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THEDAILY INDEPENDENT: IIELENA. THUK8DAY MORNING. OCTOBEB 101889.
EngineerHinton Tells What the Sen.^ate Irrigation Committe Has^Accomplished
HomoeFor a Hundred Million Peo^^ple Can be Made in the^Arid Region
rrwawiaitioiii. Which the ^ on,mill. Will^Ksrumnirnil for I In- ( ..n.l.l. r.il i.ill^uf
CMH. J- Hmlon. engineer la the senate
Humittee M irrigation, eotitriliutos^to ill. Cbicnuii Inter t)eer^n mi int^n^nt^inq miiiimiiry ^^f the ataaBiMoa'a won MM
forecast uf pfobablt ItgMaaioa on tins ^n
importantsubject. We kivc such portions^^f the article ^s w ill have pMaMaf interest^h^re
till''-itiS of nil the great Mtora^c llMHIIlH^ill I tin \ in.;t lie selected l^y tin- engineer*
oftiir Irrigating survey.
ih.it tin- ure.i of the future bome-^sti-.ids to lie granted settler* within the^ariil region should lie reduced pfobwblj to^forty acres nirli: the difference In I ween^th it taMMHM Nad tli^' MtMIH gVtnttd else-^VIMt l ^ he made iiii in privileges than ciin^he lii-lil in lhe uw of the |^iMtor.il mid tim-^baf lalidH. It ih also probable tli.it U art mil^minimum of cultivation will he required iim^well iim residence in order to secure home^^stead title.
II.i he comiiutlee will doulitless re;^nrt^th.it all the evidence that hus twi n taken^shows that the equities of the situation re-^ouirc for the sm'urity of the present and^future of the irrigating regions that the^general governlueiit shall in cverv pfOBM^way favor and sustain the policy of luuia-^Moluhly linking the water with tlieland. So^that those who occum and till the arid soil^iuhv also own and control the water that^makes it fertile.
Theinut. e will without doubt pro-
liosesome legislation in regard to the pres^^ervation of tlit- timber within the regions^wast of the ninety-eighth meridian. The^drift of their DTOpuamtM in tins regard will^certainly !*^ against the employment of m -^rret agents, jt will endeavor to offer logis-^latnm that will place the duty of protection^oil those who nr. to Is- lsm-titcd bj the pre^^MillhM of the tuiils r. under the superviH-^lon. of course, of thi' gufl iniiu lit itself.^A large appropriation will u- asked to
ffutd.euMgrcss may not legislate wisely.^Bar Mil private capital or co-operative en-^tiipiis^ Iw jiititiid in i lib Ting on the work^of 'iM land ii clainat ion ll|^on the large^plane which that work will rei|iiire.
Thefield session of the senate committee pasb forward tIn work of the new irriga-^un irrigation and the arid till lit Hill at turn sum v. With tie information it will^North I'latte. N. I... on the L'l-t ult. The^work of the irrigation r-urvry pMfMt for the^present year is id- ^ near its d rmination.^Prof. Thompson, ch'ef of that givWoa al^the -urvcy. was in Colorado u few days bo-^fore the committee adjourned, engaged in^^losim: up tin work of Ins held parties.^Capt. Dntt hi. the chief engineer, is at this^writing iiivi ^tigating the plans proposed by^^ VI. l.wn.iti Hridge*. engineer iti charge of I^the district which 1111 ludeH Nevada and^^Hsti rn California, for the purpose of util- I^izing the waters of the great mountain lakes |^on the s|o|s's of the Sierra in order to MM* '^the reclamation of some t,M0j0ufl of acres in i^wwtern Nevada. During the present year's j^work in KM irrigation survey about 1^W^^Huure luileH has Is en surveved by the Io|m^- !^graphical d,vismn alone, The waters of the ,^great river system of the northwest, also that^of the I'l.itto, Kio Grande, linen. Wind and^other streams within mountain regions, have^lx^eii gauged and otherwise noted m tin hy- ,^droylogK'il engineers. No work lias haan^done in Arizona, Southeni Nevada. Wes-^bmi Colorado, or in the eastern |mrts of^Oregon and Washington. Knginocr Wil- |^son of Montana, has coiilined his observa^^tions and work largely to the vallev of the'^Yellowstone, that of the I ppM M issouri and ;
theJudith baaia. Kngimnr Kootc in Idaho^baa bad all lie could do in his n-wMMM^mice in the great Snake valley regions and
ghalabia lanrla connected therewith. The^work of Engineer* Nettleton m the Bueki
Mountlitis end llaiiultoii Hall 111 the Call^forma division has l^^en one almost wholly^of MperviHiou. On the east side of the I^eontitiental ranges, the abundant waiters |
tbatsupplv and make up the Missouri ami i was with 111predecessor. I tlr.nk all the^Mississippi all take their rim and (low ' present discussion springs from the mcddlc-^through Montana, Thar*Ueuoagh water Inoma aetirity of a cituen of the I'nited
IIIthem lo easilv reclaim 4. (.^^ H t,^ H a i acies of \ States iii the employ of the Cort-MIi goveril-^fertile land, now entirely idle. The stream ^ nnnt. Thar) are just alioiit finding turnout,
(XJftKA \ Nft THE CHINB8R.
Naill feeling gwtweea iiif^e ranntrla*.^Ihgyi Hi'. Allen.
WAsniNoroN,Oct. '.^.^I Jr. Allen, foreign^aeoretary to the Coreau eiuliOHsy, is ex-^|HCted to sl ut on a luisiiiess trip to Corea^in regaid to matters for the legation. He^will stop in I Ih 10 a few dIM. to see his fam^^ily, and will then proceed to Kan Fram iscu,^taking t In lirst steaiuei to Hong Kong. In^coiiver-.I ion aboart the relations existing^between the Coreau and Chinese legations^here, anal the nWJon that the I'nited Stntca^proposed sending an envoy lo investigate^the mIii .I ion as to the exact relations of the^two countries, he says: ^I wish they would,^and then sel at rest all these idle rumors;^but if there I- such a sli p contemplated, we^have no intimation from the state depart^^ment to that ertect. We certainly would be^consulted in regard to the matter. The^onlv Mention I have heard of it MM from^Vdmiral Shufeldt, who, it is inti^^mated, Is to lie sent on delicate^mission, which is rather suggestive. The^retired Chinese mitnsti r was on the very^best of terms with our legation, and there^has not beefl any mention lately of any ob^^jection to Corea having a representative^there. As to the new minister awl 1'riuce^I'ak, I ban is the most cordial frieiidshipei-^lattngbetween them, even more than linn
beds(low frmii L'.VI to BOO fi et below the s^face of the great table lauds. I ln ie aie^large val'ev areas also, but these areas will^never prove as gisid farming land as th it of
Ibepinna abort, fjoodengineering how^^ever, will be Pnanired to so impound the^Witters of these streams us lo enable MM^to l^e turned fioui their beds for the irri^^gation of the table lands.
IllMontana at the present moment only
aboat680,000aereaare undercu.tivatmu by^irrigation. It ./einan is the center of the^largest irrigated gram section. Missoula,
IIIthe exlrellle northwest pillion of the^atate, promises to be the best orchard anil^ism .11 grain region. Irrigation, however
r-land wall no doubt soon dis|M'iise w^thlns
Itis astonishing how rapidly the feeble^and id bUilatad gain strength and vig^ r^when taking \yer's Sarsaparilla. For whi't^are called ^broken down constitutions,'^Bulbing else has proved so effective as tills^power I ill ami perfis'tly safe medicine.
It.iiea al Spokane Fail*
PWth* MM at S|Hikane Falls, t)ct.'8th^to UUl inclusive, I be Northern I'ncitio r.ul-
onlvexists in .Nlontana ii itscrutlesi form, j road will make a rate of one and one-fifth^ami the fariui n who use it have not got | fare I |B4V) for the round tup, Helena to
ovar their old school prejudice against tin^MM
illeast Washington the Coliunbia river^vallev and its tributaries oiler, with skillful^engineering, an abundance of water for the^reclaiming of at least 12,000,000 acres. A^portion ol this belongs, like that of the Da*^Lotas, to wh it the engineers term Ihe Mu*^bnuiid me M tlaatl is. the region in wh t'h the^ramf ill is much larger than ill the arid se^'- j^tion. but is not tpilte enough for the leeai '^ity of agriculture. Turning lo southwest 1^Ari/.ona, Mexico end the Iim tir.uidc stx-^tion of Texas, and the conditions ol Month^ern California arc reproduced, as lo fertil^ity of soil anil warmth of climate. \t^Yuma, on the Colorado river, where the^rainfall is but three inches per year, the^MMMiMaa la id one of its best sessions.^Arriving at sunrise, taatiatony was
taken nofora breakfast b) Ihe ^ pen j^air and MB amid the luxuriant ev uh nees of^the rich plant I'l^ of the region. The area |^cultivated is Verv small, but its ftwalU are j^most prolitic. All tl'c fruits of li.e seuu-^tropic il ration, with cotton, sugar, rice
etc..were show n to the coniniitlee. Canal (^proits'ts ure uuth-r way which will irrigate^Imm ft m..v^^ aena. TnM Motioa is reg.ird.-d m w mm, whose praaanyMMM f.iied lo tw
rutthe'Wildest and wit-r.lesl portion of OBr | UtM m.-. | ImMMM nlnnm-l and at the^national domain, yet il promises to Income ^ (aMMMoB of a friend purchased a bottle of^one of the most fertile and attrictivc^Another session was held in I'ho-nix. in Ml
Buokanaand return. Hoaata on sale Oct.^7t h to I II h. inclusive, good to return up to^and including (let. 11th. A. D, Kimiak,^(icnoral Agent, lleli na, Mont.
t'urefor l'|lt'^.^Itching piles arc known by moisture like^panpiration, producing a very disagreeable^itching after getting warm. This form, its^well as blind, bleeding ami prot Hiding pi lea,^yield at once to the aplpicatioii of |)r. Bo^^sanko's 1'ile lieiueily, which acts directly^ii|sin the parts art'tt-ted, absorbing the^tumors, allaying tin* intense itching and^entiling l pertnananl cure. Putty cents.^Vddress The |)r. Buaauku Medictna oom-^hqaa, I ^hi... Slid by U. S. Hulc
Hh.kn*,( ^l t. 7. Ks7.^I was .offering from M unusally. bad^jj j coiigli, My lungs MM lofa and congested,^1 '.insulted one of the best physician.
Haltriver valley, when^are under water, about^cultivated. The pi act
some'..i.lVH! acres^jgkiOUO acres being^f land in that valley^ranges from IM'to |U0 per acie. Water^rights are sold by the An/mm 0*Sal com^pruiy ut f^\J0i each. The cost of the canal^aystem lias been |iiiH,iM^, ami the water^right covers eighty acres. The MMMBy^have netted from that source alone about^f^Jtl,l^*l; their actual incoine from the^rent of the water is above |UK,000,^making a net profit annually of al^least It |^-r cent. In the present poaitioa of^the water corporation and land owners,^what is termed a pBTMBBMll water right, is^after all but a royalty on the privilege of^paving an actual rental of water mi their^laiid. This question of water control is one^that disturbs all the irrigators from Moo^tana to Ari/oua and from Colorado to Call^form a. Agitation in the latter state has^been Mffid so fir that a large Isidy of^farmers demand that the state shall pur^chase and own the main irrigation ditchtvs^and therewith convey water for farming^purrs istss.
Theact passed last llctolier, by^which irrigation reservoirs and dia-^tricts are to be withdrawn from settlement,^haa caused great antagoiiisn among the ,^gentlemen who are liuugrv for large .ne ts of (^our public lands. T he cattle r.,m il region , i^visited by the Meiiute comiiutti e dills^trated this prti|M-nsity. Montana, Wyo i^uiing. Arizona are especially HMai^over the idea that I sts-tiou of^land waa no longer at tut- BMJMMl of any^oue who could swear fast enough to make 1^the general land otiice believe that I well or^a ditch w i'l irrigate t^l^) acres ol laud.
luclosing let DM say briefly that I have^no doubt the senate committee will report^that in all eleiutntsof fertility and as re^^gards the future of agriculture the rtgion^from the ninety-eighth meridian MM to^the PnaUM oct-an, if wati r MB be obtained,^will be the very best part of the I'tlllt'd^States. It ia most probable also thai tilt v^will re|sTt that water MB BO obtained in^SQtllciclicv olllv by an extensive svsteiuof^atorage and aiatrlbotion, made eileiisivt^enough to reclaim laud to make in the near^future hoines for ,.t leaat fi0,000.000people,^Home of those connected with the commit^^tee, uiyaelf included, IsTieve this unntbet i^oitn Is-doubled, and that It is |sissible ami^proluible also to make homes ill the arid^wcat for at least 100. Ml.UUl more souls.
Fromthe observations made anil the evi^dene, taken, as well as opinions t ip'essed^by member, of the coininittee, it is more^than probable that the committee will re^^port to the senate pr .positions favoring:
1. The reteutiou by Ihe United Ht.tea of
Akir's Knglish Uerttcdy for coughs, and^after taking it accoittiug to directions Wna^cinipleb lv cared. I theref ue cheerfully^lecoimucud it.
.1At on Sunaii.^1 had A rue's ing cough and inflamed^[ throat and bought I bottle of Acker'l Kng^^lish Haaaedy apua the mbmbmi ndatbm of a
finnd, ami was entirely cured by It. I bob'^sid. r it a uevi r failing . dv for a cmgli.
J.nUBBBO,^Ack. r's Knglish preparations are for Mia^in HaiaBBOBrJ by K S. Hale it tx^.
0h*tHah| ^u nek, ^^^ a*r OBMaMa
DTIimsue ^ m . i 'lul l, sliecrind furOaaOurla,
a -h. taaiame Maw -i e .-lunu to i-muws*.^*..-iiahakaai'U i.-r iui*c.e.uimbOaatarK
1Cnaaiaerlara'i Dalle, Ohabm aad MarriMM^laawdfi
Tinaiitnliciue can alwavs l^e ,!. p-nded^^BOB, n it only in the milder forms of sum^^mer ivmuplaint. but also for malignant^dysentery Hiid cholera infantum. The
Uveaof Btany paraona, and especially cini
dren,are savtsl liv it each vear. It is pleas^^ant, saf.- snd reliable. lor sale by II. M.
INEW M DRY GOODS STORE
RareAttractions! Fine Imported Wraps! New and Artistic Forms!
Surmisesas to what is correct for Fall and Winter wear can easily be turned into' cer^^tainties by an inspection of our Cloak and Suit Department. The tide of Fashion is unmis^^takably in favor of our Stylish Cloth Wraps, Quaint Newmarkets and Redingotes The^Fashion Agent of the Louvre mentions that the Styles are taken from the Egyptians^to the designs of the first Napoleonic empire and directory, to the time of a^century ago, when these odd combinations were so much in vogue The gar^^ments are charmingly trimmed with Oriental Gimp, the patterns being derived from cloth de^^signs worn by the Persians and Egyptians. Ladies, we have no two of these garments of the^same Color or style. We are the sole possessors, the agency being given us by the importers^Ours is the only stock that meets the demands and requirements of this educated and fash^^ionable city. We have never stooped to notice the bombast of any competitor and will only^say as we are not given to personalities, that they can purchase their Newmarket from us at^more reasonable rates, also that they will be more in accordance with the wants of society^and give them a standing when once known they are a protege of the New York Drv^Goods Store.1 9
'Elegance of Shape, Per^^fection of Fit and Finish.
$75 CLOTH GARMENTS!
$100Very Fine, for Ladies^$150 and Children.
Wesuggest to the Ladies of Helena to make their selections now. Also to parties living^at a distance to send in earlv orders, if unable to visit us. as there will be no duplicate of the^above garments.
TEAGOWNS AND READY MADE DRESSES !
Atno time in the history of Helena has there been such a display in any one store of Tea^Gowns, Wrappers and Dresses as we exhibit this season. Beautiful in fit,!charmingly draped.^Tea Gowns of Silk, Satin and Worsted, sufficient to enchant the most vivid [imagination.^Dresses suitable for the altar, the stage, the parlor, or a charming costume for street wear.
Agentsfor Foster's Celebrated Lace Kid Gloves.
ALLGOODS SOLD AT NEW YORK PRICES.
Outof Town orders Promptly Filled. Satisfaction Guaranteed.
NEWYORK DRY GOODS STORE.^Oonw Main and Bridyp Sts.. HaIptih
|tt..ii^t bun ^ li-ili,'^' ol lu'inatitt* iron.^Bitting, li^^' itoM tad WltM ri^;lit,
tin iiutrtit of ii mill' troM rtilrotd.^|8,.'itH^ bujrt 440 urn's uf fenced Innd,^all nppnftMUHMIM (Of hliti-p gRMrinc^btiHiiH'HM, with rinlit of tlm **l^l^^Ht ami^U-st rtngt ill Montniiii, twenty live by^tilt^n tllhlt in extent. Also, if want
ad,BJBOO band of nVttp ;it #'J.^^^^ w ill go
withthe ItrtfT Wood, water, tirn#n^mid nhelter pWoUfttL
tl,100bart an utdtridtd four-aiitM in-^ttrtrt m Mff tinrtff of oonl Imm by a^railroad nnnr Kutu^, i-ontaininjj thre^^^dietinot veitiB of ko^^1 oonl, raaptot-^iveiv f*H't. i feet and 19 foot in think'
AJnoihup bntiding propuaitiona in the
businesscenter of Butta,^For wile by
EVANS,NICHOLS ^ CO.,^Real Estate ^ Mining Broker*.^02 EAST BROADWAY. BUTTE. M T
A.H. NELSON,^Land and Mining Alt)
SevenYears. Bsporianoe in the (len^eral Land Ollioo at Wiwhinjfton, I). ('
ROOM8, ATLAS BUILDING.
MainStrrnt. ^ ^ ^ ^^,,., Montana.
DANIELHANLEY ^ CO..
Oranges,Lemons and Apples,
FOREIGNAND DOMESTIC^Dried Fruits and Nuts, Cigars and Tobaccos.
danaimi Oangkll ^^^! i'^^uith!!!^Vnal i^ 'he ^^riil ih Mm raaaoo yen will^aangi and an i^ aaagnAng nn^i ^t'H kaap try.^laginftriut mndlainaanatn Magga'Cnaiif
('iiuutlSv;n\i will ikniitivrly relieve your^eoiiirh ut nmv y Tliis is no nilvertisinu
ahauMi.baito totaal fuel anil aa tatrtiitw
it. I'nr sule liv rill ilrnuuisU. 11. S Utile .
Co..vnoltialt and rataO taanta.
Iturklia^^ \inir.l Suite
Tatlx^t srilvi' in th^ ^nrlit for ouU,^bruises, s.'res. uleers, suit rhelini, fever^MM, 1-ttir. ehiipix'il IiiuiiIk, clnlbliiina,
naanaiand nil ^km eruptmtis. taa^noaittvali^aam ailw, ^ir ua pay rawdiad. it is ^unr-
miteeilin yiv^ |^ rfi ct siitisfaction, omuoiipjf^reftituliil. I'nei- ts titN per Ixi*. for mU^hj II S Hale * (V..
Ni'Kriti.TiKs Caaaaaal Cruaaaari Eutier,
I'-tClC. I tavMali Vecelul^lr^ arnl Montana^r i^ i, 111 _ lloii.e rro,liM-i^.
\hiuti ^:rrt^l^ Iff4nnl. pMMtan] P*J^ ',,r^liv. is irutiln- k-IiikiI ami lor busliieaa. I'ir-t-^i lrtw iwluration; tl ororujh omirw of stmlt. Ad-^dp,*.L. IIOWAHD,^Hiii^Tintenileut. Oirlen I ity. I tali.
liol.lami Mlv. r ^l Zinc
Mlvir.rcolil au,l lea.) '.' iW Tin
1 , i .... I iu Antimonj.
i..ih^tIW Arsenic ..
...^I ^u lrun
...i uu^... i ou
HKI.IN A, MDMT.
MmOiaji I NNMp|tt l'|v,',|||r
Theonl\ First t'lass Busines- S.-h.^^l^batnaanot Pnul tod Portlnnd. Nigbt^aobool Ontobac to April. ItU-ml ^Board^of Keforemv^ m Dottafj Ranurtar.
HAHN^ WALTERS.^Gold Block. Helena, Mont.
CornerBroadara) and Warren Streot*.
OppoaitaDi s. Assay OaVa,
IIKI.KNA. .... MdNTANA.
N*wl)tiltiil anil Mwt^ fnrrii-lurl thro'ivlioirt.^bmlii--' arnl aaats baCaa, lutrlsT slio|i. har ami^Mllltrrt liall, wit Ii all nioitiTn irritimveir.eut^.
Willis|^*rial airoiiiniiHlatiomi for Comnir'rrial^I'raveliTs.
RUSRTNSTI)AND KHOM ALL THAINS.
At25c. a Gallon.
I01 s.,i,. t| tin' VaUaWtag I^enler^i
R.C. WALLACE^W. H. GUTHRIE ^ CO.^KUF'HAL ^ LEOPOLD,^CHAS. LEHMAN.
VIliMorv of (Mir lleroec. '^ lur ^tatomen. Our^s, ;,.,|ar^. ^''^ Men of Note in Kverj I-m-M.
i.ThoOnly Nutional Standard.
iMhtOa'li ^.loisi.lia of Ameriran ItMwra-^|.hv^ roi tain^ a Ki.i^:raiitiiial sketch ^'l every
irrmwvulnrat la iaHnaaa eirU ami military
l.Ut.r\. in law ami |*^litir^. in iliviuity.,litera^^ture .iml ar'. in m ienef ami in invention, luelml-^i: . . ^ ,. .-i |-.r.,.r^ lairn al^r^H^.l tl..it are^n lato.1 to our national history. ^^^1 embrace, all^the i-ountrii. of Nor.li aiul Houth Ameriea. It m^a romiili te bkatorj ^rf tls^ New Workl in every^branch of hunuti :^ biew,iiM,ut.
Bread,Pies and Cakes
T any |^rt of the rity on ^hort notice. Xo. IM^Kriilxe street, onedisir alaivi^ M. lleiniK '.^Kranch Ston' at Cor. Bixtli Av^^ ami I'ark.
Awningtand Hydraulic Hoae.
Twentyilifferent styles of Window Awninc*^ami the latest improved lixtnres for luuiKiuy.
I'anvasof all kinds and width* from ^ inchea^wide to I'JO inches wide always in stock.
Thelatift improved ( amy Hoods.^MAIN 8TKKKT. ... -
PAULS. L BHXEL,
I111 1-1' N. MAIN.
Allkinds of merchandise and oth-r fma-ht*^includiuit ores, pnimpUy trBiisfern'.i fnmi ii*
tlnlerswill r^^it* prompt attention.