Newspaper Page Text
For Freedom and Nationality
b. c. mmu'EH, icditor.
TUESDAY MOUSISC;, JULY 1, U?C2.
notice to 'lub.Uakrr.
The Editor will be greatly obliged to
persons making tip clubs fur the Unios if
they will remit to tho publishers nd not
to hiuicelf. ('omniuiiiefiUons una sun
criiilions arc some times mixed up with
private information in such a manner as
to caime needless delay and troubl to
The Louisville Democrat hits the rebel
sympathizers in the North this hard
The Seoesh in different counties are
getting up tickets, and railing tliem
Belves the Drinmnitic p iil'j. Things i-jjm-.live
to one's olfactories don't change ticir scent
vpon a cluinge of name.
Well said Democrat. Pull the mask oil"
tho hypocrites. What do we want with
Democratic, or Whig, or American par
ties at present? Away with the catch
words of party when the life of oureoun
try is at stake. In connexion with the
passage from tho I'emocrat we quote the
following from the Macon (Oa.) J'.kacon,
which tilioWl how perfectly the rebels
understand and sympathize with the
movements of the faction who are organ
izing against the Administration for the
solo purpose of getting ollice.
If evidence confirmatory of the views
contained in our lending cditorirl of to
day were wanting, it is abundantly fur
nished by Hie ulile whirrs to the Northern
Democracy which was issued unite than tiro
weeks aijD by the, Jlrniocratic delegation in the
Lincoln Coligresi. 'litis is the Jir.it symptom
of a return to reason which has dawned vjxm
the Km th si we Lincoln's elevation to piwer.
lie may now hojie that Itieh'trdxon, Yatlau
diyham, Doniphan, and other conservative
men of the Xnthweit, will again assume that
jmwei and influence, to which they are entitled
ly their wisdom and patriotism.
Perhaps some advocate of (his psuedo-
Demoeratic faction will try to refute the
charge, of rebel sympathy by quoting
sentiments uttered in favor of the Union
Head the follow lnfi significant passage
from the same article in the Deacon in
II fi cnld not expert these men in the very
oiitief of their operations in this first stage
of their rclielion against the federal desinit
to assume positions utterly antagonistic to all
the acts and policy of the party in power, lint
we have only to await the organization of twi
parties, and each will drive the other to ex
tremes. Aeio Enijkind will be arrayed againit
the Northwest, and then the H nith wilt learn
the way to safety and peace.
The plot is rapidly revealing itself, and
to our mind, it is as clear as daylight
that there is a faction in tho North pro
fessing conservatism, composed of old
Whigs and Democrats, who have a per
fect understanding with tho rebels, and
who lor gellisli purposes aro trying to
tire'ak up the Union. A few days u
one of these constitution-loving conserva
tive members of Congress, who used to
bo a pet with the Southern chivalry, mado
speech so violent against the Adminis
(ration and ho partial to the South, that
it called out the following compliment
from a leading Kebel paper:
t'r.im tlm lilt l.uiun,l liii iti ll, Jump lil at
We print to-day the speech of lien
Wood, of New York, delivered a few
weeks sinco in tho Federal House of Rep
resentatives. It will be perused with in
terest liy every ono who remembers tho
gallant position ho maintained in defense
of the South long after the commence
limit of hostilities, in (ho very midst of
lanaticiNiit and star spangled banners
paying no heed to the Humors of tho
mob, but holdlyand fearlessly bearding
tne lion in his ilen.
Can sikh 'Vouscrvat ism" as this be
misunderstood? W e nnnto in conclusion
a paragraph frein a conservative paper,
Alio Chicago Times:
The country, the government, the con
stitution and the Union must be saved;
and the greatest enemies of them all are
IIA iiiiiiI nlwjitinniula .. Ilia lilt...
hart ho much iiumci ical strength in the
control of the nit aim of the nation.
Tlia "greatest enemies" we hae to fear
are (lie "mud abolitionists." So iveiniibt
let the Southern Confederacy alone, and
turn our thunders on Wi.si'i i I, Pinnies
and a handful of Northern nlli aihN, who
have neither position or iiumhns. W hy
is it that when the rebels have an army
of ttKl.lKIO in the li, and me lighting
with furious desperation, this mad-dog
cry of aholitionism UKept up by a elans
of editors ami politician who were al
ways noted for their disposition to f.,u a
on and truckle to those Southern ol
igarchs who are now in amis against
tho lUpublie? Watch them.
l'ouiteeii bundled Federal paroled
prinomiM who hive been encamped here
for loine w eel
S,vcre sent home y eslerda y
"o i iiioii men in
the iciiiily of
ChattanooK l,ve K,,
d Severely mm e
the falling La, k of (ieu. Nn,
i.i 'h troops.
Many have been forced to lly, others
have been outraged, mid have I.e. n im
pressed into the ieli.1 army. Alas, lor
the noble and ti ne-hcai ted men of F.a-t
Tf niitesee !
We hear Lt. Col. M. Ci us highly com
plimented for the lirmmsij and prompt
ness with w hich lie discharges tin-dull, s
of Provost .Marshal, which ollice he holds
iu the absence of Col. M a i i u i iv s.
Six Surgeons belonging to the M Ken
tucky rebel lteimeut, who were taken at
Shiloh, passed through tins oty yester
day on their way South, having been
discharged in pursuance with (he act of
The notorious Hev. C. I). Elm-tit, a
lilrrury inii k from Ohio, who lias been
keeping a sort of a Ixnipliiig-selinol for
young ladies in this place, and for some
times past a red-mouthed rebel, was ar
rested and Sent to the Penitentiary yes
terday for treason, to be gent South.
Last winter, at a prayer-meeting, in rnio
of our (hurehes, this blasphemer prayed
Uod Almighty to whiten the hills and
valley of tho South with the bones of
the men who fought to preserve the
Union! He ought to be dressed in pie
bald breeches and set to picking rock. Dr.
t'liKATiUM, Superintendent of the State
Lunatic Asylum, was alao arrested yes
terday on the same charge, and sent to
the 1'cnileiitiary. He will be -shipped
We learn that a detachment of Penn
sylvania Cavalry went up into Sumner
cotiulv. where some rebels were raising
recruits for guerrilla service, and seized
eight men and four excellent horses, as
they were crossing the river. The cap
tives were brought to this place on Suu-
I eiineoaeo llt-fugec on Concilia
lliitf ti live Iti lic l.
Wo have received tho following letter
from an Last Tenncsscan, who is a refu
gee from the rebels.
Kmtou Nashville Uniov: I am re
joiced to sec that you have the patriotism
anil good sense to exposo the folly ol the
vain attempt to conciliate the secession
ists. We might attempt to pet rattle
snakes or hyenas. They do not intend
to be conciliated. Nothing but appeals
to their fear will tame them. In behalf
of all the oppressed and heart-sick Union
men of the honth, 1 thank you lor your
just appreciation and vindication of their
What will our "conservative" breth
ren say to this?
Kruiii tho St. L11118 lit pulilieull . .lieu- i
Ncivn Irom A rkunmia unit tlic Koutli
wcl---V Iih t Hie ICuIicIm ure Ilolllf
---( lnb. J m lifcoii and Ifeetor, I'.x-
finvernor, I led toTcum.
Pecent arrivals of men iu this State,
until now connected w it h the Hi I1 army,
give us an inside view of the movements
of portions of the Ilebebel army, ft is
very plain that they are in a sadly-dilapidated
and broken-dow n condition, and
that very little danger is to be apprehend
ed from them, either in this State or Ar
kansas. (ieu. Hoane, who, since the abdication
of (iov. lleelor, has assumed military
command of all the llehel forces in Ar
kansas, and all the ragamullins draw n to
their standard by the act of conscription,
is at and about Little Pock, with from
1(0(M) to ,r,tMK) men. We venture to say
that he will not stay there long, for so
soon as tho White Cloud gets up While
river with provisions for (ieneral Curtis'
army, bo will at once march upon, and
take up his quarters at, Little liock, per
haps for the summer. From that point,
he can hold all Arkansas in subjection.
(l.m. Albert Pike, the poet of New Ung
land, and leader of bands of relentless
and demoniac savages, with about o.OOO
assorted, Texas, Arkansas and Indian
troops, is at l'oggy Depot in the Choc taw
nation, some thirty miles above old Fori
Towsnn, on the north bank of lied liiv
er. lie has built a bridge across that
stream, and has given orders to his fol
lowers, on the appioach of Federal troops,
to cross into Texas and then burn the
Among the common people of Arkan
sas, the impression now universally ob
tains that Pike is a coward, and that he
does not intend to get in barm's way, if
he can avoid it. f his aas not been his
character. There are two regiments one
from Arkansas and the other from Tex
as, on White river, below Fatesville.
lien, liaius. ol ;.iissoun, is moving
about between Yan 1'iiren and Filth
Pock, but without, many men. lie had
been to Memphis, and in tin' general
breaking up of the Missouri and Arkan
sas forces there, contrived lo get about
fifteen hundred stand of arms and one
battery, which be took to Little Pock, as
a basis for raising men in the South
west; but on the approach of lien. Cur
tis, the rebel general boane, ol Arkansa
seized these arms, and when last heard
fioin, Pains was attempting negotiations
to recover his lattery auduns.
I lie jviissouri ,iaie troops were in
McDonald county, with no enemy nearer
than two regiments of Cheiokics luar
Taleipiah, the capital of the Clu rokee
nation, and Col. Coll'ey with some 8n0
men, who bad been diiven from ( amp
Vv aiker, by Col. 1 'oobicuitT, as hvreiofore
The recreant Claib Jackson and (Iov.
Hector, of Arkansas, had both lied to
Texas the former taking his family and
chattels with him. Put they will hard
ly remain there long, a, when the United
Mates re-occupy Tcas, and that Slate
returns to her allegiance, they will be
compelled to run t" Mexico, as the only
means of avoiding the punishment due
to their eriines. (ieneral McPridc, an
other Soul h-west rebel, is repotted, va
riously, to bp on lied river and While
river, but his whereabouts ure not of
inn, h importance.
The w hole number of M issoui ians vv ho
have joined (he Conb derate ainiy is
about S.OOO. All others, it is stan di ate
Irving to get back in some w ay or nth, r.
Ol those iu the KebH army, 1,,MK1 or 'Ji n h I,
under lien. Parsons, are enrolled for 1'J
months, and arc cast of the Mississippi.
Several thousand licbel homes m,.
grazing and recruitin; on the Wal.it.i,
under contract w ilh-'atnes II. linden, of
Howard, and Hubert Walker, of Charlton
Stiauge as it may s i m, Jackson's
fiaunileiil Missouri State Scrip which
is really tod worth a dollar a bushel
command mote coislid, ncc in Arkansa
than Cotiledei ate money, and I taken in
prcl'iTi toe. What must be the eoinlin,,n
Ol l 1 1 1 s i iiu " 1 1 r 1 1 ii n as no I icl ler !'
rcsentat ive of v a 1 tit than llns !
'1'he blunder nt Poll
peruulli d Js, k'son to es
Generals Shields and
Shields sav s he oi den d
lie Jul I il ic w l.n h
ape, rest upon
Colonel C;u r,,.
( ui .oi, io burn
I lie l.rnlge. I ai roll says he Ims Shields'
written orders to hold 'the In id at all
hazards. A let'er in the Cincinnati
'' 110111 (,ne of Colonel Carroll's com
maud ays : "The s ' ra re of our deb ,i'
wasinie-r obev in it ordci. The i.lli,,r
iniomiiiand of the . on tit brigade hud
Mi u t orders from tieiieial Shields to bum
Ihe bridge. He hud possi ssmn of the
bi idge once and could easily hae burin d
it, had he obeyed orders. 1 lie result
w as the ein m v took it troiu him, thui
crossing the lll r."
We are indebted to a friend for copies
of Alabama and d'enrgia paiors up to the
'J'Jnd inst. In a sketch of tho fight on
(he Chiekahominy, whero so many rebel
lighls were fore ver quenched, the Mobile
Teleyraph gives the following concerning
Gen. lioiii:nr Hatton and his brigade:
HEN". IIATTON'S Hit OA UK.
In Saturday's fight, on our left the
troops under (ien. Hatton fought with
great bravery and suffered severely, (ien.
Hatton was ordered to march in the di
rection of a bfttteiV" Oil the left of the line
formed after the enemy were discovered.
In order to do this he had to pass by
Hampton's Legion, three of the compa
nies on the left of the Tennessee brigade
charging to the right of the Legion.
They went up to the battery, but were
not strong enough to bold it. (ieneral
Ilat'on was in advance of his brigade,
and had his horse shot under him. lie
(hen went iu on foot, but in a short time
was shot through the heart by a piece of
shell, which killed him instantly.
The 7th Tennessee lost 171 men in
killed, wounded and missing; the 1st,
8'J, anil the 1 lth, 125. The Tennessee
brigade, with the other forces, remained
on the Held that night. Gen. Hatton's
body will bo carried to Tennesae to-day.
It has received sotno astonishing ad
vices from Furope :
Fniland and France have agreed to in
terfere. Fngland proposed to France if
she would withdraw her garrison Irom
Home, she would join her ami interfere
in this war. France has withdrawn her
garrison as proposed. The foreign papers
say thai we may look lor tliein in a lew
w eeks on our shores.
My gracious !
And then il says that,
Jere. Clemens, it is believed, has gon e
over to the enemy entirely.
Tho Sclma lirporlcr says that Jons T
Moik;aj, aided by Titos. J. l!ci,i,snv and
Jons b'oiiiiiNs are raising "Parlizan Han
gers" or Mounted Highwayman,
Some wi ll-known Northern firm will
read the following advertisements with
interest. We commend Ihein to the care
ful perusal of (ho P-ostou Post and Courier
and the New York Krpreis, and Journal of
Commerce, lug conlelnpoiaies ot ours.
w hich spend most of their time in prov
ing that Congress has no right to confis
cate rebel property; and give us at least
three articles against the " Padieals,'1 for
one they w rite against Southern traitors.
Iusn't it high time friends, that this sort
i.t jwitiu.,rfiti.!iti clwtiild Ito lilaiw.d full'"'
l onfeilernto Simon ICecelver'n SRle.
W ill be sold in the (own of Cahaba, on
Wednesday the ISth day of June, inst.
tinder the Sequestration Act, to the high
est bidder for cash, a lino New Hearse,
the properly of W. L. McDonald, of New
York. ' J. Ii. JOHN, He.-eiver.
innell, T.2-d wtds. 2d Dist. Mid Div
oileil rulen Miiti Meeelver'n Nn
T w ill proceed to sell to the highest
bidder lor cash, in fhe city of Selnia, on
Saturday the 1 lth day of June inst , un
der the Sequestration Act, the following
property, belonging to alien enemies, y;z;
One Set ol Knives. o. I'l.;wi i pieces.
property of Lawson oV Goodman, New
lork; a large assorted lot of Medicine
properly of C. M. Jackson, Philadelphia
11. Swayer ov Son, II. U. Terrill, of llli
liois ami l. .lavnestV on, l uilauelpliia
Also, three Cabinet Machines, one doz
Hammers, property of A. IS. Howe. New
lork. Also, one line I lano I' one, pro
perly ot I.eghie A Uradley, Also, tvv
Horse Carts, properly of I'eggs Jr Holand
Phila. Also, a lot of Hooks, Clothin;
w initmv i iirtams, property ol It. I . i er
rv, New York.
" june.l. J. H. JOHN, lice ivcr
2d Dis. Mid. Div
oiitplcriif c Hltitod Hoi rlvNr'N Siu'o
I will proceed to sell to the highest
bidder in Ihe town of ( olutnbiana, shel
by County, under the Sequestration Act
on Wednesday tho 2,'lh J unejust., th
billowing property belonging to alii
enemies, for rash, viz. : One new Family
Carriage, property of W. L. McDonald,
of New York.
A large, well assorted lot of Medicines.
belonging to ('. M. Jackson, Phila, F. M
Svvayer A Co., of Illinois, Moll'at A: Co
New lork, (Urging V Co, N. Y., P. 1
Judson iSi Co , Illinois, Ay res A7 Co., Mass
liadway A: Co., Ilutchings and D. Jayties
iV Son. J. Ii. JOHN, Peceiver
2d Dis. Mid. Din
( ooleilernie Males Kecrlvcr'N Sjl
I will proceed to sell to the highest
t.l, LL. i- in iLm iio, ..( I '..;....(.-, ....
the S'lqueslration Act, on Saturday the
2Mb d ly of June insl , the following prop
erly belonging to .Mien Lnemies, for
cash, viz: A well assorted lot of Med
icines belonging to A. It. D. Sands, J.
('. Ayns , Co., Mass, D. Jaynes A Son,
A I.S I
Three Pngi-and Harness, jitopeity
ol Tillon, Wokall A Macoy, of N. Y.
I. Ii. .ti MI.N, lieceiver,
2nd Dist. Mid. Div.
J one l ,,
and f.w s that
calls loudly for Saltpetre,
if it be not Htieedil v fur-
led iu large quantities to our powder
mills, we will undoubtedly be overrun
and subjugated by the Northern van
advertisement reads thus !
HI N.lll I t
Vie ; ne .'HI cents per pound 'for bacon
mol sell salt at S:l per Hack at the
Woiks. parlies furiiishing their own
acks. We will also buy kettles of a
'"go Hie. HAND iV CO.
t Tl"' editor,,!' i!u. ;.. 11U Mau-
Cl I.I.I s , , j j . r ,) l ri ,., ,. Wnj.lAMs,
who is o f..i!l ,f iih, ,i,a 1P aH ,,
tlo' point of (liiowiiig down his pen and
taking up the sword. His fiietnls, dread
ing the aw fnl (daughter that must inevi
tably follow the advent of Mvmm.is
Jl I :i on th,. i, l, f .Ia addressed
hn. i a lett.r telling him that they could
"ol spare him, and Mm., i i.i.i s Ji i n s
ronsid. i.d the matter and didn't go.
The heai l-iciiiiing correspondence is
published at full length in the .'; '
In order to i, lino hniis, If of the supcr
abiilidiio e of fgotnig lluid which ho
h i i a i iniiuUled in his gn at oul, MaH
Mills ,1(1 IIS indites the folloniu
tieiy article in th" .', iur ;
1 A SKI It ( ovyAld'S.
We have litter believed that the South
ern Ji ople could be deflated Ly the taut-
ing, hypocritical and cowardly Yankees,
in anything like fairly contested light,
not even where fhe odds in numbers were
against (hem in the proportion of two to
one. Indeed, the history of this war, so
far, so clearly establishes Ibis fact as to
make it a waste of tlmo to argue il to any
length. Tho Northern people, by at
tempting to subdue the South, have
show n themselves lo be not only tyrants
and apostates, as citizens of a great le
puhlic, whoso foundations rest, upon the
right of self-government, Yuit they have
exhibited themselves as dcsyteable and
unmitigated cowards, whom the world
will jeer so long as the memory of Ma
nassas and Pull lion remains. In proof
of this, the reader is referred to the Lon-
on Punch, and other humorous periodi
cals, whero the lash of ridicule is laid nn
with an unsiiaring hand. Put however
ellcient these white-livered Puritans
may be in the qualities requisite for the
battle-Held, it is indisputable that they
are bountifully gifted with low cunning,
and a kind of skulking, thieving knavery,
which they generally turn to good ac
count, wherever the opportunity presents
the slightest hopes of success.
The war, on the part of the South, is to
be rtfensive as well as defensive. Guerillas
are lo bang on the skirts of the advancing
legions who invad our interior; while
every party that ventures from their
camps is to bo bagged or instantly shot
down, What will they do when every
wagon that brings them a morsel of bread
is stained with the blood of these wretch
ed vandals? What will they do when
they must retreat, or confront armies led
by the best military talent iu tho world?
Are not our people waking up to the mag
nitude of the danger which already
threatens their existence? and are not
their hearts bent on victory or death?
We assert that history furnishes no per
fect parallel to the unanimity and enthu
siasm w hich moves tho great hulk of our
people in this terriblo contest, there is
hardly a man that wears the harness of
war w ho has not determined to die in
the last ditch rather than see his beloved
We cannot too heartily congratulate
Uncle Sam that he has made an escape
so narrow irom too "aian-oevouring
sword'' of Maki'I'h Mauius Mekevivs
Jl'I.lt'S Jl TITER JovlsJoVI JoVEM Wll.-
i.iams, of the Sclma Iicpoiler.
The Atlanta Intelligencer of the 22 d of
Juno publishes a seven column letter
from Gov. Drown, of Georgia, repudia
ting and nullifying the Conscription
Act. The letter is addressed to Jkkf
Davis. It will be seen that true to his
obi instincts, this Scceder from the Fed
eral Union, virtually secedes from the
Confederate Union by setting himself up
as tho judge ot us laws ana arguing
against their constitutionality. II is
mere fonetaslc of the universal anarchy,
nullification and secession which would
certainly follow the establishment of the
rebel Confederacy. We ask all Secession
ists to read the following extracts from
the letter with deep attention;
Looking to the magnitude of the rights
involved, and the disastrous consequences
which, 1 fear, must follow what I consider
a bold and dangerous usurpation by Con
grcss of tho reserved rights of the States,
and a rapid stride towards military des
potism, I very much regret thai I have
not, in the preparation of this reply, the
advice and assistance of a number equal
to your Cabinet, of the many eminent
citizens" who, you admit, entertain with
me the opinion that the Conscription Act
is a palpable violation of the Constitu
tion of the Confederacy. Without this
assistance, however, 1 must proceed in
dividually to express to you some views,
in addition lo those contained in my
former letters, and lo reply to such points
made by you in the argument as seem to
my mind to have the most plausibility in
sustaining your conclusion.
The sovereignty and independence of
each one of the thirteen States at the
time of the adoption of the Constitu
tion of the I'nited States, will not, I pre
Buuie, bo denied by any, nor will it be
denied that each of these Slates acted in
its separate capacity, as an independent
sovereign, in the adoption of the Consti
tution. The Constitution is, thetefore,
a league between sovereigns. In order to
place upon it a just construction, we
must apply to it the rules, which, by
common consent, govern in the construc
tion of all written constitutions and law s.
One of (he lirst cf these rules is, to in
quire what was the intention of those
who made the constitution.
To enable, us to learn this intention, it
is important to inquire what they did,
and w hat they said they meant, when
they were making it. In other words, to
liiq'Miv lot l.uiitrtujrtfl aiitsms lt,-
slruction put upon tho instrument by
those who made it, arid the explanations
of its meaning by those who proposed
each part in Ihe Convention, which in
duced the Convention to adopt each part.
Yiewing the Cunacriptiuu Act in this
particular as not only iisieonstitutional,
hut as striking a blow at the very exist
ence of :ho State, by disbanding the
portion of her militia left wilhin her
limits, when much the larger part of her
"aims bearing people" are absent in
other states in the military service of the
Confederacy, leaving their families ami
other helpless women ami children sub
ject lo massacre by negro insurrection,
for w ant of an organized force to sup
press it. 1 felt it an imperative duty
which I owed to the people of this Slate, to
inform you in a former letter that I could
not permit the disorganization to take
place, nor tho Slate olllcers to bo com
pelled to leave their respective commands
and enter the Confederate Service as con
scripts. Were it not a fact well known
to the country that you have in service
tens of thousands of men without arms
arms, and w ith 'no immediate prospect
of geiting arms, who must remain for
month consumers of our scanty sup
plies of provisions without ability to
render service while their labor would
be most valuable in their farms, and
workshops there might be the semblance
of a ph a of necessity for forcing the
.V,iV Uillers to leave their commands,
w ith thtjhomcsof their H-ople unpnMcct
ed, and go into ramps ot instruction, un
der Confederate ollicers, often much
more ignorant than themselves of milita
ry science or training. I must, there
tore, adhere to my position, and main
tain the integrity of the State Govern
ment, in its l.iccutive, Legislative, Ju
do mI, and Military Drpartmcii:, as
long aslc.u command sufficient force
to prevent it from being disbanded, and
fis o,ls. reduced to a flate of provin
cial dependence upon the Central p iiver.
If i have used strong language in any
part pf this lelier.l beg you t') aH-ibu'e
it only Iu ur tl io the adforaoy of
piloeip' iuse wkKbl tunsidcr
unless than the cause of constitutional
lilwrty, imperiled by the erroneous view s
and practices of those placed upon the
tt at' h-tower, nt its cintant guardians.
H . w litter Ilavi on nnOxottlnn mill
IHi tix, i,t, MJ., ,l,ci 1 , I,
Mv Dl. til Sin : In the hasty note of
tho I'dh of June, I singularly enoueh for
got to mention the most pointed and con
clusive authority for conliscal ion by
The laws of the t'nited Slulns in the
District of Columbia prohibited Ihe im
portation of slaves fur Sale or residence
declared the slave, imported free, and pun
lshid tho importer by flue.
These laws were adopted by Congress
from the laws of Virginia and Maryland.
They have been repeatedly enforced in
both those Stoles. Kvery gentleman prac
ticing iu the courts of the Diitiict
has enforced the freedom vest-d by those
laws. 1 have myself, iu more than one
instance; successfully asserted the claim
before the courts of the District and of
Virginia, and the supreme court has sus
tained in repealed instances (he validity
of tho law. The mutt recent case that I
recall is that of lihodes vs licll (2 Howard,
b"J7.) Decided in HI I.
I hose are old laws passed in the good
old times, before men were smitten with
madness. Put the compromise ads of
Mr. Clay, passed in HoU, embody the
same principle. The law of K0 for
bidding the introduction of slaves into
the District of Columbia for sale, declar
ed Ihe slave so imported Mmted and free.
No greater name than .Mr. I lay can In
cited on any constiiut ional question ; and
the name of President Fillmore ought
surely to satisfy the most timid of con
servatives. Never wero laws more
keenly contested, gravely considered, or
adopted by abler men than tho famouse
compromise arts of Hot! ; and it would
seem that a Pcpublican Longicss might
safely err in company w ith the men of
1HW), than be right with the doubtful
friends or recent foes of the republic in
These laws and these judgments of
the courts under them dispose of tho
whole question of confiscation by eman
cipation, without indictment or conviction
of the guilty person, but by civil process
on behalf of the person freed for the
master's illegal act.
The process for enforcing the freedom
of the slave was by suit in the name of
the negro against the ow ner for freedom,
in the form of an ordinary action of
trespass, and the title to freedom was
vested by operation of law immediately
on the Consummation of the act of for
feiture ; and the suit was merely the ju
dicial form of authenticating the title the
law had vested.
If you Beo tit to. publish this nolo iu
continuation and illustration of the views
formerly presented, you are at liberty to
do so. Had I thought of this ease so
very familiar in my legal experience, arid
iu that of every gentleman of the bar in
this region, I should have spared you a
long desertation by (his decisive author
ity. Very sincerely your friend,
II. WIN" IF 11 DAVIS.
Hon. J. S. Momm.i. of Vermont.
Cm upon leur ff tlu Oininn t I 0 celt.'.
AitMV ol' tiik Oitio, Nelson's Division'.)
li'Kt, Miss., June Hi.
THE I'OlltNTIt Olt.tVF.YAItn.
Corinth has its graveyard, but more
tenants llavo taken up their abode, in tho
little "city of the dead, during the last
two months than the villages could have
given it if all the inhabitant had shuf
fled oil' their ncirt.il coil. It isabeai
tiful place, and one of (he very few in
deed, around tlic village Jliat li.nl any
attraction for tne. I cannot tell why,
but some how or oilier I was drawn to
the tj.icrcd sp.it a score of times, and
each visit I grew nmre contemplative,
and learned from the freshly tinned hil
locks those things w hich will he iinclul
as life lessons.
The two freshly made graves were to
me as so many monuments of misery,
ami eueli t in
lyey bank had its separate
atory cf sitkness, gulleriii); and ileth
reinl ii m nt thu rude pine lieail-lmurd of
ono of the graves tlmt of Jeaij Pierre,
of (lie 18th Louisiana regiment the fol
lowing verse :
"Here lies one who was an enemy,
but with liia death perished his enmity.
Our'fuea will certainly reppeet Ms hist
resting; place. His 1'usut alks.
It needed no such command, truo mru
and true soldiers do not make war upon
graves. 1'eaee to thy ashes, pour hoy ;
yours was a fated end, and lliy ileal Ii ho
upon Ihe heads of thu leaders of the ac
I said that there were two t!oin-:ind
graves in this one place alone. 1 think
this rather under than over the actual
number. The amount of aiekness in the
rebel ranks inuot have been fearful, and
death must have been rapid, as the bodies
wero in many cases buried iu trenches,
eight, nine, ten and sometimes as hih as
twenty together. There were two single
graves containing members of the -tith
Ohio Hegiment, vv I 05 iiami s 1 have un
lorliiiiattl V at the present inoineiil for
gotten. When our forces tirst entered
Corinth, almost every .building iu the
place was mailt! conspicuous by n lit lc
yellow Hag, and averaging one hunilit il
sicktoeuih house displaying the yellow
dyinliol, there iiiusl have been sick al
together ten thousand, not including thosii
that had been inured away to ) .ukson,
and other points Mouth. As much dis
tress as there is prevailing in our own
army, it is exceeded fully one-half by
that existing among the rebel a, to ivlm h
linibt he ail, led a want of medical rup
iliei and suitable accommodations lor the
alllii led troops.
t.riieml I'ri iitlna.
Tin' Mi lnplii eurreHiitiiiilt i.t t,( (,,
(liieuii T d-unr, say :
I learn tliat 1'niitish'i l.iintle, , f
at eai'tiiirtl nl Shil ili, In, l , ti i, iUi,tn j
from N lnn, Al.l , t't N'llne i Un-r ,,,il,t, I
Jireiiiit'iry tu (leiiei ul e.e,n,. -, ,i i - I
inn 'I"" "MH-'e nf war, wlin li ii ,n, ,
lie (lelt'iiiiiiicil iii,iii liy the tm, j;.i ,--n- j
Un lit. 'I lie Seliiu r of tin. J.'Illi'
nay ; " '1 lny (ll,e n i.s.iiui j ire ln.ity '
luokinj; hi t I'reiitis. m j,i lii nlar, w Im ;
.et ui's t i l,e the Very iiiUH Mi.iiitii.n of i
illlill I, l,ee. The Wlil.ef Jirisulu ri, nn-
l:ke Hie euptive .'evis in U.ib.y lull, luve
li" t n I ti.se il t,i mii, (ml ut Iter H I He (In Use
t llt'lllselli rt m hilt; III .llelll. ( 111 I Ii e n i , t
lu i, n their ih -jKi line, they all ji,nu-,
their von t in iii"in' the air of J ; .
Uhite aii'l 1 I u ,' vv huh r learn m.
ijin'w reniieetahle . . t-.j ill t n ' . ' '
1 livp H, iir,J Ir, iu M-vrral (nun e of
th 11'lJ'UiI.IK'" of liell. l'lelillsJ rellKlll-
l,le i nn si ie i i n l.n i-it,,ii in nuiier
of war, an 1 1 lean v.ry will (.iretite
tile rclnark of the J. . V, , t ti Kt lie Is t Li
" IUim 15 ill u lull of lu,iil,l.lKe .''
Celebration of the 4th of July, 18G2,
AT Tnii STATE CAPITOL!
.VI Son, II,. , 11 li,. VllOV.Vt. S.Vt I I K M
lib 1:1 1 tolll orss tin -t fr.vm cu.ii.! Ibll. " I II '
rr ,- , 1 i: , Ii -ni-l ,.(1,, r l'uVt. !! v .11 l'e r'tu -
l'v i. ,. .1 . I! VI o li y l'i,s ..ti wil, I'.ihi lot i. r
I .' ,1 r,. 1 . ,1 II',. tW.or m i, inn, n ! nt i!., cT-iet
"f sj,, ) ,,,.,,. l (,.. l nvvr
(r in llo ti " it ll I'Yi.c'i, I!., ..i,l l,i t up
t ,1,,' I., T lie , .1, w II sp, (,, Cli, T V . lipl'tikirv
I I t ill, n . ,,', 11 t II , Il I,, I ,,:'i Hi . I I'o I te ll,,-
Iu'' Ii - jini, . Hp lih I tlu, .-.ciio- Itit'.-.'.u. Ml," I up
I i-iir Sfe.'t -o Ihe i ip l.l.
i'l:i i:i: "i i. i;ti' 1st.- at i hi: i m it, ,l.
leVIMIM'IVii IT ill ', I l, I M.
1. Mi.ii.io by tin? JVlililiirv H;.iiil.
M. I'riiyei' ly Iiev..l. limit iit;;tM.
: t. Mt'H.K.
I. 1,1. M'INil HT TOK I'K.i I I It V I'll IN n' 1V,;.
rr.Ni-hN. i; ny i: (,o . vv. ii , ..mpi.ki.i.
i. Iteiiitlnii of W ni Ii I n u lo u'a litre
II Y lirs-sL't.l ll'M sTiiV, K-'ij
T. M fr-'li '.
r-i. o i T i ' N il Y li.'iV J .' V' . s T . K V. .-.
T, r.ni ! 1'tt. w Hit
Musin, mill ssi I t i m is.!
.VI 8 ..V! , k . I'. l .11 kAotvIx"! ill V'l' remiinrl
to hii .U'Oi l. S I'o mi LA i.nv. N 1.11 J. S IIKOVVN
The r.,:i l Hi , Vir.oiii. Mii lilH
tin, l'it:,,iis ..I Hi.. 1'ilv, f e I'minty
lug Cniill,', I" purtlr, p.id- in ti e
I.Klii' nr.- p u I:. ,i ly re,) i ste I t
ICell I'l I lleir pi , -elU ,'.
c pet ll'illly nc to
nn, I l!,e n.tii'ln
t,,.li,,r II, . ",',;i-
K K i,I..Hi K,
juv i: know I l;s
VI. ti tiCIKN,
A It. Ml VNhl.tNl"
,I"1IN (TH "Mill LY.
vv s ctii: VIII AM.
t. .i v.Mino ;oruu,
L 11 (1 Vll'.LIT.
W. II KVKKK1T
'hi.s.'ky r.vr.tii;, ji i.v i,
CHILI) OF TIIK UKtilMKNT.
New liffittric Silis. - - Diifii'lil.
Mr. & Mrs. TURTLE.
'n l.ty tiuii l i
il.i Ni lit Iur IU II. in-ill ,
iiniti ii, TI10 Tiu' ily el'
rjin: hoiiukks !
IT.ll K.i Of AI Mlis.IO.tl.
S, i ,,nO lliri'l.'.
IVhirs m ,.ti Hi
p.it T. IVrl" .
1 in, 1. Hi 1 .re.,
To all Hie Military Department In
Ihe Itiklriel o( Hie Olilo.
is ami ai u.ii tiik in hay oi' Ji i.v ie: 1
Wu 1 I iiiit-ii mi ,,si -e fit iln st (',.., i.l eii't-l m N i"li
Till-', T, 1111 .,, 1111, 1 1,11s. n Men at'-eel, 'ippopll.
(Iiu i;.ui, HeilH I,,,ii,-v,ll ', liv , I'T all l, iiioi' lUinn
I ,r Ih.,1 111 11,1- . I, pill linei.t . ! r 1 tir- c ne nllis fi,.
J,l y 1st lsi,.' I II l IU.I.S K AllN.Jr ,
11, r Ctv lrs, 1. it- lui II, M-li i I ,,l HI, I ".
N II llith-si M 1 tk el 1 1,1 1. pii.J l,,r "I 1 .i.ll,'.
jiHyl - tl
Railroad and Omnibus Ticket
O ltVF I.C
No. 25, North Cherry Street,
(till lll'll l 1011 I- It' 'VI 1 NllAI.
s i'i.;:t,NiNii l.i.AVtNii TiiK urv
Iur,'litxi' tl 'it 1 1- iU ki'lH .ll llllrv tit f, W ii( ft' Ink'
liv It til t nil t!ic l un , pul t ilHi 111 tti'- Niiiih, I unt
ai..: Wt -1 lV 111 hlinltrhL Ulni luul IcininJc ivlnH
AIkh. tSirtmch H'ci H 1 til hn yivn Uv t'l i I'wtn
n( (iiMiiit by Hit' 'n 1 ta M ttiul um li iHttrf km hy Hiiy
HllllT 1 1 -ii tt-
AliV (til I U'T inliTli,.lli"li t'.l I"-' L : ' 11 hy f tl'lti l
W. , Ii AH.,
GriiM Ticket & I II Igllt Agein.
il!j 1 ill!.
iiimu 111i1i i, , iioiD (iri:M;u
111 I I.I JY
iiliillt' Trimt-Nse.-& 1! u til sv ; lit, Alnb.ui;n
ONLY 22 MILES STAGING.
I I' V i: VIMIVII.I.r. IVKRY M III N I Nl
I A ,t il ,1 , Ih 1. . urrii 11, e HI lliiuc -.' 1 1 lj- s:i mi ilny
mii,, r. 1,1 I ill ii in bus, l'ulakl m.d
Alliens lliiilrtlllil, (I t'llli. A At.)
14 Passenger 4 Ilorso Coachca,
R. 11. STAGE LINE.
I 1 U.l' I "Mill ' I.t'
li.'Uveeu I.Ik II, V,'
I I ,,1,11,1 n II !u
hii, I K.JIilN
, K iioi.
i,n Hi,- I A A. 11. II. ur,'
1 1 . , I I N..-,o ill
Atl'l 11,,' It lt,,H nil lie,
tt,S Ir 'III II, HUM 1 1 o
! S .- Ii v 1 1 :.- ut ( A
VI AC ll It
A ( ll It , u . .i k 1 1 j if ilmlv
I k K;vr. Pa", HerM
."I. I KMllltie lli.nt vllle kt
I lose cull, ' I "I t lleeli
I 4' tie r ri,,) ur lie' io:ii
J. I I
A III. IS, I'roprielur.
ai" T I I .rili, r ,i.,
mil .-. n.i -i ., n, i iii 1 1
i, u -ii i'i .pore ,tl Hi--To k,'t
rjf Mrn I, l,,n rlli ,I",t lr in
ICE ICEJ ICE! ICE.
2cta per lbthc Season through
Only placo3 in tho Oity at
Southern Money taken at Par!
'1-ilK I. At k wm;
I " 111.' I - III, I
viimsv i:t. N'l-.y
t ll II. 1, 1.1
, ti ' ,,t HI f ... I ,
, I,'- I , r ,li Out I . . I. .1 ,, .11, ti .,
ti,h!.t,'l,,i'"riir,'iei,. , ui,
II N -il', . 1,1 .1 VI .iK.-t II I .0
. , 1 1 1,1, I l, I ) .1 1 , ,-t.
fin wmi: .ii ii riii.ii im 1 ,1 il it 1.,
'i ,r 11, 1 1,1 i i; In ir i. ir Ii-,.,n. 1',
:ir nt I
',",?,' , tj I, l,i,l ,1,1 i - l,,i,i Hie i ,,,,tiy
0, INI. AH, I ll INW. I! .1 CI
i 1 -
Strayed or Stolen !
I Ml' VI "V ! i I l hf I "I
' 1. 1 1 . J.t k ' 1.1 "I"' "
1 1 1 ..
. .i i,
I I n 1.1 I 1
11. i; Mr.y,i 1. 1 n it,
J ej 1 If
Strayed or Stolen !
I ii K si n i i.i ,ii'K s i i -i ui.. i
, I 1 1 I
" , I t
VI V 'l I
i.V 1 1
$25 REWARD !
I S'UHV l T Ii. I il -
-','' , r i.t, 1 1 it i .
1 i . , ,,, ,ii i. .1... , ,i
,.(t... in ,. . . , ,
' " - i.. i
t " , I ' , li. :,, a
' I 'i, ,t I, .1. hf I.,,, i ,
i I I' I . . J I , j
11 ' l i I t i. , i.
1 - ) : I I -.i.
Hay, Corn and Bran !
.-.mi i .
, .1 M,
J. M. MURPHY.
Nil 7J, rnillC MltRi:. Sr the fit)' Ibiltl.
Mil l.!., lOIIV, llOlt mill III II.
Hill roviiio, TIMtr. W nnil
tl'i s, ll anil M l IH I N,
MMMM. OI IIO.lll I lott, i
llll MIN,IIIMl.si, V II.
l.l' i n, I'niir ,tio.
AITS, III K IIAI.S
mid I'l IIM s.
Cp, Irll'-r. mi,
I 'iter. oi,l N.'ii'.
V.ill, Mr. Fnv.'li'p,'--st'fl
m'!im met pi u, il, pie
ti ,t t, i it rnn an J Tt lie t . I.t I 4.
11 , lko( Kiiiri-s, Vl-'in St t (iti'i. StiH"'ii In,
r.tlnt I. rtl 4 lyls)i ftH'l funcy I'tn-. tihhinn
Htk nil Ii n n.
io uttry M'T -liaiit-, I'rtikUtH mil Sutl,.r arc iu
l i ;i-l In t it I $
Southern Funds Taken.
12 I'l lu.it snAiin.
I il im I'.c
Ilorsc for Salo !
(II F s'M'l'l.K op. ItrnuY IlllltsK AN l',K 1 1 A 0
III. AI' I V i.iliiiiSa(
Intit" '.'K ill l. I'lilli'iiv .-irei'l.
i: oit two lauii) iukuh i m m v i i atki v
A..: Io I NIIKU.s.lTKs 11 nil k
ACTON YOUNG, rropriotor
',.1'lilii; .iu,l I.,'
"Til I.T Week .
'k iu pr il.n .
I. V." V 1"
iihm:v Kiti iiti:i
it Hie M:irt'l nir,'iits :,! ,
I,, ll, I
Turnip Si cJ J Turnip Srt d !
1 t 'H "K 11 lN-'" SKKII ( T AITIMVfh
lU.UUtl v ir n." . mi, It .,.
I'AIII Y HI' It VP I I W M AT ITKI'I.K Till' t
kai;i y wniTK ri.,vr m ti ii
K.VIll.V VV'IIITK NOttl'i'I.K.
I.'lNll VVIH l'l' I'KKNrlt,
Vl'I.I.mV fit M-'IA "r, ltfTAIUCA,
I I "I w ll i, ll Mil! I'O M'l'l :, 1. Ion, .4 liiiket irl.i
icu;i:it's a u:s -r,
n. I:t Tlnrkel M., I'll 1 1 nil i 1 1 It In.
.1 in.- 2. il.ll.
'PIIK AM'.VK HKW Kl W I. UK C,V f oil )1!K
I- M'pr iifiM'im il' .luliii V':yin tn I .1 11 uro.-,
(Hi l.fitm jin,; to Un. Hr k. Dm 1.1,1. r (.1 Sunnn'l
l ril-licu, mIh h tHkt liutn ih VV01 k limif. ,i
M.-l I iv nielli luit ftii) miy r Initur 11 f Bb.inl
I he i-ul Ii W tni, llimiuh it in 111 lly nn mint A (lint
h" ii4 ul'iivit Oil lnlutiiTa ll-liliik!, nn ' Ii In. hll.uN
Inr a iif!ilmotl )lm nivriM't If m rVti. f t rc
Hlmiit tin- 1 iiy. T"ti liunin-i wil tin i;m. I r hOmt
t f :l .1 1 1, iv, t 1 1, 1 1 iv h. Ui - l.ir L 1 0 tui-uo i d.-l i
rrrfl tin lo 11, r 1mm. di.it y,
JttHV lj liOMH,
jn if 2-ii:i, W.irK IhniK.t Ki')h p.
M'HK ( TV TAX IU) K VnH 1K- 7, 1
I' i-t mi l nn 1
iny lth- In mv fi(h i Thn Civ litw
'I ii j,li
I'll.lt tlnT.i n t'l'illail l 1IM Bui ill Ji ' (i.
tltirt Hil l (ityiht Hi tin- 1 tiki l.l III"
lli-. l-T nn tliiMUM ilay "f Julv i.l n h
l"tV lull '
Hvt 11 1 1 - i
' i'l' I'
hu ful I'i i.ay I y Hull It mo, hbu
ll ) liti'Ti hi Ht t ln r il
t I it 11 ill " 1 m iii' ui '
A. II Ml
K"' I'li'iit i 1 1 l.u iur
Strayed or Stolen!
1H"M TIIK HI M:;i'll 1 1! Kit UN NI'.W MS'',
Hl .' litl-t , fll'IU ,H T Hllil'lH"' lltl t I ll )l ('
iV.liil It tl st I .' lliflf, ll.-iii Im tlli'llij, ll.iy
I hi h it 1 ill li iy M iri 'I hi in if w 1.1 I .in . hi 1 ii - iii
l.t-r h.i' ; Hi hi' I h- n k vWv ur lMiiri-1 1 ti ih t
. IMU.hr. Hii. I til h I h. II I I 1 4 l.IT llMH.M4l.
Th. y I" Hi lm I ! it k 11. u. , Inn- in 1 1. ! h
M ithnil V"ir- il nn I I i- ui ti u Hhu 1 -.ir- ui'l
Jll- IHMK- I- H hUl" 'VAN V I'' til- I I Mil) n f f hi 1.1
nv 1 itn iii wliu ill r itini (i 11) hi inr, ur x ino
1 it Ii iiiii.i mil ion tlmt 1 i' ui g I Oi' 111
GOLD AND SILVER,
LNCl'llIIKNT liANK XOTKS
Bought and Sold
Mt, 10 oi,i,i;iii: si ui 1:1,
t vt l ltrlt ant IUNK iu 11 I'l NL)
, li, SAM Oil IU I lla
I:m(s .mil Sliocs,
Wh.Ji.w Hid lit uil ll Hie iHPiit I'rini.
11 A ll K II r M kr.R I' 111) IX il III Null! II iik Itlnt A li
AI o .ll
siMii ii's m:im; jiaciiinu m r.i.tKN.
K r mile
nil 4 " ll,
J. C. HARVEY,
'V I I'i Urn til ir' l.f (-... ll. Ah!; .ill. No H
t I'l va ih i I, ,i H 'f J.lf ' I In ll,.(4
Military aud Citizen' Clothing,
Ut.li ' h!" uii'l Ihe h'n.i iwt
V I ' ' I I l' J i'f li,
'y tu 1 1 1 1 1,4
urn tin I, mii I
I i ,i ,i ii t 'l.-far I int. ti t
ur ur n im ,
ni,r ll,,. , ,
A IM A VT
Kl K 1 lit VI A l 1 H Wdltlt - I
HI' .S A -1 1 V 1 1 l.l. :
T, nt It .Lull It, ,1 I " 1'.I I. r nut
i. I., I, ,,n 1 1,, h let ft I, a 'I l, . , ! '
I, l 4 l .,' I- ., . ttlll !), l l .11 , t ' "
I I, - r l l,,i lie nil, t, r. wi toi. Ii- r, ur ll.e r .,.. I.., , , r
i i ,it r t, in l,,n l i ,,t l',f t ' in,, ,. tip ,
le let t ' will, ll I .i. ,.! r Hi.IV I"' ' I', ll '', I ' '
,i, -', re. .ui. .,r O'.in ,i,y I,), liti, l .,i, It,.,,
, l,i t i . I ,t , .-i , , l . t n , ,.l i..l hi, , ,,i i,,' ii,t .
'I e- ' 1 I, I I" '1 f ot J ' 'I. I lie ... ,i,i l i . e : I,,
, itii,-ii x ur .r i ii ht .t. "r g'i'U', t,,.
i ' ,. ly -..n i l, ,.t t , i n it,,- ,l e" i-t
.,, l , h 'i ..ii HI, . .. I. l, , 1 1 ,i i ... . ., . . i, . i .
H ii, I w ell., r i' , in in . 1 1 e I ll. 1- I.'.
A ,. I r ,,r H w ,i,k ll o, I'm ',.
. .i "I I h ... I, I ,,,, . I',
I I i-il
I" I l , "'
it, I I ii I 1,
i.e.,,. , .', I
... I .i. ly
I . . 1 .1 .,i i,
til. II, ,.. I
.,. I I I, .1 I, .
J. I I
. I. HI lit I ,
A I, ill 111
, I, I,
I I. ,
j v. v u r,
i i i ,.i i ',, .
' i, ... i
4- I '
Si.iir'- St'itiii .Mi cli hi ft
.11 K I 'll' I
.. . e . VI ', ' , ..
.11 I ,
Jl ' Sl"
I ..1 t.l .
I' J lit IUIV