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BISHOP MONTGOMERY WILL
NOT ACCEPT MANILA POST
K'.Ltt Hov. Cooigo Montgomery, co
adjutor archbishop of San Francisco,
who recently was appointed arch
lislup of Manila, has refused that
IufU lie prefers to stay in Sau Fiau-
risen, v lici t1 ho cxpoctd to become
Tho refusal of p.ishop Montgomery
to accept tin- post of coadjutor bishop
FEW COLORED JOCKEYS NOW.
White Rider Are the Favoritei of the
Fifty years ngo negroes liml almost
a monopoly of training and riding
racp horses. Today they have all hut
disappeared from the turf, nave as
stablemen, rubbers, etc. In the ante
Vellum days the big land owners of
the Routh constituted the patrons of
racing from the owners' standpoint. It
was natural for them to look for their
stable help of every dogrpp from
anions their many slaves. With the
estahllshment of racing at Saratoga
soon after the close of thp war. fol
lowed by the opening of Jerome Park
shortly afterwards, the center of tho
racing endeavor gradually shift
ed from south of the Mason
tnl Dixon line to the terri
tory around the metropolis. Tho
negro, however, had been freed before
this and naturally stuck to the hi rses
and followed tln nt north. The negro
jockey tloerislied for many years after
rac ing was established in tho north,
but his sun seems to have set with
the passing of Sims, Clayton ami Per
kins, the last of the negro riclirs to
gain ami hold the center of the stage
for any length of time, and about the
only real good negro "jocks" known to
the present generation of racegoers.
PREMIER A STRONG MAN.
Dr. Abram Kuyper Wisely Guides the
Destinies of Holland.
Dr. Allium Kuyper, the premier of
Holland, whose ministry, It is said. Is
Imperiled by the passage of the anti
strike bill n the second ch'iiuber of
the liiiich parliament, mid who was
thi" central tlguio In the vast strike In
1he Iiutch cities. Is unique iimnlig the
prominent statesmen in Europe in that
lie Is a minister of the tiospel as well
as a politic lan. In. Kuyper Is now In
his i.Vth year. His father was n Cal
vinlst prow lo r ami brought up the
lutiire premier In the same calling, lie
was educated at the I'nlverslty of
I CJ (lei), and II 1st entered iHilitlcal life
In ISM. when he took his sent In par
liament, lie has been concerned es
pecially with education and Is lather
liberal in his religious views.
Noon-Mark of Olden Times.
One of the simplest devices by
which the midday hour was made
known t dwellers in rural homes a
century no was a noon mark. The
dweller In town or village hail Uie
neon bell from the church steeple,
but on nearly every farm house was
a nootemark. usually by a frequented
door or window. Says Mrs. Eaiio In
a recent hook: "I have seen them
many a time on the threshold of a
barn, at tho kitchen doorstep or out
side tho pantry. Country folk grew
very Skillful In telling the relative
lime (rem a noon-mark. 1 knew one
old woman who. by her kitchen noon
murk, could tell tin hours from in
to 4 without a variation of four min
utes, which Is in general all that
would be expected from a watch
from a woman's watch."
Value of Gulf of Mexico.
Senator Dillingham of Vermont Is
a close student of meteorology, find
ing mueh amusement In watching the
changing temperature lines on th big
weather map at the senate and of tho
capitol. "That pond fascinates mo,"
said the senator, pointing to tho Gulf
of Mexico, "It gives up most of the
water that Is carried overland and
ta. as rain In the eastern and middle
elates. ' What should we do were It
not for tho Gulf of Mexico?" he asked
with tho enthusiasm of a teacher in
structing a geography class.
at Manila occasions little surprise
among bis friends and acquaintances
at San Francisco. For many years,
while bend of the southern dloccso of
California, lilshop Montgomery look
ed forward to being again assigned
to duty In San Francisco, where as
a young priest he laid the foundation
of his grent work In the cause of tho
Catholic church. A few months ago
he was appointed condjutor to Arch
bishop Hlordnn and returned to that
city. The new position carried with
It the right of succession to the arch
bishopric. In addition there Is something fur
ther that holds Ilishop Montgomery
In San Francisco. The organization
of tho Catholic church there Is largo
ly the result of his efforts. The
League of the Cross Cadets. Institut
ed by him, was primarily organized
among the young jnen for the further
ance of the principles of temperanco.
This IhmIv has welcomed with Joy his
return from l.os Angeles, nnd Is a
strong factor In holding him so close
to the church in San Francisco.
"My work lies here." said Uishop
Montgomery. "I have worked and
grown with the church In California,
and I do not caro to abandon It now."
CHOSEN FOR HIGH PLACE.
Hugh H. Hanna a Member of the Gold
Hugh II. Hanna, who has been des
ignated as the third member of the
commission to work for an Interna
tional system of gold standard ex
change. Is the widely known publicist
of Indianapolis who organized the
monetary commission which planned
the currency reform, a part of which
was Included In the congressional leg
islation or 11nn. In that very year
Harvard gave him Its honorary M. A.,
and ho was elected an honorary uieiav
her of the New York chamber of com
merce. Mr. Hanna was born fifty-five
ears ago at .afiiyette, Ind. lie was
educated partly in America nnd partly
In Germany and Is a wealthy manufac
turer of Indianapolis.
New York Society Agitated.
New Yoik society is In a flutter
over the niir.ouiiccmcnt that the earl
of Khitore, King Edward's equerry,
will sail for this country May fi. to
remain twenty days. His coming Is
regarded as an event of the utmost
significance, because he is already In
(crested in an Important American
racing stable und his visit Is believed
to have a distinct reference to tho ap
pearance of the king's horses at tho
Louisiana purchase exposition at St.
Louis. The earl will be given a din
ner nt the 1'nlon League club during
Ms stay that will be participated in by
all the real patrons of tho American
turf. Never before has there been in
this country a representative of the
royal sport so close to the English
Great Artist Is Bitter.
After a visit to this country of about
a year .Mr Philip Hurne-.lones, the Eng
lish artist, has sailed for home, lie
fore going he severely condemned "the
yellow art critic." who. he says, seems
to be indigenous to this country. Sir
Philip mentioned the ease of a Phil
adelphia artist who was nbuut to
dispose of a picture for $i;nn. The
work was severely condemned In print
by a "yellow" critic, who evidently
knew little or nothing about the mat
ter. As a result Co intending pur
chaser decided not to buy. Sir Philip
thinks that the establishment or an
art gallery or salon in the United
States would act as a great stimulus
to artists hero.
Mrs. Flagler May Recover.
It Is reported that Mrs. Ida M. Flag
ler, divorced wife of Henry M. Flag
ler, the Standard Oil millionaire. Is
recovering her reason. Two years ago,
through a law specially passed to
cover bis case, Mr. Flagler divorced
Ills wife on the plea that she was "in
curably Insane," and then married
Miss Mary Lilly Kenan of Wilmington,
N. C. In the event of Mrs. Flagler's
complete recovery the millionaire
would find himself In a distressing pre
dicament., Tho lady Is constantly un
der the care of a physician who re
ceives $l.oii(i a month for her treat
ment and maintenance.
Cares Little for Wealth.
Although Miss Navonne Ciishman. a
schoolteacher of New Uochelle, N. Y..
Is heiress to half the estate of her
uncle, Joseph B. Cushruan. who died
in December last, leaving an estate
valued at ll.ooo.oon, yet tho continues
to teach and seems unconcerned, about
her newly found fortune. Mr. Cash
man left his wealth by will to bo di
vided between his niece and his
nephew, Charles Cushman, a cousin
of the schoolteacher, who lives at Ver
non, near Vtica.
NEW POST FOR HEFFELFINGER
Famous Yale Football Player to Be
Civil Service Commissioner.
It Is expected that W. W. Hefiol
finger, tTie famous Yale guard who is
In business In Minneapolis, will ac
cept the post of civil service commis
sioner which was tendered him by
President Roosevelt while the latter
was In that city on his trip to the
West. Mr. Heffelflngcr Is an enthusi
astic advocate of the civil service sys
tem. MESSAGES IN STRANGE FORM.
Remarkable Communication from
Recently English newspaper! pub
lished a story about a Liverpool man
who found a message written upon
an egg by the packer, a widow in
Manitoba, whom he ultimately mar
ried. ln J S!9 a message was found la
a barrel of apples that hnd been sent
to England rrom New Zealand. In
this message the packer or the fruit,
a young woman, said that her ances
tors, whose names were given, had
emigrated rrom Kent, and she asked
Hie Under to ascertain If any or her
name and funiily still remained in
that county. The finder was able to
glvo her full particulars as to surviv
ing relatives. Mr. Tew or Iecds,
England, a member or a Yorkshire
banking family, had at one time a
collistlon of "messages In merchan
dise," some of them being very trnglc
reminders of the days when peaceful
traders were caught by Algerian
pirates and sold Into slavery. Ono
such message hnd been written In
blood on a coarso canvas bag that
had contained gum arable; another
appeared as a sort of tattooed stain
on ti large cork that hnd fnstead a
vessel containing attar of roscA
SAYS SHE IS PERSECUTED.
New YorJ Woman Makes Complaint
Against Vanderbilt Family.
Mrs. Jacob II. Vanderbilt, who a
few days ago opened a "smoking par
lor" for women on Fifth avenue in
New York, has received so many pro
tests from societies and Individuals
that she may have to close her shop.
The protest which may bo the last
straw is a written one from the Y. M.
C. A. She says the Vanderbilt family
is behind it all, and that sho is being
persecuted. Mrs. Vanderbilt designed
the shop as a place where society
women might stop w hile out shopping
and secure a cup of tea and a cigar
ette. It is luxuriously furnished, and
since It opened has been crowded with
Marvels of Bible Distribution.
During tho first year's work of the
British and Foreign Iiihle society 100
years ago they spent .Ct9, and thought
they had done a big thing. So they
had, but they were to do more. Last
year they spent 241,143, and since
the foundation of the society they have
expended l.l.ooo.ooo. Those are big
figures, but when translated Into num
bers of books they are bigger still.
Tho society last year Issued over
r.iiuii.tnin copies of the Scriptures, and
since Its commencement a totnl of
1SH,(M0,000. Seven thousand volumes
are sent out from I-ondon alono every
day of tho week through every week
of tho year. The output from all the
society's depots, including London,
averages lti.unu copies per day.
A Preacher of Resources.
Uev. J. W. Klmbrell of Madison. Mo.,
Is a gentleman of resources. Had
roads prevented him a few Sundays
ago from keeping his engagement at
Porter's chapel, ono of the churches
on Its itinerary. He bethought him
self that a number or his parishioners
had telephones, so he moved an organ
to tho Madison "central" otll.-e, got a
choir and conducted a whole church
service by telephone, excepting tho
taking up or tho collection. Rov. Mr.
Klmbrell Is th clergyman who mea
war on cigarettes by furnishing smok
ers with corncob pipes arid good to
'Panama, Canal Shoutd He
ii 1 1 llllilii
"Cllmatewlll he the most serlousob
stacle in the work of constructing the
Tanama canal," said Mr. Alfred Noble,
a member of the Panama commission,
to a reporter ror the Herald. "The
canal commission In Its summary or
the difficulties estimated the cllmata
as carefully as It did the cost of con
struction. "Personally, I believe that the meth
ods adopted at Santiago and Havana
applied to Colon and Panama will
transform these pest holes Into com
paratively healthy cities.
"You know, the dean of the medical
faculty at Panama divides the seasons
Into the wet period from April 15 to
December 13, when persons die of yel
low fever In from four to five days,
and the dry season from Decern ner
15 to April IS, when people die of per-
(Melons fever In from twenty-six to
"The tropics and filth form a com
bination that only modern science and
Anglo-Saxon energy can hope to con
quer, and they will conquer. You must
remember that the I'nlted States will
have what the French never had, ab
solute police authority from ocean to
ocean. The example of Santiago is
"Do you think any engineering dif
ficulty can upset tho present plans?"
"No, the tinal Is perfectly feasible,"
answered the distinguished engineer.
"It should bo open to commerce In ten
years with the aid of modern machin
ery and from 30,0(10 to 40,000 men."
"Where are these men to come
from?" was asked.
"Principally from Jamaica. The un
skilled laborers must necessarily be
negroes, and the negroes of Jamaica
and other British West Indian colo
nies are infinitely superior to those of
the other islands.
"Tho blacks of Santo Domingo, for
Instance, are practically worthless.
Loafing Is a part of Mielr religion. Ja
maican negroes are almost Immune
from yellow fever, and engineers who
built the Jamaica railway extension In
18!t; tell mo they are good workmen
that is, comparatively speaking, of
"Yes, Torty thonsand men may be
more than this labor market can rur
nish, but In any case I do not believe
American negroes should be ens;'loyed.
The number or men needed will do
pond on tho amount or machinery.
Owing to the climate, I imagine ma
chine will replace hand work wher
ever possible, even with the cheapest
labor. 1 should say In any event thirty
thousand would bo the minimum."
Mr. Noble thought the American
staff in roeticl numbers would comprise
five hundred men. The machinery
will undoubtedly be American.
"In handling material," continued
Mr. Noble, "I think Americans are
first. Tho Chicago drainage canal Is
the most perfect example of canal en
gineering that has been done up to the
"Tho French have passed us all In
tunnel work near tne surface, as
shown In the new Orleans terminal
and Metropolitan underground railway
in Paris. The English have develop
ed to Its highest point tho art of tun
neling under water."
Mr. Noble credits tbe French Pana
ma company, orgnnlxcd In 1S94, to
take over th De I.csseps wreck, and,
If possible, to save something out of
It, with good Judgment and excellent
"We onl' had twelve or thirteen mil
lions cnpicvl, and Instead of spending
this In carrying on tho Do I.csseps'
plan, dug a triangular strip or the pro
posed excavation straight through the
summit at Culobra. Not only will the
actual work done be used in the final
construction, but the company thereby
could give the most practical answer
possible to Panama" critics.
"It had long been said. In fact en
gineers Insisted upon it at the first De
Lesseps congress, In 1879, that the cut
through the mountain was an Insur
mountable obstacle. The ground was
thought to be extremely hard to exca
vate in some plac, In others of soft
clay, sand and water that could not
ri-AN tOWXN(3 LOCATION CF tOCKtf
"Te present company, however, cut
a smci! strip directly through the
high rldpp. and, at Intervals, sank
shafts to V9 depth of the ultimate cut.
They lowerei us 120 feet down those
shafts In a bucket, on a windlass.
"It wasn't a pleasant experience, but
It gave us am opportunity to report on
the actual quality of coil to be taken
out of this most difficult of cuts. This
was of great value to tm, and, had, In
directly, not a little Influence upon the
negotiations In Congress.
"The other big engineering problem
Is the liner Chagres, which rises to
great heights during freshets, and dis
charges as much water sometimes as
the whole Lake Superior basin. An
artificial lake, some distance from
the canal is to take the overflow."
When asked whether the French
company's machinery iras still service
able, Mr. Noble replle.l that excellent
care had been taken of It; at least, he
always found fresh pttnt on It. At
best, however, It wcnild be of little
value. American machinery twenty
years old Is almost worthless to-day,
so radical have been the Improve
ments. "Does any one stltl cling to the Idea
vt a canal without locks?" was asked.
"There must be locks to provide for
the twenty-foot range of tide at Pa
nama," said the commissioner, "but it
Is possible to construct a canal with
out any other locks. Such a canal
would unquestionably be a great bene
fit to shipping, but Its cost would be
enormous and it would take twice as
long to build."
Mr. Noble Is a firm believer In the
commercial future of canals. Rerer
ring to the report of the "Soo" canal
for tho year, which he had Just receiv
ed, he remarked that the United
States Is paid back every year In the
Increase of trade the amount origi
nally Invested In this canal.
"I do not agree," he said, "with tha
Australian postmaster-general n Bay-
MAP tiOWma ROUTE
Ing that the Panama canal will reduce
the Australian trade through tho Suci.
"Most or tho Anglo-Australian ship
ping will continue by the old route, be
cause there Is little difference In the
length, and there la always the short
cut for passengers and mail via Drin
dlsl. Rut this doea not mean that the
Panama canal will not have a great
share of the world's shipping' New
Reviving the Curfew.
The people of Antrim have balled
with delight the decision of the town
W' f Ka 1
commissioners to revive the anclea
custom of ringing the curfew nlghtlv
At Antrim, as at a great many other
towns In Ulster, the curfew was Ik I
former generations rung regularly
but the practice, like that associative
with the maypole, has gradually dll v ,
out until now the places where It stl '(,
lingers are few and far between. Ta
action of the commissioners Is base
on purely sentimental grounds. Thej
have simply revived an old custom b
cause the people like to hear the bell .
and are willing to pay for the prlvlKi
ege, as Is Indicated by the ract that aj
sum of money to pay all expenses has'
been handed over to the vestry of.thaf i
parish church. "
I ninKs All Are Tto Well Paid. i
Among officeholders In Washington f I
Comptroller Traeewcll of the treasury.A I
is regarded as a most extraordinary ; ) 1
person. Mr. Tracewell's salary is $5,.1: i:J
5UC, and be thinks he Is overpaid,? tjt . ;
no man entertaining sucn a neterc
odox opinion, however, Is the fact that X
he has not hesitated to give expres
sion thereto. During the recent ses-J
ston of congress he was giving a sub-j
committee some Information regard-t
ing his office. The chairman compli-;
mented him by saying: "You are thai
first man government officer who has
appeared before us who did not ask
for an Increase of salary." Tracewell!
rpnlled hllintlV "I'm nttlnir a hlontrf
-------- - a n - ...u w w.nun, - -
sight too much now." In private corf v
vernation later he said: "Considering I" ; .
the hours of their labor and their re
sponslbilltia government employes
are paid more than any other class of
men In the world." All of which is -
regarded In bureaucratic circles as f -
little short or revolutionary.
She'a Pretty, but He'a Strong. ;Vf
Jenkins owns a house In a BivV!yn P '
suburb. It is now tor sa), and h fV'-'','
tenant, or. rather, his tenant's pretty tv-
wife, has had a nnmier or callers who ts'
wanted to look ovtt tae property, says $'
the New York t'rtas. The other day ,v
Jenkins racaivcd a letter of complaint $&V'
from tic tenant, of which this la a
"Dear Sir I have a complaint to
make a tout the man who come out
here to look at your house. Most of
them think It necessary to tell mv
wife how pretty she is while they areV I
looking over the property. I want to
warn you that some of these days I
am going to take a day off from my
work and then If any of those men
want to tell my wife that she Is pret
ty I will be around to show them her
husband is pretty strong."
Count Casnlnl Will Return.
As soon as It-was announced that
Count Carsini, the Russian ambassa
dor, Intended to sail for Europe about
the middle of May, a rumor became
current that he would not return. This
Is now said to be without foundation.
The count Is conceded to be the clev
erest diplomat In Washington and tho
star member or the Russian corps.
OF PANAMA CAMAIv
As he Is now dean of the diplomatic
set In Washington a position of much
Importance in European eyes It Is
not regarded as likely that the shrewd
Russians will care to relinquish the
advantage which this gives them.
Sentiment from Plato.
Wisdom is the true and unalloyed
coin, for which we ought to exchange
all things: for this, and with this,
ery thing is in reality bought and
sold fortitude, temperance and Jus
tice; and, in a word, true virtue sub
sists with wisdom. Plato.
A J ?f. . . . t yi