg ......2 Nevada .............
Wasihngton.. 2 Pionee..r ..........4
French Gulch ......I Pike Peak........ 2
,erma ............ 2 Prairie, Uncle Ben's
Hlighland ..........:i and Antelope .....1
Butte.. ...........2 Yreka ............1
S.-k-er .... ......1 Reynolds ........... 3
ri.ver Bow .........3 Jefferson ...........1
"a.rrtb o...... I.. Carpenter's ....... 1
(iree.nwood......... I Ca ifornia... ......1
Moose Creek........l Philipsburg ........1
GEO. W. IRVIN.
Cb'n Rep. Central Committee.
I.ewis and ('lark County sepubli
The Republicans of Lewis and Clark coun
ty will hold Primary meetings at the time
+nd places below designated, for the purpose
of el.cting Delegates. to the County Conven
Finn to convene at the Court House,
HELENA. 'ATURDAY, JUNE 19, 1869.
't I o'clock a. m., for the purpose of nom
nrating County Offcers and Members of the
L.gi!nlature on the Republican Ticket, and to
select Delegates to the
hEPU'BLICAN TERRITORIAL CONVEN
i. be held at HELENA, MONDAY, JUNE
2. 1S6;9, in accordance with the call of the
'hairm-n of the Republican Territorial Com
Primary meetings wall be held on Saturday,
June 12, 1569, at the places designated, be
tween the hours of 4 and 7 p. m.:
r>,cirncL. Voting Planes. Dels.
ll.Iena . ..... ........Court House.......20
i klv Pear.. . .... T. W ilcox's....... 4
' .F . .......... ...... 1
:: River ... ...National Hotel .... 2
I -kr anr I1li Injian, Dow's House...... 1
I :, r. le............ Constance'e Store.. 3
Ni. n n;uich.........C. Babcock's ...... 2
,-ý : rn..llue Cloud. Reynold's Station 2
S l. uis. 'kellv's. 7
& M: . llr.i Scrabble, Lester's Store..... 2
i.'r tY ........ Green's Store...... 2
Irr.t. .............. Trufaut's " ...... 1
: . cre.k. & trib's Negus', Georgetown 2
Fr ,a iar ...........Jayne's Store...... 2
la-t i ce ....... Bibbyas House .... 2
1:- l1-rald and PoT are requested to pub
t.:.. a1,. ve, and they. with all Republi
-. - their united and earnest efforts for
' .° - esý . of the Republican cause.
J. J. WILLIAMS,
L( ' Lewis A Clark Co. Ceo. Com.
F I. I ', r'AI.E5. Secretary.
lt-I'.,a. May 21, 1s69.
leflcrmon (ounty UIalon M.as lMeet
\F REL.\'. th:r C.UDnty is at the present
w.t:.u.ut a Rpubllcan Central Commit
\~v 'e:.r . Yi'. th. lEpublicans of Jeffer
c uLIty. arr deesareus that we should be
S :: th 'lerritorial Republican
-:.t ;,, c. Is to aremble in the city
i liln-a. on Monday, June 21st, 18~0, at 12
. 1 ! f uai. day; be .t therefore
1.-1 i1, lbat we do hold a Map meeting
1ti. l,, ieublicans of Jefferson county, in
'i t R: aderiburg, on Saturday, the 6th
: Jut.e, A. D. 1869, then and there to
S-'tx eilegales to represent us in said Con
r"..:., r. Fi,,0 to transact each other businem
a ,.. trught before the meeting.
. r t1 i-ur, Daniel Wilcox,
\..u,,, M Ervin John S. larriogton,
S.. ebi., F. Temple,
., 11. Lnley. W. H. Metcalfe,
i er, Henry Raymond,
A. 1. '. r k. E. M. Batchelder,
tuart, James W. Webb,
•-I /cK tES, Olof Larsan,
', .Ick-l, James B. Urist,
S .- l.Iing, K. C. Jlyodman,
J' -. l"bar, W. J. Clark,
J 1 Brown, A. Fallagnm,
'"',rge F. Cowan.
: rtGcLL. , May 19, 1869.
!fTHE DOWNFPALL OPF ILVER.
The San Francisco Lullcti, has dis
Covered what it deems a woeful calam
ity about to occur, and yet one that will
not unsettle the moralities of the world
or interfere with womens rights. It be
lieves that silver is about to cease being
classed as a precious metal, and used as
a circulating medium, that it is destined
to be taken down from the altar and be
laid in the pavement, or in other words,
to be used as a base metal for base uses,
such as coal scuttles and dinner service
for editors. The basis for the alarm of
the Bulletin is the product in 1865. of
$111.917,400 in silver, against $58,755,
000 in gold. The relative value of sil
ver to gold was, in 1844, as 124 to 1, and
in 186t3, as 15 to 1. It is further stated
that China,the greatest silver market in
the world, and Central Asia, in both of
which it is melted down and withdrawn
from circulation, is now buying more
goods from foreign nations and paying
out her silver hoard for the excess over
her exports of tea, silk and rice. And as
all China is to he emptied into the lap
of Columbia in the next halt century, it
is argued the ingots will come with the
pig tails, silver become a drug, and
White Pine ores be less valuable than
those of ialena Of course the most of
I this is moonshine,hut silver is at a heavy
discount in Canada: the Pacific Coast
banks refuse to recive deposits of it ex
ceeding 5I, and tieneral Thomas abso
lutely refused r.t ently to accept a large
tender of it ,. a nit. \We repeat these
suggestions that persons owning Fli.t
C'reek tproperty. may hurry up their de
velopments and w,,rk out a few hund,
red tons of the article before the inevi
table day, when it will not pay trans.
portation to the States.
"'hleek" is the counterltit of the gen.
uin, thing; the I)rans filings on the bul
lion market: a letter of credit without
signatures: a quaker gun not available
in practical enmergencies. It is sl.oddy
and wont wear. It is a bubble, occupy
ing as much space as a cannon ball till
it is pricked-and then it is only suds. It
is a peculiar gift, exists in a v.tcuum,
and crops out mrst plentiful when there
is no true vein. It is a velocipede. runs
best fast, and tumbles the rider when it
is awkwardly checked. Although fash-'
ionable, it is not new. An instance is
recorded long ago, where a fellow full
of it. pointed out the Kingdoms he
would give his Master if he would serve
him, and the poor devil doubtless
thought he had done the clean thing.
With plenty of "cheek" and a straight
run of good luck,. its possessor does not
need much else to make a living, carry
a high head, dine on turtle, sleep on
feathers, keep a tip top turn out, go to
Congress, own a railroad or an opera
troupe, have a first class funeral, and an
elegantly cut A No. 1 lie on his tomb"
stone. And then it is the most conveni'
ent thing in the world to make the po.
sitiou easy when one has to stand on
their head. Sometimes it is detected.
luck fails and it protrudes from a prison
grating or lingers in uncomfortable
proximity to a hemp neck-tie but the
chances are in its favor, and it is no
wonder it rates as a premium qualifica
tion on the world's Change, and I. going
SALMnN RsVEa ELECTION.
We are in receipt of the Republican
Ticket of Lemhi County (Salmon River
mines) Idaho, and give it below. We
notice on it the names of a trio of old
friends, Col. George L. Shoup, T. B. Mul.i
ky and Thomas Pope, than whom no
better men could be selected, and we are
informed it is unexceptionably a firs.
rate ticket and will be elected. We
hope so. The election occurs on Mon.
day, June 3rd:
County Commissioners-George L.
Shoup, Dist. No. 1; I. H. Wimpy, Dist.
No. 2; Fred. Phillips, Dist. No. 3. Pro
bate Judge-A. C. Harris. Sheriff
Thomas B. Mulky. Auditor and Recor'
der-Thomas Pope. Treasurer-I. W.
Andrew. Assessor and Collector-isaac
('. Evans. County Clerk-Charles G.
('hamberlin. Coroner-J. P. Jewell.
Justice of the Peace .... ... Consta,
THE San Francisco Chronidcl advo
cates what it terms "the Continental
idea of Sunday," which is carried to the
extreme in all mining countries. It con
tends that the Puritanical theory of ob'
serving Sunday as a day of mortification
and penance, only exists in England and
and portions of America, and that the
excesses that mar the continental theo
rv in the West are the natural extreme
reaction against sackcloth and ashes.
Evidently the Chronicle has an idea that
a perfect Sunday is a day of rest, recrea"
tion. and "swei glass of lager.'
The Gizrtt appologise for the Iide
pendent publishing a call for the new
Democratic Convention in Deer Lodge
and vdvertising the card of its authors,
and says its job ofice is open for any
one who pays his bill.. How then doesn
it come the Gazette did not publish
John P. Bruce's card. which was sent
as a pay advertisement ? Mr. MiL.'s
was published. and Mr. Dance's; why
tnot Bruce's Is that giving m editsor,
the Chairman of your Ceatral Commit
tee a tair show. ?
MONTANA FAlraRS, sabseribe for
Moore's Rural New Yerker, Rochester,
N. Y. Terms, $. It is the best investu
meat we can aommesd to you- mamr -
moth, illustrated eset. and is by far the
best agricultural news.aper we Ma.'
KNIGHTS TEMPLAU P REMEN
The Knights Templar of Virginia City,
a ('ommandery some fifty in number,
and strong in a generous fraternity un
excelled in the world, had another of
their frequent happy occasions on the
evening of May 20. It was in the pre
sentation of a magnificent Commander's
uniform from the bir Knights of Vir
ginia to Sir Knight Hez L. Hosmer,
Eminent Commander, and was a sur,
prise, in fact, to the worthy recipient.
The paraphenalia consists of chapeau,
sword and sword belt, baldrick, gaunt.
lets and fatigue cap, each of exquisite
workmanship, ordered from the East
expressly for this purpose. En pau.nt,
the Commandery has ordered from St.
Louis complete uniforms for the entire
Commandery, and propose on June 24th
prox.,-St. John's Day-to have an im
posing celebration, at which the Sir
Knights of Helena Commandery No. 2
will be the guests of their comrades of
By resolution of Virginia City Com
mandery No. 1, the presentation by P.
i. M. L. W. Frary and the response of
Eminent Commander Hez. L. lHoemer
were requested to be published in the
PoST and Democrat, and were as follows :
(IY P'. (G. M. L. W. FRARY.)
EMINENT COMMANDER : The mem
bers of this Encampment have imposed
upon me the pleasing duty of present.
ing you this uniform, as a slight testi
monial of their regard.
This. Sir Knight. is tende I as an ex
pression of their gratitude, for the val
uable service you have rendered in or
ganizing, and presiding over this En
campment from its commencement to
the present time; for the faithful and
etticient manner in which you have
managed its concerns, and for the ener%
gy and ztal you have displayed on all
occasions in disseminating the pure
principles of Knighthood, according to
the constitutional regulations of the
Order. Sir Knight Hosmer, be pleased
to accept these tokens as a memento of
the high respect and esteem cherished
for you by the Sir Knights of Virginia
City Encampment, and. rest assunred
that it is their earnest prayer that your
life and health may be spared for many
years, to preside over the deliberations
of this abylum, and to cheer us with
your connsel and advice.
BY EMINENT COMMAND I H. L. HOBME.R
SIR KNIGHT FRARY: The surprise of
thius occasion, finds me without fitting
language to express my thanks to you,
or through you, to the Knights of this
Commandery, for this magnificent token
of their regard and for the kind terms
in which it has been presented. I acs
cept it as a renewed evidence of that
friendship which I have ever experi
enced at the hands of my fellow Sir
Knights of Montana. That they have
seen in in my conduct enough of stead'
fastness and devotion to the principles
of our beloved Order, to deem at their
hands so valuable a testimonial, is, at
this moment, more precious to me
beautiful as it is-than the gift itself;
and the overpowering influence of this
consciousness must plead my inability
to give form and embodiment to my
feelings in a : anner suited to the occa
Associated with this Commandery
from the moment of its origin, I may, as
its only presiding offier, refer to its
history with pride and satisfaction. It
was a bold experiment, but how well it
has succeeded, we all know. Com
mencing with three, it has swollen to
fifty, thus almost realizing in its growth
the experience of the first founders of
Templarism. The few years of its ex
istence have derived much of their hap
piness for us, from the social and con
fidential relations, which Knighthood
has introduced. We have learned, un%
der its teachings, to love and trust one
another, and to cultivate those frank,
cordial and noble qualities, which go far
to alleviate and sotten the asperities of
busy life. We have become united in
a bond of confiding brotherhood, which
can never be severed, but by death. We
have felt in our daily walks and con.
versation, all the benefits flowing from
such an association. None of us, I am
sure, would willingly part with the
privileges which the Commandery af
fords for frequent and happy eommuni
nication, and associating with us such
as are worthy and desirous of entering
the asylum of Templarism.
If I have been, as you are pleased to
say, instrumental in the promotion of
our principles, it is because I ever had
your cordial co-operation and support
The effort to excel has been mutual, and
where all wrought for good, failure was
imptssible. Let as continue,8ir Knights,
as we have begun. Let us be determided
to make TemplarwMasonry worthy the
beautiful land in which we live; and
allow no stain to blight the fair fame e
our loved and honored Commandery.
Once more accept my sincere thanks
for the beautiful gift with which you
have honored me.
A LAST FAREWILL.
Here is (ioldrick allover in ttie apos
trophe elicited by the "last spike" being
driven on the Pacific read:
"0. DOW, farewell the dusty roads, the
alkali, farewell. Farewell the horned
bull and the big trains that made am
bition virtue! 0. farewell ! Farewell
the faithful steer and red wagons, the
whoa-haws, the ear-piercing oaths, the
royal swearing, and all quality, pride,
pomp and circumstance of emigrating.
And, O, you mortal bull whips. whom,
rude cracks and immortal Jove's dres
clamors counterfeit, farewell. Tbh
teamster's occupatUoo's gou 1"
The fable of the Justice who found
'circumstancoe altered cases," when in
formed by the farmer that the bull had
gored the ox instead of the ox having
gored the bull, is an apt illustration of
the predicament in which the Gazette
now finds itself. TLere have been no
approbious epithets too strong for that
paper to use in denunciation of the
Grand Army of the Republic, of which
a large proportion are Republicans; but
if the name of the Fenian Organization,
a very large proportion of whom are
Democrats, is used in a political article,
the Gazette blusters up with an air of
highly offended dignity and struts about
with a gravity of deportment truly
amusing. It is asserted the Fenian Or
ganization is not partizan. Very well.
We asserted the U. A. R. was not parti
san, and we knew just exactly what we
were saying and the meaning of the
language. But the Gazette deemed it
highly proper to overlook that fact and
continue its stigmas. Now, the tables
have been turned, and the Gazette does
not like the bread it cast upon the wa
ters, and which have come back after
many days. We notice, too, a commu,
nication in the (azette signed a "Repub
lican Fenian," disavowing any "political
purposes" in the Order. We presume
he means "partizan purposes," for assu
redly if it looks to reform or revolution
redly it it looks to reform or revolution
in the government of Ireland, it has
"political purposes." But "partizan
purposes" covers the essential point. It
that communication were substantiated
by the name of a well-known Republi
can it would have importance, but as it
is, we beg leave to suggest that it Is in
the valueless condition of a note with
out signature, and belongs, by classifi
cation, with anonymous communica
tions. If the statements are facts, no
man should hesitate to put his name to
tLe same in publishing it. and tlhereby
giving it credence and value. It its
author will do this, then we will have
evidence that the Fenian Organization
is devoid of any intent to interfere in
party strife. And then we would esteem
it exactly as we do the I. A. R., and ex
pect the Editor of the Gazette to be as
jast in his further allusions to that Or
ganization as to the Fenlans. This
seems to us equal and exact justice. We
do not propose to do any one injustice,
Republican or Democrat, Mason, Odd
Fellow, Fenian or (. A. I. Comrades,
but it Is the best time in the world now
to get a fair basis for future operations, I
sad as the Fenaans happen to be about
the strongest organization in Montana,
we think they will recognize our right
to discuss the question, for if their
record and purposes are as the corres
poodent states, the showing of it will be
to its advantage. Wrong, only, shuns
the light. We are aware there are Re
paublea Peanians and that they are
patrone of this paper, but if there is one
I~Meataa. that will mot stand to our
baek while we speak mor the Truth sad
for l t and for J estU, he hasn't the
elne blood Ia him, sad be knows it.
Is only one of us, and a good many
hundreds of Feolas., so that we are not
likely to Impose upon thesr very much,
and we advise the Gase.t to keep cool
sad pray for a little of that spirit that
makes men "do unto others as they
would that others should do unto them."
TmIU NEW WiMn.
From a long statistical article in the
Chicago Z*rrwe, appropoe to the com
plettoi, of the continental railroad, we
extract the following:
.q. Miem. Pop. WIiO Pop. 1860
Alaska..... . 577,30 Net in 75,000
Aruie ...... 113,916 Org.'63 25,000
tlifleai.... 188,981 379,994 580,000
COlerado ..... 104,500 34,227 55,000
Dakota....... 152,000 4,837 30,000
Idaho........ 90,962 Oag.'63 45,000
Imnda Tory.. 86,9 i 9,761 10,000
asams....... 81,318 107,2. 300,e00
Moatsa..... 143,776 Org.'64 00,000
Nebraa..... 75.990 826 . 0,0
Ivad........ 112,000 6,868 51,000
New Meztco.. 12~1,2. 93,516
ro ....... 95,274 52,466 100,000
Uta ... 8,566 40,244 130,600
Wah'. Ter'y . 00,994 11,504 30,000
Wyoming .. . 88,000 Org.'68 5,00e
Total ....... 2,172,410 760,577 1,508,000
Total of United
States and .r
ritories..... 3,578,392 27,489,561 41,0,00,00
Per cent..... 60.7 2.8 3.85
Including Alaska (70,000) this area con
tains about 210,060 Indian.
Mses than sixty per eant of the whole Ter
ritory of the United Sttes lies west of the
Missouri proper, without reference to that
part which lies west of the Missisiplp below
the coraSesce of the two mighty rivers. The
whole of this trritory is virtually opened p
to mof the "East" by the Paci railroad,
and will ere long, be actually opened up by
its branches. Thus more than 3,004,000
square miles contained bet 2.8 pr eeant. or 10
in 357 of the entire population, of the Unit
ed States and territonres in 1860. At present
it contains one-twenty-eith part of the entire
population, the number beisg about double
what it was nine years ago. These Agures
will not necessarily show what will be the
growth of the next nine years, bet they do
show how much of room and opportunity ex
Itt for it, and no one can doubt that, with
the oppeuunities and facilities aforded by
the Pcilc railroad, their future growth will
be so greet that the inerease of the pest will
be teo abort a rod to measure It by.
Tee property vau catns of tnas wet
ern domain was, in 1850 only 83,855,'
0,0. and in 1800 it was 300,273,543.
T'he valuatlei of all the property in the
Uited states in 1860 was $16,159,616,
068 and the estimate in 1869 is $.5,
000,000,00. Four per cent, of this, or
1i,O00.0000 belongs to the new west
that 19 years ago had only one 217th
prt, and In 1860 one M4th part.
it 1880 the new west employed -3,"
61 pse.mssand $8~,4A1,4E a msafae..
mrea, the annual produt of wbhiceh was
$78,502,709, being 2.6 per cent. of the
capital and 4 per cent. 4,f the hands so
employed in the county. It is mentioned
as a significant fact, that while the new
west contained but three per cent. of a
population in 1_60. it employed 4 per
cent. of the workers. It is estimated
that the capital has doubled and the la
borers trebled in the last nine years In
180 the new west had $1,233,700 of NaS
tional Banking circulation, or 4 per
cent. of the entire volume. This is ex
clusive of all private bankers, and Cali
fornia which has no National banks.
"The following States and Territories
west of the Missouri gave last year a to
tal of 173,202 votes, as follows: Kansas,
11,698; Idaho, 5.:320; California, 1(8,670:
Oregon, 22.086; Arizona, 2,093; Nebras
ka. 15,168: Colorado, 8,167. This was
about one vote to every 11 square
miles of territory."
These figures indicate what has been,
but with the new energy and vitality
given by the Pacific railroad, which is
but the first of many that will open up
this great domain to industry, who can
conjecture the figures that will tell of
its people, its manufactures and agricul%
Stural products when one or two more de
cades have sped away, and the now
sparsely settled territories, be each great.
prosperous and densely settled States
of the Republic.
The new free trade movement is gath
.-ering strength and importance at the,
East. Free trade leagues are being or
Sganized, and many of the ablest
Radical journals, such as the New York
P'ot, Chicago T'rtiJhw', and others, are
,giving it t beir countenance and support.
There is only one tree trade league that
is logical, thorough and consistent
that is the Democratic party.-(Jazette.
The assurance of the above touches
Ion sublimity. It is about equivalent to
'a wolf offering asylum to a lion, and
when the Democratic party holds out
that consideration to the American peo.
!pie for their suffrages it must be in a
sad extremity. The tariff question is
not rightly susceptible of being made a
party issue, and is, from the very nature
I of things, a naticnal principle or a sec
tional dissension. Its advocates and
opposers have changed front so often,
r as it happened to affect favorably or
detrimentally for the time particula
localities, that no party can show a con
sistent record or a united front for or
against it. We challenge the Gazette
to cite a period that we cannot show its
party divided on the tariff question.
Then take localities: The New England
Abolition States were all "Free Traders"
/ until 1828, when the protective system,
fully established by the Government,
compelled them to adapt their industries
t to it, and New England veered around
for Protectlon, with Webster champion
ing it in Congress. Until 1816 the
strongest advocates of Free Trade were
the Southern States, with Calhoun as
leader. The Middle and Western States
which had been until then Free Trade,
Sneeded protection for Kentucky, Illinois,
Pennsylvania and Missouri, and the ise
sue became a sectional one with the
South, resulting in Carolina's "N ullifica
tion" and the squelching thereof by
Jackson. In 1821, Henry Clay, Whig
Secretary of State, and Thomas H. Ben
ton, Democratic Senator from Missouri,
were Tariff advocates, and the division
of sentiment inside the parties is not
lees noticeable today. Name us a pa..
per in Pennsylvania that is not Prote>
tionist, or one in Louisianna that is not
Free Trade. The New York Tribune
has always been Protectionist-the Chi
cago Tribune, ever Free Trade, and they
are the two Representative Eastern and
Western Republican journals. At the
same time there ie the Free Trade organ
in New York, and the Repblican Pro
tectionist in Chicago.
A tariff is instituted for two good and
sufficient reasons. The first incentive
to it was to raise revenues for the coun
try; the second to foster, encourage and
protect industries. If ever thess con
siderations were potent they are now.
We have a debt of two and a half bil
lions-and the total ordinary expendi
tures of the government in 1867, were
$202,947,537 exclusive of interest and
reduction of the public debt, which
swelled the amount to $1,04J3,079,655.
To meet this there was received from di
rect taxes but $4,200,234. But the in
ternal revenue receipts were $266,027,537
and the tariffon imports produced $176,
417,811, and at the same time encour
aged our home industries. The money
has to be raised. Why it it not then
better by a carefully adjusted tarnif that
will accomplish two good purposes " Our
ma.afactures languished alter the wr.r,
have scarcely recuperated yet. Would
you make our workshops the same pau
per pens as those of hIngland, with iBu
chanan's favorite hobby of "ten crnts a
day" to induce mechanics into your pear
ty? There are over $3,000,000,000 em
ployed in mrnufactures, and 2,000,000
people given employment by it in this
country. Free trade we believe would
send that capital into bankruptcy, those
employees into the streets, the poor
house or the prison, the country into ru
in and repudiation. There is not a great
government in the world that is a Free
Trader, and we are about the last. in our
present situation, that could afford to
inaugurate it. It is this protection to
industry that will go further than aught
else to revive the South. by filling it
with manufactories and revivifying its
energies. It tnakes us independent of
all nations, develops, strengthens and
aids every branch of industry. It was
one of the prime incentives to that
universal productiveness which pre
pared the United States with food, rai.
went and material within her confines
to suppress the Ureat Rebellion, and
has enabled it to be. under any ordinary
circumstances, a self reliant and sutlic,
ient world unto itself.
The Gazctte believes the Deer Lodge
secret circular was published and circu
lated by Republicans, and asks who else
than the Chairman of the Republican
C'ommittee had authority to say the Re
publicans would make no nominations.
For the authors of it, see the call pub
lishied in the .lde/hj i( ,l i,t headed by N.
('. Boswell, and signed by seventy-two
dissenters. \We saw but one of those
circulars, and that we had but a few
m:inutes. \'e p|resuit ' sv.,ni eood dem
ocrat gobbled it In it twher was a belief
expressed that the lhpublican. would
not nominate, but we will wager the ed
itor of the ;irze ttt a hat, an ornament
each of us needs, that the Republicans
of Deer Lodge will nominate a ticket,
and a good one, and that lieo. \. Irwin
cannot be swerved fromii his adherence
to the principles and organization of
Mlontona Repulicans by all the cajolery,
abuse or taunts that can be conjured up.
Within the week we have been in re
cept of many communications from the
various counties, each signed by from
one to thirty prominent Republicans, as
suring us that the sentiment of integri
ty to the Republican organization is
universal,and discussing issues now set
tled. We thank all kindly for their no.
ble responses, and are sure they will re%
joice with us that their publication is
unnecessary. Republicans in Virginia,
Nevada, Bannack, Bozeman, Deer Lodge,
Blackfoot, Lincoln, Highland and Silver
Star, whose communications have not
been directly answered or published,
will please accept our thanks and this
EDITOR PosT: At a mseting of the
citizens of Lincoln Gulch, held at
Johnson's Store for the purpose of eleet.
ing Delegates to the Republican County
Convention at Deer Lodge, J. W. John
son was chosen Chairman and J. N.
Stone, Secretary of the meeting.
On motion, the following gentlemen
were elected Delegates to attend said
J. L. Darrah, W. E. Schofield, George
Perry, D. W. Culp.
J. W. JOHNSON, Ch'n.
J. N. STONE, bec'y.
Lincoln, May 22, 1869.
ALREADY Montana feels sensibly the
effects of the Pacific Railroad. Not only
in the expedition of travel and transpor
tation, but in greatly reduced rates,
What think you of contracts proposed
by responsible parties offering to lay
down goods from St. Louis and Chicago
in Helena for 8 cents currency. At these
figures, Judge Carter of Fort Bridger.
is now soliciting Helena contracts. The
Mormons resident in the valley of Salt
Lake, are also soliciting freights at four
cents from Corinne to Helena. Mer,
chants, therefore, whose assortments
need completion or addition will have
very little additional cost in shipping by
rail at any time during the summer.
In the baptism of the clouds Montana
of '69 is christened "Prosperity." Dun
and heavy and full of crystal blessings,
they are held in the giant grasp of the
mountains and their treasures shaken
down softly on the bosom of the gene
rous valleys. And the earth shall be a
carpet of emerald, flecked with ntture's
floral poetry; the granite souled miser
of the gulches shall give up his golden
hoard to Industry, and the fields their
plenty to the garners of the husband
man. The pattering drops and the rip
pling streams are music to which every
heart responds in cadences of gratitude.
"Thank (God for the commin of the Raip."
Itadicalism will never achieve another
victory in this country. It has long
been on the downward road to ruin and
fast approaches the end.-Ga~zctte.
Thats good, toy,. Grant and Coltax
carried 24 States of the 33 voting, by
majorities aggregating 309,722. IL the
Senate 44 Republicans and 8 Democrats;
In the House 134 Republicans and 71
Democrats. The Gazette must bespeak
lug metaphorically. denominating the
.emocracy Ruin, in which case we ad
mit Radicalism has been coming down
on it with a vengeance.