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THE ENTERPRISE. .""
.4 Weekly Newspaper Whose Interests are Identified with those of fobite.rn, .Montana and Especially of the .Milk River Valley
VoL. 14 MALTA, VALLEY COUNTY, MONTANA. THURSDAY. OCTOBER 12, 1911. No. 26
"ME HEAP BIG BLACKFEET IN
DIAN" TO ATTEND SHOW
(BY HOKE SMITH)
Having secured moving pictures to
preserve for posteriiy the last great
grass dance of the Blackfeet Indians
whose reservation of 500,000 acres in
Northwestern Montana will be
thrown open for white settlers next
spring, Louis W. Hill, President of
the Great Northern Railway, has
seized upon the New York Land
Show as a vehicle for a novel primer
lesson in assimilation, looking to the
civilization of this tribe. Theexper
iment has the sanction of the officials
at Washington and its working out
no doubt will be watched with keen
interest by President Taft and Secre
tary of the Interior, Fisher.
The most intelligent Blackfeet
braves that could be found upon the
reservation will be brought to the
Madison Square Garden Exposition,
November 3rd. and the hope is that
they go to their people imbued with
the agricultural idea. Before the
land of the Blackfeet reservation is
opened to the white man each Indian
is to be alloted a farm. The educa
tion which the picked representatives
of this fast passing race will derive
from attending the greatest Land
Show on earth is expected to have
great influence in simplifying the U n
ited States Government's process of
assimilating the other 5,997 Indians.
These three red emissaries certainly
will have wonderful tales to tell of
New York and the Land Show exhib
its when they return to the council
tepee near Browning, Montana.
The. native environment of the
Blackfeet tribe has gradually disap
peared with the thinning out of their
numbers. Congress last year dealt
a severe blow to them when it set
aside-a territory 'arger thlan the state
of Rhode Island and establishediGla
cier National Park. Glacier Park
adjoins the reservation on the west
and this vast area was, of course,
closed to the Indians as a hunting
ground. The area of Uncle Sam's
newest National Park abounds in
big game of all kinds, but the Black
feet Indian was left only to look at
this inviting hunting section with
tears in his eyes-for the forest ran
gers patrol the dead line and keep
the red man out.
So, with:thisgreat, natural: game:
preseeve of the :Rocky Mountains
gone from him and his reservation
about to slip from his domain, the
Blackfeet brave uow must give up
his rifle and bow to the inevitable.
The transformation comes with a
cruel suddeness to the Blackfeet.
There is nothing left for him but try 4
and be a farmer.
Sympathy for poor Lo runs deep in
Louis W. Hill. railway magnate,
whose duty it is to help develop the
Northwest. Himself a landscape ar
tist and a lover of things natural, his I
heart goes out to these fated people
at the cross roads in their life.
"If this is to be. a helping hand is I
NEW SCHOOL ESTABLISHED
Clerk Campbell reports a meeting
of the Malta School Board Monday
evening at the Post Office at which
time tbc Board passed on a number
of bills and attended to considerable
other business. The school census
report of the district was read and
voted sent to the county superinten
dent. It was found that the district
contained 185 children between the
ages of six and twenty-one years of
age and that there were 100 infants
and children below the age of six
years. These figures apparently in
dicate a decrease in the school popu
lation as 300 children were reported
last year but when the two districts
that have been taken off of the Malta
district during the past year are con
sidered, the report indicates a con
siderable increase over last year's
figures and also records a healthy
It was voted to establish a new
school in the Lafond neighborhood,
repairing and using Paul Schroeder's
ranch house for a school building.
L. A. Doores has been instructed to
put the house in readiness this week
so that a term of six months school
may be commenced next Monday.
Miss Christine Hiertz was engaged
whatthey most need now, and prop
er guidance will be a great factor in
adjusting them to such a complete
.change in their mode of living," Mr.
Hill soliloquized. And straightway
he secured United States Govern
ment'r approval to have the most
promising progressives of the Black
feet tribe selected to go to ihe New
York Land Show, that they might
see for themselves what agriculture
really means. What impsessions the
redmen will carry back to their prai
rie homes is a matter of much antic
ipation to the sbn of the great rail
way builder, who hit upon this ave
nue to civilization as a practical
means in "the white man's process
The last great grass dance of this
picturesque people was a ceremony
not soon to be forgotten by the few
white people who were fortunate
enough to be present. The weird
ceremonies were participated in by
6,000 redskins. Many of them are
land wealthy and all are regarded as
an industrious people. The grass
dance is of a religious nature. The
Indians think it calls the attention of
the gods to the fact that the tribe d@
sires a good season, with plenty of
grass for their horses. In the old
days the welfare of the buffalo was
the central idea of this prayerful re
ligious ceremony, for if there wasn't
plenty of grass the large herds of
bison wouldn't come into this country.
And a scarcity of buffaloes meant
hunger to the Indians, no clothing,
lack of skins with which to make
tepees, beds and many other things
which the redmen had to have. So,
there was some sense to this troqding
of the grass in their appeal to the
.ip ,t the Indians thought.
But the buffalo is gone and these
grass dancers are following: fast up
on the same trail to the happy hunt
When the yellow, sun-burned plains
of the Blackfeet reservation are
turned over by the plow and seed is
planted, there probably will be small
groups of grass dancers here and
there, while the Indians wait for their
grain to come forth.
Let us all join in the prayer that
"the gods" shall hear them and that
great-fields of wheat and flax appear
for these transformed people.
The Blackfeet are the highest type
of Indian. Their integrity, fortitude,
chastity and admirable dignity place
them on a pedestal above all other
tribes of savages. The Blackfoot is
a frank, simple being, yet he is un
usually cunning when the occasion
demands. His sense of humor is keen
and of the hard, impressive kind.
Some of his customs are extremely
comical. For example, a Blackfoot
must never meet his mo;her-in-law.
Should lie ever get his "wires
crossed" and meet her unawares, the
tribal customs penalizes him by de
manding that he make her a hand
some gift. So, the Blackfoot has
even better reason than the white man
for avoiding his mother-in-law.
as teacher for this first term.
For underwear see Merchant.
Remember the Orchestra Ball Fri
E. J. Tunison is in from his home
stead for a few days.
Mrs.. Naramore at the Great Nor
thern Hotel Saturday.
Byron Hurley of Wagner, was a
Malta visitor Tuesday.
Mrs. Otto Liese of Harlem is a pa- t
tient at the Ebaugh Hospital.
Lots of overshoes, gum boots and I
rubbers at Edwards & McLellan's. I
Leave your order for oats, corn, or I
ground feed at St. A. A. & D. Elevator.
Harmony perfume and toilet ar- t
ticles-the best ever. Sold only at
the Rexall Store.
Albert Dionne was quite sick last
week and went to tha Ebaugh Hospi
tal for treatment.
Miss Langford who ia teaching the 1
Wagner school, spent Sunday in our I;
city the guest of Miss Lavina Lamb. a
Geo. Chambers is enjoying a vaca- p
tion this week from work at his fath- I1
er's store and is spending the time in n
Grea orthern Exhibi ont ana ducts
At North est Land Poducts Show
Besides the official exhibit of this state
which is to be made under the direction
of the governor at the Twin City Land
Show, the efforts of the state officials
will be supplemented by good exhibits
to be made of our products by the rail.
The Great Northern has just bought
five sections at the Twin City show,
~ 1~3 ~ ~1:~"ý 1p''1'1o3~sYc a.
which is to be given from December 12
to 23 under the auspices of the North
western Development League. This
means that railroad company will have
about 1,000 square feet of exhibit space
to ll from the states along its lines.
Being the first railroad company to buy
space, the Great Northern has secured
the pick of the space after the reserva.
tions were made for official exhibits.
Representatives of the railroad are now
at work collecting the exhibit. While a
Th etrial calendar as arranged by
Judg' F. N! Utter for the November
term of court is as follows:
Harriet' P. Jones vs., Marvin P.
Jones, Nov. 9.
State of Montana vs. Crutchfield,
State of Montana vs. Erickson,
State of Montana-vs. Carl Shultz,
State of Montana vs. Ira Booth,
McLaughlin vs. Evans, Nov. 28.
State of Montana vs. McDonough,
State of Montana vs..Geo. Norburn,
Schuman vs. Jensen, Dec. 5.
State of Montana vs. W. Gibson,
State of Montana vs. Hilmer Lund,
State of Montana vs. Wallette, Dec.
Schneider vs. G. N. R. Co. Dec. 11.
State of Montana vs. Faust, Dec.
State of Montana vs. C. W. liar
mon, Dec. 13.
*W. H. Taylor vs. Malta Mercantile
Co. Dec. 15.
State of Montana vs. Hibben, Dec.
State of Montana vs. Hatcher,
Apples for eating or cooking at The
Florsheim Shoes at Edwards &
B3orn:-To Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Arvat
a nice baby girl, Tuesday, October
Nothing is more pleasant than
music in the home. Now is the time
and The Bon Ton the place to buy
ill kinds of musical goods.
Dan McKay was up from Glasgow
Saturday getting signers to a peti
;ion asking the Board of County
Jommissioners of Valley county to
nake an appropriation of $1,000 to
)e used in gathering up agricultural
)roducts and exhibiting them at the
Land Show at St. Paul, December 12
:o 23. It is believed by a majority
I the county that the line agricul
ml products that may be sent from
tere will give this section of Monta
'a the desired publicity and be the
neans of bringing homesteaders to
ile on the large area of uuoccupied
and. Cascade county. not nearly so
arge as Valley, it is said has made
u appropriation of $6,000 for this
purpose and our county would be
acking in public enterprise did it
mot arrange for the best exhibit ob
ainable at this show.
special part of it will be shown for the
first time at the big show in St. Paul,
the Great Northern will also show in
New York City, in Omaha and at several
other shows during the fall and winter.
From all of these displays our state
will reap a benefit and the railroad com
pany divides its space up and places the
name of the state over that part of the
exhibit which is collected from here.
Speaking of the advantage of making
these exhibits, President L. W. Hill says,
"From experience we find that we get
better results from our exhibits at land
shows than from any other' single form
of' advertising which we do."
It follows that if the railroads get
such good results from the land show
exhibits, the states which they represent
must get a large share of the benefit.
John Crowly, Jr., has. purchased a
fine new :work horse.
George Morrison is breaking forty
acres for J. Lerbeck.
George Dyerdahl is building a new
house on his homestead.
Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Mason visited
at Henry Christiansen's Sunday.
Mr. and Mrs. Roy Scollard were
visiting friends in Malta over Sunday.
On account of the late rains the
farmers are doing a great deal of
Wm. Mason is now busy rounding
up his cattle os he expects to ship
about the 15th.
Mr. Peebles is building a granary
for Mr. Allen, this being the firstnew
granary on the bench.
Mrs. It. J. Whorlly has left for
Devils Lake, N. D. to visit her hus
band who is working in that city.
The new school house is now com
pleted and school began Monday with
Miss Pearl Watson as teacher.
Born to Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan,
September 28th, a fine 7* pound girl.
Mother and baby are both doing fine.
Mrs. A. P. MacArthur returned
on the stage from Malta Saturday,
where she had been visiting friends
the past few days.
New line of hosiery at Merchant's.
Don't forget to attend that Orches
tra Ball Friday night.
Merchant has some bargains in
The Peer of All Candies-Liggett's
and Fenway's. Sold only at the Rex
Win. Lilie, the tailor, mo ved from
the North Side Tuesday and is now I
ready for business in one of the Cav- I
anaugh buildings south of the Post I
Office on Fifth Avenue. There was
general regret on the other side c
"When The Tailor Moved Across," I
for over there, "'Bill" is considered
a prince of good fellows. t
Yon Chong & Co., formerly pro- C
prietors of the Chinese restaurant on I
the North Side, have returned to L
Malta and bought the Malta Cafe on
Fifth Avenue of Robert ll yatt. 'They
took posession of the business this a
morning and Yong Choang announces II
that wVith the change in nmanagement
wvill come a complete chanlge in the 0
help employed and assures the people a
of Malta the very best service of ia
first class Chinese restaurant. The R
establishment will now be open to (
tlhe public (lday and night. In adds- P
tion to his North Side patronage, II
Yonu Chong invites and solicits the e
patronage of the entire restaurant c
Loing public. ii
FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN
Dr. George W. Clay, health officer
for Malta, presents the following for
The State Board of Health is offer
ing prizes for essays by schdol child
ren on three subjects to be mentioned
hereafter. These prizes are money
subscribed by individual members of
the State Board of Health and three
public spirited citizens. They are as
First: For the best essay on tuber
colosis or consumption, how it is
spread and how it may be prevented.
First prize, twenty dollars; second
prize, thirteen dollars.
Second: For the best essay on "The
Evils of the House Fly, and How the
House Fly can be Eradicated." First
prize twenty dollars; second prize,
Third: For the best description of
an unsanitary back yard located, in
the district in which the child writing
the essay lives, and the evils of such
a back yard. Please note that the
evils of the back yard should be
treated not only from the standpoint
of the effect on individuals owning
and conducting the yard, but from
the standpoint of the effect of such a
yard on tile community at large.
First prize, twenty dollars; second
prize, tell dollars.
Conditions of this contest are as
All children in or below the eighth
grade are entitled to contest for these
prizes. Ally child may contest for
one or more prizes. Essays must
not exceed two thousand words. Each
essay must be written separately.
All essays must cbe sent in by a teach
er; the.teacher endorsing on the back
of theessay the grade of the child
submitting th'l*esemy. All essays
must be in the hands of the Secretary
of the State Board of Health on or
before tile last day of November,
1911. Essays received after the last
day of November will not be entered
in competition. This date is fixed in
order that the prize winners may
have their prizes on or before Christ
After the essays have been graded
by a committee and the prizes award.
ed,.the meritorious essays, whether
prize winner or not, will be carefully
edited and will be submitted to the
newspapers of the localities from
which they come and these papers
requested to publish the same.
There should be a large number of
competitors for these prizes and tile
results of the essays submitted will
go a long ways to show to how great N
an extent the laws of this state, which I
require that ways and means by
which communicable diseases are
spread and may be prevented be t
taught in the schools in tile state, are i
being complied with.
A notice that these prizes will be
offered was published some time ago t
in the papers and some of the children t
FARMERS'INSTITUTE NOV. 1ST
The Montana Farmers' Institute
office has sent out a schedule for th e
Institutes to he held this fall in Nor
thern Montana and the date of the
meeting in our city is November 1st.
It is expected that the local people
will provide a meeting place and
Mayor Caselberg states the Institute
here will be held in the Eagles' hall.
Every business man, every farmer,
and every dairyman should be pres
ent on this occasion as much valua
ble information will be given.
You are invited to bring in ques
tions and get solutions from the dis
cussions that follow. Malta shoulti
provide musical numbers for the em -
bellishmment of the program.
Prof. T. A. Hloverstad of Fargo,
N. D., and MAl. L. Wilson will be
among the speakers. (). C. t;regg
has been engaged for all dates after
Novemnber 1st, F. S. Cooley or some
other Blozeman representative will
also address most of the meetings.
Flax growing, alfalf:e, cornt , small
grains, dairying, swine husbandry,
(lry farming, irrigation, poultry, tree
planting, fruit growing, the farm
home, household conveniences, etc.,
etc., are among the topics for dis
cussion. If you have other topics of
interest notify F. S. Cooley, Super
!r have already sent in essays. These
ir have been returned to the children
sending them in, with the suggestion
r- that they consult with their teachers
I- before sending in their, final copy.
!d I do not think the teachers in thedis
;y trict from which these essays have
)f come would be very proud of the re
ýe sult shown.
is We desire to give all an equal
chance in this competition.
s Overshoes at Merchant's.
Keen Kutter hardware at Edwards
e Special price on grapes this week
See Merchant before buying.
t Schumacher, the plumber and titn
smith, at Edwards McLellan's.
F. W. Ross was reported to be a
f very sick man Tuesday at his home
a stead northeast of town.
R Mr. and Mrs. Lyman Austin were
II in from their ranch for a day or two
e the first of the week.
e Miss Angela O'Connor and John
t Garland spent Sunday at the ranch
home of Wm. Garland near Cowan.
Sunday,-at theM. E. church, little
Norval Miles Wallace received the rite
of baptism from Rev. C. E. Wharton.
John Pugh and Jim Connelly en
joyed a big hunt on the Pugh home.
stead near the Missouri, the first of
Miss Christine Hiertz went to Har
lem Monday to play in the orchestra
for the Ruth Craven Co. who are
to show there this week.
Fred Bruns, who, haps. been asso
ciated with J. A. Couch in the Fifth
Avenue Meat:Market, left for Brown
ing, Mont., Friday night.
'Mrs. Edward White and Mrs. A.A.
Morton left Saturday night for Bay
field, Wis., where they will spend
some time visiting relatives.
Miss Alberta Rader has gone to
Glasgow and will attend High School
as there was a subject she wanted,
not in the Malta curriculum, that is
being taught down there.
Geo. it. Fox and Robt. McLean
went west last Thursday with the
Frazier shipment of cattle as far as
the Kootenai country where they will
stop off for a big hunt in the moun
Miss Jessie Mann who has spent
the summer in Montana with her
brothers-Geo. A. Mann of this city,
and W. H. Mann of Glasgow, left
Thursday night for San Jose, Cal.,
where she may pass the winter with
her sister, Mrs. Frank Gilbert.
Postmaster R. W. Garland and
son, Edwin, are spending a part of
the time this week at the sheep ranch
north of Cowan on the Little Cotton
wood. Mr. Garland, at this
time being short of help, is compelled
to give the ranch some personalatten.
intendent of Farmers' Institutes..
Don't forget the date or the impor
tance of your attending the meeting.
Let us all work for the success of
this Institute and give it the largest
attendance of any held in the valley..
Men's shirts at Merchanits.
A. Cavanaugh has two of the
buildings, moved from the North
Side, placed on the west side of Fifth
Ave., and is having them renio deled
and litted up for business con cerns.
L'rofessor Atwood caine up from
Saco Saturday to apend Sitnd ay at
home. The Professor is interested
in the establishment of a cooperative
creamery in Malta and has been talk
ing the matter over with a nlumber of
the farmers in this locality. lIe al
ready has the milk of sixty cows
pledged and has only covered a part
of the country. Corresponde nce is
being carried on with practical but
ter makers and cooperative creamer
ies in other towns ancd a cream cry
for Malta in tlle near future is al
most a certainty. In this part of the
county, changing from a stock to an
agricultural country, dairy prod ucts
would help materially to increase
the farmer's fixed income,