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BY WORTHY MASTER BRIHA1M REEBD,
TO TIHE TERIIRITORIAL GRANGE, JCNE, 18;5,
]1TrOTILERS AND SISTERS OF THE TEfRRITORtAL. (RANGI :
Once more, through the inliuite kindnem.s of our Great
Master above, we are permitted to greet each other at the
a4ltar of our beloved Order. And although it is for eare:';.
~rneded work, and not mere pleasnuro, that we have mtt •
vet, it is mhv hope ndl trust, that wher, we shall han ; ea( 4 OI)
p.li.shed the labors of this session of our Territra'l:.;e nelrane,
anld returlled to our Lhomnel,, we will be i, ,rtl} entitle to,
t.hat ~grcalest of n.ll pleasures, the p.le.l.: deril ed lon the
.5csiOuI.CSs of a d uty well i)(q _,"
On thile Jst (dlay of ,l)te,,;oer 18, 1874, the Ilrr representa
lives of .seventej, Sl-b,rdlinate (ralnge., of tlhis '.erritory
niu.et lt 13, leti, P1 ,'.suant to a call from our Worthy National
Deputy, - ,. Sutherlin, and organized the IMoltnnma Ter
rt t,- alrange. At that time there were twenty-three
ra:1'',;,1s iin the Territory; thcrefore, six were not repre
.ecnted. It was a busy season of the year for the thfarmers
of ,iMont;na; and., feeling they .ould hardly aflbrd to spare
the necess ary ti.e, the work of organization was hurriedly
ail(d imperfectly dlone.
Consilderiing the limited extent of the Order in our Ter
ritory, your working ofticers have had obstacles to over
co2me. amnd no very light task o plerform in pilacing the
(Granuge in working conllition. The Granges were niewly
organized, and of course, iliperth.et in their work; the
mueans of commtnulicating with them, slow and tedious. In
some instances, the laws of the Ordor were differently tn
dlerstood and applied, thus cauing confusion ; and in other
ilstainces, tihe laws had not been received. But not the
least lamong the obstacles met, stanids the fact of our having.
to conullelc(e with ali tilniost destitute treasury, whic:h has
sinie been inadequately supplied by a very small revenue.
NWithout money it is difliclllt to perftormn any great amount
of work of this charuacter, especially, in this part of the
world. To add to our embarrassmnents, the personal ilter
ests of our Worthy Seeretary, Bro. O. F. Parmneter, conm
pelled him to resign his office on the 1st of November last,
and befoLre that office was -fhirly in workinmg order. As
Master of this Grange, and chairman of' the Executive
Coulnittee, I considered it my duty to appoint some imen
ber to temptrarily fill that office until the vacaucy could be
filled by election. Accordingly, Bro. J. D. McCanmmon,
Master of Fairview Grange, No. 12, was selected a:s Secre
t?.ary pro. tem. ; an act your Executive Conunittee has since
Bro. 5[cCm:unno:- has proven himself a capable and effi
I amli. unable to report; to you any extensive or brilliant
work that has been accomplished, and yet I have great
hopes lor our fuLture success.
We are gradually overcoming the obstacles in our way.
We are g iuinilr in knowledge, of the natur'e and laws of
our Order. W'e are taking more comprehensive views of
its principles and purposes. We are improving in order
d di:ciphline, and I hope, yes, I beli'cC, we are advanci..g
in tlhose ftundanlelntal virtue:-, Faith, Hope, Charity and
One of our Granges surrendered its dispensation and was
afterwards re-organized with a change of nuname and charter
i111'ubers. But Vo newl Gran.es halve bleen organized since
our September nmeeting. The work of con'ferring degrees,
in most of the Granges, I believe, has been sufliciently rapid
for healthy growth, and a ftir percentage has beeu a(ded to
our memberlship. We now numb!er twenty-live Granges,
with a membership of over eight hundured.
In my opinion, the harmony of the Order lhas been more
.ndangered by a crroneous interpr'etation of Art. 5th of'
the Constitutioll of the 'National Grange, than from any
otiler cause ; and I frankly say to you, I believe inilproper
persons have, in some instances, sought and obtained
ithnis:sion to our halls, both as charter and initiated memin
We have various tradles and occupahtions withinm our gates,
whlich cnstitute anl active element, foreign to the nature of
t 1hi Order, and having interests in direct conflict 'vith the
interests of the fariner, and the purposes of the Order.
This wrong interpretation of the law of eligibility is a form
ilable ro:k upon which our organization may possibly be
,lashed to pieces, and I assure you, we cannot remove it too
soon. The law requires that a person, to bie eligible to
membership, "shall be engaged in agricultural pursuits and,
have no interests in conflict with our purposes." .Iere are
two diistinct ideas included. Applicants may be extensively
" engaged in agricultural pursuits," but that is not enough;
tihey htIust, also, " have no interest in conflict with our puri
poses." The simple fact of a person owning a tract of land
doed not prove him or her to " be engaged in agricultural
pursuits. They must give their personal attention to thfe
cditation of 'the land, or to the care of their herds. Com
plaint of the hlx application of this law appears in the
annual addresses of many of the daEsters of State Granges.
It is a mistaken idea that numberC 'add streligth to the
G(range, unless those numbers are of the right stamp; . that
iA, unless they are genuine airmers. A Grange composed
tof thirty farmers would be a strongerGrano"e than it would
bo- witmthe memnbership incrueased tq fortylby th4. additioni
of ten merchants. If, in such a Grange, a question of bus
iness co-operat.ion that waould injuriously effect the interests
of the ten merchants, should arise, their uuited strength
and influence would be arrayed in opposition . to the far'm
ers' interests.' More or less wr;angling and confusion would
be the result, The same would be the case with all other
osfilieting interests; hence, the impropriety of any, but tile
fahtners' interest. being represented in the Grange. Ot.
declaration of purposes, our laws, and the whole spirit of
our Order, all point to the one fact, that ours is exclusively
a farmer's association, and must be maintained as such, or
it mtst prove a failure. Every true Patron :should remem
ber that the ballot is the means whereby we guard our gates,
Immoral persons should not be admitted to our balls. Moral
nuproveument is one of our purposes.
This question of eligibility is one of vital importance to
the Order. Its future existence depends, to a great exteE ,
upon bhow the: question is answered at our ballot-box. Tbp
law of eligibility,, as now amended by the Nationial Gran ,
is plaini, and I trust that, in the fiture, the brother and
sisters of the Order in Montana will see to it that:none but
those actually "en aged in agricultural pursuits. and having
no Interest in con iet with our purposes," shall enter our
At the time of my election to office at our September
ineetirg, Iurs~ed as a reason for not wishing t accept the
poealtit of aDster, my inabllity to attend the Eight essign
o. the National Grange,, I made . ruling to the effect that
the Territorial Grange could riot,be represented by a proxy,
on the ground that we had '.no m bets eligible to such a
positiona I therefore refsed to order the election of a proxy..
Thereupon. by a vote of thbe Grane, I was requested to
write to the ti'. M. of the National (,range asking if our t
ftve answer. I wrote, as requested, and received the follow- (
ing reply: 1
NTmg IONAL GRANGE, DUDLEY W. ADAMS, MASTER.
W-aukon, Iowa. October 28th, 1874. J
Brigcamn Reed, Esq.-Dear Si? and Bro.:
Your ftavor at hand, and in reply,
would say, the reason cf the amendment to the By-'laws
requiring a proxy to be a Past Master was, that no other
member of a St!ute Grange is eligible to sit in the Sixth
)egree. and it would be very awkward to have a body com
posed of members, a portion of whom' cannot gain access
to the meetings or pass the esxamination necessary to be
I hope you will be able to so arrange your affairs t to be
with ius at Charleston in February, as the amendment will
not be ratified in time to have the next meeting in November.
hoping you will fiavor us with your presence in February.
I aun Fraternally yours,
DL DLE Y W. ADAMS.
I was not able to attend the meeting of the National
Grange last February, but undoubtedly will be abley to
attend the meeting of that body in November next.
By requcest of our Executive Committee, I wrote to the
I. ll. of the National Grange, asking if some member of i
the National Grange could be sent to rsect with us at this .
time, and instruct us in the Fifth Degree. tie informed Ien
that the Secretary of the National Grange, Bro. O. H. Kel
lcy, would senl the Fifth Degrce by express, on our order.
I have ordered it, but this Information came too late to
order it in time for this meeting.
There has been but little done. in our Territory in the
way of business co-operotion. I believe about all that has
been accomplished has been dlone through the County
C(oucils of Madison ancd Gallatin Counties. I have no direct
information in regard to what has been effected in Madison
County, but understand the Council of that county has becti
able to Smake arrangements by which the members of the
Order obtain family supplies at reduced prices.
In Gallatin Conty., an arrangement to the same effect
has been in successful operation for the past year... The
price of lnackslnithing has been reduced, and in one instance,
ferry toll has been reduced. This season, the Business
Agent of the Council has been awarded coritrltets for four
to he delivered at different Government forts. Thus it will
be seen that business co-operation and its benefits have been
confined to certain localities.
In tsome parts of the Territory,'Patrons have built for
themselves new halls; others have improved their places
of meeting-all of which denotes a degree of prosperity.
In fiect, considering all the adverse circumstances that have
surrounled us. both as an order and nsra people, I'think
our Order itl Montana is in as healthy a condition as could
reasonably be expected.
Thlis is all I nee to say in regard to past work. In the
rep.lorts of your Worthy Secretary and Worthy Treasurer
you will learn what has been done in those offices. and in
the report of your Executive Committee you will learn of
the doings of that body.
Uonsiuering everything, we could not expect much would
have been accomphlished up to this time. Our past is but a
short interval of time, our real work is in the mdefinate fti
ture. Especially is .this the case with this Territorial
Grange. We are only fiirly prepared for work. This is
our first meeting since our ortganization. This is a:
momentuous dlay for our order in fIontana. It is heavily
laden with good or with evil. To.lday; the real work of this
body begins. At this session we prepare the ground and
plant the seed. Upon our wisdom and moral principles it
deplends, to a great. extent, whether from that seed there
shall grow up a crop of tares that shall choke and blast the
fiture hopes and life of the Order; or, whether instead,
there slhall grow up a crop of pure wheat, wholesome food,
which shall vitalise oure fratrnity .with intellectual and
moral strength, justice, clharity and brotherly love whereby
there shall be insured to it a long life of honor and useful
'There will be considerable work brought before you in tbie
way of perfecting our organization ; the most of which you
will probably be ahle to perfor>i. MIany co-operation busi
ness schemes will undouibtedly be presented for your, con
sideration, and inanymore~ssuggested. You cannot possi
bly act upon all of them. In considering this class of work
we cannot ignore the fact Qf our limited membership, inade
quate revenuie, isolated condition as a people, and our limn
ited home markets. All thes , and other circumstances,
you will do well to carefully w igh,and consider in all their
bearings upon the various co-o ierative e nterpilcs youtake
into consideration. It is well ftr us to remember that .few
acres well cultivated will retm i goreater net profits than a
broid field dverrun with wervd "tF o not wvyih iimpresa
upon your minds the idaa;that ¶Ircumsfances are such tbat
nothing, -oribut little, cab be (do e in the way of busines;.co
operation ;: lhat your energies inu t ilst for wait of riso;
on ,the contrary, ample fields, .ear ut hand, lay p.pen ftb
your. labqr, into which you mis, dirive deep the lovwshare
of'vo simbtiiemss abillities and th n up, the 1ch moufld freio
wilich S r brotherhood ,in Moitania may rpeedily reifp a
rich haretst.: But I do wish tqimpre~ý s itpon your mf4ds
the necessity of liiting your i'Vork, in this line, within the
bounds of pro'bable success. S ch ;a selttion will require,
on your part, baiefitl eosiderna ,io. judgment and nice'dist
crimination. It is mauchbettet to nundertake too little thln:
to attempt more th!i can be accomplished. Remember
that every failure upon our p rt, no matter howv trifling,
becomes a sermon against us In the mouths of our ene
. As a thorough organization ' the foundation of all our
work, I will first asE your atter tlon, in that direction. Some
amendments to our rlas are im lispensible.
Sectibns 6 and 7,' of Art. I, o the By-Laws; should be so
amended as to conform to Sec f2, Artfele VII. of the Re
vised Constitution of the Nati nal Grange, See. 6, of the
same article, should be so amended as to require the Secre
"tary 1o give bonds.
'there seems to be'e a necessity for a law flling the ,time
that shall, intervene between the retellon of a candidate for
nmbebrship and such tirpe he. or she, shall be permitted to
make amother application. This is a imaiteir tMat seems to
have been ortirWlvoverlodked hy.the framers of the laws of
thfis Grage. It ertainly, is onlryrlghtithat a candidate, aif.
1tr having been tejected, should bq allwed to alpply again.
G(ood moe p nd women are jiable' to be rejected through
faimpres, 1sn of . their charaetQr, otives, .or Iterests,
and upon a's4 d tbpp1eiation the resun mighi bdeontfrely
dlBffetnt, -im4# r wroung corrected A 4 redected qnpkid&t
might change his Interests, or refo-m, and thus. biomea
wQrthy of membership.
The Amended Constitution of the National Grange au
thorizes the estnablislunent, of County Granges in the FiftV
Degree. These Granges are to take the place of the Coun
ty Coulncil, and hLave extended jurisdiction. "Dispensa.
btous for such l)istrict or County Grainges, shall issue from
the State Grange, and under such-regulations as the State
Grange may adopt." They are also organized under regu
lations ostaablishcd biy the State Granet. I t will be neces.
sary for you to Imake the proper reg.iations, before our or
ganization in Montana can organize and enjoy the advan
t .s of trhese Fifth Dlegree Granges. In my opinion, this
subject slauld be retferred to a special committee.
Tlhere seems to be a necessity for the creation of a Con
tingent Fund, tA) be placed at the disposal of the Secretary ;
tbr the purpose of supplying his office with all needed sup
plies,,and the (ither offices of the Grange with the neces
sary books, andtstationery with properly printed headln .
'I here should l~ adopted a system of i' blanks," but this,
[ presume will be roper work for your Executive Comn
I Would call your attention to the fiact that, in our laws
" Withdrawal ' is considered as though there was no dilfflr
ence between withdlrawal and demit. This is certainly a
defot in the law. Discrimination should be made between
the tivo. In my mind, there is a broad difference. I can
not explain my position on this s;bject better than by quot
ing from Smedley's " M,.nual of Jurisprudence and Co-op
eration ;" a work every Patron should possess.
Brother Smedley says: "A Demit simply disconnects a,
member from the particular Qrange issuiný the same, leav
ing him still a memb . of the Order. A Withdrawal severs
14s connection with.the order wholly.
"A Withdrawal card is for the purpose.of enabling a mem
ber, as above to retire from afllliation with lthe Order, and
it is his certificate of voluntary retirement, or honorablq
discharge.. It follows, then, that a person who:has' with-i
drawn has severed all connection with the Order.
"A Denmit card, however, is to enable the member receiv
ing it to trandfer his membership from one Grange to
This quotation, I think, makes the question sufficliently
I see that some of the State Granges have fixed the tifm
of their annual-meetings, so they closely follow the anmnal
session of the National Grange. This course is recomn
mended in other States, because the Annual Pass-word is
given to the State Masters at .the National meeting is
November, and if a State range- meets soon a ,ors.
all the Subordinate Masters of that State could rec ve tIev.
Annual Pass-word at the same time, and at the beghi.ig
of the year.
I mention this, because the propriety of changing our
time of meeting 'has been suggested to me.. After ftlly
considering the matter, I am satistlfied thit our ppr.ieat thim
of meeting is the best that could be selected. Itis bet wee- ,
seeding aind the time for irrigating, and farmers can. then
leave their work without much loss. If the time Waa
changed to December or January, the inclemency of the
weather would prevent many of the Sisters from attefdu
The Annual Pass-word can be given to the Subordinate
Granges by the proper officers visiting the Gran . These
visits could be made at the same time very proif to the
it seems to me the interests of the Order might be ad
vanced by authorizing our Worthy Lecturer to orgalte
Granges, as in visiting the Granges in pifferent parts of tMo
Territory, it might often be convenient for him to perform
the work of organization.
Something should be done to impress upon the minds of
the members of Subordinate Granges the necessity of re
spondinog promptly and fully to all calls: fobr "tatilsti~6 'd
other rdports coming fi'ormf the National Grange, Territo al
Grange, or County Councils. This is a much needed sup
port to those transacting the bustess of the Order, .and
should it be withheld, Patrons' hve but poor ground for
complaint if but little is accomplished. There a..rs to be
great inditterence manifested hl this matter. . :
A pressing need in1 the Exc.cutiie D~ o the cs
tabllshment of somie less la'orious 'a. more x.eiZdltlous
method of communication with Subordinate r .s and
members of the Order than by written eorres p ,nnceo
With this end in view, I would Invittn 'yout tonsld the
expediency 4nd fensahidty of establishhi aPeriode (
cial Circular or Bull:.tin similar to the '`Monthly Bu'i t`"
of tihe Executive Committee of the State Grane of Wis
consin, a copy of which I have present". If tlis could be
done, it would bring your Executive ' Depatn
ordinate Granges into a direct' ennimunicalthlia dta
be the means of, dissemnatinatng muh usefu ilr f.ttt.
regard to a'atestlons of law, and order, and t#h.'
worldng o~, the Ordei, which wouiild prove hg$ ib
'I have thought it. might be. made self-su.
Brothaerhood; otherwise, I would -not advisei apion at
present. I am not prepared to say that' this enterprise Ia
entiely practical, but thought it least worthy of Invetli
waration. ° ~,r ,
In looking over the laws of the, Territofial Grange, we
are met by the noticeable fhct that noWh.ie in thoe6 laws
is thete any provision whatevter Mgfor ,.r atlng any of
,the ,6.irs for the time and la.bo. exned to : t dei ll.
charge of their dutie. :
Thus far, our existence as an haatend hM ed,
and to a great extent still depen b , iiti sajg ifc~ti t by
:a few individuals for the go o s ,iiy, bt X7t
6xperience teaches that isuch out of Ktý l i m eng
continte ; that the burden of ntaiing aua seioio for
a mutual behetit must be bornei j
If I rightly rcemer, i P t1opetvalUin kehing tln ofthe
members at ' ur n eetirg ,; t mbr, t firilt t. coam
pensation should be v our rorthy reartary#orh his
services up to this tim ~ hisl would be, an act of simple
justice, and I hope tl i.iUt tr t t ianott Vle'i kdirl '
T'he duties af ou orthSy Secretary ro ternm. hav ee
qultle urduous. J B the has thftaPýr .edrmed t oee
duties with an e t ilt: i nll. l1 hI bi and
the G range, in .r ondition I bey .,ore, ' baa
been re++ired dm tian has been opermd m~i . LFa the
other omicrs together.:
I believeat thls "session a sPlary should be ;-.to the
Secretary for ..te comlag year.
I do not favor giving iay to any other oI $r .
rendered in the past; neither do I favor any ixed Slr
for any other officer for the comi gI.1 l. .:
salary to the Worthy Treasurer. ~ en.
]Lecturr Or District-)e uties are -.
la'o I fom. home the'should w
fat ay 1and caes
of :the rot erg; o a Y1C `tle"
work of the rtn au, to a e
upon tt oR. labor * e o b o~ am,
=fo Q tie i +i