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VOL. WRITE SULPHUR SIPRING, MONTANA TERRITORY. DECEMBER 18, 1884. No. 6.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSIDAY.
R. N. SUTHERLIN, - Editor
W. H. SUTHERLIN, - Associate Editor.
TERMS, - - $4.00 Per Year
The ROCKY MOUNTAIN IUBBANDMAN 18 designed
to be, as the name indicates, a husbandman in every
sense of the term, embracing in its columns every
department of Agriculture, Stock-raisii.g, llorti
culture, Social and Domestic Economy.
. i. Ei. A. ? '-. +
Iweek $2 $1 $5 $7 1)1 $11 $20 $30
Iweeks 8 4 7 10 12 15 251 40
Imonth 5 8 12 15 I1 21 4I 60
3 months 10 16 24 30 3f, 42 80 120
6 months 18 21 36 45 54 65 120 200
1 year 30 40 6075 90 I 105 180 250
Transient advertisements pavaile in advance.
Regular advertisements payable quarterly.
Twenty-five per cent. added for spec..l advertise
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S ri nlin al.
THIE iunformaltiot given in each is-ue of
the HUSBANDMAN is alone worth the sub
scription price of the paper.
FLOWER beds, strawberry beds. etc., it
not already mulched should be without de
lay, a light covering of straw will answer.
ROGISH stock should he kept inside of
one's own inclosure Since a |breeehy nti
mnal if allowed to run out will soon spoil a
THE open weather is irilly it IcII people
aill excellent opportunity to get s.tll letillg.
bore posts. iland make the neces.sary, prepa
rations for encl,,sing as largeanitnntot land.
WHAT giood pia ctrcal titrinr will givI uý
an etlimate on the. (st of growing a bltlhe'
of wheat anld a bushe-l ,t Ots in Montana?
Figure on say it -ixt or or one hl drdtlll l acre
Do NOT quit work because it is winter.
There is plenty to tlo on the farm anld the
teamn that are ted are none the worse ofi
for moderate workintg during the winter
EVERY Hfarmer should fenee all of his land
with a good substantial fence, in order to
get the exclusive use of it. However if he
is not able to put up a good fence, better
inclose only half, for a poor fence is not
much protection, for stock br. ak through
and are a continual source of annoyance.
FARMERS should practice economy and
teach their children to do likewise. But wedo
not mean by this thai they should deprive
their homes of the substantial comforts of
life, or their families of such pleasures as
are necessary to make Ihenl light-hearted
and hddpy. These things can be indulged
in and economy practiced also.
G. W.-HoiFFMAN, of New1 York, states be
lore the Elmira Farmers' club that he does
not believe there is an orchlard in that State
that has paid a profit of $10.00) per acre.
He has in his hirge orchard only two vari
eties that approach full-bearingt and they are
much below what he had exprected. The
varieties are the ltendi ick's Sweer and
. ..... m--c-He-" - --
FAR.MEiRS of Gallitil counllty haul their oats
to Butte and sell the same at $1.25 per hun
dred. By hauling it it seems that they are
able to compete with the railtoads. As it
is worth forty cents per hundreds to haul
the oats to the Butte market they have only
eighty-five cents for raising grain, which is
not enough by at least fiteen cents on the
hundred. Farmers would not grumble it
they could have a sure market for oats on
the ranch at one cent per pound.
THE only immediate relief that we can see
for our farmers is to turn their attention to
growing pork. Just how profitable this will
prove remains to be seen; but little experi
menting in this line has yet been done, yet
we are confident from the relative price of
pork and grain that it may be made
profitable. Nearly every farmer will admit
that it will pay togrow pork it a ftrmer will
raise his own feed; hut few of thein think
of trying the exlperiment of buying grain
and teeding' it to hogs. 'This it seems to nu
would paiy well. It is admitted by all that
grain is as low as it can be raised. II this is
the case there is nothiing to be saved by
raising one's own grain, provided he counts
hies own labor worth anythini . Hence if it
will pay at all to grow hogs it will pay to
buy grain at the present low prices to fatten
them oni. We woull be glad to see some of
our enterprising fanners who have water
power for running a teed chopper, try
feeding a small lot of hogs *his winter and
report the result. The hogs should be
weighed beoore commencing, in order to
know how runch flesh is taken oni from a
given quantity of feed. After the hogs are
fattened it will then pay to slaughter and
pack the meat and dispose of it after it Is
made into bacoin.
THE Scientific American publishes a letter
front an inventor who proposes revolution
izing the present systens of cultivating the
earth. lie describes a machine that is rigg
ed with large winilwieel sails, has a tiller
for steering, will travel tip hill or down, and
with the windi in any direction. A lull-siz
ed one of 6(0-horse power may he depended
upon to draw ten ploughs four miles anll
hour, ploughingl tour aces an hour. with but
one tlatll in atltendalnce. It will also harrow,
andt lfrnishlI the power to sow, reap and
nmow. thresh. grind, carry loads to market,
or irrigate lands. Will travel ten miles all
hour int any direction. and carry twenty pas
sengers, provided there is a good breeze.
The machines a;e not expensive to build.
THE KAHI OR JAPANESE PERSIMMON.
HENRIETTA, CLAY COUNTY, '1TE'xs,
November 18, 1884.
DEAn Sri:--lhe interest in fruit among
our people seems to be on the increase. anid
maniy niew varieties are bring introdtiued.
Amongi others, the Kahi or Japanese per
imtnotu, and ot this excellent, Iruit there are
ntaily varieties. I herewith setid yon a
-,itmple in a semi-driti, state, of it ()tOgalov
or (lite Kahi, from which you miay Lorml an
opinion ot the excellence of this truit, and
ialo a- it is in a Iresh state. I have it Unttt
h rt of trees of this variety which is the oinly
rprtrducionr variety whit which I atm ae
qntinted-growiiig ill my orchard. It any
readt(rs ,f the ROtCKY MOUNTAIN 11USBAND
MAN are interested I will send them a sawl
ple free, on receipt of tollt cents itn stamps
to defray mailing exptenses.
Respectfully, L R. BUDD.
The sample sent with the above are very
Pie anid nicely flavored, and carry us hack
to boyhood days whien "persimrnonus and
'possum", though by no means a rare dish,
were always regarded as a a luxury. We do
not know whether this variety of truit could
be grown in Montana or not; but we are
sati fled if it could our ieople would regard
it as a great delicacy.
STR AWBERRIES FOR FARMERS.
I wish I could induce every farmer reader
of thills paper who does not grow strawber
ries to appreciate the value of a strawberry
patch. I beliheve there is no fruit which
combines so many excellent qualities. De
licious, heal:thul, comparatively firee ronll
insect pests and easily produced in all kinds
of soil--what other luxury so cheap yet so)
good ? It i, perhaps crelitable to ftrmer'
that the use t f strawberries i- growing pop
ular among them ; yet it seerins unjus~t that
ally pelsoil hlaving a patch of la:ld should
deprive himell and taulily of a full allo w
ance ot this ilelicitas fruit during its fruit
The chief reason that strawberries are mot
more generally grown by farmers, is that
the term strawberry bed often signifies some
thing which the ordinary, pushing farmer
cannot afford. The strawberry bed is asso
ciated with the flower garden, the lawn and
the grainery, rather than the cabbage patch
and the onion bed. In other words, most
farmers who do not raise strawberries for
family use believe that their productions
requires a vast amount of skill, patience and
labor-more than they can afford. This is
by no means the case. Every person who
can have a cabbage patch can also have a
strawberry patch, and the latter requires no
more brains, patience or labor than the for
mer. Indeed those who are accustomed to
growing strawberries in plenty for home
use would drop the cabbage patch rather
than the strawberry patch.
The miiodern strawberry bed. instead of a
very snall raiedI piat'of groulnd in the gar
den almong the liowelrs and ihruhbery, as it
often existed in otl-tfashioned gardens, sig
nifies a good sized piece 0t ground where
strawberry plants are set out and cultivated
with a horse as ae cultivate the corn and
the cabbages. As labor is the chiel item of
expense in growing in gro ing garden pro
ducts, it is important to practice a cheap
system of of growing strawberries. 2My
system-the chiel merits of which are econ
omy and cheapness-is as tollows:
I set out a strawberry patch every spring
as early as practicable, Usually during April.
I do not expect to obtain but one crop from
a planting, although becasionally the plants
are left to bear two crops. The advantages
of this one crop systnm are that the first
crop is nearly always he best, and that to
preserve a bed to produce more than one
crop requires to much labor in order to
thoroughly clean the .loil of grass and weeds
and loosen the soil between the rows and
about the plants. By setting out a patch
every spring and plowing down another
one ev. ry year after it has fruited, a fresh
bed is always ready to produce a lull crop
of tine, large berries, and the.,expense for
weeding and cultivation is trifling.
I plait in rows thres and a half feet apart,
and the plants are one foot apart in the row.
I keep the soil clean, loose and open by fre
quent cultivation and the use of the hoe.
No runners are cut, ht) they are allowed to
take root along the lin. of the rows. Late
int the season the cult ator teeth are nar
rowed up and the 'ruilers are allowed to
form matted rows ra toi w Cgdtdl8 ,luches
wide. Late in aut alter the ground
tree!,s hard enough totihold up a team, the
entire bed is covered over with clean wheat
or rye straw. My rue is to cover just
enough to thide the sdl and plants from
view. In the spring afer the frost is out of
the ground, the straw overing is raked into
winrow between each .wo rows of plants
and left there to keep town the grass and
weeds an(l prevent thesoil froml becoming
dry. 'this is all the lbor required belore
tlh triit ripens. uinlessit be to pass over the
bed adll pull out a fev weeds which may
inake their appearance I believe this to be
tie Iest system for thele who have plenty
of lanlt and on he:.vy soils.-Country Gen
DOES THE 1ARM PAY.
HIis tih farm t ic ideyou d:y profit with-'
in the closing year? You know it has at
least turnished you a iving-which is more
than some other kitndKf business have lone
for their operators--ht has it not in that
time, despite discourrements of season and
circumstances. yielde you a return besides?
Can you tell, in fac, whether you have
made or lost mone, in the last twelve
months? And it youare in doubt about it
is there any good reaan fur your uncertain
ty ? Ought you not ather positively knoeo
whether you have adanced or retrograded
in the matter of bustess success? If you
(lo not know, is not pur management open
to at least severe cricisim? Is there any
more tenable grouud)rvour ignorance of
what you have donen the year than for a
similar ignorance of the part of the mer
chant cr manufacturs respecting tile out
come of his business If you do not know
how vollr work has r'lned out. and are con
vinced that you havbeent lotiling, "are you
satified that the lotwis wholly attrituttable
to tdull t i le and tavet: e filtancial condi
ittius i. Are these suiieitnt explantationl for
a lailure to t'ain o,. le work of the proceed
ing yeair? These a Iquestion which no
one can ponder stc)tusly without profit.
Weigh them wetll, ai t aswtter them squarlly
at tile bar oftyour o\"0 jtaitgetment. You can
not afford to dimltli'them lightly. Measure
your work by the earn rule of common
sense, and enter our holiday reereatiop
with the conciousne of dservitng the sat
istaction and rest wMth they should bring.
-National Stoekmanzd Farmer.
PLANTS FOR T.DOW CULTURE.
Many persons thin a plant of no value
unless it flowers. If tateures could be con
tent with an abundan of handsome foliage
with here and there latnt in flower, they
would derive much )re satisfaction from
their attempts at wiow gardening. With
a view to aid those-ho would undertake
window gardening,ve enumerate a few
plants that will be q;e sure to succeed. In
the first place, as tplants cultivated for
their foliage only. 'he most valuable of
teese is ivy. A pla of either English or
Irish ivy, to be train up over thie windo w,
is most pleasing, or ivy may be planted in a
hanging basket, to trail over the sides and
be twined up thd handles. For plants of
this kind in pots, the India Rubber plant,
(Ficus elastica), is one of the best. Its leaves
are large and vigorous, while the reddish
sheath to its young leaves are almost as
handsome as flowers. The Umbrella Sedge,
(Oyperus alternifolius), looks something like
a miniature palm, is easily cultivated and
very showy. The nniversal window plant
of Paris is Aspidistra lurida variegata, which
has no common name. Our florists supply
it, and it is an excellent plant for the win
dow. The plant known as the Wandering
Jew. Aaron's Beard. and by many other
names, (Sajsfraga sarmentosa). It throws
out runners which hang over the pot or bas
ket in a graceful manner, and although it
sometimes blooms, the flowers are not very
showy, and its chiet beauty is its variegated
leaves. Among the plants to flower in the
window, we place first the Chinese Prim
roses. If plants are to be procured from a
florist, select those that do not yet show the
flower buds. They will flower for a long
time. Some of the Begonias, such as the
B. fusehioides, and B. multiflora, are free.
flowering, and of easy culture. The so call
ed Crab's-claw CO.ctus, (Epiphyllum), are
excellent window plants, as are Sedum Sei
boldii, the Cigar plant, (Ouphea). and Cycla.
flie lronlrg &fa d.
A CORRESPONDENT of the Poultry Yard
follows the plan described below, which, if
carefully used, may be sate and effective.
He says: "I make saw benches for roosts
that as, I take 2x4 scantling and nail legs
to them of the length to suit space and breed.
These, as you will at once see, can be iloved
at pleasure when cleaning droppings or for
any other reason that may present itself;
but the best part of it is as regards lice.
Every vweek I take my kerosene can and go
to the heft-house, carefully carry out of
doors my saw-benches, pour the kerosene
on them and otuch it off, the flames will
quickly run over every part of it, and go
out without burnititg the wood, but every
mite or nit that would have mtade blne, you
are rid of forever. I have followed this
plan for srtme time, and have no trouble
.. ... ID-- --,= -
THE poultry fancier may succeed In mak.
lug a fair profit by keeping large numbers
of fowls in close quarters, where everything
needful needful has to be supplied from out
side. Such success is attainable merely by
an uncommon skill-science, experience
in the management or through the sale of
eggs for hatching and breeding stock at ex
cessive figures. The farmer, however, has
not all to deal with the question, how to
turn a quantity of grain and other food in
to eggs and poultry, but with the question
of how many fowls hecan profitrtbly employ
as scavengers of the trmn. The object with
him is principally to utilize all that materl
al, which would otherwise be dead loss, for
instance, scattered grain, weed seeds, table
scraps. bugs sand worm,. grasshoppers, in
terior vegeta.dles aml others. Farmers in
general do n.t make use of the services of
near a; many fowls as they should, to ac
conmplish that entd.
...... . I--- c41 - -----,m ... ..
The duck is pr:culiarly the poor manr's
bird, its hardiness reniders it so entirely in
tependent of that care which fowls perpet
nally require; and indeed, all those classes
of humble life who have sloppy offil of
somne sort left from their meals and do not
keep a pig to contsume it, ducks are tile bcst
save-waste for them. Even the refuse of
potatoes or any other vegetables will, with
a little bran meal, will satisfy a duck, which
it thankfully accepts and, with a degree of
good nature which it is pleasant to contem
plate, swallows whatever Is presented to it,
and very rarely occasions trouble. Though
fowls must be provided with a roof and de
cent haditation, and supplied with corn,
which is costly, the cottage garden waste
and snails and slugs which are generated
there, with the kitchen scraps and offal, fur
nishes the hardy ducks with the means of
subsistence. And at night they require no
better lodging than a nook in anl open shed.
[f a habitation be expressly made for them
it need not necessarily be made more than a
few feet In hight nor of better matterials
than wattles and clay morter, a door being
useless, unless to secure them from thieves. I
HOW TO FEED.
The first thing is the food. Every morn
ing about as soon as they can see to eat the
fowls should have a warm breakfast of
boiled vegetables mixed up with wheat bran
and corn meal. But :don't feed the same
thing every morning from now until warm
weather; experience has taught me that
hens lay most when fed upon a great vari
ety of food. Turnips, potatoes, apples, car
rots, pumpkins, squashes, celery tops, scraps
from the table, anything of the kind when
properly cooked will be greedily devoured
and turned to good account. Our way of
preparing this feed is to boll the potatoes
or whatever is on the bill of fair at the time,
until soft enough to mash easily, and then
thoroughly mix with enough bran and meal
-two parts of bran to one of meal-to make
a stiff mess; this is seasoned witu a little
salt and pepper and fed warm. Sometimes
we scald wheat bran and middlings with hot
skim milk, and teed for a change ; and again
we boil up bones and refuse meat, take out
the bones and thicken the soup with meal
and bran. This is superior egg food. An
hour or two after breakfast we scatter
among the litter in the shade a few handtul
of oats, sunflower seed, wheat, or buck
wheat, sometimes one thing and sometimes
another. This is given more to amuse the
hens and keep them scratoteing than for
anything else. At noon they get a light
feed of oats, wheat or buckwheat, and at
night a full feed of corn or wheat.-Fannis
Field in Prairie Farmer.
Venison Steaks.-Those cut from the loin
Sare best. Have the fire clear and hot, butter
the bars of the gridiron, lay on the steak
d and boll rapidly, turning often. When
I done, pepper, salt, and butter. Cover the
dish and place over a pan of hot water or in
the warming oven for five minutes before
Sserving. A spoonful of currant jelly spread
over each steak may improve it for some
Pork Steaks.-Cut thin and broil over a
hot fire, put onto a hot patter, sprinkle with
a pluck of sage, season with pepper, salt,
aud a lump of butter, cover and set in the
oven for five mimnutes before serving.
Pig's Feet Souse.-Take oft the horny
part of the feet and toes, scrape and clean
thoroughly, singe oif any stray hairs, and
wash. Put to boil in water slightly salted.
After boiling halt an hour turn off the water
add fresh, and boil until pertectly tender.
Pack in stone jars and cover at once with a
pickle made as tollows: Two to quarts of
cider vinegar; allow half a cup of sugar,
three dozen whole black peppers, half a
dozen sticks of cinnamon broken into bits
and a dozen cloves. Boll five minutes and
pour over the teet. May be used In two or
Lemon Cake.-One cup of sugar, one-half
cup ot butter, two-thirds scant cup of milk,
three beaten eggs, one and a hat cups of
flour, and three teaspoonfuls of baking pow
der. Bake in jelly tins.
Butter Taffy.-Two cups of white sugar,
two-thirds of a cup of cidar vinegar and a
halt cup of butter. Boil until brittle, stir in
a halt teaspoonful of saleratus dissolved in a
little water and pour at once in buttered
Cocoa-gnmt Drops.-One poutd of fresh co
coa-nut, half a poulnd of powdered sugar,
and the beaten white of a large egg. Mix
together, roll into little balls with floured
hands and bake on buttered tins in a slow
oven, until delicately browned.
Old Coffee and Tea Pots.-That begin to
impart a disagreeable flavor to their con
tents, may be made as sweet as new by put
ting water in them, and dropping some live
coals into the water.
Washing Colored Linen.-To wash colored
or striped table linen, let the pieces lie in
clear tepid water for some time. Then
wring them out and put them in clean suds,
washing quickly. Rinse in clean cold wa
ter, to which you have added a handful of
salt. Let them stand for fifteen minutes;
then wring very dry.
Orange Cake.-One hall cup of butter, two
cups sugar, three cups flour, one cup of
sweet milk, two eggs, two teaspoonfuls bak
ing powder, and juice of one orange. Bake
in layers and put together with icing and
slices of orange.
Quick Loaf Cake.-One cup of sugar, one
cup of sweet milk, one egg, half cup of but
ter, two and a quarter cups of flour, two
teaspoonfuls of cream tarter, halt teaspoon
ful of soda, nutmeg and fruit.