Newspaper Page Text
For Freelom anl Nationality
. C. PIKIM FU, IMflor.
SATURDAY M' iliNINfJ. i M'T 13, 1-
The Charleston (S. C.) 0-ioi,-, a joiir
ntl wliich used to be edited with dcrin
ojr M1 fairnoai, is bo ikcpljr infected
with the rJilt of treason that il brawl
and ravca with an utter .liiM-ritaril of ev
ery principle anil ietitini' iil wlii' h ghould
actuate a Eeullomao. In an article ex
tracted from ita column, now Ix-lore tin,
it iit-jra the rrlwl govrrntwtit to discard
all ii f y and mercy toward Union aol
dier.i and olfievra vv lio may fall into iU
lintvla, nnl to employ naidfl lloni "
i'tjoi,n, tte f'-pf, ami frf"'
The Conr,'fr, ronplirijf f:iUehooil wilh
cruelty, jircten'U to charge the United
Slatca do? ermni'iit with committing ont
rafrr a and " in!liil in;; every gei lijii willi
deeds of Larb.ii ity." Hut pr-rliapa skhui
of our reader would like to Bee R.mi
( .vtrncta from the article of tlio f'.vi )
referred to. II eaya :
They (the North) have already done
enough to m:ilte their niiine a lliitif, of iii
I am v forever. He fore Ilntler ismied hi
order and 1'opo liU proclamation, their
Government had extinguished liberty of
xpeeeh, trampled upon the Constitution,
imprisoned nun under mm who had
regularly enlisted in the service of the
Confederacy, hmded them with chain,
and auhjected them f: the most merciless
treatment, ami cast women ued private
iilietia 0iwl li i 1. 1 i.i. int.. 1 1 41 nit r- na kml
their soldiery had polluted eve'ry section !
they had invaded with deed id' barhaii
(y. l'ut it remained for these slaves of
tyranny to avow the demoniac spirit of
their people in threat and deed which
have shocked and outraged the ivili.rd
We would be nnlriie to the cause in
which we are engaged, did we eontinna
to practice forbearance and merry toward
am h a people. They aim not to accom
plish the restoration of the Union, but to
gralify their avarice by pelting posses
sion of our fair heritage, their lust by vi
olating otir women, (heir hatred nnd ma
lire by wholesale, and indiscriminate
They have no bowela of inercy, 10
ene of justice, no aentiinent of honor,
no instinct of humanity, no rpialilv of
manhood to w hic h we (Mil appeal, l'ily
shown them would be considered fear;
forbearance they would inteprct to mean
cowardice. Mercy to inch a foe would
be the greatest cruelty to those who -arc
exposed to their hatred and fury.
We must make use of the same wea
pons he has formed ajrainsl lis. c mini
enforce exact and perfect r( Iribution. An
eye for an eye, nnd a tooth for a tooth,
must be the rule of conduct toward Ibis
mean and baibarou adversary. Ihe
dungeon, the rope, t hp lire, are the in
plriimeuu we mint make use of to turn
him from the evil course upon which he
It may look like humuriii an abMiid
ity lather too l.ir, but w c will eondos. cnil
(o examine home of the nsaerlious of
the fi.fler gravely. The haie that
the Government " extinguished libri-ty of
peceh," is an unexpected one from a
rebel aource. Wo appeal to the Seces
sionist of this city, extreme and hitter
a they are, to say whether, loii before
the Fe leral authority was re-established
here, liberty of a pencil wus not extin
guished by theiiiKclves? l'.x-(lov. l'.r.owx
will be accepted aa good 'authority on
thit point, and we heard him allege, in a
public speech, that he desisted from ad
vocating the Union cause, hecaiKe he
saw thai to persist in its advocacy would
lead to si reel brawls and bho!died.
Was not. IV. llcni.i:v compelled by a
mob to suspend the publication ol Ihe
iw ivt, A Union paper'.' lid not the
Vigilance Committee, both here and in
Memphis, prohibit Ihe circulation of the
Iouisville J. ( and other I 'nion pa
pers? Does any man believe that a newa-jiajM-r
advocating the restoration of (lio
Union would be tolerated in this city,
were it to come again under ti bid author
ity? l'ut t ioverniucnt " imprisoned private
rilien."' Are there not now upwards
of two hundred private eiii.ens lyirg in
a loathsome dungeon in Tuscaloosa, for
the crime of holding I'uion opinion?
The ( barge that rebels have been sub
jected to merciless treatment is an
infamous lie, proven' to be so
by the testimony of every rebel
prisoner who has been released from
Northern camps. They have been treat
ed with all possible kindness and indul
gence. Hut what shall we reply to llie
charge that our soldiel have polluted
every seel ion wheie they have marched
or have violated the persons of w omen ?
They are calumnies which their author
dor uot III tempt o substantiate, and il
these charges be investigated they will
recoil with terrible f.rce upon the rebel.
J.ook at l'-owling Green, Kentucky, w bile
t( was held by Ueu. Sidney .luhnson's
command. That beautiful city was laid
waste, and the country around made de-
Solate. House wire binned, fence
lorn down, Ihe vilest refuse and tilth o
u ii army i all-ri d over its utreeis, mn il
(he hear! sickened at the onli Inplv ion.
Was not a young woman shot a b w
weeks ago by Ihe rrbeU dmliv I heir .u
(Aek mi Tomphinsvillc, Kcnlu. Ly Was
not another young woman murdered by
ihe guerrill.is, a few weeks a-.,, i, i,r
Chattanooga liailioad ? W is nut ,iuiie
Garrison, an aged and helmed Union
cilieil of 1'cKalh county, murdered re
rent ly by the guerrilla who hi I in !
jntrUkeu of his hospitality Wne Hot
h dau;;hlci of an old man, a lew dais
jgo, brutally outraged by a party ol
.Confeilrite soldieis. mar f..ik.n,
iu litis .'stale, and lloir aici la
ther then Injir hi fore linir c.l t s r
Was not Gen. h'oitrtr .M.-u;, o.'oie
lying sick in an .mituilani e, ictpei ted by '
tUiii-"d nation a s lu'-pibil, numb i, d
in cold hlood tiy Captain Hammuck of .
I he I'.elxl at my V Wore not two I nion .
men tied up and inhumanly whipped with j
con hide, at TuSlahoma, a few day aro,
by t wo gui rrill.ii '.' Waa not I'r.Trn Yri j
bun; by the funio triy at Wartrace j
That julfana Inve .i .ii(.nIU pcipe- j
trated crimes in the Federal army, j -1 j
n they l ave d'Tie in all nriniea, t:
donl.t true; it would be miiacnhma j
it other ie ; but theje iimtam-r-a aie in
gularly rare excepliona, and have been
punished with the jrreatcat aevnily, and
by none more rigidly and tenihly than
( t' u. F.i Ti.F.n. lint we acscrt confidently,
that taking tccriMvniais thcnifclvca as
witnenseM, that fur one outrage cotrjluitted
by a Federal soldier we can hhow lifty
committed by rebel soldiers.. - Why, Iho
body of Cen. I'mu.ii Kk,i:1'Y was rob
bed by the r leU on the hnlllr-fi.'M very
ncenlly, of bin watch, purse, and shoul
der-atrapa. The le thin (. harlcMon
paper iy of brutality and cruelty the
belter. A journal 'which lliiealenw to
use " the rope and fire" against aoldiera
w ho bio endeavorinej to enl'orcn (he h.M
i f tli.dr country, ha mnalt reaon to
plume il-e!f oi iN lnnu.niity, or to np
m :iI tolhe civilieil world for jiwl iliral ion.
Two Small Mitters of Creat M;t!
nltuile. The writer Mould uot preanine to nj
j'1 to lboe who coniluet the Federal
army. Thin would indeed he pi(-nnnp-lion.
I'.iit it is h. ped that the caul ions
epies.,ion of a few thonghlx will be to
lerated, if not approbated.
One of the small mailer is Ihe ini-
"" 'l-"3K l""' by giienilla bands
of rebels, M'aree a day ha passed for
months, widt h did no) brin;x a report of
their robbing some d ore -house, dwelling
house, the public mi, Mealing horse,
rattle, mules, burning houses, railroad
bridges nnd trains, or fdinntinij the Fed
eral picket from ambush, or shoot in;
into stage ami railroad cars, or in the
most savage manner murdering private
citi.ens. Any one of these oft repeated
deeds may not be a, gnat matter, in a
national point of view, but all oT Iheru
aggregated make, up i great calamity;
and if not soon prevented, ther will in
rrerae till the c umlry is reduced to ab
ject povcrly many cilien slaughtered,
and tin 'supplies! of our unities cut oif.
To a tyro a I am, in military innllers,
it appeal unaccountable, that a few
thousand In n auih rs should bi allowed
toeing and cripple the iiioicminlH of a
peat ai my. Moi";.i:i and Forrest, with
about two thousand men, have cftl Ih
I I. r:ii Ii 1 c wins and tli," raili'i'aus so
( ll.'ii, thai 1 i.iuiniio'o alioii has I 1 1 sus
petuied tn twis'ii important poinls, trav
ollin? ha been rendered dangerous, and
transput lalion of army supplies ha been
rendered didicull um-ei lain, and some
tiin.s impnf -ible. 'los.iy I hi' hast, the
ellii iency of ore army h is been much
diminished. My untuloied mind cmi but
w oiuhr w hy t liese things should be so?
For months, these things liavo been done
all around the divisions of our great
army. Why have not enough men been
mounted 011 horse to driic these band
out of the country? Why should not
thi be dom now? Or is it wise to eon
tinne to icpair railroad bridges, lo be
demolished bv marauding thieves a fast
a rebuilt ? Suppose Ihe road from Louis
ville to Nashville shall soon be repaired,
anil the ti am put in motion, iloes any one
believe they will run a single week be
fore they are interrupted? Thousands
of infantry may he stationed along Ihe
route, and yet puerrilla bands may at
any time pounce on the road bet ecu
stations and tear up (ho rails, or even
overpower the guards al the bridges and
The ether small matter of great mag
nitude is, that the rebel arc daily steal
ing the horses of the Union men all over
(he country. Not a day passes which
does not bring us intelligence of horses
being taken from loyal citizens. In
many sections the Union meu have lost
all their lru'-M lit f..r cava'ry service,
"and the pr.isp, i t is Hal in a short time
there will not be a p.tod horse lelT in the
possession of a loyal man in Middle
Tennes.ee. The rebel are thus enabled
to lly with great rapidity from place t )
place, and commit depicdations any
where. Their horses cost them tiothin g.
When one break down, they tutu him
loose and take another fresh one. In
this way they are formidable, and will
have complete control ol the interior of
Ihe country. No army of infantry can
come upon them No army but a lai.e
cavalry or mounted infantry loree
can compete with them ; and certainly,
if sueh a hit e f.nr be mil soon pill in
the held, Ihcie w ill be no ij.md horses li ft
.south of the hi 1 i vi i .
Why fchouhl iherc be any hesitation lo
impress enough horses IV im n In 1 eiti.'ens
to mount .1 doen regiments .' It is plain
(K,t if Ihe Goieiunienl does not take the
boixs ol ubeU, I licit' own luaiaudcis
will. Indeed, tin ir hmi.es are bill hi Id
in rc-.-rve, lo be use. I when all Ihe horse
of l.ij al nu n sha'l I m
U ill the (iu, i tiiueiil In
niii-t nliiinalely do
s .. ; .. ii. I-'."
lllibl I. if II-e.
.1, ly w h it it
tin' lilnl in l J .1 p. is t.iy that (he
ledil.il uisi.ieis uic ill si'k of ihe
w ir, and the l cdeial newspapeis say
ll it Ihe ii b, I p; i - u ii i s a:e all sii I. of the
war. Well, lh.it i- a'l ciy 1 1 1 di I able to
i hi ir jii'l ;iiu iii and hniiiauiii . tieii
1 1, lie II, l-'l' I l,e H o,e ol InllhuiiS ot illlui-
I till Mlllerct. let US illl (.'I I t.; ether I i II 1 1 ' 1
ll.eo'.d Hag, shak- h.in li, mi., ke the pipe
"I - e, and join ill li e -oii l
I .Li . . I . e. . :i ".I I. .' Iu.
I i til.
i lei ii il w r. and
llriirt DirrnlIon In llir )rlk,
A gentleiiiau re-idmg in I'hiUdelphia
lm n c( ivc J f i oin his mother, w ho is in
T'oaton, the f.dlowin copy of a letter
which was found on theCvtnmon in that
( ity. The Idler is not Vigced, Lot in
the pla of the sfjna lure, was a hand
pointing to ( wo swords (roamed. W iit
ten at ihe top of the sheet was the fol
lowing: '.load and immediately lirftrov
No. '-. 1'irt' t in care of the ln-arcr. and
i nd by him : "
Nasiivim.k, .July, l-'ij.
You write to ki.ow how we jfet along.
Now, I will tell you nothing; nntil I ace
you. You must go to I'.oston and see
our friends there thet d il abniiliou
hole, i ou must discourage enlisting a
much as ou can- You must hinder all
you ran. l ou know how. If Loston
get the men, it must be by draft. Then
it will sound good in foreign rais, and
you know iiow 1 hate that place. We
nave Lad more help from iioslon and
New York than from all Ihe North, ex
cept what we received from Cincinnati.
You may uot know it, but thousand of
dollars' worth have been sent, us by nu n
w ho are on 'Change in State street every
day. 1 have their names, and if they
assil in this war, I will expose them.
W e have made allies in lnstn, but
(hey do not want money, which I think
is an honorable exception in the despi
cable race. Go (o the men who fought
Ihe d--d I.incdlniteg at the last election.
Iiut of them. Many of them have gone
to h-- already, but some s'iil are with
us, not for any Jove for us. Hut they
think if the K. C. is a failure, they w iil
g-ct our notes. Let them think so. Wait
with cue. Attend all the meetings.
Talk all yon can about the rights of the
Mouth, discourage enlistments. Talk
gloomily of Ihe Union cause w hile with
I nion men. Had the North been as car
nest as we, we should lravr been crushed
long ago. They must not raise the :iiXl,
tK'U, or at least soon. Jf they could
brim them 'ho Held Soon wc would
bo in a corner. Hut let (hem bring them
on a fewat a lime, and we, with Ihe
help of Ihe climate, will thin (hem oir as
fast as they w ill volunteer.
Find out every ship that leave. Give
us all the list of naval vessels, dcslina
(inti.txr. Occasionally go lo ihe oilier
places, but make Huston your home. We
have now some good allies in the army.
We are playing a game of bluff. We
must keep it up. I must say that we
have nicl a foe hard to beat that the six
days' light was awful. We lost in killed
and wounded K,OUO in trying (o (ake one
battery. A tew such victories would use
us up. That McClcllan U the devil to
us, and here is another point. on must
assist us in getting him removed. We
have had our agent at work in Washing
ton for six months for that purpose.
Cause him to bp removed and it would
take but a little to raise a meeting. See
the men whose names I give you in No.
We ha e some bonis and shoe coining
IVi'iii neutral Fngland; but I'd out a car
go wilhthein afler get ting medicine and
sail, thread, bultnti and woolen goods.
We are not so much in want of caps ns
pnivilci; yet we have a tolerable supply
ff that. It i- lime to see more good re
sult from our agents NortU. We would
have invaded Ihe North before this time,
but. we did nol w ish (o arouse the people.
When we get Ibcm sick or war, and tho
North divided, we will go. Wo shall try
I lie I-oiilcr State as goon as we ran.
do not want to wait for Ihe IHNKinO to
gel together. I hope the North will not
resort to drafting. If they do we are
lost, and it will bring gome of our friend
against us. .
Uliai lluuatt iiy Itehel oillccr Maya.
Col. Adler, a native of Hungary, who
volunteered in the relic! service, fortified
Tyler Mountain and commanded the force
at Skerry Creek which captured Colonel
Woodruff, I'e Villiers, and other olliiersi
ha arrived in Washington. He resigned
ins oiuce in i lie reix l army, ami heiug
suspected of Unionism w as arrested and
imprisoned at Lielunond. He cll'ected hi
escape, and now gives important details
of the rebel situation, of which we find
an abstract in the N. Y Titiu-3. lie gives
the following statistics of the
iir.cn. loitrr.s MARCHING NOr.TIIW.U;!,.
I nli r -i!. .In' .l!in-i.l ti' ,! 4)
M H'l'Wi'l! ' J,iri. -n 46,1110
I. .. .-in'. I ( civ ll.eiHI
Oiii. k . II H I! a. .. 1 O'hi
1,,-u A. f Hill I!! V.O
i.. i .-. ef Al .1' Mil i S OOU
li "e. I'niu" of S"illi C.vu hi 1.: iki)
(i''ll. llliif.'t- H ! O- lll , 1',
In .'.iMHt!l LMftM li'.ni 0""t:it. ."I'lilU mil
Ni.illi I'ji I h i. At I. nun, 00 000
1 1. 1 .nlry
i ,n r.li y, H'l III 'H'li
4 ! in 'it
-1 .irl t . oiiiiiimi.'I
Of artillery, the force is nut specially
mentioned, but one huuilrcii and blty
iiiece were sent with Stonewall Jackson
alone, and the entire paik are not less iu
total than four hundred. The cavalry is
accompanied by ami .(-pounders, and
most of the entile amount ol the atlil
h-ry cunsis1 of lield pieces, very many
of them rilled ami of the most modern
(ieiieral I'weH's mips alone amount
to twrnly-eight Ihousiind men, apart
from Jackson's, but il is thrown in a a
part of Jackson's force, although Colonel
Adler give it il lull value. He stale
llml (i 1 1 v line piece ol onlnaticfi
wire left behind by Genet al Mct'lellau
on Ihe ('hickahoniiny, and all of thee
have been made mailable. I he army,
lion, immediately iu front of and ou
Ihe Hank of General 1'ope, extending
from the line of (ioldousville toward
Leesbnig, i fully (wo hundred and lifty
Colonel Adler elicited f pieiiins of
lllilch surpi i.-e w hen he made the slale-
I meiil lo Ihe highest military authorities
I at U iishiiii'toii ; but he Hi-is' upon its
I Ii nth, and sii.v s that an y 1 s cab ulal ion
w ill entail most m i ion di sab r. The
' rebel are inakliur a determined push ou
j Maryland, and their plans limits l.n have
; tllel with lil II III"!.' -Hurl" than they
I nc of the si lis ol v com 1 i lev i ale d
in a trenchant and savage anii le in (he
; liichmoud I xaiiliner, dealing with the
; sbort-coming of Mr. .letbisou Oavis,
w hit h almus either that (he libeily to
I gi limbic can be vindicated in Liclmiond
npnu Occasion by kheer audaeity, or (hat
I he subject of the klriclures is so low
ii.'Wiiiu the popular favor, that there
are " iioie mi pisir as to dj hint revel
dice." Il is prclly plain lhat the libels
c ni-ider i hey have ' bought an tlcphaul"
when Mr. .Iitleisoii 1 Uv is is charged with
taking ''a iiiinslroiisJnd unnatural pi ide
!fi dilyinj pul.lii' h. tiliuienl, in Irealing
' the ( oimse's cf the people W ith iuSolciicc,
and snubbing d o e w'h the Kii of un
to, ri. v-'
Couftixnce on the Supply of Cotton.
On Ihe U'.th of Aii'.-ut a conference
look, place in London, l i t w een a deputa
tion lioui the F xerntivc Committee of the
Cotton Supply Association and commis
sioners and other representatives of coun
tries contrilniiioCT rot ion Samples to the
International F: xlnt-i ti.m. Mr. hcrtliani.
the President or the Cotton Supply As
sociation, ("ok the bair.
The Chairman, in opening the proceed
ings, said the deputation from Ihe Cotton
Supply Association in Manchi ster inviled
fro-Hilly aid and disi o-ision with regarit
to the impoi taut subject of cotton culti
vatioii from those Rcntlcntfn present who
represent the vat ions countries which had
scut samples of cotton to the Great K x-
hibilion. Heth-nrave m survey ul the
hislory, importance, and prospect of the
tollnu trade. Tlie valno of tfie Ameri
can cot (on crop, at (he close of . 1 s ill, the
largest she had ever product,'!, was 1 11,
(MHt.niKi. It w as very evident that Ameri
ca lor many years to come could not re
cant lh' t otiiiioti she bad lost. Hear,
hear.) - There were some ihooghtful men
who believed (hat under no circtimst sli
ces could Auu-ricA ever regain that posi
lie tho'ight that the other cotton pro
ducing countries of tlm world ought now
to strive to supply at least onc-hklf
(value t'J(i,((HI,(l(Hi) f ihe cotton hither
to supplied by America. At thu close of
lSOO (he prow ih of cotton iu America for
export was -l.CTo.tJtK) bales, If they ad
ded to that the quantity of cotton con
sumed in the Southern States, the total
Brow th would amount to oJKX ),()( bales,
which w as no less than Ho per cent of tho
cotton grown throughout the world. In
lirazil the growth was KtSKJO bales, be
ing - per rent of the w hole growth; in
F.gy pt the prow th was l."i",()()0 bales; in
the West Indies, 10,(KHI bale. From the
Last Indies Ci0,0K) bales were exported
in Isr.O. The (otal supply of cotton in
he year lSC'l for the consumption of the
worid was .V'-(t,tM)ii, or about 100H00
bales per week. Of that we consumed
"'J per ecu t, the Continent of Furupe
consumed el'J per cent, and America 10
per cent. (
Mr. Marsh, one of the representatives
of Australia, said that in other articles
price was an element, but in cotton it w-ss
the essence. Cotton could, no doubt,
be grown in abundance in Australia, but
be was afraid that the price of labor
there was too high to permit the produc
tion of cotton al a price which would
obtain a market iu this country. If Ihe
Australian could obtain a sufiicieut num
ber of coolies ami Chinese, they could
produce any amount of cotton.
Mr. Cave, representative of Parhados,
said cotton could be very well grown
there, and some of the landed proprietors
were w illing to undertake it growth, as
they fancied it would yield more profit
than sugar did at present. lint the dilli
culty to be dealt with was the price of
labor. In llritish Guiana there was any
amount of unoccupied hind, and cotton
could be produced there eipial to ordina
ry Orleans cotton if laborers were im
ported. A cotton-growing company had
been recently established in Jamaica,
and be believed that it was successful.
A very considerable number of sugar
eslales had lately been throw n out of
cultivation in Jamaica, and there was s
good opening; for (he slartiug of several
new cotton-growing companies there.
Coolies and Chinese woi kid very satis
factorily in the West Indies.
Yiscount de Yilla Major, representa
tive ot I'ortugal, staled that the Govern
ment of that counlry had (ilfcred land on
aelvantagectus terms on the coast of Africa
fur cotton cultivation, that the Govern
ment wa anxious to promote tho growth
of Cotton there, that cotton was produced
id Angola at Cd. per It.., and that cotton
cultivation would be protected by the
Government forces against any attacks
Mr. licaton, another representative of
Portugal said (hat labor could be obtain
ed at bd. per day in the Portugese colony
Mr. liidgway, representative of Jamai
ca, testified to the want of labor for (he
purpose of cotton cultivation there. He
also stated that in New Zealand large
quantities of cotton could be grown.
Chevalier le vinrciui, representative of
Italy, said lhat iu the tenth and eleventh
centuries, and at the beginning of this
century, that counlry cultivated cotton
on a very largv scale. The Kalian Gov
ernment was very anxious during; the
present cotton crisis to promote the cul
tivation of cotton there again on a large
scale. It had ascertained that l.oOO.OOU
acres ou thecastrrn roast of Naples might
be very advantageously devoted to the
growth of cotton. Land might bo bought
there very cheaply. The Italian Govern
ment resolved to construct a railway iu
that region, and thereby facilities would
be given for tho export of cotton. Ho
believed that cotton might be pro
duced in the South of Italy at fourpence
or livepcnce per pound. Agricultural la
bor wa very cheap there, one shilling
per day being considered high wages.
Italian cotlon was surpassed only by Sea
Island cotton. He wa 'unite sure that
Italians would devoir themselves ener
getically lo the cultivation of cotton, and
he hoped that foreigner would co-operate
with them, because it was to the in
terest of all Europe that it should posses
within itself a colton-prodiicitig country.
Mr. t ierslenbi'ig, representative of Lc
uador and New Grenada, said that they
could produce cotton to an enormous ex
tent, and of the quality required, at four
pence per pound. Land w as obtainable
at our shilling per acre. The Valley of
tin- Amazon could produce enough cotton
(o supply the world. L'cnador, for the
purpose of satisfying the demand of
r.ritish bondholder, had allotted lo them
-t.oDU.i KXJ acres, ou which col ton was
about to bo grown. What was mainly
wanted wa a sufiicieut inducement to
lead the public lo embark capital iu the
cultivation of cotlon there. The public
held back because they did not lind that
Manchester men, whom they Ihouuhl
ought tube bent acquainted with Ihe
matter, embarked capital in lhat direc.
lion. Now, as il appeared that the Ka
lian Government had appointed persons
to ascertain Ihe capahililicaof Italy with
regard lo cotton cultivation, ho (bought
Ihe Coltoii Supply Association ought lo
cnmiuission some gentleman lo examine
the coiiulrie which he represented, lor
the purpose of listing (heir capabilities
and making a repoit thereon. Ihe pub
lic, if the report were favorable, would
then probably embark capital in the
cultivation of cotton in those countries.
Mr. lleiiiiiiiug, representative of V ene
zuela, said its soil was peculiarly adapt
ed to the growth of colton, and it had
great facilities tor export. Land cool. I
be obtained at a nominal price.
Mr. Covvpcr, rcpn 'tentative of New
South Wales, regretted the disparaging1
tone in which Mr. Mamh had spoken of
Australia's piupect a cotlon export
ing country- Cotlon could be ptodint-d
Ihci t! kt Cd. per pound.
Mr. Mangha, representative of Weilern
Australia, Mii l it bad sent to tin coun
try a SAinph: of coll, in whii 11 VaTalil(d
at "s. to :s. (id. per found. He wa ;
connected with a company width had'
pun hssrii .,ISSt acres of land there for
cotton-cultivation. In thai prt of Aus
tralia re pr. mi.li-J by Mr. Mi'.rsli, labor !
was no doubt scarce. Inn Western Aus- ;
tralia was adjacent t two supplies of
cheap labor India and China and he J
believed that the company with which
he was connected would succeed in oh. j
taining sufficient labor very rhratd v. lie .
hoped Ihe Cotton Supply Association
would Supply I hem Willi seed.
The Chairman said Mr. Mason, one of
(he directors of the Cotton Supply Asso
ciation, bad pronounred the eoilnn re
lerrcd to by Mr. Mangles lo lie if most
excellent quality. Cotton grew all along
the roast and in Ihe interior. In some
places there were three crop. in the year.
There were pol l and gnat facilities for
Mr. Hodgson, representative of 0ioen
land, said that he had lived there Hi
years, and rould testify In its capability
for the growth of cotlon. IV fore tho
rupture in America some of (he inhabi
tant of l.tiiecusland stalled a company
for the cultivation of cotton there. Now,
when sheep-farming wa will known to
he exceedingly profitable in '.hiecnslahd,
the fact ot the establishment of such a
company was a strong proof of il cot-lon-grow
ing capabilities. Jf coolies were
introduced from India be believed
(Jnccnsland would grow cotlon on an
extensive scale, and Of a quality not in
ferior to that of cotton grown iu any
other part of the world. Hear, hear.
Mr. Morris, representative of the Mau
rilius, said sugar had displaced cotton
there, bill there were about o(J,HHI acres
there which might be prolitahly devoted
to cot Ion-growing. Cotton could be pro
duced in the Mauiilins at Cd. per pound.
The present ruler of the Island of Mada
gascar, w ho had been enlightened by a
European cducalion, had determined to
establish free trade with all the world,
and a cotton could be grown in that
niagnilicent island, it would be well if
Luropeans directed their al lent ion to the
cultivation of cotton there. Labor there
was abundant and cheap.
Mr. Koight, representative of Yicbu-ia,
and Mr. P.alstoti, representative of Libe
iria, having tesliliedlo the ceilion-grow
ng capabilities of those countries,
Dr. Forbes Watson, representative of
India, tleniurreu to (be rather summary
way in which, in his opinion, the confer
ence had disposer! of its claims to their
notice. The fact that India could pro
duce cotton at ''d. to 2,'d. per pound,
which no oilier country could, oughl to
have bespoken for it a more favorable
consideration. India was no doubt de
ficient in the jueansof transport, but that
defect w as iu progress of removal. The
samples presented al the Great Exhibi
tion proved that India could supply just
such a quality of cotton as the Manches
Mr. Mason, as one of the dirrrloiscf
the Cotton Supply Association, tdmuM
be very sorry if any one were to leave
the Conference tinder the impression thai
anything had been said to discourage at
all the cultivators oT Indian rolttm. T he
reverse had been the ras.. The Associa
tion had directed its efforts to Imiia more
than to all other eountrie.of the world
combined. .H had endeavored, but with
out success, to induce the Indian Govern- J
mrnt lo remove the obstacles to the cul
tivation of cotlon in thai counlry. With '
Ihe single exception t.f Lord Stanley, lie '
Government thwarted lather than aided 1
the removal of those obstacles. (Hear,
hear.) Fai l liussel unfortunately gn at - I
ly discouraged the cultivation of cotton
in India by holding out tho prospect al I
Ihe commencement of tlw. f.fn ..uui,.n .,f I
an early termination of the American
war. (Hear, hear.)
Mr. Wanklyn said the American war
had utterly broken up the, commercial
arrangements in that country, and there
fore none of Ihe countries represented at
the present Conference" need fear any
powerful competition on the part of Amer
ica in the cultivation of cotlon for some
time to come.
1'r. Kiddell, representative of India,
said that the l'unjanlft.rew cotton w hich
had been highly prized by Mr. V.xAvy,
the President' of the Manchester Chamber
After some concluding remark from
Ihe Chairman, the Conference terminated.
Subsequently the gentleman who were
present at it dined together.
s ublerrmieaii llullroud,.
The linglish pajiers give an arrounl of
a trial trip upon the London Subterra
nean Kailroad, on tho 4th of August.
The engine consumes its own sniokeand
condenses its own steam necessary
(italiticalion iu an underground locomo
tive but it is epiite capable of lizing
and whistling; in the open air. Theoars
are longer wider, and higher than those
in ordinary use, and are lit with gas from
a receptacle in the roof, which is Idled at
either termini of the railroad. The train
moved at the rale of twelve miles an
hour, and, as it passed along, the rum
bling of wagons overhead on the great
thoroughfares of London could be dis
tinctly heard. There arc several way
stations on the road, w hich communica
ted with the outer world by means of
cnt'ings, which are described as miracle
of engineering skill. I'assengers and
baggage are received and discharged at
those places. Tho fare in second-das
cars fur tho w hole trip is four cents, and
the company is obliged by law to run a
train each w ay, at six in the moriiiu and
six in tho evening, for working people for
two cents fare. When I'litne M jMih on
went over the line dining hi visit to
I.ondoo, he was so pleased with il lhat
he gave a glowing dcSciiition of its ad
vantages to Ihe Trench Linperor on his
return to Tan. The Umperor al once
adopted Ihe idea, and a subterranean rail
road line under 1'aiis, between Molilm.ire
and the l.ouvre, was ordered forthwith,
and is now in course of cnu-li in ! cu
'i'i:m.lll.l. .Villi. 1ST To AN lltlM,!.,
llKoiiit ST. I in Monday ni;:ht an acci
dent occiii ted lo a train on the Ohio nd
Mississippi Kailroad conveying ihtr
Ninety-rig hlh Illinois to thi city, m
Mitchell. The accident occnii.d twenty
miles west nf Inert, lie, and w a-. . .in ed
by a switch being misplaced, which
threw thetiain off the track. I'.y Ui
accident siv mm, includm - a I apt mi,
were killed and about si vent y . hv,
wounded. At la-l arcounU thu Iron tea
Milt at the depot where th" a.'i id. nl
oi curled, wailing for the in id !n I, i. im
paired : , il,. ,!. , ,,,,
Mr.. Julia (.Jaiiltitr 'J'vlir, wi.i -i1. .,1"
tlm J:U- x-I'ri'.iiletit Tiler, ani,,-. I at
I ortrt'-, Monroe (,,, Tin lav, i i !,,.
(.ti-aintio.it Mry I'm ton. fcln- on l.rr
wav to tlie ,. il, Her i v 1 1,11'lr. n im !
ltd. P.iYii h'U telegraphed (o Cm.
1 1 :i ' ON", t ' t. Iioi!, I'mm Grvrtui lie,
that M ij'vr I.i, i : i i hid obtained another
Mjnsl vic'i.ry over the guerrilla in
J'inthcat Missouri. With a squadron
of hi resiment, 'I hirlernih Illinois ('.
airy, two companies of tho Twcnty
fomth Mi; foori cluntci r. atidotie bow-il-ercf
the Second Mi-'our. Acfilbrj.
(he Major attacked Col Wui.i, whose
f..r e is esliiiinlcd al ncaj one thousand
M.-n. alsuil twi Ive miles S iiithea't from
Pitman's Feny, on Cnnent f.'ivcr; and,
afler a desperate conflict, lasting one
lining completely routed Will IT, cap
(uring all hi wa;;on, Ihe camp
equipage, and taking many pris
oners' and horses and mule. Our loss
in killed and Wounded w a slight when
compared w ith that of thecin iny. Thii
is the second time within a few lys in
which Maj. I.iiTi r.r and hi o tmiiand
have distinguished lhems. lv. n by rapid
mnvemt nts and decided vo lorii s over the
It is stated thai Gen. Ktviisjv'.s body,
Ti hen delivered np, bad lseii rilled of
sword, pistol, watch, di.itnond brooch,
finger ring, and Ihe pocket book in
which he always kept a l.n';e amount of
Ur.KEi. Oi:thi'oi;ai iiv. In a iccent
rebel letter, a gifted sou of the South
speaks of a fight, on the " perninch, l, r."
A Grvri vvnv t Pvrts ainiisin? him
self in Ihe gallery "f the pslais Jloyal,
observe d, vi bile he was r.ireleisly look
ing over pome pamphlet at a bookseller'.
shop, a suspicion fellow stand rather
too near him The gentleman was dr. -scd
according- (o tho limes, in a coal ti illi
a prodigou number of silver tag and
tassels, upon which the thief began lo
have a design, and tho gentleman not
w illing to disappoint him, turned his
head anothi r way to give him an oppor
tunity. The thief immediately srl to
work.'and in a nice, twi trd e-ir seven
or eight silver lag. The gentleman per
ceived it: and. drawing out a penknife,
caught the fellow by the ear and cut it
o!f( lose lo his head. ''Murder! niurdet!"
cries (he thief. "1,'obbery! robbery!" t rie
the gentlemin. Upon this lh 'thief, in
a passion, throw ing them at the gentle
man, roared, "There are your lags and
buttons." "Very well," s'sys the gentle
man, throwing it back in "like manner.
' th. re is your car."
i ii i a i
!' . ' I .
W H Irer I
,s. T. s.iii,.i).
,Vi o.i : i .
Vim ,u:' r
'i t-n 'no r
fli'.NIi'IT of CLATJDK IIAMILTOiV
s.i(ut.la- i:ii.iiiK, scpi. ;i, istij,
NEVFrt WON FAlit LADY.
V,... in i:t:Ny, it,., i , i. ....!, -ei i,:.,
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ls N W . II Kit VI . I r.nn Vi...'l'nl.
R III VV.M.li.
'In. I H'i'fi I I !
v s r.
CAITAIN.? NOT A JUS3!
No. 71 East Side Tublic Square
,t whoiisui: i itrrtii..
Vt. I. I... I, I.,,;.- ., . r
VVo.il I V (;.i..is. I'uf l..-i,l,.i.1, i,-wi 'K
ii I Tli I VI Ml SO : II K - A.-., ot ll.al line . 1)1 , I -VVll1.
II.VIIIHVAlii:. lol -. llno'l m-. A, .
W l'..j' 'Ii HI enc mil lIl'HH "I" 1 1 h T' . 1 II,.'
H'iiin:iric; , , u,,.., , Y f' U ll..lv
II .-i I-. mint., tier Ci. 11. We lene a Uii-
I. .1 fl lli'V.'- i I oTIIINi.'.
MM I. A IIC A. KKISt,
.'I'll lw 71 K ihi . i.lii I'uiiiie Mj ii:,n (ii. 0ife,r i
Ono Hundred Ablo-lodiod Lion,
MIO I'll 1 N K Mi:AV WHFKKV, S SMuKi:
X ('i.;ir', sin id"; itrmti 1 1'iitiiu- IIiiMi. tiTiil i. 'ii.it
rtif-ihl htviiiK-'luiiinl Idof hu.it4.-i, .ir tlina
rn, t lnirtK ti"' ir. 'i'(niiir u-un will I,.
KiniiU-d lit iitiu iv-f.!ii ; th. rimniiii " (vo wiil
tleliiil" ) an I'ruitli - , lA.ti n( whiia mw arciiuil
ft jut; imiil ml in liilcl ; tie othci vviii KsarunttU
(.1-4 line, tv IlllrT It IiimiiI. (f II I-im-m th
I ui k hi -f.fi, N il N' s, :n I lit) hin-i itf t.r 'lii'-kev ,
It I Jn-t ny .
Eeci-mting' Office, No. 100 Iltfili St..
' 1 1 ' li V V II V I 1 1 V, T K. V
BY 'i til'1 -f I H-f il -f I 't to m- -I r.H t,v. , n.n
i if iiil ( -Hti liil!.! niif ,1 i ..i. 1 .i ihi Mi ilu
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No. 5G, Collfgo Street.
mi Qiinm nonnG
Ofti-m' Ih-.e Dresi & Fatijue
ir isr ;zi? b ums
Splendid Mmrnt mt l lws
Fine Ilatirsiuks, ; ; .
Fine Trunks (Copper Pivoted.)
' I'lciH h CniKrt iis,
:i Giv KtttnritMlfi-ftl
Fine Umbioliln lc. of all kind,
I W'.lt I?. .
IIIUIM'l Oil S,
All slylcs TAt i r Ooi.t.AHs; Hsiio.s nji'
Ti;ivim;m.s, all kinds; Su.k and Ib'sri-rti
I'i.aus; I-'ikk Cashmms SmnTs; Ltsfv
Siiihis, GAi-iK Sit.K, Uavzh M FttiNO and
1-isi K Tiiiii'.an UNnrnsiiiHTs; lbt.vn and
IU kk O.vt NTi.rrrs Uuovks, 1c., Ac.
AMI W'llol.l'S.M.I- lil'.M.KIts IX
Groceries & Provisions,
HAMS, BACON SIDES,
COFFEES, SUGARS, TEAS,
Mustard, Spier, Tcppor, Nutraogs,
BAGGING, ROPE, TWINE,
-M A (HvK Tl 10 L.
COARSE & FINE SALT,
( iD!i:s, niiiTs, mim:s,
Suttlers' Goods of all Kinds,
A let inoiy i.li.r mrll.lw nrrlvin ill!y. punlii.l
r .r 'iisti, .nil ..:.! ..1 iiuu ,.r.,iii.
t'ull aitai H.
t.iuri n il i,iis(vs,
N'.i 7 I .II.I.I-4IK fr . N ysilVIU.K, Tl
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J-iiUINVILLV, Ailtltli.1, iHt.i.
tpilf. A N I A I. MKKTINU or 1 1I K T(KK
I'KriN i ili t. In l I ill 11,1. om. I. of i ( ,Wv,
ii. 1. 1. .... Mil... ,,ii MoMivi, Hi. iiih ,iy o iH timra
"'''' JAM IM fil THBIE, Vr
.mvi:jt Ac jiAicrcu'.s
sf .wixu mki;im:s fou sam:.
I r ..rover Jt lukar,, Uli.ltr A
XllUun'a au.l Hon. lil.iro,
also, macuim: oiu
An t . i. iv II.Imi; ,..,rli..lliif k. !-wlii4 M, 1, 11, -a
All l.li I. ui
Ai W. I.irm. i Wi.ll l'r Dlo.n, t'ur. Ix-vlci) a
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