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jRji'iujuiju.imiiiwtijiaj,rsjiiLLJuw an amwmiaL. iaHBjaui imjujjui JELiHLwgf biiwijuwum jw
PUBLISHED BY AN ASSOCIATION OF PRINTERS. OFFICE ON PRINTERS' ALLEY, BETWEEN UNION AND I) E A I) E KICK STREETS.
NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE, SATURDAY, AUGUST 2, 1802.
Af Si. Wf. , W l-AX, W Ja.
K iff i
- -'--i.- - ?. "' P
Jubius'oit (ftmntn girtdorn.
JOHN Ilt'UH FMITH, Mayor.
WILLIAM MIANK, ireorrfer.
JiillM lill'.rllll.f.Y, .Vjr..jl.
Vj.ur,- Af,.r.fc.il W. II. Witklumn, A. C. Tucker,
an. I .lane A. "leele.
Clrrln a llit Mrrt't John lliiiinbleV , ez-rft. i"u, first;
J,n Ittan, Second ; and John Redda, third.
Tm Armr William Prlver.
llnnH I'ollartor A. U. Huaukland.
llu.r 7'ur Collector t. B. Uarrirtt.
7Vilir It. iKnry.
IIW .tf.ial.s- Thirties l-ttke.
fc'Kj.e. oien.iisil of tin Warklvmnri O,
' inlmAriU tfe irr Worte James Wratl
! . rts Firs Jprtrt.eiir John M. R-elmiy.
h,,t.m rftht Ceiaeery-T. II. Mi Bride. 1
Wrert dierseer J. L. Hewarl. '
Ciy AiUrm Julio M-Phall Hmltll.
;;.KirJ Altlrrmnt Vt. M. Brlen, PriKld.nt ; J. 15.
Newman, O. A. J.etayOeld,!) (I. ScoTei.Wm.8 ( hint
ham, J. C Cmlth, M. . I- Claiborne, mid .In. Hobli.
Cmnwn ftmrnnl W. P. Junn, President i William
Kiilii'rU, T. J. Vrhnnili, Win. Prlver, Win. BUwarl,
Ixjiik lloujh, W. l u'lins, James Turner, n.M. Nali
A. J. (!ole, Jas. INcviA, Andrew Anderson, J. B.
Knnwl.-s, a'.d John Cready.
-AXI.INU roXITflM or TIU CITY IXlCunL.
Pinam Knowlee, Prove! ml die.
Huier H-orW Anderson, Hmllh and Claiborne,
fih m1 -YarbruuKh, Turuur ,8uulliiiU'p I)av i, Brico,
' staytleld, Chealhani anil Claiborne.
' Haur Newman, Stewart and Turner.
Jf osjittul Jones, May IH'M and 8!nau.
rJ.'M.rt-t.Sinitiiani, MayltoM and Kixmlai.
lMkirrMrttl Cn a.ly, Hrlv.T aud Nman.
(jot Brivcir, Clirutliatn ami Iiuv.i.
(Vorfrry 'mltta.atawartand Newman.
A..i Wl fouM KnhiTU, Sloart and Tnruor.
SWi llouth, ClHlburuo aud iMvla.
I'nlir Clirathani, Hrien and AtidlTloo
'finny Hi'UkIi, t'.uibiirne aud Brien.
W,H khutM t'benll.aui, Nay Hi-Id und. Know!n.
;),., nnmlt nii.l tjiliiiir Colo, Hrm-H and
i-uHtc Ifoy-riji Brim, Cliralham and Turner.
1M limit Uaylluld, Juni-a atd Kobi-rU.
afTlie Il urd i Aldi-nuvn mrtl Ilia Tuumtaya
Dc 1 1 priH Tillnn tlio nvnn.1 and fourth TlmrmUya la
eacli inonlli, aud lUu Cwnmou Cuiini-ll tli i-ioud
and fiurta TUurKlaya In fnoh ruculli.
rpi'ti .lotan IUiiiIi.
irl .iu.nuiU Win. Varbrouli. ,
Hmaut Litittrmnl Julin II. DirU.
Vohermm Wm- Jaokaon, John Cavtiuk-r, Nl'll Pa-
ia,.liil rilll'l, Wni. Hjkor, John Cvllrcll, W i '.Hiuu
Mayo. J.ilin KnKlea, J. W. WrlKbt, John l-urki-tt,
Kob.-rt Hoolt, W. C. mucin, Thomas Francla, Andrew
J.i) ci', David Vatca, aud Charlai IIuliLt.
mm" Tho PoMco Couit In nix-lid every morning at
Umi' o'rli . k.
Mm -Jumin M. Illnton. Irjnii,p-Thomas ll"h
kon aud J. K. Purhauaii.
lUyioirr Thllli-atl (.arri-ll.
'tVtmet V. .Iaiwr Tuy l.ir.
(Wmh- S H. IKIcIhi".
lUmgtr .li.hu fnthltt.
Unnrnt (,IUcl,rJ.H. I)i ll. y .
lf.iiio.iJ 7u. (Vlr.i W. II. ll.ib.-r Ifill.
Cifl.ilh fur I In iVoiAmf.' Itulrut- J. lili l. (iow.-r
au.l .1 K Ncv. mull.
llou. Jio-.. WliJIwuih.
I'lrii l.uidklcy Nl.'hol.
aThp J.i.ltc.-'H (ourt nii'tti tin- Itrui Mnn.liiy In
iriu'h linn) Ih , avd thi ijnarti'tly t'ourt, r-j.mpiw. d i-i
thu Mait'alraii k !' Hip t'l.uuty, In h)ld lite tint Vlon
day hi .laiiiMiy, .rlt, July and (Irltihr-r.
Jm.I-U,.u. NatliauU-l D ul. r.
(7n'i'-lavid U. l.ove.
aaVTlu- t'ourt im-i-la tin- Br t Mon.la) 4u .Murtli
and S-ili inlii-r.
jM.fllt.u, WUiUin K. I'uriu-r.
CM jct'hurlva k. Ihrkou. '
C'ooil m. U IU Ul.t U. ill, la) to April All
gnat and IV.'ruit.tr.
ifwltur Hun. tsmu'l l 'iier,on.
t,rl ami ifai -J. K. Ii'Hvm.
Tl. I'ourl uuH'tti llu' Dial Uu.!a id M iy tiii.l
I. o. o. r.
Jon K. Hipr, Urand So.-n-tary, should be al.lnwa
at A'iiitir, 7Va.
7'.t.np.rr L.Mfyr, A.i. 1 M.-i-ta t-very Tiu-a. ay Lvi-n-iiif,iit
th.'lr IUHtiu the corner of Cut. hi and Sum.
ni.-ralr.-ela. Tlie olll.i.-ra l.r the prcst.nt term, are:
O. (t. Iane.ir, N (i.; J. K. Wills, V (V; J L. W.-ak ey,
S-. n-Ury ; L K S'pain, Tr.-..a.iiur.
7V.if-ue J-o.j, iV.i. 10 M.-cta at the s.iri.o p'.ne
v.-ry Moli.Uy Km-ihuk T1 Ih--rs are : It. A.
(ampl.i'll, N.G.; lletiy Apj.le, V.tl.jJ I. l'ark,
Senior ; B, Itrown, TcaauriT.
Smih-p I..v. ' Mi-I at Hi. Ir Hall, on f- iilh
lln-rry ali.i-1, cv.-ry Krl.lay ri-clnj. The olllc-rs
an- . l C. Cov rt, N O ; Vrauk llnrman, V.tL; Jhiik k
W utt, S.'1-r.-lary ; W. M. li.illory, Tr.aaurrr.
'Aurora I.U't 0p ilertn..ii)MiH-ts at the
Hall, loriier of llul.m ud SLimimr streets, every
rhura.Uy KvnliK. The olTt.-.-rs ara : (liailes Pith.
N 11.; P. Kri-.lni'i, V li.; UiUei M. h, Svr.-Uii y ;
Kvlj. ll) eHeumpiiwur, 1- M. els at the above Hall
on the Urat au I third WoJues.laya of ea-h uiouili.
Vboai.rsar:J.k'.llills.C.-.;T.li.!sellrl.W.,ll P ;
t;. V fuller, H W .; 1'eU-i lUrnl, Jl ., J W ; J..I.U K.
Hide, S. ribe , H. 11. Culler, I'c.in.irer.
ti, Ihun.h A'.a.w'ii A'"- 4-M.eis al the
above llai ou Ilia a.-'..ii.l and l.-urtli We.liu.lay
ulklila of em h ni.iulli. The oill.vra are J.m. T II. h,
t P.; Henry Apple, II I's 1.. M.-Wer, B. ri.-.i-
man, J ' Ch:i e Ki.l.., fVllbe; J N Ward,
ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE OF TRAINS.
I.ulaville J Naahville K II Tiaiu li-ari-s al 1 4i. A M.
.. air ai t:..i V M.
Nashville c Ifc eatur K K 'ITi.in leavei at uo, A U.
arr at 7 CO, 1' U.
Narh A I hatiauoog i K .11. Traiu la. vi- al lo 00, A al.
.. .. . r al .,1'M.
ADAMS EXrEKSS COWANY.
.il l"l . ' No. til, Mkaal tSiatar.
1'eraoUS wlal.llii! to aeu.l Freluhl and P.ka:es l-y
Ida aloruiug Ti Uua Ihe Uhihills im
viixs, and NasariLis ii Dsvart-n rUnsoiia,
tuust havs the suae al the mhcvi by O viovk Ih.
Davidson Countt Pirkctokt Continutd.
MILITAEY ft TI ARTE as AND 0TFICEE3.
.- IIailqiiarlri on H jh itret. Urn. Dumoot
Vitlrlii IL'ad.inartra un Sumuiar atruat (lir
rum's midfoot ) Capt Orwa, A. A. U.
'ruruar Joril.ul Il-adquartur on Cburch atrrvt.
(Tf inuia actdrmy.) Cul. Siaulay llltliea.
Cht AmitanI Qunritrmniirr lleadquarteri on
Cherry itrt ; No. 10, (JuJgo Cntrun'a rtalUrnno.)
Capt. J, I. fjiorharu.
AuUint QtarUrmatUr .')iatlanouja Dvpot Capt.
Huui.iiW QtuirlwmuiiUr f.ul atrat, uval alra.
Polk a rnudrnia. (apt. K. N. Limb.
Aitiaal (narMnuifrNu. 87, Market troat.-
(apt. J. 11 Halo.
Chief rurrainiMur'T ll-.vWuarLia, No. lti, Yiu et.
Capt. K. Matfi oly.
O.atmiMoty of ur.;.M.Mt lltoad alrat. Capt. H.
Artinj O'nimiMur of Suaiteiu-9 Cornrr of Broad
and OilK-ve airo-ta l.lrut Charlet Allen
Afrrii.-aJ Uirtrtor -uuimMr atrei-t. (lr. Ford's old
r.idencp ) HurRi-on, E. Swift.
MUoal -urrrjor'a Uffic4 Church itraot, Masonic
Hxll-lliif. J. R. Pirtie, Surnrdu, lib Kentucky la.
fautry, A :l inc Mrdlcal Purveyor.
ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE 07 MAILS.
Northern Mali, via loulsvllls, arrives Dally, 6. .10 P.M.
" " " leaves " 7.4S A.M
Columbia, via T A. K.R. srrlves " .0 P.M.
" " " ; leaves " 6.(0 A.M,
Hhelbyvilln.Tia N. at C. R.R, arrives ' 3.30 P.M.
" " ' lavs " 10.00 A.M.
1ibanon, . arrives " 12.00 M.
" . . leaves .C0 P.M.
Memi'liU Mall, leaves Pally, va Ixiuiavllle aud Cairo.
POST-OKKICBS CI'EV BEYOND LEBANON ARK
Watertown, Jennlng s fork.
LOST 01 riCI'S ON LINK Of N. a C. R.B.
Jordun's Valley, or Hhelhyville,
B. B. CONNOR & BR0.,
NO. t COIXK(;t 8THMKT.
4ew niocU Jii received and for tuale
tw lu t-luae oul vuaieinsseiila.
JJ Bios. Kail, l.w lu by
CONNOR ft I1RO.
ff bones fAi.T, for sals by
IUU ap CONNOR k BH0.
( "e ROPK, for aalu by
OVJ ap8 CONNOR A BRO.
f bb s. Coal OIL, lor sals by
'1 J sp a
I I hall bbls. Uml OIL, Tor sale by
CoNNi iR BRO.
1 V au 9
1 Kf dozen BKOOMS,lur sale by
lOVJ api CONNOR a HKO.
I ( b.lIeS.SOAP, for sale by
0J up It CONS. ill A BRO.
fyy boliw .vfAK.;H, lor sale by
CI IS NOR A 1IR0.
CONNOR A IIRO
I O -beals TkA, lor sale liy
14) half chests TKA, for sale by
CONNOR A BItO.
I i) oa.li. a 'I'KA, ..r ante by
1w ap CONN Nit A BUI I.
1 bo.-a Yeaat I'im'DKKH.f.r sale by
I V ) ap l liNNuR A HRl.
CSKS SoIiA, for sale by
CONNOR A BRO.
k-rm-a UalLIIM, lor Sale by
NNOR A BRO.
i) hn.-a Mar CANlll.kS, lor aale by
tJ ap S CONNOR A BRO.
IT, i...ies t:ii r Kh;, lor sale by
-mti aim Covndr A HI.
Uhl.lH. V1NKUAK, t r aale by
CONNOR A BRO.
SALMON, f r sale by
CONNOR A BRO.
kits MAi:KkKU.,tor i-a-e by
r kua IIKI'.KI.M), r..r sale by
kits SHAH, for sale by
CONNOR A BRO.
bbla TH.ll T, fur an'e by
CONNOR A BP.0
bills M ACKKHkX, for sals by
11INNOK A HUO.
Ibow Cllll.R, lur aale by
ap H CONNOR A BRO.
1 n b...-s dried H.:KI Nil, fir a. In by
ID ap S CONNOR A BI'.O.
U. bot.-s Oried Sealed, for sale bv
) ap s CONNOR At BRO.
Ol kn NAIl.t, for aale by
Cy apt CO'.NORA B!tO.
."v bhla Ci ushad .Sugar, Ku sale bv
ap H OiNNOR A URO,
I a I f biuva M 1- Al , for aale by
-C(J .ill CONNORA BRO.
-Tf t b" I'lAIl K, lor eale by
UJk a. a (XiNN'OR A BRO
t) I caka IIAM, ftir aale by
-iKJ p CON NO A BRO.
')( "asks .SlilKS, for sale by
ZVJ ap s CONNOR A BRO.
Of "W lihls Hue PoT . row, for sale by
el.J't. upK CONNOa J BRO.
QA boxes fnah liardfu riKKII, f.r a'.le by
(vV ap CtlNNOKABKO.
Sbl-ui Ouion rKIM, lor aa.e by
ap S CONNOR A BRO.
1 I Her. ea lanvjMe.l HAMS, lm s uirl:, l .( ol"a7l
IV 7 aorls -a i.no.ts, winch v.e will ol.e oul low, at
our (Hd st.nd, No. A Cill.'ge atreet.
ap K II CON SOU A BRO.
' I Klifiitiou of PHi.'ni, irivn(lri,n(i uthir via
1 Unix NhaIivi11(, rtwitiinu), m-U-in aid, w rm,Hvt
fVilly .'till, m u Una oltU o, Nd .h.Iii irk Ut mc
n-mt ft. kit, iK'iwti'ii i tii-rry ami the Sjuarti.
Itr. i'oiKMAN t i old rai lilmiirr of unvik iDi; bi
aiimi uuiiunuvi rxHritUu. a.nj tlkiiioriLA) aurH'iH
itir n.Aiiy ir (,, id in inktiiitui . rwir.Tg ip
UMMH, li itiitoMl Linu lo tli vtai? li a uulvitlJ aiuu
litu Ui all ilur&a.v ,f iiiu uluru. Uaiuy cut ol
thf tii't liiVftfrai limfmltir liava inuillr ytttikliKf
ui uia iH'nivwi uioiiiuti m iroAtiHtciii
I'rmmry , r4xiU'Ury , rori.t.rv anU llr-rtil Urv HTlh
Uia. li.itiurrtiir, ttittal aitJ U Imt1sam o th irvuiu
au a urinary organs, nu'. iw ib im ruaiAtUui W bit
A ( inl irrvAiniariitt an J tuu iioual tnJrratit
nioiiU m lh Wtnub, aut lh tltafaa; ana ug truis
tjaiuAtt ami til maufJ tiarturiiuui.
Kvi y iiHai' fl KtsniciUit fiuj'Uir, and tf llta,aro
i roiataa o( the Kcoium. ami ui -i rvMf ol iiuia,
ui lf rur.'J by a irvM urly auUwai. 1 ntirr
, ihf Lwuur t un lot aftcu ) lr. Vkm.aa. a
rut la inisirutf-iy umrr anlni aJ a rJArcnji Ekiuitin..
a wivi isnfiita iba utv.'iuary tiiilM-iMma of notat or
.uJ-.rh liw tn.Lntvi ialh.Nj k4 owra(in.
trii(A) ul iiiitj ai aipl iu m waiB or bf Iriiar
.iv.i lni cia, -q thu Biai avniHiua f auy acul
ktit'iiu tliftiv-,- 1-A.n b Oa.rta,io unl otuna, iijf Utf
alHiilivi- nifll i., ib ftiriy i.ia tnura
Hlru i c.-iiilJ. iHV iiuiH aiivi.ltoo, aul jolM-aU
cUm. arul gmtrn hitu wtl bw palron.
S" rotrrur uh, iu Hi iroalilitnil u wmm
itufuAM i iHTiiivv ;o atAtsi iduk-a) li iAf.H.0
orM ditM-aM lUau inal II a f ivm t i ur
Uilio ht'Uit Irota tig til IU Ui muroinf UU Bra al
T K U 31 S I
Pjiit Cam, per annum fs 00
" ' Week 20
Tl WnstT L'.vioji, par anoaai, H 00
WavKLT Civiov, p.ir annum $4 00
RATES OF ADVKUTISIAU.
( rsa uaaa oa taw to oumrm-n a axtt sin )
1 Sauar, 1 day, 1 00 sack additunal inaenioa f M
I we. k, t ou wli a-l.liluHiai aqjare I w
" i ' 4 b0 ' " I 00
" I month, 8 no " ' " 3 00
" 3 ' t 00 " " . 4 60
" 13 00 " - t 00
" " ID 00 I 00
i. u i j og .. .. .. fa 00
To ATJ VKUTISKIIS In DKTAIIj
the KiTas wiu. at F.-i Lowa :
Quarter Column, 1 tn( nth , $lf 00
.... 24 Oil
4 . 0O
70 I 0
Half Column 1 month
One ( ok. ma 1 "
Adrsrlireini-nts ocenrtyint anv s.-rcial position in-
airfe, uo per m,ni,. addlloaal t spu. ial iMaiiiou outsidi'
IV i--r uvnv,
v Ailvertlsement Inserted la she Ic si Column
ohayoc) at literate of twenty cents er line.
cnanices may be aia.ia Hrto.iteaHr whsa aft-reed
upon; but ev.-rv such chauire will Involve exuaex
penae, te be taitl for by the advertiser.
AAaT" Atlrrrtir$ ttrc?ttiug lAekaj)oea eontructed forvill
he ckaryeti fur Ikt tJroru.
Marriage and funeral Nollcea,
When eiceeuiur five lines, will bs charged al lb
ueiu.l silver CauiR ralee.
Announceinrnti of Candidate.
foa Stats OtricsKi $10 00
" Oouhtt " 6 00
" ClTT " , ;. 00
Cih required in advanun fur all a Jvertlaeinouts,
uuleas by special agrneineul.
We, the undersigned, have Ib'.a day adapted the
Above ratos, lo which we biud vurnelves ttrwtly to
' WM. CAUKltOf , ftir tho rm'.
JOHN WALLACK, for tl.a JujmcA
,, NasnvtLilTenn.,Juij 12, 18fli.
SATL'BDAY MORNING. AUGUST 2, 18C2
RkllEt, Lo.SSKS 1H THK GBKAT BATTLEi.
Jons R. Thompson, the " Dixie "cori
respondent of the Grcoada Appeal, writes
from lliehmoiul on tlio 2d instant:
A 8d and dreary day, wilh driving
clouds and pouring rain from tlio east,
gloom above and around us, tliplonir ter
rible battle ttill raping near enough for
us to hear tliu dull, heavy thuodrr of ar
tillery mingled with the litl'ul soughs of
tho storm. It is, indi-ed, with sorrowful
heart that your correspondent continues
his fragmentary notes of the great strug
gle for the Capitol; for along Vvery street
the ambulances are to be seen slowly
moving with tho wounded, and in mauy
home lies some lovely one killvd in the
fight of yesterday. Richmond is deso
late, and a voire of lameDtation like that
heard in Itatnah goes up for her children.
I have just seen the placid face of a
dear young friend set in the rigid lines
of death a gallant Lieutenant nut yet
twenty, who fell pierced wilh three balls
by the side of his battery, so young.so fair
so brave, so gentle, that the heart of the
most insensible of his enemies must have
relented at the sight of such sncriliee.
Alas, there are hundreds of such rases,
and to-day every city and hamlet of the
Sou'h unites its mournings with the
mournings of Iiichmond. ,
But II li:ir I k'-ilii-, vim Una iiuiHt te
lu evLry lao.uJs vi. lory
Truth to say, though this city has suf
fered severely ever siuce this cursed war
was begun by the brutal tyrant at Wash
ington, and counts its losses upon many
fields Hull Run, Manassas, ball's Dlul);
Kernstown, Roanoke Islam), Dunelson,
Williamsburg, the Seven Tines, it has
never so fully experienced the dire ca
lamities of war as in tho battle of last
evening. The I'ureell battery, command
ed by young Willie I'egram, of whom I
poke in a former letter, has beeu liter
ally annihilated. On Thursday morning
last it numbered 110 members three
hours ago I saw all that was left of it,
hardly a dozen men, weary and broken
down with seven days service in tininter
niitted fighting. The officers, wilh the
exception of the Captains, have all been
killed, the privates to the number of 115
or l'.'U men, have been either killed or
wounded, the horses lie piled up around
the guns on the field, and the little rem
nant of the brave corps has been granted
leave of absence to gather strength and
fill up its rank. The Letcher Artillery
has suH'ered heavily, losing one of its
Lieutenants, Charles Litis Munford, son
of the Secretary of tho Common wealth,
many of its men, and nearly all of its
horses. Captain John Stewart Walker,
of the Light Infantry, was killed while
gallantly leading his command, aud Col.
Thomas 1'. August, the law partner of
General Randolph, Secretary of War, has
been severely wouuded.
When Luiiis l'liilippe was travelling.
as an exile, in the western part of this
country, lie hail occasiou to render
prompt surgical aid upon the road, in the
case of au accident, and such was his
skill anil Buccca in the operation that
the people of the vicinity made him an
overture to remain wilh them in the
practice of his supposed pn tesssiou, with
me promise ol two hundred dollars year
certain, and six hundred in prospect.
When he was King of France, he men
tioned the all'.ir tu au American, and ad
ded that he was not certain that he
would not have dune well tu accept it
i. I'a'.liii.Lire Sun..
OrThc must dilrvsing ei!Vct, per
haps, 'of the presret want of small
changv caiue lo liht on Sunday iu tho
liev. Henry Ward IVccher's i lunch,
where, when the plain was passed
around to hitu, an elegantly-dressed
gentleman was compvllcd to respond tu
tho calls of charily by bunch of old
The Border Stales and the rrealdent
senator Ilendeiaon'a licplf fa
Wasuinotok Cnv, July 21, 1302.
Mr. President: The pressure of busi
ness in the Senate during the last few
days of the se sion prevented my at tend
ance at the meetings of the Border States
members, called to consider your pro
position ia reference to gradual emanci
pation in our State.
It is for this reason only, and not bo
cause I fail to appreciato their import
ance or properly respect their sugges
tions, that my name does not appear to
any of the several papers subtnifed iu '
I may also sdd that it was my inten
tion, when the subject came up practi
cally for consideration in the Senate, to
express fully my views iu regard to it.
This of course would have rendered any
response unnecetsary. But the want of
time to consider the nutter deprived me of
that opportunity, and lest now my silence
may be misconstrued, I deem it proper to
say to you that I am by no means indif
ferent to the great questions so earnest
ly, and as I believe so honestly, urged by
you npon our consideration'.
The Border States, so far, are the chief
sufferers by the war, and the true Union
men of, those States have made the great
est sacrifices for the preservation of the
Government. This fact does hot proceed
from mismanagement on tho part of the
Union 1 authorities, or a want of regard
for our people, but it is the necessary re
sult of tha war now upon us. Our States
are tha battlefields. Our people, divided
among themselves, maddened by tho
struggle, and blinded by tho smoke of
battle, invited upon our soil contending
armies' the one to destroy the Govern
ment, the other to maintain It. The con
sequence, to us, is plain. . - Tho shook of
the contest upturns society, and desolates
the land. We have made sacrificed, but
at last they Were tho only sacrifices de
manded by duty, and unless we are wil
ling to make others, indeed any that the
good bf the county, involved in the over
throw f treason, may exact at our hands,
our title to patriotism is not complete.
. When you submitted your proposition
to ' Congress, in March last, "that the
United Stales ought to co-operate wilh
ny State which may adopt a gradual
abolishment of slavery, giving to such
State pecuniary aid, to bo used by such
Stale in its discretion, to compensate for
the inconveniences, public and private,
produced by such change of system. 1
gave it a most cheerful support, 'and I am
satisfied it would have received tne ap
probation of a large majority ol thu bor
der State delegation in both branches of
Congress, if, in the first place, they had
believed the war, with its continued evils
the most prominent of which in a ma
terial point of view is its injurious ctl'i-ct
on the institution of slavery in our Slates
could possibly have been protracted
for another twelve months ; and if, in the
second place, they had felt assured
that the party having the majority in
Congress would, like yourself, be equally
prompt in practical action as in the ex
pression of a sentiment. While scarcely
any one doubted your own sincerity in
the premises, and your earnest wish
speedily to terminate the war, you can
readily conceive the grounds for infer
ences of opinion where conclusions could
only be based upon conjecture.
Relieving, as 1 did, that the war was
not so near its termination as some sup
posed, and fevling disposed to accord to
others the same sincerity of purpose that
1 should claim for myself under similar
circumstances, I voted for the proposition.
I will suppose that others were actuated
by no sinister motives.
In doing so, Mr. 1'iesident, I desire to
be distinctly understand by you aud by
my constituents. I did not suppose at
the time that I was personally making any
Sacrifice by supporting the resolution, nor
that tha people of my State were called
upon to make any sacrifice, either in con
sidering or accepting the proposition, if
they saw fit. 1 agreed with you in the
remarks contained in the message accofu
panying the resolution, that "the Union
must be preserved, aud hence all indi-i-peusable
means must be employed."
War has been and continus to
be an indispensable means to this end.
A practical re-acknowledgment of the
National authority would render the war
unnecessary, aud it would at ouce cease.
If, however, resistance continues, the war
must also contiuuu ; and it is impossible
to foresee all ihe incidents which may at
tend, and all the ruin which may follow
it. It is truly "impossible" to forcseu
all the evils resulting from a war so stu
pendous as the present. I shall Ik-much
rejoiced if snint-thing more dreadlul than
the sale of freedom to a few slaves iu the
Border States shall not result from it. If
it closes w ith the Government of our fa
thers secure, and constitutional liberty in
all its purity guaranteed to tho white
mat), the result w ill be better thau that
having a place iu the frars'of many go id
men at present, aud much better than tho
pa-.t history of such revolutions can jus
tify us in expecting.
In this period uf the nation's distress,
I know of no human institution too sacred
for discussion ; no material interest be
longing to the citizen that he should not
willingly place upon the altar of his
country, if demanded by the public good.
The man who cannot now sacrifice party
and put aside selfish considerations is
more than half disloyal. Such a man
does not deserve the blesniugs of good
government 1'iide of opinion, based
upon sectional jealousies, should not bo
permitted to control the decision of any
political question. These remarks are
general, but apply with peculiar force to
the people of the Border Mates at pirsent.
Let us look at our condition. A deso
lating tar is upon us. We cannot escape
it if we would. It the Union armies
were to-day withdrawn from the Border
States, without first crushing the' rebel
lion m the South, no national man can
doubt for a moment that the acllo-u m of
the Union cause in tliosn States would
soon be driven in exile Iroru their homes
by the exultant rebt-U, who have bo long
Loped to return and take vengeance upon
The people of the Border States under
stand very well the unfriendly aud selfish
spirit exercised toward them by the
leaders of this cotton State rebellion, be
ginnlngaometime previous to its outbreak.
They will not fail to remember their In
solent refusal to counsel with us, and
their haughty assumption of responsi
bility npon themselves for their mis
guided action. Our people will not soon
forget that while declaiming against co
ercion, they closed their floors against
the exportation of slaves from the Border
States into the South, with the avowed
ptirjKise of forcing us into rebellion
through fears of losing that specL'S of
property. They know very well the ef
fee' to be produced on slavery by a civil
war, especially in those States into which
hostile armies might penetrate, and upon
the soil of which the great couiests lor
the success of Republican government
were to lie decided. They wanted some
immediate ground for the conflict of arms
territory where the population would
be divided. They knew, also, that by
keepinft slavery in the B.irder States, the
mere "ftiction and abrasion" to which
you so appropriately allude, wonl 1 keep
up a constant irritation, resulting neces
sarily from the frequent losses to which
the owners would be subjected. They
also calculated largely, and not without
reason, upon the repugnance of non
slayeholdera in those States to a free
negro population. In tha mean time,
they intended persistently to charge the
overthrow of slavery to be tho object of
the Government, and hostility to this in
stitution the origin of tho war. By this
means the unavoidable incidents of the
strife might easily be charged as the
Settled purposes of the Government.
Again, it was well understood by these
men that exemplary conduct on the part
of every officer and soldier employed by
the Government, could not in the nature
of things be expected, and the hope was
entertained, upon the most reasonable
grounds, that every commission of wrong
and every omission of duty would pro
duce a new cause for excitement and a
new incentive for rebellion.
By these means the war was to be
kept in the Border States, regardless
of our interests, until an exhausted trea
sury should render it necessary to send
the tax-gatherer among our people, to
take the little that might be left them
from the devastations of war. They
then expected a clamor for peace by us,
resulting in the interference of France
and .England, whoso operatives iu the
meantime would be given to wanf, and
whose aristocracy have ever been ready
to welcome dissolution of the Ameri
This cunningly devised plan fur se
curing a Gulf Confederacy, commanding
the mouths of the great Western rivers,
and the Gulf of Mexico, and the Southern
Atlantic Ocean, wilh their own territory
unscathed by the honors of war, and
surrounded by the Border States, half
of whose population would be left in
sympathy with them for many years to
come, owing to the irritations lo which
I have alluded, has so far succeeded
In Missouri they have already caused
us to lose a third or more of the slaves
owned at the time of tho l.ilu census. In
addition to this, I can make uo ebtimatc
of tho vast amount of properly of every
character, that has been destroyed by
military operations in the State. The
loss from general depreciation of values,
and the utter prostration of every busi
ness interest of our people, is wholly be
yond calculation. The experience of
Missouri is but Ihe experience of other
sections of tha countiy similarly situa
ted. Ihe question is, therefore, forced
upon us, "How long is this war to con
tinue V und if continued as it has been
on our soil, aided by tho treason and
folly of our own citizens, acting in con
cert with the Confederates, how long
can slavery, or, if you please, any other
property interest survive in our States'.'"
A things now are, the peoplo of the
Border States yet divided, we cannot
expect an immediate termination of the
struggle, except upon condition of South
ern independence, losing thereby control
of the lower Missi-sippi. For this, we
in Missouri are not prepared, nor are we
prepared to become one of the Confeder
ate States, should the terrible calamity
of dissolution occur. This, I presume,
tho Union men of Missouri would resist
to the death. And, whether they would
do so or not, I will not suppose for an
instant that the Government of the
United States would upon any conditions
submit to the loss of territory, eo essen
tial to its future commercial greatness
as is tho State of Missouri. But should
all other reasons fail to prevent such a
misfortune to our peoplu of Missouri,
there is one that cannot fail. The Con
federates never wanted us, and would
not have us. I assume, therefore, that
the war will not cease, but will be con
tinued until the rebellion shall be over
come. It cannot and w ill not cease, so
far as the people of Missouri are con
cerned, except upon condition of our
remaining in tho Union, and the w holt)
West will demand the entire control of
the Mississippi river to tho Gulf. Our
interest is, therefore, bound up w ith the
interests of those Slates maintaining
the Union, and especially with tho great
States of the West, that must bu consult
ed iu regard to the terms of any peace
that may be suggested, even by the na
tions of Europe, should they at any
time unfortunately depart from their for
mer pacific policy, and determine to in
tervene in our allairs.
Tim war, then, will have to be contin
ued until the Union shall be practically
restored. In this alone consists the fu
ture safety of the Border States them
selves. A separation of the Union is
ruinous to them. 'Ihe pit-serv atioii of
the Union can only be secured by a con
tinuation of the w ar. The coiise pletH es
of that continual ion may be judged of by
the exporif nee of the last twelve mouths.
The people of my Stale arc a competent
tu pass judgment in the premixi s as 1
am. I have every confidence iu tin ir
intelligence, their honesty, and their
Inyourowu language, the pi. 'position
you maku, "Acts u; no cla.ai f a nht
by Federal authority to Interfere with
slavery wilhin State limits, referring as
it does the absolute control of the subject
in each case to ths State and its people
immediately interested. It is proposed
as a matter of perfectly free choice with
In this view of the subject, I can frank
ly ssy lo you, that personally I never
could appreciate the objections so fre
quently urged against the proposition.
If I understood yon properly, it was your
opinion, not thai slavery should be' re
moved in order to secure our loyalty to
the Government, for every personal act
of your Administration precludes such
an inference, but you believe that the pe
culiar species of property was in immi
nent danger from the war in which we
Were engaged, and that common justice
demanded remuneration for the loss of it.
You then believed, and again express the
opinion, that I ne peculiar nature of the
contest is such that its loss is almost
inevitable, niul lest an? iire'ext for a
charge of injustice against the Govern
ment be given to Its enemjas, yon pro
pose to extend to Ihe people of thoso
Stales standing by tho Union, tho -choice
of payment fur tlu-ir slaves or the res
ponsibility of loss, should it occur, with
out complaint against the Government.
1 lacing the matter in this light (a mere
remuneration for losses rendered inevi
table by the casualties of war,) the ob
jection of a constitutional character may
be rendered much less formidable in ths
minds of Northern Representatives, whose
constituents will have to share in the pay
ment of the money; and so far a. the
border States are concerned, this objec
tion nhould bo most sparingly urged, for
it being a mattur entirely of their " own
free choice," in case of a dot-iro lo accept,
no serious argument will likely be urged
against the receipt of thu money, or a
fund for colonization. But aside from
the power derived from the operations of
war, there may be found numerous pre
cedents in the legislation of the past
such as grants of land and money to the
several States, for specified objects deem
ed worthy by tho Federal Congress.
And in addition to this may be cited a
deliberate opinion of Mr. Webster upon
this very subject, in one of the ablest ar
guments of his life.
1 allude to this question of power,
merely in vindication of tho position
assumed by me, in my vote for the reso
lution of March last. In your last com
munication to us, you beg of us "to com
mend this subject to the consideration
of our States and peoplu." While 1 en
tirely dill'er wilh you in tho opinion ex
pressed, that had the members from the
Border Slates approved of your resolu
tion of March last, " tho war would now
bo- stubstanlially ended," and while- I do
not regard the suggestion "as one oHhe
most potent and swift means of ending"
the war, I am yet free to say that I have
tho most unbounded confidence in your
sincerity of purpose in calling our at
tention to the dangers surrounding us. I
nut satisfied that you appreciate the
troubles of tho Border Siates, and that
your suggestions are intended for our
good. 1 feel the force of your urgent ap
peitl aud the logic of surrounding cir
cumstances brings conviction even to an
unwilling believer. Having said that in my
judgment J on attached bio much impor
tance to this measure as a means for sup
pressing this rebellion, if is duo to you
that I should explain.
Whatever may bo the status of the bor
der States in this respect, the war cannot
be ended until the power of the Gov
ernment is made manif.-st in the sered -d
States. They appealed to the sword ;
give them the sword. They asked for
war; let them see its evils on their own
soil. They have erected a Government
and they force obedience to its behests.
This structure must be destroyed ; th s
image, before which an unwilling people
have been compelled to bow, must be
broken. The authority of the Federal
Government must be felt in the heart of
the rebellious district. To do this, let
armies be inarched upon them at once,
and let them feel w hat they havs indict
ed on us iu the border. Do not fear our
Slates; wo will stand by the Government
ill this work.
1 ought not to disguise from you or tho
ptople of my Stale, that, personally, I
have fixed and unalterable opinions on
the subject of your communication.
I hose opiouioiis I shall communicate to
the people in that t-pii it of frankness that
should charcteri'e iho intercourse of the
representative with hi cont-tiluteuts. If
1 were to-day the owner of the lauds and
slaves of Missouri, your proposition, so
far as that State is concerned, would be
immediately accepted. Not a day would
be lost. Aside from public consideration,
which you suppose to be involed in the
proposition, ami which no patriot, 1 iirce,
Nhould disiegard nt present, my own per
sonal interest would prompt favorable
aud immediate action.
But having said this, it is proper that
I aay something more. The lo prei-cuta-live
is the servant and not the master of
the people. Uo has no authority to biud
theiu to any course of adion, or even to
indicatu what tiny will or will not do
when the Subject is exclusively theirs
aud not Ins. 1 shall take occasion, 1
bono huin-slly, to give my view of exist
ing troubles and impending dangers, aud
shall leave tho rest to them disposed as
I am rather lo trust their judgment upon
the case stated ll.au my own, and at the
same time most cheei fully to aequo s
ill I heir lie. IMOII.
1 or you, personally, Mr. 1'resideiit, I
think I ran pledge the alntlcat consider
ations ul Ihe Ke'.iilo of Missouri, aud 1
hhall Hot hcciUlc to express tb b. III !
that your recommendation will be consi
dered by I hem in the same spirit of kind
uia manifested by you in ils presenta
tion to ua, aud that their decisLiii will be
such as is demanded " by their interests,
Iheir honor, and tin ir duty to thu whole
I am, very respectfully, your ob- dient
I servant, J. 1. 11 1 ..M H. I-.V-N
To his Lxielleucy, A. LlN-ol-N,
G.-ucra! I'p')' olli' ial orders have pro
duced a i hci-ring tfiect on hi army.
t'rlieltlea ol a It . r liueixal ((warier,
A correspondent of the VAiW.f w iih the
army of the Potomac, says:
Iu the present dearth of interesting and
exciting news from this section, 1 have
been induced to record the trials and mis
eries of that much-abused class of offi
cers known as Quartermasters, that others
may bo warned in lime to avoid their fale.
Stories have been told of large sums hav
ing been paid by deluded individuals for
situations as Regimental Quartermasters.
Tin se stoiies may have been true: but,
to judge from the universal testimony of
Iho Quartermasters hereabouts, it must
have been done under sumo Very singular
hallucinations as to the emoluments to be
derived from such a situation. Look, for
a moment, upon yonder man who wears
a pair of First- Lieutenant's shoulder
straps, and exhibits a rare warn and des
pairing countenance, as he, bestriding a
McClellan saddle on an animal of tho
equine species, convoys a train of "long
eared locomotives,'' attached to army
In his breast lxickct he carries a huge
file of papers, and a worried heart be
neath it. Well, that is a Regimental
Quartermaster, as is indicated by Ihe
mysterious "Q. i. npon the poor devil a
shoulder straps. This is, however, by
no means necessary to identify him. His
species is as plainly stamped tqion his
countenance as the miseries of his situa
tion arc certain. 'I he horrors of tho "in
quisition" are nothing to the horror of
" rcquUifion !" The regiment on the
one hand, and tin- liovc rnmcnt on the
other, are tho Scylla and Chary bdis the
upper aud nether millstouo, between
which the poor Regimental Quartermaster
is ground to powder.
Ihe regiment demand the Government
rations in all their variety and abundance,
under all circumstances ami in all place!),
and tho extra ration of whisky to boot.
If these aro not forthcoming they take
the recreant Regimental Quartorhiaster by
tho throat, wilh a"paylne what ihou
owest." Should the regiment be myste
riously set down iu the night in the
midst of thu great lu-sertof Sahara, after
a grand skedaddle from Homo Oriental
Richmond, wherein all their camp and
garrison equipage should be lost, the
Quart ei master would be moat ferociously
cursed for not furnishing at once whisky
and canteens for Iho men, and whisky
and wall fents for the officers.
Like " I'ip," he is the victim of "great
expectations. Ho is expected to commit
to memory, and to have always in lively
recollection, three-fourths of the "Army
lice illation!), which seem to have been
printed for bis special benefit and delec
tation. He is expected to sell clothing
and commissiry stores to the ulliccrs on
tick, and to forget the same on pay day.
lie is expected, as a personal favor for
each of Lis partieular friends the thir
ty-Seven liehl, stall and line officers to
carry eighty pounds of exit a baggage,
under the guise of lixed ammunition;
and he is expected by the Government to
use only six sickly teams to do it with,
ile H expected to purchase i..mll a aud
supply lit adqiiarters gratis. lie is ex
pected to r-pend three hours per diem at
Adams' Express Olliee, and pay all extra
charges for the privilege of getting pack
ages for the regiment. Ho is expected
to bo on the field in an engagement
to care for tho wounded aud at the
same time to lie drawing rations to dis
tribute to the men when the light is
In drawing goods from the Government
ho must produce as many names as would
fill a respectable city directory, answer
all questions in the Quartermaster's short
er catechism with a pious meekness, and,
after being Shadrachi d through the fiery
furnace, learnt that ho can only draw a
very vulgar fraction of the articles re
quired. His regiment accuses him of
fraud in his issues, and thu Government
of fraud iu his requisitions; while an
indignant public al home, viewing the
emaciated forms of reitirni-d Soldiers,
aiiathcmatuo the " damned Quartermas
ters." My yoiitlml friend, anxious to serve
your country and win glory on tho tout
ed field, when you join tho army enlist
iu the ranks, or set up as a antler, sell
the newspapers, srrve as an hostler or a
conk, turn reporter, anything, even tu
joining tho crowded ranks of Brigadier
Generals ; but don't, as you value your
peace in the service and your reputation
at home, don't turn Regimental Quar
termaster. I iielolllei a Ite-wpeued lu I rniifaasr,
Nashville, Davidson county.
Mm freesburo', Rutherford couuty.
.Ionian's Valley (Christiana), Ruther
Fosterville, Rutherford county.
Gallatin, Sumner county.
Clarksville, Montgomery county
Springfield, Robertson county.
Franklin, Williamson county.
Columbia, Maury county.
Shelbyville, Bedford county.
Lebanon, Wilson county.
Waterstown, Wilson county.
Suiithville, Di-Kalb county.
Alexandiia, DiKalb "
1'almctto, Bedford "
Jeniiiug's Forks, Smith county,
Gordonsvillc, " "
New Middlelon, Smith county.
Mil. helsviUc, Sumner county.
Sycamore Mills, Cheatham county.
Ashland City, Cheatham county.
Lafayette, Macon county.
Memphis, Shelby county.
Savannah, Ilai'ilm county.
Thu above list will be kept hlslldinj
in our columns, and ad l.d lo In m day
to -day, as other oliic aie rc-oiincU.
We would surest to jiapei in
Slat- the propiiety of copying thefcbov
Lit at !aat oikd a vtik.