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The Middlebury register. (Middlebury, Vt.) 1850-1882, June 11, 1850, Image 1

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VOLUME XV.
MIDDLEBURY, VERMONT, TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 11, 1850.
NUIMBER 7.
I)C ittibMclnun ttcgis.cv
is runusiiKii i:vi:nv tuesdav jioknino, iiy
J. H. BARRETT & J. COBB.
OrrlCB IM STUVVAIIT'S IICILIIINO, ON JIAIN-ST,
t i: n i s .
lly Mnil, or nt tlio Ollicc, ;tr niiimm, $1,50
II" nut pnid within thc car 1,75
lly Cnrrier 2,(.n
It" not palil wllliin llic ycnr, 2,2f
rjj?"No pnpcr discontinucd unlil nrrcnrngcs
nre pnia.
07 All rommiinicntions musl lic Post Pnid
C V. 11. P.ilmer is our ngcnt in lioston
and New 1 ork
Xaw of Newspapers.
1 finbscriliers who ilo not ixc cxprcss no
tirc lu thc contniry, nro coiiMilcrcd ns vvishing
to cnntinue tlic-ir suhsciinllun.
2 If subscribcr.s order thc diseoiitinunnro of
llicir pnpcrs, thc piiMUhcr mny runlinuc to scud
tlicin lill nll lluit Isduo lic pnicl.
3. If subsrribcrs ncidcrt or rtfusc to lake
tlicir papcrs fioin thc oftuc (o whuh thev nic
dircctcd, thcy aro held rcsponiUc till thc)
have seltlcd llicir bills and urdercd tlicir pnpcrs
dhcontinucd.
4 If suWriticrsniovc to othcr plnces, with-
out inlormlng thc ptilmslicr. nnd thc pnpcr i'
scut to thc formcr dircclion, tlicy nrc liclil rc
snonsiMc.
5. Thc coitrts linvc dccidcd llmt refudng to
Inko n pnper from the ofhce. or rcmovin iind
lcnvinpr it uncnlled for, is priirni f.irit cvidcnce
ofintcntii ri.it frutid.
G. A l'osttnaster ncelcclinc to inform a puh
llsher when his pnpcr is not mken from tiic nf
licc, mnkcs himsclf linMc for his tubccrir lion
price.
SWAXli KliAlJIMl .IJUUK.S,
runusii:i nr
THOMAS.COWriUtTllWAlT &. CO, l'liil
I'rimary Schoot lhadirs, I'ail 1, 'J aml 3
Gramniur Scltool Ilrader, Dhtrkt Scltou;
lleader, Jnslructiee lleader aml lnlroducthu
toDo.,aud Younrj Larfiex' lleader ; Spelling
iool. aml thc Iiitrvducliim to Do.
Thiaserit'i ul liuuks liaa Lccn several venrs
Lcfurc thc public. They have been Mihjecicd
to ii)2TE!tT0l'KXrEniKNCKfiii thu bcsl and most
populnr public nnd piivatc schuuls iu (lic couii
try No readcM aie muie cxieiifdvely used id
ull parts ol'lhc United Otale-, lli.-in ilivse; nnl
wherever tised.ti.ey have fjivcn thc hishesi sns.
isfacll 3n,and scctned llic most uiarkcd loiillr
Wc might fil I an cntire nu'ntcr of Iliis paf cl
with thc H'Coininciu'aiUin'Ol llic ntost cinincn
Teaehcre and rrlcnil ut Dlucalioii, trum all
narn ot llic fnion, whcrc thcy nrc now tucd
I'lioe who wisli to scca lew o.r thc names ol
placu whcrc Ihis scrk'sis ucd, wluilly or in
part, and llic ciiiiiincudation and names (1
thosp wholiavc UNcd llicin.arc icrcrred to our
Pam5hlet Advcrtiemenl, liicb may Kc had
GnATis, aianv of tlie stores ninncii beluw.
T r-.itOii. .ilso pub:ih Mitchell's I'rimary
Cii-ography, Inietincdialc 13o., Gco-ranhy and
AlU, Ancicnt Ocoraphy and Allj", iliblical
(ieoiapliy and Univcisal Alla, a mperb
worx, Gicen'ii Graminars. ProNi I J iim iu.
oi'ihc S., GoUlMiiilir.N Numr.il IliMuy,Giiy
Xi Kcnli's Atroiioiny, JolinstonS IJhcinMiv
and .N'atural Pliilosopiiy.l'inncicK'sGohlMniili's
lhloii" ol'Grcccc, lioinc, I'rancc and Kn?
I.mri, LordV Modern IlUtoiy, Jaivli's Pliya
culo'jy, vvc. tX.c.
Thc attcntion uf Teachcrs, Siipicinlcndcnt'',
and lliciiicndi oflvtucalion Kcneially is in(
vitcd lo ihK invali'.ildc li-t ul Uioks. Copics
il ihcin can lcubtainrd for examinalion, ai.d
thav Prc aho forsalc al llic Hoid; Sloics of L.
W C'ldiU, Middlebury, H Cutf, nr.d Cnllin
fi. Wnslu, Orwell; tl. Kinj-'-ley, Uinndnn; II.
I.. Spenccr, Kiilland; J. Ward, Ca-ilitnn ;
Spcncer & Gri'ory, Ilortiinsvirt'; W. M.
Spcrrv, Danby llorouah ; A. KdJv, Benning
ton ; Ilovt "f- l'uilon, and ClailiC &. Doiilax,
Manchesier; J. J. Ilapsooil, I'etu ; N It.
nouglas-i.and C. E. & J. C. tlopzlnon, Slmlis.
burv Por inlormaiion in lel.iliun to iliesc
boolcsoi tlicir inlrodiictiop, addip
DAUIUS POISIIES, Aoi:vt,
IfKini No. 8 May si , Norton.
PROF. JYIANDEVILLE'S
EEADING BOOKS.
D. Appleton & Co., 200 Broadway, N. Y.
T1IK nttcniion ol thc fricnds of I'.duration. ii
invitcd tothcscbooks. Tlioug'i thcy haic
licen betorc tiic pulilic nut a Miott iiinc, llicy
nrc b-ins ccnernlly adoptetl in Ohio. New Yoik,
nml New Jcrsey , nre icconimcndcd by the Com
miisioncr of Pulil'K' SeliooU in Itho'ilc Uinnd,
nnd arc nnw uscil erclusii-tlti in Pioviilrmu
Hrooklyn, N. Y , Ncwbunport, Mim . nnd in
Vctttirk' N. J. Thcy nrc ned in n'l the ilt piU
meuts of the Normal Sthool. nt Albnny. N Y.
In Mninc Ihcy nre mcd in ninny Acjdenwes.
nnd arc fnst colnjr iiito thc Coinnion Pcln'oU.
They nro ndnptcd In twcnty Arn'lcmies in Ver
mont. Amonpjihc nnineiou'ireiominend.uions
rnin cducatioiulisls in Vermont, arc thc fol
lowing ,,rom ltcv. A. O. lluhbard, Sujit. Common
Srhools, in Caledonia Co.
" SlanUflllltt'i fcft of tleail nj ttnnkt i nna of irrrat
mi'rlt. 1 lianlly Wnnw wliiit it na tn Iia upi.lipil,
nhMliT refrrence ti had lo tlie ililTrrfiit rtai-pii in tlii
Common Hchoola. or to tli inotl ailtaiici.it lluia iu nnr
1 1 iirlt Sclionla Clne nt the l-rtJlljr rtrrllritnta cf the
mnro rlrmriilary tmuki, coni.lf in Ihl llial a larce
numlirr of llie pifci's wera aelec'f il n- compn-r4 nha
a pp( Ijl itr.ln nf (ririniii. from the li'st, a nalur'il aml
aiifinateu enunrialion, inleul (( itnc that lioulJ tie
'Irawhnr a'ld moimlonoui. Il nltoul I Iia nientioneil Itiat
a haie in thaau Ixi'ika. n nl Turtiiljr rnrrpil ITn1ili, and
llllfllllZi'llf, cutltiiterit lunrtilatlnn. 1 linrlliatthiy Hill
Iia ealenancly uactl iu uur tate."
l-'rom JUv. E S.Harretl. M. A.. Supt. Coniinon
Schools in Addison Co., Vt.
' llftTinreiamlneil wilhrara leveral lerlai orRradin?
Itooka, I am cniitlrwiniil lo fri a n I'r f. Mandi'vide'a Se.
riei, llia ileclded (trrferencc i and lo rpcimnnrnd thor
immadiala inlroduclion inla llin rlioula in Ihlf Ci'iinlv.
It is lh ftnlv neffectfjttem wiihin tny knouledee II
tukea the chilj aa h entera the prlmary acliiMil, aud pro
Krauea llh liitn lep Iiy ilep uiitll lie haa liuiidifd liis
educalion al the Uulverrilv There i no Derulijir teln
nraniooth. pretty aoundinf wo'da rinidn tiiroiif;h lbe
eniirn wora, our lanruaae la inaen In etery tartriy anil
rormoreapreniiton in whlrli it H uted. I Hmitd rhrcr
lully rrrninmeud llnt Kerira to llio attentlon oratl ioter
etled in Ihe welfare of Schooli "
l'rom Hev. S. II, Hall, Supt. Common Schools
in Orleans Co., Vt.
" I have tecoma acuainted llh noollier aeriea birli
I reaard aa poareatiiia rn,ual merila. Thr compller haa
evinced a verr aecurala el!mnte of what lh leurtier
needa. The Itooka contain fewer errora aud inore excel
anciei tiian ant ntlier aeriea I hate eianimrd."
1'ioin Ilcy. Wm Scalcu, 1'iineipal of llrown-
ington Acnuemy, vt.
" IVrmlt nie tvaay Ihal 1 ileem tlia 8chool Ueadera of
I'rof Maiiderille iuromparatdy aupenor lo aay otliera
hich hare been proffcred to tlie public."
i:W&!:WZ&"'Z;n .uv
.T.,,t"0
?&SZ&MlZtfXt
rVVro;.'
ceralion, that your llooki rould ed a place in eej
achooliutmrSlate IIIHAW tlltri'TT, M. A.
I'rin.ip.i .fTh.iford Ac.demy vt.
1?Krver Acdmmy,,vi.A f D,,ek
Tiirv ar uch Ituolca I Vi . t
.uJ il7, , readiu, bo-k. ;.:""" '
dupted loaecure Ihe iutereat of Ihe jounr, and forin a
rorreit halilt of reaJlnj luilead of Ihe uanaiurel and uie
ctaanicat niode niar prcraleot iu our cb'Mdt,,
rom It. il. Mnnley, M. A 1'iioripal of Or
ango County Grainnmr fa'choul, Vt.
4'Iandarille'a " Kourlh Ueader" and Couro of Re
Inr," are HaeJ in thii Inatilulloo. I haie eaaieinad rare
(a Iha whola of tho Coroinou 8cko)l Bariea. aad be
liere Ihem battar adapted in eiery renect to forui cor.
reet bablti ofreadioa, than anyotber booka exlaDt."
From It. S. HowarJ, Ksq , Sup'l Com schooli,
in Ornnijo Cu.
' I Ihlak vrry hi(hy of alandeville's Readera. Tbey
art beaullfully eiaeuted, fkllfully arrauxed nnd poeieaa
! piy opiuion a ,ary bijb litarary rbaracler and uioral
toae. t beuM cerlaialy reyard Iheir inlipductlon loln
oar achoola a e. fieat iraprovraieut. Anolher liaa nell
aaid, I'rof. llaadetille'a lyrletn ia ciniuenlly orieiual,
aeleatl4, and praelical. Thia ia biah praiae, but not
inore uno.uelified tbau bla booka deaert e."
Copiet will bc prcscnted to lcachers and Su
pcrintcndents wlio are iniiled to cxamino ihem
Lcforo ndoptlnK lrts mrriloiiuui oncs. For
tale t L. W. CLAItK'S, Middlebury, VI, and
iit the prineipal llook Slorcn in Vermont. Mr
CUrk will furnUh copics for cxnmin. lion in tliit
Tounly
M.rchS, If50. 45 tf.
Tho Scer.
nv j. o. wniTTiEn.
I hcar the f.ir-MT lojngcr'u horn,
I seo llic Ynnkec's trnil
Ilis foot on cvrry iniHtntnin pass,
On cvcry ttrcain n snil.
Hc'a whittling aroitnd St. Mnrjr'j Falls,
Upon hl loadcd waln :
lles leaving on the picturcd rocks,
IIls frLh tobacco staln.
1 hcar thc mnttock in thc minc,
Thc itxc-strokc in tho dcll,
Thc cldmor from thc Indian lodge,
Tiic Jcsuit's chapel bcll.
I scc llic swartliy trnppcrs roinc
From Mis&iippi's npiings;
And nr chicfs wiih their pointed lros
And crcsta' of caglca' winga.
llchind thc fncrcd ?qunws cnnoe
Thc stcamcr Etnokcs nml raci ,
And city lots nrc ftakcd for snle
Abovc old Indinn grncs.
lly forct, Innc nnd w.ilcrfjll
1 sec tho pedlar's show j
Thc inishty mlnslln wlih thc mcnn,
Thc lofly with ihe low.
1 hear thc tread of pionccrs
Of nntions yet to bo j
Thc liiat low wnAi of wavcs, whcrc 0011
Shall rolt n humnn sen.
Thc rudimentscf cmpirchcro
Aie pl.islic ;ct, nnd arin,
Tiic chno of n ntighty world
Is rouuding into lorni
Ench indc nnd jostlinj; fragmcnt soon
It fitting jilncc sh.ill find
Thc r.tw mntcri.il of n Stnte,
Its mimlc nndils mind !
And tvcstering ftill. thc stnr nhich lcnds
Thc new unrld in itu trnin,
lln tippcd nilh fiic thc iey spcars
Of many n inonntain ihain.
Thc snowy concs of Orcgon
Arc kindlcd u its wny:
And C.ilifornld's golden j-ands
Glcam hriylitcr in its ray.
rrnm Tnil'a Mnnzine.
A Night under an Avalanche.
'I'here was, in llie inlerior, a iialivonf
Acosta, vlin nieant lolpntcus at Marlig.
ny, for llic pnrposc nf travcrsiti2 llie
Grcal Sl. Ilrriinnl, at llie pxngarratcil
ilangrrs ufnhicli I'afi lie lanlipil lieari-
ilv. AcciilcnlD, lic ailinitlcil, ilid sntnc-
liincs otcrlakc tratfllcrs in that part nf
llic Alps; Li ii I , t'dicr.illy, lio snitl, tlip
I'assnfllieSt. Iiernnril uasnpn tlirnugh.
otit llio tear, excopi diirins tlie contin-
naiicc nf Minw stnrms. lic Iind, liim
Sflf, a frw jcars prcvinusly, in anntlicr
Pass, tiic naint! nf uliicli I fnryol, liccn
nvrrlakcn liy one nf llifso in cnnipmiy
uilli tin nn;;li'i family reluriiinrr from
Ilaly, nnd licfti vilnc.i nf tlio wny in
wliich llie elenipnls snniclinics pcrtorm
llin nflicp nf sexlnti, 'J'lipy spt nul carly
in llic ninniing, and arrived a little Iip
fore nislitfnll al a pnrt of llie pasa wliich,
nivinf; in llie clrivi iijt of (i snmv, is
oasilv clinkpil up. TIip jnnw liad lipgnn
In fall nbout an linnr and n linlfprpvinns
ly.vV. was nnw pnnrinstlnwn llie ravinps
liefnrp llie lilnst, lilindina Imlli hnrspaand
pnatillions, nnd lirincinn; nlnnr; willi il
preniiittire ninlit, Tliey had linped In
rpacli llie stnitnit liefnre ilarkne3setiiij
Imt llio linrses furnished tliem were
ueak, and thc snmv, for Ihe last lionr, at
lonst, had gradually relnrded their prog
ress. llow he came to be in the Hn
sliHhman's carria;c, he did not explain.
I faiicy nnr cniiiilrynnn had invilod hiin
nut of flieer pnlilcnpsj. Thp pirly con
siled nf fivc in all tho hnsli.ind and
uife, tlie nnrse and the little hihy.
Ilntv it coirics to pass, I knnw not, bnt
it generally happens that the Ivurjlish,
when overtaken by dangers, display qnal
ilies uhich astnnisli (nrpiirners. On the
occasinii in tpieslinn, nll llic snlicitiido nf
lbe liuiband seemed cnncenlrated in his
uife, uhile all hers ivas in tlie baby
Self sepinpd pqnnlly abs.enl 11 tho tninds
of bnth. Tlie nurse, for ber parl, dia
plnyed tlie ulinnststnicim, except llial as
tlie colil incrcased, nnd the snow-drifin
beat inore and mnre ni;ainsi tlie carriage
windmvs, bhe prcsseil the child mnre
closely to her hrcasl, and prolecled il
from tlie inlbicnco of the open air with
a jre:ller allowaiice nf sbawls. Onr
fripnd frnm Acnsla, ulio undrrstoodtbi r
ougbly the perils of llic pnsiliun, went on
lalking to tbe hushand, ulio, wbile liis
vt uorit fivnit in.n l:. ..:r.. nl.:l.t
i - ' .n" aim nuni,
I appeared Calm nild ColleCtPll, tlmirr
j f" certain ihttnderiug noises above? ii
probable that the avalanche,
in molion. At every len yards tbe
was .lopped by ihe -ccumula-
anoW
snow.
j "Jaun," said the h'jtband at length tn
I . "lieupjour ll.roa. careMly ;
' .., ...... I. II. .i . i ....
" " """"J S".
nurtc, make lbe baby comfortablc, and
give him to me. "
The nurse o'uey't-d. Thp motber.look.
inganxiously at ber child, iuquited, wilh
supprcssed carneslness
"Wjlliam, isthere anydangerl"
" Yes, a litile, love, just ennugb to
impart an air of romancc to our ndven-
lure. "
"Harkl" exclaimed the wife, "vvbat'f
lliat t"
" Aly God !" cried the nurfe, " tho
mnuntain lins fallen on us. "
Just at that inilaut a loud sbout wti
beard from the tneu, followed by k sup
ptessrd strtiggle aud a groan, and ihen
Ihe most coinplete silance. All motion
was at thesame timc arrcslcJ in lbe car
riage, and, on npplying tbe lamp to the
carriage windnw, it was perceivcd that
thcy werc embcddcd in thick snow,
"What is lo lie dono?" exclaimed the
Eni'liahnian; "can ynnr experienec siig
t;pst nny ttieansol exlricnlinp; onrsclves
from lliis posilion ! lf we fnrce our wny
(iilt, do ynu think it pnssililc wc conld
reach somo pl ice of sbellcr !"
"No," answercd be, "that is impossi
lile. All wc can do is tn remain uherc
we arc j thcy will dig us out in lbe inorn
itiR." "And tlie drivers," observcd ihe Eng
lishman, a suddcn thourrhi ll.isliint; across
his niind, " wbal will bccomc of theni J
Ihev ill die of cold
"Tbey-are dead alrcady," nnswercd ,
lbe Acosun, ''thc first strokc of the ava
lanche oxlini'nifcbcd lile in theni; wbal
you b:tvc beard was their dealh-groan. "
" Itnpossible," cried ntir routitryman,
"I mttit fnrce my uay mt, iind endcavor
to drau thpin liilbcr. "
Thc cniifincil t-pacc in which ihey had
In brenlhe wonld have rpiidcrcd il iipcps
sary In lel dnwn the windnws, at t lic risk
of nilniittiiijj n (pi.inliiy of snow, ttt.it all
eures was imprnclicablc ; llicy werern
tnmbcd, as il uere, in the avalaiichp,
uhich, fnrlnnalply Pr lliem, was snft nnd
spntiiry, pprinittiiij; air In pass tlirniitih
its pnres ; yet llic bcai hecamn nlmnst
insnfTcralile, and nnce dnrin ibo nitrlil
lbe lady f.iinled. TravpHiii!; carriages
in lbe Alps arc altvajs supplipd wilb prn.
visinns and rcnlnralivcs, uinc, brandy,
icc. ; and as our cninilrynian ncvrrnnce
Inst liis prpsencc of niind, evprytbing
practicable ivas donc for wife, and nurse
and clnld,
What tlicir langiMgu and feelings
were may pnssihly be imagiiifd. All
nnr fricud frnni AcnsM cniild say was,
lliat it was vcry lerrible, which bo utier
p:I in a tnnc inore sinniflcant than his
words.
Well, mtirninn; came at last, as llipy
knew by consultiug llicir walclu-s , hul it
brougiit no liglit with it, and for snine
limc nn sound, At lcngih a cnnfused
riinihling was hcard llirniich thp snmv,
which died nw.iy and catnc anain by fils,
lill al lcnjTth it hccanie eiident llnt it
was Ihe toicps of uipn. Aftpr a orolract-
e.l interval, a glc.im of daylight enlered
tbe r.arri-ige, llic snmv was cleared par- :
liallv away, and llic wplcnuic fjce of a j
riiitic was beheld pecring ihinn upnn j
ibein. Their delivprance was now
siiecily, and llicy were comevcd half
lead toacbalcl, tngeiher wilh thc bodies
nf the drivcr and posiill'n ns.
" Sitch accident?, " said our friend,
are rare. ''
"It is to bc hoped sn," excla'nied Ma-
damo Carli ; " and what hccame of ihe
KtiL-lish ladyf
"Oh, thc whole party pscaped wilhout
inpiry, anu next year 1 saw ihem pass
nirni 11 intoltal), sn lilile had tlicy becu
d.itinled by the perils they pscaped. "
AsF.fDOTE or Randolph. Maii) an
pcdoles bae bern lold bearing prftty
hard upon tlie latc John Ilandolpb, somc
wbolly fictilious, oihcrs not. Among
theni is the fnllnwiiif; :
On oue occasinii, when thc subjecl ol
makins approprialions for the public
buildings was under cnnsidpratiou in
Cnngrrss, !lr. Raudnlpb rnp, nnd as u
.siial tpnke iu nppnsitinn to it appropri
alions had liccn freipienlly nsked and
yranlcd and slill the bnildinss wcntitp
wilh a slenliby pice; be wantel to spc
the Ptid of it, aud for Ihis purpnc he
rnoved tn refer ihe subjecl to the e.om
tniltce nn unfiuishcd business. A work-
man in the gallory clnn by, irrilaled nt
tho oppnsition Mr R. had showu tonhal
was to cotisiilulc his Fiippnrt, and utia
iuo lo beat tlus tauut, rneil out iu a
voicp snnewhal likc R.'s "And I move,
Mr, Speaker, lliat tlie gmtltman bo rc-
ferred to the same cniniuillro." Tbis
sevpre relnrt upon Ihe ill-fnrnipd nnd
badly-made nratnr frnm Vircima set thp
wbolc Ilnusc in n rnar, and the sergeant-at-arms
was iminedialely dispaiched tn
arrrst thc tiffender, but he disappcarcd
and coubl not he foiiud.
Solitude. Tn go into snlitude, a
man needs tn relire as much from his
chambcr as society. I am not snlitary
whilst I read and wrile, though nohndy
is wilh me. Ilut if n mnn wottlil be a.
lone let him lonk at the stars. Therays
ihat come from those beavenly worlds
will separate belwean him nnd vnlgar
Ihings. One mighl think tbe atmn.
phere was made lranparent with llns
desigu, to give man, iu llio heavenly
heavenly bodies, Ihe perpetual presencc
of the sublime. Scen in the strects of
cities, how great they are I If llie stara
sbould appear one night in a llinusand
years, bowwould men bclieve and adore,
and preserve for many years lbe remem
brance nf thc cily of God which hid
liccn sbciwn I But every nizbt come out
tbcse preachers of beauty, and liglit llie
univcrsc wilh their admonishing smile.
Emerson.
(KT A Wcstern paper anuounces lbe ,623' Being in Fpain during the
ittiug of the Court of Common Flta$, Catlist troublcs, he distinguished him
We suppuso that of cnurse the big bugs aelf on lbe government nde, and was
are also in allendance at the liotels,
Tho View from Chapultepec.
I wisli llicre wasa pcrspcclii'c in words
soniethinir bcyond tbe mere stigges
tivcness nf sntind sntne IruLT reprc.
epnlnlivc of colnr and lii;bt, and grand
acrinl distancc; for I scarcely know hnw
to paint lbe world-widc panoramasprcad
arotitid nic. Chnptiliepcc, as I havc
sniil befnrc, stands isolaledin tbe ccnlre
of lbe Valley. 'I'he mo'Jtilaitis of To
luca approach lo wilbin fiftcen milcs be
yonil Taciibaya, and ihe island-likc hills
of Gnadaliipc arc tttit vcry distant, on
lbe nppnsile sidc ; but in ncarly evcry
ollicr dircction, thc valley fades awayfrr
fifly or sixly milcs bcfore striking the
font of thc inntinlains. Thc fornis ol
lbe chains which wall in ibis lilile world
"e '!1lc iegiiar and u-ontlerfully pic-
tnresipie by lbe cmheying curvcs of the
valley now rcceding far aml faint, tiow
pilcd nearer in tnggec and baricn grnn
cluur, now tipped witha spot of snow,
likelhe vnlcano of Tolticn, or shtioting
ftr inlo the sky a dazzling conc, likp
cbiuil-yirdled I'npncatapctl, Hut thp
niatcblcss valley how tball I tlescribe
that I llow rellecl on ibis poor pagc ils
houndlets painlin of fields and t;ardeiil
its silvery planlalinns of alocs, iia fcrtil
iziim ciiidls, its shinimering lakes, orn
lniucrcil vt'lnges iind cnnvenl, and lbe
inany-lnwered capilnl in Ihe cenlrc llie
hnss ofilsgreal cnaniplled s hield 1 Be
fnre ns thc aipiedncls run nn their llion
sand arcli2s tnward llie city, tiic walcr
spnrkling in llieiroppn Inps; llic towers
nf tbe cnlbpilral, lonc'ied with a brcak
ofsmishinp, sliniie uhile nssilvcr ny.iiiifi
llie clnud-shadnwed mniintains; Tactt
haya lay hchind, wilh its palaces atul
gardcns; ftirlher to tbe norlh, Tacuba,
wilh lbe loue cypress of thi " Noche
Tribte, " and easlward on the point of n
moimtaiti cnpe sliuoling nul lowardLake
Tezeuco, wosaw tbe sbrine nf Our La
dy nf Gnadaliipc. Aroutid the foot of
our rocky watch tower, wc looked down
on the beads of lbe cypreises, out of
wliosc dark inastes it secmcd to rise,
sundercd by that wpird riu;' from thc
warmth aud liglit aud beauty of lbe far
reauhing valley world. lhiyartl Tay
lor. Dccf.it. Wlipn once a coi.cealiuent
or "cccn 1,a5 "ec" l'ctiseu. iu matters
wllcrc a" 3l!m'111 bo r,,r Pen as lllc
')'. confidpnco can ncver bc restored,
nn' morc l'lan )" c-in reslnrc the white
blnoni to the gtapeor plum wliich you
bavc oncc prcsscd in your liand. llow
Iruo is ihis, and wb.it a iieglectctl Irulh
by a grcat pnrlion of mnnkind ! False
hond is uol onlyoncof thc tnost huniil
iatiug viccs, but snoncrnr latcr ilis
mnfl cfrlnin tn lead lo tbe most scrious
crimes. Wilh parlucrs in Irade, uiih
parlncrs iu life, wilh Iriends, wilh Invers,
hnw importanl is coiifiJeuce ! llow cs
senlial that all gtiile and hypucrisy shuuld
he guarded agaiustin llie inlprcourso bc
twccii such parlies! llow mucb misery
wnuld be avoidcdnirthe bislory of many
livcs, had Irulh and sincerity bceu thc
juiding and conlrnllinn mulivcs, instcad
of pievaricaitnii anddeccil. 'A.ij vice,'
sdid a parcnl to a child, 'any vice, at
lensl among the frailtics of n inilder
characler, but falsphnod I Far bettcr
lliat my child sbould cnmtnit an crrnr, or
do n wrnng and confess it, than cscnpc
llio penalty, hnwever sevcrc-, by false
hond and hypocris). I.cl me know Ihe
worst, and a rnnedy may pnssihly be ap.
plicd. Ilut kepp me in the dark, letme
he misled nnd decpiied.and il is impossi
ble tn lcll what unprepared hotir a crtish
ing blow, an ovcrwbelming exposure,
mav coine.'
L.L'niii.Nii in tiic Pui nr. -Said Mr.
C , n I'rrb)lerian minisler ol
some nolnriety, I never laughed in lh
pulpit only nn one occasion, aud that
catnn ncar procuring tny dismissal from
thc minislry. Ahoul one ol thc firstdis
courses I was called to deliver, stibse
cpient lo my or linalion; afler reading
my lext, and npeuing my subjecl, my at
lcntinn was direcled tn a ynung man,
wilh a. very Pipisli dresn, nnd exceed
ingly red hair. Iu u slip imuirdiulely
hfhind this jnuiig gentlptnan sat an tir
chin, wbo must have been urged on iu
his de.illry by thc evil nne himself, for
I do not conccivc lbe ouugser' iboughl
of the jest be was playing olT on the
sprucednndy befnre him. Tho hoyht-ld
his fore finger in the hair of the young
man about as long as a nail rnd to beat,
nnd then placed il nn liis knee nnd com
meticed pnuuditig his finger in imitatinn
ol a siuitli makin; a nail. Tho whole
thing was so ridictilotis that I laughed,
tho only tnnc that I ever disgraceil thc
pulpit wilh anything like nnrtb.
Genehal Lopez. This notable indi
tidualiia Venrzuelian by birth. Ori"-
iinlly he wns brcd a mercbint, but be
tnok pnrt with Bnlivar in lbe citil &s
lurbances which endeil in the expulsion
of Ihe Spauiards, and was a Cnlonrl at
23, Ile took up his tesidence in Cuha
made firsl atd de-camp to Ihe coinman
dcr-in-cbief of the Nalinnal Gunrd of
Spain, and subsctpipnlly Coinmriiider-in-chipf
or several provinces; was nflcr
wards Governor of Aliidiitl aud Scnalor
from thc city nf Sciillc.
From the Waihinjlnn Hrpublic.
Tho President and Mr. Clay.
It is now more llian six monllis sinco llio
President ot thc United Slalcs, in nmcssnyo
lo Conarcjs transmilting inlormaiion in an
swer to a resolulion ol llie llo ise of Rpre
sentnlives on lbe subjcct of Californin and
Nuw Mexico, pursttant lo tlie proi.ion of
llie Constllution wliich makes it Ihe duly of
Ihe Kxectuivo from tlnic lo limo to rccom
mend to Congress sucli tncnstirps ns bc mny
docm neccssnry and cipcdicnt, poinled out
llio courso of pnllcy wliit Ii, in liis opinion,
under all lbe circumslr.nces of llio casc, it
would bc most wise lo pursuc in rcfcrcncc
to llic government of tho lerrilory nctpiircd
from Mexico by thc trenty o( Gundahipc
Uidnlio. To lliat sulyVet, nnd that subjecl
.donc, did Ihe recomincndalions contnincd in
his mcsa; refcr. To nono othcr ilid lio
conreie it lo bc his duty, on that oceaion
lo call llie ntlcntion of Conpios. That tho
lineof poliey lhcn--c oiiicnded by bim w.u,
nt tbo timc, tnojt favorably rccixcd by llic
peoplc of llic Uu'tcd Slale.s, nnd was gencr
ally nceciled by lliem as siti.-lnclory, nnd ns
probably tho bnst whieli cxiting ciicum
iitnnccs rcndcrcd praeticablo, wc p'csumc no
one will pretcnd lo dcny.
Atcr tlin Prcslilcnt had rccomniendcd to
Cnngross lbe plan of prncccdin whieb lic
dccmcd bost, vnrious olhcr plans werc offer
cd by indiidiud UH tiil.crs of tlie Senat.
nnd tnoro rcccr.lly anotlirr bns rmannlfd
frnm a commitlep of thirtrcn mcmbers of t'.n
S.-nnlp, to wlioin tlie subjecl Imd been rc
fprrcd. This ir known as tlio Cnmproniisc.
Dnring tiic dieti-?ions which frcni day tn
dny Kprunr; up nnd were conlinticd in Ihe
Scnale. wilb rcjrnrd lo tlio rel.itlvo mciits of
tbcse plnns and lo llic bct modc of ilipni
ing of the subjcct, it beyan to be rumored
that tho President liad chanrjrd iU ophikn
in rppard to lbe poliry originally rccom
mcndcd by him. nnd bo llioujdit bcllcr nf
snmo ollicr plan. Poilie sla'pmcnls lo
tbnt cfl'cct wcro made in llio public prir.ls,
and bcgan lo obtain n ery peticrnl crpdcnce.
Under Ihcso circunistances, it was nlike duc
to ihe President, lo'.lic public, and.in n par
licular manncr, to lliose memtcrs of Con
gress wbo prcferrcd thc line of poiicy rcc
ommcnded bybim lonny olhcr, and wlio had
from thc bepinning slood rcndy losupport it,
Ihat tho misapprchension sbould lie correcltd.
Ilo accordinyly nutlioi'izcd us lo tny llmt no
such cb.ingeof opinion as tbat nltribntcd lo
him had tnkcn pl.ice, nnd Ihal he wns slill
firm in lbe bclicf lliat the poiicy rceomiiicnd
cd by him was, undci all llio circums'nnces
of lbe case, Ibo bct lliat was practicable.
This siniplo corrcction of currcnt misnnprc-
hensions and misreprcscnlalloti', iu rclalion
lo an a'lcjicd chango of opinion by ihe I'rcs
idcnt, on thc subjecl of a grcat incasurc ol
public poiicy wliich hr liari, on his oflicial l o
spontibilily, rcconimended lo Cotigrcsi, nnd
which had numcious aupportcrs in Ihat liodv
Ihis mcro cnunciatinn of a Irulh which it
was duc to hiimelf, to Congrc?", and to lbe
proplo of llic Uniled Sldles, sho'jbl bc made
knonn, bas, it ap-car, been singularly inis
ronccivcd as to ils ol.jcct, nnd ns slrangcly
rcceivcd in rcrlain niiarters. Tho Union
nowspapc-, Ihe fob- nrpnn, in this city, of
tlie Ucmocratic party, conslrues it into un
indicAtion that Ihe PiiRainKXT is oppnscd to
"tlie Compromise " which mears llic Com
promise in nll its pn'ts and provisions -and
llmt he i. " against Ihe scttlcmcnt of thc sla
vcry qucslion."
Tho cnunclalion was abo receivcd, it an-
pears, " wilh profound surptise and recrct"
by a dislinguiihed Wliif; Scnator, Mr. Clay,
wno, me Uay nrtcr llie enunculion, on Tue--dy,
Ihe 21st instnnt, in llio dischargo of " a
l-ainful la? fdt himelf called upon to
contrast llio plan propocd by ibo Piiksi
dent wilh Ihe Compromise plan, This bc
did by a " similc." " Hcrc," said bo " nre
' five wounds one, Iwo. Ihroc, four, nnd fne
' btecding and Ihrcaletiing tho well-bein",
if not tho cxislenco of Ihe body polilic.
1 What is ihe plan of llio Piiesidknt? I
'it lo henl all thnse wounds? No such ibing.
' Il is only lo beal oue of llie five, and to
' leave tho olhers In blccd more profusely
' llian ccr, by the sole admision of Cnlifor-
nia, evcn if it shou'd produce dcalh itsclf."
Those five wounds lbe Scnnlor llicn pro
ceeiM to dcscribe. " Firat," said he,":hcie
' is California ; ihcre aro iho tcrritotic, sce
' ond ; lliere is thc qticstion of llic boundary
' of Te.xns.tho lliinl ; Ihcro is Iho fugitiu
alau bill, Ihe I'ourtli ; nnd llicre is the nues
'lion of Ihe slao tritde in lliu Pislrict of
Cohimbia, tho fiflh, Tho ritr.sinKKT, in-
" sicnd of proposing n plan coinpnhcndii p
1 all the Uiscvesof ihe counlry, looks onlt
'atonc." Furlher on tho Scnslcr sa.is:
" The rccoTtmcndatioii of tlie President
propoes Iha simp'e intrmliietion of Califor
nia as a State inlo tho Union," and it " pro
poscs tolcavc all clso untouchcd and unpro
vidcd for."
In Ihis contrast, which Ibo Scnalor pro
ceedi lo rarry out at comiderablc lcnglh, it
Hppcari to us, and wo doubt not it wil'soap
pcar lo the public, that ho bas donu thr
Preaident very grcat injusliro. W'lb all
propcr rcspcct for Ihe distinguishsd Scnalor,
wc think ho bas not fnirly prcsented llic
I'residcnt's plan. To point out Ihat injus
tice and unfairncss, and to sct the poiicy rc
comniendcd by tho President faiily and tru
ly bfiforo our Tf adcrs, ls the objcct of Ibcte
remsrks; it Is their onbj objcct, and we hope
that the perforniance ol Ihis timple act cf
juslice to the President on our part mny nol
subjecl u to " uiisintcrprctation " in nny
quarler.
The injuttice of the conlrast in part lics
bere that wbile tht courso ol poiicy rccom'
mendcd by the President had refeicneo on
ly lo Iho governmrnt of tbe peoplc ot' the
territory acquired from Mexico, whilat he
expreuod no opinion, aud was called upon
lo cxpfcns no opinion on ibo stilijcct of llic
fusilite shtvo bill nnd ihu nueslinn of llic
slaic tradc in llic Disliiet of C'otuinbia, lliat
poiicy is licld up by tho Sciuttor as autngnn
islic to theso two Inst tncnlinucd mcasurci.
Thoso two " wounds " llio Senator rcprosents
llie President ns propusing lo lcave opcn.
Xow, whprc is llie incompalibihly bciwcen
tho Prcsidenl's rcconimcndntioni', rcfcrring
ns tlicy do, cxprcssly and solcly lo tho tcrti-
tory acquircd Ironi Mcxiio, nnd llic fugithc
klave bili anu tho qucslion of llioslnic iriiih
in tho Distriet of Columbia ? Wlio has thp
sh.idow of n right lo nsumc, from nny thinp
Ihe President bas anywhcre faid, tbnt be is
opposed or indifl'crcnl to Ihe ndoplion o(
t-ilhcr of lliose nicasutcs? We are not a
warc tbnt ho has cxprp.sod an opinion fa
lorable or ndterso to lhoo mcasurcs. or ci
llicr of lliem. llow cnn cilhcr bu in nny-
wise nfl'ected by Ihe adlicrenec of iho Pres
ident to his plan in rcspcct lo California nnd
New Mexuo? Conld Ihcy not bclh ns well
go liand in band with Ihe polii'r tcconimcnd
cd bj him, in rcfurence lo our ncwly ac
quiicd Me.xican lerrilory, as with the poiicy
rpi onimcndeil in " ihu Cninpromto " in re-
feicnce to llic snmo lcrritntv? Then Iwn
" woiinds," it may bc snrficii-iit hcre lo say,
'he Preaident did not open : hc has not rcc-
ommcnded tbat Ihcy sbould bo left opcn; nor
lins he ofl'cred ibo slighlcst impediment lo
Ihcir being hcnled up.
Tho siit.jects of the gotcinmcnt of lbe
Tcrrilories, nml the qucslion of the bounda
ry of Teras Ibt-sccond and ihird "wounds"
in tho oider rniuncratcd we will conidcr
loclhcr. Thesc two subjecl?, or "wound,"
llie Scnalor sa., lbe Preaident rccnmmeiids
sbould " remain and bo lelt unlonehed lo
' ciue llictnsi'ltcs by srime l.iw of nalurp, by
' thc vii medicatrix nalnroc. or some self-rcm-
cdy, in the succosof wbioh I hc cnnnot
i pcn eiu- nnj grnund of ihe least confi.
ilcncc." r.bciilii'ro tlio Sonitor s.ns:
' Tho Preich'nt's plan ptoposcs Iho ndimV
sion of Cnlifornia. Ile propncs furthcr
non-itilcrveiiliot. in ihe est.ibliahment of
' terrilorial covernmenls; llmt is to sav,
' Ihat we sball neglect lo e.xccule Ihe obliga-
' lion of thc Ircaly of llidnlgo f.iil to "ov-
'rrn thoe whom we arc bound to govcrn
'b'nve Ihem without tbe protcciion of the
'cnil nmhority of nny genoral government
'lcave Uiah williout nny povcrnmcnt al
all, but that which thc Mormons may insli
utc and lcae Xcw Mexico under the
' mililary government of a Lictitcnanl Co-
lonel. Ilis plan fnils to establis'i lbe limits
'of Xcw Mexico east of lbe IHo Grandc,
'ani would e.xposo Iho peoplo who inhabit
itlocivil war, alrcady thrcalcncd, with
Te.xas."
A formid.ilile arr.iy of allpged dcfccts and
omissions in the Prcsidenl's plan ! l.ct us
lurn for n few inomrnts to iho plan itsolf
.ind .-ec whcthci it is justlv liable tothe "r.ive
ohjcclions urgcd by ihc Scnnlor. That plan
conlcmplalcd thc immediate formalion of
Slalc consliluiions by tho peoplc of Calilor
nia and New Mexico, nnd their carly admis
s'on inlo ihe Uninn ns Statcs. With Ihis
vicw, llic Picidont slalcs in his mcssagc of
thc 21t of J.inuary, Ihat ho had not besi.
tatcd ' lo exprcss lo the pcople of thoc tcr
'rllorifs California nnd Kcw Mexico my
' his doire llnt each lerrilory sliould, if
' pippnrcd lo comply with tho rpqui-itions of
tho Cnnstitulion of Iho Unilcd Siale, furm
1 a plan of a State Ccnstitut'on nnd snbniit
' tho snmo lo Congtess, wilh n prajer for nd
' mission inlo Iho Union ns a Slnte." Cali
fornia, nccoidiiigly, proceedeil lo form n
Sta'e ronslilulinn, nnd is now applvin" to
Conj rpss for ndmision inlo ihe Union as a
Staln. Xolhing has cxialcd, or now c.M,
tn prvent Xpw Mexico from folluwing tl.p
cxnniplu of California. She may, and prob
ably will, ilo so bcforc ihe cbse of tho prcs
ent scssion of Cnngrcss, uiilcsi she is detcrr
ed by tlie dctlnratlon of llie Scnnlor thnthe
will not voto for bcr adniissioti into thu Un
ion at prcscnt as a Slate. Wilh what fair
ness and juslice, Ihcn, c.m it bo chaigcd up
on Iho President, tbnt hc propescs to lcave
New Mexico under Ihe mititary govcrnmenl
of a Lieulenant Colonel wiihnut Ibo pro
tcciion of lbe civil niithorily of any gcneral
sovernmcnr. nnd in uttcr disregnrd of the
oblialion of llie Unilcd Slnlcs in Iho trca
iy of Ciiind.ilupe Ilidalgo? Lcave Ihem in
that eondilion ? For how lonj n pciod ?
l or sutb bricf spaep only ns will bc rcqui,
ite lor Iho formalion of n Slate consliltition,
nrid their ad mission inlo tho Union ns a
State. The President proposing lo neglt'ct
to cxpctilo Ihe obluration of the Unilcd
St.iles in Ihe Ireaiy of Gundilupo ! Why
be slalcs cxprctjly. in his messnge, Ihat "ic'th
' a vieic to the faithful extcutwn nfllie trealy,
'ho fnr as lay in thn powerof the Kxeculivp,
' and lo cnablo Congicss toacl al the prr.tent
'fcssin wilb as full knonledga and as little
' difliciilly ns possiblo," ho sent rcrlain pcr-
sons to Ciihfornia and vcw Mexico, with in
truclions, nmoni olhcr tliinjs, lo tnako
known lo Ihe pcople of Ibose Tcrriiorios his
' dcsiro llmt eaeh Terriiory sbould. if pre
' parcd to coinpl) wilh tho rcqiiisilionsof ihe
' Constllution of Ihe Uniied Sln'cs, form
' plan of n Si.ite Conaliliilion, .ind subniil llie
' saino to Congrrss, wilh n prajer for admis-
' sion into Ibo Union as n Slatr !" Il will
not be pretcnded.wo suppose, lliat Iho pcopUi
nf New Mexico nre nol prepared lo eoinply
wuh nll ''ibo rrquirilions of Ihc Conslitu
lion" in thia rcspcct.
Anothcr nf lh ohjcclions of Ihe S-nntor
lo Iho Presidenl's plan is, ns ho allegcs. Ihal
Ihe President reeommpnds tbnt Ihe suhjcrl,
or " woitnd," of the Ttxat bnnndary, nlong
with Ihat of tbe Terrilminl governmenl,
sbould remain, nnd lolefl untouched,lncure
itself by some law of naluro by Iho vu
medicatrix nalura. or some self-rcmrdy in
Iho success of which be ennnot pcrceiie any
ground of tho lcnst confulcnce. And this
iu thc face of thn follawing extract from tbe
messnje of tba President I
" A claim has been dnncd by ihe State of
1 cxas lo ft very InrKcporliun of Ihe mcst pop
ulons diatrlrt of iho TfrrltorT rommonlv tlc
siciiatcd bv the mrae of NcwMcxito. If Ihe
peoplc of New Mcxiro Imd formed a plsn of
a Stato Government for that Tcrnlnry. as re
. dcd bv he trcatv of Guaddluye II .lalgo, ard
Imd been ndmitlcd bv Conjiresa n n Slate, our ' flaverv is now prohibitcd bv tbe locnl law in
Con.tilutum would have nin.rded llm inenris ; , ."rcrritorics, which will not be abrogat
t f obtninnig nn niljustmet.t nf thc "iiieHiuii ol ' ,
I oiindnry with 'J cxns uv n jntiiiini uceiion. '
' At pre(!it, liovvcver, t.o jrdieial tril unnl lins
'thcpowcr of .lcclding llmt ipieslioti, nnd it
1 rnTiairn fnr CotiiT(ftta devine wmt tnnle of ad
'jtis'inatt."
Is this exprcss fubinbsion of tho Tuxas
boundary qucslion lo Congrm, wilh whoin
llic subjecl pi'upcrly bclonscd, " lo dcvise
some moun ol aujuslmcnt is this propo-
jlSPf !
Mtig to leave it " uiiloui hnl, lo euro
by somo bivv of tialtitc. by the nV mrdicatrix
natunc, or somc sclf-remcdy V" Xcw Mex
ico bcing ndnutted inlo llic Union ns a Slate.
tho Supremc Court would thcn have juns
dirlion ovcr Iho qucslion of boundary be
twecn lliat Slnlo and Tc.xas, nnd ils ndjitdi
ration would be coinpctcnt to henl that
wounil.
With rcgard to Utah. Ihe peoplo of that
portion of the lerrilory acquircd from Mexi
co hnvo emigraled Ibilhcr of their own frce
volition. and now constitulc an isobitcd peo
plc. Thcy have adopicd .1 prnvbional form
of government. pcrh.ips ns wcll or bcltpr
suitcd lo llicir eondilion nnd wants llian any
whieb Congress eould dcvisi-lbr tbcm Thcy
arc in thc fu'l enjov menl of lbe grcat righl
of sclf-gnvernnicnt. Thuy inc well nrmcd,
and, if wc nre correctly informcd, nbundant
ly ablo lo prntect themelvcs fiom lbe Indi
an Iribcs in lbe vioinity. Sbould thcy nt
nny timo ncrd 11dditior.nl mililary protcciion,
tbe President -vill no doubt tnkc care that il
bo promplly cxiendcd lo Ihem. In tefer
cnce lo ihis pcople, no imptitalion of iiifnlel
ity to tho cni;agemcnts nt the United Statcs
in tlie tre.ity t.f niind.ibipo Hid.ilgo can n
rise, Ihey hnvini, for llio tnot part, cmi
,-mtrul lliiihpr. -.incn tho cnnclu-tinn of tb.il
rrentv, nnd never havinr bucn c-iiizcns of ,
jlji ,0
' Sncakin? of Ihe IVciden.'s h,n. tli- i
Scnnlor sav s: Ilo thc President rpcnm
' nirnd' Ihe admbsion of C.difornin. Wc
' afc willing lo ndmit California. Wp go
with bim :is f ir as he gocs, &." Wilb lbe
ulmost defrpnce to tho Scnalor. wp mml
sny ihat wc do not so undcrtnnd thc Iwo
phins. We underslntid tho President to rc-
commcnd somctbing more llian Ihe ndmission
of California. We understnnd bim to rec
omnicnd tbe icfcrcnco of thc- qucstion, whclh
or Ihc introduction of slavcry sball or shall
not be prohibitcd in the rcsidue of Ihc Ter-
ritory. to ll.o pcople thcreof when they shall
come lo form a Stnte conttitution or consli-
tulions prcparatory lo Iheir admisdon into
Ihc Union ns a Slate or Slntcs, and lliat in
the mcan time Congress, alititining from the
ettnhluhment nf terrilorial joi'crimen(s,should
lcave lbe pcople of Ihe Tvritort tobe gov
crncd by llicir own local laws nnd cusloms,
with sjch niilitary proleclion from llie Uni
ted Stalcs as ihcir neccssiiics shall rcquirc
and the cxigcncicsof lbe public servicc clsc
whero will pcrmit. l'arhj ndmission inlnthc
Union ns Stalcs, iion inlervcnlion by Con
gress in respecl to .lavery, and non acion
anu ul,,u"
by the same lody in rcqmd to the MaUUlt. , . , ,u UK""e',v teromnicm.c.l,and
menl 0 terrilorial yorernwenlf. ronslilulc , "cI' 1,0 'o bc.U.e beat calcu.
Iho policv rccommen'dcd by lbe P'rsident. la,cd ,' " difilculiics growing
Xon.a'elion by Con-ress in rcspcct lo Ibo l" f ,Ur 1ul5i,!on of "'"ilory from Mcx
cstablishment of lcrrilorinl governmcnls is ! c- Sudl a """e. on his part, would bc
an importnnt fcalurc in Ihc Prcsidenl's pol-1 '"conipaiible vvill, sclf-rcspcct, nnd could not
iey. Ile is not in f.ivor of the eslnblishmont , f1"1, 'h'minish Ihc confidenco of Ihe countrr
of terrilorial covernmcnt.-, vvbilc the com- in ilN r'r"n'S' "nd wisdom.
promise plan insisls upon thuir ncccssity. " licn lhc 1 resident s plan was first rce
Novv, wilhout dciring or intcnding lo assail j ""I'nended to Congrrss, it was nlmost uni
any plan, wc may bc pc-rmittcd, wp bopc. "rsally bailcd ns a plan of deliveranee and
wilhout ofl'cnep, to eamine this fe.iluro of saf"e,y by pitriotio tnon of nll particsi
the I'residcnt's plan, in connexion with tho
antagonistic foalurein Ihe coniprnmise plan.
In rccomm-ndinu' the rnurso of poiicy be
did. Ihe PrcsMenl bad in vicw Iho earlv and
rinalscf.lfinciit r,f ihe slavery que,lion, so "c ,"'!"rc " 10 1)B "nderstnod, that it is
f.irnsit .onecrncd Iho lerrilory acquircd ' not ur V"rV to indulge in reproaches lo
from Mexico 1 his objeet was lo p'ut 3 slop lo 1 . any onc' Ica'1 pl 1,11 ln bedistinguish
all agitniion, in Con2rcs nnd out of it, on ! Cl1 S'na,or tr" Kenluckv. In pursuing
Ibo rubjed of Iho prohibitinn of llio inlro-
ductioo of ihe instilutioii of slavcrv inlo thnl
lerrilory, nnd lo rclieve Congres from Ihe
npretsitv of lpTisl.itin? on that subi-ct atnll.
For, if Ihat budy lcgialnted at all on llio sub -
:. ;.ii- n:... ..
lect, it must brin" itsclf into confliet vv itli
thc pxsions, prejudices, and opinions of bodi
seclions of Ihc Union. Xow, il was evidcnt
that no bill establithing tcnitorial govern
mcnls ovcr Ihe territory c-ould pass Congress
wilhout b insing up lbe Wilmot proviso
qucslion if, indccd, any such bili could pas
wilhout hnung Ihm provi-o incorpornled in
" ' '
to it. l be mcrc discussion of thst qucsliin
in Congress, nnd lbe necesaily of bivinr: to
volcunil.wcralobcdeprccalcd nnda- lu'I''"i-' wnicn tn," p.infie,l the
voided, if posiblc, becauso such discussion, , wn'T ' pci inds of ffreat trouble and lif.
nnd such a vote, cven if llio provbo should JCUJ,.V. w 'onceive that wc do him no in
bovoted down, would, in nll prnbabilily, i ju-ti-c when we suppose lliat he came hithcr
sow Ihc sccds of fitturc ngilalion and exritc-1,10 prcsent crii wjib tbe natural and
mcnt broadeast ovcr tlm wholn of the free ''"'hlc anibilion of approprialing to him
Slntes. te'' '',0 s'or-' '" ,','n' coniproinic. In
In tho South, loo, whalevidsnce havo we "" thi. il is not nnr purposo lo impulo
that ll.ero vvill be gencral aiquiesccncc and ( """orihy molives lo Ihe dislinguished Sma
salisfaction with so much of thn compromise ,or- "n ''ie conlrary, we rcgard such nm
as rclntcs lo Iha governmcnfof Ibo lcrri-' hilion in him, under tl. circumslnnccs, ns
tory nccpiircd fiom Mexico? Are tlio South-; t,"1 ni'ural and laudnblo ; but if vvo are
ernmembcrsof Com-resa unilcd 011 ihat sub- riS,,t in m,r eonclusions, Ihcy account, in
ject : 11 is vvell known mat incy aro not.
May nol a fierco slrifc spnng un 111 thp , uu "le '"'t 01 m-it spint or pcaco an.l
S0111I1, in consc-qitenco of tlio npposiug votcs concord, and of mulunl confidenco nml eo
nnd coiillicting vicvvs nf the dilTerent mcm-' operalion, which ought to animnlo Iho dif
bcis from lliai soc'iou 011 Ihu fompromio ? 1 rt're11' dcpar'im-nls of tbo Government,"
Wc do nol say that such will bu llio .nse, llllJ hicb Iho Senator advcrtcd to in his
but ccitninly Ibo "sinns of tho limcs" M)inl ech oirruoxloy Ijsf.
iu tbnt dircclion. So far, Ihen, fiom Iheio, . ., J
being any cer.ain.v lliat tho niar.ncr iu wbi, h , , l. 0"n ,,C P"" o..nS an
tho tcni'.orinl quv'.lion is proposed lobo ad- m,,cr ",e Prncc of Cb.ircl.ill, lbe
justed in thc compromise will allay agilalion Vael He was rn cMrcmely stupid,
nnd rcslorc pcrmanent hanuony lolhhioun. '" iT you said t good llung lic could
try, it is more than probable, nay, it is al. not undersliiitd il.'
most auro to givo rise 10 rcncwcd and con
linticd agilalion, in bnth Ihe X'rlh and tho
South. It il not so uncquivocal in ils lcnvs ,
ns not to ndmit of conlrary Intcrprel.ntsn, 1
Xoilli nnd South. White nt tho South it is
L.,1.1 V... .l..it.,ni.;.Lnil mon In -or-.trn ull ll nt '
DCIt WJ ll.lll'H...V.. ...... ...
Iho SoulbnWne., olher equally diitingui.b d
men in the snmc.cclion n.ainlain ih.tt iwur"
rendcrs all ihat the South bas contcnded for.
Equnlly lonfliciing vicwsofils eflcct are t
held t tho Xoilb-somo conlending that it
will opcn Ibo whole of New Mexico and
Utah to Ihc admitsion of s!a;ry i whil.t ils
suppoilcrs from that sn uon contctvl tbat
cu uyuio louiproniisc, anu uius 111,11 u niu
have nll Ihc clln' t of Iho vvilmol provito. Is
it not, thcn, nianifestthit N'orlbcrn incn who
stipport it will bc nrraigncd fur surrcn lcrmg
lbe piineiplo of Ihc provlo, nnd ihat South
crn inen who support it will lio arraigncd for
surrcndcilng tlie righls of thc South, for
which they bjtd pledgcd themclvcs to on
tcnd so sircnuously ? Can a incn
Ihis givo hirmony nnd ttanqui'lity lo thc
counlry ? Is it not ralhcr to bc feared llnt,
if ndopiod.it will provo a prolifie lbunl.uri,
from vvhlch vvill llow continucd agitation anil
discord ? Tliut plan for tho ndjuslmcnt of
ihis qucslion is thc bovt vvhu h Inkcs ihcsub
jgct of elavory out of tho polidral arcm,
and extinguislies il ns a politic.il i.uc in Ibo
parly conicsts of lbe tirncs. In Ihis rcspcct
ve hnmbly cnnccivo the Prcsidenl's plan
snpcrinr lo nny that has bccn suggcs'cdj
The Prcsidenl's plan, ifadoptcd and rarried
out, can be nllcndcd with no such conso
qticnccs. It will leavo nolhing behind it trt
agilaie nboul. Il givcs linalily to this vc.xcd
qucstion of ihe inhibiiion or admission ef
sbivcry into Ihc lerrilory acquircd from
Mexico, nnd in no wise confliels wilh tho
olher measures cnnlcmplnlcd in rcfercncetn
fuitive slaves nnd llie slave trude in tho Dis
Iriet of Coluinbi-t bo'h of tbcm subjecls of
hitih and gravo imporlance, nnd neithcr of
which is any nnre depcndent upon tlie a
doplion nf tbe lcrrilorinl portion of thc com
pmniNo plan llian it ij upon the adoplion of
lbe I'residcnt's plan. Kither or bolh may
possibly bo defeated, though llic Conipro
miao bill sbould pass. If tho Compromio
bill sbould pas. nnd tlie fiiL'ilivo sl.ivc
bo lost no1 I,1C Southcrn supportcis
ol thc formcr impulc had failb to its NurMi
e. S"I,:,0"B'.5 And if the bill respcc.ing
thc l,tve trnde 111 llie Diatriet of Cnluml.in
! sbould fail lo becume 11 law, will not tboso
I Xorlhcrn membvrs of Congress who sunport
Iho Cuinpromise as a whoic, make loud com
plaints ngninst its Southcrn supporlcrs'1
Will llierc not, in cilhcr of lliesc oasej, bu
mutu.il impulations of bad failb, nnd mutual
ciiminalions and recrimiuaiions ? Whcrc,
Ihen, will the barmony, theabscncc cf whieU
Ihe Scnator fiom Kcnlucky so cloqucntlv
deplorcsV May Ihcro not, in citliercasc. bo
a slnrlling nddiiion to Iho fivc blccding
wounds so gropbically dcscribcd by lbe Scn
alor? Upon u full vicw of thc whole qucslion,
nnd upon 11 i-nndid considcralion or tlio rcas.
ons 011 botb sidc, we nre wbolly unablo to
sec Ihat supcrior 1cmcdi.1l poiency in llio
compromise plan ovcr Ihat of tho Presidcit,
which is claimcd for thc formcr by ils sup.
porlcrs. Curtaiulr such superiorily, if it in
dccd exists, is not so manifcst as to justify ils
supporters in rcquir'mg Ihe President to a
bandon his own opinions, dclibcra'elr form
ed and cxprcsscd, and nclivcly cxcrt his in-
llucnce to dcfent iho prindple of jidjiudrncnt,
,i.:,.t, i. ,i..i-i . .
,v" ,'1'"l 11 " to bo dcplorcd as a na-
,10ni1 ii'iroriunpthnt nny Ibin; has or-curred
10 Ul!t.ur" .,lle un"-v of "nt nhich Ihen
) nre,n"1'" 111 ro-Sm lo it.
",e col,rJO wl"1" "c pursued, be has but
obcved the law of his niture, and vielded to
tho incxorabio roercion nf ci.-cums'anccs
In lc.iving ihe tranquil shadcs of Ashland,
' " ' ".'Tr,,r ur" ,n0 s'orm ol pub-
! "" altjirs at a time liko Ihis. tho vplcinn
statcsntan and renowned oralor did not. it is
to bo prcsumed. prnpoc lo plav a subordi.
nalc pirt. He did not proposo that his sen
atorinl acbleTcnients now hould bo h-ss dis
linsubbcd thnn those of ihepast. Ile camo
to lead, nol lo follow. Ile came to originalo
mcasiirojof compromise and paeificalion, not
1 ..Wa !.....!. ...
1 ' 1 " "'"c migiit rccommcnil.
AIrft'b' distinguished ns Ibo nulhor of tvro
ss ici, iur iuo uuscncc.n surn
Tray, sir," said Ohurchill, ' did you
ever iry him V
117" There is a church 111 Ohio ivherp
thp watcrthat runs off tho.r.oof 011 onej
aiiln rrnr.a ttilrt ll.a ..lf ..f ST : . . ,
"-... . ...v.a.co,
,,m "1,,ch ruw 01T iho olher b.dc tfocs'
"" lhe S''Tf Sl. Lawrpncc
7 "
07- Misrj hik many hillcr niomenU,
uul. I bdieve, lhe firsl awakening aflet
any great sorrovv is llic one of it mojt
miei agony,

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