Newspaper Page Text
HALF CKSTl'HY AGO.
CONVINCING ARGUMENTS IN SUP
PORT OF PROTECTION.
Free-Trade Newspaper cf To-Day Was
at That Time Strongly In Favor of
Legislating for the Best Interests of
Our Ovn People.
Curious relics of the past. when fnro
ninl si ;i ii.l Americanism rhiirarterl.ed
t : minimis nf a newspaper which In
teieiit years luis turned much nf Its
talents it tul i i.i rtit s In n contrary ill
recti, ti. arc fuiir.il in the tllen of the
Sn it.(;fieiii Republican of tienrly fifty
y lis ;k:ii. 1m tin- edition ef that pa
per ef the date (if Jan. 12. I.W.. np
I" ar.a an editorial on "The Tariff,"
wMch shows tlio then cilitur, Samuel
r.-nvlis. senior, ns ctic df the HMest
nr. il clearest i-luhtril protectionists of
tint period. No one lins ever pre
.'"i i' I tiHire effective nraumetit In fa
.or of the policy !iti li looks after our
fwn eonntry mill our own pi opl and
knves fnreicners to look after them
felvi s than is contain-. I In this urgent
mj nai to ruDfii'ss to lose no time In
martini: a tret!y protective tnrilT.
Hnsiness eiiinlitic r.s In 1 S.V. were simi
lar to tl.osi. l.i, h prevailed forty
vrars 1.-st- r tinder a IVmorrat i' free,
trade taritT. Krnr.Hin Pierce, a New
Mnulatnl free. trailer, was president of
the Cnited States. I'ree-ti ade was tlio
oi ler (,f the day. and the n.-tomaiy
free trade conditions prevailed. With
a t.itHT for icveniie only In full force,
reuii'ie was fallinc off at the rate of
.hi,. ii a month, said the Spring,
ti' id K-'pntillran of that period:
Away with merely levetinp tariffs!
They are d. -itroylri; American Inde
pendence They are ttn ti s ! nn t i ti tt our
wiu l. sht ps t,i Kurope. They are carry
Ins c.:T mir publ as fast ns It tan ho
il'ii: in t'alifnrtiia. They nre obliging
ns to w, ar (i.rtiinti and Kronen hroa l
el'iths hy f, rlilildini: the manwfactsre
f Amerii -an. They are shutting up
f.irtnries. r. J ii I ti t; the rates of labor.
Itnp.ivi risOiing the country. Away wtili
That Is exact'y what a TVmnrrnt ic
tariff was doina in 1 Hr.". forty years la
ter. In the winter of 1 SfiH. as the He.
putilican narrates, the unemployed la
l.orers of New- York to the number of
f.o.onu men, CO.fmn women and lti.OuO
TRYING TO RAISE
children, were holding mass nicotines
and petitioning the city government
for work on city Improvements, and
were thn -ateniiiK anarchy unless their
wants should be In some way provided
for. In Hoston the soiiphotise system
was in full blast, excepting on Sun
days, when the utiernployed had to go
hungry. Regular Ilemocratie tariff
times! The Springfield Republican
demanded a return to protection as a
means of allaying distress and restor
ing prosperity, just as the Republican
newspapers were doing in lM'f,. after
three years of free-trade domination.
The Springfield paper appealed for:
"Preference for American labor, for
American goods, for American men,
over the labor, the goods and the men
of other countries."
Precisely what the protectionists of
to-day are Insisting upon. Forty-eight
years hro the Springfield Republican
"Free trade Is correct In theory and
correct in practice, if we are legisla
ting for the benefit cf (lie whole world.
Hut if we are to legislate for America,
let ns legislate for Americans by pro
tecting their Interests and their labor
against the Interests of the uneduca
ted and Impoverished labor ef Europe."
To day the Springfield Republican Is
diametrically opposed to the doctrine
which It so ably advocated In ltc;.
Either it was wrong faen or It Is
wrong now. It could not have been
wrong In 1S5S, Judglrg from the terri
ble ronditlors of want and ruin which
then Deleted as the direct result of
legislating for the benefit of foreign
ers. Is there any more reason now
than there was then why we should
legislate ncainst our own people and
in tavor of foreigners? Is there any
reason to suppose that the conditions
cf IMS and 1SH5 would not return If
we should abandon protection and In
vite the competition of the under paid
labcy in Europe? They certainly would
and must return in such an event, the
only difference being that the damage
and loss would now be (en times
greater because the aggregate of la
bor and production Is row ten times
preater. Having climbed no high, we
should fall so much further, It would
seem that all that was needed to re
convert the Springfield Republican to
protectionism would be a perusal of
' its own files of forty-eight jears ago.
UNWISE POLICY. '
Republicans Should Not Side With
There Is bo substantial reason to 1
advanced why Republicans of rlthei
stHte should httentpt to play Into ta
hands of their political enemies t)
(-hanging front on t ho tariff question
Tiie tariff law as tt stands Is admit
tedly a good measure. If the whole
question w ere reopened It Is more thnr
doubtful whether any better law eoulf
be framed; and to reopen the tarifl
quest Ion In part Is to reopen It It
whole. If Imperfections exist In tin
law as it stands there has been a (lis
tinet lack of any specific pointing out
of those defects. When It Is positive!
shown that some Injury Is worked
through them It will be time ciiougr
to proceed to remedy those defects;
either liy raising duties If they havi
proved too low or lowering thetn i:
they hne proved too Iilch.
In the meantime and until some rip
fonts do appear and are sperlficallj
pointed out, It. Is decidedly advisable
both from the standMiint of politic!
and from regard for the Interests o'
the country, to let the tariff ulone
and to refrain from Hiding tlio Demo
crafie campaign for revision.
The Republic an party does rot have
to apologize for the tringlcy law. It!
workings or Its results. Considering
the present condition of business It
fh I'nlted States, the development o
Industry, the growth of our domestic
and our foreign trade anil the splen
did financial condition of the treasury
all due in great measure at leHst tc
the present tariff law, it Is difficult t
see why any Republican should fa vol
tampering with that law In the direc
tiou which the Democrats desire to set
It amended. As n matter of fact then
are very few Republicans who do wan
to see If tampered with, even in Iowa
ns the Republican convention then
has just shown. Scat tie Post Intolll
Protection Wins by 300 Per Cent.
The product of pin Iron In this cour.
try the present year will exceed twen
ty million tons. That of tJreat Ililtalt
and ticrmany combined will be eonsld
erably below this; and the preeniin
ence of the t'nitod States in iron a ik
steel Is plowing more pronounced yea
by year, under the influence of the be
nign policy of protection, which tin
A DEAD ISSUE.
Republican party has conferred upol
the country. Our present rate of pro
ductlon Is a remarkable contrast ti
the production In this country nlni
years ago, the "boss" Cleveland year
when the pig Iron produced In the l'nl
ted Slates was but fi.757.24S tons, o,
about one-third of the present rata
In that year Creat Britain's produotioi
considerably exceeded ours, while Oei
many's didn't lag far behind. Tin
showing Is a remarkable object lessol
in the comparative advantages to th
country of free-trade vs. protection
and protection wins by three huudrec
per cent. Salt Lake Tribune.
Iowa's Free-Trade Radica's.
The tariff plank of the Iowa Perno
crats Is sufficiently radical to pleas
the Cleveland contingent, for It no1
only calls for a removal of the tarlf
from all trust-made goods, but it d
clares that all tariff schedules shouU
be adjusted with a view to tariff-fot
revenue-only. This proposition. It !i
to lie hopeu. will be as squarely me,
by tne national Democratic eon von
tlon, since it raises the Issue betweet
the Ilritish free-trade policy, whlcl
Colonial Rritain is giving evidence o'
being tired of, and the Ameticar
economic programme, which has beet
embodied In the most successful in
dnstrial experience ever shared by an
ration in human history. Boston Joii
No Assault on the Tariff.
The convention of 1.1114 will make m
demand for any tariff revision. It wll
suit the Republicans to make a fighi
on the tariff if the Democrats can b
Inveigled into assailing the protect Ivi
policy next year. The chances are
hnU'ni'ftr thnt fluf-man nn.l t, n
......v.... .....v v.... .null nil, 1 liitr It'Hl VI'
the shrewd leaders of the Democracy!
will prevent their party from maklnp
any assault on the tariff that ran
arouse Republican opposition. St
A Sure Cure.
Says the Chicago Record-Herald';
"The only cure for the surplus Is a re
vision of the tariff." Very true Indeed
Tariff revision downward has nevei
failed to cure a surplus either in the
national treasury or In the pockets o:
the peonle. As a surnlus purer inrin
revision belongs in the cateeorv i
"death on rats "
escaped rniMvirTS f.i. imp. piidcihtdc
1 z ;;" " .,sj; 1 18
Eight of the prisoners who escaped
from the Kolsom (Cal.) penitentiary
are still at large. Two have been re
captured, both badly wounded, and
t'iree were killed In battle with the
militia nnd the sheriff's posse. Two
militiamen have been killed and one
member of a posse fatally wounded.
The country through which the con
victs are making their way la unset
tled and thickly wooded, and It Is
the opinion of good authorities that
the desperadoes will never be recap
tured unless forced to surrender
through hunger. They nre plentifully
supplied with ammunition. The ac
companying map shows the route tak
en by the convicts since their escape,
and the scene of the battle.
CAVES PROVE MINE OF BONES.
Explorers Find Remains 'of Extinct
Animals in Shasta County, Cal.
Several important discoveries of in
terest to science have been made In
the caves of Shasta county, Califor
nia, by the party of explorers con
ducted by Prof. John C. Merrlman of
the geological department of the l'nl
vorsity of California. Two new caves
were discovered, which proved very
rich In paleontollglcal remains, yield
ing up bones of animals now extinct
and of a species hitherto unknown to
scientists Hones of mountain lions,
bison, wolf, porcupine, cave bear and
ground sloth were found, together with
nil the bones of the extinct porcupine,
and also an almost complete specimen
of small cave bear.
In one of these caves an old tradi
tion had It that an Indian woman wan
c erlng about had stumbled Into a well,
the bottom of which could never be
reached. This well was explored, and
at the bottom they found the skele
ton of a woman fairly well preserved,
whom they Judged to have fallen or
been thrown Into the well about one
hundred years ago.
Butlers Make Much Money.
Some surprise was expressed re
cently In England when Ird Ravens
court's butler died, leaving an estate
valued ai $150,000, but Investigation
shows that this is by no means a uni
que case. Men in his position re
ceive good salaries, and speaking
roughly a good butler may count on
twice his salary In tips. A Ixindon
weekly speaks of a conservative M. P.
(name not given) who In years gone
by was Lord Salisbury's butler. The
money he saved was Invested In a
hotel, which he conducted successfully
for fifteen years and then sold at an
enormous profit. No inconsiderable
portion of a butler's Income la the com
missions paid by tradesmen.
Against Gambling at Saratoga.
Much curiosity Is expressed among
visitors to Saratoga as to how William
C. Whitney and his race track part
ners Induced Canfleld, the noted gam
bler, to voluntarily close his establish
ment at the watering place. Canfleld
is Bald to have cleared $180,000 at his
taulcs last summer, and there Is a dis
credited rumor that he Is to get. a
percentage of the raco track profits.
Whitney Is quite hostile to gambling
at Saratoga, except in the betting
ring at the track. He fears that stories
of heavy play at Canfleld's will get
Into the newspapers and so taint the
good name of Saratoga that lovers of
tbo borsu will refuse to go Uiere.
IN WOODED CALIFORNIA COUNTRY
BELL HAS KITE AIRSHIP.
Langley Vill Associate with Professor
Prof. Alexander Graham Bell de
clares that In a few days he hopes lie
will make an experiment which he
hopes will place the feasibility of the
airship beyond peradventure. Prof.
S. P. I.angley of the Smithsonian In
stitution at Washington will be as
sociated with Prof. Bell in the con
duct of the experiment.
Dr. Bell's work has been almost al
together with kites. He has abandoned
the use of silk In the construction of
his machines and has taken a lighter
and stronger material, which resem
bles silk In Its texture. Thus far
he has succeeded In having his kite
remain stationary in the air and has
himself risen In one of the airships.
In the experiments In which Prof.
Langley will be associated with Dr.
Bell the object will be to seek to ob
tain full control of the machine.
ANDREW CARNEGIE'S BIG GIFT.
Dunfermline, Scotland, Is Given $2,
503,000 in Steel Stock.
In handing over to fifteen represent
ative citizens of his native town, Dun
fermline, Scotland; who were his
guests at Skibo castle, a trust deed
transferring to them $2,500,000 In 5
per cent bonds of the United States
Steel corporation and Pittencrleff
park Andrew Carnegie explained the
objects he had In view In these words:
"It is an experiment the object of
which Is to attempt to introduce into
the monotonous lives of the toil
ing masses of Dunfermline more of
sweetness and light, to give them, es
pecially the young, some charm, some
elevating conditions of life which
their residence elsewhere would 'have
dental, so that a child In his native
town will feel, however far he may
havo roamed, that simply by virtue of
being such his life has been made hap
pier and better."
Romance in Senatorship.
A romance extending over a quarter
of a century came to a happy climax
when Weldon Brinton Hey burn, United
States Senator from Idaho, recently
m.irrled Miss Yeatman of Chester
county, Pennsylvania. Years ago
young Heyburn met Miss Yeatman,
like himself, a Pennsylvanlan of
Quaker ancestery, and they became
friends. In 1884 the young lawyer
went West and settled In Idaho. He
became a leader of the bar, acquiring
wealth, and last winter became United
States Senator, but be did not forget
the Quaker girl. Iast week he went
east and claimed his bride.
Drowned After Rescuing Mother.
After rescuing his mother from
drowning In the surf at Coney Island,
New York, Frank Masters, an expert
swimmer from Brooklyn, lost his life
In tho undertow. There was a heavy
sea breaking on the beach when Mrs.
Masters, a fairly good swimmer, be
came exhausted, and Frank rushed to
her rescue. He swam with his moth
er to tho beach and then entered the
water agilu. After a dive he failed to
reappear, and tho frantic mothsr, aid
ed by the guards, found his body an
hour later, half a mile away, thrown
back on the beach by the tide.
Mrs. Goelet's Gentle Rebuke.
Mrs. Ogden Goelet. though a very
wealthy woman, is much averse to
extravagance and positively shudders
at anything that savors of ostentation.
Not long ago she gently reproved a
rich young girl friend on account of
an expenditure that was both silly and
huge. The girl answered airily: "Yes,
I suppose It Is extravagant, but then
I can well afford It." Quoth Mrs, Goe
let: "Reasoning by analogy, would
I be justified In supposing that you
would excuso your cook for oversalt
tng your omelet because salt ' Is
MOST UNPOPULAR RULER,
Ferdinand of Bulgaria Detested by His
European dlspatciies declare that
prince Ferdinand, who now occupies
the somewhat shaky throne
rla, fears that ho may share the rate of
iMfis; Alexander and Queen Draga of
Servla. There Is some reasonable
ground for this apprehension, for
Prince Ferdinand la perhaps the most
unpopular ruler In Europe. When
abroad In the streets of Sofia he passes
unsaluted and unnoticed. This so
annoyed him on one occasion that he
nald to a group of workm.-n who had
scarcely glanced at him: "Why do you
not salute me?" For a moment the
men made no reply. Then one of
them answered: "If you wish It we
will salute you," and they did, most
ceremoniously, but Ironically. He
once said. In referring to his subjects:
"I can do anything with such ca
naille.". This remark became public
and U still remembered with bitter
ness by Bulgarians.
SPUNKY GIRL TREES FLIRT.
With Aid of Pet Bulldog She Keeps
Annoyer Aloft for Two Hours.
For two hours pretty Elslo Hoag
land of Forest City. Pa., with tho aid
of a bulldog, kept a flirt treed, while
a large crowd, attracted by the un
usual spectacle, looked on, applauded
the girl and "joshed" her victim. The
latter was James Manley, a lineman,
who was at woik on a telegraph polo
near the home of Miss Hoagland, when
he eppled her at the window. Humm
ing "Elsie of Chelsea, a Sweet Little
Girl," the lineman made desperate ef
forts at a conquest.
Tiring of his persistence, Miss Hoag
land waited until he prepared to move
toward the ground, then, with her bull
dog, took a position near the foot of
the pole. "Tlge" obeyed her commands
to "watch him," and for two hours
Manley pleaded and begged pardons
before he was forgiven. Miss Hoag
land now is a heroine In Forest City.
DUTY OF ' RAILROAD COMPANY.
North Carolina Court Hands Down Im
The supremo court of North Caro
lina has affirmed the Judgment of the
lower court awarding Henry F. Sea
well $4,500 for being struck by fifteen
bad eggs while upon tho premises of
the Seaboaru Air Line Railway com
pany duHng the campaign of 1900.
Mr. Seawell was then the populist can
didate for attorney general, and was
to speak to the people of Shelby. Ar
riving there he was told by a delega
tion of citizens that they did not wish
to hear him. He decided not to speak,
and wiiile waiting to take the train a
mob cf his opponents pelted him with
ci'gs. being aided and abated by the
station aent. The court held that
a common earrler is not only bound
not to assault and maltreat an Intend
ed passenger, but after he has gone
upon its premises it should protect
him from Indignity, assault and bat
tery. Has Learned American Methods.
One of the coming men In the Eng
lish engineering world Is undoubtedly
Cecil Paget, who has Just been ap
pointed manrger of the Midland rail
way locomotive shops at Derby. Mr.
Paget, who Is son and heir of Sir Er
nest Paget, bart, chairman of the
Midland Railway company, learnod his
profession in Derby works, but he has
alBO visited America several tlmos to
study the methods in vogue here,
which will almost certainly influence
the policy he wll now adopt, Mr.
Paget, who Is barely 30 years of age,
will have under his direction about
The English railways are about to
devise a plan by which the loss of
baggage In transit may be reduced to
a minimum. In England there has
hitherto been no adequate system of
registering baggage, so that if the
piece Is stolen and replaced by an
other the loss Is not discovered until
the owner attempts to identify what
he does not recognize. In the first
quarter of the present year the French
railway companies paid no less than
9,000 francs as reimbursement to cli
ents from whom packages had been
A Fire Brigade of Women.
The town of Armidale, New South
Wales, has a women's Are brigade
that has earned distinction in nu
merous encounters with the flames.
A dozen or more young women form
the brigade, electing one of their
number as captain. They drill with
the town brigade appliances, and are
capable of rendering assistance to the
male firemen when necessary. They
are expert in rescue work wih -the
lifeline and the jumplng-sheeL
ONQ BROUGHT THE CASH.
Constant Reminder Toe Much for Im
pecunious Young Man.
The clever feminine manager of
laundry on Greenwich avenue Is tell
Ing with great glee of the methods
she pursued In order to Induce an Im
pecunious customer to "pay up" a
long-standing account. She trained
her employes to chant In unison, every
time the young man hove In sight, ti
little ditty, commencing "We are
washing and waiting for thee!" The
third time they raised their voices In
the sorg be planked down $3 and said,
feverishly, "For heaven's sake, tell
'em to shut up!" New York Timss,
8outh American Metropolis.
Buenos Ayres, the capital of the
Argentine Republic, says a writer In
Bt Nicholas, Is the largest city In
South America. It Is also the largest
city In the southern hemisphere south
of Philadelphia. It Is, moreover, the
largest Spanish-speaking city In the
orld. Its population probably ex
ceeds 900,000, and is Increasing rap
idly. Two Incurable Craze.
One of the ways to get into swell
society is to butt In through the turf
or the tanbark the race track or the
horse show. A certain well-known
man has already spent 1500,000 on
the tanbark, without penetrating the
outer cuticle of the haut monde, and
when he has spent another $500,000 be
will still be butting. There are two
crazes which cannot be cured the
craze for society and the craze for
political office. New York Press.
"Are You Ready? Go!"
Mrs. John Peters was the mother nt
ft family of restless children, and she
round difficulty in reducing them to
quiet when the moment came for ask
ing ft blessing at the table. Rn hnr
course of procedure was something in
idis lasion: "Alice, be still Eddie.
not another word! Maud, don't you
see your father Is waiting? There
now, John; NOW!"
According to a Dublin scientist,
who has spent considerable time in
making the necessary calculations, a
man's beard grows on an average
about three millimetres a week. At
this rate It would Increase about six
teen centimetres every vear. and
thus, at the age of eighty-four, a man
who had never shaved would be
equipped with a beard about twenty
seven feet in length.
"W'en Ah sees er man banln' augah
t' er mewl, ' said Charcoal Eph, as he
heaved a brick at the off steed, "Ah
wondahs ef maybe he don' vary de
monotony w'en he am at home by
iickln' his wife, Mlstah Jackson."
Mission Among Barbarians.
The Aniorlcau Presbyterians hav,
established a new mission on the So
bat river, beyond Khartoum, and 2,000
miles below Egypt II Is an uncivil
ized region, and the language has ruth
lug in common with the Egyptian Ara
ble, British Railroad Earnings Decrease
The twelve largest British railways
show a decrease In net earnings for
(be last half of 1901 of over a quarter
of a million sterling.
Ask Your Dealer for Alien's Foot-Ease.
A powder to shake into your shoes. It rests
the feet. Cures Swollen, Sore, Hot, Callous,
Aching, Sweatingleet and logrowing Nails.
Allen's Koot-Ease makes new or tight
Shoes easy. Sold by all Druggists and
shoe stores, 25c. Sample mailed FREE.
Address Allen S. Olmsted. La Roy, N. Y.
In a race between a man's will and a
woman's won't the latter Invariably
Supreme Court Sustains the Foot
Buffalo, W, T Juttce l.turtilln in Supreme CoarS
nis tirantrd s p-rmeneDl Injuncltuu ivtia eMi
khIu.i Paul R. Iluitiuiu and udian of New York
Clir, reiiratnlna them from making or elltou a fo.,
Fiowiler hli' b the court declare, la an Imitation au4
nfrtugenifiutun" l'iMl-Eae." now to largely adver
ttaea and euld uvar the country. The owner nt ihm
trade-mark ' Fuot-Eaae." la Allen S. Oliutted. ot
Le U'T. N. V.. and the declalon In thli ault uphold
bla trade-mark and rendere all partlea liable wba
fraudulently attempt to profit by the eiienilT
" Fuoi-Kae " advertl.lnii, In placing on the market
the apurlttua and aluillar appearing preparation In
eoiTed In the caee. Tola the court declare was
deaigurd In ttntiatlun and lufrlogeuient of the genu
ine " Koot-Kaae." Similar aulla will be hmughl
agatnat mben who are now Infringing on Uie Ftw
Kane trada-iuuk rujhta.
In the race for wealth it's snip and
tuck with the dressmakers.
ALTON RESUMES FAST 8T. LOUIS
Paasengers destined to Bt Louis
and points east should go via the Kan
sas City- gateway, thereby securing
the advantage of tbe Chicago ft Alton's
fast night train, leaving Kansas City
at 9 p. m., arriving In St. Louis at 7:01
a. m. Chair cars free of extra charge.
Compartment sleeping cars. Ths Al
ton keeps theh light a'strlnlng Just
ahead of the rest. Write to L. D.
Cooper, Traveling Passenger Agent,
Chicago & Alton Railway, Kanaas City,
Mon for lowest rates.
When b girl won't flirt It Is sign
there aren't any men around.
THE K. C. ALMANAC FOR 1901
The Kansa City Southern Railway's
Almanac for 1903 Is now ready for dis
tribution. Farmers, stock-raisers,
fruit-growers, truck gardeners, manu
facturers, merchants and others seek
ing a new fled of action or a new
home at tbe very lowest prices, can ob
tain reliable Information concerning
Southwestern Missouri, tbe Cherokee
and Choctaw Narlons In the Indian
Territory, Western Arkansas, Eastern
Texas, Northwestern Louisiana and tbs
Coast country, and or tbe business op
portunities offered therein.
Write for a copy of tbe K. C. B. AU
manao and address. 3. U. Warner, U.
P. A., K. C. 8, Ry.. Kansas City, Mo.
baby's first attempt to walk !s ft