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Mines and Mining.
READS LIKE NOVEL
-THE SPECKLED TROUT HAS HAD
MANY UPS AND DOWNS.
IT WAS AN ORE PRODUCER
,utte Men Worked the Property Under
Lease-It Is Claimed That Man
ager Frisbee Was Too Ex
Among the ujtnrtz minesiiH in the early
history of the Flint (''rek l ist trit none
were more promising than the Spe.kwl,
Trout, says the I thtllt,c:lurk Mail. Titi,
history of this property reids ilket a
rormance. Bheing amiliC l. 1 first di;civ
ered ledges in this vcit.lity, the marvetous
riches of its ores near tih- surface at
tracted the attint'ion of mining mdn in
the early sixties. In 1I70 (',oe S~alnderl
secured possessioun of the plrolierty friom
Charles Frost and Itan ianl Sandy
Brown. the owners and original O(c"torlls.
The purchase covered the Spti'k l rd Tr,,lt
lode claim, embracing II lo.ationslI i 200
feet each. The' amount lalitl was $15,0i00.
In 1870 the Imperial (hl,il and Sliver Min
ing compaliny, cimltposct of New York
capitalists, was incorporated. (o'he nitl
dors was elected trustee and opeirattlolns
were commenced fir the redtuctillon of the
Trout ores by the smelting process. A
stack was built and lead ores for flulxing
were purchased, but after a triat it was
found that this prnoess wVould not do
and the company suslpendeid opl'ratlions.
Over the ruins of the Imperial arose a
small five-stamp mill, fitted with pans.
settlers and reverbatory furntacsl( . Phil
M. Sanders was in charge anllt utdrll his
manage'ment the only prosperily eve'r en
joyed by the Trout was exl,'iellncd.
New Mill Built.
During the existence of this plant a
portion of the Trout clahim was retlateIl
by Sanders and namied the I'.ov ildenta.
It being satisfactorilly d,.trrminted that
the process adaptnhtlle to the hatlui oires of
Trout hill was traeatniunt by fire' chlrl
nizatlon and the worklings by the re
verbatory plrocess' I e nllltllltilljv, It waii
deemed impofrtant to "k ii tlb ni ilii ianti
treat thi orues on a more i xten-lie s' sai.
To this end, in 17IbT the Nlrtllw\ t 't l'ii -
pany was organized, the liie stamill tilll
was torn town, contra ls for the (ilt
chinery of a completet l0-tumpn mill It ti,
a Helena firm, contractls fior iustruction
made with Architect 'I'hii:ts Fisher,
# An almost Cnew 4room frame house in Gagnon addition.
VWill rent for $2o.oo a month. Best renting property in t
Butte on account of proximity to mines.
On Easy Payrments.
THE THOMPSON COMPANY
Insurance, Loans, Real Eslate
15 West Broadway. Butte, Montana
Can be remedied by a skilled dentist. For iears I have teen repairing
teeth, making new teeth, and im proving the facial expression of men
and women by repairing their teeth or making them new teeth that Im
itated the natural so as to deceive their relatives and friends.
DR. E.E. GBERMAN "n412e N. Main
No Morphine! No Destrucition to
Golden C Cure Paid
For the advice and the prescrip
For all troubles of the aerial tion.
If you want it carefully filled
passages. Cures neumonia, La and at a reasonable price, bring It
Grippe, Consumption, All drug to our Prescription Department.
stores. You'll be safe and pleased.
Posselinan Drug Store, 43 E. Park
Get a Portable Lamp
Have light where you want it.
Save your eyes.
Cut down electric light bill.
We have a new stock just in. Some
very ornamental designs. Wil make
a suitable and useful Christmas Gift.
Montana Electric Co.
53 East Broadway
and under the supervision of Col. J. A.
Vial, the Northwest mill was complete't
and started to work, The result was
satlsfnctory. The process of chlorinlzn
tlon w.an by the lirulckner system. Mill
illg was perfected through one 10-foot
California pan, two one-ton Vli'hcy pans
alnd one five-ton Purvine pan. Two Call
f.rnia settlers ,ompllrted IIh amialgamtit
IIir dll'l'crt n it'nt.
Only the Stack Remains.
A lonel3y : t.lk abhoott 50 fOrt high and
surrounded by lr.:l:.lt masonrly atnd a
lhitr'l ol ..,vation lilleid with debris it few
hlliliier ll~ ,I 11oI w\· st ,f lTower Is . ill thant
r minalt l o.f ih it a + in its t lay thn
li:;. st, d.ry rrlushln^ I bhi .olln w ork! Inill
th . ell iltry . T h' mia' i in.tia l n .llt l o f th e
Northwest olll, pay in 17,, liipnt wd out
f Ithe l iha s of Vial and a gln ,i l o ian
nitin d Mills took .ch|,rgel. Mills ,e n
di , St, tie th e affairip w of the . llnl oli Tnly to ith
close sllndi ee in the spring of 17. rTh.
fitltitre left a ,iltg-. iiln ,'ebttilltness ttn
l ie n s t o 1 i c o , l i d r r i. l l 'ta i l l i l ,nt , .t w e r e f l b , ,!
Iagnllt tll' pro'otl rltty. mng lthe largest
credlItorl if the n m.l l ny w:l the firmy of
( 'n p l hc e & i in it h , ; t h ti i I I mi i ini rr h alti
of l'hlltpshIli r. li th, full of I.77. largely
throulgh lthe efforts oif lapelc I'nipline of
Jilllte, a i'or'gitniizaltin w I.s lipefl't elt d
lnd.ellr Ith', nan' of hi' Norllth western
Miln!ng ,'+, tll'iny Ti'i :.1 m!n ail y r, plall ed
Ilon'e l.Iln the ri'', of the '-pea.kl'd Trout
,into to the surfl'oril. anll the ro rt' of tih"
Fnr,l'routl anst oi tri if o the ol. ill Rmade
Ihe, nllnlvln rel,.nl ril wilh I.ts echoes..
''r:anlllk l,'rihen, w ias plaiced In lcharge as
Ithe, gl'enrial mlna.lr. 'Evlirythling illseemedl
to In t.llt l.i ', seasol n of pll iosp rlity, bh ut it
was not to lie.
It''tbiII let extravagant wood contracts,
huiittIt unnecelilssalry oli.s. ant'l othecrwise
condtuicted the affairs of hist charge in a
itmtnner that was .virvlhing but eorntom
ical, an,1 a. a result the aold ,an , in 1979.
anld tindeir process of Itaw nil of lthe com
lpany'" propertty palis.ia by lsheriff's swile
Into the possesstlon of ('aplihe & Smith.
IFor a nttumber iif years thet Trout wa .
twt'l.rke.l tundr in lse bl.y Tatmons Patllon,
who llald e un,ýil, i.able i nony. In 1S.4
the hoituting woik.s of the Troit were
ionsitnln l h}" fir,', tlh shift tllim e's wiro
hlurn.l down for a short tl an.rco be
rnlluth ithe suirface, and n since that daiy ino
imnprovenl.nt of any kinl was minole upon
the I'ult of the, `.I Ni,; Ihiw ,<.te l m niany
until In 11!<91 w hii II1lli ,.T .l iiliustili
of Itittl o scurerlr :I 'a i t n, the irine.
F| lllnk !lrinis, \oho was also Iitrsltid
with Mr. , hiulutlon in i th,. 1.;Easv, h)id
;nll .i of thl, u . ;.liions. 1!,lf in"l,"hinery
111111 hulib inl! i nti fri ll iti S:in F'ran
li er i't' Tl t sr i i ft. .Johnii:.o n 1
(r mii , i took tilt ,n111d1 .hlpi0,1 ,il .on iderililo
illel, hilt after a l' . 1 I hli , I|1u(,$' d ,U ~ l~i .1
operations and gave up the lease. "
that time nothing of interest has .
spired in connection with this p ¥ety
and the mine has remained shut down.
FROM ITUNDER MOUNTAXi.
J. T. Johnson Bays the Distriot Will
Be Greatest in the West.
J. T. Johnson, an old prospector, ar
rived In Spokane Saturday from the
Thunder Mountain district, where he
spent the past summer, says the Spokes
man-Review. Hie left yesterday for
Logansport, Ind., to visit his old heine.
lie came West In the fall of 1848, When
10 years old. The trip, he says, "Wat
made on the transport Ohio, aroundr
I ('pe Horn, in company with 1046 other4
pnsseng, rn, who were seeking their for-'
tunes In the California gold dlggings.,
"inh(ce then," samid he, "I have been Int
teve:ry mllinng ennlp in the West. It
herdled mubr s on the site of Spokane be-i
for a single cabin was built.
"I canrne out of the Thunder Mountain,
dilstrlct on snowshoes and arrived at
Stlites, Idaho, Friday. I was about al
i ceek making the irip. While I make not
16' rtnse of knowing what is hidden min,
Ihe grounrd, if surface showings are to
Ie counted, Thundeur Mountain will de
\teit'o into the ge'ratest mining camp In
til \Vest. It will surpass Cripple Creek
or 'nalltornia in their palmlest days. It
vwoulthi e absolutely foolish to go into
lthe dslltrict before spring. The snow Is
n, dleep that but little prospecting could
e tlone, iandl the country is absolutely
deistitute of pro'isions.
Best Route Via Eik City.
"I would recommend the route via Elk
('lty, which is more exposed to the wind.
'The wind panks the snow so that travel
Irig over it is not so laborious. The
middle of April will be early enough to
mlllke the trip, and even then snooahoes;
will have to be used. This is my first
trip East in many years. My principal
object is to interest capital In the de-I
veloprent of clnims I have located. I
have been many yea'rs seeking mny for
tune, but I believe 1 have found it at
The old prospector is a prospector of a
type as!diorn seen now. IIls face is so
tanned by sun and wind that at first
glance he would he mistaken for a mu
latto. His face is slightly pock marked
rand he has but one eye with which he
can see. Ills entire worldly possesslonr
ir the way of wearing apparel consisted
ol high top boots, corduroy pantaloons
and coat, flannel shirt and a tattered
felt hat. (it carried a long staff and a
small bundle done up In a sack which
had once contalned flour.
ITS SOURCE EXPOSED.
Caleb Rhodes Had a Snap on a Utah
"Mcony-rcclc," Ia, the Indiins call
gold-b(carrlg lqunartz, is the prize for
1\hinch the scc'kcr's of a mrin''ral lease
on the l'lntah reservation are striving,
sa:ys the Salt Lake lIrald.
Information ca:rne from the reservation
clcntry yersterday thac t least e the
secret of ('liheb ItRhodes of 'rhice as to
the locationli of the rich gold deposits
fill the re.scrvation, had i)ce n discov
evd, arid that the Florence Mining com
ipn"icy wics iiti .rosseeisiOl of the Informa
'I'Th syndlcate of relpubtlicaln polllitnias
Itciii othersi, hladeid by Postlnasti'r Gen
ic:cal Tliory C. Paync, has iccnr sccre
tiv'e ' s to tilhe real Iobject of the quest. It
haris .been given oiut that deposits of
tIsplliltnlllll alld of copper were In view.
Now it is Ft:ateid Ibeyond it doubt that the
tldepotits of gold hlrrve Ic((oon discovered,
andi IIht they are of great rieness.
The story of I'aleb Ithod'es, the Price
rrincihnccin, is well known. For years
he has slippI d clandestinely to the res
ervation rcaid has returnell(. laden with
gcold. inctlimtlres hIIe had brought in
s rlucks of quartz whicih \iwas plastered
wiilc gold. Somnetlimes he has brokcll
the i'ock and waished out the metal,
bIringing in the native gold.
't'oo mnttlly I(peopl'e ha:tv seen the gold
lll tle I a cl rt to doubc t Its existence,
and nrmany a iIlot has beentIi laid to learn
the sereit oif whence it tcan'. All have
failed, hIowrvevr, until nlow.
't' ilfora'rllition fromn the reservation
1.4 that with the aid of somlllc of the In
diIans, the loccation of the. goldl depol its
was leha'rned, and that now the syndicate
has tilhe informalntion. The l:eas calls for
640 acres of land, and if tils Is lIcated
all, or nearly aill, on rich gold-bearing
veins or deposits, it is dllficult to con
ceive the enormous anmount of wealth
which It replcresents.
A MAMMOTH VEIN.
Treasure Hill in Madison County to Be
H. R. Itcebe, who came to Virginia
City in 1877 and located the Treasure
I1111 mine on M1il1 gulch, a tributary of
Granite creek, was in the city yesterday,
says the Alder Gulch Times. The mine
was patented in 1886 by F. J. I'. Pascoe
of Salt Lake City and Mr. Beebe. It is
a mammoth vein of ore, carrying gold,
silver and galena. Assays have given
as high as 300 ounces silver; $40 gold,
and 40 per cent lead, while the lower
grades show up a valuation of about
$45 to $60 per ton at the East Helena
smelter. Mr. Beebe was here for the
purpose of laying in a winter stock of
supplies wherc- ith to develop the prop
erty. He has erected buildings and will
prosecute work on the mine until next
spring when active shipment of ore will
MINING IN OLD MEXICO.
Vast Quantities of the Metal Produced
Silver was for ages the staple mineral
product of Mexico. The only reason we
can assign for this in times prior to its
use as a medium of currency is its in
herent beauty and permanency and the"
actual abundance of the metal. View
Ing it, as we Instinctively do now, in the
light of Its pecuniary value, it is not
surprising if some of the old stories bre
lated of the old slilver mines solnd
rather too like fairy tales for unhesiAat
ing acceptance. Yet having myself seen,
within the last two years, silver *,es
carrying 6000 to 7000 ounces per on
shipped out to smelters in England, 4nd
others containing 1100 ounces in siller
and 61 ounces to the ton in gold, I am
not prepared to disbelieve in the globe
of solid native silver the size of a man's
head, said to have been taken from ;a
cavity in the celebrated mines of Batpp
olias. It need hardly be added, perhaps,
that ores like these do not lie around
the mountains to be had for the .seik
g by the first prospector who comes
along-nor even by one in 60. 13ut that
they exist, anad that there may cbe uch
yet ilnexplore4, ts beyond question.
It is told in Chihuahua that the cathe
dral of that city, constructed at a cost
of about $200,000, was (bullt entirely out
of a church tax of three cents per pound
weight of silver extracted from the San
ta Eulalia mine alone. In a village
church in one of the most poverty
stricken hamlets In the south of Mexico
I have seen an altar covered with em
bossed sliver plates 18 inches square and
one-fourth to one-half an inch in thick
ness. The renowned church of Guada
lupe, near the City of Mexico, is said
to contain, in the form of altar fittings,
candelebra and sacred vessels of various
kinds, no less than 37 tons of solid silver
-the result of votive offerings in the
course of its history. I have no reason
to doubt this either.
The owner of another great mine In
Sinaloa, on the occasion of a wedding
in his family some 40 or 50 years ago, is
stated to have paved the pathway from
the church door to the .bride's dwelling
with bars of silver, laid close. Modern
love of display is often a subject v, se
vere criticism; but it can scarcely devise
a wider extravagance than the technical
records of mining left in the earth by
those 'bygone diggers of wealth.
The extremely precipitous characters
of both the eastern and western Sierra
ltadres, or Mother ridge, indicates the
presence of the deep-seated fissures and
mineral-bearing veins which they con
During a visit of mine to the little
town of Copala, in 8lnaloa, a previously
unknown chamber was discovered in
one of the old mines which had been re
opened, and on the floor of it an Inter
eating find of antique tools was made.
At some former period It must have been
underl water, but by some means or other
it haid become drained and was now per
fec.tly dry. Among the tools found were
some of the above mentioned hammer
picks, gads and bars. The latter were
tied in a bundle and all were deeply en
crusted with a conglomerate of rust and
gravel, as one may see an anchor which
has lain for years at the bottom of the
sea. They were of a different type to
any now used, and, prior to the Intro
duction of explosives, were no doubt as
serviceable as anything that could be
devised-in fact, the pick would have
been a handy tool at any time.
It may be argued that these tools were
of Spanish origin, but considering that
the Spaniards can hardly have com
menced mining in remote western dis
tricts immtdlately on their occupation
of the country from the gulf side, nor
for many years afterward (if Indeed they
ever did so at all), the evidenes are
against it. The concretion on the tools
indicated a long period of submersion in
w\atetr, after which another considerable
interval must have elapsed before the
chalrnbt r wasit coltlilttely tldried out. It
was to mly nltd,. more like another
evltlence of the Asiatic origin of
the we\\'st cst population, and of Im
portation of their arts from the trans
I'aeilic co tllint nllt. If' so, the Implements
(it not of native ta nlltufacture) may have
hailed from Jap.an, China, or the Malay
an archipelago-liike so manay of the cus
toms atllid trlilnal itnguagtes of the
western Mi.x ian Indiians. It would lead
its into too Iengi.ossing it subjt it were we I
to try and trace back these p.roductions
(as they must stitlme day V) traced)-not
to l'tropte, bit to Int':., Pertsil and
Amonllg tlh prait tal lessons of his
tory, i~we~.c\r, it is a wholtesome one
which tol ihets us to beware of the fas
(.tatinsll of the extremlle antiquity craze.
and tillhe tii fretqutnt pitfalls besetting
it. "lhill Stutlps, Ills Mark," was a
monumental wa\rning: anid even in Mex
ito one ntty profillt by recalling It oc
('asionally. 'T'hose who have putrchased
"Aztec.t Idols" :1and other enl'los In or near
thel tl.aus hitie ifteqtiently acquired this
The'f kitowlledg'h t posse'ssed hy the an
tullnt Amn'rileat allni':rn as to the treat
iiIent of ores fllnishellt' collateral cvi
it Tit ' on the iloilnt just menltioned, shoW
Ing thit the derivationt of these arts is
not lik l'y Ito have been fromln the
Eirllop'an tidte. It I. known, of course
that the'y \wer'e practlied long before the
Sipn uish invasion; and it will be re
membenred that In thosec times the treat
timnlt niust halve been a necessary ai'
iolfl'iu lit iienit of tithe mining. It Is
hl.rdly conceivable that they had any
facilities for trading their ores to pur
th :sters at a distalnce, and reduction
:must have been effected at or not far
Irorn tile mines.
Thteir chelical knlowledge, though In
all probability emlpirical, must have
been the result of considerable study att
some pe:hil. I have descrlhed above the
tlelntanltay process for the extraction
of gcild; buit that of silver itndicated a
much more elaborate attainment, as
shown Iby the ancient patio prl'ocesa.-the
iprlnciple of which still formns the basih
of' the silver extric'tion. It was in use
until quite recent times (if, indeed, It Is
not at this moment) and would even
hold its own in modern treatment, were
it not that the handling of a siigle
charge, so to call It, occupies from 40 to
50 days. O(f course, the charge is a big
)one; a circular stratum of pulp a foot
thick, and lperhalps 50 feet In dlamnet'rI
into which the quclksllver has to be in
tinmately Incorporated. But the time
sense was never a strong chainctoreistlc
of the Mexicans: It is not so yet, and In
early days probably much less so. So
that whether they got out their bullioni
in six days or six weeks was not a
matter of Inuch mnioment. Yet, except
ing for this one hindrance, the patio
tproce'ss Is as effilcient a sav\'ing treat
ment as any that has ever been devised
Formerly the trading in of the
"qulik" on the patio was done by hare
footed boys--to their infinite danger
from paralysis of the lower limbs by ab
sorptlon of the mercury. Latterly it
was accomplished more quickly and
effectually, and less cruelly, by a string
of 8 or 10 mules hitched abreast from a
central stake to the circumference of tl
circle-in which arrangement it stl'rike
one that the unlucky mule nearest the
stage must have a giddy time of it.
Mines and Metals.
This is to notify the public that the
co-partnershlp heretofore existing be
tween Smith & Saville is hereby dis-.
solved by mutual' consent. Smith col
lects all bills and assumes all indebted
One Hundred Dollars Cash Prizes.
Order a ton of Kemmerer; Rok
Springs, Rocky Fork or Gebo coal from
us, and get a guess on the weight of the
large lump of 'coal in front of our office,
CITIZENS' COAL CO.,
'Phone 538, No. 4 E. Broadway,.
beaouse of its hetufutes purity
S 4 and mrae good flavor Order a case of
j Iaseeu osU Beaaed ra.
and test it for yourself You will
quickly decide that there is no other
Ssopure, sparklnlg and delicious-so
,,..." richl fthe true bop flavor, ordr from
I p I. SAbblOK, ImurTTP.
SA. Happy, Prosperous
New Year to All!
Is our earnest wish, and let us help to make
it so by selling you your
Harness and Saddles for 9oo02
Happy, because of cortebus, prompt service.........
Prosperous, because of good goods at the right price
J. N. NE VILLS & CO.
Phone 686A 106 E. Park St.
PORTO RICO STOGIES
$1.50 Must be smoked at Per 100
per 100 the city dump or la $1.0
the alley $1.50
SWEND CARLSON, 4 South Main
Special Distributing Agents for
Jones' Dairy Farm
Pure Pork Sausage
Mild Cured Hams
Special Cured B Bacon
lFRNDRLL Superlative Canned Ve,
etables and Fruits, Sal
mon, Fruit Preservers, Etc
Soft Shell Crabs
Green Turtles, Etc.
Chase & Sanborn's
Fresh Roasted Coffees
P. J.. Brophy & Co.,
28 N. Main St.
Our entire .stocf of high
cla.rsf fachionable overcoats
that in the ordinary W.ay
-ell for x'35.00 and x$'40.00
M.J. Connell Company
xmow ,cnoc4::caR4S Ji "·p m oonemaC*t13