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Rocky' Iooutai Hllsbantlman.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, Editor.
THURSDAY, JULY 12, 1877.
THE Indian war in Idaho is now engaging
the earnest attention of the people of Mon
tana. It is not only feared that the success
of the Nez Perces may induce other friendly
tribes to take up arms, but it is reasonable
to presume that if ever driven from their
stand they will retreat in the direction of
Montana, falling upon the settlements in the
eastern part of the Territory for revenge. It
Is only about three days' ride from Camas
Prairie, the present scene of hostilities, to
Bannack or Bitter Root, and were the In
dians so inclined they could deal a dreadful
blow to the settlements in either or both of
these sections. But by examining the cause
of the war and the situation, we find that
there is at present no probability of their
making such a move. Camas Prairie is a
high, level plain, about 50 miles long and
from 10 to 25 miles wide, cut at intervals and
on either side with deep canyons. The can
yons are wide, and filled with a dezse forest
ot large red pine and spruce, Many are 150
feet deep, with banks risig sudden and
abrupt, and stretch back into the mountains,
forming a wild and dismal retreat, and at*
fording a rendezvous for Joseph and his fol.
lowers almost as seeae as the lava beds, and
it is nobimprobabl~ that the scenes of the
Modoo war may be repeated. Most of the
Salmon river country is of the same nature.
It seems to be the disposition of the Indians
to hold this country, and they will most
likely do so, until forced to retreat, which
we may sately calculate will not be very
soon, judging from the rate at which the
government generally moves about such
work. In view of these facts we do not see
that we need borrow any trouble from this
quarter. But it is well that our people be
on their guard. Thei to companies at Mis
soula, we understand, number only about
six men each, not enough to ~otect the
Post, to say nothing of t. e settlements of
Bitter Root and Missoula valleys. We do
not wish to create any unnecessary alarm,
but it is well known by all who have been
brought into contact with the Indians that
Sthe victories or melr race in the past two
years have fired the Indian heart with love.
aor deeds of blood, and a general war is im
THE main cause of the Indian outbreak in
Idaho istheir had treatment at the hands of.
the governmeat, or rather those with whom
the governmena entrusts its business, and an
outbreak of other tribes may be reasonably
expecteda for a similar cause. The fact is
patent to every one in Montana at all ac
quainted with the managesment ok Indian
affairs, that they td not veceive one-half
allotted to them by the goverameiat. The
F ±lathead Agency, which has had the name
of being carried on in better faith towards
the Indians than most others ivithin our bor
Sdrs, has been far from what it should be.
The Flatheads have been entitled to annui,
ties every year, but have received scarcely
anstldng, They are reported by Agents as
farming arl raising lorses,, cattle. etc., and
the truth ot, thql, mitter, i thmb they have not
now in cultiLptipu 49 acresof land all told..
They arc reported ev.ry year as attending
school, whew they are not., 'lhey have no
education, amd larqnot receiving any., We
wederstand that thq.present incumrbet, Mr.
louan, is giving: bettqr satisfactJon than his
predbeessors, and cl trt.t thlat thefaith of
the goveyn nulpt mppa be better ~rse.erved, It
is evident that uplqss there i a clhayge in!
the management of Indian aafti;s deprdA:l
tions and outbreaks will niev~r cease. If the
onslaugI!ts could le made upon those res
pousnible for their maltreatnlent it would
ipal.o little or no. diflerence, but they are
muidn upon the lhooes and, families of de
emncelesS se.tWals,,to wahor. thq I/dian.owe
far more ito their subhistence tbhainthey do
to the goveruPtnol Tih h Ity of general
:eformatiou,.we trust, is not tar distaqi.
WHIEAT shipnlmeuts having beeni prevented
whilt*.wheat, could hstae been. sold, in E]u
glandat a lhigh psit4e,, by thq iremarltpbl
managemen t of putti ..p.pr!ing in Qhicago
too high to admit of !.s for cargoes to
Europe, the decline in aztes hlasbrought out
tie hoards,:'14l there is grt:t qrxiety to re
ICDTonI HtUsnANDMA N:
I write to inform you that I leave 8per
fish in the morning bound for Montana. I
will take in the Big Horn country, its In
dians and gold excitement. 1- will drop
you a line every opportunity I have, and let
your readers know if any gold discovetes
have been made. There are huundeds of
people leaving here for the Big Horn, as
they cannot find employment here. There
are good placer and quartz mines here, )ut
not enough to give employment to the vast
amount of people that come in. If there
are no diggings found in the Big Horn, ihe
majority of the disappointed gold seekers
will find their way into Montana this fall.
The Indians are again making their ap
pearance around the hills, committing mar
ders and stealing stock. On the 17th inst.
a man named McClaren was killed and
scalped at the same place where R. M. Pro
viuce was killed. A few days ago Chas. D.
Adler, while hunting a mule near Spearfish,
was fired on by three Indians--agency pets
Bugs and grasshoppers are troubling the
ranchmen. George B. Mann, Judge Beck,
and Mr. W. Sypes will make a splendid
crop at Spearfish if not troubled by those
pests. JACK McGorY.
XISSU01LA AND ITS GRDErNS.
Missoula is one of the most pleasantly lo
cated towns in Montana. It is upon the
plain just out of the great Hell Gate can
yon. On the north and east it is fenced by
beautiful sloping mountains, while on the
south runs the Deer Lodge, Hellgate, Mis
soula, or Clarke's Fork of the Columbia
river, whose banks extend many miles to the
north. The town covers over a space of
about a half mile square. Ther'e are two
principal streets and several fine stone and
brick business houses. Besides a number of
elegant dwellings it has a large two story
court house, a brick school house, and a
Methodist church, which adds to the city
like look of the place, also a good hotel
kept by Mr. Kennedy, aud in the way of
improvements, it is doing' iore than any
other town in Montana, except Bt.dtte and
Pony. There is one very laige. stone stnre
building, and a numbetr of other'T ,ae
buildings being finished an.mlepaired.
The Missoulian, undcei the' niangement .
of Chauncy Barbour, hAs. a good advertis-.
ing patronage and enjoys a good subscripr
tion list, andp is doulbtless remunerative to.
its proprietors, since we noticed that he is
building an addition to hishouse--enlarging
his composing room and sanctum. Mr. B.
is a fearless advoeate of Missoula county's
interests, and is doing much service in re
forming the county affairs, by his long ed
itorials upon its financial condition.
Worden & Higgins were the first locaters
of the place, and they still car ry on a large
wholesale and retail business. They are
the proprietors of the Missoula minill, . to
which we paid a visit. These mills are run
by water power and have two.nuns tf burrs,
and turn out a good qualil okflour.. They
are now adding some new machinery to
the mill which will enable them tostill im.
prove the quality of flour' aiddget a'bettern
yield than before. We have forgotten the
new lAnled name of the improved machin
There are more elegant fr~ls and gar-.
dens here than we have seen, anywhere in
the Territory, and the proprietors thereof
appear to be quite well skilled in thle horti
cultural llue. In company with our old.
time friend, Mr. Jas. I..ue, we took, a
stroll through some of thegardens and were
"delightcd at finding such a variety, of frlits
,and shrubbery growing in them..
Capt. Ihggins' garden, which.is amotieg
the lIrgest, i surrounded near the fence
with cottouwdod and quakingeas trees.. In
side, besi~es filid(lng every variety of grow-.
ing vegetailes,, we noticed plum,. cherry,
appricea, crab.apple,.atl, apple trees which
were baripg fruit.
In Judge 1Ponley,'6 garden we pas"sed
an hour ypr pleasan~tly in, lboking ait his
beautiful :blaomig~. tloveers, colunrnisig
probably. fifty veties,, besides a, general
assortmxent of vegetabls,.ali: well adqulc~ .
His peas and potatoes were largt en.qgh
!or.u eeagd hakstrr bos weaes ripening
and( looking exceedingly..tiC,.
From here we accompauied 3'1,,IICuse to
his osv, mn~aneq&nt e j gari., r, Ur, ,1. anl
partner have two large gardens, but the I
lateness of the hour prevented us from see- a
ing but one. In it we found the greatest c
quantity and variety of vegetables and c
fruits we have ever seen in Montana. They
have several hundred apple trees, but as r
yet, there is no fruit on them. The currant a
and gooseberry bushes were well filled and
looking, finely. The'raspberries and black- c
berries were also looking well. In the veg- *
etable line, they have cucumbers, squashes,
watermelons, onions, peas and beans. They c
have potatoes large enough for use and will
soon be prepared to supply the markets
with peas, beans, parsnips and onions. We f
noticed several varieties of cabbage, large I
and growing finely, and a number of other i
vegetable plants which we cannot now enu
merate. They intend to supply the Deer
Lodge and Butte markets with vegetables
this season, and if we may judge from their
promising crop, the miners up there need
not want for anything in their line. In
their lower garden they have two acres of
hops, which are running and nearly ready
to bloom. The vines now cover the rails
higher than we can reach. This is, we be
lieve, the tirst erop of tame hops that have
been grown in Montana, and from the pres
ent outlook it will be a success. We shall
visit the hop held before we leave this see
tion and may have more to say of what he
has there. WIu.
It has been a long time since I have seen
anything in your valuable paper from this
part of the country. The farmers here are
all happy and contented. We: have had
rain enough to bring the grain up, and it
looks well, but it is too wet and coil for
corn. If the grasshoppers leave the farm
ers alone this summer, they will get out of
debt. Then we will have some money and
be able to send East and purchase supplies
through the Grange, saving from 10 to 30
per cent. Then we will not have to work
for middlemen any longer.
The stock men are 'also in good spirits.
Grass is good and stock loi.s well, and it is
still a little on the rain. There are a num
ber of men here to buy beef steers to drive
East, and some parties, here also to buy
stjck cattle. I understand'that Wilcox &
Harvey are about to sell their fine herd to
Marti.), & Meyers,
We. have a gogd time at the Grange meet
ingas-..arge turn outs apd everyone seems
in good spirits ..~ me of our members have
sent last for goods, but we don't know yet
what the result will be, as we do.'t know
what freigbh we will have to pay. O-rds
tes says '.and still the crg is why don't
more ,uaariageable ladies. eone West and
find hom~s and--"
I think that Q-restes,. for the benefit of
old bachelors. az 4 ma~[iteaheb ladies East,
ought to agitatethe su et of a subsidy to
;induce those ladies to, comae to Montana
'where they will find ~1e ansI
June 26., I ROD.
EDIrToR, HSDAsn DAxA
Acco~ring to promise, I send you a few
foems from this camp. There have been no
improaements in the town since last April,
All the buildings are. about as they were
when you were here.. 'There are three hotels,.
three.grocery stores, one dry goods store,
and three or four saoons: The latter are
welh patronized.. Everybody is very
hopeful, as the reports from the mines are·
Mr. Mallory made a clean up a few days.
ago, and report says he had about $1D,000i
in retort. He has been crushing rock from,
the Willow Creek and Netd lodes, wlth of
wiich are said to be splendid leads.
SGtchel's mill st4rted n]up lits .ondhy on
rock from the Bise 'L.wa~llorlde.,
Mreltndc's mill hlas ber, ramning an rock.
frin the Strawberry loct,.andri$, said to be.
XM'. G.'s ndlli on, 0:taraet ereek, will be in
oifration ina t few days..
Mr. Martlnville is.putting up, his mili on.
Willow cjeek a half; mile above Pony, and.
wil-have ieip operation by the 20th of this
Fred Iehmrn :i onhis way here with, his
II st.ump, iill, ard will put it uq.thove.
JMorelaudb, ot·.rjiwberr. crpelCk
iT ere is now hlrty-five
and when all are compleeted tih
course of construction, there Will b~ e
one stamps in the camp, or near thi stly.
The people are grading a road era
mountains to the Boulder distirt, .e
about 7 miles west of this place.
A lucky tellow struck a very rich keh
other day. He got seventy.fiy ve t.eb
an ounce of the rock. -
The one hundredth and first annl,
of our nation's independence, was dulyo
served. Hon. Witter President of the. y
The Declaration was read by A. , g
and orations by Dr. Schmalhause nd a ,
Isdell, after which a good dinner wasRsend
in regular Granger style. They are had
a ball at Mood's hall to-night.
July 4th. It
The Fourth of July with us pas el.4
a very pleasant and country-like, ft
The people of the valley, old and y100,
assembled for a picnic in a shady grove on
mile from Capt. Cook's hotel on the B
der stream, and passed a cvry delightfiul
refreshing season. Mr. Daly, a residento
the Comet mine favored us with a brief oa.
tion, and V. A. Cook read the Deelara
of Independence. We had lots of rocalmu,
sic, and a great a riety of good tlng to
eat. Lemonade, ice cream and eonlecton.
eries, and two games .ot croquet were ia
constant operation. For first-clasbsoiabil.
ity, genuine gooa feeling, and a liberal sup.
ply ot choice refreshments, forever com
mend us to a Boulder picnic. About t
o'clock the assemblage dispersed, and those
who were anxious to prolong the Fourth,
repaired to the hotel, where, after alittle
rest and some slicking up, dancing con.
menced in good earnest and was continue
until dawn tihe next morning. Fitty.tw
numbers were sold, and between forty ani
fifty ladies graced the festivities. The day
was pleasant, and for once in many days
past the elesents omaitted to visit us witha
perfoemanee of the wasoist act.
We bave an abuhnmance of water for hi
gation aind ground sluicing, but too inmuch
for hayinga and goodi roads. O-18-Tns.
INDIAN BwS-aRIC.K DIOOVUW
BEAR SALKOK PS".
The Indian exeltement still:prevels. The
Gorvaaisnd a Skalkaho people are ioving
their families to old Fort Owen. but arere
turning to ther homes. I attended a meet.
ing at Swgeethaesse yesterday, where the
farmers met and organisaed a company adn
applied to. the government for ars, h
that sectiiat they have noc stampetded, sad
the women do-not appear to be frightened.
At the meeting 1 met lr,. Win. Turnage.
who hadju.t returned a few days ago ftofl
Salmon Cky.. He met olt the way or six:
lodges.of Nt z Perce lndimns. They were
friendly, and gave him a cup of coffee, an
told hint they would remain iheanip,oathe
head of -ligllHe ereek until thei siow melt
ed, anitheu go down to the Canip pra
counrp,.. Mr. T. says that, t is not possible
fonladiianS. to come oser tie pass that lead
to the head: of Bitter Root until the snow
melts out, which will 'be at least:VeO
weeks. He says theisame of the LoLo PIm8
He had heard. rellbuig of tfie'Inditan'trOb
at Salmoin ity when he left, which we
eight days ago0 having madb the tdpinfoar
t~al .atd a hal..
He says the rich discoveries of silve ore
'about 10 miles frori Sodmon City are~e
ihgh geat excitement. Sr. 1xdges have b_
found which. pay from $300 tosOO,50 atol
some ot the ore shous native silver,
small gpiece which he brougJ over is th
richest I have ever seen.. FIloar .worth
$8S per saak, and bawuon 20 to g ceat'.
J'hree pack trains ~w.ne engged in PI '
out ore at fise cents per pound.
&had a medicihae tallt with a big ciea
smokted the pipe oft peace, and.think thew'%
upon the Bitter loot will be over, pe
made and qpist regained.
Stewensville, .M T.,.June 289.
Deano pasra your troubles beo Yu
frien(ls-sany thia else-is mo re. e.bie
for nine times-out of Ien they arr enirsnlit
with sil~unt patincs. a storm a.et s'.
that would malea tMh pety d pIalL
araoso.fond otpar.lg to* thatr':