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TOTS OF MIXED BLOOD
Interesting Study Made in Kindergarten in the Americaa
Metropolis Where Little Chinese Children Are
Taught Their Obedience.
("CORDING to an uno(-
c tisus tho child
of New York'
I Chinatown number
about 1"". This census
was taken In t-hops. at
tl.o hools and with
tho ti'.V of the stray Chitu ce guides
wl.o are always n ndy to give Infer
t: a;:. ! ar. i lea-l -ttavgt-r to the !lf
: : i i r i . i - : i: tcrot in that recu-
. f M.!i!.a;tMi.
I ' i !;;;. Iron t:i. hide not only
. I . ',, ri.ir.i Imt alto
ivv .: ; a: i rtaco l:ih ai'.d
t'a'.ii-.v. i'l:ir.i'f or Ariierl
C'..r .-. It : interesting to
. ::. .. f s f 1..00 The
:: .r. ! train 111 toariy
ic.-.m: e o r the
v : : w n t , ;.'.:!: a t f
if. '; . .n i.t tl.o -.mi-
i'.. at d 1 1 '..'-re f
. - :r..i o '! liicVu'.t to d.-
:r..; ti.. i'.;ri 1-U i dud
att tf..rti r to flrd the
( :. w t T! r.ir.e and
r.-. i.-t n ... i i.t '
i t tur. w:'t :n .!.. Mree: the
. ..: :-. r. o! .- r r. n.. : ; '.trU-t.
tl..i t r-.i- of ::.e children
i. ! ; .1. hn arc, as ?.
. :!;'.! hoii.-vd.
iV..'.:n if ri..!i.i:n!i ae not
r.st:- T'.-. y ate un'.t'i.e t.ic
a- i r..; thi ns in many
it....: rts;'t-. The s..lt.i. 'l"a:ly to
' ar.J ia:ly tu re" U w.thout
I. - nr. ;:,. to ':.'tn.
The Ll:i.i.-. work Into and play
late. :ar ly r-tir.ni: before 1 or 2
i I".!. ;:i t: n.oriiins nnd s'.eejir.g
w-.; Ii.f the day. The hildrcn are
rt txiiudid fr. tn the work or the
I ;rv. nr.d i i nn i ! nt 1 y one socks In
Aii, fir tlo in in th tin .mini; hours.
They ate .-nil in the utu: tt the
I'eihaps thu het-t place f,f all to
study them I in the school., for they
tire i liiMve ht'le i reat'iren and one
ln'it t"l th. m where there is little
hope of escape. There are two kin-dei-art'
t:s In Chimitown. One holds
if- soslotiM in the li.te uiornil'.S houis,
the other only in the a 1 1 -r tnii.it. At
the lil'-t ope you lire introduced to
Wiiix; ijnoiig. lles-ile W'inr. Kay diiey,
Ka Sun iiml the ' also tans."
Wiim U'u n;; nrai:' a special tiitcr-r-t.
Wiin; is to In- sent to China at
the reipiost of relatives to remain
until lie W l"i. lie Is now about. 7 and
looks sctious eunuch at the Huspect
of the ooinint: separation fioiu hii rcl
atlvoH and school chums.
The llrst tUestloli the American
woman visitor is sure to ask relator,
(if course, to the Chinese feet, for III
the feminine nilnd the bound foot is
as closely associated with Chinese
customs as the opium pipe Is In the
masculine. She is assured that the
custom has gone out with thu fash
ions of yesterday.
The costumes of this school are ai
hybrid as the children. The American
drefs prevails. There are funny little
irousera which have a home made look
and awaken doubts In the minds of
the lookers on as to the direction the
wearer will take. The Jackets are of
any shape or style, dependent appar
ently on charitable Impulses rathur
than r.et Ideas.
Hut If one lias a keen sense of
humor, ns well a. at pathos, one
Fhould visit the afternoon school. Hers
U Chlncke children come in costumu
Half and Half.
and there ate many inieresting sights
for the stude nt ot hcinan nature.
This schoolriK in Is on the ground
floor. It Is decorated with garlands.
of evergreen and coloied papers and
Is very bright nnd cheery. When the
teacher Is not there on time, a.: some
times happens, Annie makes a very
Annie is the oldest pupil and ts a
fairly tall, pleasant looking girl. She
confides that her parentage is mixed
and that her mother is Irish. Her
last name la I.ee in deference to tier
father. The children ot mixed par
entage have usually two names, the
rat name given by the mother
The afternoon session opens with
prayer In Chinese and some hymn
are sung, sometimes In Chinese, some
times In English. The prayer and
the occasional hymn are the only
Chinese spoken In the school. It la a
source of great grief to the Chinos
inhabitants that there Is no place
where the children can he tacht their
own language, but no such school ex
ts-ts In Chinatown.
The children have wonderful mem
ories, they are great imitators. Tell
them a stor, sing them a song, and
they will repeat both parrot liko and
A Little Flower of Chinatown.
memorl.e what would be Impossible
to nn American child of the same ngo
and standing. Hut their reasoning
and thinking faculties are not devel
oped. There tho American child has
The Chinese home consists usually of
thr.'e rooms, the front room In which
the plot is, th general living room
and the bedriinm. The Chinese wom
en ar. ci pi ially speaking, good house
keepers, and neatness and order pre
The children are so obedient! that
they seem hardly human to the Amer
ican observer used to dift'rent man
ners, hut. the Confuclon discipline still
prevails and the port, precocious, dis
obedient child is iiul.uown in China
town. J'isf. what form of discipline
has brought, about this result, who
can say? One Chinese child admitted
Hint he whs whipped when he was
bad, but the American teachers say
thai they never see the children pun
ished. Hut whatever the method it is
efficacious and is earnestly recom
mended to mot here of different creeds
and up bringing. New York Sun.
Disorders In Court.
Some years ago there was a ery
dignlded old fellow elected Justice ot
the Peace In one of the townships of
Berks county. This elevation caused
him to look for a certain degree of
deference on the part of all with
whom he came in contact and at any
shortcomings In this respect he would
show murk"d itritation. Oiue while
walking along hia dignity was ruf
fled by one of a group of boya ad
dressing him rather familiarly.
"Young man, I line you $3 for con
tempt of court," said the provoked
"Hut. Judge, the court Is not In sea
sTon," Interposed the youth.
"This court Is always In session,"
aid the other emphatically, "and con
sequently ulwavii an object of con
tempt." A French Dog Story.
The following dog story is vouched
for by the l'etit. 1'arisien as true:
A lady named Mine. Amelle Hongre
went out yesterday morning for a
walk in the Avenue de Clichy, taking
with her a toy terrier, which she held
by a string. While she was looking
into a shop window two mischevious
boys substituted a bone for the dog,
A !reat Ilane then appeared on the
scene, and. seeing flu? bone, made a
dash and swallowed It, firing includ
ed. The Indy turned round, nnd. tn
despair, cried out that the Great Dane
had eaten her pet.
The Jittle dog was found later on,
much to the joy of his mistress, who
carried him oft in a cab.
Superintendent Smith of the Man
hattan elevated road was showing I
Western railroad man over t lie sys
tem the ether day. lien they came
to tho Junction at Ninth avenue, and
l-'ifty-Third street (he Chicago man re
marked, with evident astonishment:
"I don't see any derailing switches
to prevent collisions."
"(ireat Seo't. man," exclaimed thu
Manhattan num. "do you consider how
far a derailed train would have to
Priests Go on Strike.
A singular strike of priests hss
taken place at n friary at Lisbon
Threo priests, members of a religious
congregation, were suspended, where
upon others. In sympathy with them
declined to act till their colleagues
were pardoned. Their superiors are
much embarrassed and the dlfltcwlt.
baa but yet been solved.
In that eetlrrn of New York where
wealth Is the greatest, where mil
lionaires are many and fashion
reigns, the proportion of children Is
less than one to each family. In that
section of the city where poverty
rules nnd people are herded together
like cattle the proportion of children
is three to each family.
In other words, the poor and Illiter
ate multiply three times aa rapidly as
the rich and educated. Obviously
there Is a lesson here. Where luxury
nnd case abound the race tho Ameri
can race scarcely reproduces Itself
each generation, but In the humblest
tenement houses, most of them
homes of the foreigner barely aide
to speak the Knglish language and
utterly Indifferent to all the great
problems, except that greatest one of
feeding hungry mouths, tho little
ones Increase like the grains of corn
In the full ear.
The facts brottcht out by a thor
ough Investigation of conditions as
they exist nt both extremes of the
social scale in this city--facts that
have a counterpart in all sections of
tills country corroborate In a mark
ed way the views- entertained by
President Roosevelt. In a letter to
Mrs. John Van Vorst, coauthor of
"The Woman Who Tolls." Cie Prosl-
dont uttered a strong protest against
the love of luxcry nnd case which Is
undermining the race supremacy of
the American nation by preventing
marriages and the production of lnrgc
famllles. Kaee suicide, whether com
plete or partial, the President holds,
is the greatest question before the
country and amounts to a serious
His views of the situation are ex
pressed In these words:
"An easy, good natureil kindliness
and a desire to be Independent that
Is, to live oiic'b life purely according
to one's own desires are la no sense
substitutes for the fundamental vir
tues, for the practice of the strong
rai-ial qualities without which there
can be no strong race the qisnlitles
of courage nnd resolution both in
men and women, of scorn of wha is
mean, base and selfish, of eager de
sire or fight or suffer, ns trio ca.e
may be, piovlded the end to be gained
Is great enough, nnd tho con
temptuous putting aside of mere
case, mere vapid plea -sure, mere
avoidance of toil and worry. j
"Of course no one quality makes
a good citizen, and no one quality i
will save a nation. Hut there arc
certain great qualities for the lack
of which no amount of Intellectual
brilliancy, or of material prosperity,
or of easiness of life c an atone, ajid
which show decadence and corral -
tion In the nation just as much as it
they are prod-iced by selfishness and
coldness and easo-lovlng laziness
among comparatively poor people as
If they are produced by vicious or
frivolous luxury In the rich.
"If tho men of tht nation aro not
anxious to work In many different
ways, with all their might and
strength, and ready and able to fight
at need, and anxious to be father of
families, and If the women do not
recognize that tho greatest thing for
any woman la to be a good wife and
mother, why, that nation has cause
to be alarmed about Its future.
"There la no physical trouble
among Americans. The trouble with
the situation you set forth Is one of
character, and therefore we can con
quer it if we only will."
This In general terms Is the
arraignment. Some figures have been
supplied by Dr. (leorgo K. Shrady,
who has made an extended study of
the subject. He found ttio average
family of tho better or more educated
class consist of only one or two child
ren, the middle class family of from
four to five, while the families of the
lower classes run from five to nine.
This finding has been substantiated
In the present inquiry In tho case of
the first and the last groups.
No section of New York contains
more homes of wealth and refinement
than the section of Fifth avenue In
tho neighborhood of Central Park.
That stretch of the avenue extend
ing between Fifty-sixth and Seven
tieth streets, comprising fourteen
Mocks and about three fourths of a
mile long, has upward of 100 private
houses, the largest and finest In the
city. They present an Imposing ap
pearance: their doora are open only
to the elite; within them are all the
appointments of luxury and refine
ment that money cn buy, and troops
of servants to do the slightest bid
din;;. Hut In not a few of them the
music of children's voices and tho
patter of childish feet are Rounds not
A census of. tho specified district,
made ns accurately as the difficulties
of the inquiry permit, revealed- tho
fact that fifty representative families
have a showing of only forty-eight
children, or legs than one to euch
Within tho district are several
one of which was taken Into account.
In It are domiciled nt least ten fami
lies, who have a total of thirty child
ren, nn average of three to each fam
ily. Of families living In their own
homes twenty one are said to have no
children, three have four to each fam
ily, six have an average of two each
and one family has five.
In the blocks between Fifty-sixth
and Fifty-seventh streets, In which
are the homes of Kdwln Gould,
Charles Morse, Mrs. Wilson, James
W. Gerard, Mrs. Catherine Klngsland
and C. A. Gould, four families were
found who are childless, and the
whole number of children probably
does not exceed six. Between Six
tieth and Sixty-third streets, where
live W. E. Iloosevelt, James E. Mar
tin. Kdson Bradley. Edward Rutter,
Frederick Baker, George E. McMur
tay and the Hostwicks. the Gerrys,
(lie Careys and the Schmidts, a count
of eleven' children distributed among
twelve families was made. Four of
the families were without children,
five had one each, one had four, and
one five. Further up tho proportions
of young children were found to be
still less. In the block lying between
Slxty-ilghth nnd Sixty-ninth streets,
where live Ogdcn Mills, Frauds Gor
don Harrison and Joseph C. Stlckney,
it is snid there Is not a single child.
Tho block immediately above, where
the mansions of John D. Kloane and
Hebcr K. Bishop are situated, there
are no children. As nearly as could
be learned these are the figures, and
they aro not gainsaid by the evidence
'CENSUS Of fffH FM1E5 1H151M5 ROW
cm of KmsgvrNfMWMsnAnro bsommt
of the eyes, for the. children are seet
ahou1: the streets In this quarter an
nothing speaks of their existence U
Down In the tenement district ot
the lower East 8ide the contrast It
found. Here the streets are throng
ed with children, whether ' thi
weather be fair or foul. Their hornet
are poor, narrow, boxlike rooms Ir
the huge tenement buildings. One ol
the largest of these stands on the cor
ner of Orchard and Broome streets
It Is six stories high and has accom
modatlons for forty-eight families. At
present forty-seven are housed In tt
and these families have among then
a total of 135 children. Seven faml
lies, recently married, have no off
spring. Tho showing of the others li
as follows: Nine families have one
child each, nine families have twe
children each, six families have three
children ench, two families hnvo foui
children each, aeven families have
five children ench, throe fnmlllei
have six children each, three fa ml I let
havo seven children ench, and out
family has eight children.
The figures tell their own story.hut
only in part, Blnre the families herf
represented who have fewest child
ren are almost Invariably young mar
ried couples. The tendency of the
toward families of from four or five
to nlno children. To an investigator
going directly from the fashionable
Fifth avenue locality to the crowded
regions where live the foreigners the
contrast in this matter of child popu
lation is extremely striking and gives
force to the suggestion the President
makes in such striking language.
New York Press.
"Waiting in the bank directly In
front of me was a charming woman
of twenty or so who was having her
first experience In banking," said the
merchant as he lighted his cigar aft
er luncheon. "She was asked tho
qnestlons usual for one who Is open
ing an account; her name, address,
whether married or single and her
father's and mother's name. She gc
along all right until the clerk asked
' 'Mother's maiden name, please.'
" 'I don't quite understand, I'm
afraid,' she said hesltatiugly.
" 'I mean your mother's name when
she was a girl.' explained the clerk.
"'How should I know? I don't like
impertinence. Sir! How should
know? I didn't know her when she
was a girl. The idea! Are you trying
to make fun of me, Sir?' "New York
Te Divert Tide ef Emigration.
With the object of diverting th
tream of emigrants that now travel
to America via Germany, the Hub
gartan government proposes to estab
lish a line ot steamers running be
tween Flume and the United States.
Americans In London,
Mrs. Hugh Reed Griffin has just
been re-elected president of the Soci
ety of American Women In London.
The object of the society Is to create
a social center for Americans In Lon
don. Famous Pianists Estranged.
Little love Is lost between Paderew-
ski, the famous pianist, and Morlta
Rosenthal, his professional rival, who
continues to amaze German audience
by his wonderful command of the in
strument. Rosenthal is called "the
demon pianist," because of the as
tonishing speed with which he plays.
The Latest Chemical Wonder.
An American chemist has iu vented!
a tube for truth. You speak Into It;
the chemical solution changes color
according to the tensity of your emo
tion, and truth and mendacity are
described as being quite distinct and
Duck Dinners a London Fad.
Duck dinners are the latest society
fad In America, gays a London paper.
The ladies who attend are dresBcd to
imitate ducks. Duck decorations ap
pear on the table, and the menu In
cludes ducks cooked In various styles.
Even the ices are made up in duck
Postcards Popular In England.
T w I ri rila ltirtu,e . u..
,..,.t:noru uiuie rapidly id
England during ihe past year than
mnu nl ha. f ......
,ii ui ui iiutjiui communica
tion Tit nnmhA. .
- ,,v ' pviii ws nearly
445 million, which Is over 6 per cent
Increase ou the year before.
Ha Means It.
New Berlin, 111., March 16th. Mr.
Frank Newton of this place speaks
very earnestly and emphatically when
asked by any of his many friends the
reason for the very noticeable Im
provement In his health.
For a long time over two years he
has been suffering a great deal with
pains in his back and an oil-over feel,
log of illness and weakness. His ap
petite failed him and he grew gradu
ally weaker and weaker till ho was
very much run down.
A friend recommended Dodd s Kid
ney Pills and Mr. Newton began to
take two at a dose, threo times a day.
In a very short time he noticed an im
provement; the pains left his back
and he could eat better. Ho kept on
improving and now ho says:
"Yes, Indeed! I am a different man
and Dodd's Kidney rills did it ill. i
cannot tell you how much bette.f I TeiJ.
I am a new man and Dodd's Kidney
Fills deserve all the credit."
Thomas Carlyle's Advice.
It is to you. ye workers, who do al
ready work, and are as grown men.
noble and honorable In a sort, that
the whole world calls for new work,
and nobleness. Subdue mutiny, dis
cord, widespread despair by manful
Bess, justice, mercy and wisdom.
Victor Hugo Museum for Paris.
Paria is about to add to Its literary
attractions by opening a Victor Hugo
museum. It is to be established in
one of the quaint Louis Trelze houses
still surviving on the Place dea Vos
ges, which was inhabited by the poet
when he was yet the young Hon ot
Child Labor In New York.
From facts gathered In the last six
months the remarkable condition la
revealed of the existence ot more
child labor In New York city than in
all the states of the south combined.
Will Tell of Boundary Lines.
O. P. Austin, chief of the bureau of
statistics, is writing a book on the
development of the boundary lines ot
the statea and terrltorlea. noting the
changes since colonial days.
Propounded to the Single.
Do you try to keep a flatlron warm
with your feet all night, or do you
make the effort In the Interest ot a
water jug? Atchison Globe.
WAS REFUSED LIFE INSURANCE.
Rejected on Account of "Coffee Heart'"
Life Insurance companies have fully
established the fact that the use of
coffee causes an organic derangement
of the heart, shortening the long beat
and Imperiling life. For this reason
habitual coffee drinkers are refused
life Insurance In many cases. A well
known merchant of White's Creek,
Tenn., proprietor ot a large store
there, says: "Three years ago I was
examined for life Insurance and to my
surprise was rejected because my
heart action was at times out of place
15 beats In 60.
"I consulted several good doctors
and was Invariably asked by them, 'Do
you drink ardent spirits? use tobacco?
or drink coffee?' To the first I an
swered 'Very little,' to the second
'No,' to the last 'Yes,' and they would
all say 'Quit coffee.'
"I determined to do this. I had read
about Postum Cereal Coffee and nought
and used it, and I liked it as well as
the best of real coffee, and as a re
sult of Its use in place of coffee I find
myself without a skip In my heart
action and I ran get Insurance on my
life cheaper by 25 per cent (notwith
standing the advance In age), than I
could when I first commenced using
Postum." Name furnished by Postum
Co. Battle Creek -h.