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THE DAILY MISSYo ....
Voday--artly cloudy. NO. 241. MISSOULA, MONTANA, IAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1909. PRICE FIVE O
Tomorrow--Cloudy; wwnarn You shoilbhrpp'r( Mb.,.
VOL. XXXV. NO. 241. MISSOULA, MONTANA, FRIIDAY MORNING, JANUARY 1, 1909. PRICE FIVE C~ ."
OPPOSITION TO CONGRESSMAN IS
REMOVED BY WITHDRAWAL
OF TAFT AND FORAKER.
SITUATION IS SIMPLIFIED
Present Representative in Congress
From Ohio Will Be Named for Po
sition in Upper House by Aeolama
tion at Republican Cawous Called
for Next Saturday Afternoon.
Columbus, Ohio, Dec. 31.-All opposi
tion to his nomination having disap
peared during the last 24 hours, Repre
sentative Theodore Burton of Cleve
land will be named by acclamation
for United States senator, succeeding
Joseph B. Foraker, at a republican
caucus called for Saturday afternoon.
Charles P. Taft of Cincinnati, brother
of the president-elect, formally an
nounced his withdrawal from the race
today. All other candidates followed.
Senator Foraker, learning that the
delegation from his home county,
pledged to.,aft, would be turned over
to Bu:ton, aWiL.tsd for the first time
that he could no longs. hlope fpr re
election. Within two hdW lj of the
"favorite sons" and "dk horses"
had been swept out of the field and
Mr. Burton was left suprme.
There was talk that C les P. Taft
might again be a candlf to -.: 1911
and would have the s5iport of a
united party if he so deored, but Mr.
Taft declared he had ný thought of
what the future might hold and did
not 'desire his friends b strive to
make a bargain.
Mr. Taft and Mr. Burln parted to
day in cordial relationsp. Mr. Bur
ton called upon Mr. Taf and the lat
ter repaid the courtesy. Mr. Burton
also called upon Senator aker.
Mr. Burton tonight isaed the fol
"I cannot adequately rpress my
thanks to the people of tio for their
friendly indorsement of 4 candidacy
for the senate. My mosleager desire
is that, in assuming the rsition which
they are entrusting to I I shall not
tall short of their expectasa I de
sire to thank my corrP. Ur for
withdrawing from the field, i Mav
ing to me the nomination .posed.
It is a source of gratificatl which
I trust they will share wli me-to
see that, however strenuous ae com
petition may have been, thery is no
occasion for hitternesa or d1turbing
KICKS HER TO DEATI.
Houston, Telas, Dec. 31f-Frank
Smith, a night achinist of tlp Santa
Fe at Sllsbee, eked his wife death
today. Fearing mob violence, heputy
Sheriff Benham has taken his *isoner
TOWN IS EIRORIlZE
BY AIMED FAC1TINS
Jackson. Ky. Dec. 31.-This (.own
tonight is ter rized by the umed
bands of frient of former Sherit Ed
Callahan and o James T. Deatonand
Rash Sebastian for the shooting of
whom Callahar is to be tried. he
main street lie between the c rt
house, where tie Callahan factio is
located, and t general store of th
late Judge Jam Hargis, in which .r
In the woo near Lost cree is
County Judge S. Taulbee, decl ng
that he will n return to try Calla
han unless the overnor sends tibctps
to protect him om the two band of
armed men I Jackson. Governor
Willson is out the state, and :ieu
tenant Governo Cox thus far has re
fused to send ope.
·: ~::: i
I ut~;;: ~ :
', : .P ·
~tNATOR J. O. tOlUKL~.
UNITED STATES COMMISSARY
SHIP HASTENING TOWARD
SICILY WITH FOOD.
NAVY DGPARTMENT ACTS
Vessel Designed to Carry Christmas
Cheer to Battleship Fleet is Ordered
to Proceed at Once to Messina and
Turn Over Its Stores to the Suffer
ing Survivors at That Port.
New York, Dec. 31.-The United
States supply ship Celtic, which was
to have met the returning battleship
fleet with holiday cheer, sailed out of
New York harbor this afternoon on
an entirely different mission, but
without changing a single item of her
cargo. She will go direct to Messina
to give $1,500.000 worth of navy ra
tions to the earthquake sufferers. The
idea of changing the Celtic into a re
lief ship came to her commander,
Harry McL. P. Huse, last night. It
met with the immediate approval of
Rear Admiral Caspar F. Goodrich,
commandant of the navy yard, who
promptly communicated with the de
partment at Washington. Red tape
was cut, necessary preparations were
hurried and the Celtic sailed with
Christmas trees still lashed to the
mastheads. It has been designed to
make the Celtic the Christmas ship
for the fleet.
In the face of the overwhelming
need of the Italians, the department is
considering its own men second. How
they will be provided with food is
something that will be considered
later. The navy department takes
full responsibility for this sudden gitt
of government supplies to the Italians,
and the expectation is that congress
will be only too well pleased at this
evidence of American pluck and "get
there" qualities of the American navy.
Quantities of Food.
Stored in the holds of the supply
ship Celtic when she sailed today was
a large supply of foodstuffs for the
earthquake sufferers, including more
than 400,900 pounds of meat nsl great
stores of canned goods and cereals of
every description. Soap, tobacco and
nava, stores also were sent, but not
very large amounts o4 medical sup
Because of the immensity of the
disaster, the Italian government will
greatly appreciate aid from foreign
countries. Ambassador Griscom made
this communication to the state de
partment today, having been notified
to this effect by the Italian foreign of
fice, the officials of which think that
the estimate of 100,000 dead is not ex
The Celtic has in her cargo $150,000
worth of provisions, sufficient food
for 50,000 people for one month, $250,
000 worth of clothing, tents enough to
accommodate 1,000 persons and a large
quantity of medical and surgical sup
According to her orders the Celtic is
to proceed first to Gibraltar, where
she should arrive in 12 days and
where she should receive from con
gress formal authorization to distrib
ute the government stores to the naked
and starving Italians. She will waste
no time at Gibraltar, but will simply
touch there long enough to get the
necessary congressional sanction and
will then sail post haste to Messina.
Large Fund Raised.
Washington, Dec. 31.-Active work
on the part of the American Red
Cross characterized the day. Approx
imately $100,000 already has been made
available by it from previous funds or
has been promised, much of which al
ready has been cabled to the Ameri
can embassy at Rome to be turned
over to the Italian Red Cross society.
That society, the Italian embassy at
(Continued on Page Five.)
HAIL THE GLAD NEW YEAR
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LIPARI ISLANDS DISAPPEAR
AND POPULATION PERISHES
IN THE ENGULFING WATERS
T"wenty-eight Thousand Persons Inhabited Territory That Is ReportedL
to Have Sunk Beneath the Surface of the Mediterranean---Relief
Supplies Are Being Rushed to Sicily from Every Quarter.
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C-· --'· / nf
LIPARI ISLANDS DISAPPEAR
AND POPULATION PERISHES
IN THE ENGULFING WATERS
Twenty-eight Thousand Persons Inhabited Territory That Is Reported
to Have Sunk Beneath the Surface of the Mediterranean'--Relief
Supplies Are Being Rushed to Sicily from Every Quarter.
Rome, Dec. 31.-The Vita states
that a wireless message from the
strait of Messina reports that the
Llpar! islands, a group of volcanic
islands In the Mediterranean near
the coast of Sicily, have disap
peared. The total population of the
group numbered 28,000 and must
inevitably have perished. The min
ister of marine has rushed a tor
pedo boat to ascertain the facts.
The Liparian islands lie to the
north of the northeastern section
of the island of Sicily. The group
consists of numerous islands, the
seven principal islands being
Stromboli, Panaria, Salina, Liparia,
Vulcano, Fllicudi and Alicudl. The
group is part of the province of
Messina. The climate is highly sa
lubrious and the land is well culti
vated and yields grapes, cotton and
olives. The islands are also known
as the Aeolian islands and here, ac
cording to fable, Aeolus held the
winds imprisoned in the caverns
and released them at his pleasure.
Here also Vulcan forged his bolts.
Estimates of the death roll of the
earthquake now cease to concern the
Italian people. It is enough to know
that the catastrophe is overwhelming.
Figures would add nothing to the
grief of the stricken nation, nor move
to greater efforts those upon whim
the work of relief and rescue has fah
en. Every channel open to the govern
ment has been utilized to this end and
other nations have been quick to come
to its assistance, even before the r-y
for aid went up. Shiploadas of fugi
tives have been carried out of the
stricken zone to Naples, Palermo, Ca
tania and other ports, and according
to the minister of marine rescue ves
sels to the number of 36 are now cen
tered in the strait of Messina and
5,000 soldiers are being landed on the
The latest reports received at Rome
state that there have been many in.
termittent shocks following the first,
to which the greater part of the de
struction is attributed. The British
warship Minerva reported by wireless
to Malta that two severe shocks oc
curred at Messina last night.
Professor Ricco, director of the ob
servatory at Mount Etna, states that
his Instruments recorded 42 distinct
shocks after the first, but that during
the last 14 hours the instruments have
been almost motionless.
Etna and Stromboli are now quiet,
and he is certain that the earthquake
was not of volcanic but geological or
igin, similar to that of 1785.
The horror of the situation at Mes
sina and Regglo grows with every
fresh dispatch. One of the correspond
ents places the death roll throughout
the entire territory as high as 300.000,
but this appears to be extreme. Others
make their outside estimates 200,000,
but the official estimate as made by
the minister of marine still holds to
Relief expeditions that have been
making their way to Reggio, have en
countered tremendous obstructions all
along the route. They report 18 pro
vincial villages, beside those already
mentioned in Calabria, as having been
completely ruined. This would indi
cate that the earthquake did not con
fine its work of havoc to the coast.
What has become of the inhabitants
of these villages is not known. Those
that were left alive after the destruc
tion of their homes doubtless joined
the great amny of refugees seeking
safety, or have fallen by the wayside.
The Calabrian coast for 30 miles has
been tron and twisted. From Bagnara
to Regglo, a distance of 25 miles, the
country is half demolished. Assistance
has reached but few of the villages
and they are practically without sup
plies of any kind. At Bagnara surgical
operations are being performed with
pruning knives, but at Regglo even
that is impossible.
Thieves infest the country and the
despair of the unaided villages is com
plet. hunger supplies the motive for
scenes of shocking violence, and rob
hers defy the few surviving policemen
tReggio, Dec. 31.-A state of most
frightful anarchy prevails. Mobs of
ruffians roam among the ruins, giving
full sent to their vilest instincts. They
are pillaging the wrecked jewelry
stores and banks and do not hesitate
to shed the blood of those opposing
them. A few soldiers who escaped un
hurt have been impelled by an admir
able spirit of discipline to organize
patrols on their own initiative. They
are endeavoring to protect the prop
erty left intact, but the criminals fight
them. The number of these criminals
has increased to such an extent that
the soldiers have on several occasions
been forced to fire on them.
It was only after a pitched battle,
NO INVISIBLE "BUGS"
IN CITY WATER
That Missoula may justly boast
of its pure and wholesome drink
ing water was demonstrated yes
terday, when a chemical test of
samples from the Rattlesnake
proved that this water is abso
lutely free from the slightest trace
of organic impurities. There are
no bacilli, germs, microbes or other
Invisible organisms disporting
themselves in the city water and
there is no danger of drinking all
one wants-and then some.
This interesting and important
information developed as a result
of tests made in the university la
boratory by Irstructor Arthur, who
also made a number of experiments
to determine the difference in the
freezing points of water from the
Rattlesnake and from the Missoula
river. The chemist tramped over
snow and ice along both rivers yes
terday morning and gathered sam
ples for his work. Those from the
Rattlesnake, when subjected to the
test for chlorides, the presence of
which always indicates the exist
ence of sewage or organic impuri
ties, showed not the slightest trace
of any such dangerous and foreign
ingredients. Samples from the MIs
soula river showed impurities in
Tests regarding the freezing point
developed til fact that water from
the Rattlesn :ke freezes at a tem
perature of 005 of a degree be
low the fret elIg point of snow
water which w,as used as a stand
ard. Water trom the Missoula
river has a freg point .013 of
a degree below of snow water,
a difference of degree be
tween it and ae water.
This discre pa utable to
the difference of solids
in solution I |
in which several were killed, that a
semblance of order was restored. All
l entrances to the city or what is left of
it, are guarded by soldiers. Many of
Stle survivors are lying exposed. The
rellef parties, of which several are
- here now. are unable to cope with the
I distress. The cries of the injured are
1The 'ity has been divided into
several zones, each conmmanded by an
officer. Stores and food are now be
ing landed and are guarded by sol
rdiers to prevent pillage by the fam
ished populace. The survivors for two
I dlays suffered untold distress, thinking
that they had been forsaken. Steam
ers were seen crossing the straits, but
all signals to them were in vain, as
all help went to Messina. It was only
I after the king's visit that relief be
The monks and nuns in various re
ligious institutions .uffered severely
and many miraculous escapes are re
ported. Of 21 nuns in one of the in
stitutions seven were killed instantly.
Of 60 pupils all are dead except 11,
while all the servants in tile convent
ATTACK THE SURVIVORS
Palermo, Dec. 31.--Survivors of the
city of Regglo are beginning to arrive
here. They tell the same story of
horror Indescribable. For two entire
dlays the survivors were cut off from
the aotlr world. Looters took pos
session of the ruins and ultimately
resfpectable citizens were forced to arm
themselves and fight for food to escape
The station master at Reggio says
that immodlatl.ly after the first shock
a chasm 90 feet wide opened, out
if which cam hboiling water.
Many plersons were horribly scalded.
The se.a in undated the squares of
Reggio. It destroyed .ountless orange
groves. The hotses have entirely dis
appeared, the waters leaving them
buried In the mire. Corpses were en
countered everywhere in the city.
The village of Misitano is no more
and hundreds of dead bodies are do
composing in the streets.
At Reggio attempts are being made
to seek out and free those who are
still living, and the bodies of the dead
ar., being covered with debris. The
rescuers are forced to guard them
selves against the onslaught of hun
dreds of dogs, raging with hunger. The
dead In Reggio are mutilated and dis
torted, their faces set in terror. Many
of the injured surely will die. They
appear demented. One man who had
but one arm came out of a ruined
house and started a ghastly dance. He
cried out that the whole thing was
only a dream, that Reggio was safe,
and that his wife and children were
uninjured and peacefully slre,..ing in
The roads between Palermo and
Messina are filled with long proces
sions of wounded refugees painfully
making their way eastward. They all
say they think they are the only sur
The walls of several of the princi
pal buildings of Messina are standing
but are so weakened that they will
have to be demolished as soon as pos
sible to prevent fatalitles among the
resc era. v y nee ' nvu dn
m ass- Only
INVESTIGATION INTO SECRET
SERVICE METHODS TO BE
HAL[E MAKES STATEMENT
Chairman of Committee Declare That
Entire Matter Will Be Sifted to the
Bottom, but the Sensational Element
Will Be Avoided-Roosevelt Will
Not Be Summoned to Testify.
\Washingtton. e. ,1- That the pro
Iposed inquiry by t1he senate' conmmit
teeo ill approplriations llnto the methods
of thl. secret tirvi-' willl b 't1 he ionmcpre
hensive, wats stated titday by Senator
lI;al., Ilting hairmanllll of the lconllinlt
tee. This announ itc-miit was -tali-d
1out by an intimatlllo tha:t the inquiryli
might he' ptrolongdil until after the 4th
of March'l it pt'ermit the summont)it
ing of Pr-esident lloiosevvelt before the
committee us a private citizen to testi
fy regarding the opetratio:ns of the se
Prefacing his remarks with the
statement that the lnvestigattion would
not be 1iconduci ttedl Int a tensational way,
Senatolr Iale said:
"The extent and use and the kind of
work Iprformed by the Nseiiret service,
under the direction of the heads of
certain departments, have greatly and
startlingly been amplified during the
last few years, and it is this situation
that has attracted the attention of the
isenate and is the futlndatiton of this
Investigation. The president's men
sage is only secondary in its Import
ance as affecting this investigation.
The work of the committee will not be
in any way limited as an answer to
that messlage. Nor is there any Inten
tion of prolonging the investigation
until after March 4. Indeed. I doubt
whether it ever entered the mind of
the most imaginative of senators to
call President Roosevelt ats a witness
when he becomes a private citizen.
"There Is very little in the senate
investigation that has to do with in
timations that members of congress
in either house have been shadowed or
spied upon by emissaries In the secret
service. I doubt whether the president
believes that senators and representa
tives are unduly sensitive upon this,
and his message, when carefully read,
does not bear out the proposltion that
menmbers of congress were improperly
influenced in their votes restrlctling
the secret service because of any crim
inallty on their part, the exposure of
which wis feared."
AVARRE IS APPOINTED.
Special to The Daily Misssoulian.
Helena, Dec. 31.-Thls afternoon
Governor Norris announced the ap
pointment of Henry Avarre of Sllver
Bow game and fish warden, to fill out
the unexpired term of V. F. Scott.
Mr. Scott's term would have expired
March 25, but last week he presented
his resignation to the governor to
take efflect Ja:nuary i.
Lexington. Ky., Dec. 31--Mrs. Annie
Major was killeid mysteriously last
night at her honme in Glarard county.
She was in the midst or a party of
menrry-mrakers at a family reunion
when a Ipistol icracikeid and!l she fell
trdeadl in the center of the, room There
is no clue tot the mnurderetr.
FIGHT CALLED OFF.
iLexington. Ky., D).ii. 31.---The Hart
Si-hrneek fight was declared off tonight
after Night Chief of Police Jenkins
hadl riefuised to I-rlnlt the contest to
take place inl Sullivan's hall. Six hun
ldrcd tikitst had bhi-tn sold and about
$4 0 ill h, . r..tucr - to tile ht, li.rs
BULLETS SENT THROUGH WIN.
DOWS OF CLEMENCEAU'S OF-.
FICE BY CORSICAN. }
ASSAILANT IS ARRESTEII
Government Official, Who Wasee ittia
Near Window, Has Narrow Escape
From Death-Would-Be Aesassi
Declares His Act Only a "GstsIreP
to Secure Justice for Himself.
l'aris, I', 31.--A demented Coral
can uarinr lb,nedetti fired several
hts. from a revolver this evening in
the. \rindo\\w of tihe office of Premier
c'lerlencelu. No one was hurt. The
Ima;n \VwLs arrested.
M c'lenl' n'llenau had a narrow escape
Ih, olas *'irted besitde the window
through which crashed two bullets
froil flenedettl'. pistol. At the enond
of the firing M. Clemenceau arose and
uplned the window. In the street was
an excited individual brandishing a
revolver and crying "Down with the
tyrant; long live the republic."
At this moment the premier's guard,
revolver In hand, rushed from the
building and started toward Bene.
detti. "Don't fire," shouted M Clem
einceat to the footman. "Don't tire,"
yelled the (Corsican, "I have thrown
away my gun."
Blene,detti then submitted to arrest.
lie diclared he was aggrieved at I.
Cltemenceau, who, as minister of the
interior, had refused him authority to
launch a lottery scheme. The man
fired five shots.
Like the assailants of President Pall
Ileres and Major Dreyfus, Benedetti
characterized his act as merely a "ges
ture," designed to procure justice for
NEW YORK CELEBRATES.
New York, Dec. 31.-The early pre
dictions that New York would outdo
itself tonight in the violence and ex
pressiveness of its New Year's eve
celebration were fully confirmed long
before the chimes of Trinity an
nounced the passing of the old year
and the coming in of the new. The
only note of sadness in the celebration
was in thei Italian quarter, where pray
ers were offered for relatives and
friends in Sicily and Calabria.
Reno, Nev.. Dec. 31.-Nat C. Good.
win and his bride, accompanied by 14
trunks, arrived in Reno this morning
from New York. Goodwin comes to
appeaLr in the suit brought by Warren
Miller to dissolve the Nat C. Goodwin
Brokerage company of Reno. The case
is In progress In the district court.
CONFERENCE IS HELD
AT TAFT COTTAGE
Augusta, Ga., Dec. 31.-Henry W.
Taft arrived here today to visit the
president-elect, who spent a good part
,of the day playing golf with John
Hieyond the remark that the with
drawal of Charles P. Taft from the
s.'natorial contest in Ohio in favor of
l'lpr'esntative Burtcln was a move in
the, Interest of party harmony. Presl
,h'nt-elect Taft would say nothing on
thl,' sibj,'ct Another conference was
hehl today at the Taft cottage regard
irg the biest means to take advantage
of the. real senlitiment in the south fa.
voring a piolitical change. Charles H.
Sihiriil if the National Business Men's
league if New York and Messrs. Taft,
H;aliimmond and Hitchcock were the